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HARTER, AUCTIONEER, MILLHErM, PA. J C. SPRINGER, Fashionable Barber. Next Door to JOURNAL Store, MII.LHKXH, PA. JgROCKERHOFF HOUSE, ALLEGHENY STREET, BELLKFONTE, - - - PA C. O. MOMFLLEN. PROPRIETOR. Good Sample Room on First Floor. •9-Free Buss to and from all Trains. Special rates to witnesses and Jurors. 4-1 IRYIN HOUSE. (Most Central Hotel in the City,) Comer MAIN and JAY Streets, Lock Have*, Fa. 8. WOODS CALWJELL, Proprleter. Good Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers on first floor. D. H. MINGLE, Physician and Surgeon, MAIN Street, MILLHEIM, Pa. JOHN F. HARTER, PRACTICAL DENTIST, Office ia 2d story of TomUnsoa't Gro cery Store, On MAIN Street, MILLHEIM, Pa. Br KIMTF.K. ■ FASHION ABLE BOOT A SHOE MAKEB Shop next door to Foote's Store, Main St., Boots. Shoes and Gaiters made to order, and sat isfactory work guaranteed. Repairing done prompt ly and cheaply, and in a neat style. C. T. Alexandet. C. M. Bower. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. Office in Garm&n's new building. JOHN B. LINN, ATTORNEY AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, PA. Office on Allegheny Street. QLEMENT DALE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. Northwest corner of Diamond. HOY, ATTORNEY AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, FA. Orphans Court business a Specialty. ATTORNEY AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. Practices In all the courts of Centre County. Special attention to Collections. Consultations in German or English. J. A. Beaver] " jTw. OepbartT JgEAVER <fc GEPHART, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. Office on Alleghany Street, North of High. "yOCUM & HARSHBERGER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BELLEFONTK, PA. S. KELLER, " ATTORNEY AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA, Consultations In English or German. Office in Lyon's Building, Allegheny Street. "nTHTHisTrNoa. w. F.lwiDM. - ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, FA Office on Allegheny street, two doori east of the office occupied by the late Ann of YP* -vA Past ing. 4A-t7 VICTORIAS. —One cupful sugar, one egg, one teaspoonful of soda dissolved in one pint of water; beat butter and sugar together, add the water, stir in enough flour to make a thin batter; bake on a hot griddle without turning over; butter each one the instant it is done; nice for lunch. line pilllnelin §iil DAWN. I Dear the clarions of the day : NUtht's tnlghtv votl Is upward drawn. And with its go'den fringes play The jewelry Augers of the dawn. The curling vapors one by one Are shot with opalescent gteains, And now the almost risen sun Darts up a thousau l crimson streams. From heaven to entlh the spleu lor steals, Down glided vanes to windowed towira, The conscious bells break out In peals, God l what a wondrous world is ours! The fler.v colors slowly fade, In sapphire depth they pass away ; The sun begins his graud parade; From polo to pole lis perfect day. Earth's children feel their mother warm; From drowsy beds they wake and start, And forih, through streets and alleys swarm In myriads to the noisy maru 0 happy toll I O blessed fate 1 To no one thought too close coutlued, That, with each motion, drop- a date, And shifts the pictures of the rntud, 1 envy you your changing strife, Your weary hours, your eveutug rest, Whtn ah the little oares of life ' Are lulled to slumber in the breast. For my poor soul, that still will float Near one Idea of stern jtevice, Dnfts on, like the Laplander's boat. Close moored beside its berg of ice. Til KOI (ill THE TWILIGHT. Lily Vennor was late home from her work oil this particular night. A dismal February night it was, with a grey fog above, through which the lamps shone like yellow dots of sickly flame. But Lily was used to all sorts of weather. Lily Yennor was a milliner. All day long she sat, with seven and twenty other girls, in a long low-oeiled room on the upper door of a monster building in one of the narrow streets of the West End, working until she vaguely wondered within herself if there were women enough in all the world to wear out the dresses she aud her companions made. It was hard work, and it was poorly paid; but Lily Yennor had known what it was to be without employment for weeks at a time, and she was thankful even for Mr. Murex'.s four shillings a day, with the stipulation that, in case of extra haste, an hour or so ertime should not be objected to. The poor are generally worsted in their bargains, nor was our little hero ine an exception to the rule. Bnt the work was over at last, and Lily was in the outer room, tying her curls under the brown felt hat, whose tasteful loops of ribbon had been sponged and turned so often, and fold ing her worn shawl across her shoulders. And as she took .up her dinner-bas ket, she heard the gay voice of Mary lieid, one of her fellow-workers, saying merrily— "St. Valentine's Eve I "You don't me in that you have for gotten it, Ida ?" "Why I expect a dozen valentines at least to-morrow." Lily Yeanor glanced up at Mary Reid as she spoke. A dozen ralentines ? Yes, there was every probability that she would receiye as many as that, She was a dark.eyed brilliant com plexioned young beauty, with a pretty Greek nose, a dimple on the left cheek, and teeth as white as sliced cocoanut. She would be one to nianry early, and escape from this bondage of toil and poverty ; and for a moment Lily wished that she too were beautiful. And then came a second thought. St. Valentine's Eye—and she had promised Midge and Edith, the two little twin sisters at home, a valentine for tliis year, when Midge had submit ted to the ordeal of vaccination, and Edith had been so docile at the task of learmng to make stockings. For Lily Vennor, girl though she was, had already been burdened with the cares of life. Her father had married a second time, and lost his wife, leaving Lily at his own death with the charge of these two little ones, Edith and Margaret, commonly known as "Midge." It was a hard, hard task, but Lily never quailed. She had accepted it simply as she would have accepted any other decree of Providonce, and the two little or phans had learned t J love her with all their innocent hearts. And now she paused in front of the brilliant show-windows, with her worn purse in her hand, trying to decide up on some particular style of valentine which would be pretty enough to suit the children, and which would uot be too dear. So she went into the shop, humbly awaiting her turn, and bought two six penny valentines, which the clerk super ciliously tossed toward her. "I should like two postage stamps," said she meekly. "Stamps I" echoed the clerk. "This aiu't a post-office !" Lily pointed to a printed placard in the window —"Stamps for Sale Here" —and the clerk, grumbling under his breath, gave her the two stamps. The next morning however little Midge and Edith danced up and down with joy when the postman left the two valentines at their door. "And here's a valentine for you, Lily," said Midge. 1 "Only the envelope hasn't got such MILLIIEIM, PA., THURSDAY. NOVUM HER Hi. 1882. pretty gilt roses on as mine aud Edith's have." Lily was standing with her hat on as the child ran up to her. "A valentine," said she, "for me? "But I think you are mistaken, little Midge." She opened the letter with a sensation of woudor as to whom it possibly could be from. For she got so few lottos, this gentle drudging little oreature, that the very sight of an envelope iu a strange hand was a circumstance to startle her. "From Doctor lugraham," blio said to herself. "He will call here toeeeme this even ing. "Oh dear, dear ! I knew how it would be. "He thinks it's so strange that I haveu't said anything about paying him for his attendance on Midge and Edie when they had tlie scarlet fever. "But he doesn't know how poor wo are ! "And he doesn't know—how should he?—that I was going to his office this very week ; to ask him for the bill, and try and save up the amount, little by little, until I had got enough, "Oh dear! oh dear ! "What am I to do?" She luid out the children's rations on the table—a bowl of milk, and two lib eral slices of bread for each—and cau tioning them not to go near the tire— which smouldered in a little east-iron stove —went to her daily work with a heart which felt like lead within her bosom. Mary Roid was talking in her high, soprano voice, about the valentine she received. Leila Payne and Sarah Howell were giggling over gilt and tasselled epistles, directed in masculine Hands, but Lily went straight to the forewoman. "Mrs. Dobbs," said she, "can you lend me ten dollars ?" "I?" said the fore worn an, iu sour sur prise, "I ueed it very, very much !" said poor Lily ; "aud if you will give it to me to day—this very afternoon, I mean —I will pay you my next two weeks en tire wages as they eome in." Mrs. Dobbs did a little mental arith metic in the recesses of her brain us she stood there staring with fishy eyes on Lily Vennor, Yes. the interest was not so bad. She thought it might "pay and so she lent the ten dollars for a term of fourteen days, Sundays and holidays included. And Lily, mustering up what cour age she could, stopped at Doctor lu graham's office on her way homo from work. "I wou't give him the trouble to call," said she to herself; 4 'for, of course, it will be a disappointment to him to know that he can't get his whole bill "But I will tell him I will pay the rest as soon as ever 1 can. "And I hope he won't be very much vexed ; for, oh, he was so good to me when the little oues were sick." Poor Lily Vennor! Dr. Ingraham's pretty little broug ham was at the door when Lily went into his office, and Dr. Ingraham him self stood at the table, in his fur-trina nied coat, pouring some mixture from one vial into auolher—a tall, dark man, with eyes as black as sloes, and a beard as long and soft as floss silk. He glanced up with a smile as Lily entered, and something like a flush of color crossed his dark clieek for a mo Hient. "Sit down, Miss Vennor," said he. "I have just finished my visits for the present. "In five minutes I shall be ready for home practice." Lily had turned pink and white, by turns, as she olasped the ten dollars tightly in the palm of her hand within her worn little muff. "I—l will not detain you long," said she; aud she waited until he had pre pared the compound and sent it off" by his man. "And now ?" he it> standing opposite to her, with folded arms, and a height that seemed to her positively command ing. "I received a note from you, she said, "this morning." "Yes, and why did you not wait for me to call ?" he asked quietly. "I was ashamed to put you to the trouble," said Lily, in a low voice. "I knew, of course, the object of your call." "Did you?" He elevated his brows slightly. "And I knew very well that I had not the money for you," she added in des peration, "But here is ten dollars, and if you will please let me know the whole amount, 1 will endeavor to pay it by instalments as best I can." 44 You are mistaken, Miss Vennor," said the Doctor. "My motive in calling, had nothing whatever to do with the collection of my bill." Lily looked at him with innocent sur prise. She did not understand him. "I had a question to ask you," said the Doctor. "About the children ?" "No; about yourself." "Yes," he said, "and I will ask it now. Miss Yennor. "In those weeks when I came daily to your bouse, and saw you stand like a little angel at the bedside of those little ones, 1 made up my mind that you, of all women, came nearest my ideal of sweet, womanly perfection. "Aud I vowe 1 withiu myself to ask you to be my wife. "So now, Miss Veuuor—Lily—you know why I was coming !" It soemed like a dream of unreal bliss to Lily VeLuor, that homeward walk through the twilight, with Bruce Ingra hain's arm to support her, his beloved presence so near to her. She had been a toiler in life's sha dow ever since she could remember ; but she was coming into her heritage of happiness at last. Little Midge and Edith were looking out for her, over the stairway, as she earne home. "It's Lily," cried Midge, in an audi ble stage whisper. "Our Lily ! "But she isn't alone. "There'b some one with her. "Oh, Edie, I guess it's her valentine ! "Old Mrs. Noma says that everyone has a valentine to-day." "You dear little prophet," cried Doc tor lugraham, catching up the little child iu his arms. "You are right. "It is Lily's valentiue !" Doctor lugraham !" exclaimed Edith, slowly. "Well, if I was to chose a valentine out of ail the world for Lily, I should say Doctor lugraham!" And Lily, in a voice that was almost a whisper, added "So should I!" Children'* Eye*. Dr. Mitteudorf, of Now York, recent ly said that myopia, or shortsightedness has been oalled a disease of civilization, and, unless prompt measures were taken to counteract the injurious influences which led to the development of the dis ease, it must more and moro be regard ed as a disease of civilized life. The cause of the disease, he explained, were debility of the sclerotic, hereditary pre disposition, long ooutinued tsu of the eyes on small objects and an increase of interocular pressure by interference with the circulation of the iutorior of the eye. The disease was incurable, but could l>e successfully arrested by the applica tion of proper glasses. f lhe most dang erous period of myopia to set in was from the ages of 5 to 15 years, and an examination of the pupils attending schools of New York led to the follow ing discoveries; Out of 203 scholars attending the Thirteenth street gram mar school only 6 were nearsighted. At grainroer sohool No. 58 628 ohildren were examined, of whom 8| per cent, wore suffering from myopia. This in cluded 425 American children, among whom there were 34 cases of myopia, and 273 Germans, of whom 26 wero suffering from myopia. At grammar school No. 35, of 030 Americans 10 per cent, were myopic, and of 266 Germans per cent, were afflicted with disease. At Columbia College 201 students ware examined, and of these 62, or 35 per cent., wero found to be nearsighted, the percentage beiug greater iu the academical department than in the school of mines. Further iuvestigation, with a veiw to testing the hereditary nature of the disease, showed that, of 45 Jews, AO per cent, came from myopic families; of 82 German myopics, 2, or 35 per cent., came from myopic families, and of 16' American children, only 42, or 31 per sent., had myopia in their families. In all oases it was found my opia increased with the length of school life. Very serious complications arose in this disease by neglecting the use of glasses, and frequently total blindness resulted from this neglect. He advo cated, as a means of relieving the dis ease, rest and application of suitable glasses, which, in many instances, should he tinted blue, in order to avoid irritation from bright lights lJie popu lar prejudice of the poorer classes led to very mischievous results, and often to hopeless blindness. A Lar;e Private Library. The owner of one of the largest pri vate libraries hi tue country died re cently his home in Albany, N. Y. His name was Koyal Woodward, and he was not an author, a professional man or a rich connoisseur, but a pedler of sewing siik For many years he had invested the greater part of his earn ings, which were considerable, in books, and '"is supposed to have left," says the Troy Tiinss, 4 'more than 30,000 vol umes. His tastes ran in the direction of theology, genealogies and town his tories. His library was never arranged, but was stowed from garret to cellar, in parlor and woodshed. He also owned large collections of engravings and auto graphs. Mr, Woodward was an hon orary member of a number of antiqua rian and literary societies in this coun try and Europe." Tame benevolence: Fogg says he never tinisnes a cigar but he thinks, "Another temptation removed from the young men of America J" KRdr Wit. History is full of example* of the suc cess attained by quick-witted men. De Gram moot, when a young man, waited on Cardinal Richelieu, and surprised the great minister in a somewhat undignified amusement of leaping on a wall. The cardinal looked annoyed—a less ready witted man would have apologized and re tired. But Be Uratmnont was wiser, and exclaimed, "1 will wager that I can leap higher than your eminence." The chal lenge was accepted. I>e Orammont was courtier enough to allow himself to be sur passed, and the cardinal was his friend for the future. This readiness is confined to no rank of life. Horace Walpole gives an instance of it in a Pans tishwoman. The dauphin having recovered from a se rious illness, the "dames de la Halle'' waited on the King (Louis XV.) to offer their congratulations. "What would have become of us bad our d&uphiu died?'' said the spokeswoman: "we should have lost our all." "Ves," put m a second fish woman, who observed the King's brow darken at this somewhat <q uvocal com pliment to himself," we should, indeed, have lost our all, for our good King would never have survived bis son's death." It was ready wit that enabled William the Conqueror to persuade his followers that bis tall on stepping ashore in England, was an omen of good instead of evil for tuue. "1 have taken 'seisin' of this land," he exclaimed, rising with his hands full of earth; and the ready turn dispelled the superstitious fears which the accident had occasioned. The lower orders often pos sess great readiness at repartee. Few re torts are better than that of the paver to Sydenham the great seventeenth-century physician. The doctor was complaining of tne bail manner in which the pavement was laid in front of his house, adding, now you throw down earth to hide your had work." "Well doctor," said the man quietly, "mine is not the only bad work that the earth hides." Old biogra phers are fond of including "a ready wit" among the virtues of the subject of their memoirs; indeed, dull folks appear to have been looked upon in former days with extreme contempt. Dr. Johnson was very outspoken in his opinion regarding stupid people. Inveighing against a worthy hut extremely foolish female ac quaintance, a lady present reminded him that she was a very good woman, "and 1 trust that we shall meet her in paradise." "Madam," roared the exasperated doctor, "1 never desire to meet fools anywhere." Judging Women by tueir Mode of Walking. Female gaits are Just as much the sub ject cf fashion's caprices as are bonnets and bustles. Of necessity, they must be, for the width and length ot skirt, whether it be bouffant or serpentine, and a dozen other things, which are regulated solely by the prevailing mode, determine the proper caper in pedestnauism. The conventional girl has to bring her adaptability into play just as much wtieu she selects her style f walk as she does in deciding upon the style of her hat or the stuff for her gown. Congruity, too, plays an important part in her street appearance aLd is an important factor in her success. The plump girl, who is all rich, riDe, round curves and massiveness, can bound along with a quick, elastic step that would be ridiculously out of place in her lank and sweetly-awlhetic sister. The first can travel with that easy, springing sway that is as suggestive of physical luxury and solid comfort as a pineapple- fiber hammock under an apple tree; the other must glide—her very ap pearance suggests the frailties of her struc ture aud the possibilities of her being jarred out of shape in the bounding pro cess. Between these two extremes of gait there is the happy mean, that is much less obtrusive, as it is more graceful, than either of the others; it is, too, much more rare. These three constitute the generic gaits; the specific ones are as numerous as the girls who go them Every woman has a peculiarity of gait essentially her own—a sort of warping of the general principle to her idiosyncrasies, it may result from almost anything, from a how leg to a splayed foot, but it will give a clew to her character, from which much may he gathered with proper observ ation. To one who whtches the crowd it becomes a question whether, with a proper description of the steps and motions of the body, it would not he possible to classify each girl with a tolerable degree ot aecu racy. The matter-of-fact girl brings down her feet with such prosaic force that she is readily distinguished. fck>, too, is the ro mantic young lady, whose step in itself is suggestive of rope ladders and mysterious mooulight. There is a go-out am oug-tne heathen g.iodness of gait that will mark the evangelist damsel ten blocks from a prayer meeting, and the step of the liter ary woman has an onomatoposia about it that proclaims her at once. So it is throughout the whole catalogue of female traits, aud no one who studies the subject with any degree of care can help being convinced that a womau's walk is not an obscure factor in the giaud results of her street victories. A Foeiu Written on Gralu of Rice. A Chinese teacher has just presented quite a curiosity to the City Hall Museum. Many of our readers have doubtless seen specimens of printing compressed within very small limits, such for instance as the whole of the Lord's Prayer contained with in a circle the siea of a finger ring. This, however, is not a specimen of minute ty pography, hut of caligraphy, for it consists of a stanza of poetry, c imposed by the teacher himself, which coutains thirty three distinct and well formed Chinese characters written out iu full style without any contractions, though the most compli cated characters are not introduced into the iil'P itian poem. It seems almost in credible, but it is a fact that the whole of these thirty-three characters are iuscribed on one grain of unhulled rice. It is only another instance of the patient toil which a Chinaman will spend over apparently un remuuerative work. The grain of paddy in enclosed under a magnifying glass, in a silver locket. Accompanying it is a wood en box containing a sort of discourse, of which the grain of paddy is the text. There are also other papers with it, some relating to the presentation of this curiosi ty to the Royal Princess, Prince Albert Victor, and George, of Wales, for whom it was originally intended, hut owing to the hitch which occurred in the whole of the arrangements at that time, and the intend ing donor was never able to accomplish his object, though he used every means in his power to do so. Diamond Thlmi. A New York diamond thief worked the following plan all over the country with great success. He would.in company with a lady, enter any "marked" jewelry house and select a lot of valuable gems. With the utmost suavity he would order them sent to hia hotel, (J. O. D., immediately, and with the lady would quit the store, enter a hack and "drive to the hotel. The messenger arrived at the hotel, would be directed up lo the purchaser's room, the latter having previously left word with the clerk to send him up immediately upon his arrival. The messenger upon knocking at the pretended purchaser's door, would be in vited in, and very politely requested to produce the diamonds and receive his money. Immediately upon the diamonds being handed to him, the sharper would by a cough give a signal to hia accomplice in the next room. • She would then call hioi and ask him to come into her room, just for a minute, immediately. The knave would thereupon place the jewels in a ca binet that stood in the room, and excusing himself, would withdraw for a moment. The messenger would wait a reasonable time for his reappearaece.and then,becom ing weary, would go to the cabinet to take possession of the jewels, wnen voilai they would be non est. The cabinet has been made in such a manner that its drawers pull out from the back. It has been placed against a door connecting with the next room, a part of which has been cut #ut. 1 he thieves from the other room have ab straoted the jewels and fled. Another scheme that is very often worked is for the thief to enter a diamond establishment and look over certain dia monds. After makiug a minute examina tion of them he will leave, promising to call the next day. He will call at the ap pointed time and again ask to be shown the "sparks." After examining them he will request the clerk to haud him an en velops. Upon receiving it he places the gems in the envelope, in the presence of the cierk, puts his name on the envelope, pays a small amount deposit and asks that they be kept for him until the morrow, when he will call and pay the balance. To this the salesman gladly consents, and lays the envelope one side from the customer. The next day and the next arrives and go ing without the appearance of tbe purcha ser, the envelope is opened and to the as tonishment of the unlucky seller, counter feits ol the gentune articles are found en closed. The thief's mode of operation is as follows; Upon calling at the store the first time he takes away in his mind a mi nute description of the diamonds he has examined. Repairing to some "crooked" jeweler he has duplicate paste ones made with the same setting. Piacing these in tbe palm ot his baud so as to conceal them iroin the pirty who is to wait on him, he re-enters tbe jewelry house at the appoint ed time. Upon being handed the stones he dexterously lets the counterfeits fall liom the palm of bis band to tbe ends of his fingers,at the same time rapidly carry ing the genuiues to bis palm. Tins feat, as a mailer of cour&e,is ak n if egerdem&in, and requires a vast amount of practice, combined with a wonderful control of the iacial muocies. Having changed tbe arti cles iu tbe position desired, it is a very easy matter to deceive the clerk into a be lief that the"Donas"are being placed in the envelope. A Philadelpoia expert was amassing a fortune at this game, when be coming too bold or reckless,lie either by accident or intent attempted to 4 'walk" the same estaohebment twice, and was caught. The plan executed by the gang in Louis ville recently w*s the oldest known to crooks, that is of employing a "staul' to attract the attention of the "main guy" while one or more men do the work. The propiietor in the case hardly deserves sym pathy for his loss, as robberies of the same nature are reported m tbe press almost daily, together with a description of how tne work is done. Perhaps the latest and most unique manner of purloining diamonds is as fol lows: An apparently old decrepit old man, ac companied by his wife or daughter will enter a first class jewelry store and ask to be shown some loose diamonds, or, in other words, diamonds that ha?e been removed from their settings and placed together on a paper, which are all exhibi ted to the purchaser together. The old man in enacting his part, is very near sighted and partially blind, and m order to obtain a good view of the diamonds) places bis head in close proximfff to them. At this instant the lady will point to some other articles in the case and ask their price. Ihe condescending clerk, thinking he is sure to make a good sale, diverts his attention for a moineai from the old gen tleman and reaches in the case to produce tor inspection whatever the lady has asked to be shown. Wow is the opportunity,and with the rapidity almost of thought, the old man darts his tongue into the midst of the loose diamonds. As many of them as touch that member, adhere to it, and are drawn back into the possessor's mouth .The tew that are taken are not missed for the time being, as the stones are never coun ted, but weighed. Ordering some article to be sent to a given address for a blind, the pair take their departure from the store and a hundred chances to ODe are i never detected. Once obtained,the thieves easily dispose of the diamonds to any jeweler, first, of course, removing them from their settings,so ihey cannot be iden tified. While not belonging strictly to the branch ot diamond thievery,a great deal of money is realized by sharpers in the fol lowing way. They get off to some provincial town and stop at its best hotel. After having cultivated the acquaintance of the propri etor, they, in a plausible strain, set forth that iil-fortune has overtaken them, been unlucky at gambling, or something of that sort. However, they have adi iinoiid pin left which they would pawn to pay their bill if there was only a pawn shop in the town, which, of course, there is not. Would the landlord accommodate them with the loan of SSO on it until they re ceived money by express, which was on the way. The uusophiscated landlord sends the pin to the best jeweler in the berg, who pronounces it to be worth not a cent less ihan ssl>o, Such is rtally the fact, the sharpers having tendered a genu ine diamond pin. When the ornament is brought back from the jeweler, who has declared it genuine, the knaves undertake to show the landlord some peculiarity about it While so doing, right under the victim' eyss, they change in for a dupli cate paste one, which has been concealed in the palm of one or the other's hand. The accommodating host carefully locks the bogus pin in the 4 'gopher,"and hands over the stipulated amount, only to find out IU time that he has been "done." Monk* and Ma ♦tiff*. A variety is given to the little streets immediately adjoining the college and tne abbey by the frequent appearance of a couple of monks, accompanied by a dozen or more splendid specimens of the ot. Bernard mastiff. The race of this floe dog is kept vigorous and pure, though all throughout the canton I notice a number of these animals whicft evidently have strains of other blood. In fact, excepting from the monastery itself, the Valaisiaus say you cannot procure a thoroughbred dog, and not always even there, Their peculiar training for the assistance of way farera begins, of courja,only on the moun tains, and it was from the monastery on the St. Bernard that the Prince of Wales obtained, when passing there, the fine can ine specimens which are the ornaments of his kingly kennel at Sandringham. These dogs are fed three times a day with vegetable and animal food. The Christian dog here, contrary to some "dogs of Christians" elsewhere, observes the monastic regime, and is ii nited, on fast days and days of abstinence, in his food. Next to Lindou joint stock com panies, I never saw canine creatures with so much "limited liability." There we about two hundred dogs held here in training orders for the final lessons in hu manitarian seeking and finding on St. Bernard's bleak top. These dogs have most attractive names, and respond to them as intelligently a9 a corporal's guard on roll call. A sort of of stud-book is kept, which, for its detail and accuracy, would draw tears of envy from the racing authorities at Newmarket, and which I look over with an in'arest in dog pedigree that would amaze and amuse a Darwin in a ileraid's Cellege. The first family of dogs here are proud of their lineage as if they belonged to the blue blood of all dogdorn, chronicled in the "Bow-wow Peerage" or the canine " Who's Who " One old family traces its origin to the dog days of the celebrated Bishop Leon, who was hurled rrom his palace windows in the fourteenth century by a spendthrift nephew, who was the roue cur of this can ton. I may mention, on the subject of theee dogs and their sense of smell, that it is keener than in dogs of the smaller and more domestic type. It is by the smell that they are guided in their chief works. It has been said thai " pet dogs," lap dogs, and dogs undogged, it I may use the term, by silly fondling and female nursing, are less strong in their sense of smell than the natural dog pure and simple. A dog de prived of smelling powers ceases to be a dog. Bchiff, in Lis treatise on dogs and their faculties, says the dog with a loss] of smell loses its faculty of faithfulness to ward its master, whom it recognizes and loves simply on account of his individual perfume. ' He caused some other dogs to be deolfactorizec 1 , and forever after they forget their cunning, and knew no master, be he ever S J kind. The olefact >ry nerve in the Mount St. Bernard mastiff is par ticularly large, liDeraliy containing sinuses tor increasing the olfactory surface, and you do not discover it so developed m small dogs. FlalierlM att Cueale. The fishing fleet of Cane ale, both for dredging oysters and catching fish, num bers more than 200 lugger-ribbed crafi of small tonnage. These boats are owned partly by single individuals, partly by their crews, who have clubbed together for co partnership. Their tackle and gear cost as much as the boats and sails; the nets, which are chiefly made at Nantee, being the great item of expense. The seine is never used; the trawl, which is fitted with a huge head-bag or receptacle, being the sort of snare generally adopted. Each boat ha 9 a functionary called a "mistress:" that is, a woman who has contracted, under certain conditions, for the sale of the take •f the craft. The crew have, therefore, nothing to do with the disposal of the fish. The produce of the sale effected by the "mistress" is generally divided into five parts—two to the owner or owners of the boat, one to the skipper and two to the crew, the woman having previously deduc ted her legitimate profits. The life of a 'Kjancalais", as these fishermen dub them selves, is one even more rife with danger than that of others of their calling. The Bay of Mont St. Michel is one of the most perilous seas iu the world. Equatorial tides rise in it to the height of titty feet, and ordinary tides to thirty-five feet. The distance between high and low water marks is moie than six miles in some places, and the rapidity of the currents, especially on a stormy day, maelstrom like. Quicksands, too, are numerous, and a boat siioaled on one of them during ebb tide has little chance of its crew being saved; as regards itself, none. In calm weather the boats fish m the shallowest waters, their keels occasionally heeling in the mud; and here they take soles, turbot, doree, brill and skate in considerable quantities. Government forbids fishing within a mile of the shore; but so soon as night sets in and screens the fishermen and their fleets from the lookouts of the steam gunboat at Granville aDd the coast guard sailing schooner at C&ncale, the boats are run withm the prescribed limits, and the forbidden fruit tasted. Oysters are allow ed to be taken only on certain days at cer tain times of the year, a strict watch being kept by the two vessels above mentioned, from which signals are made when dredg ing is to commence aid to cease. Fi3hing proper, however, goes on all the year, the ODly restriction, witn the exceptioa ot the fixed distance trom the shore, as already mentioned, being that of mailage, or size of tne meshes of the nets. Meshes wider by the fraction ot an inch only, having been ordered bv the Government to be used and their use continued for a few years, brought the population of Cancala to the verg of starvation, fishes that were entangled before escaping now. In fact, so momentous a question is this one of mailage among a class of Individuals who earn their living from the depths of the sea that candidates for State or municipal offices invariably promise tbe electors to obtain for them the privilege of smaUer meshes for the fishing nets, thai promise, whether earned out or not, being the only safe "card" for securing success. Mailage is the bug-bear of Canotdais. NO 46.