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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, November 16, 1956, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83007243/1956-11-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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Part of the John Petiers family who recently arrived
In Columbus from the Netherlands is shown above. Left
to right are Winny, 3Vi, Mr. and Mrs. Petiers and Rudy,
A third child, born just three weeks ago did not care
to have his picture taken. Petiers, an engineer, started
work Monday for an industrial firm in Columbus.
12,000 Hornes, Jobs Needed
Diocesan Visitor Cites
Need for Emigrant Aid
To a visitor to the Diocese this past week the Hungar
ian revolt and the brutal counter-attack, by Russian troops
had a special meaning.
Since early this year Walter Dushnyck, a representa
tive of the Catholic Relief Services of the National Catholic
Welfare Conference has been
touring the United States trying
to obtain sponsors for refugees.
This December the Refugee
Relief Act comes to an end. Be
fore that time the Catholic Re
lief Service hopes to (ind homes
and jobs for some 12,000 addi
tional refugees.
Many of these people are
skilled workers but have lost
their homes due to the wars, hot
and cold, which have been waged
across Europe.
Dushnyck, who has long been
aware of the great propaganda
weapon which is created by our
accepting emigrants from Com
munist-dominated and anti-com
munist countries, has recently re
turned from South America
where he investigated ihe effect
that Red “come back home”
propaganda has had on the peo
ple who have sought refuge in
the Americas.
Our own Diocese has accepted
200 assurances since the passage
of the Relief Act. About 50 re­
‘Poverty Reigns on Qur Side’
------------------------------------------1-----
fugees have actually been settled
here through the Catholic Wel
fare Bureau, according to Fr.
Lawrence Corcoran, assistant Di
rector of Diopean charities.
“We need more assurances,"
Fr. Corcoran said, “Unless these
are obtained before December of
this year many of those people
from Hungary and other coun
tries may have to stay in Eur
ope.”
Dushnyck. who 22 years ago
was also an emigrant to this
country, from the Ukraine,
speaks seven or eight languages
and was an interpreter for Gen
eral Douglas MacArtnur during
the Second World War, empha
sized the fact that many of these
people are sitting in camps in
Europe now, just waiting for job
and home assurances.
“In the case of the Dutch emi
grants program,” Drusnyck said,
“under which your Diocese has
accepted several families, the
(Continued on page 3)
Russian Tourist Tells
About Communist Life
ROME (Radio, NC) One of the Russian tourists
who visited Rome during The past year left behind a letter
to “Mr. Pope Pius XII, Eisenhower and Adenauer.”
It was printed in La Civilta Cattolica, semi-monthly
Jesuit magazine published in Rome, with the explanation
that the letter had been left in
the hands of a Roman journalist.
The Russian tourist asked
that it be given maximum dif
fusion in newspapers and on
radio broadcasts. It is given
here as printed in La Civilta:
“Russian tourists are very hap
py to have seen the capitalistic
countries. We have been struck
by the wealth of your people.
“Poverty reigns everywhere on
eur side. All national income is
used for the upkeep of the army
and the police.
"Khrushchov, the new perfid
ious and cunning dictator, has
deceived many persons—Nehru
more than anyone else.
“There is want and hunger in
small Russian towns. Workmen
are paid between 500 and 600
rubles a month. ($125 to $150 at
official rate of exchange, but
much less in comparative value)
WASHINGTON (NC)
A great many “grave prob
lems” confronted the Catho
lic Church in the United
States in the last year.
This was the report of
Archbishop Francis P. Keough of
Baltimore, chairman of the Ad
ministrative Board of the Nation
al Catholic Welfare Conference,
to the annual general meeting of
the Archbishops and Bishops of
the country meeting at the Cath
olic University of America here.
Archbishop Keough said it re
quired the “intimate and continu
ing cooperation” of various de
partments of the NCWC to meet
the demands of the times, and
that he was happy to report that
the operations and activities of
the conference “were characteriz
ed by a high degree of smooth
ness and efficiency."
“Once again the Sacred Congre
gation has had evidence that the
“Millions of airraid shelters are
being built in cities and houses.
“Military clubs are organized
in factories and offices, and civ
ilians are compelled to attend
them.
“It is necessary that' your Tog
liatti and many communists
among you should go to work in
Russia and try to live on our sal
aries. There would not be any
more communists among you.
"Your stupid democracy gives
Khrushchev th* opportunity to
send Suslov to France to make
propaganda and overturn the
minds of your rich peoples.
“We Russians were deceived in
1917 and are still today compell
ed by force to believe in commun
ism, which has brought hunger,
poverty, arrests and terror to
our country. !“In our coun
try tourists aren’t allowed
(Continued on page 3)
hierarchy of the U.S., ever aware
of and solicitous about the whole
range of grave social and spir
itual problems, has sought to
adapt its pastoral action to mod
ern needs and opportunities,
with excellent results, due largely
to the generous dedication of the
clergy and Catholic laity of that
great nation.”
Zoning Laws
School Threat
Trends in zoning ordinances in
many parts of the country pose a
threat to parochial schools, the
NCWC Legal Department warned
in its report.
Many ordinancat recently en
acted exclude n o n -p u bl i
schools from residential areas,"
it was noted in a review of the
year presented by Bishop Em
met M- Walsh of Youngstown,
episcopal chairman of the de
partment.
•I^WSPAPER DIVISION
OHIO STATE IFLSELM
Vol. VI, No. 7 _________
State Should
Guard Morals
Court Rules
TRENTON, N.J. Declaring
that government must protect the
morals of its people, the New
Jersey Supreme Court has up
held an antiburlesque ordinance
of the city of Newark.
Justice William A. Wachen*
feld, writing the high court's
opinion, said: "Government un
der our form of democracy has
the responsibility of protecting
the morals of its people."
Tl^p Supreme Court’s Unani
mous decision overruled a Su
perior Court decision against the
ordinance. The high court said
it could find nothing in the the
ordinance which was a violation
of the 14th amendment to the
U.S. constitution or the constitu
tion of the State of New Jersey.
The ordinance was contested by
two burlesque theaters in New
ark. They won a favorable ruling
from Superior Court Judge Fred
eric R. Colie last January 20.
The lower court had ruled that
the ordinance was not specific
enough to be properly enforced.
Justice Wachenfeld said that
strictness of definition is not
alone to be considered, but “the
general legislative intent must
be considered as shown by the
context of an ordinance or stat
ute.”
According to Justice Wachen
feld, the ordinance did not at
tempt to impose a prohibitive
“moral code of saints.”
-------------------o-------------------
Divorce is Curse
Not Blessing
British Lords Told
LONDON (NC) Lord Pak
enham, leading Catholic Labor
parliamentarian, told the House
of Lords “with heartfelt convic
tion” that the introduction of di
vorce to Britain “has not been a
blessing but a curse.’
"None who think as I do
could have any hand or part in
making divorce easier or a
more permanent part of our
life, or fail to hope and pray
for its ultimate elimination
from our midst," he added.
Lord Pakenham, former First
Lord of the Admiralty, a convert
and father of eight children, was
speaking during a debate on the
final report of a royal commis
sion which proposed easing di
vorce regulations. The recom
mendations, which included the
acceptance of divorce by consent
after seven years’ separation,
were rejected as being too contro
versial.
Divorces have incYeased in
Britain from 920 in 1912, to
around 27.000 last year, it was
brought out during the debate-
Lord Perth, Represen a i v e
Peer of Scotland in the House of
Lords, also joined in the debate.
Telling the house that he was
speaking as a Catholic, he said
that the Church’s teaching on the
indissolubility of marriage is bas
ed on the passage in St. Mark’s
Gospel saying: “What therefore
God has joined together let no
man put asunder."
-------------------o------------------
Miraculous Medal
Novena Starts
A Solemn Miraculous Medal No
vena, honoring the Immaculate
Conception of the Blessed Virgin
Mary, will begin Sunday, Nov. 18,
at St. Mary Magdalene church,
Parkside and Roys Aves., Colum
bus.
Father Vincent Crawford, C.M-,
of New York, will conduct the No
vena which will end on Monday,
Nov. 26.
The opening service will be at
3 p.m. with evening services
scheduled for 7:30 p.m. Services
will be held daily with Mass at 8
a.m. and afternoon and evening
devotions set for 3 and 7:30 p.m.
Mentioning several legal ac
tions taken by interested parties
against such prohibitive ordi
nances, the report singled out as
important a case in Brighton, N.
Y., where the community plan
ning board denied construction
permits for a Catholic church and
school to be built in a residential
area.
Two lower courts held the ac
tion of the planning board was
not improper, but the Court of
Appeals, the state’s highest court,
overruled them and said: “The
paramount authority of this state
has declared a policy that church
es and schools are more im
portant than local taxes.”
Social Action
Work Gains
The NCWC Social Action De
partment cited major strides to
ward coordinating Catholic Social
Action activity on both the na­
A big smile is Mohammed Khan's reaction to a big
glass of milk supplied every day at his school in Karachi,
Pakistan. At schools and rectories throughout the country
hundreds line up daily to share in vital food and clothing
supplies contributed by American Catholics through Cath
olic Relief Services N.C.W.C., helping immensely in
fighting malnutrition and undernourishment among the
poor.
You Can Thank God
By Helping Others
More than 520,683 pounds of clothing have been collec
ted and shipped to the poor all over the world during the
seven Bishops’ Thanksgiving Clothing Drives.
The eighth drive begins this week in the Diocese with
all parishes serving as depots for depositing all usable
clothing. According to Msgr. Will
iam Kappes, Diocesan director of
charities and chairman for the
drive, blankets and bedding are
especially needed this year.
Hierarchy
In Poland
Issues Letter
BERLIN, (NC)—A joint pas
toral letter has been issued by
the Polish hierarchy condemning
legalized abortion and easy di
vorce laws in Poland, it was
learned here.
Published in the Warsaw
daily “Slowo Powszechne” (Uni
versal Word), and organ of the
pro-regime “progressive Catho
lics.” the letter was originally is
sued on August 26 at Jasna Gora,
national Polish Marian shrine.
No reason was given for the long
delay in publishing it.
The hierarchy’s letter exam
ines different medical and eco
nomic reasons that have been
put forward as justification for
abortion, and demonstrates that
such an act cannot be justified.
In economic difficulties the
solution is not the destruction
of new life, §aid the pastoral, but
an improvement of economic
conditions.
“To this end, all the forces of
the community should be exert
ed to achieve an improvement
of the situation as fast as possi
be. One should also awaken the
initiative of the individual and
give him certain foundations for
individual improvement of the
conditions of his life. The peo
ple responsible for the fate of
the country should see to it that
the worker gets wages high
enough to support a family,”
said the letter.
The latter part of the pastoral
takes up the problems facing
Polish youth. It cites alcoholism,
demoralization, and delinquency
as dangers facing young people
there.
The pastoral closes with a bless
ing to the nation in its efforts
toward holiness and moral great
ness.
Bishop Ready Says Immigration Dept. Handled More Than 44,000 Cases Catholic
The Catholic Times
Last year the Diocese shipped
over 94 thousand pounds, much
of it placed into the hands of the
needy in Europe, Asia and Africa
by Christmas.
Shipping costs are absorbed by
the U. S. government as a means
of showing the interest of the
American people in the poor
erywhere.
President Eisenhower said
cently, “Such efforts as this by
guV- people bulwark their govern
ment’s basic desire for world un
derstanding.”
o------------------
Plea Says
Hungarians
In Siberia
WASHINGTON, (NC) The
American Hungarian Federation
here has appealed to President
Eisenhower, the U.S. State De
partment and the United Nations
to halt the “extermination” of
the Hungarian people.
The federation called attention
to a report that the communists
have a large assembly of rail
road box cars on the Russo-Hun
garian border and are deporting
Hungarian males of all ages to
Siberian concentration camps.
The telegram sent by the fed
eration to Dag Hammarskjold,
general secretary of the United
Nations, said:
“Your kind interest in bring
ing to a speedy end the human
-horrors imposed in Hungary
much appreciated. According to
recent dispatches an unending
line of railroad box cars is being
loaded with male population of
all ages to be taken into Siber
ian concentration camps. Please
have mercy on a people deeply
rooted in Westren traditions and
now being exterminated for its
steadfast adherence to the United
Nations charter. Have neutral ob
servation teams rushed into all
parts of Hungary before it is
too late. Yours respecfully on
behalf of a million Americans of
Hungarian ancestry.
Similar telegrams were sent to
President Eisenhower and the
State Department.
Bishops’ Annual Report Covers All Facets Of Church Life In United States
tional and the Inter-American
scenes.
In an annual report signed by
its episcopal chairman, Arch
bishop Patrick A. O’Boyle of
Washington, the department said
the Inter-Americtfn Catholic So
ciety Action Confederation had
been made “more effective” as a
result of the conference sponsor
ed by the department in Cuerna
vaca, Mexico, last February.
In the United States, the re
port asserted, the Catholic so
cial action movement came to a
"turning point" at the Nationel
Catholic Social Action Confer
ence sponsored by the depart
ment in Cleveland in Septem
ber, 1955. "It was generally
agreed et Cleveland that the
time hes come, if not to de
emphasize the role of the der-f
gy, et least to give greater at
tention to the role of the laity
in the social apostolate," it said.
The department noted an “ex­
tremely gratifying” response to
the appeal by its episcopal chair
man for a widespread observance
in the U.S. of the 25th anniver
sary of the encyclical “On Recon
structing the Social Order” last
May 15.
Staff members of the depart
ment were active in defending
the international Labor Organi
zation, the report said, and the
director, Msgr. George Hig
gins, testified before a Senate
subcommittee appealing for U.
S. leadership in the ILO to out
law forced labor.
Family Life
Bureau Reports
Included in the Social Action
Department report were state
ments by its Family Life Bu
reau, Bureau of Health and Hos
pitals, and the Catholic Associa
tion for International Peace.
The CAIP noted that its policy
1 —111
Made Similar
Request Week
Before WW II
VATICAN CITY (NC)
In a radio message addressed
to the world His Holiness
Pope Pius XII has appealed
for an end to repressions,
plans for war and power
politics among nations.
Th
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, November 16,1956 Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year
Holy Father recommend­
ed that as soon as possible "all
those who want the world to
tread the path of the honor and
the dignity of the sons of God"
bind themselves closely in a
solid public pact that would de
fend its members and isolate
those who stray from the path
of justice and peace.
Once before, on Aug. 24, 1939.
His Holiness delivered such a ra
dio message on the imminent dan
ger of war. Eight days later
World War II began. At that time
he spoke, “armed with nothing
else but the word of truth.” to
say that “the danger is imminent,
but there is still time Noth
ing is lost with peace. Everything
can be lost with war.”
In a broadcast carried directly
by 11 national radio networks,
the Holy Father addressed “men
and women, intellectuals, labor
ing men. artisans and agricultural
workers of whatever race or coun
try.”
He spoke of the anguish he
felt at the sufferings of the
Hungarian people, "guilty of
having sought respect for
fundamental human rights." To
this, he said, there is added
anxiety for the peace which is
endangered and "Our sorrow at
seeing a thinning in the ranks
of those on whose authority,
union and goodwill it was felt
much reliance could be placed
for the progressive reestablish
ment of concord among nations
in justice and in true freedom."
ev-
re-
The questions of peace and just
freedom hkve taken a backward
step, he said.
“The slender thread of trust
seems to be broken. Suspi
(Continued on page 3)
Bishop Ready
Asks Benefit
Support Nov. 20
Bishop Ready this week join
ed with other civic and church
leaders in asking support of a
benefit for the Hungarian peo
ple to be held Nov. 20 at Ilon
ka’s Provincial House. 4040 E.
Broad St., in Columbus.
The benefit will seek money,
medicine and clothing for all
the refugees and those still
inside Hungary.
Bishop Ready said:
"The Soviets' cruelty to
the brave and religious Hun
garian people shocks the
conscience of the world. In
the face of the latest atroci
ties against the Hungarians,
we ask all who believe in
freedom, democracy and jus
tice to give money, medicine
and clothing to help the suf
fering Hungarians and espe
cially to pray for victory
over their oppressors.
"We in the Diocese have
pledged our aid to the Cath
olic Relief Service, National
Catholic Welfare Con far
ence. We wish, however, to
rally with our fellow citizens
to make a great success out
of the proposed benefit in
behalf of Hungarian relief,
which is to be held at Ilon
ka's on Nov. 20."
statements on coexistence with
communism, favoring United Na
tions Charter review, and sup
porting the International Labor
Organization had been well re
ceived in both the Cathtflic and
secular press.
The Family Life Bureau,
holding that "divorce breeds di
vorce," and that "Catholics
seem to be having as much
trouble staying together as oth
er Americans," summed up its
function this way:
“To coordinate, not supplant
family programs to unify, not
merge movements to represent
the mind of the BiShops to guide
diocesan family life directors to
suggest a positive family program
for lay organizations to present
Catholic family ideals in any ap
propriate forum to study the
trends in family life to arouse
public interest to provide a
clearing-house and interchange of
Pope Asks for Power
Pact to Halt Fighting
This huge cross of lighted windows glowed a remind
er of this nation's Christian heritage, from the Philip
Murray building, of the IUE, electrical workers' union,
Washington, D.C., while across the street, the Soviet em
bassy staged a big party to celebrate the Russian anniver*
sary of the October revolutions. A large sign at lower
center reads, "In Reverent Memory of Hungarian Work
ers who Died for Freedom." (NC Photos).
Many Families Escape
Hungarians Lose All,
But Gain Freedom
VIENNA (NC) In the Hungarian border towns
such as Gyoer, Sopron, and Szentgotthard, that Sunday
morning of November 4 had been devoted the joyful
Thanksgiving for what seemed the final collapse of the com
munist dictatorship.
Then suddenly came the anti
climax. Under the impact of
the appalling news from Buda
pest the treacherous Soviet at
tack on the capital, joy turn
ed into despair. And in their
despair and apprehension of
Soviet reprisals, thousands of
men, women and children took
the only way which could lead
them to safety—the way to
Austria.
Soon the Austrian security of
ficers, assisted by constabulary
and troops, had to give up trying
to register the fugitives individ
ually as they came along in long
columns, on foot or on decripit
lorries or horse-drawn carts.
Some had a bundle of hastily col
lected belongings but mostly
nothing except the clothes they
were wearing. Some women had
left in such a hurry that they
had not thought to take off their
kitchen apron or put on a coat.
One of these camps
is estab
lished at Traiskirchen, not far
from Vienna, in the extensive
buildings of a former military
academy. From 1938 to 1955 it
had been used first by German
troops and then for ten years by
Russians. Therefore it is in a bad
Press At All Time High
information to promote and pro
duce popular, timely literature
for all family life levels to or
ganize the specialists in the field
to minister, not administer to ex
ert moi*al influence, not to be a
strait jacket to sum up results.”
Pointing to the Ford Founda
tion grant of 250 million dollars
to non-profit hospitals during the
year, the bureau said it had acted
as a liaison between Catholic hos
pitals and the foundation. Catho
lic hospitals received $60,385,400
under the grants, it said.
NCCW Report
Says Goal Near
The “complete goal of uniting
all Catholic women’s organiza
tions” in the nation in the Na
tional Council of Catholic Women
“is in sight,” Archbishop Richard
J. Cushing of Bostor asserted in
submitting the annual report of
the NCCW.
state of repair. There is just suf
ficient floor space for the 5.000
refugees, though of course no
kind of privacy.
For the time being straw has to
take the place of beds and mat
tresses. Food supplies are ample
but the kitchens are too small
tor the number of people to be.
fed. Caritas and Red Cross help
ers are working with utmost de
votion to bring some order into
the chaos. There are truly heart
rending problems which, for the
moment at least, cannot be
solved.
Small children are crying for
their mothers whose surnames
they don’t know. Women are
searching desperately for their
husbands who may be in this or
another camp or perhaps still in
Hungary.
In spite of all this misery and
uncertainty of their future, the
great majority of the refugees '80
per cent are women and chil
dren) show a remarkable forti
tude.
"We have lost all we had,*
one can haar them say, "but we
have won the most important
of all things—freedom."
(Continued on page 3)
The Episcopal Chairman of the
NCWC Department of Lay Or
ganizations stated in the report
that as of July 1, 1956, the NCCW
reached a milestone of more than
10.000 affiliated organizations. It
has been estimated that there are
some 9-million members in the
10.638 Catholic organizations of
women affiliated with the NCCW.
This is an increase of 1.017 in the
number of affiliates since July
1, 1955.
Archbishop Cushing e o
mended that “serious considera
tion” be given the idea of estab
lishing diocesan councils of Cath
olic women in areas where there
now are none.
Catholic Nurses
Council Gains
Membership in diocesan coun
cils of Catholic Nurses increased
from 11.000 to approximately
19,000 in the past five years, ac
(Continued on Page 2)

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