Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I—NO. 4.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. 1 I BLISHF.D EVERY MORNING, (SCXDATS EXCEPTED.) BT KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL IIALL, S. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the ci'ty, at six DOLLARS per annum; TUBES DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) Oue insertion 50 Two insertions 75 Three " jl.oo Tow " $1.25 KFO " $l5O One week $1.76 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growtli of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify hut demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism.—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS. —It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour ! nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will i be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual dailv rejxjrts and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic ami foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state ; of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa ■anly devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th. LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re j views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu- ' sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific I interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col- \ umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest- \ ing journal for the family as well as for the counting- i (^intention. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MAEYLAND THE TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction aDd ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess. and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing. on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates It is sufficiently near M the city of Haiti more to enjoy the benefits of a city withou, any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution: and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY, PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M D., SECRETARY. T. WATKIXB LIGOX, E. HAMMOND* JOHX P. KEXXEDY. fe22dtf. LAW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.P., Roval Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS. LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty. Com mercial. International and Constitutional Law. and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of gthieh there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued hv four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of u term. They are at liberty to select what studies thev will pur sue, according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t lawfim. Itebicines, fcrfammes, £c. BRYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR Coughs, Colds, Asthma. Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store, Baltimore and Fremont streets, Baltimore. f22-dlm. J. PURVIANCE POLK & CO APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AXD N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, „ Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FIXE STATIOXKRY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none hut of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C., kc. Written orders filled promptly anil with care, subject to LIE returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22 tf. WISEMAN'S VERMIFUGE, OR WORM DESTROYER. This remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary ever used. It effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts from children and adults. M arranted not to contain-Mercury in any form, nor anv other mineral. For sale by WISEMAN, Druggist, corner of Baltimore anu r re mont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. COAL. UHA.: FORSTER. JB. *• B. SLACK. y- OAL. FORSTER&SLACK, SHIPPERS AND DEALERS IN ALL OKINDS OF ANTHRACITE AND BITUMINOUS COAL have in yard and are prepared to deliver in tnuu\ n i LUMP LEHIGH for Cupolas and Foundry PU™^ Baltimore Company, Sunbury, Locust Gap and Lorherrv W hite Ash, Lyken's Valley and Short Mountain Red Ash for familyuse, Cumberland Coal for manufacturing and do mestic purposes UPPER YARD.— Howard Street ODDO site Centre. LTTWER YARD.— Corner Albemarle and Alice Anna Street* feh22 tf CUM BERLAND COAL—Of the best quality from the fourteen feet Tein George's Creek, constantly for sale by the cargo or car load. STICKNEY & CO., '"2-TF Exchange Place. JOHN D. HAMMOND, SADDLE. HARNESS AND TRUNK MA NUFA CTURER, WHOLESALE A RETAIL, No. 355 Baltimore st. ( Nearly opposite the Eutaw House,) Baltimore, Md. Manufactures and keeps constantly on hand tverv de. senptton of Harness. Trunks. Valises Carpet Bags Collars and every other article in his line. All orders ixecuted with neatness and dispatch. LM . ft Cj)c jtoflg Crr|atupx THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athmceum Building, W. W. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets'. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama. Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels. Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1.000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all those branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature i of the present time. j The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga I ztnes and Reviews of this country and England, as well j as a number of American and English newspapers. I „. T . l . l i ssociation was formed for the special benefit of the j CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their | control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. i , f " this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, j but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY" members, upon the payment of ; i annum ' * n advance. They mar draw books from i PDiVTTpm Vißit the roo,ns - and are entited to ALL THE i rKIV ILLGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary i m mT ma^T transferred for the use of ladies or others, j TI J C Kooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. 31., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. [ Of persons now using the Library. 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, " HONORARY MEMBERS. B '* *2_ ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf IMPORTATION OF BOOKS j j ft S3 | 1 BY ; * § JAMES S. WATERS, 1 fl : a W 244 * ; % cc I X H S BALTIMORE x as ' 8 STREET. 3 i j _ I 90 FROM EUROPE. bailors. H T. ROBERTS, • MERCER AXD TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. RE A D y M A i> E c: LOTHING. JOHN 11. UFA, <[■ CO., XOETH-KAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SODTH STS.. Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER ! CLOTHING. that they arc running ofTat a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want I would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low fe22-lm. SAMUEL TANEYHILL MERCHANT TAILOR, t No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL. W ill in a few days receive his full SPRIXG STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSiMERES, VEST IN GS. &c., and will be •pleased to take Orders from his friends and the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason aMc - Je22-lm. JOHN A. GRIFFITH'S MERCHANT TAILORING AND FASHIONABLE READY MADE CLOTHING E S TA BLISHME X T, No. 187 BALTIMORE STREET, AND LIGHT STREET. The advertiser has opened his SELECTION OF GOODS from this and other markets, which he solicits gentlemen to examine, confident that his assortment is COMPLETE both in quality and styles. His READ\ -MADE DEPARTMENT abounds in variety, in which any taste can be suited, and where gentlemen can be accommodated at LOW PRICES, considering the quality of the Goods offered. Gentlemen selecting goods from his stock can have Garments made to orders in his Custom Department with dispatch and promptness—two characteristics of his es tablishment, where he has the best cutters that can be procured. fe22 lm. pBBOS anil lihsir. CHICKERING .V SONS. AND /iprrnn NUNNS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIAXO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by F. D. BENTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, . third store west of Charles st. rurchasers will find it to their interest to examii for themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upward* fe22-lm. NE W MUSIC . —Just Published, by MILLER d- BEACHAM. 181 BALTIMORE ST: A BAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbreclit. ANVIL CHURL'S—from Verdi's Trovatorc. LANCER'S QIADRILLES —taught by Ed. Lehmann. *BOARDfXG-SCiHO()L LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. •This beautiful composition, describing a (lay at a FE MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best efforts - fe22-lm. HENRY McCAFEREY, MUS I C PUBLISTER, No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, MUSIC PUBLISHED and received daily. MI'SIC BOUND in the NEATEST STYLE. fc22-ltn. MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL PRICES BOUDOIK SEWING .MACHINE. PRICE $lO. —THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer k Co., Wheeler k Wilson and Grover & Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. I'UNDERSON k CO., fe22-tf. -JOG Baltimore street. A NEW ERA IN PHOTOGRAPHY AT P. L. PERKINS' METROPOLITAN GALLERY, No. 99 BALTIMORE STREET, OPPOSITE HOLLIDAY ALL THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF the art successfully carried on at this establishment and no humbug used to cheat or deceive the public. Mr. P,'s new invention of producing Life-Size Pictures from small daguerreotypes on CANVAS is the admiration of all who see them. Mr. Kerklioven. the Great French artist, has been retained for coloring, in his beautiful style, the above gems. The public will please call and see. fe22 lm. I. 0. 0 F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, AC., L". S. Bunting and Silk fr lags. Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, _ , No. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fe22-ly. Baltimore' JL. M'PHAIL & BRCPS • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calrert streets, (north side.J fe22tf. Restaurants. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT. No. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE. THE undersigned have very recently fitted up the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known as"Eldon Hall".as a restaurant of the first class. No expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen whn may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" counter edibles whicli can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always private rooms for the ac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to "exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt ly, AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS Ate., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to all parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILLY At SNYDER fe22d-lw&2aw2w. KINN'S EATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, T Between Frederick and Market Space. HE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- Iy known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS. kc.. at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also, Terrapins. Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish, the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon fe*22-tf. LADIES"' AND "CHILDREN'S DRESS FITTING, TA UGHT B Y MRS. PETTET. AT 436 BALTIMORE STRFET. BETWEEN GREEN At PEARL TERMS —S2.3O. Boy's suits and Dress Bodies fitted to give perfect satis faction. I.ailies are requested to call and examine the plan taught. fe23 at. WILLIAM HARRIS, MAKER AND IMPORTER OP GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS, 116 West Pratt street, keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six bandied Revolvers: Rifles made to order; Dupont's Gun Powder: Powder Flasks. Bird Bags. Shot Beits and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe22-lm. JAMES M. ANDERSON & SOX, ENGRAVERS, Mb. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE. STEEL k COPPER PLATE PRINTING. TNVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING A Cards, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion pie styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, * , and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's En ▼elopes, etc. ' fe22tf PHCENIX SPICE~ MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREET WM. H. CRAWFORD k CO., PROPRIETORS, !£* *^" al i trade Of this city the South and West .K U an< * P r 'oe on same terms as any other house in the United states. fe22-tf. BALTIMORE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1858. insnraiuc tannics. RQUIT Al5 L E FIRE INS( JRANCE Ju SOCIETY. CHARTS It PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET j THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure j HOUSES aud FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY ; FIRE, at very cheap rates, nn the Mutual or Beneficial j plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks. 011 pleasing terms, j Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office | have no further responsibility than the amount of their ! deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti ! tied to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office. I No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which I the Society insure will be fully explained. DIRECTORS: TUOWAS KF.I.SO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, I WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, j HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER' ] JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL. j CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, j AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. ! liuon B. JONES. Secretary. fe2t-ly* IWE GREAT WESTERNTMARIXEI INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW TORE. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital (alreadypaid in) 1,000.000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 'sfiO.OOO Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2 270.000 This Ccmpany combines the advantages of the miked plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. ; RICII'D LATHERS. Prest. Jxo. A. PARKER, Ist Y. Prest. DOUOLAS ROBINSON. Sec'y. J. V. 'Cox. * 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. BALTIMORE FIRE INSURANCE"C O. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) NE IF BUILDING. S. W CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS. This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM AGE BY FIRE, in the city or country, on the various de scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS J. 1. COHEN, JR., President E. A. TAYLOR, WII. GII.MOR, W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON. S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. R. VICKERS, J. BIRCKHEAD. JR., F. W. A I.RICKS, FRANCIS T. KINO, S. I). HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL, DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUART W. F. WORTHING TON, fe22-tf. FRED'K WOODWORTH, Secretary. THE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE — S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT, DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe22-lm. IGEO. HARLAN" WILLIAMS, Sec'y. IPI RE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000. HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Canitnl >£ROG 000 Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS, PHCENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Capital and Surplus. MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co., N. Y $931 000 INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA. 352.000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co. of X. Y 250 000 PHCENIX " " 2SSW) WASHINGTON '• •• NEW WORLD " .< 234 000 ALBEMARLE 44 Va 400 000 LYNCHBURG 4 - u £°H?*J VEALTH " IV 178.000 „ ■ • , , " 1.250,000 Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office the subscriber being fully accredited agent. , , THOS. D. JOHNSTON. -V ■ Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE."" COLUMBIAN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital - $500,000 I Cash pn-.J in - - . -joo i>w Security notes paid in 300.000 I THOS. LORD. President. F MOlililS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of j this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN- , SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks SOL. B. DA VIES, of Duvies k Warfield, fe22-om. No. l.j spear's wharf. ! BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE I No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. THIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually. or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A, B. COULTER, .... , r . Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALD3O* , 34 Franklin street. IJMRF. AND MARINE INSURANCE" OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET. ' BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS. Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. .ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1.500.000 PHCENIX 44 ** 4 * * 350.000 S , P J I J'7 G , K . I J:' ,n " Springfield, Mass. 375XKX) r c i.t.l " Hartford, 225,000 r. S. LIFE ' N. Y. 400,000 fe22 ly. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE. No. 4 SOUTH STREET OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY. Mechanical , J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian, GEORGE HA RMAN. Union , J. TRUST, First Baltimore. NOAH WALKER. Friendship . FRANCIS BURNS. United, J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUXG, Franklin ALLEN PAINE. Liberty, J. PKASOS, JR.. Washington. SAMUEL KIRK. Independent, LANCASTER OLLTI. Patapsco R. C. MASOX, Vigilant. F. A. MILLER. Howard. ' W.M. A. HACK. New Market. JAS. A. RRUCE. IFatcAmun, J AS. B. GEORGE, SR.. Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD, Lafayette Hook and Ladder Co. No.'l. te 3'L JOHN PUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE R FHE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE A- COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing I olicies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, bevond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SEATON. V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD. Sec c - OLIVER O'DONNELL. Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. Wo. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. FLLICOTT & HE WES," PRODUCE COMMISSION METCHATTS, (with particular attention paid to the sale of BUTTER.) At all seasons of the year, we have evcrv grade and style of BUTTER, and as we are the Agents of the Pairv men. receiving it direct from the farms, we think that we ought to be able to give entire satisfaction in price and quality. Now in store and arriving 80 Packages of prime Goshen. 50 Tubs and Firkins of New York State. 950 Kegs of Glades. 200 Kegs of Western Pennsylvania. 65 Kegs Virginia. 150 Kegs and 10 Bbls. ohio-300 very small Kegs for shipping, and 30 Bbls. prime fresh Roll. W Also—3oo Bushels DRIED APPLES and PEACHES - 70 Kegs of LARD; 60 Boxes EASTERN CHEESE- SI 000 KNIFE BRICK; 80 Bags GROUND NUTS- 9 Boxes vT ginia PIPE HEADS and 3 Bales WOOL. 1e22-tf R. STOCKETT MATHEWS" ~ A TTORNB Y AT LAW OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL ' (46 LEXINGTON STREET.) Will attend promptly to all kinds of business apwrtmning to his profession. fe22-tf CHARLES E. PHELPS; .. „ T „ ATTORNEY AT LA W No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS. Continues to practice in the Courts of BAI TIMORF FTTV and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22^tf OBERT D. BURNS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, r.oo ~ X - 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22-tf. LEXINGTON STREET. HP FRISBY HENDE RSONT A . ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, * ' fe22df. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Court 9 of BALTIMORE CITY and BAI TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23 2aw6\ IMPORTED HAVANA CIGARS.-T" Just received a choice assortment of the finest Imported Havana Cigars. Also. Peyton Graveley's Tobacco THOMAS N. WEBB, f22-6t. Corner Madiaon and Garden streets j To Advertisers.-/,i order to afford the public an opjort unity la judge for themselves of the merits of the Fx change, large editions will be issued for the first few days of its publication, and distributed widely and gratuitously within the city, and also in those sections of'the countm which are connected with Baltimore, by business relations. Merchants and others who may propose to advertise in our columns, will do well therefore to send in their advertise ments at once, and thereby 'obtain the advantage of the exten ded circulation which such gratuitous distribution of the piper, both in town and country, wilt afford, an advantage I which none who understand the value of legitimate advertis I t0 a Tl' r <ttiate. For rates of advertising, see Table elsewhere. To Reader a.— By means of the gratuitios distribution above adverted to. it is designed to make the Exchange pr form in part its own canvassing. Persons disposed to en courage the Enterprise can continue the experiment at their own pleasure if residing within the city. In/ settling from time to time with the carrier upon the terms'stated elsewhere- if out of the city by sending their orders to the office of the paper ac companied by prepayment for the time specified. ' To Correspondents — Every communieatian intended for publication must be accompanied by the name of the writer. Manuscripts should be written on one side of the paper only. BALTIMORE. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1858. M e present to our readers in another column a brief sketch of the origin of the Mormon imposture, and of its founder Joe Smith. It requires no pro phet to foresee that the future historian will find-in the career of the "Latter Day Saints'' the material for one of the most curious, instructive, and impor tant episodes in the history of the nineteenth centu ry. Nor is it altogether certain that this place in modern history will be that of an episode merely. Speculation is at fault when attempting to conjec ture the future developments of that strange sujter stition, or the influence it may yet have upon the destinies of mankind. Within less than half the number of years that the successful creed of the Koran struggled and flickered in obscurity, within the walls of Mecca. Mormonism has founded an empire which dares to challenge an armed independence, and can already point to its thousands of proselytes of every race and clime. We can no longer let this subject pass with a shrug or a sneer. It is too late now to underrate the power of Mormonism—it is more than stupid ty to ignore its existence, or to shut our eyes fo the dangers it threatens. As a new religion it has already passed over the bar of criticism: it has emerged from its proba tionary stage: it has taken its place as a fixed fact among the creeds of mankind. As a political power, it has fastened its roots for a permanent growth; each year its manifold and intricate mesh of fibre creeps darkly out into the soil with a wider and firmer grasp; each year its trunk grows and hardens, and its spreading foliage throws its baleful shade with a steadily advancing radius. Mormonism has fairly taken the world by sur prise. So feeble was its origin, so contemptible its source, and so preposterous its pretensions, that no serious or well considered attempt was made to ex pose its absurdities, or to contest its progress by the legitimate weapons of controversy. On the contrary, the rash, violent and ruffianly treatment which it encountered at the outset, was enough of itself to establish the young imposture. Every act of persecution but afforded the opportu nity for confessors and martyrs to propagate the faith by blood shed in its behalf. Hp to this point our dealings with the Mormons have been a series of blunders, arising from a want of foresight, and of a due appreciation of the extra ordinary elements of strength and success embodied in the organization. The really great question of the day is after all this very Mormon problem. It is a question for statesmen alone to handle. The every-day politician will not touch it, or if he does, it is only to bungle and blunder. Men of the cali bre of Hale, of New Hampshire, may find it a very easy method to dispose of a troublesome subject by saying in an off-hand way, "Oh ! let the-Mormons alone. Withdraw your troops and your officials, and let the pestilent superstition jot itself out." Senator Fessenden and others of the same stamp, who are quite voluble and loquacious on Kansas, or any other subject which presents opportunities for a display of cheap eloquence, when they conic to the Mormon problem have nothing to suggest except the same ignorant and absurd "let-alone" policy. The misfortune is that we cannot let the Mor mons alone now, if we would liavc them let us alone in the future. They occupy a stronghold in the heart of our territory, commanding the princi pal route between our Atlantic and Pacific States. They are building up there an empire, not only alien and heterogeneous, but hostile. Tljey are preparing for, nay, they already claim, indepen dent sovereignty. If their progress in the future bears any proportion to that which has made their career hitherto so astonishing, they will in a very few years, if unmolested, possess military strength and resources adequate to maintain the indepen dence they claim against the whole power of the United States. Hence the most obvious and cer tain disastrous consequence arises—the disintegra tion of our territory, and the division of the Union into Eastern and Western sections, with the Mor mon hierarchy between. This is but one of the manifold evils which loom up in the future of Mormonism. How are we to deal with it ? Are we to preach and practice a general crusade against polygamy, and put its devotees to the sword ? Common sense and hu manity alike recoil from the proposition. Are we then to suffer Mormonism, unmolested, to hatch out its viper's nest of disasters to the Union? Away, we say, with such a cowardly, impotent and blind alternative. There is away to meet this question consistent both with our duty to our selves and our duty to our neighbors. It is fortunate for us, and for mankind, that Mormons cannot be polygamists without being re bels. Conscious themselves of the moral leprosy which makes them disgusting to mankind, their inclination and their policy will always be to segre gate themselves into a distinct, and if possible, independent community. In doing so, they must inevitably come into collision with the laws of the land and the Federal authorities. Such collision will he rebellion. Make no issue with the Mormons on the score of their polygamy. Give them the full benefit of the doctrine of popular sovereignty or local self-gov ernment. Allow them no opportunity to raise the cry of intervention with domestic institutions, or of religious persecution. But at the same time treat them as subjects of the United States, owing alle giance to the constitution and laws of the land. Enforce their obedience to those laws, quietly and peaceably, if possible, but if necessary by an over whelming military power. Treat organized re sistance as rebellion, and punish the ringleaders as traitors. In this way alone can the authority and laws of the Union be maintained, and theintegritv of its territory be preserved. Such we understand to be the policy of the Ad ministration, and it is a sad commentary on the degeneracy of our public men that it is being thwarted and defeated by Congress, instead of being sustained by a prompt and vigorous co operation. The ignorance, stultification and ab surdity manifested by senators and members on this Mormon question are lamentable and disgrace ful in the last degree. The great mistake was in making Kansas, a mere ephemeral, temporary and contemptible issue, the test question, rather than this vast and portentous Mormon problem, which is destined l>efore many years have rolled round, to loom up liefore the country as the all absorbing and paramount question of the day. It is announced that M. Dnterte, a French engi neer, has invented an apparatus which is destined to effect a complete revolution in the construction of locomotives, and will further produce an econo my of 50 per cent in the amount of combustibles at present consumed. The Royal Society has granted a sum of money to Mr. Robert Mallet, from the Government Grant Fund, to enable that gentleman to make researches into the phenomena of the recent earthquake in Italy. CONGRESSIONAL THIRTY-FIFTH CONGRESS—First Session. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1858. SENATE. MEMORIALS, PETITIONS, ETC. Mr. Hammond presented papers in relation to tlie claim ot Richard NY. Meade for expenses incurred in consequence of the refusal of Commodore Jones, in command of the United States sqadron in the Pacific, to allow liiin to take command of a vessel in obedience to tlie order of the Secretary of the Navy. Mr. Hamlin presented the petition of Grinnell, Minturn A Co., and other merchants and ship-own ers of the city of New York, remonstrating against the passage of a law to repeal the act allowing bounties to vessels engaged in cod-fishing, on the ground that fisheries are the great school from which are produced the most effective masters, mates, and sailors in the merchant service, and in time of war some of the best men in the navy of the United States, and that the removal of such boun ties would almost annihilate that school for seamen. Mr. Brown presented the petition of mechanics of the city of Washington, praying for the enactment of a law similar in its provisions to the laws em braced in the "Revised Code," in reference to me chanics' liens on real and personal property. Mr. Jones presented a memorial of the legislature ; .of lowa, praying a grant of land in aid of the con struction of the McGregor, St. Petersburg and Mis souri river railroad: also another, in favor of addi tional mail facilities in that Ftate. Several petitions of a private nature were pre sented, all of which were referred to the appropri ate committees. REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. Mr. Foster, from the Committee on Pensions, re ported a bill for the relief of Mrs. Eliza A. Mer chant, widow of the lateCapt. Charles G. Merchant, of the United States army; which was read and passed to a second reading. Mr. Iverson, from the Committee on Claims, re ported a bill to provide for a settlement of the ac counts of the late Capt. John YY. McCrabb; which was read and passed to a second reading. 811.1, INTROMITED. Mr. Jones asked and obtained leave to introduce a joint resolution to extend the limitations of the act entitled "An act for the relief of citizens of towns upon lands of the United States, under certain cir cumstances," approved 23d May, 1814; which was read twice and referred. PRINTING ORDERED. On motion of Mr. Hale, a resolution was adopted ordering the printing of two thousand additional co pies of the report of the Committee on Territories on the admission of Kansas, together with the views of the minorities of said committee. SALARIES OF JUDGES. On motion of Mr. Pugh, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the bill to equalize the salaries of certain judges of the courts for the District of Columbia, and for other purposes. Mr. Pearce wished to look at the bill a little, and moved that its further consideration be postponed - until to-morrow, which was agreed to. LAND WARRANTS TO GEN. LAFAYETTE. On motion of Ylr. Slidell, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the bill to amend an act enti tled " An act to authorize a re-location of land war rants Xos. 3, 4, and 5, granted by Congress to Gen eral Lafayette," approved February 20, 1845. The provisions of the bill were explained bv Messrs. Sli de]! and Benjamin ; but, on motion of Mr. Pugh, the further consideration of the subject was postponed until to-morrow. RILLS PASSED. The following bills were severally considered and passed. Bill to amend an act entitled "An Act to author ize the President of the United States to cause to be surveyed the tract of land in the Territory of Min nesota, belonging to the half-breeds or mixed bloods of the Dacotah or Sioux nation of Indians, and for other purposes," approved July 17, 1854. Bill to amend an act entitled "An Act to limit the liability of ship owners, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1851. THE INSTRUCTIONS OF TENNESSEE. Mr. Bell presented joint resolutions of the legis lature of Tennessee, commenting on his course in opposing the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and in favor of the admission of Kansas under the Lecompton con stitution; which were read. Ylr. B. said that the novel and extraordinary char acter of these resolutions might justify him in mak ing some more extended remarks than he should otherwise'feel at liberty to make. The first thing that wouid most naturally attract attention would be the date of the adoption of the resolutions, being the 10th day of the present month, and about four years since the vote was given which was there cal- | led in question. It had been usual, when the eon- j stitnents of a member of Congress, in either branch, j felt themselves aggrieved bv the action of their rep resentative upon a question materially affecting their interests, to take some method of expressing their displeasure promptly, or at least in some reas onable time after the knowledge of his course had reached them, either bv calling public meetings or in some other way; and it was remarkable that after so long a time had elapsed, this subject should now have been revived. The next thing worthy of notice was that in the j first clause the legislature endorse and approve, un- ; conditionally, the repeal of the Missouri Cowpro- i mi.se, after the mischievous results of that measure j have become patent and unmistakable. Nor can | they plead ignorance of these results, since the Pre sident has plainly and frankly informed them that one of these results has been to convulse the whole Union to its very centre—to light up the flames of civil war in Kansas, and to produce dangerous sec tional parties throughout the confederacy. Mr. 15. proceeded to allude to the various elec tions that had taken place in Tennessee since tlie j vote which is now called in question. The first of | these was in August, 1855, three months after the '■ passage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill. In that elec tion the principal question involved was American- | ism. The next election was in November 1856, two | years and a half after the passage of the Nebraska bill. Americanism entered into that contest as the prominent element, but the Kansas bill was to some extent debated. The leaders of the democracy dwelt upon that but little, but availed themselves of the indications of Fremont's success in the North —and men of all parties were implored to support Mr. Buchanan and defeat Fremont, as Fillmore had no chance of election. After the result of the Penn sylvania election became known, the Americans lost confidence in Fillmore's election, and went over to the support of Buchanan, who carried that State, it being tlie first time the Democratic candidate for President had carried the State for twenty years.— But Mr. Fillmore, who had declared that bad lie been a member of Congress he would have voted against the Nebraska bill, received fill,ooo votes in Tennessee. The next election came off in August, 1857, in which the democrats carried the legislature and elected their candidate for governor. 1 lie whigs and Americans, discouraged by their defeat the vear previous, could not be aroused to go into the elec tion, and great numbers of them did not go to the polls. Allusion was made to the re-election of Mr. Etheridge by an increased vote, notwithstanding his vote against the Nebraska hill. To be sure, two of his colleagues, who voted the same way, were defeated, but not on account of that vote, but on the question of Americanism. He thought that at no time since the repeal of the Missouri Compromise had there been any settled indication of the opinion of the South on that question. Party leaders, as a matter of expediency, may have taken grounds in favor of that measure, and in some cases may have carried a large vote of those who have never inves tigated the merits of the question; but he believed, if a fair and impartial vote could be taken on the question, an overwhelming majority would pro nounce it one of the most unfortunate measures that Congress ever passed. llMr. B. complained that the extracts from his speecli imbodied in the resolutions were garbled and unfair. He had declared that, after the people had seen the mischievous consequences of the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, they would sustain him in course against it; but that part of his speech did not omit the purpose of those who passed these resolutions. Their purpose was to disparage him in the eyes of the public : and he regarded the pre amble and the first two resolutions as a gratuitous and deliberate insult by those who plotted their pass age, although such might not have been the purpose of all who supported them. He also remarked that he regarded the doctrine of instructions as at war both with the spirit and literal provisions of the constitution; democratic senators, too, were disobeying instructions every day. As to the Le compton constitution there were" many important facts connected with it of which he had'no satisfac tory knowledge, and which would be material to an intelligent decision on that question ; and he had no reason to suppose that his legislature were better in formed upon that matter than himself. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, regretted to differ from his colleague upon this question, hut justice to the democratic party of Tennessee required that he should not remain silent upon this occasion. In re ply to the statement that this was rather a late dav to comment upon the vote of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, Mr. J. remarked that in 1854. before the passage of that bill, the Senate of Tennessee passed a resolu tion approving its principles and requesting the sena tors and representatives from that State to give it their support. There were only eight dissenting votes on the adoption of that resolution. In the Tennes see House of Representatives other resolutions of a similar character were introduced by a whig, and were voted for by every whig member of that body. He proceeded to refer to the canvass for governor of the State in 1855, when he himself was elected; and he claimed that the Nebras ka bill was the main is.-ue which he pressed upon his competitor, who refrained from meeting him upon it. Undoubtedly, his opponent agreetl with the democratic party 'upon that point, but was disinclined to separate from his old party friends upon the question. In the presidential election in 1806, the dcroocraw tic party, whose platform embodied an unmistaka ble endorsement of the principles of the Nebraska bill, were rictorious in Tennessee, and ho thought there could be no doubt but that the minds of a large majority of the people of that State were fully made up in opposition to the ground taken by his col league. Mr. J. further argued that the" Missouri Compromise was virtually repealed by the bill for the organization of the Territory of Mexico in 1850; and yet that bill received the vote of his colleague. He went on to discuss the the question of popular sovereignty, and contended that, as all power was derived from the people. Congress could possess no power higher than that which the people had them selves. They could give no more than they possess ed; and he replied with great force to the argument that the people of a territory have no right to form a government, but must come to Congress and peti tion for liberty so to do. Mr. J. inquired whether his colleague would vote for the admission of Kan sas into the Union under the Lecompton constitution in consequence of those instructions, or without them. Mr. Bell replied that he would not, inconsequence of any instructions of the legislature, unless he should be convinced that those instructions were founded upon a full understanding of the subject, in all its bearings and consequences. The expressions of opinion by a State legislature were always enti tled to a certain degree of respect; and the great question with him would be, will the admission of Kansas give peace and quiet to the country or not? He was deeply interested in that question. If it would give peace, he was for it: and if not, he was against it firmly, now and forever. He thought the speech of his colleague the strongest argument against the admission of Kansas under the Lecomp ton Constitution that he had heard in this body. Mr. Johnson asked, in the name of common sense, what mode could be resorted to to ascertain the j wishes of the people of Tennessee, if it had not I already been ascertained ? The people had spoken j on the subject again and again. As to the re j mark of his colleague that those resolutions were an insult to him, he disclaimed, on the part of those 1 who offered them any intention of that sort. He | proceeded to consider the subject of slavery, in a j philosophical point of view, as a necessary result of j too circumstances in which men are placed, and \ their various mental and physical organizations, and I drew a contrast between tfic course of himself and j his colleague on the questions allecting the rights and institutions of the South. He hoped all would j agree, North and South, to have no more compro- ' mises, but to abide by the constitution : there never ; could be a compromise without a sacrifice of princi- ' pie and right. Mr. Bell rejoined, commenting in severe terms on | some portions of the remarks of his colleague, and ] yielded the floor with the understanding that he should be allowed to conclude to-morrow. •n^ r * rcen as ked that by unanimous consent, the i hill for the admission of Kansas into the Union 1 might be made the special order for one o'clock on Thursday next. He remarked that it would be well i to assign an early period for its consideration, as j it was an important subject. Mr. King objected, and the motion was conse- I quently lost; whereupon The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Speaker laid before the House a letter from the Secretary of War, transmitting a statement of the expenditures during the year 1857 from the ap propriation for the contingent expenses of the mili tary establishment; which was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Also, a letter from the Secretary of War, trans mitting a transcript of the otticial army register, for the year ending June 30, 1857; whicli was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. Crawford, of Georgia, from the Committee of M ays and Means, reported a bill to appropriate money to supply deficiencies in the appropriations for paper, printiup, binding, and engraving ordered by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 3.> d and 34th Congresses; and it was read twice and committed. On motion of Mr. Clingnian, of North Carolina, the further consideration of the resolution of Mr. Hoard, of New \ ork, to appoint a select committee to investigate as to whether any corrupt influence had been exerted to procure the vote of Mr. Burns, of Ohio, against the resolution of Mr. Harris, of Il linois, to refer the President's message on the sub ject of Kansas affairs to a select committee, was postponed till day after to-morrow. On motion of Mr. Phelps, of Missouri, the usu al resolution was adopted, terminating debate on the Indian appropriation bill in Committee of the >\ hole on Friday next at two o'clock, THE INDIAN APPROPRIATION BILI.. The House then went into Committee of" the Whole on the State of the I nion, (Mr. Greenwood, of Arkansas, in the chair,) and resumed the consid eration of the bill making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian de partment, and for fulfilling treaty stipulations with the various Indian tribes, for the rear ending 30th June, 1859. Mr. Burroughs, of New York, proceeded with his defence of the black republican party from the charges of sectionalism which had been made against it. He contended that three-fourths of the money used to purchase the territories of the United States had been furnished bv the northern States. He said he would not vote "for the admis sion of Kansas with slaverv in her constitution un der anv circumstances, and declared that of riirht she belonged to the North. If they permitted all the western Territories to be made into slave States, they would have no place for the settlement of the poor whites, who would not live where slaverv ex isted. Mr. Curry, of Alabama, addressed the committee in favor of the admission of Kansas, under the Le compton constitution. He said the Kansas bill con tained three distinct features: First, it took from Congress the power to legislate slavery into a Terri tory or to exclude it therefrom, and declared the Mis souri Compromise inoperative and void. Second, it transferred the powers of Congress to the Territori ii V( -' s tod in it full jurisdiction over all subjects of legislation, leaving the people per fectly free to regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to the constitution of th • 1 nited States. And, third, it guarantied to the people ot the Territory the right of admission as a State into the Union, with or without slavery, as its constitution may prescribe at the time of such ad mission. The passage of such a hill was an era in political science, a monument marking its advance ment. It con lined the federal legislation within the scope of its jurisdiction, and transferred the vexed question of slavery from the halls of Congress to those most immediately interested in it. It was in tended to stop agitation and strife in Congress, and such it had proved to he. It violated no principle of justice, conflicted with uo provision of the Con stitution, and in it truth and justice met together —the constitution and freedom embraced each other. In the practical application of this law a vote of the people of Kansas had been taken on the propri ety of calling a convention for the purpose of es tablishing a State constitution; and upon the vote being given, the legislature passed a law for the election of delegates to the convention by popular suffrage. The delegates were fairly chosen, in con sistency with the vote of the people and the act of the legislature. The delegates had met and form ed a constitution, and submitted so much of it as related to slavery to a direct vote of the people; and now. the legal steps being taken in accordance with, and in subordination to, the territorial author ities, which had been recognised by the executive and the legislature of Kansas, the President and the people of the Union came up and asked for her admission into the t.nion as one of their peers.— From the beginning to the end the forms of law had been observed. Compared with California and Michigan, the action of Kansas had been sober and blameless, and but for slavery, scarcely a word oth er than of assent would have been heard in any quarter. To sustain the project of remanding Kan sas hack was a most glaring injustice. Different positions had been assumed by those in both branch es of Congress who had heretofore been regarded as the advocates of the bill. The most prominent objection was that the convention had not submit ted the constitution, as a whole to the popular vote. He feared that this was an aftcr-thou"ht. He contended that the whole issue was" on the slavery question. Every intelligent man must feel that if the constitution had not re cognized slavery, it would have been defended and sustained by the greater portion of those who were now so hostile. The question had shaken the Union to its centre. If he had shown that the people had a right to form a constitution, the recent action of the legislature was irregular, and Congress had no right to send the constitution back. This would be givingto Congress alarming power—giving it am ple power over the constitutions of the States, be cause if Congress could look behind a republican constitution and find out whether a majority voted for it, it could decide who should constitute that majority, and who should vote at the election. The rejection of Kansas spoke the dissolution of the Democratic party, which was the only ligament perhaps which bound the Union together. Mr. Morris, of Illinois, proceeded to defend the course of Judge Douglas in opposing the Lecomp ton constitution, concurring fully with that states man, and declaring that hehad abandoned the dem ocratic party. The President had no better friends than those democrats who differed with him in regard to Kansas. He was wrong, and he would find it out. The northern democrats had gone as far as they could, and if they should go with the President on this question' a fearful retribution awaited them at home. He contended that the Le coinpton constitution did not represent the will of the people of Kansas, and that they should not ad mit Kansas as a .State under it, notwithstanding the fact that the constitution could be changed at anv time. Mr Andrews, of New Wk, said he agreed with the President that Kansas had occupied the atten tion of Congress and the country for too long a pe riod, but did not agree with him that the best mode ot settling the difficulties was the admission of Kan sas under the Lecompton constitution. He then proceeded to give a history of Kansas and the form ation of the constitution, contending that upon no principle of justice were tliev bound to accede to the demands for its admission as a State. Heshould vote for the admission of no State with slavery in its constitution, no matter whether or not sanction ed by the people, for the reason that he did not be lieve that any constitution with such a provision would be republican in its form. Mr. Crawford, of Georgia, obtained the floor, and the committee then rose. Mr. Underwood, of Kentucky, presented joint re solutions of the legislature of that State in relation to the soldiers of the revolution and the war of 1812; which were laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. Readv, of Tennessee, introduced a bill for the relief of William Howe, of the State of Ten- PRICE TWO CENTS. nessee; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions. Mr. Heilly, °f Pennsylvania, introduced a bill r,li!! K o" Unty , lil " d t0 Henry J. Fleming, of Get ty.burg, Pennsylvania; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Public Lands. 1 .- ' r - Stevens, of Y\ ashington Territorv, presented to(lr!T '| S 'r the le P' s ' a tife assembly relative T S i P ° rt r of the Territorv of f7l!. 'c U °' laries as a Stte l which were rtieried to the Committee on Territories. I, ni /i r On' relative to the geological survey I Joh " Eyans; which were referred to the Com I mittee on Public Lands. • Reagan, of Texas, introduced a bill to pro tide for the accommodation of the courts of the Cm ted States andthe post office at Tyler, in the tstateot Texas; which was read twice and referred Road Comu " ttee on the Poit Hffice and Post And then, on motion of Mr. John Cochrane, of :, ew York, at 10 minutes of 4 o'clock, P. M the House adjourned. OUR POLYNESIAN RIVAL. The London Times thus discourses on the growth of Australia. "Advance, Australia," says the motto of that fa mous colony, and well has the colony answered to the call. An anniversary dinner lias just been cele brated in honor of the foundation of this Southern Umpire, and it might easily have been attended by men hying at that very epoch of political dawn. The first of the Australian colonics—the most ancient of all these settlements—is about 70 years old, so that the age of a single man might really embrace all the time that has been required to raise a group ot small and remote establishments into a consider acv of powerful and opulent colonies, with such des tinies before them as the most audacious speculator would not venture to fathom. The most wonderful creation of modern history has been the L mted States, but the United States may now discern a rival in the Southern Seas Aus tralia is a new continent—a new quarter of the g'lobe —a new world as literally as America was to Colum bus. T rue, it has been known since the beginning of the century that this region existed, but its actual development has been the work not of a century not even of a generation, but of a decade. A short time ago the entire territory was identified in the minds of Englishmen with the single and not verv reputable settlement of Botany Bay. A little later came the Swan River Colony, a' Western and a Southern Australia were successively added to New South Wa'os, and vague reports about profitable sheep-farming drew a few adventurers and a little capital from Britain to the Antipodes. Then, suddenly, and as if by the action of a spell, came the grand transformation, and what do we ee. .Ministers, ex-ministers, statesmen, and mer chants assembling to celebrate the marvels of the new realm, its riches, its population, its prodigious exports, its cities, its universities, its politieal Beon stitution, and even its Parliamentary machinery.— The very crisis incidental to the relations between a colony and its mother country seems to have pass ed, for the Colonial Secretary rises in person and expatiates with satisfaction upon the self-govern ment without alienation, and independence without estrangement, which have been happily established in this miraculous example. It is not to be denied that instance of sutch growth are to be found in British America and the Lnited States; perhaps in some respects certain cities of those regions could outshine even Melbourne or S\dne\ ; but look at the difference of conditions under which the progress was accomplished. Chi cago and Ottawa depend for their expansion upon the stream of contiguous civilization. There is a flood of prosperity all around them, and the abun dant waters must needs gravitate to some point or other. Australia has been founded and aggrandized from resources placed at an incredible distance it has been created bya power acting 12,000 miles* oft. There is no spot upon the earth's surface so little accessible to the great masses of its population. California, the example nearest in similarity, though divided from its sister States bv deserts arid mountains, can be reached either bv land or water. The route across the Isthmus makes a comparative ly easy voyage, and the land journey is likely to become a trifle to American travelers "before many vears have passed. The President of the United States observed in his last message that if the best line for the Pacific Railway were selected, and ad vantage taken of all opportunities, the distance to be accomplished from the starting point might be In ought within 000 miles. Rut Australia is encom passed with oceans on every side, and lies in the very midst of them. The shortest cut ever con ceived from Southampton to Sydney takes us still all across the Atlantic and all across'thc Pacific. Turn the globe as we will we cannot bring the tourney down to 10,000 miles. The place is nearly as far from the Cape of Good Hope as it is from Capo Horn, and in going to it and returning 1 a man must actually circumnavigate the world Even China the nearest continental region—is much further from New South Wale* than New York is from Liverpool. Add to this that the interior of Australia is stil! either unknown, or known to its disad\ antage, and we shall soon see how widely tin* circumstances of its progress differ from those under which .North America has thriven. j Of course, the chief agent in these mighty events , has been gold, but even gold would not have done so much if the ground had not been favorably pre pared. Convict labor formed the base on which so imposing a superstructure has been reared. The half-century which elapsed between the colonization of Aew South \\ ales and the discovery of the pre cious metals was by no means deficient in fruit. In a new settlement labor is everything, and the svs tem of transportation provided labor in such abun dance that after the wants of the colonists had been satisfied there was a surplus disposable for public works. Government was enabled to construct roads and bridges, and do all that is required to tit a fresh country for the occupation of man. This was the solid foundation, and upon this the magical edifice of later years has been firmly supported. Australia, though it was not always a marvel of opulence and growth, was always a promising col ony. Its climate was excellent, its soil productive, its capacities great, and its resources, owing to transportation, considerable. In those days, indeed, it was the most eligible of all spots for a convict settlement; for the conditions of colonial life offered good opportunities to a penitent, and the sparceness of population removed the peril of contagion. The abrupt and almost inconceivable bounds made by Australia in political progress are due to the at traction of the gold mines, operating in connection with the facilities of modern locomotion and the freedom of modern policy. Mr. Gladstone well ob served that the radical fallacy of past administra tion lay in the doctrines, then universally acknow ledged, of monopoly and restriction. Australia has risen because every body was free to go and free to govern himself when he" got there, ft was at anv man s option to become a gold-digger, and, if suc cessful, a member of the Australia Legislature and one of the rulers of the new State. Conjoined with this unbounded liberty were the opportunities which free navigation had created. In Dutch ships, in Fronch snips, in American ships, but, above all these, in itritish ships unparalleled for size and swiftness, the emigrant might start for Australia at a day's notice, to try his fortune in a fresh quarter of the globe. When the whole nation the other day was pant ing with anxiety to succor its countrymen in India, the huge clippers ot the Australian line were brought into play, and single vessels, unaided bv steam, conveyed 1,000 troops each from these shores to Calcutta, with extraordinary steadiness and rapidi ty. -Nothing, indeed, can be more wonderful than these remarkable fleets, except it be their cargoes About a hundred years ago the most richly fadon vessels in the worlu were those sailing between Aca pulco and Manilla, and when the war with Spain broke out, the one great object of the English squad ron was to capture a galleon. Month after month did Anson and his ships lie in wait for these prizes and when at last, after tedious cruises and various disappointments, one of them was secured, it was thought an ample recompense for all trouble be cause it contained a million and a half of dollars At the present time a fleet of forty of these gal leons, each as well stored as Anson's prize, would hardly serve to bring home the riches in gold onlv which are sent from Austrailia to England in a sin gle year. Converting all these treasures for com parison's sake, into old Spanish currency, we mav say that a vessel as rich as a Manilla galleon arrives nearly every week, and the fact finds it place in our columns as one of only ordinary importance. Gold as we now know, is but an article of produce like any other; but it is a valuable article, and it leads to wealth, although it may not constitute it abso lutely. It is one of tbe most beneficieut results of these discoveries that tbe population of tbe elobe has become distributed, and that remote regions have been brought under cultivation to add their contributions to the happiness of man. Australia has indeed advanced, but with this advancement has been identified the benefit of England and the im proved prosperity ot Europe, while it seems bv no means impossible that the attractions of our fortu nate colony may play a material part in relieving and enlightening the overburdened population of China. THE FRENCH TCNNEI.. —The plan proposed bv M. Thome de Gamond for uniting England and France by a submarine tunnel has been submitted by a higli authority to the examination of an official commis sion named by the Minister of Public Works. The commissioners are selected from the Councils Gene ral of Departments, the Hoard of Works and the School of Mines, assisted by an hydrographical en gineer. The commissioners have already recommen ded that a sum of oOO.OOOf. be allocated to examine the plans already prepared. They have, moreover recommended that the English Government should be consulted as to what part they would wish to take in the preliminary calculations. DISCOVERY OF A XKW ISLAND. —The missionary In' j i "V V '"' e - v ' whic ' ! arrived here on Thursday, the 4tli, after a protractsd v oyage in Central Bhlv ne la, reports the discovery of a new island of vol* canic origin. The following is an extract from the log as to this discovery:—"August 6. -ighted an is land lately thrown up bv volcanic origin; it is situ ated in latitude 19.15 longitude 155 E.: on the i!7th sounded round the island, but found no bottom at 45 fathoms; the island was on fire all over; shoal water was found on S.S.W. side, but the laud was steep on N. and W. sides.— Sydney Hernht.