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Your Questions On Page Four This Week Vol. VI, No. 37 Action Asked On Bill To Bring More 89,000 Two-Year Quota Needed, Senator Thinks WASHINGTON (NC) An emergency measure which would admit 89,000 refugees and escapees to this country from Europe over a two-year period has been intro duced in the Senate by Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massa chusetts. Recommending the “earliest possible” Congressional action at the present session on the measure, Sen. Kennedy ex plained to the Senate that his bill “would provide principally for the reuniting of families separ ated when the breadwinner emi grated to the United States un der the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, leaving his wife and chil dren behind.” “It would also admit a limited number of so-called pipeline cases—refugees who were given assurances of jobs and homes un der the act, and for whom pro cessing had been begun, but who were unable to emigrate before the act expired,” the Senator said. The bill also provides for spec ial nonquota visas for four class, es of refugees, Sen. Kennedy ex plained. These are: 10,000 refu gee-escapees now in Austria 10,000 refugee-escapees in NATO countries 4,000 orphans adopted by U.S. citizens, and 5.000 Middle East refugees now residing in Western Europe. Dependents and “pipeline cas es” together would be persons who are dependents of refugees already in this country. The Senator called the Refugee Relief Act a great “humanitarian effort” but added that it “had some unfortunate after-efects.” He said is raised the hopes of thousands of refugees who obtain ed home and job assurances. He added the act expired before these refugees, “through no fault of their own,’ could emigrate to this country. “It is both morally and psycho logically indefensible to allow the situation to continue as it is,” Sen. Kennedy said. Among the 10,000 escapee-refu gees in Austria, there are 3.000 Khrushchev TV Talk ‘Absurd? VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) —The Vatican City weekly, L’os servatore della Domenica, said that Soviet communist chieftain Nikita Khrushchev said nothing new on his recent American tele vision appearance. Conceding that Mr. Khrushchev displayed “more or less photo genic talents” on the Columbia Broadcasting System’s “Face the Nation” interview, the Vatican City paper commented that he made the program a vehicle for “slogans not alien to the absurd.” Declaring that socialism was a “myth” prior to the Russian rev olution 40 years ago and is even more so now, the paper said there are many reasons to believe that Mr. Khrushchev’s “prof e s s e faith” in socialism is not sincere. ADA—Every year, around the first of June, Father Francis Schweitzer, pastor of Our Lady of Lourdes here greets about 200 new parish oners. This might quite a boon to a small parish like Our Lady •f Lourdes but these "parish The Reyes family pray the Rosary with the “Padre," Father Francis Schweitzer, pastor of Our Lady of Lourdes, Ada. Mr. Hungarians, the Senator said. Many of these refugees and oth ers among the 10,000 in NATO countries, he declared, “have languished in camps for years.” “It is fair and in the best in terest of this country to welcome a reasonable number of these refugees to the United States,” Sen. Kennedy declared. He recommended “speedy ae on behalf of orphans the world, who tion' throughout ‘‘friendless and without parents, have been adopted by U.S. citi zens but cannot be admitted to this country.” The Senator added: ‘‘These are truly the forgotten ones of the postwar years. Born in a world torn by strife and tension they have never enjoyed that which is the right of every child—the love and security of parental care. (Continued on Page 3) Priest -Convert Believes Need Bridge Between Catholics And Jews LOVELAND (NC) There must be a “bridge” be tween Catholics and Jews to help overcome the “deep div ision” between them, according to Father John M. Oester reicher, a convert from Judaism who has made such a “bridge” his life’s work. "Today, Christian and Jew can understand each other when they speak of refrigera tors and toothpaste, but when they attempt to speak of God or man or life or death or any of the most elementary things, they are strangers," he assert ed. Father Oesterreicher is direc tor of the Institute of Judaeo Christian studies established four years ago by Seton Hall Universi ty in Newark, N.J. In a speech at Grailville Com munity College here, where lay women are trained for mission ary work, Father Oesterreicher said the institute publishes a yearly volume called “the Bridge,” concerned with showing the basic unity between the Old and New Testaments and with “serving the dialogue between Christian and Jews today.” Indications of the “urgency” of the institute’s work are multiply ing, Father Oesterreicher be lieves. Some of the signs he cited were: Suffer Together The unique character of the persecution of the Jews by Hitler and Stalin—“the first time in ioners" are just a portion of the nearly 100,000 migrant workers who come north each year to hulp harvest the seasonal crops and leave at the first killing frost in the fall. Most of these migrants are from Texas and though they are of Mexican descent, the major ity of them are citizens of the s history that Jews and Christians suffered together and faced com mon enemies.” The •stablishment of tho na tion of Israel. "No matter what you may think of this fact," said Father Oesterr e i e r, "and whatever may be its sig nificance, it is a sign of God's providence." The “new and deep insight into the mystery which surrounds the children of Abraham” shown in the past 50 years in the writings of men like Jacques Maritain, Leon Bloy and others. The apparition of Our Lady in 1842 to Alphonse Ratisbonne, “a young, cynical Jew,” in a church at Rome, “the only apparition where no word was spoken.” “She looked with sadness and joy at that Jew,” said Father Oester reicher, “and in her eyes he saw the whole truth.” The title of the institute’s year book is taken from the writings of St. Catherine of Sienna, who called Christ “the bridge between God and man, between heaven and earth.” “The institute extends that idea,” Father Oesterreicher went (Continued on Page 2) United States. Another group of about 50 000 farm laborers or braceros, come into the United States from Mex ico by an agreement between the two countries, but the majority of these workers help farmers in Arkahsas and Michigan. The re mainder are scattered throughout the country. a Rosary Reyes is one of many troqueros who bring their families north to harvest seasonal crops. 3k Again this summer seminarians, Sis ters, and lay teachers will spend some vacation time conducting Summer Schools of Religion for children in Catholic Schools. Their forces will spread over fourteen towns in the diocese Waverly, Millersburg, Glenmont, Newark, Granville, Sugar Grove, Ada, Jackson, Strasburg, Bolivar, Calmoutier, Mineral City, Wester ville, and Columbus. St. Charles seminarians, Gene Arnold, Theodore Spires, and James Pickett are The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, Juno 14, 1957 1 1^7 A This Is School? Pope Wasn’t Infallible As Monsignor NOTRE DAME, Ind. —(NC)— Its a favorite story of Deputy Under Secretary of State Robert Murphy and he delights in telling it. It goes like this: “As a young American consul in Munich, I had the great honor of being a member of a consular corps that included a compara tively young monsignor named Pacelli. He was the dean of our corps during the early days of the Nazi party organization. "And, in the course of our duties, we sent back reports to our superiors about Hitler. Monsignor Pacelli and I agreed on our analysis of the situation. We decided Hitler was too crazy to be dangerous. Later during World War II, I came to Rome and called upon Msgr. Pacelli, who now was Pope Pius XII. ‘Do you remember, Your Holi ness,’ I asked, ‘the reports we agreed to send about from Munich?’ "'Now Robert/ said his ness, 'be careful. Don't mention papal infallibility. Remember I was only a monsignor then'." registering prospective students Kathy Forker, St. Thomas parish Barbara Baker, St. Mary Magdalene Gary Pistner, Holy Spirit and Roger Strawser, St. Thomas parish. Morning sessions offer religion lessons, the liturgy, story hour, crafts, and recreation. Any volunteer helpers or prospective students may contact their parish or the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Of fice, 246 East Town St. which Hitler Holi- The story was recalled in an interview between Mr. Murphy and Harry W. Flannery, presi dent of the Catholic Association for International Peace, which appeared in the Ave Maria maga zine published here. Five Camps The migrant workers in this area are situated in five “camps” within about a 15-mile radius of Ada in the northern part of Hardin county. Each camp has about six “cabins,” which are frame structures comparable in size to a one-car garage, prior to the “fin era.” Migrants from Texas usually travel by pick-up truck under the leadership of the “troquero” or the owner of the truck who is usually a trustworthy man. “As tha troquero is, so are the people under his cere Fa ther Schweitzer told me as we sat in his rectory on Ada's main street last week." If the troquero goes to Mass," he said, "so will those who made the trip from Texas with him." Spiritual Welfare First “My biggest concern, of course, is their spiritual welfare,” the Ada pastor said, “but they also need material help, such as mattresses, and bedding, clothing, including blue jeans, baby cloth es children’s shoes, anything of this sort even things that maybe you or I might throw in the rag bag might be usable by them.” "Many from tha Diocese havo already given some aid, Father Schweitzer said. "'The parish ioners of St. Mary, Marion and Immaculate Conception, Ken ton as well as the Central Dean ery St. Vincent de Paul have brought some of the much needed bedding and clothing but more is needed." “We have been able to secure a couple of washing machines for ‘Disgusting Barra* first secretary, Nikita Khrush 'chev, and the entire Red re gime of Russia was made by George Meany in his commence ment address to 550 graduates of De Paul University. A total of 5,300 persons attended the commencement ceremony, at which Mr. Meany was presented an honorary doctorate, by Fa ther Comerford J. O'Malley, C. M., university president. Besides criticizing Khrush chev’s appearance on American television, Mr. Meany attacked the Soviet’s program for cultural relations with foreign countries. He said that “millions of Amer icans had an opportunity pre sented to them to be on the re ceiving end of a disgusting barrage of communist double-talk delivered by Mr. Khrushchev in person.” "Tha theme of this fantasy," he continued, "was peaceful co-existence between the com munist slave states and the free world. It seems almost unbe levable in retrospect, but here in the homes of America was the number one butcher of the Kremlin, who gave orders that Father Schweitzer Gets About 200 New Parishoners This Month nearly every camp this year,” he said, “but there are no ‘luxuries’ such as shower rooms and water for each camp has to be pumped from a central tap. “We did see that the children who were not needed in the fields were enrolled in the public school to finish out the school year. They were well received and ev eryone seemed to enjoy the whole experience,” h§ said. "Monsignor Kulp (Diocesan director of the Propagation of tho Faith) is sanding three sem inarians (Carmen Acuri, Francis Stanton, Jamas Pickett) here for a couple of weeks during Ju ly and one of them will stay on another week to prepare the children for First Holy Com munion, and Robert Duarte, a Nicaraguan student at Ohio Northern here, will help me g*ve catechism lessons. Some qualified laymen also may be sent by Monsignor Kulp. All of the people are Catho lics but many have had little chance to learn about or prac tice their Faith,” he said, “be- Needed Bedding and Clothing especially, jeans, i I dren's shoes, baby clothes are needed for the migrant workers. They may be sent to Our Lady of Lourdes Rectory, 508 N. Main St., Ada, Ohio or to 246 E. Town St., Colum bus, The Catholic Welfare Bureau. U.S. Promises Aid To Polish Red Government WASHINGTON, (NT) The United States has promised the Polish government of Wladyslaw Gomulka $48.900 000 in aid to purchase agricultural products and mining machinery. The U.S. government said it would give an additional $46. 100.000 worth of surplus wheat and cotton, if and when Con gress acts on a bill to authorize the sale of a billion dollar’s worth of surplus agricultural commodities overseas, the State Department announced. The agreement ended three and a half months of negotia tions following President Eisen hower's statement last February that this country would help any communist-controlled nation which demonstrates a will to as sert its sovereignty by rejecting total Moscow control. U.S. aid to Poland had the tacit support of His Eminence Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski Primate of Poland. In a speech at Warsaw in early April, when the first Polish requests were made, he called it an urgent necessity that his country get foreign aid. AFL-CIO Head Blasts Red’s TV Doubletalk CHICAGO (NC) The president of the AFL-CIO made a double-barreled attack at the “disgusting barrage of communist double talk” delivered into American homes by “the number one butcher of the Kremlin.” The indictment of the Russian communist party's sent the armed might of the Soviet Union rolling over the defenseless people of Hungary just seven months ago. “Yes. here in the homes of America, was the man who con demned thousands of Hungarians to death and sent tens of thou sands into slavery or exile.” Mr. Meany said that “Khrush chev and company want the world to forget Hungary.” be cause otherwise “they will have a very hard time with their fraud ulent co-existence maneuvers and with their various so-called cul tural exchange programs.” “The American labor move ment will not be deceived.” Mr. Meany declared, “by the Soviet State Committee for Cultural Re lations with Foreign Countries— which is the title given to this latest Soviet propaganda agency.” He warned that the Soviet gov ernment is not interested in “pro moting genuine freedom.” If it were, he said “it would repeal its vigorous law's making it impos sible for its subjects to go abroad and meet anyone they (Continued on Page 2) cause they must move about the country and much of the area where they live in Texas is still predominantly mission area, much of their knowledge of the Faith has been handed down to them by their own families.” W« wanted to visit one of the camps and in particular ona of the families to get an Pope Says Quick Move Automation Out Work With Other Faiths For Peace. Fr. LaFarge Says CINCINNATI Catholics must “work generously with those of other faiths” to improve public morality and achieve world peace Jesuit Father John La Farge, SJ., told the 119th gradu ating class of Xavier University here. The Jesuit author, editor and leader in the interracial aposto late declared that “the natural law's teachings can be a saving remedy if we apply them.” But Catholics by themselves, he added, “cannot wipe out crime, extinguish juvenile delin quency, establish the conditions necessary for good government, or for a Christian home life.” “In such a task.” he said, “we cooperate with people of good will who share with us at least a part of our fundamental philoso phy.” idea of the conditions so Fath er Schweitzer placed us under the cere of Mary Ellen Hoff man, an instructor of Spanish at Ohio Northern University in Ada who drove us across the northwest Hardin County roads to the Dola camp about seven miles from Ada. Miss Hoffman, or Maria Elena as 1 The Padre and the Reyes family pre pare to dig into the tortillas and beans, the usual meal for the migrant worker. Tortillas Tonight Don't Stop Living at 35, Msgr. DeBlanc Says Page Four This Week Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year Push Button Existence Not Practical For Most Nations VATICAN CITY His Holiness Pope Pius XII warned the world against moving too rapidly toward automation and against believing in a “man-made’ world” in which sci ence alone can solve all mankind’s problems. He issued his warning in a 5.000-word speech to 200 delegates attending the national convention sociation (ACLI). of the Christian As of Italian Workers hit kay from tho cong-ets, "Auto the Working the tb»m« of motion World," Popo Piut counseled that the problems brought about by increasing automation in industry should be examined not only from the scientific and technical viewpoint, but from sociological and Chris tion aspects as wellz should also be examined complete objectivity, he said, and "by discarding every idea of man in the world.' and They false The Pontiff then proceeded to discuss the problem of automa tion from the following angle whether it provides the image of the future of humanity, automa tion and national economy and automation and professional train ing The talk was an elaboration of the message sent in his name to the 43rd French Social Week last July by Msgr. Angelo Dell’ Aqua. Vatican Substitute Secre tary of State. Noting in the first part of his discourse that automation is ush ering in an entirely new period in the history of mankind, the Pope said: "Therefore one arrives at the conclusion that through auto mation a completely 'man-made world' is beginning, and that today for the first time, man, enlightened by exact sc:ences, of a and 1 the has achieved the place i demiurge (creative force) is autonomous master of world." “However great the influence of automation may become, it will remain limited by nature," he said. “It is one of the factors of the future, but it self a decisive or factor.” dem- Such a belief—especially onstrated by Marxist materialism —that technical innovation will radically change man's life, the Pope declared to be false. is not in it compulsory The Pope went that some have seen in scien tific progress principle of possibility of life according gram. He rejected such a view, saying: “Statistical and mathematical programs are not sufficient for social reality and the mainte nance of an endurin’ society Social life requires, in addition to and above all other branches of knowledge, theology, phy and the sciences spiritual life of man and tory.” and in tho basic automation tho regulating social philoso of his the his- of his au- In the second part speech, the Pontiff said that tomation has been introduced mainly in the production of ar maments. and that therefore its effects in a peaceful economy are not sufficiently known. In nection with this, he said: “It might even be added in most countries, it will be sible to consider the economical use of automation only when dis armament frees the capital re quired. and when technology— which has been speeded up by the arms race—advances to the point where it no longer makes valueless (obsolescent) today many things which were consid ered yesterday to be advances.” (Continued on Page 2) con- that pog- Problem, Racial Moral Question Jurist Asserts OMAHA, Neb (NC) The problem of racial tensions is “essentially a moral one,” Judge Harold A. Stevens, first Negro appointed to the New York Su preme Court, said here. He was in Omaha to receiva an honorary degree from Creigh ton University, a Jesuit institu tion. .After the ceremony he spoke to about 300 persons at tending a banquet sponsored by St. Benedict parish at the Black stone Hotel. Archbishop Gerald T. Bergan of Omaha was a guest. Judge Stevens stated that “the natural rights that are the source of the basic rights of individuals come not from man, but from God.” Civil law merely gives rec ognition or protection to many of these rights, he emphasized. There is a “unity of origin and common destiny” for all men, Judge Stevens said. Therefore “all must be founded on recogni tion of the dignity of the human person.” the migrants call her, spent most of her leisure time last summer visiting the camps and making friends with the people there. She decided that the Reyes family was a typical example of the average migrant family. Al we “sloshed” our way through (Continued on Page 2) Clothes and bedding are needed for these people who make their home in the Diocese during the summer.