Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I—NO. 29.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPT*.,) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREK7S. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KEUR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A UAI.P CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at SIX DOLLARS per annum: THREE DOLLARS forsix months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion Two insertions 75 Three " $l.OO Four " $1.25 F 've One week $1.75 One month *4 00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a Out class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapiil growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, lias so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an i apology were net-led, for thus introducing what may per ' haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal J ism,—it Was been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap- I propriatenoss in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must tie i largely devoted, hut in its wide and more comprehensive ! acceptation, as embracing within its scope ail those topics which come within the province of the public press. i Ist, NEWS.— It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full uud authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to | secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of everv arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour- \ nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2<l, COMMERCE.— The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3<l, POLITICS.— The interests of commerce and the state of the markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any tiling more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sanly devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the objectof THE EXCHANGE topreservea position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid FIND impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE. and it will he the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting- Gsktatioit. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND TRUSTEES of the Patapseo Female A Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitnte, and ill all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of line construction and ex cedent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer tor the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre eminence in healtlifulness. The pupils avoid ing, 011 the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few or the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps' of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsen Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps or her intention to resign her office of principal at the close or the present school year, have elected Robert 11. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Haiti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSET', PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY M D., SECRETARY. T. H'ATKINS LIGON, E HAMMOND JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22dtf. LAW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. .TOEL PARKER. 1.L.D., Roval Professor. Hon. THKOPUILOS PARSONS, LL.IL, Dane Professor. Hon. EMORV WASHBURN, LL P., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also hohlen in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities arc also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com niencment of ujjher term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or anv further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [dOt lawfim. BISCUIT AND CRACKER BAKERY. (No. 98 PRATT STREET,) FORMERL I' R. MASOX ci BROTHER, JAMES D. MASON & Co. having made EXTENSIVE ALTERATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS in their IS ISC LIT AND CRACKER BAKERY, by the introduction of NEW MACHINERY of the LATEST for Pa ° V£UE!,TS ' ar ° IU>W P re P am l to supply any demand PILOT and XAYY BR RAD, WATER, BUTTER SUGAR, PIC NIC and EDINBURGH CRACKERS SODA and WINE BISCUIT, and all kinds of ' FANCY CAKF3S of a quality SUPERIOR TO ANY OTHER ESTBALISIIMEXT The PATE XT REEL OVEX in use at their Bakery is of novel construction , and i.s capable of baking 125 BAR RELS OF FLOUR per day, into CRACKERS, and 500 BARRELS. INTO LOAF BREAD. DEALERS are invited to give us a call; they will find the terms as favorable as any other house. The Proprietors will take great pleasure in exhibiting the OPERATION OF THEIR OVEN, AT ALL TIMES, to any who may fi?el an interest in the ''PROGRESS OP THE AGE,'' and will also conduct them through their extensive establishment. J. D. M. k Co. beg leave to remind the public that this OVEN IS THE ONLY ONE IX USE IN THIS CITY. PATENT RIGHTS of which, for LOAF BREAD purposes, can be had on application to them. JAMES D. MA SOX k Co., FORMERLY R. MASON k BROTHER, OLD STAND, 9 Old Number 98 PRATT STREET, Opposite McClarc's Dock OFFICE MARYLAND GASCO.WAXvV COSTER I BA "L>LBRE AND ST. PAI L STREETS, LP STAIRS. I lllc>l C OMPANY is furnishing the most PH linl,"r 1°" 1 y . r, ' liable Gas Machine fur the use of e^r^ereJ to the pilhlic!' an " r ' u, " ic By their comparative small cost and nrofitahle wo,tine results, these Machines V*2't.T,Va* tcntion of residents of small towns aud vill i,-.., T h,„ , ands of certificates, from parties now usiug on Machines' can be furnished. " 1 Apply at the office of the Company, as above, h v person or by letter fe22-Sni Q F. & J. H. WYLIE. O • N E\V VO K K FANCY DYEING & CLEANSING ESTABLISHMENT OFFICE. 142 LEXINGTON STREET. BALT. 1 (Between Park and Howard.) ' FOR TUE RECEPTION AND DELIVERY OF GOODS SILKS AND WORSTED DAMASK AND MOREEN CURTAINS, Ladies' and Gentlemen's Garments, Straw Bonnets, Lin ens. Cottons, kc.. Dyed and Finished in the best manner S/LKS A YD SILK DRESSES WATERED. Particular attention paid to all CANTON FABRICS, viz: Heavy Embroidered Crape Shawls Cleansed and Blencle d a pure White; also dyed and Finished in Cantou Style. Heavy Satins Dyed and Original Texture Preserved. CHINTZ, LACE, AND MUSLIN CURTAINS. SHAWLS, TABLE COVERS, RUGS, kc.. Cleansed and re finished. Goods restored, if possible, to original state. KID GLOVES CLEANSED IN THE NEATEST MANNER. We pride ourselves upon the colors and styles of work we produce, and the impossibiity of a competition in this respect; and while promptness will always be exercised, our prices will be as low as is often paid for inferior work. mrf3-3m THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION'. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Fluor of the Athencrum Building If Iff T Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. IIP? ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about IS,OOO volumes care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography. Voyages and Travels, Essays and , 5Y? ew ?' al "' Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about I.UOO volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zincs and Reviews or this country and England, as well as a number of American ami English newspapers o, T J?, e ..^ s , 3 ? f ;? tion was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKts Oh THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. 1 hey alone are eligible for ACTIYE membership. 1 he fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable iu advance but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, Upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw lmi'iks from 2U,yff¥Tll Wt the ronm ?- an<l ar< - entited to ALL THE i KIN ILLGE3 of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary T^ S ma y ' je transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. .\f., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, 44 44 HONORARY MEMBERS. 6 &O 44 44 ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22 tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF MEW'S FURWISHIWO GOODS, TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, j THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH C'HARLF.9 STREETS. Four doors below German st., m j'l "1 in Baltimore. f'lulots. H T. ROBERTS. • MERCER AWDTA TL OR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, I fe22-ly. Baltimore. READY MA D E ( LOTH ING . JOHN H RE A, ■£• CO., NORTH-EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will he got up in good style at low P riceB - fe22-lm. pantos anii Jgwir. & SONS, ffTf A NUNNS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by E. D. BEXTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine fi i themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools. Prince & Cn.'s Melodeons from 445 upwards _mr2s tf. n^^W.iOi RCRSJEI)AL PREMIUM TTTIi PIANO FORTES. J J y J J WILLIAM KNABE & CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO FORTES Nos. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NORTH EUTA W ST., Opposite the Eutaw House, And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thai berg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Salter, kc., X:c., to he equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this country. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to be found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. H-if Constantly on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS, of the best makers, at prices from 445 to $209. 10-Always for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to $2OO 10" PI A NOS EXCII \NCEP, HIRED and TUNED. mill tf WM. KNABE k CO. Cas Jitting. WE S T & .1 K VEN S . IMPORTERS, "M \NI7FACTI*RERS, AND DEALERS FN GA S FIXTURES, Of every Description, W". 206 Raltimore Street, BALTIMORE" Gas Pip", introduced into public and private buildings in the best manner aud on tie- most pleasing terms nirlltf MORE LIGHT AND LESS GASI CONSUMERS OF GAS CAN SAVE FROM TWENTY TO TWENTY-FIVE FEE CENT. Of GAS by regulating the FI.OW between the meters and burners, which can bo done in most cases for a cost not exceeding TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS The undersigned have on exhibition A TE S T M E TEE, GLASS SHOW* METER, Made expressly to our order, (by L. Morrison, proprietor of I'huinix Meter Works.) and which is a fac simile of those used by consumers in this city. Persons desirous can see at a glance, in this meter the formation and whole operation, together with the manner in which it ma> register correctly or incorrectly, hv calling on BLAIR & CO., Gts FITTERS, mrl2.tapl 366 WEST BALTIMORE STREET. T H. McCALL St CO., vJ • PRACTICAL OAS FITTERS, NO. 15 FAYETTE ST., UNDER REBEN lIALL. (BETWEEN HARRISON AND FREDERICK 8T9.,) ix , • ..... , Baltimore, Md. Dealers in all kinds of GAS FIXTURES. Stores. Dwellings. Churches and Factories fitted up in workmanlike manner. A large stock of cheap Gas fixtures always on hand. All orders promptly attended to, and all work warranted fe22 3m scst;iur;mts. KINN'S LATIN'UI SALOON', No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market .Space. 'IMIK PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- A ly known Saloon, having reeentlv made extensive improvements in several departments of liis buildings, is prepared to furnish PINNERS, SUPPERS, Ac'.. at its cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison anil Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt or by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RIN'N'S Express Wagon ft-22-tf. WM. GEAN'GK & CO. SHIPPING AND GEN ERA LOOM MISSION MERCHANTS, MO. 119 IF. LOMBARD STREET. f ARGE STOCKS"OF THE PUREST A.J RYE WHISKEY, PI.II VIRGINIA PLANTERS'. ZIKGI.ER'S, CONGRESS. RROWN'ELL'S. and other Cele brated Brands, with every description of Brandies. Ports, Sherries and other Wines. Rectified Whiskey, kc.. always on hand at the most moderate prices. White Wine and Cider Vinegar of superior quality. Liberal advances made on Consignments of Mer chandise generally, Western and other PRODUCE, Flour, Butter, Cheese, Provisions, Raw Whiskey, Alcohol, Dried Apples, aud Fruit generally. Particular attention paid to the purchase and sale of Clo ver and other Seeds, Grain, Tobacco, Ac. Orders promptly executed for every description of Mer chandise, Groceries, Foreign Fruit, Packed Oyters, kc. fe22-ly. Bargains in furniture.— We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED-ROOM, DINING-ROOM, AND HALL FURNITURE, at very low prices, corresponding with the times, FOR CASH , or GOOD MOTES, at 4 months. MEACHAM k HEYWOOD, leU-lm }o North Charles st. "A'",A*. 1 ™ I 'iY- aw. COOKE. QNIVELEY & COOKE, F-A NO. 5 COMMERCE STREET, , , , , Baltimore. holesale dealers in BUTTER, CITEESE, AMD „ . . PRODUCE. Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers arc invited to give us a call BUTTER for EXPORTATION' PACKED with great _ f.2-:lra. BUILDERS' DEPOT. SASH. DOORS. BLINDS. FRAMES, HOT BED SASH OULDINGS. CASINGS. kc., DRESSED FLOORING AXDOTHER LUMBER. LIME. BRICKS. HAIR. HARD WARE. GLASS. OIL, PAINTS, and every description of BUILDING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom uiodating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oj buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by R. JOHNSON, No 61) Prntl street, (near Bowly's wharf.) ffr'23-tf Baltimore, Md. BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE $lO. —THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer & Co., Wheeler k Wilson and Grover k Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. . Also, Wheeler k Wilson s superior FAMILY MACHINE, m Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and \\ il.son's Machines are really the Iwst article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can •ei been at our store from ladies aud gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time f ..0.> tf E. M. PUXDERSOX k CO., ~T_2. 209 Baltimore street. ( u MASON'S RE- Fltes Uilitira u 4c., U. s. Bunting and Silk Flags, Military Goods and Ladies' Dress Trimmings al way oil hand and for sale by rimming., A. SISCO, FMI *O. 95 BALTIMORE ST, rexKly Baltimore. BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1858 Insurance Complies. INSURANT 'E CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU INSURE, SAML, W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT HE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly I* IRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street. BALL, GIBBONS k Co., 22 Hanover street, A. L. WEBB & 8r.0., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. TV. RIDUELY, ESQ., Attorney al Law, 34 St. Paul mrl eolm J7 QU IT AB L E FIRE INSURANF IE M J SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET THKBALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on phasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have 110 further responsibility than tlie amount of their deposits, and ou the expiration of policies, thev are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of tweulr eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited t . . nil at the office No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fully explained DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN PEPORD WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER I JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL PAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WAR FIELD. I* RANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe244y THE GREAT WESTERN (MARINEJ A INSURANCE COMPANY . ... . . „ ... OF MEW TORE. Authormed Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital (alreadypaid in) OOO Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) .. 560 000 I Assetts Jan. 1,1858......... 2 276 000 This Company combines the advantages of the' mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Eurojie) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Cajntal, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured 011 most favorable terms. Ricn'n LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER. Ist Y. Prest DOUBLAB ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. E. Cox. 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. TMIE HOWARD FILLE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESF, PRESIDENT, DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. IVerdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, \Vm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, F.lisha H. Perkins ft22lul - _ GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at tin? most reasonable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSI'RA \( E ROOMS PHCENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLION'S DOLLARS. MARINE INSURANCE FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine, INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA 35omn SKCPIHTY FIRE INSURANCE Co of N. V " 11 JUM WASHINGTON - s <w NEW WORLD " i Si'll - Va. 4lMulio J/V NCHIH RL " iui iMM) COMMONWEALTH •< Pa . 178,000 U.S. LIFE " " 1,250,600 And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, furmin" an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. TUOS. D. JOHNSTON. fe22ly. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COL UMBIA X (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital - r,00.000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300.000 THOS. LORD, President. 11. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having beeu duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies & Warfield, fim - No. 10 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. F lUII.S COMPANY proposes to insure lives J. for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may lie made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and giants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, „ Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 81 Franklin street. P22 ly IJMRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, XO. 63 SECOXD STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, loith large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1.500.000 PHCEMX '• I* u u SAO (Inn " Springfield, Mass. 370'000 r c ure ' Hartford, 225,000 VAo.V New York 400,000 fe22 tf. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET. OPEN DAILY forthe INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical, J. C. WHKEDEN, Columbian OEORUE lIARMAN. Union, J. TBUST, First Baltimore, ' NOAHWALEER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. I. r ARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin ALLEN I AINE. Liberty, J. REASON. JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK. Independent. LANCASTER OULR, Patapseo R. C. MASON, Vigilant , F. A. MILLER, Howard. MM. A. HACK , New Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman, JAS B. GEORGE,,S>R., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD, Lafayette. Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. ' J u _ fe22tf - JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. TIIE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OP NEW YORK insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on term, as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over J2.000 000 A. B. XEILSON, Press't.' A. SE.LTON. \ . Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec C. OLIVER O'DOXNELL Agent in Baltimore. ■j -Vo. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OP BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN TIIF. CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE ™ eet dai ' y t0 ' Me ™ ine n P° n aM'lieat'ions JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, „ _ President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS : Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, ' Win Heald, ' Adam Denmead John IV. Ross, i Joseph W. Jenkins Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan Job Smith, ! George Small. ' J OHN R. MAGKUDER, tf Secretary. T RON BEDSTEADS, GARDEN VASES. aro J ust > n receipt of several different steles of IRON BEDSTEADS, to which we call attention , f ha T e a T'.' ,! them some very low P"ccd, and partic ularly adapted for servant's use. ,r Jo r. . ?? rc a variety of styles and sizes of * ASha, suitable for ornamental purposes, fountains etc etc. We also continue to keep the celebrated BLUE RTDGF. COOK STOVE, in four different sizes, which tve offer at prices corresponding with the times. It is a Baltimore made stove, and has had a greater sale in this market than any Coal burning Cook Stove ever introduced here We have several different patterns of Cooking Ranges for wood or coal, to which we also invite attention COLLINS, HEATH JFE HUTCHINSON, Mail/land Store and Plumbing House, mr2o tf 22 LIGHT STREET. HENRY A. D I D I ER, INSURANCE AGENT, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF OAT AND LOMBARD STREETS, mrl9-tf Baltimore. business garbs. EDWARD DE CORMIS. \v7iT.7~rL ...J,, I V"' COR MIS & ROGERS ROGERS ! ™S I BRA™,^ S WHOLESA, ' E BALERS IN" I ENGLISH AXLB A'L,™ND 'POR?ER," ,SKYS ' I - m ' 24 : tr No. 4 COMMF.RPR STRUT. Italt RCOU PLAND, • FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS kc. No. 40 Baltimore Street Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS | - MRM LV BALTIMORE. IV"EILL & WASH BURN FIRST PREMIUM PI A WO- FOR TF S" J MANUFACTORY AND WARFKOOMS- ' „ 66 FATETTE ST., East of Calvert, N,, ' l2R ' M __ „ Baltimore, Md. LMIANCIS DEN .MEAD, I Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT TIT\ MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, ! „ „ „ . BALTIMORE. -V B.— Hops constantly on hand. f E 22 LY J. H. STICKNEY. M r nrrn QTICKNEY & CO., . c. REED. DEALERS IN „, „ CUMBERLAND AND GAS COAL, PIG AND BAR IRON, NAILS C -EXCHANGE PLACE," _ Baltimore. } IND &, MURDOCH, -Li ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELDOWXEY'S BUILDING, fe22-l m. F.. n. GRANT. . „ , IDTVM FLRANT & BROTHER, COMMISSION MERCHANTS , R NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, _ L I: Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BRO., " COMMISSION MERCHANTS, F „O 9 .. 52 COMMERCE STREET, -1." BALTIMORE. J L. M'PHAIL &. BRO'S " * HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, „ 122 BALTIMORE STREET, Jiftween Sfrth am/ (ji!v, rt streets, (north side.) fe22tf. TANNE¥'& STOW, TOUTS stow. PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, . , No. 101 SOUTH STREET, lezzjy Baltimore J J^£ennTT . r.r "■ V WKERY. OSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, T . , Baltimore. _ _ al advances made on consignments. fe22-tf ( A OURTNEY & CUSHINC. V_y TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS v a r. 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNET, BALTIMORE. C. H. CUSHINO, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf J LYLE CLARKE &~CO7 " • , IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO SEGAItS, SNUFF, kc., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22-tf ( "1 A RD . P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, reZZ lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICH ALU),SON & CO.. SHIPPING AND COMMISS ON MER CD A NTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mil tf HALL &. LONE V. SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PRoVIs' U'J' tf l ( ' L "' OKAI ' &c " also 'ill orders for same. WT. WALT EL IS & CO.. • IMPORTERS AND DEALER.- IN WINES <t: LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE L OMR ARD ST REE T, BALTIMORE. Kir A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on - hal ? <, _ fe"4 tf T. T. MARTIN. " WM p~ M VT?V R P T. MARTIN & 15K0.,* J • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IX LIQUOR S— and General COM MISSION MERCIIANTS, No. 72 CALVKI'.T sr., (one door from Pratt). ma \ Baltimore. RSNOWDEN ANDREWS, . ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm. Baltimore, Mil. JOHN K. PICKRELL, LEWIS WARRINGTON |OtlN F. PICKRFJ.R, & CO., • I (IKXERAL COMMISSK>X MKRCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD'STREET, Baltimore. pyLiberal advances made on consignments. fe24-tf Jittomcgs. HPHOMAS 11. KEMP, JR.,— JL ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., "ill practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot. Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7 2m R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORNE V AT LA IT OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (4t) LEXINGTON STREET.) __ r Baltimore, " B attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22-tf. JN HARLES E. PHELPS, A TTORNE Y AT LA W No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS. Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22-tf. ROBERT IXBUIL\S7 ATTORNEY AT LAW, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, _fe22 tf LEXINGTON STREET. I"* FRISBY HENDERSON, A • A TTORNE Y AT LA IP AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23 2awBw. T. JOSEPH ROGERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles, mrl-tf. hangings. PAPER HANGING^ WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, HOWELL & BROTHERS, 200 BAT,- TIMORE STREET, opposite Hanover, invite public attention to their extensive PAPER HANGING WARE HOUSE, and the superior stock of Paper Hangings con stantly on hand. The variety and extent of the assortment presents supe rior inducements to purchasers, embracing as it does, an unrivalled assortment of FRENCH PAPERS, as well as new and beautiful papers of approved styles, from our own Factory. To this stock we are constantly making additions, as our arrangements both at home and abroad, are complete for receiving everything new in our business. It would be needless to enumerate the Styles, as they are so varied, as to please all tastes, and are suitable ftir Parlors, Dining Rooms, Halls, &c. All paper put on in the best manner, under the superin tendance of one of the firm. Orders from the country promptly attended to. mr22-tf perfumeries, fa. T. PURVIANCE POLK & CO. J APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & GO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SUUOICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C.. Ac. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to lie returned at our excuse if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. ITEAT SAVING IN GAS] J" BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, ISSB. MESSRS. JACKSON a CHANDLER: Sirs:—We have been using J. H. COOPER'S LEVER GAS It EG I LAToR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is uniform and ample, aud all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consumed gas prevented. NOAH WALKER A Co. As there is now great complaint alsmt Gas hills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON & CHANDLER, At the oflice of Messrs. G RATTAN A EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. fe2s-lmo. JOHN SI I ANA MAN HAS BEVOVED FROM SNOW HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY INSCRIPTION OF TIN & SHEET IRON WARE AT No. 15 S. CAI.VERT STREET, BALTIMORE. Where every article connected with his business may be found, and which will be disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING, it*" All orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mr 6 3m J EXTRACT FROM SENATOR BENJAMIN'S SPEECH IX DEFENCE OF THE DRED SCOTT DECISION, AND IX VINDICATION OF THE SUPREME COL UT OF THE UNITED STATES. We take the following eloquent defence of the Deed Scott decision from the admirable speech of the Hon. .1. P. Benjamin, of Louisiana, delivered in the Senate of the United States, on the 11th of March. His noble vindication of Judge Tanev, from the charges brought against the latter, by Senators Seward and Hamlin, is an honorable tribute to the dignity, impartiality and spotless virtue of the ven erable chief justice of the Supreme Court. AS c regret that want of space precludes us from publishing the whole of Senator Ben jamin's speech, which embodies a remarkably able exposition of the legal rights of the South under the common law of the new world.—[EDS. DAILY EXCHANGE.] Now, Mr. President, I come to another point in my argument, which I approach with extreme pain with unfeigned regret. From my earliest child hood I .have been taught to revere'the judges of the highest court in the land, as men selected to render justice between litigants, not more by reason of their eminent legal acquirements than because of a spotless purity of character, anil undimmed lustre of reputation, which removed them far, far beyond even a doubt of their integrity. The long line of eminent judicial worthies, which seemed to have cul minated in a Marshall, has been continued in the per son of one upon whom the highest eulogium that can be pronounced is to say that he was eminently wor thy ot being the successor ol that illustrious I know not, Mr. President, whether you, as 1, have had the good fortune to see that magistrate in the administration of justice in his own circuit, or in the court sitting below us, of which he is the hon ored chief. I know not, sir, whether it has been your good fortune, as it has been mine, to hear the expressions of affectionate reverence with which he is spoken of by the people amongst whom he has passed his pure, his simple, and his spotless life. 1 know not, sir, whether you have listened, as 1 have, with interest to the expressions of respect and ad miral ion that come from the members of his bar in their familiar intercourse with eacli other—sponta neous tributes, worth a thousand labored eulogies, to his eminent sagacity, to his vast legal learning, to the mild and serene dignity of his judicial deport ment above all. sir, above all, to the conscientious, earnest, almost painful sense of responsibility with which he holds the scale of justice in even and im partial hand between the litigants whose rights de pend upon his judgment. Air. President, he is old, very old. The infirmi ties of age have bowed his venerable form. Earth has no further object of ambition for him; and when lie shall sink into his grave, after a long career of high office in our country, I trust that I do not rude ly or improperly invade "the sanctity of private life in saying that he will leave behind him, in the scan ty heritage that shall be left for his family, the no blest evidence that he died as he had lived, a being honorable to the earth from which he sprang, and and worthy of the heaven to which he aspired. This man, sir, thus beloved, thus revered, thus esteemed, has been compared upon this floor to the infamous Jeffreys, by the Senator from Maine, [Air. Hamlin.] This man has been charged by the Sena tor from Xew A'ork [Mr. Seward,] with a corrupt coalition with the Chief Alagistrate of the Union.— He charges, in fact—not always in direct language, but partly by bold assertion and partly bv insidious suggestions—that the Supreme Executive Magistrate of the land, and the judges of our highest court, and the parties to the Dred Scott case, got up a mock trial—that they were all in common collusion to cheat the country. He represents the venerable Chief Magistrate of our country, whose reputation hitherto has been beyond reproach—he represents the venerable Chief Justice—as enacting a solemn farce, in the face of the American people, on the eastern portico of this Capitol; and he tells us, that on the day when that great sea of upturned faces was here presented, all looking on the solemn pa geant that was passing before them, the Chief Jus tice of the nation was whispering into the ear of the President the terms of this nefarious bargain—and that, too, at the very moment when the former- was administering and the latter taking the oath of of fice, by which the high majesty of Heaven was in voked as witness to the purity of his intentions in the administration of theg vernment of his country! Air. President, accursed, thrice accursed, is that fell spirit of party which desecrates the noblest sen timents of the human heart; and which, in the ac complishment of its unholy yurpoooe, hocltutaa at no reckless \ lolenee of assault on all that is held sacred hv the wise and good. It was difficult, extreme ly difficult, for us all to sit here and hear what was said, and observe the manner in which it was said, and repress the utterance of the indignation that boiled up within us. All this is charged bv the Sen ator without the proof of a solitarv fact, without the assertion even of a fact, on which to base the foul charge. Luckily, sir, luckily for us, these emi nent, men are too highly placed in the reverence, tlm estimation, and the'regard of the American peo ple, to have their bright escutcheon injured by such attacks as these. Mr. President, in olden times a viper gnawed a tile. Although it may not be possible to make direct answers to all these insinuations, because no fact is even suggested on which they rest, there are some of them in relation to which" I have the authentic evidence upon ray desk in proof of their falsitv. AVas this case got up? What are the facts?— Men should he a little careful in making such accu sations as these; unless indeed, they care not wheth er they be true or false, being intended to answer the same purpose, whether the one or the other.— This case was got up, was it? By accident or de sign? In the exquisitely decorous and appropriate language of the Senator from New York, the Chief Justice of the United States and the Chief Magis trate of the Union were gambling at cards for the case, and Dred Scott was dummy in the imaginary game! What truth is there in these insinuations cif design ? Why, sir, Dred Seott had sought his free dom by the assertion of his rights in the State courts of Missouri years before the Kansas-Nebraska act was ever suggested, and years before the President of the United States was even a candidate for office; years before he was even Alinister to England. This case was determined in the supreme court of the State of Alissouri, in 1852, adversely to Dred Scott, and was remanded to the lower court for fur ther trial. Air. Buchanan had, I believe, not then gone to England. The Kansas bill had not been heard of. and was not in the imagination of any man. When the case got got hack into the lower court, the counsel for Dred Scott, finding that the opinion of the supreme court of the State was adverse to his rights, withdrew his case from the State court, and endeavored to better his client's chances by going into another jurisdiction. That is the way the case got into the Federal court; and when was this?— The case was carried into the Federal court in the city of St. Louis, in November, 1853, before even the meeting of the Congress which passed the Kan sas Nebraska act; of course months before Air. Dix on, the Senator from Kentucky, first sprang upon the country, by his amendment, the question in re lation to the repeal of the Alissouri compromise.— Here is the record : "Be it remembered that heretofore, to wit: on the sec ond day of November, in the year of our Lord 1K53. came the above named plaintiff, Dred Scott, by his attorney, and filed in the clerk's office of the circuit court of the United States for the Missouri district, the following de claration against the defendant, John F. A. Sandford." Was that a case gotten up by design, between the President and the court here? It was never carried there until they had lost all chance in the State court: it was carried there as the last desper ate resource of defeated counsel; eager to maintain what he conceived to be the rights of his client.— Who was the counsel? The Senators from Missouri can tell us who It. M. Field, of St. Louis, is, and probably they will verify the assertion which 1 make here upon hear-say—l give it only upon hear say—that he is one of the most determined Free- Soilers in the State of Missouri; has always de clined to vote at elections until he was able to cast his vote for a Free-Soil candidate, and until he aid ed in the election of the Free-Soil Representative from the St. Louis district who now sits in the other Chamber. This case, thus instituted in November, 1853, was determined in the court below, and a writ of error was taken to the Supreme Court of the "United States, before the Kansas bill was passed, and whilst Mr. ISuehanan was in England! When it reached the Supreme Court of the United States what be came of it? What does the Senator from New York say became of it? ' The counsel who had appeared for the negro had vol unteered from motives of charity, and, ignorant of course of the disposition which was to he made of the cause" —which the Senator had previously insinuated was gotten up by design— —"had argued that his client had been freed from slavery by operation of the Missouri prohibition of 1820. The op posing counsel, paid by the defending slaveholder"— I happen to know, however, whatever mav be the fact with the other, that one of the opposing coun sel was not paid by anv slaveholder at all; that one of the opposing counsel volunteered as a mien* curia by virtue of his position as head of the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States, by virtue of his position as ex-Attorney General of the United States, by virtue of his position a3 a compeer of the honorable Senator, and his former colleague on this floor from the State of Maryland, Mr. Keverdy Johnson. That gentleman volunteered in the case as amicn* curia-, because the whole section of the country to whose interests he had been devoted from his birth had gu interest in this great question to be decided, and which, at the time of his volun teering in the case, he did not yet know to be rep resented by counsel. The honorable Mr. Geyer, of Missouri, afterwards entered his name of record, and appeared for the defendant. Says the Senator from New York: "The opposing counsel, paid by the defending slave holder, had insisted, in reply, that that famous statute was unconstitutional. The mock debate had been heard in the chamber of the court in the basement of the Capitol, in the presence of the curious visitors at the seat of Gov ernment, whom the dullness of a judicial investigation could not disgust. The court did not hesitate to please the incoming President"— Where arc we, sir, that such language as this is used? Is this the Senate of the Unitea States, and are we here the ambassadors of co-equal sovereign ties, to be insulted by language like this. Is not this an insult to every one of us, direct and per sonal ? "The court did not hesitate to please the incoming Presi dent by seizing this extraneous and idle forensic discus sion. and converting it into an occasion for pronouncing an opinion that the Missouri prohibition was void, and t iwL l>V . f " r,e of the Constitution, slavery existed, with all the elements of property in man over man, in all the Territories of the I .tiled States, paramount to any popular sovereignty w.thm the Territories, aud even io tile an tnoiity of < onirrt s itself. ' The day of inauguration eame-the first one among all the celebration, ol that great national pageant that w-'i ■ i . lie desecrated by a coalition between flic exoentive an, judicial departments, to undermine tin- National Lci'slu ture and the liberties of the people." ' Is there a solitary word of truth in this? Not one. Is a solitary fact alleged? Not one: but a broad and naked charge is made, which is intended to stamp tnlarny upon characters hitherto beyond the breath ot reproach. Shame, shame, upon the Senator that makes such charges as these and h is no proof to support them. "I h n e Fresi'lvnt. attended by the usual lengthened pro cession, aimed and took his seat on the portico. The Sit preme our. attended him there, in roles which yet exact ed public teteienee. Ihe people, unaware of the itapir n the wh'spertngs carried on between the President am the Chief Justice, and imbued with veneration for both TH?P.. Ue V 1 ". f:u ' the eye couh reach. The Prt Milent add rested them in worrls as Idand a those which the worst of all the Roman Emperors m o nouncedwhen he assumed tlm purple. lie announce, (vaguely, indeed, hut with Rdr satisfaction) the furthcom tng extrajudicial exposition of the Constitution, am pledged his submission to it as authoritative and final " Does anybody find that in the President's inau gural? Does anybody find in the President's inau gural anything on this point, except that he learns the question is to be decided by the highest tribu nal of the land, and that he, as every other <OlO,l citizen, is willing to render obedience to "that tribunal? 1 o w ,la .vs later copies of this opinion were multiplied by the Senate's press, and scattered, in the nam 1 the Senate, broadcast over the land, and their publication has not yet been disowned by the Senate." As it we were going to disown publishing the opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States. "Simultaneously, Died Scott, who had played the hand of dummy in this interesting political game, unwittingly yet to the complete satisfaction or his adversary was vol nntarily emancipated; and tints received from his master, as a reward, the freedom which the court had denied him as a right." Xow, does not the Senator from New York know, was it not published in every newspaper in the country, that the slave's master had died? Was it not known that the man who emancipated the slave was a Black Republican compeer in the other house, of the Senator of New York, (Mr. Chaffee, of Mas sachusetts,) who was forced to give this emancipa tion after having long hesitated, by the indignant denunciations of the fellow-Republicans around him. Everybody knows that, and yet here we are told by the Senator that this gift of' freedom to the slave was the reward granted by his master, the de fendant, for playing the hand of dummy in a game of cards—a political game—with the venerable Chief Justice and Chief Magistrate of the Union.— Shame, shame once more, upon the Senator who makes charges like these, without the shadow of ground for their support. LAW INTELLIGENCE. [From the Louisville Courier.] INTERESTING DECISION. We publish below the decision of Judge Logan in the case of Camp who sued the Western Union Telegraph Line for damages for transmitting a mes sage wrongly. The decision, it is seen, is adverse to Camp who will carry the case to the Court of Appeals. Its final disposition is a matter of inter est to all: LOUISVILLE CHANCERY COURT: A. E. Camp, plaintiff, vs. Western Union Telegraph Co., defendant. In Chancery. The Court rendered the following opinion: If the plaintiff was not legally liable to pay Gib son A Co. sixteen cents for the "whisky which was sent him, he would have no pretext in any view of this case for recovering the damages alleged to have been incurred in consequence of his proposi tion being incorrectly and erroneously transmitted through the agency of defendant. I shall not inquire whether the plaintiff was lia ble for the consequence of the unauthorized propo sition communicated through defendant's mistake to Gibson & Co. For, admitting that defendant, though a special agent to convey a particular proposition, could, and did, by erroneously conveying a different propo sition, impose upon plaintiff a liability proportioned to the difference between the authorized and the unauthorized proposition, u liich liability would not have been incurred but fw Hie committed by defendant, it docs net follow that plaintiff can recover the amount of said liability in this action. The plaintifl'avers that defendant agreed to trans mit to Gibson & Co. a certain message, and failed to transmit it correctly; in this, that the message agreed to be sent was to pay fifteen cents per gallon for certain whisky; whereas, the messags actually delivered was to pay ei.eteen cents per gallon. There is no allegation that the failure to deliver the message correctly svas the result ot negligence. It appears that the failure to deliver the message was the result of a mistake, to which, from the very nature of telegraphic operations, communications are liable; and that the message in this case was sent subject to the express condition that defendant would not be liable for mistakes arising front any cause, unless the message was repeated by bein" sent back. 1 see no ground for saying that this condition was void. Without this precaution of repeating mes sages, mistakes by telegraph are unavoidable. And there is no principle of public policy that does, or should prohibit a telegraph company from being prudent enough to protect themselves from ruin by requiring such a condition in the transmission of messages. Had the message been repeated in this instance, the juistake would probably not hare occurred; and it is idle to say that the defendant was bound, for a compensation ol Jiftg rente, to insure the message, unconditionally and absolutely, against all mis takes. 'lhe points ofdifference between the nature of tel egraph companies and the nature of common car riers are so numerous and so obvious, as to render the unqualified application of the law of common carriers to telegraph companies delusive and dan gerous. But even in the case of common carriers, special agreements, limiting liability, may he made. If, however, special limitations of common law liability were always void in the case of common carriers, this would be no reason to hold a limita tion void in respect to telegraph companies. The rule and mode of compensation charged bv telegraph offices, the secret nature of messages, and the impossibility of determining the value of them, or the pecuniary consequences of mistakes and mis carriages, and the peculiar liability of telegraphic communications to mistakes, would furnish ample reason for exempting them from the strict operation of the old law of common carriers. Telegraphic messages are paid for by the lino or word, and cannot be paid for according to their value or importance. Indeed, it would be impossible to measure their value or importance. Xo standard of measurement could be established, and if a stand ard could, by some ingenuity be erected, it would require so much time and*trouble to apply this standard, that much of the benefit of the telegraph (which consists in the speed of its agent—lightning) would be lost to the community. It is better, therefore, to relax the old law of common carriers in reference to telegraph companies. Or rather, it is better to mould a new law, suitable to their na ture, and the exigencies of modern society. Per haps they should be held responsible, in the absence of positive contract, only for the use of ordinary prudence and diligence. Certainly, when they have contracted that they are not to be liable for mistakes, unless the commu nications through them aft sent back, a court should not pronounce the contract void, and impose upon them all the strict rigor and extraordinary liability of the supposed ancient law of common carriers. To impose upon the defendant in this case, in spite of the special condition inserted to avoid mis takes, all the extraordinary liability of common car riers would be to make defendant an insurer for the price of fifty cents, against all the undefined and un definable consequences of a mistake likely to happen at any time, to a word or a sentence; when, too, to avoid mistakes, it was expreWy agreed that thev were not liable for any such mistakes, unless the message was repeated bv being sent back. Petition dismissed with costs. A copy attest: WILL. R. HEKVEY, Clerk. A British Man-of-War Mulcted in Damages for Running Down a Merchantman. ADMIRALTY COIKT.—LONDON'. —Before Lushing ton, J.—Owners of brig Lady Sale against H. M. screw steamship Pembroke. The late brig Lady Sale, 180 tons, of Dundee, left Archangel on the 29th of July last with a cargo of oats, bound to Peterhead or Leith, and then to London. On the 16th of September she was in the Frith of Forth, between the Island of May and St. Abb's Head, when about half-past 10 in the evening she came into collision with Her Majesty's screw steamship Pembroke. The brig soon after the collision went down, stern foremost, and the master and crew were saved by the Pembroke's boats. The owners of the brig alleged that no green light was shown bv the Pembroke, and that it was the duty of the Pem broke to have kept clear of the brig. Tlio Pem broke, under the command of Captain Fraser and manned with 300 hands, was bound from Sheerness to Leith. It was proved on her part that the proper green light was burning at the time of the collision, which was attributable, as her officers alleged to the neglect of the crew of the Lady Sale to "keep a good look out, and to their taking no steps what ever to avoid it. Lieutenant Hainblv was the off)- cer of the watch ol the Pembroke when the accident happened, and stated that directly the Lady Sale's light was seen, everything was done that could be done to prevent it. Dr. Deane and Dr. Twiss appeared for the Lady Sale; the yueen's Advocate and the Admiralty Ad vocate for the Pembroke. The Trinity Masters were of opinion that the Pern broke was to blame, and the Court pronounced ac cordinglv. THE PARISH WILL CASE.— Surrogate?* Court, Metc York City.—Edward C. West, Surrogate.—March 17 was the last day for tiling appeals from the decis ion tif the Surrogate in this ease. Mrs. Parish, the widow of the testator, tiled an appeal. No appeal was tiled bv the brothers, Daniel and James Parish. The appeal will be argued before the General Terni of the Supreme Court, in May next. PRICE TWO CENTS. M though th VOk -H S a wil ! I >ievious 'y made by the husband, though ttit will contains provision for the future wife. OI'ITT OP PROBATE. LONDON, March 2—CKKSWEU,. TH D Cndiitcold (decerned.)- The deceased died on the 12th of August last, leav in„ a widow. ITe had made a will in March, 1828, afterwnr,! t T iape,infaVor of the lady who propounded ' 4l '"' " Wlfc ' that Wi " ,Vas now the >r p^.w m f ; () ; C ,v sa!d the principle upon which e'lsotj ii !i t i C " n , rts formerly proceeded in riitwe xv Z i "', aS at a wi " Ula(le before mar aud Id,th Hf- '""-f j - ya subsequent marriage fn it ri. tb ,SS ." e ' lf ade< i uate Provision were made in i t to, the wife and issue. But in the case of "Cox t. -Marsden, 1 Curties, it was held by the Exche quer Chamber that in every case a will made be fore marriage was absolutely revoked by stibse 'pient marriage and birth of issue, whether provis- L'!l " uV": I '. '".tbe will for the wife and issue or not. I hat principle had been affirmed in another case by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Coun cil, and it had ever since been recognized as law by the J rerogative Court. He would therefore move that administration be granted to the widow as in case ol intestacy. Ihe learned Judge said he certainly could not grant probate of the will in the face of the authori ties mentioned by the learned counsel. He would therefore grant administration as prayed. \ erilict for Balance on Notes Riven in Liquidation of a iH'fot, for a Less Amount. COURT °F _ COMMON PI.EAS, NEW YOKK.—Before Jlilton, Judge. Joseph Varona vs. Joseph S. So corrar. the action was brought to recover $2 150 and interest, under the following circumstances- Ihe plaintifl was indebted to the defendant in Oc -1" i V 510,000. He paid SG.OOO in cash, and delivered to the defendant twelve thousand and odd hundreds dollars in notes of a third person.— lhis left a balance in plaintiffs favor of over two thousand dollars, which the defendant agreed to return as soon as the notes should be paid. This balance was never paid back to the plaintiff, who brought suit to recover it. . Hie defence set up was that he had never taken the notes in question, but that they had been bought bv his son, who had thereupon paid him. The son testified that, he had bought the notes himself, at a discount of one and a half per cent, per month; that the balance of b1.7;>0 (after deducting this discount) he had paid over to his brother-in-law, who claimed to be a credi tor of the plaintiff. This statement was corroborated by the brother-in-law, but contradict ed by the plaint iff. The evidence was very conflict ing. The jury brought in a verdict for the plaintiff J'"' 5-,435.34, being the full amount and interest. On a former trial the jury had allowed the usurious discount and given the plaintiff 5i.750. DOMESTIC SKARCHIXO FOR THE BITRIED TREASURES OF THE SKA. —At a meeting in this city, on Wednesday, of the stockholders ot the Boston Relief and Subma rine Company, an interesting report was made bv i ° r7 * rec^ol ' 8 > the result of two expeditions of the Company to recover treasures buried in the sea. One of these expeditions was to raise the vessels atid other materials sunk bv the Russian-? in the harbor of Sebastopol. In this expedition, as vet only a partial success has been obtained. The two vessels of the expedition are, however, to be em ployed the coming season in operating upon vessels in lurkish waters. The other expedition has been sent to the Carribcan sea, under the command of (apt. Couthouy. After various misadventures, the whole of the crew being attacked with yellow fever at St. Thomas, from which they all fortunately re covered, at length the Bay of Cuuiana, in Venezue la, was reached, where work was at once commenc ed upon the sunken Spanish frigate San Pedro, and it has been continued steadily ever since. The sev eral divers connected with Captain Coutliouy's force spent in the aggregate about hours under wa tei daily, during the time thev had been at. work upon the wreck. After removing a vast amount of deck material, the divers penetrated into the deck room, where thev found gun carriages, deck furniture Ac., piled up in onelargemass, mak ing,any attempt to work useless without first remov ing it. At this place four magnificent brass can non were taken out and eleven strange boxes, sup posed to be east steel; they were of the size of a can die box, but were thought by some to be platina. Silver dollars were also found in the depth of sixtv feet in ttie water, covered with mud, but they were mostly separate; several gold watches were here taken out, and many other valuable articles, and the divers came ♦.> th„ conclusion that when the explo sion n! the vessel took place, these articles were driven trom the forward part of the ship, where the hulk ot the treasure undoubtedly remained. Taking this as a reasonable view of the case thev proceeded to their work with renewed vigor! and after great difficulty succeededin clearingawav the large amount of rubbish, and obtained an mi. trance to the hold ot the forward part of the shin on the l'Jtli of December last. About $7OO in spe cie and another brass six-pounder were taken out at this place in a short time, also watches and many curious relics. The money found here was cemented together in rolls of $l5, $2O and $lOO each, and very plainly showed that they must be very near the vast amount of money contained in the snip. According to olliciul documents, when tin' ban I edro went down, contained one million Spanish dollars, and a million and a half in gold, a large portion of which should he there still. The work was now fairly commenced, and the directors 101 l greatly encouraged, and saw no reason why the stockholders should not be so. The last advices, which were up to January 1, represented that thev had been unexpectedly stopped in their labors by timber, 4c., in the hold, hut hoped in a short time to remove it. In the meantime, Captain Cauthouv had been to the capital to obtain license for his divers to dive for pearls at the Pearl Bank.— I fftveler. A terrible accident, resulting in tlic loss of 1.1 cars, loaded with goods, merchandise, Ac., and tlie bridge across Smith's creek, on the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad, one mile above Suffolk, occurred on Wednesday last. The regular freight train left Portsmouth at 10 o'clock, A. M., in charge of the regular engineer, Mr. Carr, and conductor Lassiter. There were 24 cars beside the passenger car, 22 of which were fill ed with freight; one empty and one flat car loaded with iron. The train left Suffolk about half-past 12 o'clock, M., and when near Kilby A Riddick's brick-yard, near the bridge crossing Smith's creek, one of the cars ran otT, (as could be seen after wards,) and ran 150 yards before striking the bridge; when it struck the bridge it broke in and precipitated 15 cars down in the" creek, a distance id about 40 feet. The engine, tender, and one freight car had reached the opposite embankment, and six cars, including the passenger car, were left in the rear. Fortunately no lives were lost or was anv person injured. There was in the passenger ear with Cap tain Lassiter, Mr. Rlanchard, lady and child.— Though badly frightened, they were not injured. The fifteen ears smashed were all loaded with freight for the Raleigh and Gaston road. The wav freight was all saved and one car of through freight. The way bill for the through freight had been sent on by the express in the morning, and we had no means of ascertaining the amount, but Captain Lassiter thinks it would reach $lOO,OOO worth. Xo blame can be attached to Captain Lassiter or the engineer, Mr. Carr: the train was going very slow, only at the rate of six miles an hour, and the car that ran oil', being about midway of the train, neither the engineer or conductor could know it until the breaking in. We arrived at the spot about twenty minutes after the occurrence; about 100 feet of the" bridge is bro ken down, and the cars and contents are worse smashed up than we have ever seen. Whiskey, sugar, coffee, molasses, boots, shoes, ladies' dress goods, bonnets and ribbons, all mashed up together in one general medley.— Suffolk ( Hi.) Sun. PROBABLE CLOSE OK THE FLORIDA WAB.— BiUy Rowley* in Council with Major Rector . —The Tampa Peninmlar of the 6th inst.. savs: On the evening of the 10th ult., a warrior of Bow legs' party, ami a negro belonging to that chief, ap proached the station occupied by the delegation of friendly Indians. They were met bv a few of the delegation and escorted into camp; left that night and returned next morning with another Indian, brother-in-law of Bowlegs. The hostile Indians again left camp 011 the 21st, after having made arrangements with Jumper to meet Bowlegs in four (fays. On the 27th ult., Bowlegs, one of his principal men, a son of Assinwah, and one of the chiefs of Sam Jones' party—four in all—were having a Major Kector, who is quite confident of his ability to induce all their people to emigrate. A general council will soon be had, at winch the question of removal will be settled. Maj. Rector has declined, the services of Gen. lllake. The latter gentleman is now in this place. The friendlv Indians, in their scouts, failed to lind tile hostile Indians. The latter found the white Hags, and came into camp without solicitation.- This fact augurs well for a favorable result of the negotiations now pending. Cnder all the circumstances, we feel sanguine that the "Florida War" will soon be terminated bv the peaceable removal of the Seminoles to the West. So mote it be. Still Letter. —By the arrival of Major Rector this morning*, we have a confirmation of the above.— The Indians wish to see the money promised them in ease they consent to a reuidVal; to procure which is the object of Major Rector's visit. Assinwah, the elder, is wounded. He will meet the delegation to negotiate in behalf of Sam. Jones' party as soon as he can travel. Major Rector will return to-morrow on the U S steamer Gray Cloud. THE BANK or PENNSYLVANIA.— The revelations furnished in the report of the appraisers of the „ sets of the Bank of PennsylvanTsa^PlHadX' ploa / re** have excited the attention of the public unstinted condemnation on the guil ty authors ot the wholesale fraud. The appraters I IOW Valuo "I 1 0" the ma!!f of paper hie m l l ee " R OU , t ? f Mr - safe, and which had been regarded as reliable assets. This i? '''°. enormous total $683 C 96 which the appraisers set down as worth onlvSs6 322 —or a little more than eight cents in the dollar!— The amount of overdrafts and marginal balance of notes and obligations in thd hands of the trustees for the benefit of other banks, foot up to the amount of $128,510, which the appraisers value at the a tonishingly low estimate of forty-three dollar * and thirty-one fente t