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VOL. I—NO. 35.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BY KERR & CO. OFFIUE, CARROLL HALL, 8. K. CORNER OP BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, pa.va ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at SIX DOLLARS per annum; TIIREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion 50 Two insertions 75 Three " SI.OO Four " $1.25 Five " $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in aii other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name. —if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must he largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS.— It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE.— The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS,— The interests of commerce and the state Ithe markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to he any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will lie the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of curiciu literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant siim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest tig journal for the family as well as for the counting room. OBlmnitioit. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND r fSHF. TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Fenialt* JL Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase tin- school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing. on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern .climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to th* present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY, PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M D , SECRETARY. T. WAT KINS LIGON, E. HAMMOND, JOHN P. KENNEDY. fe22-dtf. LAW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law. and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, "and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com mencraent of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the \\ inter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t-law6m. BISCUIT AND CRACKER BAKERY. (No. 98 PRATT STREET,) FORMERLY R. MASON if- BROTHER, JAMES D. MASON &, Co. having made EXTENSIVE ALTERATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS in tiieir BISCUIT AND CRACKER BAKERY, hy the introduction or NEW MACHINERY of the LATEST IMPROVEMENTS, are now prepared to supply any demand PILOT and MAYY BREAD, WATER, BUTTER SUGAR, PIC NIC and EDINBURGH CRACKERS SODA and WINE BISCUIT, and all kinds of ' FANCY CAKES of a quality SUPERIOR TO ANV OTHER ESTBALISHMENT. The PATE.V T REEL OVEN in use at their Bakery is of novel construction, and is capable of baking 125 BAR RELS OF FLOUR per day. into CRACKERS, and 500 BARRELS INTO LOAF BREAD. DEALERS are invited to give us a call; they will find the terms as favorable as any other house. The Proprietors will hike great pleasure in exhibiting the OPERATION OF TIIEIR OVEN, AT ALL TIMES, to anv who may feel an interest in the "PROGRESS OP THE AGE," and will also conduct them through their extensive establishment. J. D. M. A Co. beg leave to remind the public that this OVEN IS THE ONLY ONE IN USE IN THIS CITY. PATENT RIGHTS of which, for/.OAF BREAD purposes, can be had on application to them. JAMES D. MASON & Co., FORMERLY R. MASON k BROTHER, OLD STAND, , Old Number 98 PRATT STREET, ft-22- Opposite MeClnre's Dock OFFICE MARYLAND OAS COMPANY, CORNER BALTIMORE AND ST. PAUL STREETS, UP STAIRS. COMPANY is fumisliing- the most _ . c ? m P ,ete and only reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private Houses Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost anil profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using on Machines can be furnished. *' Apply at the office of the Company, as above, bv person or by letter Wm SF. & J. 11. WYLIE. . NEW YORK FANCY DYEING k CLEANSING ESTABLISHMENT OFFICE, 142 LEXINGTON STREET, BALT.. * ' (Between Park and Howard.) FOR THE RECEPTION AM) DELIVERY OF UOODS. SILKS AND WORSTED DAMASK AND MOREEN CURTAINS, Ladies' and Gentleman's Garments, Straw Bonuets. Lin ens, Cottons, kc., Dyed and Finished in the best manner. SILKS AXD SILK DRESSES WATERED. Particular attention paid to all CANTON FABRICS, viz: Heavy Embroidered Crape Shawls Cleansed and Bleached a pure White: also dyed ami Finished in Canton Style. Heavy Satins Dyed and Original Texture Preserved. u CHLNTZ, LACE, AND MUSLIN CURTAINS, SHAWLS, TABLE COVERS, CARPETS, RUGS, AC., Cleansed and re-finished. Goods restored, if possible, to original state. ' K W B I£. VE3 CLEANSED IN THE NEATEST MANNER. r<x C P, e ourselves upon the colors and styles of work and the impossibilty of a competition in this win e p r° mptne * a wiU exercised, mr 23 3m ** M often paid for inferior work. / W' .** 4 i THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) | Occupies the First Floor of the Athenmm Building, .V. W. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and quiet. The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes, care | fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts . ami Science. Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rati? of about 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with I the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as well as a fair representation of the current light literature . of the present time. The Reading Room is furnished with most of the Maga ; zincs and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the i CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone are eligible for ACTIVE membership, j The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other I classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of ' $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from | the Library, visit the rooms, and are eniited to ALL THE J PRIVILEGES of the Association, except voting and hold- I ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their [ own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary i members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others, i The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock i P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till I 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. | Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOCNTB ARE FOR LADY TTBSCRIBFRS, 300 44 44 HONORARY MEMBERS. WM. P. WEBB CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE cf MENS FURNISHING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIA*', GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German st., mrl-lm. Baltimore. bailors. HT. ROBERTS, • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. RE AD Y MA d E CLOTHIN g JOIIX If. RE A. cf- CO., NORTH-EAST CORNER OF PRATT AND SOUTH STS., Have on hand a large and select Stock of WINTER CLOTHING, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus- 1 torn trade, which will be got up in good style at low prices. fe22 lm. prnos anb Sttusir. YOHK PIANO DEPOT. HO WM - F - TIIIEDE, •/ II tf j If Successor to PETRI & TIIIEDE. Having retained the Store and Stock of the old firm, No. 80 FAYETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the SOLE AGENCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR STEIN WAY & SON'S GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will be pleased to receive calls from his friends and j the public, to examine these celebrated instruments. By ! purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to offer the works of these well known makers at prices that will not fail to please. A call is earnestly solicited. WM. F. TIIIEDE, inr27 dßm No. 80 Fayette street, west of Chat lea. C. W._NEILL, W. F. WASHBURN. ■ W~a-y. FIRST PREMIUM PIANO FORTES, J II W J J MANUFACTORY AND WASHROOMS— -66 FAYETTE AR. , East of Calvert, mhl2 6m Baltimore, Md. 31 U fj & CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only bv F. D. BENTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. ' Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine ft r themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. j Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. mr2s tf. MKI>A 11 PKEM I I'M '} 1 I PIANO FORTES. 1/1/ y j j WILLIAM KNABE & CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO-FORTES. Not. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NORTH EUTA W ST., Opposite the Eutaw House, And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles ami Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thalberg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter, &c., &c\, to be equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this country. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to le found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS, of the best nqwers, at prices from $45 to S2OO. AI ways for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to S2OO. K7-PIANOS EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED, nirll-tf WM. KNABE & CO. 6as fitting. WE S T & J E V EN S . IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERS, AND DEAI. Kits IN GAS FI A' TURKS, Of every Description, No. 206 Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE, Gas Pipes introduced into public anil private buildings* in the best manner and on the most pleasing terms, mrll-tf MORF. LIGHT AND LESS GAS! CONSUMERS OF GAS CAN SAVE FROM TWENTY TO TWENTY-FIVE FER CENT. Of GAS by regulating the FLOW between the meters and burners, which can he done in most cases for a cost not exceeding TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS. The undersigned have on exhibition A TBS T METER, GLASS S 110 W MKT EK, Made expressly to our order, (hy 1,. Morrison, proprietor of Phoenix Meter Works,) and which is a fac simile of those used by consumers in this city. Persons desirous can see at a glance, in this meter, the formation and whole operation, together witli the manner in which it may register correctly or incorrectly, by calling on BLAIR & CO., GAS FITTERS, mr!2.tapl 366 WEST BALTIMORE STREET. JII. McCALL & CO., • PRACTICAL GAS FITTERS, NO. 15 FAYETTE ST., UNDER REBEN HALL. (BETWEEN HARRISON AND FREDERICK HTB..) Baltimore, Md. Dealers in all kinds of GAS FIXTURES. Stores, Dwellings, Churches and Factories fitted up in workmanlike manner. A large stock of cheap Gas fixtures always on hand. All orders promptly attended to, and all work warranted fe22-3m Restaurants. ill NWS EATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. TIIF. PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- Iy known Saloon, having recently made extensive improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS. SUPPERS, &c., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also, Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon fe22 tf. BARGAINS IN FURNITURE— We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED ROOM, DINING-ROOM, AND HALL FURNITURE, at very low prices, corrcspondibg with the times, FOR CASH, or GOOD NOTES, at 4 months. MF.ACHAM (c HEYWOOD, f e24-lin _ 10 North Charles st. LE A„ 8- W. COOKE. CMVELEY & COOKE, L-J No. 5 COMMERCE STREET, .... Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, AND PRODUCE. Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a eall BUTTER for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. _ fe22lm. gg BUILDERS'DEPOT. gQ SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, OULDINGS, CASINGS, Ac.., DRESSED FLOORING AND OTHER LUMBER, LIME, BRICKS, HAIR, LIARD- W ARE GLASS. OIL, PAINTS, and every description of BU M DING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom mo._ *\ng terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost oj buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by It. JOHNSON, No. 69 Pratt street, (near Bowly'S wharf,) _FE23TF Baltimore, Md. PHTENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREk WM. H. CRAWFORD & CO., PROPRIETORS, • WOW . wholesale trade of this city the Soutn suit West ', ' equal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the rnit.,l sut,. s fe22-tf INGERSOLL'S IMPROVED PORTABLE HAY PRESS. WE CIT>L ,* T I ENT '. OR !. TO THISL press which combines greater power ami durability, re,pare. /,„ Uibor, occupies lea tpofe, ami costs lea money than any other Machine for baling Hay or Cotton, ever offered to the public For sale at manufacturer s prices by J. A. WESTON kCO fe22 41 South Charles street. BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 18-58. Insurance Cumpucs. INSURANCE CARD. LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU INSURE. SAML. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and paid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, 44 DALL, GIBBONS k Co., 22 Hanover street, A. L. \\ EBB k BRO., cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. W. RIDGELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, 34 St. Paul street. mrl-colm JOHNSTON'S INSURANI'E ROOMS, PHIENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS STRICTLY FIRST CLASS. FIRE, MARINE AND LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES TIIOS. D. JOHNSTON. mr3o-tf Underwriter. INSURANCE AGAINST LOSS OF RENTS BY FIRE THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. OFFICE, NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. Will make insurance against loss of Runt by fire, 011 a new and most liberal principle They also continue to insure all descriptions of Property against loss or damage by Fire. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKKR, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, John W. Ross, A. A. Chapman, Henry M. Bash, Joseph W. Jenkins, I Wm. Woodward, Wm. Heald, i Adam Denmead, E. J. Church, | George Bartlett, T. H. Sullivan, | George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, mr 29 tf Secretary. HENRY A . D I D I E it, INSURANCE AGENT COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMBARD STREETS, mrM-tf Baltimore. If QUIT A BLE FIRE INSURANCE J SOCIETY. - CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OK DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their dejiosits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fully explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBT, HENRY RIEMAN, MICIIAEL WARNER' JAMES FRAZIER, IUXIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24-ly* THE GREAT WESTERN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE IF YORE. Authorized Capital $5 000 qqq Cash Capital [alreadypaid in) Looo.ouo Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2 276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the' mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending' the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine aud Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER, Ist V Prest DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIX MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, e _ Office Commercial Buildings. THE HOWARD KIKE INSURANCE X COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City. OFPICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortivine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Chas. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm. G. Power Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe22- lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y If IRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE IIARTFOKI) FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD Cash Capital $:>00.000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. MARINE INSURANCE. COL VMBIAN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200.000 Security notes paid in 300 000 TITOS. LORD. President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies & Warfield, f- '22 Cm. No. l♦* Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE I.IKE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. RPHIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives _L for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he lias paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, .... , Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DOXALDHON, 34 Franklin street FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD A SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. /ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500 000 PHtENJX * 3505; SPRINGFIELD " Springfield, Mass. 375,000 .-ETNA LI-FE " Hartford, 225.000 U. S. LIFE " New York 400,000 fe22 tf. ASSOC IA TED ~FI REMEN'S INSUIU ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DE3CRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical, J. C. WHEEDEN, Columbian GEORGE HARMAN. Union, J. TRUST. First Baltimore, NOAH WALKER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FABLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNQ, Franklin ALLEN PAINE, Liberty, J. PEASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK. Independent, LANCASTER OLLD, Patansco R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Howard ' W M. A. HACK, -Veto Market, JAS. A. BRUCE. Watchman, JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD. "Lafayette Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22tf. JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE ... , COMPANY OF NEW YORK, insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share ol the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000 000 ' A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD Sec C. OLIVER O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22 ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY fire , ,lai| y to determine upon applications 101 lAol'KApiCri. JOIIN B. SEIDEN'STRICKER, „ _ President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, IVm Heald, 'Adam Denmead. John W. Ross, i.losepli W. Jenkins Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan Job Smith, J George Small JOHN R. MAGRUDER, _ . Secretary. JAS. IIAZLITT & CO., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES, BRANDIES, AND LIQUORS, 39 k 41 SOUTH GAT STREET, BALTIMORE A large and superior stock of PURE RYE WHISKEYS from the most celebrated Distillers. mrl7-tf ' C. WEST A &VoW, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL, ALCOHOL, (all proofs ) COLOGNE, SPIRITS, CAMPHINE. LARD OIL, LINSEED OIL, Ac. Our facilities for manufacturing being large, wc are pre pared to offer great inducements to persons purchasing goods in our line. Manufactory, 306 West Pratt street. Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Light and Charles. fe22-tf. business Carts. NG. STAKkWETHEK. • PRACTICAL ARCHITECT, AND j SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC „ „ AND PRIVATE BUILDINGS 94 1 \ YETTE STREET, Baltimore. nir'il 0m T EONAUD VANDEN KERCKHOVE, *RT 1S T. STL 010, Second story, Xo. 69 SECOND STREET 1 mr3l-ly KDWARD DE CORMIB. ~ \VILLI\M Ron mi DECORMIS & ROGERS, IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN WINES, BRANDIES, GINS, SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WIIISKYS ENGLISH ANI) SCOTCH ALE AND PORTER mr24-tf NO : 4 COMMERCE STREET Ball RCOUPLAND, . FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS, &c. No. 40 Baltimore Street. ' Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS. "rll-ly BALTIMORE. IFRANCIS DENMEAD, Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY M 41T CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, ~ _ _ BALTIMORE. -> ■ B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22-ly LIN D & MRKDOCHT ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELDOWNEY'S BUILDING, E. B. GRANT. j <;P \vt F A RANT & BROTHER, vJ COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BRO." COMMISSION MERCHANTS , .. 52 COMMERCE STREET, T E22TF - BALTIMORE. T L. M'RHAIL & BRO'S •J • HAT, CAP aXD FUR STORE, I HO. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Ret ween North ami < \ilr* rt str> ■ ts, (north side.) fc22tf. WM. W. JANNEY, I GIL IB STOW TANNEY &. STOW, MU.SSTOW. *" PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, , „ . No. 101 SOUTH STREET, Baltimore. JOSEPH CARSON. II N YIPKFRY JOSEPH CARSON & CO. tJ WESTERN PRODUCE GENERAL COMMISSION 7 MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, ... . . Baltimore. Librral advances made on consignments. ft-22 tf POU KIN EF&TCUSH 1N (.. VV TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. E. CUSHIXG, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf I LYLE CLARKE & CO., *' • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, kc„ No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22-tf CA R D . P. C. MARTIN, DiSTILLEII AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, fe22 lm 3 doors Soutli of Mulberry street RICHARDSON & co., SHIPPING AND COMMISSONMERCHANTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL & LONEY^ SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, „. ~ , ... BALTIMORE, \Vn?ilauiSo SIUSJJJS'^ lon t0 co "S'Knments of SUGAR, I!!VC ?M NIT JL\VV° FFKK ' RICR > FISH, PROVIS c "> also fill orders for same. fe22-tf \AT T. WALTERS &7c0., TV. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES <£ LIQUORS NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. KJ- A large and very fme stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on han<l - 1,24 If riV tV MARTIN & BRO., MARTI "' -1- • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR S —and General COM MISSION MERCHA NTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt). mal ' r _ Baltimore. RSNOWI )EN ANDREVVS, • ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT 7 & 8 CARROLL HALL, fe23-lm Baltimore, Md. JOIIN F. PII'KRELL. LEWIE WARRINGTON TOHN F. PICKRELL & CO., *' GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMIIARD STREET, -v , , Baltimore. •" Liberal advances made on consignments. fe24-tf 3ttoriui.il THOMAS 11. KI'.MP Jk..— A ATTORNEY AT LAW, BENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., V ill practice in the Courts of Caroline. Talliot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7-2m R. STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORNEI' AT LA W OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S IIALL, (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) Baltimore, n ill attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22-tf /CHARLES E. PHELPS, AV A TTORNF. V AT LA IP, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22-tf. ROBERT d. BURNS, A TTORNE T AT LA IP. NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL fe22tf. LEXINGTON STREET. r | l FRISBY HENDERSON, A • ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23-2aw6w. 1\ JOSEPH ROGERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles. mrl-tf. UteMrincs, fetfommts, &r. TTPUKVIANCE POLK & CO. J APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS &. CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may be confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we seleet none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS. TRUSSES. DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, Ac., AC. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be, returned at our expense if not of standard quality fe22-tf. GREAT SAVING IN GAS. BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSON A CHANDLER: Sirs: —We have been using J. 11. COOPER'S LEVER GAS REGULATOR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is nniform and ample, aud ail blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consumed gas prevented. NOAH WALKER A CO. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON A CHANDLER, At the office of Messrs. GRATTAN A EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. mr29-lmo. JOHN SIIANAMAN HAS REMOVED FROM SNOW HILL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN A SHEET IRON WARE AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE, Where every article connected with his business may be found, and which will be disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. K?"A11 orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mr6-3m BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE S4O. —THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer A Co., Wheeler A Wilson and Grover A Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler A Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUNDERSON A CO., fe22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. GUNS! GUNS!! GUNS!!! THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF GUNS, RIFLES, PISTOLS, AND SPORTING APPARA TUS IN BALTIMORE. Guns suitable for Deer, Duck, Turkey, Squirrel, and all Bird Shooting; Rifles of all sizes and patterns; Colt's A r my, Navy aud Pocket Pistols; Warner's, Allen's and oth er make of Pistols; Powder Flasks, Shot Pouches, Game Bags. Caps, Powder, Shot. Balls. Ac., in fact all Sporting Goods in the greatest variety. Having received a GOLD MEDAL AND CERTIFICATE Of the highest honors of the Maryland Institute, for spe cimens of his OWN MAKE of Guns, he flatters himself, by prompt personal attention, to give satisfaction to ail, and they may rely on getting a good article. No. 51 CALVERT STREET, and 53 CHIAPSID*. ALEXANDER McCOMAS, GUNMAKER. Established 1843. mr6 3m, FOREIGN. I GLEANINGS FROM THE MAILS OF THE NI AGARA. REVOLUTION IN THK TP.APK OF NORTH AMERICA. — F rom a leading article in the London Morning Her ald we take the following: "As the discovery of the passage to India round the Cape of Good Rope completely changed the course of trade between Asia and Europe, so in our times on the North American continent we may witness a revolution of a character scarcely less" important, which will render the ports of the St. Lawrence the main conduit of the produce of the north-west ern states ot the American Union, superseding the Erie Canal and the harbor of New York.— ~ , Canadians already speculate on the junction ot the Atlantic anil Pacific by a railway stretching from the St. Lawrence to Vancouver's IslantT, through British territory; and they are actually preparing to connect Lake Ontario with Lake Hu ron by a ship canal. They calculate on transport ing to Europe the agricultural products of a million and a half of square miles, lying around the great lakes, with a region west and north-west, where all kinds of grain mav grow luxuriantly, where flocks of sheep will yield rich fleeces, and fat beeves reward the enterprise of the grazier. The line of coast formed by the margins of the lakes is upwards of 4,000 statute miles, and the region above the lakes, organized into the north-western terri tory in 1787. now embraces the States of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin, and it is proposed to divert the whole of the enormous and annually expanding trade of these vast countries through the channel of the St. Lawrence for ship ment to Europe. Nor is the scheme visionary, but has many recommendations, among which relative distances are prime elements. The distance from Quebec to Liverpool is 475 miles less than from New York to Liverpool. Kingston, at the foot of Lake Ontario, is 125 miles nearer Liverpool than New York is. From Hamilton, at the head of Lake Ontario, is the same distance as from New York to Glasgow. From Lakes Ontario, Erie, and the southern point of Huron is nearly a straight line to the ports of Great Britain, through the St. Law rence and the Straits of Belle Isle. The sagacity of Washington foresaw this possible revolution in trade." THE CASE OF THE CAGLIARI.— Dr. Phillimore has given a most elaborate opinion on the case of the Cagliari. The conclusions to which he comes are that the steamer could not have been lawfully seized as a prize except in a time of open acknowledged war; that she was as little liable to condemnation bv the law of piracy; that the rules of international law have also been disregarded by the Neapolitan Government in the construction of the so called Prize Court, and in the mode of procedure adopted therein, as well as in making the so-called prize of war tlie subject at one and the same time both of a penal and a civil procedure; and he says—The plain truth is that all these anomalous departures from the law of nations are the necessary consequence of applying to a state of peace the stern rules which an inexorable necessity renders incident to a state ot war, and which the law of nations strictly con fines to that state. But it most nearly concerns all neutral and independent States to take good heed that these extraordinary rights of belligerents are not imported into their ordinary pacific relations. The case of the Cagliara is the first attempt of tlie kind, and I am not surprised that the British Minis ter at Turin should express in his dispatch of the sth of January, 1858, the expectation of the ISrit ish Government that Sardinia will, by demanding the restitution of the Cagliari, her cargo, and her crew, resist this unjustifiable infringement of the rights of nations; and surely she may not without reason expect that in this resistance she will re ceive the support and co-operation of every inde pendent, and especially of every maritime' State. GENERAL SIR JAMES OUTRAM.— Thefollowing is an extract from a letter of one of the officers of the staff' to a relation in Endinburg: "On Sir Colin Camp hell's arriving at Alumbagh, on the Cawnpore road, he received from Outram carefully copied plans of the city and its approaches, with minute descrip tions of every building and every point at which he might expect resistance, and a carefully prepar ed scheme of the operations by which, in Outram's opinion, lie might best effect liis entrance into the city. Outram also constructed a semaphore on the i"P of the Residency to enable him to communicate with Sir Colin, and prepared and furnished to him a code of signals. Sir Colin telegraphed by this semaphore that he would follow out Outram's scheme of operations. He did follow them; and as soon as he advanced Outram commenced a most powerful diversion in his favor —blowing up mines, making sorties, storming positions, and bombarding and shelling the palace of Kasserbagli, in which the enemy were strongly posted, thereby immensely re ducing the opposition Sir Colin met with. "The evacuation ot the old garrison, all of Outram's planning and execution, was a feat probably unpar alleled in the history of war-—an operation con ducted so skillfully and so noiselessly that for nine hours the enemy were ignorant ofitj and kept blaz ing away as usual at our old position. GOLD EXPORTS OF AUSTRALIA. —The amount of gold dust, received by escort from our several gold fields during the vear 1857 has been 148,125 ounces. As compared witl'i 1856, during which year 138,823 ounces were received, there is an increase of about 9,300 ounces in favor of 1857. The yield from our southern gold fields has steadily increased during the past year, while for the northern fields there is rather a falling off. The following arc tlie amounts received by each escort quarterly during the year 1857 : Western, Southern. Northern. Ounces. Ounces. Ounces. First quarter - - - 21,197 3,630 9,271 Second quarter - - -19,224 6,799 5,255 Third quarter - - - 19,936 7,734 8,256 Fourth quarter - - - 27,399 12,724 5,699 Total 87,756 30,887 29,483 The lirst escort (or this year was a very low one. The quantities from all the gold fields were greatlv below the respective weekly and fortnightly avera ges, in many instances not amounting to more than one-half. This extraordinary falling otf in the re turns is undoubtedly owing in a great measure to the recent reductions made by gold buyers in their buying prices.— Melbourne Aryne, January 18. ARTIFICIAL COAT..—A curious communication bv M. Baroulier has been sent in to the French Acad mv of Science, describing a method for obtaining a substance possessing all the properties of coal.— It is a fact generally admitted by geologists, that coal is the result of the carbonisation of vegetable matter by heat, under a strong pressure, and under circumstances calculated to impede the escape of their volatile ingredients. M. Baroulier proceeds in a similar manner; he envelopes vegetable matter in a wet clay, and exposes it for a considerable length of time to a great pressure, and to a heat of between 200 and 300 degrees centigrade (or the melting points of tin and bismuth nearly). Various kinds of sawdust, subjected to this treatment, yielded different substances, possessing more or less the resinous lustre and color of coal, and burning with a bright llame.— GaHynanVs Messen ger. OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS OF THE FRENCH ARRESTS. —The Monitcur states that on the 24th ult., arrests were simultaneously made in various parts of France, which defeated culpable projects, and led to the dis covery and the seizure of arms, ammunition, and compromising correspondence. The arrests, how ever, have been exaggerated. They are limited to fifty principal ring-leaders at Paris,twenty at Lyons, twelve at .Marseilles, and four on an average in forty departments. In spite of this precaution a gather ing took place at Paris on the night of the sth of March. Firm and vigilant measures caused it to prove abortive, and led to twenty new arrests. ANOTHER INFERNAL MACHINE. —A Piedmontese, named Bozzo, a ticket porter at Lyons, was tried by the Assize Court of the Rhone for attempt to murder by means of an infernal machine. Having a grudge against another porter, named La C'hapelle, he sent a box to bis lodgings directed to him. Chapelle and his wife, fancying that the box contained pres ents for their children, hastened to open it with great glee, but no sooner was the key (which was fastened outside by a string) put into the keyhole than the box burst with a loud explosion, and one of the children was wounded in the face. Bozzo had placed in the box two loaded pistols, the trig gers of which he had tied to the bolt of the lock, calculating that as soon as it was turned both would go off. One only did go off in point of fact, as it hap pened, and, fortunately, the wounds received by the child were not serious. It was, however, proved that the pistols were loaded in a most deadly man ner. Bozzo was found guilty, and sentenced to hard labor for life. THE ARRESTS IN FRANCE. —The arrests in France have been on a much larger scale than was sup posed. The Paris correspondent of the Herald states that within the last two weeks the arrests made in the various departments may be counted by thousands. The persons thus seized wholesale are immediately examined; the interrogatories are then forwarded 'to the Minister of Justice, who decides whether they are to be released, transported, or as signed a fixed residence in some of the French towns, under the surveillance of the police. From the month of June, 1848, to the month of December 1852, the number of persons transported amounted to 34,000. The Emperor subsequently revolted the sentence against 31,000, an excess of clemency which the authorities now seem to consider as having been dangerous, as the parties whom the police have placed in durance are chiefly those whom the Em peror had previously pardoned. A BENEFIT EXTRAORDINARY. —A Vienna letter savs: The day before yesterday there was a regular pilgrimage from the inner city to the suburb of Mariahilf, tosee a popular actress sell flour and eggs to her numerous admirers. The thing was done for the benefit of a woman who was in distress, but the Lord Chamberlain is a tremendous stickler about eti quette, and will not fail to remind the young lady tnat it is highly unbeseeming for a person who is a member of the Imperial Koval Company of Dra matic Artistes to sit from morning till night in a shop tilled with heavy swells, and surrounded by a mob of gamins. The" sum raised was large, as ten florins were demanded and willingly paid for a sin gle egg. The Paris Moniteur publishes a fresh list, filling several columns, of places from which addresses of congratulation have been sent to the Emperor. At the head of the list stands that from the Lord May or, aldermen, and principal inhabitants of the city of Dublin. THE DIAMOND NECKLACE. —The famous affair of "the Queen's diamond necklace," which nude so much noise just before the outbreak of the great revolution of 1789, is about to come on again before courts of Paris, the heirs and representatives of Boelimer and Bossange, the jewelers who supplied the necklace, having brought an action against the heirs and the representatives of Cardinal de Rohan the Prince de Rohan, now residing in Bohemia, to obtain payment for it out of the Cardinal's estate, it having been confided to them by him. In this action, some of the heirs of other creditors of the cardinal have intervened in order to obtain pay ment of what is due to them. A RAILWAY IN TURKEY.— The first railway in Tur key, that from Smyrna to Aidin. which will be about 70 miles in length, and which will open out the rich plateau of Asia Minor, has been ben-un under what appears to be very favorable auspices, considering the novelty of the undertaking and the various problems which had to be practically solved. The Turkish government and the local authorities have shown the best disposition to promote the work and to prevent extortionate demands for the requisite land; the natives, after a little instruc tion, make such good "navvies" that no foreign labor will be required: and the middle classes wil lingly become shareholders. SWINDLING IN AUSTRALIA.—TWO months back it was mentioned that a plot was in progress at Sidney to obtain advances from the banks at that place oh forged letters of credit purporting to be from Messrs. Baring. In that case the assumed name of the im postor was F. A. di Miranda. It now appears that a similar attempt has been made at Melbourne bv a person styling himself Lionel Levey, the forged let ter purporting to b- from Messrs. Smith, Pavne and Smiths, upon whom he has given bills for £2,000. THE PRESS IN SPAIN.— The editor of the Epnra has been condemned to twenty months' imprison ment, suspension from all functions and political rights for the same period, and 2,000 reals tine, for having libelled M. Collantes in articles on the Valencia election, and the editor of the Hiari has been condemned to twenty-eight months' imprisonment and 2,000 reals fine for the same of fence. The young Princess Royal of England is effecting a quiet little revolution of her own in the fearfully stiff style that formerly kept the Court circle of Berlin in a state of automatic petrifaction, and roy al highnesses, ladies in waiting, and chamberlains are now seen to smile and look happy, just as if thov were really human beings like other people. A letter from Kalisch, in the Austrian Gazette, mentions, as an instance of the small number of troops at present in the Kingdom of Poland, that the important fortress of Iwangorod, one of the first strongholds of the kingdom, is only garrisoned by a single battalion of Infantry. THE AUSTRIAN NATIONAL BANK.— According to the advices from Vienna, no doubt is entertained that the National Bank, which has suspended specie payments ever since the Hungarian war, will be in a position to resume at the end of the present year. Its stock of bullion has increased to £10,000,000, and is expected steadily to augment. Orders are out to the 20,000 mayors of the various communes in France to deliver no passport without the personal attendance of the individual, whose personal peculiarities are to be more carefully de picted, in the downright pre-Raphaelite style, spe cifying all the distinguishing marks of the physiog nomy without any idealized attempt at high art. M. Liegfried Weiss, a high authority on English international maritime law, has shown in writing that the capture of the Cagliari was illegal, and that it is incumbent on the Sardinian and British Gov ernments to resent the insult and to claim compen sation for the persons arrested. The doctors of Paris hare brought under the no tice of the Emperor the serious inroads made on the faculty by the various professors, male and fe male, of somnambulism and magnetic clairvoyance; but his Majesty declines interfering, referring the profession to existing laws. A plot has been discovered among the convicts in the Chafarinas Islands, the object of which was to assassinate their keepers, ami to escape into Mo rocco. The ringleaders in the affair were secured, and sent to Mel ilia for trial. The editor of the Brussels journal entitled the Drapeau lias been sentenced to thirteen months imprisonment and a tine, for an offence against the person of his Majesty the Emperor of the French. The Austrian Government has suppressed a Mag yar newspaper published at Pesth, on the pretence that it was exciting discontent among the old no bility, by advocating the restoration of their feudal privileges. The Italian delegates have unanimously resolved to issue an address to their exiled fellow country men, calling upon them to give an indignant denial of their complicity in the recent attempt to assassi nate the Emperor Napoleon. Letters from Berne state that the Federal commis sioners dciqpnd the dissolution of the Italian Mutual Aid Society. All Freneh refugees are to be confined to the interior. It seems that M. Lamartine—why, nobody very well knows—is still in such difficulties that there i"s a question of selling his landed property by lottery or subscription. According to the Swiss journals a cardinal's hat is about to be conferred on a Swiss bishop. During the last three centuries, onl v one prelate of Swit zerland has attained that dignity. A letter from Hesse states that the negotiations between the grand i)ucal Government and the Court of Rome are advancing rapidly, and that the publication of a concordat may very shortly be ex pected. There has been a remarkable dearth of water for some months past in all the Vienna wells, anil sci entific men are inclined to fancy that the recent earthquakes have had something to do with it. A day or two ago some one carried from the Gal lery of the IjLne Arts, Vienna, a picture bv Adrian Gstade, which is known as the "Newspaper Read er," and is valued at £SOO. The city of Hamburg has just repaid to the Aus trian Government the first third of the loan of 15 millions of marks, contracted at the period of the late commercial crisis. Prince Jerome, the Emperor Napoleon's uncle, is now suffering from a violent attack of grippe, which, considering his advanced age, gives a great deal of uneasiness to his frienils. French advices state that the English and French Envoys sent to China have determined to communi cate in future onlv with the Celestial Government of Pekin. The ambassador of'Siam and his suite, consisting of 28 persons, have arived at the Hotel du Louvre, Paris. The Malta Time* asserts that a telegram has been received from London ordering the defences of the island to be put into an efficient state. Amongst the persons recently arrested in France is M. Gastineau, the editor of the Gutteur tie St. Quentin, a journal of republican tendencies. The Neapolitan Government refuses to give up the Cagliari, on the ground that she was captured as a piratical craft, manned by a piratical crew. M. Adolphe Odier, son of the Paris banker, and brother-in-law of the late General Cavaignac, is about to marry Mad'lle Roussel, a wealthy heiress. According to the intelligence last received from the Caucasus the Russians have gained a fresh vic tory in that quarter. A dispatch from Stockholm announces that the King was about to depart for the south of Europe, where he will make a long sojourn. The French Minister in Berlin has requested liaron von Manteutt'el to prevent attacks being made on his Government by the Prussian press. Prince Maharajah Dhuleep Sing, ex-king of La hore, had arrived at the Hotel du Louvre, Paris. DOMESTIC. [From the Carlinville (111.) Democrat, March 25.) FATAL ACCIDENT. —We are called upon to record one ofthe most painful occurrences that has ever transpired within our county. On Friday last, Miss Mary Van Horn, a young and accomplished daugh ter of Joseph Van Horn, Esq., of Jerseyville, in company with a brother, was on her way fioin home to visit her friends at Chesterfield. They rode in a covered two-horse buggy. The recent rains had swollen the streams to an unusual bight, and render ed some of them dangerous, if not impossible to ford. On reaching Loper's Ford, on Macoupin Creek, be tween Summerville and Chesterfield, they found the water very high, but attempted to cross. Not being acquainted with the ford, probably, the hor ses were allowed to enter the stream too low down, where there was a deep and dangerous hole. At onee the horses were in beyond their depth, and, despite their struggles and attempts to swim, were borne away by the strong and swift cur rent. The carriage, with its occupants, was dragged after them, and submerged in the water, which was nearly twenty feet deep at that point.— All were quickly borne down the stream by the rushing tide, "the young man, Mr. Van Horn, soon rose to the surface, and succeeded, as lie was being carried down the stream, in catching hold of some willow branches that grew on the bank, and by this means sustained himself until, by his calls, he suc ceeded in bringing relief, and was rescued without sustaining material injury. But Miss Van Horn sunk to rise no more. The remorseless waters closed over her, and left no traces behind. The bodv could not be found. On Sunday, and succeeding days, the creek was dragged, a cannon was brought from Jer seyville and fired over the water, but, up to Tuesday morning, without success. Miss Van Horn was aged seventeen, and leaves a wide circle of admiring friends and relatives to de plore her sad untimely fate. Ilm horses were both drowned. The carriage, and Everything in it, even to the whip, were found, and only its youthful and beautiful occupant found a watery grave. THE INDIANS ON THE PLAINS. —A special corres pondent of the St. Louis Republican wrote from Fort Gibson, on the 15th inst., the ; following intelli gence respecting some of the Indian tribes and the Mormons: . A party of Cherokees, six in number, that left the Nation in November last, on a trading expedition to the Plains, returned last week, and report that twenty-three days' travel south from the Salt Plains they came upon a large number ot Caiuanche, Kio- PRICE TWO CENTS w >.. Aco > :Ul 'l Witcheta Indians assembled in council,who received them very friendly and traded with them freely for the goods" they br'ought-out. the council had under consideration the best method o resisting the United States, and informed the Cnerokees that thev bad just been visited by a party o . lormons and Mexicans, from whom they had leceived a large quanty of presents, and had "made icaty with thetn for their mutual protection against the encroachments of the Gentiles. The ■Mormons have impressed upon those tribes the ne cessity ot uniting with them and taking a decided stand against the United States if they wish to li in. ™ eir hunting grounds, stating that as soon as the whites are in possession of Utah, they will then spread all over the Plains, and drive the Indians ii 0111 their present homes. DANGEROUS CODNTEUPEIT.—TWO men named Ben nett and Courier were arrested at Louisville on Sat urday night lor passing ten dollar counterfeit bills ?l Bank of Ohio - The Journal savs of these bills: M e have seen two of the bills. They are new and it requires a good judge to distinguish them Trom the genuine. The vignettes appear to be from ? £ e ' lu,nu P' They are made payable at the i r . i Branch, Eaton, markcd letter B, and dated 1857. The State Bank of Ohio is having new plates prepared, from which it is the intention, we under stand, to replace the issues of that bank now in cir culation. \\ e saw some of the vignettes a few days since, and all, with the exception of the likeness of Gov. Chase, were excellent specimens of engraving. Ihe latter was a poor attempt at a likeness. We doubt whether any smart counterfeiter could pro duce a lac simile. COXSPIRAP* TO MUBDBR A W wr„ —The Flint, i MI \ '> Kl °rrat states that Albert K. Rood, of Holland, Oakland county, had been arrested upon the complaint of Dr. Keith, of llollv. The com plaint set forth that Hood has made several attempts to hire Dr. Keith, for various sums of money, to ad minister poison in medicine prescribed In the Doc tor to Rood 8 wife. The negotiations seem to have been carried on since last Julv. Rood has hereto fore borne a good character, and is a man of prop erty. He has had considerable dilliculty with his wife. He alleges that the complaint is founded in a conspiracy to extort money on the part of the phv sician. 1 * Bit EACH OK PROMISE. —In Philadelphia, on Wednes day, a breach of promise case was decided, by which a young lady named Graham obtained $2,000 dam ages from a young man of the name of Tolman. - ? he plaint ill livea with Mrs, Miller, her cousin, and it was alleged on the part of the plaintiff that the defendant had been paying his addresses for some three years, and had made an engagement of mar riage to plaintiff in which was subsequently, broken off, and the defendant married another lady. Ihe case was originally before arbitrators, who awarded $750. Not satisfied with this award, the defendant appealed, and he is now in for it to an amount nearly three times greater. MURDER IN GREEN COUNTY, INDIANA.— Last Sun day morning, in a small town on Plumroers' Creek, Green county, Indiana, at a Campbellite meeting, Arthur Xeal was shot bv a man bv the name of Crow, the ball entering just below the left breast. It appears, troni tlie circumstances connected with this unfortunate atlair, that some eighteen montiis since Xeal lost bis wife, and that Crow's sister, a few weeks previous to the death of Mrs. Xeal, lived at his house. During this time an intimacy was formed between them, and soon after the death of his wife, he clandestinely took her to the State of Missouri. They remained there three or four months, when he brought her hack and left her to shift for herself. From this time on hard feel ings existed between the parties. Crow, immediately after killing his victim, fled, and has not yet been arrested. Fromtlie Darlinyton (,S'. ) Family Friend* March 24 TIIE TRIAL OF FIFTY-FOUR PERSOXS FOR MURDER. On last Wednesday, a scene, unparalleled in the history of criminal jurisprudence, was witnessed in our court room. On that day, fifty-four highly re spectable citizens of our district, including grey-hair ed old men as well as tender youths, were arraigned, charged with the murder of Caleb Freeman and Abe Windham. There were two indictments, but bv agreement and with the consent of the Court, the'v were tried together. The prisoners selected the fol lowing gentlemen, from among those present, who constituted the jury:—Hon. I. 1). Wilson, Foreman: Col. F. W. Cooper. W. H. Hearon, Dr. T. A. Dar gan, Col. Samuel H. Wilds, Geo. I. W. McCall, Rob ert E. Duliose, Oliver C. Coggesliall, 1). Sidney Law, A\ . C. lirunson, Jas. L. McCall, Sr., and ,1. \V. Lee. Well might his Honor remark, as he did in his charges, that never before had he seen so in telligent a jury impauneled. Thus, did the prison ers declare their desire, to he tried by men whose leelings could not influence them, unless their judg ments were convinced. On Wednesday afternoon the State began to de velop the case. We will not notice the testimony of the different witnesses, either for the prosecti tion or defence, but will content ourself with sta ting, briefly, the circumstances of the case, as ob tained from reliable and uncontradicted testimony. The grog-shop of Ack Windham, at which the light took place, was proved to have been a pest to the community: it was a retail establishment, miscalled bv some a grocery, and negroes seem to have constituted bis principal customers. Some of the sufferers from his nefarious traffic, not at all members of the Vigilant Society, had waited upon and requested him to desist from retailing and negro trading, telling him at the same time that they could not and would not endure it. He promised to do so. Shortly after this, however, perhaps on Monday before the Thursday onwhich the homicides a ere committed, three barrels of "bald face" were deli vered at Cartersville for him. As soon as this was known, some of the citizens of his neighborhood assembled for the purpose of waiting on him and spilling the liquor. This was on Wednesday the 3d inst. Windham having been notilied of their intentions, assembled his friends to defend hi* right* (?) ; the consequence was that the other party had to desist. By the next morning, however, the members of the differ ent Vigilant Societies and others had assembled, to the number of seventy-five or eighty, many of whom were armed and proceeded to the shop. As upon the day before, they found the Windham family with some of their friends, prepared to defend the whiskey; they were well armed. The Vigilant party was under the command of (Jen. Carter, and his orders, proved to have been frequently repeated within the hearing of the Windhams, were, "don't fire a gun unless you are fired upon ; or strike a blow unless you are struck; if assailed defend your selves." Before the Vigilant party reached the shop, it was halted, anil two of the gentlemen were sent to inform the Windhams of their intention. They ex postulated in vain, and were called away by their friends, who, seeing evidences of hostility on the side of the Windhams, called out to them to "stand aside, for if the opposite party lire they would re turn it." The Vigilant party approached the shop, which the party surrounded. A company, com manded by Capt. Giles Carter, being immediately in front of and facing the shop door before which the Windnams were standing. Others of the Vigi lant party were nearer the house, and in a very few paces of the door. While in this position, Gen. Carter informed the Windham party that his inten tion was, "not to injure any of them, unless they began the attack; that his party had come to empty Ack Windham's whiskey, and they intended to do it." At this time, Ack Windham told his party to come away and let them have the whiskey, and lie would law them. This they refused to do, "swearing they would die rather than give it up. While they are parleying thus, Caleb Freeman, whom it was proved had sworn to kill (files Carter npon the first opportunity, stepped ott' from his company and exclaiming, "I see you, Giles Carter, you are the first man I intend to kill," fired, the shot passing through his coat and striking Samuel Robinson, wounding him severely; he endeavored to tire a second time, and while in the act of doing so, he was shot, and falling, discharged his gun in the air. As soon as the first gun fired. General Car ter gave the command, "take them, men," and a rush was instantly made upon Them; Mr. A. X. Stuekey grasped one of the Windhams around the body, and while holding him, Abe Windham rushed upon him from behind, and plunged his knife into liiin twice, but before he could inflict a third blow, he received one over the head with a gun or stick, from which he died. The Windhams were soon overpowered in the tight— not lasting, according to the testimony, over a minute. Ack Windham was tied, and required to tell where the whiskey was, for, on opening the shop, it was found to be empty; he gave them his rri'l key, saying it was there; here was found a barrel with a few gallons in it, and this was, he said, all that remained of the three barrels hauled from (aitersville three davs before. Where was the bal ance? Ihe testimony closed on Friday afternoon, when the argument was commenced by .Mr. Richardson tor the State, he was followed by Messrs. Spain and Inglis for the prisoners, when the Court adjourned. On Saturday morning the argument was resumed by Mr. J. A. Dargan, followed bv Colonel Moses, for the prisoners, who was succeeded by Solicitor Mclver. The names of the several speakers, is a sufficient proof of the great ability with which tliiF great case was argued. The judge, having charged the jurv, they retired to their room, about 3 o'clock 1\ M., from which they returned, after a short absence, having found, in both cases, a ver dict of "Not Guilty." . Thus ended the most interesting case ever tried on the criminal side of the Court, from the com mencement to its close, the court room was densely crowded, within and without the bar. Every place was occupied. We acknowledge ourself highly gratified at the result; we believe it will have a salutary effect, not only in our community, btlt throughout the State. Our statement, condensed as it is, is of course ini perfect; at the same time it is correct. We have only undertaken to give the main points in the case, as made by the testimony, and we think all who heard the trial, will say we have done so. ANOTHKK VICTIM.— Miss Isora Reese, aged about 18, was burned to death near Gallatin, Tenn., last Monday week, bv the ignition ol her clothing. She wore hoops, and it was found impossible to extin guish the dames. In her fright she ran from room to room, uttering the most piercing shrieks. She died the next morning, in great agony.