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VOL. I—NO. 24.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PI BUSHED E\ ERY MORNING, (SONDAYS EXCEPTED,) • BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERB. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion 50 Two insertions 75 Three 44 $l.OO Four 44 $1.25 Five 44 $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER, (he above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, auil its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify hut demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an apology were net Jed. for thus introducing wtiat may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal I ism.—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection witli those commercial inter ! ests to which a paper of the character proposed must he j largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive | acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics J which come within the province of the public press. Ist, News.—lt will, of course.be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE j with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to 1 secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX j CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour I nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will j be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, coin piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturaliy look to the public press for comment and suggestion. •3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space iu its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own. it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AXD ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and conteni]>oruneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. (bimcation. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND THE TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female A Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess. and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in bealthfulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. * As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. , The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Liucoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permaiu-nt prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY. PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M. P., SECRETARY. T. WATKINS LIGOX. E. HAMMOND JOHN, r. KENNEDY. tv-JJ dtr LAW SCHOOLOFTHE UNIVERSITV AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.P., Royal Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN. LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com tnercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there arc ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate. and acquiring a knowledge ©f parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com incitement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. 1 hey are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the meufbers of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [dfit-lawCm. Marines, perfumeries, &c. BRYAN'SWLMONIC WAFERS FOR Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store, Baltimore and Fremont streets. Baltimore f22-dlm. T. P(JK V f ANCE POLK Tca I APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette ami St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS &. CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 8S X. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FIVE STATIONERY ami FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu - rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CRESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, kc., kc. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to bp returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe'22-tf WISKMAN'S VERMIFUGE, OR WORM DESTROYER. This remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary ever used, it effectually eradicates Worms of all sorts from children ami adults. \\ arranted not to contain Mercury in anv form, nor any other mineral. lor sale by WISEMAN, Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. rniloSE OF SCROFULOUS TIABIT, 7' th i a We 'h P m: X ?- k ' Tumors, King's Evil, kc., Mer curial and Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taint in the system, requiring au alterative course of treatment, are recommended to l ike ' Till-' at TERATIVF. SYRUP, made at Dr. O'NealVDrug Store Corner of Madison and Kutaw Streets, it rids the system of accumulated humors, .as Tetter, Boils, Pimples Ring worm, he. bje22 PREPARED AT DR. (TNEAL'S DRUG Store. Corner of Madison and Kutaw Streets, is a reli able remedy for Coughs, Colds, Hoarseness, Soreness ami pains in the Chest. Consumptive cases derive much ad vantage from its use. Wild Cherry Bark. Tar, Bloodroot and Indian llemp enter into its composition. Its taste is pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22-3t MUSTARD SEED OIL LINIMENT, has bc'n effective wherever ued for the relief of painful local pains of a Rheumatic or Neuralgic character. The genuine prepared only at Dr. O'Neal's Drug Store, Cor Madison and Kutaw Streets. feb22-.lt COLL EC TI O N AGEN CY. J. D. PRATT it CO., Are prepared to receive and transmit CLAIMS FOR COL LECTION in any city or county in the United States or British Provinces. Being in direct and frequent corres pondence with reliable Attorneys in every city aud county, our facilities for effecting speedy and prompt COI,LEC TIONS are sucb as will give entire satisfaction. OFFICE OF THE MERCANTILE AGENCY, corner of Baltimore and South Charles streets mrd-tf THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athenceum Building, N. IF. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and"quiet. The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes, care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography. Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1.000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. , The Association was formed for the special benefit of the j CLERK& OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE memliersliip The fee for this class is $.l per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $o per annum, in advance. They may draw books from ! DDTxrr, r^ry^Sisit the rooms ' an(l ar entited to ALL THE 1 Rl\ I LEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M.. till 2 o'clock ! P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, 300 44 HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 " " ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OP MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS. I'M BR ELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS ' THREAD, SEWING STLK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 Soi'Tn CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German st., Baltimore. Wars. H T. ROBERTS, • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22ly. Baltimore. Re a d y j\i a d e clotiiinu. JOIIN 11. RE A. <£- CO., NORTH-EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTH STS., Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low P R 'CS ' fe22-lm. SAMUEL TANEYHIL L, MERCHANT TAILOR. No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL, Will in a few days receive his full SPRING STOCK of Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, TEST INGS. &c., and will be "pleased to take Orders from his friends and the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason allk'- fe22 lm. pianos anb fgbnoc. CHICKEftING & SONS, ' ASH NUNNS & CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FOR TEE, Constantly receiving and for sale only by F. D. BEXTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f. themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Meiodeons from $45 upwards f22-lm. NK W MUSIC . —lust Published, by MILLER <S REACHAM, 181 BALTIMORE ST: A DAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbrecht. ANVIL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER'S QUADRILLES —taught by Ed. I.ehmann. •BOARDING-SCHOOL LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. •This beautiful composition, describing a day at a FE MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best efforts. fe22-lm. H E N it Y M c C A FFR EY, MUSIC PUBLISHER, No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, MUSIC PUBLISHED and received daily. MUSIC BOUND in the NEATEST STYLE. fc--l''i MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL PRICES BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE $lO. —THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer & Co., Wheeler & Wilson and Grayer & Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers wili find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler & Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the liest article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUXDERSOX k CO., fe22-tf. 2011 Baltimore street. ODD FELLOWS'AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, &c., U. S. Bunting and Silk Flags, Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, No. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fc22 lv. Baltimore* JL. M'PHAIL BRO'S • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Del ween North and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. • scsfcnmmts. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT. No. TS, WEST PAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANE. THE undersigned have very recently fitted up A the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known as' Kliion Hall",as a restaurant of the first class. No expense has been spared to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always private rooms fortheac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to ''exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt I.V, AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS kc., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to ail parts of the house, without passing through the bar. REILLY & SNYDER fe22d lw&2aw2w. RINN'S EATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Betwee-n Frederick and Market Space. RPIJE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE JL ly known Saloon, having recently maile extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINN ERS, SUPPERS, kc., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also, Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Kxpress from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Kxpress Wagon. fe22-tf. WI L L 1 A M H A 11 R FS , MAKER AND IMPORTER OP GITNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS 116 West Pratt street, keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six barrelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order; Dupont's Gun Powder; Powder Flasks, Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, and with neatness. [fe'22-lm. JAMES M. ANDERSON & SON, ENGRAVERS, No. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE, STEEL AT COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING Cards, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, De I.a Rue's En velopes, etc. fe22tf WM. ORANGE A CO. SHIPPING AND G ENER AL COMMI SSI ON MERCHANTS, XO. 119 IF. LOMBARD STREET. BALTIMORE. T ARGE STOCKS OF THE PUREST JLA RYE WHISKEY. OLD VIRGINIA PLANTERS', ZJEOLER'S, CONGRESS, BROWNELL'S. and other Cele brated Brands, with every description of Brandies, Ports, Sherries and other Wines, Rectified Whiskey, kc., always on hand at the most moderate prices. White Wine and Cider Vinegar of superior quality. Liberal advances made on Consignments of Mer chandise generally, Western and other PRODUCE, Flour, Butter, Cheese, Provisions, Raw Whiskey, Alcohol, Dried Apples, and Fruit generally. Particular attention paid to the purchase and sale of Clo ver and other Seeds, Grain, Tobacco, &c. Orders promptly executed for every description of Mer chandise, Groceries, Foreign Fruit, Packed Oyters, &c. fe22ly. BARGAINS IN FURNITURE.— We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED-ROOM, DINING ROOM, AND II ALL FU U N ITV R E , at verv low prices, crr.s|ondiiig with the times, FOR CASH, or (i GOV NO TPS. at 4 months. M EACH AM & HEY WOOD, 0114 1 in 1" North Charles st. ADAM SNIVELET. 8. W. COOKE. SNIVELEY & F'OOKE, No. 5 COMMERCE STREET, Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, AND PRODUCE. Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. hJ-BUTT Kit for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. fe22lm. gtj BUILDERS' DEPOT. BLINDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, , v,';'! I ,,CASINOS, Ac., DRESSED FLOORING iv lul. A. ™ DUMBER. LIME, BRICKS, HAIR, HARD urn ri't fAINTS. and every description of j ' MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom modating terms. I articular attention paid to orders and contracts fiom abroad. Estimates of the entire cost o; buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by „ _ K JOHNSON, 09 Pratt street, (near Rowly's wharf.) ft-23-tf Baltimore, Md. , BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1858. insurance Cumpnies. ! tnsurance card. A LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU INSURE. SAMI.. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET j Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue j to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE | LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE ! strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted anil paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: j MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, " DALL, GIBBONS & Co., 22 Hanover street, A. L. W EBB & BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, ■ CHA 3- W. RIDQELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, 34 St. Paul | 9treet • _ _ mrl-eolm QUIT AB L E FFRE INSURANCE SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Bcnelicial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to' call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fullv explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEPORD, WILLIAM KENNEDT, SAMUEL KIBBY HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER I JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARPIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. * fe24-ly* IMIK GREAT WEST RUN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF HE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital (already jtaid in) ] KIOO 000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1808 2.276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitaßly practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Cajntal, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARRER. Ist Y. "-"st. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, f'-'23 tf Office Commercial Buildings. BALTIMORE FIRE INSURANCE to. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF 11 VLF A CENTURY.) HE W BUILDING. S. W. CORNER OF SOUTH AND WATER STREETS. '■ This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM- 1 AGE BY FIRE, in the city or country, on the various de- j scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COF'"N, JR., President E. A. TATLC ~ WM. GILMOR. IV. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINGTON, S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. R. YICKERS, J. BIRCKHEAD, JR., F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KIXO, S. O. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL, DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUART IV. F. WORTIIINOTON, fe~ tf. FRED'K WOonWORTH. Secretary. j THE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within I the limits of the City. OFFICE —S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT, DIRECTORS : M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe'22 lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y If IRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE Co. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS, J PHCKNIX BUILDINGS. 73 EE CON D STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Companies. Capital and Surplus. MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co., X. Y. $931 000 INSURANCE Co. ofthe VALLEY OF VA. 352 000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co. of N Y 2:50 000 PHfENIX '• 285^000 WASHINGTON 14 u *'ss 000 NEW WORLD " ' 2341000 ALBEMARLE " Va. 400,000 LYNCHBURG " '• i 8,.000 COMMONWEALTH " Pa. 178,000 U.S. LIFE " " 1.250,000 And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. fe22lv. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COLUMB lAN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in . 300 000 THOS. LORD, President. B. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies & Warfield, fe22-6m. - No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. npHIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives X for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, „ Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, S4 Franklin street. A f22ly If IRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, XO. 03 SECOND STREET. BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with targe Cash Capitals. Policies issued, arul Losses paid at the Agency.* .ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 I'HCKXIX 44 44 44 4 350 000 " Springfield, Mass. 375,000 -ETNA LUE " Hartford, 225.000 U. S. LIFE New York 400.000 fe22-tf. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical , J. C. WHEEDEX, Columbian GEORGE lIARMAN, Union, J. TRUST, First Baltimore,' NOAH WALKER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURN'S. United J. T. FARLOW, Deptford „ JAMES YOUXO, Franklin ALLEN PAINE, Liberty, J. PEASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK, Iwlejiendent. LANCASTER OCLD. Pata'psco R. C. MASON. Vigilant, F. A. MILLER. Howard ' WM.A. HACK, Xew Market, JAS. A. BRUCE. Watchman, JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. Bovn, Lafauette Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. ' J * fe22-tf. JOHN Dl KEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE^ THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK, insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. XEILSON, Press't. A. SKATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DOXXELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated bv the STAT&OF MARYLAND, IS4O. OFFICE No. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE ~ . , .. BY FIRE, for INSURANCE 1 t0 determine upon applications JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS ; Allen A. Chapman, (William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, Wm. Heald, Adam Denmead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, ! George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, fe26-tf Secretary. FFLL WAREIJ OUSE, NO. 24 SOUTH CHARLES STREET, JAMES S. ROBIXSOX Has on hand for sale, a large assortment of the varions kinds of Paper, such as Printing, Writing, Wrapping, and Colored Papers, of all sizes and prices, which he is offering low to punctual buyers. mal tf §usm Curbs. R< <)upland, • FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS, &c. No. 40 Baltimore Street Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS. | mrll-ly . BALTIMORE. \!KILL WASHBURN, ' WAS,,U, " V -L X FIRST PREMIUM PIANO-FORTES MANUFACTORY AND WAKEROOMS ' I 66 FAYETTE ST., East of Calvert ; 111,112 fim _ Baltimore, lid. t'OYE,"MARTIN & co. C " AB " S v ' MAU " N ' J-J COMMISSION MERCHANTS, For the sale of WESTERN PROVISIONS & PRODUCE 5 EXCHANGE PLACE, BALTIMORE. fe22-ly. DEN.MKAD. Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT 1 ITS MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, „ _ „ BALTIMORE. A. B. —Hops Constantly on hand. few 2y J. H. STICKNEY. ~ 77V ErVn" OTICKNEY & CO., k-A DEALERS "IN CUMBERLAND AND GAS COAL PIG AND BAR IRON, NAILS, <£ C EXCHANGE PLACE, - tf- Baltimore. Lend \n rdoch, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS No. 1, 2,-3, and 4, MeF.LDOWNEY'S BUILDING, ___ _ fe22lm. E. B. GRANT. J N lIRAVT f RANT & BROTHER, VX COMMISSION MERCHANTS , „ NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, feZZ-tf. Baltimore. J OHN W. BECHTEL] PRACTICAL PLUMBER AND STOVE AND FURNACE MANUFACTURER, N os. 93 N. EUTAW AND 46 ST. PAUL STREETS. f e; Fl6t. Baltimore. TAMES WHITEFORD, 9 COMMISSION MERCHANT, SPEAR'S WHARF, „ . Baltimore. Receives and sells FLOUR, WHISKEY, and all kinds of Country PRODUCE. fe22 6t. JOHN ST WILLIAMS &, BRO , COMMISSION MER CIIA NTS, W 52 COMMERCE STREET, fe22-tf. BALTIMORE. LOUIS STOW. TANJNEY &. STOW, tJ PRODUCE AND GENERAL CO M MIS SI O N MER CH A NTS, , No. 101 SOUTH STREET, ft-22-ly Baltiaiore. I JOSEPH CARSON. H. G. VICKEKY. OSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, Baltimore. ' Liberal advances made on consignments. fe22-tf /IOURTNEY i- CUSHIMi," Ky TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. E. CCSHINO, •L_A- COURTNEY. fe22 tf r LYLETCLARKE & eo.V • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND I.EAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe2'2 tf A It I) S P. C. MARTIN, DMTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINK OI.I) WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, ft-22 lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON &co~ SHIPPING A XD COMMISSOX MERCHANTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mil tf H ALL & LONEY, SHIPPIXG AND COMMISSION"MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF. BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS lONS, FI.OUR, GRAIN, Ac.; also till orders for same. fc22 tf WT. WALTERS IK CO.. • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES it: LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. 83" A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on hand. r.gl if T. T. MARUN: M. U. mni NN T. MARTIN St 8R0.,' A . IMPORTERS AXD DEALERS IX LIQUOR S —and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS. No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt). maltf Baltimore. R SNOW DEN ANDREWS, • ARCHITECT AXD S UPE RIX TE XD EXT, 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm, Baltimore, Md. JOHN F. PICKRELL, LEWIS WARRINUTON. JOHN P. PICKRELL SC CO., GENERAL COMMISSION M ERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. o^Liberal advances made on consignments. fe24 tf glttorncps. nnnoMAs H. KEMP, J*.,— A ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. inrl7-2m R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORNET AT LA IF, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22 tf. HAIILES E. PHELPS, A A TTOR.VE Y AT LA IF, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22 tf. ROB ERTTT BURNS, A TTORNEY AT LA IF. NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22 tf. LEXINGTON STREET. HP FIIISBY HKNDKKSOX, A . ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POR, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 I.EXIXGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23-2aw6\v. If K. HOWARD, • ATTORNEY AT LAW. fe23-eod2w* 24 LAW BUILDINGS. R |V JOSEPH ROGERS' A ATTORNF.Y AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Frfyette street, al<ove Charles, mrl-tf. fugg iPanpgs. PAPER HANGINGS, WHOLESALE AXD EE TAIL, HOWELL & BROTHERS, 2GO BAL TIMORE STREET, opposite Hanover, invite public attention to their extensive PAPER HANGING WARE HOUSE, and the superior stock of Paper Hangings con stantly on hand. The variety and extent of the assortment presents supe rior inducements to purchasers, embracing as it does, an unrivalled assortment of FRENCH PAPERS, as well as new and beautiful papers of approved styles, from our own Factory. To this stock we are constantly making additions, as our arrangements both at home and abroad, are complete for receiving everything new in our business. It would be needless to enumerate the Styles, as they are so varied, as to please all tastes, and are suitable for Parlors, Dining Rooms. Halls, &c. All pa)ter put on in the best manner, under the sujierin tendance of one of the firm. Orders from the country promptly attended to. d im. LEATHER DEPOT. HEMLOCK, OAK SOLE LEATHER. 4000 SIBES OP HEMLOCK and OAK SOLE LEATHER IN STORE AT LOWEST CASH PRICES. I pledge myself to deliver to any State SOUTH or WEST of BALTIMORE, HEMLOCK SOLE LEATHER as low, if not lower, and in quality equal, if not superior to what can be obtained in New- York or any other City in the Union. Southern and Western Merchants, and Baltimoreans, having orders to fill with Hemlock or Oak Sole, or any kind or quality of LEATHER, are respectfully iuvited to call at No. 42 SOUTH CALV ERT STREET, one door north of Lombard. FRANCIS H. ORUPY, HIDES, OIL AND LEATHER DEALER. KT A full assortment of TANNERS' and CURRIERS' TOOLS at New York prices. [rar6-liul GREEN SALTED and DRY HIDES ALWAYS WANTED J OIL N SHANAMAN HAS REMOVED FROM SNOW HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN & SHEET IRON WARE, AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE, Where every article connected with his business may be found, and which will he disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ' ROOFING AND SPOUTING. &F-All orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mrC 3m NICHOLLS' RAT. ROACH AND " MOUSE EXTERMINATOR. No housekeeper, having any regard for cleanliness, would have their houses swarming with roaches and mice, when so effectual a remedy can be procured at trifling ex pense. With a very little care no danger can accrue from its use. For sale hy Druggists in all parts of the country. Prepared and sold by WM. J. NICHOLLS, N. W. CORNER OF ROSS AND BIDDLE STREETS, fe26-lm. Baltimore. DOMESTIC. NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. —We learn from the Superior (Luke Superior) Chronicle, that a large and enthusiastic meeting was held in the town hall, to take action in reference to a Northern Pacific Railroad, llie unusually large attendance evinced the dee)) interest tolt bv this community in a great national thoroughfare from the head of Lake Supe nor to the Bacitic: ocean. A memorial fo Congress was numerously signed, and is to be forwarded to Senator Billinghurst and to the representatives of Yt lsconsin. It states that ihe memorialists do not desire to disparage any oi the proposed railroad routes to the Pacific ocean: liny urge very forcible reasons in favor of the west end' of Lake Superior as one ot the termini. The waters of Lake Su perior, the Saint Mary's Hirer and Canal, are capable of accommodating the largest class of vessels that navigate the great Lakes ; and if the iron for the road, instead of bein® man uiactnrcd out of the inexhaustible sup'ply of Lake Superior ore, should be purchased in Kn ,r iand it could tie shipped direct from Liverpool without re-shipnient, and cheaper than by any other route. The route from Lake Superior is some two hundred miles shorter than any other route ; while Superior possesses the immense advantage over all these re mote interior points of obviating, during the season of navigation (seven months) the necessity of fur ther land carriage, and the necessity of further re sliipment of goods till they reach the Atlantic sea board or the ports of Europe. Goods can he ship pod from Superior to New York, and rice versa, at a cost of from fifty to sixty cents per hundred lbs. In the language of OdYernor Stevens' report to Government, "this route is not obstructed by deep snow ; nor is the temperature as low as lia's been generally imagined." The committee add—'-That while we believe the Northern route to be the shortest and most expedient, yet we are willing to extend to other portions of our countrv the same benefits ot legislation we ask for oursel'ves, and to let capital decide which is the best and most practi cable. SHOCKING AFFAIR AT THERESA, DODGE COUNTY— MURDER OF A YOU NO LADY RV HER LOVER. —On Satur day lust, Robert Schmidt, of Theresa, in Dodge Co., shutdown, in the street of that place, Harriet Siedler, a young lady about twenty years of age. The parties were engaged to be married about one year ami, and Schmidt had come over from St. Paul, Van Buren county, Michigan, where he had resided about a year, to t u!till the engagement; but the pa rents of the young lady objected to the marriage, in consequence of which it' was arranged between the lovers that Schmidt should first shoot the young lady and then shoot himself. lie executed his sign, so far as the young lady was concerned, but failed to shoot himself on account of the loss of the cap on his gun. After failing in this, he ran and threw himself into the river, with the intention to drown himself, but was rescued by persons who saw him. He is now arrested, and' awaits a trial. The charge (which was a fine shot) entered the left breast of the young lady, and indicted a horrible wound, of which she expired on Sunday morning, about two o'clock. She had her senses up to the last, and charged her parents with being responsible for ttie awful deed, and acquitted her lover of all blame. The parties, as their names indicate, were Ger mans.—Milwaukee News of the 1 Call inst. BETTER TIMES COMINU. —An encouraging signifi cant of the better time coming may be witnessed upon the line of the railroad between this city and -Norwich. At l'utnain, one of the most important points on the road, more than half the spindles are now at work. At ltanielsonville, the mills of the Danielson Company commenced operations some two weeks since ; the large mill of the Quinebaug Company started a little earlier. In the east part of the same town, where on a small stream there were, a few days since, half a dozen inoperative mills in the space of a mile, a week hence will show the same number in full operation. The large cotton mill of E. S. Young, at Chest nut Ilill, East Killingly, starts next Wednesday.— Farther south, the same cheerful significant may be more generally observed. In Norwich, we believe, every mill is running at full time and with full com plement of machinery. We learn in one instance that operatives have been engaged at twenty per cent, discount from for mer wages. How general this circumstance may be we are not informed; but we regard it as a sensible move on the part of the help as well as of proprie tor.— Wureetter (J fans.) Transcript. UPS AND DOWNS IN LIFE. —A correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, writing from Clinton, Illinois, gives the following brief personal incident: Some years since, the son of a wealthy man, of this county, married, and settled upon a farm do nated to him by his parents, lie was shortly after arrested, to the great astonishment of the countv, charged with stealing one or more hand-plows; the plows were found on his farm. When he was ar rested, being bailed, having waived an examination, his counsel advised him to take "leg bail." This he inadvisedly did. He went North and East, and bv dint of hard labor and saving habits, completed a course in the law-school, and now has passed as a member of the bar. He then returned to his home and opened for practice, whereupon some attorney proctired the reinstatement of the indictment, and now is going to try the case. The young man will stand his trial. 1 1 is thought the plows were placed on his farm to cause him trouble. GAS TX RAILROAD CABS. —The New Jersey Rail road Company made an attempt some time since to introduce gas for the purpose of lighting the cars of the Philadelphia trains; but on account of the defective character of the apparatus it did not an swer the purpose and was abandoned, the lights being frequently put out by the motion of the cars. The Jersey City Courier says they have now re newed the attempt with the apparatus of the New York Steamboat and Car Company, with every in dication of complete success. The trains consist ing of six cars are now regularly lighted with gas, and in the four trips thus far made with them, they have answered the fullest expectations of the Com pany. The cars have been lighted with sperm candles heretofore, but by substituting gas, a savin" is made of $2.50 in a trip to Philadelphia. PUBLIC EDUCATlON. —According to the report of the Superintendent of Public Institutions for the State of New York, the whole amount expended annually for the support of Common Schools in that State, is $3,403.139, of which nearly one-half is ex pended in the cities. The sum expended annually in Massachusetts is $2,340,309; in Pennsvlvania, $2,207,090; in Ohio, 52,732,800. No other State in the Union reckons its expenditures for public edu cation by the million. The number of schools in New York is about 12.000; in Pennsylvania, 11,000; in Ohio, 9,283; in Massachusetts, 4,300. The teach ers in the State of New York number 31,503, (12,- 452 males and 19,111 females;) in Pennsylvania, 12,357, (7,930 males and 4.421 females,) in Ohio, 17,923, (9,491 males and 8,432 females:) and in Mas sachusetts, 7,153, (1,708 males and 5,385 females.) THE BANK OF KENTUCKY TKIUMCHANT. —The suit between the Bank of Kentucky and the administra tors of James Gray, which has been so long pending in the courts of Pennsylvania, has been nnallvdw cided. The Bank has recovered judgment in the Su preme Court upon three bills ot exchange, amount ing in the aggregate to $B,OOO, with about five years' interest thereon. Gray contested the bills as an accommodation accepter, who had been defrauded in the amount lie accepted for \V. A. Jones <t Co.; but the Court justly decided that the Bank had no thing to do with any understanding between Grav. the acceptor, and Jones A Co., the drawers of the hills. The Bank took the bills as negotiable paper, and was entitled to receive their amount of anv person whose name was upon them, unless the Bank had been privy to an understanding to the con trary.—Louisville Courier. RHODE ISLAND REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION.— Providence, March 17.—A straight Republican State Convention was held in this city to-day. Hon. Thomas Davis, late M. C., presided. It was small in numbers, and composed of those opposed to the action of the late Republican State Convention, in changing the name of the party to that of Ameri can Republican. It nominated the present Gover nor, Lieutenant-Governor and Secretary of State for re-election, who arc also the candidates of the American Republicans. New men were placed in nomination for the ollices of General Treasurer and Attornev-G eneral. The report of the Ohio Commissioners of the Com mon Schools for 1857, gives the number of school districts in the State as 8,091; scholars enrolled, 602,347; average attendance, 350,807; total number of school youths, 843,840; number of male teachers, 10,189 ; female teachers, 8,684; paid to male teach ers, $1,181,819; to female teachers, $589,157. The report embraces returns also of 19 seminaries and 11 colleges. In the colleges there are 1,695 pupils, pursuing a full course, and 365 a partial course; and there are in the preparatory department, 1,525 pupils. The value of college propertv, is $675,000, and the endowments amount to S7&0.000. Their libraries contain, altogether, 80,300 volumes. POISONING CASE IN YATES COUNTY, NEW YOIIK.— Baxter Kinne has been undergoing an examination before Esquire Yan Allen, of Penn Yan, on the charge of poisoning his father-in-law, John Wright, of Barrington, who died suddenly on the 25th of January last. The only evidence" against the ac cused, is that a chemical analysis showed that strychnine was put into some porridge that was prepared for the deceased. Whether this was put there hy the accused is not known. EXTRAORDINARY CATTLE.— Forty-nine cattle from South Branch, Ya., are on their way to New York, weighing as follows: The largest weighs 2,800 pounds, and more than half of them weigh over 2,000 pounds, and the whole lot weighs 91,580 pounds; being an average of 1,807 pounds, and cost s4,oB2—an average of $65.54 per head. The St. Paul ifinueuolian publishes a list of eighty-four of the lakes of Minnesota, which vary in size from one to thirtv miles in length. There are many more lakes in the territory, hut these were omitted from the list because they had no names. Mr. Tazewell Waldron was shot dead on Saturday last, at his mother-in-law's, Mrs. Eliza Ward, in Pittsylvania county, Ya. Dr. Samuel C. Anderson was examined in Wvthe ville.Ya., last week, on the charge of having robbed the mail of a letter a check for s:fs6, and remanded to jail for final trial. FOREIGN. AN EXCURSION INTO CANTON. — liy the treaty stip ulations which closed the last war between England and China, commonly known as the Opium War foreigners were accorded permission to enter the city of Canton in pursuit of business or pleasure as often as they might deem expedient so long as they conformed to the municipal regulations of the place. This clause of the treaty was subsequent!v evaded upon various pretences, and the interior of Canton remained as much a mystery to the "outside barba rians," as it had been for centuries before. But the recent capture of the city has removed the long ex isting interdict, and lias naturally led already to partial explorations. As a prelude to more extended descriptions which will unquestionably follow before long, we copy the following account of an excursion into the cit'v af ter its capture, from The Friend of China, Jan. Uth: The houses about the spot selected for the land ing place, as a precautionary measure, had to be destroyed. Before setting them on fire. Capt. Hall whose activity in works of this nature, is spoken of on all hands in the highest terms, took great pains to ascertain whether there were any inmates ; and fortunate for some poor bed-ridden people was it that he did so, or they would have been burnt to death. The <lehri of these houses still smoke, and passage over hot .Bricks is not pleasant to the feet. Over tV. creek,"Vanning in the rear of the French Folly, a bridge of rough timber, on half a dozen boats, has been made. As we passed over this morning, some Chinese vagabonds had just completed an aperture in the root of a lofty pawn shop, the contents of which were aoon distributed about. From the street parallel with the creek the road leads across the eastern parade ground by the east ernmost of the so called arches erected in 1847 to signalize our "defeat" as Sir John Davis's raid was called; another of the striking instances of the im policy of doing anything by halves with Chinese.— From this column or arch the street runs direct to the east gate, and is crowded all dav with beggars, blind women, and children. Colonel Graham lias his head quarters at the first shop within the gate, and as we passed was as dustv as a miller, atdin" with his own hands to clear the place of a lot of riciq a quantity of which he was humanely doling out to the starving crowd outside. Unless provided with a pass from the Adjutant- General, Colonel Stephenson, strangers are not permitted to go up to the front. As we went in, Mr. Sturgis, of the firm of Russell & Co., more for tunate than others of his brother merchants, was coming out. Whilst waiting for the passes, Major Burmester came up with two prisoners, who it turned out were gaolers caught in the act of chas ing into our lines a poor fellow who had escaped from gaol. The escaped man proved to he Asli hing, son of Woo-soo-poo, one of the oldest of our Pedder's Wharf boatiticn. Ashing's tale run, that about two months ago he went over to Kowloon to purchase stock for an Amer ican ship he was supplying, and was there seized by the mandarin and sent to Canton. His appearance was most wo-begone: his hair, unshaven during the period of his detention, standing on end like quills on a fretful porcupine. He says that as many as 550 were in the same gaol as himself. (There are four gaols in the city) but of the batch he does not think more than fifty got clear: the man darins to make sure of the rest, whipping their heads oft at once. These wretclieshad the audacity to cut off three heads in the street below, and in full view of our sentries over ttie east gate. Orders had been given not to fire on the people in the streets, and the blood-thirsty executioners were al lowed to do their work unmolested; but the sooner such assumption of sovereign power is stopped the better. The military train coolies anil Madras camp fol lowers are quartered in the Examination Hall cells, and capital quarters they make. Each cell meas ures five feet six inches long and four feet wide, and from the board lioor raised about a foot and a half above the ground, they are six fee high. Of these cells there arc some fifty or sixty ranges of 58 cells in a range, along one side of a spacious yard; and a similar range on the opposite side; the whole par cel being surrounded with a neichune wall, forming a distinct area from the S. E angle of the wall of the old City up to the Chiiiy-toony moon (east gate). The examination hall itself is occupied by officers of the Commissariat. A four foot passage way along the front of each range of cells, is paved with granite; but more than halt of these lanes are overgrown with weeds and rank grass, and now that our shot and shell have torn up the roofings, the great temple of learning, the head quarters of our fiercest opponents, the literati , presents a forlorn appearance. Over _ the south-west gate the characters Yauk choey , signifying "For the nourishing of talent."— Over the south-east gate Hiny-yin , signifving "For the raising of worth." An old man, calling himself after his abode, Jfetr fah, refuses to va"ate the temple below the Sum-in- COOIHJ, (head-quarters.) He is seventy years of age, he says, and so long as he can obtain a little rice, tobacco and tea, there he shall remain. He was told that, as the marines then there were going to leave, he might not find the incomers (the royal artillery) so accommodating as they were, to which he replied he did not care ; three of his children, fellow recluses he meant, had been killed during the bombardment—but he did not fear. It was generally supposed that the five storied pa goda must have received a good riddling.but it did not. Not a shot struck it,—although that it was the object of much attraction is notorious. The walls ot this building are verv thick. Following are the dimensions of it: From East to West (top story) 90 feet—North to South 30 feet, exclusive of verandah, which is about five feet of additional width. Basement walls, are faced with red sand stone, ten and a half feet thick—lower story 10% feet high, with square tile flooring—second story walls, also faced with red sand stone, i)' 4 feet thick, height 13% feet —third story walls (as are all above) of brick, 7 feet thick, 12 (eet high—fourth story walls seven feet thick—twelve feet high—fifty story walD four and a half feet thick, and" including the gable, about tweutv-four feet high. Total height 78 feet. Only in this top-most room is there a par ticle of furniture—that furniture being eight idols in a recess iu the centre on the northern wall.— Over this recess, which may be called a celestial demoniacal-alcove, is the inscription Shiny-Tnkh gniyno, signifying "Magnificent is their holy vir tue." The floors, of thick, hard wood, are thick, also, with dirt and pismire hillocks. The stair case is at the Northwest corner, and is a wide, coarse, deep stepped ladder only. The roof is supported by four stout teak columns running up from the basement, about six feet inside the north wall; a similar row of columns going up on the south front. This front is closed by hard wood unglazed Venetians, opening on to the verandah before mentioned. (On the lower story there is a double row of columns two feet in diameter on the south front.) Before the building is a spacious paved court, and on each side of the steps leading up to the terrace of the basement are two large stone lions painted red. MARYLAND AFFAIRS. MILITARY APPOINTMENTS. —The following gentle men have been appointed Aids-de-Camp to the Governor, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel: Theopilus Harrison, of St. Mary's county; Edward ' \\ ilkins, of Kent; Richard T. Estep, of Anne Arun del, Levin Skinner, of Calvert; Thomas A. Millar, of Charles; John S. lierrv, of Baltimore county: Wm. R. Hughlett, of Taliiott; Alfred M. Miles, of Somerset; James Woolford (of F. C'.,) of Dorches ter; Davidson 1). Pearce, of Cecil; Richard Bowie of Prince George's; Robert Goldshorough, Jr.. of Queen Anne's; Jamp3 Whaley, of Worcester; Win. Richardson, of Frederick; J. Thompson Frieze, of Harford; James E. Douglas, of Caroline; Henry M. Warfield, of Baltimore city; Thomas G. Robertson, of Washington; Thomas Gaither (of K.,) of Mont gomery: Hopewell Hebb, of Allegany; John E. Smith, of Carroll; George li. Gaither,"of Howard. In consequence of the failure of the Legislature to pass the Eastern Shore Railroad Bill, it is said the feeling of indignation on the part of the citizens in that section of our State, will soon be expressed in a deliberative form, to repudiate, or, more proper ly, to suspend the payment of that portion of the State taxes levied to pay the interest upon the debt contracted for public improvements on the Western Shore, until the claim of the Eastern Shore to the unexpended balance of the appropriation of one million of dollars, made by the act of 1835, is ac knowledged and paid. Thomas Gaither has been appointed Secretary of the Annapolis and Elkridge Railroad Company, vice A. Ridgely, deceased. NOMINATION CONFIRMED. —The nomination by the President of John W. Baughman, Esq., the veteran editor of the Frederick Citizen, for the oflice of Ap praiser General of Merchandise, has been continued by the Senate of the United States. FIRES IN ANNAPOLIS.— On Friday night last the lumber yard of Mr. A. G. Tuite was totally destroy ed by fire. Ilis loss is about $3,500. Tne frame house adjoining, belonging to Mr. George Taylor, was considerably injured. On the next day, the stable on the premies of Mr. Daniel T. Hyde was burned down. A cow and a horse perished in the flames. Botii these tires were undoubtedly the work of incendiaries; and the Mayor has offered a reward of $2OO for their detection and conviction. BALTIMORE COUNTY. GREEN SPRINO AVENUE.— We understand that the law incorporating the Green Spring Avenue Com pany was finally passed, to the .satisfaction of the persons interested, and that steps will be taken in a short time to have the stock subscribed, and the road put under contract. ACCIDENT.— A man named Grundy, employed by Mr. helton, of Govanstown, was badly kicked by a horse on Monday last. Several of his teeth were broken trom both jaws, and his face badly cut and disfigured HOLD. —Mr. Samuel C. Hunt has Sold his farm, near Rider's Switch, to Mr. Edward Rider, Sr., for Sl2O per acre. The Board of County Commissioners meet on Wednesday, March 24th. The bill giving four terms of court per annum to this county instead of two, has become a law. Its provisions will be published next week. SUICIDK. —On the 11th inst., Christian Newcomer hung himself in the barn of John Newcomer, on PRICE TWO CENTS. Beaver Creek. The deceased had been much de- J'ressod in spirits for some years past. He was in the iorty-tifth year of his a<re. — Hagentoini Mail. SALE OK TOWS PROPERTY.—James I. Hurley sold on uesday last, his two brick houses in Eastern's vr'-n : a < J st, eet, to Benjamin Reiarle, of l/'' iamSPO ' 1 SUm ° f S'lj4oo.—Hagcrstmrn PERSONAL. Hon. A. 11. Nelson, late Chief Justice of the Su pcnor Court of Suffolk county, was, on Monday last, conveyed from his residence in Woburn to the McLean Hospital in Somerville, bis disease bavin"- assumed such a form as to render this course, in the opinion of his physicians and friends, the most ad visable. tr. \Y . Babeock was elected Mayor of Lawrence, Kansas, at the election on the Ist inst. Mr. Bab cock is one of the most conservative men in the rree. State party. He held a federal office under President Pierce. Baker P. Lee, Jr., Esq., who for twelvemonths past has been a constant contributor to the editorial columns of the Richmond Enquirer, announces in that paper, that his connection with the Enquirer has terminated. Gen. M. McDowell of Light Street, Columbia county, Pa., died last Sunday. Mr. Jacob Kreider,a Mennonitcpreacher, of Lan caster county, Pa., was killed by a falling tree in the woods last Monday. Mrs. Mary Meade, mother of the Hon. K. K. Meade. United States minister to Brazil, died in Dinwiddte county, Va., on the 10th inst., aged 80 years. REV. STUART ROBINSON*.—WE understand that this distinguished divine has been called to the charge of the Second Presbyterian Church of Louisville, and has accepted the call. He will enter upon the discharge of his duties the latter part of the month Of April— Lexington Obnercer, TUNNELING THE STRAITS OF DOVER. The project of uniting the shores of England and France by some more permanent and available means of communication than the present uncom fortable steamers which ply across the straits of Dover, lias called out propositions for a tunnel, and for a monster viaduct, both of which have been elaborately described, and recently, as we learn from the London Civil Eng.atul Arch. Journal, for a floating tunnel, to be constructed above the bottom, but under the level of the sea, and through which a railway is to run. Throughout the greater part of its length it will not rest on the bed of the sea, but be supported by its own buoyancy; and this buoy ancy is to be counteracted by iron bands connected with weights resting on the bottom. The tube will thus be prevented from rising to the surface, or from sinking to the bottom, and the depth of im mersion will be so regulated as tt> offer no obstruc tion to navigation. Its external diameter will be eighteen feet, and its average thickness six inches, which, it is estimated, would insure sufficient strength, it tfie tube had an ordinary annular sec tion. By applying the cellular system, a triple strength can be obtained. The weight of a cubic foot of sea water being 04 lbs., and that of cast-iron 454 lbs., we shall have, for the whole tube, in its length of a little more than twenty miles: The weight of water displaced, tons, 782,000 Weight of tube, ... GOO,OOO Buoyancy, - - - " 182,000 The buoyancy is to be counteracted by cubes of concrete. Three hundred large funnels or spira cles, spring from the top of the tubes to a consider able height above the sea, will afford air and light to the travelers on the submarine railway. The tunnel is to be constructed of one thousand cast iron pipes of the dimensions above mentioned, fitting conically into each other, the junction being strengthened and made water-tight bv large bands of wrought iron screwed and nailed to the pipes.— It the estimates of cost are reliable, and if thev are to determine which of the projects is to be carried into effect, the floating tunnel has decidedly the ad vantage of its competitors, the viaduct being esti mated at £40,000,000, and the tunnel at £00.000,000, while the following is the estimate given for the floating tunnel: One thousand cast iron pipes, COO tons each, at £G 10s. per ton, - - £3.900,000 Wrought iron bands, screws, bolts for the junction pipes. 15,000 tons, at £l2 per ton, 180,000 Joining and sinking the pipes, - - - 180,000 Three thousand cubes of concrete, each equal to 4,090 cubic feet, - 900,000 Three hundred spiricles, and their cubes and shrouds, - - - - 120,000 ! Wrought iron bands, connecting the I tunnel with the great cubes, - 180,000 j Abutments, 100,000 Kails, locomotives, cars, &c., ... 140,000 Other expenses, 300,000 Total expense, - £0,000,000 I'nder these circumstances it would perhaps be of advantage to test its practicability on a small scale, unless recent events have checked the desire of the two nations lor a better means of communi cation than they now possess. [From Benton's "Abridgment of the Debates of Con gress," published by I). Applcton & Co. | THE SIXTEENTH CONGRESS, PAINTED BY SENATOR IIENTON. This act fabill to authorize the President to take | possession orF.ast and West Florida— March, 1821,) now held by many to be unconstutional and void, I was reported by a committee, passed by a Congress, j and approved by an Administration, which were all I believed, in their day, to know something about the Constitution, and also to care for it. Thecommitee were : —Messrs. James Barbour, of Virginia; Xa ! thaniel Macon, of North Carolina; James Brown, of ! Louisiana; William Hunter, of Rhode Island; and Rulus King, of New Y ork —all of them familiar with the formation and adoption of the Constitution, and one of them (Mr. Kufus King) a member of the Federal Convention which framed it. The Congress was that of 1820-'2l, the first under the second administration of Mr. Monroe, himself the last of the revolutionary Presidents, and in the last term of his public life—both the Senate and the House impressive and venerable from the presence of many survivors of the first generation, and bril liant with the apparition of the young luminaries of the second generation, then just appearing above the political horizon, soon to light up the whole po litical firmament with the splendors of their genius, and to continue shining in it, like fixed stars, until gathered, in the fulness of time, to rest with their fathers. To name some, would be to wrong others, equally worthy, less brilliant. To name all who shone in this firmament would be to repeat, almost, the whole list of the members of the two Houses, for, either brilliant or useful, talent pervaded the whole list—even the plainest members being re spectable for the honesty of their votes, and close attention to the business of the House. I entered the Senate at that time, and 1 felt myself to be among masters whose scholar 1 must long remain before I could become a teacher—whose example I must emulate, without the hope of successful imi tation. There they were, day in and day out, at their places, punctual to every duty, ripe in wisdom, rich in knowledge, modest, virtuous, decorous, deferen tial, and wholly intent upon the public good. There I made my first acquaintance with the federal gen tlemen of the old school, and while differing from them on systems of policy, soon came to appreciate their high personal character, to adinire their fin ished manners, to recognize their solid patriotism (according to their views of government), and to feel grateful to them as the principal founders of our Government, and in all this I only divided sen timents with the old republicans, all living on terms of personal kindness with their political adversaries and with perfect respect for each other's motives and opinions. They are all gone—their bodies bu ried in tlm'earth, their works buried under rubbish, and their names beginning to fade from the memory of man—and I, (who stood so far behind them iii their great day that praise from me would have seemed impertinence,) I have become in some sort, their historiographer) and introducer to the world. I abridge the debates of Congress! those debates in which their wisdom, virtue, modesty, patriotism j lie buried. I resurrect the whole! put them in I scene again on the living stage, every one with the | best of his works in hand; a labor of love and pride to me, of justice to them, and, I hope, of utilitv to many generations. Such were the two Houses of Congress which re-enacted the Florida Territorial bill, in 1821, which had been first enacted (by pre decessors not less illustrious) in the Orleans Terri torial bill ot 1804, and approved by Mr. Monroe's cabinet a cabinet unsurpassed by any one before John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State; >V llhara H. Crawford, Secretary of the Treasure; John C. Calhoun, Secretary of war; Smith Thomp son, Secretary of Hie Navy; Return Jonathan Meigs, Postmaster-General; William Wirt, Attorney Gen eral, and which acts, so made, and so approved, are now to be called unconstitutional and void. But they had a further approval to undergo—one of practice! and received it! received it from both Houses of Congress, and from the Monroe Admin istration; and that after it was put into operation by the first Governor of East and West Florida, commissioned with the powers of Captain-General and lntendant of Cuba, uniting in his own hands the supreme military, civil, and judicial functions, and exercising them when he believed the public good required it. But of this hereafter. Two young bloods of Norristown got into a "high debate ' the other day, when one of them named Harrison Jones, a kind of a superintendent of a brewery, shot Michael Mooney, inflicting an ugly wound. Jones surrendered himself, and was committed, lie says he only intended to frighten Mooney. An epidemic, supposed to be the cholera, is said to be killing oft the hogs at a rapid rate in the southwestern portion of Montgomery county Va. One gentleman lost twenty-two in five or six davs" and in one neighborhood some 150 or 200 hogs have died. The Syracuse Journal says that brain fever, which in most cases proves fatal, has made its appearance in Constantia, Oswego county, to an alarming ex tent. Several persons in perfect health have been attacked with it, and died before medical aid could be procured.