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VOLUME. XV.—N,. 1)6
i OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FltOH GEIV. i TAYLOK. If K A DQV A RTKRB ARMY Of OCCBPATION, ) Camp near Monterey, uci. 9, >t<46. } I Sir:—l have now the honor to submit a de tailed report of the leceut operations before 1 Monterey, resulting in the capitulation of that 1 city. 'i The information roeoivod on the routo from 1 Cerralvo, and particularly the continual ap pearance in our front of the Mexican cavalrv, which had a slight skirmish with our advance at the villago of Kama*, induced the belief, as we approached Monterey, that the enemy i would defend that place. Upon reaching the 1 neighborhood of the city on the morning of the ] 19th of September, this belief was fully con i firmed. It was ascertained that he occupied ' the town in force; that a large work had been constructed commanding all the northern ap , proachcs; and that the Bishop's Palace and some heights in ite vicinity neur the Saltillo road, h.id also been fortified arid occupied with troups and urlillery. It was known from in formation previously received, that the east ern approaches were commanded by several 1 small works in the lowei edge of the city. 1 The configuration of the heights arid gorges in the direction of the Saltillo road, as visible from the point attained by our advance on the morning of the 19th, led ine to suspect that it was practicable to turn all the works in that direction, and tints cut the enemy's line of com munication. After establishing my camp at the "Walnut Springs," three milts from Mon torey, the nearest suitable position, it was, ac cordingly, my first care to order a close recon noissance of the grouriu in question, which was executed on the evening of the lUih by the engineer officers under the directiun of Major Mansfield A rcconnoissance of the eastern approaches was at the same time made by Cap tain Williams, topographical engineers. The examination made by Major Via sfidd proved the entire practicability of throwing forward a column to the Saltillo road, and nius turning the position of the enemy, Ueeming this to bo an operation of essential importance, ordurs were given to Hievut Brig. Gen. Worth,com manding the second division, to match with his command on the 20th; t.o turn the lull of the Bishop's Palace; to occupy u position on lire Saltillo load, and to carry HID enemy's detneh if ed works in that quarter, where prac'icubie.— The fiist regiment of Texas mounted volun teers, under command of Col. llays, was asso ciated with the second division on ties seivice. Captain Saunders, engineers, and Lieutenant Meade, topographical engineers, were also or dered to report to Gun. Worth lor duly with his column. At 2 o'clock, p. in., on the 20th the second division took up its march. It was soon dis covered, by officers who were rcconnoilcrinu the town, and communicating to Gen. Worth that its movement had been perceived, anc that the enemy was throwing reinforcement; towards the Bishop's Palace and the lieigln which commands it! To divert Ins attention as far as practicable, the first division nndei Brigadier General Twiggs, and field division of volunteers, under Major General Butler, were displayed in front of the town until dark Arrangements were made at tiie same lime te place in battery during the night, at a suitable distance from the enemy's mam work, the cita del, two 24 pounder howitzers, and a 10 inch mortar, with a view to open a fire on the fol lowing day, when 1 proposed to make a diver sion in favor of General Worth's movement. The 4th infantry covered this balterv diiringlhc night. Gen. Worth had in the "meanwhile reached and occupied for the night, a defen sive position just without range of a battery above the Bishop's Palace, having made a re coiinoitsirnoe as far as Saltillo road. Before proceeding to report the operations o the 21st, and following days,! bug leave tc state that 1 shall mention in detail only those which were conducted against the eastern ex tremity ol the city, or elsewhere, under my im mediate direction, referring you or the piriicu lars ol Gen. Worth's operations, which werr entirely de'ached, to his own full report trans mitted herewith. Early on the morning of the 21st, I received a note four General Worlh, written at half fast 9 o'clock the night before, suggesting what had already intended, a strung diversion against the centre and left of the town to favor his enterprise against the heights in rear. The infantry and artillery of the Ist division, and the field division of volunteers, were ordered under arms and took the direction uf llio city, leaving one company of each regiment as a camp guard- Ibe 2d dragoons, under Lieut. Col. May, arid Cel. Woods's regiment if Texas mounted volunteers, under Lite immediate di rection ol Genera! Henderson, were directed to the right to support G.-h, Worth, i l ' treees sary, and to make an impression, if practicable, upon the upper quarter of the eny. Up in ap proaching the mortar battery, the Ist and 3d regiments of infantry and tnitiuhon of Belli more arid Washington volunteers, with Gapt. Bragg's field battery—the whole under the -command of Lieut. Col. Garland—were (lif et ed towards the lower part of the town, with orders to m.iko a strong demonstration, and carry one of the eirem. 'h advanced works, ifrt could bo done wi'hout too heavy loss. M .jor Mansfield, engineers, and Capt. Williams and Lieut. Pope, topographical engineeis, accom panied this column, Major Mansfield being charged with its direction, and the designation of points of attack. In the mean lime tne mor tar, served by Lapt. B-ariisiy, ol the ordnance, and the howitzer battery under Capt. Webster Ist attiflery, had opened ineir fire upon .he ci tadel, which was deliberately sustained, and answered from the work. Gen Butler's divi sion had now taken up a position in rear of this battely, when tiie discharges of aritilery, ming led finally with a rapid fire of small arms, showed that Lieut. Gjrlarid's command had become warmly engaged. 1 new deemed it necessary to support this attack, and accord ingly ordered the -lib infantry and three regi ments of Gen. Butler's division to inarch at Once by 'lie loft flank in the direction of the advanced woik at the lower extremity of the town, leaving one regiment (Ist Kentucky Ito cover the rnortar and howitzer battery. By some mistake, two companies of the 4th infan try did not recuivo this order, and consequent ly did not join the advance companies until some time afterwards. Lieut. Col Garland's command hid np proached the town in a direction to the right of theadvaueed work (No. 1,) at the north- AND BALTIMORE DAILY CLIPPER. PRIWTKD AWD PUBLISHED K V Kit Y MORMIM6, BY BULL * TPWLK, Wo. 13* MLTIMWRK STUKI.I. HAITI M 1...-,. Md ' eastern angle of the city, and the engineer of ficer, covered by skirmishers, had succeeded in entering the suburbs arid gaining cover. The remainder of this command now advanced and entered the town under a heavy tire of artillery from the citadel and the works on the left, and of musketry from the houses and small works IU Iront. A movement to the right was at tempted with a view to gain the rear of No. I, and carrv that work, but tho troops were so much exposed to a fire which they could not ef fectually return, and had already sustained such severe loss, particularly in officers, that it was deemed best to withdraw ilioin to a more secure position. Capt. Backus, Ist infantry, Itoweve , with a portion of his own and oilier companies, had gained the roof of a tannery, wh'Cb looked directly into the gorge of No. 1, and from which he poured a most destructive fire into that work and upon the strong build ing in its rear. This fire happily coincided in point of tune with the advance of a poition of the volunteer division upon No. 1, and contri buted largely to the fall of that strong and im portant work. The thrco regiments of tho volunteer divi sion under tho immediate command of Major Gen. Butler, had in the meantime advanced in the direction of No. 1. The leading brigade, under Brigadier Gen. Quitman, continued its advance upon that woik, preceded by thrco companies of the 4th infantry, while General Butler, with the Ist Ohio regiment, entered the town to tho right. Tho companies of the 4th infantry hud advanced within short range of the work, when tliey wero reseived by a fire that almost in one moment struck dovva one third of the officers aad men, and rendered it necessary to retire and effect a conjunction with the two other companies then advancing. Gen. Quitman's brigade, though suffering inost se.voly, particularly in the Tennessee regiment, continued its advance, and finally carried the work in handsome style, as well as tho strong building in its rear. Five pieces of artillery, a coii-idcruhle supply of ammunition, and thirty prisoners, including three ulßcers, fell into our hands. Maj. Gen. Butler, with the Ist Ohio regiment, after entering the edge of the town, discovered that nothing was to he accomplish ed in his front, aii i at this point, yielding to the suggestions of several officers, I ordered a retrograde movement; but learning almost im mediately from line of my staff that the battery No. 1 was in our possession, the order was countermanded, and I deleimined to hold (lie battery and defences already (rained. Gen. Butler, with the Ist Ohio regiment, then en tered the town at a point further to the left, and marched in thedireetiun of the battery No. 2. While making an examination with u view to ascertain the possibility of carrying this se cond work by s'orm, the general was wounded and soon after compelled to quit the field. As the strength of No. 2, and the heavy musketry fire fl inUiria the approach, rendered it impossi ble to carry it without great loss, the Ist Ohio regiment was withdrawn from the town. Fragments of the various regiments engaged weie now under cover o! the captured battery and soma buildings in us front, and on the right. Tho field batteries of Capts. Bragg and Itidgely were also partially covered by the battery. An incessant fire was kept up on this position from buttery No. 2, and other works on Ins right, and from the citadel on all our approaches. Gen. Twiggs, though quite un well, joined me at this point, and was instru mental in causing the artillery captured from the enemy to he placed in battery, and served by Capt. Ridgaly against No. 2, until the arri val of Capt. Webster's howitzer battery, which look its place. In the mean time, I directed such men us could be collected of the Ist, 3d, and 4lli legiments, and Baltimore battalion, to enter the town, penetrating to the right, and carry the 2d battery if possible. This com mand, under Lieut. Col. Garland, advanced beyond the bridge "Purisima," when, finding it impracticable to gain the rear of the 2d bat tery. a portion of it sustained themselves for sontu time in that advanced position; but as no permanent impression could he made at that point, and the main object of the general ope ration hud been effected, the command, includ ing a section of Capt. Ridgely's battery, which had joined it, was wilhdruwii to battery No. 1. During the absence of this column, a demon stration of cavalry was reported in the direc tion of the citadel. Capt. Bragg, who was at hand, immediately galloped with his battery to a suitable position, from which a few discharg es effectually dispersed the enemy. Captain Miller, Ist infantry, was despatched with a mixed coinman I, to support the battery on this service. Tho enemy's lancers had previously charged upon the Ohio and a part of the Mis sissippi regiment, noarsome fields at a distance from the edge of the town, and had been re pulsed with considerable loss A demonstra tion of cavalry on the opposite side of the tiver was also dispersed in the eourso of the after noon by Capt. Ridgely's battery, and the squa drons returned to the eity. At the approach ol evening, all the troops that had been engaged were ordered back to camp, except Captain Ridgely's battery, and the regular infantry of tho Ist divisions, who wero detailed as a guard for tin: works during tho night, under "com mand of Li. Coi. Garland. Ono battalion of the Is! Kentucky regiment was ordered to ro inlolee tins command. Intrenching tools were procured, and additional strength was given to the works, and protection to the men, by work ing parlies during the night, under the direc tion of Lieut. Suarritt, engineers. The main object proposed in the morning had been effected. A powerful'diversion hud been made to favor the operations of the 2d di vision, owe of the enemy's advanced works had been carried, and we now had a strong looi-hol<! in the town. But this had not been acco npl'sheii without a very heavy loss, em bracing some of our most gallant and promis ing officers. Cuipt. Williams, topographical en gineers, Lis Terrett and Dilworth, Ist infant ry, Lt. Woods, 2o inlanlry, Capts. Morris and Field, Bvt. Major Barbour, Lis. Irwin and l lazlitt, 3d infantry, Lt. Hoskins, 4th infantry, Lt. Col. Watson, Ba Itimore batalion, Capt. Al len and Lt Putnam, Tennessee regiment, and Iv. Ilett, Ohio regiment, were killed, or have since died of wounds received in this engage ment, while the number arid lank of the "offi cers wounded gives additional proof of the obsti nacy ol the contest, and the good conduct of our troops. The number of ki.'lcd and woun ded incident to the operations in the lower part of the eity on the 21st is 394.. Lilly in ttie morning of ibis da/, (21st )the advauce of the 2d division had encountered MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 23, 1846. the enemy in force, and after a brief but sharp conflict, repulsed him with heavy less Gen. Wort!) then succeeded in gaining on the Sal lillo road, thus cutting the enemy's line ol communication. From this position the two heights south of tho Saltillo road were car ried in succession, and the guns taken in one of them mrned upon the Bishop's Palace.— 1 hose important successes were fortunately obtained with comparatively small loss; Capt. iVloKavett, Bth infantry, being the only officer killed. The 22d day of September passed without any active operations in tho lower part of the city. The citadel and other works continued to fire at parties exposed to their range, and at the work now occupied by our troops. The guard left in it the preceeding night, except Capt. Ridgley's company, was relieved at mid day by Gen. Quitman's brigade. Capt Bragg's battery was thrown under cover in front of the town to repel any demonstration of cav airy in that quarter. At dawn of day, the height above the Bishop's Palace was carried, and soon after meridian, tba Palace itself was taken and its guns turned upon tho fugitive garrison. The object for which the 2d divis ion was detached had thus been completely accomplished, and 1 felt confident that with a strong force occupying the road and heights in his rear, and a good position below the ciiy in our possession, the enemy could not possi bly maintain the town. During the Dight of the 22J, the enemy evacuated nearly all his defences iu the low er pait of the city. This was reported to me early in the morning of the 23d by Gen Quit in in, who bad already meditated an assault upon those works. I immediately sent in structions to that officer, leaving it 10 his dis cretion tocnti-r the city, covering his men by the houses and walls, and advance carefully as far ay I 'he might deem pi u.lent. Alter or dering Uy.'remainder. f the troops as a resei ve, under the orders of Brigadier General Tiviggs, 1 rcpairi d to the abandoned works, and dis coveted that a p .rtion of Gen. Qui'mau'a brigade had entered the town, and were suc ces-l'ully forcing their way towards the prin cipal plaza. I then ordered up the 21 regi ment of Texas mounted volunteers, who en tered the city, dismounted, and, under the immediate orders ol Gen. Henderson, co-op crati d with Gen. Quitman's brigade. Capt Bragg's battery was also ord red up, support ed by the 3 i infantry: and after firing for some time at the cathedral, a portion of it was likewise thrown into the city. Our troops advanc. d fr, m house to house, and from square to square, until they reached a street hut one quaie in rear of tli > piincipal plaza, in ami near with the enemy's iotce was main ly concentrated. This advance was conduct ed vigorously but with due caution, and al though destructive to the enemy, was attend ed with but small loss on our part. Caplait Ridgley, in the meantime, had servtd a cap i tured piece in battery No. 1 against ihe city until the advance of our men rendered it ina prudent to fire in the direct on of the cathed ral. ( was now satisfied that we could ope rate successfully in the city, and that the en cmy had retired from the lower portion ofil to make a stand behind his barricades. As Gen. Quitman's brigade had been on duty the , previous night, I determined to withdraw the j troops to the evacuated works, and concerl | with General Worth a combined attack upor the town. j The troops accordingly fell back deliberate ly, in good order, and resumed their original positions, General Quitman's brigade being relieved after nightfall by that of General Hamer. On my return to camp, I met ari J officer with the intelligence that General [ Worth,induced by the firing in the lower pari of the ci y,was about making an attack at the upper extremity,which had aho been evacua ted by the enemy to a considerable distance 1 regretted that this information had not reach ed me before leaving the city, but still deem ed it inexpedient to change my orders, and accordingly returned to camp. A note from General Worth, written at eleven o'clock, p in., informed me that he had advanced tc within a short distance of the principal plaza. I and that the mortar (which had been sent tc his division in the morning) was doing good execution within effective range of the ene , my's position. j Desiring to make no further attempt upon the city without complete concert as to the lines and mode of approach, 1 instructed thai officer to suspend his advance until I could , have an interview with him on the following morning at his headquarters. Early on the morning of the 24th 1 receiv ed, through Colonel Moreno, a communica tion from General Ampudia, proposing to evacuate the town; which, with the answer, were forwarded with my first despatch. I arranged with Colonel Moreno a cessation of fire until f2 o'clock, at which hour I would receive the answer of the Mexican general at General Worth's headquaricrs, to which 1 soon repaired. In the meantime, General Ampudia had signified to General Worth Ins desire for a personal interview with roe, to which 1 acceded, and which finally resulted in a capitulation, placing the town and the materiel of war, wih certain exceptions, in our possession. A copy of that capitulation was transmitted with my first despatch. Upon occupying the city, it was discovered to be of great strength in itself,and to have its approaches carefully and strongly fortified- The town and works were armed with forty two pieces of cannon, well supplied with am munition, and manned with a force of at least 7,000 troops of the line, and f r om *2,000 to 3.000 irregulars. The force under my orders before Monterey, as exhibited by the accom panying return, was 425 officers, and 6 220 men. Our artillery consisted of one 10-inch inortar, two 24-pounder howitzers, and four light field batteries of four guns each—the mortar being the only piece suitable to the operations of a siege. Our loss is twelve officers and one hundred and eight tnen killed; thirty-one officers and three hundred and thirty-seven men wounded. That of the enemy is not known, hut is be lieved considerably to exceed our own. i lake pleasure in bringing to the notice of the g vernment the good conduct of the troops, both regulars ai.d volunteers, which has been conspicuous throughout the operations. 1 urn proud to bear testimony to their coolness and constancy in b ttle, and Ihe cheerfulness with which they have submitted to exposure and privaiiou. To the general officer* commirid ing divisions—Major Generals Butler aad Henderson, and Br.gadier Generals Twiggi and Worth—l must express my obligations for the efficient aid which they have rendered in their respective commands. I was urifor innately deprived, early on the 21-t, of the valuable services of Major General Butler, who was disabled by a wound received in the attack on the city. Major General Henderson, comman ling the Texas volunteers, has given me impor tant aid in the organization of hie command, and Hh subsequent operations. Brig. Gen I. I wiggs rendeied important services with his division, and, as the second in command after Major General Butler was disabled. Brig Gent. Worth was intrusted with an impor tant detachment, which rendered his opera tions independent of my own. Those opera tions were conducted with ability,and crown ed with complete success. 1 desire also to notice Brigadier Generals Hamer and Quit man, commanding brigades in Genl Butler's divison. Lieut. Colonels Garland and Wil son, commanding brigades in Genl. Twigg's division. Colonels Mitchell, Campbell, Davis and Wood, commanding the Ohio, Tennessee, Mississippi, ane 2d Texas regiments, respec lively, and Majors Lear, Allen, and Aber crombie, commanding thp 3d, Ith, and Ist regiments of infantry; all of whom served un der rny eye, and conducted their commands with coolness and gallantry against the ene my. C.,1 Mitchell, Lieut. Col. McClung, Mississippi legimcnt, Major Lear, 3d infan try, and Major Alexander, Tennessee regi ment, were all severely woundeJ, as were Capt. Lamotlo, Ist infantry, Lieut Graham, 4th infantry, Adjutant Armstrong, Ohio regi ment, Lieuts. Scudder and A ten, Tennessee regiment, and Lieut. Howard, Mississippi re giment, while leading their men against the enemy's position on the 21st and 23d. After After the tall of Col. Mitchell, the command of the Ist Ohio regiment devolved upon L't. Col. Welle.; that of the 3d infantry, after the tall of Major L.-ar, devolved in succession on Capt. Bainhride and Capt. Henry, the former being also wounded. The following nam"d officers have been favorably no iced by their commanders: Lieut. Col. Andetson, and Adjt. Ileirnan, Tennessee regiment; Lieu'. Colonel McClung, Captains Cooper and Downing,— Lieuts. Patterson, Calhoun, Moore, Russel.Si Cook, Mississippi regiment; also Sergt. Major liearlan,Mississippi regiment; and Mnj. Trice and Capl. J. R. Smith, unattached, but serv ing with it - 1 beg leave also to call at ention to the good conduct of Capt. Johnson, Ohio regiment, and Lieut. Hooker, Ist artillery, serving on the st ill Genl. Hamer, and of L'. Nichols, 2J artillery, on that of Genl Quit man. Captains Bragg and Ridgely served with their batteries during the operations un der my own observation, arid in part under my immediate orders, and exhibited distill gutshed skill and gallantry. Capt. Webster j Ist artillery, assisted by Lieuts. Donaldsoi ; and Boiven, rtndered good service with tin . howitzer battery, which was much exposed to the enemy's fire on the 21st. From the nature of the operations, the 2d j dragoons were not brought into action, but j we re us.fully employej under the direction j of Lieut. Col. May as escoits, and in keeping j open our communications. 'The Ist Kentuc ky regimtnt was also prevented from parti cipating in the action of the 21st, but render ed highly important services under Colonel I Ormsby, in covering the mortar battery, and holding in check the enemy's cavalry during the day. | I have noticed above the officers whose I conduct either fell under my own immediate eye, or is noticed only in minor teports which j are not for warded. For further mention ol individuals, 1 beg leave to refer to the reports J of division commanders herewith respcctiuily transmitted. 1 fully concur in their recom mendations, and desire thatihey may be con sidered as a part of my owd repot t. j From the officers ol my personal staff and of the engineers, topograpical engineers, and ( ordnance associated with me, 1 have derived valuable and ifficient assistance during the operations. Oil. Whiting, ass't. quarteimas- J ter general, Major Bliss, ass't. adjt. general, Capt. Sibley, ass't. quuiternuster, Captain Waggaman, commissary ofsubsistance,Capl Daton and Lt Garnett, aids-decamp, and Majors Kirby and Van Buren, pay depart ment, served near my person, and were ever prompt, iri all situations, in the comniuuica lion of my orders and instructions. 1 must express my particular obligations to Brevet Major Mansfield and Lieut. Scarritt, corps ol engineers. They both rendered most impor tant services in reconnoitring the enemy's positions, conducting troops in attack, and strengthening the works captured from the enemy. Major Mansfield, though wound ed the 21st, remained on duty during that arid the following dey, until confined by Ins wound to camp. Captain Williams, to pographical engineer, to my great regret and the loss of the service, was mortally wounded while fearlessly exposing hitnself in the at tack of the 2lst. Lieut. Pope, of the same corps, was active and zealous throughou the operations Major Munroe, chief of the ar tillery, Major Craig and Capt. Ratnsay of the ordnance, were assiduous in the performance of their proper duties. 'The former superin tended the mortar-service on tie 231, as par;iticularly mentioned in the report of Gen eral Worth, to which 1 also refer for the services of the engineer and topographical officers detached with the second division. Surgeon Craig medical director, was ac tively employed in the important duties of his department, and the medical staff generally were unremitting in their attentions to the uumerous wounded—their duties with ihe tegular regiments being rendered uncommon ly arduous by the small number serving in the field. 1 respectfully enclose herewith, in addition to the reports of division commanders, a field return of the force before Monterey on the 21st September—a return of killed, wounded, and missing during the operations—and two topographical skeiches—one exhib.ting all the movements around Monterey—the other on a larger scale illustrating more particularly the operations in the lower quarter of the city prepared respectively by Lieuts. Meade and Pope, topographical engineers. I am, sir, very respect u;ly, Your obedient servant, Z TAYLOR, Maj-r G ner.il U. S. A. Com. The /.luurANT Gts'EitAi, on the Army, Washington, D. C, GEN. BUTLER'S REPORT. llkudquartsrs Field Division Volcnteeks, 1 Montr rey, Sept. 39, |te. ] Pursuant to the instructions of the ma jor-general commanding, on the 21st inst., at about 8 o'clock, a. in., 1 marched my division (ivith the exception of one company from each infantry regiment, left to guard the camp) and placed it in order o( battle, under cover, imme diately in rear of the mortar and howitzer bat tery, my left resting on the main road to Mon terey. 1 had been in position but a short time when I received the goneral's further orders to move as speedily as practicable, with three re giments, to the support of Gen. Twiggs's divi tion, then engaged in an attempt to carry tho enemy's first battery on our left. To expedite this movement, I marched the three nearest re giments, commanded respectively by Col. Da vis, Campbell and Mitchell by the lelt flank, leaving Col. Ornisby to sustain the batteries. Finding the rifle regiment in front, that of Col. Campbell was ordered to take its place. The two last mentioned regiments constituting Ge neral Quitman's field brigade, he took the im mediate command of them, and moved off with spirit and promptness in the direction indicated by the enemy's line of fire Having seen Gen. Quitman's brigade fairly in motion, 1 turned my attention to that of Gen. Hamer, now consisting of tho Ohio regiment only. Pursu ing the instructions of the major-general, I felt my way gradually, without any knowledge of the localities, into that part of the city border ing on the enemy's continuous line of batte ries, assailed by heavy fires in front and flank. After having traversed several squares, I met Major Mansfield, the engineer who had con-J ducted the movement ol Gen* Twiggs's divi- | sion 011 tho first battery. He informed me of! the failure of that attack, and advised the with- ' dtawal of my command, as there could 110 j longer bo any object in advancing further, i warning nie at the same that if 1 advanced 1 | must moot a firo that would sweep all before it. Knowing the major-general commanding I to bo but a short distance in the rear, I gallop ed back and communicated this information, 111 [ consequence of which he gave the order to re-1 trograde, and the movement was commenced ; accordingly. In a short iirne, however, it was known that Gen. Q litman's brigade had not only stormed tho b.utory in question, but had ; rlso carried a stone house of considerable strength connected with tho first, and occupi- 1 fid by the enemy's infantry. The direction of ; Gen. Hauler's brigade was at once chanced, i and the city rc-eniored by another route, j which, after about a halt hour's inarch under a t destructive fire, brought it within, say 100 yards of the enemy's second frt, called El Diablo. A very slight reeonnoissance sufficed ! to convince nie that this was a position of no ! ordinary strongih. Still, feeling its importance, I alter consulting with part of my staff as to its practicability, 1 had resolved to attempt carry ing it by storm, and was in the act of directing the advance, when I received a wound which compelled ine to halt. Col. Mitchell was at the same time wounded | at the head of his regiment, as was his sfdju-| taut. I lie men were falling fast under the i converging fires of at least three distinct batte- ' Ties, that continually swept the intervening space through which it was necessary to pass. The loss of blood, too, from my wound render- ' ed it necessary tiiat 1 should quit the field; and ' I had discovered at a second glance that the position was covered by a hoavy fire of musket ry from other works directly in its rear that I i had not seen in the first hasty examination.— j Under all these discouragements,l was most re- j luctantly compelled, on surrendering the com mand, to advise the withdrawal of the troops ! to a less exposed position. There is a possibil- i ity that the work might have been earned, but not without excossivc loss; and if carried, I feel assured it would have been untenable. Accordingly, the division, under Gen. Ha- ! mcr, on whom devolved the command, moved ' to a new position near tho captured tort, and ' within sustaining distance of our field batteries 1 on tho left. The troops remained in and near ! this position, and under the fire of tho enemy's batteries until late in the day. For the details 1 of the after proceedings of llie day, I refer to 1 Gen. ilamcr's report. It is with no little pride and gratification that I bear testimony to tiie gallantry and general good conduct of my command. Were proof wanting, a morunful one is to bo found in the | subjoined return of the day. That part of my ' division properly in the field did not exceed i eleven hundred, of which number full one-fifth ! was killed or wounded. The fact that troops | for the first time under fire should have Buffer- ; cd such loss, without shrinking, in a continu- ! ous struggle of more than two hours, and main ly against a sheltered and inaccessible foe, finds i but few parallels, and is of itself an eulogium ! to which I need not add. That there were some ! more prominent for skill and gallantry than others, even in a contest where all were brave, 1 there can bo no doubt, and I leave to those bet- ! ter qualified from their situations than myself tho pleasing though delicate task of reporting upon their respective merits. rite remainder of Gen. Butler's report is iu j reference to tho conduct of his iirigadeand oth- i er officers, ol whom he speaks very highly. I A Remarkable Case. The Russian li N por decided a remarkable law suit recently. It appears that a wealthy Russian General ob tained the consent of a beautiful daughter of a Polish Nobleman, t* unite in marriage with him; and unknown to the lady, tho ceremony was performed by an oflicor, disguised as a priest. They livoJ together for two years, 1 when she was informed by her husband of the j deception, and finally discarded him. She 1 sought in vain for redress in all tho courts, when finally her case came before the Empe- , ror, who decided that the mairiagc was illegal 1 but in consequence of the doccption of the pre tended husband, ha ordered his dismissal from the Army, with the loss of his salary and his office, without having any claim to another appointment. His whole property was given to the lady whom lie so wantonly deceived, and ho is not permitted even to marry again. Sao Casualty. Mr. Gerritt V. Orton, merchant, of Auburn, N. Y., was accidentally drowned on Monday evening ia-t, in a facUry race at that village. PRICE ONE CENT BUSINESS IN KBANCE. "Bankruptcies," say the Reforine, "are of daily oce.urrence in Paris. Petty merchants continue to shut up their shops; the pawnbrokers'officers are besieged with applicants; the savings banks will soon be empty, the hospitals are crowded; 115,000 in digents depend upon public charity iri Paris; the prisons are full, and the winter will thi-ovr about 100,000 workmen out of cm ploy meet:.— Our prospects are indeed very sad." SONS OK TEMPERANCE. This Order is in creasing in Indiana, with a rapidity without a parallel. There is a Grand Division in the State, under the juiisdiction of which, in less than twelve months, there have been instituted no less than thirty t'eur subordinate Divisions. A LOAD OF BUTTER! Sixty three and one htlf tons of Butter were unloaded from one ca nal boat at the Western Railroad Depot, Alba ny, on Tuesday The boat was from Rome, Oneida county. CHOLERA IN PERSIA. Accounts from Tro- I biyond represent the Asiatic Cholera as having I passed into Persia, and to be making incessant j ravages. At Rescht, u Persian city in the pr | vinoe of Gillian, the malady had raged for two j months. At Teheran, too, the capital, tba , population is said to have been reduced frota ! 80,000 to 60,000. SPECIE FROM EUKOFE. T-.O New York Tri buno says:—"The Great Western brought out <£30,009 in sovereigns, and the Acadia is re ported to have about the saino amount. This is.tlio beginning of the stream of bullion which has been looked for, and which promises to con tinue until it lias re tched a very large amount. Even the freight money of our ships which will bo sent home in bulli m, will amou t to a larga sum. It is calculated that from a million to a million and a lull wib ba roceivod within u mouth." MASSACHUSETTS. There is no election in the second congressional district. So tin as as certained by l lie unofficial c .unt, Mr. King, the whig candidate, wants 13 votes to elect him. 1 IIANKSGIVI.VU. Gov. E Jwaids has appoint ed Thursday, the 3d of December next, as a day of thanksgiving in Missouri. GUN COTTON. A gentleman iri Salem pur chased some gun cotton a few days since, and j in two hours after the experiment was com ! menccd, the preparation was made and dried, and with a fowling-piece a ball was driven, through an inch board. YANKEE INGENUITY IN ENGLAND. Mackin tosli, the celebrated India rubber manufacturer, took the contract for ruising the Great Britain steamer, after tiie most skillful English Engi neers had abandoned tlio woik. Mackintosh, was born and educated in America, and will doubtless succeed in performing this great un dertaking. CINCINNATI. A census of Cincinnati was taken last month, by which it appears that city lias now 62,680 whito inhabitants, 1,128 co lorsd. DOUBTFUE. It is said that Mr. Pacaen ham is a stockholder to the extent of 10,000 in the conducta recently plundered by Santa Anna. AGES OK NOBILITY. Tho Duke of Welling ton is now 77 years old; Joseph Hume 70, Lord Morpeth 44, Daniel O'Gonriell 72, Sir R. Peel 58, Lord Stanley 46, Earl Grey 44, Lord- Biougliam 07, Lord Lyndhur.l 74, Lord Geo. Benetinck 44, the Duke of Richmond 53, the Duke ol Rutland 68. SUBSTITUTE FOR CREAM IN COFFEE. Beat the white of an egg to a froth; put to ira email luuip of butter, arid turn the coffee to it gradu ally, so that it may not curdle. It is difficult to distinguish tho taste from fresh crcatn. COMMUTATION OF SENTENCE. The Gover nor l South Carolina iias commuted the pun ishment of the slave Abraham, who was to have been hung to-day, for slabbing a iviiita man, to sutler three months imprisonment, rcceivo 100 lashes, anu he font out of tho State. ■% DECEASED, Mr James Browne, a very ex cellent com. dian, rvell known in this country and tho b st representative of lac characters of "Robert Mae#lie,"and "Serjeant Auaterliu" we ever hud among us, died recently in Rug land. RAILROAD I HEIGHT. The raitroad compa nies at Rochester, i4l er to take 11- ur in smre, keep it until too close ol navigation, acd then deliver it at Grocnnush for 88 cents This ,a 12 or 15 cents below present canal freights.—• Thoro is said to tie over '200,000 bushels of wheat, destined lor Oswego, detained by con trary winds at the Welland canal. LONGEVITY. We learn from the Centro villw, Queen Anne's county, Md., Sentinel, that a colored man belonging to the estate of late John Sparks, died near that place lasl week, at the advanced ag-e of 122 years! EXCEEDINGLY CONSCIENTIOUS, A Boston paper states that a celebrated architect in thai city was applied to a short time sine,-, to furn ish a plan for a church criilico for a Unitarian Society, and to superintend lire b aiding forth* same Ten days after an answer was received from him, in which lie said teat iio could not cjnsi iriiitioiislv attend to it, because : o build ing was u be u-td lei I uitutiou v. u:ship!