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VOL. I—NO. 23.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PrBLISHED EVERT MORNING, (SCNDATS EXCIPTID,) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya- f Die to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion .50 1 Two insertions 75 ! Three " jl 00 four 11.25 ! ve '• $1.50 ! One week $1.75 | One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in ttie city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore In population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name,—if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per hap 3 be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS.—It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to Secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE.—The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturaliy look to the public press for comment and suggestion. POLITICS.—The interests of commerce and the p f ate of the markets are so constantly and intimatelv affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own. it will he the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from 9ervile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART.—Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical aud dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in umns of 1 HE and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. (Buation. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND ' TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female A Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, hut for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usu il number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, anil in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc fress, and the Trustees feel themselves fullv justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to botli these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it lias the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of lier intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more. entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY, PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY. M D., SECRETART. T. W ATKINS LIGON, E. HAMMOND*" JOHN, r KENNEDY. fe22 dtf. LAW S< HOOLOFTHE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School arc Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.D., Roval Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS, LL.D.Danu Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial. International and Constitutional Law, "and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every efTort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, "at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. ihey are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. Ihe Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened warmed, and ligiited, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t-law6m. jjefrirines, perfumeries, £r. RYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS FOR Coughs, Colds. Asthma. Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store, Baltimore and Fremont streets Baltimore. f22-dlm. T. PURVIANCE FOLK &TcO. I APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, P.pspectlully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of JIEDICINES, PeRFUMERr, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which maybe confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none hut of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SCROICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, Ac.. Ac. Written orders filled promptly and witli care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. WISEMAN'S VERMIFUGE, OR WORM DESTROYER. Thi? remedy for Worm? is one of the most extraordinary ever used. It effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts from children and adults. Warranted not to contain Mercury in anv form, nor any other mineral. lor sale by WISEMAN, Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. 'THOSE OF SCROFULOUS HABIT, ■.7i th , a* C, i , S!.- V y k - Tllmors - King's Evil, Ac., Mer cuii.il and t>> philihc diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taint in the system, requiring an alterative vvTfTrrc^mu."C **\ on ""mded to take .. THE A L TEKATI hM KL 1 made at Dr. O'Neal s Drug Store, Corner of Madison and Lutaw Streets. It rids the system of accumulated humors, as Tetter, Boils. Pimples Rina worm. Ac. 1,^22 PREPARED AT DR. CNEAL-S DRUG Store, Corner of Madison and F.utaw Streets, is a reli able remedy for Coughs, Colds. Hoarseness. Soreness and pains in the Chest. Consumptive cases derive much ad vantage from its use. Wild Cherry Bark, Tar, Bloodroot and Indian Hemp enter 1 into its composition. Its taste is pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22-3t MUSTARD SEED OIL LINIMENT, has been effective wherever used for the relief of painful local pains of a Rheumatic or Neuralgic character. The genuine, prepared only at Dr. O'Neal's Drug Store, Gor. Madison and Kntmo Streets. feb22-3t CO L L E(' TI O N AGEN CY . J. D. PRATT A CO., £2SJKSS red to receive and transmit CLAIMS FOR COL lnan>' f't.v or county in the United States or British Pro) inces. Being in direct and frequent corres pondence with reliable Attorneys in every city and county, , "twkcilities for effecting speedy and prompt COLLEC TIONS are such as will give entire satisfaction OFFICE OF THE MERCANTILE AGENCY, corner of Baltimore and South Charles streets mrfl-tf THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor nf the Athencwm Building A" IP Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes care fully selected, of History. Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels. Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time, j The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga ! zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers ! „Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTlYEmembership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of u in advance. They may draw books from 1 she5 he room, > and are entited to ALL THE I i KIWLEGES of the Association, except voting and hoid ; ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their ! °tvn right. Ihe accounts of either Active or Honorary 1 "lif n mav be transferred for the use of ladies or others The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M.. till 2 o'clock i L , ! , „ ,e reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, JGO " " HOXORARY MEMBERS. 850 " ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF if EX'S FURNISHING GOODS, AXN „„ „ TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, ! SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, SS'LVA™' SII.ESIAS, GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS I THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARI.ES STREETS. Four doors below German St., Mors. H t. ROBERTS; 3 = • MERCER AND TAILOR, Xo. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. i RE AD Y M A D e <• i. 6TH IN G. JOHN H. REA. if: CO., NORTH EAST CORNER OP PRATT AND SOOTH STS.. Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running offat a LOW FIGURE to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices. fe22-lm. SAMUEL TANEY HILL, MERCHANT TAILOR, Xo. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL, Will in a few days receive his full SPRING STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMRRES, VEST IXGS, &c., and will be'pleased to take Orders from his friends and the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason ! ab !l fe22-lm. pntos anh rttusir. CHIOKERING & SONS, AND NUNXS & CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale onlv by F. fa. BEXTERN. 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette. _ . . . third.store west of Charles st. 1 urchasers will find it to their interest to examine fi , themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince A Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. NEW MUSI C ,—.Just Published, bv MILLER t£- BEACIIAM. 181 BALTIMORE ST; A DAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbrecht. AN \IL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER'S QUADRILLES—taught by Ed. Lehmann ♦BOARDING-SCHOOL LIFE-by Chas. Grohe ♦This beautiful composition, describing a dav at a FE MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best effort - fe22-lm. HEN R Y McGAFFRE Y MUSIC PUBLISHER, ' No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, IVFUSIC PUBLISHED and received daily. IT.JL MUSIC BOUND in the NEATEST STYLE fe22-lm. MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL PRICES BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS IlE commended by I. M. Singer A Co., Wheeler A Wilson and Grover A Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low. pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler A Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood. Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who hare had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUXDERSOX A CO., fe22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. I. 0. 0. F. ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BAXXERS, Ac., U. S. Bunting ancF Silk i lags, Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, Xo. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fe22-ly. Baltimore' JL. M'PHAIL &, BUO'S • t HAT, CAP AXD FUR STORE, Xo. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Xorth and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. Restaurants. ELDON HALL EESTAUEANT. No. 78, WEST -FAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BAXK LANE. THE undersigned have very recently fitted up the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known as "EUlon Hall", as a restaurant of the first class. No expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who mav feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always private rooms for the ac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to ' 4 exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE RV FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt ly, AXD FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS Ac., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to ali parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILI.Y Is SNYDER fe22d-lwA2aw2w. KINN'S EATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. THE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- Iy known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS. SUPPERS. Ac., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins. Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RIXX'S Express Wagon fe22-tf. I L LI A M II ARRIS, MAKER AND IMPORTER OP GinVS, RIFI.ES and PISTOLS 11G West Pratt street, keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six barrelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order; Dupont's Gun Powder; Powder Flasks, Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe22 lm. JAMES M. ANDERSON 4 SOX. ENGRAVERS, No. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE, STEEL & COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION. WEDDING, VISITING Cards, etc., Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, etc. I.ondon and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Roe's En velopes, etc. fe22tf WM. ORANGE K CO. SHIPPING AND GENERALCOMMISSION MERCHANTS, NO. 119 IF. LOMBARD STREET. BALTIMORE. T ARGE STOCKS OF THE PUREST JLA RYE WHISKEY, OLD VIRGINIA PLANTERS', ZIEGI.ER'S, CONGRESS. BROWNELI/S. and other Cele brated Brand?, with every description of Brandies, Ports, Sherries and other Wines*. Rectified Whiskey. &c.. always on hand at the most moderate prices. White Wine and Cider Vinegar of superior quality. Liberal advances made on Consignments of Mer chandise generally. Western and other PRODUCE, Flour. Butter, Cheese, Provisions. Raw Whiskey, Alcohol, Dried Apples, and Fruit generally. Particular attention paid to the purchase and sale of Clo ver and other Seeds, Grain, Tobacco, &c. Orders promptly executed for every description of Mer chandise, Groceries, Foreign Fruit, Packed Oyters, &c. • fe22-ly. BA RGAINS IN FURNITURE.— We arc* selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR. BED-ROOM, DINING ROOM, AND HALL FURNITURE, at very low prices, corresponding with the times. FOR CASH, or GOOD NOTES, at 4 months. MEACHAM & HEYWOOD, fe24-lm 10 North Charles st. A DAM BNIVELEY. S. W. COOKE. SNIVELEY & COOKE, No. 5 COMMERCE STREET, Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, AND PRODUCE. Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. KV"BUTTER for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. fe22-lm. 69 BUILDERS' DEPOT. 69 SASH. DOORS. BLINDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, , ( ' I ';DI, NUS. CASINGS, Ac., DRESSED FLOORING £ .Cif^?, F *P '-UMBER, LIME, BRICKS. HAIR. HARD iiirii PAINTS, and every description of LILDING MATKRIAL. at moderate rates and on accom mounting terms. Particular attention paid to orders and ' ro ™ abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oi buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by ~ „„„ R. JOHNSON, , .. Pratt ,trpet * (ne " r Bowlv's wharf,) h2B - ,f Baltimore, ifd. BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, MARCH 19, 1858. Insurance Cumpues. INSURANCE CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU ! INSURE. SAME. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET I Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE- I LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE j strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted ; and paid by the undersigned. • SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, DALL, GIBBONS & Co., 22 Hanover street, A. L. 1\ EBB & BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. W. RIDOELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, 34 St Paul st^ et : _ _ mrl eolm I EQUITABLE FIRE INSURANCE SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE I!Y FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will !>e fully explained. DIRECTORS. THOMAS KELWO, BENJAMIN DEPORU, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY RIEMAX, MICHAEL WARNER' JAMES FRAZIER. DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD.' FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. i HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. * fe24 lv* 1 THE GREAT WESTERN (MARINEI I INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 , Cash Capital (already paid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 060 000 I Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2 276,000 I This Ccmpany combines the advantages of the' mixed I plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se- < cavity °f a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the ' profits to its customers. .' t Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable t- ms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. Jxo. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest i DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIi Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. BALTIMORE FIRE II ST RANGE CO. ' (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) NE ir BUILDING, S. W. CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS ! This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM- i AGE BY E IRE, in the city or country, on the various de- j scriptions of property. BOARD OP DIRECTORS. J. I. COHEX, JR., President E. A. TAYLOR, WM. GILMOR. W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON, S. T. THOMPSON. JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. R. VICKERS, J. BIRCKHEAD, JR., F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KING, S. O. HOFPMAN, HENRY CARROLL, DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STFUART W. F. WORTHINGTON, fe22-tf. FRED'K WOODWORTH, Secretary. THE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS I M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron ientoii, Henry J. Werdebaugh, AN llliam Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. AN'. George, James M. pouder, AV'm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe2ilm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS. Sec'y FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIP.E INSURANCE COMPANY Cash Capital *500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCF7TT OOM S7 PHOENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Capital and Surplus, MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co.. X. Y .*931 000 INSURANCE Co. of the YALI.F.Y OF VA. 352 000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co. of X. Y. 2.ML000 PHfENIX 44 44 ' OQK OQA WASHINGTON '• " mOQO NEW WORLD 44 • 234 000 ALBEMARLE 4 * y, in,} nno LYNCHBURG 44 181 000 COMMONWEALTH 44 Pa. 178,000 U. S. LIFE 44 '■ i 250 000 And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OYER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at ttiis office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. fe22-ly. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COLUMBIAN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300.000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this-Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SI RANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies A Warfield, fe22-6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IX 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. COMPANY proposes to insure lives for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, ....... • „ „ Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 84 Franklin street f22 ly FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, .VO. 63 SECOND STREET. BALTIMORE. JOHN" G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency ' lETXA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford. Conn. $1,500,000 PHtEXIX " •• " " * 350 000 SPRINGFIELD " Springfield, Mass. 375J100 -ETNA LIFE " Hartford, 2*25.000 I S. LIFE " New York 400.000 ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOT'TH STREET OPEN* NAII.V for the INSURANCE OF AI.L DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical, J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian GEORGE HARMAX, Union. ,T. TRUST, First Baltimore. ' NOAH WALKER, Friendship. FRANCIS BURNS, United J. T. FARLOW, Dept/ord, JAME9 YOUNG, Franklin ALLEN PAINE, Liberty. J. PEASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK. Independent, LANCASTER OULD, Potapsco R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Howard ' \\ M. A. HACK, .Vew Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman JAS. B.GEORGE, SR..Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD. Lafayette Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22-tf. JOHN DUKEHART, Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE SI ■ 11,1 COMPANY OF NEW YORK, insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SEATON, V. I'res't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIYER O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22lv. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE No. II?SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, • AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY KIRE foJINSURANCE 166 ' da " y to determine upon applications JOHN" B. SEIDENSTRICKF.R, President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS : Allen A. Chapman. William Woodward Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, Wm, Heald, Adam Denmead, John W. Ross. Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, i George Small JOHN R. MAGRCDER, fe26-tf Secretary. P~ APER WAREHOUSE, NO. 24 SOUTH CHARLES STREET JAME S S. H OBIXSOX Has on hand for sale, a large assortment of the various kinds of Paper, such as Printing, Writing, Wrapping, and Colored Papers, of all sizes and prices, which he is offering low to punctual buyers raal-tf business Carbs. R CO UPLAN D , • FASHION"ABLE HATS, CAPS. kc. No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON' STS. mrll-ly BALTIMORE. iJmLL & WASHBURN, *' *" •I" FIRST PREMIUM PIANO FORTES MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOMS— ' ~ , „ 66 FAYETTE ST.. East of Calvert. mh!2-6m Baltimore. Mil. IL HORACE.LOVE. CHARLES V. MARTI V. T OVE, MARTIN & CO. -Li COMMISSION MERCHANTS For the sale of WESTERN PROVISIONS A- PRODUCE 5 EXCHANGE PLACE, BALTIMORE fe22ly. DENMEAD, Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT. CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, „ _ „ BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22-lv J. H. STICKN'EY. l7 C RKPI> STICKNEY & CO.. DEALERB IN CUMBERLAND AND GAS COAL. PIG AND BAR IR OX, XAI LB, <f C , M EXCHANGE PLACE, fe22-tf. Baltimore. LIND &. MURDOCH, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, MoELDOWNF.Y'S BUILDING, _ jf?22-lin. v J - U - GRANT. ( 'RANT & BROTHER, VX COMMISSION MERCHANTS. rna „ NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, fe22-tf. Baltimore. JOHN W. BECHTEL, PRACTICAL PLUMBER STOVE AN'n FURNACE MANUFACTURER, i Nos. 93 N. EUTAW AND 46 ST. PAUL STREETS. | f e22'- Baltimore. TAMES WHITEFORD, COMM ISSION MERCHANT, SPEAR'S WHARF, TV . . Baltimore. Receives and sells FLOUR, WHISKEY, and all kinds of Country PRODUCE. fe22 fit. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BRO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, FE22TF ... _ BALTIMORE. TANNE\ & STOW, *3 PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION ME R OH A NTS, , „ , No. 101 SOUTH STREET. fe22ly Baltimore. r^cvrir.VV' 11 "■ VICKERY, OSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS. XOS. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, T .. Baltimore. Linernl advances made on consignments. fe22-tf JPOURTNEY & GUSHING^ TOD A CCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. L. H. CCBHIXG, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf T LYLE CLARKE &~CO~ • • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c.. No. 106 IV EST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe'22 tf CA R D . P. C. MARTIN, D/STILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, fe22 lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON & eo„ SHIPPING AND COMMISSON MERCHANTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. fcirl-tf HALL & LONF.Y, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF. N . . BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR, MOLASSES, COTTON. COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS IONS, FLOt R, GRAIN, &c.; also fill orders for same. fe22 tf WT. WALTERS & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES tf- LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. 65" A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on hand. feSMf T. T. MARTIN. WM. R. MARTIN. 1"! T. MARTIN & BRO.. 1 -I- . IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR S— and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt). ma ' If Baltimore. RSNOWDEN ANDREWS * ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm, Baltimore, Md. JOHN F. PICKRELL, I.EWIS WARRINOTON. TOHN F. PLCKRELL & CO., •J GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. By Liberal advances made on consignments. fe24 tf gUttomtp. TH OMAS H. KEMP, JR.,— ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot. Queen Anne ami Kent counties. mrl7-2ra R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORXEY AT LA IT, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINOTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to bis profession. fe22-tf. CHARLES K. PHELPS, A TTORXE Y AT LAW No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, • Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22-tf. ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORXE r AT LAW. NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, f('22 tf. LEXIXGTOX STREET. R FRIFSB Y HENDERSON, A . A TTORXE Y AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, NO. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22-tf. I.exincton street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OPFICE No. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23-2aw6w. FK. HOWARD, • ATTORNEY AT LAW, fe23-eod2w* 24 LAW BUILDIXGS. . JOSEPH ROGERS^ ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles, mrl-tf. §intkers anb PH. SULLIVAN,— • STOCK AXD BILL BROKER. BUYS AND SELLS ON COMMISSION ALL THE SE CURITIES OF THIS AND OTHER MARKETS, AND NEGOTIATES BILLS. NOTES AND LOANS. OFFICE, 24 SECOND STREET, mr!7-tf ( Comer of TripaleVs alley.) SAMUEL HARRIS & SONS, BANKERS, STOCK, EXCHANGE AND NOTE BROKERS, Xo. 196 B A L TI M 0 R E STREET , COLLECT on all accessible points in the United States and Canadas, promptly and on favorable terms. BUY and SELL CHECKS and UNCURRENT BANK NOTES, at low rates. NEGOTIATE TIME PAPER and STOCK LOANS, and buy and sell on Commission STOCKS and SECURITIES in this and other markets. RECEIVE DEPOSITS in Bankable or Vncurrent Funds and transact the Banking and Exchange Business in every department. mht dly PURVIS &. CO., BAXKERS; A'O. 208 BALTIMORE STREET, Buy and sell all kinds of CNCCRRENT MONEY. TREAS CRY NOTES, SIGHT and TIME DRAFTS,make COLLEC TIONS on all parts of the United States, and transact all other business jiertaining to Private Banking on very lib eral terms. m 2 eotf McKIM & CO., BANKERS, BROKERS AND EX CHANGE DEALERS, CORNER BALTIMORE, AND BT. PACLB STREETS. Purchase and sell FOREIGN and DOMESTIC EXCHANQE, negociate Loans and Business Paper, Purchase and sell stocks and securities. Make Collections on all prominent |K>ints in the United States and Canada, make advances, on Stock, and other Collaterals, receive deposits, and transact Banking Business generally. fe22-3mos. JOHNS GITTINGS. BENJ. 11. WILLIAMS. JOHN S. GITTINGS &. CO., BANKERS AND STOCK BROKERS. CORNER SOUTH AND SECOND STREETS, Buy and sell on commission Stocks and Securities of this and other markets. Advances made on Stocks; negotiate Time Paper and Stock Loans. INTEREST allowed on deposits, and balances on run ning accounts. fe26 tf G. PERINE, • STOCK BROKER, fe23 lm. No 24 SOUTH STRUT. DOMESTIC IHK Tt RKisit ADMIRAL. —This distinguished gen tleman ami his suite arrived here vesterdav after noon, and took the rooms prepared for him 'at Wil lard s Hotel. He will, of course, be lionized by the men, admired by the women, and treated with dis tinguished consideration by the officers of the Gov ernment. These courtesies and attentions he will bear hence with feelings of gratitude and happv remembrance, but certain other acts he will look upon with contempt and disgust. It is reported that since his arrival in this country, on a certain occasion, a lady was admiring an elegant Cashmere shawl worn by the Admiral. He gallantly took it from his shoulders and laid it upon her own, to witness its effect, or perhaps momentarily to grati • ber vanity. The shawl was a magnificent one. costing 44,000 or $5,000. Imagine the surprise of the Admiral, when she blushingly courtesied to him, and moved gracefully off with the coveted shawl a® n jireteut. It is rumored that lie had scarcely arrived here before his room was entered for the purpose of plunder, but, fortunately, we believe without suc cess. Perhapa it was dietren at this occurrence which caused the proprietors of the hotel to raise the American flag this morning, beneath that of the admiral, union dotrn! Vi e learn that yesterday, soon after the Turkish officers and their party had sat down to dinner, at Vt lilard s Hotel, a servant sent to one of their bed rooms with a cot, found a chair placed against the door inside. Pushing the door open, the servant entered the room, and saw a strange man makinn his exit. A large double trunk was open, and the contents of one-half of it were strewed around on the floor. } Instantly suspecting that all was not rio-ht, the ; servant gave the alarm, but the thief made his es cape, unseen by the vigilant officer always on duty I below stairs. The rogue gained no booty before he | was discovered; but in the other undisturbed half of | the trunk were the jeweled decorations of honor of the Pacha, and two thousand dollars in gold. It is i thought that the would-be thief came on from New ! Vork expressly to steal these valuables, and was Profiting by the first opportunity.— Waeh. Stolen March 17. INTERESTING LETTER FROM ONE UI THE COLORADO SURVEYING EXPEDITION.— The following extracts of a letter from one ot the party under Lieut. Ives, giving some particulars of the expedition, will be found interesting. The letter is dated, " 11. S. steamer Explorer, Colorado River, January," and is written to a gentleman in this city, who "politely places it at our disposal. The writer says ' "1 ou will be glad to hear that we are getting along swimmingly with our expedition. All our party are at present on the steamer, and we are pushing up towards the head of navigation as rap idly as possible. We have now reached a point 300 miles from theinouth of the Colorado; and, although the water is lower than it has been for years before have demonstrated the practicability ot' navigating the river with light draught steamers, at least to this place. The quantity of water flowing in the channel is quite as great here as at Fort Yuma, and its nai igation quite as easy as there. We are to-day but 50 miles below the Mohave villages, and should no accident happen to us, shall soon have passed all that part of the river ot which anything is really known to the whites. "There is at present every prospect that the ex pedition of Lieut. Ives will open a new avenue of approach to the Salt Lake region, and to all the country drained by the Colorado river. In scien tific matters we are endeavoring to make a 'clean sweep; and although, so far, each department has exhibited an unexpected sameness, the materials collected will include much that is new and inte resting. I obtainted, yesterday, a beautiful and ap parently new neotoiiia. ' —Pettnni/lvanian. [From the Troy Times, 16th.] THE COHOES POISONING CASE.—A suspicion begins to be entertained that the family of Mr. George Jennings, of Cohoes, three members of which have died, as was supposed, from the effects of eatino stale fish, may have been poisoned. Stale tisSi would hardly operate in such a manner, unless thev were so virulently rank that no respectable family would consent to use them. It is more likely that mineral poison was administered in some form, : either through the fish or otherwise. At least, so I think some of the villagers, who are beginning to | demand that the bodies of the deceased shall be | disinterred, a chemical analysis made, and a coro- | ner's inquest held. Since writing the above, we have received the j following communication from Coroner Witbeck of West Troy: WEST TROY, March 16, 1858. "Yesterday (Monday) two more of the Jennings family in Cohoes died. Dr. Witbeck, coroner of Albany county, has taken the matter in hand, and will make a thorough examination of the affair.— Yesterday a careful dissection of the dead bodies was made bv Dr. Carter, of Cohoes, and Dr. Mc- Lean, of West Troy, in the presence of a large number of physicians, some of whom were from Trov. "Yr. George W. Jennings, within the past few 1 days, has lost a wife. son. aunt, mother-in-law, and i sister-in-law. AH these bodies have been examined after death, and post-mortems held. All presented the same morbid appearance upon dissection. Three more are dangerously sick." DISASTER OF THE SCHOONER JOSEPH FIFIELD.— Schooner Joseph Fifield, Holder Altnv, master, sail ed from Norfolk on the 6th March, laden with staves, provisions and tobacco, bound to Antigua On Sundav, March "th, a strong N. W. gale set in, i weather cloudy and cold. On the Bth winds light, I and cloudy weather. At 10 o'clock, I'. M., took in j gaff topsails, wind N. E., with a rough sea, steered I S. E. by E. latter part, of the day—strong gales i from the N. E. and thick weather. The !th commenced with N. E. gales, sleet and I rain. 2P. M., took in flying jib, and double reefed the fore and mainsail, wind "blowing a gale from the S. W. 4P. M., strong gales from N. W. P. M., passing Cape Hatteras light, and about 7 o'clock made breakers ahead and on the weather bow. The wheel was immediately put back and the main peak dropt, thinking to wear vessel; but | before she would wear, she was in the breakers and j became fast on the bottom, the sea making a com- [ plete break over her, and every sea having her fur- ' ther on to the beach. About 9 o'clock she was Dill of water. The crew I remained in the rigging the most of the night, and j at daylight succeeded in reaching the shore. Ves- | sel and cargo total loss. Vessel not insured, and j owned by Raker & Bro., cargo by Rogers & Lang ley, of Norfolk, and insured in the North American Insurance Ollice, Philadelphia. EGRAI.I7.IXG GIFTS OF THE PUBLIC LANDS. —Amongst the bills introduced in the House of Representatives on Monday last, was one by Mr. Gilmer, of North Carolina, to prevent the accumulation of an unne cessary surplus in the Treasury, and to equalize the grants of lands to the several States. This bill pro vides, in substance, that in all cases hereafter when donations or gifts of the public lands are made by Congress to any State, or to any company or cor poration of any State, a like quantity of land, (in proportion to the representation of the States.) shall be due and granted to all the other States. The bill also proposes to enact that hereafter whenever at the end of each fiscal year there shall be in the Treasury a surplus of money over and above the immediate claims on the Treasury, and also the sum of six millions of dollars subject to draft, such surplus shall be deposited with the sev eral States, so far as thov may be willing to receive it, in proportion to their respective representation in Congress; provided, however, that the distribu tion of surplus moneys nnder the proposed act shall in no case exceed the amounts received from the sales of the public lands from and after the pas sage of the act. THE LECOMPTOX BlLL. —According to the under standing arrived at between the friends and opponents of the Lecompton bill in the Senate, the discussion upon the admission of Kansas is being continued dur ing the present week. Mr.Crittenden yesterday ad dressed the Senate at length in opposition to the bill. The objections urged were identical with those so fre quently reiterated by the Black Kepuhlican members of both houses. The rumor generally prevails that this speech is the result of a conference among some four or five South Americans, who have denniteh determined to betray the true interests of their con stituents by joining the Black Republicans in their efforts to keep the Kansas question open for further agitation. The arrangement is that the vote on Kansas in the Senate shall be taken on Monday next. Until then, the Kansas debate will contiuue to deluge the Senate and the country. Mr. Foot has the floor in the Senate this'morning.— IFasA. Union, March 18. INTERESTING WILL CASE IN GEORGIA. —Mr. Savage, of Dougherty county, recently died, leaving a will which devised his property to his wife, but, in the event of her marriage, to go to his children, thus cutting off the wife without a shilling. The lady was disposed to contest this provision of the will", and the case was heard finally before the Supreme Court, whose decision was rendered at Savannah several days ago. Mr. Morgan, the counsel for the widow,"argued the case with great ability, and contended that this provision in the will, being in restraint of marriage, was contrary to the policy of our law and illegal: but the Court held that a man had a right to leave his property to his wife during her widowhood and cut her oft' if she married, and that the Savage will was legal. The Georgia judges are not quite so gallant as their brothers in the Key stone State, who, if we remember right, some time since came to a directly opposite conclusion on a similar state of facts. RULOFF CAUGHT AGAlN. —Edward 11. Kuloff, who escaped from the jail in Ithica, X. Y., last Mav, was arrested at Castalia, near Sandusky, Ohio, re cently. lluloft was tried some eleven years since at Langville, Tompkins county, X. Y., for murdering his wife. The jury convicted him of abduction.— He was sentenced to the Auburn prison for ten years and served out his time. Immediately on leaving the prison, he was arrested and tried for murdering his infant daughter. He was convicted and sentenced to be hung. On the sth of last May he escaped, and all efforts to capture him have been hitherto fruitless. His captors will receive a re ward of one thousand dollars. The Mobile papers propose presenting a gold watch, or some other testimonial, to Frank Stone, the young clerk of the Eliza Battle, who saved so many lives during the burning of that vessel. FOREIGN. ONE DAY LATER FROM HAVANA. | The steamship Isabel arrived at Charleston on Saturday with news from Havana to the 10th inst i and we are indebted to an extra of the Charleston I Courier for the following correspondence: HAVANA, March 10, 1858. On the night of the 27th ult., a regular old-fasli j ioned "Norther" commenced to blow here and last | ed several days, during which the mercury in the j thermometer went down as low as 58 deg.'of Fah j renheit. It came so suddenly and unexpectedly j upon us. and we had neither fire-places nor stove's I in our houses, that we were compelled, when in [ doors, to sit enwrapped in our cloaks and shawls, to J keep out the cold air. One of the most daring robberies I ever heard of was committed in this city on the night of the 25th | ult. The bed-room of a friend of mine, who dwells j opposite the ITaza-de-Armas, was entered whilst he I slept, his watch, formerly the property of his grand | father, with the gold chain attached to it, his eye I glass and a work on Masonry, were taken from the | table, placed beside his bed, his coat and vest, two j 1 anama hats, five or six pairs of shoes, and part of a ! box of segars, were also stolen. As it is rather a j costly affair to invoke the assistance of the police in such cases here, and as benefit is seldom derived | thereby, my friend has forborne making known liis loss to the officials, j _ He was stopped in the streets of this city, about | 7 o'clock one evening, rather more than two years ago, a knife presented to 'his breast, and his watch j and chain, both of considerable value, were then j taken forcibly from his person. The cabin of the bark Albertina, of New York, I was entered some nights ago, and the clothes ot' | Captain Burton were stolen, with a port luounste, j which contained nearly two ounces ($B4 rill gold, i The premises of Messrs. Gireinier, Ped'roso &Co | were entered by burglars, one night since the date of my last letter, but only a small amount of money J was carried away. j The captain o'f ah English vessel, then in this harbor, was shot at in the street one night the week before last. The ball passed through his hat. i These incidents make up a pretty record of ; crime for a city of 250,000 inhabitants, in about | ten days. j lite Excellency the Captain-General, accompanied by bis hxcellentisimo Senor General Don Pedro ! Mendinueta, Dr. Bastarreche, Chief of the Medical stall, Senor Col. Don Aipolito Llirente, and a nu merous Stafl, went last week on a tour of inspection to the Isle of Pines, Pinar del Rio, San Cristobal Santiago and Guanajay. His Excellency is expect ed to return about 14th inst. During the absence of General Concha from this city, his Exccllentisimo Senor General Don Joaquin del Mazano "Segundo nn is invested with the supreme command. The "Norther" continued to blow until Sunday morning, when the "soft South wind" returned to us, but only for twenty-four honrs, for on Monday noon, the bitter Norther came again with a heavy rain, and it still continues chilly. Our dry good stores are nearly all at the corners of streets, with doors leading to either street. A few days since, two ladies, strangers from New Nork, went out shopping in a hired volante. Hav ing made their purchases, they left the store by a different door from the one bv which they entered, and finding a volante in waiting, which thev sup posed to be the one in which thev had come, they were conveyed to their hotel. They had though left their volante at the other door, and the "cale sers" (postillion,) after waiting five hours for them, and they not returning, he went in search of them in the store, but not finding them there he returned to the hotel where he had taken his fare up, and the ladies, to their apparent surprise, were com pelled to pay him for all the time he had waited for them. Deßow's Review, for February, professes to give "the total population of Cuba", by the census of 1857." There was not any census of this Island in 1857, nor has there been since 184G, when the num bers of white people, in round numbers, were 425,- 226; of free people of color 46,149; of slaves 323,- 759. In 1824, the number of slaves was only 250!- 00(1. ' ORSINI'R LETTER TO Louis NAPOLEON.— The follow ing address, which was written by Orsini in prison, was, by permission of the Emperor, read by the counsel for Orsini during his address to the jury : To Napoleon HI, Emperor of the Frctich. The 1 depositions which I have made against myself, in I the course ot the political proceedings which have ' been instituted on occasion of the attempt of the j 14th January, are sufficient to send me to the scaf fold, and I shall submit to my fate without asking for pardon, both because I will not humiliate my self before him who lias destroyed tlie reviving lib erty of mv unhappy country, and because, in the situation in which I am now placed, death for me will be a relief. Being near he close of my career, I wish, how ever, to make a last effort to assist Italy, whose in dependence has hitherto made me pass* through so many perils and submit to so many Sho was constant object of all my affections, and it j is that the idea which I wish toset forth in the words 1 which I address to your Majesty. In order to maintain the balance of power in En- j rope, it is necessary to render Italy independent, or j to loosen the chains by which Austria holds her in I bondage. Shall I ask' that for her deliverance the j blood of Frenchmen shall be shed for the Italians? j No: Ido not go so far as that. Italy demands that j France shall not interfere against her, and that j France shall not allow Germany to support Austria ! in the struggles in which she may perhaps be soon engaged. This is precisely what your Majesty may ! do, it you are so inclined; on your will, therefore, depends the welfare or the misfortune of my coun : try, the life or death of a nation to which Europe I is in a great measure indebted for lier civilization. I Such is the prayer which from mv cell I dare ad- j dress to your Majesty, not despairing but that my feeble voice may be heard. I beseech your Majesty, ! restore to Italy the independence which her chil- i dren lost in 1849, through the very fault of the French. Let your Majesty call to inind that the ! Italians, among rvhom was my father, joyfully shed their blond for Napoleon the Great, wherever he chose to lead them; that they were faithful to him j until his fall; and that, so long as Italy shall not be j independent, the tranquility of Europe and that of | your Majesty will only be vain illusions. May your Majesty not reject the last prayer of a patriot on the steps of a scaffold. May you deliver my country, and the blessing of twenty-five millions ! ot citizens will follow vou to posterity. FELICE ORSINI. Prison of Mazas, 11th February, 1858. Galu/iHini regrets to learn that Marshal Bosquet, though he has recovered all his mental faculties, remains for the present paralyzed in one side, and has consequently in need of'constant medical at tendance. e take the following items from the summary of the Liverpool Mercury: The number of persons arrested in France since the event of the 14th of January, exceeds 1500, and of these 300 have been arrested in Paris alone. Nevertheless, arrests are still being made en masue in the southern departments, and chiefly in the de partment of the llerault. These rigorous measures create a very bad impression, and exercise a depress ing influence on the trade of that part of the coun try—chiefly cloth manufacture. The official journal of the two Sicilies states that the total number of lives lost by the earthquake in December was 0,350, and that 1,350 persons were wounded. The insurrection of the Christian population in Turkey, which was supposed to be confined to causes purely local, is gradually assuming European im portance. A letter from St. Petersburg shows that the Chi nese have resorted to force to push back Russian ag gression on the Amoor. THE YRISSARRI TREATY AND THE COSTRACT FOR THE TRANSIT ACROSS THE ISTHMCS OF NICARAGUA. —The Gaoet/t de Nicaragua, (the official paper,) of Jan. 25, 1858, No. 4, published at Managua, the capital, contains an official communication, addressed by Don Gregeria Juarez, the Minister of Foreign Re lations ot the Republic of Nicaragua, to the Gov ernment of Costa Rica, accompanying the decree of the Nicaraguan Legislature refusing to ratify the Convention of the Bth of December last, made be tween Nicaragua and Costa Rica, respecting boun daries, and inviting Costa Rica to continue the ne gotiations for a treaty of peace, friendship, bounda ries and alliance between the two States. The official note of the Nicaraguan Secretarv is dated Managua. January 18, 1858, and contains "the following passage: "The Government of your excellency has been in formed that Nicaragua has legal obligations with the Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal Company, ex isiting since 1849, which she has had to regard in the new arrangement, in consequence of its having become impossible to execute that great work ac" cording to the required dimensions; and the gov ernment of your Excellency is not ignorant that those obligations were not taken into account either in the treaties of June or in the convention of De cember. The government of your Excellenev must likewise be informed of the treaty which the Minister Plenipotentiary of this Republic made on the lllth November last, with the Government of the United States of America, which must be taken into account in entering into mutual obligations between Costa Rica and Nicaragua." Rumors have reached San Juan that Costa Rica and Nicaragua are again at loggerheads, and that the latter Government is now pressing the natives into the army, with the expectation of a war with Costa Rica." It is also rumored that Gen. Lamar will soon return to the United States. LATER FROM MEXICO. —By the arrival of the steam ship Tennessee, Captain Forbes, from Vera Cruz, we have two weeks later news from Mexico. From the accounts in the papers, the country appears to be in a most deplorable condition, in a state of actual anarchy. The Extraordinary of the 4tli says that robbery succeeds robbery upon the public highways in such rapid succession that merchants will soon be forced to suspend entirely bringing goods to the capital. It says it is almost impossible to conceive the real condition of things, much less to convey any just idea of it to persons at a distance. The Zuloaga government seems to be absolutely power less to establish order. A desperate conflict was ex pected to take place about the 6th or 7th instant, at Celaya, the government forces and the opposition being about equal as to forces, each hav ing some 6,000 troops. The Extraordinary has no hope of peace for a long time. The Zuloaga government had made a forced levy to 9eeqre soldiers, and for this purpose was seizing PRICE TWO CENTS. upon servants as they issue from the houses of their employers. Zuloaga, it appears, has appointed Governors to the States, districts and cities, but the j appointees were utterly unable to assume their func tions and do not dare even to attempt, to. The ■' uare/. or Federal Government, was at Guadalajara, and its friends report that the States of the interior are combining to overthrow that of Zuloaga. The forces of the latter, it was supposed, would soon at tack the State of Vera Cruz. W hat the upshot of this terrible state of the coun try will be no human prescience can tell. It is a horrid and bloody commentary upon revolution as a remedy tor the existence of political evils y Q Commercial, March 12. SPANISH IXTERFEREXCB IN MEXICO.—A letter from Havana, to the Charleston papers says: "The di rect action, aid, comfort and monev which has been administered in Mexico, through the agency of the Spanish consul-general, and his wealthy 'Spanish partizans, will have a tendency also to attract the attention of Mr. Buchanan and his Cabinet. It is not well to till the cup too full, lest it may overflow, and patience, which has dallied with weakness for long years, should be exhausted. lhere is no doubt here as to the direct agency of the Spanish Government in the recent political troubles in Mexico; her officers and her citi zens have been members of juntas, whose pronuncia rnentos were determined, and Spanish gold has been lavishly spent in the promotion of Spanish conspi racy against the integrity of the Republic of Mexi co to make another pile of claims for Santa Anna to act upon by anil by. These things escape from the palace sieves, although not published for the bene fit of the people; there is, indeed, very little at tempt at concealment. Santa Anna, if lie is not taken by a Spanish steamer directly to Vera Cruz is expected here every day, and agents from Mexico left this last month to visit him at Carthagena." ARMY AND NAVY. THE COURT MARTIAL OF COL. E V SUM NER. GENERAL ORDERS, WAR DEPARTMENT, > ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFIIF, No. 2. J Washington, March 16,1858. I. At the general court martial which convened at Carlisle barracks, Pennsylvania, pursuant to "Special Orders" No. 33 of March 2, 1858, from tin- War Department, and of which Brevet Major Gen ' eral Thomas S. Jesup, quartermaster general, is president, was arraigned and tried Col. Edwin V. Sumner, of the first regiment of cavalry, on the following charges and specifications: CLLAROE I.— Conduct tit the prejudice of good order and military discipline. Specification. —ln this, that he, the said Sumner, did at Syracuse, New York, on the 18th January, 1858, attempt to make a personal affair with said Harney out of an official matter—that is to sav, the answer made by said Harney to a general court martial which inquired of him in regard to bis pre judice or bias against said Sumner. CHARGE ll.— -Sending a challenge to another officer to fight a duel, in violation of the 'loth of the articles of tear. I Specification. —ln this that he, the said Sumner, did | at Washington, D. C., on the 15th February, 1858, : on account of said answer by said Harney to said ! court martial, send a challenge to said Harney to I fight a duel, in words as follows: WASHINGTON, D. C., February 15,1858. i SIR: —As more than twenty-four hours have passed j since my note to you of yesterday, I hare a right to j presume that you do not intend to answer it. I have, therefore, to invite you to leave this city with me to-morrow morning, to go to any place vou may designate. I send this note privately, to avoid com mitting any friend as long as possible. An earlv answer is requested. 1 am, with due respect, E. V. SUMNER, Colonel Ist Cavalry. Brev. Brig. General W. S. HARNEY, Colonel 2d Dragoons. CHARGE 111.— Upbraiding another officer for refut ing a challenge, in violation of the 28M of the articles of war. Specification. — In this, that he, the said Sumner, did, at Washington. D. C., on the 16th February. I 1858, upbraid the said Harney for refusing to light a duel, in words as follows: WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 16, 1858. •SIR: —I received with great surprise your note of last evening, and have only to sav to you, that a man who could insult a brother otiicor, from an offi cial covert, and afterwards refuse to apologize, or j to give him that satisfaction which he had a right to demand, is utterly unworthy of any further lio j tice from me. 1 am, &e., E. V. SUMNER, Col. Ist Cavalry. Brevet Brig. Gen. W. S. HARNEY, Col. 2d lira goons. I P. S.—This correspondence will be sent to every | member of the court. E. V. S. To which charges and specifications the accused pleaded "not guilty." FINDINGS OF THE COCRT. The court, after maturely considering the evi dence, find the accused, Colonel Edwin I* Sumner Ist cavalry, as follows: CHARGE I. — Specification, "not guilty;" and "not guilty of the charge." CHARGE 11.— Specification, "not guilty;" and "not guilty of the charge." t TARGE lll. — Specification, "not guiltv;" and "not guilty of the charge." The proceedings of the general court martial in the foregoing case have been laid before the Sec retary of War, and the following are the orders thereon: WAR DEPARTMENT, .March 15, 1858. There is no dispute as to the facts in this case. The only question is, the conclusion to be drawn from them. The verdict of the Court amounts to this : that General Harney's answer to the court martial at Fort Leavenworth was not an "official matter," and that Col. Sumner's letter of the 15th ot February is not a challenge to a duel. The de partment disapproves of the finding of the court upon both points. 1. General Harney's statement to the Court was not volunteer. When objected to, as a member, by Colonel Sumner, and the cause of the challenge stated, he made no answer until interrogated, and required to " state specifically whether he hail bias or prejudice," Ac. Then, "as to prejudice, he admitted that he "never had any, or very little, respect for Col. Sumner as a soldier/" and "as to the charges" which, as Col. Sumner had stated to the Court, Gen. Har- Harney had preferred against him, and the War Department had refused to entertain, that "he be lieved they would have been brought to trial if improper and untrue statements had not been made to the Secre tary of War." In this answer, Gen. Harney went further than was necessary or proper. But he was called upon to state specifically his prejudice, Ac. Such inquiry ought not to be made, unlessby the accused, who may bring out unfavorable opinions of himself to sustain his challenge. The answer, however, made in good faith, is official and privileged. If it goes too far, the court should interposed 2. Col. Sumner's note of the 15th February is a challenge, within the meaning of the article of war. The military authorities and tile decisions of courts martial are clear in this regard. They lay down what is, indeed, the necessary" doctrine to give effect to the law, that "no particular phraseology, no set form, is necessary to a challenge, nor "a forma! in vitation to fight," hut "a mere hint or suggestion " is sulticient; and even "such a defiance us casts the bin den on the other party." As challenges are in violation of law, ingenuity is not uncommonly exercised to avoid a plain ei pression of their purpose. But these are artifices to defeat the law which courts of law will never fa vor. And when the meaning is so clear as to be in telligible to the party who receives the challenge, it answers its purpose, and is intelligible to the tri bunal which tries it. In this case, however, the challenge is plainly expressed, even if it were not conclusively interpreted by the rest of the corres pondence, and expressed as "a demand of satisfac tion." The doctrine of the findings in this case would render the article of war void and inoperative by indicating a mode of doing without breach of the layv yvhat is the exact purpose of the layv to forbid. A rigid enforcement of strict discipline in the army is the most essential requisite for its honor and efficiency. U the bonds of discipline are loosen ed, it is only a question of time yvhen the armv will become a mob, and public opinion will ascribe to it that character, even before it yvould be fairly en titled to it. JOHN B. FLOYD", Secretary of War. 111. The general court martial, of which Brevet Major General Ihomas S. Jesup is president, is dis solved. 11. Colonel Edyvin Y. Sumner, Ist cavalry, is released from arrest, and will join his regiment in Kansas. By order of the Secretary of War: S. COOPER, Adjutant General. EXPLORATION OF THE COLORADO RlVF.R. —Letters have been received at the War Department from Lieut. Ives dated January 30. The party yvas then at the mouth of Bill Williams's Fork, 150 miles above Fort Yuma, all yvell, and the survey pro gressing admirably. The steamer was not aground, as stated in the California papers. The expedition would probably reach the great Canon in three weeks from the date of Lieut. Ives's last letter, to which point the river has never been ascended nor even examined by a land party. — Washington Un ion, March 18. The United Staies frigate St. Lawrence, Com mander Hall, yvas at Montevideo, January 10. The United States frigate Mississippi arrived at Singapore, December 29th, from Neyv York via Batavia, and sailed on the 2d January for Hong Kong. ___________ A coroner's inquest at Poughkeepsie on the body of Jemima Beneway, a young woman of that place, yvlio died under suspicious circumstances at \o ''lB Grand street, Neyv York, has resulted in a verdict "that the deceased, Jemima Beneway, came to her death on the 13th of February- by'the effects of criminal practice, and that the jury believe said criminal practice yvas performed by Milton W. Gray, and that John Olmstead yvas an accessory before the fact." Dr. Gray was then ordered to find bail in the sum of $5,000, or be remanded to the countv jail. A re ward of $5OO will be offered for the arrest'of Olm tead, who is still at large.