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VOL. I—NO. 5*3.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEPTED,) bt KERR A CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, 8. K. CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND CALVERT BTREBTS. EDITORS AND PRORIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: Tn the city TWELVE AND A lIALP CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLL\RS per anniim; THREE DOLLARS forsix months anl ONE DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE—EIGHT LINES.) One insertion .50 Two insertions 75 Three 4 ' $l.OO Four " $1.25 Five 44 $1.50 One week $1.75 One month $4.00 Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. j THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PROSPECTUS. UNDER the above title it is proposed to conduct and publish in the city of Baltimore a first class Commercial and Political MORNING NEWSPAPER. This enterprise lias been prompted by the conviction that the rapid growth of Baltimore in population and wealth, its constantly augmenting trade, aud its conse quently increased commercial and political importance, n<t only justify hut demand an effort to introduce into the field of journalism that element of competition, which, in all other branches of business, has so materially contribu ted to the prosperity of the city, "THE EXCHANGE." With regard to the name, —if an ajMTlogy were net .led, for thus introducing what may per haps be deemed a novelty in the nomenclature of journal isiD,-—it ILLS been adopted, not simply for its peculiar ap propriateness in connection with those commercial inter ests to which a paper of the character proposed must he largely devoted, but in its wide and more comprehensive acceptation, as embracing within its scope all those topics which come within the province of the public press. I- 1 . \i A- it will, of coarse, be the first aim of the proprietors to furnish the readers of THE EXCHANGE with the most prompt, full and authentic intelligence upon all matters of public interest, at home and abroad ; and to secure the accomplishment of this result, and the perfec tion of every arrangement required to place THE EX CHANGE in this particular on a level with the best jour nals of the country, no necessary expense or exertion will be spared. 2d, COMMERCE. —The commercial department of the pa per will include, not only the usual daily rejwirts and weekly reviews of the markets, domestic ami foreign, com piled with fulness ami accuracy, hut a frequent editorial discussion of the leading financial questions of the day, with regard to which the mercantile community naturaliy look to the public press for comment ami suggestion. 3d, POLITICS. —The interests of commerce and the state itlie markets are so constantly and intimately affected by the aspect of political affairs throughout the world, that a journal which aspires to be any thing more than a mere commercial reporter or daily price current, must necessa sarily devote a large space in its columns to the dissemi nation of political intelligence, and the discussion of polit ical questions. In this department of the paper, which, apart from its commercial importance, also possesses a peculiar and exclusive interest of its own. it will be the object of THE EXCHANGE to preserve a position of honest and fearless independence, equally removed from servile partisanship upon the one hand, and timid neutrality uiion the other. 4tl, LITER\TURR AND ART. —Candid and impartial re views of current literature and contemporaneous art, mu sical and dramatical criticisms, by competent judges, and original contributions upon subjects of literary or scientific interest. aill always.find an appropriate place in the col umns of THE EXOII ANGE, and it will be the constant lim of the proprietors to render it a valuable and interest .''ng journal for the family as well as for the counting room. Mutation. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE. MARYLAND TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female JL Institute announce to the public that the additional huilditigsand improvements commenced by them a year ago ip accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not l>een made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni enc-e and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate- | structure, for the exclusive use of the Inmates of the In stitute. ami in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of fine construction aud ex eellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present has been attended witii unprecedented suc cess. and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in healthfulness. The pupils avoid ing, on the one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climates. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac coiuplished tt-aehers ami professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention tq resign her otlice of principal at the close of the present school .v.or, hqve elected Robert H. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure ; the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this j view we are engaged in the erection of another building in i addition to the present extensive accommodations of the j Institute. CIIAS. W. DORS FY, PRESIDENT WM. DENNY, M D., SECRETARY. T. WATKIN3 LIGON, E. HAMMOND, i JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22 dtf. LA W SCHOOL OF THE U \ I V ERSTTY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School arc Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.D., Royal Professor. Hon. THEOIMIILUS PARSONS, LL.D., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.D., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14,000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they arc added, aud every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them.) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, and an opinion delivered by the Presiding Instructor. Rooms and other facilities are also provided for the Club Courts; ami au Assembly is held tyeekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge of parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menemcnt of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pnr e according to their view of their own wants and at tipi.meiits. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each terin. During the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmea, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be made to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1858. [d6t law Cm. RHODES' SUPER PHOSPATE OP LIME, MANUFACTURED FROM FORMULA OF DK I AMES HIGGINS, STATE CHEMIST OF MARYLAND. EVERY LOT OFFERED FOR SALE REGULARLY 1 ANALYZED BY DRS. .lAS. HIGGINS AND CHARLES , BICKKLL AND FULLY WARRANTED. In introducing tliis HIGHLY A UTHEXTICA TED FERTILIZER to the agriculturist of the United States, for the year 185S, we forbear any lengthened remarks, as their intelligence is already informed of the value of BONES TREATED WITH SULPHURIC ACID, producing the bi-pliospate of lime, and yielding SOLUBLE PHOS PHORIC ACID , the efficient and indispensable nutri ment of plants. As many preparations are offered to the public styled "Super Phospate," we have for our own, and the protection of the agricultural community, surrendered up to Drs. Higgins and Bickell the entire scientific feature of the RHODES' SUPER PHOSPHATE OF LIME, aud every lot offered for sale is regularly analyzed by them and reported to the public, which we conceive will be a proper caution to the agricultural community to protect them from impo sition in the many spurious articles now offered in the market. PAMPHLETS containing a detailed account will be fur nished on application or forwarded per mail. Packed in barrels and bags. Price s4o per ton of 2,000 lbs. Address B. M. RHODES k CO., fe22-:lm 141 West Pratt Street. Baltimore. Wl 1E ELE R WI LSON 'S " IMFROYEI) FAMILY SE YYIXG MACHIXE, 249 R UTIMIIRR STRKKT. Thousands nf tin'■<<■ MACHINES have been in successful operation in the hands of FAMILIES, PI..WTKRS AND MANUFACTURERS, for the past several years, anil have thus earned the proud pre-eminence universally conceded to them. Thus, THE i'REMiI M was awarded these machines at the Fair of the Maryland Institute',lBsl. Also, the SWANN PREMIUM OF OVE HI.MIREn DOLLARS at the same Fair, as one of '"the most practicable inventions adapted to common use, to lie estimated with inference to cheapness and general utility." Also the Highest Premium at the Metropolitan Pair at Washington, of February, 1955: and the Highest Premium at the Pennsylvania late State Fair, held at Harrishurg, September. 1955 (a Silver Medal); and the Highest Premium at the Mechanics' Fair at Cincinnati; the Highest Premium at New York State Pair at Klmira, September, 1955; and the Highest Premium at the late Fair of the Mary a"d Institute of 1955 (a Cold Medal) E. M PIIN RERSnV & CO , aplT tf 209 Baltimore street. WM. GRANGE & CO., 119 WEST LOMBARD STREET, MAN UFA CTUKERS' VEI'UT OF GLUE, Of every description, from common to the most superior quality or BONE tiI.UE, for Printers and Piano Manufac tcrers' use. Also, constantly on hand, a large supply of BONE DUST , POR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSIS. Both Articles at strictly Manufacturers' prices fe22 tl COL L £CT lON AGENCY. J. I). PRATT k CO., Are prepared to receive and transmit CLAIMS FOR COL- I j • any city or county in the United States or British Provinces. Being in direct and frequent corres pondence with reliable Attorneys in every city and county, £?!*%*£ 9 t'fft'cting speedy and prompt COLLEC 2!3w!55 Ks* lve entire satisfaction. OFFICE OF THE MERCANTILE AGENCY, corner of Baltimore and South Charles streets. mr6-tf Diaitos anli ■ i-ywiLLUM GAEHLE & CO., ff if-vr -tffl From the late Finn of Knabe, Gaehle & Co 1/ J U J 1/ MAX U FACTURKRS OF GRAND AW SQUARE PIANO FORTES, I North-east corner of KUTAW AND FAYETTE STS., Baltimore, Md. Where may he seen PIANOS, which for elegance of finish, sweetness of tone, combinel with an agreeable touch, are seeonil to none in this country. Terms an<l prices moderate, and every instrument war ranted. Pianos hired, and Tuning att ndpd to promptly, j apfi-tf ; YORK I'IANO DUI'OT. I TLPFTTHL WM F THIEDE, J I y II U Successor to PETRI & THIEDE. I Having retained the Store and Stock of the old firm. ■ No. 80 FAT ETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the SOLE AGENCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR .STKI V WAY & SOWS GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will be pleased to receivecalls from his friends and the public, to examine these celebrated instruments. By purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to offer the works of these well known makers at prices that will not fail to please. A call is earnestly solicited. „ , WM. F. TIITEDE, mr27-<l3m No. SO Fayette street, west of Chailes. C - W._KEILL. K P. WASHBURN. & WASHBURN, SXTmI FIRST PREMIUM PIANO-FORTES, J U y J II MANUFACTORY AND WAHEROOMS— I 00 Fa v ETTE ST., East of Calvert, mhl2 6m Baltimore, Mil. ■ I^'.ORJW:HL ( 'KFKINU & SONS, O ill iTff AN NUNNS M CLARK'S L'ELERRA TED PIANO FOR TES, Constantly receiving and for saleonly by F. I). BEXTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will (iml it to their interest to examine fir themselves the superior qualities of the almve Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince .X Co.'s Melodeons from $45 upwards. U11'25 tf. i,^^T,W i()U) MEDAL PREMIUM forrrSni piano fortes. J J U J U WILLIAM KNABE & CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO-FORTES A 'OS. 1, 3, 5 ami 7 NOR Til EETA IF ST. , Opposite the Eutaw House. And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS hare, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Thalberg, the most celebrated pianist in the world, and other ilistin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter, &c., A:c., to be equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this country. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to be found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case we guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS. of the best makers, at prices from $45 to $2OO. KE~Always for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from 175 to |2OO. BsTPIANoS EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED, mill tf WM. KNABE & CO. MANUFACTURED TOBAC< O. M. Langhorne & Son, Nectar lbs. Keen & Moorman lbs. Turner, bon is &Co lbs Scearce & Martin lbs. E. M. Holland lbs bW. Jones lbs. J. K. Lea, Kalorama lbs A.H.Moorman lbs. do Talula lbs A.T.Holland lbs. John Thomas lbs Will H. Cahaniss lbs. Fairfax lbs F. Beverly lbs. Win Barrett lbs Charles.siring lbs. L. Laurence lbs James Harper lbs. 11. Noble lbs Union lbs. Samuel Lovell lbs Geo. Cooper & Co. Twist Melville lbs John Wesley lbs. For sale by JOHN P. PLEASANTS & SONS, ap2t-tf No. 52 South street. JYJAN I'FA< TL RED TOBA( LJO,— A. EDQS, lhs. Economy, 12's. G. H. Larrence, lbs Jas. Ilite, 12's. A. Enos, s's. J. Mason, 12's. W. Reynolds k Co., s's. Anthony. 12's. A Johnson, 10's. Win. Walker. 18'9. O. 11. Larrence, 10's. Economy, 20's. G. H. Larrence, s's. Uncle Tom's, 20's. W. Reynolds & Co., 10's. Planter's Daughter, X lbs. Aragon, 10's. G. 11. Larrence. 4's. Jas. Smith, 12's. Just received and for sale by COURTNEY & CUSTIIXG, apo tf 05 South Gay street. VIRGINIA MANLK. TOBACCO.— POUNDS. De Rosa, FIVES and TENS. Continental, Jno. T Lewis, Jas. Hite, 1. P. Cook, Tobacco Queen, HALF POUNDS. Jas. Williams, National Guard, J. W. Gait, Blair & Birch, Leftwich, (cross,) Uncle Sam, J NO. TABB, Laurel Branch FIVES and TENS Forest Rose, Competitor, Olive Branch, Priddy, Jas. Douglas. Smiley, Hundley, Turnley, Shilo, Jas. Douglas, Phil Primus, Anna Rice, bright, R. J. Christian's Comfort, J. C. Brock, do. do. P. Apple, A. E. Crutchfteld. do. do. G.F. Royal 1 Rowlett, do. do. Nat's Pride Le Grand, PLANTERS' PRIDE, J. Lanes, Dark Sweet, lbs. W. A. Stewart, R J. Christian's Indomitable C. S. Pearson, do. Comfort, Christian's Pine Apple, do. Pine Apple, do. Royal, do. C.S.Pearson T. Jas. Dcane, do. W. Stewart, Jack Robinson, Competitor, Planters' Pride, Old Bobs, Zenobia, W. II Smiley. Alexander, Fancy Light Pressed ami R. R. Twist. Fig, Dough Nut ami other fancy styles. Powhatan pipes and Kentucky leaf In store and for sale by ARMISTEAD, RTGCS& CO. ap3-tf. 57 Exchange Place. ANUFACTUIIET) TOBACCO.— POUNDS. Thos. J. Martin, D. F. Holt, JohnS. Hall, J. Brook, W. L. Saunders, T. T. Saunders, Harry of the West, C. Davis, Brice Thomas, Davis & Draper, A.J. Law & Co., Jean Xicott, Shelton k Clay, Economy, Oilman, B. White, C. O'Mai ley, S. Mate, P. A. Clay, A Ivan Adnras, W. B. Law, P. Hayne, A Wins, P. Richardson, J. M. Diilard, Geo. Finney, Thomas Carbry, Smith, J. M. Taylqr, Muntieello, J W. Murrell, R. Pope, L. J. Keen, J. ft. Graham, Allen k Knight, IV Fry, C. L. Ellis, Sams, A. B. Clements, Joe Johnson, W. Dabney, Meaxes, M.Moor, Jas. Sizer, Jr., Wild Rose. Figs, A. Turner, A. J. Law k Co., J. Mason, Twist, J. T. Ross, R. Caswell, Forest Rose, #lbs., Buffalo, s's Ik 10's, Lawrence, jfc'lbs., D. Lyon, s's k 10's, A. k G. Maxwell, s's k 10's, A. B. Clements, s's, Shipping s's, 10's, 12's, 14's, 18's and 2U's. For sale by COURTNEY k CUSIIINO. fe22-tf Mo. Sonth Gay street. \TA NUFACTURED TOBACC'(), .IT A Fancy Pound Lumps, Twist, Pancake, Balls, Figs, kc. Poindexter's Twist, X boxes.Ferguson's Cuba Twist, cad. Crumpton's R& R X 4 * Delight of the Harem, picture Carroll's Fig, X 44 Ferguson's cor. stone ,]X bxs. Murphy's Fig, X 44 M. G. Anderson's G. Ferguson's 44 Bars, X 44 Ragsdate's Twist, X 44 Nutmeg Twist, X 44 S. 8. Lucke, X 4 Jas. Miller's Pancake, X 44 Ragsdale's Dew Thomas' Hon. Bean, X 44 Drop, X 44 Witcher's Fan. k So*. K&Rjf Stewart & Walker's 6s, bxsßerger's Original Jenny j. Thomas. Jr., "Gholson." Lind Twist. POUNDS, S. E. White, R. M. Harper, J. M. Cobb, American Clipper, J. A. Clay, Natural Leaf, J. M. Arnold, W. C. Morton, Burton's Cross, J A. Craves, H. Lewis, T. Taylor, Star of Franklin, People's Favorite, M. T. Anderson, Murrell * Burks, T. H. Allen, R. I). Burks, Lee & Bro., May Cherry, Abdel Kader, Red Fox, Lone Star, Jno. Pate, Tyreana, Piedmont, L. A. Williams, Jno. S. Clair, J. L. Clayton's Cross, H. Walker, Geo. G. Curie, Jno. Turner Prentis, Lilly Lee, R. Walton, J. P. Hamlet, Edmund Hale, I). P. Witchus, AAAA J. C. Ferguson, John Logan, John Smith, A. E. Saunders, Leftwitch's Cross, J. C. Breckinridge, Bluff City, FIVES. Natural Bridge, Jack Robinson. Nutmeg, EIGHTS, kc. Harry of tho West Carter Jackson, P. Parley, Consoler of Man, Uncle Sara, Juo. Amos, Jew Twang, O. 11. Roland, Fannie Waller, TENS, I. Ross, J C. Luce, W. B. Ryland, Stewart & Walker. HALF POUNDS, Consoler of Man, Carter Jackson, % boxes. SMOKING TOBACCO IN BALES, BOXES AXI) BBLS. Kentucky Leaf; Virginia Leaf and Stems. Powhatan Pipes; Calabria Stick Liquorice. In store and for sale by WARWICK, FRICK k BALL, fe22 tf. No. 09 South street. JOSHUA WALKER, GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANT, AND DEALER IN FEED, HAY AND STRAW, No. 110 N. HOWARD STREET. Family, Extra and Super Flour of the best selected brands, Corn Oats, Corn Meal, Chop Rye and Mill Feed. Hay and Straw in hales. Cut Straw, kc. mrM7 t EMO V A L Tt) STRAW GOODS DEALERS, MILLINERS, HAT TERS, and the PUBLIC. RICHARD 111 LI, Respectfully announces to his friends and the public that he has removed his WHOLESALE AND RETAIL STRAW HAT MANUFACTORY from No. 18 McClellan s alley to his new and comm<alious Factory, corner of SHARP and GERMAN STREETS, where he has ample facilities for carrying on the above business in all its various branches, including BLEACHING, PRESSING, and DYEING BONNETS and HATS of all descriptions. N. B. Constantly on hand a full assortment of fashion able BONNET FRAMES, CROWNS, Ac. mrl6 3m fobucra. BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1858. Insurance Cumpanics. I BREMEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY. JOHN REESE, President. H. P. DUHURST, Secretary. Corner of South and Second streets. ap6-tf JOHNSTON'S INSURANCE ROOMS, PIKEXIX BUILDINGS. 73 SECOND STREET. AGGREGATE CAPITAL EIGHT MILLION S DOLLARS. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS. : FIRE, MARINE AM) LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES TJIOS. D. JOHNSTON, mr3o tf Underwriter. IN S U RAN C E AGAINST LOSS OF BENTS BY FIRE. : THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. OFFICE, NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. t\ ill make insurance against loss of Rent by fire, on a new and must liberal principle They also continue to insure all descriptions of Property against loss 01 damage by Fire. JOHN B. SEIDF.XSTRICKER, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, j John W. Ross, A. A. Chapman, Henry M. Bash, Joseph W. Jenkins, | Win. Woodward, I\ui. Heald, ' Adam Denmead, E. J. Church, I George Bartlett, T. H. Sullivan, > George Small. JOHN K. MAGRUDER, mr 29 tf Secretary. HE N R Y A. DID IE R, INSURANCE AGENT COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF GAY AND LOMUARD STREETS, mrlfltf Baltimore. I 1 LITA 15 L E EI RE INSURANC E -Li SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, where the principles oh which the Society insure will ho fully explained. DIRECTORS: THOMAS KEUSO, BENJAMIN DEFOKD WILLIAM KENNEDY, SAMUEI. KIRBY, HENRY RIEMAN, MICHAEL WARNER JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JONES. Secretary. foi!4 I v # rPHE GREAT WESTERN fMARINE) X INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital ( already paid in) 1,000.000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 560,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,1)00 This Company combines the advantages of the mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Cajntal , with a lil>eral return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. RICH'D LATHERS, Prest. JNO. A. PARKER, Ist V. Prest. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, See'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. CoLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, fe23-tf Office Commercial Buildings. lIMRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COAI.E, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AGEXT WITH PULL POWERS FOR THE nARTFOKD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, C'asli Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN EIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD, Cash Capital $.'100,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY insured at the most reasonable terms. MAUI N E I NSUIRANCET COLUM BIAN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $600,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300,000 TITOS. LORD. President. R. C. Moßßls, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. ' The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. li. DA VIES, of Davics A* War field, fe22 6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IX 1830— Charter Perpetual. JOHN I. DONALDSON, President. ''PHIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives Jl for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the l>eneflt of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may IMJ made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments fur Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr DONALDSON. 84 Franklin street. f22ly VJMRE AND LIFE INSURANCE -I? OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PHOUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, -with large Cash Capitals. Policies issued. and Losses paid at the Agency. .ETNA INSURANCE Co., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHOCNIX " " " " 350,000 SPRINGFIELD " Springfield, Mass. 375.000 .ETNA LIFE " Hartford. 225.000 U.S. LIFE " New York 400,000 fe22 tf. ASSOCIATED FIIIEME.\\S INSUIU ANOE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTY, Mechanical, J. C. WIIEEOEN, Columbian, GEORGE HERMAN, Union , J. TRUST, Pirst Baltimore, NOAH WALKER, friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FARLOW, Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin, ALLEN I'AINE, Liberty, J. PEASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK, hule/wndent, LANCASTER OULR, Patapsco, R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER. Howard, WM. A. HACK, New Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman, JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. 0. BOYD, Lafayette Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. fe22 tf. " JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorably as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share of tfie profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2.1)00,000. A. B. NEILSON. Press't. A. SEA TOW, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22-ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PAXY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OFFICE NO. 13 SOOTH STREET. THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE | BY EIRE. The Directors meet dailv to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKER, President. BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, Wrn Heald. • Adam Denmead, John W. Ross, Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, Thomas M. Sullivan, ■ Job Smith, George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, fe26 tf Secretary. failots. SCHLOSS & BRO„ MERC HA XT TAILORS, No. 19 LIGHT STREET. (Below the Fountain Hotel.) Baltimore. Bv keeping constantly on hand a full assortment of 01/iTHS, CASSIMERKS and VESTINOS. they are ena hied to furnish suits at prices that cannot fail to please. Orders filled at the shortest notice. apl3 tf JF. HARTMAN, . MERCHANT TAILOR, 197 BALTIMORE STREET ABOYE LIGHT, aplfilw Baltimore. H T. ROBERTS, . MERCER AND TAILOR, No. 205 BALTIMORE STREET, fe22-ly. Baltimore. ML COON AN, • GEXTLEMEN'S CLOTHING AND FURNISHING STORE, No. 119 BALTIMORE STREET, NEAR SOUTH, Baltimore. CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND VESTIXGS ALWAYS ON HAND fST Particular attention paid to CUSTOM WORK. A full assortment of BOYS' CLOTHING, apl 3iu PHCENIX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREk WM. H. CRAWFORD & CO., PROPRIETORS, Offer to the wholesale trade of this city the SoutK and I Vest GOODS of equal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the United states fe22-tf INGERSOLL'S IMPROVED PORTABLE HA Y PIIEBS. We call attention to this press which combines greater power and durability, requires less labor, occupies less space, and costs less money than any other Machine for haling Hay or Cotton, eri r offered to the public. For sale at manufacturer's prices by J. A. WESTON & CO., fe'22 tf 41 South Charles street. OFFICE MARYLAND OAS COMPANY, CORNER BALTIMORE AND ST. PAUL STREETS, UP STAIRS. HPHIS COMPANY is furnishing the most 1 cou.ulete and only reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private L *uses, Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages. Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using ou Machines, can be furnished. Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by person or by letter. fe22-6m. business Curbs. R. BROWN, JR. .1. H O'DONOVAN, JR. BROWN & O'DONOVAN. DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS, | ap!6-tf No. 33CHEAP8IDI, Baltimore. NO. STARK WETHER. . PRACTICAL ARCHITECT. A N I) SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDINGS 94 FAYETTE STRKET, Baltimore. mr3l 6m LEONARD VANDEN KERCKHOVE, A It T I S T. STUDIO, Second story, No. 69 SECOND STREET. _ mr3l-ly EDWARD DB COBMIS. WILLIAM ROGERS & ROGERS, J ' IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IX WINES, BRANDIES, GINS, SCOTCH AND IRISH MALT WHISKYS ENGLISH AND SCOTCH ALE AND PORTER, mriil-tf No. 4 COMMERCE STREET. Bait RFI R. COUPLAN 1), FASHIONABLE HATS, CAPS, &c. No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS. mrlMy BALTIMORE. DENMEAI), . Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT CITY MALT HOUSE, Vest Falls Avenue, BALTIMORE. N. B.—Hops constantly on hand. fe22 !y *• J* ,1. 15. GRANT. ( ' RANT &. BROTHER, AT COMMISSION MERCHANTS NO 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, fi'22-tf. Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & 15K0., COMMISSION ME It CIIA NTS, 52 COMMERCE STREET, fe22-tf. BALTIMORE. JL. M'PHAIL & BRO'S • R HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North ami Calvert streets, (north siile.) fc22tf. T O LOUIS STOW. FANNEY & STOW, J PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION ME It U lIA NTS, No. 101 SOUTH STREET, Baltimore. " 0 VICKERY. OSEPH CARSON & CO. WESTERN PRODUCE GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, _ Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments. fe22 tf (COURTNEY & CUSHING, J TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, ~ 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNEY, BALTIMORE. C. L. CUSHING, J.A.COURTNEY. fe22-tf T LYI.E CLARKE & CO., • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF ToBACCO, SE6AHS, SNUFF, &0., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. f-22 tf A R I) . J P. C. MARTIN, DISTILLER AND DEALER EXCLUSIVELY IN FIXE OLD WHISKEYS, No. 10S NORTH HOWARU STRKKT, fe22 lm doors South of Mulberry street. RICHARDSON & co.. SHIPPING A ND COMMISSON MER CIIA NTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL & LONEY, SHIPPING AND COMMISSION ME R CHANTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR, MOLASSES, COTTON, COFFEE, RICE, FISH, I'ROVIS lONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, Xr.; also fill orders for same. fc22tf W' T. WALTERS & CO.. • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES d LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE LOMHARD STREET, BALTIMORE. HIT A large and very fixe stock of OLD RYE TVHISKF.Y on hand. fc24 tf T. T. MARTIN. W M. R. MARTIN 'V T. MARTIN & BRO., J- < IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN L I Q TT 0 R S —and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT sr., (one door from Pratt), mal tf Baltimore. JOIIN F. PICK REM., LEWIS WARRINGTON. JOHN V. PICKRELL & CO., GENERAL COM MISSION M KRCHA NTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. gyLiberal advances iwulr on consignments. fe24 tf Jlttorncps. A L. K N OTT, ' IJL • A TTORNE Y A T LA IF, 31 LAW BUILDINGS, (Spurrier's Court,) Lexington street, near St. Paul, Will practice in the Courts of Baltimore and Howard Counties. apl4 3t* JOHN G. CURLETT, A TTORXE }' AT LA lU, No. 6 LAW BUILDING, ap7 eo2m (Opposite Record Office,) 1 THOMAS H. KEMP, JR.,— ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MR., Will practice in the Courts of Caroline, Talbot, Queen Anne and Kent counties. mrl7 2M R~ . STOCKETT MATHEWS, A TTORXE Y AT LA ir, OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINOTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22-tf. C CHARLES F,. PHELPS, J A TTORXE T AT LA W, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY ami HOWARD COUNTY. fe22 tf ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORXE Y AT LA W, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22 tf. LE.YIXOTOX STREET. UI FRISBY HK.NDF.KSON, A • A TTORXE Y A T LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, No. 6 COCNSXLLOKS* HALL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. JOHN I'UENTISS I'OM. ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE NO. 25 LEXINGTON STEEETS, Practices in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY, and RAL TIMORE and HOWARD COUNTIES. fe23 2aw6w. JOSEPH ROGERS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles. mrl-tf. jjfefririßß, perfumeries, &t. f. PURVIANCE POLK & CO. J APOTHECARIES, Corner of Fayette and St. l'aul Streets, AND N. HYNSON JENNINGS & CO. APOTHECARIES, No. 88 N. CHARLES STREST, Raltimore, Respectfully call the attention of citizens and the travel ling community to their large and choice assortment of MEDICINES. PERFUMERV, FINE STATIONERY and FANCY ARTICLES, which maybe confidently relied nu as being what we represent them, as we select none hut of the pu rest quality. Also, MEDICINE CHESTS, SURGICAL INSTRU MENTS, TRUSSES, DIETETIC PREPARATIONS, &C., AC. Written orders filled promptly and with rare, subject to be returned at our expense if not of standard quality. fe22tf. SAVING IN GAS. JT BALTIMORE, Feb. 9th, 1858. MESSRS. JACKSOV A CHANDLER: Sirs: —We have been using J. H. COOPER'S LEVER CAS REGULATOR U|on our metre for the past six weeks, and are satisfied that it economises from 20 to 25 per cent, of Gas. The light is uniform and ample, aud all blowing and flaring of the flame is obviated, and the escape of un consumedgas prevented. NOAH WALKER A CO. As there is now great complaint about Gas bills the public will find it to their interest to adopt the above apparatus. All orders sent to MESSRS JACKSON k CHANDLER, At the office of Messrs. GRATTAN k EVANS, Jarvis Building, No. U North street, will receive prompt attention. mr29-lmo. IMPORTED CIGARS AND CHEWING TOBACCO THOS. N. WEBB, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN CIGARS A N1) TOBACCO, CORNER OF GARDEN AND MADISON STREETS, BALTIMORE. Keeps constantly on liaml all the Choice Brands of Irn ported Havana CIGARS and Superior CHEWING TO BACCO, with Fancy Articles of the Trade. mr!B tf JAMES M. ANDERSON k SON, ENGRAVERS, No. 148 Baltimore Street, BANK NOTE. STEEL & COPPER PLATE PRINTING. INVITATION, WEDDING, VISITING Card9,etc., Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able styles. Corporate and Notarial Seals, Letter Stamps, etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's En velopes, etc. __ _ fe22tf UMBER! LUMBER! ! J All .kinds of BUILDING LUMBER and TRUNK BOX STUFF, together with FRAMES. SASII, DOORS, SHUTTERS and MOULDINGS, for sale on moderate terms —also Planing, Ripping and Resawing—liy A. CATE, apl-lm East Falls Avenue and Fawn St. PAPER WAREHOUSE, NO. 24 SOUTH CHARLES STREET, JAMES S. R OHIXSOX Has on band for sale, a large assortment of the various kinds of Paper, such as Printing, Writing, Wrapping, and Colored Papers, of all sizes and prices, which he is offering low to punctual buyers. mal-tf (XLD PAPERS FOR SALE, \J OLD NEWSPAPERS FOR SALE AT 25 CENTS PER HUNDRED. Apply at this Office. ap2o-tf FOREIGN MISCELLANY MUTILATIONS l.\ INDIA. A correspondent of the London Time* writes as follows: '"lt is most painful and wounding to the feelings of those who have suffered so much, through near relatives and friends, from this fearful mutiny in India, to read and hear from time to time that •there have been no mutilations of the victims of tliis horrid outbreak by the Sepoys.* Now, as the hither ot one who has so",.eel most deeplv by this scourge, having lost tier husband at the very outset ol the revolt, shot down almost before her eyes by a set ot infuriated wretches, her house ami everything belonging to her destroyed, and only escaping with life, I must contradict this mawk ish assertion which some are trying most indus triously to spread, 'that there are no mutilations of the Indian suflerers.' Mv daughter wrote some time ago 'that it will never be known in England the extent of the sufferings and misery and the fearful deathsof the victims in India: some had their throats cut with panes of glass, others fearfullv miitilated; others—women—suffered worse than death.' I have just had a letter from a friend this moaning, of which I give you an extract 'An old friend of ours has her two* oldest friends returned without noses or ears. She says they are cheerful, hut miserable objects, and their sufferings were acute.' This is only one out of many statements which I have received, sadly continuing tho early letters received from India detailing the horrible atrocities and mutilations which had been perpe trated on innocent women and children hv deceitful and treacherous Sepovs. The fact is, that these atrocities have been so fearful and revolting that the sufferers have hidden themselves from,public gaze, rather than let tliem ho known." Another correspondent of the Time* writes as follows: "It is time that those who know something ot tho real state ot the case should each contribute such facts as have come under their actual observa tion, tending to prove the falsity of those would lie philanthropists who arc endeavoring to slur over the atrocities perpetrated during the Indian revolt with a view to shield the dastardly perpetrators from a righteous punishment. lam myself a suf ferer from the Indian mutiny, having* lost live of those nearest ami dearest to me, and onlv escaping myself by a miracle, having had to walk upwards of seventy miles throuh the Delli* district, then in no very quiet state, without any covering, save and except a pair of white trousers. It may, therefore, perhaps, be permitted me to know something of what was actually going on. "Every one who was in the eainp at Alipore, 35 miles from Delhi, on the sth of last June, mar re member the trial of a zemindar for the rape and subsequent mutilation id' an English lailv escaping from Delhi. A native woman, instigated by jeal ousy, laid information against him in the first place, and subsequently others from the village came for ward and proved the charge. He had found her wandering in the fields, almost exhausted, she. poor girl, having walked nearly forty miles, under a burning sun, the thermometer lit) degrees in the shade. He then stripped tier, and made her sit un der a tree in front of the village for all the villagers to stare at, and after two hours of this torture led her awav to a clump of "trees, where, after endur ing every indignity that could he heaped upon wo man, she was murdered. The brute, when brought before the court, not only did not deny the charge, Imt boasted the manner in which he had slain the innocent. "There is ono ease for you worthy of being brack eted with tho first act of the Wt-/oi/e at Mpcrut, where tiie lirst victim to the mutiny was Mrs. Chambers. A butcher tore her out of her carriage as she was going to church, and, ripping her cut her bale's head otf before her dimmed eves. Many a resident in Meorut can tell how another lady, being missed, was found bv a patrol of the COlh l ilies, Stripped, and hanging by the punkah ropes in what had been her drawing room. It is not to be expected that men should come forward and show the dishonor cast by the "mild Hindoo" on those most cherished, and this is perhaps the reason why it is so diflieult to obtain proof of what is never doubted in India. Or, perhaps, the sulfer ers in most instances did not survive the torture, and we can hardly expect the natives of Hindustan to come forward and criminate themselves!" IIKA/.n.rAN Scan oa i.. —The following strange affair is recorded in the Kio Janeiro papers:—ln a hoard ing school, kept by a Frenchwoman, was a girl of less than twelve years of age, named Correa, heir ess to a fortune ot C,00,000f. An ltaliau adventurer of the name of .ludice, who got his living as a hawker, resolved to marry the girl, and had re course to this stratagem. He went to the Bishop of Kio Janeiro, a pious hut credulous man, and said that having been for some time living with a woman not his wife, be wished to regularise his position bv marrying her, and as it was important to have the marriage performed at once without publicity, he sidicited a license. The bishop granted the license, and on tile man's declaration, put in it tiie woman's name as Correa. The Italian then went to the boarding school, and said that he was sent bv the girl's mother to take her home, as she wished to indulge her with a visit to the theatre. The schoolmistress imprudently gave up the child to him. and he took her at once to tho church men tioned in the license and had himself married to her. The next day he wrote to the girl's mother to inform her of the marriage. The poor mother, in indignation, immediately communicated to the police, and they at once took the girl from the man and gave her up to her mother. The Italian and some persons who acted as witnesses of the marriage have been arrested. It is considered strange that the priest, notwithstanding the license, should have celebrated the marriage, as the girl was dressed in a short frock and trousers like a child. The affair has created an immense sensation at Kio, but what the upshot of it will be remains to be seen. A TALK OF HORRORS. —An atrocious crime lias just boon perpetrated in Kziksza, in Hungary. A iiawkcr, who had long boon in the habit of travel ing about the country selling linen, stopped for the night at tlie house of a peasant. After taking his supper (juiet.lv with his host, he retired to bed. In the middle of the night the wife awoke her hus band, and proposed to liiin to go and murder the hawker, in order to get possession of his property. The husband positively refused, on wf.ich the wo man, calling him a coward, went and plunged a large knife into the heart of the sleeping hawker,— The husband then, by order of bis wife, put the body into a sack and threw it into the river, while she set about removing ull the marks of the blood. In the morning her son, a boy of live years of age, asked his farther for a piece of bread, when she took a knife to cut him a slice. Seeing this, the child cried out, 4< l)o not cut it with that knife, for you used it to kill the hawker!" On this the wo man, fearing that the crime would be revealed by the child, seized hold of him and threw him into the oven. It so happened that on the very night of the murder, the house of another peasant had been rob bed of a quantity of meat and bacon, and the owner bad been prowling about in search of the thief. In passing near the house of his neighbor, he smelt an extraordinary odor of something burning, and gave alarm. When persons were entering the house to search for the cause of the smell, the mother had pulled out the half-consumed body of the child from the oven, and was endeavoring to carry it away in her apron, but one of the feet was seen protruding, and the whole affair Was discovered. The peasant and his wife were arrested, and the woman made a full confession of her guilt. THE MILANESE AND TIO: AUSTRIAN OFFICERS. —One cannot but be struck in tbe great Milan Theatre at tbe arrangement which gives exclusive posses sion of the best and most conspicuous (ilaces in the house to the Austrian ollicers. The pit stalls at La Scala arc not very commodious; the lunches arc rather narrow, there are no arms or divisions, and the space allowed for each spectator is not excessive, although if corpulent amateurs were compelled to take boxes, it might be deemed sufficient. But in front of these benches and in rear of the orchestra are ranged three rows of comfortable chairs, with abundant room in front of each, and these the .Mi lanese have the gratilieation of seeing occupied nightly hv the dapper white and green uniforms of Austria. The privilege is enjoyed at very small ex pense; divided bv the number of performances of w hieb the season consists,an Austrian officer's ftmU-uil d'oreheetre costs him about V/A. per evening. The system of thus packing the military apart from the general audience dates from 1853. Yon will remember that on the 6th February of that year a number of Austrian officers and soldiers were stab bed in the streets of Milan. The opportunity was profited by it to secure, on pretext of safety, sepa rate sittings at the theatre. It was a mere pretext, for it is perfectly well known that the wounds then inflicted were not the deed of the Milanese popula tion, hut of a few cowardly ruffians from without. The people here, however, are not so fond of the Austrians as to repine at having them placed apart from them in the theatres, but they do not relish the unjust preference given to them in respect to comfort ami position. There is no greater eyesore to the Milanese, nothing that galls them more than those three rows of arm chairs, packed with Aus trian captains and subalterns. — J/ilau correspondent of the Timetl. ITALY. (livonni Prati, the well known patriotic poet of Italy, having lately visited Padua, simply to see his daughter. who resides there, has been peremptorily expelled from the Lombard*>-Venetian territories. He is a naturalized subject of the King of Sardinia, though horn in the Italian Tyrol, and his passport was perfectly regular, with the rin of the Austrian authorities at the frontier. His political views are notoriously moderate, anil he has never taken part in any secret conspiracy. A Paris correspondent of the Morning I'oit says that one of the charges brought against Signer Prati by the Austrian po lice— or. rather, one of the reasons assigned for or dering him out of the Austrian dominions—was that he had written some poetry to accompany the. bou quets sent bv the ladies of Turin to the Empress Eugenie, on llie escape of her Majesty from assas sination. The same writer states that a diplomatic correspondence on the subject of Signer Petri's treatment is taking place between Piedmont and Austria. The Archduke Maximilian, the Austrian viceroy, lias gone from Milan to reside a few months at Ven ice. leaving behind him, in addition to the general repugnance to Austrian rule, a local matter of dis satisfaction in the arbitrary suppression ot the Mi lan races, which appear to have been regarded by the government a pretext for treasonable meet* ings. At Venice the signs of disaffection are even more prominent than at Milan. Not only do the Italian nobility and upper classes refuse to attend the viceregal court, but on the 22d, the anniversary of the insurrection of Lsis, the archduke and arch duchess having got out of their carriage in the Piazza of St. Mark to join the well-dressed throng of citizen promenaders, no sooner was the presence of their Austrian Imperial Highnesses observed than, by a tacit concert, the Italian ladies and gen tlemen walked off to an adjoining place, and the au gust representatives of the foreign oppressor sud denlv found themselves alone. The slumbering elements of disaffection are seen and heard occasionally. At i'adua 800 students made a demonstration of sympathy for Orsini; and a similar incident is reported from l'avia. At the Felice Theatre, in Venice, an Austrian lady, who is married to an Italian nobleman, having attracted tho attention of the spectators in the pit. planted an Austrian cockade in her hair. This offensive dis play excited the indignation of the audience to such an extent that she was obliged to leave the house and to be escorted home by a number of military friends j It is announced from Vienna that insurrectionary I movements have taken place among the students of the University of Padua and among the scholars of the Academy of Milan, both of these establishments having, in consequence, been shut up by the Aus trian government. A letter from Turin, in the Courrtcr dc* Alpcs, says that the political refugees, after having circu lated thousands of eq>ies of Orsini's portrait and biography, have published a second edition of his political memoirs, in which hatred of Napoleon 111. is preached up without disguise; and in which his death is alluded to as the only means of salvation to italv. The Journal of the Two Sicilies of the 19th of March states, that shocks of earthquake continue to devastate the principato citerioi e. and that Sapri and Caasaletto in particular have suffered from theiu. RUSSIA. The superiors officers of the army who possess es tates to which serfs are attached have been speci ally granted by the Emperor leave of absence for two months, to enable them to take part in the de liberations of the the committees of noblesse on the question of emancipation. The news from St. Petersburg is calculated to produce the impression that Russia has at present so much to do At home that.she has neither the time nor the will to meddle much in foreign affairs.— The Emperor meets with secret opposition to his great plan lor the abolition ol' serfdom, but the lower classes are perfectly well aware of what is going on, and any great "owner of "souls" who might openly oppose the measure would be in im minent danger of being treated by them as the landed proprietors in Galicia were treated by their peasants in I*ls. According to a St. Petersburg correspondent of the Augsburg (iazette , great discontent prevails in the military world. The reduction of the army has been so great that not more than half as many of ficers are now employed as were in service during the war. Now, officers on half-pay are systematic grumblers, ami the Russians form no exception to the rule. A great many geitprals of brigade have been put on the halt-pay list, and as their allow ance is exceedingly small they have been obliged to applv to the Russian Government for some civil employ ment. Preparations for the work of the emancipation of the serfs are going on in Russia with activity. A letter from St. Petersburg states that a new journal has just been founded in that, capital, under the title of thi' Journal oj Landed Proprietor tin? editors of which announce that they intend to devote their columns especially to the propagation of the great measure of reform undertaken by the Emperor Alexander. Le Liiril says the advices from the interior are very satisfactory. The Government follovvsup with perseverance its noble design with regard to the emancipation of the serfs. Even men of retrograde views begin Cn regard it as an object already moral ly accomplished. The question is freely discussed in the journals, and it is manifest that public opinion is now a powerful element in Russia. The two cap itals of St. Petersburg and Moscow, although 21)1) leagues distant from each other, are perfectly in unison ou recent measures of the Government. FROM OUII LONDON Colt It ESI'OX/> FN T. I,ox DON, April 5, ISSB. Tt any of the "institutions" of England arc wor thy of imitation in America, it is their sports and pastimes. Ido not mean all. but some of them. — True, you cannot transfer English climate, English scenery, English ideas, and English history to the I nited States: and as to the English government, the Americans do not want that. But there are certain habits, exercises, and practices that are con ducive to health, cheerfulness, longevity, social comfort and enjoyment of life, which are beneficial in all countries and all situations. There is an ele ment of brutality in the doings of the "fancy" that cannot be too strongly deprecated; but even these have their excuses, if not their apology, in the inability ol some minds to appreciate anything higher. Rut you take English hunting, yachting, rowing, swimming, skating, cricket, ami the Scottish games of curling and golf, and they all have the essential elements ot good exercise, a field for the intellect, and a due appreciation by both sexes. Females do not always join in them, though in many thev do, and in others they are di lighted spectators. 1 have ridden after a pack of fox-hounds where some of the most daring and active participants were ladies, and greatly did they enjoy it. They would not not only put their coursers to tlmir mettle through brake and brier, but they would leap hedge and ditch, and some of them cleared five-barred gates that a tyro like me did not dare attempt. Such women become the mothers of' men. East year the Earl of llarewood, if I recollect rightly, was killed by being thrown from his horse while hunting.— King \V illiam Uul'us was shot with an arrow, during the pursuit of a stag, and many fatal accidents are recorded in the chase; but what of that? People are killed on railroads and drowned at sea. but no one proposes to have an act passed to tear up the iron raiis or abolish navigation. I have attended an aquatic contest, a boat race between students of Oxford and Cambridge I Diver sities, and I should like to see the eight Americans, whether stalwart watermen or studious youths from Universities, that could compete with these. Their training and muscle may be judged by the fact that each crew in their practice before the race rowed by the side of eight picked crews of watermen, who spend their lives on tin? river, and these could not "hold a candle" to tlicm. The race came oil'in the Thames above London, from Putney to Mortlake, and the day being fine there was an immense con course of people. Fifteen thousand people at least attended, and for quite half of that number—those that accompanied the rowers, either bv land or wa ter from the start to the close—the expense was rather more than for a ticket to a menagerie. The steamers charged five shillings ($1.25.) and there were many hundreds on horseback. The Can talis in their very small river, the Cam (where that fa mous "bridge" was built,) and the Oxonians, (where the oxen used to ford the Isis,) had not the most extensive aquatic fields at I lie seats oj their Universities, hut they always practice largely. I have never seen —not even in our gingerbread gim crack steam palaces on the North river—such gor geous boats as those owned by the different colleges at Oxford. The boats used in this race were built specially for the occasion, one at Newcastle, and the other at Searh 's yard (opposite Putney ), where the race started. The boats were about sixty-five feet long; and as pointed as spears. For nearly twenty feet —perhaps more—of each end they were covered over, the top just on a level of the water, leaving merely room for the eight rowers and the steers man. Thenars rested on out riggers, tin? oar being confined at the fulcrum between two pins, or •'tholes," fastened at top by ;i cord. All this for your unprofessional readers. They came out of the boat house a little before 1 P. AL, dressed in white, with straw hats and blue ribbons; the Oxford hav ing dark blue, and the Cambridge light. The oar blades were also of these colors. The oars went in and out of the water with a majestic sweep, men and all looking like a piece of machinery. You must understand these were the picked men of the two Universities, each separate college having a boat club of its own, (sixteen or seventeen colleges in each University) and the best men are selected from the best clubs. Last year Oxford won, and the year before Cambridge. This is a mere friendly contest, no betting or prizes,—except betting among individuals. The contest decides a sort of aquatic championship for the year between the two Univer sities, the same (with a difference) as Tom Savers and the Tipton Slasher batter one another's counte nances for an hour, to decide the "Championship of England" in the "manly art" of bruising. The steamers all waiting in snorting expectancy, and the dense crowd on shore cheering, the signal is given and tliev start. Almost at the first stroke, Oxford is put back bv an irreparable accident. The head rower,the "stroke," as he is technically termed, snaps the cord that .holds the tholes together, and bends one of the tholes forward an inch out of the perpendicular. Another Oxford rower missed the water, lost his stroke, and dropped his oar. Re covered in less time than it takes me to write it, and Cambridge got her oars fouled against a barge. The nature of the Oxford accident was unknown to the spectators, who noticed as the boats shot past the steamers, that Cambridge was a little ahead. 1 coidd see that the Oxford men had their faces some what flushed and excited. Not one of either crew looked to th right or left, or once smiled or spoke, but all laid themselves dov\ n to the work in real earnest The boats went like enormous arrows half hidden in the water. As soon as the rowers were fairly ahead, the steamers started, but under posi tive injunctions not to go so near as to impede the contestants, either by agitating the water, or get ting in their way. These injunctions were quite useless, for not one steamer could keep up with them. Rut such an excitement you never saw. There wore sixteen steamers, and as the Thames was not wide enough to receive them all side by side, sometimes five or six would come abreast, with paddle-boxes touching. "Hold hard," "look out," and other cautionary ejaculations were sung out from time to time, but little attention was paid to anything but the And a race it appeared to be between sixteen sheritl steamers pursuing two boat loads of culprits or convict watermen rowing in blouses. Ihe shore, on the South, was Hanked by two or three hundred horsemen, and several score of female equestrians; the latter, with their long veils, their skirts, and their horses' tails streaming behind them in the PRICE TWO CENTS ! wind as they tore along at a regular fox hound l speed. And on shore, too, vast numbers of persons j on foot ran a bootless race, soon distanced by the i various rapid travelers propelled by steam, horse flesh and elbow grease. Chi went the rowers, <>n i new the steamers, and on rushed the horsemen and horsewomen, nil at the top of their speed. At the Hammersmith bridge the rowers shot through and the steamers followed, each choosing an arch, ami some halting a moment to allow a s\\ it tor bateau clr rapmr the preference. Oxford is about two lengths behind, and the effect is visible on the crowd of spectators. One steamer is full of excited gentlemen ami ladies, all wearing rosettes and ribbons and bonnets of pale blue. These are the friends ot the Can tabs, ami full of merriment, and loud cheers they are. Another steamer is loaded with personages in dark blue ornaments and em blems. These are rather nurm, as the chances seem to be going .against their favorites. ''Still they rowed amidst the rowing Of rivals fast prevailing though I can't say that in this case as in the escape ol the chieftain's daughter, the "wrath was changed to wailing." Every steamer was loaded down to the gunwale, and often when the crowd swayed, rather than rushed, to one side, one paddle would be high and dry fluttering in the air" among the kites and crows. Of course this retarded the speed. Accidents were anticipated but none took place. The newspaper reports stated that Hammer smith bridge was loaded down with spectators; hut neither myself nor my friend with me noticed them at all, or had the slightest recollection of them, a proof that we were quite absorbed in the contest. It was like a white bait dinner, the "white bait being the ostensible feast, hut a very small proportion of the eatables. It looked like a grand contest for speed, joined hv everything and everybody. We did pass one * 'party" in which the individuals seemed quite unconcerned spectators. There were several score of white swans, paddling along the surface of the Thames, with curved necks and stately carriage. They were quite too dignified to be interested in the achieve ments of their aquatic brethren in white; per haps because they were conscious of the fact, that bv all law and custom thev are always considered the property of the king. The or. *, with their pink oars and white mainmasts, paddled out of the way and let light blue and dark blue glide by. At each bend or point ol the river where a road came down or the river road gave a good post of observation, were numerous carriages; the gentry of Richmond, .Mortlake, Twickenham, Rams, and other places, having driven down to see the river procession pass. And very quickly did they pass. At these places, too, the equestrians swept along, as with an ava lanche, a crowd ol people on foot, who tried in vain to keep up with the boats. The fun and interest were by no means centered on the rowers. In tact., as a race, it was seen dur ing the first half mile that it was all over with Ox ford. I could notice that Cambridge made about five strokes to Oxford's four. Rut they were all plucky anil persevering. (Jetting near Mortlake we noticed on the north ( Middlesex) bank of the ri ver immense osier fields, and in some places enor mous stacks of the withes tied up in bundles pre paratory to being sent to market, to the basket ma kers. they are cut in winter before the sap starts, for all coarse work, fish baskets. Ac., and after spring opens, for fine work, where the bark requires to be removed. Rut lam forgetting our literary athletic. The course was about four miles and a quarter, and Cambridge came out at the flag-boat in 21 minutes and 22 seconds, and Oxford 22seconds behind. A week before starting Oxford was the favorite and betting was six to four against Cambridge. Af ter trials of skill, each before their own select par ties of watermen, and the ease with which Cain bridge distanced their party, they were the general favorites. The race was unquestionably decided at the first un fortunate stroke, which broke the Oxford row-lock. That greatly diminished the interest of the race, considered merely as a contest of skill, training and strength. N'ow, some of these very youths, who showed such muscle, will some day arrive at emi nonce as barristers, pulpit orators, military men, or statesmen. And the attention to the physique will doubly invigorate their intellect. After the race was over, Cambridge rowed directly back, down to the point of starting, against the tide, keeping ahead of the returning steamers, and without show ing the slightest flagging or fatigue. There was a report on the day of this race (Saturday, March 27th,) that the Kmperor of France had been killed. Very likely that rumor might have travelled to America by telegraph and the Cunard steamer of that day. The story came in this wise: The result of this race was at once telegraphed to various parts of Kngland. The boat used by the Cam bridge men was named "The Emperor." At one place—-Cheltenham, I believe---as the telegram ar rived, it was read aloud "The Emperor shot ahead," and a by-stander heard it indistinctly, and at once reported it as telegraphic news that "The Empe ror" (of France) was "shot dead ! " So much for this rannr.l. I have given you a very faint impression of this aquatic scene, but you may believe it was an occa sion id' great excitement, and when "mirth and fun grew fast and furious." Yours truly, 1 lANIIOI.O. DOMESTIC A short time since, says the Philadelphia Ledger, a commission house in this city received from an Eastern port, a consignment of oil, which was sold to a Philadelphia blacking manufacturer. After the oil had been used, the empty barrels were sold to an oil merchant on the wharf, and in coopering them, one of the lot attracted attention in conse quince of its weight, and, on knocking out the head it was discovered that, in addition to the heads be ing between two and three inches thick, the barrel contained a heavy yellow pine frame to suit the shape ot the barrel, with a narrow opening in the centre, so that the gaugers rod could play back and forth, and thus escape detection. By this means, a cask which should have contained twenty-eight gal lons of oil, only held from ten to twelve. A trial at Chicago last week disclosed where the uncurrent money goes to. The young man Norris, on trial, had in bis possession uncurrent bank notes representing over $lOO,OOO, which he bad purchased of a Boston broker at ten cents on the dollar, with the avowed purpose of selling it at a large advance to Santa Fe traders, who would in turn realize still further by selling it to the "(Jreasers" in New Mex ico. So here is an explanation of those heretofore incomprehensible window signs, "Uncurrent money bought and sold." The Hon. Charles Marim, who died at bis resi dence in Leipsic, Kent county, Delaware, on Friday night, the 2(th ult., bad been a prominent member of the bar of Delaware, and also tilled several im portant positions in the State. He was Secretary of State under Geo. Coiuegy's? was several times elected to the Legislature from Kent county; and at one time, had be chosen to have voted for himself in the legislature, might have been elected to the Senate of the United Staters. The ceremony of breaking ground for the new grand Receiving Reservoir in the Central i'ark, near Eighty-sixth street, New York, was observed last week, in the presence of the Croton Aqueduct Board and a large number of city dignitaries. When completed, which will be in the course of about three years, the reservoir will hold 1,020,- ttfto,l4f> gallons of water. New York standard meas urement, and will cost $<>32,433. Air. 11. D. Stone, who was arrested in Sprinfield, Alass., on Saturday, for forgeries in Worcester, Mass., has been held to bail in the sum of $2,000. — He was also arrested for debts amounting to $70,- 000, and in default of bail to the amount of $140,000 was committed to jail. The case is one of much interest. The heavy rains that fell on Sunday and Monday have caused a rise in the river at Clarion, Pa. Large quantities of lumber are now passing down to market from the lumbering establishments above. A number o r rafts were wrecked against the piers of the Mill creek bridge; fortunately no lives were lost. The bridge over the Roanoke river on the Virginia and Tennessee railroad, destroyed by tire some time ago, has been repaired sufficiently to allow the trains to pass, so that there will hereafter be no de tention in the transportation of goods over the road. This will be acceptable information to mer chants having goods to forward in that direction. The Comptroller of Tennessee announces that the following Free Ranks have £one into liquidation, and that their circulation will be redeemed out of the trust funds in his hands, viz.: Rank of Paris, Rank of Commerce, Rank of Jefferson, Rank of Trenton, and Rank of Tazewell. Produce at the West appears to be at a ruinous discount. A letter from St. Charles, Ills., quotes wheat at 42 cents, corn 24 cents, oats 10 cents, but ter 12 cents, eggs 5 cents, and other things in pro portion. Orders have been received at the (Sosport Navy A ai d from Washington, to commence repairs on the Cyane; and also the drawings necessary to com plete the frame of the Richmond, on which work has been suspended for a few days past. Gov. King, of New York, has offered a reward of $1,(1(10 for such information as will lead to the ap prehension of the murderers <f young Samuels, whose body was found sunk in the East River some weeks since. The sentence of death which was passed upon L. Slaven, convicted.of highway robbery at the late term of the Court of Common Pleas at Columbia, has been commuted to whipping and perpetual ban ishment from the State. Among the list of deaths published in Rucks county, Pa., last week, were those of seven persons who had passed the advanced age of seventy years —most of them were over eighty. Hon. Mr. Diminick, of Pennsylvania, has been for more than two weeks contined to his lodgings by severe and dangerous illness, hut his physicians think him somewhat better. The oldest married couple alive are supposed to he a Mr. Svder and his wife, who reside at Burn side, Pa. lie is 111 and she is 107 years old, and they have been married about ninety years. The strike at the James Mills, Newburypoi t, Mass., is at an end, the greater portion of the opera tives having returned to their work.