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VOL. I—NO. 8.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PI BUSHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED.) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. E. CORNER OF 11 \LTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRoRIETORS CKART.ES (4. KERR. THOMAS \V. HALL, .IK. TERMS In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya tic to the carrier Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months an.l ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE —EIGHT LINKS.) One insertion -50 Tvvo insertions 75 Three '• $l.OO Four ' $1.25 Five " $1.50 One week $1.75 < >ne month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above tills' it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a flrst clasi Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its eonse queatly increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in i all other branches of business, lias so materially contribu- i ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE " With regard to the name, —if an ' apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per- j liaps be deemed a novelty iu the nomenclature of journal- i ism.—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriatcness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be j largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist. NEWS. —It will, of course, be the first aim of the ; proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE J with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad : and to ! secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX ; CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d. COMMERCE. —Tim commercial department of the pa ' • per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com ! piled with fulness and accuracy, hut a frequent editorial j discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, ' with regard to which the mercantile community naturally j look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce anil the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere ; commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa- ! sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi j nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit- 1 ieal questions. In this department of the paper, which, j apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a i peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile i partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART—Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art. mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific I interest, will alway find an appropriate place in the col- i urnns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will le the constant : aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting- i room (timrntton. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND 'TMIF. TRUSTEES oftho Fatapsco Female X Institute announce to the public (hat the additional ' buildings and improvements commenced by them a.\ ear ago i in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now coin- j plete. These improvements have not been made with a ! view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni en re and comfort of the usual number of pupils The new chap 1 i> a handsome and most appropriate- j structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In- • stitute. and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It ! is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex- ! celleut tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and ! the present has been attended with unprecedented sue- 1 cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in ] recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the • South. It has pre-eminence in liea'th fulness. The pupils avoid ing, on tiie one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern j climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have , few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the j benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac- I complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Fatapsco Female Institute, having ; been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln I'helps of her intention j to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more. entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly j qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure j the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this j view we are engaged in the erection of another building in ; addition to the present extensive accommodations of the j Institute CHAS. W. DORSEY, PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M. 1 D.. SECRETARY T. WATKIN3 LIGON. E. HAMMOND, JOHN. 1* KENNEDY. fe22 dtf. | LA W S< • 1 1( >OL. <)F THF. I \ I VKRSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School arc Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.D.. Royal Professor. Hon. THKOPIIILUS PARSONS. LL.D.. Pane Profes I\ Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL P.. University Professor. [ The course of instruction embraces the various branches I of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty. Com- j mercial. International and Constitutional Law, and the | Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library • consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap | pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it ; complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions. ' (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with j them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot ! Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a j cause, previously given out. is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor | Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club j Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de- i bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com meneraeut of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They arc at liberty to select what studies they will pur | ue according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, ! six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided ' into two terras, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of I six weeks at the end of each term During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened. | warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass.. January, 1858. [d6t-law6m. Ulebitmes, perfumeries, £c. B - RYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR Coughs. Colds. Asthma, Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store. Baltimore and Fremont streets. Baltimore f22-dlm J. PURVIANCE POLKLTCOT APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets. AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, NO 88 N CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which maybe confidently relied OH as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality Also. MEDICINE CHESTS. SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, kc., kc. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to : bo returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf WISEMAN'S VERMFFUGE7 ~ OR WORM DESTROYER. | This remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary \ ever used. It effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts j from children and adults. Warranted not to contain Mercury in any form, nor any " other mineral. For sale by WISEMAN, Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. ! THE BALSAM OF WILD CHERKYj ~~ PREPARED AT DR. CVNEAL'S DRUG I Store, Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets, is a reli- j able remedy for Coughs. Colds, Hoarseness, Soreness and pains in the Chest. Consumptive cases derive much ad- j v antage from its use Wild Cherry Bark. Tar. Bloodroot. and Indian Hemp enter into its composition Its taste is j pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22 3t 1 • OF SOROFIJLOI S HABIT\ ' 1_ with Swelled Neck, Tumors. King's Evil, A:o., Mer curial and Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taint in the system, requiring an alterative course of treatment, are recommended to take ' THE AL TERATIVE SYRUP. ' made at Dr O'Neal s Drug Store, Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets It rid 9 the system of accumulated humors, as Tetter, Boils. Pimples. Ring worm. Ac. feh22-3t 0Q BUILDERS'DEPOT. SASH. DOORS. BLINDS. FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, MOULDINGS. CASINGS, Ac., DRESSED FLOORING AX BOTHER LUMBER. LIME. BRICKS. HAIR. HARD WAKE, GLASS. OIL, FAINTS, and every description of BUILDING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accotn modating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost 04 buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by R. JOHNSON. No. 69 Pratt street, (near Bowly'a wharf,) fe23-tf Baltimore, Md, THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Atheneeum Building. N. W. Corner of St. Faul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes, care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science. Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1.000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well a3 a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, hut the use of its Rooks and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY nieinl>ers, upon the payment of $6 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may he transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 1U o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARK FOR LADY*SUBSCRIBERS, 300 44 " HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 14 44 ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22 tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION" MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF MEX S FURNISHING GOODS, ±XD , T.A ILORP' TRIMMINGS, ( SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS. TWIST. | COLLARS, SILESIAS. GAI.LOOXS, \ CRAVATS, BCTTOifS, CORDS. THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German St., Baltimore. bailors. H T. ROBERTS^ • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, f'~- iy. Baltimore. READY M A D K CLOTHING. JOIIX II RE A. <f CO, NORTH EAST CORNER OF I'R.ATT AND SOUTH STS.. Have on hand a large and seleet Stock or WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running offat a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will he got up in good style at low Prices. fe22 1m SA M U E L TAN EY H IL L. MERCHANT TAILOR, No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL. Will in a few days receive his full SPRIXG STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS. CASSIMERES, VEST INGS, &c., and will be "pleased to take Orders from his friends and the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason able. fe22lm. JOHN A. GRIFFITH'S MERCHANT TAILORING AND FASHIONABLE READY MADE CLOTHING EST A BLISHMENT, No. IS7 BALTIMORE STREET, AND LIGHT STREET. The advertiser has opened his SELECTION OF GOODS from this and other markets, which he solicits gentlemen to examine, confident that his assortment is COMPLETE both in quality anil styles. His READY-MADE'DEPARTMENT abounds in variety, in which any taste can he suited, and where gentlemen can tie accommodated at LOW PRICES, considering the quality of the Goods offered. Gentlemen selecting goods from his stock can have Garments made to orders in his Custom Department witli dispatch and promptness—two characteristics of his cs tablishment, where he has the liest cutters that can be procured ft-22-lm. ptnos aitb \\\m. C WHICKERING & SONS; ' AND NUNXS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by F. b. BEXTEEX, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f. themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $4O upwards fe22-lm. NK W M I SI( '. - JUSI Published, by MILLER it- BE A CHAM, 181 BALTIMORE ST : A DAY" BREAM—by J. C. Kngclbrecht. ANVIL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER'S QUADRILLES —taught by Ed. Lehmann. * BOARDING-SCHOOL LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. •This beautiful composition, describing a day at a FE MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best efforts. fe22-lm. HENRY MCCAFFREY. MUSIC PUBLISHER, No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, A/|"USI<' PUBLISHED and received daily. I MUSIC BOUND ,11 the NEATEST STYLE fe22lm. MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL PRICES BOUDOIR SEW INO MACHINE. PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS RE coimncnded by I. M. Singer ,V Co.. Wheeler A Wilson and Grorer & Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the liest article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can he seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUNPERSON A CO., fe22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. I. 0. 0. F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, kc.. I". S. Bunting and Silk Flags, Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, No. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fe22-ly. Baltimore' JTTM ' P HA J ~ • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. gestamts. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT. No. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE. rpHE undersigned have very recently fitted up _l_ the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts.,known as"Kldon Hall".as a restaurant of the first class. No expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the u snack" counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always private rooms for the ac i comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to "exchange'' thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS. 1 GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau l rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt ly, ANI) FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS kc.. at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to all parts of the house, without passing through the bar. KLILLY & SNYDER fe22d-lw&2aw2w. i RTNN'S EATING SALOON; No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. r PHF. PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE JL ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive ; improvements in several departments of his buildups, is i prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, &c., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not jwrmit of fceing sur- i passed Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon. fo'2'2 tf. L~ adiks' ANYI C DRESS FITTING, TA U43-WT /; Y MRS. PET TE T, AT 436 BALTIMORE STREET, BETWEEN GREEN k PEARL. TERMS— S2 50 Boy's suits and Dress Bodies fitted to give perfect satis faction. Ladies are requested to call and examine the j plan taught. fe23 3t. WI L L T A M HAR]R I S " MAKER AND IMPORTER OF GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS 116 West Pratt street, j keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and ; Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six barrelled • Revolvers; Rifles made to order; Dupont's Gun Powder; i Powder Flasks. Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and , many other articles necessary for Sport-men. Repairing I done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe22-lm. JAMES M. ANDERSON & SON, ENGRAVERS, Xo 148 Baltimore Street, ! BANK NOTE. STEEL & COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING Cards, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion : able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals. Letter Stamps, i etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's En i velopes, etc. fe22tf PHCENIX SPU E MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREET, Offer to the wholesale trode of this cifv the South and West GOODS of equal quality and price oil same terms as any other house in the United states. 1e22-tf. LEATHER DEPOT. HEMLOCK, OAK & SOLE LEATHER. 4000 SIDES OF HEMLOCK and OAK SOLE LEATHER IN STORE AT LOWEST CASH PRICES. I pledge myself to deliver to any State SOOTH or WEST of BALTIMORE, HEMLOCK SOLE LEATHER as low, if not lower, and in quality equal, if not superior to what cau be obtained in New York or any other City in the Union. Southern and Western Merchants, and Baltimoreans, having orders to fill with Hemlock or Oak Sole, or any kind or quality of LEATHER, are respectfully invited to call at NO. 42 SOUTH CALVERT STREET, one door north of Lombard. FRANCIS II GRUPY, HIDES, OIL AND LEATHER DEALER. MVA fall assortment of Tanxers' and Curriers' Tools st New York prices. ffeb22 6tl GREEN SALTEI) and DRY HIDES ALWAYS WANTED WM H. CRAWFORD A CO. PROPRIETORS, BALTIMORE, TUESDAY, MARCH % 1858. Insurance (tumpnies. I? QUIT ABLE FIRE INSURANCE li SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE. NO. 19 SOI'TH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAM ACE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and (.'rant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tied to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent The public are respectfully invited to call at the office. No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will he fully explained DIRECTORS: TIIOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD. WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY HIEMAX, MICHAEL WARNER 1 JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAII.. CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELU. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HPOH B. JOKES, Secretary. fe24-ly * HPHK GKEAT VYESTKKN (M XUINfTi X INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK Authorized Capital $5,000.( 00 Cash Capital (alreadyjkiid in) 1.000.b00 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560.(1)0 Assctts Jan. 1,1858 * 2,276.000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Kusope) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Scc'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Building?. INSURANCE CO. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) NEW BUILDING, S. W. CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS. This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM | AGE BY FIRE, in the city or country, on the various de j scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COHEN, JR., President E ; A. TAYLOR, WM. GILMOK, W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON. S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. B. VICKERS, J. BIRCKIIEAD, JR.. F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KING, S. O. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL. DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUART W. F. WORTHING TON, fe22-TF. FBBD'K WOODWORTH, Secretary IMIE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE—B. E. COR HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT, DIRECTORS : M. Benzinger, Augustus Slu-iver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugli, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. \Y George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power. Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins fe'22-lm. BGKO. HARI.AX WII.UAMS. See'y. IMRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FI LL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500.000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS J PIKENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED F.IGIIT MILLIONS DOLLARS MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE. LIFE INSURANCE, Companies. Capital ami Surplus. MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co.. .V Y J9.11.000 INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA. *352 000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co of N V 250 000 PHffiNIX 235 000 WASHINGTON •• 288,000 NEW WORLD li.-y.OOO ALBEMARLE Ya 400.000 LYNCHBURG " 181000 COMMONWEALTH " Pa. 178,000 U.S. LIFE •• 1,250,000 And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paii! at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. fe22-ly. Underwriter. AVARINE INSURANCE. IVL COLUMBIA A (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital - - $500,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in - 300.000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE. Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SCRANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B DA VIES, of Davies ,V Warfield, fe22-6m. No. lfi Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. HPHIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives A for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium lie has paid. These premiums may lie made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretarv. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 31 Franklin street a f22-ly IVIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. FI3 SECOND STREET. BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD A SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with targe Cash Capitals Policies issued, anil Losses paid at the Agency.', .ETNA INSURANCE Co.. of Hartford, Conn. Ji.5(H) 000 PIUF.NIX - . .. - 350.000 SPRINGFIELD Springfield. Mass. 375.000 -FTNA LIFE " Hartford, 225.000 U. S. LIFE " New York 400,000 fc22tf. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET. I OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP ; TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE ; CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. J JAMES GETTT, Mechanical , J. C. WHEEDEX. Columbian < GEORGE HARMAX, Union. J. TRUST, First Baltimore, NOAH WALKER, EYiendship, FRANCIS BURNS. United, J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin. I ALLEN PAINE. Liberty. J. PEASOX, JR., Washington, ! SAMUEL KIRK, Independent. LANCASTER OULD, Pata/isco, R. C. MASON. Vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Howard. . WM. A. HACK, New Market, JAS A. BRUCE. Watchman, I JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOTD. Lafayette J Hook and Ladder Co. No.'l. fe22 tr. JO'IIN DTKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. Thie sun mutal insurance COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favoraide as those of any other Company All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for tlie payment of losses, are over $2,000,000 A. B. XEILSON, Press't. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIV KR O'DONXELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. j NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM ' PAXV OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE "OF MARYLAND, 1849. Office XO. 13 South Street THE COMPAN Y INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION' OF PROPERTY IX THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman. William Woodward. Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett. W m Heald. Adam Den mead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan. Job Smith, George Small JOHN R. MAGRUDER, fe26 tf Secretary. ELLICOTT & II E \V E S . 59 Exchange Peace. PRODUCE COMMISSION MERC HANTS, ( with particular attention paid to the sale of BUTTER.) At all seasons of the year, we have every grade and Style of BUTTER, and as we are the Agents of the Dairy men. receiving it direct from the farms, we think that we ought to be able to give entire satisfaction in price and quality. Now in stove and arriving— -80 Packages of prime Goshen. 50 Tubs and Firkins of New York State. 950 Kegs of Glades. 200 Kegs of Western Pennsylvania. 65 Kegs Virginia. 150 Kegs and 10 Bids. Ohio—3oo very small Kegs for shipping?, and 30 Bbls. prime fresh Roll. Also—3oo Bushels DRIED APPLES and PEACHES' 70 Kegs of LARD: 60 Boxes EASTERN CHEESE- 9 000 KNIFE BRICK; 80 Bags GROUND NUTS; 9 Boxes Vir ginia PIPE HEADS and 3 Bales WOOL. 1E22-tf C. WEST <f- SON, MANUFACTU RERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL. ALCOHOL, (all proofs 1 COLOGNE, SPIRITS, CAMPHINE, LARD OIL LINSEED OIL, AC Our facilities for manufacturing being large, we are pre pared to oiler great inducements to persons purchasing goods in our line. Manufactory, 306 West Pratt street, Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Light and Charles. fe22-tf To Advertisers.— ln order to afford tl,e puWc an opportunity to judge for themselves of the merits cj the Ex change, large editions wilt be issued for the first few Jays of its publication, and distributed widely and grutuitoiisli/ within the city, and also in those sections of the country which are connected with Baltimore, by business relations. Merchants and others who may propose to advertise in our columns, will do well therefore to send in their advertise ■incuts at once, and thereby obtain the advantage of the exten Jed circulation which such gratuitous distribution of the paper, both in town and country, will afford, an advantage which none who understand the value of legitimate advertis ing will fail to appreciate. For rotes of advertising, see Table elsewhere. To Rentiers.— By means of the gratuities distribution above adverted to, it is designed to moke the Exchange per form in part its own canvassing Persons disposed to en courage the Enterprise, can continue the experiment at their own pleasure if residing within the city, by settling from lime to time with the carrier upon the tcrms'stated elsewhere; if out of the city by sending their orders to the office of the paper, ac companied by prepayment for the time specified. To Correspondents.— Every communication intended for publication must be accompanied by the name of the writer. Manuscripts should be written on one side of the paper only. BALTIMORE. TUESDAY. MARCH 2. 185?. A bill to provide for the security of the public records at Annapolis has passed both houses of the Legislature, and is now a law. Mr. Hoffman, the Senator from this city, deserves the credit of this measure, and all who appreciate the value and im portance of the public archives will sincerely thank him for the energy and perseverance with which he pushed the measure through. The bill appro priates fifty thousand dollars, which is to be ex pended in enlarging the present House of Delegates, building fire-proof record offices, aud furnishing artesian wells, by means of which adequate sup plies of water can be had to protect the public buildings in case of fire. The enlargement of the House of Delegates is an indispensable necessity, for it is next to impossible to transact the public business, without great confusion, within its pres ent limits. The Senate chamber—that classic spot where Washington laid down his commission, will re main without it should—for it must lie come, from its associations, one of the Mcccas of the land. The moral effect of imposing, well constructed and commodious chambers for the meeting of the General Assembly, ought not to be lost sight of— and we look forward, in future years, to an im provement iu the character of our Legislation as one of the results of the embellishment of the capitol. FINANCES OF MARYLAND. In our paper of the 23d ultimo, we made some re marks on the present position of the finances of our State. We now give some details, which we believe may interest such of our fellow citizens as may de sire to obtain correct information respecting them. Of late years the books of the Treasury are made up to the 30th day of September in each year, and show the transactions of the fiscal year ending that day, and it appears by the Comptroller's report; of that date in 1857, that the balance remaining in the Treasury on the 30th day of September, 1850. was ..... $592,930 And that the receipts from all sources from that date to 30th September, 1857, were .... 1,384,705 Making an aggregate of - SI ,977,041 But a part of this sum was a payment by the United States for interest accrued on advances made by it to the General Government heretofore, which amoun ted to 275,770 Leaving as the ordinary revenue, includ ing former balance - - $1,701,871 Which shows that there was received du ring the year, from the ordinary sources of revenue, the sum of - - 51.1i)H,935 Of this sum the Direct Tax con tributed - 8233,303 Licenses to Traders, Ac. 247,273 Auction duties and licenses - 21,232 Passenger tax from 11. AO. KB. Co. 76,038 Interest from same - - 23,500 Dividends from same, and Wash ington Branch Railroad, - - 90,636 Northern Cent'l R.R. Co., annuity 90,000 Susquehanna and Tide W. Canals 40,560 Maryland Consolidated Lotteries 51,000 State Tobacco Warehouses - 51,652 Bank Stocks, for dividends, 40,215 Taxes on collateral inheritance, and on commissions of exee'rs, administrators and trustees, 76,230 Taxes on sundry stocks, - - 35,733 Various otber sources, - 31,563 Amount of revenue accrued, - $1,108,935 While the disbursements for the said year were, viz: Interest on the public debt, $670,282 Redemption of State debt, - 236,855 Transferred to the sinking fund, 126,225 Civil officers, - - - 19.950 Their contingent funds, - 6.594 Maryland Penitentiary, - 8.000 Colleges and schools, - - 26,102 House of Refuge, - 10,000 State colonization, - - 10,000 Surplus revenue transferred to schools, - - - 31,069 Deepening the harbor of Baltimore, (auction duties,) - - 19,259 Hospital for the insane, - 10,000 Pensions, ... - 2,360 State tobacco warehouses, - 22,427 The judiciary, - 37,240 Various other State expenses, 18,801 51,259,164 Showing an expenditure beyond the col— lected revenue of - $150,229 But there was a balance in the treasury on the 30th September, 1856, of $592,936 And the payment of interest due j State by the Treasurer of the United States, - - 275,770 5868,706 i Which left an available balance in the Treasury on the 30th Sep tember, 1857, of - - - - 5718.477 The estimated receipts into the Treasury for the vear 1858, are, - " - - - $1,132,150 i And the expenditures, - 958,844 Leaving an excess over expen diture of - $173,300 The above table shows that there was actually disbursed during this period for interest and re demption of public debt, the Urge sumof $1,033,362. The debt as stated before, teas 30th Sep., 1857, $14,919,967 The sinking fund for same, $3,997,276 The Balto. A Ohio R. R. Ca provides for - 3,000.000 6,997,276 Leaving debt unprovided tor except by annual income, ----- $7,922,691 The income of the sinking fund was $206,124, which has since been increased, and the State's revenue enables her to acd thereto out of her surplus. That the debt must be very quickly absorbed un der these circumstances is very apparent, unless some untoward and unlooked for events should in terpose. The State's capital consists of sundry Bank Stocks of the State at par - 54G8,406 Stock in the Main Stem of the Balto. A Ohio R. R. Co., - - - - 685,600 Stock in the Washington Branch R. R. Co. 550.000 Stock in the Turnpike Roads, - - 15.000 Stock (preferred) in the Slain Stem B. & O. R. R. 3,000,000 Mortgages of the Northern Central R. R. Co., 1,500,000 Bond for dividend of the B. A O. R. R. Co., ------- 10,000 Bonds of the Susquehanna A Tide Water Canal, - - - - - - 1,254,370 Stock in the Union Slanuf. Co., - - 10,000 Due by Sheriffs, Collectors, Inspectors, Ac., ------- 545,588 Total available fund, $8,038,964 Besides which there is held by the State, Stock in and loans to the Ches apeake and Ohio Canal, in cluding interest, - - 13,692,320 With various other stocks and debts, amounting to (199,385 • —— -14,391,705 But very little value is attached to these two items. From this resume we think it clearly shown that no community has its public debt better secured to the creditor than is that of Maryland, nor attended with greater proportionate means to effect its re demption at a very early period, and that its rela tive value is as intrinsically good as that of any other known in America or Europe. MR. VANDENHOFF'S READINGS. —The course of readings by Mr. Vandenhoff, to commence before the Mercantile Library Association to-morrow even ing, at Carroll Hall, promises to lie a source of the most pleasurable eujovment. His reputation as an elocutionist is well known iu this community, and no encomium as to his talent is necessary. We understand that a large number of tiekets has been sold, and one of the most refined and fashionable audiences that have graced any of our public en tertainments this season, may be expected to be present. MESSAGE OF BRIGHAM YOUNG TO THE MORMON LEGISLATURE DELIVERED IX GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, DECEM BER 15, A. D. 1858. Gentlemen of the Counril and Hotter. of Ueprewutativen: The people, tor the promotion oi' whose advance ment in correct government you are now assembled in a legislative capacity, are so remote from the high-wrought excitement and consequent entan gling questions common to the populous marts of national and international commerce, are so little prone to deem mere property, rank, titles and ottice the highest prizes for human effort, and through enlightened choice are so invariably peaceful and law-abiding, that your duties partake but in a small degree of tbat varied, perplexing and intricate de scription so characteristic of the legislation of most, if not all, other communities. But, however order ly and upright are a people, the changes and expe rience incident to transpiring circumstances, and consequent new views and events, afford ample scope for the exercise of that candid deliberation and prudent forethought, without which legislation is liable to be far more detrimental than beneficial. Those unparalleled habits of industry, sobriety, order and respect to the just rights of all, which so preeminently distinguish the occupants of a region uninviting to dwellers in more favored climes, have continued in a rapidly-increasing ratio to advance Utah to a position in social and political progress worthy the highest commendation. During the past year, for reasons well understood, our progress has not been so particularly marked by improvements under appropriations from the Territorial treasury as it has bv unostentatious, persevering and skillful individual efforts most successfully applied to extend ing the area of our tillable land, to the gradual in troduction of a more economical, systematic and ju dicious cultivation of the various products adapted to our soil and climate, to the requisite care and im provement of stock, to the erection of more commo dious private dwellings, and to a large and highly encouraging increase in domestic manufactures. These pursuits and their results, in the compara tively humble, limited and tardv mode as yet com pelled by the time, thought and means that can be devoted to their conduct and attainment, are tame and uninteresting to those who dwell amid the whirl of mental and physical energies constantly taxed to their utmost tension in the selfish, unsatis fying and frien/.ied quest of worldly emolument, fame, power and maddening draughts from the si ren cup of pleasure; but they are laying for us and our children a foundation broad, deep, strong and durable, upon which, through the blessings of our God, to rear a superstructure for the temporal well being of ourselves and the thousands upon thou sands who will seek unto us for sustenance and the enjoyment of the inalienable rights of civil and re ligious liberty. Whether our agricultural interests, though so broadly underlying and essentially upholding all other avocations, require at present the further aid of special legislation, may well bo questioned, since private enterprise has accumulated individual means until our agriculturists and graziers are abundant ly able, either singly or by a combination of a few of the more energetic, to procure those approved la bor-saving machines, and import those kinds and numbers of domestic animals that their ripening experience may dictate. And aside from that constantly increasing experience and ability, and a higher tone of energy in their applica tion, the Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society have, through the appointment, from time to time, of lectures upon these and other practica ble branches of industrial pursuit, and the annual distribution of prizes for the best specimens of home products, diffused a laudable emulation for attaining superior excellence in every department pertaining to our temporal advancement, insomuch that with the facilities as vet at our command, it would appear advisable to still leave those and kindred interests to the able management and fostering care of that Society. True, their recurring annual fair, held in this city in Gctober last, owing to circumstances beyond their control, was by no means so fully at tended nor the articles in exhibition so numerous and varied as would otherwise have been the case, still the most casual observer could not but noteand be gratified with the abundant evidence of the in dustrial prosperity of our Territory. The mechanical skill of our artisans, so far as ma terial would permit, has also been assiduously ap plied to the home supply of those necessaries and comforts so essential to a well-ordered, civilized so ciety, thus freeing us in a goodly degree from the heavy tax of imported goods ; vet there is an ample and ever increasing demand for the products of their labor at very liberal rates of compensation, which will doubtless afford all necessary inducements for home manufacture, to the full extent of the raw materials in our possession, except, perhaps, in the article of iron. They also, in common with all other classes of our producers, share proportionally in the benefits arising from the annual exhibition of their handiwork in our fairs. In souie instances, especially so in relation to the sugar cane, cotton, wool, and dye stuffs, the want of the raw materials has been a serious drawback. It therefore affords me the greater gratification to be able to inform you that there is a fair prospect, at an early date, that our wants in those particulars will be amply supplied, independent of the burdens of importation. The Sorghum or Chinese sugar cane has been generally and successfully cultivated in small patches in a great variety of soil through out many of our settlements, and has been proved to be well adapted to a wide latitude of our climate. This plant is an almost invaluable acquisition, being singularly prolific in seed, as well as in a large amount (if most excellent forage, and affording a remarkably large proportion of juice, highly charged with saccharine matter, which can easily be manufactured into a syrup almost, if not quite eqnal to the far-famed golden syrup of the sugar re fineries, thereby relieving us from the necessity of submitting to a burdensome drain of our circulating medium or the deprivation of a healthy article of diet. A small crop of a very good sample of cotton was j successfully cultivated in our southern settlements | during ttie past season; also, a few stalks of indigo, ! and preparations are being made in that region for ! the production of cotton and indigo, to supplv our \ demandc, as speedily as indigo seed can be procured [ in sufficient quantity. Madder can be raised in all 1 our settlements, antl it is a matter of astonishment | that no seed of so useful and easily cultivated a ; plant has ever been brought into this Territory, so i far as I am informed, and it is to be hoped that our j friends abroad will take the earliest steps to supply I this want. Our quantity of wool is still far snort i of an adequate supply, chiefly caused by a measura- j bly culpable inattention to the care of so valuable a class of stock as is our sheep, and to depending too , much upon foreign supplies which are at anv time I liable to bo beyond our reach. Your influence, 1 counsels and example can do much toward encour aging the production of wool and flax, that our spin ning wheels and looms be not compelled to stand idle, and the people caused to suffer through their own improvidence, in affairs within their reach and comprehension. The manufacture of iron has not been prosecuted with that success so fondly anticipated and so much desired, but an engine having been furnished to the companv, it is expected that all compatible atten tion will be given to supplying an article which en ters so largely into our various daily operations.— In line, there is no known limit to" the resources kindly provided in the elements suorounding us, no trammel upon the skill and energies of the people, to hinder any from putting forth their talents to the fullest stretch for enriching, beautifying and mak ing heavenly the mountain and desert region in which our lot is cast. Our schools, to those unaquainted with the facts and circumstances connected therewith, may seem not to have received that attention which their im portance demands; at the same time eacli Ward throughout the Territory has provided one or more comfortable school houses commensurate with the number of pupils to be accommodated; and propor tionately more has been done in Utah for the true enlightenment of the rising generation, than has ever been accomplished in like conditions in any other por tion of the Union. And aside from the stated hours and exercises of schools, education is constantly at tainable from books, from conversation, from re flection, at home, abroad, in highways and by-ways, and as its developments implant the desire for still higher attainments, academies,colleges and univer sities will arise at the summoning wand of increas ing wealth and leisure for learned acquirements until, ere long, we shall as far outstrip the world in every branch of true science as we now do in that knowledge which savoreth of eternal lives, in this great cause, also, your influence and example can be made productive of mueh good, even though your judgment should lead you, during your pres ent session, to waive direct legislation upon this subject. Reports from the Auditor and Treasurer, which 1 have the honor herewith to transmit, will furnish you the requisite information touching the condi lion of the financial affairs of the Territory. The parent Government exercises a general su pervision over the aborigines within its- borders, yet a brief illusion to the red men within and around Utah may not here be inappropriate, the more especially since the expense of their care and sup port has. from the beginning, fallen almost exclu sively upon us, and from present appearances bids fair to do so altogether; and still, after we have in variably fed and clothed them, and treated them with the utmost forbearance, in proper considera tion for their degraded condition, if we do not turn out and safely, and without charge, escort to their destination those passers-through who have cheated and then poisoned and wantonly slain untutored savages, lying and corrupt presses throughout the Union will send forth against us a united and pro longed howl of base slander and false accusations, charging upon us all the murders and massacres oc curring between the Missouri river and the Sierra Nevada Mountains, with the sole intent to excite to frenzy a spirit for our extermination. However much we may be disposed to deplore that savage usage which wreaks indiscriminate von geance, we still more deeply deprecate that double dyed villany of fiendish editors and their lie-loving readers who willfully suppress aud falsely color facts and subvert truths for the sole purpose of raising an unhallowed hue and cry against an innocent people, for those editors and readers have been better taught: and suggest that if all such characters would organ ize themselves into patrolling Vigilence Committees for the purpose of restraining the cruel and outra geous conduct of a portion of the annual passing emigration, they would soon learn that the Indians are Tar oftener, if not always, when difference of education and habits is included, "more sinned i against than sinning;" that the most forbearing will not forever patiently endure a continued tirade of unjust threats, abuse and vituperation; that kind- : ness is much more winning than severity, and that | the inhabitants of Utah, as ever, are at home noise- ! lessly pursuing their peaceful avocations and strug- j gling to mete out even-handed justice to all, irre- j pective of creed or party. But. however Government mavneglect. and how : ever enemies may rage and falsely accuse, the ex perience derived from a long observation of the year- i lv improvement in some of the most degraded In dian tribes upon the Continent, strongly prompts ! me to again recommend the continuance of that hu mane policy so uniformly pursued by- Utah toward i her wild denizens, gradually leading them like chil dren in the rudiments of civilization, which has so often resulted and will ever result in saving lives ■ that would otherwise have been and otherwise will be destroyed; and which my judgment dictates to me the wisest, most humane and even cheapest pol icy that can as yet be adopted. You are already aware that upon examining the j bids for carrying the mail 011 the route between this city and Independence, Mo., in the fall of 1850, the contract for that route was awarded to Mr. Hiram Kimball, a citizen of this Territory, in compliance with a rule requiring the acceptance of the lowest responsible bid. You are also aware that the re quisite service began to be put upon that route so j early as February last, upon the lirst unofficial in- I timation of the acceptance of the bid, and several ! weeks before the arrival of official notification, the I letter containing that notification having wintered at the Devil's Gate, in care of a mail conductor in i the employ of the former contractor. So soon as that notification came to hand, ar rangements were entered into for the services of the requisite number of trusty and efficient men to transport the mail and select station points at con venient distances, and erect suitable buildings and provide grain and forage thereat; animals and ve hicles were rapidly forwarded throughout the whole length of the route, and with such liberality and energy were these proceedings conducted that, in stead of occupying and often exceeding the sched ule time of thirty days, as had heretofore been the custom in the most favorable seasons of the year, the trips were performed in a less and still lessen ing number, until Mr. John It. Murdoch and Com pany took the July mail through in the unpreceden ted short time of fifteen traveling days, with every prospect for even that brief period being still furth er shortened. This prompt, safe and reliable service, attained by the expenditure of upward of $125,000 in a few months, was well understood in the Post-office De partment in Washington, but instead of even mak ing punctual quarterly payments at the low contract rate of $23,000 a year, and extending everv legal facility and encouragement in their power to tin contractor, that Department, taking an unjust and altogether unwarrantable advantage of a clause wisely designed for the protection of public rights, tyrannically disannulled the contract, alleging as cause for such outrageous usurpation, naught but a failure in commencing the service at the time r< quired, when they well knew that service was put upon the route weeks before the arrival of the ac ceptance of the bid, unduly detained through the fault of their pet contractor, and bolstering that al legation with the false and slanderous assertion "the unsettled state of things at Salt Lake render ing the mails unsafe under present circumstan ce?." To ail human appearance ruoil Oomioot could I, Tll v have been actuated o> me rel! nc-]'jn In cm Utah from receiving a single dollar of public monev for the performance of public service honorably con tracted for, even though that service were perform ed in a praiseworthy manner hitherto unexampled, and to deprive us, if possible, from becoming ac quainted with the exterminating plans concocted in Washington against themost loyal Territory known since the days of the Revolution. Would they have dared to thus treat any State or any other territo ry, or to have even suggested such treatment.? — Ivvery one knows that they would not. What is obviously the only inference to be drawn from such tvrannical usage by so important a Department, of the General Government? That a deep-settled and pre-determined plan has been agreed upon to de prive us of every vestige of constitutional rights— for that usage accords only with the cry, constantly reiterated throughout the States, "Destroy the in habitants of Utah," thereby compelling a numerous portion of the citizens of our boasted Republic to fall back upon the indefeasible right of self-defence and adopted lawful measures for their own protec tion, It is a matter of deep regret that officers of a Government, founded at so great a sacrifice by our forefathers upon "a land choice above all other lands," have become so sunken in degradation as to have utterly lost sight of those pure and just principles embodied in the Constitution, and pre fer, in the mad pursuit of low, grovelling and sel fish aims, to adopt and carry out that suicidal poli cy, a persistence in which can but end in l ending to pieces a nation that otherwise might become the happiest and most powerful on the globe. Reck less otiice-holders and otlice seekers have their poi soned fangs so deeply buried in the vitals of the body politic and are so thoroughly organized and drilled in the defence and attack of the spoils, while the tradesmen, the mechanics, the husbandmen and the humble laborers—the real virtue and sound in telligence of the Republic—are so busily occupied in their daily toil, and except here and there a few, are so little aware of the dire potent of the future, and of the measures necessary for insuring public tranquility, that it is a discouraging task to attempt arresting "the turbid current of official corruption that would sweep every vestige of truth, virtue and human rights from our unhappy country; hut the crimsoned satellites of plunder, oppression and usurpation, may rest assured that every friend of liberty will resist their destructive progress, and stand fast by the Constitution and all laws conform able therewith. True, all human instituted governments contain more or less of the weakness pertaining to imperfec tion, and to this law our Government is by no means an exception; still, I am not acquainted" with any man-madc form of government in which are sown so few of the seeds of its own dissolution. Lovers of justice, as were the Revolutionary patriots, endowed as they were in their deliberations and acts with a goodl v portion of that wisdom which coiueth from above, and wielding an influence seldom attained by so small a number, vet they were unable to devise a republican form of government, without a system of checks and balances, dividing the federative pow er into three distinct branches, controllable only i bv the will of the sovereign people. Their former experience makes it a matter of no surprise that in their deliberations and acts thev leaned so strongly to the side of the largest degree of individual freedom, nor. having suffered so sorelv under the cruel rod of religion established by secu lar power, that they so clearly and strenuously guarded and guaranteed the widest scope to free dom of conscience and consequent right of worship in accordance therewith. But with the sound judg ment anil experience possessed by those great states men, it is only another evidence of.the wenkncss in cident to humanity, even when acting under the best of motives, that after having so long groaned under the bitter oppression of British colonial rule and successfully struggled for the establishment of the inherent right of each and all to " life liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," with the positive guaranty that every one should be priv ileged with and protected in the blessings flow ing from a republican form of government, whose characteristic consists solely in the well defined and well understood fact that the rulers and laws shall proceed only from the election and consent of the governed, they should in April, 1784, pass lies olutrons, and in duly, 1787, over two months previ ous to the adoption of the Constitution, pass an Or- I dinance speciallv legislating for American citizens, ! residing on public domain, directly contrary to 1 the very genius of the Articles of" Confederation by which they had mutually pledged each oth er they would be guided. And that very leg ; islatioh, contrary as it was to the authorities and limitations of tno articles of Confederation ex isting at the time of the passage of the cele | brated Ordinance of 'B7 and to those of the Con ! stitution adopted in the same year, as well as to the ' great truth embodied in the Declaration of indepen dence that governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, could be and was in i dorsed bv Americans so long as the usurped power I was exercised in justice; and the portion of that ille gal legislation copied into "Organic Acts" for Terri tories could still be endured, were it not so grievously | abused, as is the case when officers are attempted to be forced upon a free people contrary to their known I and expressed wishes. Still, looking as our patriot fathers measurably did to the governmental experi ence and example of the mother country, and sur rounded as they were by so many conflicting views I and entangling questions, it is not a subject of so much surprise that they inadvertently took so ille i gal a course, as it is thai an early Congress, under | the Constitution, continued to perpetuate and en- PRICE TWO CENTS. deavor to make legal that which neither was nor ever eoulfl be law, without first destroying or re modeling the very Constitution from which Con gross derives its power to act. And, again, the course ot that Congress is by no means so surprising as that Congress alter Congress, with a lengthening experience in the workings of the governmental machinery and a boasted increase of enlightenment, should still continue to fasten a portion of that un constitutional relic ol colonial barbarism ujion Amer ican citizens, whenever a laudable spirit of enter prise induces those citizens to lawfully occupy and improve any portion of the public domain. And it is most surprising of all, that Americans occupying public domain in Territories have so tamely submit ted to such long-continued and obvious usurpation. Ever since the more odious features in the Ordi nance of 'B7 have been omitted in the organic acts more recently passed by Congress for territories, which acts are but illegal patterns after that uncon stitutional ordinance, officers are appointed to rule over American citizens in territories, and to have a voice in the enactment, adjudication, and execution ot territorial laws; and worse still, those officers are frequently appointed from a class well known, through the rightfully expressed wishes of large majorities, to be justly objected to by those wtujm they are appointed to govern. Call you that re publican? It is British colonial vassalage, uncon; stitutionally perpetuated by tyranny ana usurpa tion in the powers that be. It is difficult to conceive how a people so enlightened as are Americans, should, for so long a period, have suffered themsel ves to be measurably disfranchised bv usurpations curtailing their rights, when passing an air line from a State into a Territory, more especially when that changing of locality is to result in the improve ment of regions that would otherwise remain waste. It is foreign to my present purpose to detail tha policy which should have governed from the begin lying in relation to enlightened residents in our Ter ritories, a policy thai would not have curtailed them in the least Constitutional right, aud would thereby have utterly excluded thai odious and suicidal in consistency existing from the tnnuntil now between the form and the administration of (Government, and would have caused the administration as does the form, to.guarantee equal freedom to all, in Ter ritory as well as State, but will merely remark, in passing, that the continued practice of that wretch ed inconsistency has done and is doing much to un dermine the fair fabric of American liberty. Utah, also, like other Territories, saw tit to waive those Constitutional rights so illegally denied to ci tizens who cross certain air-lines of a common coun try to extend the area of civil and religious liberty, and an act organizing our Territorial goverment was passed by Congress on the 9th of September, 1850. Fortunately for us a wise and good man then occupied the executive chair of our nation, a states man whose sound judgment and humane feelings prompted him to extend to us our rights, so far as the "Organic Act" and hungry olliee-hunters would permit. He appointed a part of the customary ap pointees in accordance with the wishes of the people, and no doubt thought that he had appointed good men to till the remaining offices, but in this he was partially disappointed, being deceived by the foolish although very common habit of recommending men who * are not worthy. I am also confident that his successor endeavored to make as good appointments for us, as circuin stances and unwise counsels and recommendations, would allow, but during his administration preju dice began to set in strongly against Utah, and he was so unfortunate as to appoint, at the instigation and solicitation of a then influential Senator in Congress, a person who proved to be as degraded as his capacity would admit, and who, it is reported, came, acted, left, and still acted in accordance with the instructions from the Senator who procured his appointment, but in a manner outraging morality, justice, humanity, law, and even common decency. The members and officers of the last Legislative Assembly, familiar with the evils visited upon the innocent by the miserably bad conduct of certain officials heretofore sent here by Government, know ing that all republican governments, which both our General and State Governments are in form, are based upon the principle that the governed shall enjoy the right to elect their own officers and be guided by laws having their own consent, and perfectly aware that by the Constitution residents in Territories are guaranteed that great right equally with residents in States ffor Con gress has not one particle more Consti tutional power to legislate for and officer Aineri- cans in Territories than they have to legislate for and officer Americans in States,) respectfully me morialized the President and Senate to appoint ofli eers for Utah in accordance with an accompanying list containing the names of persons who were her first choice for the offices placed opposite to those names, but if that selection did not meet with ap proval they were solicited to make the appoint ments from a list containing other and a larger number of names of residents who were also the choice of the people, and if that selection was also rejected, to appoint from any part of the Union, with the simple request, in such event, that the ap pointees be good men. In this matter of appoint inent of officers, what more rights could the most tyrannical in a republican government ask a Ten i tory to waive ? \ t?t up to this date no official in 'yiiaiiuj, concerning " *f anv, taken upon that memorial ~V rV reaction us. Time glided by, and the travelers and newspapers begon to confirm the rumor that the present Kxec-u ti\e and a part of his Cabinet had yielded to the rabid clamor raised against Utah bv lying editors, corrupt demagogues, heartless ofhee hunters and the ignorant rabble, incited bv numbers of the hire ling clergy, and were about to send an army to Utah with the sole and avowed purpose, as published in almost every newspaper, of compelling American citizens, peacefully, loyally and lawfully occupying American soil, to forego the dearest constitutional rights, to abandon their religion, to wallow in the mire and worship at the *hrine of modern civiliza tion and Christianity, or be expelled from the coun trv and exterminated. Where now are constitutional rights? Who i laving the axe at the root of the tree of liberty ? Who are the usurpers? Who the tyrants? Who the traitors ? Most assuredly those who are niadlv urging measures to subvert the genius of free insti tutions and those principles of liberty upon which our Government is based, and to overthrow virtue, independence, justice and true intelligence, tiie loss of either of which bv the people, the celebrated Judge Story has wisely affirmed, would be the ruin of our Republic—the destruction of its vitality. And ex President James Madison, among other pur poses, declared it to be the purpose of Government •'to avoid the slightest interference with the rights of conscience or the functions of religion, so wisely exempted from civil jurisdiction." Has Utah ever violated the least principle of the Constitution, or so much as broken the most insig nificant Constitutional enactment ? No, nor have we theinostdistant occasion forsodoing, but have ever striven to peacefully enjoy and extend those rights granted to all by a merciful Creator. Rut so unob trusive and wise a course does not seem to please those who live and wish to live by office, and those who make and love lies; and since those characters are numerous, and also powerful through well discip lined organization, and since Utah has yielded right after right for the sake of peace, until her policy has emboldened the enemies of our Union, it must needs he that President Buchanan, if he has order ed an army to Utah as reported—for he has not of ficially notified me of such a movement by his order —has" at length succumbed, either by choice, or through being overcome, to the eruel and nefarious counsels of those enemies, and is endeavoring to carry out a usurpation of power, which of right be longs only to the people; by appointing civil officers known to be justly objectionable to freemen, and sending a so-called army under mere color of law to force those officers upon us at the point of the bayonet, and to form a nucleus for the collection and protection of every gambler, cut-throat, whor*- master and scoundrel, who may choose to follow iu their train. Such a treasonable system of opera tions will never bo endured, nor even countenanced by any person possessed of the least spark of patriot ism and love of constitutional liberty. The President knew,if ho knew the facts in the case as he wasindu ty bound to do before taking action, that the official hitherto sent here had been invariably received and treated with all the respect their offices demanded and that a portion of them had met with far more courtesy than elsewhere would have been extended to them, or their conduct doserved; he also knew, or had the privilege of knowing, that the memorial of the last Assembly, as already stated, respectful i lv informed him that Utah wished good men for of ficers, and that such officers should be cordially i welcomed and obeyed,but that we would not again tamely endure the abuse and misrule meted by offi cial vidians, as were some who have formerly of ficiated here. Such being a few of the leading tacts, what were the legitimate inferences to be drawn from the rumors that the President had sent a batch of officials, with an army to operate as their posse'' That lie had wilfully made the official appoint ments for Utah from a class other than good men, and placed himself where tyrants often are. in the | position of levying war against the very nation whose choice Had made him its chief executive ■ otlicor. Fully aware, as has been justly written, that "Patriotism does not consist in aiding Government in every base or stupid act it may perform, hut ra ther in paralyzing its power when it violates vested rights, affronts insulted justice, and assumes undele gated authority," and knowing that the so-called army, reported to be on its war to Utah, was an undisguised mob, if not sent by the President of the United States, and if sent by him, in the manner and for the purpose alleged in all the information per mitted to reach us, was no less a mob. though in the latter event acting under color of law. upon learn ing its near approach I issued, as in constitutional duty bound, a proclamation expressly forbidding all bodies of armed men, under whatsoever name, or bv whomsoever sent, to conic within the bounds of this Territory. Thaj so-called army, or, more strictly speaking, mob, refused to obey that proclamation, copies o! which were officially furnished them, and prosecu ted their march to the neighborhood of Fort Bridg er and Supply which were vacated and burnt upon their approach—where it is said they intend to yv in ter. Under these circumstances I respectfully sug gest that you take such measures as voitr enlight ened judgment may dictate, to insure public tran quilitv and protect, preserve and perpetuate invio lable those inalienable constitutional rights which hare descended to us a rich legacy from our fore fathers. A civilized uatiou is one that never infringes upon the rights of its citizens, but strives to protect and make happy all within its sphere, which our Go vernment, above all others, is obliged to accomplish, though its present course is as far from that wise and