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A Good Catholic
a Weil- Informed Catholic Vol. V, No. 43 Canon Law Expert Suggests Traffic Solution Offenders Curbed By Church Law VATICAN CITY (NC) A canon law professor here has suggested that the Church could curb the alarm ing rise in traffic accidents either by exerting her great moral influence or by es tablishing moral sanctions which would punish culpable parties. Pio Ciprotti, a profocaor of canon law at tb« Latoran Uni versity in Romo, expressed this opinion in an Interview in L'Ossorvatore della Domenico, weekly magazine publ i s e here. In its previous issue the maga tine had published an article call ing for ecclesiastical sanctions. The moral implications of care less driving, the article said, would thereby be called to the minds of motorists who violate the Fifth Commandment through reckless driving. Asked how the Church could intervene in the matter of undis ciplined motorists, Professor Ci protti replied: “It is obvious that the Church eould intervene in the problem of undiscipline on the highways in two ways: either by making her very great moral influence felt through exhortations and rec ommendations in a more or less solemn form, or by issuing imper ative measures, w'hich is always possible when there is a matter of preventing or punishing viola tions of the moral law,” he con tinued. Bishops' Responsibility For the time being, however, the professor said, sueh mea sures would be more opportune W they originated with bishops or local diocesan councils rather than the Holy See. The (Continued on Page 2) Requiem Sung For Dominican, 50-Years A Nun Requiem Mass was sung last Wednesday for Sister M. Mech tilde McNamara, O.P., 86. who was in her fifty-first year of re ligious life. Sister Mechtilde, a native of New Haven, Conn., had taught at Sacred Heart. Coshocton: St. Mary, Lancaster St. Francis, Newark, and St. Thomas, Zanes ville, as well as other schools in New York and Connecticut. She is survived by a sister. Miss Catherine McNamara of New Haven, Conn. Priest Continues Work Of Recovery, Inc. Begun By Jewish Doctor Father Higgins told the nuns that neuroses on a nation-wide basis are largely a 20th century phenomenon because the fast Vatican Raps Red Pamphlet VATICAN CITY (NC)—Vat ican Radio, commenting on a Soviet pamphlet being circulated in Rome, says it is a clear indica tion that nothing has changed in Russia between communism and religion. The pamphlet, distributed by the Pan-Soviet Society for the Diffusion of Political and Scien tific Culture, teaches youth that humility and dependence upon God are devices by which relig ion trap, the weakminded. The pamphlet shows clearly, said Vatican Radio, that all the concessions which have been or will be granted by Soviet authori ties in matters of religion have nothing more than a tactical meaning and cannot be perma nent The Automation Called Part Of Divine Plan VATICAN CITY—Automation, like all developments of science, is part of the divine plan to en able man to use the riches of nature. But the Church calls upon sci ence, especially in mass produc tion industries, to take into ac count man’s spiritual and social needs. This was the basic theme of a letter addressed to the president and participants of the 43rd French Social Week in Marseilles. It was sent on behalf of His Holi ness Pope Pius XII by Msgr. An gelo Deli’Acqua, Vatican Substi tute Secretary of State for Ordin ary Affairs. The letter expressed the Pope’s thoughts on the prob lems of automation. As far back as Pope Leo XIII, Msgr. Deli’Acqua said, the atten tion of the world was called to the necessity of considering hu man requirements as a part of technical progress, so that this progress would not become “an instrument of corruption.” Only recently, the prelate re called. Pope Pius XII said in an address to the International Con ference on Human Relations in In dustry that progress in improving working conditions is too slow in many countries and on entire con tinents. Jesuit Priest To Tour Russia This Summer NEW YORK (NC) An American Jesuit is scheduled to arrive in I^eningrad on Sunday, July 29. becoming what is believ ed to be the first American priest to enter the Soviet Union as a tourist. Father Walter C. Jaskievicz, S. J., director of Fordham Univer sity’s Institute of Contemporary Russian Studies, has received a tourist visa from the USSR for a 30-day tour of eight Russian cit ies. Upon receiving the visa, Father Jaskievicz, who speaks and reads Russian fluently, expressed the hope “to get a better personal ac quaintance with the Soviet Union and its peoples, as far as pos sible.” “It is always profitable to test the value of theoretical knowl edge against reality and this vis it to the Soviet Union will be in the nature of a practical check within the limits of feasibility,” he said. MONROE, Mich. (NC) Scores of Catholics with psychological blocks against going to Confession have been nelped back to the sacraments through a comparatively new organization called Recovery, Inc., Father John J. Hig gins, S.J., told Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary here. The aim of the movement is to help persons with nervous dis orders and Father Higgins, a one time victim of a nervous break down, is a top leader. He is ad visor of hundreds of former psy cho-neurotics in the St. Louis area who are members of Recov ery, Inc. He also is philosophy professor at St. Louis University’s Park College of Aeronautical Technology. 20th Century Problem pace and new strains of modern living have given many persons today psycho-neurotic problems of which their ancestors had nev er dreamed. “Actually Recovery, Inc., has nothing to do with religion,” Fa ther Higgins explained. “It is a simple, common-sense medical technique to get people to strengthen their own will.” Use of will power can become immensely difficult for a mentally ill person, Father Higgins told the nuns. He said that is why Recov ery members are induced at the start to practice use of will pow er in small things tie added that gradually the will is strengthened until it is capable of taking com mand over big things. The tech nique is similar to that stressed by St. Ignatius in his “Spiritual Exercises,” Father Higgins said. “St. Ignatius said ‘agere con tra,’ (go against your own inor dinate desires,” Father Higgins explained. “The Recovery, Inc., principle is much the same: ‘Do what you hate to do.’ Although Recovery is in no sense a relig ion, it does develop in its partici pants the discipline of Christian asceticism, and other virtues as well—humility, obedience, re spect for the doctor’s authority.” While some theologians once scoffed at the Recovery, Inc., techniques, the results of the movement have silenced most ob jections. Father Higgins said. (Continued on Page 2) A MINK Bishop Ready lays the cornerstone for the first permanent U.S. seminary of the Missionaries of Saints Peter and Paul. The Bishop told the crowd of more than 100, that a seminary is "no ordinary school," but a proving ground for future sowers of the seeds of the Faith. Assisting the Bishop were, from left to right, Fr. Char les Sala, procurator for the new seminary and vice-superior of the PIME, (Pontifi cium Institutum Missionum Exterarum, Pontifical Institute of Foreign Missions), Divorce Not Justified In Bible, Jesuit Says ROME (NC) The conten tion that two passages in the Gos pel according to St. Matthew con tain a justification for divorce on the grounds of immorality is re futed anew by Father A. Vaccari, S.J., in La Civilta Cattolica, the Italian Jesuit magazine. The false contention is based on a mistranslation of a word, Father Vaccari says. The Jesuit scholar notes that this contention is a difficulty of long standing, but points out that the Church has always condemn ed divorce. What he has attempt ed to do, he asserts, is to put down in one place, and in an or derly fashion, the fruits of the most advanced scholarship down through the ages bearing on this point. Father Vaccari says that, in speaking to the multitude from the mount, Christ quoted the old law of Moses and then added his perfection of it: “It was said, moreover, ‘Who ever puts away his wife, let him give her a written notice of dis missal.’ But I say to you that ev eryone who puts away his wife, save on account of immorality, causes her to commit adultery and he who marries a woman who has been put away commits adultery.” (Matt. 5, 31-32.) Later in the same Gospel, Christ, speaking to the Phari sees, repeats the same words (Matt. 19, 8-9.) a Vaccari says tha phrase “save on account of im morality" has been token by some to mean that unfaithful ness on the part of the spouse is justifieble grounds for di- Discuss Journal On Catholic Hour WASHINGTON (NC) The function of a Catholic journal of opinion, as explained by staff members of America magazine, a weekly review edited by a group of Jesuit Fathers, will be the Au gust feature of “The Catholic Hour” radio program. This was announced here by the National Couqpil of Catholic Men, which produces the program over the NBC network every Sun day afternoon from 2:30 to 3 p.m. (heard locally over WLW). Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, July 27,1956 No Ordinary Place vorce and that Christ permits this one exception. However, after examining these phrases from the stand point of linguistics. Father Vac cari points out that the original Greek in which the text comes down to us does not distinguish between a married woman or wife and an unmarried woman. Neither did the Aramaic lan guage spoken by Christ and His disciples. Therefore, the Jesuit states, the passage should be more accurately translated as “whoever puts away his woman,” not “wife ’. Moreover, »he article asserts, the translation of the word “im morality” is not precise. Tracing the text back through the Greek to the Aramaic lan guage of the days of Christ and the Hebrew of the old law, Fa ther Vaccari shows that the He brew word “zenut,” which cor responds to the Greek word trans lated as “immorality,” is a tech nical legal term which means, not “immorality” or “fornication,” but “concubinage” or “invalid un ion.” In other words, Father Vaccari says, Christ is saying that “com mon law marriage” or concubin age, unions free of legal and re ligious sanction, are invalid and not binding in the eyes of God. The passages, therefore, do not provide an exception of any kind sanctioning divorce where there is valid marriage, the priest scholar continues. SSinolle Times a U.S. province Fr. John B. Boracco, rec tor of the new seminary and Fr. Nicholas Maestrini, superior of the U.S. province. Fr. Maestrini had earlier thanked the Bishop and the Diocese for the gift of land which enabled the mission group to es tablish their seminary. Below is an ar tist's conception of the structure, which is expected to be finished around December. It is situated on a 500 acre tract, located near Hebron. The land was willed to the Diocese by the late Augustine Wehrle. iwx i' iuh ........,. .....rr— Pope Pictures Ideal Catholic School Pupil CASTELGANDOLFO, Italy His Holiness Pope Pius XII took the occasion of an address to a general chapter of the Congrega tion of Holy Cross to describe the kind of youths the Church ex pects Catholic schools to produce. He pictures youths who have come to develop "a calm and well balanced judgment, cap able of discerning between truth and error, good and evil, justice and its failure." “Firmly grounded in convic tions planted by faith and rea son,” the Pope said, the product of a Catholic school “must be strong enough not to be carried away by false illusions, violent passion or a fickle public opin ion which measures everything by the rule of immediate, apparent success.” In Catholic students who have been consistently motivated in their thoughts and conduct by Christ’s teaching and example, “you may confidently look for ward to their being a joy to His spouse, the Church, and an asset to society,” he said. “Knowledge and man’s crav ing for knowledge have always been a weapon cleverly wielded by the enemies of God’s Church the Pontiff declared. “It i so today. Catholic Scholars must bp prepared to meet the enemy on his own grounds.” Cardinal Thinks Federal Control of Education Greatest Danger After Reds DALLAS. Tex.—(NC)—“O tside of communism itself, there is no greater danger to our country than the growth and promotion of Federal control of education,” declared His Eminence James Francis Cardinal McIntyre, Archbishop of Los Angeles, here. "If our youth are trained without tha fundamentals that were handed down to us, we are going to have a definitely socialistic country," he affirmed. The Cardinal was defending tax exemption for religious sponsored schools. He said education is “primarily a parent func tion,” and the state “can assist but should not control.” Ways might be devised for Federal assistance without control, he said, but “the policy of the National Education Association would lead to Federal control.” He was also critical of the White House Conference on Education last year, seeing in it an attempt toward controlled education. Official Clergy Appointments Effective July 2* Tha Rev. Antonine Vukman ovich, O.F.M. Cap., assistant pastor of St. Joseph perish, Dover. The Rev. Gerald Koehler, O. F. M. Cap., assistant pastor of St. Joseph parish, Dover, and charge of St. Elizabeth parish, I Roswell. Education Has Bright Future For Catholics DENVER—(NC)—A bright fu ture lies ahead for Catholic schol arship and education at th? grad uate level in the United States, a noted Jesuit educator said here. Noting the lag in Catholic in tellectual activity in the past. Fa ther Edward J. O’Donnell, S.J., President of Marquette Univer sity, Milwaukee, said the reason was that Catholics have had to concentrate their attention upon elementary and high school edu cation. Catholic schools on the under graduate level “have made sig nificant progress,” Father O’Don ell noted. “But you don’t expect the undergraduate to be a schol ar.” he said. The Jesuit educator explained that Catholic institutions of high er learning are faced with “tre mendous” financial problems. Ca tholic colleges aspiring for excel lence in scholarship are constant ly troubled by inadequate funds, he added. “We haven’t gnt the answers” to the problem of lagging scholar ship at the top levels of Catholic life, Father O'Donnell admitted. “But the answers will be forth coming if we give our attention to finding them.” hp said. Sister Anna Marie (left) and Sister M. Michaeletta, of the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis, have joined the staff of the Diocesan Welfare Bureau. They will work Springs Gets First Check From Ford The College of St. Mary of the Springs recently received a check for $55,000 from the Ford Foun dation. The amount is the first installment of an endowment grant program that will event ually cost the foundation $210 million in an effort to help pri vate. regionally-accredited de gree-granting colleges and uni versities Under tha tarma of tha pro gram tha money it invested for a ton-yeor period and the in come applied in full to increase of faculty salaries. In the case of teaching nuns it may be used for professional advancement through workshops, refresher courses, et cetera. In a letter to Sister Angelita. president of St. Mary. Henry Ford II said. “I sincerely hope that this grant will stimulate many others to come your way We feel that grants such as these are in the American tradition of solving our problems through vol untary efforts and we will con tinue to work toward that end." --------------o------------------ Jesuits’ Founder To be Honored By TV-Program WASHINGTON—(NO—A spe cial broadcast over the CBS tele vision network will commemor ate the 400th anniversary of the death of Sc Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus. According to an announcement made here by the National Coun cil of Catholic Men. producers of the program, it will be seen on CBS TV Sunday. July 29. 10-11 a m. EDT. (WBNS-TV is the local CBS outlet) For Needy of Columbus _____ Two Francisan Sisters Join Diocesan Welfare Bureau Staff Two nuns of the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis have been added to the staff of the Diocesan Welfare Bureau, it was announced this week by Msgr. William E. Kappes, director. The sisters. Sister Anna Marie and Sister M. Michaelet ta joined the Bureau after they were invited by Bishop Ready. The same order operates St. Anthony Hospital here. In accepting the invitation to work with the Bureau, Sister M. Innocenta, Provincial Superior of the order, said: “I trust the addi tion of our Sisters to your staff will greatly enhance the good work already being accomplished, and that it will also benefit the future work of Holy Mother Church and the poor who depend upon her charities.” Msgr. Kappes said the Sisters combine the charitable traditions and religious motivation of the order with the professional abil ity of the trained social worker. He added, “The Sisters will help Next Friday Is First Friday of August Pries Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Report Shows School Growth Since 1920 Over 100 Enrollment Increase WASHINGTON (NC) Another yardstick measuring the enormous growth in the number of Catholic schools, teachers and students has been made available here. This latest sizing-up, an ac tual count as opposed to earli er estimates, covers the school year 1953-54 and shows that, since 1920 the number of Cath olic schools of all types has in creased by 39 per cent teach ers by 142 per cent, and stu dents by 110 per cent. The study is the biennial sum mary nf Catholic education car ried out by the Department of Education of the National Cath olic Welfare Conference. Such summaries were begun in 1920. In the 1953-54 school year, tha survey shows, there were 4.176, 673 pupils enrolled in 12.118 schools staffed by 131,713 teach ers. Since 1953-54 These figures provide the lat est accurate reflection of the sta tus of Catholic education. But it is possible to get some indica tion of the growth which has tak en place even since the job of tallying the 1953-54 -urvey was begun. Previous estimates releas ed by the NC WC department give the information. In an estimate made in April, it was said that in the 1955-56 scheel year, there were 4,423z 200 students attending 12,241 schools stated by 136,850 teachers. Issued with the summary here was a new edition of “The Direc tory nf Catholic Colleges and (Continued on Page 2) fl 1 fl fl JI fl-^i the needy of Columbus in many ways.” The nuns will work in social care work and in providing coun selling to families and the care of children. Sister Anna Marie joined the Welfare Bureau staff upon completion of work for her Master's degree in Psychiatric So cial work at the Catholic Univer sity of America in Washington, D.C. She received her Bache lor's degree from the college of Mt. St. Joseph on the Ohio. Cin cinnati, and has worked in social W fl i MU in social case work along with providing counselling to families and the care of children. r:' work in Hamilton, O., and Flint, Mich. Here she will work in Fam ily Social Case Work. Sister M. Michaeletta comes here from Flint where she ha* spent the past two years work ing for the Catholic Social Serv ice Bureau in that city. Prior to that Sister attended Our Lady of Cincinnati college where she re ceived a degree in Sociology. While in school she received in service training with the Cincin nati Catholic Welfare Bureau. Sister Michaeletta will work in Foster Home Study here. The nuns, whose Motherhouse is in Hartwell (Cincinnati), will live at the St. Francis Nursing Home. Msgr. Kappes said this is the first time sisters have been con nected with the Bureau since it was founded in 1945.