Newspaper Page Text
VOL. i-NO. 9.
THE DAILY E® !HANGE! PUBLISHED EVERY MORXIXG, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BY KERR SL CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. CORN'EB OK BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AXI) PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: * In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscriber*, out of the city, at six DOLLAR; per annum; THREE DOLLARS for <ix months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE —EIGHT LINES.) One insertion .50 Two insertions .75 Three $lOO Four 44 $1.25 Five •• $1.50 One week $1.75 One month ~$4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or Inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORXIXG NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and I wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, and its conse- 1 quently increased commercial and political importance, ! not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the i field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city. ' THE EXCH \.\GL ." With regard to the name. —if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be | largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive | acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics ! which come within the province of the public press. Ist. XEVVL —It will, of course.be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE ! with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home anil abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHAXGE in this particular on a level with the best jour- I nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d. COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa- J per will include, not only the usual daily reports and ■ weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign.com- j piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, ! with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d. POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state : of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected j by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal vhieh aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi- ' nation of political intelligence, ami the discussion of jmlit ical questions. In this department tof the paper, which, apart froti its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclu-ive interest of its own, it will be the object of?HE EXCH *v < i ito preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th. LITERATURE AXD ART.—Candid and impartial re . views of current literature and contemporaneous art. mu- 1 sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and 1 original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific ! interest, will alwav- find an appropriate place in the col- j umns of THE EXCIIAXGE. and it will be the constant aim of tfte proprietors to render it a valuable and interest- , ing journal for the family as well a- for the counting room. (thucatton. PATA)?SCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND HTMIR, TRUSTEES oftho Patapsco Female 1L Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them ay ear ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a hind*om • and most appropriate- | structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute ami ill all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furu shed with a new organ of fine construction and ex- j cedent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the pr- sent has been attended with unprecedented sue cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to th • continued favor of the South. It hp pre-eminence in hoalthfuluess. The pupils avoid ing, o.i the ' 4t it 'l A'iUtating effects of a Southern climate, rod oil the other th** rigors of the North, have few ot the interruption* incident to both these climates. It i sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evil*. As ui Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, H resident chaplain, and a corps of ac corapiished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. Th• Trustees of the I'atapsco Female Institute, having ! been duly notified by Mrs Lincoln Phelps of her intention ! to resign her office of principal at tlie close of the present schoM year, have elected Robert If. Archer as her succes- ; sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for I many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti- 1 more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure . the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the ■ Institute. CILAS. W. HORSEY. PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M. j D . SECRETARY. T. WATKINS LIGON. E. HAMMOND, JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fi-22-dtf. I A W s< SHOOL OP THE UNIVERSITY J AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.D.. Royal Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS, LL l>., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D , University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library , consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out. is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor! Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts, and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate. and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of thefr pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com mcnement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur ue according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each terra. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1853. [dfit lawGm. Ipefciriaes, ilcrfummts, £c. RYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS Fqjt Coughs, Colds, Asthma. Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs For sale at W ISEMAN'S Drug Store, Baltimore and Fremont streets, Baltimore, f*22-dim. J' . PURVIANCE POLK~&TCO ~~ APOTHECARIES. Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES. No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES. PERFUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also. MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, AC., Ac. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. WISEMAN'S VERMIFUGE. OR WORM DESTROYER. This remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary ever used. It effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts from children and adults \V a minted not to contain .Mercury in any form, nor any other mineral. For sale by WISEMAN'. Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim THE BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY, PREPARED AT DR. O'NEAL'S DRUG Store. Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets, is a reli able remedy for Coughs. Colds. Hoarseness, Soreness and pains in the Chest. Consumptive cases derive much ad v ant age from its use. Wild Cherry Bark, Tar, Bloodroot and Indian Hemp enter into its composition. sts taste is pleasant and its use entirely safe. * b22 3t RPHOSK "OF SCSOFLTLOUS HABIT, JL with Swelled N'eck, Tumors, King's Evil, &\, Mer curial and Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taiut in the system, requiring an alterative course of treatment, are recommended to take "THE AL TERATIVE SYRCP.' made at Dr. CP-Veal's Drug Store. Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets. It rids the system of accumulated humors, as Tetter, Boils, Pimple 9. King worm, kc. feh22-3t BUILDERS' DEPOT." GQ SASII, DOORS. BI.IN'DS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, MOULDINGS, CASINGS, AC., DRESSED FLOORING AN DOTHER LUMBER. LIME. BRICKS. HAIR, HARD W AKE GLASS. OIL, PAINTS, and everj r description of BUILDING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom modating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contrajts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost 01 building* furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by R JOHNSON, No. 69 Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf,) fe23-tf Baltimore, Md TIIE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION j (Founded in 1839.1 Occupies the First Floor of the Athenaum Building, X. H Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. R JMIE ROOMS are large and comfortable JL well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes, care fully selected, of History. Poetry, Drama, Theology, Art and Science. Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays am Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of abon 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied witl the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, a well as a fair representation of the current light 1 iterator 1 of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as wel as a number of American ami English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of th< CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under theii i control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership ' The fee for this class \< $3 per annum, payable in advance | but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all othei classes, as HONORARY members, upon the pavment o: $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from I the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THK | PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in theii own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till ; 10 o'clock P. M.. for Gentlemen. ; Of persons now using the Library. 84 ACCOUNTS ARL FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, - JBO U HONORARY MEMBERS. 600 44 44 ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB~KL CO.. " IMPORTERS AXD COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF MEX S FCRXISHIXO GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, , SHIRTS. UMBRELLA- TWIST, i COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS, I CRAVATS, BUTTONS. CORDS, j THREAD, SEWING SILK, M ACHINE TWIST. NO 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German 9t., mrl-lm. Baltimore. Sailors. HT. ROBERTS, • MERCER AND TAILOR. No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. RE A D Y MA P E eLOTH ing. JOHX If. RE A, d CO., NORTH-EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTH STS., Have 011 hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices. fe22 lm. A MU EL TAKE A' H ILL, ~ O MERCHANT TAILOR, No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTS IN HOTEL, Will iua few days receive his full SPRING STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, VEST INGS, &c., and will be'pleased to take Ord.-rs rrom his friends and the public A tit guaranteed. Prices reason- fe22-lm. JOHN A. GRIFFITH'S MERCHA NTT A IL ORI X G A\ T D FASHIONABLE READY-MADE CLOTHING E S TA BL IS HUE XT, Xo. 187 BALTIMORE STREET, AND 1% LIGHT STREET. The advertiser has opened his SELECTION OF GOODS from this and other markets, which he solicits gentlemen to examine, confident that his assortment is COMPLETE both in quality nud styles. His READY-MADE DEPARTMEXT abounds in variety, in which any taste can be suited, and where gentlemen can be accommodated at LOW PRICES, considering the quality of the Goods offered. Gentlemen selecting goods from his stock can have Garments made to orders in his Custom Department with dispatch and promptness—two characteristics of his es tablishment. where he has the best cutters that can be procured. fe22-lm. pianos anb stusic. / IHICKERING vV SONS, A N D NUNXS & CLARK S CELEBRATED PI AAO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by 1". i>. BEXTEEN, 161 Baltimore street and S4 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. i Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools. Prince ,X Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upward? fe3'Jlm_ NEW MUSIC . —Just Published, by MILLER if HE AC II AM. 181 BALTIMORE ST : A DAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbrccht. ANVIL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatorc. LANCER'S QUADRILLES —taught by Ed. Lehmann. •BOARDING SCHOOL LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. *This beautiful composition, describing a day at a FE MALE BOARDING .SCHOOL. is one of the Author's best efforts. fe22 Lm. HENRt MCCAFFREY, MUS I C PUli L ISHEK, No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET. TV/TUSK.' PUBLISHED and received daily. ITL MUSIC BOUND in tlie NEATEST STYLE. fciH-lin. MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL i'RICES "iiOUDOIIt SEWING MACHINE PRICE SIO.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer & Co., Wheeler A Wilson and Grover ii Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines arc really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have I had them in use for a lengtli of time. E. M. PUN PERSON & CO., fe22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. j I. 0. 0. F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, &c., U. S. Bunting and Silk Flags, Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, Xo. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fe22lv. Baltimore' JL. M'PHAIL £ BRO'S~~ • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, Xo. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. , Jhstaunmis. EIDON HALL RESTAURANT. Xo. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE. HPHE undersigned have very recently fitted up -L the building iu Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known A* "Eldon Hall", as a restaurant of the first class. No expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always private rooms for the ac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to "exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS. GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt ly. AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS &c., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to all parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILLY & SNYDER fe22d-lw&2aw2w. RIXN'S EATING SAL OOXT No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick anil Market Space. rriHE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- J- ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, kc.. at as cheap rates and iu a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style: also. Terrapin*. Turtles. Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RIXN'S Express Wagon. ft'22-if. LADIES' AND"CHILDREN'S DRESS FITTING, TA UGIIT B Y MRS. PETTET, AT 436 BALTIMORE STREET, BETWEEN GREEN & PEARL. TERMS— S2.SO. Boy'a suits and Dress Bodies fitted to give perfect satis faction. Ladies are requested to cali and examine the plan taught. _ fe23 3t. WILI.IAM H A R R I s7 ▼ V MAKER AND IMPORTER OF GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS 116 West Pratt street, | keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and ; Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six barrelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order ; Dupont'.* Gun Powder: Powder Flasks, Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fc22-lm. JAMES "M. ANDERSON A SON, ENGRAVERS, No. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE, STEEL k COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING Cards, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's En velopes, etc. fe22tf PHCENIX SPU E MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREET. WM. H. CRAWFORD k CO., PROPRIETORS. Offer to the wholesale trade, of this city the South and West GOODS of equal quality and priee on same terms as any other house in the United states. fe'J'J tf LEATHER DEPOT. HEMLOCK, OAK & SOLE LEATHER. 4000 SIDES OF HEMLOCK and OAK .SOLE LEATHER IN STOKE AT LOWEST CASH PRICES. I pledge myself to deliver , to any State SOUTH or WEST of BALTIMORE. HEMLOCK I SOLE LEATHER as low, if not lower, and in quality equal, if not superior to what can be obtained in New York or any other City in the t^nion. Southern and Western Merchants, and Baltimoreans, having orders to fill with Hemlock or Oak Sole, or any kind or quality of LEATHER, are respectfully invited to I call at NO. 42 SOUTH CALVERT STREET, one door north of Lombard. FRANCIS H. GRUPY, HIDES, OIL AND LEATHER DEALER. A full assortment of TANNERS' and CURRIERS' TOOLS at New York prices (feb22 6t] GREEN SALTED and DRY HIDES ALWAYS WANTED BALTIMORE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 3, 1858. gitsronrt 6mpanits. I S Ql'IT A BLE KIKE INSURANI K SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, -NO. 19 SOUTH STREET TIIF. BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure I HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY ! FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial i plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms, j Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti I tied to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. ' The public are respectfully invited to' call at the office, ! No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which I the Society insure will he fullv explained. DIRECTORS: I THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEEORD, ; WILLIAM KENNEDV, SAMUEL KIKBY. | HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER' j JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL. J CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, ! AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe34 ly HP HE GREAT WESTERN'("MARINE J I A INSURANCE COMPANY OF XE TV YORK. i Authorized Capital $5,000.000 Cash Capital (alreadyjxiid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 500.000 As setts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In f surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable - . curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. Jxo. A PARKER. Ist V. Prest DOUGLAS ROBIXSOX, Sec'y. J. V. Cox. 2d do COLJX MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, ! fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. BALTIMORE VIRE INKER ANTE <•<>. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) XE W BUILDING. S. W CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM AGE BY FIRE. in the city or country, on the various de scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COHEN, JR., President E. A. TAYLOR, WM. GILMOR, W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON. S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. R. VICKERS, J. BIRCKHEAD. JR.. F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KINO, S. 0. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL. DAVID S. WILSON, R S. STEUART W. F. WORTH INO TON, fe22-tf. _ FRED'K WOODWORTII, Secretary. 1 R IMIE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE i J- COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within i the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. F.. COR HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT, DIRECTORS : M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, I William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Poudcr, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe22-lm. iGKO HARLAN W ILLIAMS, Sec'y. 11MRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $509,000 HOME INSURANCE Co. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $500,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS PHCEXIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOXD STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESEXTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE IXSCRAXCE, LIFE IXSURAXCE, . Companies. Capital and Surplus MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. ('. . X Y *931.000 IXSURAXCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA 352 (MX) SECURITY FIRE IXSURAXCE Co. of X Y. 250,000 PHCENIX " 285,000 WASHINGTON - • 288.000 NEW WORLD - 234.000 ALBEMARLE y a . 400.000 LYXCHBURG • 18 1.0fo COMMONWEALTH " Pa. 178.000 U.S. LIFE " • 1.250.00) And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D JOHNSTOX. f- 22 ly. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COL UMBIA X (MARIXF INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500.000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300.000 THOS. LoRD. President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE. Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IX SURAXCE on all Marine and Inland rik*. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Da vies & Warileld, fe22-6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COM P A NY. No* 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830 — Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, Frcsideni. HPIIIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives JL for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither bis policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B, COULTER, _ Secretarv. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 34 Franklin street _ _f22 ly r[RF. AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, AO. 63 HE CO AV STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency.* iETXA IXSURAXCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1.500 000 PHCENIX " " " 350.000 SPRINGFIELD Springfield, Mass 375.000 AETNA LIFE " Hartford, 225,000 U. S. LIFE " New York 400.000 fe22-tf. 4 SSOGIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR .XJL ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET. OPEN' DAII.V for the IXSURAXCE OF ALI. DFSCRIP TIOXS OF PROPERTY WITHIX THE LIMITS OF THE CITY JOHX R. MOORE, President DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical. J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian, GEORGEHARMAN, Union. J TRUST, First Baltimore, NOAH WALKER, friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United. J. T. FARLOW. Deptford, JAMES YOL'NO, Franklin. ALLEN PAINE, Liberty. J. PEASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK. Independent. LANCASTER OCLD. Patapsco. R. C. MASON, Vigilant. F. A. MILLER, Howard, WM. A. HACK, Aew Market. JAS. A. BRUCE. Watchman. JAS B. GEORGE, SR ..Pioneer Jos. C. Bom, Lafayette. Hook and Ladder Co. Xo '! fe22 f. JOHX DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF XF.W YORK. Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000 A. B. XEILSOX, Press't. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. "WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'POXXELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22 ly. Xo. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRF. INSURANCE < o\i PAXY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated bv the STATE OF MARYI.AXD, 1849. OFFICE XO. 13 SOUTH STREET. THE COMPAXY IXSCRES EVERY DESCRIPTION" OF PROPERTY IX THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAIXST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE. The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SEIDEXSTRICKER. President BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman William Woodward. Henry M. Bash. George Bartlett. Wm Ileald, Adam Denmead. John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J Church. Thomas M. Sullivan. Job Smith, George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, fe26 tf Secretary. LiC OT T H"E WES, -i 59 EXCHANGE PLACE. PRODUCE COMMJSSIO.X MERCHANTS, (with particular attention paid to the sale of BUTTER.) At all seasons of the year, we have every grade and style of BUTTER, and as we are the Agents of the Dairy men, receiving it direct from the farms, we think that we ought to be able to give entire satisfaction in price and quality. Now in store and arriving— -80 Packages of prime Goshen. 50 Tubs and Firkins of New York State. 950 Kegs of Glades. '2OO Kegs of Western Pennsylvania 65 Kegs Virginia. 150 Kegs and 10 Bbls. Ohio—3oo very small Kegs Tor shipping, and 30 Bbls. prime fresli Roll. 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To < orrespoiirteiit*.— Every communication intended far publication must be accompanied by the name of the writer. Manuscripts should be written on one side of the paper only. BALTIMORE. WEDNESDAY. MARCH 3, 1858 M e published yesterday, in full, the message of I that arch-traitor, Brigham Young, to the Mormon legislature, in session at Great Salt Lake City, de livered December 15tb, 1857. In form, this docu ment is an attempted defence of the people and | government of Utah from the charge of rebellion I and treason ; in substance, it is a Mormon declara -1 tion of independence. The presenca of United I States' troops upon the soil of Utah is commented upon as a flagrant violation of popular sovereignty —as ' a hostile invasion," and as a ' levying of war" against "the most loyal territory known since the days of the Revolution." The right of resistance is elaborately vindicated, and the pur pose of resistance is explicitly avowed. The Rubi con is passed. There is uow but one course to pursue consistently with the honor of the Republic. The General Government must enforce the supre macy of its laws, and the authority of its officers, at all hazards, and with the utmost means at its command, or we must tamely submit to the dis memberment of our empire, and the establishment , in the very heart of our territory of a separate and j independent sovereignty, at once foreign and hos- ! tile. There is no other alternative. In the fulness of time, the false religion has duly ripened into i the political treason. Mormonism has at length I borne its legitimate fruit in open and undisguised j rebellion. Let there be no more hesitation on the j part of Congress as to the necessity of arming the ! Executive with powers adequate to the proper en- [ foveement of the laws which his constitutional oath ! requires him to execute. The case is one of too j great urgency to brook delay—of too great impor : tance to admit of trifling. Xo half-measures will | now suffice. Troops are wanted, and enough o f | them. The present force under Col. Johnston is j wholly insufficient for the formidable task of con- | quering L'Uik. It is not a mere rebellion which we | have to subdue; it is a foreign war which we are j about to wage against a people alien in blood, and j alien in feeling, whom no domestic ties of kindred j or friendship bind in kindly fellowship with the 1 rest ot the 1 niou. and whose sympathies we cannot i even be said to have lost, for the reason that we never possessed tlieui. According to their own j creed, the Mormons are "a peculiar people, chosen and set apart," while we, and all the world, are Gentiles and Aliens. They arc all emigrants; but their affections cen tre exclusively in the land of their adoption : that of their nativity, no longer viewed in the light of home, is regarded only as "a land of bondage, and of Babylonish captivity." They are mostly for eigners. and for them the name and flag of the Republic, and the glorious traditions of our history have no charm of prestige or association. The iso lation of their mountain-home has contributed still further to wean uie inhabitant!! of Utah from all attachment to the Union, while the systematic mis representations of their rulers have tended to inspire theni with actual hatred of its government. Sur rounded by lofty mountains, whose rocky defiles might each be made a Thermopylae of Mormon freedom, Utah seems formed by nature for the home of a free people, and may yet prove the Circassia </ America. Under such circumstances it is folly to temporise. Immediate and efficient action is re quired to preserve the integrity of our territorv and to uphold the supremacy of our laws. We do not doubt for one instant the disposition of the President to exert all his constitutional powers in this behalf. The responsibility rests with Congress whether or not he shall be sustained. That the people will sustain him, the tone of the entire press throughout the country leaves no room to doubt. The Mormon rebellion is everywhere regarded with indignation, and the foul imposture, of which it is the legitimate result, with abhorrenee. If Col. Johnston and the brave men under his command, overpowered by numbers and taken at disadvantage, should meet with any reverse in at tempting to force their way through the mountain passes which constitute the only avenue of approach to the Mormon capital-—-if the soldiers of the Repub lic should Ire compelled to retire in the face of arm ed rebellion, and the honor of its flag be tarnished by defeat, sustained at the hands of successful treason, the representatives of the people, who by their votes in Congress have given '"aid and com fort to the enemy," must expect to bear the burden of the shame. The Governor of Florida has issued a call for more volunteers to exterminate that redoubtable Indian, BILLY BOWLEGS. That the volunteers will be forthcoming we do not doubt, but that BOWLEGS will be exterminated we think exceedingly improb able. The fact is, and herein lies the explanation of that interminable war waged against the wily Seminole, the death or capture of BOWLEGS would by a serious calamity to the people of Florida. We do not know how many thousands of dollars it has cost the Republic to carry on that war; but we do know that during its continuance, innumerable colonels, majors, captains and lieutenants of volun teers, have been fed, clothed and supported at the expense of the nation, and that various bills have been paid by Government "for losses sustained, and expenses incurred," whose aggregate amount will represent to a fraction the precise value of BOWLEGS to the people of Florida. If the old chief tain should unfortunately be killed, there would be no more golden eggs; and we have no fear, therefore, of liis dying other than a natural death. In this connection we may add, that Oregon, too, has her "little bill" of expenses "ou account of In dian hostilities," and that Texas and New Mexico each require the services of an additional regiment of mounted troops for the protection of their fron tiers. We have an idea that the object in view, if that object tie a cessation of Indian hostilities, would be quite as effectually accomplished by rais ing a body of troop for the protection of the In dians from the emigrants and settlers. Everybody familiar with border history and pioneer life, knows the precise value to set upon the lite of an Indian—it is to be rated entirely according to the skill of the marksman within the range of whose rifle the unhappy savage may chance to come. Where there are no courts and sheriffs, murder ceases almost to be regarded as a crime, particular ly if the victim be an Indian. Upon the plains and frontiers, the whole red-skinned race are view ed in the light of game, whom every emigrant traveling the over-land route to California, or seeking a home in our western wilderness, feels privileged to hunt down at leisure, if not absolute ly bound to shoot at sight. Our Indian troubles have almost always been provoked by acts of wanton aggression on the part of the whites, while, as in the ease of the Florida war. they have invariably been perpetuated by their cupiditv. The number of troops stationed in Kansas for the Last quarter of 1857 was 2,518. The cost of these men, at the average rate of expense of our army for the past year, is $1,500, or $3,774,000; nearly four millions of dollars. CONGRESSIONAL. THIRTY-FIFTH CONGRESS—First Session. MONDAY, MARCH 1, 185 S. VOLUNTEERSFOR UTAH. I The Vice President laid before the Senate joint i resolutions of the Legislature of Kentucky, auihor j izing the governor of that State to raise a regiment ] of volunteers and tender them to the President of the I. nited States for service in the Territory of I I tab: which were l ead and referred to the Com mittee on Military Affairs. Mr. Crittenden subsequently asked the unanimous j consent of the Senate to withdraw these resolutions I as he had received a note from his colleague, who ! was detained from his seat by indisposition, statine | that he desired to submit some remarks on the sti£ I ject. The motion was agreed to. j MARTIAL LAW IX WASHINGTON TERRITORY. The Vice President also laid before the Senate a I resolution of the legislature of the Territory of j Washington, relative to the proclamation of martial law in the counties of Pierce and Thurston by the I governor of said Territory; which were read, laid ! on the table, and ordered to be printed. MEMORIALS, PETITIONS, ETC. I Mr. Jones and Mr. Harlan presented several me morials from the Legislature of lowa, praying grants of lands to aid in the construction of certain rail roads, which were referred to the Committee on Public Lands. Mr. Givin and Mi . Broderick presented joint res | olutions of the Legislature of California in favor of j the establishment of certain mail routes, and in re | lation to the donation of public lands to actual set | tiers in the State of California; which were appro ! priatelv referred. I Mr. ftenjamin presented the memorial of John C. | F. Salomon and George \V. Morris, inventors and patentees of certain improvements in the construc tion and fitting up of sailing vessels and steamers by which the perils of ocean navigation will be greatly lessened, praying that an appropriation mav be made for a practical test of their invention"; which was referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. Bigler presented a memorial of the board of marine underwriters of Philadelphia, praying that the act establishing the Light house Board may i not be altered; which was referred to the Committee j on Commerce. Mr. B. also presented a memorial of the board of trade of Philadelphia, praying the establishment of a line of mail steamers between Philadelphia and ! Savannah and the Port of Para in Brazil, touching I at St. Thomas, Barbadoes, and Demarara; which was referred to the Committee on tho Post Office i and Post Roads. Mr. Stuart presented a memorial of the Michigan j State Agricultural Society, praying that a grant of land may lie made for the' endowment of the Agri- j cultural College of that State, and similar institu tions in each State of the L T nion; which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands. Air. Doolittle presented a memorial of the legis lature of Wisconsin, in favor of the erection of a light-house at the mouth of Kewanee river: which j was referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee,presented a resolution ! of the legislature of Tennessee, in favor of such an \ amendment to the postage laws, as will allow per sons sending public documents or newspapers by j mail, to endorse upon them their names; which was ! referred to the Committee on Post Office and Post ! Roads. Mr. Hasler presented a joint resolution of the j legislature of lowa, in favor of the erection of a post office, L nited States court-house, and custom house at Burlington, in that State; which was re ferred to the Committee on Commerce and ordered to be printed. REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. Mr. Clav, from the Committee on Commerce, to j whom was referred the memorial of the Commis- ' sioners of Emigration of tho State of New York, j asked to be discharged from the further considers- | tion of the same, and that it he referred to the j Committee on the Judiciary: which was agreed to. \ Mr. King, from the Committee on Military Af- I fairs, reported a bill to grant Home Arsenal to the State of New York on certain conditions; which ' was reail three times by unanimous consent and j passed. Mr. Mallory, from the Committee on Naval Af- | fairs, reported hills for tho relief of Ottoway 11. ! Berry in an and Wni 1). Moselv; which were read and passed to a second reading. Mr. Iverson, from the Committee of Claims, re- j ported a hill for the relief of Mary Pctery: which i was read and passed to a second reading. CREDENTIALS PRESENTED. Mr. ('lav presented the credentials of the Hon. j James ]'. Henderson, elected a senator by the legis- I laturo of Texas to till the vacancy occasioned bv the j death of the Hon. Thomas J. Rusk; which were ! read; and Mr. 11. having appeared, the oath pre- I scribed by the constitution was administered to him, j and he took his seat in the Senate. RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. On motion by Mr. Sebastian, a resolution was adopted requesting the Secretary of War to com- j municate, for the use of the Senate, any information ! within his reach concerning the late expedition of) Lieut. E. P. Beale. to open a wagon road from a | point near Fort Defiance, in New Mexico, to the j western borders of California, and also requesting him to furnish a map or chart of such road. On motion by Mr. Hunter, a resolution was adopt- ! ed requesting the Postmaster General to inform the i Senate the amount which has been allowed and paid i to postmasters of distributing and separating offices j out of the postages collected at such offices, under the two provisions of the act entitled "An act to ; regulate the pay of deputy postmasters," approved 1 2'Jd June. 1H54, authorizing the Postmaster General in his discretion to make extra allowances for such offices. Mr. Bright said that the reason why his name did not appear on the final vote on the passage of the armv bill was because he had paired off with Mr. Wade, who was detained from his seat bv sickness, he being for the bill, and Mr. W. against it. On motion by Mr. Wilson, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the resolution submitted by him the other day, requesting the President of the United States to inform the Senate whether any officers in the civil service of the United States in the Territory of Kansas are absent from the posts in said Territory; and if so, the reasons therefor. The question pending was on the motion by Mr. Biggs to reconsider the vote on the adoption of the resolution. After a few remarks on the subject, Mr. Biggs moved to lay the motion on the table. Mr. Stewart raised the question of order whether, under the rules of the Senate, a motion to recon sider could be laid on the table. The Chair decided that such a motion could be laid on the table, but could be called up again at anv time. The question being taken, the motion was agreed to -yeas 27, nays 20—as follows: VEAS- Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Benjamin, Biggs, Bigler, Bright, Broderick, Brown, Clay, Evans, Fitch, Green, Hammond, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of Arkansas, Johnson of Tennessee, Jones, Mallory, Mason, Polk, Pugh, Sebastian, Slidell, Thomson "of Xew Jersey, Toombs, and Wright—27. NAYS —Messrs. Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Colla raer, Crittenden, Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas. Dui - kee. Foot, Foster, Hamlin, Harlan, King, Seward, Simmons, Stuart, Trumbull, Wade, and Wilson— -20. ORDER OF BUSINESS. Mr. Green moved to postpone all prior orders and proceed to the consideration of the bill for the ad mission of the State of Kansas into the Union. Mr. Gwin hoped the Pacific railroad bill would be considered first. That was a very important mea sure, which had been a long time before the Senate, and had priority over the Kansas question. Mr. Douglas was glad to see the senator from Cal ifornia taking the right ground as to the order of business. He had himself made repeated efforts to get up the Minnesota bill for consideration, but it was always pressed aside. Mr. Benjamin thought it was the general under standing on all sides of the Senate the other dav that the Kansas hill should be taken up to-dav. It was due to good faith, as well as to the intrinsic im port: nee of the subject, that that arrangement should be carried out. Mr. Stuart thought it would be good economy to take up the Kansas bill and dispose of it; for, so long as that remained before the Senate it was pret ty evident that nothing else would he done. Mr. Douglass admitted that the Kansas bill was made a special order for to-day, without objection; but he did not understand that it was on that ac count to override all the other special orders, He had not given his consent toanysnch arrangement; and he never could consent that a proposition to im pose a constitution upon any people against their will should override all other questions and take priority over all the other special orders. He could see no necessity for haste in the matter, for there was no rebellion in Kansas now, except among the I.ecomptonites; if they were put down, peace would reign. Mr. Broderick remarked that when the proposi tion was made the other day to make the Kansas bill a special order for to-day, it excited a general laugh: and he hoped the Pacific Railroad bill would not lose its priority, but be disposed of at once, be fore taking up a new subject. Mr. Seward thought that if a i'acitic Kailr' d bill was to pass this session, it ought to be taken up at once. Mr Green said that it was well known that no bu siness would progress until this Kansas question , was got out of the way. He hoped the vote would be taken without any further debate. The question being taken, the motion was agreed to—yeas 32, nays 20—as follows: \ HAS. —Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Benjamin, Biggs, Bigler, Bright. Brown. Clay, Collamer, Crittenden, Evans, hitch, Green, Hammond, Henderson, Hous ton, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of Arkansas, John son of Tennessee, Jones, Mallorv, Mason, Pearce, Polk. Pugh, Sebastian, Slidell. Stuart, Thomson of New Jersev, Toombs and Wright—32. NATS— Messrs. Bell. Broderick. Cameron, Chan dler, Clark, Dixon. Doolittle. Douglas. Durkee. Foot, Foster, Gwin, Hamlin, Harlan, King, Seward) Simmons, Trumbull, Wade, and Wilson—2o. AOMISSION OF KANSAS. The Senate accordingly proceeded to the consid : ('ration of the bill for tlie admission of the State of Kansas into the Union, which was read. Mr. Green said that the bill was so plain that it : did not require any extended explanation; it was ! predicated on a state of facts embodied and presen ! ted in the report of the Committee on Territories, | and those facts made out a case so plain as to ren- I der any argument unnecessary. Indeed, so far as • he was concerned, he should b'c perfectly willing to trust this measure to the judgment of the Senate, j without saying- a single word upon it, | There were those, however, who were opposed to it, tvho seemed to insist that something should be | said in opening, as a peg for them to hang an argu ment upon, and he would gratifv them. He would remark in the outset that the leading, controlling : facts set forth in that report could not. bo fully controverted. Some of them had been evaded in the documents embracing the views of the minor ity of the committee; but he still maintained that the positions assumed in the majority report stood unassailed, and it would be a work of supereroga tion to add anything to what has been said in that report. He hoped he would be permitted on this occasion to make a personal explanation, for he did not like to obtrude himself on the attention of the Senate except when he had the floor for debate. He found in the New York Tribune some false statements in regard to the action of the Committee on Territo ries, which he would take occasion to contradict. It was assumed that the majority of the committee made a positive promise to Messrs. Douglas and Collamer not to report until the succeeding Monday, but in violation of that agreement, the report was precipitated, and hurried through, and they were compelled to report before they were ready. * He would now make a statement of the facts. On Monday he was not quite ready with the major ity report. On Tuesday the committee met and his report was ready, and the Senator from Vermont [Mr. Collamer] also had his minority report ready, but the Senator from Illinois said he was not ready, and the matter was postponed until Thursday, when Mr. Douglas said he would have his report ready if lie possibly could, but he would not ask a postpone ment beyond the next Monday at any rate. On the same day, in order to stimulate the Senator from Illinois, Mr. (i. wrote him a note, stating that it was the desire of the committee to report on Thurs day. lint to show the falsity of the statement that there was a violation of agreement, and that the committee took advantage of Mr. Douglas to re port before he was ready, he stated that Mr. D. was ready on Thursday morning, and not onlv that, but he had sent off a copy of his report to New York six hours before the committee met, and then when the committe met he voted against making a re port on that day. Under these circumstances, Mr. G. couid not see that any serious wrong was perpe trated on the senator from Illinois. Mr. Douglas explained that he stated on Tuesday that, he did not think it would be possible for him to finish his report on Thursday, but he would guar antee to be ready by Mondav to submit his report. The committee agreed to meet on Thursday, and read over the majority and minority reports," so far as they were completed. His understanding, when they separated, was that the committee were not to report until Monday. Subsequently, on the same day, he received a note from the chairman of the committee, to the following effect:—"lt is the unanimous desire of the committee to report finallv on Thursday, and 1 send you this note in order that you may not be taken by'surprise." In consequence of this notification, he made e.\- t-aordinary efforts to finish his report, and on Thursday morning, between three and four o'clock, he succeeded in bringing it to a conclusion, without having had time to read it over or revise it. He had worn himself out by writing all davand two nights without more than three hours sleep. He wished to revise the report and add one or two other points, for he stopped several pages short of what lie in tended to, in consequence of the notice of the Sen ator from Missouri. As to its publication in .Yew \ ork, be allowed a clerk to take a copy for the press, but still it had not been revised. Mr. ( ireen wanted to know, if the senator voted against making the report because he wanted to revise it; who was going to revise the copy in the New 1 ork Tribune office, which had been previous ly sent off? Hut passing from that subject. Mr. (1. said that he had a substitute for the bill reported bv the committee which he should offer at the proper time. The substitute provided for the admission of the States of Kansas and Minnesota together: and he hoped this course would expedite the business before the Senate, so that other important subjects might come up for consideration. He protested against the senator from Illinois going out of his way, on a preliminary motion to take up a subject for consideration, to'talk about forcing a constitution upon the people of Kansas against their will. This was attempting to preju dice the question before it was taken up. Now. what were Congress to inquire? The questions to be asked were, is this the legal constitution of the new State? Is the constitution republican in form? Are the boundaries proposed admissible, and is the number of inhabitants sufficient to justify indepen dent State organization? These are the only things to be inquired about. We neither approve'nor dis approve the particular features of the instrument: that is a matter to be left entirely to the people themselves. N'o doubt there may be some provision in it to which exception can be taken; but where can anv State be found whose constitution is perfect? That the constitution of Kansas is republican cannot be controverted. It is nlso conceded that there is sufficient popula tion to entitle her to a representative in the House of Representatives. The Constitution of the United States specifies no particular number, but the prac tice has been to admit new States whenever their population exceeds the ratio of representation.— Hut there were other reasons, strong, powerful and overwhelming, why Kansas should be admitted.— It was not all peace and quietness in Kansas, as had been stated by the senator from Illinois. There was much strife and contention there; there were perplexities besetting them on every hand—and without some government of their own, these diffi culties were likely to be perpetual. Even so lately as this morning he had received information of murders and assassinations in the Territory, led on bv the partv opposing the Lecomp ton constitution, General Whitfield was one of the federal officers there: and he had learned this morn ing that (feneral W. bad received notice to depart from the Territory, or they would assassinate him. He would tell the Senator "from Massachusetts that that was one of the reasons for the absence of feder al officers from their post ofdutv in the Territorv. It was useless to cry "peace," when there was ho peace; but there was an easy way to settle this whole matter. As the boundaries were unexceptionable, as the Constitution was republican, and the population was sufficient, let her be admitted at once. The question might be asked, is it a legal constitution? He would say, ves; because it emanated from the people, who are the source of power in all governments. The people have exercised that power under the forms of law. They directed the first vote to be taken calling a convention; and the convention were clothed with the power which the people delegated to them, in all the acts which they performed. He had already shown that 9,521 votes were registered and less than three thousand votes remained unre gistered. The reason of this was, that the officers were driven out of some of the counties, and pre vented from executing the law, and many voters re fused to permit themselves to be registered. The whole wrong, for not having a completeregistration, was with the anti-I.eeompton partv; and they have no right to plead that wrong as a bar to the subse quent proceedings. But it had been said by the Senator from Ver mont in his report that nineteen counties were un represented. He held it to be the duty of a Senator not to prejudice the case bv omitting a part of the truth. VV here it was said that nineteen counties were represented, and there were nineteen unrepre sented, that would appear to carry the inference that only half were represented; but that was not so. All the votes in the Territory, excepting less than three thousand, were registered. The counties not registered and counties not represented con tained less than fifteen hundred votes. That was the statement in the majority report, and Mr. G. adhered to it because it was true. It you take the list of counties in which no regis tration was had, and compare it even with the Tast vote returned on the 4th of January, 1858, it will be seen that tbcre were only 1,423 altogether, with a different elective franchise, requiring no resi dence, requiring them simply to be bona fid- inhab itants, and including citizens'and aliens. But un der the registration law they were required to be citizens of the United States, and to have been re sidents from the March preceding. Thus it is evi dent, first, that whatever wrong has been done re sulted from the misconduct of the opposition; and, secondly, that that wrong has been greatly magni fied. There were three counties--Clav, Oickinson, and Washington—that had not a single inhabitant, and never have had up to this hour. Mr. G. went on to show that the vote of the 4th of January on the adoption of the constitution was an illegal vote, because the constitution had been perfected before. The senator from Illinois had ar gued that the vote of the 24th of December was an illegal vote, because the legislature on the 17th passed a law against it. But he replied to that, that a convention of delegates was equal to the peo ple, and it was the same as if the people themselves were acting. The convention acted not in its own name, but as the agents of the people. The people could not be interfered with, nor could the people's agents be interfered with by the legislature. The people liad delegated authority to the convention, and no subsequent action could'annul it, until it was exhausted in its exercise. It had also been objected that the Convention had no right to pass any laws; but he held that a con vention of the people, if a legal body at all, was clothed with power to perfect all the purposes for which it was called into being. Everv convention that had ever met in this 1 nion had passed laws; and all would remember the recent case of the law passed by the Minnesota Convention, declaring that all the former acts should remain in force until fur ther legislation. The objection had also been urged with great per tinacity that the Lecompton constitution did not i imbody the will of the people. He believed that the popular will was always to be ascertained through i the forms of law, and he knew of no popular will except that expressed through the channels of law. Then it comes with a commanding inlluenee ; but the wild cry of an infuriated mob does not deserve to be regarded as the people's voice, and never should be taken to express the people's will. There 5 were 6,975 votes for the constitution; whether there j were more than that against it or not, had not been PRICE TWO CENTS. shown in any legal manner. It was evident, how ever, that the vote of ten thousand against the con stitution on the 4th of January was spurious, for the opponents of the constitution had not that num ber in the Territory. The people's will had been made known; this constitution, so far as we know anything about it legally, is the people's constitu tion, and nnbodies their will. Mi. lr. remarked that he had heretofore spoken on the question of the power to amend the Consti tution. He had not a single doubt in his mind but that the people possessed that power, but thevmust exercise it in a legal manner. The right of the peo ple to change the Constitution, is older than the Constitution itself, and cannot be conveyed awav bv the Constitution. It springs from the right of self-government, which is inherent in the people ■ but, while he should always recognize the right of the people to change or amend the Constitution, in an orderly and legal way, he could not recognize , the right of a mob to assemble and change the government without going through the forms of law. Any provision in that Constitution which may be deemed obnoxious, may be legally amended bv the people at any time, as well prior to 1864, a's alter that time. Mr. G. closed bv remarking that it was unnecessary to say more now, but he should reserve the right to reply to whatever objections might be urged against the positions assumed in the report of the committee. Mr. Collamer wished to correct one statement that bad been made by the chairman of the Committee who had said that he (Mr. O.) had made the asser tion that nineteen counties in Kansas were unrep resented. He had made no such statement. Mr. Green turned to the report, and read the ex tract to which he had alluded; but upon further ex amination he announced that this was in the report of Mr. Douglas, and not in that of Mr. Collamer. Mr. Collamer said that he had only stated in his report that the registration was imperfectly done in almost one half of the counties in Kansas, and some ot them were populous. That was the stateuient and that was true. Ho went on to allude to the tiiesome nature of the Kansas discussions, and hop ed the Senate would not be guided in their disposi tion ot the matter by the same niotiyes that influen ced the unjust judge spoken of in the Bible, who avenged the poor widow lest by her continual com ing she should weary him. It' was said of him that lie neither feared God, nor regarded man, and he was not, therefore, an example of imitation. Mr. C. proceeded to advert to the early history of the country, and the discussions which arose out of the acquisition of new territory, as to the question of slavery. He held that the repeal of the Missouri Compro mise was an unfortunate measure, and had tended in a great degree to alienate the members of our common confederacy, who should be governed by feelings similar to those which animated the patri arch of old when he said to Lot, "Go thou to the right hand and I will go to the left, or go thou to the left hand and 1 will go to the right: let there be no strife between my herdmen and thy herdmen, for we are brethren." He also argued that it was a well-settled principle that the power to regulate implies the power to prohibit, and cited instances w here this power to regulate had been exercised in regard to slaver v. lie defended the emigration so Metres, urging that their purposes were legal and peaceful, and that the ordinary laws of emigration would make Kansas a free State. Hut in her past history there had been presented nothing but one continued, protracted outrage, which had never been examined into or corrected. Mr. Foot (interrupting) remarked that his col league had been sick recently and had not recovered his strength: and in his present condition he wa unable to go on with the argument without injury to his health. He would therefore, with his consent move that the Senate adjourn. The motion was modified, at the request of Mr. Mason,,to proceed to the consideration of executive business ; and after a protracted session, at quarter before six o'clock. The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Speaker laid before tiie House certain resolu tions of the Legislature of Oregon Territory in re lation to Indian wars: which were laid on the table and ordered to be printed. The Speaker announced that he bad appointed on tiie committee authorized to consider the resolution for the expulsion of Matteson the following gentle men: Messrs. Seward of Georgia, Harris of Illinois, Grow ol Pennsylvania, Curtis of lowa, and Hi-hop ot Connecticut. Mr. Harris, of Illinois, asked to be excused from serving; which was granted. EXPENSES OF THE KANSAS LEGISLATURE. Hie Speaker stated the business first in order to be the consideration of the following resolution in troduced Mondav last, a week, bv Mr. Sherman, of Ohio—the question pending being on the motion that the rules be suspended: /tVWtW, That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to inform this House whether anv monev has been paid out of the treasury of the United States during the fiscal vear ending June 30 1857 for the expenses of any legislative or aliened leD lative assembly in the Territory of Kansas, and? if so, under what act or provision of law, and from what fund said money has been paid. The rules were suspended, and the resolution agreed to. ORGANIZATION OF THE OFFICES OF THE HOI'SK Mr. Mason, ot Kentucky, from the Committee on Accounts, reported back, without amendment, the hill fixing the number and compensation of the clerks, messengers, pages, and laborers of the House ot Representatives. Mr. Mason contended that the number of places were too many, and that the pay of some of them was too large. He addressed the committee at length, to show the necessity for the reform which would be inaugurated bv the passage of (tie bill be fore the body, and then'moved that it bo put on its passage. Mr. Spinner, ol Xew 1 ork, moved to amend the bill so that it should take effect on the first Monday in December next, saying lie was in favor of allow ing the present employees to serve during the pres ent session without being cut off, and then, if thev came back next year, they did so knowing the con dition under which they accepted office. Mr. Warren, of Arkansas, said he was oppoeed to the bill as reported from the committee. He eon tended that it was necessary to obtain efficient of ficers to •rive them something like adequate sala ries. While tliev increased the pay of the higher functionaries, they struck at those'whose bread de pended on the little mite they received from tiie government for the arduous duties which they per formed. Mr. Kuflin, of North Carolina, addressed the House in advocacy of the bill reported bv the com mittee, concurring in the remarks of the gentleman from Kentucky. If the bill was passed, he doubted not they would find plenty of men who would per form the duties efficiently. They had tried the high salary system, and now they should trv a reform. He contended that the rules of the House were not enforced rigidlv in regard to the admission of per sons upon the floor, and thought that the passage of the bill would bring about a wholesome reform in this particular. Mr. .Jones, ot Tennessee, thought it was important to have some legislation upon the subject now under consideration, and to fix and determine the compen sation of the employees in and about the building. The bill reported by the committee was liberal both as to the number of employees and their compensa tion, and he believed they could obtain quite as com petent officers under it as they ever baa. Mr. Searing, of New York, proposed a substitute for the bill, fixing the salary of the Clerk of the House at 53,600; the salary o'f the chief clerk, the journal clerk, and others at 52,500 each; the read ing clerk and his assistants at $2,160 each: nine as sistant clerks, each SI,850; chief messenger in the Clerk's office SI,500; messenger ol the librarv, $1,500; five assistant messengers, each 81,200; one laborer at $7OO, and one at S6OO per annum; two laborers at S5O each per month during the session; the Doorkeeper, 52,160: his assistant, 51,750; five messengers, each, SI,500; fifteen messengers, each, SI,200; superintendent of the document room and his assistants, each 51,750; super intendent of the folding-room, SI,800; his as sistant. SI,500; four laborers; each $600; four at S5O per month; and twenty pages at $2 per day; the messengers of the House during the re cess to perform labor in the folding-room; the post master of the House, $2,160; his assistants, $1,750; four messengers, each $1,500; three mail-bovs, each $900; and two mail-boys, each $5O per month; two clerks, each $l,BOO, to continue the alphabetical in dex of private claims; and that the Doorkeeper be authorized to employ not to exceed twenty-five men in the folding-room, under the direction of the Com mittee on Accounts, at a compensation of $2.50 per day; and to be allowed sufficient compensation for sending messages and despatches; the messengers to keep a carrvall and horse at S2 per da v. He moved that the bill be referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. Mr. Smith, of Illinois, said he would go as far as any gentleman, in reducing the expenses of the Government, but would not commence with reducing the pay of the clerks and messengers around the hall. Mr. Nichols, of Ohio, remarked that the bill lim ited its effect to the men employed about the House, and reached nowhere else, if* they desired to cut down the salaries, the motion which had been made to refer the bill to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, was the proper one, and let it come from that Committee affecting all who re ceive salaries from the government. Mr. llaskin, of Xew York, proposed to amend the bill by repealing the recent compensation act for the members of Congress, and restoring the eight dollars per diem compensation. The speaker decided that, the amendment could not be received, pending the motion to commit the bill. Mr. Smith, of Virginia, advocated the passage of the bill, and deprecated the effort to kill it by at taching irrevalent amendments. Mr. Jlollicoffer, of Tennessee, moved that the bill be recommitted to the Committee on accounts, with instructions to report how many clerks, door-keep ers and other, employees are now employed, and what compensation is paid to them. Mr. Smith, of Tennessee, said he had taken the trouble to investigate the amount liich the passage of the bill would save the government, and found that it would probably be $20,0(H). In his opinion, the hill should go to the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, expressed himself in favor of tlie bill, lie was nut the man to oppose a meas ure that would effect a needful reform because it did not meet his views in every particular. He de manded the previous question"; pending which