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VOL. I—NO. 36.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. P1 T BLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) BY KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. B. CORNER OP BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the earner. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS for six months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance. for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion 50 Two insertions 75 Three 44 $l.OO Four 44 $1.25 Five 44 $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. FTNDER the above title it is proposed to VJ conduct and publish in the citv of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an apology were net Jed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist, NEWS.— It will, of course, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness and accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state Jthe markets are so constantly and intimately Jiffected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to he any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXCHANGE, and it will lie the constant lira of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest- journal for the family as well as for the counting room. (Sbucntion. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND r rHIF. TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female JL Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been inade with a view to increase the schol, hut for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute. and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the |>ermanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CIIAS. W. HORSEY. PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY, M D . SECRETARY. T. WATKIXS LIGON, E. HAMMOND, JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22-dtf. LAW SCHOOLOFTHE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon. TIIEOPHILDS PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14.000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge ef parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each terra. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Carabr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t law6m. BISCUIT AND CRACKER BAKERY. (No. .98 PRATT STREET,) FORMERLY R. MASON d BROTHER, TAMES D. MASON tk Co. having made EXTENSIVE ALTERATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS in their BISCUIT AX I) CRACKER BAKERY, by the introduction of NEW MACHINKRY of the LATEST IMPROVEMENTS, are now prepared to supply any demand for PILOT and NAVY BREAD. WATER, BUTTER SUGAR, PIC NIC and EDINBURGH CRACKERS SODA and WINE BISCUIT, and all kinds of FANCY CAKES of a quality SUPERIOR TO ANT OTHER ESTBALISHMENT. The P ATE NT REEL OVEN in use .at their Bakery, is of novel construction, and is capable of baking 125 BAR RELS OF FLOUR per day, into CRACKERS, and 500 BARRELS INTO LOAF BREAD. DEALERS are invited to give us a call; they will find the terms as favorable as any other house. The Proprietors will take great pleasure in exhibiting the OPERATION OF THEIR OVEN, AT ALL TIMES, to any who may feel an interest in the "PROGRESS OP THE AGE," and will also conduct them through their extensive establishment. J. D. M. k Co. beg leave to remind the public that this OVEN IS THE ONLY ONE IN USE IN THIS CITY. PATENT RIGHTS of "Which, for I.OAF BREAD purposes, can be had on application to them. JAMES D. MASON k Co., FORMERLY R. MASON k BROTHER, OLD STAND, r _ Old Number 98 PRATT STREET, fe22-tf Opposite McClure'a Dock OFFICE MARYLAND GAS COMPANY, CORNER BALTIMORE AND ST. PAUL BTREKTS, UP STAIRS. r r HfS COMPANY is furnishing the most A complete and only reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private Houses. Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages. Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using uu Machines can be furnished. ' Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by person or hy letter f.-22-6m, SF. & J. H. WYLIE. . XEFF YORK KA.VCY DYEING A CLEANSING ESTABLISHMENT, OFFICE. 142 LEXINGTON STREET, HALT., (Between Park and Howard,) FOR THE RECEPTION AND DELIVERY OF dOODS. SILKS AND WORSTED DAMASK AND MOREEN CURTAINS, Ladies' and Gentlemen's Garments. Straw Bonnets, Lin ens, Cottons, Ac., Dyed and Finished in the best manner. SILKS AXD SILK DRESSES WATERED. Particular attention paid to all CANTON FABRICS, vli: Heavy Embroidered Crape Shawls Cleansed and Bleached a pure White; also dyed and Finished in Canton Style, Satins Dye-1 and Original Texture Preserved. o„.™, nINTZ - ' ACE, AND MUSLIN CURTAINS, SHAWLS, TABLE COVERS, CARPETS. RUGS, Ac., Cleansed and re-flnished. Goods restored, if possible, to original state. KIDGL9VES CLEANSED IN THE NEATEST MANNER. e pnde ourselves upon the colors and styles of work we produce, and the impossibilty of a competition in thi9 respect, and while promptness will always he exercised, our P™ 0 ® 3 M low as is often paid for inferior work. mnß-din. THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. (Founded in 1839.) ; Occupies the First Floor of the Athenmcm Building, N. W. Corner of St. Paul and Saratoga Streets. THE ROOMS are large and comfortable, well heated and lighted, and qniet. The Library contains now about 15,000 volumes, care fully selected, of History, Poetry, Drama, Theology, Arts j and Science, Biography, Voyages and Travels, Essays and . Reviews, and Fiction, and is increasing at the rate of about i 1,000 volumes per annum. It is constantly supplied with ; the best publications of all these branches of knowledge, as , well as a fair representation of the current light literature I of the present time. The Reading Room is furnistied with most of the Maga zines and Reviews of this country and England, as well as a number of American and English newspapers. The Association was formed for the special benefit of the CLERKS OF THE CITY, and is exclusively under their control. They alone areeligible for ACTIVE membership. The fee for this class is $3 per annum, payable in advance, but the use of its Books and Rooms is open to all other classes, as HONORARY members, upon the payment of $5 per annum, in advance. They may draw books from the Library, visit the rooms, and are entited to ALL THE PRII lI.EtiES of the Association, except voting and hold ing office. Ladies may become Honorary members in their own right. The accounts of either Active or Honorary members may be transferred for the use of ladies or others. The Rooms are open from 10 o'clock A. M., till 2 o'clock P. M., for the reception of ladies—and from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock P. M., for Gentlemen. Of persons now using the Library, 84 ACCOUNTS AEE FOR LADY' SUBSCRIBERS, 300 " " HONORARY MEMBERS. 650 " " ACTIVE MEMBERS. fe22-tf WM. P. WEBB & CO., IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS FOR THE SALE OF MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, AND TAILORS' TRIMMINGS, SHIRTS, UMBRELLAS, TWIST, COLLARS, SILESIAS, GALLOONS, CRAVATS, BUTTONS, CORDS, THREAD, SEWING SILK, MACHINE TWIST. No. 20 SOUTH CHARLES STREETS. Four doors below German St., _mrl-lm. Baltimore. PILOTS. HT. ROBERTS, • MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22 ly. Baltimore. READY MADE CLOTHING. JOHN It. RF.A, d CO., NORTH-EAST CORXER OP PRATT AND SOUTH STS.. Have on hand a I a rue and select Stock of WINTER CLOTniNG, that they are running off at a LOW FIGURE, to make room for SPRING STYLES. Persons in want would do well to give them a call. Also—A large stock of PIECE GOODS, suitable for cus tom trade, which will he got up in good style at low prices. ' fe22-lm. pmos anir YOUK PIANO DEPOT. WSp-JsNnf wil. F. THIEPE, 1/ u >J J U Successor to PETRI & THIEDE. Having retained the Store and Stock of the old firm, No. 80 FAYETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the SOLE AGENCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR STEIN WAY & SON'S GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will be pleased to receive calls from his friends and the public, to examine these celebrated instruments. By purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to offer the works of these well known makers at prices that will not fail to please. A call is earnestly solicited. WM. F. TIIIEDE, mr 27 d3m No. SO Fayette street, west of Chailes. C. W. NEILL. w. F. WASHLLURN. Im-NEILE & WASIIHURN. k ' r rn'. F/li ' ST PREMIUM 7' IA XO- FORTES, 'J 'J SJ J J MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOMS— -66 FAYETTE ST., East of Calvert, mhl2-6m Baltimore, Md. &"SONS" U H U J 7 NUNNS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PI AJO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by F. I). BENTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine fi i themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. mr2i if. ■ ;J ngf-w,G6"L"D MEDAL PRESHUM" U 7 > , f7f PIANO FORTES. II H V J U WILLIAM KNABE& CO., MANUFACTURERS OV GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO FORTES 'No*. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NORTH EUTA W ST., Opposite the Eutaw House, And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thalberg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter, kc., kc., to be equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this country. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to be found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS, of the best makers, at prices from $45 to $2OO. for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to $2OO. EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED, mrll-tf WM. KXABE & CO. <&ts fitting. W EST & JE V ENS~ IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERS, AND DEALERS IN GAS FIXTURES, Of every Description, No. 206 Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE i Gas Pipe 9 introduced into public and private buildings* in the best manner and on the most pleasing terms, mrll-tf ORE LIGHT AND LESS GAS! CONSUMERS OF GAS CAN SAVE FROM TWENTY TO TWENTY-FIVE FEJi CENT. Of GAS by regulating the FLOW between the meters and burners, which can be don© in most cases for a cost not exceeding 4 TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS. The undersigned have on exhibition A TEST METER, GLASS SHiiw METER, Made expressly to our order, (by L. Morrison, proprietor of Phoenix Meter Works,) and which is a fac simile of those used by consumers in this city. Persons desirous can see at a glance, in this meter, the formation and whole operation, together with the manner in which it may register correctly or incorrectly, by calling on BLAIR k CO., GAS FITTERS, mrl2.tapl 366 WEST BALTIMORE STREET. JH. McCALL & C 0.," • PRACTICAL OAS FITTERS, NO. 15 FAYETTE ST., UNDER REBEN HALL. (BETWEEN HARRISON AND FREDERICK BTS.,) Baltimore, Md. Dealers in all kinds of GAS FIXTURES. Stores, Dwellings, Churches and Factories fitted up in workmanlike manner. A large stock of cheap Gas fixtures always on hand. All orders promptly attended to, and all work" warranted fe22-3m Restaurants. RINN'S BATING SALOON, No. 40 WEST PRATT STREET, Between Frederick and Market Space. rpilE PROPRIETOR OF THIS WIDE- j JL ly known Saloon, having recently made extensive j improvements in several departments of his buildings, is prepared to furnish DINNERS, SUPPERS, kc., at as cheap rates and in a style which he will not permit of being sur passed. Families supplied with Oysters, in every variety of style; also. Terrapins, Turtles, Poultry, Venison and Fish; the last named he is daily in receipt of by Express from the South. All articles delivered free by RINN'S Express Wagon. fe22tf. BARGAINS - IN FURNITURE— We are selling our extensive STOCK of PARLOR, BED ROOM, DINING ROOM, HALL FURVIT UR E , at very low prices, corresponding with the times, FOR CASH, or GOOD NOTES, at 4 months. MEACHAM k HEYWOOD, fe24-lm 10 North Charles st. ADAM SNIVELEY. 8. W. COOKE.. SNIVELEY & COOKE, No. SCOHMKHCI STREET, Baltimore. Wholesale dealers in BUTTER, CHEESE, AXD PRODUCE Having a LARGE, WELL SELECTED and FRESH STOCK on hand, dealers are invited to give us a call. BUTTER for EXPORTATION PACKED with great care. fe22 lm. g(J BUILDERS' DEPOT. gQ SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, FRAMES, HOT BED SASH, OUJ.PINGS, CASINGS, Ac., DRESSED FLOORING AND OTHER LUMBER. LIME, BRICKS, HAIR, HARD WARE. GLASS, OIL, PAINTS, and every description of BC 1 ' DING MATERIAL, at moderate rates and on accom raofl._ 'Vng terms. Particular attention paid to orders and contracts from abroad. Estimates of the entire cost n} buildings furnished with accuracy and despatch. Ship ments effected promptly to all accessible points by R. JOHNSON, No. 69 Pratt street, (near Bowly's wharf.) fe23-tf Baltimore, Md. PHCEN'IX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREF WM. H. CRAWFORD & CO., __ , PaopßiEToas, "> e wholesale trade of this city the Soutn and Wat A! 1 quality and price on sauie terms as any other home in the United states fe22-tf INGERSOLL'S IMPROVED PORTABLE HAY PRESS. We call attention to this press which combines greater power and durability, requires lets labor, ocru/nes leu space, and costs lest money than any other Machine for baling Hay or Cotton, ever offered to the public For sale at manufacturer's prices by J. A. WESTON A CO., fe22 tf 41 South Charles street. BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, APRIL 3, 1858. insuonrc Companies. ! INSURANCE CARD. j A LOOK WELL TO THE COMPANY IN WHICH YOU j INSURE. SAML. W. T. HOPPER'S, Insurance Agency. No. 67 SECOND STREET Being a regularly LICENSED AGENT, I will continue to effect INSURANCE AT LOW RATES, WITHOUT DE LAY, in none other than companies KNOWN TO BE strictly FIRST CLASS. ALL LOSSES promptly adjusted and f aid by the undersigned. SAML. W. T. HOPPER, 67 SECOND STREET. REFERENCES FOR THE COMPANY: MESSRS. RICE, CHASE & Co., 10 and 12 German street, 44 DALL, GIBBONS & Co., 22 Hanover street, 44 A. 1.. WEBB & BRO.,cor. Pratt and Commerce streets, CHAS. W. RIDUELY, ESQ., Attorney at Law, 34 St. Paul street. mrl-eolm JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS" PHFENIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS. FIRE, MARINE AND LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES. THOS. D. JOHNSTON. mr3o-tf Underwriter. " INSURANCE AGAINST LOSS OF RENTS BY FIRE. THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF B A I. T I M O R E \ OFFICE, NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. Will make insurance against loss of Rent by fire, on a new and most liberal principle They also continue to insure all descriptions of Property against loss or damage by Firo. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, John W. Ross, A. A. Chapman, Henry M. Bash, Joseph W. Jenkins, Wm. Woodward, Wm. Heald, Adam Denmead, E. J. Church, George Bartlett. T. H. Sullivan, George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, mr29tf Secretary. HE NR Y A . D I DIE 11, " INSURANCE AGENT. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMBARD STREETS, mr!9-tf Baltimore. TPQUITABLE F1 RE INSURANC E J-J SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fullv explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER' JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES, Secretary. fe24-ly* THE GREAT WESTERN (-MARINE; INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE IF TORE. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital (alreadypaid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 5(10.000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Cumpanies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital, with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICU'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUOLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. THE" HOWARD - F1 RE I NSI RAN< E COMPANY OF BALTIMORE, Make Insurances on every description of Property within the limits of the City, OFFICE—S. E. COR. HOWARD AND CLAY STREETS. ANDREW REESE, PRESIDENT. DIRECTORS: M. Benzinger, Augustus Shriver, Aaron Fenton, Henry J. Werdebaugh, William Ortwine, Geo. P. Thomas, Samuel R. Smith, Clias. W. George, James M. Pouder, Wm G. Power, Charles Hoffman, Elisha H. Perkins. fe22-lm. GEO. HARLAN WILLIAMS, Sec'y FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, ■ AGENT WITH PULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds'in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. MARINE INSURANCE. " COL VMB IA X (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300,000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DAVIES, of Davies & Warfield, _fe22-6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY! No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. '|MUS COMPANY proposes to insure lives JL for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all extracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 84 Franklin street. f22 1y FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD k SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. JET'S A INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,.500,000 PH(EXIX " 44 44 350.000 SPRINGFIELD 44 Springfield, Mass. 375,000 JETNA LIFE 44 Hartford, 225.000 U. S. LIFE 44 New York 400.000 fe22-tf. ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES OETTT, Mechanical, J. C. WIIEEDKN, Columbian, GEORGE HARMAN, Union, J. TRDST, First Baltimore, NOAH WALKER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin, ALLEN PAINE, Liberty, J. PEABON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK, Independent, LANCASTER OULD, Patapsco, R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER. Howard, WM. A. HACK, Xew Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman, •TAB. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer JOB. C. BOTD, Lafayette. Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22-tf. JOHN DUKEHART, Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE! THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share ot the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000 A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OEEICE NO. 13 SOUTH STREET THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE. The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President BOARD OP DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, [William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, Wm. Heald, 'Adam Denmead. John W. Ross, [Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, [Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, I George Small. JOHN R. MAG RUDER, fe26tf Secretary. J AS. HAZLITT & CO., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINKS, BRANDIES, AND LIQUORS, 39 k 41 SOUTH GAT STREET, BALTIMORE. A large and superior stock of PURE RYE WHISKEYS, from the moat celebrated Distillers. mr!7 tf C. WEST <fc SON, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL, ALCOHOL, (all proofs.) COLOGNE, SPIRITS, CAMPHINE, LARD OIL, LINSEED OIL, Ac. Our facilities for manufacturing being large, we are pre pared to offer great inducements to persons purchasing goods in our line. Manufactory, 306 West Pratt street. Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Light and Charles. te22-tf. §usiitess Carts. N" GTSTA IT KVVETH EIL " • PRACTICAL ARCHITECT, AND ' SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDINGS. 94 FATETTE STREET, Baltimore. 1111-31 Cm LEONARD VANDEN KERCKHOVE, artist. I STUDIO, Second story, No. 69 SECOND STREET. mr3l-ly EDWARD DE CORMIS. WILLIAM ROGERS ! F\E CORMIS & ROGERS, | XJ IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN WINES, BRANDIES, GINS, SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WHISKYS, ENGLISH AND SCOTCH ALE AND PORTER, mr24-tf No. 4 COMMERCE STREET, Bait. RCOU BL AN D", • FASHIONABLE HATS. CAPS, Ac. No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS. mrll-ly BALTIMORE. IP RANG IS DENMEAD" Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT, CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls Avenue, BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe'22-lv IND & MURDOCH, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS, No. 1, 2, 3, and 4, McELDOWNEY'S BUILDING, fe22-lm._ E. B. GRANT. J. JJ. GRANT. G< RANT & BROTHER, T COMMISSION MERCHANTS. NO. 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, fe22-tf. Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BRO., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, fe22-tf. BALTIMORE. JL. M'PHAIL & BRO'S • HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert streets, (north side.) fe22tf. WM. W. JANNKY, LOUIS STOW. JANNEY & STOW, PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 101 SOUTH STREET, f"22ly Baltimore. JOSEPH CARBON. H. O. VICKERY. JOSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIQHT STREET, Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fe22-tf (COURTNEY & GUSHING, J TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. E. CUSHING, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf JLYLE CLARKE & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22 tf CAR D . P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FINE OLI) WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, fe22 lm 3 doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON & Co;,™ SHIPPING AND COM MIS SON MERCHANTS, No. 07 EXCHANGE PI.ACE, mrl-tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS Mo. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR. MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS IONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, &c.; also fill orders for same. fe22-tf WT. WALTERS & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES (£• LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. t&• A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY on hand. fe24-tf T. T. MARTIN. WS. R. MARTIN. 'P T. MARTIN & BRO., JL . IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR S— and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT BT., (one door from Pratt), mal -tf Baltimore. RSNOWDEN ANDREWS, • ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. 7 k 8 CARROLL HALL, feSB-Im. Baltimore, Md. JOHN F. PICKRELL, I.EWIS WARRINGTON. JOHN F. PICKRELL & CO., GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. IFF"Liberal advances made cn consignments. fe'24-tf poness. HPHOMAS LL.LCEAIP, JR.,— JL ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE Co., MD., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7 2m . STOCKETT MATHEWST A TTORNE Y AT LA TP, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22-tf. ( CHARLES E. PHELPS, Vv A TTORNE Y AT LA W. No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22 tf. ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORNE Y AT LAW, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, f<-22tf. LEXINGTON STREET. HP FRISBY HENDERSON, A . ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS' HALL, fe22 if. Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STREETS, Prartices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, ana BAL- HOWARO COUNTIES. fe23-2a-6iv. T. JOSEPH ROGERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette-street, above Charles. mrl-tf. gtebitines, f erfoinmcs, ftr. J. PURVIANCE POLK & CO. APOTHECARIES, Comer of Fayette and St. Paul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STEEET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may lie confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none but of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SDROICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C., &C. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22-tf. lIEAT SAVING IN GAS. BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSON A CHANDLER: Sirs : —We have been using J. H. COOPER'S LEVER GAS REGULATOR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is nniform and ample, aud all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consumed gas prevented. NOAH WALKER k Co. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON k CHANDLER, At the office of Messrs. GRATTAN k EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. mr29-lmo. JOHN SHANAMAN HAS REMOVED FROM SXOW HIIL, And commenced the Manufacture of EVERY DESCRIPTION OF TIN & SHEET IRONWARE AT No. 15 S. CALVERT STREET, BALTIMORE, Where every article connected with his business may be found, and which will be disposed of at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. BSyAU orders from the Eastern Shore and elsewhere will receive prompt attention mr€-3m BOUDOIR SEWING MACHINE. PRICE $4O. —THIS MACHINE IS RE commended by I. M. Singer k Co., Wheeler k Wilson and Grover k Baker as being the best single thread Ma chine in the known world; and the price being low, pur chasers will find it greatly to their advantage to exam ine it. Also, Wheeler k Wilson's superior FAMILY MACHINE, in Rosewood, Black Walnut and Mahogany cases. Wheel er and Wilson's Machines are really the best article ever invented for sewing. A great number of certificates can be seen at our store from ladies and gentlemen who have had them in use for a length of time. E. M. PUNDERSON k CO., fe22-tf. 209 Baltimore street. GUNS \ GUNS I I GUNS MI THE LAROEST ASSORTMENT OF GUNS, RIFLES. PISTOLS, AND SPORTING APPARA TUS IN BALTIMORE. Guns suitable for Deer, Duck. Turkey, Squirrel, ami all Bird Shooting; Rifles of all sizes and patterns ; Colt's Ar my, Navy and Pocket Pistols; Warner's, Allen's and oth er make of Pistols; Powder Flasks, Shot Pouches, Game Bags, Caps, Powder, Shot, Balls. Ac., in fact all Sporting Goods in the greatest variety. Having received a GOLD MEDAL AND CERTIFICATE Of the highest honors of the Maryland Institute, for spe cimens of his OWN MAKE of Guns, he flatters himself, by prompt personal attention, to give satisfaction to all, and they may rely on getting a good article. No. 51 CALVERT STREET, and 53 CHBAPSIDE. ALEXANDER McCOMAS, GUNMAKER. Established 1843. mrfl 3m. EXTRACTS FROM NEW BOOKS. i [From Atkinson's Oriental an Western Siberia.] LIFE IN SIBERIA. RUSSIAN CARD-PLAYINO. Even the lair sex in Ekaterineburg pass much of their time in card-playing. lam acquainted with one family where there are no less than eleven chil dren; there is not a day in the year during which their mother spends less than five or six hours at cards, unless prevented by sickness; and when once she sits down to the card-table, husband, chil dren and all are forgotten. I know another lady here, the principal business of whose life is card-plavng. She has a moderate income and passes her days and most of her nights at cards. She has her daily rounds, and goes with as much exactness to her haunts as the most punctual merchant to his office. Ten o'clock in the morning is her hour of business. The tables are opened and the cards placed. If no one calls before this hour she goes forth to her usual occupation, and seeks some one among her friends who will sit down and play, if only for an hour.— The game over at one place, she goes to another, till she tinds some one who will indulge her in a second rubber, and so the time passes until dinner. After dinner she sleeps a couple of hours, and wakes qute fresh for her favorite pursuit. In the evening she has no difficulty, for many are willing to play. Thus the time is spent until a late hour. At one of the large mining towns in the Altai there lives a man who has become rich from gold mines, and is a celebrated card-player. It is no un usual circumstance for him to visit St. Petersburgh; and as Ekaterineburg is about midway between the capital and his place of residence, he is sometimes obliged to stop on the way to repair carriages, after a run of more than 2,000 verts—in fact, it is often absolutely necessary. This man's fame having spread far and wide, his detention in the town for the first time was an event which afforded the lady I have just alluded to the utm: st de light; she could not permit such an opportunity to pass without trying a rubber with so re nowned a champion. At her particular request, a friend arranged that they should meet at dinner. She has been heard to say no hours ever dragged on so slowly as on that forenoon; still, the sun ran his course, and directly dinner was over down they sat to cards. The evening went on with varied success; the lady was enraptured, and rose from the table the winner of a large sum. She in vited her opponent to play the next day: after some demur he consented, and the following day the con test was renewed, and continued until she had lost all. Nothing daunted, she urged him again to de fer his journey for four-and-twenty hours, as her half year's income would arrive by the post the fol lowing morning. But then came a difficulty about getting the money at once, as there was some form ality which would delay it a day or two. After much trouble she pursuaded the person to whom it was consigned to waive the usual form, and let her have the money immediately. She got it, and so strong was her ruling passion that every moment seemed lost until seated at the card table. In a few hours she left it without a kopek—her half year's income entirely gone! A FEMALE HUNTER. Mr. Atkinson goes on to say : It was here that I first made the acquaintance of Anna Petrovnaia, the bear hunter. Iter fame has spread far from the scenes of her conflicts with Bruin, who has not in the wide range of Siberia a more intrepid or dan gerous enemy. At this time She was about thirty two years of age, neither tall nor stout, but her step was firm, and she was strong and active. Her countenance was soft and pleasing; indeed, there was nothing in her appearance that indicated her extraordinary intrepity. It is true she came of good stock, her father and brothers being famous hun ters. I was informed that very early in life she had displayed a love for the chase; and" having been taught now to use the rifle, many wolves and other animals had fallen by her liana. Each time that bear-skins were brought home from the different members of her family, her desire increased to add one to her other spoils. Without breathing a word to any one, and with this object in view, she set out on a sporting ramble, the conversations of her fam ily having afforded sufficient intimation of the course she ought to take. One day a large black bear had been seen by one of her brothers when ranging through the forest with his pea-rifle in quest of smaller game. This was spoken of in her presence, and the plan of a campaign arranged, to be carried into effect in a day or two. The next morning, long before any member of the household had left tneir beds, she had put on her hunting gear, saddled a horse, slung her rifle over her shoulder, and rode away. Anna was so erratic in her movements that her absence caused no uneasiness, and before day dawned she was many versts from the cottage. Early in the morning she reached the forest, and secured her horse so that he might feed while she penetrated the thick and tangled wood before her. There was a heavy dew on the grass in the open glades, and she observed that Bruin was taking his morning ramble, his track being quite fresh. Book ing to the priming of her rifle, and adding powder from her flask, she went on with a firm step. The bear had made many turnings on his march, but she followed him with all the sagacity of a blood hound, and never once lost his trail." Hour after hour passed, however, and she had not caught a glimpse of him. As it threatened to be along chase, Anna had recourse to her little bag, sat down by a small stream, and made her breakfast on a piece of rye bread, washed down with a draught from the pure liquid flowing at her feet. Having ended her frugal meal, she shouldered her rifle and again pushed on. She had another long and fruitless walk. Satisfied, however, that she was on his track, she pursued it till she arrived at a bed of high plants, that included the giant fennel, of the flowers of which the bears are very fond. While proceeding along the edge of this bed, a fresh indication, well known to hunters, assured her that the long sought-forgame was at hand. As she was creeping cautiously forward, out rushed the bear with a loud growl,about twenty yards in front. Quickly she threw forward the prongs of her rifle, dropped on one knee and got a good sight, the ani mal staring at her almost motionless. She now touched the trigger, there followed a flash, a savage growl succeeded, then a struggle for a minute or two, and her wish was accomplished. The bear lay dead! After taking off his skin, she started in search of her horse, which she found at no great distance, for she had been brought back nearly to the spot where she commenced the chase. She was shortly on her way home, and astonished the family, oh her en trance to the cottage, by throwing the skin on the floor. Since that time "Anna Petrovnaia has en gaged with and killed rixtcen beam. A SINGULAR PETTICOAT ADVENTURE. Mr. Atkinson found a friend in his journev. He says: About the middle of Julv, on one of the hot test da 3's in summer, my friend was travelling in the South Oural on his tour of inspection. He had dined sumptuously at one of the Zavods, and started onward in the evening to enjoy the cool breeze of the night. But there are some nights which will not cool, (I have often found such,) and this was one of them. His carriage had been standing in the burn ing sun, and had become so thoroughly heated that the inside was like an oven. When his servant made his bed for the night, my friend found that it was impossible to sleep.in his clothes; lie consequently un dressed, and was covered over with a sheet. At last daylight appeared, and the sun shed his rays over tile mountain tops, leaving the deep valley in shade. They had now arrived at a station in the moun tains, and the horses were changed while he slept. The servant and the yeinst chick, seeing the master sleeping comfortably, saw no reason why they should not drink tea. Into the house they went, and were soon enjoying a quiet glass, forgetting both steeds and carriage. Whether it was the snor ing of the inmate which frightened the horses, or something else, I cannot tell, but off they started, and rapidly got into full speed. The carriage began to bound over the rough road, tossing its opponents from side to side; this soon roused him, when, to his horror, he discovered that he was alone, and at the mercy of four horses abreast, tearing along like wild steeds of the Steppe for the first time yoked to a vehicle. To jump out was impossible; so he clutched the sides ot the tar antass, trembling with fear. On they went like furies till thev reached a steep hill, "which made them gradually slacken their speed. He knew the road, and that a still deeper descent awaited him on the other side of three or four versts in length. His fears, consequently, were so terrible that he stood watching for the" moment when he could leap out. At last, observing that he was near the top, he could endure his position no longer; so out he sprang, fortunately without accident. The sight of his strange figure frightened the horses, and on they went again at full gallop. He declares that he thanked God for his sat'etv, and quietly sat down on a fallen tree to reflect on "his situation. Shoes or stockings he had none: in short, only one linen gar ment, and that somewhat scanty; and he was in the middle of a forest, surrounded by hosts of mosqui toes humming.about him, evidently ravenous for his blood. He had not sat long in this plight, when he discovered a peasant woman on horseback com ing toward him. She had approached very near, when, suddenly getting sight of the singular apparition on the fallen tree, she pulled up her horse and looked aghast.— He addressed her in a very tender tone, saying, "Matutkka moi pady nuda. ' (Come here, my mother.) She mustered courage to ask what he wanted. "Tour petticoat," was the reply. "I have but one; take it and spare me 1" she murmur ed almost inaudible, dismounting and handing him the garment. He lost no time in putting it on, and then inarched along the road, Shortly afterward his servant and driver came up at full gallop, and were much relieved when they beheld him safe, but could scarcely maintain their gravity on sight of his extraordinary costume. The horses continued their furious pace to the station, whence two men where instantly sent back with the carriage, and in about an hour my friend was enabled to resume MB proper habiliments. SALE OF LLAMAS" - —The thirty-eight Llamas im ported into the city of New \ ork last fall from South America were offered for sale at auction in the suburbs of that town on Saturday. When orig inally shipped there wore seventy-two, but some eighteen or twenty died at Panama, and eight or ten on shipboard, "so that only forty-two reached New York alive. Since they were landed four of the weakest have died. The auction was unsuc cessful. At private sale afterwards three were dis posed of to be sent to Australia. The cost of the ad venture has been such as to fix the price asked far too high. Jorcip fttistfllimjj. FRIGHTFUL DESTITUTION IN IRELAND. The Catholic clergy of Donegal some time ago is sued an appeal on behalf of the peasantry of cer i tain parts of that county, amongst whom," they al i leged, great destitution and distress existed. In : consequence of the truth of their statements having \ been questioned, a special reporter, at the request of the relief committee, has been sent down by the pro prietors of the Dublin Evening Poet to make investi gation on the spot, and in a conimunication to that paper of Tuesday, the 16th, we find the result of his visit and inquiries. Gweedore and C'loughaniely, the districts in question, embrace a territory of mountain and bog, with an occasional strip of ara ble land, lying on the north-west of Donegal. The weather at the time of the visit was very severe, and the ground covered with snow. On reaching the scene of distribution, says the reporter, 44 1 per ceived perhaps one hundred and fifty persons, male and female, waiting with their petitions and memo rials in hand, to be presented for relief. Of these the majority were matrons, barefoot and without stockings, and some of those who possessed the lux ury of stockings had not shoes or brogues. The bare limbs of these women appeared to be swollen and covered with chilblains." He visited some of their houses —if houses they can be called. Here is a description :— 4 'l entered one on all fours, through a hole in the wall, and there I found an aged matron. Father Doherty preceded and led the way, or I dare say I should have been denied admittance to that abode of mod esty and destitution. She was seated before a fire on the hearth, the turf of which had been dug by the male members of the faniilv. There was no win dow or aperture to admit the light of day, save the hole by which I entered. There, and elsewhere, there was no time to be lost. The inquiry was pro ceeded with by Father Doherty, who showed me the bed on which some of the family lav, and here is a true description :—the head of the Led was in the corner, a few > ods of earth at head and foot to sup port it; a board for the side, with a few sticks thrown across; one end inserted in the wall, and the other end supported by stones and turf. There was no bedtiek; no clothing with the exception of a woolen rag, which could not hear the name of a blanket, nor was it sufficient in size for a single grown adult, certainly not fit to cover a person of full grow th.— Here in this hovel, unfit for the habitation of a sin gle human creature, there were seven persons—l think the number was seven." Of their food he says :—"ln another house we asked what their food was, and they exhibited metal pot which contained the meal for the family. This was chopped or pounded potatoes in a pulp, and with this pulp re-lieated, and with some sea weed which they exhibited in a wooden vessel, call" ed a noggin, thev made up their dinner and supper in one meal. This system of regimen certainlj cannot present the idea of Baron Fennefather's 4op vlence.' " The two following pictures of distress, he says, apply to hundreds of cases : —"The day was awfully severe, and all who could remain inside doors with out the pressing necessity of going abroad were huddled about the fire. In one of these domiciles there was a female, and she was one of many in the 15 or 20 houses I explored in this part of Gweedore. She was about 16, and when called upon by Father Doherty to come forward she advanced with an air of confidence, perfectly unconscious of the graceful ness and beauty of her form. This poor helpless child was not clad, unless you could call a shapeless garment, thrown over without inner covering, cloth ing. But in this house there was another female, older than the one whom I have just now introduced. This girl was about 20 or thereabouts. This poor creature had neither shoe nor stocking, and avoid ing the presence of strangers she shrunk away back into the obscure corner in the dark, from which she had been reluctantly drawn by the priest she revered." In conclusion the reporter states —"What I have now said of a few cases might apply to all I hare seen of deplorable distress in this district of the Gweedore, adjoining the place where the chappel was burned, and not far from the residence of Fath er Magee, the parish priest. But I was informed bv many that there are districts still more misera ble and desolate in the more remote and isolated parts of Gweedore. A MELANCHOLY ROMANCE OF HIGH LIFE. —Dr. Con oily, describing a portrait published in the last number of the Medical T imee, says: "The history of this patient was, in truth, one long and melan choly grief—a real romance in a woman of high rank. She was a princess of one of the noblest of the French families, and brought up in splen dor, and in all childish happiness. She grew tall and strong, and all the allusions of youth and beauty and high station were gathering around her. The time had scarcely gone by when, in the care less days of childhood, the young Duke d'Enghien was often her playmate in the splendid gardens of the Chateau of Ohantilly. Soon afterwards the great French revolution shook at once from rank, and power, and wealth all the princes and nobles of the land. The young princess was transferred to the obscure care of a private governess. She be came acquainted with poverty, and disappointment and fear agitated her daily existence. Her educa tion was neglected. "The Duke d'Enghien unhappily entered France, and his life was the immediate forfeit. His murder filled Europe with grief and horror. To the prin cess, then lfi or 17 years old, it brought despair. She fell bv degrees into profound melancholy, and, young as she was, the springs of her life being poisoned, her hair became almost suddenly gray. She was taken to the Saltpetriere, of which asylum she remained an inmate until, after many years, death came to her relief. Long before that release her lower limbs, partly from habitual position, had become contracted, so that when she moved about it was on the hands and ossaischia, like a cripple. In all these years she seldom spoke, aDd then only in murmurs. Her usual position was that repre sented in the wood engraving. She sate on her bed, her head leaning on her hand, and her large eyes fixed all the day long, and everv day, on a window opposite to her, as if looking tor some one on whom those eyes were never more to gaze, or listening for some loved voice, never more to be heard by mortal ears." HINDOO HEROISM.— An Anglo-Indian in the Timet says :—"At the time when every newspaper is ring ing with the vices of the Hindoo character I appeal to you, in the interest of truth and of our common humanity, to publish the following thrilling inci dent from Mr. Kee's Narrative of the Hiegc oj Lock now. It is gratifying to human nature to learn that even in the Hindoo nature are depths of nobleness —that it is capable of deeds of heroic self sacrifices, such as have never been surpassed. Those who know India best will, perhaps, be least surprised.— The incident occurred at the moment when the first relieving force reached the Residency :—The 78th Highlands coming upon the Bailey-guard battery, ana not knowing it to be within the Residency, stormed it, and bayoneted three of the men, whom thev mistook for insurgents. They never resisted, and one of them waved his hand, and crying, 'Kooch purwani (never mind,) it is all for the good cause; welcome, friends !' fell and expired." NENA SAHIB'S TREASURES.—A young officer who assisted at the recovery of some of the Nena's trea sure near Bithoor, writing to his father, under date the 30th of December, savs: "I wrote in the beginning of this month from Cawnpore, and since then another engineer officer and myself, with a few Sappers, have been fishing treasure out of one of Nona Sahib's wells at his pal ace at Bithoor, about ten miles from .Cawnpore.— The well contained about twenty-five feet of water, but by getting two hundred of the line to work half a-dozen buckets we succeeded in getting it down to three feet. Two or three Sappers then went down, and, after emptying the well of three feet of rub bish, which the fellows had thrown in on the top, we managed to get out about £2,000 worth of silver plate and about £6,000 worth of gold vessels. "Some of the gold plate was magnificent. Two large plates were two feet nine inches in diameter and of solid gold, and weighed togethei*7o pounds. The other gold articles consisted of chalices, cups, Ac., spurts for throwing rose-water, massive spoons for the Ganges water when worshipbing, Ac. It was difficult work, for we had no implements for working the well, and the water came in at the rate of sixty gallons a minute. This mine is not auite worked out yet, and a few Sappers we left behind at Bithoor to get at the rupees, which they say are still at the bottom. The Nena's palace is in com plete ruins, and everything belonging to him in the village we have burnt." ITALIAN CONFERENCE. The conference of the Italian Constitutional Party has at length agreed upon an "Address to the various Sovereigns, Princes and Statesmen of Europe." This address states that Italy at the present time presents features which are the sure signs of an existing vitality—of a nationality which is sooner or later certain to be realized, anil that, having the same traditions and aspirations as Greece, it has, in seeking an indepen dent existence, the same claims on the gratitude, the humanity, the justice, and the interest of the various European rowers. The address proposes that there be granted to the various States of Italy a constitutional Government, comprising a Repre sentative Assembly and a House of Peers; the free dom of public speech and the liberty of the press; the right of public assembly; the appointment of a municipal guard; the organization of the municipal authority on a liberal elective system; and the opening of all courts of justice. It proposes, also, a confederation of Italian States,"analogous to the Germanic Union. The address concludes by stating that the liberal constitution granted to the Sardin ians by their late King, Carlo Alberto, for whose memory Italy will ever retain a grateful recollec tion, has fully proved the undeniable fact that the Italians are already fitted to claim for themselves the only form of government suited to their wants, and which when granted will for ever set aside that loud murmur of discontent thai ever and anon threat ens to ever whelm the continent in a deluge of human blood. VACCINATION WITH A MAGXETISED NEEDLE.—Pro fessor' Becka states that, since 1856, hundreds ot children have been thus vaccinated, with scarcely any failures occurring. The point of the needle is well saturated with the magnetic fluid before prac tising the vaccinations, which are then performed in the usual manner, a single magnetisation serving for manv vaccinations. It is quite surprising to ob serve the rapidity with which the vaccine virus is absorbed when the needle is thus prepared.—Judi cal Timea. PRICE TWO CENTS WAI,TER SAVAOE LANDOU.— He inherited a large patrimony (£80,000) and his style of living has been princely, But he owes far more to nature than to fortune. If he is rich in what Pope calls "yellow dust," he is still richer in the treasures of the mind. He is truly one of nature's noblemen. He does not, as Scott and Bvron did, affect to look down upon the literary profession. On the contrary, he has elevated it above all other human avocations, and no literary man in distress has ever appealed to him in vain. Though accustomed from his childhood to the luxuries and refinements of high life, no man has a more generous sinypathy and respect for hon est poverty in the humblest classes, or thinks less of mere conventional distinctions of all sorts. He is an enthusiast for liberty, and would readily shed his last drop of blood or spend his last guinea in that holy cause. In 1808, on the first insurrection in Spain, he raised a body of troops there at his own expense. The rank of colonel in the Spanish army was conferred upon him. On the extinction of the Constitution by Ferdinand, he resigned his commission and told Ron Cavallos that though willing to aid the Span ish people in the assertion of their liberties, "he would have nothing to do with a perjurer and trai tor." Napoleon the Third was once on friendly terms with Landor, and presented him with a copy of his works, with autograph compliments on the fly leaves. Bnt when the Emperor sent his troops against the Italians, Landor returned the volumes in disgust. I.andor's intellectual tastes are not con fined to the library. He is never more happy than when he is in some magnificent gallery of pictures or meditating the marvels of the gifted sculptor or the skillful architect. The walls of his own apartments —even the bedrooms, passages, and staircases, from the ceilings to the floor—glow with the rich life of art. The paintings are even fixed on the doors.— Landor is full of anecdote, and has seen so much of human life in all its phases, both in England and on the Continent, that his autobiography would as suredly be one of the most interesting works im aginable. But no one can persuade him to under take it. Colburn once ottered him a large sum for a small volume of his personal recollections. A friend said to him one day, "Landor, you must write jour autobiography." "Never!" was tlicemphatic reply. "Oh, you'll think better of it." "No—l may think worse ot it." Mr. Foster wished for I,anlor's portrait for the large edition of his works, but he declined to give it. Ilis friends have several photographic portraits of him, and there is a bust by Baily.— -Statesman. MEETI.SG OF UNEMPLOYED ARTISANS AT BIRMING IIAM.—On the Bth instant a meeting of artisans, large numbers of whom are now out of employ in Birmingham, was held on Gosta-green, and, not withstanding the inclemency of the weather, about 1,000 attended. Mr. A. Dalzell, chartist, was called upon to preside, and in commencing the proceed ings he addressed the assembly as a "hungry meet ing," and stated that what they wanted was to be relieved, not to be put to unreinuncrative labor, such as stone-breaking andgrindingat the "crank." He suggested, as a means of relief, extensive emigration to the Cape of Good Hope, under Gov ernment organization, the outfit and passage to be provided by the State, and repaid by the settlers. — As there were many unemployed, however, who were averse to emigration, he maintained that for these there was plenty of land in England, where home colo nies might be formed with beneficial results. Tn the meanwhile, however, he urged his hearers to meet frequently and make their grievances temper ately yet thoroughly known. In the course of th e proceedings a resolution to the effect that, whilst the meeting were grateful for all acts of private be" nevolence exerted in their behalf, they felt that the present poor law system was inadequate to meet the social evils of, or elevate those for whom it was intended, and it was their duty to memorialize the Government to adopt a comprehensive plan of emi gration on the basis advocated by the chairman.— A deputation to wait upon the magistrates, to as certain the most prudent steps to be taken to obtain immediate relief, having been appointed, a vote of thanks to the chairman was passed, and the meet ing, which was an orderly one throughout, was ad journed. STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH AMERICA. —We believe we are correct in stating that, in view of the antici pated return of the United States mail steamers, the Cunard Company's screw vessels, instead of taking up the days formerly occupied bv the Collins line, will be dispatched from Liverpool to New York di rect, or to Boston and New York, on any day of the week in which the mail steamships of the Cunard Company run to Halifax and Boston, and as often as may be found necessary to supply the trade. In this way, with the United States mail line, (when it returns to Liverpool to recommence its service,) the Cunard Company's mail steamships, the Canadian Company's screw vessels, the Liverpool, Philadel phia, and New York screw steamers, and the screw steamers of the Cunard Company, it is evident that Liverpool is to be well supplied with steam commu nication with America, quite adequate to the wants of those interested in the trade. THE ROYAL BRITISH BANK. —We are told that the whole proceedings in the case of the British Bank directors will have to be gone through again. Mr. Stapleton feels his seat in the House of Commons is so much endangered by the verdict of guilty, that notwithstanding the nominal sentence passed upon him, he intends to move for a new trial. This fa vor, we are also told, is pretty sure to be conceded; and as one of the defendants cannot be tried upon a charge of conspiracy, this will re-open the entire case. An attempt is also being made to reverse the decision in the case of Mr. Richard Hartley Kenne dy. Memorials "to the proper authorities" in his favor, are, it is said, being prepared at Whitchurch and Ross, in Herefordshire, Monmouth, Newcastle and London. THE ARMY AND NAVY CLUB AND THE EMPEROR NA POLEON.—The Mooiteor of the 13th says:—"We re cord with pleasure a fact which shows the honora ble sentiments by which the officers are animated in England who stood side by side with our own ofli cers in the Crimean War. The Committee of the Army and Navy Club in London, being informed that somebody 'had sent to officers of the French army a caricature, beneath which were printed some offensive words, with a pretended message from the club, has offered a reward of £5O to any one who will make known the author of this deed, thus show ing how indignant the members of the club were at the perpetration of such an unworthy insult." THE GENOESE INSURRECTION. —A pamphlet by Maz zini, defending the late Genoese insurrection, and describing the state of Italy, has been published by an English friend of the indefatigable apostle of in surrection. The pamphlet, it seems was written soon after the late abortive movement,but suppressed by the Piedmontese Government, and is now repro duced here with the viewof showing that public opin ion in England is sadly mistaken atmut the Mazzini ans and the Italian question. It seems that the re publican movement in Genoa was got up with the view of affording to the Piedmontese Government the opportunity tor action, as it is assumed that that Government cannot initiate an open struggle for the establishing of an united and independent Italy. CHRISTIANITY IN INDIA. —The Bishop, Archdeacon, and nearly 650 of the clergy of the diocese of Lich field have signed a memorial to the Queen, repre senting that the Indian Government has hitherto exhibited a neutrality between Christianity and false religion which is dishonoring to God and in consistent with the obligations of a government and people professing the Gospel of Christ, and beseech ing her Majestv to embrace the opportunity of im pressing upon Tber heathen and Mahomedan subjects that this neutral policy will be no longer pursued, but that the countenance and aid of the Govern ment will be cordially given to every legitimate means of bringing the Christian religion under their notice. NEW INDIAN BISHOPRIC. —The Archbishops of Can terbury and York, together with the noblemen and gentlemen forming the governing body of the Soci ety for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, have addressed a memorial to the Earl of Derby, praying for the subdivision of the see of Cal cutta. Dr. Cotton, the bishop-designate of Calcut ta, has, it is said, signified his assent to the propo sal for a new see for the North-West Provinces, the scat of which shall be Agra. The new diocese would be about 500 miles in length, and contain an area of 109,000 square miles, with a population of 34,000,000—a diocese which would bo 19,000 square miles larger than the whole of Great Britain. The novelty of a Gothic church, all constructed of white wood, steeped in some antiseptic prepara tion to render the timber incorruptible, can now be seen near the Boulevard Mont Parnasse, at the Caen and Nantes station. The effect is picturesque, and brings the mind forcibly back to the origin of the pointed arch, which is the reproduction of for est architecture in the intersection of branches.— Its best recommendation is its wonderful economy. "Notre Dame des Champs" will be inaugurated next Sunday. EMIGRATION. —According to the Banner of Ulntrr, the prospects of emigration from the port of Bel fast are not improving as the season advances: — "No vessel has yet sailed, and the only one on berth is still far from full. The tide of cross-Atlantic trav eling is still setting strongly eastward, almost as many returning Irish fortune-seekers arriving at our "quays via Liverpool as are leaving them for the States_b"y the same route, and these not confined to working men and their families, but including not a few farmers. .Should there occur any increased efflux of emigrants to the westward from Belfast this year, Canada is likely to be the favorite point of destination." THE PRESS IN BELGIUM.— The responsible editor of the Belgian journal Proletaire, M. Coulon, was tried bv the Court of Assizes of Brabant, sitting at Brussels, for having, in the number of January 27, published an article justifying the recent attempt to assassinate the Emperor of the French, and con taining gross insults on his Majesty. The defendant had made a formal declaration that he was the au thor of the article, and that he accepted the respon sibility of it. The jury declared him guiltv. and the court sentenced him to eighteen months' im prisonment, IOOt. tine, and the cost. He was im mediately taken into custody and conveyed to prison. The turf has not been in good odor in France since Palmer and Cook's case. The Secretary ot the Jockey Club of Paris died last November, and was buried at Avranche, in Normandy. He is now dug up, and sufficient proof of Arsenica^ or strycli nical dosing, "hellebore, mandi agora,' or some other "drowsy svrup," has been found to warrant the committal of a stable lad of 21, called Lemou lard, for the murder of Mr. .Secretary Seneschal.