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|)LTJMR. XV.—No. 89 IATEST NEWS! FROM ■HE SEAT OF WAR. yOOMTEREY BrHEAT BATTLE! I FIVE HUNDRED AMERICANS ■ KILLED AND WOUNDED!! ■•BSATH OF COL. WM. H. WATSONI HESPEIIATE FIGHTING—CAFITUDA ■ TIONOF THE MEXICAN ARMY. ■ The steamer "James L. Day" arrived at j lew Orleans on the 4th inst. with the glorious ! Iws that Monterey has capitulated after three j of desperate fighting. Capt. Eaton, one ' the aids to Gen. Taylor, arrived in the Day, j -glaring despatches for Washington. He loft on the 25th ult. H Although the intelligence is glorious, de- the invincibility of the American it shows that the victory has been won at immense sacrifice of life. No less than two Americans wounded, and threo hun- slain on the field of battle, and among our respected and patriotic fellow-towris- Col. Win. H. Watson, commander of the ; volunteeis, with a largo number of: distinguished officers and gallant privates volunteers. We have full and minute particulars of the , in the New Orleans Picayune, extra, Hrom which we copy the fallowing: HI.ISTY MOVEMENTS OF THE OPE. ■ RATIONS OF THE AMERICAN ARMY H BEFORE MONTEREY, IN MEXICO, SI FROM TIIE 10th TO !40th SEPT. H On the 19th General Taylor arrived before with a force of about 6000 men, and reconnoitering the city at about 1500 or yards from the Cathedral fort, during he was fired upon from its batteries, his forco was encamped at the Walnut Springs, three miles short of the city. This v. .lie nearest position at which the army could obtain a supply of water, and bo beyond the reach of the enemies batteries. Tho remainder of the 19th was occupied by the engineers in making reconnoisances of the city, batteries and com manding heights. OB the 20th Gen. Worth was orderedjwith his division to move by a cir cuitous route to the right, to gain upon Saltillo road beyond the west of tho town and to storm the heights above the Bishop's Palace, which vital point the enemy i ppoar to have strangely neglected. Circumstances caused his halt on tho*night of the 20th, short of the intended po sition. On tho morning of the 21st he continu ed his route, and after an encounter with a large body of the enemy's cavalry and infantry, supported by artillery from the heights, ho re pulsed them with loss, and finally encamped, covering tho passage of tho Saltillo road. It was here discovered, that besides the fort at tho Bishop's Palace and the occupation of the heights above it, two forts on commanding eminences, on the opposite side of the San Juan, had been fortified and occupied. Tho two lat ter heights were then stormed and carried—tho guns of the last fort carried being immediately turned with a plunging firo upon the Bishop's Palace. On this same morning [the 21st] the Ist Division of regular troops, under General Twiggs, and the Volunteer Division under General Butler, were ordered under arms to make a diversion to the left of tho town, in la vor of the important operations of Gen. Worth. Tho 10 inch mortar and the two 14 pounder howitzers, had been put in battery the night ot tho 20ih, in a ravine 1400 hundred yards dis tant from the Cathedral tort or Citadel, and were supported by the 4th Regiment of Infant ry. At 8 A.M. on the 21st the order was given for this battery to open upon the citadel and town, and immediately after the Ist Divi sion, with the 3d and 4th lntantry in advance, under Col. Garland, were ordered to reconnoitre and skirmish with the enemy on the extreme left of the city, and should prospoet success of fer, to carry the most advanced battery. This attack was directed by Maj. Mansfield, Engineer, Capt. Williams, Topographical En gineer, and Maj. .Kinney, Q. M. to the Texas Division. A heavy fire from the first battery was immediately opened upon the advance, but the troops soon turned it, entering and engaging with the enemy in the streets of the city, hav ing passed through an inceesant cross firo from the Citadel and the first and second batteries, and from the infantry who lined the parapets, streets and house tups of the city. The rear of tho Ist battery was soon turned, and the re verge fire of the troops through tho gorge of the works, killed or dislodged the artillerists and in fantry from it, and the building occupied by in fantry immediately in its rear. The Ist Divis ion was followed and supported by the Missis sippi and Tennessee and Ist Ohio Regiments, the two former regiments being the first to scale and occupy the fort. The success of tho day here stopped. The Mississippi, Tennessee, and Ohio Regiments, though warmly engaged in the streets of the city for some time after tho eaptureoftha Ist battery arid its adjoining de fences, were unable from exhaustion and the loss they had suffered, to gain more advantage. A heavy shower of ram also came up to cause a suspension ol hostilities before the close ol the day. The 3d, 4lh, and Ist Infantry and the Baltimore Battalion, remained as the gairison of the captured position, under Col. Garland, assisted by Capt. Ridgeiy's battery. Two 12 pounders, one 4 pounder, and 1 howitzer, were captured in this i'ort, three officers and some 20 or 30 men taken prisoners. One of the 12 pounders was served against the 2d fort and de fences, with captured ammunition, during the remainder of tno day, by Capt. Ridgely. The storming parties of Gen. Worth's Division also captured two nine pounders, which were also ! immediately turned againßt their former own ers. On the morning of the 22d, General Worth continued his operations, and portions of his division stormed and carried successively the heights above the Bishop's Palace. Both were carried by a command under Capt. Vinton, 3d axtillery. Iu these operations the company of PRINTED AND PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, UY lIUL.L. &. TUrTI.E, No. IM BALTIMOUE STREET, BAI/l'imOMK, Mil Louisiana troops, under Capt. Blanchard per formed efficient and gallant service as part ol Capt. Vinton's command. Four pieces of'artil lery, with a good supply of ammunition, were captured in the Bishop's Palace this day, some of which were immediately turned upon the enemy's defences in the city. On the evening of the 22d, Col. Garland and his command were relieved as the garrison of the captured forts by Gen. Quitman with the Mississippi and Tennesssee Regiments, and five companies ol the Kentucky Regiment. Early on the mowing of the 23d, Gen. Quit man, from his position, discovered that the se cond and third lorts and defences east of the ci ty had lioen entirely abandoned by the enemy, who apprehending another assault on the night ol the 22d, hud retired from all his defences to the main plaza and its immediate vicinity. A command of two companies of Mississippi and two of Tennessee troops were then thrown into the streets to reconnoitre, and soon became holly engaged with the enemy, these were soon supported by Col. Wood's regiment of Texas Rangers, dismounted by Bragg's Light Buttery and the 3d Infantry; the enemy's fire was con slant and uninterrupted from the streets, house tops, barricades, &e. &c., in the vicinity of the plaza. The pieces of Bragg's battery were al so used with much effect far into the heart of the city—this engagement lasted the best part oftheday.our troops having driven the scat tered parties of the enemy, and penetrated quite to the defences of the mailt plaza. The advantage thus gained, it was not considered necessary to hold, as the enemy had perma nently abandoned the city and its defences ex cept the main plaza, its immediate vicinity and the Cathedral fort or Citadel. Early in the af ternoon (same day) General Worth assaulted from the Bishop's Palace, the west side of the city, and succeeded in driving tho enemy and maintaining his position within a short distance of the main plaza on that side of tire city; to wards evening the mortar had also been plant ed in the Cemetery enclosure, and during tire night did great execution in the circumscribed camp of the enemy in the plaza—thus ended the operations of the 23d. Early on the morning of tho 24th a commu nication was sent to Gam Taylor, from Gen. Arnpudia, under a flag, making an offer of ea p tulation, to which the former refused to ac cede, as it asked more than tho American com mander would under any circumstances grant; at the same time a demand to surrender was in reply made upon Gen. Arnpudia—l2 M. was the hour at which the acceptance or non-accep tance was to be communicated to the American General. At 11 A. M. the Mexican General sort, requesting a personal conference with Gen. Taylor, which was granted; the principal officers of rank on either side accompanying their Generals. After several offers m relation to the capitulation of the city tn.ide on either side and refused, at half-past 4 P. M , General Taylor arose and saying he would give Gen. Arnpudia one hour to consider and accept or refuse, left the conference with his officers—at the expiration of the hour, the discharge of the mortar was to be the signal for the recommence ment of hostilities. Belbte the expiration of the hour, however, an officer was sent on the part of Gen. Arnpudia, to inform the American General that to avoid the further effusion of blood, and the national honcr being satisfied by the exertions of the Mexican troops, he had, af ter consultation with his general officers, decid ed to capitulate, accepting the offer of the Ame rican General. Tho terms of capitulation were in effect as follows: Th.at the officers should be allowed to march out with their side arms. That the Cavalry and Infantry should be al lowed to march out with their arms arid accou trements. That the Artillery should be allowed to march out with one battery of six pieces and twenty one rounds of ammunition. That all other munitions of war and supplies should be turned over to a beard of American officers appointed to receive them. That the Mexican Army should be allowed seven days to evacuate the city, and that the American troops should not occupy rt until evacuated. That tho Cathedral, Fort or Cathedral should bo evacuated at 10 A. M. next day (25t1i,) tire Mexicans then marching out anc the American garrison marching in. The Mexicans allowed to salute their flag wher hauled down. That there should be an armistice of cigh weeks, during which time neither army shouk pass a line running from Rinconuda througl Linares and San Fernando. This lenient offer of' tho American Genera was dictated with the concurrence of his Gen erals and by motives of good policy arid con sideratioh for the good defence of their city bj the Mexican army. KlLLED— Capt.Williams, Topographical Fngineers Lieut. Terrett, Ist iritantiy; Oapt. L, N. Morris, 3r do ; Capt. Field, 3d do; Major Barbour, 3d do; Lieut Irwin, 3d do; Lieut. Ilazilt, 3d do; Lieut. Hoskine 4tli do; Lieut Woods, 4th do; Ca,it. McKavelt, Blt do; Col. Wawon, Baltimore battalion; Captain Bat tleui, Ist Tennessee Reciment; Lieut. Putnam, Is do do; a Lieutenant in a German Company. WOUNDED— Maj, Lear, 3d Infantry, severely; Capt Bainbritge, 3d do., very slightly; Lieut. It. 11' Gra ham, <Hh dir., severely; Capt. Lunette Isulo, sliglitlj Lieut. Dilwortii, Ist do., several; ; .Viai .tn rerombe Ist do , r lightly; Lieut. Wainwriglit. H.h <: . slightly Lieut. Russell, sth do., slightly; Lieut oner 7h do sliehtiy; Major Mannsfield, Bngii e* - li.'stly; Gen Butler, Volunteer Division sliglury Go <> .c Mncliell Ohio Volunteers, slightly; Col. id c lung, iVltstlssipp Regiment, seveiely, Maj. Alexn e r, Ti unes-ee Vol unteers, Lieut Alien, do. do; Lie* t. St'oiider, do. do, Lieut Nixon, do,do ; Capt. Dow r, Mississippi Kegi meni; Lieut. Thomas, Tex is It gum-n ; LIPID Arm stromr,Ohio Regiment, severely; <; a '.to Gil.'i-pie Texas Rangers, mortally wounded euu co. i The Picayune has a variety ot nlereetirq letters from Monterey, which ve r. gut ou space compels us to curtail. One i.uit ti thi 25th ult. says: "I omitted to state in my lebirs tout thi Mexicans had seven thousand regulars and lie tween three und four thousand runcheru .< tin city. Their killed and wounded was mil computed with ours—their legs and walls pro tecting them." Again ho says: "Capt. Bragg's battery w . terribly cut up—lie lost twenty horses lan told he behaved nobly. His orderly sergeant Waitmun, was killed. R'dgely bail three lint horses killed—no men. The niagoons had or chance to fight, hut were very .cive a- scouts etc." Another letter dated Sept. 18th, says: "When within about four miles of the city we heard a brisk cannonading in that direction Monday" morning, October 12, 1846 On arriving here we learned that Gen. Tay lor, with a detachment of dragoons and the Texan Rangers,advanced within few hundred yarns of the city, when the enemy opened up on tliein with twelve pounders. The first ball came within about ten yards of the Gene ral. Some twenty-live or thii ty shot were fired at the Dragoons and Rangers, passing through their lines, hut hurling neither man nor horse A picket of two hundred Mexican Cavalry ap peared on the plain when our advance first approached, and after firing a volley or two with their escopottcs, retired into the city " CAMP NEAR MONTEREY, Sept. 24, 1816. On the 21st, 22d, and 2tld, there was some hard fighting here, and many poor fellows have suffered by it. Rut 1 think it may safely be said that the town is in Gen. Taylor's power. The place was much more strongly fortified than General Taylor had any idea of, and the Mexicans defended their works with skill and determination. This morning Col. Monroe, the Adj't. Gene ral of the Mexican army, came into camp with a proposition from Gen. Atnpudia to evacuate the town, he and his army to march out and to return in the interior. This Gen. Taylor de clined, and insisted upon Ampudia and his offi cers becoming prisoners of war, the men to be disbanded and dispersed with a stipulation not to serve against us during the war, the Gene ral and officers to remain in custody until dis posed of by order of our government. The parties have been negotiating all day, and if ihey do not agree, there will be some hard fighting, as the place cannot hold out lonir. Although we gain the place and victory, it has tost us dear. The caraage on our side is great, and proba bly more so than that of the Mexicans. As .hat we do not know, as they fought nndercov }T all the time. Gen. Worth has distinguished himself as a gallant soidier and skilful couiman :ler. Gen. Taylor gave him a fair chuhce, and he lias nobly availed hiniselt'of it. His division, ivith Hay's regiment of Texas Volunteers have rained more ground and carried more points ihan all the rest of the army, and with very lil :le loss; up to yestrrday, 6 P. M , it is only five killed and twenty-eight wounded. The loss on aur side will bo no less than five bundled kil led, wounded and prisoners. BRAZOS SANTIAGO, Sept. 29, 1 546. Gen. Taylor's Army arrived before Monte rey on the 19th, and Ibund the enemy oecupy ng the place in force. Our army commenced lie attack on the 21st and continued it for throe lays. On the morning of the 2 till Gen. Am nudia offered to capitulate, which was granted by Gen. Taylor. Seven days were allowed to the Mexicans to svacuate and an armistice of eight weeks. The troops of neither army ure to pass a line run ning from the Riconado througc Linares and San Fernando. Gen. Ampudia acknowledged 1000 as the number of his troops, but it probably amounted to fully 11,000. Our loss is severe. The Ist 3d and 4ih Infantry Buffered, with the Tennes see Volunteers on the 21st under tf.e eye o Gon Taylor. Gen. Taylor escaped unhurt but was greatly exposed, his horse was wound ud. Our killed and wounded will amount to 600 Gen. Worth, with his battalion and Hays command, had an action some distance thissidi of Monterey with a considerable Mexican Com and dispersed them in a short time. Col. Hay< killed a lieutenant colonel o< the Mexican army single handed. How many were killed or wounded in the battle I did not learn. Some volunteers on their wav from Micr ti join tho army were attacked by a large body o Mexican troops and killed and shockingly mu tilated, MONTEREY, Mexico, Sept, 25, 1846. Gentlemen: The city has capitulated on tin following terms—The Mexican soldiers shal be permitted to march cut of town with theii small arms and s x small field pieces, leaving their munitions of war behind, wnli all their ar tillery and public stores. They are to retire te Linares, sixty miles hence, and and about thir ty miles north of Saltilo, and are not to ap proach nearer than that to this place witlnr sixty days, or until each party can hear from its respective government. Ampudia kept Gon Taylor until netily midnight last night, pre paring the terms, etc. Many pel sons, particu larly the Texan volunteers who fought so bravely, are displeased at these terms. The town was all but in our hands, and they be lieved could have been taken in three hours. I believe that it would have required much more hard fighting to have taken it, but this was not the question with Gen. Taylor. He and all his officers knew perfectly well, ol course, that tho town could soon be taken, but he wanted no prisoners to take up Ins lime and eat his substance, but ho did have an object in view which will bo reached by the torms of this capitulation, and that object will lead to a result most beneficial to our government, un der whose advices Gen. Taylor acted in agree ing to these terms. Maj. Mansfield, of the Engineers, reconnoi tered the enemy's works on the night of 19th, but could obtain no veiy accurate information, although he approached very near to some of them on tho heights. On the 20th Lieut. Scarritt and Lieut. Pope wera sent out to re connoitre the works; Scarritt on the right and Pope on the left of the town. The lattlr ap proached end discovered the position of a bat tery on the extreme left, and was exposed to a fire of cannon and musketry from Lancers, from which, alter finishing his observations, he re tired in safety. On the night of the 20th the mortar and howitzer batteries were placed in a position to play on the strong holds around the citadel. The action commenced on tho morn ing of the 21st, by iho opening of these two batteries. Col. Garland's Brigade were order ed to move to the left for the purpose of storm ing the battery discovered by Lieut. Pope the day before, and to occupy, if possible, the lower part of the city. Maj. Mansfield, Capt. Wil liams and Lieut. Pope were ordercdin advance to select the most available point of attack, and to direct the movements of the column upon it. Three companies were thrown (brw ard as skir mishers and advanced rapidly towards the works, fallowed by tho Brigade in line of battle under a cross fire of artillery from the citadel and Ibrt, and a heavy lire of muskeUy. The column clurgod into a street about 200 yards to the right of the battery, passed the works en tirely, and effected an entrance to tbo town.— After advancing rapidly about 400 yards be- J yond the battery, they came immediately in I front of a masked battery of artillary, which j swept the street completely l>y its range. Tlio barricades of the streets at sixty yards distance from head of the column, were lined with Mexican troops, who entirely covered themselves, opened a murderous discharge ol grane and musketry upon tiro advancing co ! lunrn. Every house in the street was pierced j lor musketry and enfiladed the street in every | direction. Under this fire the following offi- I cers were killed or mortally wounded: Major I Harbor, 3d Infantry, by grape shot; Cap tain Williams, Topographical Engiricrs, shot i through the body by musket bull, fell in the | street and was dragged into the doorway of a | house by Lieut. Pope, amidst a shower of halls I that covered liirn with dust. The gallantry of j this young officer, now in Iris first battle, is I spoken in admiration by the army. Captain - Williams died the next day and was buued with the honors of war by tho Mexican troops | into whose hands he had fallen. Lieut. Ter rell, Ist Infantry shot through the body, died ! the next day. WOUNDED —Major Mansfield, ball through calf of the leg. This brave officer would not ! leave on account of his wound, but rode about j behaving gloriously. Major Lear dangerously i wounded in llie mouth, tho ball passing out at J the hack of Ida head. Major Abercrotnbio, Ist j Infantry, and Lt. it. Graham, 4th do. sevorcly wounded, the latter in bollr legs and body, hot i will probal ly recover. A great number of men | killed and wounded—number not known. Heing reinforced, a second charge was made : under Gen. Hutlur, hut owing to the tremen | dons fire of musketry arid grape from tho burri ! cades and stone houses, likewise proved irieffec l tual. The troops were then ordered by Gen. Taylor to retire in good order and get under cover from the enemy's fire, which was hand j somely executed. 1 The following officers were killed or motally ; wounded (since died) in tho second charge:— Col. Watson, of the Halliinore Battalion; Capt. i L N. Morris, 3d Infantry; Lieut. D. lrwin,3d Infantry; Lieut. 11. iluzlilt, 4th Infantry.— Three officers were killed in the first charge which 1 did not include in that list, viz: Lieut. | lloskins, 3d Infantry; Lieut. J. S. Woods, 4tli Infantry; Capt. Field, 3d Infantry. Wounded— Major General lJutlor, slightly, through calf of tiie leg; Col. Mitchell in the : leg; Capt. Lainotte, Ist Infantry, slightly; Lieut. Dihvoilh, Ist Infantry, leg shot off. ; During the engagement in town of Garland's | Brigade, the (bits that wcro passed on the loft ; ui entering the town, were gallantly carried by ; tho Tennessee and Mississippi regiments ! Lieut. Col. McCiung, of the Missis ippi regr j ment, was dangerously wounded. These regi ments sustained a great loss of killed and wounded. Several pieces of artillery were captured. I The forts that were taken were occupied by | Ridgely's Light Artillery company, who turned j the captured pieces against the Mexican works, i aiui the cannonade was kept up the rest of the i*' On the night of the 22d the enemy abandon doned the two works which had proved so do ' structive to tho 3d and 4th Infantry, and they j were occupied early next morning, by the Mis- I sissippi and Tennesson legimonts under Gen. , I Quitman. About 8 o'clock, same morning, i these two regiments advanced on tho town, and : a sharp engagement commenced. These regi , ] meats were supported by a body of Texan Raii- II gers, (dismounted for the occasion,) under Gen. j Henderson, and hy tho 3d regiment of Infantry. Tbe fight was kept up until 4 o'clock, I'. M. j during which time our troops drove tho enomv : from house to house, almost to the main plaza. The loss of life on our sidu wai not severe during this day. On the morning of the 2411 i ; a flag of truce was sunt in, wince icsulted in ; the capitulation of the town. NEW DIVISIONS Tiiree new Divisions of j the Sons of Temperance have been instituted iin Delaware, within a few weeks. One at I Camden, one at Milton, and one at Mount Pleasant. A TIMELY ENUCIRT. At a trial beforo a : justice in Vtdt Paclie, Louisiana, the justice, ' alter the case was submitted, asked whether j any of the jury could read or wnto. It was proved, on examination, that not one could read or write. 1 DECEASED. WO notice with regret, the . death, at Cincinnati, of Mrs. Short, a daughter I ofthe late President Harrison. The Philadel | phia papers announco the death of Prof. Win. ' J. Walter. ; To BE HUNG. The colored man, Charles I Thomas, who murdered Henry Ford some | time since, has been convictod of murder in j tho first degree, in New York. Ho is to be I hung. NEW CHURCH. The corner stone of a new Methodist Episcopal Church was laid, on the 30th ult., near Principio Iron Works, Cecil co. (Md.,) by Bishop Watigh, assisted by the Rev. , Dr. Kennedy, of Wilmington, (Del.) ] DEATH OF AN OFFICER. Henry L. Cliip ; man, late a Lieutenant in the Navy, died at Washington on Friday evening. INDICTMENT FOR EMBEZZLING. Tho grand jury of Nantucket, Mass., has found a bill of indictment against the Hon. Barker Ilurnell for embezzling $lOO,OOO from the Bank of that place. MAINE. Tho Boston Atlas says that the Maine legislature, so far, stands 51 whigs to 48 democrats, with a largo number of vacan cies to bo filled. ATTORNEY GENERAL. It is rumored that the President lias tendered the appointment of At torney General of the U. States fo tho Hon. Nathan Clifford, of Maine. NEW YORK. The Native candidate for Go vernor, in New York, is Judge Ogden Ed. wards, of King's eo. BUCKWHEAT. New buckwheat is selling in New York for >4 50 per bushel. ITEHESTIo FROM MEXK O. 1 ho Union contain?some interesting intelli gence from Mexico, received by the recent ar rival at New Orleans. Tlio following is nn extract of a letter from a reliable source, under date of Vera Crux, Sept. 13th: "The government of Mexico is said to be without a dollar in the Treasury; nor have I nearu of Us having- adopted any means to ob lam lunds Ibr prosecuting the war. Arnpudia, 1 1 was believed, would ho at Monterey on the Uih of August, with 3,000 men. "A report was prevalent in Mexico on tlio 3d inslan l, that Santa Anna liad given orders lor the Mexican forces at Monterey, and other places ir. that quarter, to lit!) hack on Sin Luis t otosi, and that he would meet them with 30 - 000 men. " I lie plan of the Cilldadcla, as it is termed seems to have been accepted by the military and civil authorities throughout the country, with great unanimity, and apparently the ope rations of government are going on without difficulty. "From private sources, however, entitled to some degree of credit, 1 ham that a great por tion of the people, amongst thorn men of influ ence, are opposed to San'a Anna, and place no confidence it. his promises. It ir evident he apprehends more serious opposition than he at first expected, from his delay in going to Mex ico. lie was still at his country seat of El En cerro, on the Bth instant, where it was believed lie would remain until the meeting of Con gress, or until his party gained a decided pre ponderance. lam of opinion iiis proscnco will add greatly to the embariassment of the coun try, embitter tho feelings of parties, and finally load to a civil war " Letters from Mexico, of recent date, mention the arrival of the ' Congress," and the depar ture oi Commodore Sloat from Mazatlan for the United States. I lie province of \ ueatan manifests some dis position to surrender her' independence, and to throw horsolfonce more into thearms of Mexi co, undor tlio uilo of Santa Anna. I he Diario, or the official paper of the Mex ican government, of the Ist of September, pub lishes tlio following: "Rrctivtdal the Last Uuur. Tlio supreme government lias received, by express, commu nications from Gen. Don Pedro Arnpudia, dat ed the ~6ili ultimo (August.) They slate that ho would reach Saltilo on the 27th, with tho brigade under his command. A part, but riot the whole, of tho enemy's army had moved from Camargo; of two thousand four hundred men who hod left that town, four hundred hud arrived at China, and two thousand were still between Camargo and China, three thousand more having remained in Camargo. General Anipud.a was preparing ta defend Montery, where at present, and without counting the re infureement to arrive, there were more than four thousand men, full of the greatest enthusi asm; so that the nation may expect tho most , lldttering results." t The following is tho editorial of the Diario of ffeptember 2d: "The existing supreme governineiit.hoingde termined not to swerve in any degree from the national will, has deferred replying to the pro position made by tho government of tho United States to come to a negotiation upon the ques tions pending between the two countries, until the nation itself, assembled in Congress,through its representatives, shall decide a matter so im portant, without consenting in any manner to waive a discussion of tho causes of the war, on the pretence that they should be considered merely as past cv nts belonging to history, and announced thai, until tho Congress shall duler liliiin the relations of Mexico with tho republic of the United S.ates, they will continue to lie sin ,i as the present executive found them on taking charge „f the administration. "In conformity with these manifestations, the executive is incessantly occupied in endea voring, by all possible means, to place tho re public on a reasonable footing i f defence, as wi I be seen by tho deere-s insucd by ihesecrc taiy of war, which he published under theolli cial head, in our paper of to-day, and which arc circulated under this head." The decrees referred to, issued in the name of General Solas as head of the government, aio, in substance, as follows: 1. Adecreeof August 28, declaring all Mexi cans, between tlio ages of 18 and 50 years, un der obligation to take arms in defence of their countiy whenever they shall be required so to do. 2. A decree of same date, declaring free for one year the importation into any part of the republic, and sale into it, oi muskets, carbines, sabres, brass and iron cannon, with gun-carria ges, and, in general, every species of wailike arms and projectiles, without the payment of any import duty; and declaring that the gov ernment will purchase, of the arms and projec tiles referred to, such quantity as it may require, at such prices as may be agreed upon with the impuiters or holders. 3. Another of the samo, declaring an extra eidinary contingent of thirty thousand men, to be contributed by the several States in the fol lowing proportions: Mexico, 8.200 | Michoaoan, 1,80 Jalisco, 4.000 VciaCruz, 1,000 1 uebla, 3.800 I Ultra lien, tiOO Guarju.no, 3.0011 Chihuuliua, 560 Hum l.uis f'otosi, 1,800 I .Sinul.ia. 580 Z icati'cas, 1.6001 Aguasrulientes, 280 Uuuretarn, 600 I OajuCd, 2 000 1 30,000 It will be perceived that Yucatan is not enu merated in the above list. This decree declares that citizens who volun teer will bo required to serve only two years but men levied oc diaftcd, will be required to serve six years. , 4. Another of tlio samo date, pardoning all who may liavo deseited from the tegular army, provided that they give themselves up within three months, and permitting them to serve in such corps as they may select. 5 A decree of August 31st, issued through the Department of State, declaring that all of ficers 111 civil or military employment, who shall refuse, without godd cause in the opinion ot the government, to render such servicoß as may bo required of them during the war in which the republic is at present engaged, shall he dismissed Irom their employments, and de clared incapable of being employed hereafter as military olhoors; being liaLio, moreover to tlio punishment already provided by law for such onences as they may have committed. PRICE ONE CI NT [From the New Orleans In Hi,] IMPORTANT MEXIOAN AFPA IRS—SANTA AN | -\A'S MYSTKKIOL'S DOINGS: 1 lie I'atria of yesterday publishes a letter | from a new correspondent at Havana, dated I i?,f' !n w ''' c '' an extractor a letter from Mexico to a respectable meroliant in',Havana, is given, j he letter from Mexico is dated Sept. 4, and is said to have been forwaided by one of the U.S. men-of-war that left Vera Cruz on the 6th or 7th. We suppose it was the Prince ton, as she was the last vessel that left Vera Cruz early in September. We here give the translation of this extract, which will undoubtedly be perused witli inte rest by the generality of our renders: (Jen. Santa Anna lias at last, arrived here. 1 informed you in my last letter, that since li s arrival at Encero, he has been assiduously oc cupied in directing mat euuvros extremely strange and mysterious to those who are riot well informed of the meshes in whioh this af fair is entangled. Gen. Ampudia—tiie "last card ot the pack," we may say, in speaking of Mexican generals—has been charged with the chief command of the defending army, or rather the parapet division—which is the best name we can give the troops gathered lor the purpose of marching against the invading North Ameri cans. Ampudia must be utterly ignorant of the complol in which he is at present mixed up, because he is not a very brave man, and it is believed that neither for money nor glory would he expose himself to undergo such imminent peiil. In fact, 1 ain disposed to believe, that, with the exception of three or lour of the most elevated men, among them Gen. Santa Anna and Almonte, all the Mexicans are ignorant of this plot; and even I would not know it my self, if an extraordinary ciicumstanco had not presented itself to afford mo the means of be ing initiated into these secret machinations. Gen. Santa Anna obtained from the govern ment of tfie United States a passport, or safe conduct, in order that Com. Connor should not prevent him from landing at Vera Cruz. This passport [was given under conditions and ar rangements, of a character extraordinarily Ma chiavellian. As far as I have been able to learn, General Santa Anna has engaged with the government of the United States, to manifest publicly that he prosecutes the war with energy; but at the same lime, all his movements, urid every one of his operations, must be, by prearrangc riient with the government of the United States, conducted in a previously understood manner. For this purpose, the Mexican government, will employ its officers and chiefs, ol inferior military character, and, if it should be possible, the tioops of less value and importance with them, in order that it may bo impossible for them to devise plans or effect measures that could be de trimental to the army of the United States.— Quarrels and skirmishes will take piace between both parties, but they will be so conducted on the part of Mexico, that no result favorable to j the cause of Mexico will follow from them. I Through these operations, Mexico will lose . several thousands of her inferior soldiers, and a j number of its innumerable officers —and thus it J will be partly freed of the plague which isgnavy | ing at the vitals of the country. The party in the secret affairs, seeing these j results, and convinced, at last, that the United I States troops will triumph, they will come to the belief that, it is not convenient to prosecute the war with that Republic,and it will then be unanimously decided by the Mox ican people, that an amicable arrangement should bo enter ed into, which will be done in a manner profit uble to the I. nitcd States. Santa Anna's rt spon sibility will bo covered by this act; treaties will bo fbnmd, and a settlement of aliiiirs will fol low—the result of which will be, that Santa .Inn t will be appointed President and Dictator of the Mexican republic, (bra term of eight years; and Mexico will be under the immediate pro tection o! the United Slates, and by them will be protected. The effort will lie nia eto keep things in this stale dutino Santa Anna's lite,so that after his death, several Slab's may be form ed, which w ill be annexed to those of the North American Republic. 'I be Califoriiians will become separateJ fiom the very moment. Extraordinary privileges win be granted both to the eoinmeicc and the inhabitants of the Union—emigrants from the States will be invited to and pioteetcd in Mex ico; and after ail these important arrangements and services rendered, prepared by the benefac tor oj his country, Gen. Don Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna will meet with due recompense. During the term necessary for the proper settlement of all these operations, it is agreed that tiie principal ports of the Mexican Repub lic w ill remain under blockade by the U. S. squadron, to keep alive and increase the disgust and loathing which it must naturally bring upon tiie sacrificed people, and this w ill serve the purpose considerably of getting the suft'or ers to declare in favor of a new revolution, and a pronunciamento against the war. And at that time, an onvoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary will be in readings to take ad vantage of the moment, and make bio appear ance in Mexico with the olive branch ant: a pa cific countenance. The people w ill then raise the cry to admit 11i in—to hear his propositions —nnd the remaining tioops, who by that time will have taken warning by experience from their lost comrades, finding their force and number considerably reduced, wiji have neither valor nor spirit enough to oppose the will of the people; and then Santa Anna, taking good advantage of this opportunity, sin wing his in fluence and intelligent tactics, will obtain new allies, and numerous sympathies, by aiding the wishes of all. And he will then cause it to bo explained, (in Ins customary style, we suppose) "that his constant wishes were to moke a peace, since the moment he sate it teas too late to moke amends, and overthrow the enemies of the nation, when they had once been allowed to advance so far at the commencement" 7 ho correspondent of I.a Palria says he lias not timo to copy any more of the letter, which is very long, and where the writer cnli/s into details and letnnrks about these mysteries, lie adds that ho is informed by the merchant of Havana, that the writer is a man ofhigh stan ding in Mexico, and of considerable intellectu al ability. STAGE ACCIDENT. On Thursday week ore ot' the Good lnlont State Company's coaches was overturned on the National Road, about 7 miles west of Washington, Pa. The horses took friiilit. and plunged over a precipice. Mr. Clark, of L ui villt-, bad both leg.- broken, the driver's back was broken, and scvoia! pa. st ti gers were slightly injured.