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Holy Week Reaches
Sacred Climax Today Msgr. Harry Connelly will be assistant priest at this Mass. Fa thers James Cooney and James Kulp will be Deacons of Honor. Rev. Robert Luchi will be dea con and Rev. Raymond Lavelle, subdeacon. Fathers Carroll and Sorohan will be masters of cere monies. Fr. Anthony Borelli will be preacher and Fr. George Ful cher will be commentate^. The Schola Cantorum. compos ed of diocesan students from St. Charles Seminary. Mt. St. Mary Seminary. Norwood and St. Vin- ar*W E?*«?v! F. I /,. “It Is Consummated!” Christ died to save all men from the Fires of Hell. Today we should* meditate on this fact and ask God's for* giveness for all the wrongs that we have committed against Him. The above picture depicts the crucifixion and is taken from a triptych of Duccio di Buoninsegna. (Courtesy Boston Museum of Fine Arts). Holy Week reaches its sacred climax today as Catholics throughout the Diocese and the world meditate on the crucifixion and death of Our Lord. The liturgical function will begin at noon today at St. Joseph’s Cathedral, with Bishop Ready presiding. Fr. George Fulcher will be celebrant. Rev. John Geiger, deacon, and Fev. Robert Schneider subdea con. Deacons of honor are Fathers Edward F. Healey and Fr. Thom as Duffy. Fathers James Carroll and Patrick Sorohan will be mas ters of ceremonies. Father Thomas Sabrey is the preacher for the Tre Ore service. Three deacons from the Pon tifical College Josephinum will sing the Passion. Easter Vigil The Easter vigil will begin at 10:45 p.m. in the Cathedral. Bish op Ready will be celebrant for the Solemn Mass which will be gin around midnight (Attendance at the Easter Vigil fulfills the ob ligation of assisting at Mass on Sunday.) cent’s Seminary, Latrobe, Pa., will participate in the sacred func tion. Easter Sunday On Easter Sunday Bishop Rea dy will preside at the Solemn Mass offered in the Cathedral at 11 a.m. Msgr. Edward Spiers will be assistant priest. Msgr. Con nelly will be celebrant and Fa tners Thomas Sabred and Arthur Dimond will be deacons of honor. Fr. George Fulcher will be Dea con and Fr. James Cooney will be Subdeacon. Masters of cere monies will be Fathers Carroll and Sorohan. Father Anthony Borelli will be preacher. On Holy Thursday Solemn Mass was offered in the Cathedral at 5 p.m. with the Bishop presiding. Msgr. Paul O’Dea was assistant priest, Msgr. Harry Connelly was celebrant for the Mass and was assisted by the Rev. Kenneth Grimes, Deacon, and the Rev. Thomas Bennett, subdeacon. Deacons of honor were Fathers Hugh Murphy and Charles Ha luska. Preacher was Father John Wolf who also preached at Tene brae services Wednesday evening. Fathers Carroll and Sorohan were masters of ceremonies. Students from St. Charles Sem inary filled the positions of minor ministers during Holy Week. Thousands Greet Bishop Who Returns After 7 Year Arrest KIELCE, Poland (NC) Kielce’s ancient 13th century cathedral was filled to overflowing but still far too small to hold the crowds who came here to welcome Bishop Czeslaw Kaczmarek back to his see after seven years under Red arrest. Tens of thousands of the faithful from all parts of the Kielce province packed the cathedral square as the Bishop officiated at his first Mass in his diocese since the communists first arrested him in 1950. In his sermon Bishop Kacz marek movingly expressed his gratitude for the support given him by his flock during his trial and imprisonment and for the heartwarming welcome on his return. He was arrested in 1950 on charges of “anti-state” activities which included “spying for the Vatican and the United States.” He was placed under house ar rest and subsequently was impris oned. Brought to trial in 1953. the Bishop allegedly “confessed” to all the charges brought against him and, because he had “betray ed the peoples democracy,” he was sentenced to 12 years at hard labor. Until September. 1955 Bishop Kaczmarek. 61, was in Warsaw’s Mokotow prison. Then he was given six months’ leave from the prison for reasons of health. In February, 1956, he was re-arrest ed and returned to Mokotow. The following May he *as allowed to live in the Capuchin monastery of Rychwald in Pomerania. Bishop Kaczmarek remained in the monastery until September, 1956, when he was allowed to re turn to live in Warsaw, but was forbidden to return to his diocese. After the change in Polands government last October, and as a result of the Church-state nego- tiations following it, a retrial of Bishop Kaczmarek was ordered by the Polish Supreme Court. After investigations, the case (Continued on Page 2) ROME (NC) Radio listeners in eastern Europe this year are being carried in spirit to Rome during Holy Week through a series of radio broadcasts from the free world. The Voice of Free Poland, one of the five stations operated by Radio Free Europe, is conducting a series of daily half-hour broad casts which began Palm Sunday and ends Easter Sunday. In each a Polish exile commen tator describes the spirit of the day’s liturgy and how it is car ried out in Rome. Listeners then hear parts of the day’s liturgy sung by Roman choirs. The material assembled for broadcast to Poland, which has the largest Catholic population in eastern Europe, is also being used in various Holy Week pro grams by other RFE stations broadcasting to Hungary, Czecho slovakia. Rumania and Bulgaria. The “Holy Week in Rome” pro grams were planned, RFE says to bring to Rome in spirit the mil lions of Catholics whom the Iron Vol. VI, No. 29 4v High Schools, All Catholics' Responsibility CINCINNATI (NC) To build Catholic elementary schools is the responsibility of the indi vidual parishes, but to build Catholic high schools is the re sponsibility of the entire Catholic community. This thought was addressed to the Catholics of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati by the head of the See, Archbishop Karl J. Alter, in a pastoral which announced a goal of $6 million in a drive for expansion of regional high schools in the greater Cincinnati area. I K W 7. K 4 An estimated increase of about 65 per cent in high school en rollment by 1964 led the Al ch bishop to ask Catholics to sup port the drive. Three more re gional high schools are scheduled to be built and substantial addi tions to three xisting schools will be made. There are now 14 regional high schools in the arch diocese, ten of them for girls. “Even now,” said the Arch bishop. “the registration of fresh men classes for our high schools in September far exceeds the ca pacity to care for them Each year the pressure will become greater. There can be no further delay. We must take action now.” The drive for funds will be known as “The Archbishop’s High School Fund Campaign.” The project will involve about 12,000 volunteers whose task it will be to contact each of the estimated 63. 000 Catholic wage earners in the Cincinnati area for contributions. Mayor Urges City to Back Catholic Charities Drive NEW YORK—(NC) Mayor Robert F. Wagner of New York urged support of the 38th annual appeal of New York Catholic Charities in a radio address over Station WNYC. The Mayor also said that the problem of helping those in need “can best be met when all agen cies. both public and private, unite their efforts and resources for the common good.” By Father Alban J. Dachauer, S.J. (The author of the following article is assistant to the dele gate director of the Apostleship of Prayer.) ROME (Nt) Leading the movement to enlighten the natives of the Belgian Congo on the Dark Contin ent is a vast system of Cath olic schools. With many more elemen tary parochial schools there than in the United States, the Church has assumed a major part of the burden of providing an education for inhabitants of that Central African territory. Despite these facts, the Belgian government has been trying, indi rectly. to close Church-operated schools in the Congo by taking away their government subsidies and constructing state schools. It is with very good reason, then, that His Holiness Pope Pi us XII is asking that special pray ers be said this month for the schools of the Belgian Congo. Their peaceful existence and development is being threatened by an anticlerical government, which is setting up a new school system in which religion and re ligious teaching are looked upon as entirely secondary, and not belonging among the essentials of education. Latest statistics show a total of 17,596 elementary* schools in the Holy Week in Rome Being Carried To Millions Behind Iron Curtain Curtain keeps from visiting the center of Christendom. The idea .sprang in part from the striking aptness of many of the Passion tide Masses, psalms, antiphons and other chants to the position of the persecuted Church and peo ple behind the Iron Curtain. Typical of tha material broad cast was tha Communion anti phon from tha Monday Mass, "May thay blush and ba struck with fright—who rejoica in my ills, be they clad with shame and fear who speak evil against me." On Tuesday were heard por tions of the Passion according to St. Mark such as Christ’s words at Gethsemane “My soul is sor rowful even unto death,” and on the Cross, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Holy Thursday’s selections struck the theme of sacrifice, from the Gradual of the Mass, “Christ has become obedient for us, the note of charity. “A new command I have given you: that you love one another and “Let us guard ‘i MARION Bishop Ready lowers the cornerstone into place for the new Marion Catholic High School now being constructed on a 15 acre tract of land at the corner of Mt. Vernon Ave. and Forest Lawn Dr. The cornerstone ceremony was held April 19. Looking on (at the left and right, respectively) are: Fr. William J. Spickerman, pas tor of St. Mary Catholic Church and head of the parish school, and William O’Brien. V.F., pastor of Pope Urges Special Prayers 17,596 Catholic Schools in Fact5 Congo and two smaller adjacent United Nations Trust Territories —Ruanda and Urundi—which are I also included in this month’s Mis sion Intention of the Apostleship of Prayer. The U.S. has 9,568 Catholic el emetary schools, with a total en rollment of about 3,600.000. Ac cording to these figures, the av erage school has 370 pupils. In the Congo, including Ruan da and Urundi, there are 1.245, 000 pupils in the elementary sys tem. The average number of pu pils per school is much lower— 71—but even so, a good number of the schools have from 500 to 700 students and some as many as 1,500 pupils. In area, the Belgian Congo is 80 'ine Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, April 19, 1957 S DEO r*’ Cornerstone Ceremonies Held At New Marion High School Delaware St Mary Church and dean of the Western Deanery. The bishop was assisted in the blessing of the cornerstone by Robert Axe. Bishop Ready expressed his ap preciation to all those in Marion who helped make the construc tion of the new high school pos sible. He was presented a bouquet of roses by William Robbins, presi dent of the St. Mary senior class. Students present from grades 7-12 honored the bishnp on his for Congo’s of Opposition times the size of Belgium itself. The state of New York would fit into the Congo 18 tirrtes over, with a lot to spare. Of the total school population of the Congo. Ruanda and Urun di, 80 per cent of the children at tend Catholic schools. The total population of the area is about 17 million, with 6, 500,000. or about 37 per cent Catholic. As a matter of fact, there are more Catholics in the Belgian Congo than in all of China. Most remarkable aspect of this missionary and educational work on the Dark Continent is that it has been accomplished in the past 60 years. (Continued on Page 2) No Time for "Mediocrity In Spirituality,’ Prelate Says ST. LOUIS (NC) Warning that this is no time for “mediocrity in spirituality,” Archbishop Joseph E. Ritter of St. Louis called for deeper spiritual formation of Catholic women. Addressing the annual convention of the Archdiocesan Council of Catholic Women, he urged council members to give serious consideration to spiritual formation as a council project. “Action merely for action's sake” is not enough, he added. “The deeper the spiritual for- against being divided in mind let evil strife cease, let disputes cease, and in our midst be Christ, God.” On Holy Saturday listeners will haar such selections as the prayer of Jeremies, from Mat ins, beginning: “Remember, Lord, what has happened to us: look, and see our disgrace. Our heritage is turned over to strangers, our house to for eigners." The series ends on the note of hope on Easter Sunday with se lections such as the Introit of the Mass, “I have risen,” and the hymn, “Queen of heaven rejoice.” Some of the music and many of the typical sounds and proces sions broadcast were recorded in previous years. Most of the music used, however, was espec ially recorded this year by RFE’s news bureau in Rome. Professional advice and tech nical assistance were given also by personnel of Vatican Radio, the Italian radio network and the Rome studios of the Voice of America. mation of our women and men. the more effective their Catholic Action will become,’ he said. He recommended they increase their spiritual habits by adopting a rule of life patterned after the Third Order of St. Francis or the Sodality of the Blessed Mother. The Archbishop commented on the recent withdrawal of an of fer for the editor of American, Father Thurston Davis, S.J., to appear on a CBS “Church of the Air” broadcast because his pro gram “might awaken contro versy.” The proposed program dealt with such issues as birth control, censorship, parochial schools and divorce. “If these subjects create ten sions between Catholics and non Catholics it is because the non Catholics do not know the full facts, which in turn implies that Catholics aren’t able to give an exposition of the Catholic point of view,” the Archbishop said. He noted that non-Catholics are afraid Catholics want to impose their beliefs on them. “This is wrong.” he said. “If non-Catholics understood the Church’s meaning on these sub jects. they would welcome such a philosophy of life and many, no doubt, would accept it. "That is your mission. You art in tha arena of life whore you can win people for the Church. All may not agree with you, but they will respect your exposition of the Faith." (Continued on Page 2) MARION CATHOLK im I k.D 1957 birthday anniversary by singin “Happy Birthday” to him. Several hymns were sung by the children during the ceremony. Fr. Spickerman noted that the contractor hopes to have class room facilities available within 10 days of the opening of school this September. The auditorium and gymnasium facilities are ex pected to be ready by Dec. 1. Cost of the building being con structed by the Knowlton Con struction Co. will be approxi mately S750.000. Local Students Compete Today, More than 80 Catholic students are among the 250 entrants in the Ohio Academy Science Day pro gram today at Bowling Green State University. Only entrants who received a superior rating at the district fairs are allowed to compete on the state level. Watterson High School. Colum hus, led the district entrants with 57 superior ratings. Priest Vi ill Systematize Training in Congo Schools BRUSSELS (NC) The Bel gian government has appointed a Catholic priest to systematize the teaching of religion in public schools in the Belgian Congo. Father Theophile Quoidbach. a professor of religion at a state operated high school in Brussels, was named to make a two-month visit to the Congo. He will estab lish a regular system of religious instruction, making it possible for children, whose parents wish it, to receive religious instruction while attending state schools. Above Father Michael Welinitz, pastor wields the spade at the groundbreaking for St. Brendan parish Church, Davison and Dublin Roads. Assisting Father Weli nitz, from left to right, were Fathers George Kennedy, pastor of St. Agatha Stressing the importance of the layman's role in Catholic Action, the Holy Father cited current conditions in Rome as an example of the need for lay participation. Toymen must shoulder their re sponsibilities in the face of the city’s rnushroomins o u which is outpacing the construc tion nf churches, he said They -hould realize, he continued, that in places where a priest cannot function, “it is the faithful who in a way represent the Church.” “Their judgment, their atti tudes and their decisions cause the Church to be judged favor ably or to be compromised, and not without some foundation.” he added. The Pope warned that fbe ene my of human nature is recruiting ever more numerous disciples” who are bent on “making the laws matter prevail over those of the spirit.” It is the duty of every Chris tian to cooperate in the great task of the world’s salvation, at least to the extent of giving good example, the Pope said. By taking part in the collective effort of Catholic Action, he con cluded. the Catholic can "modify the mentality of his surroundings, exert an influence on habits of living and acting and obtain re form of institutions so that not only individuals but society itself may become what it should be according to the principles of so cial order and Christian morals.” Secretary Mitchell Speaks At 47th CPA Convention NEW YORK Secretary of La bor James P. Mitchell will be the main speaker at the 47th annual convention of the Catholic Press Association to be held in St. Lou is. May 14 to 17. The Cabinet member will ad dress the gathering’s civic ban quet on Thursday. May 16, Msgr. John S. Randall, president of the CPA. announced here. Msgr. Ran dall is managing editor of the Courier Journal, newspaper of the Rochester. N.Y., diocese. Begin St. Brendan Church Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Reds Unleash All-Out Drive Against Faith Hungarian Bishops Discuss Church-State Problems VIENNA (NC) Hungary's Soviet-controlled gov ernment has launched an all-out onslaught on the Church, according to reports reaching here. The renewed anti-religi n campaign, which has re portedly been in preparation or at least six weeks, reached Pope Stresses Need for Lay Participation VATICAN CITY (Radio. NC) The task of Catholic Action is more urgent and important than ever.” His Holiness Pope Pius XII said here in an audience granted to a group of French stu dents. its peak as Hungary’s Hierarchy, led hy Archbishop Jozsef Groesz of Kalocsa. met with the puppet regime of Janos Kadar to discuss Church-state problems. One of the main issues of the discussions, reports stated, was the communist government’s Mar. 27 decree declaring that all ec clesiastical appointments made after Oct. 1. 1956. are “null and void” unless confirmed by the re gime’s Bureau of Religious Af fairs. Central figure in the new campaign of persecution is Hun* gary's Primate, His Eminence Jozsef Cardinal Mindszenty, who is now living at the United States legation in Budapest un der right of asylum to avoid further communist imprison ment. Hungarian bishops and promi nent priests have been put under strong pressure by the Reds to “dissociate themselves from the reactionary Mindszenty,” reports from Budapest stated. Two hun (Continued on Page 2) NCWC Official Warns Corruption May Kill Labor (NCWC News Service) MILWAUKEE—The corruption unveiled in the labor movement by the Senate hearings may be cancerous unless strong prevent ive measures are adopted, a priest specialist on social prob lems said here. The current “crisis” in labor was discussed by Father John F. Cronin. S.S., assistant director of the Social Action Department, National Catholic Welfare Con ference. in an address at tha Cardijn Center. His talk was en titled “Prospects For Labor Peace.” Father Cronin called for the es tablishment of special courts to which workers could go with com plaints about their unions. He said there should be a court where any union can go for re dress in such cases as misappro priation of union funds by offic ials. “It is painful to organized la bor to have its dirty linen spread over the headlines as it has been in recent months,” Father Cron in stated. “Unthinking persons are likely to condemn the entire labor movement for the faults of a minority.” “On the other hand.” he con tinued. “the corruption uncover ed by the Senate hearings can be compared with a cancer. If there is no radical surgery, then the cancer might grow and ulti mately kill the patient.” A parish, Ambrose Metzger, pastor of St. Margaret of Cortona parish, Fr. Michael Nugent, pastor of St.- Andrew parish and Arnold Favret, pastor of Our Lady of Vic tory parish.