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Fr. Gartland Speaks
At Youth Rally, Sunday More than two thousand young people of the Diocese Fr. Gartland Pope Tells Priests to Stick To Essentials The Holy Father gave his coun sei to members of the German Hungarian Pontifical College on the occasion of the ordination of a group of the college’s students. “You are students at the Ger man-Hungarian College, an insti tute dedicated to St. Ignatius, and have been ordained during the Ignatian Year,” he told the group. “Your whole priesthood must be devoted to the practice of the virtues of that saint. A Happy social order finds its strongest base in a moral or der which is not inspired by a cold and calculating logic con cerned only with establishing a fair distribution of material goods, but by feelings of justice and generous charity taken from the example of Christ. In other words, by disinterested love which includes self-denial, a spirit of renunciation and sac rifice that sees in this austere road, laid out by God Himself, the only way of establishing as much brotherhood and joy in this world as is possible. In the course of his address to members of the institute, which Was founded in Germany in 1903 And Journalists To Be Objective "We can only urga you," com tinued tho Popo," always to aim at that ideal, and never to sac rifice truth, divine precepts or the common good merely at sat isfy the masters of one day er the tastes of the readers ... If you follow this line of conduct, you will always be helped by two forces: divine protection and the approval of good men. These two forces are, in the end, the decisive ones." The Pope also noted two facts which have brought about the increased power of public opinion. He said the first is the increased participation of men and women in public life. The second is the marvelous advance in the means of communication that molders of public opinion now have at their disposal. "New agencies and journal ists," the Pope stated, "are the principal users of these means which shape public opinion If it is therefore true that the Individual journalist shapes public opinion, while et the —_____________ '’FW1PAPSR Orviston are expected to attend the Third Annual Youth Rally and Holy Hour, 3 p.m. this Sunday in the new Youth Building at the Ohio State Fairgrounds. Fr. Frank Gartland, C.S.C. of Notre Deme University and ed itor of the national magazine, "The Catholic Boy" will give the Holy Hour address. Father Gartland, a former prefect of religion at Notre Dame, haa worked with youth groups for many yeara. Those attending the Rally and Holy Hour will recite the Ros ary, the Litany of the Blessed Virgin, prayer to Christ the King and receive Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament. During the Holy Hour the Cath olic Youth Organization officers and the Young Adult Club presi dents, and members of the Coun cil of Catholic Youth wilt be formally installed. CASTELGANDOLFO, Italy (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII exhorted a group of seminarians and new priests never to let secondary goals stand in the way of their main aim. serving Christ through His Church and “her great mission.” “This means unconditional faithfulness to the services of the Divine Majestty love for Christ, a love strong enough to make you accept sacrifices pledging your selves to the Church of Jesus Christ and her great mission no mean evasions toward, secondary concerns, but always aiming to the essential ones keeping in mind the important fact that men recognize God. and live, grow and move in His grace.” Middle Class to Work For Moral Health CASTELGANDOLFO, Italiy (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII called on the middle class people to exercise their duty in behalf of the “moral health” of society in ad dition to striving for economic and political stability. Addressing members of the In ternational Institute of the Mid dle Classes, the Holy Father said: "May your actions and your thoughts be inspired by wise maxims taught by the Gospels. to study economic questions re lating to the middle classes, the Pope said that “countries with underdeveloped or weak middle classes have often been exposed to serious and violent political excesses.” Then, pointing out that the middle classes comprise a large and important segment of mankind, he said: The development of capitalism and of the wage-earning classes has established a set of rules and institutions which too often do not take into account an essential segment of the citizens of each country: those who generally con tribute to production through their personal work and capital —craftsmen, independent trades men, owners of small and aver age businesses, the majority of farmers, certain categories of minor executives and most per sons who live on independent means. VATICAN CITY (NC) The ideal of the journalist must be to preserve “frank objectivity without ever losing contact with the public,” said His Holiness Pope Pius XII during an audience granted to members of various Europ ean news agencies. same time being influenced by it, this principle is also valid to a supreme degree for news agencies." More than the individual, they have the power of guiding public opinion onto the road of truth and law. But, if they are without scruple they also have it in their., power to place themselves at the disposal of a public opinion which has been preverted by errors or prejudices, thus bear ing the principal responsibility when public opinion has contam inated all social life.” The Pope took cognizance of the difficulties under which a journalist labors. He noted that the journalist is "tyrannized" by deadlines and "impatient ed itors" who sometimes force him to hurry through his work with out giving it sufficient research and thought. But the worst of all these dif ficulties, he continued, is when "the men of the press and radio cannot use the powerful means of diffusion of thought freely, (Continued on Page 2) o MINK WHEELERSBURG Bishop Ready blessed the new parish hall here this past week. Work on the new hall was begun early in June by J. F. Warner and Sons, local contractors. The new structure which will replace the old hall taken down five years ago, is constructed of slag blocks and a red brick veneer. Official Clergy Appointments Effective October 27, 1956: The Reverend Paul Elsner, from Assistent Pastor, Holy Femily Perish, Columbus, to the faculty of Bishop Watter son High School, Columbus with residence at the School. The Reverend Samuel Dur bin, recently ordained, from a temporary assignment at Holy Redeemer Parish, Portsmouth, to Assistant Pastor, Holy Fam ily Parish, Columbus. Dayton Tops 5000 Mark In Enrollment DAYTON University of Daj ton’s enrollment has reached a total of 5,615 students, according to statistics and be current se mester released by Bro. Joseph J. Mervar, SM, UD registrar. The total includes 3,134 in day classes and 2,481 in the evening division. The evening figure in cludes 390 in non-credit courses. The current day enrollment in cludes 1,473 Daytonians, 939 from elsewhere in Ohio, 604 from states other than Ohio, 37 from U. S. territories and 31 from for eign countries. There are 2,584 males and 550 coeds in the day student body. -----------------o----------------- Canadian Stores To Stay Closed Montreal, Quebec, (NC)—Sev eral large stores in Quebec will remain closed on six holy days of obligation despite recent de crees in four Sees permitting work on four of the holy days. Officials of Catholic unions have announced that employees belonging to the unions will not be asked to work without com pensation on the four paid holy days. This will be granted through additional holidays, ex tended, vacations or other means. o---------------- White Father Murdered InFrench-Arab Friction AZZAZGA, Algeria, (NC) Father Hubert Bruchez of the White Fathers was found shot to death on the road near here, an other victim of French-Arab friction. Father Bruchez. originally from the Diocese of Sion, Switzerland, was 40 years old. He had been working in North Africa since 1944 and was well known throughout the region. o---------------- Receives CAIP Award WASHINGTON Commission er Thomas E. Murray of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission will receive the 1956 Peace Award of the Catholic Association for In ternational Peace (CAIP) at the organization's 29th annual con ference here from Nov. 9 to 11, lit has been announced. Survey Says: The Catholic Times Vol. VI, No._5 _---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Columbut 16, Ohio, Friday, November 1,1956_____________________________________________ Price Tan Cents $3.00 A Year Wheelersburg St. Peter’s Parish Hall Blessed One teacher asserted that schools can exaggerate the emo tional feeling of students. She cited the overstress on athletics —deploring the frenzied antics of some cheerleaders—demands made on students to enter con tests and the hidden hurt feel ings of those who by nature can’t excell in extracurricular activi ties, or can’t even participate in them because of the need to work to help themselves through school. The time teacher emphasized the need for a closer cooper ation of parents and student with school faculty members, and a limit to the demands made on students' time for ac tivities outside the classroom. Another teacher thought schools could harm students by supressing originality. "The need for conformity in school too often stifles individ uality," she said. "And then you come up with a child who is frustrated." One Sister regretted that too many parents who have mentally disturbed children fail to appre ciate their child’s problems. “Parents in this case,” she I It ❖I H11 Above, from left to right are: Fr. Ed mund B. McCormick, pastor of St. Peter parish, Fr. Patrick Sorohan, leading the choir, Fr. Hubert Rubeck, pastor of Holy Redeemer parish, Portsmouth, Bishop Ready, and Fr. John Soltis, pastor, St.Mon ica parish, New Boston. Social Pressures Cause Youth Breakdown DUBUQUE, Iowa (NC) The complexity of school life and too many social pressures are contributing to the mental breakdown of many young people, a survey con ducted among teachers in various Catholic schools of the Dubuque archdiocese has disclosed. The survey was conducted following publication of a pamphlet by the Iowa Associa tion for Mental Health. The pamphlet carried a statement saying: "Two hundred and six ty thousand people now living in Iowa may be hospitalized for mental health at one time or another and at the present time one in sixteen are hospitalized." To determine the cause for such a situation, The Witness, archdiocesan newspaper, con oucted interviews with teachers in the various schools. Teachers said that overcrowded conditions in school would in crease mental tensions, while in dividual attention is at a mini mum. said, “fail to do their homework.” Too much criticism of youth isn’t good either, a Religious pointed out. “Older people who frown ex tensively on teenagers and their action do so because they (the oldsters) lose their ability to ad just their emotions.” the Reli gious said. “They dont accept new things readily. Age tells them to resist change. Too many older people have forgotten their youth and the adjustments their society demanded.” -----------------o----------------- Statue of Christ Is Dedicated In Wilkes-Barre WILKES-BARRE, Pa., (NC)— A 24-foot statue of Christ the King in cast aluminum atop the six-story main building of Kiijg’s College here was dedicated on the feast of Christ the King, pa tron of the college. The statue is the work of Law rence Russo. Kingston, (Pa) sculptor. It took him five months to complete it. From its lofty position atop the college build ing the statue overlooks the his toric Wyoming Valley and the winding Susquehanna river. Lights will illuminate the statue by night. Bishop Jerome D. Hannan of Scranton blessed and dedicated the statue. The sermon was given by Father Leo F. Flood, C.S.C., of New York, former president of King’s College, and the ad dress of welcome was by Father George P. Benaglia, C.S.C., col lege president. The dedication brought to a close the seventh annual homecoming of the alumni of the college which is conducted by the Holy Cross Fathers. Have Beef About Politics? Here’s What,You Can Do NEW YORK (NC) You don’t like the way the government ils being run? You got a “beef” about poli tics? Stop moaning and second-guessing from the sidelines and do something about it. This is the advice given in the current Christopher News Notes, issued here monthly by The Christophers, whose direc tor is Maryknoll Father James Keller. Calling attention to the fact that many millions of eligible vot ers failed to go to the polls in the presidential election of 1952, the News Notes urge all voters to recognize that government is their business. Among the suggestions are these: "Make some effort, even though small, to aoply tho changeless truths of Christ to our changing times. "Make it a matter of con science to register and vote. "Stir up as many non-voters as you can roach. "Encourage rather than dis courage those who are consid ering a career in government. "Remind as many as you can that there is something every one can do to improve govern ment." The purpose of the Christophers is to encourage each person to show a personal and practical re sponsibility in restoring the love and truth of Christ to public life, especially in the fields of govern ment. education, literature, en tertainment and labor relations. Polish Reds Tactics Turn Goal Same The author of the following article is the editor of the In ter-Catholic Press Agency, the only Cetholic-sponsored news agency in the U.S. devoted ex clusively to covering religious cultural and political events in Poland. His article enelyzes the possible effects the recent political changes in thet coun try mey heve on the Church there. By Fether Ignatius Olszewski The dramatic return to power of Wladislaw Gomulka, the new leader of the Polish Communist Party, has aroused almost as much interest and speculation in the free world as it has in Poland itself. There the whole process of “democratization" and many hopes are connected with the person of the new leader. His comeback may result in some shifts in Red tactics con cerning the Church. Some of the new “liberal” policies may benefit the Church. But the basic com munist goal—the destruction of religion—remains unchanged. (Continued on page 2) Imre Nagy announced. This gov ernment included noncommun ists. It appeared as an effort to win support of the masses and to get the rebels to surrender. Rebel groups told newsmen at the Austrian border they had set up an independent Hungarian government at Gyoer, an industri al town just across the frontier. Observers here say that what ever the immediate outcome of Pope Receives Cable From Card. Wyszynski VATICAN CITY —A cable reaffirming his filial loyalty to the Holy See and expressing his gratitude for all the pray ers offered during his deten tion was sent from Warsaw by His Eminence Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Primate of Poland, to His Holiness Pope Pius xil. the revolt, Moscow will realize that national feeling is grow ing in Hungary and other satel lites. Austrian diplomats and busi nessmen returning from Hungary described scenes of horror. One traveler said he saw the hanging of 20 patriots on lampposts along the Danube promenade in Buda pest. Another said he saw women and eight children herded togeth er and shot down by machine guns. The same person said he saw boys, no older than 15, led to execution. Many other boys and girls uere seen armed and blazing away in patriots’ firing lines. The travelers reported that all along the road to the Austrian border they saw crowds waving national flags and trampling on Soviet stars torn from public buildings. Here in Vienna, Archbishop Franz Koenig has appealed for immediate and generous gifts from Austrians for the Hungarian and Polish peoples “whose suf fering resulting from the present events will reach unbearable pro portions.” Pope Asks Prayers For Eastern Europe Archbishop Josef Groesz of Kalocta has asked Hun gary's Communist govern ment for more Church free dom. The Head of Hungar ian hierarchy cited in part, as needs, greater freedom of travel for Bishops, cor recting the sad plight of the Hungarian a olic press, and freedom for seminarians to attend theol ogical schools in Rome. Tramp on Flags Stalin Era Ended In Hungary With Revolt, Say Observers (Radio, N.C.W.C. News Service) VIENNA. Austria Loosening of the Soviet grip on Hungary is expected to preclude any attempt to renew pressure on the Catholic Church there. In view of the strength and extent of the Hungarian re volt, there is a rising confidence by observers here that a return to the iron rule of the Sta lin era is no longer possible. The Hungarian regime report edly asked His Eminence Josef Cardinal Mindszenty to support the new “popular front” govern ment whose formation Premier Vatican Has No Report On Cardinal’s Release VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) Vatican officials said they received the news of His Eminence Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty's release from house arrest with great happi ness. But, they added, no official or unofficial communication concerning the Hungarian Pri mate's latest status has been received at the Vatican. In the meantime, he has been treated by an internationally known German specialist and by his own physician. According to the latest report from Krasic. native village of the Cardinal where he has been con fined ever since he was released from jail in 1951. he has recover ed his strength. He is cheerful and in good spirits, it was re ported. While communist guards out- Zanesville Man Named to Heat! Alexian Home ZANESVILLE—Brother Bene dict, C.F.A., former member of St. Nicholas Parish, Zanesville, has been named superior at the Alexian Brothers Home in Osh kosh, Wisconsin. Brother Benedict, the son of Mrs. Anna Roll of South River Road. Zanesville, has been in charge of the Alexian Brothers Hospital in Elizabeth, New Jer sey, for several years. He grad uated from the Alexian Brothers School of Nursing. Chicago, and served as superior of the com munity’s Rest Home, at Signal Mountain. Tenn., from 1946 to 1952. The former Diocesan resident has held various posts in hospit als in Chicago, and St. Louis. He has-been a member of the Alex ian Order for thirty years. -----------------o-------------- Body of Pope Pius IX Perfectly Preserved VATICAN CITY. Oct. 27 (NC) —The body of Pope Pius IX was found to be incorrupt during rec ognition ceremonies here in the Basilica of St. Lawrence. |vOTE’| Force Can’t Suffocate Real Liberty Cardinal Stepinac Now Reported In Good Health By Father James I. Tucek VATICAN CITY (NC)— His Holiness Pope Pius XTI has called on the whole Cath olic world to pray for “peace based on justice”'for the peo ple of eastern Europe, espec ially those in strife-torn Hun gary. The Holy Father spoke in an encyclical letter addressed to all bishops of the world. The letter aooeered in a special edi tion of L'Osservatore Romano, Vatican City daily. It was the newspaper's first special edi tion in 18 months. The last one carried the Pope's May Day ad dress of 1955 in which he pro cleimed the feast of St. Joseoh the Workman. In his new encyclical the Holy Father asked for prayers to "end so much shedding of blood" and to bring about a true peace based on justice, charity and genuine liberty. “May it be clear to all,” His Hohnesc continued “that order cannnt be restored among the peoples by force of arms which brings death to men. Nor can if bp restored by violence inflicted nn citizen®, v hich cannot compel their inner assent, or by false theories which corrupt the mind, are repugnant to a civilized and Christian conscience and vio late the rights of the Church. The aspiration for real liberty can never be suffocated with external force.” The Pope spoke of “these grave circumstances which bring so much anguish to a beloved part of »he Christian flock He recalled (Continued nn page 2) TRIESTE, Italy (NC) His Eminence Aloysius Card inal Stepinac, who was critically ill three years ago, has re gained good health, according to a reliable report reaching here.-------------------------------------- In mid-1953, less than six months after the Archbishop of Zagreb, Yugoslavia, was made a Cardinal, he became sick with polycythemia, a blood dis ease marked by an abnormal increase in the red corpuscles. That summer, two American specialists, flown to Yugoslavia at the request of the American Bishops, found that while Car dinal Stepinac's disease was in curable, its progress could be arrested "under favorable con ditions." Later that year, how ever, it was reported that the prelate's condition had grown progressively worse. side his modest house bar any visiting priest from seeing him, Cardinal Stepinac is free to move within the territory of the Krasic parish. The government does not allow him to exercise his episco pal duties, but the Cardinal Archbishop is able to preach, to offer Mass and hear confessions in the parish church. An outspoken foe of the Nazi persecution of the Jews and Orthodox during the World War II occupation of Yugoslavia by Germany, Archbishop Stepinac was arrested and charged with treason and collaboration with the Nazis by Marshal Tito’s gov ernment in September, 1946. On Oct. 11 of that year, after a trial which followed the usual pattern of communist "justice,” he was convicted and sentenced. Since his release from jail in December, 1951, and his confine ment to Krasic, he is understood to be working on a new transla tion of the Bible into the Croat language. o----------------- Catholic Paper 125 Years Old CINCINNATI. Ohio—(NC) The Catholic Telegraph-Register, newspaper for the Archdiocese of Cincinnati has celebrated its 125th anniversary. Its first issue was published October 22, 1831. At that time it was the Catholic Telegraph. A commemorative plaque was presented the paper by Xavier University which also has marked its 125th anniversary. Confirmation Schedule Bishop Ready November 4th, 4:00 p.m.— Saint Michael, Worthingtton November 4th, 7:30 p.m.— Saint James the Less, Colum bus November 6th, 7:30 p.m.— Our Lady of Lourdes, Marys ville. December 16th, 3:00 p.m.— Saint Joseph Cathedral, Co lumbus. Bishop Hettinger November Sth, 7:30 p.m.— Saint Agatha, Columbus.