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VOL. I--NO. 33.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PI BUSHED EV ERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. K. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: Tn the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum: THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES ) One insertion .50 Two insertions 75 Three 44 $lOO Four " $1.25 Five 44 $1.50 One week $1.75 i Mi.- mouth $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, uot only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, 'THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name } —if an apology were net led, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not sitnpty for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in it wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS. —It will, of coarse, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full aud authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. '2d, COMMERCE.—The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, hut a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturaliy i look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS.—The interests of commerce and the state i I the markets are so constantly and intimately affected ! by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that . a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere j commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa- ! sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit- | ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, ' apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a j peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART.—Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHAXGE, and it will l>e the constant vim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ing journal for the family as well as for the counting room. dftronttiott. TATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND r IMIF, TRUSTEES of the P-.itapseo Female JL Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a ■ view to increase the school, hut for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate-'! structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent lone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present lias been attended with unprecedented sue cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in health fulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her olfice of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more. entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. \V. DORS FY, PRKSIHEXT. WM. DENNY, M D., SECRETARY. T. WATKIXS LIGON, E. HAMMOND, JOHN. !' KENNEDY. f.-22 dtf. L,\ W SCHOOL OP THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.D., Koval Professor. Hon. TIIEOPIIILUS PARSONS. LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. KMORT WASHUURX, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Lnfl% and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of alnmt 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and ex]>ositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with tliem,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four studeuts, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de hate. and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the coiu menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to cither of the Profes sors at Camhr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. fdfit lawfini. msci lT AMI CRACKER BAKERY. (No. !8 I'HATT STREET,) EOR.VLRL V R. MA SOW <f lIROTHER, TAMF.S D. MASON &. Co. having made J EXTENSIVE .ALTERATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS in their It ISC UIT AND CRACKER RAKER Y, by the introduction of NEW MACHINERY of the LATEST I MPROVEMENTS, are now prepared to supply any demand for PILOT and NAVY BREAD, WATER, BUTTER. SUGAR. PIC NIC awl EDINBURGH CRACKERS SODA and WINE BISCUIT, and all kinds of FANCY CAKES of a quality SUPERIOR TO ANY ONIER ESTBALISIIMENT. The PATENT HEEL OVEN in use at tlieir Baksry, is of novel construction, and is capable of baking 125 BAR RELS OF FLOUR per day, into CRACKERS, and 500 BARRELS INTO LOAF BREAD. DEALERS are invited to give us a call; they will find the terms as favorable as any other house. The Proprietors will take great pleasure in exhibiting the OPERATION OF THEIR OVEN, AT ALL TIMES, to any who may feel an interest in the "PROURKSS OF THE AOE." anil w ill also conduct them through their extensive establishment. J. !>. M. A Co. beg leave to remind the public tVat this OVEN IS THE ONLY ONE IN USE IN THIS CITY. PATENT RKIHTS of which, for LOAF BREAD purposes, can be had on application to them. JAMES D. MASON k Co., FORMERLY R. MASON .T BROTHER, OLD STAND, Old Number 98 PRATT STREET, "*22-tf Opposite McClure's Iloek OITICK MARYLAND GAS COMPANY, CORNER BALTIMORE AND ST. PAUL STREETS, UP STAIRS. fIMI 18 COMPANY is furnishing the most J. complete and only reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private Houses Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villa*'es Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using oif Machines can be furnished. Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by |* rson or by letter r.-oo F. & J. 11. WYLIE. X E W YORK FANCY DYKING k CLEANSING ESTABLISHMENT, OFFIPR, 142 LEXINGTON STREET. HALT., (Between Park and Howard.) FOR THE RECEPTION AND PELIVERT OF UOOD3. SILKS AND WORSTED DAMASK AND MOREEN CURTAINS, I.Allies' and Gentlemen's Garments, Straw Bonnets. Lin ens. Cottons. Ac., lived aud Finished in the beet manner. SILKS AMD SILK PRESSES WATERED. Particular attention paid to all CANTON FABRICS, viz: Heavy Embroidered Crap' Shawls Cleansed and Bleached a pure White also dyed and Finished in Canton Style. Heavy Satins Dyed and Original Texture Preserved. „ CHIXTSS, LACE. AND MUSLIN CURTAINS, SHAWLS. TABLE COVERS, CARPETS. RUGS, kc., j ? , a,|t * re -finished. Goods restored, if possible, to original state. KIDGLOVES CLEANSED IN THE NEATEST M ANNER. e P r, fi e ourselves upon the colors and styles of work we produce, and the imprHsibilt.v of a competition in this respect; and while promptness will always he exercised, our w 43 * ow 513 °ften paid for inferior work. mr23 3m THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Fouuded in 1839.) Occupies the First Floor of the Athevceum Building,jjr.\ r . W. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15.000 volumes, care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with the best publications of all these branches o'f knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary memlera may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. Af., for the reception oT ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS ARE FOR LADY SUBSCRIBERS, 300 44 4 * HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 " '• ACTITI jflMßlKg. fi-22 tf WM. P. WEIRS & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION' MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German st., mrl-lm. Baltimore. Sailors. HT. ROBERTS, • MFRCER A\D TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fi'22-ly. Baltimore. RE A i) Y M A 1) E ( I O T lIING. JOHN If. RE A, <1: CO., NORTH-EAST CORNER op PRATT AND SOUTH STS.. Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running olFat a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want, would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices. fe22-lin. pmos anil ?ilusir. I YORK PIANO DEPOT. frit" l i rrTl WM. F. TIIIEDE. 1 / y U If Successor to PETRI & THIEDFA. Having retained the Stone and Stock of the old firm. No. So FAYETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the S OLE AGENCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR ST EI NW AY & SON'S GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will be pleased to receive calls from his friends and the public, to examine these celebrated instruments. By purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to offer the works of these well known makers at prices that will not fail to please. A call is earnestly solicited. WM. F. THIEDE, mr27-d3m No. 80 Fayette street, west ofChailes. C. W. NKILL. W. F. WASHBURN. & WASHBURN, PREMIUM PIANO FORTES, 1/ u y [/ U MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOMS— C 6 FAYETTE ST., East of Calvert, mh!2-6m Baltimore, Md. i k-f ,W TUCKERING & SONS, AN NITNNS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only bv F. i>. BEXTERN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine ft r themselves tint superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. inr'2s tf. T^GFRRAIKDAL PREMIUM 1 V u PIANO FORTES. J J U I\l WILLIAM KNABE & CO., MAN C FACT Lit EUS OF GRAND AND SQU ARE PIANO FORTES. Xos. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NORTH EUTA W ST., Opposite the Kutaw House. And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thalberg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter, Ac., Ac., to he equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this country. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to lie found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS, of the best makers, at prices from $45 to $2OO. ways for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND- j HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to $,200. tar PI ANOS E XCHA XG El), IIIU EI > and TUN ED. mill tf WM. KXABE A CO. I *■■■**- - - - .. : <§ns |itting. Wf EST~& J EVENS, If IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERS, AND DEALERS IN GAS FIAT U R E S , Of every Description, No. 200 Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE" > I Gas Pipes introduced into public and private buildings* in the best manner and on the most pleasing terms, mrll-tf MORE LIGUT AN b LESS GAST CONSUMERS OF GAS CAN SAVE FROM TWENTY TO TWENTY-FIVE FER CENT. Of GAS by regulating the FLOW between the meters and burners, which can he dona in most cases for a co9t not exceeding TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS. The undersigned have on exhibition A TEST MET ER , GLASS SHO \\ fV M ETE It, Made expressly to our order, (by L. Morrison, proprietor ot I'hieuix Meter Works,) ami which is a fac simile of those used by consumers in tiiis city. Fersons desirous can see at a glance, in this meter, the foruiatiou and whole operation, together with the manner in which it may register correctly or incorrectly, by calliug on BLAIR k CO., GAS FITTERS, mrl2.tapl 366 WEST BALTIMORE STREET. T H. MeCALL & CO~ #1 PRACTICAL OAS FITTERS, NO. 15 FAYETTE ST., UNDER RF.BEN lIALL. (BETWEEN HARRISON AND FREDERICK STS..) Baltimore, Md. Dealers in all kinds of GAS FIXTURES. Stores. Dwellings, Churches and Factories fitted up in workmanlike manner. A large stock of cheap Gag fixtures always on hand. All orders promptly attended to, and all work warranted fe22-3m BINX'S EATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. riMIE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE JL ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, &c.. at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon. fe22 tf. Ba KG AI NS IN" FURN ITURE!- ~~ We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED-ROOM, DINING-ROOM, AND II A I, L FURNITURE, at very low prices, corresponding with the times. FOR CASH, or GOOD NOTES, at 4 months. MEACHAM A HEYWOOD, ! fe24-lm 10 North Charles st. ; ADAM SNIVELEY. 8. W. COOKE. QNIVELEY & COOKE, No. 5 COMMERCE STREET, Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, AND PRODUCE. I Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH I STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. for EXPORTATION PACKED with great < i'v. f-22 fan. Igo BUILDERS' DEPOT. | s'\SH, DOORS. BLINDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, OUI.DINCS. CASINGS, kc., DRESSED FLOORING ! AN DoTIIER LUMBER. LIME, BRICKS. HAIR. HARD H AKE GLASS, OIL, PAINTS, aud every description of I BU" DING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom- IBOA.. ing terms. Particular atteution paid to orders and j contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oj buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible joints by K. JOHNSON, No. CD Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf,) fe23-tf Baltimore, Md. PHOCNIX SPN :E MILLS, WAREHOUSE 5-S SOUTH STREt WM. H. CRAWFORD & CO., PBOPRIKTORS, Offer to the whoUgale tnule or this city the Sndk and West ot e*|ual quality and price on same terms as any other house in tin* United states fe22 tf VNGRRSOLL'S IMPROVED POUTABI.E I H A Y P REs S . We call attention to tiii-s press which combine!greater power ami durability, re,purrs less latere, occupies lest space, and costs lets money than any other Machine for haling Hay or Cotton, ever offered to the public. For sale at manufacturer's prices by J A WESTON k CO. fe22 tf 41 South Charles street BALTIMORE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 1858. * insurance (tuinpnics. INSURANCE CARD. I.OOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IX WHICH YOU INSURE. SAML. W. T. lIOPPEK'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOXD STRF.ET Being a regularly LICENSED AG EXT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KXOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. lIOPPER, 67 SECOXD STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, " DALL, GIBBONS k Co., 22 Hanover street, " A. L. WEBB & BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. W. RIDOELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, 34 St. Paul street. mrl-eolni JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS, PHIEXIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS. FIRE, MARINE AND LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES. THUS. D. JOHNSTON. 33inr30tf Underwriter. IN SURA NC E AG AI NST I X >SS OK RENTS BY FIRE. THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF B A I. T I M O It K. OFFICE, NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. Will make insurance against loss of Rent by tire, on a new and most liberal principle They also continue to insure all descriptions of Property against loss or damage by Fire. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, . John W. Ross, A. A. Chapman, I Henry M. Bash, Joseph W. Jenkins, | W in. Woodward, Wm. Ileald, j Ad :nn Den mead, E. J. Church, George Bartlett, T. 11. Sullivan, i George Small JOHN It. MAGRUDER. mr29 tf Secretary. Henry A. DIDIE R. INSI! R A NC E AGE NT, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMBARD STREETS, mr!9-tf Baltimore. LMiCITABLE FIRE INSURANCE -La SOCIETY. CHARTER PERHETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE liY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will lie fully explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BEXJAMIX DEFORD. WILLIAM KEXXEDY, SAMUEL KIRBV, HENRY RIEMAX, MICHAEL WARNER 1 JAMES FRAEIER, lIAXIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIF.LD. • FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. lIL'OH B. JONES, Secretary. IV2IIy * THE GREAT~WESTERN (-MARINE; INSURANCE COMPANY OE NE IF YORK. Authorised Capital $5,000,000 Casli Capital (already paid in) 1,000.000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,0(H) Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER. Ist Y. I'rest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23 tr Office Commercial Buildings. NPHE HOWARD FIRE INSURANCE A COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFFICE—S. E. Coit. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT, DIRECTORS : M. Benzinger, Augustus Sliriver, Aaron Kenton. Henry J. Werdelmugb, William Ortwine, (leo. P. Thomas, Samuel It. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Ponder, Wm. G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Klisha 11. Perkins. fe22lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Scc'y XMRE INSURANCE AGENCY. J: GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF lIARTFORD, Cash Capital $.'100,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. MARINE INSURANCE! COL UMBIA .V (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200.000 Security notes paid in 300,000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies k Warfield, fe22 dm. No. 16 Spear's wharf, BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. NV 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. ' IMIIS COMPANY proposps to insure lives -L for one or more years, or for life. With tlieir rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. lie risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, AT Franklin street. _ 2iy 17MRE AND LIFE INSURANCE . OFFICE, WO. 03 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD k SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHIEXIX " " '• 350,000 SPRINGFIFJ.I) " Springfield, lfass. 375.000 A'TNA LIFE " Hartford, 225.000 U. S. LIFE " New York 400.000 fe22-tf. ASSOCIATED FIRKME.VS INSUE ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OK THE CITY. JOHN R. MOORE. President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical, J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian, GEO ROE HARMAN, Union, J. TRUST, First Baltimirre. NOAH WALKER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS. United. J. T. KARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG. Franklin, ALLEN PAINE, Liberty, J. PEASON. JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK, Dulrp,-ndent, LANCASTER OULD. Patapsco R. C. MASON. Vigilant, F. A. MILLER. Howard. WM. A. HACK, New Market. JAS. A. BRUCE. Watchman, JAS. B. GEORUE, SR.. Pioneer Jos. C. BOVD, Lafayette. Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22 tf. JOHN DPKBHABT. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE „ . , COMPANY OF NEW YORK, lusures Marine ami Inlaml Navigation Risks, on terms as favorably as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of louses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. XKILSOX, Press't. A. SKATOV, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD. Sec. C. OLIY ER O'DOXXKLL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22 lv. NO. 51 EZCHAXSI PLAC*. NATION AL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE „• , BY FIRE, f IN SUI7 ta -' ' ™ eet t0 <,ptprmine upon applications JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER. President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward, Henry M. Bush, George Harriett, Win lleald. Adam Dt-miiead, John IV. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, i George Small. JOHN It. MAGRUDER, _ LJGTf Secretary. J" AS." HAZLITT &. C<)~ " IMPORTERS AND DEALERS ! IN WINKS, BRANDIES, AND LIQUORS, 39 A 11 Sown GAY STREET, BALTIMORE. ! A large and superior stork of PURE RYE WHISKEYS, i from the most celebrated Distillers. mrl7-tf C. WEST d- SON, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL, ALCOHOL, (all proofs.) i COLOGNE, SPIRITS, OAMPHINK, LARD OIL, LINSEED OIL, kc. Our facilities for manufacturing luring large, we are pre '■ pared to offer great inducements to (lersona purchasing ' goods in our line Manufactory, 306 West Pratt street, Warehouse and ! Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Light and Charles. fe22 tf. §ttsintss Curbs. EDWARD I>K Conms. WILLIAM Booing TAE CORMIS & ROGERS, I / IMPORTERS ANT) WHOLESALE DEALERS 1\ WINES, BRANDIES, GINS, SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WIIISKYS. ENGLISH AND SCOTCH ALE AND PORTER, mr'24-tf No. 4 COMMERCE STREET. Rait. RC OUPLAN L) , . FASHIONABLE HATS. CAPS, Ac. No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON BT3. mrll-ly BALTIMORE. IF RANCIS DENMEAD, Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22-ly 1~ INI) & MURDOCH, ~ ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS, No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELDOWNEY'S BUILDING, fe22lm. K. U. GRANT. j it iiRAVT / ' RANT & BROTHER, VX COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 01 EXCHANGE PLACE, ft'22-tf, Baltimore. J OHN S. WILLIAMS & BKO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, £>2 COMMERCE STREET, fe22-tf. BALTIMORB. T L. M'PHAIL & BRO'S •i • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North anil Cateert streets, f north side.) fe22tf. WM. W. JANNEY, LOUIS STOW. lANNEY &. STOW, J PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 101 SOUTH STREET, fi-22 ly Baltimore. JOSEPH CARSON. 1. (I. VICKERY. JOSEPH CARSON &. CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fc*22 tf /COURTNEY & CUSHING, vy TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. E. CUSHING, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf I LYLE CLARKE & CO.. •X • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22 tf P A R L) . VV P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, _Te22 Im 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON &CA, SHIPPING A NO COMMISSON MER CPA NTS, No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL &. LONEY, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR, MOLASSES, COTTON. COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS IONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, Ac.; also till orders for sauic. fe22 tf WT. WALTERS & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES <f LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. A large and very fine stock of OLD RYF. WHISKEY on hand. fe24-tf T. T. MARTIN. R. MARTIN. R P T. MARTIN &. BRO JL . IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR S —and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt), mal tf Baltimore. RSNOWDEN ANDREWS, • ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. 7 K H CARROLL HALL, f.-23-lm Baltimore, Md. JOIIN F. PTCKRELL, Lewis WARRINGTON. lOIIN V. PICKRELL & CO., •9 GENERAL COAI MISSION M KUCHA NTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fl'F"Liheral advances made on consignments. fe24 tf gttornfirs. HPHOMAS 11. KEMP, JH.,— X ATTORNEY AT LAW, BENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Tall>ot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7 2m R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORNET A T LA IP, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINGTON STRUT,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to liis profession. fe22 tf. PIHARLES E. PHELPS, V7 A TTORNEY AT LA IP, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Cuurls of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. f.-22 tf. ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORNEV AT LA IP, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALI,, feB2 tf LEXINGTON STREET. M FRTSBY HENDERSON; A . A TTORNE Y AT LA IP AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. _ Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORK CITY, and BAL TIMORE and now A RD COUNTIES. fe23 2a*6ir. rp. JOSEPH ROGERS, X ATTORNKY AT LAW, Has removed to S3 W. Fayette street, above Charles. mrl-tf. Tttcbicincs, perfumeries, ftc. |. PURVIANCE POLK & CO. J APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. l'aul Streets, AXD N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 8S X. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens anil the travel ling community to their large anil choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERPUMEBY, FIXE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may he confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none hut of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, 4C., AC. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22 tf. Ci REAT SAVING IN GAS. T BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSOV A CHAXDLEU: Sirs: —We have been using J. H. COOPER'S LEVER GAS REGI'LATOR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is nniform and amfjle, aud all blowing and flaring of the ilame is obviated, and the escape of un consumed gas prevented. XOAFI WALKER A CO. As there i 9 now great complaint al>out Gas hills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON k CHANDLER, At the oflice of Messrs. G RATTAN* k EVANS, Jar vis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. iur29-lmo. JOHN SHANAMAN HAS REMOVED FROM SNOW HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN k SHEET IRON WARE AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE, Where every article connected with his business may be found, and which will be disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOFTIXG. orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention wrG-3w BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE SIU.—THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer & Co., Wheeler k Wilson and Grover k Baker as baing the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler k Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut aud Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the liest article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had thera in use for a length of time. E. M. PUXDERSOX k CO., fe'22-tf. 209 Brignwre street. WM. ROBINSON, JViw. 4 and 6 ITOLLIXGS H'ORT/f ST. Keeps constantly on hand, andfor salt- at the lowest market rates,PERUVIAN. M KXICAN anil other GUANOS, of the liest qualities, BONE-DUST, SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME, 4e., 4c. Also In-st quality Wood Burnt I.ime, for building pur poses. This Lime is manufactured at my own quarries, and purchasers may rely on getting a No. 1 article; CE MENT and CALCINED PLASTER, of the liest brands; BRICKS, HAIR 4c., &c. CORN, OATS, RYE, CORN MEAL, and all kinds of Mill Feed. fi-22-tf- GKO. M. KHBMAN. SAU L A. lfouss. IMIRMAN & HOUSE,— .JFLOI'R 4 PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS AND DK.U.ERS IN CORN MEAL, GRAIN, MILL FEED, BALED HAY, 4c. N. W. CORNER HOWARD AXB PRATT STREETS REPERENCIS:— Messrs. Newcomer 4 S tooebrakcr; C.I). Hiliks 4 Co.; Kefauvre 4 Campbell; James Hooper 4 Sons; Chauncey Brooks, Esq., President B. 4 O. RR. Co.; Pat'k Gibson, Esq., Bank of Baltimore; Tiueman Cross. Esq., Cashier Commercial and Farmer's Bank. mr!7-6m FOREIGN. TIIE MAILS OF THE NIAGARA. INDIA. THE WORK TO BE DONE I.N OI'DE. '1 lie Tune.' Bombay correspondent writes :—"The great central tire of the insurrection is to be com pressed within the limits of Oude and Uohilcund, and there to be trodden out to its last smouldering cinder. It would not sullice that every body of armed rebels in the open field should be dissipated, or even that every vaunted stronghold should be laid low. Great as these gains would be, they still are not ail that we require. We seek that within the limits ol these two great provinces the revolt should be not merely broken, but annihilated. No fugitive bands must lie permitted to straggle back across the Gogra or the Ganges, and spread desola tion anew in districts that have so lately, with great toil and bloodshed, been relieved from their hateful presence. "In a word, the insurgents now in Oude must not be allowed to get out, and those now hovering on the external frontier must not he allowed to get in. Hence the necessity of drawing a continuous and powerful cordon round the province before striking the great blow at its mutinous occupants. How well this has been accomplished a very few words will suffice, with a reference to a map, to explain. Sir Colin Campbell was on the 28th of January still encamped with his powerful force of all arms at Futtyghur, a grand central position, from which lie was able lo observe at once Uohilcund, Oude, and the Doab. Above him was about to move down upon the upper waters of the Ganges a column from Lahore, commanded by Neville Chamberlain as Brigadier. Below him, along the Ganges frontier of Oude by Cawnpore and Fut tehpore to Allahabad, are bodies of English and Sikh troops watching every ghat, or place of pas sage, of the river. Then upwards from Allahabad on the eastern frontier ol the rebel province are three columns of European soldiery, and the victorious Ghoorka battalions of Jung Bahadoor. Thus when the revolted stations of Uohilcund, Moradabad, Ba roilly and Shahjehanpore have successively been recovered—when, advancing into Oude. the Com mander-in-Chief has once again, and for the last time, gathered to himself the gallant defenders of the Alumbagh. and has reduced to a heap of deso late ruins the long-resisting rebel capital—the sur vivors of the great slaughter, broken and dispersed, will find no line of escape unguarded bv their watch ful enemy, save where, on their northern frontier, the pestilential jungles of the Terrai a fiord an in hospitable shelter, scarcely less terrible than the bayonets of the English or'the knives of the Ghoor ka?." Meanwhile the insurgents, still about 100,000 in strength, are fortifying Lucknow to the uttermost. The streets are being barricaded and the walls loop holed everywhere. Earthworks have been thrown up, and garden within garden strengthened, andthe haughty Bengal Sepoy who would not touch a bas ket. mattock, or spade in our service, and who in the Punjaub mounted guard while the Europeans were throwing up entrenchments, now shows what lie can do when he has no longer the indulgence of English officers to fall back upon. It is doubtless in consideration of this Sir Colin Campbell delays advancing until he has accumulated an artillery so overwhelming as to avoid as far as possible the ne cessity of a hand-to-hand conflict with an enemy posted with such advantage. He is expected to march about the 25th of February, and probablv six weeks will suffice for the completion of the Oude campaign. It is to be hoped that by May our war-worn troops, many of whom will by'this time have been a twelvemonth under arms, will be able to retire to cantonments, and seek rest for the events of the coming year. Since the mutiny at Meerut, the Cth carbineers and !)th lancers have lived in their sad dles, while the 34th, Gist, G4th and 78th have scarcely since the same date been oil' their feet, or spent throe davs on end when they were not under tire. \\ itli all the display of determination, the Lucknow insurgents are said to be losing heart.— A proposition of conditional surrender is said to have been received with the reply that everv muti neer would he shot or hanged, that the rest must depend upon our mercy. The country people are said to be friendly to us: it is the great Zemindars anil Talookdars, the land proprietors and great tenants, whom we reduced to order and obedience, that are our enemies. ARRIVALS FROM LUC KNOW. A correspondent supplies us with some very in teresting particulars respecting the siege of Luck now, illustrative of the bravery and devotion of the wounded officers who have returned to England by the I'era. Lieutenant Manner, Charlton, and Clilcrv, of the 32d regiment, were in Lucknow dur ing the whole time that it was besieged by the re bel force. According to their statements, all the accounts of the horrors and miseries endured by the besieged during the five months by the ladies, children, and the whole garrison fail in giving a full idea of the dreadful sufferings they had to "en dure. Lieuts. Charlton and Marnier were severely wounded soon after the commencement of the siege, the first by a bullet in his head, which re mained there until the 27th, when he pulled it out himself while on board the I'era. Lieut. Manner was struck by a round shot, which broke his leg.— Lieut. Chlery was not wounded, but suffered* so much from cholera and paralysis that he was inva lided home. Out of tln 23 officers of the 32il regiment 12 were wounded end 1 died of cholera. Of the remaining 10 seven were wounded, and two of the remaining three were suffering from illness when the garrison was relieved. Our correspondent, referring to these peculiar incidents of a sanguinary war, expresses a very reasonable hope that the* Government will give a favorable consideration to such cases of suf fering and bravery. Lieutenant Knight, of the 90th light infantry, was with his regiment in the Crimea, and proceeded with it to India. Ho formed one of the late (lenoral Ilavelock's relieving force at Luck now, which city he entered on the 25th of Septem ber last, and was severely wounded while assisting in taking two guns posted in a narrow street. — On the following day, while being carried to the Residency, he was cut oft' with 25 other wounded men by the enemy, every one of whom was killed but himself. A sepoy had raised a weapon to kill him when he managed to roll out of a dhoolie and crawl across a square. Then he crept from one ditch to another and was again wounded in doing so but eventually he regained a party of his own men. After remaining two months in Lucknow, Lieut. Knight was relieved by Sir Colin Campbell, and with many others was sent down to Calcutta. The gallant young officer, although he received three wounds, is gradually recovering from them. Captain Cornwall, of the 93d Highlanders, served in the Crimea with that regiment during the whole of the cam paign. He commanded his company at the bat tle fought under the late Colonel Rower near Futteh pore, immediately after which he joined the Com mander-in-Chief, at the Alumbagh, the dnv pre viously to the advance on Lucknow, which city they relieved. On his return with Sir Colin to Cawii pore he was severely wounded on the Ist of Decem ber. This officer has had long and severe service, but is yet a captain of ten years' standing. He commanded that party of the 93rd which, accord ing to the dispatch of the Commander-in-Chief, took and occupied the barracks at Lucknow, capturing three guns on their way. Lieut. Gilby, of the SStli regiment, was severely wounded while attacking the Gwalior Contingent, on the 2fith of November, under General Windham. We come next to Cap tain the Hon. L. W. Milles and Ensign Travel's, of the 2nd battalion ritie brigade. Captain Milles was wounded in the leg on the 29th of November during the last attack on Cawnpore by the Gwalior Con tingent. Ilis company, with one other of the rifle brigade, was ordered to reinforce some companies of the 82nd for the purpose of preventing the ene my, who numbered 3,000 with artillery, from gain ing possession of the bridge across the Ganges, dur ing which operation he was wounded. On the morning of the same day Captain Milles and 59 others of his regiment were engaged with the enemy, and, after some hours of severe lighting, took two IS-pounders. During this engagement Colonel Woodford was killed, and Capt. Milles was struck by a spent shot. Knsign Tracers was severely wound ed in the shoulder during the retreat under General Windham on the 27th of November at the moment he was assisting the sailors' party in bringing in their 24-pounders. Capt. Anderson, of the 25th regiment Native Infantry, was assistant-commis sioner at Lucknow when the outbreak took place. His house was within the Residency enclosures, and was formed by Sir If. Lawrence into an out-post, defended by a stockade, ditch and mound. Here this officer, with 10 men of the 82d and 10 volun teers, successfully defended this small fortification from the daily and nightlv attacks of the enemy during the whole siege. On one occasion during a day attack, the enemy penetrated the stockade of this daring little force, but every man forming the enemy's party was shot down before he could get out. ('apt. Anderson lost his wife and a child, who •lied from actual starvation. After the relief of Lucknow, Captain Anderson volunteered and joined General Grant's force in pursuit of the Gwalior Contingent, and was subsequently engaged in a sor tie under Colonel lialiburton, 78th, in taking five guns, during which encounter he was wounded, but not severely. Captain 11. F. Saunders, 70tli regi ment, was in several gallant encounters connected with the operations of General Windham, lie was with the citli in the action of the 28th of Novem ber, and succeeded to the command early in conse quence of the death of General Wilson and Major Sterling. He was the first officer up to the guns and shot five of the enemy with his revolver and ran a sixth through with his sword. Although in the midst of volleys of fire, Capt. Saunders on this occa sion escaped untouched, but eight officers of the same regiment were killed. Captain Saunders' bro ther, Lieutenant Saunders, of the 84th regiment, when in the presence of Nana Sahib at Cawnpore, killed live men with his revolver, and aimed at the Nana, but the pistol missed fire. In revenge the Nana ordered him to be crucified. His hands and feet were cut otf, and other atrocities were perpe trated on him.— Time*. DELHI, Jan. 24.—The Nawab of Furrucknuggur having been found guilty, was hanged in front of the Kotwallee, at. half-past four o'clock vesterdav afternoon; her Majesty's 60th rifles and the Ghoor kas were out on the occasion. All passed off in the most orderly manner, a dead silence prevailing for some minutes after the drop fell. The culprit was an insignificant looking wretch, and being of light weight, struggled very much. A telegraphic message has been received here, w liich is said to decide the fate of Delhi. The defences are to be at once destroyed, and the message intimates that Delhi w ill not he a station for Europeans longer than is necessary to enable the authorities to remove the magazine—or in oth er words, only for the present year. The Delhi Gazette of Jan. 27 says:—"The ex-King is so far recovered as to lead to the expectation of his trial commencing on Tuesday next. Sir J. Law - rence is. we hear, expected at Delhi in a few days. The trial of the ex-King is postponed on account'of Oidonel Harriott's absence, though he was expected at Delhi on the 27th." General Windham arrived at Delhi, in route to L'uihalla. on the 21st January, lirigadier Hope Grant, her Majesty's 9th Lancers, and Captain Norman, assistant adjutant-general, also passed through Delhi, en route to Umballa, about the same time. A letter from Delhi mentions that there is very little chance of the ex-King's recovery, lie is said to be fast sinking.— Delhi Gazette. The relief of Saugor was made known to the Bombay journals by the following from Lord Klph instone: "By a message from Saugor, dated Febru ary .2. we learn that Sir Hugh Rose's force reached that place on the 3d, and relieved the fort and sta tion. A list of Europeans who were there will lie sent as soon as possible. Upwards of 100 are wo men and children. No opposition was met with by onr force between Ratghur and Saugor. Twenty rebels were hanged, besides those executed over the gate at Ratghur. Our troops are very healthy." A letter from Ferozeporc, dated Wednesday, Jan. 27, 1858, nine p. m., says: "A salute of thirteen guns from the entrenched magazine has jtist an nounced the arrival of Sir John Lawrence. His camp is pitched near the Kutcherry. The chief en gineer is also here. The Rajah of Furoedkore, with retinue, is cutting a great swell with his nine pounder guns alter him."— Lahore Chronicle. SIR HUGH ROSE'S COLUMN—RELIEF OF SAUGOR. By the mail of the 23d ultimo we mentioned the arrival of Sir Hugh Rose and Sir Robert Hamilton at Sehore on the 10th, with the disarming of the Gwalior contingent and execution of the Sepoys which followed. The moveable column having as sembled here in its strength—consisting of the 14th Dragoons, 3d Lancers, her Majesty's 80th Foot, 3d European Regiment, two companies reserve, de tachment Sappers and Miners, Ist or Leslie's troop head quarters, 4th company Bombay Artillery, and 21st company's Royal "Engineers— the general marching northward' through Bhopal in the di rection of Saugor, and along the line of the Vindyah mountains. On the 20th they reached Ilhilsa without opposition. The siege train was a march behind; it was escorted bv a troop of the 14th Dragoons, the .hi Madras l-.itropeans, and Bombay Sappers and Miners, with Captain Hare's detachment of the Hyderabad contingent. The force was expected to encounter some resistance at a strong fort called Ratghur. On the 23d the de tachment with the guus was ordered to push on and join the main body. They reached camp about one o'clock in the afternoon, but without their tents; having bivouacked the following night, thev start ed on Monday morning under orders to pusli on, as the enemy were moving out to defend the ford bv which they were expected to cross the river. Our troops, therefore, forded further down, and the insurgents thus foiled, crossed the country, and were able to lire a volley into the advanced guard as they entered the town close bv the fort of Rat ghur. A dragoon and native subadar were killed. At eight A. M.. on the 25th, General Rose, with his divisional staff, rode round the fort, of which a careful reconnaissance, which occupied the chief part ot the day, was made. It is placed upon the pear-shaped summit of a hill, about 700 feet above the plain, the walls enclosing the entire of the wider end. Nearly the whole is surrounded by precipit ous rocks, the only approach being by a narrow and steep ascent along the ridge. A part of the force made a feigned attack, when the general, with his stall", and 3d European Regiment, crept up the narrow ridge. On the 2iitli the heavy guns were placed in position, and the lire opened, while the 3d Europeans drove the enemy from the heights. The rebels had proclaimed that as the fort was provi sioned for a year, and was considered strong, they were determined to maintain it to the last. On the morning of the 28th a large body of muti neers, concealed in the black jungles around, at tempted to relieve the fort. They assailed the rear of our camp and the videttes guarding the right rear of the force. They were at once attacked anil driven across the river with severe loss bv Captain Hare with the Hyderabad contingent. The garri son now fairly lost heart, and two hours before daybreak on the 29th, a portion of them endeav ored to sally out of the main gate, when they were driven back bv Captain Liglitfoot's 9 pounders.— fhe great body of them escaped hy lowering them selves over the walls bv ropes," and scrambling down the precipice. Mahomed Fazel Klian and another rebel Nawaub were hung over the gate; the utmost kindness was shown the women and children. Sir Hugh Rose marched on the 30th in the direction of Saugor, leaving Ratghur in charge of the troops of the Queen of Bhopal, who had undertaken to keep open our communica tions. The enemy were understood to he concentrating at the village of lianda. eleven miles in advance of Ratghur. with a view of cutting off our communi cation with Mhow. They were at once attacked and driven with loss from their position in diliieult broken ground and jungle, which they obstinately defended. Captain Neville, of the Royal Engineers who had distinguished himself in the Crimea, and had here volunteered as aid-de-camp to Sir Hugh Rose, was killed by a round shot. On the 2d the force inarched for Sanger, where it arrived the fol lowing day. This fort had been beleaguered since June, in constant fear and not unfrequcnt danger. It was reached and relieved without opposition, up wards of 100 women and children being amongst the number nl those shut up. Twenty rebels were exe cuted on the spot. RAJPOOTA NA FORCE UNDER GENERAL ROB ERTS—CAPTURE OF AW AIL We gave in nut- last suminary particulars of the storming, on the Otli January, of Rowa, r.ear Alton, by a detachment under Major Raines, destined to form a portion of the Rajpootana held force. Since then £5,000 Worth of gold and silver c< tins have been discovered in the ruins, while 15 tine caparisoned horses were captured in the neighborhood. We have to trace Raines' further progress in swelling up the detachment to the dimensions of a column, consisting of the Bth hussars, Ist lancers, her Majes ty's 72nd Highlanders, OCtii regiment, 51st regiment, detachment of her Majesty's 83rd regiment, 11th company of royal engineers, 2nd Roinhav cavalry, 2nd troop artillery. Captain Aitkin's battery, Ist company 2nd battalion artillery, Leslie's troop, 10th and Pith native infantry, with siege trains. Send ing back his siek and wounded to Deesa, Major Raines resumed his march on the 10th. On the 19th he was joined at the village of Jait pnora, two miles from Awah, by a detachment from Nussecrabad, under Colonel Holmes, consisting of two companies of H. M.'s 83d, under Major Heat lev, Captain Itrown'a battery of foot artillery, 500 of the Scinde horse, two squadrons of the Ist Roin hav lancers, and a portion of the 12th native infan try, or, including the seigc artillery from Ahmeda bad, 14 guns, 810 sabres and 1,100 bax'onets. They had now reached the town of Awah, the fort of which was said to be garrisoned by two thousand men. On passing near the walls the Nussecrabad detachment was fired upon, when Captain Aitkin's battery and a detachment of H. M.'s 95th proceeded to their assistance, and soon compelled the encniv to withdraw within the walls. A t-econnoissance was made during the afternoon round the fort, the enemy keeping up a heavy fire from all points. It luckily proved harmless, and the camp was established in the course of the afternoon 1,500 yards from the walls of the fort. The defen ces consisted of a mud and wattle embankment about 40 feet base, sloping upward to the height of nearly 50 feet. The wall was loopholcd for match locks and jingals, and was nearly impenetrable eith er by shot or shell. This was flanked by bastions mounting frotn two to three guns each. Some twen ty yards in advance of the inner wall was a high hank, also looplioled, and protected bv thorns and branches; and in advance of the whole an abettis, and constituting Awah one of the strongest towns in Rajpootana. Colonel Holmes, on troops being united, as senior officer, took command. He consid ered the place much too formidable for an as sault and untii a good breach had been established; and on the day the forces united, mortar and how itzer batteries were established 1,900 yards from the town. On the 20th and 22d two other batteries, COO and 700 yards in advance, were constructed. That nearest the walls was armed with two lx-ponnders and two 8-inch howitzers. The bombardment com menced on the 21st, and continued with increasing vigor as our batteries came into operation. A mor tar battery was now advanced to within 900 yards of the wail. Preparations for breaching, with a view to an immediate assault, began on the 23d. Meanwhile the storm which prevailed over the greater part of India descended with terrible fury on Rajpootana. The night was pitchy dark, the wind blew a hurricane, the rain poured in torrents, and the thunder and lightning overmatched the roar ami blaze of our artillery. In the midst of the tempest the enemy managed to escape, despite the chain of posts of infantry and cavalry, which had been drawn so carefully round that it seemed almost impossible to evade them. Their flight was first discovered by a portion of 11. M.'s 95th concealed in rifle pits within 40 yards of the wall. The defence, considering the inadequacy of their weapons, was on the whole an obstinate one, an incessant but very ineffective fire having been kept up upon us from the first, which failed to occa sion a single death casualty. About 170 prisoners ■ were taken, of whom 25 were executed: 10 guns, i the whole of his park, with a large quantity of ain | munition stores, grass, and grain, fell into our ! hands. On the Ist February the remaining wing of ; the 9th, with sappers and miners, about 500 in all. ; an( l a portion ot the 2d native cavalry, proceeded from Deesa under command of General Roberts to overtake the advanced force. SECRET SOCIETIES IN LONDON. The Amjuhnry Gazette publishes the following story from a London correspondent; bat we must confess that it reads like a marvellous tale got up by some political wag : "The members of the Ma rianne, (secret society,) almost exclusively French men and Italians, habitually meet in liolborn and Leicester square, and publicly preach revolt, pil lage, and political assassination, as parts of the 'rights of man'—as is proved bv the speeches of a Prat, Thallandier, Vincent, Amiel ami Ribezrolh s. Mazzini and all his partizans have been affiliated to the Marianne. Orsini used to deliver lectures at the meetings of those secret societies PRICE TWO CENTS. All tlie emissaries sent to France hy the Marianne are Italians. Poles and Chartists, provided with talse passports, are continually traveling through France for a similar purpose, (the purpose, vou will observe, is not stated.) All these people on their return to London boast of the trick they have play ed on the French police, and we had an opportuni ty- ol hearing one day, in a London eating house, t recital ol al .' Ddyssey of that description uiade hy the Italian Amanri anil the Hungarian Teleki Candor, in presence of several French refugees, the whole party being seated at a neighboring table, t he revolutionary committee is not one whit better than the Marianne, and if its object be different it is equally unscrupulous as to the means it em ploys. "it is said that shortly before Jan. If. the sections, headed by Louis Klunc and Ledro Knllin, associated themselves with the revolutionary committee for an act toil ill common. Victor Hugo,'l have been told on good authority, made a donation of 10,0001'. to the treasury of the revolutionary committee, and directs the secret societies of Guernsey and Jersey, which keep up a consecutive and coniidential cor respondence with those having their head-quarters in London. Connected with the revolutionary com nnttee is the "universal printing otlice" of Zeno hwentoslawski, Rupert-street, Hay market. Pam phlets in every language are published there, with so little secrecy that they are placed in the window, Zeno Swentoslawski has formed with several of his countrymen--Papowski, Cliodzko, Kozicll, Uepneiw ski, Ac. —a special committee, whose professed object is to revolutionize Prussian, Russian and Austrian Poland. "Some time back one of the agents of this Com mittee. one Olezewski. was arrested at Hamburg, when quantities of iullammatorv tracts which he had orders to distribute in Gallici'a and in the Grand Duchy ot Posen, were found in his possession. Out of curiosity I attended a public-sitting of this rev - olutionary assembly. The place where the meet ing was held was a kind of cellar, a placard printed with red letters was posted at the door, inviting the public to come in and share the Republican fete. Four oblong tables occupied the centre ot' the room, covered with jugs of gin, beer and brandy. Tobac co and pipes were also provided. "An old French refugee, laboring under a hoarse ness, caused by the abuse of alcoholic liquors, opened the sitting by a furious speech, interrupting himself only from time to time to toss off a dranil His audience familiarly designated him as <Lo Pere Cahaignc.' He was described to me as an excellent Parisian journalist. A former editor of the ID forme, Ribezrolles, entered the room, already in a state of intoxication, bawled out an allocution, pep pered with oaths of the coarsest description, and then sat down to recruit his strength with a bottle of cognac. The greater part of the audience con sisted of workmen with long beards and uncombed hair, clad in soiled and torn blouses; they threw themselves like famished wolves on the braiidv hot ties. Alter the speeches, the proceedings" were wound up by singing. The President, the aforesaid Cahaignc, howled forth a ditty, the burden of which was 'i'reren, II font ,lu xitntj.' As the sitting was drawing to a close, the citizen President fell foul of an intoxicated refugee called Vincent, and they were still pummelling each other when 1 left the place." THE SPY SYSTEM IN PARIS. The following is a letter published in the Ghmnme Jin Hi/ .Mail of the Bth : "Snt, —May 1 ask the publicity of vour columns for a brief account of some incidents which have hap pened to me in Paris, where I have been residing for nearly seven years? "I was sauntering yesterday afternoon with a friend in the Champs Ely sees. The aspect of this noble promenade was* strangely changed. The benches upon which the Parisians usually sil in the sun were all deserted. Loungers of all nations made the Champs Elvseos ordinarily a sort of living and moving ethnological museum; but yesterday the most notable figures were a num ber of new and sinister faces, some of whom might have been taken for miserable, and some of them lor genteel beggars. I observed them trying to overhear the conversation of myself and mv fri'eniT, which happened to be only about the French taste in horses and equipages. Looking at a shabby little in dividual, 1 said to my friend, but not load enough to be heard, 'That is 'a spy;' and my friend ex claimed, 'What a villainous face 1' While we were looking at him, he came up to me, and addressing me in Italian, obsequiously begged a few 'oboli,' or small coins. Turning to my friend, 1 said in French, 'I believe lie is a beggar.'" When I put my hand to my pocket to give him an alms, the spy seized me bv the left arm. and told me that 1 was a'n Italian, anil he was an'lnspettore.' 1 said,'So I thought.' He told mo he desired a little conversation with me, and that I must go with him to the commissary of police. My friend, believing I was talking with a beggar, was looking at the carriages, when I called out to him, '1 am arrested!' The inspector said mv friend must come as well. Oil our way to the of fice of the commissary, the excited little in spector told me I spoke Italian, and was an Italian, and that it was useless for me to dehv it. The inspector then commenced a formal in terrogation. 'What is your name?' I gave him my card. 'You are an Italian. Vou understand Italian. What are you doing in Paris?' '1 will answer that question to Monsieur the Commis sary.' 'Ah! well, you refuse to tell what vou are?' Seeing me arrested, and held by the arm, several elderly gentlemen and ladies darted at me looks of terror and horror. In the otlice of the commissary the inspector said he could not believe my card, because myself and my friend were walk ing with an 'air suspect,' or in a suspicious manner. Moreover, I knew he belonged to the police. This correct guess seemed to have given him great of tence. Now, to avoid detecting spies is difficult, for they display what they are hy the insolent gleams of conscious power always darting from their eyes. The secretary of the commissary, for tunately for me, answered he was sure, and would answer for it, that I was not an Italian, but an Eng lishman long resident in tin- neighborhood: l>ut lie turned to my friend and said, 'And you, sir, of what nation are you?' The suddenness of the question taking my friend aback, I was obliged to answer for him—'Monsieur is a Russian.' The inspector then said to me, *1 beg pardon.' Looking at liini stead fastly, I said— 'Oh ! there are so many raneahi about you cannot be too zealous.' "Luckily for me this incident happened where I was well known; and my companion was not an Ital ian hut a Russian; otherwise 1 should have authored some days' imprisonment, and 1113- daughter davs and nights of agony, just because a French inspec tor mistook a Scotch Highlander for an Italian con spirator." DOMESTIC. DEPARTMENT NEWS. PROGRESS OK Til 1-; SCRVEY OK TIIK ArKATO RtVFH.— Dispatches, dated respectively at Pisisi, February 17 and February 22, have been received from I.ieui. T. A. Craven, in command of the U. S. expedition engaged in the survey of the Atrato river. Isthmus of Darien. The party had returned to the (iulf of Darien for provisions". On the 17th of February, Lieut. Craven commenced surveying the Atrato, and continued the survey until some of the men were prostrated bv sickness, and required rest and the necessaries of' life. Lieut. Craven confidently believed that he could complete his survey bt* the 20th of this month.- While descending the Atrato, he had met the divi sion under Lieut. Michlcr, within Li miles of the Pacific coast, rapidly advancing with the level. All the party were well. The party would ascend the Atrato again, as soon as the men could have a dav or two of rest and change of air. LIEUT. IVES' EXPLORATION OF THE COLOUADO NOT A FAIU UK. —Private letters received from Fort Yu ma show that there is no truth in the statement fur nished by the San Diego Herald , as regards the ex pedition under Lieut. Ives. The steamer Jesup, belonging to the transporta tion company, which was forced to give up ascend ing the Colorado for want of provisions, was in no way connected with Lieut. Ives' party. As this boat returned she passed Lieut. 1. at the mouth 01 the Rill Williams Fork, and dispatches which the War Department received from him stated that his boat had fulfilled all his expectations; that heshould push on to the head of navigation—which the Jesup had failed to reach—and that he was confident of ultimate success. This was the last authentic in formation received direct from him. The Jesup, on her way down, was sunk before reaching Fort Yuma, and consequently did not as cend and tail a second time, because Of Indian hos tilities, as stated in the San Diego Ih rnhl. It is remarkable that the last three steamers from California have brought nothing in relation to Lieut. Ives, in the newspapers, but prognostication or assertions of his failure. First, his boat was pro nounced unsuitable, then she was reported helpless ly aground, both of which were contradicted bv let ters from him, and now that he is too far advanced to send information back, his boat has been reported sunk, and his expedition a failure. Such misrepre sentation of an ollicer on a distant and try in-' ser vice is contemptible on the part of those who orig inated it, if intentional; and if the result of igno rance, is little less culpable when it misleads^the public. THE DANVILLE A.l TOUACCO MARKET. —We have been delighted for a few davs, savs the Danville XeujH, in noticing the animated tobacco market of our town. All grades of the article have been pour ing in, and from the signs we may predict that the "weed" will continue to come. The season is very good, and the demand for tobacco in our market is so great that it has gone up in price very consider ablv. All grades baverisen from one to two dol'ar per hundred. HIGH PRICES FOR SERVANTS,.—AT A™LE of negroes by Mr. Jno. G. Herndon, of Green countv, \ a., act ing as commissioner, under a decree for the sale of the negroes belonging to the estate of James llern don. deceased, on the 4th in St., a ne£i*o hoy about 11 years old was cried off at $1,155; two liojfro men, just grown up, one for $1,300.05, the other for $1.3*0: and a small girl tor $585. Nine of the negroes, from children to middle-aged, averaged $B2O each. The sale was equivalent to a cash one. and the figures are certainly no indication of hard times. FATAL AFFRAY. —The Wheeling Inltiliffsueer states that on the 22d inst.. an affray occurred at New burg, Va , a village on the Kaltiinc.i . and Ohio Rail road, between a constable named Gordon, and a farmer named Crogan, resulting in the death of the latter and the flight of the former. The friends ot the deceased have threatened to lynch Gordon, it caught.