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VOL. I—NO. 27.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BY KERR A CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. S. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLL Aas per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion .50 Two insertions 75 Three " SI.OO Four " $1.25 Five " $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or Inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. C'NDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply fur its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a"paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS —lt will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to he any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART.— Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions uiK>n subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. DURATION. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND THE TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in healtlifulness. The pupils avoid ing. on the one hand, the debilitating effeats of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having beep duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present BChool year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to tjie present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY, PRESIDEXT. WM. DENNY, M. D., SECRETARY. T. WATKINS LIGOX, E. HAMMOND. JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22-dtf. LAW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon. TOKOPHILUS PARSONS, LL.D.. Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D.. University Professor. The course ef instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, "and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14,000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holdeu in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge ef parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com meneraent of cither term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six week 9 at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, inay be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 185 S. [<l6t law6m. Itcbitracs, perfumeries, £r. BRYAN'S PULMONIC WAFERS"FOR Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Consumption and all diseases of the Lungs. For sale at WISEMAN'S Drug Store, Baltimore and Fremont streets, Baltimore f22-dlm. T. PURVIANCE POLKT&T CO. J APOTHECARIES, Comer of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, Xo. 88 X. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, kc., kc. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22 tf. WTSEAMAN'S VERMIFUGE, ▼ ▼ OR WORM DESTROYER. This remedy for Worms is one of the most extraordinary ever used. It effectually eradicates Worm 9 of all sorts from children and adult 9. Warranted not to contain Mercury in any form, nor any other mineral. For sale by WISEMAX, Druggist, corner of Baltimore and Fremont streets. Price 25 cents. dim. THOSE OF~SCROFULOUS IJABIT, Tum °ra. King's Evil, (kc., Mer curial and Syphilitic diseases and affections generally aris ing from a taint in the system, requiring an alterative ?P^TTV^VRITP^ rereC A mn,en ' ,ed t0 t ' lkc ' "THE AL TERATIV FE. SIKLR. made at Dr. O'Xeal's Drue- STORN Corner of MADISON and Eutaw Streets. It rids the system of accumulated humors, as Tetter, Boils, Pimples Rimr worm - *• bje22 PREPARED AT DR. CPNEAL7S!JRUG Store, Corner of Madison and Eutaw Streets is a reli able remedy for Cough 9, Colds, Hoarseness. Soreness and pains in the Chest. Consumptive cases derive much ad vantage from its use. Wild Cherry Bark, Tar, Bloodroot and Indian Hemp enter into its composition. Its taste is pleasant and its use entirely safe. feb22 3t USTARD SEED OIL LINIMENT, has been effective wherever used for the relief of painful local pains of a Rheumatic or Neuralgic character. The genuine prepared only at Dr. O'jVtal's Drug Store, Cor. Madison and Eutaw Streets. feb22 3t CO LLECTION AG EN C ~Y~. J. D. PRATT 4s CO., fJ. e errX r I epare<110 receive Mli transmit CLAIMB FOR COL o,:7i,V ,na,l - v CIT J or county in the United States or British Provinces. Being in direct and frequent corres pondence with reliable Attorneys in every city and county, TlONs'areVJhV I "ii'Sf Bpee ' ly and Prompt COLLEC -1.? Wlll K iTe ent >re satisfaction OFFICE OF THE MERCANTILE AGENCY corner of Baltimore and South Charles streets miff tf I " | THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athnwnm Building, N. W. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. I The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes, care i fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and j Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about ; 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with ] the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. | The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A.M., till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARK FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, **9** " " HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 " " ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF MEWS FURNISIIING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST. COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German St., Baltimore. BAILORS. HT. ROBERTS, MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. RE AD Y MAI) E CLOT HIN G ~ J OHM H. RE A, D> CO., NORTH-EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTH BTS., Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low Prices- fe22-lm. SAMUEL TANEYHILL, MERCHANT TAILOR, No. 2 LIGHT ST., OPPOSITE FOUNTAIN HOTEL, Has just received a SPLENDID STOCK at SPRING Goods—consisting of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, VEST INGS, &c., and will be pleased to take Orders from his friends and the public. A fit guaranteed. Prices reason able fe22-lm. pnws anil piste. SMALL PI4XO WITH A GREAT TONE.—We have just finished, and have now on exhibition at our Sales Room, No. 207 Baltimore street, between Light and Charles streets, a few small Square PIANOS, very suitable for small parlors and chambers, or to fit in recesses. Although the cases are of a very reduced size, the instru ments possess a powerful volume and sweetness of tone i unexpected to the performer. We will guarantee their durability in every respect, and will furnish them of any given size to order, with either plain or highly finished cases, at prices considerably below what we ask for our great Square Pianos. We invite the professors, amateurs of music, and the public generally to call at the above place and judge for themselves if the Pianos in question are not in every re spect worthy of public patronage, just such an instrument as the public has long sought for. WM. KNABE k CO., Nos. 1, 3, 5 and 7 N. EUTAW STREET, opposite the Eutaw House, and No. 207 BALTIMORE ST., between Light and Charles. mh22 3t CHICKERING & SONS, AND NUANNS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by F. D. BENTEEaN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f< themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince k Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. fv22-lm. NEW MUSIC . —Just Published, by MILLER <£• BEACIIAM, 181 BALTIMORE ST: A DAY DREAM—by J. C. Engelbrecht. ANVIL CHORUS—from Verdi's Trovatore. LANCER'S QUADRILLES—taught by Ed. Lehmann. •BOARDING-SCHOOL LlFE—by Chas. Grobe. •This beautiful composition, describing a day at a FE MALE BOARDING SCHOOL, is one of the Author's best efforts. Ce22-lm. HENRY M c C A F F R E Y, MUSIC PUBLISHER, No. 207 BALTIMORE STREET, MUSIC PUBLISHED and received daily. MUSIC BOUND in the NEATKST STYLE. fe22-lm. MUSIC FOLIOS at ALL PRICES scstorats. ELDON HALL RESTAURANT^ No. 78, WEST . FAYETTE STREET, REAR ENTRANCE IN BANK LANK. THE undersigned have very recently fitted up the building in Fayette street, between St. Paul and Charles Sts., known as'' Eldon Hall", as a restaurant of the first class. No expense has been spareil to make it acceptable in all its appointments, to gentlemen who may feel disposed to pay it a visit. There is at all times upon the "snack" counter edibles which can be served up at a moment's notice and at all hours there are always private roonu for the ac comodation of gentlemen, who may desire to "exchange" thoughts over something which may cheer the inner man. They challenge competition in the matter of CIGARS, GOOD LIQUORS, and ATTENDANCE BY FAITHFUL SER VANTS, which altogether make up the comforts of a restau rant. DINNERS and SUPPERS served for PARTIES prompt l.v, AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED with TERRAPINS, OYS TERS &c., at the shortest notice. There are peculiar advantages, in this establishment for the accomodation of gentlemen. The building has a rear entrance from Bank Lane, while there is a private entrance admiting to all parts of the house, without passing thrqpgh the bar. REILLY i SNYDER fe22d-lw&2aw2w. RINN'S EATING- SALOON, No. 40 WEST PEATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. THE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- Iy known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, Ac., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also, Terrapins, Turtles."Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RIXX'S Express Wagon. fe'22-tf. I L L 1 A M H A II R I S," MAKER AND IMPORTER OP GUNS, RIFLES and PISTOLS 116 West Pratt street,, keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Bird and Ducking Guns, (double and single barrel;) Six barrelled Revolvers; Rifles made to order ; Dupont's Gun Powder; Powder Flasks. Bird Bags, Shot Belts and Pouches, and many other articles necessary for Sportsmen. Repairing done at the shortest notice, anil witli neatness. [fe22lm. WH GRANGE A CO. SHIPPING AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, NO. 119 IF. LOMBARD STREET. BALTIMORE. LARGE STOCKS OF THE PUREST RYE WHISKEY, OLD VIRGINIA PLANTERS', ZIEGLER'S, CONGRESS, BROWNELL'S, and other Cele brated Brands, with every description of Brandies, Ports, Sherries and other Wines, Rectified Whiskey, &c., always on hand at the most moderate prices. White Wine and Cider Vinegar of superior quality. Liberal advances made on Consignments of Mer chandise generally. Western and other PRODUCE, Flour, Butter, Cheese, Provisions, Raw Whiskey, Alcohol, Dried Apples, aud Fruit generally. Particular attention paid to the purchase and sale of Clo ver and other Seeds, Grain, Tobacco, &c. Orders promptly executed for every description of Mer chandise, Groceries, Foreign Fruit, Packed Oyters, &c. fe22 ly. BARGAINS IN FURNITURE.— We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED-ROOM, DINING-ROOM, HALL- FURNITURE, at very low prices, corresponding with the times, FOR CASH, or GOOD NOTES , at 4 months. MEACHAM A HF.YWOOD, fe24-lm 10 North Charles st. ADAM SNIVELET. g, W. COOKE. SNIVELEY & COOKE, No. 5 COMMERCE STREET, „ Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, T CHEESE, AND PRODUCE. Having a LARGE. WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. BUTTER for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. fe22lm. gg BUILDERS' DEPOT. gg SASH, DOORS. BLINDS, FRAMES. HOT BED SASH, OULDINGS, CASINGS, Ac., DRESSED FLOORING ANPOTHER LUMBER, LIME, BRICKS, HAIR. HARD WARE, GLASS, OIL, PAINTS, and every description of BUILDING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom modating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oj buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by R. JOHNSON, No. 69 Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf,) fe23-tf Baltimore, Md. BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE SIO.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer k Co., Wheeler k Wilson and Grover k Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur ineit™ ** Also, Wheeler A Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, 1 . k Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel- V * y achin,!3 are re ally the best article ever ill r great num ber of certificates can KtaThom i- f r ladic " anil gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time , _ ~ B B PUNDERSON A CO., * 209 Baltimore street. BALTIMORE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1858. insurance Cumpnies. INSURANCE CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU INSURE. SAML. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREBT Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STRBET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, 44 DALL, GIBBONS fa Co., 22 Hanover street, A. L. WEBB & BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHA. W. RIDOZLY, ESQ. , Attorney at Lato,M St. Paul gtreet - mrUeolm EQUITABLE FIRE INSURANCE SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fully explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KZLSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIBBY, HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER' JAMES FKAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELB. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24-ly* THE GREAT WESTERN (-MARINE] INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital [alreadypaid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858.; 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. BALTIMORE FIRE INSURANCE CO. (ESTABLISHED UPWARDS OF HALF A CENTURY.) NE W BUILDING, S. W. CORNER OK SOUTH AND WATER STREETS. This Company INSURES AGAINST LOSS OR DAM AGE BY FIRE, in the city or country, on the various de scriptions of property. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. J. I. COHEN, JR., President E. A. TAYLOR, WM. GILMOR, W. G. HARRISON, J. PENNINOTON, S. T. THOMPSON, JOSHUA I. COHEN, GEO. R. VICKERS, J. BIRCKHEAD, JR., F. W. ALRICKS, FRANCIS T. KINO, S. O. HOFFMAN, HENRY CARROLL, DAVID S. WILSON, R. S. STEUART W. F. WOBTIIINGTON, fe'22-tf. FRED'K WOODWORTII, Secretary. THE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAT STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe22-lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS? PIKENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Companies. Capital and Surplus. MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co.. N. Y. $931,000 INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA. 352 000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co. of N. Y. 250,000 PHCENIX " " " 285,000 WASHINGTON '• •• 288,000 NEW WORLD " ' 234,000 ALBEMARLE " Va. 400JW0 LYNCHBURG " igj 000 COMMONWEALTH " Pa. 178,000 U.S.LIFE " " 1,250,000 And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. . THOS. D. JOHNSTON. fc22-ly. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COL UMBIAN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in- - - - - - „ . 200,000 Security notes paid in 300 000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DAYIES, of Davies it Warfleld, fe22-6m. So. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DOXALDSOX, President. TIUIIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives X for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Llfo or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, _ Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DOXALDSOW, 84 Franklin street f22 1y FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHX G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency.' JSTNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHCENIX 44 44 44 " 350 000 in J ' Hartford, 225,000 L.S. L.I*E New York 400,000 fe22-tf. ASSOCIATED INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY. Mechanical, J. C. Wins DUX, Columbian GEORGE HAKMAX, Union, J. TRUST, First Baltimore ' NOAU WALKER, Friendship, FRAXCIS BCRXS, United ' J. T. FARLOW , Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin ALLEX PAIXE, Liberty, J. PEASOX, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK. Indej*ndent, LAXCASTER OULD, Patavsco R. C. MASOX, Vigilant, F. A. MILLEK, Howard ' MM. A. HACK, New Market. JAS. A.BRUCE, Watchman, JAS. B. GEOEGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD. Lafauettr Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22tf - JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANci THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE V ■ , t . ~ COMPANY OF NEW YORK, insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms u favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share ol the profits without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000 000. A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. , 001 VKK °'CONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHAXGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OPPICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY BTKEET ' DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE for^NSURANCiT* 1 dai ' r "* deteraine u P° n PP"cation. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, _ President. BOARD OP DIRECTORS : Allen A. Chapman, [William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, Wm. Heald, Adam Denmead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, George Small JOHN R. MAGRUDER, fe26tf Secretary. HENRY A. DIDIER, INSURANCE AGENT COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORKER Of OAT AND LOMBARD STREETS, mr!9-tf Baltimore. iusiitfss Carbs. COUP LAA'D, ~ • FASHIONABLJ: HATS, CAPS, Ac, No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS °>rll-ly BALTIMORE. IVEITL & WASHBURN, *' ' WABHBTK: ' -L y FIRST PREMIUM PIANO FORTES MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOMS— -66 FAYETTE BT., East of Calvert, mh!2-6m Baltimore, Md. R* HORACE LOVE. CHARI RQ V U IDTIV LOVE, MARTIN & co. COMMISSION MERCHANTS, For the sale of WESTERN PROVISIONS & PRODUCE 5 EXCHANGE PLACR, BALTIMORE fe22-ly. FRANCIS DENMEAD, Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, „ _ BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22-ly J. H. STICKNRT. „ R PRPR , STICKNEY & CO., DEALERS IN CUMBERLAND AND GAS COAL, PIG AND BAR IRON, NAILS, dt C, . „. EXCHANGE PLACE, fe22-tf. Baltimore, IND & ~ ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS. No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELriOWNEY'S BUILDING, fe22-lm. R. B. GRANT, J B GRANT. P RANT &. BROTHER, VX COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, fe22 tf. Baltimore. JOHN W. BECHTEL, PRACTICAL PLUMBER AND STOVE AND FURNACE MANUFACTURER, Nos. 93 N. EUTAW AND 46 ST. PAUL STREETS. fe22-6t. Baltimore. TAMES WHITEFORD, COMMISSION MERCHANT, SPEAR'S WHARF, _ . Baltimore. Receives and sells FLOUR, WHISKEY, and all kinds of Country PRODUCE. fe22-6t. JOHN S. WILLIAMS it BRO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, fe22-tf. BALTIMORE. JL. M'PHAIL & BRO'S • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert street:, (north side.) fe22tf. WM. W. JANNEY, LOUIE STOW TANNEY & STOW, J PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 101 SOUTH STREET, fe22-ly Baltimore. JOSEPH CARSON. H. Q. YICKERY JOSEPH CARSON & CO. J WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, _ Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consgnments. fe22 tf COURTNEY & CUSHING," TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BAL TIMORE. C. L. CUSHINO, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf JLYLE CLARKE & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22tf CA R D . P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, fe22 lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON &. co7, SHIPPING AND COMMISSON MERCHANTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING AND COMMISSIONMER CHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR MOLASSES. COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS IONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c.; also fill orders for same. fe22-tf WT. WALTERS &7J07 • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES <i LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. 1&~ A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on hand. fe24-tf T. T. MARTIN. WM. R. MARTIN. RP T. MARTIN &. 8R0.,; X . IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR S— and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt), nial-tf Baltimore, RSNOWDEL^ANMIEWS7 • ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT, 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm, • Baltimore, Md. JOHIT F. PICKRELL, LEWIS WARRIMGTON. JOHN F. PICKRELL & CO., GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. IK?"Liberal advances made on consignments. fe24-tf gttorntgs. THOMAS H. KEMP, JR.,— ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot. Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7-2m R. SYOCKETT MATHEWS, ~ A TTORNE r AT LA IF, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LXXINQTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22 tf. CHARLES E. PHELPS, A TTORNE Y AT LAW. No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22 tf. OBERT D. BURNS^ ATTORNEY AT LAW, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22-tf. LEXINGTON STREET. IT FRISBY HENDERSON, • ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE No. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23-2aw6w. IP K. HOWARD, • ATTORNEY AT LAW, fe23-eod2w 24 LAW BUILDINGS. T. JOSEPH ROGERST ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles, mrl-tf. f aper 'fangings. - PAPER HANGINGS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. HOWELL & BROTHERS, S&O BAL TIMORE STREET, opposite Hanover, invite public attention to their extensive PAPER HANGING WARE HOUSE, and the superior stock of Paper Hangings con stantly on hand. The variety and extent of the assortment presents supe rior inducements to purchasers, embracing as it does, an unrivalled assortment of FRENCH PAPERS, as well as new and beautiful papers of approved styles, from our own Factory. , To this stock we are constantly making additions, as our arrangements both at home and abroad, are complete for receiving everything new in our business. It would be needless to enumerate the Styles, as they are so varied, as to please all tastes, and are suitable for Parlors. Dining Rooms, Halls, Ac. All paper put on in the best manner, under the superin tendance of one of the firm. Orders from the country promptly attended to. d-lm. REAT SAVING IN GAS. BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSON A CHANDLER: Sin: —We have been using J. H. COOPER'S LEVER GAS REGULATOR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is nniform and ample, and all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consumed gas prevented. NOAH WALKER A Co. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON A CHANDLER, At the office of Messrs. GRATTAN A EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. fe2s-lmo. JOHN SHANAMAN HAS REMOVED EROM SNOW HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN & SHEET IRON WARE, AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE. Where every article connected with his business may be found, and which will be disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. Kr All orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mrfl 3m i. o, o. ?; ODD FELLOWS AND MASON'S RE GALIA, BANNERS, Ac., U. s. Bunting and Silk Flags, Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings, al way on hand and for sale by A. SISCO, No. 95 BALTIMORE ST, fe22ly Baltimore, FOREIGN. [From the London News, March 4.] BRAZIL AND THE UNITED STATES. Under the head of "Brazil and the United States" we print two documents, illustrative not merely of the policy of the United States in South America, but ot the cautions reticence and prudent reserve with which Brazil receives the advances of North American diplomacy, even when political consider ations encourage its pretensions, and commercial interests operate strongly in its favor. It is not many weeks since we pointed out to the English ?r ' importance of the mission with wmieh Mr. Meade, the newly-appointed United States min ister, was charged to the court of Rio de Janeiro, and showed that one chief object ot Mr. Buchan an s foreign policy was the formation of close and intimate relations both as to amity and commerce between the great republic of North America and the great monarchy of South America. In such relations there is not necessarily anything inimical to the interests of England. H is, of course, quite possible for England and the United States to cultivate the friendship and al liance of distant countries with which thev respect ively carry on a great trade, without jealousy or rivalry, provided they meet on terms ot equality in the neutral States. But the inconvenience of "our position in Brazil is, that the British government does not meet with American diplomacy on an equal tooting in Brazilian public opinion; for, while our merchants and traders and capitalists are most just ly held in the highest esteem in that empire, the English government has unfortunately deeply wounded the susceptibilities and nmour prnprc of its whole population, high and low; and this gives [ to the United States a position and an advantage which President Buchanan appears inclined, not at all unnaturally, to turn, if he can, to the advantage of his own country. It is on this inclination that the documents we print elsewhere throw light. The first is the speech made by Mr. Meade in pre senting his credentials to the Emperor Don Pedro 11. In this address the representatives of the United States fully recognize the Brazilian Em pire as the dominating State of South America, and as holding the balance of power on that continent. Now, this recognition is in itself a great change; for hitherto the United States have rather affected to depreciate the importance of Brazil, have been ac customed to picture it as an ephemeral monarchy in a quarter of the globe devoted to republican in stitutions, and have regarded it rather as their duty to elevate and exaggerate the developement of the Spanish American States than to look seriously and truthfully at the growing importance of the" new I ortugese monarchy. This revolution of North American opinions aban dons that delusion; and, accepting the accomplished facts of Brazilian superiority and predominance, proceeds to deal with the position it recognizes with a sagacity and a prescience that contrasts strangolv and significantly with the obstinate and effete diplo macy of our Foreign Office, which will persist in extending to Brazil that system of tutelage, inter ference, correction and impertinence which it im agines it rightfully inherited from our relations with Portugal. Mr. Meade, on the contrary, addressing the Em peror on behalf of the United States, treats Brazil, not on any antiquated and ridiculous notions of this sort, but as a young and rising and perfectly independent State, having a definite policy to guide it, and a great object to accomplish in South Amer ica. Instead of thwarting this policy or disputing about the object, he bespeaks an alliance on their basis. This is skill of the right sort; for, making no pretensions of superiority, and using no language of offence, it aims at achieving its own ends by assist ing and promoting the aims of its ally, and com mences by placing itself in accord with its sen timents and its sympathies, and so ilatters and cul tivates that self-love, which is quite as active and as useful an agency of good in nations, when not car ried to excess, as in individuals. If we compare this frank, liberal, captivating and agreeable lan guage of the United States in Brazil with the inso lent terms in which our foreign office has been so long accustomed to address the government of Rio de Janeiro, we shall have some faint idea of the im pression which Mr. Meade's courtesy and fraternity have produced throughout the Empire of Brazil, and how actively that impression is certain to ope rate in favor of the intimate relations which President Buchanan seeks to form in this quarter of the globe. Our position in the world is similar, our interests are identical—in some respects our institutions affe alike; at no point do we come into conflict; our respective productions enable us to carry on a trade to which there appears no limit; our policy is the same; we can be of the greatest assistance to each other; you predominate in the South, we in the North of the continent of Columbus; let us take advantage of all these things; let us be close and intimate friends; let your enemies be our enemies, and your allies our allies; fear nothing in South America from us; .give us only easy admission into your ports and assurance of their use in the event of war, and all the protection that we can furnish you with is at your service. Such, in effect, is the policy which Mr. Meade avowed to the Emperor. To these advances his Imperial Majesty made a reply full of that useful and characteristic prudence which distinguishes Don Pedro 11. He gently and inoffensively turned aside from the temptations and allurements of American diplomacy; and replying courteously and kindly to the personal passage in Mr. Meade's address, contented himself with ac knowledging the duties imposed on Brazil by its po sition in South America, and assured the United States envoy that the only desire of his government was to promote the happiness and prosperity of his neighbors. From this reply we may learn how easy it would be in our government to place our relations with Brazil on a sure and stable foundation. The natu ral allies of that empire are to be found in Europe, not in the United States; and to secure to England all the advantages in Brazil which its government has thrown away, it only requires as much common sense and regard for English interests as President Buchanan has, in this instance, shown he exercises on behalf of the United States. ANOTHER SKETCH OF YEH.— The Canton corres pondent of the Daily New* draws a more favorable sketch of Commissioner Yeh than does the corres pondent of the Times. He says,—"When Yeh was first taken up to head quarters his manner was thought somewhat hectoring and overbearing. He answered all the questions that were asked him in a very loud voice, and with, as it was described, a surly air; but when I saw him on board Capt.Brooker's ship, the Inflexible, the next day, nothing could be more courteous than has demeanor. His countenance gave one the impression that he is a shrewd, clever man; and 1 observed none of the savageness and ferocitv that some imagine can be traced in it. Those who first saw him had made up their minds that he was a most truculent-looking personage; and yet, per haps, rather inconsistently, they were indignant at finding no submissiveness/and so on, in his manner. By the way, the courage he showed was very much to his credit, seeing what his notions of our treatment of prisoners were, for the dav after he was taken on board he asked Captain Brooker to tell him whether it was likely he would be put to death. He has the sort of a face, I fancy, usual among the higher class of Chinese, with, perhaps more than the ordinary air of acuteness and power, and not more than the" ordinary amount of animal development. He is forty-nine years of age, very stout and, for a Chinese, tall—about five feet ten inches. Several officers who saw him, either while he was on his way to head quarters, or while he was there talking to the admiral, made sketches of him, and one of Lord Elgin's attachees, Mr. Morrison, was so fortunate as to get two sittings of more than an hour each after he was taken on "board the In flexible, and has made a drawing which those who have seen it say is very like. One of the Govern ment student interpreters, a young gentleman named Alabaster, is the medium of communication between Yeh and his visitors. He says that Yeh, although he answers with the utmost "readiness any questions that are asked him, takes more interest a't present in his own prospects and future movements than in anything else. He does, however, show a certain amount of curiosity on some subjects. About Australia and Singapore—in both of which places there are many Chinese—and about steam boats, he made several very intelligent inquiries and remarks. The names of all the English who are acquainted with the Chinese language he is quite familiar with, and, while sitting to Mr. Morrison, alluded to his brother, who was Chinese secretary during the last war. Yeh eats and drinks very little, and does not smoke opium, but desired his aide-de-camp (who, with one or two of his servants, is with him,) when he went on shore for some clothes, to bring some Chinese tobacco. Mr. Ala baster ottered to play at chess or cards with him, but to this Yeh replied that, having been all his life engaged in public business, he had no interest in such games, nor indeed had he ever had time to make himself a proficient in them." PARISIAN GOSSIP.—A Mr. Castries, a Spaniard, has superseded Mr. Hume in Paris. This new evoker of spirits far outdoes his American prede cessor, and proves himself another Cagliostro. He carries the science of diablerie so far that he amazes the most incredulous. One of his feats consists in allowing himself to be locked, bolted and barred within a room, and when he is supposed to be in carcerated in the most secure manner, he suddenly makes his appearance in another room. So far, this is the most extraordinary of the professors of the cabalistic art that has appeared in Paris. An anecdote, of which the heroine is an American lady, has recently been put into private circulation. The ladv, celebrated for her personal charms and her husband's wealth, was a very welcome and a very frequent guest at the Elysee, in the days of the Presidency —indeed, her reception there, oh all fes tive occasions, was so warm that she thought fit to withdraw from attentions that were becoming too marked. When her host took unto himself a wife, Mrs. thought the danger was over, and aain became a guest at all the court balls. About two years ago, however, the invitations ceased suddenly, and all applications for tickets re mained unanswered. The ladv was exceedingly annoyed, and took great trouble to ascertain the cause of her disfavor; but finding her efforts and her inquiries unavailing, she courageously deter mined to seize the first opportunity that offered of demanding satisfaction for what she considered a gratuitous insult. Fortunately France and the United States did not declare war on each other on this momentous ques tion—the lady was her own champion. At the fancy and masked ball of Mr. Fould Mrs. ap peared as La Dame de Pique. Her dress was com posed of alternate stripes of white satin and crim- son velvet, on which were numerous black velvet spades surrounded by gold cord. The head-dress composed con arnore by Felix, consisted of a crim son velvet tiara, around which the trefoil leaves of the spades in black velvet, each adorned with a large diamond as a drop of dew, figured as f.eurons. 1 he lad v was resplendant Among those who surveyed with admiration this beautiful and portly Queen of Spades, was one domino between whom and her Majesty a little ball room flirtation arose. Finding they were closely watched by another mask, the stranger pro posed a walk through the saloon, to which Mrs ——readily assented. The conversation commencl ed with a remark that, though she did not appear to know him there, they were old acquaintances. Where had she been travelling these two years? L i? r( i' . She t ha( Hemained in Paris. Ah! then, why had she not added the charm of her presenco to the court balls ? And why had she chosen that dress ? Here Mrs. - could no longer contain the explosion of her griefs. She recounted her mortifi cation to this domino, whom she insists she did not know.. He replied there teas some woman's work in all tins, and at any rate she should no longer be the /hima de Pique. She should have invitation to all the balls. The finale was, the gallant stranger ra yealed his august features, the ladv gave a flower from her bouquet in exchange for the promise, which has been faithfully kept, and so ends my or rather her story, of which the reader may believe as much as he chooses; my own opinion I reserve. Paris Correspondent, Evening Bulletin. FAMA! THE HANOVERIAN CROWN JEW..I„. On the ISth ult., the wedding day of the King and Queen of Hanover, the recovered crown jewels were exhibited to public view at Schlossin the Lein-Strasse at Han over. As they are at present arranged they lie un der a glass case on a table covered with scarlet vel vet, and profusely ornamented with gold, the sur face of the table rising concentrically to an elevated P' J | n '' i ( l "'e centre. (Jn this apex lies the ornament ot brilliants, somewhat larger than a crown piece, \\ liiich the Queen was in the habit ot wearing in her hair on grand occasions. Beneath this ornament there hang suspended from pins two ear rings, each composed of a single brilliant of the size of a small walnut, the hinder face of which is encrusted with Small brilliants in the fashion of the last century. In addition to these there is the old diamond tia -1?( consisting; of nine different joints, on a verv old-fashioned setting. Most of the diamonds which originally composed this ornament have fallen out in the course of the century and a half of its ex istence, but have been carefully replaced in Eng land and fastened with wax on the metal foundation that forms the body of the tiara. In the centre is the well known Cumberland diamond, valued at 120,000 thalers (£18,000.) On the West side of the table, opposite to the above mentioned, lie a neck lace composed ot thirty-five solid taires, a cross of seven ditto, and two ear pendants containing each four solitaires. These five stones are each of them the size of a bean. Above this necklace, Ac., there are two bows of brilliants about four inches in diameter, encrusted with bril liants ot the size of a pea. A pearl necklace, with a large solitaire as snap, lies on another side. Scat tered around the first mentioned head ornament lie the parts of another taken to pieces, in which the precious stones are set to imitate flowers, yellowish brilliants forming the flowers, and emeralds the leaves. Ihere are also on the south side of the brooch which belongs to the diamond tiara, and six other brooches in the form of bows, besides various loose brilliants lying enfolded in paper. The en tire value is estimated at 800,000 thalers—£l2o - COLONIZATION OP TURKEY. —After thelapse of more than a year the Grand Vizier of Turkey has in structed the Minister of Foreign Affairs to take the necessary steps for. carrying into effect the regula tions with respect to the project of immigration or colonization. The Constantinople correspondent of the Timet thinks that this is a project to attract some of the surplus thousands who yearly leave their European homes for the Far West, and thus to get back, as it were, for the East what it gave to the West centuries ago. He savs: A country of about 30,000 geographical square miles, comprising some of the finest and most fertile spot* on the globe, with about 3,500 English miles of coast and six seas—the Mediterranean, Adriatic, Archipelago, Black and Red Seas, and the Persian (lulf for outlets, is thrown open to immigration, and offers gratis lands to those who should be in clined to come to the East. From their departure the Turkish Government promises to take charge of the colonists. Even before their arrival in their adopted country, plots of land will be assigned to each colonist, according to his means and capital, which must amount at least to £4O. They will have facilities for transporting their goods and chattels there. They are exempt from taxation for six years if settled in Europe, and 12 if in Asia. The free ex ercise of their religion is assured to them. There are miles and miles of the most fertile land in the hands of the Government with scarcely any one upon it, yielding no revenues, and daily getting more desolate. The colonists will be obliged to give up the protection of the country to which they belonged, and must become bona Jide subjects of the Sultan, submitting to all laws and established au thorities in the provinces. They may quit the country again if thev are not satisfied, "but unless they have remained 20 years the land allotted them cannot be sold, but must be given back to the gov ernment. Although the abuses of authority are not denied,'the Timet' correspondent unhesitatingly asserts that there are very few other countries in Europe where greater personal freedom exists, and few also in which the lower classes of society are so well oft as the great majority of Christians in Turkey. THE GREEK CHURCH IN SYRlA.— Talking of the Greek churches, there is a question now mooted con cerning the Greek Catholics which I have never yet seen noticed in any English or French paper. The Greek Catholics from a sect not very numerous, ex cept in Syria, which, holding all the peculiarities of the Greek church—such as marriage of the clergy, communion of the Lord's Supper in both kinds, and the ritual of their church in their own tongue —have for the last two hundred years acknow ledged the supremacy of the Pope, and are in communion with Home. Amongst other mat ters in which they agree with the Greek church is in celebrating the feasts and fasts according to the Old Style, and not adopting the Gregorian Calendar. This has long been an eye-sore to the Pope, and latterly orders were sent out to his Nuncio in Syria, desiring that the Latin, or Gre gorian Calendar be adopted in the Greek Catholic church. This order was at once made known, but only a few bishops of the said church proved obedi ent to the Holy See, and where they did so the laity strongly objected, so much so that in most instances the churches were altogether abandoned. In Alex andria some forty families of respectable merchants went over to the Greek ''orthodox" church, and all through Syria the lay members of the Greek catholic church have to a man deolared themselves against this innovation. What they object to is not so much the actual reception of the Gregorian Calendar, as the interference of Rome in matters which are not of faith. In short, this movement needs but a few clever men at its head to cause a decided and deter mined rupture with Home. The agitation has last ed about twelve months, and has cost the Pope's Nuncio, who always resides in Beyrout or on Leba non, two journevs'to Rome and back. The number of the anti-Gregorians has so greatly increased of late, that most—nearly all—of the bishops who held with the Pope have changed their opinion, and now celebrate their feasts according to the Greek Calen dar. Still, having once pronounced its fiat, Rome is bound to stand firm, and no doubt will do so, whilst the Greek Catholics in St ria and Egypt de clare that sooner than give in they will renounce the supremacy of the Pope altogether.— Daily New*' Correspondent. Two SOLICITORS CHARGEO WITH FORGERY. —On Saturday, the 27tli ult., James and Charles Mellor, father and son, solicitors, recently in business at Ashton-under-Lyne, were brought Before the mag istrates of that borough, charged with forgery.— There were two charges against them—one of hav ing altered the word "one" to "four," in a receipt given to them by S. FothergHl, of Manchester, making it appear as for £450 instead of £150; the other for creating and passing off', as for value, a sham deed of conveyance, the name used as con veyor being that of their own clerk. Evidence only of n prima facie character was produced, and the prisoners were remanded until Wednesday.— The prisoners had gone to America, having sailed from Liverpool, on the 30th December, in the North American. Warrants for their apprehension were issued, and they were pursued by Mr. Buck ley, of the Manchester detective police, who took his passage in the Canada, on the 16th of January, for Boston. After tracing them through Portland, Island Pond, Montreal, Toronto, Detroit, Chicago, and Sandwich, he found the fugitives staving at a farm house belonging to a relative, about "30 miles from St. Louis. Buckley being introduced to Heap as a countryman who had called to see the "two Eng lishes 5 ' that he had heard were with hiin, and hav ing ascertained that they were the parties whom he had tracked so far, produced his warrant and took them into custody. Mellor himself seemed un moved. The young man was startled and agitated. Buckley started with his prisoners the same night for New York, and, onboard the steamer Edinburgh, from that port, arrived at Greenock, on Friday last, after having traveled altogether nearly 10,000 miles. Although it was expected that the'prisoners would have a large sum with them, only £l4O and some deeds have been recovered. The Mellors were on Wednesday brought before the Ashton magis trates for re-examination on five charges of forgery. They were committed for trial on two cases, but the son, whose health is exceedingly bad, was liberated on recognizances to a small amount. LORD STANLEY ON THE FUTURE GREATNESS OF AMER ICA AND RUSSIA. —Lord Stanley, the new British Secretary for the Colonies, delivered at Lynn, on the occasion of his re-election, a long speech, in the course of which he said: "In every age that old question of the "balance of power' assumes a new form. The question no longer concerns Western Europe alone. Two em pires are springing up in the East and in the West: they are already of first-rate magnitude, and both of them are increasing—not mainly or necessarily by aggression upon others, but simply by natural means —at a rate of progress which far exceeds that of ourselves. Looking merely at the matter of popu lation, it is imposssible not to see that, unless some unforeseen events take place, America and Russia will, 100 years hence, perhaps even 50 years hence, be numerically the moat powerful empires upon the PRICE TWO CENTS. globe. I say numerically, and of course in that reckoning I do not include India, because it can hardly be considered an element of strength in re spect of population. Now, of both these great empires I speak with no leeling of jealousy; I speak of them both with re spect; of one I speak with sincere admiration and sympathy, but still, as society is constituted, it must happen that independent nations will hare different interests A position of inferiority is never satisfac tory, and it is not always even safe. What I nai ment th 6 ' IS ' that f if W ® at ® rn Europe— at this mo ment the very focus and centre of civilization throughout the world—is to hold its own—is to hold in another generation the place which it occupies in the present, it must be bv a cordial and friendly union among its leading Powers. [Hear, hear ]" BLOWING cr THE CANTOS Fours—Lord Elgin and z.u- a Can , le t0 cam P> a,ld sa t upon the roof of the Chinese battery, on Magazine hill, to see the forts blown up. It was worth the trouble of getting up the hill to see the sight. When the spectator took their seats both the forts were full of men. 1 he r rench, who, having no engineers of their own, were directed by Captain Stewart, took Blujacket tort, and Gough's Fort was mined by the senior engineer officer Captain Mann. When the ap pointed time had come and passed, a rocket went up, the men hurried out, and the solid stone build ings stood intact in their loneliness. They never S so ln teresting as during the ten minutes which succeeded the rockets. Seated at only 500 yards' distance you could sec rust a small glimmering, slow match burning down I hen arose a succession of loud, sharp, crackino shivering explosions, throwing fragments high fii the air, and frightening, but not killing, a kite at the moment hovering over Fort Gough. There were at least twenty successive explosions at the larger fort. When the smoke cleared a thousand years seemed to have passed in a few seconds The square, substantial fortification was a picturesque rum, such as we see at Carnavon or Dranchenfells It was intended that the two forts should go up to gether, but the French were ready first, and the spectators were tired of waiting, so'the drama was divided into two parts.— Time? Correspondent PRISON DISCIPLINE IN STRIA.— A circumstance happened here a few days ago which, whilst it would make most men at home stare not a little would prove as good an illustration of the manners and notions of our friends the Turks as even the "Roving Knglishinan" could depict, llcre it is: "The cashier of an English House in Bevrout was found to be £OOO to £7OO short in his accounts. Being a voung man of a respectable Arab family, and having hither to borne a very good character, his employers determined to make a full examination of the affair before accusing him openly. Unfortunately he was proved beyond doubt to be guilty, and was there fore handed over to the authorities for imprison ment until he could be tried. A dav or two after his incarceration the man was metwalking about the town as if nothing had happened, and on beimr questioned how he had got out of prison said, that 'as these were the last days of Carnival, he wished C ri^ . ein with his family; that upon his giving the Turkish authorities a guarantee for his re ap pearance, they had allowed hiin to come out of prison to enjoy the feasts of the season; and that about the end of the week he would go back again. This, too, a man awaiting his trial upon a most se rious criminal accusation." THE SULTAN'S BOON COMPANION. —The Constan tinople correspondent of the Daily Newt, after re cording the death of Achmet Fethi Pacha, who did good service to his country by his re-organization of the Turkish artillery, says—"Great as is his con sequent loss to the public service, his death has occasioned no surprise. For the last three or four years he was known to he suffering from organic disease of the heart, the fatal tendency of which— as everybody also knew, was heightened by vinous indulgencies which would have excited much ortho dox hostility had they not been shared in bv his imperial brother-in-law. Twice or three times a week for the last three or four years did a solitary caique leave the stairs of the palace shortly afte'r sunset had clothed the shores of the Bosphorus in respectable obscurity, And, gliding quietly down to the mouth of the "Golden Horn, land its muffled freight at Topkhaneh. There, in the luxurious little kiosk of the Grand Master of Artillery, was a dual debauch kept up— always into the "short hours," and often till dawn was breaking over the hills behind Scutari, when the waiting caique bore back its imperial passenger to Dolmabaktcheh, to sleep off through the coming day the effect of copious alternations of champagne and bitter beer. Achmet Fethi stuck to port, but his august companion divided his affections between the rival beverages of Burton and of Epernav.— Urim death, however, has now parted the revellers, and sorrow clouds the brow of Abdul Medjid." SUPERSTITION IN FRANCE.— The Tribunal of Cor rectional Police of Chateauroux (Indreet Loire) two days ago heard a case which shows how deeply rooted superstition and credulity still remain in the inind9 of the inhabitants of the country dis tricts. A few months since, the occupiers of a farm at Montifault were disturbed by extraor dinary noises in their house. The curtains of their" bed danced about on their rods, and the kitchen utensils indulged in the most fantastic move ments. The father and mother of this family fell ill, and the latter actually died from the fright into which she was thrown by those unaccountable noises. The two sons, of about twenty-eight and thirty years, then went to a man named Alibaire, who resided in the neighborhood, and who had the reputation of being a sorcerer. The price paid for his advice was 15f., Uis prescription consisting of a water which was prepared by an old crone who re sided close by, and with which the house in every part was to be well sprinkled, in order to get rid (if the annoyance, which Alibaire said was caused by a mauvais air which had got into the dwelling. This composition, which cost the dupes 3f. 50c., was, we need not add, ineffectual. The judge de paix, hav ing been informed of these facts, had Alibaire brought before the tribunal, and he was condemned to one month's imprisonment, lOOf. fine, and the costs. _ ENGLISH SUBJECTS DYING IN FRANCE. —An unmar ried woman named Brown, who, after long residing at Boulogne-sur-Mer, had taken up her residence at Paris, died in the hospital de la Charite in June, 1854. She was at first supposed to be in distress, but it turned out that she had left securities worth more than 300,000f. The government took posses sion of the property, but her brother and two sis ters, Mr. George Brown, Mrs. Worth, and Mrs. Munro—brought in July, 1856, an action before the Civil Tribunal to get it'back, and as thev produced letters of administration from the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, the tribunal granted the ap plication. On the 28th the Prefect of the Seine, acting as representative of the government, ap pealed to the Imperial Court to have the decision set aside, on the ground that the letters of administra tion were not sufficient to prove that Mr. Brown, Mrs. Worth, and Mrs. Munro were really the heirs of the deceased, and that they ought formally to have established the fact in the manner required by English jurisprudence; but the court confirmed the former judgment. RESOURCES OF ALGERlA. —According to the official reports of the Colonial Inspectors the Government lands in Algeria produced during the last C months of the year 1857, 95,772 hectolitres of wheat, grown on 6,495 hectares of land. The average produce is 14 hectolitres, 20 litres the hectare. In 1856 the produce was only 8 hectolitres, 50 litres. This wheat, which at first was sold at 32f. the hectolitre, subsequently declined to 23f. The cultivation ol the sorgho occupied a superfices of 80 hectares, and the produce of each hectare was from '2BO to 300 metrical qintals of clean stalks. Some ground bet ter cultivated produced 400 quintals. In that portion of the Sahel nearest to Algiers the value of the crops in the commune of Cheragas is estima ted at 310,000f.; that of Dellv-Ibrahim produced 348,000f., of which 40,610f. are for grapes and wine grown on 33 hectares. The commune of Douera produced 535,000f. worth of wine and 212,0001'. worth of tobacco. The dwarf palin trees produced 52,000f., making altogether 720,000f. for the com mune. MEETING IN LONDON OF ITALIAN DELEGATES. —On Monday evening, the Ist instant, a meeting of dele gatesof what is called the Italian Constitutional Party was held in London, to take into considera tion the present aspect of affairs in Europe in rela tion to Italian independence. The meeting origi nally intended to be held in Turin, had been trans ferred to London for the purpose of allowing some of the refugees to attend. The gist of the speeches and sentiments of the delegates were comprised in a resolution condemning the attempt on the life of Napoleon, both as bringing disrepute on the Italian cause and as being utterly repugnant to their feel ingsand their principles. The meeting was ad journed until next dav. The adjourned meeting took place on Tuesday. Sig. Barromeo again occupying the chair; but it was agreed to postpone the more important, matters for discussion, as several members had not yet ar rived. The Cavaliere Castine, in noticing the erro neous ideas entertained respecting the principles of the Italian national party, denouncing all theories of republican government in Italy, at present, as unprofitable and impossible. THE WEATHER IN STRIA.—BKYROUT, Feb. IG.—ln Syria we are now, or at least we hope that we are, getting to the end of a most severe winter -perhaps the worst ever known in this part of the world. So much injury has been done bv this long-continued bad weather, that the appearance of the trees and crops is at present more like what it generally is at the commencement of December than the middle of February. The mulberry trees, which ought to be well in leaf bv this time, have not even begun to show their buds: whilst the early barley, which at this time is always a couple of feet high," has scarce ly yet shown above ground. The natives say that corn will be dear and good silk rare this year", and 1 am inclined to be of their opinion. In tra"de nothing can be duller than this country is at present. A decree in the MonUtur promotes Mgr. Bonne chose from a smaller bishopric to the archiepisco pal see ofßouen. The singularity of this consists in the fact that Emile de Bonnech'ose, who was pri vate librarian to Louis Phillippe, and is brother of the archbishop, is the most energetic and indefati gable Protestant writer in France after D'Aubigne, and has only just edited the letters of John Huss, to whose sincerity and heroism be has raised an en during monument.