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VOL. I—NO. 14.
TIIE DAILY EXCHANGE. FL BLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLfcHALL, 8. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the oity TWELVE AND A HALF CENI „ per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS forsix months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES ) One inaertion 50 Two insertions 75 i Three " $l.OO i Four " (1.25 Five " ..$l5O One week $1.75 One month $4.00 [ Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or | inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor \ tlonately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to j conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first- < class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. I This enterprise ha= been prompted by the conviction ! that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and ! wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its consc- | quently increased commercial and political importance, , not only justify but demaud an effort to introduce into the I field of journalism that element of competition, which, in ; ail other branches of business, has so materially contribu- : ted to the prosperity of the city. "THE EXCHANGE."' With regard to the name. —if an ' apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal- \ ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap- ; propriateness in connection with those commercial inter- j ests to which a paper of the character proposed must bo j largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive j acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics i which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS.— It will, of course, be the first aim of the | proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon , all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec- j tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX- j CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour- | nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will 1 be spared. 2d, COMMERCE.— The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own. it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND THE TRUSTEES ot' the Patapsco Female Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute. and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present iias been attended with unprecedented suc cess. and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in healtl,fulness. The pupils avoid ing, 011 the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the Xorth, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjov the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, haying been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert 11. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and Insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. HORSEY. PRESIDENT WM. DEXXY, M D . SECRETARY. T. WATKIXS I.IOOX. E. HAMMOXD JOHX. P. KEXXEDY. fe22-dtf. LA W SCHOOL OF TITE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKF.R. LL.P., Royal Professor. Hon. THEopiiiLrs PARSONS. LL.P . Pane Professor. Hon. EMORT WASHBURN. LL.P.. University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiraltj-. Com mercial, International an !/V>nstitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the UnTOd States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given l>v oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also liolden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts: and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate. and acquiring a knowledge <*f parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menemcnt of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studios they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [dfit-lawSm. iMttiius, perfumeries, &t. BRYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR Coughs. Colds, Asthma. Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Dine Store Baltimore and Fremont streets. Baltimore f22-dlm. J. Pi T K\ IA U POLK ca APOTHECARIES, Corner nf Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES. No **3 -V On IKLES STREET. Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERPUMK&T, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also. MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSED. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C., &c. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard nualitv. fe22-tf. WIS KM AN \S VERMIFUGE, OR WORM DESTROYER. This remedy for Worms is one of the mint extraordinary ever used. It effe t i illy eradicates Worms of all sorts from children an 1 adult; Warranted not to contain Mercury in anv form, nor any other mineral. For sale by \V ISI'.M.tN, Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. THE BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY, PREPARED AT DR. OWEAL'S DRUG Store. Corner of Madison nnd Eutaw Streets is a reli able remedy for Coughs, Colds. Hoarseness. Soreness and pains in the Chest. Consumptive c.i a derive much ad vantage from its use. Will Cherry Bark. Tar. Blood root and Indian Hemp ei ter into its composition Its taste is pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22 3t THOSE OK SCROFULOUS HABIT, with Swelled Xe.-k, Tumors. King's Kvil. tec., Mer curial anil Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aria ing from a taint in the system, requiring an alterative course of treatment, are recommended u> take "THE AL TERATIVE SYRTP. ' made at I)r. O'Xeal s Drugstore. Corner of Madison and F.utavr Strcts. It rids the system of accumulated Imi-i, as Tetter. Boils. Pimples. Ring worm, kc. feh22 3t 0Q IKHLDKIIS' DEPOT. 0Q SASH. DOORS R! ENDS. KKAMRS, HOT BED SASH. OUMHXOS. CASINOS, Ac., DRESSED FI.OOKINO A J IS? T K E ft. U ' MUER - l IMK BRICKS. HAIR, HARD DITIV 7,V■ ,?J' PAI.VTS, and every description uf ' MATERIA!,, :it moderate rates and on accom modating term - Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad Estimates „f the entire coat 01 buildmy? furnished with accuracy and despatch Shin meats effected promptly to all accessible points hy It JOHNSON, Xo. 69 Pratt street, (near Botvly's wharf.) fe23-tf Baltimore, kd. THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION (Founded in 1839.) Occupies (he First Floor of the Athenpum Building. N. IT. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and qviet The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes, care fully selected, of History. Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science. Biography. Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1,000 volumes per annum It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these brioches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special t>enefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible forACTlVEmembership. The fee for this class is $3 per annuo. payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRI\ ILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. M.j for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR I.ADI SUBSCRIBERS, 300 " " HONORARY MEMBERS. 850 " " ACIIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE RILE OF MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, A XI) TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, I'MBR ELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIAS. GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No 20 SOUTH CIIARLI* STREETS. Four doors below Germau st., , Baltimore. Mats. T. ROBERTS, • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. READ Y M A D E "C LOTHING" JOHN 11. RE A. d CO., NORTH EAST CORNER OF FRATT AND SOUTH STS., Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they arc running offal a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low Pile?!: fe22lm. SAMUEL TAN E YHIL L, MERCHANT TAILOR, No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL, Will in a few days receive his full SPRING STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, VEST INUS, kc . and will be 'pleased to take Orders from his friends aud the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason al,k'- fe22-lm. |mnos anli glnsk. CHICKERING Ik SONS, AND XUNNB k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES. Constantly receiving and for sale onlv bv F. D. BEXTEEX, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f< ; themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards fe22lm. NE M MUS 1 C . —Just Published, by MILLER (f- BEACHAM , 181 BALTIMORE ST: A DAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbrecht. AXVIL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER S QUADRILLES —taught by Ed. Lehmann. * BOARDING-SCHOOL LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. •This beautiful composition, describing a day at a FE MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best efforts. fe22-lm. H E N R Y McCA" FF RE Y , MUSIC PUBLISHER, No 207 BALTIMORE STREET, MUSIC PUBLISHED and received daily. MUSIC BOUND in the NEATEST STYLE. fr22-lm. MUSIC FfIIJOS at ALL PRICES BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer k Co., Wheeler & Wilson and Grover k Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut anil Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the le.st article ever invented for sewing. A great nuuiher of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUNDERSON & CO., %22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. L 0. 0 F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, &c., U. S. Bunting and Silk Flags. Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, No. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fe22-ly. Baltimore* JL. M'PHAIL ik BRtVS • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between No th and Calvert streets, (moth side.) fc22tf. Ivtstaurants. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT. No. 78, WEST FAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE. THE undersigned have very recently fitted up the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known as 'Eldou Hall",as a restaurant of the first class. No expense hasbcen spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours thereare always private rooms for the ac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to "exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS. which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt ly, AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS &c., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to ali parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILI.Y & SNYDER fe22d -lw&2aw2w. iIINN'S EATINU SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space rPIIE PROPRIETOR OF THIS YVIDE- X ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS. &c.. at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also, Terrapins, Turtles. Poultry, Venison anil Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon. fe22tf. dirocmcs. p H REESE &. BROTHERS. XX 207 and 209 Pratt street, CHARLES REESE & CO.. CORNER ECTAW. MADISON and GARDEN STREETS. Importers and dealers in fine and standard Groceries, offer for sale a large and complete assortment of goods, selected with great care, especially loi family use. Their daily increasing facilities for obtaining direct from the manufacturers and producers, Imth in this country and Europe, the articles on sale, enables them to sell at prices that will not fail to please. Sole agents for the sale ofWinslow & Co.'s Preparations, Green Corn, Peas, Deans. Tomatoes, Salmon, Lobster. &c., Ac. put up in hermetically sealed cans. fe22-6t I A DIES' AND CHILDREN'S DRESS J FITTING, 4'iO BALTIMORE STREET, BETWEEN GREEN & PEARL. TERMS— *2 50. Boy's suits and Dress Bodies fitted to give perfect satis faction. Ladies are requested to call and examine the plan taught. fe23 3t. WI L L 1 AM HA R R I S, MAKER AND IMPORTER OP GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS 11G West Pratt street, keeps constantly on band a large assortment of Bird and Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six barrelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order; Dupont's Gun Powder: Powder Flasks. Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. ffe22 lm. JAMES M. ANDERSON & SON, ENGRAVERS, Xo. 14S Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE. STEEL k COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING Cards, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, etc. London anil Paris Visiting Cards, I)c La Rue's En velopes, etc. fe22tf PHCENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 5S SOUTH STREh WM. 11. CRAWFORD k CO., PROPRIETORS Offer to the wholesale trade, of this city the South and West GOODS of equal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the United state*. fe'2'2 tf. 7 WM. GRANGE i CO. SHIPPING AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, XO. 119 ir LOMBARD STREET. RALTIMORE ARGE STOCKS OF THE PUREST A RYE WHISKEY, OLD VIRGINIA PLANTERS', jSt LGLKR S, CONGRESS, BROWN ELL S, and other Cele "rated Brands, with ever,* description of Brandies. Ports. berries and other Wines, Rectified Whiskey, kc.. always , I.. at mo9t moderate prices. White Wine and Cider \ inegar of superior quality. Liberal advances made on Consignments of Mer chandise generally. Western and other PRODUCE, Flour. Butter, Cheese, Provisions, Raw Whiskey, Alcohol, Dried Apples, and 1- ruit generally. Particular attention paid' to the purchase and sale of Clo ver and other Seeds, Grain. Tobacco. Ac Orders promptly execute,! for every description of Mer chandise. Groceries. Foreign Fruit, Packed Oyters, Ac fe22-ly. TA UGHT B r MRS. PETTET, BALTIMORE, TUESDAY, MARCH 9, 1858. Insurance Companies. INSURANCE CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU j INSURE. SAML. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, " DALL, GIBBONS & Co., 22 Hanover street, A. L. WEBB & BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. W. RIDGELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, Si St. Paul street. mrl-eolm FIRE INSURANCE M~A _ SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Rsks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured In the EQUITABLE Office haTe no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend ol tweuty-eight'per cent The public are respectfully invited to call at the office. No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where tie principles on which the Society insure will be fully explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY RIEMAX, MICHAEL WARNER I JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24-ly* TH E GREAT WESTERN ("MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE W YORK. Authorized Capital. $5,000,000 Cash Capital [already paid in) LOOO.OOO Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life in surance Companies in Europe) blending' the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital , with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO.A. PARKER, Ist Y. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. BALTIMORE FIRE INSURANCE CO. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) NE IF BUILDING, S. W. CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS. This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM AGE BY FIRE, in the city or country, on the various de scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COHEN, JR., President E. A. TAYLOR, WM. GILMOR, W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON, S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHE.V, GEO. R. YICKERS, J. BIRCKHEAD, JR., F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KINO, S. O. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL, DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUART W. F. WORTHING TON, fe22-tf. FRED'K WOODWORTH^Secretary. THE HOWARD "FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within : the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS I M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron teuton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisiia H. Perkins fe22-lm. jGF.O. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y. I IjMRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COAI.E, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, 1 AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. TOHNSTWS INSURANCE ROOMS, *3 PHCENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Companies. Capital and Surplus, i MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In Co., N. Y $931,000 ' INSURANCE Co. of the YAI.LEY OF VA. 362 000 ' SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co of N Y 250.000 ! PHCENIX " " 285.000 WASHINGTON '• •' 288.000 NEW WORLD '• •' 234.000 AI.BEMARLF. " Va. 400,000 ( LYNCHBURG " " 181,000 I COMMONWEALTH '• Pa. 178 000 ! U.S. LIFE '• •• 1.250.(100 t And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OYER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the i subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. fe22-ly. Underwriter. I MA RINE INSURANCE. COL UMBIA N (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 ! Cash paid in 200.000 I Security notes paid in 300,000 I THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Yice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly apiiointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN- I SURANCF. on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies & Warfield, fe22-6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. COMPANY proposes to insure lives X for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospect ire and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually. or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, .... , _ Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 84 Franklin street f22-ly IF IRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency.' .ETN A INSURANCE Co., of Hartford. Conn. *1.500 000 PHCKMX .. 1 SPKIXGFIELD " Springfield, Mass. 375,000 ASTNA LIFE •• Hartford. 225.000 U. S. LIFE " New York 400.000 fe22-tf. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET. OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTT, Mechanical. J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian GEORGE HARMAN, Unicm, J. TRUST, First Baltimore ' NOAH WALRER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin, ALLEN PAINE. Liberty. J. PEASON, JR.. Washington SAMUEL KIRK, Independent. LANCASTER OULD, Patapsco R. C. MASON, Vigilant. F. A. MILLER, Hmoard, ' MM. A. HACK, New Market. JAB. A. lIRUCE. Watchman JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer JOB. C. lIOYD, Lafayette. ' Hook nnd Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22 tf. JOHN DCKEIIART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. THE SUN MUTAL INSURANC E COMPANY OF NEW YORK, insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Companv. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share ot the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company liable for the payment of losses, are over $2 000 000 A. B. NEILSOX, Press't A. SEATON, V. Prea't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DONXELL. Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE mi., tv . ... BY FIRE, for INSURANCE* '° ( ' eterminc Ul>on Applications JOHN* B. SEIDENSTRICKER. President BOARD OP DIRECTORS : Allen A. Chapmau. William Woodward. Henry If. Bash, George Bartlett, W m Ileald. Adam Den mead, John W. Rosa, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, Thomas >l. Sullivan, Job Smith, George Small. JOHN" R. MAGRUDER, fc26 tf Secretary. PAPER WAREHOUSE, NO. 24 SOUTH CHARLES STREET, JAMES S. ROBIN SOU? Has on hand for sale, a large assortment of the various kinds of Paper, such as Printing. Writing. Wrapping, and Colored Papers, of all sizes and prices, vliich he is offering low to punctual buyers. mal-tf business Carts. R. HORACE LOVE. CHARLES V. MARTIN T OVE, MARTIN & CO. j -Li COMMISSION MERCHANTS, | For the sale of WESTERN PROVISIONS & PRODUCE 5 EXCHANGE PLACE, BALTIMORE | fe22-ly. DENMEAD, ~ Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT MALT HOLSE, West Falls Avenue, XT _ BALTIMORE. V B —Hop3 constantly on hand. fe22 ly ! J. 11. BTICKNET. II p prpri ; qTIOKNEY & CO., ! L 3 DEALEES IN CUMBERLAND AND GAS COAL I PIG AND BAR IRON, NAPLS, dC \ ._ EXCHANGE" PLACE, ) f■ Baltimore. LIND & MURDOCH, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McEI.DOWNEY'S BUILDING fe22-lm. I E. B. GRANT. J B QRAXT. G RANT & BROTHER, T COMMISSION MERCHANTS NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, . 5-'22 tf. Baltimore. JOHN W. BECHTEL, PRACTICAL PLUMBER STOVE AND FURNACE MANUFACTURER, Nos. 93 N. EUTAW AND 46 ST. I'ACL STREETS. fe22-6t. Baltimore. rAMES WHITEFORD, COMMISSION MERCHANT, SPEAR'S WHARF, _ Baltimore. Receives and sells FLOUR, WHISKEY, and all kinds of Country PRODUCE. fe22-6t. JOHN S WILLI AMS &. BRO~, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, 9'32 TF BALTIMORE. WM. W. JANNET, LOCIS STOW. TANNEY & STOW, *3 PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 101 SOOTH STREET, f' 22 ly Baltimore. JOSEPH CARSON. H. G. VICKERY. JOSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, , Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fe22-tf /YOURTNEY & GUSHING, TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. E. CCSHINO, J A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf JLYLE CLARKE St CO.. . IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, Sc., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22-tf RICHARD B. CHF.NOWETH. WILLIAM J BOOTH & BOOTH, J WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS FOREIGN .WINES, BRAN DIES, GIN, SCOTCH AND IRISH AIA i,T WHISKEY, AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS, No. 159 North Gay street, Baltimore. Bourbon, Mrnongahe.a, Rye and Rectified Whiskeys constantly on hand. fe22-lw. C 1 A K I) . I P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, f' 2'J 1 in 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON & co„ SHIPPING AND COMMISSON MERCHANTS So. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF. Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS lONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c.; also fill orders for same fe22-tf WT. WALTERS & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES t£ LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET. BALTIMORE. O/" A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WIIISKF.Y on hand. fe24-tf T. T. MARTIN. VM. R. MARTIN R P T. MARTIN & 8R0.,' J- • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR .V— and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt). "ial-tf Baltimore. RSNOWDEN ANDREWS, • ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm Baltimore, Md. JOHN I'. PLCKRELL, LEWIS WARRIKOTON TOHN F. PLCKRELL & CO., J GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fe24-tf R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORNET AT LAW, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to liis profession. fe22-tf. HARLES E. PHELPS. N A TTORNE T AT LAW, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22-tf. ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORNE T AT LA W, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22-tf. LEXINGTON STREET. FIIISBY HENDERSON, • ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, _fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE. ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICR NO. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23 2aw6w. K. HOWARD, • ATTORNEY AT LAW, fe23-eod2w* 21 LAW BUILDINOS. T. JOSEPH ROGERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Layette street, above Charles. rnrl-tf. linkers anir SAMUEL HARRIS & SONS, BANKERS. STOCK, EXCHANGE AND NOTE BROKERS, No. 196 B A L TI M 0R £ STREET, COLLECT on all accessible points in the United States and Canada?, promptly and on favorable terms. BUY and SELL CHECKS and UXCURRENT BAN'K NOTES, at low rates. NEGOTIATE TIME PAPER and STOCK LOAN'S, and buy and sell on Commission STOCKS and SECURITIES in this and other markets. RECEIVE DEPOSITS in Bankable or Uncurrent Funds and transact the Banking and Exchange Business in every department. mh4-dly PURVIS & CO., BANKERS; XO. 208 BALTIMORE STREET, Buv and sell all kinds of UNCURREXT MONEY TREAS URY NOTES, SIGHT and TIME DRAFTS, make COLLEC TIONS on all parts of the United States, and transact all other business pertaining to Private Banking on very lib eral terms. m2-eotf McKIM & CO., BANKERS, BROKERS AND EX CHANGE DEALERS, CORNER BALTIMORE, AND ST. PACES STREETS. Purchase and sell FOREIGN and DOMESTIC EXCHANGE. negociate Loans and Business Paper, Purchase and sell stocks and securities. Make Collections on all prominent points in the United States and Canada, make advances, on Stock, and other Collaterals, receivedeposits, and transact Banking Business generally. fe22-3mos. JOHN S. GITTINGS. BKNJ. H. WILLIAMS. JOHN S. GITTINGS & CO., BANKERS AND STOCK BROKERS, CORNER SOUTH AND SECOND STREETS, Buy and sell on commission Stocks and Securities of this and other markets. Advances made on Stocks; negotiate Time Paper and Stock Loans. INTEREST allowed on deposits, and balances on run ning accounts. fe26-tf EG. PER IN E , . STOCK BROKER, FE'JD LM. SOUTH STREET. C. WEE T A SON, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL, ALCOHOL, (all proofs ) COLOGNE, SPIRITS. CAMPHINE, LARD OIL, LINSEED OIL, kc. Our facilities for manufacturing being large, we are pre pared to offer great inducements to persons purchasing goods in our line. Manufactory, 306 West Pratt street, Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Light and Charles fe22-tf. [COMMUNICATION.] THE CENTRAL AFRICAN COMPANY MESSRS. EDITORS: —From your editorial remarks on Saturday I noticed that my previous communi cation had elicited a reply, which you declined pub lishing on account ot the personalities it contained. ou are, of course, the sole and exclusive judges of what you may choose to admit into your columns; but allow me to say that, so far as 1 am concerned, I should make no objection to your publishing any thing that those who take an interest in the project I condemned might think properly called for to de lend or justify it. Allow me to return my acknowl edgements for the terms in which you have been pleased to speak of me; and to remark, that whilst I do not feel myself entitled to lay claim to the pos session of the high qualitications, which your kind regard attributes to me, you have done me but sim ple justice in your statement that my communica tion to you could have been prompted hv no unwor th v motives. In your paper of this morning, (Monday) appears a communication from General Duff Green, intend ed, I presume, as a vindication of the propriety of the measure he advocates. After reading your "edi torial comments thereon, I should have deemed it unnecessary to trouble you further on the subject, were it not for the terms applied by him to my com munication, and its author. Of the latter he says, " hut it is apparent t! at he has grossly misrepresented the purpose and the scope of the Bill, „„d in so doing has grossly assailed me, who am responsible for the Hill, although I am in nowise interested in it, further than, as a citizen of the United States, lam interested in any and all measures which will increase our com merce, or which will ail in ridding us of free blacks. Whether his representations be ignorautly or malicious ly made, <f-c., d e." 1 meet the above charge of mis representation with a flat denial, and I challenge him who makes it, or any other, to show wherein my communication misrepresented in the 'slightest degree the purpose and scope of the Bill. What there may have been in the view of its author, I know not; hut Ido assert that the abstract which I gave of the provisions of the Bill, was a full and fair one, nothing being added to them, and no ma terial point omitted, as may be easily seen by a comparison of the communication with the printed Bill itself: and I am content to leave it to the com mon sense of any intelligent man in the community, whether in my comment I ever stated or exaggerat ed the enormity of the powers which the Bill pro posed to vest in the directors of the " Central Afri can Company." For the information of those who may not have seen the Bill, or my first communication, I briefly repeat, that the Bill authorizes the incorporation of Mi. Thomas J. Bowen, and those who rnav sub cribe to the Stock of the Company, so soon as SlOO,OOO are subscribed, and 510,000 paid in. That five or more Directors, citizens of the United States may then be elected, whose "mode of election' term of service, powers and duties, are to be pre scribed by the By-laws." That said Directors are to be vested with all the rights, powers, privileges, and immunities, necessary and proper for the pur poses of purchasing and owning lands in Africa, and for aiding and promoting civilization, com merce, agriculture, manufactures, good govern ment and christiauity in Africa: and that they are also expressly authorized "to carry on commerce from any port or ports in the United States, or else where, to any port or ports in Africa or ehewhere." For the accomplishment of these stupendous ob jects, the Directors are authorized from time to time, as they may deem it expedient, to increase their Capital Stock to an amount not exceeding ten mil lions of dollars" over and beyond the sums which it may be deemed expedient to invest in Africa, in furtherance of their efforts for the promotion of colonization, civilization, Christianity, agriculture, commerce and manufactures in Africa." Finally the only other restrictions on the Company, should the above clauses be thought to contain any, of practical force, are that they shall not exercise the privilege of Banking, and shall not purchase and hold in this State more land than may be required for the convenient transaction of their business. I am very sure that 1 entertain no malice against Den. Green or Mr. Bowen, the only parties whom I have ever yet heard of as connected with this Bill; and if I have ignorantly made any incorrect representation of its scope and purpose, however apparent this may be to (Jen. Green, he has not yet enlightened the public on this point. The greater part of Gen. Green's reply consists in showing that according to Webster's definition, the Bill if passed, would not create a monopoly, as which he says your correspondent, as well as your selves, have denounced it. I must here take "leave to correct him, and say that I neither used the word monopoly, nor did in any manner denounce the Bill as creating one. But if I had used the term, I think it would not be difficult to show that an incorpora ted Company, wielding a capital of ten millions, might practically drive out of competition with them, individual traders to any African port or ports, which they might select as the fields for their operations, and thus practically wield all the pow ers of monopolists, although their charter might not profess to give them exclusive privileges. Finally, as I do not expect to have again to tres pass upon you or your readers, I would add, that neither I, nor any one else so far as I know, have "unjustly assailed Mr. Bowen, during his absence," nor cast upon him any "imputation that he has for himself any other purpose than to promote the cause of missions in Central Africa." Whatever may be his views, I trust that the Legislature of Mary land will scarcely be made to believe that the pas sage of the Bill in question, is a wise and judicious mode of providing for the promotion of Christian missions. (' [COMMUNICATION'. ] OUR STREETS. One of the reasons given for an increase in the police force of our city was that all city ordinances would be better enforced. Now there is one requir ing every house-holder or house owner to clear the pavement before his premises from snow and ice. My walks are not very extensive, but I incur the risk of my neck whenever I indulge in them. Fay ette street, at its connection with north Charles street, is impassible, both on the south and north sides. Many places, even on our greatest thorough fare, Market street, are equally dangerous, and I doubt not other streets are as much so. It really appears to me that the more expense is incurred for the purposes of city government, the worse served is the public, and in mv opinion it would be as well to get rid of its expense and let every man take care of himself. We shall at least save money in so do ing, and we shall have quite as good a chance for our lives as we now enjoy. VERBCM SAP. [COMMUNICATION,] GAS. MESSRS. EDITORS After all the loud complaints uttered against the Gas Company, I do not see that any practical effort has been made to abate the nuisance. The Legislative session will expire on Wednesday next, and if no measure be carried within that time, the people of Baltimore will re main tyrannized over for the next two years by this irresponsible corporation. We are a strange com munity—every body exclaims and no one acts. The rich don't care, and the poor, as usual, must be the sufferers. Oh, Liberty!—as Madame Roland ex claimed on her way to the scaffold—how many crimes or wrongs are committed in thy name! ANTI-MONOPOLY. OREIDE, A NEW BRASS.—M. M. Mourier & Valient, of Paris, are reported to have suceeded in making an alloy which imitates gold sufficiently near, to merit the name given to it—Oreide. The proper ties are pure copper, one hundred parts, by weight; zinc, seventeen parts ; magnesia, six parts; sal-am moniac, 3-6; quick-lime, 1.80; tartar of commerce, nine parts. The copper is first melted, then the magnesia, sal-ammoniac, lime and tartar, in powder, little by little—the crucible being briskly stirred for about half an hour, so as to mix thoroughly, and then the zinc is added in small grains, by throwing it on the surface, and stirring until it is entirely fused; the crucible is then covered, and fusion main tained for about thirty-five minutes, when it is un covered, skimmed carefully, and the alloy cast in a mould ot damp sand or metal. The Oreide melts at a temperature low enough to allow of its application to all kinds of ornamentation—has a fine grain, is malleable, and eapahle of taking the most brilliant polish; and when, after a time, it becomes tarnished from oxidatiou, its brilliancy may be restored bv a little acidulated water. If the z'mc is replaced 'by tin, the metal will be still more brilliant. This ar ticle is now produced, in superior quality, in the State of Connecticut, and manufactured into a great variety of useful and ornamental articles FURTHER DETAILS OF NEWS BY THE EUROPA. GREAT BRITAIN. The Cunard steamship Eur op a, Captain Leitch, which left Liverpool at noon on Saturday, the 20th of February, arrived at her dock at 6)4 o'clock on Saturday evening. Amongst the passengers by the Europa is his Ex cellency Mohammed Pasha, Rear Admiral of the Turkish X avy, attended by his suite. The screw steamer Kangaroo arrived at Liverpool 011 the 19th, and the Europa reached the same port on the 15th. The steamer North America would not sail for Portland till the 3d of March. The annual general meeting of the Atlantic Tele graph Company was held in London, on the 18th ult. Mr. S. Gurney M. P., the Deputy Chairman, presided, in the absence of Mr. William Brown, M. P. He stated that as regarded the commercial pros pects of the Company, the promoters, engineer, and directors were more'than ever satisfied that the un dertaking would eventually yield a most handsome return for the outlav. The experience gained last year had satisfied them of the ultimate success of the undertaking.— An additional capital would be required, and it was proposed to issue 3,750 new shares of X2O each.— As much as £24.000 had been already subscribed for by 94 shareholders, and there coulcl be no doubt that these new shares would be readily taken up. The chairman then proposed the adoption of the report, which was seconded by Mr. C. Bushill, of Liverpool. The report and some resolutions having been carried, the meeting broke up. f i he trial of the directives and managers of the Royal British Bank for conspiring, by lalse preten ces, to deiraud the shareholders and the public, was commenced on the 13th of February in the Court of the Queen's Bench, London, before Lord Campbell and a special jury. A great array of legal talent was engaged in conducting the proceedings, which were continued from day to day up to the departure ot the Europa, In obedience to a request from the Bench, the English journals refrained from making any comment during the progress of the trial, but reported the evidence at length. The farewell banquet given to Dr. Livingstone, the African traveller, was a brilliant affair, and was attended by a large arrav of eminent men. Numerous meetings have been held in London and elsewhere against Lord Palmerston's bill in re gard to conspiracy to murder, and a demonstration against it was to take place in Hyde Park, London, on Sunday, the 21st of February. A French refugee, named Simon Bernard, had been arrested by the London police, charged with being an accomplice in the recent attempt on the life of the Emperor of the French. At the prelimi nary examination of the prisoner sufficiently con clusive'evidence was produced to warrant his being remanded for trial under the existing laws of Eng land. B The election at Limerick, Ireland, which threat ened to be productive of a serious riot, passed oil' with comparative quiet, and resulted in the return ot Major Gavin, the anti-ministerial candidate. 'I he trial of Father Conway, on a charge of re sorting to religious intimidation during the late election in Mayo, commenced at Dublin on the 16th February. It has been officially announced that the British Government intend to assume certain portions of the Hudson Bay Company. The London Globe, says: "The Red River Colony will now, probably, be constituted a Province, with a Military Governor; v ancouver's Island placed under the Government of the Admiral commanding the station, similar to the earlv state of rule at Newfoundland." It will be remembered that Lord Palmerston de nied that any legacy in accordance with the will of the First Napoleon, had been paid to Cantillon, the would-be assassin of the late Duke of Wellington.— ill'. Sterling, a member of Parliament, has publish ed a letter in which he quotes from the Moniteur, to prove that Cantillon's legacy, amounting, with in terest, to 10,354 francs, had been paid in full, and that this payment, as well as many others, had re ceived the approval of the present Emperor. The proceedings of the British Parliament for tha week ending the 20th have been extremely inter esting. In the House of Commons, in reply to an inquiry by Mr. Griffiths, whether it was the intention of Government to suggest to the French Government the publication in the Moniteur of the letter from the French Ambassador, expressing the regret of the Emperor for the appearance of certain offensive ad dresses, Lord Palmerston deprecated any course cal culated to disturb the harmonv subsisting between the two countries, and stated that it was not the in tention of Government to pursue the course refer red to in the inquiry, which would be highly im proper and excessively absurd. The adjourned debate upon the Government of India Bill was resumed on the 18th. Mr. Disraeli, Sir E. Bulwer Lytton, Colonel Sykesand others op posing any change at present, and Lord John Bus sell, Sir ( . Wood and Lord Palmerston defending the proposed measure. Upon division, leave was given to bring in the bill by a vote of 318 to 173. In the House of Commons on the 19th, Lord Pal merston moved the second reading of the Conspira cy Bill. After a spirited debate, the Government was deleated by a majority of nineteen. Concessions are to lie made by Belgium to the de mands of the French Government, particularly with reference to the Press. Captain Dunham, of the American bark Ailriatie, which lately escaped from the French authorities at Marseilles, has sold his vessel either to the Russian Government or a Russian firm, and was making his way to England. Letters rom China, which we publish in another column, give ample details if the bombardment and capture of Canton. The I'ekin Gazette, of Nor. 14, contains a document which is regarded as equivalent to a declaration of war against Russia. From India we have a later intelligence of an im portant character. There is a rumor that Nona Sa hib had been captured. Sir Colin Campbell and Gen. Outram had had several engagements with the rebels, in all ol which the latter were defeated. The English funds had been very buoyant during the week ending the 20th ult., and consols had ad vanced over one per cent. The Directors of the Bank of France, at their meeting on the 18tli ult., reduced the rate of dis count on commercial bills to 4 per cent. HOUSE OF COMMOXS—FBIDAT, FEB. 19. CONSPIRACY TO MURDER BILL. Lord Palmerston moved the second reading of the Conspiracy to Murder Hill. The bill had been called an alien bill, it had nothing to do with aliens, and it conferred no arbitrary powers upon the govern ment. It was true that the attention of the Gov ernment had been called to the state of our law upon this subject by the recent calamitous event in Paris. Upon examination they found that there was no punishment for the crime of conspiracy to murder beyond what was inflicted on all other conspiracies. In Ireland, on the contrary, the law had been passed in times of disorder, and inflicted the penalty of death. Those times had passed away, and this penalty had become tooserious. The proposed mea sure was of general application; it conferred no power of expelling foreigners, who would still find an asylum in this country- under the bill, so long as they obeyed its laws. The bill left the enforcement of the law to the courts of the layv—it conferred no power upon the Government, and related just as mnch to Englishmen as to foreigners. But objec tions had been raised on the ground that before the House yvas asked to pass the bill, some answer should have been sent to the despatch of the French Government of the 20th January. Now, the Secretary for Foreign Affairs had at that time expressly explained to the Ambassador the state of feeling in this country; that it was im possible to alter our Alien Bill so as to meet the views of the French Government; and that bill was only for our own protection against foreigners. Was it not the government of I ranee yvhich had the most right to complain that we had shown a want of courtesy in not replying to that despatch. The present bill was introduced, not in deference to the French government, and without asking whether it yvould satisfy it or not. He called on them not to ret use their consent to the second reading of the bill. Mr. Slilner Gibson moved, as an amendment, that this House hears with much concern that it is al leged that recent attempts upon the life of the Em peror ol the French have been devised in England, and expresses its detestation of such guilty enterpri ses ; that this House is readv at all times'to assist in remedying any defects in the criminal law, which, after due investigation, are proved to exist; yet it cannot but regret that her Majesty's Government, previous to inviting the House to amend the law of conspiracy at the present time, has not felt it to be their duty to make some reply to the dispatch from the French government, dated Paris, January the 20th, 1858, and which has been laid before Parlia ment. Such matters, by which the honor of the country was affected, ought not to have been left to casual conversation, but should have been placed upon written record, lie had no wish to enter into ir ritative personal discussions with France, and had no fear that the noble Lord would engage in any serious conflict with that power. His resolution would not necessarily involve the rejection of the bill, but he made it for the purpose of enabling the Government to express its opinion on a question rel ative to the important despatch to which he had al luded. There was nothing which should be more carefully considered than prosecution on charges of conspiracy, which often included the innocent a well as the guilty. When the laws were reformed by the Statute Law Commission, they had the power to alter the law relating to conspiracy, but they did not think that under the actual law there was a power of in flicting, it not the punishment of death, at least that ol penal servitude, on such attempts as that which had recently taken place. He enlled on the House to express its regret that the Government had not replied to the despatch of the French Am bassador, distinctly putting upon record a declara tion of the sanctity of the right ofasvtuni, respect ing which a misconception existed in Europe as to the actual state of our law. If that despatch had been met with a proper an swer, they would have been much more ready calni lv to consider the conditions i f the proposed bill. '1 he noble lord had not found that foreign nations had met the friendly advice which he had sometimes tendered with the same silence. This was a ques tion not between us and the French nation, but was between Parliament and the Government, whether the servants of the country had preserved its dig PRICE TWO CENTS. nity and honor. Mr. Bright seconded the amend ment. Mr. Baring said that the only object of the bill was to indict a suitable punishment on a crime. It did not,ha thought, interfere with any constitutional principle. Mr Walpole had supported the bill before, and would support it again if the Government would vindicate the honor of the country. The Right on. gentleman who had jnst sat down treated the matter as if only the merits of the bill were in ques tion. He admitted the merits of the bill, and that there was nothing in it which attacked the right of asylum where a conspiracy had been hatched in the country. We must show to the world that we had no part in it; nevertheless, the honor of the coun try should be vindicated. The demands of Count \V alow ski were founded upon statements made in his despatch, and which w ere not true. We answered his demand by this Dill, without answering the statements. Europe W' conclude that we had no answer to make, the (government, knowing of this resolution, ought either to have met it by a despatch, or bv reasons tor not sending any despatch. They had 'done nei ther: and he would not believe that the people of England would be contented to let the bill pass without first placing upon record a complete vindi cation of the honor of this country. Sir G. Grev said that a despatch might have been written which would have called down cheers from fl le 52? se j . ' which would have greatly increased the difficulties which this subject had created be tueen the two Governments. The proper course to adopt would be to pass the bill, and then to place upon record their reasons for abstaining from inter- f re J) ce with the right of asylum; and this course the Government would be prepared to adopt. Mr. M'Mahon, Mr. Bvng, Lord Henry Bruce, Mr. Bentinck, Sir R. Peel, Mr. Gladstone (who thought the change proposed as an injurious one,) took part in the discussion. Lord Palmers ton then replied, and the House di vided, when there appeared for Mr. M. Gibson's resolution 234; against it, 215. Majority for the resolution, against the Government, 19. The reso lution was then agreed to. The other orders were then disposed of, and the House adjourned. INDIA. The intelligence contained in the last Bombay mail is thus condensed: A desultory and comparatively feeble opposition is likely to be encountered in our progress towards the complete pacification of the country. A letter received by Lord Elphinstone, dated from the camp of the Commander-in-Chief in the Doab, on the 28th of December, and communicated to the local papers, contains this phrase: '-The neck of the business all over the country is broken." The trial of the ex-King of Delh'i has been fixed for the 9th of January, but the prisoner being in disposed, it was postponed until the 13th. The charges preferred against him by the government prosecutor, Major Harriott, of tlie Judge Advocate General s department, are for encouraging mutiny and rebellion against the State, whilst a pensioner of the British Government in India; for having de clared himself Sovereign of India. And the last charge is that he did teloniously cause and become accessory the murder of 49 persons, chiefly women and children, ot European and mixed European descent, and did, moreover, encourage and abet divers sol diers and others in murdering European officers and other English subjects, including women and chil dren, both by giving and promising such murderers service, advancement and distinctions. And fur ther, that he issued orders toditferentnative rulers, having local authority in India, to slay and murder Christians and English people wherever and when ever found in their territories. If these charges are proved the Court cannot but sentence the prisoner to death, but the general supposition is that his life will be spared, having been guaranteed to him at the time of his capture, though by whom or by whose authority, we are as much in the dark as ever." A private letter from Calcutta, dated Jan. 9, states, that Nana Sahib was taken by Outram on the 2d inst.—or the telegraph got here then. Some ot our officers were taken, and offers were made by the enemy of ransom, and Outram made reference to the Govcnor General on the subject. The reply was, that ransom could not be listened to, but no orders as to the disposal of Nana were sent, so that it may involve another reference. The " Lueknow heroines" had arrived at Calcut ta, and were received with great enthusiasm and a salute from the fort. There are no authentic accounts of the enemy in and around Lueknow, but it was considered not un likely that they numbered 100,000 men. CHINA. There is nothing later from China, but the corre spondence from Canton gives ample details of the bombardment of that place. The assault and cap ture of Gough's fort took place just as the mail was leaving, so that no particulars are received. All the hill defenses of the city were in possession of the English and French. The whole of the opera tions had been conducted with a view to occasion the smallest possible sacrifice of life. At the last nioinent the Chinese showed no sig-ns of surrender ing, but continued to lire at their adversaries front the tops ol houses. The position of the allies was such that they could entirely destroy the city in case of continued obstinacy. The official despatches from the Naval and Mili tary commanders-in-chief report that the city was escaladed and captured with trifling loss on the morning of the 29th of December. 1 lie following account of the bombardment is from the Tiien' correspondence, of December 29th: THE BOMBARDMENT OF CANTON. MONDAY, Dec. 20.—1t is tive o'clock in the morn ing, and the north wind whistles through the shrouds, and it is thick darkness as we climb the rigging to the main-top of her Majesty's ship . leh knows what must happen at daybreak. It has been told throughout the fleet, it has been in tentionally allowed tobeknown to thebumboatmen, and all who have communication with the opposite shore, that the bombardment will commence at day break. The frequent reconnissances on the eastern side have also told them that the attack will be on that side, and we know they have taken the hint, for two new embrasures have broken out yesterday, and guns mounted. Before the first streak of daylight every glass is directed upon the berth of the green passage boat. We call it Howqua's boat, moored on the other side of the river, and used to carry messages to and fro, and always having a white flag flying. The boat and the nag are still there, but she does not move. X'o; she does not move. I must use the seaman's more practiced eyes to tell me so, for I cannot yet distinguish objects. Surely, surely, these men will yield while there is vet time. There seems to be no thought of such a tiling. Had there been, it is now too late. A cheer tells me that, not in the dawn but in the less thick darkness, up goes the white ensign to the main of the Actaion, ana at the same moment a yellow flag flies on the main of the Phlegethon. i expected at that moment to hear a concussion that should have shaken the earth. Not so. A dropping fire, gun by gun, runs along the line. 1 fancy that the Cruiser, which has the guns from the bastion in front of Yeh's yamun pointed down upon her deck, fires a broadside to anticipate them, but 1 may be mistaken, for I am some way off, and the putt's of smoke are already wreathing about. Some minutes elapse, and the light strengthens. Then off goes one of the mortars upon Hutch Folly. It is fired upon Cough Fort. The wbistlsng shell speeds high over the city, just as I have often seen them and heard their plaintive whistle over the heights of the Tchernaya, or from the earthworks on the north of Sebastopol harbor. It does not reach its object. At its highest elevation—far, far away—it puffs forth in a thin white cloud. 1 can now see the dark fragments falling, and in the cold, cloud less morning sky that little cloudlet hangs— As though an angel in his upward flight Had left his mantle floating in mid air. Strange fancies seize us in these highly wrought moments—the angel of mercy has fled from the doomed city. Slow ami continuous, with a sombre monotony, like the tiring of minute guns, the cannonade con tinues. \ o broadsides, no quick firing, no excite ment. Every gun is accurately pointed, after ma ny minutes' care, to strike or sweep the appointed wall, to avoid the habitations. The shells are not so obedient as the round shot. What the opposing guns are doing we cannot see— for the smoke gath-ers thick below us and the big guns seem to have brought down the wind. Vainly ao the mortar shells strive to reach those hill forts, which seem to be sleeping in tranquil se curity against the cold grey sky. They all fall short. That red five-storied barn,"which "is called the five-storied pagoda, and which is said to be the barrack of five hundred Tartars, was nearly touched. A shell burst half way up the hill. But Gough 1 ort has never yet been approached. Some who must have keener sight than 1 have, say that the Chinese are endeavoring to bring their monster guns to bear this way. The strength of the arma ment of those torts was placed to bear upon the eastern face when we reconnoitred them on \\ ednesday last. But it is useless, even if prac ticable, to change the bearing of those guns. If we cannot reach them at this nearly 4,000 yards' range with our mortars thev will never reach us. The morning wears on and the smoke thicken- 1 , and still this dull monotonous minute-gun sound continues. Still no sign of surrender. These strange Chinese actually seem to be getting used to it. Sanpans and even cargo boats are moving down the river like London lightermen in the ordinary exercise of their calling; people are coming down to the batik, and watch the shot and shell fly over their heads. Even the great kites whicb hover about here all day have returned, and are circling above the smoke. Now the gun-boats leave their stations, embark the troops, and hurry down the river to the landing place at Kupar Creek. 1 also change mv position, and dot down these hasty memoranda as I fly. A strong body has already landed, and through mv glass I can distinctly see the general and his staff, protected by a party of blue jackets and red coats either marines or 59th, I can't distinguish which for they are crouched on the ground—pushing a close reconnoissance to Fort Lin. HALF-PAST TWELVE.— No signs of surrender. The embarkation of the land force continues, and the bombardment goes on. BEFORE CANTON, Dec. 29, 1857.—1 broke off my first despatch while the bombardment was still pro ceeding, while the troops were landing at Kupar Creep, and while the general was prosecuting a close reconnoissance of the East (or Lin's) Fort? , So near did the reconnoitering party advance without any appearance of defenders that we ima gined the fort must be deserted. I suppose, how ever, the general had reason to think otherwise, for