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The Union and journal. [volume] (Biddeford, Me.) 1858-1882, August 24, 1860, Image 2

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man wt' •» decreed • foothold M a aojoore
uMtitution in all the tree Statee—and by
of tbo Breckinridge mMaty. Um
pougUa inJtfferrnct, nod the Boll aod Erer
eit i</noranct policiea. gaio a *• laaae of na
tion*! power—Um n—ah conaequcnt rra
tormtion of Um foreign tnSt in nwjro alarea
and Um cheapening of hnman cattle, will at
once teach Um duiubeet tongue to cry oat,
the coldaat haart to foal, and tbo blindest in
carnation of respectable nonchalance to aee—
that Um only remaining inquiry for the Amer
ican people ia wnanua all row an shall
n« sutm oa all slats shall aa iam ran.
^jretemitjonrnitl.
Biddeford, Me., ▲ngnst U, I860.
(
K.1TI0ML REPIBLIC l.\ Mitt4TIMS.
(iLicnoi is iu tu t, 1MA.J
FOR PRKiUI>K.VT.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN,
OF ILLINOIS.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT.
HANNIBAL HAMLIN,
OF MAINE.
Htuto Nominationa.
TOR OOviRNOR,
ISRAEL WASHBURN, Jr.,
or oro.no.
For Elcctun < t l*re«ld»Dt and VW« PmldonL
At Uao*. WILLIAM WILLI?,of Pbrtland
AUNKR COUl'RN, of HWina.ld.
Km«r Din LOCK O COWAN, of l»idd«ford.
roeitTi * N. RKKI>, of Bath.
BUT* - A.VDRKW I'fcTKIUH, of KlUworliu.
Fur RtpnmtollrM to Coafnu.
Fian Dm JOHN !*. OOODWIX, of R. IWrwIck
Knuio " - -l' II AH. W. WALTON, of Auburn.
Taiait - C. FK*»F.NDKN. of Rockland.
Pocara - _..ANMON P. MORRILL, of fUadfltUL
Sura - .....FRKDERIC A. PIKE, of Calais.
County Nomlnatlona.
roa IDUTOBJ,
LEONARD ANDREWS, of Biddeford.
N ATU'L 0. MARSHALL, of York.
JOILN II. G00DEN0W, of Alfred.
roa co. ooimiusioxhi,
JOHN HEMINGWAY, of Shapluigh.
roa sumrr,
GEO. GOODWLN, Jr., of Walk
r>a keg. or raomTS,
(itO. II. KNOWLTON, of Biddeford.
mr jt nci or i-robati,
COW. E. BOURNE, of Keunebunk.
roa co. triasirkr,
SAM'L K. ROBERTS, of WaUrrborv)'.
York County Appointments.
The people of York Vamniy will b« wMwwtil mi
polUt««l toptwWjr LEONARD ANDREWS, Ecq-.ttf
IHtldeford. and uthrn, M fullywt,
" Kittcrv, Aug. 2#, Leonard Andrew*,
J. L. Swift, and G. II. Knowlton.
" Buxton Centra, Aug. 29, Mm* Meet
ing, John A. Andrew of Boston,
F« -wendon, and other*.
" New field, Aug. 31, Goodwin & Wood
man.
" Limerick, Mm Meeting, Sej«t. 3,
Washburn and Woodman.
" I.iin rick, Aug. 31, by Walcott Ham
lin, &»i., of Dotct.
*• Lyman, N?pt. 1, (Union School House)
by C. C. Woodman, L*j. and Leon
ard Andrew*, Em.
•• I/ehanon, Ang. 30, ny Geo. U. Knowl
ton and Mark II. Bunnell, at 2 P. M.
lion. FREEMAN 11. MORSE, of Bath,
will rjwak aa follow*:
Monday, Aug. 27, at Searhoro".
Tu.wday, ** 23, at Saco.
• Wednewlay, " 29, at Ruxton Groye.
Thurwlay, " 30, at K*nncbunport.
Friday, " 31, at Welle Tillage.
~jf A(lT«rtt*en are particularly requeet
»i 17. hand III their ad*ertt«emnifc «* early In the
wftkup>wM». In order U> teeure their losar
(Ion th*r iii ut be reeelr«U by Wednealajr Boon
T. M. llayet' Acceptation Speech
Thin gentleman's n| wh accepting the Dem
ocratic nomination for Congr*e« in this div
trict » published in the kit Democrat. Mr.
Have* commence* with setting forth the
beauties ->( the Democratic creed, in general
terms. The Idtva are arranged quite logi
cally, and set torth in terse and vigorous lan
guage, and M an exposition of principal
would be accepted by the whole people.—
They are in truth American doctrine*, ac
cepted by all partiea, and belong exclusively
to no party or political organisation. In a*
turning that they constitute the idea* or creed
on which the Democracy would rule, or
hare ruled the country, Mr. Hayea commit*
great enure. Take for illivtration the fol
lowing: Mr. llajca mjt the Democratic
creed further areerta—
••That juatioe and aound policy loroiu iw
federal government to cherien tb« inUrrreta ol
one portion to Um detriment of another por
tion ot oar common country ; that every cit
i*n, and every portion of the country, ho* a
right to demand and inskt upon an equality
ol right* and privilege."
Now, whatever may be the Democratic
creed in this reepeet, every pereon converaunt
with the history of our country and the his
tory of the Democratic party perfectly un
derstand,that for the loot twenty yean it hea
been the object and aim o( the Democratic
party "to cberieh the intereete of one por
tion to the detriment of another portion ol
our common country." All of ita power and
influeooe baa been given to advance the inter
cata of the slave State* and to injure the in
tcreata of the free. II Mr. Ilayea will look
over the legialntion of the country bum the
time of the admiaaioo of Texaa, which waa
put aolely by Mr. Calhoun and the Southern
Democracy oa the ground that it wai made
necemary to protect the alave institution,thro'
the exciting timea which hare paaaed aince,
be win m that the Democracy have done
little eke but to put tbemeefrea in oppoaitioo
to the priciplea which he amerta.
®l"0oieJ' build up Um alave power,
gave $10,000,000 to Texoa. reaiated the ad
***** <* California., pamed the fugi
tive Save Uw.np^ the Miaaouri Com
pcuaiM, r^cte all pewpoeitione to protect
eommcroe oa the WeMcrm then and lakae,
I turns a deaf ear to *11 lequests for protec
tion to American indatfrj, prevents the
linking together of the Atlantic with the
Pacific coast by aaans of a national railroad
to the Pacific, endeavored to thrust a hated
constitution on an unwilling people, still re
sists the admission of Kansas because she de
sires to be free, obtains decisions from the
Supreme Court subversive of the principles
on which our government is busrd, and is this
day, either by the mission of indilfcrenoc or
by bolder means, attempting to make the in
stitution of human slavery as broad as tbe
domains of the republic. No matter what
the creed may be, this the Democratic party
has done 0* is endeavoring to do. It tui
"stolen the livery of heaven to servo the devil
in." Mr. llaycs speaks o( its being one o*
the articles of the Democratic creed, "Per
fect equality of the States and all sections ol
the country.1' This is a well turned sen
tence, but its Democratic explanation is this,
and simply this—a right to mako a 1 the
States slave,under a construction of the Con
stitution that declares "slaves to be property
on an equality with other property." This
is tbe sense in which the tenbs "equality
amon;; the States" and "equal rignis anu
privilege* auion^ the individual citisens"
must he understood, to conform to the pres
ent teaching of Democracy. We hoar of
popular sovereignty (thiamuchabusedterm),
equal rights and equal priril^jes to be yielded
to our Southern brethren, and reduce it all
domrto real Democratic moanuij i t is the righ t
to mtmblmk sUrary in all j> iru of our com
mon country. Thia we are aware would be
no objection to Mr. llayes, who ia, an we
know Irom hia own lips, a friend to African
slavery. a believer in its blessings, and a
hater of tboee miblime truth* promulgate 1
by Jefferson in that immortal state paper,the
Declaration of Independence.
Mr. Hajes looks upon the acts and meas
ures of the father* "as mere traditions of tho
elders," and hence he denounces tho Missou
ri Compromise Act, and glories in that act of
the traitor Douglas by which it was repealed.
The people of this Congressional District in
three successive instances have passed judg
ment on that question, and we have no fear
that they will now reverse that judgment by
electing Mr. Hayos.
The old time Democracy ho ignores be
cause it hated slavery—the new time Democ
racy he loves because "it does not care
whether slavery is voted down or up," «r
because it wants its extension. Tho Democ
racy of Washington, I*fayetto, Jefferson,
Henry, Randolph, Wirt, Madison, Monroe,
Denton and Clay, "is merely the traditions
of the elders," but the Democracy of Bu
chanan, Douglas, Davis, and others ol the
present day, is anobjoct of his especial admi
ration.
We have not space for extended comment
on Mr. Haves' speech. We shall content
ourself with giving our readers two passages
which are characteristic of the man. They
are these:
The tongue or a maicroiem pouaniry, se»
on (ire or hell, may, perhaps, delight small
fanatical assemblies with barluruus di«N|ui«i
tions upon the faneied KarUirisma of other
communities, but it will not to suffered to
disgrace our Congressional Imll*.
Con ti ted skeptics may, perhaj*, continue
to repeat their impious suggvwtioii, that Dei
ty Himself is a failure, tm-auso their feeble
vision cannot {vnetrnte tin clouds and <Iark
ness which are round ahout Him, and recon
cile all human condition* with their views of
the justice and judgment which ought to be
the habitation of IIin Throne—l>ut the God
of our fathers will still abide—the tuuie yes
terday, to-day and forever.
No man in our community but Mr. Hayes
could have so coupled the firm of hell with
the attribute* of Deity. It take* a concen
tration of malevolence and hate which can
only emanate from the bottomless pit to put
! words together In such a way an to convert
the grand truths of that Gospel which touch
es all men to love one another even as Christ
loved his disciples, and which d»uiands the
breaking of the rod of tho oppressor, into
declarations of his Providences, and to treat
a* the suggestion* or "conceited skeptic*"all
of God's eternal truths which denounce the
wickcdnesa of that system which i* at war
with tho precepts of tho christian religion
and man's humanities.
It is because the people have confidence
and trust in the "(tod of our fathers,who will
still abide the same yesterday, to-day and
forever," that thoy will turn away with scorn
and loathing from one who, in thi« nineteenth
century, with all the lights of civiliiation
beaming upon him, dares tho impiety of sus
taining an institution which the immortal
Jefferson Hi id "u frawjkt talk mort tut si ry
tKan ayts of that trhtfh our father* rose in
rtbtlUon to opposr"— which Dr. Franklin de
clared'was an atrocious deboMewent of Hu
man Nature'—which Henry said "was at va
riance with tho purity of our religion," and
which the great Wesley said was "the sum
of aU human vilUnies."
Mr. Hayea may make mouthing speeches
1 about popular sovereignty ami equal rights,
but a people who bav« breathed the pure and
free air of New KngUaJ, who Ian grown
strong under the blessed influences of her
school-houses and churches, and prosperous
under the life-giving fruits of free labor, will
understand that all his talk simply means the
extension and perpetuation of slavery, and
understanding this will reject him at the
ballot-box, and consign him to that political
perdition which he merits.
Dm|I» Ii Salie,
Hon. J>T*rnti A**oli> Docqlw, the traTel
line candidate for lb* Preehleney made a flying
Tiait Into oar 8tate last week. He went by the
boat, ttrst to Bangor, nxl «u present in that
city while the Young Mcn'a Democratic Con
ten lion vu in progress. On bis return he pasa
cd through Augusta an.I the various towna on
the route toPortland, where he met a large crowd
who aseembled to *ee him. While there he made
one of his political speechee, m he did also at
Bangor. Theee epeeebea have been published in
the Democratic papers, but after a careful p»
rueal of them we do not find that he givee any
reason why he (loea not care " rktlktr sJarery
is rottU Joi«a or up,' or doee he tell the peo
ple why that he la running on th« same ticket
with Herschell V. Johnson, the Blare CoJe ad
vocate, who mid on the »th of May last, in a
letter to n Oeocgia editor that " he believed U
is Me rifht of Me South to itmmmd, and (At du
ty of Conjrru to txU*4, nsticnoa of ran
toms ajid rnorrarr erjrrrar hid (ivclcdi.vo
turn is raa tsuitoeid) renmo tuib m
nrroniAL state. On 8aturday morning he
cams ont from Portland in the lint train, and
getting out at the 8aoo depot waa carried to
Factory Island, what* the people had a—em
bled in goodly numbers to see the show. He
wae Introduced to the people by Uua. Wa. P.
Haines, who Mid in iubsUnoe, that jrwri ego,
a man vent from Saco to Washington, and that
Bukditon, and that ton bad bom to Un a
child, and that child was the wifr of the dis
tinguished pereon whom he had the honor to
introduce, Stephen A. Douglas. We hoped tc
eee Mr. Haines' speech in the Dtmotrat, bat
felling this have given the part of the greatest
interest Douglas bowed to the people, a fen
(hint shouts were heard, and |he proceeded to
make a brief speech, saying be waa glad U
meet them, but could not make a long speed
on aceo«nt of his lungs being about used up
and because, although he loved the peopU
much, there was somebody down to Newport
whom he loved more, who waa waitiag for bin
and who would be sorry if the train did nol
take him directly to see her. At the doee o
his remarks, K. R. Wiggin, Esq., called foi
three cheers " for Douglas," which were giver
somewhat faintly, and he then caltcd for thrt<
cheers " for the next President," which, ai
there were many republicans preeent who
knowing thai one Abraham Lincoln would b<
the next President, and could therefore proper
ly join in the cheer,were responded to more gen
trail jr. stepping into .Mr. n iggins earner
Mr. Douglas wm taken to Diddeford, thence tc
to the depot, where he took the cars for th<
Weat. The "little giant" la by no mean* i
I handsome man. lie is short and thick, with I
• somewhat flond complexion, suggestive of th<
good living which abound* in Waahington. W<
i or* quite confident that the exhibition in oui
place did not meat expenses. The laland Ex
hibition waa deficient in every thing like gen
uiae enthusiasm. The people were there it L
true in goodly numbera, but it waa apparent
' that the larger part of them, though ready t<
I satisfy their curiosity, thought the attempt o
Douglas to win the Presidency waa very little
if any, in decency and propriety, above the ef
forts of the Distinguished American travellei
Pratt, to reach the same office by the sam<
means.
The Tennessee Importation.
A Mr. Perrln, a Democratic Importation
from the Slave Sute of Tenneaaee,brought hen
to teach the freeman of our State their political
duties, and probably paid a good price for hii
| lectures, addressed the Democracy of Diddeford
at Union Hall on Saturday night. Th® Ilall wai
well filled, the republicans aa usual contribut
ing largely to the number and respectability ol
the meeting. The speech ot Mr. Perrin, though
generally making the same points aa Mr. Mar
shall's, was more genial than that made by his
brother from the Slave State of Kentucky.
We will do the Tene«eean the justice to aay
that he retails old anecdotes well, and mixes
up the "wool" of the negro and the cotton ol
the plantation owner, so as to make the dish,
by its odditiea, of a laughable character, and
he succeeds quite well in keeping active the
risible faculties of his audience.
Iu matters of political history, we should
judge that he went on the principle, "that a
lie well stuck to is better than the truth." He
said he was formerly an old Whig, and he
claimed Daniel Webster and Henry Clay both
u having advocated the 'Popular Sovereignty'
of the humbug Dougta* stamp. Every intelli
gent man familiar with the history of Daniel
Webster known that he never endorsed or advo
cated the doctrine. He was always an arserter
of the right* of Congress o*cr the territories.
In a i|>e«ch made in the Senate of the Uulted
States in 1850 he said :
We have always gone U|x>n the ground that
these territorial government* were in a state of
pupiltge, under the protection or (wtronage of
the General Government. The territorial leg
islature has a constitution prescribed by .Con
gress. They have no power not given by that
Congress. They must act within the liinita of
the constitution granted thein by Congress, or
el»e their acts become void. The |»eople under
the territorial government are not a sovereign
ty ; they do not ponscs any of the rights Incideut
to sovereignty. They an* it' y«u please to de
nominate it, in a state of inchoate government
and sovereignty If we well consider this ques
tion upon the ground of our practice during
the last half century, I think we will find one
way of deposing of it. It is our duty to pro
vide for the people of the Territories a govern
ment to keep the peace, to secure their prop
arty; to assign to them a subordinate legisla
tive authority; to assign to them a subordinate
judicial authority, to see that the protection of
their persons and the security of their property
are all regularly provided for; and to maintain
them in that State until they grow into sufficient
im|>ortancc, in point of population, to be ad
mitted Into the Union as a State upon the same
footing with the original States. It seems to
me that this is all our duty. I shall most readi
ly concur in anything which tends to the per
formance of that duty Dut I can not go into
any general discussion about the rights of the
people while under territorial government, and
do more than they are permitted to do by that
constitution which creates a government over
them.'
Again Mr. Webster said:
'There is no land, not an acre, the character
of which is not established by law—a law *ihich
cannot be repealed without a violation ofa con
tract, and plain disregard of public faith.' And
in s|>eaking of the Wilmot l'roviso, he used the
following cmphatio language which cannot be
misunderstood: 'Sir, wherever there is a par
ticular good to be done, wherever there is a
foot of land to be stayed back from becoming
slave territory, lam ready to aurrt (At pri'nci
plt qf thetxelution q/ tlartry. I hart bttn
pltdgtd to it from 1837. / hirtOttnjtltigtI to
it ugriia and again, and I trill jxr/orm thou
pltdgtt.' Is this the languageof'non-interven
tion 7* Is this the great principle of'Squatter
Sovereignty!'
Mr. Ten-ill himself must know better, and bi<
attempt to drag the great name ot Daniel Web
«ter into the support of this Douglas cheat, was
simply an imposition.
Mr. Clay was equally emphatic In his asser
; tion of the right of Congress over the territo
j riee. All that Mr. Perrin said in reference to
| the opinions of either of those distinguished
u»en, was simply assumption. It was said with
an air of recklessness which led us to belie**
that he did not care whether he uttered false
hoods or not.
Mr. Perrin, as did Mr. Marshall, essayed to
t:y the "scare dodge," anl grew quiteeloquent
over the terrible calamities which his imagina
tion conjured up, when his brother Slave
Holders of the BreckinriJge stamp, dissolved
the Union. He said he himself, on account of
his conservative sentiments, and Union loving
ideas was a proscribed man at the South, and
said that he was only induced to come up here
because of his great desire to save the Union.
Ue was actuated by a heart overflowing with
patriotism—and had come all the way from
Tennessee to these cold regions to persuads the
psoplt of our Slats to vote for Douglas, and in
so doing save the Union from the certain de»
s:ruction that awaited it if tbe Republicans
succeeded—not that the Douglas men in the
South were going to destroy it, but "Yancey
Slidcll and the Breckinridge men were going
to do it A* there is no Disunion sentiment
here, it would seem that Mr. Perrin expends
his patriotism in the wrong place, and that his
ml field of labor is whers the sentiment of
Disunion is found, among his democratic breth
ren in the Hlavr States. We advise him to go
there, or quit the field altogether, as we are
quite certain that this "Disunion Scare" has
J run itself into tbe ground here, and that not a
man in Maine will be frightened into an abao
I donment of his political convictions through
the bar of what Yaaoey Slidell and other
Breckinridge men" will do IfLlaeola '4rlt^r1
I Adieu Mr. Perrin'
What importation from the Slav* States will
oar Democratic friends girt us next, and where
is 8pinol* T If we cannot hart somebody from
the Slave States, by *11 means let n hart
Spinola. The people are all anxious to see
Spinola, who voted for each and every measure
of corruption in the New York Legislature last
winter, about which tbe DemojratM preee have
declaimed eo loudly.
Another Oreat Meeting.
The meeting Arranged to b«r lion. Henry
Wllaon, of Mia*., on Wednesday evening wu
held In the area fronting the Congregational
Chnreh. Union Hall wu engaged, bat some
tine before the hoar for assembling had come,
t wae filled, aad gnat aaaabere assembled
around the doore unable to gain admittance.
Under this atate of things it waa deemed expe
dient to hare the apeaking in the open air. HrJ
Wllaon waseeoorted to the place of apeaking by
the Wlde-Awakeeof oar two plaeee, who with
torches numbering two hundred and fifty, made
a moat brilliantappearanoe. Mr. Wllaon apoke
' to the erowd numbering several thouaanda for
I near two hoars. We have no room for anjr ex
' tended report ot the apeeeh. It waa both elo
quent and convincing in argument and facta,
and iiatened to with great earneatneea and aU
u tent ion. Our people aeem to be thoroughly
arouaed to the importance of the iaiuee of the
campaign, and will ahow by their voteaonelec
II tion day that their love for free apeeeh, free
aoil and freemen, haa increaaed rather than di
' miniahed.
Mr. Wilaon in the coarae of hla apeeeh, after
showing up theinconaiatancy and hypocriay of
i Douglas in relation to freedom generally, and
> czpoaing the abeunlity of hia aham popular
i sovereignty, recapitulated aome of the act* of
11 the iaat Kepablican Home at Waahington, mea
i tioning the jt**aige of bill* to admit Kansas,
I the Homeatead bill*, the bill to repeal the ia
• i famous Slave Code paaaed by the territorial leg
laiature of New Mexico, the bill to readjuat the
i tariff ao aa to give adequate meana to carry on
the government and to protect American labor,
1 and other meaauree, all of which had failed
' through the action of the Democracy in the
Senate. Thia recapitulation waa made to nwet
and refute Douglaa' aaaertion that the Ilepubli
| can party bad but one idea, and that it wai *o
| buaied with the nigger question that it c->uld
| find no time to attend to the other interest* of
the country. Mr. Wilaon not only ah owed the
j falaity of thia aaaertion, bnt he showed that it
waa the Democracy In Congreaa and (specially
in the Senate which by the agitation of the
alavery quration were reeponaible foi the de
feat of all uieaaurea calculated to prooote the
real interest of the country. On many of these
measures he showed that Douglaa, to fain fa
vor from the South, or for aome other selfUh
purpose, acted in auch a way aa to taks awry
all pretence that he cared either for freelom or
any of the material interesta of the people.
One fact mentioned by him is worth remem
brance. Douglaa haa been represented here at
the North aa faroruble to the admittance of
Kanaaa aa a free State. The people acting in
the proper way, adopted a free constitution,
fUKCU lor aumiwun, ariu mo iiuuso jmnsei mc
bill and sent it to the Senate. It was there refer*
1 red to the Committee on Territories. This Com
mittee consisting of seven, kept the bill in thrir
, possession a lung time. Douglas was n member
of tbe committee, and the committee being di
vided, three being In favor of reporting favor*
ably upon it and three agaiMt, held the bal
anoe of |»ower. He dM not attend the sessions
I of the committee. Ilia vote iu the committe
favorable to a recommendation for Its passage
would have taken it out the committee and
placed it before the Senate under circumntancrs
favorable to its passage. The bill was Anally
> brought before the Senate, but without any
1 recommendation for its passage. There were
| seversl important votes in relation to It, but
when these votes were taken, Mr. Douglas was
not present, and throughout the entire session
1 seemed utterly Indifferent to the admission of
Kansas as a free State.
Organisation.
Our Republican friends must not, in the
whirl of the demonstrations now goiiiK on,
and the public speaking, forget the work ofof.
ganixation. This is the real solid work of the
catn|taign. Speaking is all right, and process*
ions and toroh-lights are all right, but a thor
ough, effective organisation, one that will
bring out the last voter to the |>olls, is thegreit
\ want. Let the party be thoroughly organixed
and ft full vote polled, and a 18.0 i Republican
vote will be reached Town Committees who
have the work iu charge should take stejw early
to have absent voters brought home, carrhges
provided for the infirm on the day of elsction,
votes properly distributed, and all proper meas
ures taken to secure the casting of every Re
publican vote. Oruasiic ! Orranixe ! this is
the word. We believe that the Sham Democra
cy will go under from fifteen to twenty thous
and in the State, but if this shall be the case the
Republicans must work—work. Let us not
o.immit the fault of despising the enemy, or,
counting on their weaknesses and divisions, re
lax effort. Our opponents fttv making vigor
ous exertions, sending money, especially in
; this Congressional District, without stint, and
have a ho|>c of carrying the district and coun
| ty. We have no doubk but they will be badly
beaten in both; but our prediction is made in
, the full confidence tha't the work of organ.'xa
; tion. on the part oi the Republicans, will be so
perfect as to bring to the |k>1Is the whole Re
publican vote. Again we say, don't rely too
much on publio speaking and brilliant shows,
but let the work of organisation go along with
them, and the result will be a Waterloo deleat
of the Sham Democracy.
How Donglns mnltrentrd nnd nbused
the Free Htate Men of Knnsns.
Liston to tho Facts!
Bead the Becordl
Hie last number of the X. V. Indtptmltnl
contains a searching review of Douglas' record
on Kansas matters. We quote the scathing
conclusion:
I "Time would hardly suffice to track Mr.
Douglas through his long career of subservU
I encjr to the slaveholders in their struggle to
plant their "institution" in the soil of Kansas,
yet one general view must not be omitted. On
the astembling of the XXXIVth Congress,
Dec., 1853, two opposing claimants for a seat
as Delegate from Kansas appeared at the bar of
the House, while Senators and a Representative
from the embryo State of that name beeeiged
)he halls of both branches. Mr. Under, whom
l'resideut l'iercc had appointed Governor, had
returned accredited as Delegate, and as Sena
tor also whenever Kansas should be admitted
into the fiscally of 8tates. He and his associ
ates brought tidings of unprecedented outrage
and wrong—of a Legislature wrested from the
hands of Die people in whose name and behalf
it was to act, constituted by conspiracy, inva
sion, force and fraud, in the intereet of their
deadliest enemies—of all the forms of republi
can sway prostituted to the ends of subjugation
and oppression—of free citiiens murdered,
families hunted from their homes by night into
the bleak prairie and compelled thence to look
on the devastation of all their possessions—of
a Federal Governor removed for sympathizing
with the people rather than their invading «p>
pressors—ot Federal power wielded to the nt
termost against the defenceless settlers, and in
flavor of I be marauding, desolating usurpers
and invaders. Never before or sinoe was there
so flagrant and formidable a case of villainy
and rapine cloaking itself under the forms of
government and law—of wicked sees rampant
and insolent—of robbers and assassins calling
on the Government to chastise peaceable clti
tens as rebels and outlaws. Ot this gigantic
atrooity, this organised crime, there was no
more unscrupulous, no more untiring upholder
than Stephen A. Do^gtan, then an eager candi.
date for the pending Democratic Presidential
nomination at Cincinnati. Forslx long months,
he misssd no opportunity to nmllgntheFree
ssttlsre, who then as now oompoced a large
majority of the people of Kansas, and to pcfl
fog. with all the blended ingenuity awl audac
ity of his natars, the «mm of tie awplng.
ravaging Border Bafans Hs sinned in the
theeofthn clearest light—for not only
the foots plain on the foee of the matter aa It
nnlbldad itself from day to day. bat 1—dsr,
and Parrott, and Dclany, Mid Robert* (all life
long Democrats) ware at hand, pouring bto
hia «r the prayer* and entreUies of a down,
tramp lad. long-suffering p tonic Yet (Menken
A. Douglas fought them day by day, month at
tar month—fought them by reports, by aeeeh
ea, by rotee- fbaght them acorn fully rrjectinc
their prarer to be admitted aa a atate, ana
1h— eoabUd to sorer* tad defend thsmsslrsi
—fought them by nsing *11 hia influence tc
kaep Oor. Render out of hia aaat aa Delegate,
and keep the Missouri usurper, Whltefield, In
it—fought them through his serritora in th<
House roting against erery effort to institute
an official inquiry Into the fWcta of the caae ai
a preliminary to eatabliahing the right and un
doing the horrible wrong. Eriry Douglai
Democrat in the House resisted to the last the
instigation Anally carried, and among the
rotaa recorded against it are thoee of Wra. A.
Richardson, Mr. Dongas' ableat and moet de
roted lieutenant in hia present struggle, and
James C. Allen, now (aa Mr. Richardson was
in 'X) the Douglaa Democratic candidate for
Oorernor of Illinois. And so from first to last
—with the single and honorable exception o(
the Leccmnton struggle — Mr. Douglaa has
fought the battles of the inradera and oppress
ors of Kansas with nnsnrpaaaedderotednras and
energy. He haa fought them aa one who un
derstood well their and their eneraiea' relatire
weight with a Democratic Contention ; and,
eren during the late aeaaion, when Kanaaa pre
sented herself with an unexceptionable Free
Constitution, so regularly framed and so orer
whelmingly approved that not a whisper In its
disparagement could be breathed, and when Mr.
Douglas' single rote might hare carried that
Constitution through the Territorial (his own)
Committee, and his roice might perhaps hare
procured for it the sanction or the Senate, aa it
already had receired that of the house by an
overwhelming majority, yet no word in its be
half iseued from hia llpe, and they were ooldly
remanded by Democracy into Territorial de
pendence, though she waa inritcd, urged, brib
rd to come in as a slare state two yeara ago.
These be thy gods, " Popular Sorereignty."
Facta which cannot ke Denied.
Fiituros whioh cannot be Chanced.
In 1836 under the Welts Administration the
State Printing cost the large sum of 921,341.
41.
Since the year 1837, when the Republicans
came into power, the annual cost has been as
follows:
1837 $12,480.30
1838 13,007.02
1830 12,501.70
These figures are offloial—right from the
Treasury lk»oks. They exhibit an annual sav
ing by the Republicans of about NINE
THOUSAND DOLLARS. A similar re
trenchment and economy in all the depart
ments has cut down the ex|*nses of Ciril Gor
M-nment, and lightened the taxes of the people.
Our Great Victory in St. Louis.
Proud tone of the RepubUoans of that
City.
The following closing imragraphs from the
leader in the St. Louia Drmocrai, announcing
the great Republican victory in that city, ex
hibit the tone and spirit of true chivalry. Head
the proud words:
"Ourvictory has l>e«n won without n trade
or coalition of any kind. It is a straight out
Republican triumph. True, we gave our votes
as a general thing to the Union state ticket, but
this we did from high motives of public duty,
and without asking or receiving any return.
St. Louia is, therefore, a Republican city. W«
had to withstand the unpleasant sentiment oc
casioned by the " Impending Crisis," a work
which, now (hat the election is over, we will
aay that we do not endorse. The contest has
Ixvn fought by the Republican party on the
Chicago platform and on the emancipation
principle. The one was our National, and the
other our Htate platform, throughout the cam
paign. We took no backward step. We low
ered not the (lag. On the contrary, it waa ad
vanced higher, and further forward than ever
l>cfure. We even refused to diaclaim any po
sition, however extreme, on the slavery que*
tion. which the enciny attributed to us. We
actcd uniformly on the offensive—never on the
defensive. The apologetic tone could not he
discovered in anything said or written on the
part of the Republican party. We dared to in
\ite the most radical exponents of our doctrincs
from abroad, and to publish their speeches in
the storm and whirlwind of the canvass. If we
erred at all, we erred on the side of bolducs*.
It is therefore with feelings of just pride, that
we send this message, greeting to our Republi
can brethren throughout tho country. We
have fought and won the Montebello of the
Presidential cain|iaign. We even give aesur
ance that St. Louis County will go for Lincoln
and Hamlin in November by two thousand ma
jority, and that the two candidate* will recciv*
nt least thirty-flve thousand votes In Missouri.
We have satisfied both ouraelvea and the pro.
slavery party that the Free Labor cause can
never lie crushed out in this Htate. The strug
5le for a mere footing is closed, and the re
emption of the State Is now but a question of
time. St. Louis is indeed the Gibralter—the
impregnable fortress of freedom— in the Slave
States."
Wesson's Patkxt I'ockkt PinuL-We saw a
few days since, at the store of Henry McKen
ney, a pocket pistol of the smallest dimensions
which, for convenience iq loading and other
advantages, beat* " Colt revolvera." It la
lua led at the breech, and can be loaded with
great rapidity, and i> one of the neateat piece*
of workmanship we ever law We are not an
advocate of the practice of carrying deadly
weapon*, but eircumitancea sometime exist
which-not only justify a man in preparing him
self with weapons to defend himself or his fam
ily from the attacks of desperate vljlains, but
seem imperatively to demand of him proper
safeguards. There have been several attempts
made recently by persons to enter in the night
time the dwellings of private eitiiens, for pur
poses, it is supi>osed, of plunder. If these vil
lians should And preparations to receive them,
and their reception should prove as eool as lead
can make it, they will understand that Ita
coolness can be traced to the shop of Mr. Mc
Kenney, who we understand has sold quite re
cently a number of these little affairs. Patent
ed by Wesson.
l-'iud oi Aiiroa.
A Lincoln ind Hamlin Club liu Into organ
ixc«I in Alfred with the following officers.
Prttidfitl—Uthtr A. Hall.
Vict Pretilent't—lllnm N. Tripp, Gardiner
(J. Harmon, Enos H. LlttleAeld, Jobu U. bay*
ward.
Recording Secretary—Charlea II. Moullon.
CorrttponJing Sectetary—Abner Mitchell.
Prvlenti*1 Commitlee—Jo thus Phenix,
Daniel Ferguson.
Addresses wen made at the laat meeting by
Meears. Adam*, Lord, Goodenow k and other*.
The Republicans of Alfred are awake, and will
give a good account of themselves at the polls.
The Coc.vrr Tax last year was 8J3.3M. This
year it Is only 'JO,000. Under Republican rule
the County, as well as the StaU Taxes, are con
stantly diminishing, yet Our opponents are
constantly crying oat extravagance in the ad
ministration of public affairs.
Woods Mirstbxls.—'This celebrated company
of Ethiopian minstrels, originally founded by
Geo. Christy, will perform at Union Hall, on
Monday evening next, and at the Town Hall
Saoo, on Tuesday evening following. Set ad.
vertieemenL
jy We have from Hortoa Bros., who have
recently removed to 8000, la the Patten Block,
and who keep always on hand a large assort
ment of new music : " Equestrian Quickstep,"
and " Rosa and Moon," a new song published
by Rneeell * Tolman. Also " Hurrah 1 Hur
rah ! the Union," n Republican song, words by
Eugene Batchelder.
OT The Atlantic for Um ooming month of
September presents a varied and pleasing table
of contents. Among other thing*, there ie
a moet beautiful poem by Longfcilow -"The
i Children's Hour." Sold by Boyden.
The Springfield Monator Mooting.
ZntofMllnc Twttotalan,
Western paper* eonUIn a multitude of inter
ring particular* of the Moxrrtm Mcrnao at
the Home of Ilooeat Abraham Lincoln,a few
of which ar* giren below: _
"We art (saya the Chicago Tribunt) anr
ed by many and these good judges of such
gatherings, that tb« crowd at8pnng)eld throws
far in the ahade the gathering in this cltjr on
either of Um occasions of the United States
Fair, in the fall ot 1830, and the more recent
National Convention ; that the monster proces
sion was almost interminable, and wore out the
patience of dense crowds in waiting, through
which it passed with difficulty, the streets at
•one points being well nigh blocked up with
spectators, who aid not join the pageant.
At the time of the day when the In tereet cen
tered at the great Fair Grounds, joe* outside
the city, and the proceaaion colled its taat
length up into a densely packed mass of hu
manity and korumanity about the three sepa
rate speaker*' stands, we have It from several
sources or untmpeacnvi creuiDiuiy tnai me
gathering exceeded that at any one time Men
upon the United States Fair Grounds here.
And all this while Springfield seemed appar
ently as fall as ever. The streets were fairly
chocked up, and wheels of business clogged
with the flood tide, a very freshet of Republi
canism. The telegraph office operators, ma
chines and all, were removed to the cupola of
the State House. Many of the storekeepers
actually closed their doors to kasp out a crowd
too much under preasure to do shopping.
And farther along it says:
And when evening passed, and to the excit
ing scenee of the day a period of rest succeed
ed, bow was it to be spent by the thonsa&ds of
actually homeless guests. Fortunately a mild
summer's night joins no very serious terrors
to a lodging at f into. Hundred* of farm wag
ons had their sleeping occupants, the steeds
tethered to the wheels.
Ths long lines of cars at the depots were fill
ed, and when the seats could hold no more,
men lay down the aisles • Tired humanity
shrank from perpendicularity In every imagin
able and unimaginable covert. They camped
ander trees, Invaded hay ricks, and bams, and
cairiage bouses, stoops, porticos, and vesti
bules of buildings, publlo and private. They
infested the State House until it swarmed like
an ant hill
Tub Cabs.—Great Western Railroad, regular
trains from State Line, D cars ; 1st extra train
from Chicago, 14 oars ; 9d do do 11 ear* ; 3d
dodo 13 cars; 4th, sxtra, from Dement, U
cars ; 3th extra from Decatur, 3 cars ; 0th do
do 10 cars. Total from the east, 73 cars. Reg
ular train from Naples and Meredosla, 8 cars ;
1st extra,«from Jacksonville, 'JO cars ; 3d dodo
7 cars , 3d do do 7 cars. Total from the West,
43 can. This gives a total of 120 cars by this
road.
St. Louis, Alton and Chicago Railroad: Reg
ular trains, 13 cars ; excursion train front
North, 28 cars ; excursion train from South,
17 carr. Total number of cars by this road,
00. •
The ptoce s!ou was immenss—almost Intermi
nable—occupying three hours in passing any
point, while hosts of people, as usual, did nut
go into the line of march.
The procession reached the Fair Ground at
about 1 o'clock, P. M., and in a very short
time thereafter the entire grove was filled—
crowded to excess with the vast multitude.
How many were present,U is impossible to tell,
but by actual count more than 10,000 passed in
at one of the entrances alone, while the fields
ailjoinlng were packed and jammed with wag
ons and other vehicles.
E.wii'SIASm roa Lixcouc.—One account of
Ibe affair says :
"The prominent, ]>trhfip* moat prominent,
iilca conveyed by tho dcviccs, the train pur
sued in the wagon*, the rail-splitting, kc., and
by tbe implement* and utensils with which the
wagons were decked out, had reference to pio
neer lifo, and to well known incidents In Mr.
Lincoln's early eareer.' Some of these devices
—especially those carried by men who have
beeu our candidate's friends for thirty years—
inen with whom he has toiled in the forest and
the Held— touched him in a tender place, and
more than once his eyes glistened with the ev.
idences of an emotion which hacknied politic
ians rarely feel. For his old Mends, m tliry ad
dressed him by name in passing, be hail a hear
ty word. The oration was one thai few men
have ever received. The people rushed to bim,
not by command, as soldiers Die before their
leader not to gratify their personal curiosity,
not to show themselves and get praise for their
teal; but to testify their devotion to the ability
and unstained integrity which have made Lin
coln what he is ; and to show their profound
confidence that in his hands the affairs of (be
nation will be safe. By all these thronging
thousands he was recognised as a man of the
people — one whose sympathies are always
found on the side of honest toil, and never with
the extortioner and oppressur. What wonder
that the high honor paid that plain, untitled
man, by the Chicago Convention, should have
signified to those masses that a new era is ap
proaching, in which patriotism shall stand in
place of political'chicanery.and honesty in the
jdace of profligacy. What wonder that the en
thusiasm was irrepressible!
Krronrs to ATTf.in.—Fifty car loads of Re
publicans went from Chicago, 5W0 miles. Five
hundred men went from Champaign County in
horse teams, ono hundred miles. A company
of Wide Awakes marched on foot from Bearda
town to Springfield, 40 miles. The Wide
Awakes of Hannibal, Missouri, went nearly one
hundred miles to wave their torches before Hon
est Abraham Lincoln, and other travellers, in
numbers vast and enthuaastic, made e>iual ex
ertions to be there.
Hartford Ins. Co.—This is ono of tlio old
oat and most reliable Firo Insurance compa
nies in the country. Wo are glad that it
has oatablishcd an agency in this city, and
that our friend £. II. Banks is Agent for tho
Company. AU persona insuring in tha
"Ilartford," may depend on having their
looses, if unfortunately they should suffer
any, adjusted at onco.
Hersciikl V. Johnson a Disunionist.—'We
presume there U no higher democratic authori
ty in Massachusetts than Geo. Butler. When
he aocuaea a brother democrat of being a die*
unionist the charge cannot be repelled as a
" black republican " calumny. This ia what
he said, in a speech at Lowell, last week, of Mr.
Johnson, the democratic candidate for Vice
President with Mr. Douglaa :
" lie ia a disunionist. Has run as disunion
candidate for Governor. He has declared in
favor of the opening of the African slave tradq,
He made a speech in IBM in Philadelphia, in
which he aaid that " he thought it was the beat
plan for capital to own its labor."
It ia gratifying that the only political party
that ever suggested the disolation of the Union
as a remedy for the constitutional and legal ac
tion of the people, in the exercise of the right
of suffrage, has divided into two hoetiie Ac
tions, each charging on the other the offence
that both have committed, and rivalling each
other in their professions of loyalty to the Un
ion which they hava both vainly attempted to
weaken in their straggle (or power. It is a fa
vorable indication of publio feeling when such
sentiments come from such sources.—8alem
Qattltt.
Wtuox'a Bangor Srucii.—Our next issue
will contain the great speech of Senator Wil
son, of Maaa., made at Bangor, Aug. 10, la
which be examinee the non-intervention doo
trints of Douglas, and expoeee his hollow mock
ery in aaeertlng that he ia fbr popular sover
eignty. We ahall j rint extra oopiee for distri
bution.
Brilliant Torch Lioht Paocmio*.—The
Wide Awakes of Portland, flaeearappa and
Gorham Joined In a, prooeesion at Baocarappa,
on Thursday evening. There were 749 torches
In the prooeesion. The meeting held la the
square was very WM by
Boa. W. P. Fissiatisa aadMr. Preeoott
rW Harpers *>r September li as rich aad
raiy as ever. Foaa three or four illustrated
articlss, Porta Crayon first aad foremost of
eoane, capital stories aad other artklee
proas aad poetry, with the Kasy Chair audita
aceompaniments make np a rare number. A.
Williams It Co., Boston. For sale by L. Hoda
dsa, Saoo.
fer the Union Mi Jiml.
Doaglaa mt Jfwtk Berwick.
Happeaing to be promt whea Senator Doug
eidrnwi the few person* ****mbled at the
North Berwick depot on Saturday morning last,
to gmt tha dlMU»*l.bad aspirant for thePrea
tdaaoal obair, I waa eoesewkat aawd by tW
manner la which ha ao^ht to deoeire tha boa
eat yeomanry who were kla nadltora.
"Although," aald Mr. D., "I waa born in
New England, I bare (pent asoetot my —
hood in tbe Nortb-weet," and went on to any
thai be thought It Improved New England men
to go out Wert, and it waa always a good pUn
for tbe people of oaa taction of oar country to
mingle with tboee of another, inasmuch u It
often destroyed our prejudices, to.
"I should be glad," aald be, "if eoiae of
thoea Southern slsga holders would come up
and spend a aammer with you here la the State
oi Maine, for I think if tbey should tbey wonld
not talk quite so banl against yoa as tbey do;
and I should ba glad if all tbe abolitloaista
could go dowa South and spend a winter oa a
plantation, aad aaa bow tbe slarse are worked,
and elad, and fed, for I think they wonld fcel
mora charitable towards our Southern neigh
bors than they now do," fto.
Now I wish to supply through tbe column*
of your exoellent paper an omlaeion of the
Judge, which probably was made by him for
brevity's fake, and that is, he should have
stated what were tbe objections to this very sal
utary arrangement, and why it may not be par
tially at least carried into effect To bring this
more fltblly before tbe minds of the Democrats
of York County, let us suppose tkat, acting
upon tbe hint of Mr. D., some on* of the an
setuoiy, s»y hw i*w*i pminiwn who propoaeu
the cheers, determinee to "go down South and
spend the winter on a plantation." Accord
ingly he pMka his trunk, and bidding bis bul
ly "good bye" Is off for ths South, and lb due
time arnvea at Charleston, 8. C., or Atlanta,
Ga., and registers his name at the hotel,
, North Berwick, Maine. On the fre
tting he arrive* he eonclndes he will take a stroll
in the town, daring which time one of tbe ever
vigilant Vigilance Committee discovers the name
upon the hotel register, and inqulree who this
Northern abolitionist (as he suspects him to be)
is, and finding no person to answer the inquiry
In a satisfactory manner, he proceeda to notify
his associates that he has caught a suspicious
person at the — Hotel, who, by the time our
friend returns, have assembled upon the steps
of the hotel, nil prepared to rid the town of a
Northern abolitionist. Aeeosting him in a roan
uer not over mild or genteel, the leader asks his
business. He replies that be hts none, except
to see the "peculiar institution" At home, and
especially how "the slaves are worked andclad
and fed." Here Is evidence enough fur any
Vigilance Committee, South of Mason and Dix
on's line, and they are now sure he Is a travel
ling abolitionist who reeks to overthrow their
darling iiutitution by inciting the chattels to
rebellion. In vain may he protest that such is
not his object—In vain declare he is an honest
lawyer from the State of Maine who has pro.
posed cheers for Douglas, and whom he intends
to vote for; this only makes his case worse,
and a burly Dreckinridge Democrat demands
the keys of his luggage that it may besearched.
To this demand he replies with true yankee
spirit, that his trunk contains only his cloth
ing, and is not open to the inspection of any
strange ruffian who may chance to accost him
and demand the key.
He is roughly handled, and the key taken
from him by force; in vain he appeals to the
landlord for help and protection—that gentle
man informs him that bis hotel shall afford no
protection to abolitionists.
Now it may have happened that in packing
his trunk for the journey he has wrapped a pair
of spare shoes, or with a prudent reganl for
cleanliness a cake of superior soap, In a copy
of your journal, or some other of the numer
ous journals in this good State which conceive
it to be their privilege to advocate the restric
tion of the slave power—or it may be that his
wifs or a friend here may have sent him by U.'
8. mail a copy of one of these newspapera. In
which some paragraph relating to slavery hat i
been ecratchM against in oruer 10 insure iu |
peniMl; It Is found, pronounced sp Incendiary
publication, and hia fate is sealed—formal no
tice is given him to quit the town forthwith,
and he may thank hia good foitune if he eacape
» coat of Ur and feathers. Does Senator Dong
las think, or does any body else think, that our
friend "In pursuit of knowledge" would t»
more charitable after his return towards our
Southern ,/Wfnrft, and do the good people of
York County think he would longer advocate
the Squatter Sovereignty doctrine of the Illi
nois Senator .because his recommendation in r»
ganl to visiting the South had worked so well?
We think be would esjwuse the cause of Repub
licanism, and aay to the bUck demon, "Thus
(kr and no farther."
KqCAUTT AND Jl'STICK.
August 21 at, 18*30.
Defalcation*.
The Democrats are very fond of referring to
the late defalcation of the Treasurer of this
Stftte. As they seem to enjoy such things eo
much, we prupose to serve up ft bftteh for their
especial gratification, which will show that
Democratic stealing has been done with an ex
oeedlngly liberal hand, llecent Democratic
plundering* are as follows, on the United SUtee
Treasury, all discovered within ft very few
months:
Post Master ftt New York, 9173,000
Quartermaster M. Corps, Washington, 30^00
I'ost Master at New Orleans, 60,000
I tec of Pab. Money, Nftchitoches, La., S3,000
Low by the United Stfttee, 0340,000
Let us now Uke ft look ftt Democratic opera
tions tosaetsl uliw ia mm mi the hutee
during the last three or four years :
Iowa, Superintendent of l'ablie Inst., f 130 000
" Treasurer of Warren County, 21,000
Ohio, Treasurer Dreslin, W2.000
Add ftbove,
• 1,003,000
340,000
91,403000,
Thb is quit* a respectable liuJs sum to be ,
stolen by public officials of one party ia so |
short a time. To aggravate this matter, in «
most cases the bail has been found to be worth- (
less, or nearly so. And yet the party with
such a record behind it is constantly prating
about the defalcation in this tftate, wherein the |
State loeee next to nothing. Were ita leaden (
not born belbre shame was, they would blash
down Into their eery boots at every glanoe at
their shame Ail record, and would never prist
the word Dtfalcation in the pegee of their
newspapers. It woald be as great an error aa
Uanquo's Gboat or the Coffim in an Egyptian
bast.—Ttmp. Jour.
M ochamot for Balo!
THE subecriber has on hand two ezoellent
Carpenters, three Blacksmiths, and one Wheel,
fright, ail ezoellent mechanics in their reapeet>
ive_ lines, young, strong and healthy, of qaiet
ud peaceable dispositions, and several of them
inite pious, all or whleh will be diapoesd of at
ssoderate rates. Persona ia want of Meehss
be are lavited to call aad —these, ae
Ah. 40, Csssl St., *ihsss*,Os. |
The above ia a qiselnssa of the ndrettieing
that we often Aad ia the newspapers of that
portion of the ooontry whsee capital owns its
tabor, aad then ia a great deal ofrifaileaaoo
in It If mm n, Mu good, peaoeable
piout mechaalci, la what kind of aaUaatioB
mast fret meebaaleebebeld In that oomnraaU
tjT Ifamanaeeda a ateehaaie will It not b«
cheeper for him to bay aa excellent niooi oar*
penter for *1,000 or eo, than U wUl to Mn on
at a dollar and a half a day. bit Strang* that
Umm owners at UMr own labor iboaWI stl«ma
Um the workioc men of tbe fres State* m the
'nod sills of aoolety,' 'do better tbea southern
■lares!' Do tbe free working bmo of thl< eom.
munlty thoroughly uoderetaod that tbe present
political conflict in our country la, whether tha
syatem of ctpiUl owniaf labor shall rale the
nation for the benefit of that idea, or whether
free labor and free men ehall rale tor their
own beoefltT—Mtlford, Dtl. JWtM.
Doaglu for Intervention. %
' DougUa U for CongTaaatonal iaterraUoo.
Hear him. In hit ipcech in the Senate made in
February lut he mM :
I *1 do »«* hold that Squatter Sovereignty la
"nwrtor U thj CoastUutioa. I hold that bo
SUCH THlftO AS SOVEREIGNTY POWER
, ATTAauaTo A-wanimnt ASA TERRITORY.
II hold that a Territory bomm wbnteter
power U derivee from the Constitution, aodcr
1 the organ to act, and no nor*.'
| Thia iweepa away at one Ml iwoop every
vestige of thia "Popular Sovereignty" which
it the burden of Mr. Douglas' aoaf. Every
sensible man will perceive "that If a territory
pcMfaeia whateTer power it derivsa from tho
constitution of the organle act aad ao more,"
that there la so each thing aa "popular aova
reignty" in th« territoriea—the power of tho
people in them being derived entirely ftum the
organic act giren them by Congreee what la
the organic act of a territory but th« rcaalt of
Congreaeioaal Intervention.
Whoever supports Douglaa will give hie eup
port to the doctrine of Coagreaaioaal Interven
tion aa moeh aa if he aupportad Lincoln,
Cell or UreeklarMge.
Douglaa la oorractly nnderatood In tbe'South.
The Georgia Coatlifafioaa/ii/ speaking ofthe
then forthcoming Douglaa State Convention,
aaid:
'The Convention will affirm the mat princi
ple* of equality of alave property in the TenU
lories, which Mr. Douglaa has adToaated all hie
life.
It will entlone that noble decision of tho
Supreme Court which Mr. Yancey so eulogiaad
at Charleaton, which our State Convention in
December demanded and which waa adopted in
our platlorm at Baltimore.'
The Atlanta (Geo.) Conftltraty, a Doug
las organ, says:
| 'But if the worst doea come, let ua with ona
1 heart and mind forget the put and GO OUT
OP THE UNION TOOETHEft.'
Herachell V. Johnaon for a Slave Ood®
In the Georgia Stale Convention June 4th,
I860, Johnson introduced the following reao
luuuni ;
IletolvtJ, Tliat the citissns of the United
Statrs hat* an eauai riaht to settle with their
property qf uny Kind, in the orjjanittd territo*
rie* of tne United Malta, and thai nulrrthg
decision of the Supreme Court of the United
Htalea in the ease of the Dred Heolt, which we
recogniie aa the correct exposition ol the Con
■titution in thia particular Ware property tland
ujton the tame footing at other deter iption of
property, and that neither the enteral govern
meat.NOR ANY TERRITORIAL GOVERN
MENT, can destroy or impair the right toilava
property In the COMMON TERRITORIES,
any more than tlie right to any other deaoritv
tlon of property ; that pro|*rty of all kln<lf,
tlarei at trill at any other tpectet qfproperty,
IN THE TERRITORIES, Hand opontheaamu
equal an<l broad eonititutional baaia, and aub
ject to like priaciplea of r«co(pilllon and pr»»
tection in the Legislative, Judicial and cxecotive
department of the government.
•2 That we will aupport any man who may
he nominated by the Baltimore Contention,
for the I'rraideney, who bolda tho priaciplea
aet forth In the foregoing resolution, and who
will give them his endorsement; and that wo
will not bold ourselves bound to support any
man, who may be the aooloee, who entertains
principles inconsistent wkh those sst forth in
ths above resolution,or irAi deniet thai HLAVK
PROPERTY in th« territories does itand oa an
ti/ual footing, and on the in me eonititutional
baiit it other detcrlptiom of property.'
Oa the 28th of May laat, after the Charlen
lon Convention, and nearly four weeka before
he was nominated at lUltlraore, John*« wrvta
% loiter to a Georgia oditor who bad declared
bin to be in favor of Popular Sovereignty, la
which he said: -
'I believe that It Is the right of the aoath to
lemand and the duty of Congress to extend.
PROTECTION OF PERSONA AND PROPEIU
rY OF EVERY KIND (including ilavt.) in
Lbe territories duting their Territorial itute.
rbia is no new opinion, I advocated thsdoetrina
u far back aa llMS, In thettenate of the Unlied
States, • • How unjutt theif/'ore are tha
inii'auftHon* with which you intersperse and
interlard your editorial comments, that all are
in faror qf'Squatter Sovereignty' who hap
pen not to agree %rith the tecedirt from the
Charletlon Contention. I REPEL TlfE IN
SINUATION so fir as it uiay lie inteuded to
apply to nie, come from what quarter it may,
and plead my own m*>nl in vindication.'
On another occasion he said:
'Property of all kiud*, tlaret at trell at any
other, standi upon the same eonititutional basis,
and eutjiect to the tame pritriplet uf recogni
tion and protection in the LeguKtive, Judu-i.il
and Executive Department* uf the General
Govern roenL'
'Pew, at the South, deny the power of Con.
greas to pass laws for the protection of slava
property in the the Territories, /certainly da
not.'
Every man who votes fbr Johnson vfll praetk
Dtlly ny by the act, tliat he la fkvoraLle ton
Blare code la the Territories.
Ntlll Another.
It hai l**n discovered that 9)0,000 nor* of
the public money baa beta stolen by a govern
ment officer. Major Sutherland, QuarUrmatter
of the Marine Corp* at Waahington, is the of
ficial robber. Tbia makes two knnlrtJ and
fifty fit* tkouianddollar$—murethaa a quarter
«>f a million, that baa bee* stolen by Ibeie
Democratic officials, wlthla two soothe f .laJ
tbe bon-le of these JefWolteraar* worthlee*—ai»
much eo Uut they arc not even read. Aad yet
when there la one Iteputdioan turna out a de
faulter aa Peck did (though nearly tbe whole
aum ia made good by bis bond.) tbe Democrat!*
paper* bowl awfWlly over It. Why, the tkult
amount of Peck's defalcation is aet eqaal to Ik*
intereet oa what tb* DemocratM wAca-koUer*
iteal erery six montha.
Hf la the karaagurs d*U«er*d oa hit pO
pimage through tbe country, Douglas trie* to
Ind tkror with tbe fra* men of the North by
iboxing Dlcuavar for trying to fovea tb* La
lomptou Constitution upon r . vbea the
Mopla didn't icant it. But he ekun't say a
surd aboat his ova dellnqaency In refusing to
let through Coagreea a Conatitutioa which the
People of Kansas did want.
Is not tbe ooe aa bad ae the other f Nomas
aas beea eo viadktive aad aboaireofthe people
)f Kansas a* Porous, aad Bvcwaxab blmaaif
eould be leee a hypocrite if be should now
prtkud friendship for then.
Deaet forget
rbat Docaus, with all hie pretcoded friendship
f >r popular Sovereignty, opposed by his elleac*
ind non-action, the admiaioo ot Kaaaae let®
the Union. He reflued toeall apthe WI1 la the
Senate. Rusoa: II* was afraid of oAadlag
:b* South, and was amwiOimg that Kaaaaa
ihoold havea voice ia thealeetlon of President
it tb* Caltai State*. The chaaoee now are,
that be will not obtain aa many Electoral rote*
is Kansas would bar* oast I
WbatIlnecuuxV. Johrsos uts. labia
ipeeeh in Philadelphia in Sept 1M0:
We believe that capital should OWN LABOR,
a all eouatriee aad under even fona of eocial
rganlxatioa there must ha a UUria# rfese—<a
ilaes of nsen who get their living by the sweat
if their brow; aad Iktrtmmtt b4—MUr tism
hat oontrols aad directs tha capital of the
touUy

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