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Vol. VI, No. 6
His Eminence Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty is well de* i,pite being jailed in seven different places during his near ly eight years under communist arrest. Th* Cardinal Primate of i Hungary gave thi* assurance the N.C.W.C. Now* Service ia a frem oceanic telephone in terview in which he made an urgent plea to the American people for food and medicine for hi* suffering nation. “Bolshevism has plundered ev erything in Hungary,’’ he said. “The need here is extreme.” The NC's telephone interview with Cardinal Mindszenty took place after several early attempts of NC correspondents to cross the Austro-Hungarian border had failed. Subsequently, however, the NC correspondent in Vienna suc ceeded in reaching Budapest and speaking to the Cardinal in per son. A call placed in Washington, D.C., reached the Cardinal at his episcopal residence in Budapest. The Primate spoke easily and clearly, although he sounded tired. He terminated the conver Father Healey Answers Your Question On Page 4 This Week. His Holiness expressed his pleasure over the "spontaneous Impulse with which his request for prayers in the previous en cyclical had been answered. He referred to the flood of notices ♦hat has appeared almost ev Local Religious Has New Volume Published Sister Maryanna, O.P., chair man of the English Department of the College of St. Mary of the Springs, was recently notified that her collection of verses for children, “My Little Book of Thanks,” has been accepted for publication. The book, scheduled to be re leased in 1957, was accepted by the Bruce Publishing Company of Milwaukee, and will be included in the Christian Child Series. In addition, several of Sister Maryanna’s poems have been selected to appear in anthologies. The works, published in October, are Sheed and Ward’s “Begin nings: Prose and Verse, and Ginn’s “A Book of Joy”. My dear Brethren: sation when he felt he needed to ‘‘spare my voice.” Cardinal Mindszenty stated that he was completely cut off from the outside world during his con finement. He declared ironically that his Red jailers permitted him as much contact with his fellow bishops, his priests, or with the Holy See as “with Washington” or “with the natives of Africa.” Of the seven different places where he was held following his arrest in late 1948 and his sham trial the following February, the Cardinal named off Budapest, Vac and Felsopeteny, and then add er: “Sometimes I did not know where I was.” He declared he is in good health now, but was “very sick and tired” in prison. He said that his life in freedom since he was rescued by anti-bolshevist forces on October 30 is so very differ- Pope Issues Second Encyclical Within Week Asking Peace Letter, One of Shortest, Reminds World of Danger in Middle East War VATICAN CITY (NC) In the second encyclical letter written within a week His Holiness Pope Pius XII repeated his call to all the nations of the world for prayers for peace and especially for a peaceful solution to the tense situation in the Middle East. The Pope appealed to the nations of the world to be cautious of venturing onto the------------------------------------------ “steep slope of violence.” "When wise men, driven by ♦he desire for true peace, gath er together to deal with such grave problems," he continued, “they must undoubtedly feel compelled to choose the way of lustice, if they consider the great danger* of a war from which a small spark would burst into an enormous fire." The encyclical is one of the shortest ever written by the Pope. It is entitled Laetamur Ad modum (It Is a Great Joy) after the first words of the Latin text. This is reported to be the first time that one encyclical has fol lowed so closely on another. On Oct. 28 the Holy Father issued an encyclical, Luctuosissimi Eventus (Most Sorrowful Events), calling for prayers for the people of Hun gary. The issuing of the second letter is considered a sign of the urgency of the Pope’s new call for prayer. erywhere in the world calling upon the faithful to pray for peace. He pointed out the spe cial importance he gives to the prayers of "innocent children". The Holy Father expressed his joy for the release of His Emi nence Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Primate of Poland, and His Emi nence Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty, Primate of Hungary. The Pope said he hoped their release was a sign of the “reorganization and pacification of both countries on the basis of a sounder and better legislation, but especially on the (Continued on Page 2) Msgr. Kappes Named To Board Official I call your attention to the need* of many beloved children who demand our sympathy and aid. These youngsters are re ferred to as Retarded Children and they are helped chiefly in our community through the Council of Retarded Children with headquarters at Five East Long Street, Columbus. During No comber the Council will appeal for financial help to increase school facilities for the children. The one big event of the cam paign will be the "Light a Life" house-to-house March in Franklin County to raise funds for their program. I urge your support of that event and your continued interest in the work throughout the year. With my blessing, Dqvotedly in Christ, MICHAEL J. READY Bishop of Columbus Laity Should Aid Community Charities National Report Says Catholic lay people must work just as diligently to meet general community needs as they do to further specifically Catholic interests. This observations was made in a report of conclusions reached by one of the day-long discussion groups in Buffalo at the 42nd annual National Con ference of Catholic Charities con vention and the joint annual meeting of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. The topic for discussion was “The Obligation and Opportunity of Ca holies in Community Plan ning.” Chairman of the session was G. Howland Shaw of Wash ington, D.C., a past president of NCCC and onetime assistant sec retary of state. M»gr. Kappes named to Board In other action the National Charities group named Msgr. William E. Kappes, diocesan di rector of charities, one of the nine new board members. Harry J. Kirk, formerly of Holy Rosary and Immaculate Concep tion parishes in Columbus and now of Washington, D.C., was rejected treasurer. Msgr. Floyd A BINK NEWSPAPER OHIO STAT COLIMBUS Fr. Francis ent that comparisons are impos sible. He said he was prevented from offering Mass in prison for nine consecutive months. Later he was able to say Mass now and Three Fined For Breaking Sunday Law CINCINNATI, (NC)—A trio of defendants drew fines in Cin cinnati Police Court for viola ting Ohio’s Sunday closing law, and an earlier conviction against a store operator in nearby Ham ilton was upheld by a higher court in Butler County. The Cincinnatians on trial contended through their lawyers that the.law was “antiquated,” but Police Court Judge Daniel C. Handley rejoined that he found it hard to understand why fam ilies could not do their shopping on weekdays. The 40-hour week plus oppor tunities for evening shopping make Sunday shopping unneces sary, he said. The jurist added it was "deplorable” that many ignored the divine command to observe the day of rest. Attor neys for the defendants, a cloth ing merchant, a grocer and a clerk, said they would appeal to the Ohio Supreme Court. In the Butler County Common Fleas Court, Judge P. P. Boll upheld a conviction for “unlaw fully opening a building for the —transaction of business on Sun day and unlawfully requiring em ployes to labor on Sunday.” Fischer of Omaha was also re elected president. In its report presented by the conference at a general session, the group said “Catholic leaders should seek ways of meeting with non-Catholics in trying to solve problems of general community interest” The group added that it real ized the problem of getting Ca tholics to take their proper place in a total community “is tut one part of the greater problem of leading the Church from the sanctuary into the marketplace.” “The repeated urgings of the Supreme Pontiff on lay partici pation in our times are not made alune because of the importance of the subject, but also because of its difficulty,” the report said. “The problem uf getting the laity to take part in community planning and action meets with resistance born of historical fac tors of great moment.” “These are factors that must be realized if we are not to meet with frustration,” the report continued. “Once, however, they are recognized, we must follow the guidance of the Holy Father whatevei the difficulty.” The report made by Margaret Driscoll of the Catholic Welfare Bureau, Winona, Minn., and Dr. Ethel Shanas, Evanston, Ill., re- search consultant to NCCC who helped compile the survey’s ques tionnaire, said most requests for adoption are for “perfect in fants.” And agencies have great difficulty in finding parents for the physically or mentally handi capped children over 10 and for children of a race or national or igin other than that of the couple I seeking to adopt children. In its report to the conference, the group urged the NCCC to es I tablish a committee to develop uniform adoption practices, and (Continued on Page 2) OIVTTIOW M'ISELM Exclusive Interview Witl dindszenty Before Russian Counter Attack then despite obstacles by his jail-s ers, he said. Commenting on reports that hr is the only leader capable of uniting the Hungarian people and therefore might be chosen regent of an interim government in Hungary to prepare the way for free elections, Cardinal Mindszenty said: “I do not think there is any obstacle to this in principle. But this is a question which I have not yet given any attention." The Cardinal Primate conclud ed his NC interview by extend ing his blessing to "American Hungarians and to all Ameri cans.” The interview was conducted by a Hungarian priest now liv ing in the United States. He is Father Francis ... He has re quested that his family name be kept secret, lest its revelation prove harmful to friends and rel atives still in Hungary. The Washington-Budapest tele phone call took several hours to complete. When the priest fin- The Catholic Times i Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, November 9,1956 llsI I I I I Fr. Frank Gartland, editor of the na tional Catholic youth Magazine The Catho lic Boy, speaks to the more than 2000 young people of the Diocese who attended the Youth Rally last Sunday at the Ohio State Fairgrounds. Bishop Hettinger, far right center in Card. Wyszynski Well Two Bishops Released His Eminence Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Primate of Poland, is in good health and is actively administering his two sees, the Warsaw and Gniesno archdioceses, according to a spokesman at the Cardinal’s secretariat in Warsaw contacted by telephone. The spokesman also reported that two formerly im- prisoned Polish prelates are re turning to their posts. They are Bishop Lucian Bernacki, Vicar General of Gniezno, and Auxili ary Bishop Anthony Baraniakvof Gniezno. The telephone call was made for the N.C.W.C. News Service by Father Ignatius Olszewski, edi tor of the Inter-Catholic Press Agency in New York. Father Olszewski was unable to talk directly to Cardinal Wys zynski. The man, who answered the telephone and described him self as a member of the Cardinal’s secretarial staff stated that the Cardinal would not consent to be interviewed at this time. Speaking before a microphone in Budapest, is recent ly freed Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty, Primate of Hungary. i More Than 2000 Attend Youth Rally picture presided at the Rally assisted by Father Earl I. Holtzapfel, pastor of St. Augustine and Father Eugene Yoris, assis tant pastor of St. Augustine, gave Bene diction of the Most Blessed Sacrament to the largest Youth Rally to be held in the Diocese. (See insert upper right). NC Primate of Poland, is release from house ar Poland's Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, pictured in Warsaw following his rest by the country's new communist regime, previous Stalinist Communist government confined the 55-year-old Cardinal in a monastery in 1953 after he had opposed Red infringement of religious activities. His re lease has been interpreted as an effort by the new gov ernment to win wider popular support. (NC Radiophoto) Following is a verbatim ac count of Father Olszewski’s phone conversation with men ber of the Cardinal's retariate: tele the sec Secretary: I am the Cardinal’s secretary. It is unfortunate, you just missed him. He left about five minutes ago. He went down town. What is it about? Father O: 1 wondered if His Eminence would grant me a (Continued on Page 2) Eight Diocesan Women Attend ally succeeded in getting through to the Cardinal’s residence. Fa ther Janos Toth, who described himself as “a priest at the serv ice of the Primate of Hungary,” called Cardinal Mindszenty to the phone. The following is the text of the interview: Cardinal Mindszenty: Who is calling, please? Father Francis: I am Father Francis Blessed be Jesus Christ. Cardinal Mindszenty: Forev er and ever. Amen. W’hat is your name? Father Francis: (He started to spell his family name, and then the Cardinal interrupted.) Cardinal Mindszenty: I know now. Father Francis: I am calling from Washington, from the cap ital of the United States, in the name of the National Catholic Welfare Conference News Serv vice. May 1 ask a few ques tions? Cardinal Mindszenty: Go ahead. Father Francis. In addition to I NCCW Convention At tracks 15.000 Largest in History CHICAGO (NC) On notes of pageantry and praise the National Council of Catholic Women launched its “big gest convention ever” here. Some 15,000 Catholic women from all sections of the nation and several foreign countries were expected at the four-day, 28th meeting. The was heartened by a message from His Holiness Pope Pius XII which cited “the invaluable service” rendered to the Church in this nation by the organization which represents some 9-million Cath lic women, and imparted, his Apostolic Benediction. After opening day sessions devoted to discussion by presi dents of diocesan and deanery councils, and heads of national and local affiliates, the note of pageantry was introduced at a glittering general public meet ing in Chicago's spacious In ternational Amphitheater. Highlights of the general ses- Eight women from the Dio cese are attending the NCCW convention: Mrs. Alexander Glockner, Holy Name parish, who will lead the School and Home Association Workshop, Saturday: Mrs. Frank Vogel, St. Catharine parish DCCW past president Mr*. Leo Jen nings, St. Nicholas parish, present DCCW president, Zanesville Miss Marion Swick ard, Christ the King parish Miss Mary McDonald, St. Thomas Parish, Zanesville Miss Veronica a s a 11 I, DCCW treasurer Mr*. Edward Miller and Mr*. Jean Fondriest, St. Joseph, Dover. sion were a pageant, "She Shall Be Called Woman," staged by Sis ter M. Jeanelle of Mundelein Col lege. and an address by the one who guggested the pageant-show piece*— His Eminence Samuel Cardinal Stritch. Archbishop of Chicago and host to the conven tion delegates. Ols am the Father O: This is Father zewski from New York. 1 speaking on behalf of N.C.W.C. News Service. Could I speak to the Cardinal please? Th* production traced th* development of women down through the history of th* Cath olic Church, with dramatic comparison of such famous women as Elizabeth and Mary, vanguard of this attendance St. Catherine of Siena, the wid ow of Naim, St. Monica, Mother Cabrini, St. Joan of Arc, Mary Magdalene and other*. There was, too. an invocation by Boston's Archbishop Richard J. Cushing, Episcopal chairman of the Department of Lay Organ izations, which embraces the NCCW and welcomes by Chi cago’s Mayor Richard J. Daley and Mrs. Peter Joyce, president of the Chicago Archdiocesan Council of the NCCW. Mrs. Augus G. Desch of Evans ton. Ill., presided session. president of the NCCW’, at the public general was a heartening mes- There sage, too, from President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was the prin cipal speaker at the last NCCW (Continued on Page 2) Sister Aquinas will receive an aii pense paid trip to Rome, as part compensation for her per mission to permit CBS to present the story of her career. Other funds derived from the production and the possible sale of movie rights will go to the fund for construction of a three million dollar college at the Holy Family convent, Manitowoc, Wis., Felsopeteny, at how many places of confinement were you held during the almost eight years of banishment from your See? Cardinal Mindszenty? I was in seven different places, in seven different station*, in sev en jails. Sometimes 1 did not know where I was. I was in Budapest, then in Vac, then in Felsopeteny. Anyway you know the rest. Father Francis: When did you receive your freedom? Cardinal Mindszenty: It was on the 30th day of October in the evening hours. Father Francis: How were you treated in prison? Cardinal Mindszenty: As is customary with the Bolshevists. Father Francis: What was the state of your health in prison? Cardinal Mindszenty: I can tell you that I was very sick and tired. Father Francis: Did they provide any medicine? (Continued on Page 2) Monsignor DeBlanc Gives You Some Tips On How To Make Marriage Click On Page Four This Week Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Yeai Clothing Drive Opens Here November 17 Bishops’ Annual Campaign Aids Poverty Stricken Areas In a letter sent to all pastors of the Diocese this week, Bishop Ready announced the eighth annual Bishop’s Thanksgiving Clothing collection conducted under the auspices of V. S. Bishops for the needy people in other lands. Th* Bishop urged that usable clothing and bedding be token to th* parish collection depot for sorting and packaging. Th* date* for th* campaign ar* No vember It to 25. According to Msgr. William E. Kappes, diocesan campaign chair man. in past yeans the people of the Diocese have responded gen erously with more than 47 tons of usable clothing collected in 1955. While all usable clothing is acceptable, most needed this I year are blankets, work shoes. infant clothes and men'* and boys' pant*. Instruction* for sorting and shipping have been sent directly to pastor*. In the past seven years almost one million bales, cases and bags of clothing and shoes have been shipped overseas to 41 countries, much of it before Christmas. Speaking to the Diocesan Di rectors of Charities assembled at the annual convention of the National Conference of Catholic Charities last week, Msgr. Edward E. Swanstrom, executive director of Catholic Relief Services, NCWC praised the work of the Catholic people of the United States, who, he declared, have given an example of extraordin ary charity for the poor every where in the world. Stating that( the aid given by the Church in‘the United States has been of unmeasurable help of the missionaries in pagan lands, he spoke of the extreme pover ty of many people in Africa and of the food and clothing given them that gave tangible evidence of the love borne by American Ca tholics foi their suffering broth ers in all parts of the world. Monsignor Swanstrom spoke of the aid station established on th* boundaries of Hungary by Cath (Continued on Page 2) Journalist Talks Nov. Il, Erskine Hall Dr. Erik Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn will lecture at 8:15 Sunday at Er skine Hall, College of St. Mary of the Springs, The Austrian Catholic journal ist was in Spain during the Span ish civil war and has recently re turned from a European lecturg tour. He will speak on the topic “Spain Today and Tomorrow.” Tickets for the lecture are available at Heaton’s Music Store, Long’s Book Store. 1836 N. High St., and the Cathedral Book Shop and Catholic Information Center, 205 E. Broad St. TV Program To Portrav Life Story of Zanesville Born Nun ZANESVILLE The life story of a Zanesville born Franciscan nun, who achieved international fame as a teacher of aviation and as a flier, will be shown over the Columbia Broadcasting System’s Studio One (Channel 10) next Monday night. The nun, Sister Aquinas, a graduate of St. Nicholas High School here. She is presently su perintendent of science of the Green Bay, Wis., diocese and will be interviewed on the program following the play. the former Anne Kinskey, is the mother-house of Francisan sisters here. Sister is the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. George Kinskey. She has three brothers, Stanley, former St. Thomas High School basketball coach: Frank, of Ports mouth Oscar, of Newport, Ky. and a sister, Mrs. Hansen Kain of Norwich. A niece, Sister Thomas Aquinas, teaches at St. Mary High School, Delaware, while another niece. Miss Mildred Geyer lives in Zanesville.