Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I—NO. 6.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PI 3LISHED E\ ERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED.) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, FE K. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. KALI.. JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, J at six DOLLARS per annum: THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE —EIGHT LINES.) One insertion 50 Two insertions 75 Three " $l.OO Four " $1.25 Five " $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or iuterted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor- : tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. lINDER the above title it is proposed to J conduct and publish in the citv of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING XEWSPAPER. 'his enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and j wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, and its conse- i quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that elem .mt of competition, which, in j all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city. " THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism.—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with tiiose commercial inter- , ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be • largely devoted; but in its wide and more comprehensive 1 acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist. XEwa.—lt will, of course.be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public iuterest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared 2d. COMMERCE.—The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets,domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, 1 with regard to which the mercantile community naturally j look to public press for comment and suggestion. 3d. POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must uecessa sarlly devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest , and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th. LITERATURE AND ART.— Candid and impartial re Views of current literature and contemporaneous art. mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and i: will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room . (Education. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE MARYLAND THE, TRUSTEES of tile Patapseo Female Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a \ ear ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to Increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupil.-. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure. for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It i 3 furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It ha? pre-eminence in healthfuluess. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils AS an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles liira to our confidence a? a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution: and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. HORSEY. PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M. D., SECRETARY. T. WATKIXS LIGOX. E. HAMMOND, JOHN. P. KENNEDY. _ fe22 (ltf. I AW s< SHOOLOFTHE UNIVERSITY J AT CAMBRIDGE. MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon THEOPHILCS PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common i.tw, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com merclal, International and Constitutional Law. and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, i and an opiuion delivered by the Presiding Instructor Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts: and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate. and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of i term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur- ! ue according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any farther information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1358. [l6t-law6m. Rltfririncs, ferfumeries, &r. BRYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store, Baltimore and Fremont streets. Baltimore f22-dlm. J. PURVIANCE POLK & CO~ APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Street!, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STRRET, Baltimore. Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY. FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which maybe confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SUROICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C.. kc. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. ISEMAN'S VERMIFUGE, OR WORM DESTROYER. This remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary ever used. It effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts from children and adults. Warranted not to contain Mercury in any form, nor anv other mineral. For sale by WISEMAN, Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim THE BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY; PREPARED AT DR. CNEAL'S DRUG Store. Corner of Ma lison and F.utaw Streets, is a reli able remedy for Coughs. Colds. Hoarseness, Soreness and pains in the Chest. Consumptive cases derive much ad v antage from its use. Wild Cherry Bark. Tai . Bloodroot, and Indian Hemp enter into its composition. Its taste is pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22-3t RPHOSE OF SCROFULOUS HABIT. A with Swelled Neck. Tumors. King s Evil. Ac , Mer curial and Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taint in the system, requiring AU alterative course of treatment, are recommended to take "THE AL TERATITE SYRCP." madeat Pr O'Neal's Drug Store, Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets. It rids the system of accumulated humors, as Tetter, Boils, Pimples, Ring worm, AC. feh2J :it 0Q ' BLTLOK.IW DEPOT: 00 SASH. DOORS. BLINDS, FRAMES, NOT BF.D SASH. MOULDINGS. CASINGS. Ac., DRESSED FLOORING AND OTHER LUMBER, LIME. BRICKS. HAIR, HARD WARE. GLASS, OIL, PAINTS, and every description ol BL ILDING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom modating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost 01 buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points bv R. JOHNSON, NO 99 Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf ) f23-tf Baltimore, Md. ——— TUB MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION', j (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athenaeum Building, X. H". j Corner of tit. Paul and Saratoga Streets'. nPHE ROOMS are large and conitbrtalde, A well heated and lighted, and (juiet. The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes, care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga ; sines and Reviews of this country aud England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTlVEmembership. I The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of i $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may beconie Honorary members in their i own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M„ till 2 o'clock P. M.. for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till I 10 o'clock P. St.. for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 8L ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY*SUBSCRIBERS, 300 " '• HONORARY MEMBERS. 850 '• " ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22 tf Mors. HT. ROBERTS, • MERCER AXD TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, ly. Baltimore. READY made clothi ng. JOHN II HE A, ,£ CO., NORTH EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTH STS.. Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER ! CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also —A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices. _ _ fe22-LM. VJ A M UK I. ~ T A N E Y H I 1, L. O MERCHANT TAILOR, No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL, Will in a few days receive his full SPRIXG STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CA.SSI MERES, VEST INGS, &c.. and will be *)> leased to take Orders from his J friends and the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason- J able. fe22-lm JOHN A. GRIFFITH'S M E R C H A X T T A I L < R I X fi AND FASHIONABLE READY-MADE CLOTHING ESTA B LISH ME NT, No. 187 BALTIMORE STREET, AND I a LIGHT STREET. The advertiser lias opened his SELECTION OF GOODS \ from this and other markets, which he solicits gentlemen j to examine, confident that his assortment is COMPLETE ! both in quality and styles. His READY-MADE' DEPARTMENT abounds in variety, j in which any taste can be suited, and where gentlemen i can be accommodated at LOW PRICES, considering the j quality of the Goods offered. Gentlemen selecting goods from his stock can have j Garments made to orders in his Custom Department with dispatch and promptness—two characteristics of his es tablishment, where he lias the best cutters that can be i procured. fe22-lm. I prnss aitir tflusic. /WHICKERING & sons^ AND XrXNS & CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only bv F. i). BEXTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles at. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f< r ; themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools. Prince A Co.'s Melodeons from -45 upwards fe22-Im. * ! E W MUS 1 C .— Just Published, by i* MILLER if: BEACHAM, 181 BALTIMORE ST: A DAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbrecht. ANVIL CHORES—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER'S QUADRlLLES—taughtby Ed. Leiimann. •BGARPING-SCHOOI. LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. •This beautiful composition, describing a dav at a FE- ! MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the .Author's best efforts. fe'22lm. j HENRY MCCAFFREY, ! M i: sl o P U li I. 1 sH E it, No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, MUSIC PUBLISHED and received daily- Music BOUND in the NEATEST STYLE. fe'22-lm. MUSIC FOLIOS at. ALL PRICES BOUDOIR "seavevo "MACHINE. PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS RF. commended by I. M. Singer & Co., Wheeler k Wilson ; and Grover & Baker as being the best single thread Ma- 1 chine in the known world: and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam- I ine it. Also. Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood. Black Walnut and Mahogany ca ■ Wheel ' er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can I be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have 1 had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUXDERSOX & CO., fc22 tf. 2uy Baltimore street. A NEW ERA IN PHOTOGRAPHY AT P. L. PERKINS' METROPOLITAN GALLERi, No. 99 BALTIMORE STREET, OPPOSITE HOLLIDAY. ALL THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF the art successfully carried on at this establishment and no humbug used to cheat or deceive the public. MR P.'S new invention of producing Life-Size Pictures from small daguerreotypes on CANVAS IS the admiration of all who see them. Mr. Kerkhoven, the Great French artist, has been retained for coloring, in his beautiful style, the above gems. The public will please call and see. fc22-lm. I. 0.0. F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, &c., L\ S. Bunting and Silk • Flags, Military (roods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al wav on hand and for sale by A.SISCO, No. 95 BALTIMORE St, fe22-ly. Baltimore' I J L. M'PHAIL &TBR0 1 S • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Xorth and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT. No. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET, REAR EXTRAXCE IS BASK LANE. r I MI E undersigned have very recently fitted tip JL the Wilding in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles St a, known as ; Ebl on Hall", as a restaurant of the ' first class. No expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" j counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice J and at all hours there are always private rooms for the ac ; comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to "exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, ami ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt j ly, AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS ke., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building lias a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to all parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILLY & SNYDER ( fe22d-lw&2aw2w. RI NX'S EATIN G SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. 'yHF, PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- A ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, kc., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety , of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free bv RIXN'S Express Wagon fe22-tf. L~ADIES' AND CHILDREN'S bIIESS FITTING, TAUGHT Br MRS. PETT ET, AT 436 BALTIMORE STREET. BETWEEN GREEN k PEARL. TERMS— $2.50. Boy's suits and Dress Bodies fitted to give perfect satis faction. Ladies are requested to call and examine the plan taught. fe23 3t. WILLI A M HA R R 1 S , MAKER AND IMPORTER OF GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS, 116 West Pratt street, j keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird AND j Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six banelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order : Dupont's Gun Powder; Powder Flasks. Bird Bags. Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe22-lm .1 AM ES M. ANDERSON & SON, ENGRAVERS, Xo. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE, STEEL & COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION, WEDDING. VISITING Cards, etc., Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals. Letter Stamps, etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's EN velopes, etc. fe22tf HCENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREET, WM H. CRAWFORD k CO.. PROPRIETORS, Offer to the wholesale trade of this city the South and IFeri GOODS of equal quality nnd price on same terms as any other house in the United states. fe22-tf. ~ LEATHER WFOTT HEMLOCK, OAK & SOLE LEATHER. 4000 SIDES OF HEMLOCK and OAK SOLE LEATHER IN j STORE AT LOWEST CASH PRICES. I pledge myself to deliver to any State SOUTO or WEST of BALTIMORE. HEMLOCK •SOLE LEATHER as low, if not lower, and in quality equal, if not superior to what can be obtained in New York or any other City in the Union. Southern and Western Merchants, and Baltimoreans, having orders to fill with Hemlock or Oak Sole, or any kind or quality of LEATHER, are respectfully invited to call at NO. 42 SOUTH CALVERT STREET, one door north of Lombard. FRANCIS H. GRUPY, HIDES, OIL AND LEATHER DEALER. A full assortment of TANNERS' aud CURRIERS' TOOLS at New York prices [feb22 6t] ; GREEN BALTED and DRY HIDES ALWAYS WANTED I BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1858. Insurant* (Cunipucs. IT ABLE FIRE INSURANCE A SOCIETY. CHA It TER PERPETUAL. OK KICK. NO. 19 SOUTH STREET THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY w ,11 li.-ur.* I HOI SKS ninl FURNITURE from LOSS oil DAMAGE BY ' FIRE, at very cheap rates. 011 the Mutual or beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks. 011 ptea-inp terms Owners of Property in-nred in t!e EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their • deposits, and on the expiration .f policies, they are etiti 1 tied to receive a cash dividend of twenty eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the otfire. Xo. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will fully explained DIRECTORS: ! THOMAS KELSO, BEXJAMIX DEFORD. WILLIAM KEXXEDV, SAMUEL KIRBV, HENRY RIEMAX, MICHAEL WARNER 1 JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. ROBBIX, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. IH'CII B. .b>N'K>. SrcivUuv. fe24 1- npHE GREAT WESTERN ("MARINE) X INSURANCE COMPANY OF XE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 j Cash Capital (already paid in) 1.000.000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) sfio 000 j Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,27*>.000 i This Company combines the advantages of the mixed ! plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In- ' surauce Companies in Europe) blending tlie desirable se- 1 curity of a large Cash Capital , with a liberal return of the j profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. Jxo. A. PARKER. Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox. 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Ofiii-e Commercial Ibiihliii:--. BALTIMORE FIRE INSURANCE iuo. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS UK HALF A CENTURY.) NE If EC 1 LI)IXC. S. W. CORN ER OF SOUTH AND \\ ATKR STREETS. I This Company INSURES AGAINST I.OSS ul: DAM j AGE BY FIRE, in city or country, on the various <le- t scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COIIEX, Jr., President E. A. TAYLOR. WM. GILMOR. W. G. HARRISON, J. PENXINUTOX. S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN. GEO. R. VICKERS, J. BIROKHEAP, JR.. F. W. ALRICKS. FRANCIS T. KISG, S. O. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL, DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUAUT IV. F. WORTHING TON, fe22-tf. FRED'K WOODWORTII. Secretary. ! THE HOWARD FIRE INSUR \.\< E COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. .Make Insurances on every description of Property within ; the limits of the City. OpptcE— S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger. Augustus Sh river, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh. William Ortwine, Ceo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, .Tames M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power. Charles Hoffman. Elisha H. Perkins. fe22-lm. gGEO. HARLAN W1 M.IAMS, Secy. IMRE INSURANCE ALKM Y. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, . AGENT WITH PULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000. HOME INSURANCE CO. OK NEW YORK CITY'. Cash Capital J500.000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, i Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY' insured at I the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSUR AM E ROOMS, PIKEXIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Companies. Capital and Surplus. ' MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co . N Y, $931.000 INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY' OF VA 353 000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co of N Y 350 000 PHtKNIX " " 3X5.000 ; WASHINGTON " • 38X000 NEW WORLD 354.000 ALBEMARLE Ya. 400.000 LYNCHBURG " •• 181,000 COMMONWEALTH •• Pa. 178.000 j U.S. LIFE •• " J .250.000 j And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming ' an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THUS. D. JOHNSTON. I fe22-ly. Underwriter. ' MARINE IN SI KA.M E. COL CM 111 A N (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital • $500,000 Cash paid in - *200.000 Security notes paid in - - 300,000 TIIOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PI EP.RE C. KANE. Secretary The undersigned haying been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN | SCRANCE on ail Marine and Inland risks SOL. B DA VIES, of Davies & Warfield, fe22-6m. No. 10 Spear's wharf. ; BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET. INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. j JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. HMHIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives i _l_ for one or more years, or for life. With their rates I j the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his ; policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may he made payable annually, semi j | annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured, j The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. | Makes atl contracts in which Ufa or the interest of Monev is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. i Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 84 Franklin street. | f22 ly I7URE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO 63 SECOND STREET. BALTIMOBK. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. i .ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500 000 PHQCNIX 350,000 j SPRINGFIELD " Springfield, Mass. 375.000 1 -ETN A LIFE 11 Hartford, 225.000 ! U. S. LIFE " New York 400.000 |_ fe22-ly. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE. No. 4 SOUTH STREET. OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE : CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. J JAMES GETTY, Mechanical, J. C. WHEEDEN. Columbian, J GEORGE lIARMAN, Union. J. TRUST. First Baltimore,' , NOAH WALKER Friendship. FRANCIS BURNS, United. ! J - T - FARLOW. Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin. ALLEN PAINE, Liberty, J. REASON, JR.. Washington. SAMUEL KIRK, Jndejwndent, LANCASTER OULD. Patapsco, | R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER. Howard. WM. A. HACK. New Market, JAS. A. BRUCE. Watchman, 1 JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD. Lafauctte Hook and Ladder Co. No. *I. | fe'22-tf. JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE." THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. AII persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share or the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. NEILSON, Press'!. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. I C. OLIVER O'DOXNELL. Agent in Baltimore. | fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated bv the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849 OFFICE XO. 13 SOUTH STREET THF. COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY. AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE m , BY FIRE. The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SEIDF.XSTRICKER. President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward. Henry M. Bash. George Bartlett. Wm Heald, Adam Denmead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J Church, Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, George Small. JOHN K. MAGKUDER, fe26 tf Secretary. OTT "& II E W E S ~ 59 EXCHANGE PLACE, PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, (with particular attention paid to the sale of BUTTER.) I At all seasons of the year, we have every grade and style of BUTTER, and as we are the Agents of the Dairy men. receiving it direct from the farms, we think that we ought to be able to give entire satisfaction in price and quality. Now in store and arriving— -80 Packages of prime Goshen. 50 Tubs and Firkins of New York State. 950 Kegs of Glades. 200 Kegs of Western Pennsylvania. 05 Kegs Virginia. 150 Kegs and 10 Bhls. Ohio—3oo very small Kegs for shipping, and 30 Bids, prime fresh Roll. Also—3oo Bushels DRIED APPLES and PEACHES: 70 Kegs of LARI); 00 Boxes EASTERN CHEESE- 9 000 KNIFE BRICK: 80 Bags GROUND NUTS; 9 Boxes Vir ginia PIPE HEADS and 3 Bales WOOL. fe22-ti C. WES T <£• SO N , MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL. ALCOHOL, (all proof- ] COLOGNE, SPIRITS. CAMPHINE, LARD OIL, I.INSKKI: OIL. (tc. Our facilities for manufacturing being large, we are pre pared to offer great inducements to persons purchasing goods in our line. Manufactory, 306 West Pratt street, Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Ligh and Charles. fe22 tf T<> Advertisers.— ln order to afford the public m ' ! opportunity to juitgcfor themselves of the merits of the Et I change, large editions will be issued far the first few (lays of its publication, and distributed widely and gratuitously ' j within the. city, and oho in those sections of the country j which are connected with Baltimore, by business relations Merchants and others who may propose to advertise in our ! columns, will do well therefore to send in their advertise j merits once, and thereby obtain the advantage of the, exbn ; ded circidation which such gratuitous distribution of the : paper, U,th in town and country, mill afford, an adrantace which none who understand th.- value of legitimate adceiih- I inn wilt fail, to appreciate. Far rates of advertising see ! | Table elsewhere. distribution • form in part its own canvassing. PersbiL bangc P'> - courage the Knterjyrise can continue the experimfflu J"..* 7 }' j own pi a surf if residing within the city, by settlingf rr.mnlH ' i to time with th? carrier upon the terms stated elsewhere: if out of the city by sending their orders to the office of the paper, nc- ; companied by pre-payment for the time sjjecifieil. To Correspondents.— Every communication intended j : for publication must be accompanied by the name of the j ; writer. Manuscripts shoidd be written on one side of the paper only . ~ BALTIMORE. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1858. John Milton affirmed that education alone to he | complete v. hich fairly fit* a man to discharge, with ; equal facility, all the duties of a citizen in peace t | and in war. This is especially true in a Republic | where the existence of a large standing array would he regarded as alike inimical to liberty and | burdensome to the people, and in a State whose Bill of Rights proclaims "a well regulated militia ! j to he the proper and natural defence of a free gov- I eminent." The popular jealousy and distnist of 1 any thing approaching to a regular military estab- j lishment, and the popular preference for the em i ployment of volunteers in any emergency requiring the services of an armed force, whether for the i | purpose of repressing domestic rebellion or of re- j j polling foreign invasion, has been strikingly exem- | | plified in the recent delcates in Congress on the j i army bill, ft is true that the present condition of j I the national finances Is peculiarly inauspicious for j ; the success of a proposition involving a very con | siderable addition to the national expenses. With i an empty treasury and diminished revenues, it is ; not surprising that an increase of the army should . he viewed with little favor at the present time, i ! Vet the objections which have been urged against ' I such increase have a deeper foundation than mere motives of economy; they spring from the con j firmed and rooted antipathy of the people to stand i iug armies, and from that popular feeling which ! regards the professional soldier as an anomaly , I in a free government a useless fungus upon | the surface of the body politic. The annual appropriations for the Military Acad ' emy at West Point have repeatedly been opposed, j both in and out of Congress, upon these grounds, i How far this sentiment is just, and reasonable, and i how far it may be referable to ancient prejudices ; ami traditional associations of European origin, we ! do not now propose to determine. So far as the feeling may find expression in hostility to West | Point, we believe it to Vie unreasonable and absurd. At present, however, our business is simply with j the fact itself, and with the inferences deducible therefrom. There is such a sentiment as we have | described generally pervading our people and ani -1 mating our legislators. One consequence is inevi j table, and that is. apart from the fate of the partic ular measure HOW pending in Congress, the general I policy of our government will always be to reduce our army to the minimum standard of a peace es l tablisluuent. Our main reliance in time of war must lielupou volunteers. It is well perhaps that | this should be the case; but the reliance will prove to : be very uncertain and insecure, unless more efficient steps are taken to provide for the military educa : tion of the people. The home and the fireside may I furnish defenders sufficiently patriotic and brave, but the camp and the drill-ground must form the | soldier. Officers competent to command are want | ed, as well as soldiers accustomed to obey. These can not be extemporized for the occasion: they must bo found ready fashioned to our hand. Eur this purpose we require a thorough reorganization of our State Militia laws, and above all, the estab lishment and encouragement of military schools or ' academies, where the elements both of military and ! civil education may be taught together; w here the rising generations of the Republic may tie indoctri nated at once in the polished learning of the da i sics; in the theory and practice of tactics and the expert use of arms, and in the sound principles of military subordination and habitual obedience to | law. Thus will bo formed a body of citizens equally qualified to serve the .State in the council and in the field, adorned with all the various aceomplish | incuts of the schblar, the soldier, and the gentle i man. THE PRIVATEEIt GENERAL ARMSTRONG. The claim connected with the above named priva | teer, and growing out of one of the most gallant naval actions of the war of 1812, has so long been before the public, under one phnse or another, and J always with interest, that we are induced to copy : from a contemporary the following succinct history | of its character and present coudition: THE PRIVATEER GEX. ARMSTRONG. —This extraor [ dinarv and remarkable case has lately been referred ; to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Sen ate, on an adverse report from the Court of Claims. There is no case on record within the history of this ! country that is so full of romantic glorv and chival ry, or so tilled with interest and incident. It has been pending before the Government of the United States for now nearly half a century. The gallant defence which this little brig made against the gun j boats of a large British fleet in the neutral port of ; Faval in 1814, is familiar to every schoolboy. The British lost over 300 men in killed and wounded, while the American loss was only two killed and i seven wounded. i Immediately after the destruction of the vessel, I the Portuguese Government called on England for i an apology for having violated the neutrality of her I port, and made reclamation for the damages occa ; sioned by the English vessels. Lord Castlereagli at i once apologized to her old ally, and made a partial ! indemnification. The claim was periodically prosecuted against Portugal by this Government tor a long series of | years, and was finally abandoned. In 1848 a report ; from the Committee on Foreign Affairs recommend ed its further prosecution. In 1850 a peremptory I demand was made against Portugal on her own ail- I mission as well as that of England, and an American frigate sent to Lisbon to receive our Minister, Mr. James B. Clay, in case of-refusal. England maie common cause with Portugal in resisting this claim, anil Mr. Clay demanded his passports and left. Por j tugal then proposed to pay a lot of old claims never I insisted on, provided we would agree to arbitrate ! the Armstrong claim. This proposition was ac : cepted by a succeeding Administration, although ' Gen. Taylor had peremptorily refused it. Louis | Napoleon was chosen arbiter. The evidence containing the admissions and con j cessions of Portugal and England was excluded from : the documents presented to the arbiter; and Louis Napoleon, after having made himself Emperor, and formed an alliance with England, decided the case | against the Americans, (which was virtually in favor of his new ally,) having found by his ex-parte decree that the Americans, and not the English, had violated the neutrality of the Portuguese port! The claimants protested against this atrocious award, but our Government thought proper to ratify it. In 1854 they again went to Congress for relief. The Committee on Foreign Affairs of both Houses, unanimously reported in their favor. After thebill I had passed in the Senate to a third reading, it was reconsidered anil lost by one vote. The Ifouse re ferred it to the Court of Claims. Here it was thor oughly argued and investigated, by distinguished counsel, and decided in favor of the claimants. The decision rendered by Chief Justice Gilchrist, is one of the ablest opinions on international law ever de i livered by a Court. j Judge .Searburgh; who concurred in the opinion, ■ after the lapse of a year asked for a re-hearing. The j case was re-argued, and he decided the law against ! the claimants, admitting that "it might be true that | the claimants are entitled to relief on other ground?:'' j and that "Congress will doubtless do justice to the \ claimants." Judge Blackford having dissented cn : tirely in the first instance, the opinion of the chief | justice stands alone in favor of the claimants on the law, with the equity of the case admitted by Judge ! Scarburgli. Under these circumstances, this claim appeals di rectly to the patriotism, justice and equity of the American people, and through them to their repre ! sentatives in Congress; for it will not be goiug too far to say-that if an appeal were made to every ; State Legislature and to the people of every con ! gressional district, the voice of our citizens would I render a unanimous verdict in favor of Capt. Reed : and the gallent men who so nobly sacrificed their blood and treasure in sustainsng tlie honor of their country,* cause.— The "States. ! . In Perpignan France, a woman was condemned j to the penitentiary for life, for having murdered her I father-in-law, 75 years of age, to whom she wascom i pelled to pay an annuity. CONGRESSIONAL. THIRTY-FIFTH CONGRESS—First Session. THURSDAY, FEHRUARY 2.5, 1858. The Vice President laid before the Senate a com- j munication from the Secretary ot War, made in I compliance with a resolution calling for copies ! of certain maps to accompany the report of i Lieut. Col. .1. I). (Iraham; which was read, and ' on motion of .Mr. Stuart, referred to the Commit- ! tec on Printing. MEMORIALS, At'. 1 ' ' following memorials. Ac., were presented and '■ appropn..,"}j. rre( |. 1 ; Hy Mr P,i Mvn: From Cnpt. Robert A. Wain-j w i i<rht. ot ttieordiMnco corps, asking the reimburse ment ot certain public iimnev which was stolen from mm in boston while commandant of the arsenal, j ana tor which lie had accounted to the Govern- ' ment. % Mr. Thomson, of New Jersey: From citizens I ot Woodbury, New Jersey, asking the adoption of some measure by which the Southern States shall ! receive a fair compensation out of the public treasu- I rvor public domain for their slaves when thevshall think proper to emancipate thein. By Mr. Green: From J. and li. R. Porter, ask- I ing remuneration for losses sustained while trans- ! porting merchandise to Great Salt Lake city, in consequence of the orders given by the commander i of the United States troops in the Territory of Utah. REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. Mr. Brown, from the Committee on the District | of Columbia, to which was referred the memorial of ! the Corporation ot Georgetown in relation to the i expenses ot county roads in Washington county. 1 submiteod a report, accompanied by a bill to relieve j the Corporation of Georgetown from the expense of making and repairing roads west of Rock Creek. Also, from the same committee, to which was re- i ferrcd the bill to incorporate the Washington N'a- j tiqnal Monument Society, reported back the same I without amendment and recommended its pas- ' sage. Mr. Hamlin, from the Committee on Commerce, j submitted a report, accompanied by a bill for the I relief of the owner of the barque Attica, of Port- i land, Maine. Mr. Stuart, from the Committee on Public Lands, asked to be discharged from the further consider.!- j tion of the papers relating to the claim of 15. E. Ed- ] wards, and that they be referred to the Committee on Private Land Claims; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was re ferred the joint resolution to extend the limitations of the act entitled "An act for the relief of citizens of towns upon lands of the United States under cer tain circumstances," approved 23d March, 1844, re ported back the same with a recommendation that it do not pass. Mr. Polk, from the Committee on Claims, to which was referred the memorial of Anthony S. Robinson, submitted a report to accompany a bill previously reported. RESOLUTIONS. Mr. Mason submitted the following resolutions for consideration: Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be di rected to furnish to the Senate in tabular form a statement showing the names and appropriate de scription of all vessels of the navv of the United States which have been captured, lost, or destroy ed since its organization or restoration in 1798, wlio commanded them, for what cause they were so cap tured, lost, or destroyed, when and where it oc curred; whether the causes which produced these results were ascertained by investigations by courts-martial, courts of inquiry, or otherwise, the findings of such courts-martial and the opin ions of such courts (if either or any were held) in each case, how far these findings and opinions were carried into effect by them, on whom devolved the duty of executing them. And, further, to state the names, character, and force of all prizes of enemy's vessels of war captured by the United States naVv which were taken by said enemy in 'neutral ports, by which the captors were deprived of a right to property therein, which right was conferred upon them by the law regulating the apportionment and distribution of prize-money, arising from captures made by equal or inferior forces : whether prizes so retaken have ben reclaimed from the enemy or from any neutral Power which has thus in violation of international law permitted prizes so situated to \ be carried from its port or ports by an enemy. And. further, how or whether the said captors have been compensated or sustained in their right to property thus acquired; and, so far as the rec ords of this Department may not supply the infor mation, that he cause the same to be compiled from 1 other sources (if such there be) worthy in his judg ment of reliance, designating in such case the one from the other. ll' -old , That the Secretary of the Navy he di rected to furnish to the Senate a statement giving the names, character and force of any andall ships of-war or other armed vessels captured by our navy and subsequently taken into the serv ice of the United States failing a condemnation by our courts, or without a jut and regular valuation of them hav ing been made: and whether in such cases, if any, a fair and equitable remuneration has ever been made to the captors for the transfer of their prizes to the Government; and further, whether any mer chant vessel has been justly captured by the United States navy which has not been sent home for judi cial examination or condemnation, but which has, from motives dictated by State policy, been taken from the captors and restored to previous owners; whether any. and if any a fair and equitable, remu neration has been made to the captors for restora tions thus made. /letolreil, That the Secretary of State bo directed to furnish to the Senate copies of any and all cor respondence which may have occurred with any for eign Governmentyrelative to prize vessels belonging to the navy of the United States which had been taken from their ports by the enemy, for reclama tion of them or their value: and also copies of any reports or correspondence of and with the captors of such vessels as have been taken from them in neu tral ports. Mr. Mason avowed the object of the resolutions to be to obtain from the Department a correct his tory of ail the leading events connected with the navy, and observed that they had been introduced after consultation with one of the oldest and most accomplished otficers of the navy. The resolutions w ere agreed to. Mr. Polk introduced a bill in relation to conflict ing land claims: which was rsad and referred to the Committee on Private Land Claims. Mr. Iverson moved to take up a private bill, on its third reading, for the relief of Mrs. Barnard. Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, supposed if there was time to take up a private bill, it would be more con venient and proper to proceed to the consideration of the army bill; and expressed the hope that the Senate would take up that bill and continue it until disposed of. MINNESOTA SENATORS. Mr. Crittenden said before the question was taken lie desired to proceed to a question of privilege. He had received a letter from his friend, Gen. Shields, who claims a right to a seat in the Senate, and he felt it his duty to press that claim : and after the letter was read he should move that the oath of ollice be administered to Gen. Shields, and that he be permitted to take his seat. [The Reporter gives a mere synopsis of the letter. The purport of it was that the enabling act of the last session authorized the inhabitants of Minnesota to form a constitution and State government, and to come into the Union : that this authority was ab solute; that under it the people formed a constitu tion and State government, and have come into the Union in the manner specified in the act. That, in addition to this, the act authorized them to deter mine for themselves whether they would be a State at that time, viz : on the second Monday in .Tulv, 1857: and, if they should so determine, that the constitution should be submitted to the people for final approval and ratification. The Convention de termined to become a State at that time, and sub mitted the constitution for such approval and ratifi cation. Therefore, by the authority of Congress, Minnesota is a State, upon an equal footing with all other States. It also cited as precedents the case of Ohio, which caine into the Union under a similar enabling act. in 1802, and is now in the Union with out any authority of law; also, the case of Indiana, whose Representative was admitted on the strength of a similar enabling act, in 1810, without any other law. That according to these precedents the Rep resentatives from Minnesota are entitled to admis sion without further legislation. ] Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, made a question of or der, contending that the question was not one of privilege; that there was no such State as Minnesota recognized by the body; and hence that no such question as that of privilege could be entertained. Me hoped the Senator from Kentucky would with draw his motion and suffer the army bill to be dis posed of. After some remarks from Messrs. Mason, Hunter, Crittenden, Pugh, and others— The chair said that it would take the sense of the Senate as to its being a question of privilege. Mr. Crittenden argued at some length to show that it was a question of privilege, and cited cases where Representatives had been admitted in ad vance of the State: when Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, thought it must be ap parent to all that this question, if permitted to go on. would be carried through the whole Kansas de bate to the prejudice of the army bill, which had al ready been so long before them, and always inter rupted by some petty question, that had caused the bill, important as it was, to be overridden. The Government had asked this increase of the army, and it was due to tliem either to grant it or reject it. He would move to lay the subject on the table. Mr. Seward made an appeal to the Senator to withdraw the motion, as he desired to offer a brief remark on the subject. Mr. Johnson must decline, though intending 110 discourtesy to the Senator from New York. The question having been taken, it was decided in the negative bv the following vote: YEAS—Messrs. Allen, Biggs, Bright, Brown, Clay, F"ne, Green, Hammond, Hunter,lverson, Johnson, . of Arkansas, Johnson, of Tennessee, Jones, Mallo ry. Mason, Pearee, Poik, Sebastian, Slidell, Thom son, of New Jersey, Toombs and Wright—22. NAYS —Messrs. Bell, Benjamin, Broderick, Clark, Collamer, Crittenden, Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas, Durkee, Fessendeu, Fitch, Foot, Foster, Gwin, Hauilin, Harlan, Houston, King, Pugh, Seward, Simmons, Stuart, Sumner, Trumbull and Wilson — , 26. 1 The discussion was then continued by Messrs. Se [ ward, Hunter, Mason. Simmons and Toombs, wtien Mr. Toombs submitted the following resolution, which was agreed to, and closed the question for the present. Resolved, That the question of the admission of ! .lames Shields to a seat in this body as a Senator i from the State of Minnesota to be referred to the j Judiciary Committee, with instructions to inquire j ; whether"or not Minnesota is a State of the Union | i under the Constitution and laws. INCREASE 0V THE ARMY. ' The Senate then proceeded to consider the bill j to increase the military establishment of the United ! States; and the bill was discussed until a late hour, I Messrs. Bell, Johnson, of Arkansas, Fitch, llous- I ton, Broderick, Brown, and others participating: j 1 when the question was taken on the amendment of j Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, which, in effect, was to j : substitute volunteers for regulars to a number not ! exceeding 3,000, and decided in the negative bv the I following vote: Yeas—Messrs. Bell. Broderick. Cameron, Chan- I ' dler, Clark, Dixon. Doolittle, Douglas, Dourkee. j j Fessenden, Foote, Foster, Hale. Hamlin, llarlin, ■ I Houston, Johnson of Tennessee. King. Seward, | | Simmons, Sumner, Toombs, and Wilson—23. Mays—Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Benjamin, Biggs. : Bigler, Brown, Clay, Crittenden, l.vans, Fitch, j | Creen, Hammond, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of Ar- ; j kansas: Mallory, Mason, T'earce, Folk. Fugh. Sebas ' I tian."Slidell, Stuart, Thomson of N. Jersey, Wright 1 | andYulee—2B. Mr. Hunter submitted his amendment as a snbsti ! tute for the bill of the committee, which is in effect j I to raise under the direction of the President one | regiment of dragoons and two regiments of infan- | try: the President to appoint the officers below the j i grade of field officers as may not be appointed du- ■ | ring the present session, Ac. | Mr. Pugh moved to amend the amendment of Mr. | | Hunter, which in effect was to allow the President J j to accept the services of three thousand volunteers j j to serve for two years unless sooner discharged, the j j officers to be elected or appointed according to the f laws ot the several States. The question having | been taken on this amendment, it was decided in the j j affirmative by the following vote: j A EAS —Messrs. Bell, Broderick, Cameron, Chand- i ! ler, Clark, Crittenden. Dixon. Doolittle, Douglas, j j Durkee, Fessenden,- Foote. Foster, Hale, Hamlin, ! Harlan, Houston, Johnson of Tennessee, King, Pugh, i | Seward, Simmons, Sumner, Toombs, Trumbull and ! I Wilson—2G. j XAYS—-Messrs. Allen, Bayard. Benjamin. Briggs. j I Bigler, Brown, Clay, Evans, Fitch.' Green, Ham- I tnond, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of Arkansas, Mai- j | lory, Mason, Pearce, Folk, Sebastian, Slidell, Stuart, j i Thompson of Kentucky, Thomson of Mew Jersey, j j Wright, and Yulee—2s. i The bill was then reported, and on the question j J of its passage, it was lost by the following vote : A EAS —Messrs. Bell, Biggs, Broderick, Cameron, i Crittenden, Douglas, Green, (twin. Houston, John- j \ son of Tennessee, Mallory, Pugh, Seward, Stuart, j i Thompson of Kentucky, and Toombs—lo. MATS— Messrs. Allen, llayard, Benjamin, Bigler, j Brown, Chandler, Clark, Clav, Dixon, Doolittle, ! Durkee, Evans, Fessenden, Fitch, Foot, Foster, j Hale, Hamlin, Hammond. Harlan, Hunter, Iverson, \ | Johnson of Arkansas, King, Mason, Polk, Sebas- j tian, Simmons, Slidell, Sumner, Thomson of Mew I ! Jersey, Trumbull, Wilson, Wright and Yulee—3s. j Mir. Hale moved to reconsider the vote rejecting i the bill. Mr. Toombs moved to lay the motion to reeonsid- ; I er on the table; which motion was disagreed to: so i I that the bill may come up again in some other j i form. PERSONAL EXPLANATION. Messrs. Bell and Johnson, of Tennessee, made ex- j | planations concerning remarks made by each on the I two preceding days of debate on the Tennessee re ] solutions of instruction, which ended in the resto ! ration of kindly feeling between the two Senn it tors. At G o'clock, P. if., the Senate adjourned to Monday. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Speaker laid before the House the voluminous , evidence taken in the contested election case from i the third Congressional districtof Maryland: which i j was referred to the Committee on Elections and or -1 dered to be printed. J Also, a communication from the Treasury De ? partment, respecting an appropriation of Sto,ooo • ; for repairing the saloon of the old portion of the I i Patent Office; which was referred to the Committee i of Ways and Means; and ordered to be printed. Also, a communication from the Secretary of the Interior, in reply to the resolution of the House of r January 4. 1858, in relation to the sales and other ! disposals of the public lands, which was laid on the - j table and ordered to be printed. i Also, a communication from the Department of - ' the Interior, replying to a resolution of January 19. > | 1857, respecting the number of suits in the United | States courts during the year 1857: which was re ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and or t dered to be printed. THE ARMY BILL. Mr. Quitman, of Mississippi, by unanimous con i sent, reported from the Committee on Military Af fairs a bill to provide for the organization of a regi ment of mounted volunteers for the defence of the frontier of Texas, and to authorize the President to i 1 call into the service of the United States four addi tional regiments of volunteers. Mr. Quitman said, although this matter demand 1 ed immediate attention, he did not propose to press it at once upon the House, hut would move its post > ponement to a day certain. lie believed this bill i was more indicative of the public sentiment than any that had been presented. The President's mes sage relating to the subject was not referred to the committee until a few weeks ago, and, the matter having already been elaborately discussed in the Senate, it was time the House should also present its views, and give some reply to the request of the President for more troops, and to the request of the Texas legislature for volunteers. If additional milita ry force was to be given to the President at all.every one knew that it ought to be done at once, so that they could be organized and equipped as speedily as possible. He moved that the l>ill he re-commit ted to the Committee on Military A Hairs: and then the bill (having been read twice) was, on his mo i tion, postponed until Wednesday next and ordered ' to be printed. Mr. Faulkner, of Virginia, from the same commit tee, made a minority report on the subject, accom panied by a bill, which was disposed of in the same manner. Mr. Gartrell, of Georgia, on leave presented res olutions of the Legislature of Georgia in relation to bountv lands for the Georgia volunteers called into the I'nited States service in 1 H:7: which were re ferred to the Committee on Public Lands and order ed to be printed. EXPULSION OF MR. 0. B. MATTESON. The preamble and resolution offered by Mr. llar j ris, of Illinois, expelling from his seat in this House Mr. Orsamus 15. Matteson, a member from New- York, cam? up for consideration by special assign : ment. i Mr. Harris, of Illinois, said he introduced the re solution in the belief not only that the House had power to p9ss it, but that it was the duty of the House to take such action. He would not have in : troduced it, however, but for the fact that the House ! had previously entered upon an investigation of the ! transactions of members of the last House, and : raised a committee to prosecute inquiries in remote parts of the country. He thought the cases already j on the docket should be disposed of before any new ; cases were set down for trial. The Constitution gave the House power "to expel a member," in the broadest sense, without defining or limiting of fences, and the provision that it shall require a two thirds vote sufficiently guarded the power against abuse. He had at first proposed to refer the matter ; to a committee in order to obtain their sanction, but, at the suggestion of some of the political asso ciates of the member, be had modified the resolu i tion to its present form, wliicli met bis own views. The facts connected with this case were on record, ! and doubtless members were familiar with them.— ; He bad done bis duty in bringing the matter before I the House, and was not particular as to the course I to be pursued. Mr. Keitt, of South Carolina, explained the cir cumstances under which he had moved the last post ponement of the subject for one month. A gentle man named Moulton, who claimed to be a Democrat, and the competitor of Mr. Matteson, in the election some years ago, called upon him and requested that be would move a postponement, in consequence of the serious illness of Mr. Matteson's wife, a? Mr. Harris would not be present when the case came up. Since then he had received letters and newspapers from Mr. M.'s district, asserting that the excuse was fabricated. On the other liantl, he had received in formation from similar sources asserting the contra ry. This morning Mr. Moulton placed in his hand ; a letter from Mrs. Matteson's reputed family pliy | sician, to the effect that she had scarcely seen a well day for the last six monthss and for the past few weeks had been suffering more than usual. He had i no motion to make or comment to offer. Mr. Seward of Georgia, said, while ho condemned the conduct of the member affected by the resolu tion, he stood there to support the Constitution, and if need be to defend the constitutional rights of the member. The House had not only civil but crimi nal jurisdiction over its members; but lie contended that, unless some law or constitutional provision could be shown effecting a personal and perpetual disqualification of its members, the House by its ac tion at the last session had entirely exhausted its J power in this case. There was not a word or line in the Constitution which prevented Mr. Matteson's constituents from re-electing liirn, and he could not be punished twice for the same offence, it was j onlv in case of impeachment that a member could be disqualified from holding a seat. ' He qutoed from Cusliing's Manual to the effect that expulsion could not be regarded as a disquali fication, unless so provided by law. lie voted for Mr. Matteson's expulsion at (lie last session, but In did not believe that that expulsion deprived liis con stituents of the right to send liiin back, lie was defending only the Constitution and law and tin rights of constituencies, and believed that a second expulsion would be an act of tvranny. it had beer said that if the election had taken place subsequent to the expulsion the House would have bad no right to act a second time; but in his opinion the time el the election made no difference as to the right of tin ' people. Mr. Houston, of Alabama, suggested that the of fence having been committed after his election t( this Congress gave this House jurisdiction. Mr. Seward insisted that Congress had exhaust** i its power in the premises, and that Mr. Matteson'; I constituents bad a right to elect whom they pleased PRICE TWO CENTS. The fact that he resigned to avoid expulsion made no difference in the case. There was legally no per manent disqualification attached to any member, as was the cast- in the liritish Parliament. In eonclu sion he moved to refer the resolution to a select com mittee of five. Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, notwithstanding his posi i tion in a select committee, did not hold himself hound to vote for the expulsion of anv member for an offense against a past Congress. The great ob ject of Congressional investigation was to advise the public of the nature of the official acts of their re j presentatives. No man should he twice tried and : punished for the same offence. He moved that the ; resolution be laid upon the table, hut subsequently withdrew the motion. Mr. Taylor, of Louisiana, said this grave subject j was one which had frequently engaged the attcn | tion of Congress. The excitement growing out ot the facts upon which this resolution was based, had : long since passed away, and they were now to act I upon cool judgment. Legislative assemblies had no ; inherent power; only such as mar be conferred by j law. It was true that in England it was not possi hie to find the origin of parliamentary powers, hut ; the various precedents and decisions showed that they had a legal basis. Hut in this country there 1 was no such obscurity. Every measure for the pro i tection of members of our colonial assemblies, was supplied by legislation, as in each ease the necessity arose. ; The only power of Congress over its members was I derived from the Constitution, and that gave no right to expel except for disorderly conduct, and ; by a two-third vote. The British "Parliament and I many ot the State Legislatures had by law power to | expel for infamous or disgraceful conduct, but Con j gress had no such power. The House could'embodv ; in its rules whatever should be considered disorder | ly conduct, and make that, and that onlv, ground | of expulsion. For instance, during the discussion j of an important treaty in the Senate, one of its mem j hers communicated it to a newspaper correspondent ! in violation of the rule of secrecy. This would have ! been good ground for expulsion but for the fact that I the rule did not prescribe the penalty; and immedi j atelv afterwards the Senate adopted a rule that j such an offence should be ground for expulsion. Where there was 110 law there was no offence, j and the adoption of any other construction would | clothe the House with arbitrary and therefore tyran- I ical power. The expulsion of Mr. Matteson would I be an undignified act. and a dangerous precedent. I Nothing was to he gained by it, because Mr. Maite j son did not occupy his scat, and being generally re | garded as a moral carrion, he had no doubt his con stituents would emphatically condemn him at the ; next election. Mr. Giddings, of Ohio, maintained that Matteson's district had a right to be represented. His absence ; from the House at. the present crisis showed that he j was unworthy of his seat, and he hoped the House would act promptly. He rejoiced that the House I had commenced a system of purification. It was | the proudest day of the Republican party, when they permitted the axe to fall upon their own politi- I cal associate who was found to be unworthy, j Mr. Hughes, of Indiana, conceived that the House I had ample jurisdiction in this case, but thought the | important considerations involved called for delibe | ration. He regretted that the House had not acted with more deliberation in the case of Mr. Woleott, j of Boston, who was sent to prison over the votes of i a respectable minority, and under the gag of the | previous question. He took this occasion to protest ! against that proceeding. He desired to see the reso j lution modified somewhat, and for that purpose j would more to refer it to the Committee on the ! Judiciary. He had no doubt as to the extent of the power of S the House, and referred to the celebrated Wilkes of | Middlesex casein England, by which it was deter mined that a member once expelled could not again ! hold his scat in Parliament. The House might not have power to punish a second time; but Matteson | had resigned to avoid his punishment, and the bar j of a former conviction could not be interposed. It | seemed to be conceded that he had forfeited the re | spect of the House, and his usefulness was gone.— i Therefore, as a matter of justice to the House, and : | to the constituents of the member, he would vote i lor his expulsion, when a resolution should be pre j sented in proper form, but the present resolution did not place the matter on a proper basis, and he would not vote tor it. The House had acted hastily j enough ic imprisoning a citizen on suspicion of at i tempting to corrupt members, and he hoped they ! would not be slow to rid themselves of a member who was known to be corrupt. Mr. Smith, of Virginia, hoped and believed that in this matter there would be no parties in the f! House. The question was whether a member, dri ■ ; ven from the House by his own confession of guilt, and by the judgment of the House, should be per | mitted to sit among them, representing a portion of I i the people of this country ? He denied that the Constitution limited the power of expulsion to di? I orderly conduct, contending that the clause author | izing the expulsion of a member, by a two-thirds j vote, stood entirely independent ot* the context. : The power to expel was absolute under the Consti j tution. and only controlled by considerations of jus tice and honor. Mr. Matteson had never been en dors-d by his constituents, and they were not to > presume that they would elect an unworthy man to , j represent them. At all events, they ought to have an opportunity to pass upon him, and if they choose to elect him. he would then have a right to his seat, i He would not act in hot haste, but it was their dutv ! to act and to establish a precedent tor the future j Mr. N ichols, of Ohio, was in favor of the referenc j to the Judiciary Committee. There was no doubt j that the action of the House in the thirty-fourth , i Congress was a virtual expulsion, and he doubted j the power and this right of the House to exercise , i any further jurisdiction. Having tried, convicted, . j and punished the member from New York, he pro . j tested in the name of justice, against any further retribution. When a constituency had elected a representative they had a right to be represented . • by him, unless he was expelled for some subsequent I offence. The second expulsion of Mr. Matteson | would therefore be an infringement upon the rights . | of his constituents. | to be permitted to escape the penalties of miscon duct by the ruse of a resignation? Mr. Nichols replied that Mr. Mutteson had not j escaped, because, according to the gentleman's own | argument, he had been virtually expelled. He de i nied that the House had an arbitrary power of ex ; pulsion; if they had, a majority of two-thirds could expel members for political opinions. He ivouldnot j defend the course of the member from Xew York, I but was opposed to any arbitrary exercise of power, | such as that by which the House had lately sent a j citizen to the common jail. Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, believed that Mr. Mat j teson was morally disqualified from holding a seat, j and would vote for the resolution expelling him. j and against the motion to commit. No constituen cy had a right to send unworthy men to sit with them in the American Congress. ! Mr. Ready, of Tennessee, opposed the motion to refer to the Judiciary Committee, because it would delay the action of the House, and favored a refer ence to a select committee. Mr. Curtis, of lowa, said as Mr. Matteson hail ' done nothing to remove the taint resting upon him, J he was in favor of his expulsion. If lie was un worthy to sit 111 the last Congress he was also un- I worthy to sit in this. | Mr. Harris, of Illinois, replied to the various ol>- I jeetions which had been urged against the resolu- I tion. He denied that expulsion was an act of pun j i hinent towards the member; it was an act of self -1 protection on the part of the House. It had been ! decided by various precedents that members might i be expelled for other offences than disorderly con- I duct. A Senator was expelled by a vote of 35 to 1 i for an offence committed in the Stale of Tennessee, j He had received batches of letters and newspapers | from Mr. Matteson's district requesting and demand ' ing his expulsion. Mr. 11. answered numerous interrogatories pro- I pounded to him by members, and closed by sayiim j that Mr. Matteson had been found guilty of degrad j ing the House of which he was a member, and ol ' corruption, and ought to be expelled, i He moved the previous question. Mr. Grow, of Pennsylvania, denied that Congress i had a right to expel a member for facts which ex j isted and were known at the time of his election to | Congress. The letter to Wni. C. Johnson, upon ; which the whole charge was based, was known to . Mr. Matteson's constituents before liis election, and j used in the canvass against him. Gentlemen must i remember that the constituencies of the respective : Congressional districts selected their associates, and | whatever their personal characters they all stood on | that float rs equals. The House was not to arrogate to itself the pow- I or of saying despotically who should sit in it, or of j excluding any man either because of his personal | character or because of his political opinions, Al : though a man had been convicted of murder or j treason, if his constituents choose to endorse him it was not their business. He stood on thatfloor as their 1 peer. Congress was making rapid strides in tramp ; ling down'public and private rights, and he protest ; ed against this new doctrine of the rightof arbitral! ; expulsion. If members disliked their associates in j Congress their only remedy was to sit as far off' as ] possible. Mr. Purviance, of Pennsylvania, did not doubt i the power of the House in the premises, but doubt :ed the expediency of exercising it. In anal ago u j cases the Constitution provided that men should not L be tried twice for the same offence, and it would be l safer for the House to follow the same rule. He i renewed the motion for the previous question, ! which had been withdrawn in favor of Mr. Grow and himself. ! The demand for the previous question was se | conded. Mr. Sherman, of Ohio, moved to lay the whole | subject on the table; which motion was lost, as foi lows: YKVS.—Messrs. Abbott, Bennett, Billinghorst. Bliss, Brnyton. Buffinton, Burlingame. Campbell, | Case, Cliatfee. Clark of Connecticut. Clawsou, Col : fax, Covode, Cragin, Davis of Maryland, Davis ol lowa. Dean. Dick, Dodil, Durfe.e, Edie, Farnsworth, (Gildings, Goodwin, Granger, Grow, Harlan, Hoi ! ton, How ai d, Kunkel of Pennsylvania, Lamar, Leacli i Loiter, Lovejoy, Marshall of Kentucky. Maynard. Morgan, Morse of Xew Y'in k. Murray. Parker, Pettit Potter,Purviance, Ritchie,Bobbins. Rovce Sherman oLOhio, Stanton, Stevens, Stewart of Pennsv Ivania, Tappan. Taylor of Louisiana, Thompson, Tompkins, Wade, Walbridgc. VValdron, Walton, Washburn of i Wisconsin, and Wood—6l. N AYS —Messrs. Adrain, Alii, Atkins, Avery, Barks l dale, Bingham, Bishop, Boeock, Bonham, Bryan, i Burnett, Burns, Burroughs, Caskie, Chapman, Clark of Missouri, Clay, Clemens, Clingman, Cobb,