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Husband? See Page 4 Vol. VI, No.28 Diocese to Follow Restored Liturgy During Holy Week Bishop To Begin Sacred Time With Blessing of Palms Catholics throughout the Diocese will join the Catho lic world in the solemn observance of Holy Week beginning this Sunday. The restored Holy Week liturgy, proclaimed by the Sacred Congregation of Rites in 1955 and revised earlier this year win be iollowed in all parishes of the Diocese. Bishop Ready will open Holy Week rites at the Cathedral with the traditional blessing of the palms at 11 a.m., followed by Solemn Mass. Masses will be celebrated at the customary time in most parishes on Monday. Tuesday and Wednes day. ■Tenebrae Tenebrae services will be held at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday in the Cathedral in preparation for the Mass of the Chrism on Holy Thursday morning. The term tenebrae literally means “dark" and is symbolic of the sorrow of the time. Holy Thursday The blessing of the Holy Oils will take place at 9:30 a.m. Holy Thursday and will be followed by a pontifical Mass. This function symbolizes the Shepherd provid ing for the spiritual needs of His flock. Assisting the Bishop at this Mass will be Monsignors, Harold J. O’Donnell, assistant priest. William E. Kappes. and Paul J. O’Dea. deacons of Honor. Deacon of the Mass will be Fa ther Thomas Cadden and subdea con is Fr. Samuel Durbin. In addition 12 priests, seven deacons and seven subdeacons will participate in the Mass and the consecration of oils. Twelve Priests They are: Fathers Hugh Mur phy, Lawrence O'Connor. William Rardin. I-eo Bennedetti. Ralph Kuehner, James McKay. S.M. Al bert Clappaert, CIGM. Paul Mot ley. C.M., Clement Alt. C.PP.S., Edward Tighe. O.M.I., Paul Bag ley O.P., and Antimo Boerio, PIME. Seven Deacons Fathers Richard Dodd, Robert Schuer. Robert O’Brien. Paul Els ner, Peter Essman, James Ber endt and Paul Laurinaitis. Seven Subdeacons Fathers Donald Schulz.Clarence Durbin, Francis Miller. William Johnson John Fulcher. Raymond Goode, and James Hagg. Subdeacon of the Cross is the Rev. John Liepins. Master of Ceremonies will be Fathers James J. Carroll, George Mr. Cooper’s statement noted that the recommendation to free private schools from the levies was one of some 60 provisions to be included in the bill of revision. If carried into law, the exemp tion will mean savings for private schools estimated by the commit tee at about $3 million a year. NCCM and Parish To Be Theme WASHINGTON (NC) The theme of the National Council of Catholic Men’s biennial conven tion at Cincinnati, May 10-12. will be “NCCM and the Parish.”. Albert J. Sattler, president, said that the theme was selected because it “emphasizes the im portance of the parish to NCCM. “The results of the coordinated efforts of all our 8.500 organiza tions must be felt in the parish if it is to be true Catholic Ac tion,” he continued. Mr. Sattler, a New York attor ney. explained that the “conven tion is designed to serve parish organizations and ot demonstrate how the NCCM can do this on a year-round basis.” F. Schorr and Patrick R. Sorohan. The Bishop will preside at a Solemn Mass at 5 p.m. in the Cathedral. Good Friday Tre Ore services and the litur gical function will be held from 12 noon to 3 p.m. in the Cathed ral. Donations for the Holy Places in Palestine will be made on good Friday in all parishes of the Dio cese. Holy Saturday The Easter Vigil will begin at 10:45 p. m. in the Cathedral and will culminate with the celebra tion of midnight Mass. Time for the Rites will vary throughout the Diocese and will be announced in the parishes this Sunday. Proposed DCCM Will Not Interfere With Existing Groups More than 35 handpicked lay leaders of the Diocese met with their deans, moderators and a representative of the National Council of Catholic Men last Sunday, to dis cuss the proposed Council of Men. Monsignor Roland T. Winel, pastor of St. Mary Parish, Lancaster, and diocesan modera tor, reminded the men of the great need today for an active or ganized lay apostolate. Monsignor Winel also announc ed the dates of the individual Deanery meetings which will lead up to the Diocesan-wide conven tion on May 19. The Central Deanery meeting which was held last night at St. Charles was the first to meet. These deanery meetings are open to every diocesan man. The othei deaneries will meet on the following days with the time and place to be announced later in the Catholic Times and in the parish churches. Northern Deanery. Wednesday, April 24 Southern Deanery. Wed nesday, May 1 Western Deanery, Applauds Progress Of Move To Exempt Schools From Excise WASHINGTON (NC) The Congressman who was the prime mover behind a proposal to exempt private, non profit schools from Federal excise taxes said here he is “very pleased” with the progress of the recommendation. Rep. Aime Forand of Rhode Island stated that the ex emption is “the only fair and de cent thing to do" in view of the These schools now pay excise exemption already enjoyed by taxes on manv items they pur public schools. Hit comment came after Rep. Jere Cooper of Tennessee, chairman of the powerful House Ways and Means Com mittee, announced that the unit had reached "tentative agree ment" to include in a bill re vising Federal excise tax regu lations the propose exempting parochial and other private schools. chase, plus the Federal tax on communication and transportation costs. For many years public schools have not paid the levies because they are considered units of lo cal government and such units are exempted from payment. The committee announced only "tentative agreement," for technical reason#. The massive revision of the excise tax laws is the first since they were passed in 1932. The commit tee's recommendations for the bill of revision will resemble a fair-sized book when printed. But before the bill can be sent to the House, it must be drafted by committee aides This is the next step. It probably will take several weeks to do this. Then the committee will review the draft to see if it accurately re flects the decision they have made. After this review, it will be sent to the House for action. “Tentative agreement” in this case is seen by observers as tan tamount to final approval. The review of the draft will be a routine affair. It is extremely un likely any changes or eliminations of provisions now agreed upon will be made. Th movement to exempt pri vate schools from the taxes orig inated with Rep. Forand last year. He headed a Ways and Means subcommittee which investigated inequities in the administietion of the tax regulation. Rep. Forand became convinced that it was unliir to make private schools pay the levies and ex empt public schools. His sub (Continued on Page 2) Above is the Architect's conception of the new one story office building which will be erected at the en trance of St. Joseph's Cemetery. Emerick, Albert and Mc Gee are the architects for the one-story building which Construction will begin on a new office building im mediately, weather permit ting, on a new office build ing at the entrance of St. Joseph cemetery, according to Fa ther Patrick Griffin, diocesan di rector of cemeteries. May 6 and Eastern Deanery. May 9. Philip Finn, representative of the National Council, told the men that the Diocesan Council would represent all the men of the Diocese but would have no individual members, dues or meetings on the parish level. “It is a federation of organi zations and not a new organi zation for the Diocese," he said. Representatives will be sent to the deanery meetings from each parish and from inter-parish or ganizations such as the Knights of St. John or K of which draw their membership from across parish boundaries, Finn said. “But all men of the Diocese are urged to attend their own deanery meet ings," he said. The National Council of Cath olic Men is an agency of the Na tional Catholic Welfare Confer ence in Washington D.C. Its main purpose is to unite Catholic men's groups for Catholic Action. “Participation in the DCCM will not interfere with the organ ization or purposes of the indi vidual groups but serves as a ral lying point for activities of mutu al interest, Finn told the lay lead- ers. Officers of the individual dean eries will be picked at the sched uled deanery meetings. o------------------- Favors Combined Effort Against. Delinquency WASHINGTON (NC) The secretary of the National Confer ence of Catholic Charities has told Congress he favors passage of a bill that would encourage moves against juvenile delin quency by the combined forces of public and private welfare groups, instead of by a single gov ernmental agency. Msgr. John J. O’Grady gave his backing to a measure introduced by Rep. Edith Green of Oregon. The proposal would set up a coun cil to help the Federal govern ment provide leadership in the fight against delinquency and would make grants to states to supplement their financial re sources used to aid public and private agencies in the fight against the problem. Msgr. O’Grady testified before the subcommittee on special edu cation of the House Committee on Education and Labor. He withheld his support from a House measure similar to that of Rep. Green but which was intro duced on behalf of the adminis tration by Rep. Carl Elliott of Al abama. Msgr. O'Grady remarked that “running all through this bill we find the basic concept of a single state agency.” “One wonders,” he said, “how far the people who drafted this bill understand the meaning of juvenile delinquency.” He added: “It is possible that they may re gard it as an ordinary social serv ice problem. But it has much broader implications." The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, April 1i, 1957 Construction To Begin On New Office Building At St. Joseph Cemetery Soon The new building will face High St. (Rt. 23) and will be situated just northwest of Mother of Sor rows Chapel. Trapp Construction Company has been given the gen. oral contract, Wuellner Theado will complete the plumbing and heating and Electric Power and Equipment will do the electrical Offer Novena For Founder’s Beatification In its last meeting the Sacred Congregation of Rites decided to introduce the Apostolic Process of Beatification of Clare Fey. Clare Fey is the foundress of the Sisters of the Poor Child Jesus. 4567 Olentangy River Rd. She was born in Aix-la-Chapelle on April 11, 1915. founded the congregation in 1844 and died on May 8, 1894. Twenty-two years after her death, on July 12. 1916, the Dio cesan Process for her beatifica tion was started. The first task v. as to collect all of Clare Fey’s writings, then an informative process was held to establish the evidence of fame of sanctity and heroic virtues, after that answers to prayers through Clare Fey's intercession were submitted to in vestigation. All the documents were then sent to Rome. In Rome 30 years have been spent to examine these documents. Now things will proceed faster. The Apostolic Process will start. This process may not last longer than two years. After beatifica tion two more miracles are need -ed for canonization. Up to date there is already on hand a large number of letters received from cardinals, bishops government officials and many others requesting the Holy Father tu proceed with the beatification of Clare Fey, The Sisters of the Poor Child Jesus, who have recently trans ferred their American Provincial ate to Columbus, are holding monthly novenas in order to ob tain favorable answers to prayers through the intercession of their foundress. Clare Fey. whose main work on earth was to help poor destitute children, has already helped thousands. Anyone desiring to join the sisters in their novena may send his intentions to St. Raphael's Convent. Parkersburg. W. Va., or to Our Lady of Bethlehem Con vent. 4567 Olentangy River Rd. -------------------o------------------ Communist Zeal in China Matches Missioners MANCHESTER, N.H—(NC) Communists are impelled by a driving compulsion and zeal to spread their doctrine of hate to match the ardent devotion of mis sionaries in spreading the teach ings of Christ, according to Fath er Robert W. Greene. Mary knoll missionary. Father Greene, author of “Cal vary in China,” was tortured by the Chinese Reds before receiv ing a last minute reprieve from a death sentence. will house the offices of the Diocesan director of Ceme teries, business offices, consultation rooms, vaults on the first floor, and a large meeting room on the ground floor. work. Emerick. Albert and Mc Gee are the architects. Besides the office of the direc tor of cemeteries, the single story building will house business of. fices, family consultation rooms, and vaults, all of which will be located on the first floor. A large Msgr. Higgins commended the American labor movement as be ing “basically sound from the point of view of Christian social ethics” and said “it has certainly justified the encouragement and support which the Catholic Church has given it over the years." Trouble Inside But he warned that labor now faces “perhaps the most serious crisis in its entire history,” a crisis “which has its roots within the labor movement itself.” "Labor's principal enemies," Msgr. Higgins continued, "are dues-paying members and elect ed officers of its own affiliated organizations. If the belated discovery of this self-evident truth is temporarily causing the labor movement a certain amount of embarrassment and discomfiture, in the long run it will undoubtedly be good for its soul." Msgr. Higgins made it clear that in referring to the spiritual crisis confronting the labor move ment, he was not speaking ex clusively about “the minority of unfaithful servants of the labor movement who have been or will be uncovered or exposed by the McClellan Committee or by the Ethical Practices Committee of the AFL-CIO. He called these merely symbols “of a decline in moral and spir itual values on the part of the rank-and-file” in the labor move mint “which shows itself princi pally in a lack of interest in un ion affairs and an unwillingness to relate the principles of relig ion and morality to the everyday problems ol the labor movement.” He said the rank-and-file must be “convinced that they have a moral obligation to assume their full share of responsibility in the conduct of union affairs.” Papal Theologian Celebrates Jubilee ROME (NC) Dominican Father Luigi Ciappi. Master of the Sacred Palace, celebrated his silver jubilee as a priest in the Church of Santa Maria sopra Mi nerva here. The function of the Master of the Sacred Palace is to serve as a theological advisor to the Pope. Father Ciappi celebrated Mass at the church’s altar of St. Cath erine of Siena. _-------------- Q__---------------- Lent All Year for Them SAN FRANCISCO—(NC) It’s Lent all year for California trout, a State Fish and Game Commis sion news release disclosed. Angling rules for 1957 permit the use of cheese and other dairy products as bait. Livei or the flesh of any bird or mammal is prohibited. meeting room will be built in the ground floor. The new building will be con structed of brick and Indiana limestone covered by a copper roof. Construction is expected to be completed in January. 1958 Labor Faces Serious Crisis From Within, Priest Tells Unionists ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. (NC) The labor move ment faces a “very serious crisis” from within and the only adequate solution is a profound renewal of moral and spiritual values. This was the thesis of anladdress given here by Msgr. George G. Higgins, director of the Social Action Department of the National Catholic Welfare Con ference. (Column appears weekly in the Catholic Times.) He spoke al #the opening session of the constitutional convention of the U.A.W. (International Union or Automobile, Aircraft and Agri cultural Implement Workers of America). The only solution to the crisis is a profound renewal of moral and spiritual values.' he stated, and this can never comp about unless the rank-and-file get down on their knees with some regu larity and humbly and fervently say their prayers." Commend AFL-CIO Msgr. Higgins commended the AFL-CIO for regulating the ad ministration of union funds and for doing a remarkably good job” in cleaning out the communists, but he said a great deal more must be done in other areas. “The fact that uninformed or unscrupulous critics of labor have exaggerated its faults,” he con tinued, “for their own antiunion purposes can no longer be cited as an excuse for labor's failure to wash its dirty linen and to wash it in public if necessary. “The time has home for both groups—unions and employers’ associations to make a good ex amination of conscience and to amend their ways accordingly. They are both subject to the same moral law.” Although he cited the apathy and indifference of the rank-and file as the principal obstacle to reforms in the labor movement, Msgr. Higgins added that this problem is not confined to the trade movement. “It is,” he concluded, “the ev erlasting problem of democracy —how to get free men voluntarily to assume responsibility, day in and day out, for their own eco nomic and political welfare and for the common good of society as a whole.” -------------------o------------------ Ike’s Address On Peace Is Praised By CAIP WASHINGTON (NC) The Catholic Association for Interna tional ‘Peace has sent a telegram to President Eisenhower com mending" him for a speech in which he emphasized that world peace must be the “single over riding objective” of the U.S. The telegram was sent by Har ry W. Flannery. CAIP president, who also sent a similarly worded telegram to Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. President Eisenhower stressed the impor tance of world peace in an ad dress to the Washington Confer ence of the Advertising Council on April 2. In his speech, he said: "The great aspiration of humankind for peace, a just peace, must be achieved ... it is an objective which must override everything we have for immedi ate material comfort, or join ing a club, or doing anything else." Mr. Flannery's telegram to the President stated in part: "as president of the Catholic Associa tion for International Peace, I am grateful and encouraged that in your speech you have em phasized that we must pay the price of peace, even at the cost of considerable material sacrific es." Public Good Only Beason To Sunday Shop The only exceptions to the rule, the Cardinal said in a pas toral letter are in the casf of proven public good General principles he cited are —A Catholic businessman may not conduct his business on Sundays. —Catholics are not permit ted to work on Sundays. —Catholics may not make purchases on Sundays. Cardinal Stritch said that “growing laxity in the public and private observance of Sun day imposes on us the pastoral duty of issuing this instruction His pastoral was printed in the New World, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Chicago. "It is the obligation of abstaining from servile work on Sundays whieh we wish to emphasize and make clear in this instruction," the Cardinal said. In regard to the conduct of businesses, the Chicago prelate pointed out that the profit mo tive is excluded from determin ing the common good and that Catholic businessmen may not cite their competitors’ practices as reasons for allowing them to open for Sunday business. Quoting from an Encyclical Letter, “Mediator Dei,” of His Holiness Pope Pius XII. the Cardinal's pastoral urged a more ‘■piritual observance of Sundays. Besides the obligation of assist ing at Holy Mass, he said. Catholics should take part in “public devotions in our church es in the afternoon or evening, though this is not strictly com manded.” Recently a reaffirmation of this doctrine was put forth by the Spanish Bishops in their joint pastoral of September. 1956. In order to appreciate th* spirit of clarity and freedom with which the Bishops spoke, it will b* well to examine some passages from their statement: “When a society, as a general and permanent rule, excludes workers from sharing in mutual benefits, and these are accumu lated by capital—such a society, considered in this most serious way, is not constituted in a Chris tian way “It is obvious that today in Spain, many members of the middle class and workers exper ience difficulty in filling their most indispensable needs with their modest incomes, while at the same time there increases the number of those citizens who en joy more than ever clear profits such as we have never seen be fore “It is imperative to correct (the unequal distribution of capital) as seldom are more serious prob lems encountered in public life.” To pass on to a consideration of trade-unions in Spain, we must say that it is impossible to dis cuss them without bearing in Investigations Will Make Better Unions—Page 4 Price Ten Cents, $3.00 A Year Pope Confers With Sudanese See Heads Reportedly Discuss Sudan’s Seizure of Mission Schools By Father Jarnos I. Tucak (Radio, N. C. W. C. News Service) VATICAN CITY The heads of two sees in Sudan, where mission schools are being taken over by the govern ment, have been received in a lengthy private audience here by His Holiness Pope Pius XII. They were Bishop Agostino Baroni, Vicar Apostolic of CHICAGO (NO His Em inence Samuel Cardinal Stritch. Archbishop of Chicago, has con demned the “secular” trend to ward business-as-usual on Sun day and has ruled out all un necessary Sunday business activ. ity for Catholics in this arch diocese. Kharoum, and Mill Hill Father John Hart. Prefect Apostolic of Malakal. Although no official informa tion was available concerning the audience well informed Vatican sources said it concern ed the recent announcement by Sudan's Education Minister Zi ada Arab that all Catholic mis sion schools in southern Sudan are to be taken over by the government. The same sources pointed out that the gravity of the problem was indicated by the fact that Archbishop James Knox, Apostl ic Nuncio to India, had not gone to his new post in New Delhi but had instead returned to Africa with the two heads of sees receiv ed by the Holy Father. Prior to his recent appointment to the post in India. Archbishop Knox had served as Apostolic Delegate to British East and West Africa. Contradicts State Bulletin All this was in complete contra diction to a bulletin issued by the Sudanese government (dated Mar. 30) which stated that a “new ac cord between ecclesiastical and civil authorities” had been reach ed on the government’s seizure of the shcools. The announcement of the Su danese Education Minister was seen by mission experts here as having two aims, one political and the other religious. It is political, they said, inasmuch as the an nouncement can he interpreted as a move by the northern Su danese to dominate the people of the southern Sudan. It is relig ious. they added, since it is an ob vious attempt by Sudan’s Mos lems to subjugate the country’s Christians. 346 Catholic Schools The northern part of the new country of Sudan, which gained its independence in 1956. is in habited by 6.500.000 Arabic speaking Moslems. The south is peopled by 2,500.000 persons, most of whom are pagan Negroes. There are only 5.700 Catholics in the north, but 191.500 Catholics and catechumens live in the south, where 346 Catholic mission (Continued on Page 2) Church In Spain Wants Adoption Of Papal Social, Labor Doctrines Th* following article was written by Bishop Angel Herrera Oris of Malaga, Spain, veteran journalist end distinguished leader in Spanish social work. It was written in response to the request of Frank A. Hall, director of th* N.C.W.C. News Service. By the Most Rev. Angel Herrera Oria Bishop of Malaga (Written for N.C.W.C. News Service) With regard to the Church’s part in social action and reform, we must consider the question from two points of view: what theoretical approach has the Church in Spain taken toward the issue, and how has this theory been ap plied. The Church in Spain has repeatedly and forcefully recalled the traditional teaching of the Popes. mind that trade-unions of social ist and communist pattern are prevalent in industrial areas, it is for this reason, therefore, that to allow too much freedom to trade-unions would give commun ism a strong basis to support in Spain. As a solution in this area, the Spanish government has estab, lished a corporative system. The aim of Catholics active in this sys tem is to work toward the dar when the corporative system in Spain draws its spirit and con stitution from a complete ad herence to papal teachings. With reference to (he corpor (Continued on Page 2) Priest's Mother Dies At Bedford Funeral Mass was offered last Saturday in St. Mary Church Bed ford for Mrs. Lillian Kempf, mother of.Fr. John Kempf, as sistant pastor of St. Mary Parish Chillicothe. Besides Father Kempf. Mrs. Kempf is survived by her husbnd John, a son. Stanley of Macedonia, and a daughter Mrs. Marion Schurkert, Cleveland. Burial was in Calvary ceme tery, Cleveland.