Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I—NO. 1.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUND.VTS EXCEPTED,)
KERR & CO.
OFFICE, CARROLL IIALL,
8. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STRH'.T.L
EDITORS AND PRORIETOR3.
CHARI.KS. <al. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR.
In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya
ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city,
at .six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS Tor six months
and ONF. DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance
for the time ordered.
One insertion..' f0
T , Hl *° " SI.OO
I* our $1 25
Five " ....'.'.'sLso
One week $1.75
One mouth *4.00
Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or
inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor
THE DAILY EXCHANGE.
UNDER the above title it is proposed to
conduct anil publish in the city of Baltimore a first
class Commercial and Political MHKXIXG NEWSPAPER.
1 his enterprise lei ■ been prompted by the conviction
that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and
wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, and its conse
quently increased commercial and political importance
not onlv justify but demand an effort to introduce into the
field of journalism that < lenient of competition, which in
all other branches of business, has so materially contribu
ted to the prosperity of the city,
"THE EXI'IIAXGE." With regard to the name, —if an
apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per
haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal
ism.—it hat been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap
propriateness in connection with those commercial inter
ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be
largely <1 -voted, but in its wide and more comprehensive
acceptation, as embracing within its scope ail those topics
which come within the province of the public press.
Ist, NEWS. It will, of course, be the first aim of the ;
proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE
with the most prompt, lull and authentic intelligence upon
all matters of public interest, at home and abroad : and to
secure the accomplishment of this result, and theperfec-
V. N ' arrangement required to place THE EX- ;
. V , 1,1 thls I 'articular on a level with the best jour- :
nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will i
2d, COMMERCE.— The commercial department of the pa- !
per will include, not only the usual daily reports and i
weekly reviews of the markets,domestic and foreign, com- j
piled with fulness and accuracy, hut a frequent editorial !
discussionl of the leading financial questions of the day,
w it it regard to which the mercantile community naturally
look to the public press for comment and suggestion. i
AT, POLITICS.— The interests of commerce and the state
or the markets are SO constantly and intimately affected
b\ the ajpectof political affairs throughout the world, that
ajourinil WLUEI. aspires to HE any thing more than a mere
commercial reporier or daily price current, must necessa- 1
sanly devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi
nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit- :
" lU ~ l,; im r tment (,r the Paiier. which,
apart fiom its commercial importance, also possesses a '
peculiar and exclusive interest of its own. it will be the
objectofTHE EXCHANGE to preserve a position ~r honest 1
and fearless independence, equally removed from servile i
partisanship upon theone hand, and timid lieutralitv upon
the other. * 1
,4th. LITERATURE AND ART.—FAN did and impartial re
views of current literature ami contemporaneous art, mu
sicalland dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and
original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific
interest, ,will always find an appropriate place in the col
umns of IHE FC.\(JLLA.\GK. and it will be the constant
aim of t., • proprietors T RENDER it a valuable and interest
ing journal for the family AS well as for the counting- i
room . 0 |
PATAP3CO FEMALE INSTITUTE MARYLAND
I 111 Si EES oi the Patapsco Female j
'""Bute nnnouncetu the public that the additional
buildings and iroprorcmeutscommenced In- them at ear ago '
in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are n'ow com- -
PIE * bese improvements have not been made with a
v.ew to increase the school, but for the greater conveni- I
eiice and (omtoit of the usual number of pupils.
The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate- I
structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In i
stitute. and in all it- arrangements it is most complete. It I
* URNI3 bed with a new organ of line construction and ex- '
eel lent tone.
The ailiniiii-trotion of Mr. Archer for the past year and :
the present lias been attended with unprecedented suc
-1 ''' ' "'stees f , 1 themselves fully justified in
recommending the Institute to the continued favor of tile i
it ha- ;i. no •in Ue..l T pupils avWM- I
ing, on the one I,and, the d ■hilitntiug elTects of a Southern I
climate and on the other the rigors of the North, have
feiv of the interruption* incident to both tliesc climates. !
It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjov the !
benetils ot a e'ty without any of its evils.
As an Institution of learning it lots the advantage of a I
run organization. a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac- i
complished teacher* and p-ofessors. called together from j
time to time in the long experience of those having charge '
of the Institute. ,
The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having j
been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of ber intention
to resignher olhceofprincipalatthcclo.se of the present !
school year, have elected Kobert II Archer as her sueces i
sor. The eminent success of M, Archer in conducting for
. many years a School for A ouug l.adies in the eitv of Balti
m"rr.'(.''"",l(-'s ' l . im 1° confidence as a person peculiarly
qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure :
the permanent prosperity of ihe Institution; and with this 1
view we are engaged in the erection of another building in
addition to the present extensive accommodations of the
CHAS. \\ HORSEY. PRESIDENT. WJC. DENNY M I
dVhv U P K lr\*vViTl'lX- VATK1 xs I-IOON. E. HAMMOND;
k PKLNNLOY. feiidtf. j
LAW SCHOOL OF TIIE UNIVERSITY
AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS.
The Instructors in this School arc
Hon. do EL. PAR K Eli, LED., Royal Professor.
Hon. THKOPHILDS PARSONS. LL.D.. Dane Professor.
Hon. EMORY \V VSHBERN. LL.D.. University Professor. I
t lie course ot instruction embraces tile various branches 1
of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty, Com- i
| mercial. International and Constitutional Law, and the !
[ Jurisprudence of the Tinted States. The Law Library i
I consists of about 14,000 volumes, and as new works an- !
I pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it i
Section is given by oral lectures and expositions, I
(and by recitations and examinations, in connection with i
them,) of wi.ich there are ten every week. Two Moot i
Courts arc also ; n each week, at each of which a
cause, previously gi ven out. is argued by four students,
and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. '
Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club !
Courts, and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de-
Date, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and j
Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro 1
fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com *
menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of '
a term. 1
They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur
tainment* "' e ' r v ' ew ol their own wants and at-
The Academical year, which commences on Thursday
six weeks after tl.e third Wednesday in July, is divided
into two teims, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of
six weeks at the end of each term
During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened
warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the
Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any :
, further information, may be made to either of the l'rofes- '
•If sors at Cambridge.
- Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [dCt law Cm. ;
itli'Mcincs, 4-LRRFU mcrics, AT.
|i BRYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR
A* Coughs, Colds. Asthma. Consumption and all diseases
of the Lungs. lor sale at WISEMAN' S Drue Store
ii Baltimore and Fremont streets. Baltimore '
T. PI RYLANCE I'OLK ic CO.
Corner of Fayette and St. P.iul Streets,
N- HYNSON JENNINGS 8. co
No. 88 X. CHARLES STREET,
Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel
ling community to their large and choice assortment of
MEDICINES, PERFUMERV, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY
ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being
what we represent thera. as we select none hut of the pu
rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL I.VSTRU
ME*T.3 ' TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C., kc.
written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to
/2 dI ? at our expense if not of standard quality.
TLfCSTARD SEED OIL LINIMENT,
I ""J, , |een effective wherever used for the relief of
I ThJ 1 I );tlDS °f a Hheumatic or Neuralgic character.
■ ! u ,"' c P re P' Teci only <ll Dr. O Neal s Drua Store.
? Mauisoa and Eutauj Strp*t* feb22-1t
Pu £t>* , l ; i V; SAM of WILD CHEKKY,
RLI ABED AT DR. O'NEAL'S DRUG
able remedy fnr Str f U ' U * re "'
" tiaiiis in the t l . ' 1 "oarsenecs. Soreness and
vantage fX tv*?!" , ' tive 011863 derive much 0,1 !
tnd Indian Hemp enter Into 'it'T- 0 Tar ' , Bloodroot '
pleasant and its e Compoa ' t ' on - >*
rpHOSE OF SCROFULOUS" HABIT
A with Swelled Neck, Tumors r.ii T ~ '
curial and Syphilitic diseases ami i,- r "
ing from a taint in the svstcin n'miir' Dßgener ? y aris "
course of treatment, are reoornmend.' l to Sii?S lt, Y e
TERATIVE SYRUP.' made at i" ffw'n THk AL "
Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets It ri ,u .h" 8 St ? re '
Im'T" hUmorS ' Te " er ' BoiU ' P'mple^Rin"
\\f ISEMAN'S VERMIFUGE;
n, ■ WORM DESTROYPn i
Tins remedy for Worms is on.' of the most extraordinary
ever used it effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts
from children an.l adults' |
othlr mTn'eral""' C " nUi " MerCnry in any forra ' nor nny |
ti^°L' Sa,e ISEMAN', Druggist, corner of Baltimore '
Fremont streets. Price 25 ceuta. dim.
I to" 1 FRISBY HENDERSON, _ '
■ If * ATTORNEY AT LAW
|\ COMMISSIONER FOKVENNSYLVANIA
I % fes-' t- 6 CoosELLORs'HALL,
I Lexington street.
THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION.
(Founded in 1839.)
: Occupies the First Fluor of the Athena-um Building. X. W.
Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets.
nr*HF. BOOMS arc LARQ-P and comfortable,
JL well heated and lighted, and quiet.
The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes care
fully selected, of History. Poetrv. Drama, Theology Arts
and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and
Keviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about
i LOW volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with
the best publications of all these branches of knowledge as
well as a fair representation of the current light literature
of the present time.
The Beading Room is furnished with most of the Maga
zines and Keviews of this country and England, as well
as a number of American and English newspapers.
RR T PNI?A 9 ??J? T 'I^ W^J>R NE<L FO . R THE S P ECIAL benefit of the
LERKS OF THE CITY , and is exclusively under their
control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVF/membersliip.
, Hie fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance,
but the use of its Rooks and Rooms is open to all other
classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of
S5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from
PUTRIR R^7" RSO ISLT FC,IE ROOMS * ARE entited to ALL THE
• RI. TL,E A * S O<:MTION. except voting and hold
ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their
own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary
members may be transferred for the use OR ladies or others.
_ R V ' R ,E ROOMS are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock
RECEPTION of ladies— and from 2 o'clock till
10 o clock P. M., for Gentlemen.
Of persons now using the Library,
84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS,
" U HONORARY MEMBERS.
U ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22 tf
IYLPORTATION OF BOOKS
I i BY i I
U JAMES S. WATERS.
I I 244 2
g BALTIMORE £
C STREET. S
I ! *
• MERCER AXI) TAILOR.
No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET.
. ly. Baltimore.
Ready ma D E CL6 T H I\l
JOIIX If RE A, <£ CO,
NORTH-EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTH STS .
CHAJJ/I?, 11 LALFC ' E AML 3ELL " CT ST " CK " F WINTER
" btu t11.M,, that they are running offat a LOW FIGURE
to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want
would do well to give them a call.
Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus
tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low
S AM UE L T AN E Y HILL,
U r MERCBAXT TAILOR.
. No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPCOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL.
\\ ill HI a few days receive his full SPRIXI; STOCK of
■""jls—cousisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMEItES. VEST
INt'S, &c., and will be Pj.leased to take Orders from his
friends and the public. A lit guaranteed. Prices reason
* ble fe22lm.
JOHN A. GRIFFITH'S
AND FASHIONABLE READY-MADE CLOTHING
No. 187 BALTIMORE STREET
AND lji LIGHT STREET '
The advertiser has opened his SELECTION OF GOODS
from this and other markets, which he solicits gentlemen
to examine, confident that his assortment is COMPLETE
both in quality and styles.
■ R 'f RE-ADY -MADE DEPARTMENT abounds in variety
in which any taste can he suited, and where gentlemen'
can lie accommodated at LOW PRICES, considering the
quality of the Goods offered. |
Gentlemen selecting goods from his stock can have '
Garments made to orders in his Custom Department with
dispatch and promptness—two characteristics of his es
tablishment, where he itas lite best cutters that can be i
l"-'"-""' 11 fe22-l,„.
PM ANLR :tUisic.
(P HICKERING & SONS'
NUNNS & CLARK'S
CELEBRATED PIA.XO FORTES,
Constantly receiving and for sale onlv by
F. i>. BEXTEEX,
181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette,
„ , third store west of Charles st. !
urcnasers will find it to their interest to examine for
themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos.
tools, F"NCE & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards.
IV ML. SM .—JUST PUBLICIUAI, i>\*
-L n MILLER tf- HE AI'HAM, LSL BALTIMORE si:
A DAY DREAM— by J. C. Lngelbrecht.
ANY IL CHORUS— from Y'erdi'S Trovutoro
i'£?F l ?ni?-,9 RA, , )RLL ' LES - TAIL '-' HT IW Fd. Lehmami.
•BOARDING-SCHOOL LlFE—by Cltas. Grobc.
t •Thishcautiful,,lion, describing a day at a FE
A ' G SCIIOoL. is one of tlie Author's best
e . fforU '„._ h'22-lm.
MUS I C P UIJ L ISHEB,
M No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET,
l SIC PUBLISHED and received daily.
MUSIC BOUND ill the NEATEST STYLE.
fog Aim MI'SIC FOLIOS at ALL I'll ICRS
WILLIAM II A R 11 I S;
MAKER AND IMPORTER OF
GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS,
11G West Pratt street,
keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and
Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel; (Six barrelled
Revolvers; Rifles made to order: Dupout s Gun Powder-
Powder Flasks, Bird Bags, Shot Beits and Pouches, and
many other articles necessary fur Sportsmen. Repairing
done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe'22-lm.
JAMES M. ANDERSON & SOX,
Xo. 148 Baltimore Street,
BANK NOTE, STEEL & COPPER PLATE PRINTING
TINVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING
J. Cards, etc., Engraved and Printed in the most fashion
able styles Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps
etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, lie La Rue's Kn
velopes, etc. fe22tf.
BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. ~~
PRICE $40.-THIS MACHINE IS RE
commended by I. JL Singer k Co., Wheeler k Wilson
ana (.rover k Baker as being the liest single thread Ma
chine in the known world; and the price la in" low our
chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam
Also, Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE,
in Rosetvood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel
er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever
invented for sewing. A great number ,f certificates can
be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have
had them in use for a length of time.
, , E - M. PUXDERSON & CO..
A NEW ERA IN PHOTOGRAPHY
E. L. PERKINS'
AN". 99 BALTIMOEE STREET. OPPOSITE HOLLIDAV.
LL IHE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF
the art successfully carried on at this establishment
ana no humbug used to cheat or deceive the public Mr
I .'s new invention of producing Life-Size Pictures from
small daguerreotypes on CANVAS is the admiration of all
who see them. Mr. Kirkhvoer. the Great French artist
has been retained for coloring, in his beautiful stvie the
above gems. The public will please call and see. f.-22 lm.
I. 0. 0. F.
ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE
<;AU'A- BANNERS, kc.. U. S. Bunting and Silk
nags, Military Goods ami Ladies' Press Trimmings al
way on hand and for sale ly
- , No. 95 BALTIMORE ST,
fe22l y Baltimore-
JL. M'I'LL AIL &. BUG'S
• HAT, CAP AXD Fl'R STORE.
So. 132 BALTIMORE STREET.
Between Xorth and Cat vert streets, (north side.) fe22tf.
ELDON HALL HESTAURANT.
No. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET,
REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE.
r |'HE undersigned have very recently fitted up
-A- the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and
Charles Sts. known as-Kldon Hall",as a restaurant of the
nrst class. No expense has been spared to make i t acceptable
in all its appointments, to gentlemen who luay feel disposed
to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the - snack"
amllf -?i i "il! ich can be scrv d "P at a moment's notice
and at all hours there are always private rooms for the ac
comodation of gentlemen, who rn.iv desire to "exchange"
T£ 1° s r something which may cheer the inner man.
GOOD I IS! ats competition in the matter of CIGARS.
VANTS .115 ai ; d ATTENDANCE BV FAITHFUL SER
rant altogether make up the comforts of a restau
-Iv' A YD^Ai'lT'r L '■ 'J, s ' " '''l fw PARTIES prompt
There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for
the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear
entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance
admiting to all parts of the house, without passing through
thehar REI LLY & SNYDER
HI NX'S EATIN G SA LOON",
Xo. 40 WEST PRATT .STREET,
Between Frederick and Market Space.
THE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE-
Iy known Saloon, having recently made extensive
improvements in several departments of his buildings, is
prepared U> furnish DIXXERS, SUPPERS, kc ., at as cheap
rates and in a style which he will not jierniit of being sur
passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety
of style; also, Terrapins, Turtles. Poultry, Venison and
Hsli; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express
from the South.
All articles delivered free by RIXX'S Express Wagon.
(CHARLES E. PHELPS,
No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS,
and 'mwAßrai" tV ~C C ° UrtS ° f BALTntOI CTfY
OOBERT D BURNS,
A A TTORNE Y AT LA IF,
„ NO. 5 COUNSELLOR S HALL,
LEXINGTON STREET. j
BALTIMORE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1858.
§oolis anil .^tationmr.
AUCTION STOCK, THE REFUSE OF
the publishers, never purchased by us: but our cm
: turners are invariably offered the liest, in editions, varietv
and style of binding, &c., that can be purchased Uwav's
at moderate prices. JAMES S. WATERS.
fe22-tf. 244 Baltimore street.
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
CUSHIXGS & BAILEY,
BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS
2t>2 BALTIMORE STREET
Offer for sale at low prices the largest and most complete
assortment of 1
LAW, MEDICAL, CLASSICAL
I r A J X AX P FA - v c Y STATIC NER Y,
to be found in the city.
' r<J\ Uy !'. eSl> t!: t , f ! ,llv inviteau examination of their Stock.
< Orders attended to promptly. fe22-tf
HOICE ENGLISH SEALING W \\
Vy The subscriber has had made to his own order in
London a very choice assortment of SEALING WAX em
bracing for '
HEMOTOREOFFF®I BRAND3OF SU ' ,ERIOR " UALIT >" L ANYTHING
. >A NCY COLORS, lor ladies'use and notes, viz: Bron
-1 Red Fawn and'?n Jal ?' Ue ' , Navy Rlu0 ' Caret, Blood
' drop' weU ° a ° f whicU wi " l,uni
,u.al!n M of J F IA /- n IZE EXX EI.OPES. made of a superior
pondence. I,a|>er ' SUUa, " L ' f " r I' :lrti v ular corres
! extra'lieaA-'v LKTT^R . p APERS, of superior ~ualities, some
r .1.™,, } JAMES". S. WATERS,
' _ 2W Baltimore street.
BLANK ACCOUNT BOOKS
JAS. S. WATERS,
244 BALTIMORE STREET,
HAS IN STORE, DIRECT FROM LONDON,
a supply of very superior
ENGLISH LINEN PAPIR,
So generally used by the Boston Blank Book makers, and
, Lii'T.* ° make up a single Bonk. or SET,, which we
j will warrant to be of equal quality with the Boston books
and are superior as to quality of material to those hereto
fore made in this city. One quality this paper possesses
miiri'O'R Tl'*' ERAS r CRCAN USE, L SUV< ' L:LI times without im
pairing the surface.
CHKAP BOOKS and SHORT QUIRES also on hand, or
made to order when desired, as low as they can be pro
! duced anywhere.
| Bookkeepers are requested to call and examine the su
penouty of our paper, if they desire to have comfort with
BLANK BOOK, PAPER AND
SAMUEL E- TUBXEB,
No. 3 SOUTH CHARLES STREET,
TJASON HAND A VERY SUPERIOR
no,^r t, T,o,Vc. 1 ' U ,' l ' :R ' STATIONERY mid BLANK
WRinvr . TL^^,M"" NFR ,LIS WI "
L. f, r I ' tTTKR I,APKR S, both domestic and
V!W?L MOST A PL >ROVED manufacturers,
rietv PAPERS— RuIed and Plain, in very great va-
ENVELOPES of all kinds.
I U V L-V' V . DE O, RI . PTION ' F " R ° NICEA "d private
WU V™ , P mn S ' i KV '""-"HRS. SEALING
STANIIS Ae ic' SLATE i ' KXCI . I " S . IXK
f of a " makers.
MON N UPS&c &e SSLS ' I'ORTEOLIOS i'ORTE
i assortment of WRAPPING PAPER
' price's CARDS, '"HUNTERS' do.. &c., Sc.. all'at low
fe^Af™ 1 ' MERCHAXTS will do well to call.
TMPORTATION OF BOOKS FROM
, LNGLAND, FRANCE, AND GERM WY
IN THE QUANTITY OR THE SINGLE VOLUME
BV T A^ C „" B ,R'J. HRO . U,? " L " N,I " N von-czTtotulents. and
DY agency on the Continent, is able to vivo tliu most care
. ful attention to all orders front private persons COLLEGES
! Seminaries. Public Libraries Societies Ve F..- lii.TL'
I'KRIOPICALS. STATU IN FRY . MAPS*, TE. anil wIu'FUR
i : , M ! ,N MOST favorable terms, and with the "re-it
, est despatch, and to Public Institutions. Semintlriesoff/am
i 7." "v, 1 "' 1 Literary Societies, duty free.
cliea A ii°st? E L° F XBW ', ! "" KS ' L ,A, '"SH IN London, with
"•I . 1 - - A " A "' PUT up monthly in small packages, and
forwarded gratis to ail who desire them.
1V.0.> , F JAMES S. WATERS,
No. 244 Baltimore street
T ON DON AND PARIS MADE YVRI
] J-J TING DESKS, of very superior styles, of various
qualities of Leather. Rosewood. Pearwood, Maho.-any
Ebony, &C., suitable for ladies or gentlemen; ofour",.tvu
; direct importation, are now opening.
. , f JAMES S. WATERS,
j 244 Baltimore stm t.
T ONDON STYLES OF VISITING
J.M CARDS, altogether new; Wedding Envelopes, all
I the choice styles, for sale by JAMES S. WATERS,
' '' "• "44 Baltimore -tri-et.
I AW BOOKS.
L_JThe subscribers invite the attention of the Bar. to
then large stock of LAW BUHKS. which they offer for sale
at lowest rates. BUSHINGS & BAILEY
_ Just published VolumeJO
MURPHY'S GENERAL PRINTING AND PUB
BOOK, PAPER, AND STATIONARY STORE.
MARBLE BUILDING, 182 BALTIMORE STREET, BALTIMORE.
MEDALS awarded by the Maryland insti
stitute 1851-5 for Printing, Boot Bindin< r and
Bank Chocks. By the Metropolitan Institute, Washing
Ji l °. ma for su l>erior Blank Books.
BOOKS, PAPER, BLANK BOOKS AND STATIONARY,
~adlS- ConS,aUtljon liand a la '* e
„ , , BOOKS IN GENERAL LITERATURE,
School, Classical, Miscellaneous ami Juvenile Books
, . _ FOREIGN BOOKS.
nin a Hn a ?hir rieil BtOCk k , ept constant, y on hand, to which
constant additions are made, by direct importation. For
eign Books imported to order.
BLANK BOOKS, PAPER, STATIONERY Ac
of English. French and Amer
ican Letter, Cap and Note Papers. Ax., of the best qualities,
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j change, large editions will be issued for the first few days of
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| within the city, and also in those sections of the country
which are connected with Baltimore, by business relation's
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columns, will do welt therefore to send in their advertise■
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| To Readers.— By means of the gratuitous distributions '
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MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1858.
i . ~
l In assuming the office of public journalists, it
! may, perhaps, be expected that we should make
some exposition of the principles by which we
mean to be guided in the discharge of the duties j
j and responsibilities incident to that position, j
This we propose briefly to do. It is a necessary j
I )iece of egotism on our part, justified by tiie nov- j
; city of the occasion which requires it, but which j
| once performed, shall not soon again be repeated,
| fur the last subject which we design at any time to
| discuss in these columns is ourselves. Personal
i matters and private affairs are not, in our judg
| ment, a legitimate subject for newspaper comment,
and, as we do not intend to meddle with those of j
J others, neither do we propose to give unnecessary j
publicity to our own. We design to deal simply j
with public men and public interests, and upon J
| these we shall claim and exercise the right, at all j
times, freely to print our opinions, j
| What these opinions 'may be, cannot, of course, be
indicated with any certainty or precision, in ad
vance of the occasion which may require their
utterance, but, so far as our political sentiments
may be referable to any well-defined and ascertain
able general principles or mode of thinking, we
have no hesitation in disclosing them at the present
time. \\ e will state, however, byway of preface,
that with reference to the dead and buried issues of
the past, the questions of fifty, twenty or ten years
ago, tve shall have as little to say as possible, and
any confession of our opinions in respect to them,
would be therefore immaterial and impertinent.
In like manner, we shall refrain from all vague and
random speculation as to the possible questions of
the future—the erode and unformed issues of here
after. In fine, onr business is with tlie present.
AS e do not choose to say what our opinions might
have been yesterday, for yesterday is past—nor yet
to-morrow, for the morrow is yet to come, but we
j do mean and hope that these columns shall show,
j 'lay by day, clearly and explicitly, our views with
j regard to passing events and current topics, and
that in these pages shall be reflected, as in a mirror,
i the very form and fashion of the times.
Startinglhus, with a clean record, and equally
! untrammelled by the traditions of an obsolete past,
; and by pledges with regard to an unforeseen
tutu re, we shall strive steadfastly to preserve the
j impartiality and independence of the journal which
| we this day assume to conduct. With this defini
tion of our position, we invoke in behalf of our
j enterprise, the fair and unbiassed consideration of
all men of all parties, for we ourselves arc indcpcn
i 'l°nt ot any party. \\ e are Republicans, but our
I republicanism is neither red nor black, nor of any
other . "r/)/-eolon d dye. It is national „.!
I servative, based ujion the traditions of the Revolu
tion, embodied in the forms of the Constitution,
; and best illustrated bv the practice and example of
| the illustrious patriot, upon the anniversary of
whose birthday we offer to the public this first issue
lof our press. We are Americans, but the Ameri
j canism which we uphold is that not of a party, but
i of the country. The name of American is too
I broad and lofty an appellation to be dwarfed or
j narrowed into a mere party designation. We are
i Democrats, not as wedded, however, to any par
; tieular political faction, but as believers in the ca
i pacify of man for self-government, and in the
doctrines of popular sovereignty. This idea of
, popular sovereignty, which, in common with every
! body else in this country, we thus accept as a fuu
j damental article of our political faith, is not, with
us, a mere abstraction, but a living principle and
practical guide, by which we shall he enabled to
determine with accuracy our position upon many
| important and exciting questions. In the first
, place, it furnishes us in "the greatest good of the
| greatest number," with the only true test of the
! wisdom of any proposed legislation or particular
j line of policy, and is therefore utterly at war with
j all sectionalism and sectarianism in politics—with
| all partial and class legislation of every kind and
description, and is wholly intolerant of any abuse
of the legislative, or prostitution) of the executive
! powers conferred and delegated liy the people, and
designed to he exercised solely for their benefit, to
; personal or party ends. It also implies the right
ot the majority to govern, a principle incorporated
! into all of our constitutions, and underlying the
whole fabric of our political institutions, and
which, if rightly understood by us, determines at
once the true position of a republican journal in
this country, to be one not of opposition, at least.
! to the powers that be. Under a government of
popular creation, whose functions are administered
by individuals ot the popular choice, thepresumji
tion at least, until rebutted by positive evidence to
the contrary, should always be that the govern
ment really reflects the popular will, and that its
administration faithfully represents the interests
and sentiments of the majority to which it owes its
elevation to power. Upon grounds of principle,
therefore, apart from the considerations which may
influence us with respect to particular acts and
measures, we shall give lo the present administra
tion of James Buchanan our support, so fur as
may be consistent with our own convictions of
what is right and just, which constitute with us as
they should with the conductors of every press, a
"higher law " in subordinate to which all other
pledges must he construed; always reserving to
ourselves, entire and unimpaired, that right of free
and independent criticism and dissent, which no
party shackles prevent us f-om exercising, and with
which we never mean to part. Finally, this idea
of popular sovereignty, in its most comprehensive
acceptation, implies the right of every people to settle
uicir own anatrs in tnur own way. In other
words, we hold to the principle of non-intervention,
which in its practical application to our own coun
] try, means, non-intervention on the part of the
Republic in the affairs of foreign nations—non-in
i tervention on the part of the General Government
in regard to the domestic regulations of the states
and territories—and non-intervention on the part
of the North in respect to the rights and institutions
of the South.
We have thus briefly but sufficiently indicated
some of the leading principles by which we mean
to shape our political course. A similar spirit of
independence and moderation shall characterize, as
far as possible, every other department of the
paper. Whatever may lie die subject of editorial
comment, whether a new hi ok or a new law—a
question ot finance or a dramatic performance—
upon all matters great and small, we shall endeavor
to write with candor and £iirness. We may not
always succeed in coining up to our own standard
of journalism, but whatevtr may be our short
comings and deficiencies, if an honest desire to
adhere to the best of our ability to the principles
t\e have laiddown for our guidance in our career,
shall avail any thing in our favor, we may hope
to prove ourselves not wholly unworthy of the
liberal support which we have already received, or
of attaining a yet larger measure of public confi
dence in the future.
FROM ont LOXDOX CORIIESI'OXI)EXT.
LONDON, February 1, lsjs.
1 ou will see that the return to easy times in the
I ™°ney market is as rapid in this country as on your
side of the water. In less than three months the
I rate ot interest at the bank lias come down from 10
i to 4 per cent. The country is now suffering under
that stagnation of trade that is certain to follow a
| crisis. Those with little or no capital have gone
; down, and those that have capital and are doing
! business, are sailing near the wind, buying spar~-
j ingly, and using all due caution as ti credit ae
j counts. Those who may have supposed that trade
j and credit between this country and America would
I be permanently affected, or altered in consequence
j of the large amount of American indebtedness and
| bankruptcy, will have to have'to revise their opin
, ions. Still there are reasons for believing that
! American merchants and importers will not be able
to obtain large credits as easily as they have here
tofore. There is one course that could be taken bv
your national legislature that would do more than
everything else to put American merchants on a
good standing with all ;he world, and that is a just,
equitable, stringent and permanent national bank
j rnpt law. The system of making preferential as
j signments, so common in the United States and
i Canada, puts the British and other foreign creditors
j at a great disadvantage, and the manifest injustice
j and dishonesty of those proceedings in many cases
| must operate unfavorably in this country. A mer
j chant doing business in New York, Philadelphia or
Montreal, seeing that he must fail, goes and makes
an assignment to a relative, a near neighbor, or a
personal friend, and the British creditors have to
go whistle, and find themselves among non-preferred
creditors, with an offer of 15 cents on a dollar.
Yesterday there was a meeting of the creditors of
| Mr. John Henderson, of Toronto, held in this city,
and this matter of assignments anil preferred cred
i itors underwent a good deal of discussion. .Some
j strong resolutions were passed denouncing the sys
tem, and it was a matter for consideration whether
merchants in this country would not do well to re
fuse all credits, both in Canada and the United
States, until the laws there were altered as to as
signments and bankruptcies. It is, of course, a
difficult thing to pass laws that shall prevent men
from swindling when they are inclined, but a good
and permanent national bankrupt law is essential in
all commercial countries. I will not pretend to say
what is oris not constitutional in America, and I
know your bankrupt law twenty years ago was
generally considered defective. Now, ask yourself
which is best: to have a spasmodic effort for a hur
ried, ill-digested bankrupt law, every twenty years,
or after every general financial panic, and allow all
to pass through, like porpoises and herring in a
hole in a fish net, or to take time and get up a care
fully worded law adapted to the wants of the whole
country, and make it permanent? There will be
loop-holes where unprincipled men will take advan
! ' (1 of a law framed to relieve the unfortunate,
and it is ever so;—but how stands it at present
with you ? There is scarce a State in America—
probably not one—where a man who owes money
cannot conceal and keep as much property as lie
I chooses, and defy his creditors.
Now, look at the law in this country. A man
owes money, and can not meet his engagements. It
is at once in the power of two creditors to force him
to become a bankrupt, lie is obliged to give up all
his property, and while matters are pending, until
the close of proceeding" and he gets his certifi
cate, he is allowed a certain weekly allowance on
which to subsist. He has an official assignee, his
books and papers go into the hands of an account
ant, and he is protected from arrest till the exami
nation day. He then surrenders, and if evidence of
direct fraud and concealment of property is brought
he gets imprisoned, and if it is proved that he has
property that he w ill not give up, lie is kept in con
finement indefinitely. The certificates are of three
j classes—first, second and third. A course of hon-
Oiable trailing, and bankruptcy following from
causes beyond his control, will entitle him to a
first-class certificate. A bankrupt having such a
certificate is at once in as good standing as it is
possible for a man to be, after getting involved in
obligations beyond his means and control. If a
merchant has shown a course of reckless trading, or
extravagant living, beyond his means and income,
he will only he entitled to a second-class certificate.
When a man goes on trading, after he knows he is
bankrupt, and is guilty of extravagant living, reck
lessness, concealment of property, and presumptive
evidence of fraud, he only gets a third-class certifi
cate, and that is sometimes denied him for six or
twelve months, and in the interim he may be left
without protection from arrest. Then, after a man
becomes bankrupt, and has got his discharge, he
can at once go into business, as he finds means,
gets assistance, or shows energy, prudence and
skill, and has- the confidence of those who know
Mr. Buchanan's recommendation of a bankrupt
law for banks, is a piece of short-sighted policy, and
at once makes a distinction between the corporation
and the individual. Wherein lies the distinct differ
ence? A bank corporation, aa insurance company,
a factory or manufacturing concern, a mercantile
house with several partners, and a single individual,
do not present such a marked difference in their cir
cumstances in cases of bankruptcy, as to require
that one or more should have privileges, immuni
ties or laws that the others do not. The concern
owes money that is due; all creditors should have
an equal chance, and if there is no immediate pros
pect of a resumption, the creditors should have the
power to force it into bankruptcy. The lines se
parating States occur with you at such frequent in
tervals that the advantages of a uniform bankrupt
law over the whole country are apparent to every
one. Your merchants and members of Congress
may rely upon it that there is no step that could be
taken in the United States, that would so immedi
ately put American trade and commerce on a good
footing in Europe as a uniform, just and permanent
bankrupt law. No one need fall back on the idea
that because the capital and manufacturing resour
ces of Great Britain must find sales abroad, that
credit must be given to foreign countries. That
may be true to a certain extent, but there is capital
enough, and there are solvent and honorable mer
chants enough to sell all European goods that are
needed in America, and if that capital and those mer
chants cannot be found in the United States, this
country can send out a sufficiency of both. All is,
if'there are laws and regulations that will make it
safe and convenient to grant credits to numerous
houses, and firms in America, that will be done,
and if not, the business will be more concentrated,
and will be done by fewer hands. I need not en
large upon the advantage of having the trade in
foreign as well as in home manufactures in the
hands of a sufficient number of individuals as well
as in the hands of Americans generally, rather than
having it done by few persons, and those princi
pally foreigners. How do British manufacturers
and mercantile men effect rales of their goods at
Rio, Bahia, Pernambuco, Buenos Ayres, Valparaiso,
Lima, and other cities in the States of South
America? Certainly to a great extent, by sending
out to reside there, partners, brothers, sons, and
others from the establishments in this country.
The laws, the state of mercantile moralitv, the 1
capital and the political condition of things is such '
in those countries that credits cannot be as safely !
extended by Englishmen to natives of those coun
tries as to the citizens of their own when residing I
.Shall the same be said of the United States?
The political condition of things seems tolerably ,
permanent, though grave doubts have arisen on that ;
subject during the last year or two, at the near ap- j
proaeh of anarchy in America, particularly in some j
of the large cities. There is certainly capital
enough in the country, notwithstanding the late
hard times and the numerous failures. Xow shall
it be said that the laws are so imperfect in the j
United States, and the state of political morality |
so low that there cannot be found a sufficient num- !
ber of individuals in the country to whom can be
entrusted the business of supplying the country
with British and other foreign manufactures?
\ou may loolcG l the establishment of a goodlv |
number of new me. an tile houses by individuals and
capital sent out from this country. All laws, all
customs, and all practises that go to put foreign
creditors under greater disabilities in collections
than your own citizens, can but operate deleterious
ly to the best interests of the commerce of the ;
Before this letter will have been received by vou j
the anxiety respecting the non-arrival of the Steani-
I ship Ariel will have been allayed by the arrival of
her mails and passengers per Canada and North Star.
The steamship America was out during the gales
that disabled the Ariel, and 1 see she made an un
usually long passage. A statement was made to me
by a Liverpool pilot that there were forty-two ships
| on shore and abandoned in Ireland, north and west
of Cork, principally American merchantmen. The
j gales were most severe, and no doubt proved de
structive to a large amount of shipping.
That unfortunate ship the Leviathan, is at last
afloat. Commercially and financially she will, in
my opinion, prove a failure, unless the nation o- e ts
suddenly into some other war, when she may want
her for a transport, and be obliged to buy or charter
j iter at a fabulous price.
WHO WROTE WASHINGTON'S FAREWELL
| The publication, by John C. Hamilton, of the
first volume of " A History of the Republic of the
I nited States, as traced in the writings of Alexan
i der Hamilton and his contemporaries," has led to a
renewed discussion of the claims of Washington and
| Hamilton to the credit of tho composition of the
i Farewell Address. We have nut yet seen this vol
ume, and are, therefore, not able to determine upon
| the weight of the testimony, if there be any not
i heretofore before the public, upon which Mr. Ham
| llton rests the pretension he is understood to set
up, that his father was, in all essential respects, the
| real author of the Address.
Although it is now, perhaps, for the first time, con
tended, as it were, on the part of Gen Hamilton, that
! he had any other participation in the Address,-than
in many other papers of Washington which were
prepared by him under the direction of his oiiicial
superior, or as an adviser and li tend, vet our readers
will all recollect that the subject has heretofore been
before the public without receiving any positive or
i satisfactory solution. It may therefore, not. be in
appropriate on this day, which, wherever the name
j of Washington is known, is regarded as the anni
versary of one of the most important events of mod
ern times, to set before the public some of those
j proofs which not only serve to show that the address
was, in form, a legacy of wisdom and warning to his
countrymen, by its august putative author, but that
in fact, it was conceived by his own mind and writ
ten by his own hand. The first intimation that
the public ever had of any adverse claim to it, we
believe, arose from the discovery amongst Gen. Ham
ilton's papers of a copy of the address in his (Ham
ilton's) hand writing.
In March, 1811, Judge Richard Peters communi
cated the discovery to Mr. Jay, who, on the 29th of
the same month, made a reply, from which we make
tin- following selections:
Your letter conveyed to ine the first and onlv in
formation 1 have received, that a copy of President
v\ aslnngton's valedictory address lia'd been found
among the papers of General Hamilton, and in his
handwriting; and that a certain gentleman hail also
a copy ol it in the same handwriting.
T J' is "di'lligcnco is unpleasant and unexpected.
Had the address been one of those official papers
which, in the course of affairs, the secretary id' the
proper department might have prepared, and the
president have signed, these facts would have been
unimportant: but it was a personal act—of choice,
not id official duty—and it was so connected with
other obvious considerations, as that he onlv could'
with propriety write it. In mv opinion, President
\\ ashington must have been sensible of this propri
ety. and therefore strong evidence would In* neces
sary to make me believe that he violated it. Wheth
er lie did or did not, is a question which naturally
directs our attention to whatever affords presump
tive evidence respecting it: and leads the mind into
a long train of correspondent reflections. 1 will
, give you a summary of those which have occurred
to me; not because I think tliein neccssarv to settle
the point in question, for the sequel w ill show- that
they are nut. but because the occasion invites me to
1 take the pleasure of reviewing and bearing testimo
ny to the merits of our departed friend.
Is it to be presumed from these facts, that General
Hamilton was the real, and the President onlv the
reputed author of that address? Although "they
countenance such a presumption, vet 1 think its
foundation w ill be found too slight and shallow to
resist that strong and full stream of counter evi
dence, which flows from the conduct and character
ot that great man. A character nut blown up into
transient splendor by the breath of adulation, but
being composed of his great and memorable deeds,
stands, and will forever stand, a glorious monument
of human excellence.
So prone, however, is "poor human nature" to '
dislike anil depreciate the superiority of eontempo- -
raries, that when these facts come to be generally I
known (and generally known tliev will be) many,
with affected regret and hesitation, will infer and
hint, that Washington had li s, greatness id' talent,
and less greatness of mind, than his friends and ad
mirers ascribed to him. Nor will the number of ;
those be few, w ho, from personal or party induce- i
ments, will artlully encourage and diligently en
deavor to give currency to such imputations.
On the other hand, there are men of candor and !
judgment (and time will increase their number)
who, aiming only at truth, will cheerfully trace and
Jul low its footsteps, and on finding, gladly embrace
it. Urged by this laudable motive, thev will atten
tively examine the history of his life: and in it thev
w ill meet with such numerous proofs of his knowl- i
edge and experience of men and things in general,
and oi our national affairs in particular, as to silence
all doubts ot his ability to conceive and express ev
ery idea in that address. A careful perusal of that
history will convince them, that the principles of
policy which it recommends as rules for the conduct
ot other, are precisely those by which he regulated
Hut it would not surprise me, if certain classical
j gentlemen, associating the tacts you mention witli ,
the style and lushion ol the address, should intimate i
that his ability to compose it substantially in his !
mind, docs not prove that he was also capable of
communicating his advice in a paper so well written,
i Let those gentlemen recollect the classical maxim
; which they learned at school:
j " Scribemli recte, sapere est et principium ct fons."
! They may also be referred to another classical max
im. which teaches us. that they who well understand
i their subject, will be at no loss for words:
•' Verbaque provisam rem nun invita sequentur."
! Hut his ability to write well need not be proved
I by the application of maxims; it is established by
facts. We are told to judge of a tree bv its fruit";
j let us, in like manner, judge of his pen bv its per
Few men. who had so little leisure, have written
so much. His public letters alone are voluminous •
and public opinion has done justice to their merits'
many of them have been published, and they who
read them will be convinced, that at the period of
j the address, he had not to learn how to write well.
Hut it may be remarked, that the address is higher
finished than the letters; and so it ought to be.
| That address was to be presented to thewhole na
tion, and on no common occasion : it was intended
for the present and future generations; it was to be
read in this country, and in foreign countries; and
! to be criticised, not only by affectionate friends and
i impartial judges, but also by envious and malignant
j enemies. It was an address which, according as it
i should or should not correspond with his exalted
j character and fame, would either justify or impeach
I the prevailing opinion of his talents and wisdom,
j Who, therefore, can wonder that he should bestow
! more thought, and time, and pains on that address
I than 'in a tetter?
Although in the habit of depending ultimately on
his own judgment, yet no man was more solicitous
to obtain and collect light on every question and
measure on which lie had to decide. ' lie knew that
I authors, like parents, are not among the first to dis
! cover imperfections in their offspring; and that con
-1 sideration would naturally induce him to imitate
j the example of those ancient and modern writers
j (among whom were statesmen, generals, and even
men of consular and royal dignity) who submitted
their compositions to the judgment of their friends,
before they put (lie iasi hand to them. Those friends
would make notes of whatever defects they observed
in the draught, and of the correspondent amend
ments which they deemed proper. If they found
that the arrangement could be improved, they would
! advise certain transpositions; if the connexion be
| tween any of the relative parts was obscure, thev
| would make it more apparent; if a conclusion had
better be left to implication than expressed, thev
would strike it out, and so \ ice versa; if an addl
i tional remark or allusion would give force or light
to a sentiment or proposition, thev would propose
it; where a sentence was too long, they would divide
■ it; they would correct redundances; change words
less apt, for words more apt, Ac., Ac., Ac. To cor
! recta composition in this way, is to do a friendly
office; but to prepare a new one, and offer it to the
author as a substitute for his own, would deserve
; a different appellation.
j Among those to whose judgment and candor Pres
ident Washington would commit such an interesting
and delicate task, where is the man to be found, who
| would have had the hardihood to say to him in sub
stance, though in terms ever so nice and courtly—
Sir. I have examined and considered your draught
, of an address: it will not do; it is really good for
nothing. Hut. sir, 1 have taken the trouble to write
a proper one for you ; and 1 now make you a present
of it: I advise you to -adopt it, and to pass it on the
world as your own; the cheat will never be discov
ered, for you may depend on mv secrecy. Sir, 1
have inserted in i't a paragraph that will" give the
public a good opinion of your modesty : I will read
it to you ; it is in these words:
"In the discharge of this trust, I will only sav,
that 1 have, with good intentions, contributed to
wards the organization and administration of the
government, the best exertions of which a very fal
lible judgment was capable. Not unconscious, in the
outset, of the inferiority of my qualifications, expe-
PRICE TWO CENTS.
i >ence m niv own eyes, perhaps still more in the eves
of other*, has strengthened the motives to dillidehce
It it be possible to fiml a man among those whom
he esteemed, capable of ottering to him such a pres
ent, it is impossible to believe that President \Y ash
lngton was the man to whom such a present would
have been acceptable. They who knew President
" ashington, and his various endowments, qualifica
tions, and virtues, know that, aggregately consid
ered, they formed a "tout ensemble" which has
rarely been equalled, and perhaps never excelled.
| Thus much for presumptive evidence. I will now
i turn your attention to some that is direct.
The history (if it may be so called) of the address
; is not unknown to me; but as 1 came to the knowl
edge of it under implied confidence, I doubted, when
: 1 first received your letter, whether I ought to dis
j close it. On more mature reflection, 1 became con
j vinced that it President Washington was now alive,
| and informed of the facts in question, he would not
j on '.3". authorize, but also desire me to reduce it to
writing; that when necessary, it might be used to
j invalidate the imputations "to which those facts
| give color. This consideration terminated my doubts,
j 1 do not think that a disclosure is necessary at this
: moment, but I fear such a moment will arrive,
j YV hether I shall then be alive, or in capacity to give
I testimony, is so uncertain, that in order to avoid the
: r ' s k of either, I shall now reduce it to writing, and
j commit it to your care and discretion, "de bene
i esse, ' as the lawyers say.
Sonic time before the address appeared, Colonel
j (afterward General) Hamilton informed me, limt he
j had received a letter from President Washington,
and with it the draught of a farewell address, which
the president hail prepared, ami on which he requested
j our opinion. He then proposed that we should fix
! on a day for an interview at my house on the sub
: lect. A day was accordingly appointed. On that
day Colonel Hamilton attended. He observed to me,
j in words to this effect—that, after having read and
j examined the draught, it appeared to him to be sus
i ceptible of improvement— that he thought the ea
■ siest and best way was to leave the draught untouch-...
Ed and in its fair state; and to write the whole orer
j Kith such amendments, alterations, and corrections as
j he t/naiyht were advisable ; and that he had done so.
| lie then proposed to read it, and to make it the sub
j ject of our consideration. This being agreed to, he
read it; and we proceeded deliberately to discuss
! and consider it, paragraph bv paragraph, until the
J whole met with our mutual approbation: some
] amendments were made during the interview, but
; none of much importance. Although this business
I had not been hastily despatched, yet, aware of the
! consequence of such a paper, 1 suggested the giving
t it a further critical examination; but he declined it,
| saymg that he was pressed for time, and was anx-
I ious to return the draught to the president without
I delay. It afterward occurred to me, that a certain
proposition was expressed in terms too general and
unqualified, and I hinted it in a letter to the presi
As the business took the course above mentioned,
I a recurrence to the draught was unnecessary, and it
was not read. There was this advantage in the
j course pursued—the president's draught remained
I (as delicacy required) fair, and not obscured by iu
! terlineations, Ac. By comparing it with the paper
| sent with it, he would immediately observe the par
j ticular emendations mil corrections that were pro
! posed; and would find them standing in their intend
i ed places. Hence he was enabled to review and to
! decide on the whole matter, with much greater
j clearness and facility than if he had received tiieui
| in separate and detached notes, and with detailed
references to the pages and lines, where they were
j advised to be introduced.
With great esteem and regard,
1 am, dear sir,
Your obedient servant,
It will be perceived from these extracts, that Mr.
! Jay, who had lived on terms of the utmost intimacy
with both Gen. Washington and Mr. Hamilton, ne
-1 ver received from either any intimation that the
work was not substantially that of Washington—or
that the part taken in it by Hamilton was any thing
beyond the making of those amendments, alterations
and corrections, which me latter considered advisa
ble. To what extent these amendments, Ac. went,
does not appear by Mr. Jay's statement, for he ad
mits that the draught f Gen. Washington was not
, compared with Hamilton's. Hut Hamilton in aeon-
I fidential interview with his friend Mr. Jay, would
not have been likely, we think, to state that ho had
i merely altered, amended and corrected a paper, when
in fact, he had written a new one wholly ditferent
j from the draught submitted to him, which he had
thrown aside as unworthy.
Ilut, aside from Mr. Jay's testimony, there is
anothei circumstance of a ciia.actci so unequivocal
as to prove beyond all reasonable doubt, that the
composition of the paper was in fact, the work ol
Gen. Washington. The first publication of the ad
dress was made, it is well known, in Clavpoole's
Gazette in Philadelphia. The manuscript from
which it was printed was all in the handwriting of
Gen. Washington—not a fair copy transcribed for
the press—but a paper which had undergone nu
merous erasures, corrections and interlineations.—
If we are not mistaken, these corrections occur in
every part of the composition and are all in Gen.
Washington's hand writing. This manuscript was
carefully preserved by Mr. Claypoole, and after his
death was sold to James Lennox, of New York, who
now owns the invaluable relic. Now, it is not to be
supposed that, if Gen. Washington had adopted the
draught of Gen. Hamilton, lie would have copied it
in his own hand, merely for the purpose of interlin
ing and correcting it, so as to impose upon a printer.
The more natural and reasonable supposition is
that he retained a copy of the draught he had seut to
Hamilton—that, upon receiving Hamilton's draught,
with the alterations, amendments and corrections,
lie adopted and inserted them so far as they met his
approval, and that thus far, and no farther, the work
was Hamilton's. Why General Hamilton should
nave anions nis papers a copy in nis own nana writ
ing, and why a duplicate of it, in his handwriting,
should be iu the hands of another person, is not
now, perhaps, susceptible of satisfactory explanation,
but these two facts furnish but slender reasons for
denying to the foremost man of the world the merit
I of a work to which Mr. Jay, one of the most intimate
| of his friends, and acknowledged to be a competent
! judge, pronounces him altogether equal, and which
is, in all respects, alit type and representative of the
unequalled grandeur of his character and patriotism.
CRIMK IX HUNGARY.—The Austrian papers
l teem with accounts of robberies and murders coin
' initted in Hungary, and things are quite as bad in
Croatia. On the 13th, at six in the evening, eight
robbers, armed with guns, axes and cudgels, made
an attack on the inmates of a house belonging to
•the head gamekeeper of Xadap, a village in Hun
i garv. Three of the ruffians kept guard outside
the house, while the others entered and proceeded
to business. The mother-in-law of the gamekeeper,
; two maid-servants, and three children were kept
silent by means of guns levelled at them, while two
of the robbers made their way into the room of the
master of the house. As the latter offered resistance,
he was brought to the ground by the axe of his assail
ants. The wile of the gamekeeper also received three
wounds on the head. After the men had collected
I every portable thing of value, they went to the
stable and led out two horses, on which they had
j previously put the harness. Vn assistant game
; keeper, who attempted to prevent the horses being
| carried off. was cut down as his master had before
; been, and beaten about the head while lviug 011 the
j ground. The noise was so great that many peas
! ants were attracted to the scene of action. They
attempted to seize the scoundrels, but were repul
■ sed, and one of them was severely wounded in the
j head. After they had fired several times into the
; crowd, the robbers got into two light carriages and
| drove off". At a later hour the same gang broke
i into a wine-cellar in a vineyard, and after having
! drunk their fill, stole ten trusses of clover. When
J the people had arms they were able to keep the
| freebooters and wild beasts with'n due bounds;
. but now that the honest men in the countrv are de
fenceless, those plagues to society have tilings en
tirely their own way. It is said that all the ser
vants of the railroad companies, and some of the
| citizens who are known to be " well disposed,"
1 will be supplied with arms by Government. On
another occasion, at seven o'clock in the evening.
■ ten armed men, with faces covered with crape forced
! their way into the house of a M. Kallivoda. at.
Also-Lendva, in Hungary, and demanded his money
and that of two persons who were playing cards
with him. As they refused to part ith their cash,
a light ensued, in which M. Kallivoda was killed
and one of his friends dangerously and the other
slightly wounded. A servant maid, who entered
the room and endeavored to succor her master, was
also cut down by the robbers with their axes. A
; crowd had assembled round the house during the
scuffle, but the miscreants managed to escape after
having killed a genderme and mortally wounded
another man who came in their way. Two light
wagons were waiting outside the town, and into
them the ten men got and drove away as if nothing
It is a very singular fact that the assassin Orsini and
his intended victim. Napoleon IU.. were iu IS3I
brother members of a revolutionary society called
Carbonari, which held its meeting.- at Forli. in the
Roman States, where the eldest son of the King of
Holland died. It is also stated that Orsini was at
Stuttgardt when the Kmperor was there last year,
but he and twoor three other Italians were expelled.
Three steamers are being built in Dutch dock
vards for the Kmperor of Japan. One, called thv
Jeddo, is about to paddle away from Rotterdam,
under Captain Gerkens; it has a scientific library on