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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, June 14, 1957, Image 1

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Father Healey answer*
Your Questions On
Page Four This Week
Vol. VI, No. 37
Action Asked On
Bill To Bring More
89,000 Two-Year Quota
Needed, Senator Thinks
WASHINGTON (NC) An emergency measure
which would admit 89,000 refugees and escapees to this
country from Europe over a two-year period has been intro
duced in the Senate by Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massa
chusetts.
Recommending the “earliest possible” Congressional
action at the present session on
the measure, Sen. Kennedy ex
plained to the Senate that his bill
“would provide principally for
the reuniting of families separ
ated when the breadwinner emi
grated to the United States un
der the Refugee Relief Act of
1953, leaving his wife and chil
dren behind.”
“It would also admit a limited
number of so-called pipeline
cases—refugees who were given
assurances of jobs and homes un
der the act, and for whom pro
cessing had been begun, but who
were unable to emigrate before
the act expired,” the Senator
said.
The bill also provides for spec
ial nonquota visas for four class,
es of refugees, Sen. Kennedy ex
plained. These are: 10,000 refu
gee-escapees now in Austria
10,000 refugee-escapees in NATO
countries 4,000 orphans adopted
by U.S. citizens, and 5.000 Middle
East refugees now residing in
Western Europe.
Dependents and “pipeline cas
es” together would be persons
who are dependents of refugees
already in this country.
The Senator called the Refugee
Relief Act a great “humanitarian
effort” but added that it “had
some unfortunate after-efects.”
He said is raised the hopes of
thousands of refugees who obtain
ed home and job assurances. He
added the act expired before
these refugees, “through no fault
of their own,’ could emigrate to
this country.
“It is both morally and psycho
logically indefensible to allow the
situation to continue as it is,”
Sen. Kennedy said.
Among the 10,000 escapee-refu
gees in Austria, there are 3.000
Khrushchev TV
Talk ‘Absurd?
VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC)
—The Vatican City weekly, L’os
servatore della Domenica, said
that Soviet communist chieftain
Nikita Khrushchev said nothing
new on his recent American tele
vision appearance.
Conceding that Mr. Khrushchev
displayed “more or less photo
genic talents” on the Columbia
Broadcasting System’s “Face the
Nation” interview, the Vatican
City paper commented that he
made the program a vehicle for
“slogans not alien to the absurd.”
Declaring that socialism was a
“myth” prior to the Russian rev
olution 40 years ago and is even
more so now, the paper said there
are many reasons to believe that
Mr. Khrushchev’s “prof e s s e
faith” in socialism is not sincere.
ADA—Every year, around
the first of June, Father
Francis Schweitzer, pastor of
Our Lady of Lourdes here
greets about 200 new parish
oners.
This might quite a boon
to a small parish like
Our Lady
•f Lourdes but these "parish­
The Reyes family pray the Rosary with
the “Padre," Father Francis Schweitzer,
pastor of Our Lady of Lourdes, Ada. Mr.
Hungarians, the Senator said.
Many of these refugees and oth
ers among the 10,000 in NATO
countries, he declared, “have
languished in camps for years.”
“It is fair and in the best in
terest of this country to welcome
a reasonable number of these
refugees to the United States,”
Sen. Kennedy declared.
He recommended “speedy ae
on behalf of orphans
the world, who
tion'
throughout
‘‘friendless and without parents,
have been adopted by U.S. citi
zens but cannot be admitted to
this country.”
The Senator added: ‘‘These are
truly the forgotten ones of the
postwar years. Born in a world
torn by strife and tension they
have never enjoyed that which is
the right of every child—the love
and security of parental care.
(Continued on Page 3)
Priest -Convert Believes
Need Bridge Between
Catholics And Jews
LOVELAND (NC) There must be a “bridge” be
tween Catholics and Jews to help overcome the “deep div
ision” between them, according to Father John M. Oester
reicher, a convert from Judaism who has made such a
“bridge” his life’s work.
"Today, Christian and Jew
can understand each other
when they speak of refrigera
tors and toothpaste, but when
they attempt to speak of God
or man or life or death or any
of the most elementary things,
they are strangers," he assert
ed.
Father Oesterreicher is direc
tor of the Institute of Judaeo
Christian studies established four
years ago by Seton Hall Universi
ty in Newark, N.J.
In a speech at Grailville Com
munity College here, where lay
women are trained for mission
ary work, Father Oesterreicher
said the institute publishes a
yearly volume called “the
Bridge,” concerned with showing
the basic unity between the Old
and New Testaments and with
“serving the dialogue between
Christian and Jews today.”
Indications of the “urgency” of
the institute’s work are multiply
ing, Father Oesterreicher be
lieves. Some of the signs he cited
were:
Suffer Together
The unique character of the
persecution of the Jews by Hitler
and Stalin—“the first time in
ioners" are just a portion of the
nearly 100,000 migrant workers
who come north each year to
hulp harvest the seasonal crops
and leave at the first killing
frost in the fall.
Most of these migrants are
from Texas and though they are
of Mexican descent, the major
ity of them are citizens of the
s
history that Jews and Christians
suffered together and faced com
mon enemies.”
The •stablishment of tho na
tion of Israel. "No matter what
you may think of this fact,"
said Father Oesterr e i e r,
"and whatever may be its sig
nificance, it is a sign of God's
providence."
The “new and deep insight into
the mystery which surrounds the
children of Abraham” shown in
the past 50 years in the writings
of men like Jacques Maritain,
Leon Bloy and others.
The apparition of Our Lady in
1842 to Alphonse Ratisbonne, “a
young, cynical Jew,” in a church
at Rome, “the only apparition
where no word was spoken.”
“She looked with sadness and joy
at that Jew,” said Father Oester
reicher, “and in her eyes he saw
the whole truth.”
The title of the institute’s year
book is taken from the writings
of St. Catherine of Sienna, who
called Christ “the bridge between
God and man, between heaven
and earth.”
“The institute extends that
idea,” Father Oesterreicher went
(Continued on Page 2)
United States.
Another group of about 50 000
farm laborers or braceros, come
into the United States from Mex
ico by an agreement between the
two countries, but the majority
of these workers help farmers in
Arkahsas and Michigan. The re
mainder are scattered throughout
the country.
a
Rosary
Reyes is one of many troqueros who bring
their families north to harvest seasonal
crops.
3k
Again this summer seminarians, Sis
ters, and lay teachers will spend some
vacation time conducting Summer Schools
of Religion for children in Catholic
Schools. Their forces will spread over
fourteen towns in the diocese Waverly,
Millersburg, Glenmont, Newark, Granville,
Sugar Grove, Ada, Jackson, Strasburg,
Bolivar, Calmoutier, Mineral City, Wester
ville, and Columbus.
St. Charles seminarians, Gene Arnold,
Theodore Spires, and James Pickett are
The Catholic Times
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, Juno 14, 1957
1
1^7 A
This Is School?
Pope Wasn’t
Infallible
As Monsignor
NOTRE DAME, Ind. —(NC)—
Its a favorite story of Deputy
Under Secretary of State Robert
Murphy and he delights in telling
it. It goes like this:
“As a young American consul
in Munich, I had the great honor
of being a member of a consular
corps that included a compara
tively young monsignor named
Pacelli. He was the dean of our
corps during the early days of the
Nazi party organization.
"And, in the course of our
duties, we sent back reports to
our superiors about Hitler.
Monsignor Pacelli and I agreed
on our analysis of the situation.
We decided Hitler was too
crazy to be dangerous. Later
during World War II, I came to
Rome and called upon Msgr.
Pacelli, who now was Pope Pius
XII.
‘Do you remember, Your Holi
ness,’ I asked, ‘the reports
we agreed to send about
from Munich?’
"'Now Robert/ said his
ness, 'be careful. Don't mention
papal infallibility. Remember I
was only a monsignor then'."
registering prospective students Kathy
Forker, St. Thomas parish Barbara Baker,
St. Mary Magdalene Gary Pistner, Holy
Spirit and Roger Strawser, St. Thomas
parish. Morning sessions offer religion
lessons, the liturgy, story hour, crafts, and
recreation.
Any volunteer helpers or prospective
students may contact their parish or the
Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Of
fice, 246 East Town St.
which
Hitler
Holi-
The story was recalled in an
interview between Mr. Murphy
and Harry W. Flannery, presi
dent of the Catholic Association
for International Peace, which
appeared in the Ave Maria maga
zine published here.
Five Camps
The migrant workers in this
area are situated in five “camps”
within about a 15-mile radius
of Ada in the northern part of
Hardin county. Each camp has
about six “cabins,” which are
frame structures comparable in
size to a one-car garage, prior
to the “fin era.”
Migrants from Texas usually
travel by pick-up truck under the
leadership of the “troquero” or
the owner of the truck who is
usually a trustworthy man.
“As tha troquero is, so are
the people under his cere Fa
ther Schweitzer told me as we
sat in his rectory on Ada's
main street last week." If the
troquero goes to Mass," he said,
"so will those who made the
trip from Texas with him."
Spiritual Welfare First
“My biggest concern, of
course, is their spiritual welfare,”
the Ada pastor said, “but they
also need material help, such as
mattresses, and bedding, clothing,
including blue jeans, baby cloth
es children’s shoes, anything of
this sort even things that maybe
you or I might throw in the rag
bag might be usable by them.”
"Many from tha Diocese havo
already given some aid, Father
Schweitzer said. "'The parish
ioners of St. Mary, Marion and
Immaculate Conception, Ken
ton as well as the Central Dean
ery St. Vincent de Paul have
brought some of the much
needed bedding and clothing
but more is needed."
“We have been able to secure
a couple of washing machines for
‘Disgusting Barra*
first secretary, Nikita Khrush
'chev, and the entire Red re
gime of Russia was made by
George Meany in his commence
ment address to 550 graduates
of De Paul University. A total
of 5,300 persons attended the
commencement ceremony, at
which Mr. Meany was presented
an honorary doctorate, by Fa
ther Comerford J. O'Malley, C.
M., university president.
Besides criticizing Khrush
chev’s appearance on American
television, Mr. Meany attacked
the Soviet’s program for cultural
relations with foreign countries.
He said that “millions of Amer
icans had an opportunity pre
sented to them to be on the re
ceiving end of a disgusting
barrage of communist double-talk
delivered by Mr. Khrushchev in
person.”
"Tha theme of this fantasy,"
he continued, "was peaceful
co-existence between the com
munist slave states and the free
world. It seems almost unbe
levable in retrospect, but here
in the homes of America was
the number one butcher of the
Kremlin, who gave orders that
Father Schweitzer Gets About 200 New Parishoners This Month
nearly every camp this year,” he
said, “but there are no ‘luxuries’
such as shower rooms and water
for each camp has to be pumped
from a central tap.
“We did see that the children
who were not needed in the fields
were enrolled in the public school
to finish out the school year.
They were well received and ev
eryone seemed to enjoy the whole
experience,” h§ said.
"Monsignor Kulp (Diocesan
director of the Propagation of
tho Faith) is sanding three sem
inarians (Carmen Acuri, Francis
Stanton, Jamas Pickett) here
for a couple of weeks during Ju
ly and one of them will stay on
another week to prepare the
children for First Holy Com
munion, and Robert Duarte, a
Nicaraguan student at Ohio
Northern here, will help me
g*ve catechism lessons. Some
qualified laymen also may be
sent by Monsignor Kulp.
All of the people are Catho
lics but many have had little
chance to learn about or prac
tice their Faith,” he said, “be-
Needed
Bedding and Clothing
especially, jeans, i I
dren's shoes, baby clothes
are needed for the migrant
workers. They may be
sent to Our Lady of
Lourdes Rectory, 508 N.
Main St., Ada, Ohio or to
246 E. Town St., Colum
bus, The Catholic Welfare
Bureau.
U.S. Promises
Aid To Polish
Red Government
WASHINGTON, (NT) The
United States has promised the
Polish government of Wladyslaw
Gomulka $48.900 000 in aid to
purchase agricultural products
and mining machinery.
The U.S. government said it
would give an additional $46.
100.000 worth of surplus wheat
and cotton, if and when Con
gress acts on a bill to authorize
the sale of a billion dollar’s
worth of surplus agricultural
commodities overseas, the State
Department announced.
The agreement ended three
and a half months of negotia
tions following President Eisen
hower's statement last February
that this country would help any
communist-controlled nation
which demonstrates a will to as
sert its sovereignty by rejecting
total Moscow control.
U.S. aid to Poland had the tacit
support of His Eminence Stefan
Cardinal Wyszynski Primate of
Poland. In a speech at Warsaw
in early April, when the first
Polish requests were made, he
called it an urgent necessity that
his country get foreign aid.
AFL-CIO Head Blasts
Red’s TV Doubletalk
CHICAGO (NC) The president of the AFL-CIO
made a double-barreled attack at the “disgusting barrage
of communist double talk” delivered into American homes
by “the number one butcher of the Kremlin.”
The indictment of the
Russian communist party's
sent the armed might of the
Soviet Union rolling over the
defenseless people of Hungary
just seven months ago.
“Yes. here in the homes of
America, was the man who con
demned thousands of Hungarians
to death and sent tens of thou
sands into slavery or exile.”
Mr. Meany said that “Khrush
chev and company want the
world to forget Hungary.” be
cause otherwise “they will have
a very hard time with their fraud
ulent co-existence maneuvers and
with their various so-called cul
tural exchange programs.”
“The American labor move
ment will not be deceived.” Mr.
Meany declared, “by the Soviet
State Committee for Cultural Re
lations with Foreign Countries—
which is the title given to this
latest Soviet propaganda agency.”
He warned that the Soviet gov
ernment is not interested in “pro
moting genuine freedom.” If it
were, he said “it would repeal its
vigorous law's making it impos
sible for its subjects to go
abroad and meet anyone they
(Continued on Page 2)
cause they must move about the
country and much of the area
where they live in Texas is still
predominantly mission area,
much of their knowledge of the
Faith has been handed down to
them by their own families.”
W« wanted to visit one of
the camps and in particular
ona of the families to get an
Pope Says Quick Move
Automation Out
Work With Other
Faiths For Peace.
Fr. LaFarge Says
CINCINNATI Catholics must
“work generously with those of
other faiths” to improve public
morality and achieve world
peace Jesuit Father John La
Farge, SJ., told the 119th gradu
ating class of Xavier University
here.
The Jesuit author, editor and
leader in the interracial aposto
late declared that “the natural
law's teachings can be a saving
remedy if we apply them.”
But Catholics by themselves,
he added, “cannot wipe out
crime, extinguish juvenile delin
quency, establish the conditions
necessary for good government,
or for a Christian home life.”
“In such a task.” he said, “we
cooperate with people of good
will who share with us at least a
part of our fundamental philoso
phy.”
idea of the conditions so Fath
er Schweitzer placed us under
the cere of Mary Ellen Hoff
man, an instructor of Spanish
at Ohio Northern University
in Ada who drove us across
the northwest Hardin County
roads to the Dola camp about
seven miles from Ada. Miss
Hoffman, or Maria Elena as
1
The Padre and the Reyes family pre
pare to dig into the tortillas and beans,
the usual meal for the migrant worker.
Tortillas Tonight
Don't Stop Living at 35,
Msgr. DeBlanc Says
Page Four This Week
Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year
Push Button Existence Not
Practical For Most Nations
VATICAN CITY His Holiness Pope Pius XII warned
the world against moving too rapidly toward automation
and against believing in a “man-made’ world” in which sci
ence alone can solve all mankind’s problems.
He issued his warning in a 5.000-word speech to 200
delegates attending the national
convention
sociation
(ACLI).
of the Christian As
of
Italian Workers
hit
kay from tho
cong-ets, "Auto
the Working
the
tb»m« of
motion
World," Popo Piut counseled
that the problems brought
about by increasing automation
in industry should be examined
not only from the scientific
and technical viewpoint, but
from sociological and Chris
tion aspects as wellz
should also be examined
complete objectivity, he said,
and "by discarding every
idea of man in the world.'
and
They
false
The Pontiff then proceeded to
discuss the problem of automa
tion from the following angle
whether it provides the image of
the future of humanity, automa
tion and national economy and
automation and professional train
ing The talk was an elaboration
of the message sent in his name
to the 43rd French Social Week
last July by Msgr. Angelo Dell’
Aqua. Vatican Substitute Secre
tary of State.
Noting in the first part of his
discourse that automation is ush
ering in an entirely new period
in the history of mankind, the
Pope said:
"Therefore one arrives at the
conclusion that through auto
mation a completely 'man-made
world' is beginning, and that
today for the first time, man,
enlightened by exact sc:ences,
of a
and
1 the
has achieved the place i
demiurge (creative force)
is autonomous master of
world."
“However great the influence
of automation may become, it
will remain limited by nature,"
he said. “It is one of the factors
of the future, but it
self a decisive or
factor.”
dem-
Such a belief—especially
onstrated by Marxist materialism
—that technical innovation will
radically change man's life, the
Pope declared to be false.
is not in it
compulsory
The Pope went
that some have seen in scien
tific progress
principle of
possibility of
life according
gram. He rejected such a view,
saying:
“Statistical and mathematical
programs are not sufficient for
social reality and the mainte
nance of an endurin’ society
Social life requires, in addition
to and above all other branches
of knowledge, theology,
phy and the sciences
spiritual life of man and
tory.”
and in tho basic
automation tho
regulating social
philoso
of
his
the
his-
of
his
au-
In the second part
speech, the Pontiff said that
tomation has been introduced
mainly in the production of ar
maments. and that therefore its
effects in a peaceful economy are
not sufficiently known. In
nection with this, he said:
“It might even be added
in most countries, it will be
sible to consider the economical
use of automation only when dis
armament frees the capital re
quired. and when technology—
which has been speeded up by
the arms race—advances to the
point where it no longer makes
valueless (obsolescent) today
many things which were consid
ered yesterday to be advances.”
(Continued on Page 2)
con-
that
pog-
Problem,
Racial
Moral Question
Jurist
Asserts
OMAHA,
Neb (NC) The
problem of racial tensions is
“essentially a moral one,” Judge
Harold A. Stevens, first Negro
appointed to the New York Su
preme Court, said here.
He was in Omaha to receiva
an honorary degree from Creigh
ton University, a Jesuit institu
tion. .After the ceremony he
spoke to about 300 persons at
tending a banquet sponsored by
St. Benedict parish at the Black
stone Hotel. Archbishop Gerald
T. Bergan of Omaha was a guest.
Judge Stevens stated that “the
natural rights that are the source
of the basic rights of individuals
come not from man, but from
God.” Civil law merely gives rec
ognition or protection to many
of these rights, he emphasized.
There is a “unity of origin and
common destiny” for all men,
Judge Stevens said. Therefore
“all must be founded on recogni
tion of the dignity of the human
person.”
the migrants call her, spent
most of her leisure time last
summer visiting the camps and
making friends with the people
there.
She decided that the Reyes
family was a typical example of
the average migrant family. Al
we “sloshed” our way through
(Continued on Page 2)
Clothes and bedding are needed for these
people who make their home in the
Diocese during the summer.

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