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To Advertisers.— ln order to afford the public an op portunity to judge for themselves of the merits of the Ex change. large editions will be issued for the. first few days of its pultlicalion and distributed widely and gratuitously within the city, and also in those sections of the country which are connected with Baltimore by business relations. Mershants and others, who nuiy propose to advertise in our columns, will do well therefore, to send in their advertise ments at once, and thereby obtain the advantage of the ex tended circulation which such gratuitous distribution of the pajwr, both in town and country, will afford, an advantage which none who unJerstaiut the value of legitimate adver tising will fail to apjneciate. For rates of advertising see Table elsewhere. To Headers.— By means of the gratuitious distribution above adverted to, it is designed to make the Exchange per form in part its own canvassing. Persons disposed to en courage the enterprise can continue the experiment at their own pleasure, if residing within the city by settling from time to time loith the carrier upon the terms stated elsewhere, i f out of the city by sending their orders to the office of the paper, acc<>mjxinied by pre payment far the time specified. To Correspondents.— Ei % ery communication inten ded for publication must be accttmpanied by the name of the writer. A/anuscrijts should be written on one side of the paper only. BALTIMORE. THURSDAY, MARCH 4, 1858. It is one of the exploded fallacies of by-gone days, that a newspaper must either have no political opinions at all, or must have them exactly squared according to the exclusive and distinctive doctrines of some particular party. Until within a comparatively recent period, Amer ican journals might have been classified as either partizan or neutral. The former were the old fashioned party organs, with their blind and bigoted devotion to all men and measures bearing the recognized party stamp, and their factious and often senseless opposition to all persons or princi ples outside the pale of political orthodoxy. The latter constituted the professedly neutral press, which endeavored to please everybody and sought to conciliate all classes and interests—which never dared to avow an opinion of its own, but studious ly maintained a frigid and prudent reserve, or else by ingenious trimming contrived to sail close enough to the wind to lie able on occasion to shift its course at a moment's warning, in accordance with the prevailing popular breeze. Between the rabid and servile partizanship of the one class ol journals, and the timid and feeble neutrality of the other, there is growing tip a pow erful and overshadowing independent press, which already counts its readers by hundreds of thou sands, and wields an influence such as mere party organs in their palmiest days, never aspired to pos sess. Both the partizan and the neutral journals are gradually raising themselves to this high indepen dent level. The former feel painfully conscious amid the changes and mutations, the fusion and confusion of political factions, the gradual extinc tion of some, the impending dissolution of others, and the disorganized condition of all, that it is no longer possible to maintain a permanent footing upon the shifting sands of party organization. The neutral journals naturally contemplate with satisfaction, the disappearance of ancient political landmarks, and the ruptiou of old party ties, as af fording them the opportunity to discuss, with free dom and independence, the new political issues of these latter days. The fact is. at the present moment parties are everywhere in a transition state. A political de luge has come, which is sweeping over the country, subverting old land-marks, levelling mountains and filling up valleys; and the mere party-politi cians are borne along in its course like drift wood upon its surface. When or how the flood will sub side, and parties settle down into something like permanence, no one can tell. Meanwhile, how ever, the people who are not politicians are holding themselves aloof from party complications. There is no exaggeration in saying that an overwhelming majority of American citizens- are ready at this moment to deposit their ballots without reference to party names or organizations, for the men and measures which may best commend themselves to popular approbation. This new era of independent thought and action in political affairs demand', as its guide and expo nent a free and unshackled press. Party organs no longer possess influence or command respect. Neutrality will answer for the mere newspaper. The journal which responds with the ponderous and rapid stroke of its steam press, to the pulsations of the throbbing heart of the great world of life and action, must continue in constant accord and sym pathy with public opinion, by reflecting and guid ing its course with equal fidelity and independence. Macaulay once said, that if every man iu Athens had been a Socrates, the Athenians would still have been a mob. And it may generally be said of bodies politic and corporate, created and organized for the ex press purpose of making money and declaring div idends, that if every individual corporator were an honest man, the corporation itself might still be open to suspicion on the score of integrity. As we have before intimated, we are not of those who regard the Gas Light Company of Baltimore as one of those holy and immaculate bodies whose dealings with the community are not to be inquired into or impeached, in favor of which every pre sumption is to be made, and against whose charac ter no evidence, however strong, is to be allowed a hearing. Nor are we disposed to allow ourselves to be de terred from an expression of what is now the indig nant voice of almost the entire community, with respect to the impositions and extortions which that company has practiced, until they have at las t grown too grievous to be borne, by having held up before us as a conclusive answer the private characters of its individual officers. It is wholly irrelevant and impertinent in this connection to urge the high and admitted reputation of this, that or the other gentleman, whose respectable name figures upon the company's books in some one or other official capacity, as- a reply to these grave and well-substantiated charges. We all under stand perfectly well how conscientious and strictly honest men can sometimes, with no voluntary or conscious complicity on their part, be made, through the medium of one of those impalpable es sences called corporations, accessary to substantial frauds. When Warren Hastings was filling the vaults of the East India Company with rupees, wrung from the helpless nabobs and begums of Oude and Ben gal, we have no doubt that among the directors who sat at the board were many honest and just men, who would have repudiated with indignation and horror the suspicion that the fat dividends they were so complacently pocketing were the fruits of a most cruel and infamous system of wholesale plunder and extortion. It is highly probable, indeed, that men distinguished for prob ity, and even piety, might have been among those from whom emanated the famous order from the company to its Indian agents, to "tend money; be liberal and just in your administration, and— send money; avoid all fraud or violence in your dealings with the natives, and— send money." When a large proportion of the gas consumers of this city fiud that their bills steadily increase in almost an inverse ratio to the apparently diminish ed price of the article, it is certainly time that in quiries should be made as to the cause of so singular a phenomenon. And the necessity for an investiga tion becomes the more obvious when we find that this whole nrt and mystery of registering the gas consumed is under the exclusive control of the com pany's agents. Whether indeed there be any just ground or not for the complaints which are now made, this very fact alone mnst always, in the nature of things, be an occasion for suspicion to wards the company, and ill-feeling and dissatisfac tion among its customers, who are thus so com pletely and helplessly within its power. For the peace and comfort of the community, and for the good name and fame of the corporation itself, if for no other reasons, we insist upon the application of the remedy which we have already adverted to, and which is now before our Legisla ture awaiting its decision. Let the gas-meters al ready burnished be carefully tested and compared with an approved standard, and let all others hereafter supplied be subjected to a similar ordeal, and be officially stamped. The engineers employed on the Pennsylvania Central Railroad are on a strike, and some difficulty has been experienced in getting off the trains. The freight trains had been suspended, none having arrived at Harrisburg on Tuesday. BOXES. —The Gardiner (Me.) Journal savs that the manufacture of sugar boxes is largely car ried on in that city this winter, and has enabled all the mills to keep at work at remunerative rates. It is estimated that $25,000 worth will be made there daring the winter. LATEST NEWS. TELEGRAMS RECEIVED AT THE OFFICE OF THE DAILY EXCHANGE. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. SENATE. WASHINGTON, March 3. Mr. Hamilton offered a joint resolution author izing the Secretary of the Navy to pay the offi cers and seamen engaged in the expedition sent in search of Dr. Kane, at the same rate allowed in Dehaven's expedition. The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill for the admission ol Kansas into the Union. Mr. Seward, in opposing the bill, argued the fol lowing points First, That whereas, in the begin ning, the ascendency of the slave States was abso lute, it is now being reversed. Second, That where as, heretofore the National Government favored this change of balance from the slave States to the free States, it has now reversed this policy and op poses the change. Third, That National interven tion in the territories in favor of slave labor and slave States, is opposed to the national, social and moral developments of the Republic. He took oc casion to criticise severely the Dred Scott opinion pronounced by the Supreme Court; and in conclu sion, said he had always believed that this glorious Federal Constitution is adapted to the inevitable ex pansion of the empire which he had so feebly pre sented. It has been perverted often by miscon struction and it has yet to be perverted many times and widely hereafter; hut it lias inherent strength and vigor that will cast off all the webs which the ever-changing interests of classes may weave around it. Mr. Thomson, of New Jersey, made a speech in favor of the admission of Kansas under the Lecoinp ton Constitution, as a measure calculated to restore peace within her borders by leaving her to manage her affairs in her own wav. When he had concluded the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 4 The House resumed the consideration of the Sen ate resolutions ot the Naval retiring board. Mr. Whitelv argued in favor of the resolutions, severely criticising the proceedings of the Naval Hoard. Mr. Hocock offered the resolutions, contending that the proceedings of the Board of Inquiry were just, and even if reversed that many of its supposed vic tims now expecting to get back into the Navy would find themselves mistaken. Mr. W inslow and Mr. Seward severally advocated the resolution, which was linally passed—yeas 123 nays 51. The House then adjourned. ANTI-LECOMPTON MEETING. CINCINNATI, March 3.—A large Anti-Lecompton meeting was held here last evening, at which reso lutions were adopted tendering thanks to Messrs. Douglas, Stuart and Broderick, and Governors Walker and Stanton. Also declaring it to he the imperative duty of Congress to reject the pending application for admission under the Lecompton Con stitution. Stanley Matthews, U. S. District Attorney, was among the speakers. MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS. NEW YORK, March 3.—The Democrats of Roches" ter elected their Mkyor yesterday at the municipal election, but the opposition have a majority in the Board of Aldermen. The municipal election at Oswego also resulted in the election of the Democratic candidate for Mayor. In the Board of Aldermen there is a tie. CHICAGO, March 3.—At the municipal election held here yesterday the vote was the largest ever polled- The entire Republican ticket was elected by a major ity of 1,000. SAILING OF THE AFRICA. NEW 1 ORK, March 3.—The steamer Africa sailed hence to-day at 10 o'clock for Liverpool with $70,- 000 in specie. EDITOR DEAD. NEW YORK, March 3.—Freeman Hunt, editor of the Merchants Magazine , died this morning. FIRE IN BIDDEFORD, ME. SACO, ME., March 2.—The building called Central Block, in Biddeford, was totally destroyed by lire this morning. The second story was occupied as offices by the Union and Journal newspapers. Their insurance amounts to $2,500. Among the other sufferers are Goodwin A Fales, attorneys; Xew eomb, shoe dealer; Dyer, druggist; Hilton A Clark, clothiers; and Harris, grocer. The building was valued at $15,000, and the insurance amounted to $lO,OOO. The fire was undoubtedly the work of an incendiarv. STEAMBOAT BURNT. NEW YORK, March 3.—A despatch from Mobile says that the steamer Eliza with 1,600 bales of Cot ton was burnt below Demopolis and thirty or forty lives lost. [SECOND DESPATCH.] NEW ORLEANS, March 3. —The steamer Eliza had 1,200 bales of Cotton on board and 39 passengers in cluding Rev. Mr. Newman, of Louisville. FIRE AT SUFFERNS. SCFFERNS, N. i r ., March 2.—Adam Datev's house about three miles east of Sufl'ern's Station, was to tally destroyed by fire this evening at six o'clock. Insured. FIRE AT PROVIDENCE. PROVIDENCE. R. 1., March 2.— The stables in the rear of Dexter Block, were destroyed by fire early this evening. Seven horses were burned. The others in the stable were got out. The loss is about $5,000; partly insured. FIRE AT CLAYVILLE, R. I. PROVIDENCE, March 2.— The old cotton factory at Clayville, owned by Josiah Whittaker of this city, and operated by Lindsey Jordan, was destroved by tire this morning. Insured for $11,200. IMPORTATION OF NEGROES. NEW ORLEANS, March 3.— The House of Repre sentatives of this State, has passed a bill authori zing a company already organized, to import 2,500 free negroes from the Coast of Africa, indentured for not less than fifteen years. WEATHER REPORT, March 3.—Noon. PHILADELPHIA. —Weather clear. Barometer 29.92; wind S. W. by W. Thermometer 25°. WASHlNGTON. —Thermometer 32°, skv variable, wind N. W. MARKETS. . NEW YORK, March 3. —Cotton is heavy. Sales of 1,000 bales. Prices easier, but unchanged. Flour is firm. Sales of 9,000 barrels at an advance of 5 cts. for Southern and Ohio—Southern, $4.70@5; Ohio, $email@example.com. Wheat is firm. Sales of Southern white at $1.50. Corn is firm. Sales of 40,000 bush els at 66® 68 for white, and 66%®69 cts. for yellow. Pork has advanced 15 cts. Sales at $16.50(316.05. Prime has declined 10 cents. Sales at $l3. Whis key has advanced %. Sales at 9%@10 cts. Coffee is dull. Sugar closed buoyant. Sales of 1,200 hhds at 4%@7%. Turpentine Spirits closed firm at 46® 46% cts. Rosin closed buoyant at $1.50 cts. Rice is quiet. The Late Contempt Case—A Lawyer and a Dentist Committed to Prison. SUPREME COURT SPECIAL TERM. Before Hon. Judge Sutherland. MARCH 2.— ln the matter of the alleged contempt of Court by Frederick L. Seely and David IF. Jobson.— The parties in this case have been charged with a contempt before a referee (Mr. J. N. Whiting) ap pointed to inquire into the merits of a suit pending between Jobson and Mr. Griffin. Ex-Judge Ed monds, to whom the matter of alleged contempt was referred, made his report, which has been al ready published in the Herald, and on that report Judge Sutherland made an order this morning ad judging that Mr. Seely (a lawyer) and Mr. Jobson (ex-dentist to her British Majesty Queen Victoria) should each be imprisoned in the city and county jail of New York for two days. Mr. Jobson said he had a letter from a physician, stating that his health would be injured by impri sonment. Judge Sutherland thought that two days would do him no harm. Mr. Jobson said he knew it would kill him. Judge Sutherland was of opinion that it would not. Mr. Scbermerhorn (Jobson's council) suggested one day as sufficient, and asked the Judge it he had examined the law as to the jurisdiction of the Court. The Judge said he had consulted his associates on the matter, and had no doubt as to the jurisdic tion. Thereupon Mr. Harry Bertholf took charge of Mr. Seely, and one of the Sheriffs deputies took Mr. Jobson under his care. Mr. Seely remarked, in an undertone, that he would be perfectly satisfied if the Sheriff wonld onlv put him and Jobson in the same cell.— Neic York Herald. HEAVY DEFALCATION OF A BANK AGENT. —It is reported in Augusta, that the agent of two of the South Carolina banks, at Memphis, Tennessee, had disappeared, leaving $BO,OOO of cash unaccounted for, and $200,000 in bills of exchange of very doubt ful character, taken for their account—every part of which that has fallen due, has been protested. THE DAILY EXCHANGE, MARCH 4, 1858. MARYLAND LEGISLATURE. ANNAPOLIS, March 3, 1858. SENATE. Bill* Reported. —By Mr. Bowdle, to repair the armory at Easton. Also, for the relief of J. C. W. AJ. A. W. Powell. Mr. Miles, to make valid a deed to W. 11. Hardy. Mr. Kimmell, relating to subscriptions of Capital Stock of corporations formed under ch. 338 of 1852, relating to the extent ot land and mineral rights such corporation may hold. Mr. McMasters, to make valid a deed to H. J. P. Dickinson. Also, to sell at private sale cer tain slaves of the late P. Porter. Mr. Daniel, to apply the money received for interest from the U. S. Government. Also, to reduce into system the laws and regulations concerning last wills and tes taments. Mr. Nuttle, for the promotion of corpo rations for building a railroad in Caroline county-. Mr. McCullough, to make valid a deed to S. Catts. Mr. Daniel, to make valid a deed from E. Town and wife. Mr. McCullough, for relief of H. W. Fitz hugh. Bills passed. —Amending the charter of the Rose bank Cemetery. Changing the name of the Me chanics' Exchange A Savings Co., to Exchange Bank. Eor enforcing the police regulations of the town ot Sharpsburg. For the benefit of A. A. Dn hamel. For two new school districts in Kent county. To pay B. T. Johnson for legal services. For the relief of W, O. Reeden of St. Mary's county. To amend the act of 1849 ch. 269, so far as relates to Car roll county. To amend the act incorporating the School Commissioners of Baltimore county. To modify the punishment of free negroes convicted of larceny, Ac. To repeal Res. No. 8, of 1840, Ac. To create a new election district in Dorchester countv. To condemn an alley in the town of Fizzle's burg, Carroll county. To amend the act for com promising assaults and batteries. Refunding a sum of money to A. Osborn, G. D. Clayton and S. C. Govrell. For an additional constable in the second district of Worcester countv. Incorporating the Annapolis Gas Light Company. For additional Road Supervisors in the Ist district of Worcester county. Incorporating the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Kent island. Incorpo rating the Maryland Mutual Life and Fire lusurance Company. Incorporating the Old Town Savings' Institution. For a new assessment of property in Baltimore city, reconsidered. Making valid a deed to Adam Hilt. For payment of the balance of a certain pension. To make valid a conveyance to O. H. Williams. For the sale or lease of property belonging to Baltimore city. To make valid a be quest to Tlios. Shields. To pav J. S. Franklin for legal services. To facilitate the collection of debts in suits in the Superior Court and Court of Com mon Pleas of Baltimore city. Making valid a deed to B. Bassett. Refunding a sum of money to Z. Marshall. Incorporating the Mutual Insurance Company of Somerset and Worcester counties. For relief ol T. S. Beall. Amending the charter of the Frederickstown Saving's Institution. For a bridge across Miles River Ferry in Talbot county. To pay balance of pension du'e Hester Pennafield. To protect proprietors of mineral lands in Allegany county. Making valid a deed to R. J. Draper.— For the relief of the devisees and legatees of J. C. Rowles. Incorporating the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Calvert county. Incorporating the Ilazlewood Coal Company. To return books in the office of the Register of Wills of Caroline county. To amend the act for making a turnpike from Ha gerstown to the Pennsylvania line, To repair the Comptroller's office. To prevent nuisances in Havre de Grace. Incorporating the American Band of Frederick county. Bills Rejected. —To prevent slaves from gaining their freedom in certain cases, recommended. To provide counsel for the State in certain cases in the Court ot Appeals, arising upon appeal from the Criminal Court of Baltimore, upon the license law. Mr. Kimmell offered the following message, which on motion of Mr. Stone, was laid on the ta ble. Gentlemen of the House of Delegates : We respectfully propose, with the concurrence of your honorable body, to appoint a joint committee to consist ot three members ot each house, during the recess, to contract for, superintend and procure, a marble statue of General Washington, to be placed in the Senate Chamber, upon the very identical spot where he resigned to the assembled Congress of the United States, on the 23d of December, 1783, his commission as Coinmander-in-Chief of the Revolu tionary Army, under which he consummated with his valiant compeers the Independence of our glori ous country. The statue to be made of American marble, by an American Artist, and life size. Ordered, that the Treasurer bo directed to honor the draft of the said joint committee, for any sum not exceeding dollars, and the Senate have ap pointed Messrs. The following is the vote by which Mr. Kimmell's substitute for the bill to apply to works of internal improvement on the Eastern Shore, certain portions of the unexpended balance of the million dollars which, by the aci of 1835, clx 395, was set apart to be so applied, was ordered to be engrossed—veas, Messrs. Bowles, Bradley, Clarke, Gardner, Kimmell, McCullough, McMasters, Miles, Nuttle, Stone, Wal lace and \V ilkins-—l2. Nays, Messrs. Webster, Franklin, Grahame, Hoffman", Smith, Turner—6. It was made the order of the day to-morrow, at 12 o'clock. Air. Stone's bill to repeal the act of 1840, releasing the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad troin the penalty incurred by not constructing their road throu<rh Washington county, according to the terms of tfie eight million loan bill, was also ordered to be en grossed. HOUSE OF DELEGATES. Orders, <frc.—By Mr. Ford of Baltimore county, that each county delegation be allowed to call up two bills, and the city delegation four bills in regu lar order. Mr. Goldsborough, that no more bills be printed. Mr. Mackubbin, that the bills of the Com mittee on Claims have precedence on Friday next. Mr. Daill, to close the Journal of Accounts on Fri day. Severally adopted. kill* Reported. —Bv Mr. Sterling, to regulate li censes to traders and ordinary keepers, made the order of the day for to-morrow. Also, to exempt Bed Men's Hall from taxation. Mr. Daill, to pay claims ot J. W. White. Mr. Alexander, to make valid the will of John Smith. Also, to make valid a certain deed. Also, unfavorably on the bill to prohibit the taking of insufficsent and irresponsible bail. Also, reported on the order of inquiry rela tive to the case of Jos. I.itson, removed to- Balti more city, from Anne Arundel county, on habeas corpus, that the proceedings of the Superior Court of Baltimore, were regular. Also, reported a bill to make valid a deed to K. L. Thomas. Mr. Lynch, of Baltimore county, to incorporate the Waterville Turnpike Company. Mr. Smith, of Baltimore city, for an inspector of tan bark. Mr. McKinstrv, to protect sheep in Harford county. Mr. Goldsbo rough, to release from taxation property of the P. E. Church in Talbot countv. Mr. Ford, of Baltimore count v, for the issue of a certificate by Commissioner of the Laud Office, for certain land in Baltimore county. Mr. ltogers, to widen Long Dock in Baltimore. Also, to authorize the Mayor Ac. of Baltimore to provide for the in spection of gas. Mr. Ford, of Cecil, to alter the lines of the sth, 6tli and 9th election districts of Ce cil county. Mr. Wiekes, to incorporate George town Cross Roads bv the name of Galena. Bills Reported. —Mr. Riddlenioser to amend the act incorporating a company to make a turnpike from Smithburg to the Pennsylvania line. Mr. Rogers reported back to the House without recommendation, the bill relative to Justices of the Peace in Baltimore city, and for two additional ones in tenth ward. Mr. Welling reported unfavorably on the bill to prohibit Banks from issuing notes under SlO after Ist July, 1859, and under s'2o after Ist January, 1860; also, to prohibit the circulation of Banknotes of other States under $2O. Mr. Tilghman unfavorably on resolutions to grant to Irving College 2 field pieces. After an interchange of messages, the two Houses proceeded to the election of State Librarian. The tellers reported the following result—whole vote cast 78; for L. Boyle 67—scattering 4, and blanks 7. L. Boyle was declared duly elected for 2 years from April next. Bills Passed. —For a State subscription to Win date's Register. To appoint two inspectors of Guano, <fcc., instead of one. To repeal the act in corporating the Patapsco Bank. For the relief of Maryland Hospital. Appropriating to the Common Schools the money received from the United States Government. The authorise the Commissioners of Queen Anne's and Kent counties, to make Chester bridge free to citizens of said connties. For relief of John L. Stansbury of Baltimore county. The Pilot bill was then taken up as the order of the day. A motion to strike out the enacting clause was made and lost. Mr. Tilghman moved an indefinite postponement, which was lost. This letter was closed before a vote was taken. CITY INTELLIGENCE. DEATH OF A BALTIMOREAN. —Capt. J as. M. Kane, of this city, a brother of Col. Geo. P. Kane, died in Galveston, Texas, on the 26th Februarv. He had gone south for the benefit of his health, and when it was hoped that a change of climate had produced the desired result, the intelligence of his decease was received by his sorrowing relatives and friends. SERIOUS ACClDENT. —Yesterday morning, as Mr. Solomon Colinus, proprietor of a saddlery establish ment, situate at No. 123 North High Street, was as sisting his brother-in law Mr. Patrick McGrane who keeps a marble yard opposite, in removing a slab of marble from a dray, his foot accidentally slipped, and the piece weighing near 2000 pounds fell upou him, one end striking him on the right leg, below the knee, causing a compound comminuted fracture of the bone. He was conveyed to his residence and the services of Drs. H. P. P. Yeates, Stevenson and Hess called in, who set the limb. EXPLOSION FROM ETHERIAL OlL. —Last night ten o'clock, a lamp filled with etherial oil was acci dentally overturned, in the residence of Mrs. Sum wait, on Hamburg street near Light. Fire was communicated to some bed clothing in the room> but was a? on extinguished by the neighbors. Mrs. Sumwalt and her son, who were in the room, fortu nately escaped without injury. BURGLARY. —At an early hour yesterday morning, the residence of Mr. Jason Johnstone, situate on West Lexington street, was entered by forcing the fastening from the basement door, and wearing ap parel and other articles valued at $2OO stolen there from. FIRE. —The alarm of fire at half-past five o'clock on Tuesday afternoon was caused by the partial burning of the roof of the dwelling of the late Bish op W augh, on Green street; also that of the one adjoining, occupied by Mr. Jacob Medairy. It was extinguished by the members of the Western Hose Company. The fire originated from sparks from a burning chimney falling upon the roof. CORN AND FLOCK EXCHANGE.— A meeting of the members of the Flour and Corn Exchange will be held at the rooms of the association at ten o'clock ou Saturday morning. The question of a new location for the Exchange will be presented for considera tion. FIRE. —The alarm of fire last night about ten o'clock proceeded irom the burning of the Hay Pressing es tablishment on the west side of Canal street, next to the corner of Holland. The concern was entirely burnt out, and the flames communicated to the roof of the adjoining house, which was not much dam aged. Loss not ascertained. ACCIDENT. —T esterday morning a boy named Jo seph Beard, whose parents reside on Front street near St. Vincent de Paul's church, had his foot j crushed, whilst playing on some railroad cars, on Monument street, near the Messrs. Demnead's es tablishment. He was taken home and properly cared for. POLICE. DISCHARGED. —A iurther hearing was vesterdav J afternoon had before Justice McKinley, in the case of John Mackey, arrested on the charge of enticing and secreting three slaves, the property of a Mr. Hoffman, at which nothing being shown to crimi nate the party, he was discharged from custody. RE-ARREST. —George Pracht, arrested a short time since on the charge of receiving stolen goods, whose trial was to have come off on Tuesday, at Towsontown, forfeited his recognizance, and was re-arrested yesterday afternoon bv Sergeant Crouch of the Southern district police. Justice Boyd com mitted him to answer. FIGHT AND ARREST. —On Tuesday night two young men, named Joseph Newbern and Nicholas Smith, got into a difficulty on Thames street, where upon Newbern drew a pistol with the intention of shooting Smith, when he was arrested by officer Hutton, of the Eastern District, and taken before Justice Audoun, who committed him in default of security to answer at Court. MR. A ANDENHOFF'S READlNG. —According to an nouncement, Mr. Vandenhoff read last night, be fore the Mercantile Library Association, his cele brated satirical poem, entitled "Common Sense." The reputation of this gentleman as a public lectu rer attracted a large and intelligent audience; and his sallies of wit , and happy illustrations of popular follies commanded the applause and excited the ad miration of all present. This is the first of a course Mr. Vandenhoff' will continue to deliver on the evenings stated in the advertisement; and we re spectfully- suggest to all who appreciate genuine wit, and true pictures of their human nature, to avail themselves of the opportunities of enjovment thus afforded. THE PEAK FAMILY. —This evening another concert will be given by this musical troupe, consisting of bell ringing, harp performances and singing. Here tofore we have had frequent exhibitions of campa nologians, but without disparagement, we may safely- say that those given by the Peak Family far surpass in interest those of any similar troupe which has ever visited this city. Their large audiences never fail to retire delighted in the highest measure with the entertainment. HOLLIDAY STREET THEATRE.- —The engagement of Mr. Charles Matthews is rapidly drawingto a close. He continues but three nights longer, which will be the only- opportunity of witnessing his finished por traitures of character. He appears to-night in three of his best parts. LAW INTELLIGENCE. [Reported for the Daily Exchange.] COURT OF APPEALS OF MARYLAND. DECEMBER TERM, 1857. ANNAPOLIS, March 3, 1858. No. 135. Thomas R. Johnson, administrator of Rinaldo Johnson vs. Farmers' Bank of Maryland and others—appeal from the Circuit Court of Prince George's county-—was further argued and conclud ed by Mayer for the appellant. No. 134'.—Thomas W. Robinson vs. Thomas J. Marshall. Appeal from the Circuit Court of Prince George's County. Justice Eccleston delivered the opinion of the Court. Judgment affirmed. No. 37.—Alexander Ca rr et al. vs. Alexander H. Hobbs. Appeal from the Cir.uit Court of Balti more City. Justice Tuck delivered the opinion of the Court. Cause remanded (under the act of 1832. cli. 302) for further proceedings. WEDNESDAY, .March 3, 1858. CRIMINAL COURT. — Hon. Judge Stump. J. L. Thomas, Esq., prosecuting for the State. In the case of Ellen Small, a colored woman, charged with stealing a bank book, there appeared to be up grounds for this indictment—inasmuch as there had been a disagreement among the members of a society of colored persons, of which the accused was also a member; she therefore refused to give up the book until such time as the dispute should be settled, and the proper person appointed to receive it. She was therefore discharged on restoring the book to the St. Joseph's Society. In the case of George A. Megee, Justice of the Pence, triod for ©ntortion and bribei v, th„ jn ,-v hav ing been out since the afternoon of vesterdav—came into Court just before noon and delivered a verdict of guilty, but recommended the traverser to the consideration of the Court: upon which Mr. Leakin, counsel for the defence, gave notice of his intention to move for a new trial. John Cole was then placed at the bar, charged with the larcency of sundry articles of clothing, the propertv of Peter Watner. Messrs. McAllister and Early defended the prisoner. The jury returned a verdict of guilty, and he was sentenced to two years and six months imprisonment. John Button was then placed at the bar —charged on four distinct indictments. The first for the lar ceny of two hides, the property of John V. Lime back. The prisoner was defended by Messrs. McAl ister and Early. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty. He was then charged with the larceny of two shirts and other articles of wearing apparel, upon which the jury also acquitted him. The third indictment also charged him with the larcenv of wearing apparel, upon which he was found guilty, and sentenced to two years and seven months im prisonment. The fourth charge was also of a simi lar character, but was stetted. George Fox was then tried for the larcenv of six live chickens, and was defended by Messrs. McAlis ter and Early. The jury returned"a verdict of guil ty, and he was sentenced to three years and four months imprisonment. COMMON PLEAS— Hon. Judge Marshall. Thomas Bavne vs. John Beamiller—an appeal from Carl. Judgment reversed. Robert 0. Ridgaway vs. White and Elder. This was an action for goods sold and delivered. Verdict for plaintiff in the sum of 5473. Peter Miller vs. Oliver Ijams. This was an action for damages arising from an illegal attachment of plaintiff's wages, v erdict for plaintiff in the sum ofS25. SUPERIOR COURT. —Hon. Judge Lee. John C. Turner and Chas. F. Yardley vs, John H. Thomas and Jacob F. Rudler. Teaelile for plain- j tiffs, Messrs. Wallis and Howard for defendants. This case is still on trial. COURT CALENDAR FOR THIS DAY. SUPERIOR COURT. —Assignments from 177 to 202, inclusive. COMMON PLEAS.— Assignments from 198 to 235, in clusive. [Reported for the Daily Exchange.] TOWSONTOWN, March 3, 1858. CIRCUIT COURT FOR BALTIMORE COUNTY. —Before Judge Price.—R. J. Gittings, Esq., Prosecuting | for the State. The jury in the case of the State vs. John Mur phy and Thomas Layburn, tried yesterday for as- i Faulting police officer Robert Miller, with intent to kill, and also for resisting him whilst in the dis charge of his official duties, during a riot in Potter ] street, on the Cth day of July last, returned a ver dict this morning, of "not guilty on the Ist, 2d and j 3d counts, but guilty on the 4thJ" which is a com- ' inon assault. Previous to taking the verdict, the ' parties failed to answer and were forfeited. State vs. Charles Myers, jointly indicted with five other persons unknown to the court, for an attempt to incite a riot in Howard street on the 10th day of May last. There being no evidence against "the prisoner, the jury returned a verdict of "not guil ty" without leaving their box, and the party was discharged. State vs. John Kellv, alias John Swan, indicted for the larceny of three cloth coats, valued at $4 each, the property of Wisenfelt & Co., corner of Marsh Market space and Baltimore street, alleged to have been taken on the 10th of October, 1837. It was in evidence on the part of the State, that the coats were found in the prisoner's possession and identified to by the cost mark of the firm. He en tered the store on his hands and feet, pulled the coats from the counter and then turned and went out; he was pursued by the clerks to Pratt street, where he was caught and handed over to the police. There being no evidence on the part of the prisoner the ease was submitted to a jury, who returned a verdict of "guilty." A delav of sentence was ask ed for. Lewis H. Wheeler, Esq., for the defence. State vs. Barbara Shill and Catharine Orhood, jointly indicted for assaulting Marv B. Trip, on the 2d day of July last. From the evidence it appears that tne parties live near each other, and Barbara and Cathariue were the owners of a lot of geese; the geese intruded on the premises of Mary and she killed one; satisfaction was asked for by tlie former parties, and after culling over each other's private character they resorted to blows, in which Mary shared the worst. It being a general fight, and as the evidence as to which commenced the affray ap peared to be a mystery, the jury returned a verdict of "not guilty," without leaving their box. R. R. Boarman for the defence. Abell Hall, the colored bov, arraigned yesterday for the larceny of cigars, was, on account of his youth, bound to Isaac L. Boyd, Esq., to learn farm ing. and to remain in his service until he arives at the age of 21 years. The bov will be sent to Queen Anne s county. State rs. Patrick Kane and Nicholas Cunning ham, jointly indicted for the larceny of 800 lbs. of iron valued at $4O, the property of Elisha Lewis, on the 2Gth day of June, 1857, alleged to have been taken from the ruins of the fire on Charles street. There being no direct evidence against the parties the State abandoned the case, and a verdict of not guilty rendered; whereupon the parties were dis charged. C. L. Kraft for the defence. The cases of the State vs. Richardson, Clasey and Middle camp were fixed for trial on Friday, the sth. State vs. Joseph Okes, fixed for the 24th, and Slate vs. John Curlctt for to-morrow. State va. Joseph Keller and Daniel Wilson, indicted for an assault and battery, stetted. State vs. Whittle and Battinger, fixed for trial to-morrow. John Murphy appeared in court, at a late hour, and was sent to jail to await the arrest of his col league, Layburn. whom it is alleged took sick on his way from Baltimore to this place. In all pro bability they will be sentenced to-morrow, for a common assault on police officer Miller. Court adjourned until to-morrow morning. [Reported for the "Daily Exchange."] FIRST ANNUAL MEETING OF THE EAST BALTIMORE CONFERENCE OF THE METIIOIIJST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. FIRST DAY, Wednesday, March 3,1858. —This body met yesterday morning, pursuant to announcement, at 9 o'clock, in the Broadway Church. There was a pretty full attendance of members. Owing to the large number of ministers attending the Baltimore Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, it was concluded at their last meeting to make a division of the Conference. The East Baltimore Conference comprises within its bounds East Baltimore, Frederick, Carlisle, Bellefonte, Northumberland and Cumberland Dis tricts; the remaining districts compose the old Balti more Conference. Bishop Baker opened the exercises at the appoint ed time, bv reading, as the Lessons, the 122 d Psalm, and the 4th chapter of the 2d Corinthians. This was followed by singing, in a very impressive man ner, by the members, the 237 th Hymn, beginning with, "I love thy kingdom, Lord;" this was fol lowed by prayer bv Bishop Baker. The Rev. J. H. C. Dosh, Assistant Secretary of the last Baltimore Conference then called the names of the members of this Conference. The meeting being ready for business. Bishop Baker in the Chair, assisted by Bishops Janes and Scott, the first business was the election of Secre taries. aaßev. Henry Slicer nominated the Rev. Thomas B. Sargent as Secretary of the Conference, who was duly elected. Rev. t). H. Tiffany was elected Assist ant Secretary-. A motion was made and carried, that the Secre tary have power to call in any aid, if he should re quire it, in the prosecution of his duties. Rev. James H. Brown, made a motion, which was adopted, to the effect that a committee of three be appointed bv the chair, to prepare a proper min ute on the death of the late Bishop Waugh—said minute to be placed in full upon the journal of the Conference. Bishop Baker, appointed the following members as such committee: Revs. James H. Brown, John Miller, and Samuel Keppler. The lay stewards for the several districts were then appointed as follows East Baltimore District, John W. Randolph; Frederick District, Stephen Gorsuch: Cumberland District, Thomas Burehen dell; Bellefonte District, Thomas F. Stewart: North umberland District, C. B. Brown; Carlisle District. Wm. B. Mullen. The usual committees, necessary to the dispatch of the business of the Conference, were then ap pointed. Rev. James H. Brown made a motion, which was adopted, that a committee of three be appointed by the chair, on Memoirs. The following gentlemen compose the committee, viz : —Revs. Henry Fur lone, G. B. Cheneworth and J. H. Dosh. The Conference appointed the Rev. J. S. McMur rav its Post Office Agent. It was moved and carried that the rule 3 of the Baltimore Conference be adhered to bv this bodv. Rev. Henry Slicer presented to the Conference on behalf of the East Baltimore Station, a large, sub stantially bound book, as a Conference Journal. The Conference accepted the same, and returned a vote of thanks for the gift. The Conference agreed to commence the ses j ions at 9 o'clock, A. M., and adjourn at 1 o'clock, P. M. from day to-day. Bishop Baker was then formally introduced to t he Conference, as its presiding officer bv Bishop Janes. The Chairman stated there were some documents to be read, which would require the attention of members, and which he would now present: One was a report from Dickinson College, which was read by the Assistant Secretary. It gives a very favorable account of the condition of this well conducted institution. A letter was then read from the Rev. James K. Wilson, of Wheeling, Va., in reference to the pub lication of a new paper devoted to the interests of the church. Laid on the table. A letter from the Rev. J. S. Martin, of the Fay ette street Station, was read, inviting this Confer ence to supply the pulpits of that Station during its session. Rev. Henrv Slicer read a statement from the com mittee, to which the matter had been referred, in regard to the division of the funds of the Preacher's Aid Society, and the Educational Fund, between the two Conferences. The annual report of the Western Book Concern, and also the reports of the Book Agents were pre sented and read. The following ministers, now on probation, hav ing been examined and reported on, were continued Bv the Conference on trial for another year : Revs. William W. Hise, John F. Ockerman, Samuel M. Haitzer, Jas. T. Wilson, Findly B. Riddle, Coleman H. Savage, Peter B. ltuch, Isaac C. Stevens, A. M. Crcighton, John A. Dixon, Daniel Sheffer, and Hugh Linn. The following named Ministers were elected to Elder's orders : Revs. Nathaniel W. Colburn, Samuel Creighton, J. Franklin Porter, Reuben E. Wilson, Edward 13. Snyder, Asbury W. Guyer, Leonard M. Gardner, David S. Monroe, Richard Hinkle, Jas. S. Thomas. The supernumerary relation was continued of the following named ministers: Revs. J. France, Vim. W ickes and Jas. R. Durborow. The supernumerary relations of the Revs. Philip Rescoil, Reuben A. Bathurst, Edward E. Allen and Wesley Home were changed to effective. The superannuated relation of the Revs. John Thomas, Israel B. Cook and Win. Monroe were con tinued. A communication was received and read in rela tion to the Tract and Sunday School interests, — which was referred to the Committee on the Tract Cause. After singing and praver the Conference then ad journed until this morning at 9 o'clock. PROCEEDINGS OF THE CITY COUNCIL REGULAR SESSION. WEDNESDAY, March 3, 1858. FIRST BRANCH. —Branch met.—Present John T. lord. Esq., President, and all the members except Mr. Talhott. Mr. Beacham presented a petition from Mrs. Frances A. Webb, asking that damages be allowed her for injuries done to her propertv —dwelling houses on Durst alley, in the 17th ward. The pe tition alleges that her property has been greatly in jured by rowdies of that section, and asks an in demnity of $lOO thereof. Referred to the Commit tee on Claims. The Second Branch returned, with their concur rence, the following resolutions: Resolution adverse to the payment of a bill from the Commissioners of Baltimore county, for profess ional services of R. R. Brannan. Esq., in removed cases. Also ordering payment of a bill to Messrs. Bull & Tuttle for advertising. Also adverse to pay ment of bills of Drs. Yeates and Cunningham, for attendance upon prisoners at the police stations. Revised Ordinance No. 5, being an ordinance fixing the compensation of certain city officers, was received from the Second Branch and read: also, Ordinance No. 6, being an ordinance relative to the public debt of Baltimore. Mr. Hamilton called up the ordinance providing for the building of an iron bridge over Jones' Falls, at Lombard street. On motion of Mr. Bandel, the year 1858, as the levy to provide for the appropriation for this pur pose was stricken out, and the year 1859 inserted, and thus amended the ordinance was passed. Mr. Beale called up revised ordinance No. 2, en titled "An ordinance to regulate elections." which was passed. Also, ordinance No. 3, entitled "An ordinance relating to members and clerks of the City Council." Mr. Cunningham moved to strike out that portion of this ordinance which prohibited members of the Councils being concerned either directly or indi rectly in any work to be done on account of the city, or the execution of any contract for supplies of any kind whatever for the corporation or anv of its departments. This motion was advocated bv Messrs. Beale and Dukehart, and opposed by Mr. Stavlor, and adopted by the following vote: YEAS. —Messrs. President, Hynes, Bandel, Mad dox, Beacham, Dukehart, Beale, Cunningham, Hampson, Hamilton, Dunnock, Dryden, Wood, Glanville, Addison, M'Comas, Clark —17. NAVS. —Messrs. Staylor, Harvey—2. The ordinance was then, as amended, passed. Mr. Glanville called up Revised Ordinance No. 4, entitled "An Ordinance relative to Officers of the City," which was read and passed. Mr. Dukehart offered a resolution direct ing the Harbor Master of the First District to inform this Branch why the dealers in lumber are not prevented from occupying the line of East and West Falls avenue, owned by the city, as a place of storage for lumber; and if. in his opinion, any additional legislation on the part of the city is necessary to enable him to collect the payment of the penalty from those yvho may occupy the said avenues for more than twenty days at one time. Adopted. Mr. Cunningham presented the petition of Jas. Lovegrove, asking to be refunded certain extra ex penses defrayed by him as Harbor Master, during the administration of mayor Jerome. Referred to the Committee on Claims*. The Second Branch returned the preamble and resolutions, asking the legislature to pass a law au thorizing the issuing by the Mayor and City Coun cils of stock to the amount of $350,000, for the completion of the jail; so amended as to make the amount $350,000, which amendment was concurred in. Adjourned. SECOXP BRANCH. —The Branch met pursuant to adjournment. John B. Seidenstricker, Esq., Presi dent, in the chair, and all the members present. Mr. Siinms presented the petition of i. J. Roberts and L. H. Coberth, engineers employed in the port wardens department, asking an increase of tneir compensation. Referred to the Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Kelso submitted a resolution relative to chang ing the time of paying the amount of the award of the arbitrators appointed to estimate the value of the work done and materials furnished in and about the new jail. Laid on the table. A resolution adverse to the petition of L. Jewett Grove, asking compensation for services rendered at the Western Station house as a justice of the peace, was received from the First Branch and con curred in. A resolution adverse to placing indice stones in the street stands at the Lexington market, was re ceived from the First Branch and re-committed to to the Committee on Markets. Mr. Kelso moved to reconsider the vote making the resolution relative to requesting authority from the Legislature to issue stocks to the amount of 5350,000, the special order of the day for Thursday afternoon, which was agreed to. The resolution was then considered, and excited considerable discussion. On motion of Mr. Seiden stricker the sum ol 8350,000 was stricken out, and 5250.000 inserted. The resolution, as amended, was adopted bv the following vote : YEAS —Messrs. Horney, Herring, Gordon, Kelso, Simins, Bierbowcr and Sullivan —7. N' ws—Messrs. Kirk and Hintze—2. The resolution in favor of Charles Myers was tak en up and re committed to the Committeeon Claims. Adjourned until this afternoon. SCIENTIFIC IN VESTIGATION INTO THE CAUSE OF THE RECENT GAS EXPLOSION IN CINCINNATI. The Cincinnati Gazette of Saturday iast publishes the following letter from the Committee of Investi gation, to the Trustees of the Methodist Protestant Church. CINCINNATI. Feb. 24, 1858. GEXTLEMEX : Having, at your request, made an examination of the premises of the First Methodist Protestant Church, where the late unfortunate acci dent occurred, we deem it expedient to preface our report with some well established facts, which have a direct bearing upon the conclusions we have formed. | V hen coal gas is mixed with about ten time 3 its I volume of atmosphere, there is formed an exceed ingly inflammable and explosive compound. When i the quantity of gas is decreased, its combustibility and explosive force diminish until at last we can ar rive at a point where it is not even inflammable; but when the reverse course is adopted, the explo sive power diminishes. When the gas is almost pure the tiaine will not pass through the entire vol ume, but only burn where the air come* in contact tcitlt it. The direction in which the partitions, lathing, Ac., were thrown, clearly shows that the explosion at the First Methodist Protestant Church, took place un derneath Debasement floor. The gas was ignited at the floor beneath the meter. The flame then passed under the floor, where, onaccount of the pur ity of the gas, it only burnt as it could receive air from above, and being out of sight, was supposed to be extinguished. (This view is borne out by the fact that the under side of the floor in the vicinity of the meter was considerably charred.) But when the flame reached the portion where the mixture contained more atmospheric air, the flame immedi ately passed through the whole, and caused the ex plosion. Hence we see the greatest effect was pro duced at a point some distance from any gas pipe; while the slow, quiet burning of the gas at the point near the meter, where it was comparatively pure, accounts for the delay of thecxplosion after the time of thy ignition. The gas which caused the explosion, we fully be lieve to have escaped from the service pipe, which was probably opened by rust at some joint or imper fect weld. The opening may have been some dis tance from the building, and the gas which had es caped previously from vent by percolating the ground; but when the cold weather set in, and the earth became frozen, the gas was obliged to follow the exterior of the service pipe to its egress from the ground, in order to find a place to escape. Accept assurances of the highest consideration, from Yours most respectfullv, JOSEPH M. LOCKE, EDW. S. WAYNE, H. E. FOOTE. To the Trustees of the First Methodist Protestant Church of Cincinnati, Ohio. SUDDEN DEATH.—ARREST OF A PHYSICIAN, —Coro- ner Hills was called on Tuesday to No. 257, East 18th Street, New York, to hold an inquest upon the body of Mrs. Ann Dugan, who died suddenly. It appears that the deceased was near confinement, and Dr. Gilligan, of 19th street near 3d avenue was called to attend her. After making one or two visits, it is alleged that he demanded his pay, and not getting it immediately, he abused the family, and so frightened the deceased, that she jumpped out of bed and took refuge in another room, and soon afterwards was seized with convulsions and died. Drs. Boulon and Beach made a post-mortem examination aud found traces of decease of the lungs, but are of the opinion that death may have been hastened bv the violent treatment she is alleged to have received. Dr. Gilligan was arrested and held to await an inquest by the Coroner. LAHGE DONATION' DECLINED. —We learn that the corporation of Harvard University, have declined to accept the bequest of the late fir. Tread well, of Salem, under the conditions and restrictions impo sed bv him in his will. It would appear that the testator had serious doubts in regard to the accept ance of the donation upon the terms imposed, as he made provision that in case the college authorities declined to receive it, the money should be given to the Massachusetts General Hospital, without con ditions. That institution will thus receive about $45,000, which will be a very acceptable and timely ddition to its funds.— Transcript. THE ICE BUSINESS. —The opportunity presented by the late cold term for the collection of ice to supply the New York market, has been so well improved, that 200,000 tons (about half the supply) are now stored in the ice-houses of the New York and Knickerbocker Companies. The work was prose cuted with all the activity and energy which the pre carious nature of the article demanded, until on Saturday last, the ice became so "rotten" from the effects of the suu, that operations were necessarily suspended, and have not yet been resumed. It is probable that the cold of la'st night and this morning will allow the work to be recommenced at some of the stations to-day. The river ice is pretty much broken up, and navigation is possible as far as" Peeks kill. On account ol the lateness of the season, it is feared that a full supply cannot be obtained, and the number of workmen engaged at the principle sta tions has consequently been largely increased so as to make the most of the effects of the cold weather when it'does come. The New Y'ork Company had 500 men employed last week at Athens, and 300 at Catskill. TRIAL OF A STEAM FIRE ENGINE. —On Saturday morning, another trial of the Steam Fire Engine, Philadelphia, took place in Seventh street, above Market, in presence of a committee of No. 1 Hose Company of Baltimore. The latter company have under consideration the project of obtaining a Steam Fire Engine, and appointed a committee for the purpose of witnessing a trial of the "Philadelphia." Steam was generated in a very few minutes from the time the fire was applied. A section of hose was attached to the plug, by which double the usual quantity of water was obtained. At first, a single stream was thrown through an inch and an eighth nozzle, and in a short time the street, for some one hundred and sixty feet, and the roofs of the sur rounding property, were completely deluged with water. Two streams followed through a somewhat smaller nozzle, but the body of water thrown did not seem to be diminished in the least. The engine met the approbation of several members of the New- York fire department, who were on the ground. The "Philadelphia" is now in complete order, and ready for service at any moment. A few days ago, she rendered good service at the destruction of the ship Diamond State.— Pennsylvania/!. FINANCES OF CALIFORNIA. —The attention of our Atlantic cntemporaries is pointed to the significant fact that there is, at this moment, hard cash in the State Treasury of California to the amount of $4i!l,000, and in the Treasury of the city ot San Francisco almost $300,000. An equally gratifying fact exists in every city, town and county in this State—and all accruing indebtedness is paid in the golden store so freely yielded by our hills, streams and gulches.—Nan Prancieco Herald. LIEUT. BEALE AND THE CAMELS. —Lieut. Beale, with fourteen camels, arrived at Los Angeles on the Bth of January. The appearance of these uncouth animals created great excitement among the peo ple. The animals under Lieut. Beale have all grown serviceable, and most of them are well broken to the saddle and are very gentle. All belong to the one hump species except one, which is a cross be tween the one and two humped kinds. This fellow is much larger and more powerful than either sire or dam. lie is a grizzly looking hybrid, a camel mule of colossal proportions, and weighs 2,200 lbs. Their drivers say that they will get fat where a jackass would starve to death. The camels are now on their return to the Colorado River, for the pur pose of carrying provisions for Lieut. Beale and the military escort, who, it is conjectured, will pene trate from thence as far as possible into the Mormon country. Afterwards Lieut. Beale will return by the new wagon route that he has lately surveyed, to verify it, and so on to Washington. He is" ex pected to reach the capital before the Ist of March, in order to lav his report before Congress.— San Francitco Bulletin. SHOCKING OCCURRENCE. —On Tuesday morning a young lad, named Henry Camerer, met with a ais tressing and fatal accident, at Harrisburg, Pa.— The lad had been employed in selling papers, and whilst at the railroad depot, in the indulgence of a common boyish freak, met with an untimely death. A coal train of cars, standing near the new passen ger depot, was seized by two men for the purpose of shifting them. The'boy was on the platform with his bundle of papers, and as soon as the car 3 commenced moving, he made a spring upon the beam: but losing his hold, he fell over upon the track. The cars were not moving briskly enough to pass directly over him, but sufficiently to crush him in a most horrible manner, causing "almost in stant death. Some three years ago, the unfortunate parents of the lad met with a similar bereavement—a little daughter having been crushed by a cart passing over her. Ihe Pennsylvania Senate has passed a bill chan ging the name of the Pittsburg and Connellsville Railroad Company to that of the "Pittsburg, Con nellsvile and Baltimore Railroad. Company." Dr. Rae, of Hamilton, C. W., the celebrated Arc tic traveler, a few days since, performed the feat of walking from Toronto to Hamilton, a distance of 40 miles in ten hours. It was done on snow shoes. General Concha has granted permission for the publication of a newspaper in the English language in Havana. It will be styled the Cuban Messenger. This is the first time such permission has been gran ted, though repeatedly applied for. The Hon. J. T. Headley has resumed his labors as an author, and is now engaged in the preparation of a life of General Havelock, which, from the lull and private documents in his possession, not acces sible to others, promises to be of intense interest. Mr. Charles Scribner will soon put it to press. MAIL ROBBER ARRESTED.— The Columbus, Ohio Gazette, says that Mr. Prentiss, Agent of the Po9t Office Department, succeeded on Wednesday last in arresting Dr. John D. Walker, Postmaster,'at Rockford, Tuscarawas countv, Ohio, charged with robbing the mail and forging. Dr. TV alker is an old man, 65 years of age. and has a large family, married and settled around him, and has hitherto been highly respected. James Fox, a prominent member of the Harris burg bar, died in that city on Sunday last. A DUEL BETWEEN* FRENCH EDITORS WITH SMALL SWORDS. tvuJl The quarrel which has been going on for the last six mouths, between the conductors of the Freurh papers, La Pliare and La Spcctateur, came to a sort of crisis this morning, in the shape of aduel fonVht by Mons. A. 11. Kapp, and Mons. Theodore Thiele in San Mateo county. It is well known that the most bitter hostility existed between the two jour nals, and that each were regularly tilled with abuse 011 the conductors of the ..titer,' Charges of the vilest character were indulged in, and the abuse was ot the most aggravating description. The whole rouble seems to have arisen out of a personal ditfi eultt Jetweeu Mons. Leon Cbeutin, editor of La Phare and Mons Thiele, editor of La Spectator. Ie last issue ot Le Spectuteur contained reflec tions upon the conductors of Le Phare, for which Mons Kapp the associate editor of Le Phare, felt called upon to hold Mons. Thiele to personal account. He appears to have done this partly on his own in dividual account and also because he considered ilm anr . man—Mons. Cbeutin having eorHinJa m' °PP osed to duelling. Ac- Thitmf/' T: Ka P u P° n Monday challenged Mons. Thiele to mortal combat, and authorized hissecondo to settle the preliminaries. Mons. Thiele accentes the invitation to fight, and named several seconds td settle the terms ot the hostile meeting on his be -Ihe seconds, two on each side, met, and several propositions were made, one to fight with small swords: another to tight with dueling pistols, at from ten to fifteen paces distant; one to tight wih revolvers; and so on. The seconds of Mons Thiele were unwilling to accept the oiler made, on the ground that their principal had an affection of the eyes, and could not see to fight in the ways pro posed. Arrangements could not be made, there tore, at that time, and the matter dropped i'or the time being. Lnder this state of facts Mons. Kapp accused Mons. Thiele of cowardice, and this imme diately brought matters to a head. Mon. Thiele at once decided that he would tight at all hazards, and the preliminaries were settled that a fight should come oft with rapiers or small swords thb mornino. I Early this morning, accordingly, several carri : ages, containing the principals, their seconds and a surgeon, proceeded towards San Mateo county, and | the duel took place in that county, a few miles : S?I on ? the Mission, just at daybreak. It is a little difticult to recount the exact particulars of the fight; . but it appears that, after making several lunges at ! f, ach °. the [ the sword of Mons. Thiele struck Mons. I Kapp in the mouth, the point passing out at the - angle of the jaw under the left ear. The weapon uas withdrawn, and the parties went at each other again, and after several more passes, the sword of Mons. Ihiele struck Mons. Kapp in the lower part ol the abdomen. Mon. Rapp, with his left baud, is said to have seized the blade of the deadly in , strument, and saved himself from being run through : and at the same time thrust his sword into Mons. 1 fit 3 I , l § llt a short distance above the knee. ! ..7 ue ruddy tide was now spouting from the wounds I ot both parties. Honor was fully satisfied, and the j c °usidering the whole quarrel for once and all adjusted, shook hands and swore friendship.— ! 1 hey were then respectively borne to their carriages, biought back to the city and put to bed, where thev ; still remain, under bandages and water gruel treat ment, doubtless looking back with satisfaction to the sublime spectacle which they have presented to the world. Their wounds are "not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door, but 'tis enough ! twill serve.— San Francisco Built,in. MAR RI ED , ' n o U n o ult ,by Rev. P r FuUer RICHARD T iyCHROLDLR to Miss ELIZABETH F WOOD? all of this ! city. st ultimo h .v Rev Dr. McCabe, THOMAS E i 1)1 NM.NH, of Baltimore, to LEONORA BROI'iiHTON of Annapolis. On the 16th ultimo, by Rev William Wilson, WILLIAM A. TV ILSOX to Rl TH A, STREET, all of Harford county Oil the2Bth of January, by Rev. Mr. Kerch. WILLIAM M. (iI.E.V to SARAH L. ASHTOX, both of Harford coun ty- DIED, On Tuesday afternoon. 2d inst., JOHN, aged 43 years, son of the late Joseph and Marv Jane Mithell On the morning of the 2d instant. WM H. SLOAN" iu the 32d year of his age. On the 2d instant, of scarlet fever. MARY AXX, aged 4 years and 3 months, daughter of John and Frances Kel iy- On the 2d instant, MARY AXX. aged 9 months, only daughter of Capt. John and Mary Anne Shutt. On the 2d instant, AIJCF. JAXE, aged 8 years and* 2 days, only daughter of Joseph and Jane C. Biggs. " On the Ist instant, JOHX 1). TOY COOK, in the 18th year of his age, eldest son of the late Alexander 0 Cook , Esq. j On the morning of the 28tli ultimo, at 4 o'clock, GEO I THOMAS, aged 4years, son of G. Xorman | On the 24th ult.. HEXRY WARXER KRERS, in the7th ! year of his age. eldest son of William J anil Marv Catha ! rine Krcbs. j At Cassiles, in Virginia, on the 27th ultimo. AXDREW j KEXXEDY, aged 01 years. I In San Francisco, Jan. 28, JOHX HARRISOX, formerly I of this city, aged 29 years. In San Francisco, .tan. 28, at the private hospital of Dr Zeile. ABSALOM J. VA.XVACTER.of Harper's Ferry, Va j aged 25 years. ! At Benicia, California, Jan. 22, Capt. CHESTER BAI | LEY WHITE, U. S. military storekeeper late of Frede | ricksburg, Va. BOARD OF TRADE, j Committee of Arbitration for the month of February JOHN HURST, j A. FRIEND. I WM. A. DEAN. ORVILLE RICHARDSON. I J. HOPKINSON SMITH ■ MOVEMENT OF~OCEAN STEAMERS FROM UNITED STATES. I Ships. Leave. For Date j Borussia New York Hamburg Mch. 1 ' Africa New York Liverpool Mch S j Cit.vof Washingt'u.New York Liverpool....Mch. 1 Arago New York.. ...Havre Mch 0 I Northern Light....New York Aspinwall.. Mch 10 America Boston, Ac Liverpool Mch 10 I Glasgow New York Glasgow.... Mch IS TO ARRIVE. Africa Liverpool New York Feb 0 j Auglo Saxon Liverpool Portland Feb 10 \ City of Washingt'n.Liverpool New York... Feb 10 J Arago Southampton... .New York... Feb 10 j America Liverpool Boston Feb IS I Glasgow Glasgow New York.. Feb IS ifowtarg anb Commercial gtcbieto. BALTIMORE, March 3,1958 i Transactions continue light at our Stock Board, arii we i have no changes of any moment to notice. Bank of j Commerce sold to-day at 22)*, Baltimore and Ohio shares | declined )* regular way, % buyer CO days, * seller 60 , days. Nothing done in bonds of this company. There were no sales either of the stock or bonds of the Northern Central Railway Company, nor in Canton stock. Spring ; field Mining Co. 110.7 )*, seller and buyer CO days. Bal timore and Ohio Dividend orders sold at 11. No sales of i City 6's. There is a slight stringency in Bank discounts, but we apprehend this will be of short continuance ; Street rates remain unchanged. At the New York Ist and 2d Boards to-day. Canton ad vanced 1 )*, Erie \: Illinois bonds declined j* Michigan j Southern *@)*, Missouri 6's Reading advanced )* X, New York Central advanced )*@lf, Cleveland and j Toledo advanced 2<<£2)*, Cumberland Coal advanced - I There is evidently a pause, and matters do not ad vane? with the rapidity expected by some purchasers. General commerce is improving by degrees, and some movement is beginning to be felt in leading articles On • the whole, we think a better spring business is promised than appearances indicated last month. We hear of a sale of 3.365 bags of Coffee to-day. on terms which have not transpired. SALES AT THE BALTIMORE STOCK BOARD WEDNESDAY, March 3d, 1858. 2 sh9. B'k of Com. 22)* 25 B&O. R. R bfio..G2* 3000 Orders.B.4o.R.R. 50" " b2..51 ex div .11 125 " 44 ..51 50 shs.Sp Mco 2.09 100 '• 44 sCO 51 100 •* 500...2& AFTER THE BOARD 300 44 14 bCO 291 75 shs. B &O.RR. b6O. 51 \ 50 shs B 8:0 RR. b6O. .52 50 4 * s6O 51)* 25 " b60af.25. .511* BY TELEGRAPH Prices and Hales of Stocks in yew York. At First Board. March 3. Virginia 6's sales Panama RR 106)* 9a!s LaCrosse k M RR.IO* Reading RR. 63)* Canton co. 25 44 N Y Central RB 031* Erie RR. 33?* " Clev and TRR 53 111.Cen RR. bonds 04 X " Clev k Pitts. RR. Mich. So nRR 32)* 44 Cumberland coal 21)* Missouri C's. 83'* 44 Market steady. At the Second Board. Virginia 6's sales. Panama RR 106)* sales LaCrosse &M RR 14 Reading RR. 63* Canton Co. 25* 44 X. Y. Cen. RR 93)* Erießß. 34)* 44 Clev. & Tol. RR. 58)* Illinois bonds 41 Clev. k Pitts'g RR 4 - Mich. So nRR 32* 41 (Cumberland coal 21k Missouri 6's 83 X 44 I BALTIMORE MARKETS. BALTIMORE, March 3, 1853 COAL—In consequence of a reduction of 50 cts. per ton u the transportation of Coal over the Baltimore and Ohio railway, there has been a corresponding reduction tu the rates of Cumberland Coals. We now quote for fine $3.50 run of mine $3.75, and Lump $4.25, delivered ou board at Locust Point. Anthracite for city consumption, red ani white Ash, and Baltimore Company's $d|)6.25; Lump Cumberland for family use $6. COFFEE.—There is a better feeling in Coffee, and sales have been made to a considerable extent at full rates Wo note the sale of the cargo of the brig Mount Vernon, 3,302 bags on private terms, and 150 bags at 10)$ cts. Rio Cot fee is firm at 101$ cts. for fair, 10 'a) 10.-, cts. for good to good fair, and 11 qll k cts. for prime and choice. FLOCK.—There was no special change in the Flour mar ket to-day. If there was any difference in the tone of feci ing it was rather in favor of the holder. Sales of 550 bbis Howard Street and Ohio Super at $4.50. No sales of Citv Mills. We quote it at $4.37)$ cash. Of Extra Flour we note a sale of 150 bbls. Ohio at $5. Howard Street may be quoted at $5.25, and City Mills $firstname.lastname@example.org. Of Rye Flour there were 100 bbls. sold at $3 25 Corn Meal 'is dull at $3.20 for Brandy wine and $3.25 for Baltimore GRAIN —The offerings of Grain still continue very light, being in the aggregate to-day 8,000 bin of all de scriptions. There were sales on 'Change of 1,300 bus. red Wheat at 103 ,1105 cts. We heard of no sales of white.— Of white Corn we note sale 9 of 1,500 at 52 a55 cts. for mixed to good qualities. Yellow Corn was better; sales of 1.200 bus. at 58 59 cts. and 1.000 bus. do. at 60 en per bushel of 56 lbs. Of Oats there were sales of 550 bus. at 32033 Cts. for Maryland. Small sales Pennsylvania Rye at 70 cts. PROVISIONS.— The Provision market to-day exhibited more firmness and activity Sales were made of 100.000 lbs. Bulk Shoulders, at 7 cts. .deliverable in May and June, and 100,000 lbs Bulk Sides, same delivery, at 8* cts We also note a sale mad- on Change, of 60 hhds Bulk Sides at S)s cts. to arrive Bacon is firm. - , J le3 °' hhds Sides! ,n lots, at )$ cts . 2o hhds Shoulders at 7* cts, and 200 canvassed Hams at 11)$ cts Lard has im proved Sales of 100 kegs Western at 11* cts, We now quote Western in barrels and tierces, at 10 cts. MOI ASSES.— The market is quiet at our previous quo tations viz New Orleans, 31 @33 cts ; clayed Cuba. 22(a) 23 ct3 'and Cuba Muscovado, 24 a25 cts We note a sale to-day of 42 hhds clayed Cuba, ex Sawyer, at 22)* cis SEEDS.—Cloverseed is steady—sales of 200 busluls at f4.B7)*@ss 25 for fair to prime. There is little doing in Timothy—we quote it SUGAR.—The market to-day was quiet, with no trans actions that we could hear of except 172 hhds. Melado ou private terms. We continue our quotations ss@6 for com mon to fair New Orleans: $6.50n7 for good to prime do $7 25 for choice do. $6 a 7 25 for good to choice Porto Rico $6 25@6 75 for good Cuba, and $5.50@6 for refining giade* do. WHISKEY —The market is very quiet, with sales to a very limited extent Wc note sales of 100 bbls. Ohio at 21 jtfe.; City and Country may be quoted at 20>f,e 21c.