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THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PT BLISHED EV ERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED ) nr KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. E. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT STREETS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES O. KKRK. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWSLVR AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARS forsix months and ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion 50 Two insertions * 75 " !!si.oo f,"" r " $1.25 F've " $l5O One week $1.75 one mouth $4 .00 . -Auvertmements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UVDF.II the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. 1 his enterprise has been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in i>opulation and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, and its conse quently increased commercial and political importance not only justify but demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an apology were needed, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal ism,—-it has been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness ill connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must be largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. Ist. NEWS. —It will, of course, bo the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, 110 necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE.— The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily reports and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic and foreign, com piled with fulness ami accuracy, but a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturally look to the public press for comment and suggestion. 3d. POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state Ithe markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to he any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own, it will te the object of H IE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality upon the other. 4th, LITERATURE AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art tnu sicalland dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest, will always finil ail appropriate place in the col umns ot THE EXCHANGE, and it will be the constant inn of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest ■•'n journal for the family as well as for the counting room. dentation. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND 'fill? TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female . . I ,ls t.itute announce to the public that the additional huildiugsand improvements commenced by them ayear ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the 1 South. It has pre-eminence in health fulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and oil the other the rigors of the North, have i few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any f its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organisation, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time tit time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the I nstitute. CIIAS. \V r HORSEY. PRESIDENT. WM. DENNY M D . SECRETARY. T. WATKINS LIOON, E. HAMMOND, JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22 dtf. I AW SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY -i AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. Tlf Instructors in this School arc Hon. JOEL PARKER. LL.D., Koral Professor. Hon. TUKOPHELBS PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law. ami of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, "and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 1-4,0)10 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, aud every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and hy recitations and examinations, in connection with them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; ami an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law aud proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. . The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of tweuty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, wanned, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or anv further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambr.dge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t law6m. ggrinrttwiL RHODES' SUPER PHOSPATE OF LIME MANUFACTURED FROM FORMULA OF HI. FAMES UIGGINS, > STATE CHEMIST OF MARYLAND EVERY LOT OFFERED EOR SALE REGULARLY AN ALYZED IIY DRS. JAS. HIGGINS AND CHARLES BICKELL AND FULLY WARRANTED. In introillining this HIGHLY AUTHENTICATED FERTILIZER to the agriculturist of the United States for the year 1858, we forbear any lengthened remarks, as their intelligence is already informed of the value of BONES TREATED WITH SULPHURIC ACID, producing the In phospate of lime, and yielding SOLUBLE PHOS PHOHIC ACID, the efficient and indispensable nutri ment of plants. As many preparations are offered to the public styled "Super Phospate," we have for our own, and the protection of the agricultural community, surrendered up to I)rs Higgins and Bickell the entire scientific feature of the RHODES' SUPER PHOSPHATE OF LIME, and every lot offered for sale is regularly analyzed by them and reported to the public, which we conceive will be a proper caution to the agricultural community to protect them from impo sition in the many spurious articles now offered in the market. PA MPHI.RTS containing a detailed account will be fur nisbed on application or forwarded per mail. Packed in barrels and bags. Price $45 per ton of 2,000 lbs. Address B. tf. RHODES k CO., fe22-3m 141 West Pratt Street. Baltimore. WHRF.LER & WILSON'S IMPROVED FAMILY SEWING MACHINE, , -M9 BALTIMOK* STREET. Thousands of these MACHINES have been in successful operation in the hands of FAMILIES,.PLANTERS AND MANUFACTURERS, for the past several years, and have thus earned the proud 1" ™™,'"* universally conceded to them. Thus, THE PR EMU M was awarded these machines at the Fair of the om'vimra i'iou , A „o°' thc SW ANN PREMIUM (>F ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS at the same Fair, as one of ••the most practicable inventions adapted to common use. to be estimated with efereuce to cheapness and general v■ \ ll', 5 ! " f/t-'l lr ' mmm M the Metropolitan Fair at Washington, of lebruary, 1855: and the Highest 'rem,urn at the Pennsylvania lan, State Fair, held at Harrisburg, September, 1 ( u Silver Medal! and the Highest Premium at the Mechanics' Fair at Cincinnati the Highest Premium at New York State Fair at Klmira* September, 1555; and the Highest Premium at the late- Fair of the Maryland Institute of 1855 (a Gold Med-ill E. M. PUN PERSON & CO.* :i|l7-tf 209 Baltimore street. WM. GRANGE k CO., ? ▼ 119 WEST LOMBARD STREET, MANUFACTURERS' DEPOT OF GLUE, Of every description, from common to the most superior quality of BONE GLUE, for Printers and Piano Manufac turers' use. Also, constantly on hand, a large supply of RONE DUST, # FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES. Both Articles at strictly Manufacturers' prices. fe22 tf CO LLEC TI O N A G E N C Y~ •T. D. PRATT &. CO., f to rec ' iT " and transmit CLAIMS FOR COL nliV..v. iV '".""y tity °r county in the United States or „,,„„ r .?, V .'! ICT3 ,. , Bein H in direct and frequent corres jl.r ) Tellable Attorneys in every city and county, TIOVS Ire sivh'a e speedy and prompt COLLEC nmrpnS rum'l}g in entire satisfaction, n. mn-I .la i NT!I.E AGENCY, corner of Baltimore and South Charles streets. mrfJ tf pouts ant) *Jlusir. m faWILLIAM GAEHLE & '<>., I frfTTnfW lrom tl,e Fi ™ "f Knabe, Giielile &Co ! U J V J J MANUFACTURERS OF I GRAND AND SQUARE EI ANO FORTES, I North-east corner of EUTAW AND FAYETTE STS., TXTU „ Baltimore, Md. Where may be seen PIANOS, which for elegance of finish sweetness of tone, combined with an agreeable touch are second to none in thiscouniry. Terms and prices moderate, and every instrument war ranted. Pianos hired, and Tuning att 'nded to promptly apb-tf 1 1 J ' YORK PIANO DEPOT. n-J-PFFTI WM F. THIEDE. UII Successor to PETRI & THIEDE. x- 11 on'fA the Sto re anil Stock of the old firm. No. 80 F AYETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the SOLE AGENCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR STKIXWAY .t SON'S GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will be pleased to receive culls from his friends and the public, to examine these celebrated instruments By purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to offer the works of tliese well known makers at prices that will nut rail to please. • A call is earnestly solicited. WM. F. TIIIEDE, mr m No. 80 Fayette street, west of Chai les. ' V - NKILL - W. F. WASHBURN. : & WASHBURN, | ffIf"TT~W7I EJRsr premium piano-fortes, ! J J irf J J MANUFACTORY AM) WAREROOMS— | 66 FAYETTE ST., East of Calvert. I 111 ill 2 Sm Baltimore, .Md. 'HUNKERING & SONS, 3" * 31 NUNNS k CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving anil for sale only by F. D. BENTEEN, IS! Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine fir themselves the superior qualities of the aliove Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards mr2s tf. , f 'nM ( ■' >l.l> M F.DAI, PR KM I I'M hniryni piano fortes. 1/ J y J U WILLIAM KNABE & CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO.FORTES Nos. 1,3, 5 and 7 NORTH F VIA IF ST., Opposite the Eutaw House, And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. Tliese celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for ' several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thalberg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter kc kc to be equal if not SUPERIOR to anv in this country' We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FIXE PIANO FORTES to be found in this city, which we will sell wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE OXS, ~f the liest makers, at prices from $l5 to $2OO. 'V. 1 !' ay ? fur sale a ' HrKe m,n il>er of 0001) SECOND HANI) 11 A.N OS, at prices ranging from $75 to $2OO. tt^"PIANOS EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED. mrU tf WM. KNABE fc CO. fobarto. M ANUFACTURED TOBA( •< O M. I.anghurne k Son, Nectar Ilis Keen & Moorman lbs. Turner, I-owis & Co. D.s, Scearcefc Martin lbs. E.M.Holland Il,s 11. W. Jones Ihs. J. K. Lea, Kalorama lhs! A. H. Moorman lbs. do Talula lbs A.T. Holland lbs. John Thomas lhs' n in. 11. Cabaniss lbs. Fairfax i|,s F Beverly lbs. Wm. Rarrett lbs.' tharl ;s .x ring lhs. L. Laurence lbs James Harper lbs. D. Noble p> s ' L nion lhs. Samuel Lovell lbs Geo. Cooper & Co. Twist Melville lbs' John Wesley lbs. For sale by JOHN P. PLEASANTS & SONS a l'- 1 ,f No. 52 South street. ANUFACTUREI) TOBACCO,— A. Enos, lbs. Economy, 12's G. H. Larrence, lbs. Jas. Ilite, 12's. A. Enos, s's. J. Mason. 12 s. W. Reynolds k Co., s's. Anthony, 12's A Johnson. 10's. Wm. Walker, 18's, G. 11. Larrence, 10's. Economy, 20 s. G. H Larrence, s's. Uncle Tom's, 20's. \\. Reynolds k Co., 10's. Planter's Daughter, X lhs Aragon, 10's. G. 11. Larrence, 4 s. Jas. Smith, 12's. Just received and for sale by COURTNEY & CUSHIXG, a PO 66 South Gay street. VIRGINIA MANUF. TOBA< ;< •< POUNDS* De Rosa, FIVES and TENS Continental, Jno. T Lewis Jas. Rue, I. p. Cook, Tobacco yueen, HALF POUNDS. Jas. Williams, National Guard, J. W. Gait, lllair k Birch, Leftwicli, (cross,) Uncle Sam, JNO. TABB, Laurel Branch FIVES and TENS Forest Rose, Conqietitor, Olive Branch, Piid.ly, Jas. Douglas. Smiley, Hundley, Turnley, ' shilo. Jas. Douglas, Phil Primus, Anna Rice, bright, R. J. Christian's Comfort, J. C. Brock, do. do. P. Apple A. E. Crutchfield. do. do. G.F. Rovall Hewlett ,1„ do. Nat's Pride Le Grand, PLANTERS' PRIDE J. Lanes, Il.irk Sweet, lbs. A. Stewart, R J. Christian's Indomitable Vl'-'R*son, do. Comfort, Christian s Pine Apple, do. Pine Apple do Royal, ,1„. C.S.Pearson r' ',D L ea " e ' W Stewart, Jack Robinson, Competitor, Planters' Pride, Old Bobs, Zenobia, W H. Smiley. Alexander, Fancy Light Pressed and R. R. Twist. Fig, Dougli Nut and other fancy stylos. Powhatan pipes and Kentucky leaf In store and for sale by ARMISTEAD, RIGGS k CO. ap3-tf. 7 Kl'lare. MAN UFACTURED TOBACCO.— POUNDS. Thus. J. Martin, D. F. Holt John S. Hall, J. Brook, ' W. L. Saunders, T. T. Saunders, Harry of the West, C. Davis, Price Thomas. Davis k Draper, A. J. Law & Co., Jean Nicott. Shelton k Clay, Economy, Gilman, B. White, C. O'Malley, 8. Mate, P. A. (-lay, A Ivan Adams, W. B. Law, P. Hayne. A Wins, P. Richardson, J. M. Dillard, Geo. Finney, Thomas Carbry, Smith, J. M. Taylor, Mniiticello,' J W. Murrell, K. Pope, L. J. Keen, J. p. (Jraham, Allen k Knight, P. Fry, C. L. Ellis, Sams, A. B. Clements, Joe Johnson, W. Dabney, Meaxes, M Moor, J;is. Sizer, Jr., Wild Rose. Pigs, A. Turner, A. J. Law k Co., J. Mason, Twist, J. T. Ross, R. Caswell, Forest Rose, #lbs. 9 Buffalo, s's k 10's, Lawrence, D. Lyon, 5 s k 10's, A. k G. Maxwell, s's & 10's, A. B. Clements. 5 s, Shipping s's, 10's, 12's, 14's, 18's and 20's. For sale by COURTNEY & CUSHING, f-22 tf Nu.South Gay giraoi. "A/I" ANUFACTORED TOBAC<'O, IvA Fancy Pound Lumps, Twist, Pancake, Balls, Figs, Itc. Poindexter's Twist, X boxes.Ferguson's Cuba Twist, cad Crumpton's Rllil A " Delight of the Harem, picture Carroll's Fig, X u Ferguson's cor. stoned, 1 , bxs. Murphy's Fig, X " M. G. Anderson's G. Ferguson's I"ncake,X; " Bars, X " Ragsdatc's Twist, X " Nutmeg Twist, X " S. S. Lncke, X ' Jus. Miller's Pancake,X " Ragsdale's Dew Thomas' Hon. Bean, X " Drop, X " Witcher's Fan. &Sox. R&RX Stewart & Walker's 6s, X bxsßerger's Original Jenny J. Thomas, Jr., "Gholson." I.ind Twist. POUNDS, S. E. White, R. M. Harper, J. M. Cobb, American Clipper, J. A. Clay, Natural Leaf, J. M. Arnold, W. C. Morton, Burton's Cross, J. A. Graves, H. Lewis. T. Taylor, Star of Franklin, People's Favorite, M. T. Anderson, Murrell & Burks, T. H. Alien, R. D. Burks, Lee k Bro., Mav Cherry, Abdel Kader, Red Fox, Lone Star, Jnu. p a tc, Tyreana, Piedmont, L. A. Williams, Jno. S. Clair, J. L. Clayton's Cross, 11. Walker, Geo. G. Curie, Jno. Turner Prentis, Lilly Lee R Walton, J.P.Hamlet, Edmund Hale, D. P. Witchus, AAAA J. C. Ferguson, John Logan. John Smith, A. E. Saunders, Leftwitch's Cross, J. C. Breckinridge, Bluff City, FIVES. Natural Bridge, Jack Robinson." Nutmeg, EIGHTS, Ac. Harry of the West Carter Jackson, P. Parley, Consoler of Man, Uncle Sam, Jno. Ainos, Jew Twang, O. H. Roland, Fannie Waller, TENS, I. Ross, J. C. Luce, W. B. Ryland, Stewart & Walker. HALF POUNDS, Consoler of Man, Carter Jackson, X boxes. SMOKING TOBACCO IN BALES, BOXES AND BULS, Kentucky I.eaf; Virginia Leaf and Stems. Powhatan Pipes; Calabria Stick Liquorice. In store and for sale by WARWICK, FRICK k BALL, fe22-tf. No. South street. JOSHUA WALKER, GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANT, AND DEALER IN FEED, HAY AND STRAW, No. 110 N. HOWARD STREET. Family, Extra and Super Flour of the best selected brands. Corn Oats, Corn Meal, Chop Rye and Mill Feed. Hay and Straw in bales. Cut Straw. Ac. mrf.27 t RE M O V A L TO STRAW GOODS DEALERS, MILLINERS, HAT -1 fcitS, and the PUBLIC. P .w„ RICHARD HILL Respectfully announces to his friends and the public RFTIII STP/U™W7l. M * WHOLESALE AND 2 .Vn n ~ A T MANUFACTORY from No. 18 Mcllellan s alley to his new and commodious Factorv corner of SHARP and GERMAN STREETS, where he has ample facilities for carrying on the above business in all its various branches, including BLEACHING PREIV/I and DYEING BONNETS and HATS of all d^cription, N. B. Constantly on hand a full assortment of fashion able BONNET FRAMES, CROWNS, Ac. mrlC-Sm BALTIMORE, THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1858. Mtmrnlumpitits. I FIREMEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY JOfl.N" REESE, President. H. P. DTIIURST, Secretary. I Corner of South' and Second streets. ap6-tf JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS I *9 PIKENIX BUILDINGS 73 SECOND STREET AGGP. EGAT E CAPITA I, EIGHT MILLIONS DOLLARS STRICTLY FIRST CLASS. FIRE, MARINE AXD LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES THUS. D. JOHXSTOX i mr 3° Af Underwriter. INSURANCE AGAINST LOSS OF RENTS BY FIRE. I THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. OFFICE, NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. I Will make insurance against loss of Rent l>> lire, on a new I and most liberal principle Thev also continue to insure | all descriptions of Property against loss or damage l>v Eire. " ' JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, | John W. Ross, i A. A. Chapman, i Henry M. Bash,! Joseph W Jenkins, Win. Woodward, -• " eal, V A,lam Denmead, K. J Church, George Bartlett, 1. 11. Sullivan, j George Small. I JOHN R. MACRUDER, I mr 29 'f Secretary. HENRY A . D I DIE R . insurance agent COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMRAKD STREETS, I mrlfl-tf Baltimore. 17* QUIT AB L E FIRE INSURANCE ! SOCIETY. Off A RTER PER /*ETV AL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Tnsnre HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insure<i in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti thjd to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles 011 which the Society insure will be fully explained. DIRECTORS: TIIOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEPORD, WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEL KIRBY, HENRY RIEMAX, MICHAEL WARNER" JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL BAIL. CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, A USTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARPIELD. FRAXCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. .TONES, Secretary. fe24 ly r UI JI - CtI!KAT VVKSTRUN (MA RINF.) JL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000 000 Cash Capital (already paid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2 276 000 This Cc in pany combines the advantages of the'"mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital , with a literal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. J NO. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, " Office Commercial Buildings. TJMRK INSURANCE AGENCY. A GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGENT WITH FULL POWERS FOR THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD Cash Capitol $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. MARINE INSURANCE. COL IT MR IA X (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300,000 TITOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President riERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of ;,,;1 ™ prepared to receive applications for IN SLRANCL on all Mar ine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DAVIES, , „ „ of llavies & Warfleld, fe22 6m. No. in Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOIIX I. DONALDSON, President. 'I'HIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives I°'* on,; or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium lie has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes .'ill contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, . Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr. DONALDSON, 34 Franklin street. P22 ly AND LIFE INSURANCE . OFFICE, XO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued, and Losses paid at the Agency. TNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHCENIX 44 44 44 350,000 l^J? G i |, ?S Ll> u Springfield, Mass. 375.000 ;T A 1, , 1FE U Hartford, 225,000 JLJ'i EE " New York 400,000 fe22-tf. VSSOCIATUI) Fill KM EN'S INSUR „ . , ANCK OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, mi UAIL\ for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP- CiTY ° F PROrEUTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical , J. C. WHEEDEN, Cohimlnan GEOROB HARM AX. Union , J. TRUST. First Baltimore, ' v° m H Wawee, Friendship , FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FARLOW, DPptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin, ALLEN PAINE. Liberty, J. PEASON, JR., Washington, ,VIRK - Independent, LANCASTER OULD, Patapsco, L. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Ifinvard, t M o' ! ,ArK - Xno JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman, JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD, Lafayette.. U*H,k and Ladder Co. No. 1. JOHN DUKGHABT, Secret** T MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE HE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE w . COMPANY OF NEW YORK, insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as ravorahU as those of any other Company. All ]>ersons tak mg Policies frotn this Company are entitled to a share of the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. NEILSOX, Press't. A. BEATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD. Sec. f - HLIV KR O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. f ' -- l v N". M KIOBAW PLACE. NATIONAL FIRF, INSURANCE COM PAXY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE No. 13 SOUTH STREET. THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE N . , . BY FIRE. frl N daily to eterm 'ne upon applications JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. BOARD OP DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward, Henry If. Bash, 'George Bartlett, Win lleald, Adain Penniead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, |Thomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, i George Small. , JOHN R. MAGRUPER, fe26 ' tf Secretary. tailors. S <ll LOSS & LIR(>„ M E R GII A -V T TAILOR S No. 19 LIGHT STREET, (Below the Fountain Hotel,) Baltimore. By keeping constantly on hand a full assortment of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES and YESTINGS, they are ena bled to furnish suits at prices that cannot fail to please Orders filled at the shortest notice. aplS tf T P. MAR T M ANT •J • ME R CIIA X T TAILOR, 197 BALTIMORE STREET ABOVE LIGHT, aplS-lw Baltimore. HT. ROBERTS; . MERCER AXD TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, ft' 22 ly. Baltimore. ML COON AN. * GENTLEMEN'S CLOTHING AXD EURXISHING STORE No. 119 BALTIMORE STREET, SEAR SOOTH, CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND VESTINGS'ALWAYS ON HAND Particular attention paid to CUSTOM WORK. UST A full assortment of BOY S ' CLOTHING. _apl-3m PIITENIX SPICK MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREF WM. H. CRAWFORD & CO., * PROPRIETORS, Offer to the wholesale trade of this city the South and Wert GOODS of equal quality and price on same terms as anv other house in the United states fe22 tf TNGERSOLL'S IMPROVED PORTABLE A HA Y PRESS. .We call attention to this press which combines qreater power and durability. requires less labor, occupies less space, and costs less money than any other Machine for haling Hay or Cotton, ever offered to the public. For sale at manufacturer's prices by J. A. WESTON k CO. fc22 tf 41 South Charles street. OFFICE MARYLAND GAS COMPANY, CORNER BALTIMORE AND ST. PAUL STREETS, UP STAIRS THIS COMPANY is furnishing the most A complete and only reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private Houses, Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages. Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using ou Machines can be furnished. Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by person or by letter. fe22-6m. business Carta. R. IIKOWN. JR. ; j j, y'DONOV Y\ Jit Brown & o'donovan DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS, I apl6-tf No. 33 CHEAPSIDE, Baltimore No. stark wether, • PRACTICAL ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC _ AN,) PRIVATE BUILDINGS. 94 FAYETTE STREET, Baltimore. mr3l-6m Leonard yanden kerckhove, A R J* J S T. STUDIO, Second story, No. 69 SECOND STRICT nn-31 ly TYECORMIS & ROGERS W,LUAJI KOUEBS ras! BRA R N T DcI,GJNS WUOLK3AI ' E DEALERS ' N ' SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WITISKYS ENGLISH AND SCOTCH ALE AND PORTER, mr34 ' tf Vo- 4 COMMERCE STREET, Bait f | R. CO UPLAND, FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS, &c. J\o. 40 Baltimore. Street Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS. MRLLLY _ BALTIMORE. DENMEAD, Manufacturer f RYE AND BARLEY MALT CITS MALT HOUSE, West Falls A venue, XT _ _ BALTIMORE. V H Hops constantly on hand. ft-221v B. B. '"RANT. j n fIBANT /'KANT & BROTHER, O COMMISSION MERCHANTS R „ NO 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, _ fe22 AL __ Baltimore. JOHN 8. WILLIAMS TC BR()., COMMISSION ME I! CHA NTS, F 0 ., 52 COMMERCE STREET. BALTIMOKR. T L. M'PHAIL & BUG'S ** • V7 HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, IY, °-132 BALTIMORE STREET, Hit wren North mill Calvert street #, (north side.) fc22tf. TANNEY & ST<)w. J PRODUCE AND GENERA!, COMMISSION MERC lIA NT S, t>oo , No. 101 SOUTH STREET, e __i^ r Raltunoiv. JOBEPH CARBON. „ ~ Q VI( . KKRY ' TOSEPH CARSON & CO. ° VI0 " RT ' •" WESTERN PRODUCE GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, NOS. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, T „ I , . Baltimore. ' 1 r:i ' MTttcei made on consfgmnents. fe22 tf jOOURTNEY & CUSHING, vy TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS 65 SOUTH GAY STKEET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. E. CusiilNG, J. A. COFBTNET. fe22-tf T LYLE CLARKE &. CO., ** • . IMPORTERS AND DEALIRS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TORACCO SUGARS, SNUFF, ke.. No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22 t f CVA K D. P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER F.XCLUSIVELY IN FINK OLD WHISKEYS, No. 108 NORTH HOWARD STREET, 111 8 doors South of Mulberry street RK'TIARDSON & CO.. SHI IT INO AND COMMISSON MERCHANTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING A NO COMMISSION MER CIIA NTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, .. , BALTIMORE, VAT? attention to consignments of SUGAR, o !k AS SF. S :. C " TTON - COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PRIIVIS- N FLOUR, GRAIN, kc.; also fill orders for same. fc22 tf WT. WALTERS IK CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINE S d LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PI,ACE LOMBARD STREET, BALTIMORE. ICE- A large and very Sue stock of OLD RYE WHISKEY u " In, c ten it T. T \ MARTIN WM K MARTIN R R T. MARTIN FC BRO., X • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LIQUOR S— and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt). maltf _ Baltimore. RSNOWDEN ANDREWS, • ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT, 7 & 8 CAKRULL lIALL, fc23-lm. BRltimore. Mil. JJOHJIK PICK HELL, LEWIS WABBINQTON, OHN F. PICKRRLFi & CO., GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, ~-n.fi Bultirnoro. B : v *l.iW;il advances mad>- on fe24 tf JITTORMGS. A 1.. KM) TT, • A TTORXE 1" A T LA >F, 31 LAW BUILDINUS, (Spurrier's Court,) Lexington street, near St. Paul, Will practice in the Courts of Baltimore and Howard Counties. apl4-3t* TORN G. CURLETT, • A TTORXE r A T LA IF, No. 6 LAW BUILDING, ap7-eo2m (Opposite Record Office ) 'FIIO.MAS 11. KK.MI', JR.— X ATTOKNEY AT I.AW, BENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talhot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7-2m R. ST()(.'KKTT MATUEWS, A TTORXE r AT LA IF, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S lIALL, (46 LEXINOTON STREET,) Baltimore, ill attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fc-22-tf jMHARLES" E. PHELPS, XV A TTORXE T AT LA IF No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARB COUNTY. fe22 tf. ROBERTD. BURNS, A TTORXE T A T LA IF, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, f-22 tf. _______ LEXINGTON STREET. I 1 FRISBY HENDERSON, A • A TTORXE r AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COUNSELLORS'HALL, *' — "• Lexington street. JOHN PRENTISS POE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STRF.ETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and BAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe'23 2aw6w. r J\ JOSEPH ROfißliS, X ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles inrl-tf. SFTRT)IRINES, IPCTFUMTRITS, £R. T. PURVIANCE POLK & CO. J APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. I'aul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS &. CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 X. CHARLES STREET, Baltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES, PERFUMERT, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which may he confidently relied on as being what we represent them, as we select none hut of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHRSTB, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, IHETKTIC PREPARATIONS. AC., AC. Written orders filled promptly and with care, subject to be returned at our expense if uot of standard quality fe22 tf. SAYING IN GAS. I" BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSON A CHANDLER: Sirs: —We have been using J. H. COOPER'S LEVER OAS REGULATOR upon our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 ]wr cent! of Gas. The light is nniform and ample, aud all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consented gas prevented. NOAH WALKER A CO. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON k CHANBI.ER, At the office of Messrs. GRATTAN k EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. 8 North street, will receive prompt attention. mr29-lmo. IM P O II T ED CI G A It S AND CHEWING TOBACCO Tll OS. N . WEB B , WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN CIGARS AND TOBACCO, CORNER OE GARDEN AND MADISON STREETS, BALTIMORE. Keeps constantly on hand all tiie Choice Brands of Im ported Havana CIGARS and Superior CHEWINC TO BACCO, with Fancy Articles of the Trade. mrlB tf JAMES M. ANDERSON' & SOX, ESIGRAVERS, Xo. 148 Rattimnre Street, BANK NOTE. STEEL & COI'I'KR Pi.ATE PRINTING TNVITATION. WEDDING, VISITING A Cants, etc.. Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, etc. Loudon and Paris Visiting Curds, HE La Rue's En velopes, etc. feSSfcf I UMBER! LUMBER!! J All kinds of BUILDING LUMBER and TRUNK BOX STUFF, together with FRAMES. SASH, DOORS, SHUTTERS and MOULDINGS, for sale on moderate terms —also Planing, Ripping and Resawing—by A. CATE, apl lm East Falls A venue and Fawn St. STORAGE AND WHARFAGE— AT PATAPSCO WAREHOUSES Storage on ground floor for 5.00(1 tons Guano, and 2,000 Ilhds. Sugar, and Wharfage for Ships of 24 feet draught. Apply to GF.OBGE A. WILLIAMS, mv 24 eotf No. 31 Exchange Building. THE FOREIGN MAILS. THE ENGLISH IN CANTON. [From the special correspondent of the Ltmittn Timet.] THE WAR I V CHINA. THE BRITISH MARCH TO LUCK.VOW—VICTORIES OF GEN. OUTRAM AND BRIGADIER FRANKS. ! CAMP CAWVPORE, Saturday, Feb. 27—8 A. M ! The head-quarters camp is breaking up. and in an ! | ,O, ir or t u '° ' shall bo on my wav to our first halt ing ground at Oonao, in Ou'de, ten miles from this, and on the road to Lueknow. Walpolc's Hrigade, 1 oralis troop Of Horse Artillery, and the greater portion of the head-quarters stall; crossed tlTo (bin ges this morning: and the Commander-in-Chief, who is anxious to wait here till the last moment, to sec if the ( alpee enemy really intend to move against ( awnpore, will start with his personal stall' to ISunta ra (about 45 miles hence) to-morrow mornino- ear ly, and will ride the whole distance in one march so as to overtake us before we reach the same camp. Ihe garrison of I awnpore. strengthened bv the re mains of the 75th Regiment will he under the com mand of Major tleneral Inglis. who has received precise instructions for his guidance in case of an attack, and a small corps of observation, consisting ol the SBth and 32d Regiments, some Irregular CM" airy, and a field battery, under Col. Maxwell, are patrolling the country between Caivnpore and Cab pee. The heat is very considerable to-day. 1 have already reported to you that theenemv at tacked the Alumhagh in the forenoon of Thursday last. Rut they were not satisfied with the result of their first essay on the 25tli. Again they came out in force about 1 o'clock, and animated perhaps by uncertain liirht of the moon,continued thefr abortive efforts on our position at the Aluinbagh til! 10 o clock, at night. They came up repeatedly within range of our guns and rifles, but they fell in files again and again, and retired quite dishearten ed, with very heavy loss. Our casualties in the two engagements were fi killed and 3(1 wounded. Colonel Berkley is shot through the right arm, Captain Moorsom has a sabre cut in his left arm, and Lieutenant H. Cough has a musket ball through his leg. Brigadier Franks' last success is most decisive. The Nazirn, whom lie beat on the 19th, rallied iiis lorces, and made a forced march to seize on the strong pass ot liaydiui, but Franks out manoeuvred him, and seized upon the pass. The Nazi in then, by a long detour, swept round Franks, and took up a strong position at Badshah gunge, two miles from Sultanpore. On the 2:id Franks made the same manoeuvre, swept round the enemy's right Hank in a inarch ot 10 miles, attacked them in the rear, beat their army (which consisted 0f25,000 men. in cluding s.oooSepoys and 1,100 cavalry,) drove them off the tield with the loss of 1,800 slain, and captur ed 20 pieces of artillery out of 2ft, of which 10 were heavy : one 32-pounder, two 21-pounders, two 18- pounders, four 12-pounders, and one 9-pounder; and took all the enemy's ammunition, their ban-gage, and standing camp. This great success, ""which leaves the road to Lucknow open from the right, was achieved at a very small lrtss—two killed and ten wounded in all the three actions. It appears that it was the Nona's brother, Tiajeo Ban, who crossed from Oude into the Doab the oth er night. As he was followed bv 200 regular cav alry, by a body of infantry, and by several elephants and wagons, containing his harem and baggage, be must have made some noise in his passage across the "stream: but the policemen who were speciallv sta tioned at the very point where he crossed, because it was a likely place to make the attempt, pretended not to have heard him, and the only information given to our oflieers in charge of a cavalry detach ment near liittoor was brought by a chowk'e dar, who ran in to say that, from the noise at the opposite side of the river, he thought the Nona was going to cross. At the time he brought in this news the Rao had got safe ly over, and when our cavalry arrived, it was only to lind * the traces of his pas sage. On investigation, it became evident that the policemen were accomplices in the fact, and that they had been bribed to keep their ears shut; and so. after due investigation, the whole party, eleven in number, were liauged. The Rao's party, continuing their flight across the lloah, cut up the men of two police stations, which is a strong col lateral proof of the guilt of the men at the river side station, and got into Calpee in the morning.— He is said to have obtained large levees of men, and to be enlisting Sowars at 30r. a month, and in fantry at lOr. and lftr. a month. The most painful effect of our inability to defend those who are faith ful to us, that they with justice reproach us with their losses and-with the insults heaped upon them. These Calpee Sepoys have been enabled to do great wrong and injury 'to our fast friend, the Uajali of the little State of Churkaree, south of the Jumna. 1 hey invaded his territories, beat his troops, car ried off his guns, insulted his Palace, and carried off three lacs of rupees, or £30,000, from his treas ury. REVOLTING REVELATIONS. 1 he special correspondent of the Tlnu-n has fur nished a graphic account of his peregrinations about the hitherto virgin city of Canton. We give below the most interesting portions of his let ter: TISIAI. OF AN tRTSH SAILOR. After comfortable ablutions in the abundant warm waters of this yatnun, for the water is positively warm as it comes from the wells, and after a cam paigning breakfast, we sally forth armed with re vol vers and stout walking sticks. The commission ers' court, in the outer quadrangle is already sit ting. The three commissioners, in their square open pavilion, are trying a rape case, and hundreds of Chinese, an orderly crowd, are looking on. The culprit is a fresh-colored Irish boy, of the marine force, and the complainant is a little weazened old woman, who totters upon lier small sheep's feet, ami talks voluble Cantonese against the erect young soldier. The English police corroborate her story" lam afraid there can he no doubt about the fact. — The boy was drunk and indiscriminatiiig. He had offered violence to that quaint creature. He is found guilty, and fifty lashes, write in red letters upon his back the Cantonese commissioners' version of the axiom "si son co*/e, tamen eautc." A RAMBLE THROUGH THE STREETS. If" we retrace our steps and pass again eastwards we shall revisit the other great official vamnns. Twenty times may we go about these great stra gling places before we become aware of all their walls contain. Behind the treasury, the portals whereof seem to be in the centre of an overpeopled neighborhood, I have counted thirty head of deer, their horns appearing and disappearing in the coarse bamboo jungle. There are not five men besides myself who know that this miniature deer forest exists in Canton city, or, despite the prornst-marshall, venison would not be so un known in our quarters. These little wildernesses will, doubtless, soon be cleared; and before we leave they will become parade grounds, or, perhaps, en campments; but it shows how little our English residents know of what is just an inch beyond their noses, that, they, in their northern newspaper, made pert merriment of my early statement that there were park-like grounds within the circuit of the Canton walls. Our rambles are, however, more usually among the intricately reticulated streets. As we make our way towards the south-west, bv aid of our Chinese compass, we pass guests proceed iiig to marriage, with the wedding presents in long procession behind their chairs—whole roasted pigs, cakes and confitures, and baskets whose contents we can only guess at. Ferhaps—it has happened more than once —there is a terrific sound of rapid wheels. There is an alarm of lire, and the fire brigade, in their uniform caps, are dragging a lire engine along the pavement ofblack granite at a tremendous rate. These firemen are fine fellows. In the heat of our bombardment we saw them working their engines under fire, and once at least we blew up engine and firemen together by a shell. As we near the south ern parts, passing under the wall of the old city, we come upon lower neighborhoods, and the shops are adapted to the wants of the waterside population.— Here (if you observe curiously the shops which are tilled with the sun-dried comestibles the Chinese love) you mav find dried rats with their tails fully projected, and leaving no doubt of their class and order in creation. Look carefully into that finely browned roast pig and vou will discover it to be a dog. Puppies are also borne by in open wicker baskets, and their fate and ultimate destination are not ambiguous. But these peculiarities are not common) and are not ostentatiously displayed. You must have an old hnhitue of the factories with you, or you would not discover them. The rats are field rats, caught and dried after harvest, anil the dogs have been care fully fed upon rice and meal. We do the Chinese much wrong in the matter of their food. Their pork is far more white and delicate in flavor than the pork we see exposed in London, and it is fed with a care and cleanliness from which some Eng lish dailies might well take pattern. THE PRISON HENS. A Chinese gaol is a group of small yards enclosed t>y no general outer wall, except in one instance. Around this yard are dens, like the dens in which we confine wild beasts. The bars are not of iron, but of double rows of very thick bamboo, so close together that the interior is too dark to bo readily seen into from without. The ordinary prisoners are allowed to remain iu the yard during the day.— Their ankles are fettered together by heavy rings of iron and a short chain, and they generally also wear similar fetters on their wrists. The low-roof ed dens are so easily climbed that when the prison ers are let out into the yard the gaolers must trust to their fetters alone for security. The places all stand like the monkey house of a menagerie. We were examining one of the yards of the sec ond prison, and Lord Elgin, who "is seldom absent when any work is doing, was one of the spectators. As it was broad daylight, the dens were supposed to be empty. Some one thought he heard a low moan in one of than, and advanced to the bars to listen, lie recoiled as if a blast from a furnace had rushed out upon lam. Never were human senses assailed by a more horrible stream of pestilence. The gaolers were ordered to open that place, and refusing, as a Chinaman always at first refuses, were given over to the rough handling of the sol diers, who were told to make them. No sooner were hands laid upon the gaolers than the stifled moan became a wail, and the wail became a eon course of low, weakly muttered groans. So soon as the double doors could be opened, several of us went into the place. The thick stench could only be endured for a moment, but the spec tacle was not one to look long at. A corpse lay at the bottom of the den, the breasts, the only fleshy parts, gnawed and eaten away by rats. Around it and upon it was a festering mass of humanity still alive. The mandarin gaoler, who seemed to wonder what all the excitement was about, was i compelled to have the poor creatures drawn forth and no man who saw that sight will ever forget it! They were skeletons not men. You could only be! lieve that there was blood in their bodies by seeing it clotted upon their undressed wounds. As they were borne out one after the other, and laid upon the pavement of the vard, each seemed more horrible than the last. They were too far gone to shriek, although the agony must have been great, the heavv irons pressing upon their raw lank shins as the gaolers lugged them not too tenderly along. They had been beaten into this state, per haps long ago, by the heavy bamboo, and had been thrown into this den to rot. Their crime was that they had attempted to escape. Hideous and loath some, however, as was the sight of their foul wounds, their filthy rags, and their emaciated bod ies, it was hot so distressing as the indescribable expression of their eyes; the horror of that look of fierce agonv fixed us like a fascination. As the dislocated wretches writhed upon the ground tears rolled down the cheeks of the soldiers of the escort who stood in the rank near iliein \ gigantic French Serjeant, who had the little manda rin in custody, gesticulated with his Imvonct so fiercely that we were afraid he would kill him. We did not then know that the single word which the poor creatures were trying to utter was '•hunger." or that that dreadful startling of the evcball was the look of famine. Some of them had been with out food for four days. Water they had, for there is a well in the yard, and their fellow-prisoners had supplied them, but cries for food were answered on ly bv the bamboo. Alas! it was not until the next morning that we found this out: for although we took some awav, we left others there that night. Since the com mencement of this year, fifteen men have died in that cell. Some of those who were standing bv me asked—"how win you ever be able to tell this to the English people?" 1 believe that no description could lead the imagination to a full conception of what we saw in that Canton prison. I have not at tempted to do more than dot a faint outline of the truth, and when I have read what 1 have written let*! how feeble and forceless is the image upon paper when compared with the scene upon my memory.— a his was the worst of the dens we opened, hut there were many others which fell but few degrees below it in their horrors. '1!)t 1 1e was not one of the 0,000 prisoners we saw whose appearance before any assemblage of Eng lishmen would not have aroused cries of indigna tion. "Quelle to eiete," exclaimed Captain Marti ucau, as in the first yard we visited he saw a little boy confined here because he was the son of a rebel. '• Quelle enriete jiuur Hit eufaut de qmtturz< lilt* I" Alas, we saw many, inanv such cases in our after experience. In one of the dens of the Poon-yu, the uoor ot which was open, some one pointed at tention to a very child—rather au interesting-look ing child—who was squat upon a board and laugh ing at the novel scene taking place before him. We beckoned to him, but he did not come. We went up to him, and found he could not move. His little legs were ironed together; they had been so for several months, and were now paralyzed and use less. The child of ten years of age had been placed here, charged with stealing from other child ren. We took him awav. THE ritlSON-HOI'SH OF THE EUROPEANS. It was not until our second day's search that we were able to discover the prison in which Europe ans had been confined. Threats and a night in the guard-house at last forced the discovert* from the mandarin, or gool inspector in our custody. It is called Koon kahn, is in the eastern part of the citv, and is distinguishable from the others only in that it is surrounded by a high brick wall. Nearly the whole of our second day was passed in this place. It has only one yard, and in this the prisoners are not allowed to come. There is a joss house at one end ot the court; for, of course, the Chinese mix up their religion with their tyranny. ihe finest sentiments, such as "The misery of to day may be the happiness of to-morrow;" Confess your crimes, and thank the magistrate who purges vou ol them;" ''May we share in the mercy of the Emperor," are carved in failed golden characters over every den of every prison. Opening from on 3 rooms, each containing four dens. The hardest and most malignant face 1 ever saw is that ot the chief gaoler ol this prison. The prison ers could not he brought to look upon him, and when he was present could not be induced to sav that he was a gaoler at all, or that they had ever seen him before, llut when he was removed thev alwavs i ('iterated their first storv, "The other gaolers onlv starve and ill-treat us, hut that man eats our flesh.'* llow, step by step, we followed up our inquiries, and how we cast about hither and thither for a clue, and at last found one, which was often lost and re found, would be too long to tell. Mr. l'arkes con ducted this business with a vigour and intelligence that cannot be over-estimated. At first they had never heard of a foreigner, then a heavy box on the ears, administered by one of the orderlies in punish ment for a threat to a prisoner, produced a recollec tion of one European prisoner. Then the gaolers were roughly handled in sight of the prisoners, and togeth er with the mandarin were taken out in custody of the soldiers. Gradually the prisoners began to give credence to what we said, that we were now the mandarins ot Canton, and could protect them if they spoke out. One produced a monkey jacket from his sleeping place at the hack of the den; another had an old jersey; all ot them soon had stories to tell. Many ot the prisoners had been inmates of the place for many years, and upon reference to the books we found that they weye all originally placed here for very trilling crimes. Old stories get mixed up with new; the difficulties of Chinese dialects come into play, and we otten fancied we were unravelling some sanguinary iniquity of yesterday, when we found at last that it was two or three, or even ten years old. It is only by small degrees that the collated evi dence ot these vermin-bitten witnesses are made to assume some form and consistency. It appears at last almost certain that six Chinese were beheaded last night, their fate being in alt probability precip- J itated by our visit to the other prisons. It also ap- j pears quite certain that, within a period dating from I the commencement of the present troubles, six Ku ropeans—two Frenchmen and four Englishmen have found their death in these dreadful dens, i Many different prisoners examined separately de posed to this fact, and almost to the same details. The European victims were also kept here for sev eral months, herding with the Chinese, eating of that same black mess of riee which looks and smells like a bucket of grains cast from a brewerv. \\ ben their time came—probably the time neees sary for a reply from I'ekin—the goaler held their heads back while poison was poured down their throats. The prisoners recollected two who threw up the poison, and they were strangled. We asked how they knew it was poison. There was no doubt on that score. It is a curious circumstance, illus trative ot the positive state of terror that exists here, that the goaler's fowls scratched about un touched among all the famishing men within the Can ton prisons, and feed upon the vermin. It was re marked that the fowls fed upon the vomit of these two Eui opeana, and died. ■ Only two of these prisoners had excited much sympathy among the Chinese.— One ol them was a sailor, who spoke the language, adapted himself to their habits, and told them sto ries. He was cheerful, or pretended to he cheerful, at lirst; hut in a short time he grew sick and cried, and spoke of his friends faraway. Even the Chi nese were sorry when his time came, and when the gaolers poisoned liim. There was another, an old white bearded man. who was there some months.— He spoke only Chinese, but the Chinese veneration for age came to his aid, and they pitied him also. [ From the Lnrotrm Times, April 7.1 THE LEVIATHAN IN A STORM. During the course of vesterdav advantage was taken ol the favorable change in the state of the weather to secure this vessel against anv further chance of accident, and in the course of a tew davs more the whole of the mooring chains which gave way on Monday will be replaced bv others of the newest and strongest kind. As most of our read ers are probably aware, the Leviathan is moored lore and aft by five powerful inch mooring chains at each end, each of these chains being held by at least one, and, in some cases, by two strong and heavy anchors, deeply set in the river's bed. The manner in which these are disposed is, at the stem, two on the point, and two on the starboard bow. with one carried out straight ahead, and the length of each chain varies from 100 fath oms on the Deptford to 100 on the Black wall side of the river. All these moorings were laid down early in November last, when the launch of the ves sel first commenced. On that memorable Sunday when the Leviathan was for the first time regularly afloat she was conducted to this berth and made fast in the way we have already described. Howev er, in the course of a few days afterwards, during the prevalence of some very squally weather, one or two of the anchors of these mooring chains came home in a manner that necessitated extra precau tions, and accordingly they were backed by some of Trotman's anchors in away that guaranteed their holding under any strain that was likely to come npon them at that season of the year. But the place in which (he vessel is moored, in the outer bond of the river, exposed to the full sweep of both wind and tide up thestream, occasionally put her holdfasts to a severe test. On Monday the north-easterly squalls which broke across the river were most vio lent, now and then blowing with all the force of a full gale. Exposed to the same wind in a roadstead, a single chain anil anchor would have sufliced to hold the monster ship, which would, of course, have ridden head to wind; but moored as she was in the river, stem and stern, with two thirds of her huge broadside exposed to all the force of the squalls, all the stem mooring chains were insufficient to hold her. The worst squall was at 1 o'clock on Monday; pressed by the whole force of this, j the ItiO i'athom mooring chain on the port-bow ! rose up from the water, and after remaining as rigid as a bar of iron under the tremendous strain, parted about 20 feet below the liawse hole. The link which gave way went off into the centrejot the river as if tired from a cannon, and the vessel, having thus parted its main stay, in clined towards the Deptford shore, and became still more open to the sweep of the wind and tide. What ! followed was then a matter of course, and one atter ! another the whole of the four remaining mooring chains parted like packthreads in the course of a few minutes. As each went the Leviathan's hows drove , nearer and nearer to the Deptford side. Fortunately there were only a few small vessels inside her, the j one immediately next her being an old barge for sale ! —which acted as a fender to the vessels beyond. (In these the big ship pressed until neither wind nor tide could move her any further, and so she remained without injury to herself or others. Mr. Prowse, the chief ollicer in charge of the vessel, immediately took all necessary steps to prevent her drifting any further, and Captain Harrison, who was at PRICE TWO CENTS Liverpool, was at once telegraphed for, and arrived on board late on Monday night. Under his direc tion, three of the principal inooring-chains were re paired, and a new one of greater strength, and 150 fathoms long, taken out to the centre of the river, and with these the big ship easily held on till yesterday morning, when, the weather moderating, the rest ot the chains were repaired, and the vessel easily worked back to her old position. It is now intend ed to lav down, in place of the old mooring chains, part ot the new cables of the Leviathan herself which have been manufactured by Messrs Drown Lenox & ;•. and which were tested, we believe, to a strain of 150 tons. If these chains had been com pleted at the tune the moorings were laid down, none others would have been used. [From the London Times.] ORSINI'S LAST LETTER. That Orsini was no vulgar ruflian is proved by the letter which he wrote to the Emperor Louis Na poleon when his last moment was at hand. A man who could so write when reason had reasserted its sway must have had within him manv elements of high and honorable thought which, under other cir cumstances, would have borne appropriate fruit in action. 1 bus it was that Felice Orsini, when his wild delusion had passed away, expressed himself upon the subject of that foul deed for which he was just about to suffer an ignominious death: "In a few hours I shall be no more; but, before drawing my last breath, 1 wish it to be known, and I declare it with that frankness and courage which up to this day I have never belied, that assassination, in whatever form it may disguise itself, does not enter into my principles, notwithstanding that, by a fatal mental error, I allowed myself to be led into organizing the attempt of the 14th of January." Nothing can be more complete than this recantation of the dying man, nothing more earnest than his prayer that his own death and his penitence may be accepted as an expiation for the crime into which he had been led by"a fatal mental error." There w ill not be found in his letter to the Emperor any contemptible etlort to prolong a life which could henceforth be nothing but a burden to himself. Thinking as rel ice Orsini thought, death to him was mer cy. There is much that is very worthy of re spect in the concluding paragraphs of 'his let ter. The dying man trusts that his memory may be purged of the ot* his crime, for what'expia tion he could make he has made, and lie is about to make. He willingly otfers his own blood as a sacrifice for the innocent blood which he had shed on the fatal 14th of January. He trusts that his countrymen, when the day of their independence comes, will make such compensation as can be made to those who suffered injury from his widely-scat tered missiles. Finally be'asks, not for his own life, but for the lives of the wretched creatures whom lie lias induced to become his accomplices. To his countrymen lie says, with all the energy and all the conviction of a man who has not" time left for many words: "Let my countrymen, instead of putting faith in the system of assassination, utterly reject it, and know 6y the voice of a dying patriot that their redemption must be won by self-con trol, by a constant unity of struggles and sacrifices, and by the exercise of true virtue." Surely, there was good in this man, had he not been led astray bv the wild delusion of political assassination! The few bequests in his will are irreproachable, and the arrangements he makes for the future care of his two little girls such as any good and provident father would make upon his death bed. Every act and word seem to denote a man who but for one fatal error might have lived in honor and fair repute.— Atrocious as his crime undoubtedly was, it is impos sible not to draw a broad mark of distinction be tween Felice Orsini and the rullians who deal in po litical assassination as an ordinary incident in their career. Orsini, moreover, bad the courage to exe cute what he had the audacity to conceive. He did not, like one notorious conspirator, depute the mur derous task to other hands, and retire himself into a position of security, to watch the result of bis own scheme. In an evil moment lie became an assassin, but ho was not a coward. Lot us trust that his dy ing words will not be withoutett'ect upon his coun trymen. Liberty has never been won, but often lost, by the side blow of an assassin. From the Lnndnn .Vennutile Gazette, April C. I.OSS OF THE AMERICAN' BARK I'ETREA. PORTSMOUTH, April s.—The American bark Pe trea, Osborne, from Havre for New York, (217 French and German passengers, and a general car go,) got. on shore on Sunday morning, at about 'IVi o'clock, on the shoals off the harbor of Chiches ter, or Chichester's Pool. On the sli'yi being dis covered in her perilous position by the coast-guard at East \\ ittering, under the command of Lieut. Wollaston, I. N., every assistance was rendered by that officer and his crew. At about three o'clock, P. M., a boat manned by twelve hands was dispatched by the captain to the chevalier l'ap palardo, United States Consul at Portsmouth, informing liiin of the disaster and asking assistance. The Consul immediately embarked and returned in the boat to the wreck, distant about twelve miles from Portsmouth. On boarding the bark he found the emigrants in a state of great alarm for their lives and property, although all had been done by the captain that he could to calm their fears and in spire confidence. Mr. Pappalardo at once gave such directions as were necessary, and en "aged a ■tang of men to man the pumps and endeavor to keep her free from water, the crew being exhausted. A steamer had been sent to the assistance of the ship in the course of Sunday from Portsmouth, by the French Consul, Chevalier Vandenbergh, a report having been made to liiin that it was a French ship, hut the power of the steamer was found too limited to admit ot her assistance being effected in moving the wreck, and she returned. Yesterday, at day break, the wind blowing a gale from E S. E., fear ing that she would become a total loss, Consul Pap palardo, acting in conjunction with the Captain, deemed it expedient no longer to delay attempting to land the passengers. Accordingly, lie personally superintended the hoisting over the side all hands, by means of a barrel and a whip, the women and children being attended to first. A heavy serf was beating on the beach: hut another gang of coast guarduien and others, by ropes, helped to drag the boats to land, and these combined efforts were so successful that all landed, to the number of 239 souls, without an accident of any kind. DOMESTIC. SHIPWRECK AMI LOSS OF LIFE. —The brig Persever since, Captain Huberts, at (lalveston sth inst., from Yew Orleans, reports having fallen in, April 3, with the wreck winch Sarah Bartlctt, from Tuspan to Sabine, lat. 28° 30' W., lon. 93° 37'. The Sarah Hartlett had capsized in a gale tive davs previous. The Perseverance took from the wreck a boy named James Van Horn, from New Orleans, and a sailor known as Charley, in a state of extreme exhaustion —the last named deranged. Capt. Saunders and four men were lost. "The wreck was sunk to the rails. The vessel, after capsizing, lost her masts, when she partially righted, though full of water and with the loss of her cabin. "She had specie on board, but though divers were sent down from the Perseverance none of it could be found. It is supposed to have boon lost with the cabin. The survivors stated the amount ol specie at $30,000; but this is more than she would probably have carried in the trade in which she was engaged. "The schooner Sarah Bartlctt was a new vessel, and was owned by Capt. Sanders, whose wife re sides in New Orleans. The boy, James Van Horn, is about 13 years of age. He states that the sailor in his delirium attempted to throw him overboard, and that lie managed to tie the madman fast with a bit of rope. He himself drank sea water, and appears to thiuk that it strengthened his en durance." SERIOUS RAILROAD DISASTER. —We regret to an nounce one of the most serious railroad disasters that has occurred in many years. The powerful lo comotives Dean Richmond and Krastus Corning run off the track ot the Central Railroad. Before their headway could be arrested, both of the locomotives were precipitated into the Erie Canal, and entirely submerged. The engineer, Comstock, and the tire man, Randall, are still under the water, and it is feared have sunk in the mud beyond recovery. At the time of the accident, both engines were running at a high speed. Thev hail a heavy load, and were on a down grade.— Albany Statesman. The latest accounts from Yieksburg, report the Mississippi falling. There had been, however, some pretty severe breaks on the levee. The Rig Levee at American Bend, the levee at Brunswick Landing, and Henderson's Levee, below Warrenton, all broke on the 11th. Hon. Andrew Jackson Donelson has removed to Memphis. It is said that Moses White, Esq., son of the eminent Hugh L. White, of Tennessee, intends to practice law in the same place. James Duffy, convicted of "garroting" and rob bing a gentleman in the street, in Boston, was on Saturday sentenced to the penitentiary for eleven years. Rev. F. Cavo, of the Franciscan order (R. has been appointed by the minister general at Rome, of the order visiter for the United States, with tull powers. The frigate Susquehannah has been ordered to Boston, for the benefit of a colder climate in disin fecting her. It is reported that John W. Seymour, the de faulting treasurer from Hartford, is in New Mexico, working a silver mine. On the 4th instant a tire occurred at the Clover hill Cits, in Chesterfield county, Va., destroying $lO,OOO worth of property. The Suffolk Savings Bank, of Boston, has declared an extra dividend of fifteen per cent, for the last five years —equal to three per cent, per annum. The Democratic Convention, for the nomination of a candidate for Governor of Maine, will be held at Augusta on the 30th June. The steamer Europa sunk in Toronto harbor, a few days since, supposed to have been caused by rat holes. There is a groat excitement in lowa about the gold discovered in Clarke countv. Men are said to bejtaking out from two to five dollars per day. The New \ ork Senate has passed a bill to pro vide for a convention to amend the State constitu tion. The Albany papers caution people with money, to beware of the pickpockets who infest the loby of the House. The St. Louis papers announce the death of Rich ard B. Dallam, Esq., an old and respected citizen. The new depot of the New Jersey Railroad Com pany, at Jersey City, is about completed.