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VOL. I—NO. 5.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. 1 I BLI3HED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED.) BY KERR A CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES O. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A UALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion 50 Two insertions 75 Three " $lOO Four " $1.25 Five " $l5O | One week $1.75 j one month. - $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor- ! tlonately. -- _ : THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to j conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first- ' class Commercial and Political MOR.VIVG NEWSPAPER. 1 fhis enterprise has been prompted by the conviction ( that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and ' wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse- ! quently increased commercial and political importance, ® not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the ! field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu 1 ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE.'' With regard to the name,—if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal- ! ism.—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must le ! largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive i acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist. NEWS. —It will, of course.be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the beat jour- 1 nal of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will 1 be spared. 21. COMMERCE —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic ami foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, hut a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturaliy look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected ny the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also ]K>ssesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own. it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 1 4th, LITERATURE AXD ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art. mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. (SITANRTUM. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND r I iHK TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female A Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a \ iew to increase the school, hut for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure. for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute. and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present lias been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. it has pre eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign tier office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H Archer as her succes tor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. . CHAS. W. DORSFY. PRESIDEXT. ITM. DEXXY M P., SECRETARY. T. WATKINS LIGOX. F. HAMMOND; JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22-dtf. LAW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARSER, LL.D., Roval Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSOXS. LL.D.. Dane Professor. Hon EUORT WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued bv four students and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts: and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of tlieir pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of a term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur sue, according to their yiew of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, aud lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any farther information, may lie made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [dfit lawfim. _ petirinfs, perfumeries, fcc. T> RYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR JL* Coughs, Colds. Asthma. Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store. Baltimore and Fremont streets, Baltimore f22-dlm. T. PURVFANCE POLK & OCX J APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, ti Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES. PERFUMERY, FIXE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SUROICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, Ac., Ac. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. WISEMAN'S VERMIFUGE, * * OR WORM DESTROYER, remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary r, Ve ,l U f" effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts from children and adults. other mineral" 0 ''° conta ' n -Mercury in ant- form, nor any arnffYcmnilV AX. Druggist, corner of Baltimore Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. THE BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY, PREPARED AT DR. O'NEAL'S DRUG store, Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets is a reli aoie remedy for Coughs. Colds 2 ' ' pains in the Chest. Consummivl a . Soren ess and rantage from its use. Wild Cherrv Ba r t- FoF'nT U H *"! and Indian Hemp enter into its composition 'hl tntTi, pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22 3t THOSE OF SCROFULOUS HABIT with Swelled Xeck. Tumors. King s Evil Ac Mer' cunal and Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taint in the system, requiring an alterative course of treatment, are recommended to take U THF AT TERATIYE SYRUP." mailc at Dr. O'NeaF. Drug Store" Comer of Madison and Eataw Streets. It rids the svitem of accumulated humors, as Tetter, Boils, Pimples Rintr worm < feh22-3t 69 BUILDERS' DEPOT. UNM R " NI)S , FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, 4VNMN™'R,^,^ V(FS ' &C ' PRESSED FLOORING WIP ?■ FOH™! UME ' BR 'CKS, HAIR. HARD BCILDIXG MATFRVA i'\\ AND EVERY DESCRI P TION OF mod.Hn. L~. njS" ?' m<Mlera "' fßt™ and on accom h . £ r atte " tion paid to orders and from abroa< l Estimates of the eutire coat 01 buildings furnished with accuracy and denmUh Shin menu effected promptly to all accessible uointa by „ „ „ R JOHNSON No. 89 Pratt street, (near Bowlyi wharf,) Baltimore, Md. THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Alhenevum Building, N. 11 - . Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes, care fully selected, of History. Poetry, Drama, Theology. Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1.000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Heading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Hooks and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of fib per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRI\ ILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their i own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary ( members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. J The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M.. till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—ami from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M.. for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, 300 4 * HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 44 44 ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22 tf ; BAILORS. HT. ROBERTS. • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET. feM-lj. Baltimore. READY MADE C LOTH IN G . JOHN 11. HE A. <t CO., NORTH EAST COR.VER OF PRATT AND SOUTH STS.. Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running olfat a LOW FIGURE to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low P" 00 " fe22-1 in. SAMUEL T A NEYH IL L, MERCHANT TAILOR, No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL, W ill in a few days receive his full SPRING STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, VEST INGS, &c.. and will be 'pleased to take Orders from his friends and the public. A tit guaranteed. Prices reason fe22lm. JOHN A.GRIFFITH'S MERCHANT TAILORING AND FASHIONABLE READY-MADE CLOTHING EST A BLISHMEKT, No. 187 BALTIMORE STREET AND I' 4 LIGHT STREET. The advertiser has opened his SELECTION OF GOODS from this and other markets, whicli he solicits gentlemen to examine, confident that his assortment is COMPLETE both in quality and styles. His READY-MADE' DEPARTMENT abounds in variety, in which any taste can be suited, and where gentlemen can be accommodated at LOW PRICES, considering the quality of the Goods offered. Gentlemen selecting goods from his stock can have Garments made to orders in his Custom Department with dispatch and promptness—two characteristics of his es tablishment. where lie has the best cutters that can he procured. fe22-lm. |)ianos ani) itlusif. CHICKERING & SONS. AND NUXNS & CLARK'S (ELK Bit A TED PIA.XO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale onlv by F. i). BEXTF.EX. 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine for themselves the superior qualities of tiie above Pianos Piano Stools, Prince tc Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards fe22-lm. NEW MUSI C . —Just Published, bv MILLER ,t- RE A CHAM. 181 BALTIMORE ST : A DAY DRRAM—by J. C. Engelbrecht. AXVIL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER'S QUADRILLES—taught by Ed. Lelimann •BOARDING SCHOOL LlFE—by Chas. C.robe. "This beautiful composition, describing a day at a FE MALE BOARDIXG SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best eft o * 9 - fe22 Im_. HE.VKV MCCAFFREY. -M U SIC PUB I, ISHEB, So. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, TV/TUSIC PUBLISHKI) and received daily. J-YA MUSIC BOUXD in the NEATEST STYLE. fe22-lm. MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL PRICES BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer & Co.. Wheeler & Wilson and Grover A Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler .X Wilson s superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood. Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seeu at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUNDERSON k CO., _ 209 Baltimore street. A NEW ERA IN PHOTOGRAPHY AT P. L. PERKINS' METROPOLITAN GALLERY, No. 99 BALTIMORE STREET, OPPOSITE HOLLIDAT ALL THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF the art successfully carried on at this establishment and no humbug used to etieat or deceive the pulilic. Mr. P.'s new invention of producing Life-Size Pictures from small daguerreotypes on CANVAS is the admiration of all who see them. Mr. Kerkhoven. the Great French artist, has been retained for coloring, in his beautiful style, the ahove gems. The public will please call and see. fe22 Im. I. 0. 0. F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS. stc.. U. S. Bunting and Silk Flags. Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, . No. 95 BALTIMORE ST, l-i'. Baltimore* JL. M'PHAIL BRO'S • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calrert streets. (north side.J fc22tf. Restaurants. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT. No. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET, TREAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE. HE undersigned have very recently fitted up the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known as*'Eldon Hall*',as a restaurant of the first class. X o expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack"' counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always pri vate rooms for the ac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to 'exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BT FAITHFCL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt ly, AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS 4tc., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while ttiere is a private entrance admiting to all parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILLY & SNYDER fe22d-1 w&2aw2w. HI NX'S EATING SALOON^ No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Suace THE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- Iy known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS. &c.. at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free bv RIXX'S Express Wagon. fe22-tf. LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S DRESS FITTING, TA VGHT B T MRS. PETTET, AT 436 BALTIMORE STREET, BETWEEN GREEN & PEARL TERMS— S2.SO. Boy's suits and Dress Bodies fitted to give perfect satis faction. Ladies are requested to call and examine the plan taught. fe23 3 t . William HARRIS, MAKER AND IMPORTER OP GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS, 116 West Pratt street, keeps, constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and lucking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six banelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order; Dupont's Gun Powder; Powder Flasks. Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe22 lm. JAMES M. ANDKIISON A SON, ENGRAVERS, JVo. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE, STEEL & COPPER PLATE PRINTING INVITATION, WEDDING. VISITING Cards, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals. Letter Stamps, etc. London and Taris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's En velopes, etc. fe22tf HTENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREET, WM. H. CRAWFORD & CO., PROPRIETORS, Offer to the wholesale trade of this city the South and West GOODS of equal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the United states. fe'22-tf. LEATHER DEPOT. HEMLOCK, OAK & SOLE LEATHER. 4000 SIDES OF HEMLOCK and OAK SOLE LEATHER IN STORE AT LOWEST CASH PRICES. I pledge myself to deliver Y T S RF ATE SOUTH OR WESTOF BALTIMORE, HRMLOCK a()LL LEATHER as low, if not lower, and in quality equal, if not suj>erior to what can be obtained in Xew i ork or any other City in the Union. Southern and Western Merchants, and Raltimoreans, naving orders to fill with Hemlock or Oak Sole, or any of LEATHER, are respectfully invited to S ° l TH CALVERT STREET, one door north TTr _ FRANCTS II CRUPY, aa-st .. HIDES - "IL AND LEATHER DEALER. v.. v V 1 ® 8 9 RTMENLOF TANXIRS' and CURRIIRS' TOOLS OMTTW [feb22-6tl GREEN SALTED and DRY HIDES ALWAYS WANTED BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1858. Insurance (Lumpaiues. I? QUI TAB LE FIRE INSURANI F. j J-J SOCIETY. CHA R TER PERPE TUAL. OFFICE. NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial ! plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office ; have no further responsibility than the amount of their I deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti- I tied to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. I The public are respectfully invited to call at the office. No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fnllv explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD. | WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, j HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER I JAMES FRAEIER, DANIEL BAIL. I CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, : AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. | HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24-ly* IT HE GREAT WESTERN (MAItINE) ' INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. ! Authorized Capital $5,000,000' Cash Capital (alreadypaid in) 1.000.0U0 j j Surplus Fund (represented by !crip) 560.000' I Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,270.000 i This Ccmpany combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to Its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICII'D LATHERS, Prest. Jifo. A. PARKER. Ist V. Prest. ! DOUGLAS ROBINSON. Sec'y. J. F. Cox. 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, I fe23 tf Office Commercial Builiiin-.' . BALTIMORE FIRE INSURANT K ( o". (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) XE IF BUILDING, S. W. CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS. This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM AGE BY FIRE, in the city or country, on the various de- J scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COHEN, JR., President E.A.TAYLOR, WM. GILMOR, W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON. S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. R. YICKERS, J. BIKCKHEAD, JR.. F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KINO, S. O. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL, ; DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUART W. F. WORTH I NO TON. fe22-tr. FRED'K WOOD WORTH. Secretary. THE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Properly within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaueh. William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Fouder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elishn H. Perkins. fe22-Im. iGEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec y. FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000. HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS PHtENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, ~Capital and Surplus. MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co.. X V. $931,000 INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA Ss'> 000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co of X V 250 000 PHfEXIX " - JS'oaX WASHINGTON ->BB 000 NEW WORLD " - Sit'ono ALBEMARLE '• y„ Jiii'omi LYNCHBURG " - COMMONWEALTH " Pa. 17 8.VK,0 T> ',- ! - , , " " 1.250,000 I oltcies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. fe22-ly. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COL IT MB IA N (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital . gsoo.OOO Cash paid in - - - - 200,000 Security notes paid in 300.000 THOS. LORD, President. R. ('. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KAXE, Secretary The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies & Warlield, fe22 6m. .Xo. lfj Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President nPHIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives J- for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may he made payable annually semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys Rnd grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Lifo or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, .Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 31 Franklin 'street fffi-ly IjMRE AND MARINE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET JOHN G. PROUD & SONS. BaLTIMORE Rejiresent ing Companies of the highest standing. with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, ami Losses paid at the Agency. SSXTTW SUI ? AXCE Co " of Hart ford, Conn. $1,500,000 ' " 44 41 350 OfH l ? L'TV J " Springfield, Mass. 375!OOO LIFE u Hartford, 225 000 U.S. LIFE " NY. MOOO fe22-ly. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE. No. 4 SOUTH STREET OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN" R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTT. Mechanical, J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian GEORGE HARMAN. Union, J. TREAT. First Baltimore ' V° AL KER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United J. T. FABLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUXO. Franklin -I. PEASOX. JR.. Washington. H.AMIEL KIRK. Independent. LANCASTER OULD, Pata'mcn R. C. MASON, rigilant , F. A. MILLER, Howard -\FIO Market. JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman. JAS. B. GEORGE, SR.. Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD, Lafayette Hook and Ladder Co. No. l l FE22 - TF - JOHN DUKEHART, Secretary. MARINE AND IXI.AXD INSURANCE THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE „ . COMPANY OF NEW YORK insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak mg Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. XEILSO.V, Press't. R, A AI S T^- A ,T?, S PRES T J - WHITEHEAD, Sec. e.oo 1 O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore, feza-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. -pLLICOTT&HE WE S , PRODUCE (with particular attention paid to the sale of BUTTER ) R B f¥?Pß of 'IT >ear - ffe have "ery grade' and style of BITTER, and as we are the Agents of the Dairy men, receiving it direct from the farms we think that we ought to he able to give entire satisfaction ,n price and quality. Now in store and arriving— -80 Packages of prime Goshen. 50 Tubs and Firkins of New York State 950 Kegs of Glades. 200 Kegs of Western Pennsylvania 65 Kegs Virginia. 150 Kegs and 10 Bbls. Ohio—3oo very small Kevs for shipping, and 30 Bbls. prime fresh Roll Also—3oo Bushels DRIED APPLES and PEACHES' 70 KNHVE BRICK- k ;^ terv CHEESE S'.^ KMlb BRICK: 80 Bags GROUND NUTS- fi Roves Vir ginia PIPE HEADS ami 3 Bales WOOL fe22 U Jtttomejs. U - STOCKETT MATHEWS, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOrVhaLiT' (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) P r' Ptlyto a " kinda ° f /CHARLES E. PHELPS .. „ „ ATTORNEY AT LA IR „.. . >0 - 2 LAW BUILDINGS, SS HOWA^E r COUN 1 TY he C ° UrtS ° f BALTIMOR £™ f TY ROBERT D. BURNST ATTORNEY AT LA IV ~ N0 - 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, _ LEXINGTON STREET. HP FRISBV HENDERSON A • ATTORNEY AT LAW „ . AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA NO - CODKSELLORS' lIALL, ' ' - * Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE. ATTORNEY AT LAW OPVICE No. 25 I.EXINOTON STREETS Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and BAL TIMORE and lIOWARD COUNTIES FK. HOWARD, . ATTORNEY AT LAW, fM3-od2w* 24 Law BOILDIKBS I To Advertisers.— ln order to afford the public an opportunity to judge for them set res of the merits of the Ex change, large editions wilt he issued for the first few days of its puhtication. and distributed widely and gratuitously within the city, and also in those 'sections of 'the cmintfy which are connected with Baltimore, by business relations. Merchants and others who may propose to advertise in our columns, will do well therefore to send in their advertise meals at once, and thereby obtain the advantage of the eiten ded circulation which such gratuitous distribution of the paper, both in town and country, will afford, an advantage which none who understand the value of legitimate, advertis ing will fail to appreciate. For rate's of advertising, see Table elsewhere. To Renders.— By means of thegraluilins distribution above adverted to. it is designed to moke the Exchange jter form in part its own canvassing. Persons disposed to en courage the Erdetrprisr can continue the experiment at their own pleasure if residing within the city, by settling from time to time with the carrier upon the terms stated elsewhere; if rod of the city by sending their orders to the office of the pa per, ac companied by pre payment for the time specified. To Correspondents.— F.verri communication intended for publication must be accompanied by the name of the writer. Manuscripts should be written on one side of the paper only. BALTIMORE. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1858. Since the departure of Ullman's Italian Opera Troupe, after a brief but brilliant career of unwav ering success, the project of building an Opera House, or Academy of Music, has been agitated in our community. We hope the interest which has been manifested in this idea will not tie allowed to vanish as suddenly as the event which suggested it, without causing some practical steps to be taken towards its execution at 110 distant day. We can assure our readers that it is no mere fanciful ques tion, interesting only to the select, cultivated and professedly musical circles. On the eoutrarv, it is a matter which has a direct, practical bearing upon the present and future bnsiness prospects of Balti more. In this age of elbowing and lynx-eyed competi tion, the great advantage possessed by a commer cial city, which is not only a complete and cheap emporium of trade, hut an attractive and tempting place of sojourn to travellers and strangers, seems to have been kept in view everywhere except in Baltimore. \\ hile New York, Boston and I'hil adelphia have their spacious and splendid acade mies of music, in addition to their theatres, con cert and lecture halls, generally commodious and well appointed, Baltimore has remained satisfied with her old-fashioned, cramped and uncomforta ble Museum and "Holliday street," and her inac cessible and inelegant "Front sireet." The new Assembly Rooms answer tolerably well for an oc casional concert, but they are badly situated, and the accommodations even then are too contracted for the audiences which anything really good can always command in Baltimore. The Maryland Institute is large enough, but it is awkwardly shaped, and miserably adapted for either seeing or hearing : besides it is not sufficiently central in its location. We have, in fact, 110 place of public re sort which is very popular even among our own citizens, and hence the comparatively poor support which '.many really meritorious enterprises in the way of public entertainment have received in Hai ti more. One fact is certain—that as between two com peting cities, possessing equal advantages in all other respects—that is to say, being equally acces sible. equally well stocked, and equally cheap, as markets—that one will ultimately command the greater share of business which is the more agree able anil attractive resort. The business man must have recreation of some sort: the stranger within our gates must have some employment or diversion for his idle hours. The merchant who comes East or North to buy goods naturally expects to find in the great city, among whose stately and well filled warehouses he spends the busy hours of the da v. some comfortable and attractive place where lie can pass an evening of refined enjoyment, which must otherwise hang listless and heavy 011 his hands, or else be worse than squandered in dissipation anil debauchery. Our country cousins want to see something in the way of novelty or excitement, so that they may be able to astonish "thefolks" upon their return home. Our city, it is true, possesses nn advantage in point of superior social culture and intercourse, which to some degree compensates for its deficiency in the respect named. Baltimore, we know, is pro verbial for Iter public and private hospitalities, and the enviable reputation which she acquired in days gone by, we believe, she still deserves and main tains. The Baltimore merchant, rather than turn his distant friend and customer out into the crowd ed solitude of a strange city, or suffer him to lounge unattended at his hotel, will often take him to his own house, where he will not fail to find a hearty and hospitable reception. This is very well in its way, but it must in the nature of things be limited and partial, or else it would soou become a tax upon one party and a bore to the other. We have said enough, we think, to show that an elegant and spacious building, which shall be in keeping with the taste of the age, and with the character of Baltimore as a great commercial citv, with all the necessary equipments and appoint ments for musical and dramatical entertainments of the highest order, is a great public neeessitv. and would be attended with decided advantages in a practical and business point of view. Two or three hundred thousand dollars invested for such an object would in the sequel l>e worth infinitely more than that amount to the city, and prove a substantial benefit to all classes of society, and all departments of business. We commend this project to the attention of our shrewd and enterprising merchants. The present time may be unpropitious for its realization, but the idea ought not to be lost sight of hereafter. THE "TRESS CUTTERS" IN MA.NHEIM. — We have been favored with the following extracts from a let ter received the other day in this town, bv the friends of a young lady at an extensive boarding school at Manheim. It'is dated the 24th of Januarv, and is a curious storv as to the wretches who are said to go about cutting off the tsesses of girls and young women: "Have you heard anything in England of what they call 'tress-cotters'—a gang of men who are going about in all the principal German towns, and who are said to have sworn to cut off' the hair of 300 girls; and when they have an opportunity, throw vitriol, or some substance of a benumbing* nature, in people's faces, and always out off' the front hair on one side ? 1 assure vou it is true: for several poor girls who bring things to the institution have had it done to them. One who suffered from it lately has never eaten anything since, and it is feared she will go out of her mind. Another, a ser vant in the family of one of the half-e M ioMoiVe ( half-boarders) had her mouth so frightfully burned that she is disfigured for life. "The other day, at the promenade, we saw a per son dressed likca £ The hoarders wear a kind of uniform.] The wind blowing the veil on one side, we saw it was a man, with a large hand kerchief bound round his face to hide his whiskers. The governess who had the charge of us was dread fully frightened, and we returned homeward as quickly as possible, the man following us as far as the windows of the tolon, and then he ran away. The lady superintendent of the establishment was vexed with the governess that she did not tell a po liceman, or call some soldiers who were near; but she was too frightened. The police here have for bidden any woman to go alone into the palace gar dens, because it is there that the most harm has been done. A poor girl was found the other day hound to a tree, with all her hair cut off; and we may only walk in the liveliest parts of the town." 1 HE FORTUNES OF THE ANCIENTS. —Croesus possess ed. in landed property, a fortune equal to £1,700,- 000, besides a large amount of money, slaves and furniture, which amounted to an equal sum. He used to say that a citizen who had not a sufiicient sum to support an army or a legion, did not deserve the title of a rich man. The philosopher Seneca had a fortune of £3,500,000. Tiberas, at his death, left £29,024,000, which Caligula spent in less than 12 months. \ espasian, on ascending the throne, estimated all the expenses of the state at £35,000.000. The debts of Milo amounted to £OOO.OOO. Ciesar, before he entered upon any office, owed £2,995,000. He had purchased the friendship of Corio for £5OO. and that of Lucius Paulus for £300.000. At the time of the assassination of .luiius Ciesar. Anthonv was in debt to the amount, of £3,000,000: he owed this sum on the ides of March, and it was paid bv the kalends of April; he squandered £147,000,000. Applus squandered in debauchery £500,000, and finding, on examination of the state of his affairs, that he had only £BO,OOO, poisoned himself, because he considered that sum insufficient for his maintain ance. Ciesar gave Satulla, the mother of Brutus, a pearl of the value of £lO,OOO. Cleopatra, at an en tertainment she gave to Anthonv, dissolved in vin egar a pearl worth £BO,OOO, and'he swallowed it. CONIi RESSIONAL THIRTY-FIFTH CONGRESS—First Session. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1858. SENATE. The \ ice President laid before the Senate a com munication from the Secretary of War, made in compliance with a resolution of the 11th inst., cal ling for a statement showing what officers of the a ni v in service in the field or remote or frontier sta tions are absent from duty, and the cause of such ab sence, Ac. On motion of Mr. Wilson, ordered that it lie on the table and be printed. [The Secretary sends a letter from the office of the Adjutant General, containing the information, with the names of officers absent, 4c., from which the following is given: First Dragoons—The Colonel and Lieutenant Col onel are absent on leave, with several other compa ny officers, three of whom are in hill health. Second Dragoons—The Major is on leave of ab sence, with several other company officers, two of whom are in ill health. First Cavalry—The Colonel, four Captains, and four Lieutenants are absent on leave. i Second Cavalry—The Lieutenant Colonel and two Captains are on leave of absence, and one Lieuten ant in ill health. Mounted Rifieinen—One Major and four subordi nate officers on leave of absence, one Major and one Captain in ill health. Second Artillery—Two Captains and two First ! Lieutenants on leave of absence. Third Artillery—The Colonel unemployed, the 1 Major on leave of absence, three Captains in ill I health, one Lieutenant on leave of absence, two i Lieutenants in ill health. To First Lieutenant Syl- ! vestcr Mowry the following note is appended: '•Absent by permission, it having been represent- j ed to the War Department that he is the delegate elect from Arizona, and also that he will be permit- , ted to take his seat in the House of Representa- I tives." Fourth Artillery—The Colonel is in ill health, the Major suspended by sentence of Court Martial; one Major, three Captains, and nine subordinate of ficers on leave; one Captain in ill health. First Infantry—The Colonel in ill health, the Ma jor and two Captains on leave of absence. Second Infantry—The Colonel is on leave, a Ma jor, one Captain, and one First Lieutenant in ill health, and one subordinate on leave. Third Infantry-—Two Majors, two Captains, and First Lieutenant are on leave of absence. Fourth Infantry—The Colonel, one Captain, and one Second Lieutenant are in ill health, anil two Captains on leave of absence. Fifth Infantry—One Major, two Captains, and three Lieutenants are in ill health, and two Captains on leave of absence. Sixth Infantry—One Captain in ill health, and two Lieutenants on leave of absence. Seventh Infantry—One Major and one First Lieu tenant in ill health, and two First Lieutenants are on leave of absence. Eight hlnfantry—One Major and one second Lieu tenant are absent on leave, and two Captains in ill health. .Ninth Infantry—One Captain in ill health, and and one Captain and one First Lieutenant on leave of absence. Tenth Infantry—One Major and two Captain- in ill health. ' Owing to the limited supply of public quarters in Kansas, a larger number of officers are absent with leave from the command serving in that Territory than wonld be the case under other circumstances.] RESOLUTION'S OF STATE LEGISLATURES, Mr. Jones presented resolutions of the Legislature of lowa, in favor of a grant of land to aid in the construction of the Prairie du Chien and Mankota railroad. Also, from the same source, in favor of a grant of land to aid in the construction of the Lansing North ern lowa and Southern Minnesota railroad—which were read and referred to the Committee on the Public Lands. Mr. Houston presented resolutions of the Legisla ture of Texas, instructing their Senators anil re questing their representatives in Congress to pro cure such action on the part of the I'nited States as will cause the Indians in Texas west of the Pecos l iver to be collected upon the reserve provided for them. Also from the same, in favor of a permanent mil itary post as near the junction of the Larger Wi chita and Red river as practicable. Also, from the same in favor of an appropriation for the building of a I'nited States court-house in that State and the establishment of another judi cial district. Also, from the same, in relation to a weekly over land mail route from some point in Texas to San Diego in California. Also, from the same, in favor of granting addi tional mail facilities in Texas. All of which resolutions were read and appropri ately referred. MEMORIALS, Ac. The following memorials, Ac., were presented and appropriately referred: By Mr. Foster: From Franklin Kellsey, asking that an appropriation be made for building, equip ping, anil testing a steamboat on a scientific model invented bv him. By Mr. Crittenden: From Alexander B. and D. B. Hagner, guardians of the infant children of the late .Major .1. It. Hagner, of the United States army, asking that said children may be allowed a pension. By Mr. Bigler: Front Joseph E. Cole and numer ous others, principal merchants and business men of the city of Baltimore, deeply interested in the sue cess of the enterprise urging upon Congress, the es tablishment of a line of mail steamers between Bal timore and St. Thomas, in the West Indies. By Mr. Doolittle: From Henry Cordier and fifty four other citizens of the United States, asking that the public lands may may be granted only to actual settlers and in limited quantities. By Mr. Green: A memorial, adopted at a meeting of citizens of Clarke county, Missouri, remonstrating against the division of the lands granted by Con gress for the improvement of the Des Moines river, or the application of those lands tothe State of lowa to any other purpose than that for which they were originally granted. By Mr. Benjamin: From the city of New Orleans, asking that the title to certain lands bequeathed bv the late John McDonogh to that city ana the city of Baltimore may be confirmed by the United States. Also, from the same, asking Congress to relin quish the interest of the United States to certain lands bequeathed to the cities of New Orleans and Philadelphia by the late Stephen Girard. By Mr. King, from the city of Buffalo, New York, remonstrating against the granting of public lands to corporations, and that in all cases they be confin ed to the actual settlers. By Mr. Jones, from the Legislature of Wisconsin, in relation to the Pacific Railroad and in favor of a donation of land to the Territory of Nebraska. Also, a memorial and joint resolution of the same, in behalf of J. B. Thomas and his family, who were sufferers by Indian depredations. REPORTS FROM COMMITTEF.S. Mr. Iverson, from the Committee of Claims, asked to be discharged from the further consideration of the memorial of David Gordon, and that it be re ferred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. Also, from the Committee of Military Affairs, to which was referred the bill from the House of Rep resentatives for the relief of Whitemarsh B. Sea brouk and others, reported it back without amend ment. and asked its immediate consideration. Mr. Iverson having explained the bill, it was con sidered and passed. Mr. Clarke, from the Committee of Claims, sub mitted a report, accompanied by a bill for the re lief of Elcazer Williams. Mr. Clay, from the Committee on Commerce, to which the following bills were referred, submitted an adverse report in each case: The bill to provide for the construction of a cus tom-house, court-house, and post-office in Trenton in the State of New Jersey: the bill to provide for the construction of a court-house, post-office, and custom-house in Apalachicolayin the State of Flor ida. RESOLUTIONS. On motion by Mr. Wilson, Rtsoh-td, That the Committee on the District of Columbia be instructed to inquire into the expedi ency of providing by law for the establishment, un der the authority and control of the Government of the United States, of an efficient police in the citv of Washington. On motion by .Mr. Bigler, Resolved, That the Committee on the Post Ortice and Post Roads be authorized to cause to be print ed for the use of the Post Office Department 1,200 copies of the report of the Postmaster General with the appendix, and 1,200 copies of the same report without the appendix. BILL INTRODUCED. Mr. Mallory introduced a bill authorizing the con struction ot a dry dock for the naval service at Pen sacola; which was read and referred to the Commit tee on Naval affairs. Mr. Slidell moved to proceed to the consideration of the bill to amend an act entitled "An act to au thorize a re-location of land warrants numbered 3, 4 and 5. granted by Congress to Gen. Lafayette," approved 2Gth ofFebruary, 1845; whichmotion hav ing been agreed to— Mr. I'ugb submitted an amendment restricting the locations, which, being satisfactory to the chair man of the Committee on Public Lands, was agreed to, and the bill as amended was read a third time and passed. GOXZAGO COLLEGE. Mr. Brown ipsked the Senate to indulge him in taking up the bill to incorporate Gonzago College, in the city of Washington and District of Columbia. The motion having been agreed to, and the bill ex plained by Mr. Brown, after a brief colloquy it was passed as originally introduced. ADMISSION OF KANSAS. Mr. Green moved to take up the bill for the ad mission of the State of Kansas into the Union, for the purpose of assigning a special period for its con sideration: which was agreed to. Mr. G. then sug gested that it be made the special order for to-mor row at one o'clock. Mr. Seward inquired of the chairman of the com mittee whether any detinite arrangement had been agreed upon by the majority as to the course in which the debate on tbis bill should proceed. He desired to submit some remarks at such time as should be convenient. j Mr. Green replied that he would waive his right to open the debate, reserving the right to answer whatever might be said in opposition to the report submitted by him. He also believed that the ma jority had no desire to open the debate, but all the friends of the bill were disposed to allow a fair hearing to all sides. Mr. Douglas remarked that during the past ten days he had observed in various newspapers rumors and reports to the effect that he himself, and his friends from Michigan and California, [Messrs. Stu j art and Broderick.J had been formally read out of | the democrat ie party at a caucus held by them.— He now rose for the purpose of asking the chairman of the caucus [Mr. Allen,] whether there was any truth in those statements ? Mr. Allen replied that he knew nothing of any j man's having been read out of the partv on that oc | casion. ! Mr. Douglas said that during fourteen years past he had never known a caucus to decide' that any I particular measure was a partv measure, much less 1 take the responsibilitv of reading men out of the | party. j Mr. Iverson rose to make a statement in reference to a resolution which he introduced in that caucus. Mr. Toombs made a suggestion. He did so with all kindness towards his colleague, but he reallv thought that caucus matters should not be intro duced into discussions in the Senate. He trusted his colleague would let the matter drop without pursuing his remarks. Mr. Douglas hoped the Senator from Georgia would be allowed to make his statement. Mr Benjamin renewed the objection of Mr.Toombs. Mr. Douglas stated that he understood the reso- I lution of Mr. Iverson to be to the effect that the caucus disclaimed the right or intention to read him out of the party. Mr. Collamer said that it was expected that the chairman of the committee would open the debate j on the bill; but he had waived the right to do so.— I According to his understanding of parliamentary ! usages, if a man waived the opening, he also waived the close. If the senator from Missouri meant to have the close without the opening, he wanted to reply to the closing argument; for that would be the only opportunity he would have to replv to him. Mr. Green replied that he had already made one elaborate speech on the Kansas question, and had submitted the report, which imbodied the facts and j principles of the case. In his closing argument he j should not deviate trom the facts and principles | therein set forth. If, however, the senator from j Vermont insisted upon his opening the argument, he would gratify the gentleman to the largest extent. Mr. Hale wanted to know what was to be done ! with the army bill. Mr. Iverson replied that inasmuch as the chair- \ man of the Committee on Military Affairs, [Mr. ! Davis,] was still detained by sickness, he should : press that bill tcaa vote as soon as possible. Mr. Collamer moved that the Kansas bill be made \ a special order for Monday next, at one o'clock ; ■ and the motion was agreed to. PERSONAL EXPLANATIONS. Mr. Bell rose to resume the remarks which he f commenced yesterday in reply to his colleague. He thought it niust be evident to every member of the Senate that the attack upon him yesterday bv his ! colleague was entirely uncalled for. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, desired, bv the per mission of his colleague, to say a lew words in ex- j planation. Mr. Bell gave l way. Mr. Johnson said' that from the remarks which his colleague submitted last evening, and from the opening of his speech this morning, it seemed that he must be laboring under a misapprehension as to the purport of his (Mr. J.'si remarks yesterday.— In what he had said, he had intended to make no reference at all to the motives or private character of his colleague, but had only referred to him as a senator and a public man, intending nothing per sonal. It he would look over the report of that speech, he would find nothing there which made any assault upon his integrity. He held that he had a right, under parliamentary law, to criticise the public acts and speeches of his colleague, and cited a case which occurred in the British Parliament, where_ Colonel Barrv denounced the conduct of Lord North as "indecent and scandalous." He was called to order, and reproved in severe terms for using such language: but it was decided that he had a right to arraign him as a minister, and could use this langurge without any imputation on Lord North's private character as a man. Mr. J. trusted that -this explanation would satisfy his colleague that he did not intend to impugn his motives. Mr. Bell was surprised to hear his colleague make this declaration, for it seemed as if he did not un derstand the tenor of his own language and his own argument. If he did not intend to assail his mo tives and character as a public man, who was influ enced by a want of principle, would he withdraw that part of his speech in which lie i Mr. B.) was represented as looking to the North—holding on to the South with one hand, and endeavoring to grasp the North with the other? -Mr. It. considered that as the most offensive and insulting shaft which could be aimed at him or any other member of the Senate. It might be that his colleague was not aware how far he had gone, or what language he had used. If lie would disclaim tlmsc imputations, he would accept the explanation. Mr. B. then reviewed the speech of Mr. Johnson, replying to many of the statements and arguments therein. He denied that the Nebraska bill was the principal subject of controversy in the canvass in Tennessee in 1855, and asserted that there were not live hundred men in that State who understood the Nebraska bill, particularly that portion of it known as the Badger amendment. Mr. B. spoke at con siderable length, endeavoring to vindicate his con sistency in his public career, and concluded bv sav ing that he could not respect his colleague unless he would withdraw those portions of his speech which he regarded as personally offensive. Mr. Johnson replied saying that he should not detain the Senate long, for, in the extended remarks that his colleague had submitted to-day, he had not controverted one fact or answered one argument that had been made against him yesterday; and his speech to-dav was the most conclusive evidence that those facts and arguments were unanswerable. As to the statement that those remarks were personally offensive, he had made an explanation this morning disclaiming such an intention, and he had no other apology or retraction to make. He then proceeded to reply to some portions of Mr. Bell's remarks to dav. Mr. Bell rejoined briefly; and the joint resolu tions he presented yesterday, were then ordered to be printed. ABMV nti.L. Mr. Iverson then moved to proceed to the consid eration of the bill to increase the military establish ment of the I nited States; which motion was agreed to. On motion by Mr. Polp, the Senate then proceed ed to the consideration of Executive business, and, after a brief session, the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The business ti rst in order was the bill granting pensions to the officers and soldiers of the war with Great Britain, of 1812, and those engaged in the In dian wars during that period, which had been specially assigned to this day, the pending question being on a motion to re-commit to the Committeon Invalid Pensions. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, raised a question of or der, that, as the bill provided for a permanent and continuous appropriation, the rules required that it should be first considered in Committee of the Whole. Mr. Savafie, of Tennessee, said the information called for from the President and the Departments, in relation to the expense involved, had not vet been placed in the hands of members, and as the friends of the bill did not desire to take anv unfair advantage or to press the bill without the fullest and fairest discussion, he would ask unanimous con sent to move to postpone the bill until the first Tues day in April, and make it the special order in the House at that time, to be considered from day to day until disposed of. The Speaker decided that under the rules the hill must first be considered in Committee of the Whole, but the motion to postpone and make it the special order in the House could be entertained by unani mous consent. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, said he would not oblect to making the bill the special order in committee, but he must object to the motion to consider it in the House. Mr. Fenton, of New York, offered a substitute for the bill; which was ordered to be printed. Mr. Savage then moved to refer the bill to Com mittee of the Whole, and make it the special order in committee for the 23d day of March. Mr. Craige, of North Carolina, objected to making the bill a special order. Mr. Savage then moved to postpone the bill until the third Monday in March. He would then move to suspend the rules to make it the special order. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, appealed from the Speak er's decision entertaining the motion as in order; but the appeal was laid on the table. The motion to postpone the bill until the 3d Mon dav in March prevailed by a vote of 102 to 30. Mr. Mason, of Kentucky, on leave presented joint resolutions of the Legislature of Kentucky in refer ence to the soldiers of the war of the revolution and of the war of 1812; which were referred to the Com mittee on Military Affairs, and ordered to be printed. REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. Mr. Mason, of Kentucky, from the Committee on Accounts, reported a bill fixing the number and compensation of the clerks, messengers, pages and laborers for the House of Representatives; which, after some discussion, was ordered to be printed and recommitted to the Committee on Accounts. [The bill provides that the pay per annum of the clerk shall be $3,600: of the chief clerk $2,160; journal clerk $2,160; five clerks each $1,800; three clerks each $1,400: four clerks each $1,200; that the clerk may employ three messengers during the year and eight during the session, at $3 per day; two laborers during the vear, and six during the time their services mavW required, at $1.50 per day; also one clerk at the rate of $l,BOO and one at $1,400 per annum, to continue the alphabetical in dexing of private claims. That the pay of the doorkeeper shall he $2,160 per annum; that he may employ a superintendent of the folding room at $l,BOO, and, under the direction of the Committee on Accounts, such folders and laborers as may be necessarv: that he niav employ fourteen messengers during the year and eleven during the session at $3 per day; four laborers during the year and five during the session at $1.50 per day: and twentv pages, between the ages of ten ami sixteen vears, during the session at $2 per day. That the pay of the postmaster of the House shall he $2,160 per an num, and may employ an assistant during the ses | sion at $4.80 per day; five messengers at $2 per PRICE TWO CENTS. day. and four mail boys at $2 per day; but during the recess he shall reduce the number of his em ployees to the number which may be necessary; the messengers to furnish each a horse and carry all at a price not exceeding $2 per dav.] Mr. Spinner, of New \ ork, from the same com niittee, submitted a minority report, with a bill, which was also recommitted and ordered to be printed. Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, from the Committee of \\ ays and Means, reported a bill to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to change the present system of providing relief for sick and disabled sea men; which was read twice, recommitted to the Committee ot Ways and Means, and ordered to be printed. Mr. Mavnard, of Tennessee, from the Committee of Claims, made an adverse report on the memo rial of James Marsh and others; which was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. Crawford, ot Georgia, from the same com mittee, made an adverse report upon the letter of the Secretary of State, in relation to the claim of R. C. Murphy, late Consul at Shanghai; which was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. PEBATE ON KANSAS. On motion of Mr. Harris, of Illinois, the House went into Committee of the Whole, (Mr. Green ! wood, of Arkansas, in the chair,] and nominally re sumed consideration of the Indian Appropriation Mr. Crawford, of Georgia, addressed the commit tee in favor of the admission of Kansas into the I nion under the Lecompton constitution, contend ing that all the clamor against that constitution arose from the hatred of the Republican partv of the North against the institution of slavery. He de nounced the efforts of the emigrant aid societies ot the North to abolitionize Kansas, and read a copv ot the treasonable oath taken by the "Regulators'" ot the Free-State party in Kansas, who were banded together, sworn to subvert the laws, and to establish their revolutionary Topeka government. No man had yet objected that the Lecompton constitution was not republican in form, or that the population was not sufficient; the opposition was only based upon the desire to sustain the lawless and rebellious Topekaites, and overturn law and order, for the sake ot driving out the pro-slavery settlers and abo litionizing the Territory. The Lecompton recognised and protected slavery which was the real objection : but that matter had been decided bv Congress in advance, in file passage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, which authorized the people of Kansas to form and regulate their institu tions in their own way. It only remained to see whether Congress would redeem its pledges or whether it would aid and abet those who were in re bellion. If the doctrine of "No more slave State" was to prevail in this matter, then the Union would be the bitterest foe of the South, and would cease to exist, except upon paper. In conclusion; he ap pealed to the Democracy not to desert the South in this last struggle with abolitionism. Mr. Goodwin, ot New A ork, said the Kansas struggle was a direct conflict between freedom and slavery, between liberty and tyranny. The attempt was made, in the face of the world, to force upon the free people of Kansas a system which they ab horred, under the flimsy pretence of permitting them to govern themselves. The boasted doctrine of "squatter sovereignty" was a fraud and delusion. From the beginning it was determined to make Kansas a slave state, and it was never intended to permit her people to govern themselves He re viewed the history of the outrages in Kansas, and contended that the President, in his special message concealed some important facts and distorted others. He contended that it was the duty of Congress to pass an enabling act for Kansas, and refer the whole subject of a State constitution back to the people of that Territory. -Mr. Million, of Virginia, defended his past oppo sition to the Kansas-Nebraska bill. The time had now come when the correctness of his views were shown by the results; and, in the midst of predic tions fulfilled and forebodings realized, he could feel that no part of the responsibility for the dis turbed state of the country rested upon him. The subject of Kansas was, in his opinion, of the more importance because they had yet to legislate for I tali. His Southern colleagues had agreed with him on the interpretation and construction of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, with but a single point of dif ference. He had held that scarcely anything could be adduced to support the Nebraska hill but the promised repeal of the Missouri compromise, which was denounced on the one hand as unconstitutional, and defended on the other as constitutional. The only proper course for Congress, then, was either to repeal it or let it alone, as the one or the other sentiment prevailed; but Congress would do neither. Had Congress simply repealed its own act of 1820, it would have fixed the condition of the Territories, and 110 harm would have resulted. The grave and fatal error was that, while appa rentlv believing the compromise to he unconstitu tional. Congress legislated upon the opposite idea, declaring its provisions inoperative and void, hut only upon condition that slavery should not exist in the Territories by force of law, and that previous laws on the subject should not he revived. Con gress sai<l in effect, "the law of 1820, which trans formed a shareholding into a non-slaveholding Ter ritory, was wrong and shall not stand; hut we will not restore the Territory to the condition it was in before that law. \\ e will not revoke our interdict, hut whether it shall he renewed or not, whether slavery shall he allowed or not, shall depend upon the people who go into the Territory. Run, then, men of the North, and run men of the South, let us see who will go first and in greatest numbers. To the swift and the strong shall he given the prize." That there was a mad rush was not to he wondered at. nor that the men who joined in the contest should be zealots am! bigots. It ought to have been fore seen that they would meet not merely as opponents, but as enemies and strangers. It was urged that Congress had no power to es tablish or prohibit slavery in the Territories, but if Congress had no such power, how could it grant or delegate that power to a Territorial government, the creature of Congress. Southern men had contended that the bill only authorized the people to decide on the question of slavery when they came to form a State constitu tion. Was this, then, all there was of the great doctrine of public sovereignty.? Xo man denied that a State could exercise the power of establish ing or prohibiting slavery, and the same power must necessarily he possessed by a Territory in the act of framing its constitution. _ A State could not frame a constitution for a Ter ritory, nor a Territory for a State. A State gave power to Congress, hut a Territory received power from Congress. A Territory was the creature of Congress, while Congress was the creature of the States. Congress, then, was not the source of the power exercised bv a people in forming a State con stitution, hut it was tlie only source of the power of a Territory. There was a peculiar and distinctive feature in theX ebraska hill, from the effect of which it was impossible to escape. It was plainly a license or permission to the people of the Territory, while yet a Territory, to establish or exclude slavery. If that power could not be exercised, it was not the fault of the bill, but only because, under the de cision of the Supreme Court, Congress had no con stitutional right to grant the power. He was told that this grant of power was expressly made subject to the Constitution of the L nited States • but every act of Congress was subject to tlie Consti tution. whether so declared or not. It was a novelty in legislation to pass laws for the purpose of having their intent and meaning tested by the courts. If the powers in question could be only exercised in the formation or a State constitution, slavery could not possibly get into the Territories legally, and if sla very now existed in Kansas it was in spite of all the Missouri compromise and the Nebraska hill had done. lie was told that these people had a right to pass laws in favor of slavery, but none against it. Indeed! Then the power to form and regulate their institutions "in their own way" meant only "in one wav," "in the Southern wav !" A few years ago Senator Douglas, in supporting an amendment to a Territorial bill, first made use of the words "I wish to hare them free to regulate their own institutions in their own way," little supposing that that part of his speech was after wards to be enacted into a law. Then it was the sentiment of a single Senator, and it was condem ed by the votes of all the Southern Senators ex cept Clay and Underwood. It must be a proud re flection to him now, not only that he has establish ed the sentiment upon the statute-book in spite of the South, but that they have become so charmed with it as to make the new-born dogma the touch stone of political fealty. He (Mr. M.) had not yielded to the influences which produced these re markable changes. Perhaps the light of this new risen doctrine had not yet penetrated into his hum ble sphere, overshadowed bv loftier intelligences. He protested against auy attempt to deprive Con gress ot its proper control over the Territories.— The power of Congress could not be withdrawn by any body of emigrants. The general welfare might demand that other use should be made of the Terri tory than the settlers desired. Must the public in terests and perhaps the public safety yield to the caprice of selfish men. who claimed no "other right than that Government had suffered them to dwell upon its land ? It was both the right and the duty of the States, acting through their Representatives in Congress, to assert their rights in the Territories. Had men might inhabit them, who wonld pass laws, to sanction their own lusts, and betrayed women might call their wickedness religion. Disgusting licentiousness and blasphemy might impudently claim to be tolerated as a "domestic institution,"' and national reputation would be tarnished. The Territories being originally slaveholding, and the Supreme Court having decided the act of prohibition unconstitutional, they would at this day have been legally a slaveholding country but for the Nebraska bill. Ify that act the South had been de prived of Nebraska; and if at last they had achieved a victory iu Kansas, it was only a barren one, sur rounded by difficulties and uncertainties. The best way to test the power of Congress would have been to subject the Missouri compromise to the courts, instead of superseding it by a new law, and subject ing the institution itself to the hazards of a popular majority. It was a new compromise, which abro gated the old one, the Missouri compromise, sup planted by the Nebraska compromise, and the new was more disadvantageous to the South than the old. Mr. Chaffee, of Massachusetts, addressed the com mittee in opposition to the Lecotnpton constitution, animadverting on the perversions of history in the President's Kansas message, and contending that the approval of the Lecompton fraud would be an unjust violation of thebond and agreement entered into in the passage of the Nebraska bill. If the peo ple of Kansas were in rebellion whv did not the