Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I—NO. 30.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED E\ ERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BT KERR 4 CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. 1. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIF.TORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A UALP CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONR DOLLAR for two months. Invariably IS advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE —RIOHT LINES.) One Insertion SO Two insertions .75 Three " $l.OO Four " $1.25 Five " $1.60 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. FTNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name. —if an apology were neeJed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a uovelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS. —It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertiou will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS —The interests of commerce and the state Ithe markets are so constantly and intimacy affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to beany thi'.g more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in it" columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, '*nd the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial 'mportance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND 'PHR TRUSTEES of the Patnpsoo Female A Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, hut for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of line construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented sue cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution: and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY, PRESIDENT. WM. BENNY, M D , SECRETARY T. WATKIXS LIGON, E. HAMMOND, JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22 dtf. LAW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School arc Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUB PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches . of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the 1 Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14,000 volumes, and as new works ap- , pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it j complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with j them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, ! and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. | Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de- j bate, and acquiring a knowledge ef parliamentary law and proceedings. Studeuts may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menemeut of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur ! e according to their view of their own wants and at- j tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, | six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided J into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of ' six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t law6m. BISCUIT AND CRACKER BAKERY. (No. 98 PRATT STREET,) FORMERLY R MASON & BROTHER, JAMES D. MASON &, Co. having made j EXTENSIVE ALTERATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS in their BISCUIT AND CRACKER BAKERY, by the introduction of NEW MACHINERY of the LATEST IMPROVEMENTS, are now prepared to supply any demand for PILOT and NAVY BREAD, WATER, BUTTER 1 SUGAR, PIC NIC and EDINBURGH CRACKERS, SODA and WINE BISCUIT, and all kinds of FANCY CAKES of a quality SUPERIOR TO ANY OTHER ESTBALISHMENT. The PATENT REEL OVEN in use at their Bakary, is of novel construction , and is capable of baking 125 BAR RELS OF FLOUR per day, into CRACKERS, aiid 500 BARRELS INTO LOAF BREAD. DEALERS are invited to give as a call; they will find the terms as favorable as any other house. The Proprietors will take great pleasure in exhibiting the OPERATION OF TIIEIR OVEN, AT ALL TIMES, to j auy who may feel an interest in the 44 PROGRESS OP THE AGE, 1 ' and will also conduct them through their extensive establishment. J D. M. A Co. beg leave to remind the public that this OVEN IS THE ONLY ONE IN USE IN THIS CITY. PATENT RIGHTS of which, for I.OAF BREAD purposes, can be had on application to them. JAMES D. MASON & Co., FORMERLY R. MASON A BROTHER, OLD STAND, Old Number 98 PRATT STREET, fc22-tf Opposite McClure's Dock OFFICE MARYLAND OAS COMPANY, AND 8T PAPL STREETS, DP STAIRS. HIS COMPANY is furnishing ihe most compL-tp and only reliable Oas Machine for the use of Private Houses, Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using ou Machines can be furnished. Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by |>erson or by letter. fe22 m . SF."& J. H. WVLIE. . NEW YORK FANCY DYEING A CLEANSING ESTABLISHMENT, OFFICE, 142 LEXINGTON STREET, BELT., (Between Park and Howard.) FOR THE RECEPTION AND DELIVERY OF GOODS, SII.KS AND WORSTED DAMASK AND MOREEN CURTAINS, Ladies' and Gentlemen's Garments. Straw Bonnets. Lin ens. Cottons, Ac., lived and Finished in the best manner. SILKS A\D SILK DRESSES WATERED. Particular attention paid to all CANTON FABRICS, via: Heavy Embroidered Crape Shawls Cleansed and Bleached a pure White; also dyed and Finished in Canton Style. Heavy Satins Dyed and Original Texture Preserved. CHINTZ, LACE. AND MUSLIN CURTAINS, SHAWLS, TABLE COVERS, CARPETS, RUGS, Ac., Cleansed and re-finished. Goods restored, if possible, to original state. Kl J} o i?7 ES cI EAN3F.D IN THE NEATEST MANNER. We pride ourselves upon the colors and styles of work we and the impossibiity of a competition in this respect; and while promptness will always be exercised, our pnew will be as low at is often paid (or inferior work. ■arfSfea TRE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athena'um Building, N. W. Comer of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. | The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes, care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A.M., till 2 o'clock P. M.. for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, 300 44 U HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 44 ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THK SALE OF MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SII.ESIAS, GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German st., mrl-lm. Baltimore. tailors. HT. ROBERTS, * MERCER A\D TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. REALTY MADE CLOTHING. JOHN H. RE A, <£ CO., NORTH EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTII STS.. Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices. fe22 lm. proas anil Itusir. C. W. NULL. W. F. WASHBURN. ■ gJUNEILL St WASHBURN, yn-.EIRST PREMIUM PIANO FORTES, If u ir If if MANUFACTORY AND WARKROOMS— -66 FAYETTE ST., East of Calvert, mhl2-6m Baltimore, Md. NNFTN CHICKERING &. SONS, " PLU "SUNNS A CLARK'3 CELEBRATED PIANO PORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only bv F. D. BENTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine f i themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools. Prince k Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. mr26 tf. MELML"PRP:MIUM~" PIANO FORTES. J J Si J J WILLIAM KNABE k CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO FORTES. 'Not. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NORTH EUTA W ST., Opposite the Eutaw House, And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thai berg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter, &c., &c., to be equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this couutry. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to be found iu this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. *?" Constantly on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS, of the beat makers, at prices from $45 to $2OO. Us?" Always for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to $2OO. By PIANOS EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED, mrll-tf WM. KNABE k CO. das fitting. WEST & J EVENS, IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERB, AND DEALERS IN GAS FIXTURES , Of every Description, No. 206 Baltimore Street. BALTIMORE. Gas Pipes introduced into public and private buildings in the best manner and on the most pleasing terms, mrll-tf ORE LIGHT AND LESS GAS! CONSUMERS OF GAS CAN SAVE FROM TWENTY TO TWENTY-FIVE FER CENT. Of GAS by regulating the FLOW between the meters and burners, which can be done in most cases for a cost not exceediug TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS. The undersigned have on exhibition A TEST METER, GLASS SHOW METER, Made expressly to our order, (by L. Morrison, proprietor of Phccnix Meter Works,) and which is a fac simile of those used by consumers in this city. Persons desirous can see at a glance, in this meter, the formation and whole operation, together with the manner in which it may register correctly or incorrectly, by calling on BLAIR A CO., GAS FITTERS, mrl2.tapl 366 WEST BALTIMORE STREBT. JH7 McCALL & CO., • PRACTICAL GAS FITTERS, NO. 15 FAYETTE ST., UNDER REBEN HALL. (BETWEEN HARRISON AND FREDERICK BTS.,) Baltimore, Md. Dealers in all kinds of GAS FIXTURES. Stores, Dwellings, Churches and Factories fitted up in workmanlike manner. A large stock of cheap Gas fixtures always on hand. All orders promptly attended to, and all work warranted fe22 -3m Restaurants. - I!W , S EAXING SAL OON, No. 40 W EST I'RATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Si>acc. rpilE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE JL ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, Ac.. at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINX'S Express Wagon. fe22 tf. WM. GRANGE KT CO. SHIPPING AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 119 W. LOMBARD STREET. BALTIMORE. LARGE STOCKS OF THE PUREST RYE WHISKEY, OLD VIRGINIA PLANTERS', ZIEGLER'S, CONGRESS, BROWNELL'S, and other Cele brated Brands, with every description of Brandies, Ports, Sherries and other Wines, Rectified Whiskey, Ac., always on hand at the most moderate prices. White Wine and Cider Vinegar of superior quality. Liberal advances made on Consignments of Mer chandise generally, Western and other PRODUCE, Flour, j Butter, Cheese, Provisions, Raw Whiskey, Alcohol, Dried I Apples, aud Fruit generally. j Particular attention paid to the purchase and sale of Clo | ver and other Seeds, Grain, Tobacco, Ac. Orders promptly executed for every description of Mer chandise, Groceries, Foreign Fruit, Packed Oyters, Ac. fe22ly. BARGAINS IN FURNITURE.— WP are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, B ED-ROOM, DINING-ROOM, AND HALL FURNITURE, at very low prices, corresponding witli the times, FOR CASH , or GOOD XOTES , at 4 months. MKACHAM A HEYWOOD, fe24-lm 10 North Charles st. ADAM SNIVEL*r. g. w. COOK*. SNIVELEY & COOKE, NO. 5 CoMMERUK STREET, Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, A.YD PRODUCE Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. #yBUTTER for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. fe22 lm. gQ BUILDERS' DEPOT. 0Q SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, OULDINGS, CASINGS, Ac., DRESSED FLOORING ANDOTHER LUMBER. LIME. BRICKS, HAIR, HARD IV ARE, GLASS, OIL, PAINTS, and every description of BUILDING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom modating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oj buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by R. JOHNSON, No. 09 Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf,) fe23-tf Baltimore, Md. PHLENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 59 SOUTH STREE WM. H. CRAWFORD A CO., __ PROPRIETORS, . trade of this city the South and Wat GOODS of equal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the United states fe22 tf, INGERSOLL'S IMPROVED PORTABLE HA k press. We call attention to this press which combine) greater pouter awl durability, requires lets labor, occupUs leu space, and costs las money than any other Machine for baling Hay or Cotton, ever offered to the public. -For sale lat manulhcturer's prices by J. A. WESTON it CO., ! fe22 tf 41 South Charles stree . BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, MARCH 27, 1858- Insurant* Cumpnits. INSURANCE CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU INSURE. SAML. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOBSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE k Co., 10 and 12 German street, " DALL, GIBBONS & Co., 22 Hanover street, " A. L. WEBB k BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAB. W. RIDOELT, ESQ., Attorney at Lain, 34 St. Paul street. mrl-eolm HENRY A. DIDIER, INSURANCE AGENT, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMBARD BTREET3, mr!9-tf Baltimore. I EQUITABLE FIRE INSURANCE J SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OK DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fullv explained. DIRECTORS. THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY KIBMAN, MICHAEL WARNER" JAMES FRAZIRR, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24-ly HE GREAT WESTERN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital (already paid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital , with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. T~ HE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS! M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe22-lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y IRUUE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AQKNT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasouable terms. JOHNSTON'S INSURANC r F. ROOMS, PHtKNIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL REPRESENTED EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS MARINE INSURANCE, FIRE INSURANCE, LIFE INSURANCE, Companies. Capital and Surplus. MERCANTILE MUTUAL (Marine) In. Co., N. Y. $931,000 INSURANCE Co. of the VALLEY OF VA. 352,000 SECURITY FIRE INSURANCE Co. of N. Y 250,000 PHCENIX " '• " 285.000 WASHINGTON '• " 288,000 NEW WORLD " ' 234,000 ALBEMARLE " Va. 400,000 LYNCHBURG " " 181,000 COMMONWEALTH " Pa. 178,000 U.S. LIFE " " 1,250,000 And other strictly FIRST CLASS Companies, forming an AGGREGATE CAPITAL of OVER EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. Policies issued; losses adjusted and paid at this office, the subscriber being fully accredited agent. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. ft-221 y. Underwriter. MARINE INSURANCE. COL UMBIA N (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 j Cash paid in--- 200.000 ! Security notes paid in 300,000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davics A Warfleld, fe22 6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. COMPANY proposes to insure lives JL for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DOXALDSOV, 84 Franklin street. __ f22ly FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD 4 SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. AfTNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHCENIX " " " " 350,000 SPRINGFIELD " Springfield, Mass. 375,000 .ETNA LIFF. " Hartford, 225,000 C. 8. LIFE " New York 400,000 fe22 tf. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S TNSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GITTT, Mechanical, J. C. WHIRDRN, Columbian, GIORGI HARHAN, Union, J. TRUST, Pirst Baltimore, NOAH WALRXR, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNO, Franklin. ALLSN PAINR. Liberty, J. REASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIBE, Independent, LANCASTER OULD, Patapsco, R. C. MASON, vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Howard. WM. A. HACK, New Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman, JAS. B. GEO ROK, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD, Lafayette. Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22.tr. JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000' A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SEATOX, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE. The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward, Henry M. Basil, George Bartlett, Wm Heald, Adam Denmead, John W. Rosa, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, jThomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, fe26 tf Secretary. IRON BEDSTEADS, GARDEN VASES, 4c. We are just in receipt of several different styles of IRON BEDSTEADS, to which we call attention. We have among them some very low priced, and partic ularly adapted for servant's use. We have also in store a variety of styles and sites of VASES, suitable for ornamental purposes, fountains, etc • etc. We also continue to keep the celebrated BLUE RIDGE COOK STOVE, in four different sites, which we offer at prices corresponding with the times. It is a Baltimore made stove, and has had a greater sale In this market than any Coal burning Cook Stove ever introduced here. We have several different patterns of Cooking Ranges for wood or coal, to which we also invite attention. COLLINS, HEATH A HUTCHINSON, Maryland Stove and Plumbing House, nrffO tf 22 LIGHT STRKRT business Car&s. EDWARD DK CORMIS. WILLIAM ROGERS DEFORM IS & ROGERS. IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IX WIXES, BRANDIES, GINS. SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WIIISKYS. ENGLISH AND SCOTCH ALE AND I'ORTER, uir24 tf No. 4 COMMERCE STREET, Bait. COUPLAN D , . FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS, Sic. No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS. mill ly BALTIMORE. FRANCIS DENMEAD, Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT, CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22 ly LINO &. MURDOCH, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS, No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELDOWN'FY'S BUILDING, fe22-lm. E. B. GRANT. J. B. GRANT. G< RANT & BROTHER, T COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, fe22-tf- Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BRO^ COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, BALTIMORE. JL. M'PHAIL & BRO'S . HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. WM. W. JANNEY, LOUIS STOW. JANNEY & STOW, PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 101 SOUTH STREET, fe22-ly . Baltimore. JOSEPH CARSON. H. 0. VICKERY. JOSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fe22-tf C COURTNEY &. CUSHING, ' TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNET, BALTIMORE. C. E. CUSHINQ, J. A. COURTNET. fe22-tf JLYI.E CLARKE & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c.. No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22 tf AR D . J P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, fe22 lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. ARDSON ¥ CO ~ SHIPPING A ND COMMISSON MER CHA NTS, No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING A ND COMMISSION MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR, MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, KICK, FISH, PROVIS IONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c.; also 611 orders for same. fe22 tf W T. WALTERS & CO , • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES <t LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. ttj~ A large and very fiae stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on hand. fe24 tf T. T. MARTIN. WM. R. MARTIN. RN T. MARTIN & 8R0.,; A • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR s—and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt), mal-tf Baltimore. RSNOW DEN ANDREWS, . ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm Baltimore. Md. JOHN F. PLCKRELL, LEWIS WARRINGTON. TOHN F. PLCKRELL & CO., J GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. f*24 tf JWonugs. WHOMAS H. KEMP, JR.,— A ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7 2m R. STOCKETT MATH EWS, A TTORXE Y AT LA W, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXIXGTOX STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to bis profession. fe22 tf. E. PHELPS, J A TTORXE Y AT LAW, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22 tf. ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORXE Y AT LA W, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22 tf. LEXIXGTON STREET. 11 FRTSBY HENDERSON, . A TTORXE Y AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINCTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23 2aw6w. . JOSEPH ROGERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles, mrl-tf. ~ fapr fangings. PAPER HANGINGS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, HOWELL & BROTHERS, 2GO BAL TIMORE STREET, opposite Hanover, invite public attention to their extensive PAPER HANGING WARE HOUSE, and the superior stock of Paper Hangings con stantly on hand. The variety and extent of the assortment presents supe rior inducements to purchasers, embracing as it does, an unrivalled assortment of FRENCH PAPERS, as well as new and beautiful papers of approved styles, from our own Factory. To this stock we are constantly making additions, as our arrangements both atdiome and abroad, are complete for receiving everything new in our business. It would be needless to enumerate the Styles, as they are so varied, as to please all tastes, and are suitable for Parlors, Dining Rooms, Halls, &c. All paper put on in the best manner, under the superin tendance of one of the firm. Orders from the country promptly attended to. mr22 tf Ipitmfs, fetfumtries, it. J _ . PURVIANCE POLK & CO APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette, and St. Paul Streets } AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 X. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERPUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, kc., &c. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. GREAT SAVING IN GAS. BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSON A CHANDLER: Sin: —We have been using J. H. COOPER'S FEVER GAS REGULATOR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is uniform and ample, aud all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consumed gas prevented. NOAH WALKER A Co. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON & CHANDLER, At the office of Messrs. GRATTAN k EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. fe2s-lmo. JOHN SHANAMAN HAS REMOVED FROM Sxow HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN A SHEET IRON WARE AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE, Where every article connected with his business may be found, and wbich will be disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mr6-3m BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer & Co., Wheeler k Wilson and Grover k Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler k Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut aud Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing A great numlier of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use (or a length of time. E M PUNDERSON k CO., fe22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. PROCEEDINGS OF THE CITY COUNCIL REGULAR SESSION. FKIDAY, March 2G, 1858. FIRST BRANCH.—Branch met. Present John T. Ford, Esq., President, and all the members. Mr. Beale presented a petition from the snperin tendon ts of lamps, asking for an increase of salary. Referred to the Committee on Police and Jail. Mr. Glanville, from the Committee on Claims, re ported adversely upon the petition of Mary and Re becca Young, asking to be relieved from certain taxes. Read a second time and adopted. Also, that the hill of Dr. E. R. Tydings, for professional attendance upon prisoners in the county jail, be re ferred to the Register for adjustment. Read a sec ond time and adopted. Mr. McComas offered a resolution directing the Port Warden to sell the useless carts and other mat ters belonging to the city, and appropriate the proceeds to the deepening of the harbor. Adopted. The two Branches then went into convention up on a sealed communication from His Honor the Mayor. At its adjournment the Branch again met, when the President laid before it a communication from the Mayor relative to the sale of the alms house property, setting forth the proceeds, as already given in our columns. Revised ordinance, No. 10, entitled an ordinance for collecting the taxes of the city of Baltimore, ap pointing a collector, &.C., was called up, when Mr. Talbott moved to amend, by providing for a dis count upon tax bills, as follows : If paid on or before the first day of May, five per cent.; if paid on or be fore the first day of June, four and one half per cent.; if paid on or before the first day of July, four per cent.; if paid on or before the first day of Au gust, three and one-half per cent.; if paid on or be fore the first of September, three percent.; if paid on or before the first of October, two and one half per cent.; if paid on or before the first of November, two per cent.; if paid on or before the first day of December, one per cent.; if paid on or before the thirty-first day of December, one half per cent, upon the amount of his, her or their respective bills. The amendment was adopted, and the ordinance, as amended, passed. The ordinance to open an alley between Eutaw street and China alley, and Henrietta and Montgom ery streets, was then taken up and passed by the following vote: YEAS—Messrs. President, Hvnes, Maddox, Talbott, Beale, Cunningham, Hampson, Hamilton, Dunnock, Dryden, Glanville —11. NAYS—Messrs. Bandel, Beacliam, Dnkehart. Stay lor, Wood, Addison, M'Comas, Harvey, Clark—9." A resolution was received from the Second Branch prohibiting the manufacture of soap and candles in any house on Arch street, between Lex ington and Fayette streets. Adopted. Also, a message proposing that when the Branch adjourn it stand adjourned until Monday afternoon. Adopted. The remainder of the session was occupied with the consideration of revised ordinances. SECOND BRANCH. —The Branch met pursuant to adjournment. Johnß. Seidenstricker, Esq., Presi dent, in the chair, and all the members present. An ordinauce to provide for paying the indebt edness of and completing the new jail, was received from the Frst Branch and laid on the table. A resolution relative to improving the walks at the Cross street market, was received from the First Branch and laid on the table. A report from the select committee on the ac counts of the Health Commissioner, stating that the same had been examined and found correct, was received from the First Branch. A resolution relative to the placing of flag and stepping stones at certain localities was received from the First Branch and referred to the City Commissioner. Mr. Sullivan called up the resolution forbidding the manufacture of soap and candles on Arch street, between Saratoga and Lexington streets, which was adopted by the following vote : YEAS—Messrs. Herring, Gordon, Kelso, Simms, Bierbower and Sullivan—o. NAYS— Messrs. President, Homey, Kirk and Hintze—4. Mr. Bierbower ottered a resolution adding the President of the Branch to the Committee on the McDonogh Bequest. Adopted. Mr. Kirk submitted the following resolution, which was adopted: Beao/red by the Second Branch of the City Council of Baltimore, That the Appeal Tax Court, or Board of Assessors be directed to inform this Branch as soon as possible, the quantity of property now out side of direct tax that is liable under existing laws to be brought into direct tax. Mr. Hintze ottered a resolution requesting the Marshal of Police to ascertain by what authority the soap and candle factory of Messrs. Cooke & Johnson, uii south Frederick street, was established. Adopted. The Branch resumed the consideration of the re vised ordinances, which occupied the remainder of the session. Adjourned until Monday afternoon. LAW INTELLIGENCE. CRIMINAL CoraT.—Before Hon. Henry Stump, Judge. The following business was transacted yes terday : John (J. Spies r. The May or and City Council of Baltimore. An appeal from the award of the Commissioners for opening streets in the matter of the condemnation and opening of Hanover street— before reported. The examination of witnesses was concluded, and the counsel for the appellant, who claims damages to the amount of about three thousand dollars, sub mitted a proposition to compromise the case by an allowance of six hundred dollars and the privilege of removing the clay from the bed of the street.— The Court ruled that the subject was a question for the jury to determine, and the whole matter was submitted to them without argument. Jury out at the adjournment of the Court. Walsh for appel lant; Steele for appellee. The assault and battery cases will occupy the Court to-day. SUPERIOR COURT. —Before Hon. Z. Collins Lee, Judge. The following business was transacted yes terday : Jacob S. Griesemer vs. Isaac Blizzard, action on a promissory note and open account, and Jacob S. Griesemer us. John Johnson and Wil liam Y. Johnson, claimants of property attached of Isaac Blizzard. Attachment on a warrant. In these cases the plaintiff having a claim against Blizzard, levied an attachment against seven cars to satisfy their debt. Theclaimants, Messrs. Johnson, claim the property attached, and allege that the same was purchased by them prior to the levying of the attachment. Testimony concluded, and case adjourned over until Monday, when the counsel will present and argue prayers before the Court. Steele and Tagart for plaintiff; Wallis and C. Mar shall for defendants. The Court will be occupied with equity business to-day. CIRCUIT COURT FOR BALTIMORE ClTV. —Before Hon. Win. Geo. Krebs, Judge. The following business was transacted yesterday: Lemuel W. Peters and others vs. Augustus F. and William R. Seevers. Injunction issued to restrain the defendants from further proceedings under a judgment removed by them against James Peters. C. N. McLane, for complainants. COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. —Before Hon. Wm. L. Marshall, Judge.. The following business was trans acted yesterday. Lehmeyer A Bro. vs. Grifliss A Cate. Appeal from Justice Starr. Judgment reversed. DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. —Before Hon. Wm. Fell Giles, Judge. The following busi ness was transacted yesterday: The case of llenrv and DeCordova v. Silas Beach am and others. Libel to recover on a charter par ty before reported—was continued. Evidence concluded and argument to commence this morn ing. Brune for libellants; Perine for respondents. [Reported for the Daily Exchange.] TOWSONTOWN, March 2 C, 1858. CIRCUIT COURT FOR BALTIMORE COUNTY.— Before Hon. Judge Price.—B. J. Gittings, Esq., prosecu ting for the State. The case of Lewis C. Ward, the burglar, was called, but the State not being ready to proceed to trial, the case was assigned for Tuesday next. The case of Larue Kimmel, for selling liquor on the Sabbath, was continued to the next term. Wm. Wisner, indicted for assaulting M. Clifstine, plead guilty, and was fined SI ana costs—total $10.78. The motion for a new trial in the case of .lames Clazey, found guilty of an assault with intent to murder John McKennev, was overruled by the Court this morning. State t>*. James Rawlins, (colored,) indicted for the larceny of one bank bill of the value of $5, the property of Dennis Hall, of Baltimore, alleged to have been taken on the 14th day of November last. Verdict of the jury "guilty." Mr. Boarman for the defence. State r. Joseph Oakes. This case in which the prisoner is indicted for the murder of William Syl vester, was set down for trial on Wednesday last, but necessarily postponed until to-day, when'it was called. I i appeared that the case was not ready for trial, and it was suggested to further postpone it. Mr. Preston, ir. behalf of himself and other witness es who iiad been in attendance several days, at con siderable inconvenience, expressed a hope that the case might either be tried or continued. After some discussion the case was continued to the No vember term. Court adjourned until Tuesday morning next at 10 o'clock. COMPLETION OF THE KIP-RAPS. Petersburg Exurein says: —"The work for the completion of the "Kip-Raps," or as less familiarly styled "Castle Calhoun," opposite Old Point, will commence, we learn, about the first of next month. The contract for furnishing material has been taken by Mr. David Bissett, of this city, and Col. Hawkins, of Franklin county, N. C., in co-partnership. The granite will be taken from quarries on the Danville Railroad, which is said to be, with the exception of some that may be found on the South-side Road, superior for the purpose to any other in the country. Messrs. Bissett A Hawkins will furnish the entire quantitv of granite required for immediate use, and will transport it from the quarries byway of the Dan ville Railroad to Richmond, and thence by means of barges to the field of operations. About five hun dred thousand cubic feet of granite will be required. The present portion of the castle is only the foun dation. When completed, it will have four tiers of guns, and on the whole will form the most stupend ous work of the kind in the United States." DECISION OF JUDGE GILES IN THE U. S DISTRICT COURT. In the case of the "Owners of the schooner Wm. A. Perim against the steamer Louisiana and Geo. W. Russel, her captain, growing out of a collision on the Chesapeake bay, on the night of the 20th February last, Judge Giles, after recapitulating the evidence, delivered a few days since the following opinion, which is of general interest to the owners of steamboats and sailing vessels: I have thus given a brief outline of the allega tions and testimony on either side; and as it tre quentlv occurs in collision cases, there is a conflict as to the most important points in the case. But I am left, without the advice and information of ex perienced nautical men to ascertain who was in fault on this occasion. This information from old and experienced shipmasters is always within reach of the judges in the High Court of Admiralty in England, and who sit in that Court as the Trinity J lantern. But in determining this question I have to guide me, the rules of navigation which have been recognized throughout the commercial world, and have been sanctioned and adopted by the Supreme Court. The tirst and one of the most important of these rules of navigation (in reference to the large increase of vessels propelled by steam) is, that, when meeting a sailing vessel, whether close hauled or with the wind free, the latter has a right to keep her course, and it is the duty of the steamer to adopt such precautions as wilt avoid lier: (see St. John vi. Paine and others, 10 Howard 583;) and that although just before a collision the master of a sailing vessel may have given an order or execu ted a change in the course of his vessel which was not judicious, vet this does not excuse the steamer, because it had the power to have passed at a safer distance, and had no right to place a sailing vessel in such jeopardy, that the error of a moment might cause her destruction. See the case of the Gene see Chief, 12 Howard 401. Another of those rules is, that when the vessels, either steam or sailing ves sels, are approaching each other in parallel or nearly parallel lines on opposite tacks each vessel must, if there be danger of a collision, port her helm and pass on the larboard side of the other; and that this rule prevails when a steamer is meeting a sailing vessel in all cases except where the sailing vessel is so far on the starboard bow of the steam er, that its observance would, instead of avoiding, tend to bring about a collision, by causing the steamer to cross the bow of the sailing vessel. See the case of the Rose, 2 Wm. Robinson 4; Wheeler ■. Steamer Eastern State, 2 Curtis 144; Steamer Oregon vx. Rocea and others, 18 Howard 572; St. John vx. —,lo Howard 584. Now in this case, it is by no means clear from the evidence, that if the schooner's course had not been changed a few seconds before the collision, that it would not have taken place. I think, therefore, that the steamer \yas wrong, when she had such wide water around her, in running in close to the schooner, that if she had not changed her course, the steamer must have passed within a hundred yards of her—if not over her as two of the wit nesses believed. I think the steamer was also wrong in attempting to pass to the west or on the starboard side of the schooner; for although it may be as the pilot Ward testified, that the schooner was Yi or 1 point on the starboard bow of the steamer, yet the steamer should have ported her helm and passed on the larboard side of the schooner. F'or if this rule of navigation be strictly enforced and gen erally acted on, every vessel can govern itself ac cordingly when approaching another; and many disastrous collisions may be avoided. 1 think, also, there was gross want of skill, and proper caution on the part of Miles, who was at the helm of the schooner at the time of the collision. According to his own testimony, he saw the steamer was wetting on him (to use his own language) and he knew that her speed was more than double: that of the schoon er, and when within one hundred yards of the steam er, he attempted to go to west of her, instead of putting her helm up and going to the east, which according to Corrie's testimony should have been done and would have avoided the collision; and this too after Corrie, who was in the look-out on the schooner, had called to him to put his helm up. This then makes a case of mutual fault, and I shall divide the loss, as the Supreme Court did in the cases of the schooner Catharine X. Dickinson, 17 Howard, 170: Rogers and others rx. Steamer St. Charles, 19 Howard 198. Before passing from this case 1 would remark, that if this collision had occurred without the schooner having been seen by persons on board the steamer until it was too late to avoid it, it would have been my duty to have decided the case against the steamer without enquiring into any other cir i euinstances of the collision. And for the reason, that on the night in question, the steamer had no ! proper look-out; for the pilot, Ward, testified that ! he was the look-out. And the Supreme Court have again and a fe .<iidecided that a look-out must be one exclusively emjdoyetl in matching the movement* of vex ed* which they arc meeting or are about to pass, and must have for the time no other occupation or duty. See 12 Howard, 462: 10 ditto, 585 and 18 ditto 225. lam surprised, that this steamer, that has been so well managed in all that pertains to the comfort and convenience of her passengers, and has gained so large a share c f the public confidence, should be found running on this occasion without such a look-out on deck. FOREIGN. England and China—Lord Derby r/t. The China H.rr —Pronpect of Peace without Concession* to the Al lien— Mr. Heed and the policy of the United State* an to the China War. WASHINGTON, March 2t, 1858. The policy of the new British ministry, asset forth in the speech of Lord Derby in Parliament, is of ome of concern to the United States, not only as it may affect the world, of which we are a part, but as it more directly reaches our interests. In the first place, it is to be remarked, that the wisdom of the course of the United States in holding back from co-operation in the war against China, is made ap parent bv Lord Derby's exposition of his own in tentions on that subject. Had we gone into the war, we would probably have been left to find our way out of it as we best could, for Lord Derby does not intend to move an other step in it. He was opposed to its inception originally; but the grasping hand of Palmerston was upheld bv the British people, and his war pol icy was sustained by Parliament. He had formed a design to bring all Christendom into a league against China, and had succeeded, beyond all expectation, at the moment when he lost the reins of the Government. France was in ac tive co-operation; and Russia, having failed in ne gotiation, was ready to resort to war. Lord Der by speaks of the war as "unfortunate in its origin, if not in its consequences." "I must say," he adds, "as I have always held a similar opinion, that that war was inadvertently entered upon."— He advocates the conclusion of a peace with the least possible delay, and utterly disclaims the idea of territorial acquisition or aggrandizement of any kind as the result of the war. The British and French have now secure posses sion of Canton, and can no doubt hold it. They will again attempt to negotiate a peace upon the basis of their ultimatum, which Yell had rejected. The Emperor of China will no doubt be informed of what has occurred, though it was Yell's intention as is supposed, to keep him in ignorance of it. The Emperor may be willing to conclude a peace, but will he encourage the aggressions of outside barba rians by the concessions which England and France require. The prospect is that the English will obtain no advantages whatever from the war, nor even be able to force John Chinaman to pay its expenses. Lord Derby will put an end to the military operations of the alliance in China; and Russia, after having been invited into the alliance, must take care of her own interests. Our own fleet has withdrawn to Macao, and having no further employment in the China seas, a portion of it may proceed to Japan. It appears from a letter from an officer of the Minnesota, that, after a visit'to Japan, our Minis ter, Mr. Reed, will return home, via San Fran cisco, and Panama, the summer or fall ensuing. An animated correspondence took place between Mr. Reed and Lord Elgin, on the subject of the in structions and powers of the former, in which Mr. Reed had occasion to indicate the course of this Government in keeping aloof from the conflict.— That correspondence has probably been received here, and there is no reason why it should not be published, without awaiting a call by Congress. THE DUTCH AND RUSSIANS IN JAPAN. —The Jura Courant of the 19th of December publishes forty additional aticlcs to the treaty between Holland and Japan, of 30th of January, Ik."> 6, and which were entered into on the 16th October last. These articles place the commercial relations with Japan upon a much more liberal footing than formerly.— Nagasaki is declared open to trade from the date of the articles, and Hakodade ten months after that date. Tonnage dues are to be paid at the rate of eigh y cents of a guilder per ton. A duty of 35 per cent, is to be paid on the value of all goods sold until a proper tariff of import and export duties is established. The use of foreign gold and silver money is al lowed. The value of the silver Spanish or pillar dollar is tixed at two guilders anil a halt: the silver and Mex ican dollar at two guilders and titty -live cents of a guilder. The importation of opium into Japan prohib ited. Cold aud silver cannot be exported, but this does not extend to articles wrought in these metals. Japanese money cannot be exported. The importation of weapons and some other arti cles is prohibited. The Dutch are allowed the free exercise of the Christian religion in their own houses and in the burial places set apart for them. The Russians have concluded similar articles with the Japanese (rovernment. By one of them, Rus sians temporarily or permanently resident in Japan are allowed to bring their wives and families with them. NATIVE PRINCES. —There still exists in India at least 220 sovereign princes, rajahs, or chieftains, ot different ranks and power, from the Nizam, who is the monarch of a great kingdom, with a distinct army of 60,000 men, down to the petty Mahratta and Rajpoot chiefs. These princes rule and govern upwards of 500,000 square miles of territory; thev have at least 40,000,000 of subjects, their independ ent revenues are extremely great, and they have PRICE TWO CENTS. under their direct orders military bodies, wholly un connected with the company, which amount to 350,000 armed men. It is true, says Mr. Thornton, from whose papers we borrow these details, that considerable portions of these troops of native States are better fitted for police purposes than for war; that no regular system of payment obtains among them; and that they are for the most part badly or ganized and inefficient. But, on the other hand, the list is by no means complete. It comprises the Rajahs, who may be said to have a political status, but most of these may have in turn petty dependent feudatories, all having armed followers, which swell the native forces of India to a prodigious amount.— Edinbury Jieview. Ax ASSASSINATION. —American and British cap tains, who have of late years been in Genoa, will hear with regret of the barbarous assassination of the Rnglish and American ship-chandler, Mr. Alex ander Dassignorio, a man who, by his honest and upright dealing, had acquired the confidence of all with whom he had business transactions. DOMESTIC THE NATIONAL HOTEL DISEASE, about which the papers were tilled a vear ago, is yet a topic of dis cussion. The New York Journal of Commerce says: We conversed, on Tuesday, with a very intelligent gentleman of this city, one of the officers of the American Telegraph Company, who is among the sufferers by the mysterious disease which broke out in Washington city just prior to the last presidential inauguration. From a condition of great bodily vigor and a comfortable degree of corpulency he has gradually wasted until reduced to a feeble inva lid. During the many weary days of confinement allotted to him he has watched the progress of the malady till the list of deceased victims has reached twenty-seven, including many eminent names; and he calculates that out of a total of three hundred sufferers, at least one-half are in a state of decrepi tude no better than his own. In spite of all the theories which have been advanced by medical men and sanitary committees, he adheres to the belief that the fatal "epidemic," as it was called, was oc casioned by nothing else than a malignant mineral poison; and the same opinion is held by other suffer ers with whom he has conversed. Up to a recent period he was treated by a physi cian of this neighborhood as for a malarious or at mospheric poison, with no perceptible benefit; but upon the physician arid treatment being changed, substituting an antidote to arsenic, favorable symp toms became at once apparent, and he is now able to leave his apartment. The National Hotel, it is but just to state, has not been in any way infected since re-opened by its pres ent excellent managers, and among its many board ers are several who were victims of the "disease," but who have no fears that it will re-occur. We know several sufferers who express the same opinion as that quoted above, ami feel confident that they were "poisoned."— Wank. Union. Ax EXECUTION PREVENTED. —The l'acific Christian Advocate, printed at Portland, Oregon, February Cth, reports that great excitement has been caused in Pierce and Thurston counties. Washington Terri tory, by the non-execution of the Indian chief l.es chi, who was convicted of the murder of Mr. J. B. Moses, in November, 185G, and sentenced to be hang ed on the 22d of January, 1858. The delay be tween the first trial and the sentence was owing to a second trial, a writ of error, Ac. Governor Mc- Mullin was requested to respite the prisoner until the President of the United States could be heard from, but he refused. Some United States officers at Fort Steilacoom, thought Leschi ought to be trea ted as a prisoner of war, because Mr. Moseswas kill ed after the late war broke out. (In the day appointed for the execution the slier iff was arrested on a warrant issued bv the United States Commissioner, charging him with the crime of selling liquor to Indians, and during the process had thereon, the period named in the death war rant for the execution expired, and l.eschi was not hanged. Mass meetings were held in Pierce and Thurston counties, in which the history of the case was recited, and resolutions were adopted condemn ing the transactions at Steilacoom, and especially denouncing all officers of the United States arniv who have in this affair attempted to arrest or inter fere with the execution of the laws of the land, as entirely outside of the line of their duty, unbecom ing public officers. The acts of the sheriff of Pierce county, the Uni ted States Commissioner, and the attorney of tlit Indian chief l.eschi are denounced as "also dishon est, disreputable and infamous ." The work on the new Senate Hall is progressing in a manner to indicate that it will be completed for the use of the Senate by the opening of the next session. The iron work will, it is anticipated, be finished in about four months' time. The Senate retiring room promises to be a marvel of beauty.— The walls and ceiling of the room throughout are to be constructed of polished marble of the finest quality. The marble for the porticoes of the wings is now being cut. An additional force of marble cutters has recently been placed upon this part of the work, with a view to having a fair start when the masons shall be ready to commence the con struction, which will be in about two weeks. The grand stairways in each wing are being erected. The freight trains from Baltimore bring daily in stallments of iron casting for the new dome, which is progressing slowly out surely, like all great works of this character, requiring nice adjustment of parts in each particular of its construction.— The first section will soon be so far advanced as to admit of the commencement of the second section which is so designed as to require being carried on and completed in conjunction with the first. The immense fan which is used to force cool air through all parts of the new House of Itepresenta tives is now finished, and works admirably.— Wash inton Star. FROM KEY WEST. KKY WEST, March 12,1858. Steamer Isabel, Rollins, sailed the evening of the 10th. She took from this city upwards of eighty passengers, most of them mechanics and laborers discharged from Forts Taylor and Jefferson. The force on both fortifications is now being reduced to the summer quota. All the unacclimated are to be discharged, and a small number of native or accli mated whites and the usual slave force retained. At Fort Jefferson the progress of the work during the winter has been rapid, and the walls and case ments have been raised to the level of the second tier of guns. The whole lower portion is ready to receive its armament, and could be made bomb proof in a short time. At Fort Taylor the works are in a more forward state. Both casement tiers are ready for the ordnance, and one tier has its com plement of guns. This work is in such a condition that a few weeks of active operations would place it in a condition of defence. Professor Agassi/., accompanied by a scientific staff, is now at this place, engaged in examinations of the structure of the reefs and also collecting spe cimens for his great work on natural history. The party left last evening for Tortugas, where are to be found many varieties of the coral and other rare and interesting specimens of marine plants and ani mals. STIT.I, MORE FORGERIES. —A" man named Henry Brackett, said to be a broker in Hanover street, was before the court yesterday on a complaint charging him with forging a note for $2,500, in the name of Benjamin Dana of Watertown. The note reads as follows : " BOSTON, Sept. 8, 1856. $2,500. Six months after date I promise to pay to the or der of Henry Brackett, twenty-five hundred dollars, with interest. BKXJ. DANA. It is alleged that the note originally read "pay to the order of myself, Ac., and that the defen dant erased the word Mmyself," and inserted his own name. At a meeting of the creditors of Mr. Benj. Dana, held before the Middlesex Court of Insolvency on the 2d of November, 1856, the note in question was presented among other claims, and it is supposed that the arrest of Mr. Brackett is ow ing to that circumstance. The complainant in the case is Mr. Charles 11. Hunt, and the defendant was held in $3,000 for examination this afternoon. —Lotion Journal. INCREASE OK SPUED ON THE OCEAN. —The following extract of a letter received by E. K. Collins, Esq., showing the great gain in steam power by adopting the method of Messrs. Wethered Bro., of Baltimore, for using steam, is of some importance in the pres ent age: "Mr. Mills, theEngineer-in-C!hief of the West In dia and Brazil Royal Mail Steamship Company, writes under date oi 12th ult. that the mail steam ship Avon has just returned from a voyage from Southampton to Rio Janeiro and back, gaining three days on her passage each way, and with twenty-two per cent, less coal. By Dr. Banner's tables, in the 'Ocean Pilot,' page 76, it will be seen that to have gained even one knot—the Avon did niore—would have required one-third more fuel; or, in other words, requiring fifty-live per cent, more fuel, with ordinary steam, to have obtained the same result." The same method applied to the Collins steamers would shorten their trips across the Atlantic at least twelve hours. It would enable the Adriatic, for instance, to make the passage to IJverpool in eight days with ease. A bill has been introduced in the New 5 ork Leg islature to incorporate the "Ericsson Manufactur ing and Navigation Company," which has for its object the construction of vessels to be propelled by means of engines worked by heated air, or caloric. The company is authorised to use boats with this motive power on the canals. FlSH.— There were several arrivals at the Fish Wharf, yesterday, from the lower landings, princi pally of shad, with a good supply of rock, perch aud herring. Shad, early in the day, sold for $24 per hundred, but declined to $l9, There were no sales of herring by the thousand, and all that ar rived were bought up by the hucksters at 25 cents per bunch ot 12. Rock and perch 25 cents per bunch.— Alex. Gazetlr, ,I farc& 26. As every body knows, the liostouians believe that Boston State-house is the hub of the Solar sys tem, but Holmes says the little towns in Massachu setts have the same conceit, and that iu the smallest village in the State, they read Pope's line thus: "All are but parts of one stupendous Hull!"