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Millheim Journal. [volume] (Millheim, Pa.) 1876-1984, March 22, 1883, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83008556/1883-03-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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Corurr of JHoin rikl Penn St*. ot
Or $1.25 if not paid in advanc*.
Accjptable Correspoadeoce Solicited.
all letters to
Somebody's Darling.
[The following lines were written in 1864, by
.Mrs. E. G. Sprugue, now of Wyoming, R. 1.,
snd first appeared in the Waver I y Magazine.
iThey were suggested by seeing a young drum-
boy lying dead in Lovell General Hospital,
at Portsmouth Grove, R. I.]
Into a ward of the white-washed halls,
Where the dead and the dying lay
Wounded by bayonet, shells and ball-),
Somebody's darling was borne one day.
Somebody's darling! so young and so brave
Wearing yet oa his pale, sweet face,
Seon to be hid by the dust of the grave,
The lingering light of boyhood's grncor
Matted and damp are the curls of gold,
Kissing the snow of that lair young brow;
Pule are the lips of delicate mold, —
. Somebody's darling is dying now.
Back from the beautiful, blue-veiued brow
Brush all tho wandering waves of gold;
Cross hi 9 hnnils on bis bosom now, —
Somebody's darling is still and cold!
Kiss him once—for somebody's sake;
Murmur a pray ex, soft and low;.
One bright curl from its fair mates take, —
They were somelody's pride you kn6\v.
Somebody's hand hath rested there!
Was it a mother's, soft and white?
And have the lips of a sister dear
Been baptized in those waves of Jighl?
God knows best! he was somebody's love;
Somebody's heart enshrined him there;
Soaebody wafted his name above.
Night and morn, on the wings of prayer.
Somebody wept when he marched away,
Looking so handsome, brave and grand;
Somebody's kiss on his forehead lay;
Somebody clung to his parting hand.
Somebody's waiting ancl watching for him,
Yearning to hold him again to her heart;
And there he lies with his blue eyes dim,
And his smjliiig, childlike lips apart.
Tenderly bury the fair, young dead,
Pausing to drop in his p-.ive a tear;
Carve on the wooden slab at his head,
"Somebody's darling slum'-ers here."
The Country Doctor.
Dr. Hrinsley belongs to the noble
irmy of martyrs and heroes known as
••country doctors." ITe was the sort
of man you could love if you loved
him; otherwise you would probably
dislike him, for he was very peculiar;
everybody said so. Now there are
several ways of being peculiar, and the
doctor's ways were not always pleasant
ways -unless you loved him. His
wife had loved him, and to her he had
seemed the most perfect of men. He
suited her and she suited him, and
they had been very happy. It must
not he supposed that her love had
been of the cooing kind. Perhaps the
doctor would not have enjoyed that..
Darling Hecky rejoiced in making
bright, spicy, impudent remarks to her
husband, ltemarks which made his
big brown eyes sparkle with delight;
then he Would meet her half way, and
they would fight the most interesting
little duels, followed by the most affec
tionate reconciliations. But it was
now three long years since poor Becky
had been resting in her quiet grave
and the doctor's friends had decided
that he needed some one to keep house
for him.
After much persuasion lie had >een
particularly introduced to Miss Delia
Swan. "What a name!" thought the
doctor, but as he looked at her he saw
that she was fair, gentle, healthy and
twenty-six. "A good, sensible age.
must bo neat and orderly," was his
verdict. In a moment of enthusiastic
selfishness he had proposed to her, and
in a moment of enthusiastic devotion
she had accepted him.
They were married. She lived in
his house, she poured out his tea and
coffee, she entertained his friends, and
everybody said: "Oh, how much nicer
Bhe was than that other woman!" She
was very popular with everybody, but
she was not at all popular with the
To him "that other woman" was
Btill all the world and the brightness
thereof. So homeless did he feel in
the presence of this much nicer woman
that his visits to Becky's grave were
the only happy hours of his new life.
After awhile he became more accus
tomed to Delia, and then he began to
give her free and frequent lectures on
Becky. "She" used to say so and so,
she used to do this and that, and as
she'had been right then, she must be
right now and forever, and in every
Delia had married "from a sense of
duty." and deserved to be punished,
but it seemed to her that her punish
ment was greater than she deserved.
She would not have wished that her
husband should forget the wife of his
youth, but she had expected that he
would have some regard for tho
woman whom he had invited to pre
side over his household, and she had
hoped to make him comfortable; to "do
her duty by hira," as she expressed it.
Part of that duty she had performed
in the most admirable manner; never
had the doctor's house been so clean;
never had his shirt bosoms shone with
such luster; but the heart which beat
behind them she had been unable to
Waa it her fault? Had she not tried
to be kind, to be patient, to be meek?
¥w< Mlt m tb th bM
lIK jftiUluiin PORES
DEINTNGER & BUMELLER, Editors and Proprietors.
spoiled it all and shtflacked the sweet
boldness which love alone can give.
She was almost afraid of that un
gracious man, and she was jealous
of Becky, much loved, happy Becky.
At the end of six months of such a
life the doctor noticed that Delia
looked pale and thin. "You need a
little more fresh air," he prescribed,
"and I shall take you out as often
as I can." Not without some in
ward fear, but attired in her very
best, Delia sat in tho buggy by the
side of her lord. It was a balmy
spring afternoon, nature looked so
fresh, so bright, so happy, that a
little of this happiness breathed
itself into Delia's sad heart. The
doctor must also have been touched
by these benign in line noes, for never
before had he been so kind, so at
tentive to lnr, so talkative. She
smiled several times; twice she abso
lutely laughed. She sat a little
nearer to him, her cheeks bloomed
and she was beginning to feel quite
comfortable, when, as luck would
have it, they happened to ride past a
very small cottage, so very small
that Delia said. "Oh, look! I wonder
how people live in such a tiny bit
of a house?"
The doctor's brow grew dark. "In
such a house as this," he said in his
most impressive manner, "in just
such a house as this my wife and -I
lived in the greatest happiness when
we were first married."
Had Delia been suddenly shifted
from India's coral strand to Green
land's icy mountains the shock could
hardly have been greater. "Ilis
wife," she thought, "then if she is
his wife, what am I?" Peculiar
reasoning, perhaps, but Delia knew
very well what she meant. All
that evening she sat silently sewing
.and answering the doctor's remarks
with a primness of dignity that sur
prised him. But he asked no ques
tions and took refuge in thoughts of
the old days when Becky sat in that
same chair, sewing too, but with
such bright, loving looks, such an
interesting way of saying things!
And now, what a difference! What,
in truth, was this woman to him?
Not a wife, not even a companion,
only a housekeeper. And he gazed
at her reflectively. It so happened
that Delia, who had been making
desperate efforts to overcome her
sulky mood, looked up at that mo
ment and caught the full meaning
of the doctor's eyes. Had he slapped
her face she could not have felt it
more, but she gave no sign. With
white fingers that trembled a little
she folded her work and said, "1 am
tired, I will go to my room."
Delia did not sleep much that
night. "I must leave him." she de
cided at last. "I will not live with
him unless lam really his wife. 1
cannot." Leave him; but how"? She
would not go back' to her mother's
house where questions would be
asked which she was determined not
to answer; and besides it was too
near. Where cduld she go? A few
hours afterwards that question was
answered. She received a letter post
marked "Denver, Colorado;" it came
from "dear cousin Mamie," and as
she read her letter Delia's face
brightened; "it is just what I want
ed," she said to herself.
One evening, when the doctor
came home, Bridget met him at the
door and said. "Missus has gone, sir;
she had to go a kind of sudden, but
she said she would write and tell
you." "All right," answered the
doctor. "Gone to her mother's," he
explained to himself. "I suppose
there is some sort of fandango
going on there." He made himself
very comfortable. It was a cool
evening, and he smoked his cigar,
and put his feet on the stove, with
"no one nigh to hinder." But what
the doctor really liked was to be
hindered; he enjoyed watching the
mild shadow of disapproval stealing
over Delia's face; if she had frankly
and briskly expressed her opinion,
then taken it back prettily, he might
have fallen in love with her; but
Delia always relapsed into meekness,
and all was lost. As the days
passed the doctor began to miss his
housekeeper. "Why does she not
write? Cold-blooded creature!"
The cold-blooded creature wrote-
Her letter was dated from Denver. It
DEAR SIR—I thought you would be
happier -without me, so I came here.
lam visiting cousin Mamie. With
best wishes for your happiness, I re
main sincerely,
"A pretty letter —and 'dear sir' to
me! Gone to Denver! Who could
have supposed she had spirit enough
for that? Little goose! Gone to Den
ver, by Jove!"
The dwtsf be bjwed him-
self, he was delighted. The next
evening he was on his way to Colo
rado. That same evening, in far-off,
lovely Denver, Delia and Cousin
Mamie were comparing notes about
their husbands. Delia had been very
cautious and Mamie was enthusiastic
about the doctor. "If he was my hus
band 1 would tlirt with him and make
him fall desperately in love with me,"
she declared.
"Flirt with him!" exclaimed Delia.
"Certainly, it would he all right, and
su interesting! Now, John is so good
natured and always the same, I some
times wish he would bo a little bit
cross, just for a change."
"What a sadly funny world this is,"
thought Delia when she was aionc,
"no one is really contented and
happy." Then she hocume very home
sick; not only did she miss the doctor,
but she also missed herself, she had
always been so prudent, so submissive,
and now she had done such a wild,
wicked thing! Had she not promised
"for better and f<r worse?"
One morning there came a tremen
dous ring at the door. IVdia knew
that ring, she heart! it all over her and
turned pale. "Hound to get in." said
Mamie, as she hurried to the door. "Is
Mrs. Hrinsley in?" asked a big voice.
Mrs. Hrinsley was in. She came
forward smiling, rosy-cheeked, collect
ed and transformed. She held out her
hand; she was glad to see the doctor;
she presented him to Cousjn Mamie.
They sat down. "Where are you
stopping?" asked. Delia. "At the
Windsor." And she became its deeply
Interested in the Windsor as if the
doctor had come expressly for the pur
pose of ending his days there. Hut Dr.
Hrinsley was not altogether defense
less. "I came to see if you would take
a ride with m<'. The carriage is at
the door. Come just as you are."
"Oh!" said Delia. And she went.
The mountains were "perfectly mag
nificent," as Delia remarked, but th#
doctor made quick work of them.
"How soon will you bo ready to
come home?" he asked quietly.
"I don't know. I intended to stay
all summer. I think—l think—"
Hut she could not tell him what she
thought. She was glad he had come;
she wanted to go back with him; she
loved him, now. Hut did he love her?
If he would only be a little more
gentle, more- lover-like. The doctor
was not very gentle; his manner was
clear cut and decided, but—if she
would onlv have looked at him!
"How soon will you come home?" he
repeated. "I want you to come
Then, slowly, she lifted up her eyes
to his. Was this the way he used to
look at Becky? Not quite; no one
should ever see that look again in the
doctor's eyes. But Delia, did not
know that, and it seemed very good to
her to be looked at in this way. "I
will go whenever you like," she
answered at last.
Then the doctor did say something
gentle and lover-like.
They were married already. Let us
hop? "they were happy ever after
Some Strange Beliefs,
The Chinese hill tribes believe that
man has only three souls, and these are
satisfactorily disposed of. Oneappropri
ately and conveniently remains in the
grave, another takes up his position at
the ancestral board, and the third
roams about unrestrained in the spirit
world, and not necessarily upon earth-
Many of the hill women are fond, as
in India, of giving their dead child a
dog, or (by dint of prayers and suppli
cations) the departed spirit of an old
and experienced person as a guide,
that the wanderer may nt miss its
way on the path to the spirit world.
For this reason it was that the Mon.
golians sent slaves to accompany their
dead princes. The Chinese,
have a more humane idea. They be
lieve that since it is likely that the
dead man will be unable to lind his
way safely to the world of spirits, and
may as probably as not stray from the
right path, the kings of the under
world would furnish him with a little
devil to act the part of guide and ser
vant to the newly-disembodied spirit
on its journey. The Boles used to
have a notion of a similar kind, though
they, like the Chinese, did not displaj
it in such an unpleasant way for sur.
vivors. It was their custom to lay
bears' claws in the grave to serve the
dead man as hooks, with the help of
which lie might climb the great glass
mountain. According to the common
notion among the Karens the dead re
new as "plu-pho" in the world of Phi,
under the sovereignty of the greal
King Cootay or Theedo, the occupa
tions which they had followed while
as yet mortals upon earth—a curious
hint at the caste system of the Hin
doos, which has no place with the Ka.
renns while they are alive.—[Corufciy
VUlt to 11 SHro-lyfrln Factory.—A
IMac® Where Men's 1.1 vc. Are In
Con.taut Ihugrr.
Near tho village of Tweed, Canada,
and at the water's edge of Stoco
Lake, is a fair-sized, unpretentious,
Isolated wooden building, the appear
ance of which would cause a stranger
t > inquire why a good building was
erected in such an isolated locality,
and it was so closely guarded, as a
solitary |watchman, day and night the
pear cnccks the steps and in
quires the business of the curious as
they stray near. As the eye passing
upwards reads "Nitre-glycerine fa dory
—very dangerous," in big letters
abovo tho dpor, tho use for which
the building is intended and the
necessity for watchful care n ap
parent. At the door were seen lying
iron casks sheeted inside with lead,
and in these casks are imported the
pure glycerine and mixed acids used
In the factory.
A cask of mixed acid is hoisted by
machinery to the upper story and
dumped into a mixing tub', in which
the mixing blades aro turned by a
man who is stationed in a tight box
and has in front of him a thermometer,
i As the glycerine runs into the acid a
vapor is engendered in which life is
scarcely supportable, hence the man
at the crank is stationed in a close box
The acid and glycerine in their admix
ture rapidly heat, and the compound
has to be toned down by cold water or
ice; hence the greatest watchfulness
is necessary at this point. As the heat
is allowed to run up to 80 degrees, and
nitro-glveerine exphxles at 1)0 degrees,
there remains but 10 degrees of heat
between the men and eternity,or, :is the
manager remarked, if the heat run up
to 90 degrees thev would not have
I •
! time to pucker their mouths to say
i "good-by."
It is needless to say that, while the
work is going on, strangers are never
| allowed to enter the building, as it is
I necessary that every inan should have
his individual attention at such times
upon his work. "Strict rules govern
our men," remarked the manager, "as
tho least venture at experimenting
would leave no one to tell how the ac
cident happened." The uitro-glvcerinc
i thus manufactured has an explosive
force ten times greater th;m that of
blasting powder, and is used or. very
heavy work, but we sell very little in
I that shape, remarket the manager, as
I it is run down a tunnel to the room
' below, where it is manufactured into
dynamite, daulin or vigorite, all" of
which have nitro-glycerine as their
basis, but are known by different
names to designate the degree of power.
As rapidly ;is possible, the nitro-
I glycerine is mixed with charcoal, wood
pulp, or other mixtures, and reduced
j into a.commodity more readily handled;
for although dynamite is understood
to be extremely dangerous to handle, it
is rammed into the cartridges with a
1 stick with as little apparent fear of the
result as would be the case were the
substance so much dirt.
The cartridges are made to hold from
a pound to two pounds each, and are
carefully packed each day and taken
to an isolated magazine owned by the
company. The output of the factory
is about 1000 pounds daily now, but
the owners expect to increase the
capacity to meet the requirements of a
rapidly increasing demand, as this is
the only factory of the kind in Ontario,
and the development of the mines has
rapidly increased the demand, as blast
ing with powder has been ;Umost en
tirely superseded by the use of dynam
ite, which is not only more efficacious
| but safer to handle. The manager re
marked: "I have to pay my men large
salaries, although the work is compara
tively light, as a very slight accident
would put them out of the way of
drawing their salaries. 1 have worked
at the business for the past five years
and own a mill in Algoma as well as
! this one here, but in this business life
l 1
1 is the result of vigilance."—[Manu
i facturer's Gazette.
How These Delicate Optical Delations
Artificial eyes are not of recent in
vention, for the early Egyptians used
many crude specimens, the erblephari
and the hypoblepharia. The former
was formed of a circle of iron which
passing round the head had at one of
its extremities a thin sheet of metal
covered with very fine skin, on which
was painted an eye with eye-lid and
lashes, thus forming a kind of painted
bandage which concealed the cavity of
the lost eye. The latter exhibited
somewhat of a likeness to the method
now adopted, but was made of a
metallic shell something like a walnut
shell on which was painted the iris,
the pupil and the white of the eye,and
was placed in the orbital cavity and kept
in place by the eyelids as is now done.
The great objeotioo to this was the
Are Made.
weight of the metal ana the constant
fixity of the look.
The data of tho introduction of
glass eyes is not recorded, but they
have been found in tho heads of
mummies staring with unearthly
light. In olden days solid glxss eyes
were used, but tho artificial eye of
to-day is of shell-like formation, and
in its construction remarkable nicety
and skill is required.
With the exception of a few small
modifications in detail and finish, tho
manufacture of artificial eyes has not
made any particular steps forward in
the last half century. Each manu
facturer has a secret of his own as to
the combination of the material used
and the mode of applying them.
This secret, which in most cases is
handed down from father to son, is
jenl msly guarded, ami strangers are
rarely permitted to witness any of tlio
processes of manufacture. Tho artifi
cial eye being only a light shell of
enamel without any precise form, since
it has to be suited to the dlTierent sizes
pud shapes of eyeballs, is placed under
the eyelid, and is composed of two
parts; the one exterior, which gives
the colors of the iris, of the sclerotic,|or
white on tho eye, ;u well as the blood
vessels of the healthy eye; tho other,
the interior, which fitting into and
capping the stump, receives movement
from it. The manufacture of artifi
cial eyes- consists in three distinct
operations, as follows;
The artist seats himself at his table
with a lamp or gas jet before him
which is blown by a bellows and blow
pipe, worked by the foot, and gives a
pointed jet of ilame of the strength he
desires. Within reach of his hand are
placed rods of enamel of different
colors. lie begins by taking a hollow
tube of color loss crystal, one of the
extremities of which being soon melted
in the fire of the jet form 3 a ball
when blown. As the color given by
the crystal has no resemblance to that
of the sclerotic, usually called the
white of the eye, his first labor is to
color the ball in such a manner that it
may be of the same hue as the natural
eye. To attain this result, he applies
to the ball, enamel of different colors
which amalgamating with the crystal
in a pasty state, gradually gives it the
desired tint, which differs in each
individual. This tint obtained, be
makes a circular opening in the center
of the ball, destined to receive the
"lobe of the eye. When the hole is
n *
made the ball is put on one side.
The globe is made by first forming the
iris, which is done by the uso of sev
eral amalgamations of enamel accord
ing to requirements of tho case.
Thejiris finished, a spot of black cname
is placed in the center to form tho
pupil, which is then encircled with its
aureola. The infinitely small fibers
found in the iris are then drawn.
The globe when finished is soldered
to the sclerotic by means of the lamp,
after which the artist rectifies any
small imperfections which he may
observe, and it only remains to pare
the ball in order to obtain a shell,
which, rounded at tho edges, may
perfectly resemble the living eye with
which it is to be placed, not only in
form but also in color. The enameled
surface of a well-made eye is really
lovely, and when even closely exam
ined it lias every appearance of the
natural, eye both in brilliancy, depth,
and light.
Prices vary from sls to SSO, accord
ing to circumstances, although all are
equally well finished.
A felicity that costs pain gives dou
ble content.
Money is well sj>ent in purchasing
tranquility of mind.
There is no deeper law of nature
than that of change.
Indolence is the rust of the mind and
the inlet of every vice.
A passionate woman's love is always
overshadowed by het fear.
"Wrong none by doing injuries, or
omitting the benefits that are your
Time should never be squandered.
Every man should have a noble, worthy
aim in life.
There will always be something that
we shall wish to have finished, and be,
nevertheless, unwilling to begin.
A good man will be doing good
wheresoever he is. His trade is a
compound of charity and justice.
Foolishness places itself in the fore
most rank to be observed; intelligence
stands in the hindmost to observe.
There is always hope in a man that
actually and earnestly works. In idle
ness alone is there perpetual despair.
If you wish to appear agreeable in
society, you must consent to be taught
many things which you know al
Terms, SI.OO Per Year in^Ldvanoe.
Ike .Mining Prospector.
The genus prospector, a man of
medium hight, a rather lightly but
firmly-knit frame, age anywhere be
tween twenty-live and thirty-flve, a
tine face, gentle but firm, bronzed with
exposure to many a fierce storm, stamp
ed with the unmistakable expression
impressed on the features of those who,
day after day, stand fare to face with
danger and death, a face that a girl in
distress will turn to without hesitation;
that a rowdy will turn from with fea
and hatred. J lis first movement be
trays the frontiersman. A rapid pierc
ing glance around the park, neither
human foe nor edible game being in
sight, his next glance is to the sky.
Apparently satisfied with the inspec
tion. his first care is to tend to his jack-
or "burro," to use the mountain phrase;
then having liberated the burro with a
drag on the end of his roj>e which will
effectually prevent his straying from
that park, he turns to his tire, blows it
into a blaze, puts on his coffee pot to
loil, and then to his toilet. Three
inches of comb, two square ineleso'
looking glass, a coarse towel, a piece of
yellow soap, a tooth brush, anil the
toilet table is furnished. Now follow
him to the dressing-room; a dozen steps
down the creek takes him to where a
little dam has formed a crystal pool.
Down on the moss-covered rocks goes
the broad white hat, the collar of the
blue flannel shirt is rolled back disclos
ing the neck and chest of an athlete.
()!i how cold, how refreshing, how in
vigorating the water is, fresh from the
nnow above. The toilet is finished,
breakfast is the next consideration.
The coffee lia\ ing boiled is placed on
one side to settle; the bacon fried, the
batter for a pile of "slap-jacks" beaten
up, he fries one of the abominations
throwing it into the air and catching
it on the reversed side with the precis
ion of an old timer, and now he plunges
into the tent and emerges with lae
"chuck box," or in English, "mess
chest," into the innermost recesses of
which he dives, and from the conglom
eration of cartridges, buckskin thongs,
steel traps, needles and threat. sailorV
palm, mineral specimens, thri • or four
letters, a book very torn and dirty, e
pair of Mexican spurs, odds and ends
of string, etc., etc., produces a small
canvass sack of salt, ditto of sugar, a
half gallon can of syrup, and breakfast
is ready and the table is set. To dis
patch the meal takes but a little while-
Short as the time is, however, it is not
wasted, for observe the upturned face,
the eager searching glance, peak after
peak is scanned, formation, color noted t
until apparently satisfied with the in
spection. The meal is finished, plate
and cup wash ml and put away; the
morning pipe is lit and smoked while he
goes through his pockets to see if his
outfit is complete, matches, compass
knife, magnifying glass, all safe.
Catching up the burro and picketing
him on fresh grass finishes the morn
ing chores and we are ren ly for the
day's work.
There is a story of a candidate for a
Yorkshire borough addressing the elec
tors in flattering terms, and telling
them that for "the hope of being their
representative he had given up valua
ble prospects in India, and travelled
many hundreds of miles." "What a
jolly fool you must be," was the un
sympathetic remark of oneof the crowd.
The spe; k r had, in fact, returned tc
England because his prospects in India
had proved delusive. Exaggeraters of
th : s class have been held up to deri
sion for centuries. Ln.ndo (sixteenth
century) tells of an Italian ecclesiastic
who was so given to drawing the long
bow that his friends openly derided
his tales. He at last hired a simple
country lad, whose whole duty it was
to stand behind his master's chair and
corroborate his anecdotes. The boy
did his work for a time; but at length
his employer ventured on a tale so
amazing that the honest servant start
led the company by exclaiming, "Nay,
master, take back my livery ; I cannot
swear to that" Epitaphs offer a very
usual field for exaggeration. Few
imitate the sensible conciseness of an
inscription in a Hampshire church,
where the survivor merely adds, after
the name of the deceased,"To those who
knew him a narration of his virtues
would be needless; to those who knew
him not it would be tedious"—a fact
too often lost sight of by the writers
of monumental inscriptions.
Facts themselves may bo presented
in a light which exaggerates them to
the listener. Boswell once praised the
profuse hospitality of a gentleman
who "never entertained less chan a
thousand in the course of a year.
That is to say, about three persons
dined with him daily." Both "ways of
putting it'* were true, but they convey
ed widely different gleanings.— Lov*.
(fori Q# fa
NO. 12.
If subscriber* order the discontinuation of
newspapers, the publishers may continue to
send them until ell awearniros are i#iid.
If subsccibom refuse or neglect to take their
newspapers from the office to which they are
sent, they are hold responsible. until they
have settled the bills and ordered them dis
If sntmcribers move to other places,with
out informing the publisher, and the news
papers are sent to the former plate flf resi
dence, they are then responsible.
I wk, 1 mo. | Srant. 1 A not. f J y* r
I sqnara fl 00 $ 300 j $ 3 (X) * * (\) 6 CO
it column 300 4AO ! SOO I 10 00 ( 16 (10
S column 600 8 00! 13 00 ! 30 00 1 36 00
' tßl,n " •<* 13 00 | 30 001 36 00-j ) (J0
I'm Inch mikH i iqntn. Administrator* anil Ki
••■tor*' Notice* ft 60. Transient adrartiMmanta and
locals 10 aaata par lias for first insartion and 6 cants par
Una for aaefc additional isaartion.
Peculiarities of Mexicans.
Among all classes there is too much
Df the idle "rest and be thankful" spirit.
Nature has been bountiful; the nec
essaries of life are easily secured; the
need of. exertion is minimized; a few
beans or a handful of corn, a little fat,
and some chillies will form the unvary
ing diet for weeks. But all are in
veterate gamblers. Although some
times too lazy or improvident to provide
even comfortable food, they will sit for
hours over cards or dice, and in their
infatuation pawn everything on which
they can raise money. In selling
their chillies, their eggs, poultry, or
other produce, they seldom have any
fixed price; their demands are mainly
graduated by the app;rrent capacity or
generosity of the purchaser. Contract
ing to supply milk, for example, to the
railroad construction gangs, after ar
ranging for a very ample remuneration,
and going on for one, perhaps two,
weeks, they will complain that their
cows are doing badly, get a few extra
cents per gallon, and perhaps a week
later make a similar stand for a further
advance. The mercantile classes in
the towns, although thev seldom have
much capital, are tolerably straitfor
ward, endeavoring to meet their en
gagements, and have a wholesome
horror of a protested bilk Every vil
lage celebrates, at least once a year, its
tirsta, where dancing, an extra amount
of gambling, cock fighting, and some
times bull-baiting are the entertain
ments, and where the liberal eonsump_
tion of cheap intoxicants bring business
into the Court of Elcaldi or Justice of
Peace. The Mexicans are generally
more pusillanimous aid superstitious
than the Indians. Secret societies
exercise a good deal of authority.
Both in Old and Xew Mexico the
Penitatcs count their numbers by
thousands, and enjo'n among their
votaries fasting and humiliation, from
which, however, exemption is freely
accorded on payment of certain doles.
On occasions, self-flagellation and
stripes inflicted by brother devotees
are proceeded with until the infatuat
ed victims are covered with blood.
For several hundred yards along a
path thickly strewn with prickly
cactus, others go on hands and knees
to prostrate themselves before the
cross. Bearing a cross weighing
several hundred pounds, with arms
outstretched and secured, others toil
for miles, usually to some sacred chapel
or almost inaccessible mountain top.
When the poor enthusiast, fainting
under his burden, is about to drop, at
tendants place their shoulders under
the arms of the cross, and afford a
temporary support These perform
ances shatter yearly the health of
weakly devotees, and kill some.—
London Times.
Diseases From Bad Teeth.
It appears not to be generally under
stood even among the cultivated
people, although the fact has been
dwelt upon with emphasis by the best
medical authorities, that the presence
of carious, crowded, or asymmetrical
teeth in the human month is the pro
genitor of a long train of nervous dis
eases, comprising not only facial
neuralgia and its concomitant troubles,
but diseases of the ear, inflammatory as
well as functional, eventuating often
in partial loss of hearing, defects of
vision, nas opharyngeal catarrh, and
other tor.uenting maladies. One of
our acutest and most successful spec
ialist in the treatment of nervous dis
eases has become so fully convinced by
long experience of the part played by
defective teeth in the development, not
of neuralgia only, but even of the
more obscure neuroses, that he always
insists, as a condition precedent to the
acceptance of the case, that a thorough
examination of the cavity of the mouth
shall be undertaken by a competent
dentist, for, he says, not only may a
single diseased tooth result in persist
ent nervous disturbance, but disease
of the brain, decay or perversion of the
mental faculties, even epilepsy and
tetanic spasms often have their start
ing-point in dental imtations ; and he
has observed cases in which, while lay
ing the foundation for a long train of
nervous troubles, the irritated organ
itself gave no sign, either by local pain
or vague discontent, of the agency it
was constantly exerting to produce
serious disturbance at some distant
point. In common Avith the most
aural surgeons, a distinguished special
ist, of this city, lias long since adopted
the practice of examining the teeth of
every patient brought to him for treat
ment of ear trouble, particularly of
partial deafness and general irritation
of the organ; and, speaking the other
day of the large number of pupils from
the public schools who attended the
public aural clinics at the hospital with
which he is connected, "it is rare," he
saia, "to find a single patient in whose
case dental irritation is not to be con
sidered among the prominent causativfi
fwtorfc'WfeMi York Titm,
■ 'V- ~

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