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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES Friday, August 3,1956
The Washington Letter WASHINGTON Warnings tire being sounded here against undue optimism re garding the threat of commun ism. These are new warnings, calculated to head off a new and seemingly developing situ ation. Persons returning home af ter protracted sojourns in Europe say they are startled by the air of complacency they find here. They note that some people hint that Soviet Rus sia is cracking up that the rulers in Moscow are losing their grip that it won’t be too long before the West is tri umphant in the “cold war’’. This is something of a “switch”, as they say in some circles. Europeans have been coming here and expressing amazement over the “jitters” and fear of imminent war they said they found here. Now our own people are coming home and showing concern because we are not alert. Americans who have a first hand look at Red machinations in various parts of Europe ad vis? that we are feeling com- I Reds Want Us Lulled Making Marriage Click Even men who aren’t fond of chemistry like this chemi cal analysis: Element: Woman. Symbol: Wo. Discoverer: First detected in pure form by Adam in the Garden of Eden. Physical Properties: 1) Boils at anything. 2) Freezes at nothing. 3) Melts when proper ly treated. 4) Very bitter if not used well. 5) Very un itable under pressure. Accepted weight: 116 pounds. Occurrence: Surplus quantity l. found in metropolitan areas. Chemical Properties: 1) Pos sesses great affinity for gold, silver, platinum, and precious stons. 2) Reacts violently if left alone. 3) Has ability on occas ions to absorb great quantities of food. Teat: Turns green if placed beside better-looking speci men. Uses: 1) Highly ornamental. 2) Useful as a catalyst in ac celeration of low spirits. 3) Useful as an equalizer in the distribution of wealth. 4) Pro bably the most effective in come-reducing agent known to man. Caution I Highly explo Ive in inexperienced hands. This attempt at, humor is a wee effort to point to a ser ious, sacred fact that God has made man and woman radically different along every line. This is not the result of chance—God never acts with out a purpose. God gives each of us—as He did for the Bless ed Mother everything we need to do the work He has designed for us. To judge from some of the correspondence received from readers of this column in re cent weeks, the reputation of certain unions the building and construction industry is rapidl^ declining. The Build ing Trades, as they are com monly referred to, are fre quently blamed for the high eost of housing. They are ac cused of enforcing outmoded working rules, of opposing technological improv emenls and of winking at inefficiency on the job. These charges, sometimes grossly exaggerated by the general public and by some of our correspondents, have been seriously questioned as pre viously noted this column in a new book entitled “La bor Relations and Productivity in the Building Trades.” The authors of this book are two of the most competent labor economists in the United States. There is vubstantial evi dence, they conclude, of a Strong trend towards the fur ther liberalization of union policies and no evidence at all to indicate that the Building Trades unions are committed to a broad program of restric tionism. On the contrary, they tonclude, there is considerable Evidence that the unions in the building and construction in dustry are prepared to cooper pacency now precisely because the communists want it that way. The things that are tend ing to make us feel relaxed are probably planned for that purpose. There may be, in fact, less risk of war than there formerly was, but this is be cause the Reds have decided that the soft approach is bet ter than the tough one used under Stalin. Their objective is still the same one they lave had all along, to weaken, and ultimately control, the United States. Many people are inclined to say “I know, I know,” when they are warned that co-exist ence with Communism is im possible, and that the Free World must always be on its guard to preserve its freedom. It is an old story to them, they say. But the old story suddenly becomes vivid all over again, when one hears his fellow countrymen return home to express the amazement they obviously feel. And the complacency en gendered on the international sct*he is seemingly felt on the Men Are Different By Msgr. Irving A. LeBlanc Woman’s vocation is to be a physical or spiritual mother. Not all women desire to marry, but everyone is obliged to lead a useful life. To fulfill her distinct vocation success fully she must have certain physical, intellectual, emotion al qualities which differ from those of men. Woman’s constitution is gen erally weaker, except in the physical sphere of mother hood. Woman is not obliged to earn a living for the family by the strength of her arm, so here arms and shoulders are weaker than man’s. She will tire easily because she, unlike man, is not made for hard work. Strength of body is not her major physical characteristic she is not the protector of the family. In sports she avoids the more strenuous games such as box ing, football, wrestling. It is more fitting for her physical nature to play tennis, to swim, to go walking. In some women this physi cal difference stirs feelings of inferiority towards the "strong er” sex, a feeling which is manifested by a foolish effort to imitate men. Women dress Hire men, smoke like men, as sume manish habits, play strenuous games. All of this is often dangerous to their health and invariably fails to attract the masculine eye, except to prove that she is a momentary curiosity, or by way of silent evasion. Woman’s great charac teristic then, from the physical point of view, Is her gentle ness. Admitting her comparative The Yardstick domestic scene too. Numerous investigations have revealed the startling extent to which Reds have penetrated profes sions and businesses in this country. Many seem to think that since the danger has been overcome. Such is not the case. One important lesson taught by Congressional investigations is that it is hard to recognize a communist. Reliable wit nesses have told hearings that the Communist Party goes to a great deal of trouble to see that persons of real value to it do not have cards or other documents that would identify them as party members. And you can’t tell a Red by his dress. Some communists, we are told, are among the best dressed and most ingratiating “operators” you will ever meet. Just as dangerous a s e party member is the non-party member who does the work of the Reds. But to do any harm, the Red and the fellow travel ers must serve the party cause. By their works you will know them. I Building Trades Fair? ate with management in rais ing productivity under suffi ciently favorable conditions. The most important of these conditions would be further progress in assuring steady employment in the industry. From the Moral Viewpoint Re that is it may, there are a number of practices in some of the Building Trades which are open to serious criticism from the point of view of mor ality. Here is one example taken at random from our own correspondence. “We are fac ing another $4 a day raise,” writes one of our correspon dents regarding a particular union which shall go unnamed. “Since these men are getting portal to portal pay, they ar range to get to a job outside our city at approximately 10 o’clock in the morning, then take 15 minutes for a coffee break, quit working at 11:45 for lunch, start back to work between 12:30 and 12:45, and take off for home at approx imately 3 p.m. This has raised mechanical costs on building beyond all reason.” This is an accurate report based on personal experience. It was written more in sor row than in anger by a long time friend and supporter of the labor movement. Conse quently, it cannot be lightly dismissed as a prejudiced or partisan attack on the Build weakness, she is ideally fitted for taking care of the home. Housework, cooking, sewing, gardening are all suited to her ability. Physically, woman has a more difficult time than man and it should merit his understand ing and sympathy. But a wo man should not force her hus band to undergo with her ev ery little inconvenience that she experiences. That is tragic and fatal. Because of her vocation of motherhood, a woman must prepare her body for this role. Excessive dieting, lack of sleep, extreme smoking habits can interfere with childbearing. For this thoughtless girl, a family of four or six or seven becomes a major physical haz ard. The eafly care of her health to fulfill her role of motherhood is a matter of con science. Man’s vocation in the world is to rule. To him belongs au thority more than to woman —first, as master of the homp and then, of society. He must assure his family sustenance, security and protection. Hard work away from home is the lot of man. Strength is his major physical characteristic. He enters tournaments and competitive games. Because of his vocation he must be sure of himself, competitive, more self-sufficient than in the case with woman. Man’s great danger, however, in his struggle for strength, is that he becomes ego-centric, overbearing, proud, rather than Christo-centric and humble. By Msgr. George G. Higgins ing Trades. Writing in the same spirit— in the spirit of sorrow rather than of anger we would rec ommend that tne Building Trades lean over backwards to eliminate those practices which are subject to legitimate criticism by the general pub lic and, more specifically, that they make every reasonable effort, in cooperation with management, to reduce the cost of housing. The fact that the Building Trades are some times unfairly criticized is no excua? for their winking at real abuses like the one re ported above. In this connection, it would be fair to say, I think, that the average building tradesman does not fully realize his re sponsibility for the attitude of the general public with regard to trade unionism. By and large the building craftsman is the only trade unionist with whom the average citizen comes into direct and immedi ate contact. It isn’t enough that he be highly skilled. He must realize that he is, in ef fect, a public relations officer for the entire labor movement and that he is in a position to make or break the reputation of the entire movement, de pending upon the example he sets in the exercise of his own craft. I It may also be said that the HI i e 0 hl 11 II y I fin I & L’Xtqs I ■w in $ pN* ft w if it Russian Schools We have read a dozen stories lately in as many magazines and newspapers about the threatening superiority of Russian science and technology in this critical age that finds the East and the West racing for supremacy and even survival. Russia now has the leisure to devote time and manpower to pure research. Russian physi cists, too, know just about anything that has been printed in their field in the Western world. There is an air of eagerness and of com petition that encourages achievement. Scientific facilities and equipment are first class and up to date. Scientists get top recognition econom ically, politically, and socially. Salary standards are relatively higher than in the United States. The present hope of the Russian govern ment appears to be to make Russia through these means the scientific capital of the world, which will attract students from everywhere, as in the past, Fermi and Einstein and others sought security, and leisure, and facilities to study, in the U. S. A. This new attitude has had a terrific impact on the school system. Gone are the early easy days when pupils, young Communists, dictated standards and policies as (in the current Amer ican jargon) “experiments in social living,” or themselves determined what subjects should be incorporated into the curriculum. Now there is work to be done with no time for fads, fancies, and foolishness. Russian schools are agencies of learning only. While a recent study conducted in the United States by the Educational Testing Serv ice of Princeton, N. J., complained that mathe- Re-decorated y s I I I i’k Fin a Hearing and Speaking When the man whose miraculous cure forms the subject of Sunday’s Gospel was brought to Our Lord he could neither hear nor speak the voices of his fellow men, music, the noises of nature never reached him, nor could he give vocal expressions to his thoughts. Life went on around him, and what he could see of it constantly reminded him how imperfect his contact was. His friends sympathized with him, and gave him what slight help they could, try ing to make hipi understand by signs what was happeiflng, or what he should do, but at best it was an unreal, superficial share he had in their interests. What a happy day it was. then, when they had the inspiration to take him to the Savior! They had heard how Christ had compassion on the afflicted, inviting those who were “heavily burdened” to come to Him perhaps, they thought, He would find a way of relieving their unfortunate friend. Hopefully they guided him into the Savior’s presence and begged that He would “lay His nand upon Him, hopefully they watched as He took him aside, and touched his ears and tongue they saw Him look up to heaven and sigh, and heard Him utter the word of command, “Be thou opened.” Straightway, before their eyes, the miracle took place: the ears of the man “.were at once opened, and the bond of his tongue was loosed, and he began to speak correctly.” Is it surpris ing that they burst out in acclamation of Christ? As the Gospel relates, they carried the news abroad that, “He has done all things well He has made both the deaf to hear and the dumb to speak.” If Christ’s mercy was so readily extended time has come for responsible labor leaders to caution the rank-and-file members of the trade union movement to give a fair work for a fair day’s pay, and to warn them against abusing the so-called “coffee break” and certain other well deserved benefits which the unions have been able to ne gotiate with their employers in recent years. The organized labor move ment has reached maturity. The average union member will not resent reasonable and constructive advice from his leaders about the necessity of increased efficiency and the importance of respecting the rights of employers and con sumers. s A Hirn ji Revamped pjU blihi yt -a I II i I I i s I 5«- 3 i 1 I 4 Ip y i a Hl I 4 matics is in a worse state than ever, a group of physicists who have just returned from Russia have only enthusiastic reports to make on the efficiency of the Russian schools. Said the American survey: “Several other studies suggest that mathematics has the dubious honor of being the least popular subject in the cur riculum.” Our visitors to Russia have a quite contrary impression of what is going on over there one professor noted: “The universities have many more applicants who wants to go into science than they can handle.” For example, at the University of Moscow, 2,000 out of a total of 16,000 students are be ing trained in physics alone. Naturally they have already mastered the elementary mathe matics which is presupposed. At Kiev, 600 to 800 students out of the enrollment of 6,000 want to go into physics some 500 others are studying electrical engineering. No American advocates that we burden our students the way the Russians do. Their test is the now-familiar Russian one of brute efficiency. Students there are loaded down with work they are in school from early morning until 5 o’clock in the afternoon. A dawn-to-dark regime may possibly be justified as an extreme emergency but it is certainly not a part of a sound educa tional psychology. Still the physicists who returned from Rus sia all agreed that educational standards in the United States simply have to be tightened up if this country is to compete with Russia in the future. This contrast may itself imply an emer gency. More bright students maust be attracted to the field of science. If Russia is overdoing it, we are underdoing it! to restore hearing and speech to the man who was physically deaf and dumb, can we doubt that He will answer when called upon to cure the far tnore serious affliction of spiritual deaf ness and dumbness? How many there are who refuse to hear the word of God. and whose ears are closed to truth! Because’ they do nor or will not hear aright, they fail to speak aright they are silent when they should be of fering praise and thanks to God they are silent when they should be speaking out in defense of justice or in condemnation of evil they are silent when they should be comforting the distressed or counselling the bewildered, or warning the misguided. On all sides can be seen the woes brought upon the world by the misuse of the faculties of hearing and speech. Evil, destructive things are said and listened to it is in this way that bigotry, hatred and all sorts of immorality are spread. On the other hand, courageous, honest, uplifting words are spoken and are given no heed, so that many an opportunity for better ing society is lost. The grace of listening to what should be heard, and of fearlessly uttering what should be said, is one we should all pray for, for it will show us the way of truth and salvation. Like the man in the Gospel, we need, as an essential beginning, to be brought to Christ, to let Him lay His hand upon us. It may be a chastening hand, as it was in the case of St. Paul, who tells in Sunday’s Epistle how. until the voice of Christ penetrated his deafness he had persecuted the Church then he became the Apostle to the Gentiles and his words are now heard constantly throughout Christendom. THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus, Ohio NOTICE: Send All Change of Address to P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio Address all communications for publication to P.’ O. Box 636 Columbus 16, Ohio Telephones: CA. 4-5195 CA. 4-5196 Prtc« of Tho Catholic Timos S3 per year. All subscriptions should t« presented to our office through the pastors of the parishes. Remittances should be made payable to The Catholic Times. Anonymous communications will be disregarded. We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed in the communications of our correspondents. Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Office. Columbus, Ohio. St. Franeis de Sales. Patron of the Catholic Press. Pray for usl THIS PAPER PRINTED BY UNION LABOR a p#| v iP Hi w IP 4 i 5 iwil I I r...ti O kjl & ’ll -n II HIST AMONG OURSELVES PaM.W Comment Corndered of mconstderate One of the most difficult of virtues to practice with zeal and steadfastness is the virtue of gratitude. And yet, of all virtues, this is the one most fitting for mankind. We have nothing that we have not received, and surely the receiver ought to be grate ful for the gifts and favors bestowed upon him. We have all things from Almighty God, th'? Father of Lights, from whom comes every good and perfect gift. Our existence, our life, our nature, our talents, our sustenance, and every breath we draw, are all the free gifts of God to us Add to these the ineffably greater benefits of supernatural character: our blessed religion, the Church, the Sacraments, and grace these too are from God. Even the awareness of the need of thanks giving. and the ability to render it effectively, are favor? divinely bestowed. The wry hardships and sufferings of life are God’s loving gifts they are means by which we achieve our purpose in exist ing. Divine Providence allots and permits the crosses each per son has to bear so that every individual has that burden which will fit him best for following after Christ and attaining heaven. And the strength to carry the cross is always given: “God is faithful, and will not suffer you to be tried beyond your ability, but with each trial will make issue of grace that you may be able to bear it.” We are meant, to be sure, to make petition to God, and to cry to Him for aid in our distresses. Perhaps the best value of any hardship is its power to kill our pride and foolish self-suf ficiency, and to make us turn to God for help. It is essential that we have constant recourse to God if we will not do so in willing love, we may be driven to do so by suffering. And cer tainly, in that case, the suffering is really a blessing and a gift that demands our gratitude. It is so easy to complain, so hard to be properly grateful. It is so easy to dwell on our wants or our lacks, so hard to be aware of our blessings. It is so easy to feel mistreated, so hard to see that we are overwhelmed with benefits. The poison of pride that came into our nature with the original sin tends to dry up the fine springs of thankfulness in our souls and to make us callously indifferent to the duty and the privilege of expres sing gratitude. God wants us to ask Him for His gifts and graces. To the man who says that God knows better than we know what is good for us, and that we have no need to make petition, we may answer simply that Christ Our Lord has instructed us to ask. “Ask and you shall receive seek and you shall find knock and it shall be opened unto you .Hitherto you have not asked any thing in my name ask and you shall receive that your joy may be full Amen, I say to you, whatsoever you shall ask the Father in my name, He will give it to you.” The prayer of petition schools the suppliant soul in the needful virtue of gratitude. It makes manifest the dependence of man upon God it suggests a due appreciation And appreci ation is only another name for thankfulness. What we ask for we are likely to appreciate what comes without asking is readily accepted as one’s due, and is taken for granted, or, as the penetrating mind of G.K.C. perceived, “it is taken as though it had not been granted.” It is amazing to realize how God’s wonderful Providence ie centered upon us sinful creatures. God demands our thanks, not for Himself, but for us. It is to our interest that we should be thankful, since gratitude alone can put us into the proper atti tude to receive and keep on receiving the special gifts Providence has prepared for us. Our gratitude cannot really do anything for God: it can work wonders for ourselves. The pathway of each life through this world is supplied by Providence with many treasures. To find these, and to make them available to our use, we require the prayer of petition, the prayer of asking, the prayer that begets in us the essential spirit of thanksgiving. We might say that endless gifts are con tained for us in locked cabinets all along life’s way the key which opens the cabinets is the prayer of petition. When we ask a favor of God, a true favor, and not on* of mere seeming which would really hurt, rather than promote our chances of getting safe to heaven, we do not seek to change the order of Providence in our regard. Rather, we seek to align ourselves with that divine order. With God there is no change, nor shadow of alteration. God stands always to us in the attitude of infinite love and kindness. A rich answer to every good prayer of petition has been prepared from eternity but we must make the prayer to win its answer. We must use the key to open the treasure-chest. So long as the chest is locked, its contents cannot serve our need. Therefore, it is apparent that our prayer of petition is of paramount importance. To make petition, and to be grateful to be grateful, and to make petition, these activities are not only supplementary, one to the other, but each promotes and suggests the other. Tho grateful soul is the soul engaged in steadfast petition to God the worthy petitioner brings to his prayer the spirit of humble thankfulness. By these two powerful means, the Christian life is carried forward to perfection. Petition and thanks are two of the essential ends or purposei of all prayer. And where these two qualities of prayer are pres ent, the other two, adoration and penance, cannot possibly be lacking. For the person who turns to God in petition, acknow* ledges and proclaims, by his supplication, the Power and Per fection of God: and this is an act of adoration. Further, the grateful petitioner is, by his attitude of thankfulness, a humbl* suppliant aware of his own unworthiness he has the spirit and attitude of sorrow for offending the God whom he supplicates. Father Healey’s Q. How can we explain the harsh command of Christ when He told the Apostles: “And whoever does not receive you go forth frorr that town, and shake off even the dust from your feet for a witness againr* them.” (Luke 9:5)? A. This command was given for their missionary work be fore the actual institution of the Church on Pentecost. It certainly did not exclude later efforts to convert the people of that town, but perhaps made clear to the Apostles that they should expect some oppo sition and rejection. Christ probably meant, in effect, that they should not insist upon preaching i n a town which proved vnreceptive. The mean ing would seem to be some thing like that of the text (Matthew 7:6) referring to pearls before swine. Q. What kind of body wilt a deformed person have tn heaven? a baby? A. St. Paul gives a brief description of the state of the glorified body which we will have in heaven (I Corinthians 15:24-44). Th. risen body will be something like that of Christ after the Resurrection, incorruptible, glorious, power ful and spiritual. No doubt it will be enough like our pres ent bodies to be identified yet lacking all the imperfections. How this identification with our earthly bodies will be reconciled with the beauty and glory of the glorified bodies we do not know. Physical ap pearances will seem trivial Send questions to Father Edward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio.