Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I—NO. 32.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUWDATS EXCIPTED,) BY KERR A CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JB. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALP CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; TH REE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE —EIQHT LINES.) One insertion .50 Two insertions 75 Three " SI.OO Four " $125 Five " $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. TH E DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER tlip above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name.—if an apology were net Jed. for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope nil those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist. NEWS. —It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full aud authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour uals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. Ud, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state ftlic markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which .aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve .a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, inu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of TIIF. EXCHANGE, and it will IH.* the constant aim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest Nig journal for the family as well as for the counting room. (Station. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND THR TRUSTERS of the Patapsco Female X Institute announce to tfie public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has lieen attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre eminence in health fulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sulfieiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benetlts of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the institute. The Trustees of.the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert 11. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution: and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. HORSEY, PRESIDENT WM. PENNY, M P., SECRETARY. T. W ATKINS LIGOX, E. HAMMOND, JOHN. I\ KENNEDY. ffeSSWtf. LAW SCHOOLOFTHE I MYERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS. LL.D., Pane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN. LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law I ibrary consists of about 14,000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out. is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities arc also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. A - Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com meneinent of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainmonts. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. 4 Applications Air admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Proles sors at Cambr.dge, , >; Cambridge, Mass., January, ISSB. _ Jd6t-Ipw6m. BISCUIT A.Vl)...GftAtiKH* BAK'BRY. (No. 9S pß*£;r'jjsjgjElSs,) FOIIStERhY r: JAMEsJ D. MASON *JJWo^.T.hgv?te..linSdP EXTENSIVE ALYrR\TLONI'-A*N'DFCCE!RT , .MF-Pis id their UlSi 't 'IT/ A tttl ffel/lf gR Y t by the LATENT i'iLOT ufljl NAVY. HftJt*A'.Vrt'ii;rßUTTEß S = R V. S C 'Jpkl ERS, S< ■ W oeii of RELS OF f'i.^i'RKKS.'aull lib DEALERS are inviteS ~10 give us a call; they will find the terms as favorable its any other house. The Proprietors will take great pleasure in exhibiting the OPERATION OF THEIR OVEN, AT ALL TIMES, to any who may feel an interest in the ''PROGRESS OP THE AGE,'' and will also conduct them through their extensive establishment. J. D. M. k Co log leave to remind the public tlat this OVEN IS THE ONLY ONE IN USE IN THIS CITY. PATENT RIGHTS of which, for LOAF BREAD purposes, can be had on application to them. JAMES D MASON k Co., FORMERLY R. MASON k BROTHER, OLD STAND, Old Number 98 PRATT STREET, _ _ * Opposite McCluie's Dock OFFICE MARYLAND GAS COMPANY, AND ST. PAUL STREETS, tfP STAIRS. r I MI lib < OMPANY is Furnishing the most „ ■ on 'y reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private Houses Churches, Hotel. an ,l p, lWi c Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using ou Machines can be furnished. Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by person or by tetter. f-.12.6m. F. & J. H. WYLIE. • ij . Y F, W YORK FAYCY DYEIYG k CLEAYSIYG EBTABI.IBIIME.YT OFFICE. 142 LEXI.XHTO.x STREET, BALT., (Between Park and Howard,)' FOR THE RECEPTION AND DELIVERY OF QOODB. SILKS AYD WORSTED DAMASK AYD MOREEY CURTAIYS, Ladies' and Gentlemen's Garments, Straw Bonnets.!.in ens. Options, Ac.. lived and Finished ill the best manner. SILKS AXD SILK IJKESSES WATERED. Particular attention paid to all CAY TOY FABRICS, viz: Heavy Embroidered Crape Shawls Cleansed and Bleached a pure White; also dyed aud Finished in Canton Style. Heavy Satins Dyed aud Original Texture Preserved. LACE. AYD MUSLIY CURTAIYS, SHAWLS. TABLE COVERS. CARPETS. RI GS, kr , oieanse.l and re finished. Goods restored, if possible, to original state. Kit) GLOVES CLEANSED IYTHE YEATEST MAYYER. JIPi rMle ourse,T * upon the color 9 and styles of work Jl!^!^ l L Ce A an w-. ,Htt P°Bibilty of a competition in this Promptness will always be exercised, THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION (Founded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athenmm Building , A* W. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga S.reets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now a!>out 15.000 volumes, care fully selected, or History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1.000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the .Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE POR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, 3°o " " HONORARY MEMBKIS. WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE HALE OF MENS FURNISHING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German St., mrl-lm. Baltimore. HT. ROBERTS, • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22 ly. Baltimore. RE A D Y M A N E CLOTH IN G~ JOII.V it. RE A, &■ co.. NORTH EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOOTH STS., Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running olTat a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices- fe22-lm. f ianos anb NEW YORK PIANO DEPOT. IWM IVJL F. THIEDE. 1/ U U 1/ If Successor to PETRI & THIEDE. Having retained the Store and Stock of the old firm. No. SO FAYETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the SOLE AGENCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR ST KIN WAY A SON'S GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will he pleased to receive calls from his friends and the public, to examine these celebrated instruments. By purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to ofl'er the works of these well known makers at prices that will not fail to please. A call is earnestly solicited. WM. F. THIEDE, mr27-d3m No. SO Fayette street, west of Chailes, C. W. NEILL. W. F. WASHUURN. , WNF.TLL & WASHBURN, TT'IISR: FIRST PREMIUM PIANOFORTES, J J wjj -MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOMS— -00 FAYETTE ST., East of Calvert, mhl2 6m Baltimore, Md. h-jggpgw HICK BRING & SONST" 3 C Y J U ' NUNNS & CLARK'S >'EI.KURA TED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale onlv by F. D. BEXTEEN, 181 Baltimore street .and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine fr themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. inr2s tf. W J OLD "ME DA PREMIUM ftplrTfnjflt FIAXO FORTES. 1/ II U jl/ WILLIAM KXABE & CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO FORTES. \Nos. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NORTH EUTA IK ST., Opposite the Eutaw House. And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIJ&MS'for excellence, over all competition. also been pronounced by S. Tha!i>erg, the myst Celfcwaied pianist in the world, and other distin guish ejKaf&sts, including M. Stfabbgh.: G. Satter, &c., ,sc. Jto beyequal if not SUPKRIQRJto' an/in this country. • We hajte constantly on hand- at que extensive Ware rooms above, the largest assortment qf .FINE PIANO FORTES to he found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the uiQst liberal terms. In every case we guarantee Our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE OXS, of the best makers, at prices from $45 to $200.. 8-JK*Always for sale a large number of GOOD SHJCfIDW)- HAXD PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to S2OO. PIANOS EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED, mill tf WM. KXAfifi & .CO. §as fitting. ' EST & J EVENS, ' IMPORTERS, MANUFACTI'RERS, AND DEALERS IN GAS F1 A' T U RES, Of every Description, Ifo. 206 Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE, Gas Pipes introduced into public ami private buildings l in the best manner and on the most pleasing terms, mrll-tf MOKE LIGHT AND LESS GASI -YI CONSUMERS OF GAS CAN SAVE FROM/ - K -'J *• TWENTY TO TWENTY-FIVE PER CEjjtM ' Of GAS by regulating the FLOW between the meters! and . burners, which can he done in most cases for a e'ost nSU exceeding ..-i t ■ TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS. - r' The undersigned have on exhibition A TEST M E TER, ALS 0 A GLASS SHOW METER, Made expressly to our order, (by 1,. Morrison, proprietor of Phoenix Meter Works.) and which is a fac simile of those used by consumers in this city. Persons desirous can see at a glance, in this meter, the formation and whole operation, together with the manner in which it may register correctly or incorrectly, by calling on BLAIR & CO., GAS FITTERS, mrl2.tapl 366 WEST BALTIMORE STREET. JH. McCALL&OO., . PRACTICAL GAS FITTERS, NO. 15 FAYETTE ST., UNDER REBF.N HALL. - (BETWEEN HARRISON AND FREDERICK STS.,) Baltimore, Md. Dealers in all kinds of ' GAS FIXTURES. Stores, oMailings, Churches and Factories fitted up in ' work maul ike. manner. A large stock of cheap Gas fixtures alviys on hand. All orders promptly attended to, and all work warranted fe22 -3m SCSTAUR;MTS. RIXN'B EATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market S/tace. "" RPIIE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE JL ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, Ac., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon. fe22tf. B~A RGA INS IN "FURNITURE.— We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED ROOM, DINING-ROOM, AND HALL FURNITURE, at very low prices, corresponding with the times, FOR CASH, or GOOD NOTES, at 4 months. M EACH AM & HEY WOOD, j _ m _ 10 North Charles st. ADAM SNIVRLET. 8 . W . COOKT. NIVELEY &. COOKE, | No. 5 COMMERCE STREET, i Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, AND PRODUCE. Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. ABUTTER for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. fe22 lm. BUILDERS' DEPOT. gQ SASH. BOORS, BLIYDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, (lULBLYGS, CASIYGS, Ac , DRESSED FLOORIYG AN BOTHER LUMBER. LIME, BRICKS, HAIR, HARD WARE, GLASS, Oil,. PAIYTS, and every description of BFILDIYG MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom mmlating terms. Particular attention paid to orders and coutracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oj buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship -1 meats effected promptly to all accessible points by R. JOHYSOY, Xo. 69 Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf,) i fe'2.T-tf Baltimore, Md. piICENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREF WM. H. CRAWFORD K CO., PROPRIETORS, ■ , whoU "' 1 ' 'ride of this city the Soul\ anil WetX 1,1 nut, Of coal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the United states fe22-tf INGERSOLL'S IMPROVED PORTABLE Jff y JP It ES S We call attention to this press which combines greater power and durability. requires less labor, occults lest space, and costs less money than any other Machine for baling Hay or Cotton, ever offered to the public For sale at manufacturer's prices by J A. WESTON & CO. fe22 tf 41 South Charles street, Mors. fe22-lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y IjMItE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COAT.E, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AOENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. MARINE INSURANCE. COL UMRIAN (MARI-XE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200.000 Security notes paid in 300,000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned haying been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOI,. B. DAYIF.S, of Davies & Warfield, fi*2'2 fin. No. io Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. 'LUIIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives _l_ for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of -a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his .'policy nor the premium he has paid. J These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. ' The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Lift or the interest of Monty is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 84 Franklin street. f22-iy IF IRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large. Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHtENIX ■ " " " * 350^000 SPRINGFIELD u Springfield, Mass. 375,000 ETNA LIFE " Hartford, 225.000 U. S. LIFE " New York 400,000 fe22 tf. ASSOCIATED" FIREMEVS INSUR AXCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THF. CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY. Mechanical, J. C. WHIEDEM, Columbian, GEORGE HARMAN, Union. J. TRUST, Pirst Baltimore, NOAH WALEER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin, ALLEN PAINE, .Liberty, J. PEASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK, Independent, LANCASTER OULD, Patapsco, R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Hoxoard, WU. A. HACK, New Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, ■Watchman, JAS. B. GEORGE, SR.. Pioneer Joa. C. BOYD, Lafayette. Hook ami Ladder Co. No. 1. f-' tf. JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. BALTIMORE, TUESDAY, MARCH 30, 18-58. Insurant* (Empties. INSURANCE CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU INSURE. SAML. W. T. HOPI>ER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR TOE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 aud 12 German street, " DALL, GIBBONS & Co., 22 Hanover street, " A. L. WEBB & 880., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. W. RIDOELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, 34 St. Paul street. mrl-eolm IN SURA NC E AGAINST LOSS OF RENTS BY FIRE. THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. OFFICE, No. 13 SOUTH STREET. Will make insurance against loss of Rent by fire, on a new and most liberal principle They also continue to insure all descriptions of Proi>erty against loss or damage by Fire. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, John W. Ross, A. A. Chapman, Henry M. Bash, Joseph W. Jenkins, Wm. Woodward, Wm. Heatd, Adam Denmead, 1.. J. Church, George Bartlett, T. H. Sullivan, George Small JOHN R. MAGRUDER, mr29tf Secretary: HENRY A. D I D I E it, INSURANCE AGENT, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMBARD STREETS, mrlO-tf Baltimore. R QU 1T A B LE FIRE INSURANCE EA SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to' call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fully explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY RIEVAN, MICHAEL WARNER' JAMES FRAEIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24 ly" THE GREAT WESTERN ('MARINE; INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital [already paid in) 1.000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Cajntal, with a liberal return of the profits customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. TARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, _ 6:23 tf Office Commercial Buildings. THE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Frojierty within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS : M. Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Tnland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of"" the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000 000 A. B. NEIL SON, Press't. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DONN ELL. Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIREINSURANCEOOM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated bv the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE No. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY - DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE _ BY FIRE. The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, „ _ President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, [William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, (George Bartlett, Win. Heald, .Adam Denmead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, I'Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, I George Small JOHN R. MAGRUDER, _fe26tf Secretary. JAST HAZLITT &. CO., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES, BRANDIES, AND LIyUOKS, 39 &41 SOUTH GAT STREET, BALTIMORE. ' A large and superior stock of PURE RYE WHISKEYS from the most celebrated Distillers. mrl7-tf IYTANUFACK £ ] COLOGNE, SPIRITSFC AMPIIINE, LA'RD OIL'LINSEE'D ' OIL, &c. Our facilities for manufacturing being large, we are pre- ' pared to offer great inducements to persons purchasing I goods in our line. Manufactory, 806 West Pratt street, Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Una bard street, Iwtween Light and Charles. fe22-tf. PAPER WAREHOUSE, NO. 24 SOUTH CHARLES STREET, JAMES S. ROBIN SOX Has on hand for sale, a large assortment of the various kinds of Paper, snch as Printing, Writing, Wrapping, and Colored Papers, of all sixes and prices , which he is offering low to punctual buyers. mal-tf business Carts. EDWARD DE CORMIS. WILLIAM ROGERS TTfcE CORMIS & ROGERS. j \J IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IX I WINES. BRANDIES, GINS, SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WIIISKYS, j ENGLISH AND SCOTCH AI.K AND PORTER, I mr24-tf No. 4 COMMERCE STREET, Bait. RCOUPLAND, . FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS, &c. No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK aud HARRISON STS. mrll-ly BALTIMORE. FRANCIS DENMEAD. Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT. CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22 ly LIND & MURDOCH, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS, No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELDOWNEY'S BUILDING, fe22 lm. E. B. GRANT. J. GRANT G RANT & BROTHER, T COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, _ f"—— tf. Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BltO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, fe22-tf. BALTIMORE. T L. M'PHAIL & BRO'S " • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. JWM. W. JANNET, LOUIS STOW. ANNEY & STOW, PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 101 SOUTH STREET, fe22 ly Baltimore. JOSEPH CARSON. H. G. YICKERY, JOSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIUHT STREET, Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fe22 tf tNOLJRTNEY &T GUSHING, A TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. H. CUSHINO, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf T LYLE CLARKE & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fc22 tf CI A R D. A P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOAVARD STREET, _ 6:22 lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON T EA, . SHIPPING AND COMMISSON MERCHANTS. No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, • _ Baltimore. • mrl-tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING A ND COMMISSION MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, BALTTM&RI, ". Give particular attention to consignments of SJuGAR', MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH,-RROVIS IONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c.; also ill! orders, for staue'. fc22 tf T. WATTERS & .RC).7 ' • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN* WINES ,t Lliyb'OßS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE ' LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. WF- A large and very Che stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on hand. fe24 tf *_ T - MARTIN. AA'M. R. MARTIN. HP T. MARTIN & 8R0.,' A • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR A—and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt), mat tf Baltimore. R SNOW DEN ANDREWS, < ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, m Baltimore, Md. ' JOHN F. PLCKRELL, LEWIS WARRINGTON. JOHN F. PICKRELL & CO., GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. advances made on consignments. fe24-tf f I HJOM ASH.K FAIP.J it..— JL ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot. Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7-2m R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORXE r AT LAW, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S IIALL, (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22 tf. (CHARLES E. PHELPS, J A TTORXE T AT LAW, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22 tf. R~ CHERT LTBURNS, A TTORXE r AT LAW, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22-tf. LEA'IXdTOX STREET. FRISBY HENDERSON, -1- • A TTORXE r AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OPPICR No. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOW ARD_COUNTIRS. _ fc23-2awf.w. r |h JOSEPH ROGERS, X ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charle9. mrl-tf. : Peittriitts, ferfitmcrtfs, £c. J. PURVIANCE POLK & CO. APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streett, AMD N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PKRFUMERV, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLKS, which may he confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu restquality. Also. MEDICINE CHESTS, SCROICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, kc., kc. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returns* at our expense if not of standard quality. fe'22 tf. ti RE AT SAVING IN GAS. J BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSON A CHANDLER: Sirs: —We have been using J. If. COOPER'S LEVER GAS REGULATOR u]>on our metre for the past six weeks, ami are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 2.5 per ceot. of Gas. The light is nuiform and ample, aud all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escai>e of un consumed gas prevented. NOAH WALKER A CO. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON k CHANDLER, At the office of Messrs. URATTAN k EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. mr29-lmo. JOHN SHANAMAN HAS REMOVED PROM .SNOW HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN & SHEET IRON WARE AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE, "Where every article connected wUh his business may he found, and which will he disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. K?""All orders from the Eastern Short* and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mrfi 3m BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE? PRICE S4O.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer k Co., Wheeler k Wilson and GroverA Baker as being the best single thread Ma- I chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly ta their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler k Wilson's superior FAMTLY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can he seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUNDERSON k CO., fe22 tf. 209 Baltimore street. WM. ROBINSON, -Vol. 4 and 6 HOLLINGSWORTIT ST. Keeps constantly on band, andfor sale at the lowest market rates, PERUVIAN, MEXICAN and other GUANOS, of the best qualities, BONE-DUST, SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME, &c.,ic. Also best quality Wood Burnt I.ime, for building pur poses. This Lime is manufactured at my own quarries, and purchasers may rely on getting a No. 1 article; CE MENT and CALCINED PLASTER, of the best brands: BRICKS, HAIR Ac., &c. CORN, OATS, RYE, CORN MEAL, and all kinds ofMiil Feed. fe22-tf- GKO. M. E SAM AX. SAM'L A. HOUSE. EHRMAN & HOUSE,— FLOUifc k PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS AND DEALERS IN CORN MEAL, GRAIN, MILL FEED, BALED HAY, kc. N. W. CORNER HOWARD AND PRATT STREETS. | REFERENCES: —Messrs. Newcomer it Stonebraker; CD. | Rinks k Co.: Kefauvre & Campbell; James Hooper k ISons; Chauncey Brooks. Esq.. President B. k O. Bit. Co.; Pat'k Gibson, Esq.. Bank of Baltimore; Tiueman Cross, Esq., Cashier Commercial and Farmer's Bank. mrl7-6m DOMESTIC CULTIVATION OFTOHACCO IS SOUTH-WESTERN VIRGI NIA. —The Jclfersonville (Tazewell county) Advo cate, after urging upon the farmers of that county the feasibility of Tobacco growing in that section, makes the subjoined allusion to the success attend ing its cultivation in the counties adjacent to Taze well : "The counties of Monroe and Mercer have lately been aroused by the discovery that this source of eonime ce is theirs by nature, and thus the thin lands of their mountain sides are valuable beyond their most sanguine expectations. Only a narrow belt of thy south-eastern portion of the county of Monroe has been subjected to the experiment dur ing t lie last year, ana the fact is now announced that the result has proved a demonstration of the superiority of that section of the West, as more highly gifted in this respect than the Valley of Vir ginia. It is calculated that 115,000 pounds were last year raised in Monroe, and the present year there will be produced not less than 5 or 600,000 pounds, and yet not half the people are awake to the im portance of this agricultural revolution. This to bacco has averaged some twelve or fifteen dollars nett per huudred—bringing into the county from outside markets a revenue of several thousand dol lars from a very few acres of ground. Already have three factories been erected in the county, anil we are told at the one belonging to Mr. A. McNear, at Centreville, that cigars equal to any that are imported are manufactured by him, and that a finer article of chewing tobacco has never been seen any where than is put up by the proprietor of that es tablishment. "We are confident that nianv of the farms in the county of Tazewell are similarly adapted to its cul ture. The lands on Blue Stone and in the Rich lands especially, must enjoy superior natural advan tages for the growth of this article to anv lands in the counties of Monroe and Mercer. We hastily throw out the hint, and hope some of our energetic farmers will speedily act, upon it. THE RAILROADS IN LOUDOUN, VA. —The recent ap propriations will secure the completion of the Lou doun and Hampshire Railroad through this county in a short time, and we may look with certainty, for the steam-horse at Clark's Gap before next Spring, when the immense productions of Loudoun will begin to find easy access to market—to one of the finest harbors upon the Atlantic. This will be a freat consummation for Alexandria, and we know er citizens will do all in their power to urge on this improvement to the Valley of Virginia, and the inexhaustible coal regions of the State. At as early a day as possible eve should have the road ip working condition to Clark's Gap. That will inspire confidence in the improvement, and arouse tie people of-the county to the necessity of its further completion. They will give more Iree iy when they have a practical and actual demon stration -of .it?-advantages. The graduation and masonry is pegriy all completed Between Clark's Gap and Alexandria, and ..a better located apd -jnorfA substantially constructed improve jdeiit , is- no't' to be found in the State. A few months 'Mill finish up all the work ready for thef rai]s, .apd. the sooner the cars are upon it tbej betfevfiH- the improvement, and all concerned. Uif advantages of this improvement are too well k)W tribe discussed—what we now Avant is all tlx! expedition Ave can command upon its progress , aficj Tfib'laYing of the rails as far as it can be done. The'friends of the Manassas companAX will, of uhdrfo'usfc every effort, as they should do, to push on. They noAV have the means, and Ave kpiiAv the energy is not wanting. We hope to see -1.1! 1 our improvements speedily completed. They 'jefirinot be done too soon.— Leesburg M'usA. RAISING OK THE EMPIRE STATE.— A successful effort was made on Tuesday evening to raise the Empire State, without having recourse to the removal of the machinery. Six hundred casks were stowed under the deck„ fore and.aft,.one hundred and fifty under the guards, and the. camels were attached at low water, and as the tide irose the vessel left the rocky bed she had occupied just a week, and floated. She was anchored betwiAir Hart and Citv Islands until the arrival of the steam tug Wm. ft. Webb, which, with the Neptune, towed her down to the city yesterday, which she reached at 1 P. M. The steamer, now lies at the Novelty Works, pre paratory to entering the Balance dock at the foot of Pike street, which is now occupied by the ship Phil adelphia. The casks and camels still remain in her to keep her alioat. The vessel shows but little signs of strain and being strongly built, has not been material ly damaged by the accident. It is estimated that 520,- 000 will cover the expenses of repairing her. Great credit is given to Captain Wm. lloardman, to whose skill the success of the undertaking is mainlv due, and to his assistants. Captain Bowne and Gillespie, Mr, Perry and Mr. Snecden, who labored dav and night to bring about the result, which we are hap py to record.- -V. I'. ''our. & Ettq. HEAVY DAMAGES. —At the present term of the Superior Court of Washington county (Georgia) tw o verdicts have been rendered against the Central Kailroad and Hanking Company—one at the in stance of Mrs. Nancy Walker, administratrix, for ten thousand dollars; the other in favor of Levi H. Hall, for five thousand dollars. The son of Mrs. Walker, an unmarried man, was a fireman, who lost his life in July, 185(1, while at his post, by the night passenger train from Macon to Savannah run ning into a chasm made by part of the embankment and culvert being washed out bv a heavy rain which had occurred several hours before the disas ter. The ground taken by plaintiff's counsel was gross negligence in the construction of this part of the road and culvert; and, secondly, gross negli gence in the employees or overseer of'the road in not making an examination of the road after the rain had fallen, and hoisting a signal to warn the de scending train. Notwithstanding the decided charge of Judge Holt on the subject of the damages the plaintiffs were entitled to, and which was en tirely in accordance with the position of defend ant's counsel, the juries found these verdicts. The defendant entered appeals. The Wheeling Timet savs it learns "that arrange ments are now being made to raise means to place the Hempfield Railroad in running order, and at an early day. There are several parties, we learn, who are willing and anxious to lease the road, but nn examination of-the deeds of trust from the mort gage bondholders, under which it is at present morgaged, developes the fact that the board have no power to lease the road, though very anxious to do so. In this emergency, we learn that the board have adopted the only possible means to obviate the difficulty. A number of our public spirited citizens have nobly come forward and subscribed to enable the board tn put it under new mannijement al together, by which it will be speedily repaired and splendidly equipped, ami then run regularly there after—the subscriptions thus made to be repaid in quarterly installments, from the working of the road." ASSASSINATION IN MACON COI'NTY.— We learn from the Tuskegee Bepublicnn, that on Sunday night, the 14th instant, Mr. Jethro Walker, while sitting in a portico in front of his house, received a wound from a gun in the hands of some unknown person, from which he died instantly. The gun was loaded with small shot, all of which entered his face.— Only one, however, penetrated the skull. We are sorry to say that his own son is suspected of hav ing committed the-fiendish act, but we hope that subsequent disclosures may prove his innocence.— He is a cracked-brain sort'of a fellow, and if guilty, doubtless committed the deed in a fit of insanity. An inquest was held over his corpse, and the jury rendered a verdict in accordance with the above facts. Mr. Walker is a well known and respected citizen of Macon county, and his untimely death will be regretted by many sincere friends. A DISTINGUISHED REFUGEE TN PlTTSßUßG.—Yester day a man called on Mayor Weaver,and informed him that Thomas Allsop, tne person who was ringleader in the plot by which the life of Louis Napoleon was attempted last January, was in this city, and ad vised the Mayor to arrest him. The person, who seemed positive of what he had stated, declared that Mr. Allsop had been in the city several days, and was residing in the house of a friend in the Eighth ward. The Mayor declared he had no authority whatever for interfering in the matter, and declined having anything to witn it. We believe his Honor acted quite wisely in this matter. It may be a fact, but we are inclined to regard the matter as a hoax. —Pittehurg Poet, 26/A. Some medical students at J'ittstown, N. Y., who had obtained the body of a State Prison convict for dissection, created an excitement bv hiding it in farmers' barns, to frighten such of them as wore su perstitious, nearly out of their wits, and startle those who were not, with the supposition that a murder had been committed on their premises. As soon as the body had been discovered in one barn, thev removed it to another. A number of Irishmen at fcagle Bridge, thinking, from the description of the body, that it was that of the murdered Barney Mcl ntyre, marched down to Pittstown in a body, breathing vengeance against those who had "resur rected" him. They were, with great didiculty, convinced of their mistake. The body has since been dissected. THE WHEAT CHOP. —The Chicago Tribune says: "During the last few days we passed over a dozen or more counties in this State, along the Illinois Central, besides the counties of Knox, Ilavie? and Pike, in Indiana, and can speak from personal ob servation of the favorable appearance of the grow ing wheat crop. The two most tryiDg months are over, and a very large yield of wheat is likely to be had this season. The fields between Lasalle and Bloomington, and further South, from Centralia to Vincennes and 'Washington, Indiana, are particu larly green and well covered. A large portion of the old crop of wheat is still in the hands of the farmers, and a disposition is evinced to accept the present ruling rates, which is causing great activity in trade over the whole country." A rather singular case has recently been decided in Indiana, by which it is declared that marriage in that State requires no formalities to make it le gal, except the mere agreement of the parties; that it is a civil contract only, and differs from other civil contracts merely in this—that it cannot be dissolved even by mutual consent. It is provided in section seven of the revised statutes of Indiana that, "no marriage shall be void or voidable, for want of li cense or other formalities required by law, if either of the parties thereto believe it to lie a legal mar riage at the time." It is further provided, that the agreement must be recorded, but the failure or ne glect to do this is only punishable by a fine. A VENTURE FOR FRKKDOM.—A Gorman, living on the bottom lands opposite Leavenworth City, was arrested lately on a charge of having, last lummer, robbed a store at La Crosse, Wisconsin, and on searching his premises $4,000 worth of the booty was found in his trunk. He was taken bv the United States Marshal of Wisconsin and diackled, and conveyed on a steamer down the Missouri river. On the way, as the steamer was running at full speed, he escaped by jumping overboard with two life-preservers, while the Marshal had gont to get him a drink. Whether he survived or wasjrowned depends altogether upon the weight of his irons and the buoyancy of the life preservers. No sign of him could be perceived in the river, as it was at night. OUR GOVERNMENT AND MEXICO. —The Washington correspondent of the Charleston Courier says that the condition of Mexico now engages thb attention of the President—that our Govern men tjis well dis posed towards the liberal party of Mexieo, and the Constitutional Government now established at the city of Guanajuata. But it will not neglect an op portunity to recognize any movement which may result in the establishment of a separate Republic by the Northern states of Mexico. writer also says that Mr. Forsyth will neither he recalled nor leave liis post temporarily. Rey. Anson Smyth, State Commissioner of Com mon Schools in Ohio, in his last report to the Legis lature, makes the following remarks Every teach er should read at least one good newspaper, other wise he will live in ignorance of daily qeenrrin" facts, in regard to which his profession requires that lie should be informed. Newspapers are fast becom ing the teachers of the world; ana the man or woman who is not a habitual reader of this department of literature, cannot be thoroughly qualified for the teacher's profession. The overland emigration to California in 1857 that passed the Devil s Gate, as kept at the Mormon mail station, was as follows : Immigrants, 12,500; wagons, 950; cattle, 07,000; horses and mules, about 2,500; sheep, 20,000. There were several large droves of cattle taken on speculation, but, as a gepqral thing, the immigrants took only what they thought they would need on the plains, and for a good start when they got there. A few fine blooded cattle were noticed. The correspondent of the Memphis Eagle and Enquirer writing from Netv Orleans, says: "During nearly twenty years residence here, I' have never knoAvn so terrible a state of affairs as notv exist. 1 shall not be surprised if, at any moment, our citi zens, despairing of the eliicient'action of the police, should take tlie latv into their oivn hands, and, by decisive measures, strike terror to all evil doers. A recent discovery is about to be exhibited at Washington, through which the gas burners may be lighted by electricity. Tlie discoverer states that he can attach his apparatus to the street lamps of an entire city, and then, by the-turn of a screw, ignite the jets of all of them in an instant of time, and extinguish them by tlie same process. The Young Men's Christian Association at Pitts burg has distributed 22,000 bushels of coal to the poor, without any reference to sect, class or nation. It supplied, in one day, forty families Avith fuel to keep them comfortable a month. Nearly 5,000 per sons have been kept comfortable during the whole Avinter, through the efforts of this society. The Journal of Commerce says that Alison, the English refugee, Avas secreted a month in Worth street, and his friends wished hiin to come ont and proclaim himself, at a popular meeting, relying on American feeling for protection, but he preferred to keep quiet and has left the city. The Sun says he Avds in the city recently, and was pointed out by a spy to a policeman, hut during the delay in Avait ing for a warrant he lied and is secreted. PENNSYLVANIA SEAT OF GOVERNMENT. —A proposi tion Avas introduced into the Senate of Pennsylva nia on Tuesday last, by Mr. Randall, to enquire into the propriety of removing the seat of government from Harrisburg to Philadelphia, which Avas favora bly received and referred to a committee of live.— The people of Philadelphia are AA armly advocating the expediency of the measure. The extreme Western emigration has fairly set in. The number of emigrants passing through St. Louis is very large, and daily increasing. The Pa cific railroad takes up oyer one hundred per day, and the Missouri river steamers are crowded. Mr. Boyd, teacher of a school in Frederick coun ty, Ind., was mortally stabbed, on Thursday last, by one of his pupils "named Howard Bartholow, about 18 years of age. Bartholow had written something indecent in a book of a female scholar, for which the teacher had corrected him. The editor of the Rochester N. V.) Democrat states that during the twenty years that paper has been published, there has accumulated an indebted ness on its books, in subscription, of $50,000. The Philadelphia book trade sale, on Wednesday, was respectably attended, the purchases large, and the competition lively. The collection of Bibles proved peculiarly attractive. Alabama, which has still on her statute book a reward- of $5,000 for the head of Win. Lloyd Har rison, dead or alive, has declared that she will leave the Union if the Lecompton constitution is reject ed. John King-, in the Logan county (Ky.) Court, at the last term, recovered 53,500 damages from Ste phen l-'isk, for malpractice in treating his sore eyes, which caused him io lose his sight. A pair of horses, belonging to J. It. Hoyt, at Stamford, ran away last Friday afternoon. They went into a group of boys and broke several heads, legs and arms. THE "Poor-house establishments" of New York, with which are connected 7,100 acres of land, are valued at about $1,000,000. The Delaware Indians in Kansas are wealthy.— The general Government owes them upwards of a million of dollars. ARMY AND NAVY. It is expected that the War Department will shortly order a change of the uniform of the army generally, and fix one in accordance with the re commendation of aboard of examiners recently ap pointed for that purpose. We have noticed for sev eral days past, at the department building, some of the hats. Ac., pertaining to this new style of dress. Not having enjoyed an opportunity, however, of ex amining a complete equipment, we are unable to give either a description or opinion concerning it. Captain Simpson, commissarv of subsistence, has been ordered to proceed to Fort Leavenworth, to purchase beef cattle for the Utah expedition. lie will be furnished by the Quartermaster's and Ord nance Departments, upon his requisitions, with such horses, mules, horse-equipinonts, camp and garrison equipage, transportation, arms, and ammunition as may be necessary, and, as far as circumstances will permit, for the safety of his command to Salt Lake city and intermediate stations. Commanding officers along the route are direct ed to provide, for the purpose indicated, such es corts as may be required and the state of the ser vice may afford. Surgeon Englc, medical department, is relieved from duty in the department of the Paciffic. He is ordered to the city of New York, thence to report by letter to the surgeon-general for further orders. The United States steamer Fulton, Commodore Almv, arrived at Aspinwall on the 15th instant, from Greytown, and sailed again on her return the next day. A correspondent writing from Talcahuano, under date February 14, savs : The United States steam frigate Merrimac arrived at this port on the 24th of January last, from Rio Janeiro. She came round under sail in a passage of thirty-seven days, ner men were allowed liberty on shore here, and during her stay of two weeks, thousands from Conception and the adjacent towns flocked to see her. Her offi cers are profuse in the praises of her qualities as a sailing vessel, and I am told that she made the run from this port to Valparaiso, (250 miles,) in twen ty-three hours. She is exciting universal admira tion at the latter port, Where she arrived on the 10th inst. [From the Panama Star and Herald, March 18.] NICARAGUA. The American minister plenipotentiary, General M. B. l.ainar, was formally received by the govern ment of Nicaragua on the 22d February. His ad dress on the occasion had not been published, but it is understood to express, on the part of the United States, sentiments of the kindest nature towards Nicaragua, and the other States of the Isthmus. — The address gave much satisfaction wherever it was known. • . The treaty which was negotiated at Washington last November by Senor -Trizarri, minister fiom Nicaragua, was still before the legislative assembly of that State, anil it was believed would .not be rat ified except with alterations, which would again open the whole matter at Washington. Mr. William Carey Jones, late special agent o! the United States in the States of Central America, took formal leave of the Government of Nicaragua on the 27th February. It is understood that dur ing the latter months of Mr. Jones' residence in Ni caragua, he had occasion to make complaints of several acts of that government in derogation, as he views tbein, ot the rights of American citizens resident therein, and opposite not only to the friendly sentiments which he conveyed to tnat State for the cabinet at Washington, but also to the spirit exhibited by the authorities of Nicaragua, pending the question of the reception of their minister (Irixarri) by the United States. In his closing let ter, it is understood that Mr. Jones recapitulates and expresses the opinion that the acts and facts which lie sets forth as directly in his knowledge are calculated justly to incense tue American govern ment and people, and ought to induce severe retri- I bution and preventive means. ! A military order, issued liith ftecember, requir ing ''all foreigners," male and female, resident in I the department which includes the "transit route," to preseut themselves before the governor within.a lim ited time, under penalty, is one of tin) acts protested i against. The decree is asserted to be in violation \ of natural and international h\w, in the fact of its PRICE TWO CENTS. arraying persons by class, or description, and with out cause specified, instead of by name and designa tion, and setting out the motive; also in making penal what is not anywhere else counted an offence—name ly, to be a "foreigner." Many hardships and abu ses, it is alleged occurred to American citizens in the execution of this decree. Mr. Jones also mentions a declaration of the Pressdent of the republic—General Martinez—as a reason why he ordered to be suppressed a judicial investigation in which a functionary of the government is implica ted in a high crime—namely, that "all the witnesses icere American*." A case is also stated which will raise the question whether foreigners and neutrals are subject to per emptory orders to work on public defences, when no immediate danger exists. It is asserted, more over, that, according to the declaration of President Martinez, all correspondence, whether public or private, is liable to be opened, altered, and even substituted, by whatever authority of the State, and that the government will not allow any remedy, or even an investigation into tlie abuse. General Maximo Jerez has been appointed Minis tor of War and Hacienda, but had not entered on the office. General Jerez was a prominent member ot the old Democratic party, and of those who invi ted Walker into Nicaragua in 1855. INTERESTING NEWS FROM EGYPT. THE ARAB OUTRAGES OX REV. MR. DICKSON ANO FAMILY —DETAILS OF MR. STEINBECK'S MURDER —HISTORY OF THE BROTHERS STEINBECK, ETC. JAFFA, SYRIA, Feb. 17, 1858. Permit mo to give a brief detail of the horrible murder of mv brother and fiendish outrages com mitted upon his wife and the family of Mr. Dickson, formerly of Groton, Massachusetts. My brother aad I emigrated from Prussia, our na tive country, in November, 1849, arriving in Jeru salem, February, 1850. He being a practical farm er, engaged in agricultural operations near Jerusa lem. In the spring of 1852 he removed to Jaffa and turned his attention more particularly to the raising of cattle. In the spring of 1853, on "a visit to mv brother in Jaffa, 1 became acquainted with some American residents there, and engaged with them in an agricultural mission for the benefit of the poor Jews. In December, 1853, Mr. Dickson and family, arrived to engage in the same benevolent cause. In November, 1854, my brother married one of Mr. Dickson's daughters, who having purchased a farm about 1 miles from the city, was living on very friendly terms with the Arabs, my brother and lii's family residing with them. In June of 1858, I also married a daughter of Mr. D., and we lived about half a mile from them on land pnrchased bv Win. Ballard, Esq., of New York, and Dr. W. M. Engles, of Philadelphia, for the benefit of the poor Jews. We all lived peaceably with the natives and tried to show them the advantages of civilization over ignorance. We always tried to do them good bv giving them medicines, and dressing soreß and wounds for them. Though we were often annoyed, and several times robbed, vet we never were siispi cious or had a thought that our lives or persons were in danger. But on the night of Monday, January 11, 1858, persons came to the gate of Mr. D.'s yard, (in this country every house outside of town Is surrounded by a wall eight or ten feet high.) demanding admit tance, to look for a stray cow which they protested was in with my father's and brother's herd, and said that a neighboring shepherd had told thorn. This was denied by Mr. D. and mv brother, who also told them to go away, that the Consul always had told them never to open the gate at night to anybody. After some words thev left. In about liali'an liour they returned, and strenu ously declared they would be admitted, as the cow was there. They ware airain refused, when they commenced using; hard language, but finally said they would sleep outside the grate until the morning, and then were quiet. Not mistrusting mischief, my brother retired, but after a little while, the dogs be ing very uneasy, Mr. 1). took a ladder, set it against the wall, and going up softly, looked over it, and saw five men there. lie fired a gun into the air, loaded with powder only, to show them that they were not destitute of fire-arms. After this, all being quiet, Mr. D. also retired, but hardly got into bed when the dogs began such a furious barking that he got up again and went out, when he found that a back gate was broken down, though nobody entered. He went back and told my brother, who got up, dressed, took a gun, and they went out. My brother said to Mr. 1)., "Do not lire, father." and Mr. D. gave him the gun. They advanced within three or four feet of the broken gate, when one from outside fired obliquely and hit my brother in the lower part of the abdo men and groin with a heavy charge of buckshot. He fell exclaiming, "A ball lias hit me." Mr. !>., who stood behind him, took the gun and fired at random, as he did not see anybody. *■• My brother succeeded in crawling to the house, where reeking with blood he fell exhausted on the floor, exclaiming to his wife—"Mary, I have got a ball." He grew very faint, and vain cndeaVors were made to stop the blood, which was,flowing profusely from his wound. Mr. 4, had followed him immediately, and fastened the doors to the best of his ability. But language is inadequate to describe the scene which followed. In a few minutes the thieves followed and com menced an attack upon the door, which they soon succeeded in bursting open, and live ruffians entered, armed with guns, swords and pistols. One immediately, with a large club, six or seven feet long, aimed a blow at Mr. D.'s head with all his might. He threw up his hand to ward oil' the blow, but with a thrilling groan lie fell senseless to the floor. His daughter left her dying husband and raised her father while the blood gushed from the wounds upon higmead and hand. He soon re covered and started to' go into the yard for the neighbors and help, but he was followed and beaten back, and ordered to lie on the floor and not allow ed to move. Thev then commenced a \Vork: of destruction for moments. The heatjtlesj be ings, unmoved piteous moans of "the heart stricken wife, the wails of two frightened babes, the appeals of old age, seized the young wife, weeping over the departing spirit of her protector, not yet unconscious of her love, dragged her over his bleed ing body, out doors, through his blood, and throw ing her upon the ground, repeatedly violated her person! When allowed to return the motionless corpse of her husband lay "partly under the table in a gore of blood. Everything was now plundered, anil the poor woman compelled to wait upon them, open trunks, light lamps, and answer questions to everything thev chose to impose upon ner. They beat her dreadfully upon her cheeks, struck her up on her breast and back with guns, hammers, or any thing handy. One lifted a sword over her head to take it off, but she shrank underneath the table beside the life less body of her husband, and the blow came with force upon it. For hours they continued to'rans'ack the house, taking everything they chose. • Six or seven times they threatened Mr. D.'s life by -point ing a pistol or gun to his breast, and once they caught him by his head and drew a sword- to take it off. He caught hold of the sword, as also did his daughter, and he had his hand severely cut. Mrs. D. was too feeble to resist, her person was abused; but she was not beaten so brutally as the rest—an old lady of fifty-eight years. A little before daybreak they left, having taken all their money, nearly all theft - clothing and bed ding, not even sparing their broad. As soon as it was light Mr. Dickson went to his nearest neighbor to stay with the females, while he went for his fson, Henry Dickson, who had slept at my house, I being absent in Jerusalem. They returned to tho scene of blood and plunder, and then went to Jafla, to the United States Vice Consul, Mr. D.'s face all covered with blood. The Consul at once went with them to the Governor, who, with his posse and about forty of the divars, oflicei-s, residents, Ac., repaired to witness the most heart • rending of scenes. Everything laid just as the robbers had left it—my brother's corpse under the table, where it had to remain until the Quarantine doctor could come for examination. Dispatches were at once sent to Jerusalem for the American Consul, Dr. F. Gorham, who called to aid the Prus sian Consul, Dr. Rosen, of Jerusalem, wl|o kindly consented to do all in his power to have the mur derers brought to justice. The same day they went to the Pacha of Jerusalem and demanded that the offenders must be brought to justice. Instead ot the Pacha going himself to Jaffa, as was his duty, he sent two men from the divan with strong orders to J att'a. The next day, February 11, Dr. Gorham started for Jaffa, where he arrived the same day. He took at once very decided measures, and declared before the "Moglis" or court that he would have justice, and, if they had not power or courage to catch the murderers, the United States bad, and the Ameri can force in the Mediterranean was always at his command- They replied that they would do their best, and that it was their own interest as well as ours to have the perpetrators brought to justice. Dr. Gorham replied that fair promising was one thing and doing another. But the government it self has shown a great deal of insufficiency and lack of interest, and it is very evident that they had a mind to keep the Consul with fair words and fine promises until sometime had passed, nnd, the first excitement being over, they thought to let it slip. Dr. Gorham kept talking with dll Lis might, as did Dr. Uosen, the Prussian Consul at Jerusalem. One man in particular, on whom the strongest suspicion rested, was suffered (through negligence or intentionally) to escape. AH efforts to rescue him were in vain, but seeing that the prosecution did not abate nor cool down, he was apprehended and put into prison. They could get nothing out of him, however, and so stood the case when 11. De Leon, Esq., the United States Consul General for Kgvpt, arrived here, on Feb. 5. Dr. Gorham hail requested him to assist and counsel him, but Consul De Leon thought the best assistance he could ren der was to come himself. He has been in Egypt for five years, and knows perfectly how to manage a Turkish court. On bis first visit to the Meglis, pipes were brought and cof fee ottered, (the great Turkish civility, ) but thex were told that no civilities would be received until justice was done. He spoke to them in such a man ner that they really were frightened. Again tliev promised faithfully, but Consul De Leon told them that he did not wish any of their promises, but to do their duty, which they had long enough neglect ed. On his second visit none of them brought their pipes nor smoked during the whole session, which must have seemed very long to them, as they can not do without them." Before coming to Jatl'a, Consul Dickson had been obliged to go to Bey rout, on account of a severe storm, during which the steamer could not land at Jatt'a. He went to see the Pacha there. On his first visit be did not seem to manifest much interest