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VOL. I--NO. 79.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCIFTBD,) BT KERR & CO. OFFICE, CARROLL HALL, S. . CORNER OF BALTIMORE AND OALVBRT STREETS. EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. CHARLES G. KERR. THOMAS W. HALL, JR. TERMS: In the city TWELVE AND A HALF CENTS per week, paya ble to the carrier. Mailed to subscribers, out of the city, at six DOLLARS per annum; THREE DOLLARSforsix months and ONI DOLLAR for two months. Invariably in advance for the time ordered. ADVERTISING! RATES. TABLE: (SQUARE —EIGHT LINES.) One Insertion .60 Two insertions 75 Three " SI.OO Four " $1.25 Five " $1.50 One week $1.75 j One m0nth...... S4OO i Advertisements occupying a larger or smaller space, or inserted for a longer or shorter time, charged for propor tionately. PATAPSCO FEMALE INSTITUTE, MARYLAND THE TRUSTEES of the Patapsco Female Institute announce to the public that the additional buildings and improvements commenced by them a year ago in accordance with the subjoined resolutions, are now com plete. These improvements have not been made with a view to increase the school, but for the greater conveni ence and comfort of the usual number of pupils. The new chapel is a handsome and most appropriate structure, for the exclusive use of the inmates of the In stitute, and in all its arrangements it is most complete. It is furnished with a new organ of tine construction and ex cellent tone. The administration of Mr. Archer for the past year and the present lias been attended with unprecedented suc cess, and the Trustees feel themselves fully justified in recommending the Institute to the continued favor of the South. It has pre-eminence in healthfulness. The pupil 9 avoid ing, on tlie one hand, the debilitating effects of a Southern climate, and on the other the rigors of the North, have few of the interruptions incident to both these climutes. It is sufficiently near to the city of Baltimore to enjoy the benefits of a city without any of its evils. As an Institution of learning it has the advantage of a full organization, a resident chaplain, and a corps of ac complished teachers and professors, called together from time to time in the long experience of those having charge of the Institute. The Trustees of the Patapsco Female Institute, having been duly notified by Mrs. Lincoln Phelps of her intention to resign her office of principal at the close of the present school year, have elected Robert 11. Archer as her succes sor. The eminent success of Mr. Archer in conducting for many years a School for Young Ladies in the city of Balti more, entitles him to our confidence as a person peculiarly qualified to maintain the present high standing, and insure the permanent prosperity of the Institution; and with this view we are engaged in the erection of another building in addition to the present extensive accommodations of the Institute. CHAS. W. DORSEY, PUKSIDEXT. WK. DENNY, H D , SECRETARY. T. WATKIXS LIGON, E. HAMMOND, JOHN. P. KENNEDY. fe22dtf. LA W SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. The Instructors in this School are Hon. JOEL PARKER, LL.I)., Royal Professor. Hon. THEOPHILUS PARSONS. LL.I)., Dane Professor. Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, LL.I)., University Professor. The course of instruction embraces the various branches of the Common Law, and of Equity, Admiralty, Com mercial, International and Constitutional Law, and the Jurisprudence of the United States. The Law Library consists of about 14,000 volumes, and as new works ap pear they are added, and every effort is made to render it complete. Instruction is given by oral lectures and expositions, (and by recitations and examinations, in connection with them,) of which there are ten every week. Two Moot Courts are also holden in each week, at each of which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four students, an-l an opinion delivered by the Presiding .instructor Rooms and other facilities are also provides* Tor the Club Courts; and an Assembly is held weekly for practice in de bate, and acquiring a knowledge sf parliamentary law and proceedings. Students may enter the School in any stage of their pro fessional studies or mercantile pursuits, and at the com menement of either term, or in the middle or other part of term. They are at liberty to select what studies they will pur e according to their view of their own wants and at tainments. The Academical year, which commences on Thursday, six weeks after the third Wednesday in July, is divided into two terms, of twenty weeks each, with a vacation of six weeks at the end of each term. Daring the Winter vacation, the Library is opened, warmed, and lighted, for the use of the members of the School. Applications for admission, or for Catalogues, or any further information, may be mada to either of the Profes sors at Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass.. January. 1858. [d6t-lawßm. PETALS, FATIIIAATF, FTC. IVIAN & SONS' LONDON SHEATH ING METAL FOR SHIPS. The subscriber has received the Agency'of this celebrated English Sheathing Metal, aud has now in hand, and will keep a supply of all sizes. LAMBEUT GITTINGB, ap24 tf [R] 5S Buchanan's Wharf. STICKNEY it CO.. DEALERS IN NAILS, COAL AND IRON, No. 57 Exchange Place, up stairs. fe2s-tf I S s &. CTOLE, ~ COMMISSION MERCHANTS AMERICAN AND FOREIGN HARDWARE, Nos. 27 and 29 SOUTH CHARLES STREET, fs22 tf. Baltimore M "KEITH, Jr. & SON," e -a SOUTH CHARLES STREET, MANUFACTURER'S AGENTS FOR Best Cut Nails, Naylor&Co.'s Steel Shovels, Forks, Tacks, Butt Hinges. Sad Irons, Hollow ware Castings, Ac. mr23 tf E L. PAIKER & co., . IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN METALS. SOUTH CHARLES STREET, between PRATT and CAHDIN STRUTS. OFFER FOR SALE I TIN PLATE, of every description. TERNE PLATE for roofing. ENGLISH SHEET IRON, Nos. 10 to 271 AMERICAN " " " 14 to 27. GALVANIZED ' 1 " " 18 to 28. RUSSIA " " " to 16. IRON WIRE, TINNED WIRE," oto 35. SHEET ZING, SPELTER. PIG and BAR LEAD. BANOA TIN, in Pigs and Bars. LEAD PIPE and SHEET LEAD. HOOP IRON, % in. to 2* in TINMEN'S TOOLS and MACHINES. BRASS KETTLES, COPPER BOTTOMS, RIVETS, KETTLE EARS, Ac , AIL fe22 tf. KEYSEU. TUOXELL A CO. IRON WAREHOUSE. No. 19 SOUTH CALVERT BT. IMPORTERS of all descriptions of IRON and STEEL. Hare constantly on hand a Complete as sortment of AMERICAN AND ENGLISH IRON Manufiictorers of RAIL ROAD SPIKES AND CHAIRS. Agents of the VIADUCT AND LAUREL BOILER IRON WORKS ELK SHEET IRON MILL, BRISTOL FolftOE. Also, agents for the best Pennsylvania and Maryland ANTHRACITE and CHARCOAL PIG IRON FURNACES fel-'-' tf, GUNS RGUNST? wtmstir", THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OP GUNS, RIFLES, PISTOLS. AND SPORTING APPARA. TUS IN BALTIMORE. Guns suitable for Deer, Duck, Turkey, Squirrel, and all Bird Shooting; Rides of all sixes and patterns ; Colt's Ar my Nary ami Pocket Pistols ; Warner's, Allen's and oth er make of Pistols; Powder Flasks, Shot Pouches. Game Bags, Caps, Powder, Shot, Balls. 4c., in fact all Sporknc Goods in the greatest variety. Having received a GOLD MEDAL AND CERTIFICATE Or the highest honors of the Maryland Institute, for spe cimens of his OWN MAKE of Guns, he fiatters himself, by prompt personal attention, to give satisfaction to all and they may rely on getting a good article. No. 51 CALVERT STREET, and 53 CHEAPSIDE. ALEXANDER McCOMAS, GUNMAKER. Eltabliihed 1843. mr#-3m REMOVAL.— " TO STRAW GOODS DEALERS, MILLINERS, HAT TERS, and the PUBLIC. RICHARD HILL Respectfully announces to his friends and the public that he has removed his VCHOLESALE AND RETAIL STRAW HAT MANUFACTORY from No. 18 McClellan's alley to his new and commodious Factory, corner of SHARP and GERMAN STREETS, where he has ample facilities for carrying on the above business in all its various branches, including BLEACHING, PRESSING, ami DYEING BONNETS aud HATS of all descriptions. N. B. Constantly on hand a full assortment of fashion able BONNET FRAMES, CROWNS. 4c. mrlf>3m METALLIC RUBBER MACHINE BELTING. T> l i ! k l^?, ? M ' )ef ' ence * n manufacture and use of Rubber Melting and Hose has resulted in its introduction and use in two-thirds of the first and most extensive man ufactories in this country. Its great superiority over Leather in pouit of strength is show, by esrtiflcates from the Engineers of Steam lire Engines. They say, ''We have burst coil after coil of double leather double riveted Hose, while Rubber Hose has stood the test in every case." The price of Rubber Belting .s full 30 per cent, below the price of Leather, and in point of durability the former is far superior. Testimonials of which we hare in our pos session. 1 STEAM PACKING, MANHOLE PACKING,' . „ ~ CAR SPRINGS 4c In a variety of sixes and thicknesses. Any article not on baud will he made to order. - E. M. PUNDERSON 4 CO., 209 Baltimore street DEALERS IN RUBBER GOODS in all of their extended variety. mylO tf Oio. M. KHRMAN. SALFIJL A. Ho Eli EHRMAN & HOUSE FLOUR 4 PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS AND DEALERS IN . ! * CORN MEAL, GRAIN MILL FEED, . BALED HAT, 4* N. w. CORN ix HOWARD AND PRATT STRIETI. V - J R * , *RRRCRS; —Messrs. Newcomer 4 Stonebraker; C. D. Hlnks 4 Co.; Kefaevre 4 Campbell; James Hooper 4 Sons ; Lhaanoey Brooks, Esq., President B. 4 O. RR. Co.; r. r! . on ' Kk 1. B*nk of Baltimore; Trueman Crow, "q.'CasMer Commercial and Farmer's Bank. mrl< -6m TF O Gi LY L ' S " Too SOMATIC BITTERS. for Ty **** BITTERS, jit re- J B CHARBON 4 CO., Sole Agents, , u ,}? 2 134 Wt Lombard street, fiattos an& Itusic. _ Lf'^Q^WRLLTAAIGAKHLE^FCNF) |J tfn From the late Firm of Kn&be, Uaehle &i Co. ; 1/ if Q J J MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO FORTES, North east corner of EUTAW AND FATETTI STS., Baltimore, Md. Where may be seen PIANOS, which for elegance of finish, sweetness of tone, combined with an agreeable touch, are secgnd to none in tliis couniry. Terms and prices moderate, and every instrume.it war ranted. Pianos hired, and Tuning attended to promptly ap6-tf ~>Mffn~NF.W YORK PIANDIIFPiiT F - TIIIEDE, 1/ iir 1/ If Successor to PETRI 4 THIEDE. Having retained the Store and Stock of the old firm, No. 80 IAYETTE STREET, begs leave to announce that he has obtained the SOLE AO E NCY FOR THE STATE OF MARYLAND, FOR STEINWAY A SON'S GRAND AND SQUARE PIANOS! He will be pleased to receivecalls from his friends and the public, to examine these celebrated instruments. By purchasing wholly for cash, he is able to offer the works of these well known makers at prices that will not fail to please. A call is earnestly solicited. WM. F. THIEDE, mr 27 d3m No. 30 Fayette street, west of Chailes. C. W. WEILL. w. P. WASHBURN. NJ'WTTU.NEILL & WASHBURN, Is >1 It FIRST PREMIUM PIANO-FORTES, J II tf J (f MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOMS— -66 FAYETTE T., East of Calvert, mhl2-6m Baltimore, Md. GRFS3HFF H^ CK EIIINGIRSBNSR 17 7 9 7 IF A! *NUNNS 4 CLARK'S CELEBRATED PIANO FORTES, Constantly receiving and for sale only by F. D. BENTEEN, 181 Baltimore street and 84 Fayette, third store west of Charles st. Purchasers will find it to their interest to examine ft r themselves the superior qualities of the above Pianos. Piano Stools, Prince & Co.'s Melodeons from sls upwards. mr2s tf. ■aMWrTI—GOLD MEDAL PREMIUM PIANO FORTES. if J O Jlf WILLIAM KNABK A CO., MANUFACTURERS OF GRAND AND SQUARE PIANO-FORTES Not. 1, 3, 5 and 7 NOR TH EUTA W ST., Opposite the Eutaw House, And at our NEW SALESROOM, 207 BALTIMORE STREET, Between Charles and Light streets. These celebrated PIANOS have, at different Fairs, for several successive years, been awarded the HIGHEST PREMIUMS for excellence, over all competition. They have also been pronounced by S. Tlialbcrg, the most celebrated pianist iu the world, and other distin guished artists, including M. Strakosch, G. Satter, 4c., 4c., to bo equal if not SUPERIOR to any in this country. We have constantly on hand at our extensive Ware rooms as above, the largest assortment of FINE PIANO FORTES to be found in this city, which we will sell, wholesale and retail on the most liberal terms. In every case guarantee our Pianos to give entire satisfaction. on hand a fine assortment of MELODE ONS, of the best makers, at prices from $45 to S2OO. ft/"Always for sale a large number of GOOD SECOND HAND PIANOS, at prices ranging from $75 to S2OO. ftZ-PIANOS EXCHANGED, HIRED and TUNED. null tf VM. KNABK k CO. Jhrfcra. ANUFACTURED TOBACCO, FANCY POUND LUMP. Royal Arch, 10 pound pkgs.; SallieCarey, 5 pound pkgs.; J. May, 10 pound packages. ' POUNDS, J. Scott, J. A. Clay, J. M. Wise, S. E. White, J Mason, D. W. Burton,- John St. Clair, G. English, HALF POUNDS. Foreman Carter Jackson, John Smith, John Pates, J. Judson, Pyramid, H. Johnson, FIVES. People's Favorite, Carter Jackson, James Madison. Wm. Palmer, Murrell A Burks, Our Alice, J. Gibson, TENS. W. A. Jarvis, Carter Jackson, Wm. Stewart, W. A. Jarvis, J. C. Breekenridge, Chickahominy, R. Wilson, 10's, 18's and 20's, Jeu Tang, Wm. Walker, Robert D. Burks, Uncle Tom, D. Alexander, C. & W. Jones, L. Wallace, In store and for sale by WARWICK, FRICK A BALL, myl4-tf. No. 160 South street. MANUFACTURED TOBACCO. M. Langhorne & Son, Nectar lbs. Keen & Moorman lbs. Turner, Lewis A Co. lbs Scearce A Martin lbs. : E. M. Holland lbs. O. w. Jones lbs. J. K. Lea, Kalorama lbs. A. 11. Moorman lbs. do Talula lbs. A. T. Holland lbs. John Thomas lbs Wm. H. Cabaniss lbs. Fairfax lbs! F. Beverly lbs. "Wm. Barrett lbs. Charles ..oring lbs. L. Laurence lbs James Harper lbs. , D. Noble lbs.' Union lbs. Samuel Lovell lbs Geo. Cooper k Co. Twist Melville lbs. John Wesley lbs. Forsaloby JOHN P. PLEASANTS k SONS, ap2l -tf No. 52 South street. JYJANUFACTURED TOBACCO,— A. Enos, lbs. Economy, 12's. G. H. Larrence, lbs. Jas Hite, 12's. A. Enos, s's. J. Mason, 12's. W. Reynolds k Co., s's. Anthony. 12's. A Johnson, 10's. Wm. Walker, 18's. G. H. Larrence, 10's. Economy, 20's. G. H. Larrence, s's. Uncle Tom's, 20's. W. Reynolds k Co., 10's. Planter's Daughter, M lbs. Aragon, 10's. G. H. Larrence, 4's Jas. Smith, 12's. Just received and for sale by COURTNEY J: CUSHING, apß-tf 65 South Gay street. VIRGINIA MANUF.TOBACCO^: POUNDS. De Rosa, FIVES and TENS. Continental, Jno T Lewis, Jas. Hite, I. P. Cook, Tobacco Queen, HALF POUNDS. Jas. Williams, National Guard, J. W. Gait, Blair k Birch, Leftwich, (cross,) Uncle Sam, JNO. TABB, Laurel Branch! FIVES and TENS Forest Rose, Competitor, Olive Branch, Priddy, Jas. Douglas. Smiley, Hundley, Turniey, Shilo, Jas. Douglas, Phil Primus, Anna Rice, bright, R. J. Christian's Comfort, J. C. Brock, do. do. P. Apple, A. E. Crutch field. do. do. G.F. Royall Rowlett, do. do. Nat's Pride Le Grand, PLANTERS' PRIDE, J. Lanes, Dark Sweet, lbs. W. A.Stewart, R. J. Christian's Indomitable C. S. Pearson, do. Comfort, Christian's Pine Apple, do. Pine Apple, do. Royal, do. C.S.Pearson T. Jas. Deane, do. W. Stewart, Jack Robinson, Competitor, Planters' Pride, Old Bobs, Zenobia, W. H. Smiley. Alexander, Fancy Light Pressed and R. R. Twist, Fig, Dough Nut and other fancy styles. Powhatan pipes and Kentucky leaf In store and for sale by ARMISTEAD, RIGGS 4 CO. apS-tf. 57 Exchange Place. MANUFACTURED TOBACCO^ POUNDS. Thos. J. Martin, D. F. Holt, John S. Hall, J. Brook, W. L. Saunders, T. T. Saunders, Harry of the West, C. Davis, Brice Thomas, Davis 4 Draper, A. J. Law 4 Co., Jean Nicott, Shelton 4 Clay, Economy, Gilman, B. White, C. O'Malley, 8. Mate, P. A. Clay, Alvan Adams, W. B. Law, P. Hayna. A Wins, P. Richardson, J. M. Dillard, Geo. Finney, Thomas Carhry, Smith, J.M.Taylor, Monticello, J. W. Murrell, E. Pope, L. J. Keen, J. R. Graham, Allen 4 Knight, P. Fry, C. L. Ellis, Sams, A. B. Clements, Joe Johnson, WDabney, Meaxes, " Moor, Jas. Sixer, Jr., Wild Rose. Figs A. Turner, A. J. Law 4 Co., J. Mason, Twist, J. T. Ross, R.Caswell, Forest Rose, Xlbs., Buffalo, s's 4 10's, Lawrence, \lbs., D. Lyon, s's 4 10's, A. 4 G. Maxwell, s's 4 10', A. B. Clements, s's, Shipping s's, 10's, 12's, 14's, 18's and 20's. For sale by COURTNEY 4 CDSHINO, PHCENRX SPICE MILLS, WAREHOUSE 58 SOUTH STREh WM. H. CRAWFORD 4 CO., PaoraiEToas, Offer to the mkoletaie trade of this city the SoutA and Wat GOODS of equal quality and price on same terms as any other house in the United states fe22-tf C. WE ST Ac S ON, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ETHEREAL OIL, ALCOHOL, (all proofs ) COLOGNE, SPIRITS, CAMPHINE, LARD OIL, LINSEED OIL, 4e. Our facilities for manufacturing being large, we are pre pared to offer great inducements to persons purchasing goods in our line. Manufactory, 30# West Pratt street, Warehouse and Counting Room, 115 West Lombard street, between Light and Charie*. fe22-tf. CARRIAGES! CARRIAGES!! We have on hand at 29 North OA Y STREET the largest assortment of FASHIONABLE CARRIAGES south of New York, all of the latest fashions and most approved styles. The public are invited to call and examine for themselves; all of which will be sold on reasonable terms. BURR, HAIGHT k O'CONNELL, V Repairing done t the shortest notice. mr22 tf OLD DOMINION COFFEE POT "T. '* guaranteed to make pure, sweet, healthy COFFEE witn one-fourth less Berry than by anv other process aties from one quart to twenty. TRY IT. For sale at manufacturer s prices, wholesale and retail, by ALFRED H. REIP, At the Housekeeper's Emporium, -Hi?? 337 Baltimore street. JAMKS M- ANDERSON A SON. ESGRAVEHS, ' No. 148 Baltimore Street BANK NOTE, STEEL 4 COPPER PLATE PRINTING rWITAtfION, WEDDING! VISITING Cards, etc., Engraved and Printed in the most fashion able sty lea. Corporate and Notarial Beals, Letter Stamm etc. London and Paris Visiting Cards, De La Rue's En! velopes, etc. fe22tf. BALTIMORE, MONDAY, MAY 24, 1858. Insurant* Cumpnics. HO WARDFIRE "iNSURAM E CO OF BALTIMORE. ! INSURES Dwellings, Furniture, Warehouses, Goods j on storage, and Merchandise generally, against loss or j damage by fire Also Vessels and Cargoes in port. Office— S. E. corner of HOWARD AND CUT STREETS. j The Directors meet daily to answer applications. ANDREW REESE, President DIRECTORS. | JAB. M POL'DER, CHAS. HOFFMAN, ! CUAS. W. GEORGE, HENRY J. WKRDEBAUGH, I WII. ORTWINB. AUGUSTUS SHRIVER, I SAUL. R. SMITH, M. BENZINGER, AARON FENTON, WM. G. POWER, 1 GEO. P. THOMAS, ELISHA H. PERKINS, GEORGE HARLAN WILLIAMS, ap29-tf Secretary. If IHEMEN'S IN.SURANCR COMPANY JOHN REESE, President H. P. DUHURST, Secretary. Corner of South and Second streets. apG-tf IN B(JRA NC E AGAINST LOSS OF RENTS BY FIRE, j THE NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. OFFICE, NO. 13 SOUTH STREET. Will mako insurance against loss of Rent by fire, on a new and most liberal principle They also coutinue to insure all descriptions of Property against loss or damage by JOHN B. SEIDENSTRICKF.R, President. DIRECTORS. Job Smith, John W. Ross, A. A. Chapman, Henry M. Bash, Joseph W. Jenkins, Wm. Woodward, WM. Heald, Adam Denmead, E. J. Church, George Bartlett, T. 11. Sullivan, George Small. „ JOHN It. MAGRUDF.R, mr 29 tf Secretary. HE N It Y A . D I DIE It, INSURANCE AGENT COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, CORNER OF OAT AND LOMBARD STREETS, mr!9 tf Baltimore. C* QUIT ABLE FIRE INSURANCE *-A SOCIETY. CHARTER PERPETUAL. OFFICE, NO. 19 SOUTH STREET. THE BALTIMORE EQUITABLE SOCIETY will Insure HOUSES and FURNITURE from LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE, at very cheap rates, on the Mutual or Beneficial plan, and grant Carpenter's Risks, on pleasing terms. Owners of Property insured in the EQUITABLE Office have no further responsibility than the amount of their deposits, and on the expiration of policies, they are enti tled to receive a cash dividend of twenty-eight per cent. The public are respectfully invited to call at the office. No. 19 SOL T TH STREET, where the principles on which the Society insure will be fully explained DIRECTORS: THOMAS KELSO, BENJAMIN DEFORD WILLIAM KENNEDT, SAMUEL KIRBT, HENRTRIBMAN, MICHAEL WARNER JAMES FRAZIER, DANIEL DAIL, .CHARLES R. CARROLL, ROBERT A. DOBBIN, AUSTIN JENKINS, DANIEL WARFIELD. FRANCIS A. CROOK, Treasurer. HUGH B. JOJIES, Secretary. fe24 ly* THE GREAT WESTERN (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NE W YORK. Authorized Capital $5,000,000 Cash Capital (alreadypaid in) 1,000,000 Surplus Fund (represented by scrip) 500,000 Assetts Jan. 1,1858 2,276,000 This Ccmpany combines the advantages of the' mixed plan (so long and profitably practiced by the best Life In surance Companies in Europe) blending the desirable se curity of a large Cash Capital , with a liberal return of the profits to its customers. All Marine and Inland risks insured on most favorable terms. Rtcn'D LATHERS, Prest. Jxo. A. PARKRR, Ist V. Prest. DODGLAS ROBINSON, Sec'y. J. F. Cox, 2d do. COLIN MACKENZIE, Agent in Baltimore, _ f023-tf Office Commercial Buildings. FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY. GEORGE B. COALE, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS, GAY STREET, AOINT WITH PULL POWERS FOR THB HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY Cash Capital $500,000 HOME INSURANCE CO. OF NEW YORK CITY, Cash Capital $500,000. NORTH AMERICAN FIRE INS. CO. OF HARTFORD Cash Capital $300,000. Property of all kinds in TOWN or COUNTRY Insured at the most reasonable terms. MAJRINE INSURANCE! COL VMBIA N (MARINE) INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital $500,000 Cash paid in 200,000 Security notes paid in 300 000 THOS. LORD, President. R. C. MORRIS, Vice President. PIERRE C. KANE, Secretary. The undersigned having been duly appointed AGENT of this Company, is prepared to receive applications for IN SURANCE on all Marine and Inland risks. SOL. B. DA VIES, of Davies A Warfield, fe22-6m. No. 16 Spear's wharf. BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY! No- 15 SOUTH STREET, INCORPORATED IN 1830— Charter Perpetual. Jons I. DONALDSON, President. COMPANY proposes to insure lives X for one or more years, or for life. With their rates the assured enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of a prospective and uncertain bonus. He risks neither his policy nor the premium he has paid. These premiums may be made payable annually, semi annually, or quarterly, at option of the assured. The Company buys and grants annuities. Sells endowments for Children. Makes all contracts in which Life or the interest of Money is involved. A. B. COULTER, Secretary. Medical Examiner, Dr DONALDSON, 84 Franklin street f22-ly FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE, NO. 63 SECOND STREET, BALTIMORE. JOHN G. PROUD & SONS, Representing Companies of the highest standing, with large Cash Capitals. Policies issuAl, and Losses paid at the Agency. CO., of Hartford, Conn. $1,500,000 PHCENIX 44 44 4 44 * 350^000 ** Springfield, Mas 9. 375,000 fe22 tf ASSOCIATED FIREMEN'S INSUR ANCE OFFICE, No. 4 SOUTH STREET, OPEN DAILY for the INSURANCE OF ALL DESCRIP TIONS OF PROPERTY WITHIN THE LIMITS OF TOE CITY. JOHN R. MOORE, President. DIRECTORS. JAMES GETTT, ifechanical, J. C. WIIEEDEN, Columbian, GEORGE HARMAN, Union, J. TRUST, First Baltimore, NOAH WALKER, Friendship, FRANCIS BURNS, United, J. T. FABLOW , Deptford, JAMES YOUNG, Franklin, ALLEN PAINE, Liberty, J. I'RASON, JR., Washington, SAMUEL KIRK, Independent, LANCASTER OULD, Patapsco, R. C. MASON, Vigilant, F. A. MILLER, Howard, WM. A. HACK, Neu> Market, JAS. A. BRUCE, Watchman, JAS. B. GEORGE, SR., Pioneer Jos. C. BOYD, Lafayette lloak and Ladder Co. No. 1. FE22 T F . JOHN DUKEHART. Secretary. MARINE AND INLAND INSURANCE. THE SUN MUTAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF NEW YORK, Insures Marine and Inland Navigation Risks, on terms as favorable as those of any other Company. All persons tak ing Policies from this Company are entitled to a share ol the profits, without incurring any liability, beyond the amount of Premium. The assets of the Company, liable for the payment of losses, are over $2,000,000. A. B. NEILSON, Press't. A. SXATON, V. Pres't J. WHITEHEAD, Sec. C. OLIVER O'DONNELL, Agent in Baltimore. fe22ly. No. 51 EXCHANGE PLACE. NATIONAL FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY OF BALTIMORE. Incorporated by the STATE OF MARYLAND, 1849. OPTICS No. 13 SOUTH STRXKT. THE COMPANY INSURES EVERY DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY IN THE CITY OR COUNTY, AGAINST LOSS OR DAMAGE BY FIRE. The Directors meet daily to determine upon applications for INSURANCE. JOHN B. SKIDENSTRICKER, _ President, BOARD or DIRECTORS: Allen A. Chapman, [William Woodward, Henry M. Bash, George Bartlett, Wm. Heald, (Adam Denmead, John W. Ross, | Joseph W. Jenkins, Edward J. Church, jThomas M. Sullivan, Job Smith, (George Small. JOHN R. MAGRUDER, Secretary. ;'"fafacs.' " CASH SYSTEM. JOIIX O. FLBDDERMA JY, TAILOR, No. 14 ST. PAUL STREET. Would invite the attention of his customers aul Strang ers to his CHOICE STOCK OF SPRING AND SI MMER GOODS, Which will be made up in the most fashionable style for CASH. Twenty per cent, lower than the usual price. Full satisfaction guaranteed. iny3 3m SOHLOSS & BRO„ MERCHANT TAILORS, No. 10 LIGHT STREET, (Below the Fountain Hotel.) Baltimore. By keeping constantly on hand a full assortment of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES and VESTINGS, they are ena bled to furnish suits at prices that cannot fail to please. Orders filled at the shortest notice. apl3-tf iTcOONAN, ~~ • GENTLEMEN'S CLOTHING AND FURNISHING STORE No. 119 BALTIMORE STREET, NEAR SOUTH, ' Baltimore CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND VESTINGS ALWAYS ON HAND WW Particular attention paid to CUSTOM WORK. tW A full assortment of BOY S ' CLOTHING apLaa YITM. GRANGE &. CO.. ll9 WEST LOMBARD STREET MANUFACTURERS' DEPOT OF GLUE, Of every description, from common to the most superior quality of BONE GLUE, for Printers and Piano Manufac terers' use. Also, constantly on hand, a large supply of B ONE D US T, TOM AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES. Both Articles at strictly Manufacturers' prices. f e 22 t H. DUVALL. O. L. IOLEHART DUVALL & IGLEHART. PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, POB THE SALE OP BACON, FLOUR, WHISKEY, TOBACCO, GRAIN, 4c , No. 128 LIQHT STREET WHARP, (Corner of Conway street,) •p!6-tf Baltimore business flrartis. IND & MURDOCH, ARCHITECTS AND SUPERINTENDENTS, Xos. 1,2,3 and 4 MCELDOWNEY'U BUILDING. ap2B tf ; R. BROWN, JR. J. H O'DONOVAN, JR. 13 ROWN &. O'DONOVAN, X 3 DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS, apl6-tf No. 33 CHEAPSIDE. Baltimore. NG. STARK WETHER, • PRACTICAL ARCHITECT, AND SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDINGS 94 FAYETTE STREET. Baltimore. rnrSl 6m LEONARD VANDEN KERCKHOVE, ARTIST. STUDIO, Second story, No. 69 SECOND STREET. mr3l-ly EDW ARD DE CORK IS. ~ WILLIAM ROGERS TSE CORMIS & ROGERS, AJ IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN WINES, BRANDIES, GINS. SCOTCH ANI) IRISH MALT WHISKYS ENGLISH AND SCOTCH ALE AND PORTER, __mr24 tf No. 4 COMMERCE STREET, Rait aH. COU PLA ND . FASHIONABLE IIATS, CAPS, &c No. 40 Baltimore Street. Between FREDERICK and HARRISON STS _ mrll-ly BALTIMORE. FRANCIS DENMEAD, Manufacturer of RYE AND BARLEY MALT. CITY MALT HOUSE, West Falls A venue, „ „ TT BALTIMORE. "• " —Hops constantly on hand. fe22 ly E. B. GRANT. 1 T GRANT G' RANT St BROTHER, • COMMISSION MERCHANTS. , „ NO 61 EXCHANGE PLACE, _ te22 tr - Baltimore. JOHN S. WILLIAMS & BRO^ COMMISSION MERCHANTS, , ~ 52 COMMERCE STREET, JL. M'PHAIL & BRCVS • R HAT, CAP AND FUR STORE, No. 132 BALTIMORE STREET, Between North and Calvert streets. (north side.) fe22tf. WM . W. JANNEY LOI7IH STOW TANNEY & STOW, J PRODUCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, , „„ . No. 101 SOUTH STREET, - fe22l y Baltimore. JOSEPH CARBOIY. RJ G^FICKKRY TOSEPH CARSON & CO. * tf WES TERN FR OD UCE AND GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, NOS. 43 AND 45 LIGHT STREET, T Baltimore. Liberal advances made on consignments f*22-tf (POURTNEY &CUSHING, ' V_y TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS. 65 SOUTH GAY STREET, E. S. COURTNET, BALTIMORE. C. E. CuSHING, J. A. COURTNEY. fe22-tf JLYLE CLARKE &. Co7, • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TOBACCO, SEGARS, SNUFF, &c., No. 106 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fe22 tf RICHARDSON & co., SIIIPPIXG A XD COMMISSOX MERCHAXTS No. 67 EXCHANGE PLACE, Baltimore. mrl-tf HALL &. LONEY, SHIPPIXG AXV COMMISSIOX MERCHAXTS No. 56 BUCHANAN'S WHARF, _. . BALTIMORE, Give particular attention to consignments of SUGAR, MOLASSES, COTTON. COFFEE, RICE, FISH, PROVIS IONS, FLOUR, GRAIN, Ac.; also fill orders for same. fe22-tf T.~W ALTERS & CUT, • IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES d LIQUORS, NO. 68 EXCHANGE PLACE" LOMBARD STREET, ' BALTIMORE. air A large and very fine stock of OLD RYE WHISKF.V on hand. fe24 tf "AKTIM. WM R MARTIN T T. MARTIN & BRO., J- • IMPORTERS AXD DEALERS IX LIQUOR S—and General COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 72 CALVERT ST., (one door from Pratt). .. Baltimore. JOHN F. PLCKRELL, LEWIS WARRINGTON JOHN F. PLCKRELL & CO., J GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 40 WEST LOMBARD STREET, Baltimore. fly Liberal a<lvanceg marie on consignments. fe24-tf M. H. COLE,~SR!7 A TTORXE r AT LAW and SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, No. 32 ST. Pact STRRRT, _ mys-lm Opposite Record Office. JOHN ALHOBINSON, ~ ATTORXEY AT LAW, CENTRE VILLE, Queen Anne's county, Md. Particular attention paid to the Collection of Claims. ap3o-lm JOHN G. CURLETTT A TTORXE Y AT LAW, No. 6 LAW BUILDING, ap7 eo2m (Opposite Record Office.) THOMAS H. KEMP, JR.,— ATTORNEY AT LAW, DENTON, CAROLINE CO., MD., Will practice In the Courts of Caroline, Talbot, Queen Anne aud Kent counties. mrl7-2m R. STOCKETT MATHEWS" A TTORXE Y AT LAW. OFFICE No. 1 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, (46 LEXINGTON STREET,) Baltimore, Will attend promptly to all kinds of business appertaining to his profession. fe22-tf. CHARLES E. PHELPS, A TTORXE Y AT LAW, No. 2 LAW BUILDINGS, Continues to practice in the Courts of BALTIMORE CITY and HOWARD COUNTY. fe22-tf. ROBERT D. BURNS, A TTORXE Y AT LAW, NO. 5 COUNSELLOR'S HALL, fe22tf. LEXIXGTOX STREET. RI I FRISBY H ENDERSON, A • ATTORXEY AT LAW AND COMMISSIONER FOR PENNSYLVANIA, NO. 8 COONSBLLOBS' HILL, fe22 tf. Lexington street. HP. JOSEPH ROGERS, X ATTORNEY AT LAW, Has removed to 83 W. Fayette street, above Charles. mrl-tf. FAIKHANK'K PLATFORM SCALES. THE UNDERSIGNED having purcnased the EXCLUSIVE AGEAVCY for the sale of FAIRBANK'S SCALES in the Southern States, respectfully invite the attention of the business world to the superiority of these Scales over every other description of weighing machines in use. The tearing* are broad knife eilges . placet! on polished steel sur faces, so dressed and levelled that the Jcnife edge bearings rest etjually throughout their whole length , and in every point, skill and fidelity have obviated all tendency: > de rangement and wear. These scales have been subjected to the SEVEREST TESTS on all the principal Railroads in the United States and England, and in every branch of business throughout the world, and their uniform accuracy and great durabili ty, have gained for them the reputation of being THE STANDARD FROM WHICH THERE CAN BE NO APPEAL. At the World's Fair in New York, and the last four Exhibitions of the Maryland Institute, they have re ceived the FIRST PREMIUMS. In the case of O'Brien vs. Reese, in the Court of Common Pleas (October, 1854) of Baltimore city, the learned Jndge declared, in open Court, "that Fair-bank's Scales being the Government Stan/lard, and their accuracy having been de termined beyond all question, all legal issues must be decided in their favor. 11 We are prepared to fill orders for Counter, Portable, Dormant, Hay, Coal, Railroad, Canal, &c., SCALES, at manufacturer's prices. J. A. WESTON k CO., fe22-tf 41 South Charles street. DKNMEAD'S IRON WORKS. A& W. DENMEAD &. SONS, . BALTIMORE, Locomotive ami Stationary Steam Eng ne Builders, Iron Founders, General Machinists and Boiler Makers. •/-Manufacturers of Improved BLOWING MACHINES for Anthracite and other Blast Furnaees, SUGAR, GRIST SAW and ROLLING MILLS fe22 ly. OFFICE MARYLAND GAS OOMPaNY, CORNER BALTIMORE AND ST. PAUL STREETS, UP STAIRS. THI£ COMPANY is furnishing the most con.*.- *tand only reliable Gas Machine for the use of Private Houses, Churches, Hotels and Public Institutions ever offered to the public. By their comparative small cost and profitable working results, these Machines recommend themselves to the at tention of residents of small towns and villages. Thous ands of certificates, from parties now using ou Machines, can be furnished. Apply at the office of the Company, as above, by person or by letter. fe22-6m. BOOK AND JOB PRINTING BY TUB MOST IXTSHBIVI STEAM PROPELLED MACHINERY IN BALTIMORE A T . IF. Corner of Baltimore and Gay Streets ' SHERWOOD k CO'S BOOK AND JOB STEAM PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT. We are prepared, aa usual, to execute to order every va riety of Printing, comprising CARDS, CIRCULARS. CATALOGUES. BILL HEADS BILLS LADING, BANK CHECKS, And all Commercial AND LEGAL BLANKS, HANDBILLS, LABELS For Druggists and others; SHOWBILLS, PROGRAMMES, TICKETS, ETC., For Exhibitions. Concerts. Balls, and other imruosea SPECIMENS SHOWN. ' Having " annexed " an additional room, and made large accessions to the facilities of our establishment, we are en abled to compete, as respects accuracy and neatness, low prices and punctuality, with the most extensive Printing Concerns in the country. Being amply provided with Machinery, Presses, Type, Ornaments, Ac., including the latest improvements in ma terials and apparatus appertaining to the Printing Busi ness, our patrons may confidently rely upon having their work done to their satisfaction. A continuance of public patronage respectfully solicited. Orders for every description of ornate printing in Bronse, •Gold or various Colore, executed In nest style. feb22-tf FROM OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. LONDON, May 5, 1858. Tlio Tchgraph flashes its intelligence across the land, the Star shines with undiminished lustre, the Standard of revolt is raised, the Times is out of joint, and unless the "leading journal" lowers its price, it will be blown from the precincts of Print ing House Square. Such has been the revolution caused by a simple act of Parliament abolishing the newspaper stamp. In the opening of the above paragraph yon will see some horrible puns on the names of the leading newspapers ot London. Ten years ago everybody read the Time*, and few read any other paper.— Some four years ago the law was altered, making the stamp no longer obligatory, except on such pa pers as were to go by mail, and even these a post age stamp or "Queen's head" will answer as well.— At once there sprung up a shoal of cheap papers, both in London and other cities. The majority of these died a natural death in a very few months after their premature births. Hut in London there are three leading permanent penny papers, the Star one of the first, now in the third or fourth year of its existence—the Telegraph, and the Standard. The Star is said to be owned and controlled by Mr. Cobden, Mr. Bright and other leading Lib erals, usually known as the "Manchester School." The Telegraph is the organ of no particular party, but takes up everything that offers to be popular. It apes the Time in having three ponderous edito rials every day, and exhibits nothing particularly brilliant or original. That is nearly as old a paper asthe Star. The Standard is one of the old high liriced papers, lately put down to a penny, ( you mow this is two cents of your money,) but without abridging its size or quality. It is an able, well edited paper, and altogether the best of the London cheap press. It has eight pages, each quite as large asthe DAILY EXCIIANOK, and of these nearly one page consists of editorials. It was the first penny paper that came out on a double sheet; and before the Telegraph and Star knew what they wcreabout, their circulation was down to a small number, and the Standard boasted of printing 100,000. The London newspaper reading world having been so long on a spare diet, at once bought the Standard very largely, as they were glad to get the most they could for their money. Finally, the Telegraph, in sheer self-delence, came out 011 "a double sheet, the ' size of the Standard, and Smith, the great newsman, who sells papers atall the railway stations in the kingdom, refused to se.l the Standard, because the publishers would not supply him be fore every body else—as the Times did—and now the Telegraph is probably ahead of the Standard in circulation. The latter has only been a penny pa per since February. The newsmen always know about the circulation of the different papers. For merly immense numbers of the Times were taken bv the local newsmen all over London, and loaned out at a penny an hour, and then sold to go into the country, the next day, at half price, after mak ing clear four, five or six pence or more off of each number. Now, they tell me, thev do not take half as many Times to hire out or "lend" as formerly, but that their customers buy one of the penny papers instead. Another result is seen. All over London, just as in the American cities, you now meet that wonderful genus the newsboy." I stopped and talk ed with one the other day who sat on the railing of a bridge, counting up his morning's gains, at about seven o'clock, A. M. He had taken seven and six pence (nearly two dollars) that morning. In the afternoon he sold nearly as many of the evening pa pers. I did not mention that the Star enjoys a"very good, and almost uninterrupted evening circulation. The newsboy here is not quite as sharp, not quite as cool at selling you a last year's message as his profes sional brother in America. My informant of the bridge railing seemed to bestow most attention on the rivals,the interlopers that poached on his manor. He drove them off by selling his papers at a half pennv —a positive loss. He generally used them up in one or two days, and remained the'sole eagle of the cliff, with no one to dispute possession of his eyry. If not up to all the tricks of trade of his American brother, he deals as largely in slang, and is equally cute at detecting a customer, by the cut of his jib. Now and then a shark or a pirate comes along in these commercial waters, and under pretence of selling papers "lifts a watch" or "plucks a wipe" from the heedless wayfarer. Having accomplished his object, he vanishes. •Saying unto the sunburnt maid— "Come, Lis, its all serene, I've nail'd the covey's ticker: Oh crikey, ain't he green V But if you want the career of a newsman an in a newsman, look at "Smith," or rather W. H. Smith & Son, of the Strand. A few years since they showed great activity in sending expresses to all parts, often chartering an engine on purpose, when news was important, and telegraphs were not; and A getting all of their supply of the Timen and other journals before any one else was served they made quite a monopoly of the newspaper business. They next rented stalls at all the railroad stations in every town, and hound themselves under heavy penalties to show no partiality to any one paper, but to sell all as wanted; and you havelittle idea of the business done by this firm. A gentleman who knows them inti mately, told me he knew that the senior laid by in permanent investments, land, mortgages, and stocks, from £50,000 to £70,000, ($250,000 to $350,000) each year out of his profits. He is getting old now, and wishes to retire, and no doubt there are many who would be glad to take his business off his hands. The Times from a circulation of 55,000 or 00,000, in the Crimean war period, is probably down to a circulation now of 30,000 or 35,000. l"t had a little over 40,000 in ISSO. Not only is its circulation di minishing;, but it has a diminished advertising pa tronage, the Standard and the enlarged Telegraph nearly rivalling it. Advertising terms also are cheaper, and the Timet' old rates are not kept up. The Manchester Guardian, once a paper of 17,000 circulation, twice a week, at pence a number, opposed, abused, and ridiculed the penny press, as "cheap and nasty." but it linally had to become one itself, to save its" bacon, and keep from total extinc tion. It is now a penny daily. Canada, with its 135 weekly journals, 21 semi-weekly, 1G tri-weekly, and 19 daily, has just about the same number of separate papers as all of Great Britain. Another class of papers has come into existence in London, and these are a species of local parish papers, published for the most part on Saturday, once a week, and at the price of a penny, or more frequently a half penny. Near where I live flourishes the St. Pancras Gazette, a penny hebdomadal; and in the Parliamentary district of Finsbury, (a part of London,) are "The City Press," the " Ilalborn Journal," the "Clerkeri well News," the "Finsbury Herald," the "St. Luke's News," the "Shoreditch"Observer," the "Islington Gazette," and the "Islington Times." The first two of these are sold at a penny, and the other six at a half penny, (one cent) each. They are all weekly. The journals do not rival the Timet certainly, but they flourish on cheap draper's shops, corner groce ries, stray cows and lost children, and wax warm, if not eloquent on home matters, vestry meetings, municipal affairs, and local gossip. All of the above papers except two, have got up to their 40th, 00th, 80th, and one as high as its 155 th number. This last and oldest of the local metropolitan papers, sells at a halfpenny, and claims a circulation of 14,000. — Whether it actually comes up to that, I can not say. These cheap papers are neither scurrilous nor vin dictive, but appear to be both decent and active. Now, what are the effects of the cheap press, you tnay ask. Various, and all good. It hunts the*old powerful monopolist, the Times, and that certainly does good. It gives an opportunity for hundreds of thousands of toiling, active, industrious, tvell meaning people, to interchange their views, discuss local topics,and advertise their goods and wares in the neighborhood, measures that one or two great papers, or ever so many expensive ones, were quite inadequate to. Then "if Smith of the Bungtoicn Squash or Trumpimjton Sjjijflicatnr calls Jones abusive names, there is no reason why he should not have the privilege of giving a dig back with the Phirnixville Ilamrod. Above all, the penny press gives an opportunity for the poor laboring man to read a paper at home along with his family', whereas before he had no way to_ accomplish that object; but he must go to a rum hole, or a low cof fee shop, and expend one, two, or three pence for liquor, or dirty coft'ee, in order to get sight of a paper. Great good will grow out of the cheap press, to the people of England. It is now a fixed, re cognized fact, and one of the institutions of the land. One more result is soon expected. It is ru mored that the great "thunderer," the redoubta ble Times is to come down to two pence. If so, it cannot retain t.r have a good circulation at that price if conducted with one whit less energy and talent than it is now, and this for the simple reason that one or two of the best of the penny papers are now about equal as news journals to that long established sheet. They exhibit editorials every day that show quite as much talent, all the learning, and often more activity and vigor. And the Times has greatly improved'since the advent of the penny press, and many is the hint it has taken from the once despised, but no longer despicable journals. The Times is a lion, erecting his mane, roaring, and gnashing his teeth at the flight of a pigeon. The penny press is the fox, ac tively darting round a tree, and carrying off the pigeon in his claws. The Times is an 'old-fashioned war ship, a "Duke of Wellington," carrying 120 guns, but with nothing but canvass for propelling power. The pennv paper is a steam gunboat, car rying four guns of the largest size, running twelve miles an hour, darting up creeks, capturing towns, villages, and piratical junks, and then escaping, where the water is but four feet deep. The Times was started near three-quarters of a centurv ago, was the only paper worth reading when William was King, and Wellington was Premier. But in the days of the electric telegraph, steam voyages across the Atlantic in nine, and the Pacific in twenty-five davs, the period when a conquered province re volts, gefs up a successful rebellion, and conquers a country between the two letters of "our own cor respondent;" when a ministry is upset in a single evening by the well put speech of the member for a manufacturing town; in days like these, every party must have its organ, ana every man, however poor, his newspaper, and we might as well pay for no more snow in winter, or no more sunshine in summer, as to try to sneer down, crush, stifle, or ignore the existence of the penny press. The im provement lately exhibited by the Times is increas ed activity. In popular amusements, and musical matters, "the Times formerly had a long, carefully written essay once in about three months. The other day it stated its intention of giving an ac count of the amusements of the town everv week, and now we see light gossipy articles about thea' tres, actors, actresses, managers and musical celeb rities, every Monday morning. This idea is taken from the papers that sell at a penny. By the way, it seems a pity that our lowest unit coin was not "of the value of two cents. In most parts of the country I there would be noneed of anything lower in the shape j of coin, and newspapers, postages, and thousands of I other necessaries would adapt themselves to that price. It is wonderful what an enormous quantity of articles, and what immense sums of money are bought and sold and change hands in one day, in this country in single pennies. Our three-cent piece is an awkward inconvenient coin. It neither adds, substracts, multiplies, or divides to good ad vantage. You can't get a half of it, and no even number of them will make a dollar, a half dollar, a quarter, a fifth, a tenth or a twentieth ot a dollar. With a cent the value of two, a dollar double the size, a "shilling" the tenth of a dollar, and five pence for a convenient small coin, and below that a two penny piece, our currency would be in a far more satisfactory state. But, of the press. It is a great mistake when peo ple in any community neglect and pay little atten tion to their own local papers. Every argument is in favor of supporting them. Now there are tele graphs; the papers nearest to us always publish the latest news. Our local papers know and advocate our local wants. Our local papers reflect the busi ness, the resources, the character, the educational interests and the talent of the place. And two or three old or leading journals are not the only or gans required for a commercial or a last growing place. b 6 England to-day resembles the United Stutes more than over it has before; and it is on account of the activity, general intelligence, and useful informa tion disseminated by its widely circulated, enter prising, local PENNY PRESS. DANDOLO. FOREIGN. THE MAILS OF THE NIAGARA. The steamship Niagara arrived at Boston at about eight o'clock on Thursday evening, having made a quick run from Halifax. She brings $22,- 000 in specie. Her advices are to the Bth inst., and | we have the London as well as the Liverpool pa- ! pers of that date. We subjoin particulars relating to matters of interest. The Paris correspondent of the Lonpon Times states that it is generally reported that at the last meeting of the Privy Council of Regency the Em peror expressed his desire that the repressive mea sures hitherto adopted by the police authorities should be mitigated, and that the Ministers were opposed to any change for the present. The Paris correspondent of the London Daily News says that M. Perret, the defeated rival of ,\f. Jules Favre at the late Paris elections, is likely to be consoled with a seat in the Senate. The Queen held a drawing room on Wednesday afternoon, May 5, in St. James' Palace. The court was numerously attended, about two hnndrcd and sixty ladies were presented to the Queen. Her Majesty wore a train of green satin covered with lace of British manufacture of the rose, sham rock, and thistle pattern, trimmed with hunches of lilacs, white and lilac. The petticoat of white sat in, double skirt of the same lace. The Queen wore a circlet of diamonds as a head-dress. The Foreign Ambassadors and Ministers were first introduced, when the following presentations to her Majesty took place in the diplomatic cir cle: lly Mrs. Dallas—Mrs. Charles Amorv, of Boston, Mass., and her daughter Miss Susan Amory; Mrs. Baldwin, of Boston, Mass., and her daughter Miss Baldwin. By the Countess of Malmesbury—La Marquis de Taliacarne; ferame da Charge d'Affairs deSardaigne a Naples; Senora Ida de Hurtado. By the Minister from the United States—Mr. George Dorr, of New York. Prof. Alexander, U. S. Commissioner on International Coinage; Lieut. Wm. Stokes Boyd, commanding Marines U. S. steam frigate Niagara. The diplomatic and general circles were numer ously attended. [From the London Times of May .] ELEVATION OP SIR COLIN CAMPBELL TO THE PEERAGE. Sir Colin Campbell is to be raised to the dignitv of the peerage as a reward for the great services in the suppression of the Indian mutiny, and the cor dial approbation and gratitude of liis country will add additional lustre to his coronet. Granted that the great death-struggle was almost concluded be fore Sir Colin Campbell took the field; that the north-western provinces had been secured for the time; that Delhi had fallen; and that Outrain and Ilavelock were still maintaining a stout fight at I.ucknow, —the stability of all these successes de pended upon the ulterior action of the commander in-chief. Had Sir Colin Campbell made but one false move in the game all would have been in issue again. One of his greatest claims to distinction is, that from the first moment heset foot on Indian soil until the departure of the last advices he has never made a false step. Deliberate in bis preparations, he has ever been clear in design and energetic in action.— It should also be taken into account that to move a large force with precision under an Indian sky and with Indian distances is no easy task. Sir 'Colin Campbell, howeyer, was not free to choose his own times and places for action. The strong necessity of relieving the beleaguered force at Lucknow was upon him. This was to be done within a certain time, or another massacre would have followed that ofCawnpore. The relief of Lucknow, taken by it self, would liave been an achievement sufficient to make the reputation of a General, but the more dif ficult portion of the task set before Sir Colin Camp bell was to reach the ground in time. There was so much to be organized, so many pre parations to be made, so much road to be cleared, so many divisions of the enemy to be kept in check, that it was only by a miracle of good arrangement that the scene of action was reached before it was too late. Then, the manner of the relief is a mat ter which will not be lightly forgotten in our mili tary annals. There are not many instances of so important a success achieved in so complete a man ner, with such signal loss to the vanquished, and such perfect immunity to the victors. A particular feature of Sir Colin Campbell's system of military action which will cause his name to be universally respected, is his extreme anxiety to spare the lives of his own troops in all cases where a certain sacri fice is not indispensable to victory. Bold himself, to a fault, and on most occasions far too ready to expose himself to personal risk, ho is more chary of the safely of his men than of his own. We are not blind'to the fact that a long and arduous task is still before Sir Colin Campbell, but he has already richly earned the distinction which is about to bejconferred upon him. Long may he live to wear it, and return to his native land* in due time, when his task is accomplished, to enjoy his well-merited reward. FRANCE. The Moniteur of the 6th, in its official columns, publishes a long list of new appointments in virtue of the recent uieasuroof General Espinasse, Minis ter of the Interior. These new appointments include seven secretaries-general of prefecture, 19 vice prefects, and 32 members of the Council of Prefecture. PARIS, May 7. —Another adjournment of the pro rogation of the legislative body has been determined upon, and the closing of the session will not take place until the 23d inst. The Const it ntionnel publishes an article showing the advantages to be obtained and the fortunes to be realized by industrious farmers emigrating to Algeria. As yet colonization by Europeans has made very little progress in that colony. [ Correspondence of the London rimes.] PARIS, May s.—Every one is talking to day of an incident said to have occurred at the reception at the Tuilerics on Monday night last. A Deputy named Cally de St. Paul, who enjoys the two-fold advant age of being a wealthy capitalist and father-in-law to one of the Imperial Aides-dc-Camp, made an un usually spirited speech in his place in the legislative body during the discussion on the budget. Even after undergoing the process of filtration in the Moniteur, the oration is one that would not disgrace a member of a really independent Legisla ture; we may, then, judge what it was as it came from the lips of the speaker. M. de St. Paul, while protesting "his sincere respect for the Constitution, and his hope that no one doubted his devotion to the Emperor," and admitting that "he had no ri"ht to demand a revision of the Constitution, yet ex pressed his confident hope that one of these days the Sovereign would take the initiative in giving to the legislative body a little more liberty in the exer cise of its control over the finances;" and, continu ing in the same strain, he declared that the budget as presented by the government "was not the budget of the legislative body, but the budget of the Coun cil of State." This occurred on the 27 th. Two days after a very silly paragraph appeared in the Moni'teur, denying there was any truth in the rumor that the of Finance was to go out; and adding, that "the con fidence of the Emperor in M. Magne, is still the same, and the attacks of which he is the object rath er increase it than otherwise, for these have no other origin than the impartial firmness with which this minister performs his duties, and on every occa sion defends the great interests which are confided to him." It was thought at the time that the para graph was meant as an indirect admission of the re tirement of M. Espinasse, about whom, and not about M. Magne, the said rumors circulated. Oth ers believed it was directed against the persons at the head of the credit Mobilier. It is now ascertained that M. de St. Paul was the object aimed at. Be this as it mav, the irritation excited by the bold comments of tlie Deputy, evinc ing a spirit of independence which is growing up in the Chamber, was very lively. On Monday night M. de St. Paul presented himself with the other Deputies, in the imperial saloons. It is stated that His Majesty took the opportunity to address a few words to the Deputy. He said lie did not mean to arrogate the right of dictating the words a Dep uty should speak, or the vote ne should give, bnt when M. deSt. Paul had presented himself to the electors aR a government candidate, and had court ed the interest and protection of the government towards attaining his object, he considered that the government had a right to his support. M. de St. Paul said something in reply; but what it was is not stated, but the manner in which his ex planations were received, did not seem to be satis factory. The incident was, I repeat, the common topic of conversation to-day and yesterday. There PRICE TWO CENTS will not be much time for the example of the trou lesome Deputy to be followed during the present session as it closes on the Btli. am a? pr< ?i ects the Court for the summer months , • i l !* ad y spoken of. The Emperor goes to Fon- MVV, hL -l d ' with tl,e Q u een of Holland, tin. lmh onH li^ 110 rl Rm ' B t0 St - ° loud - Between lafc leS T r ) ' ,lhetri P to Brittany will t Wsiil fny \i •° n P ri ' ss Empress' mother h Pr V Cl ; ed to Biarritz soon after l l f ' a " d t,,L ' Emperor will pass a few PyreneeaT eS °J" inin S the Empress in [ Correspondence of the London Daily \ews ] \r u . PAHIS, Mav 4. Mr. Bonaparte, the eldest son of Marshal Prince Jerome by his marriage with Miss Paterson, has ' been staving in Paris for some time almost ineoa.-- He dined almost daily at Hill's English tavern in the Boulevard des C'apucines, where lie was gene rally accompanied by two or three American gen tlemen. He is a plain, unpretending looking man, much younger in appearance than he really is, for his mother s marriage, which the Pope alwavs re fused to disavow, was arbitrarily declared void by the Emperor so lon# ago as 1805. He must, there fore, be between fifty and sixty years of age, and yet he is neither balil nor prey. He speaks English with a strong American accent, and is by no means a perfect master of French. His likeness to Prince Jerome is most striking. This gentleman, who stands just as near an heir to Nepoleon I as the pres ent occupier of the throne of France, though he is not called a prince, is at this moment at Havre, and about to embark for America in the Fulton. His son, a captain in the Chasseurs, has gone there to see him off. The management of the Italian opera is in treaty with Tamberlik for an engagement of three years at a salary of £B,OOO the season. THE PALI, OP LCCKN'OW. The whole two pages of the London Timet of the 7th arc tilled with the letter of the special corres pondent of that journal in India, describing the fall of Lticknow. The narrative is vivid ana gra phic. We extract the following passage, relating to the sack of the Begums' Palace, a place of ori ental magnificence: In the next court, which was sheltered from fire by the walls around it, our men had made a great seizure of plunder. They had burst into some of the state apartments, and they were engaged in di viding the spoil of shawls and lace and embroidery of gold and silver and pearl. In a nook off this court, where there was a little shade, we retired to rest ourselves, as there were no means of approach ing the front, part of the buildings being on tire, and explosions of mines feared every moment. Two men of the 90th were in before us, and, assisted later by some of the 38th, we saw them appropriate money's worth enough to mako them independent for life. The rooms off this nook had been used as stores by the King or some wealthy member of his house hold, and each moment these men went in only to emerge with a richer trophy. In one box they found diamond bracelets, emeralds, rubies, pearls, and opals, all so large and bright and badly set, that we believed at the time they were glass. In anoth er was a pair of gold-mounted and jewelled duelling pistols, of English make, and the! bill, stating that his Majesty the King of Oude owed the innker £380; then out tnev came with bundles of swords, gold mounted and jewelled, which they at once knocked to pieces for the sake of the mountings, leaving the blades behind them. Next caine out a huge chemi cal laboratory, then a gold saddlecloth studded with pearls; then gold-handled riding canes; then cups of agate and jade, gold-mounted and jewelled; then— but I must really stop this broker's inventory. The happy possessors of the riches were quite mad with excitement. "Is this gold, sir?" "Is that a diamond ?" "Is your honor shure that's raal goold 7" "Is this string of little white stones (pearls) worth anything, gintleuien?" It was a great drawback to have a conscience under such circumstances—a greater not to have a penny in one's pocket, for in this country no one except an old stager on the look-out for loot carries a farthing about him, and, as one of the soldiers observed,— "These here concerns only carries on ready-money transactions!" He was an experienced operator, that gentleman. If a native soldier came in and walked off with anything which he found in a dark corner out pounced our friend upon him, rifie iu hand, "Leave that there, I tell you." "I put that there myself!" and there was some thing in his eye which explained his meaning so clearly that the article was at once abandoned, and il found to be valuable was retained; if not, was "made a present of." Close to us were large boxes of japanned work, containing literally thousands of cups and vessels of jade, of crystal, and of china, which the soldiers were listlessly throwing on the ground and breaking into atoms. Had the enemy made a strong attack on us at that moment, not one half of our droops could have been collected ro repel it. And such were the scenes through everv court of the many mansions of the Kaiserbagh. ' Mean time, intelligence reached the Chief of the Staff that the women of the Zenana were secreted in one of the strongest parts of the Kaiserbagh. Some engineer officers, whose names I do not know; Captain Hope Johnstone, of General Mans field's stall; and Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson. B. A., with two companies of the 38th, immediately pro ceeded to the spot, into which some of our soluiors had already forced an entrance. In doing so the son of one of the Begums, a deaf and dumb vouth of 20 years of age, aud two or three of the ladies of the Zenana were unfortunately killed by a dis charge of musketry when the doors were burst in, before the soldiers saw that they were women. It may be imagined what a state of terror the Beguuis nnd their attendants were in when our men entered. They expected death every instant; and their agonies of fear were increased by the knowledge of the fact that some armed Sepoys were shut up in a room close at hand, and one shot might seal their fate. Huddled together amid the smoke, they could scarcely be calmed by the assurances of the officers, who at once took measures to remove them to a place of safety. As they were going out one* of the ladies pointed*out to Captain Hope Johnstone, a box which he had just taken from the floor and laid upon the table. She told him it contained jewels to the value of 10 lacs of rupees, or £IOO,OOO. He at once placed sentries at the doors, and gave orders that no one should enter. Having, with the aid of his brother officers, taken the ladies out of danger, he to the Zenana. It was blazing from end to end. The sentries only escaped bv clambering up to the roof, from which they were with difficulty saved. The jewels were gone." Had Captain John stone taken them they would have been his, for the Kaiserbagh on this day was given up to plunder, and what each man could get became his property. RUSSIA. A letter from Berlin, dated April 30, announces a serious outbreak among the peasants on the domain of Prince Wasilzikoff, which appears to have been instigated by an agitator, who had misrepresented the nature of the project for the emancipation of the serfs. This person had created the impression that for some years past they had rendered twice the amount of forced services, which could legally be demanded, and that they were, consequently, enti tled to be indemnified. The peasants assembled in a body, and proceeded to the town of Tanrogenn, with a determination to enfore restitution, and refused to work until their claims were satisfied. The Governor-General of Kowno arrived three days after with three squad rons of hussars, and as remonstrances were of no avail, it was necessary to have recourse to force.— Many of the peasants were arrested, and order was at length re-established. Similar events had taken place at Georgenburg. The Cracow Ozur now relates that disturbances have occurred in the circles of Minsk, Orlow and Grodno. Inquiries on the subject show that no of ficial accounts of serious agrarian excesses had been received; but that there certainly was an alarming ferment among the serfs in those districts in n hicFi the great landed proprietors objected to their eman cipation. There has just been published a detailed and obli gatory programme of the labors of the committees of the nobility, in reference to the emancipation of the peasants. Three successive periods are fixed for the accomplishment of this measure. In the first the principles are to be laid down. In the second these principles are to be applied to each property. In the third a common code will be compiled for the rural population. Six months are allowed for the labors of the first period in a statis tical and systematic point of view. After this de lay the peasants will obtain all the rights of the oth er contributing classes; but they will remain attach ed to the land until they shall liave been redeemed. The PetersburgExprf states that an altercation occurred at 1 owell s Hotel on Wednesday morning about 1 " clock, between W. S. Worshai, of Rich mond, Jind John Cooper, of Baltimore, just as tliev \\ere retiring to bed, in which the latter received a slight wound in the head from a pistol in the hands °'jhe former. _ Worsham, believing that he had killed Cooper, immediately made his escape. The ball merely tore oil'the skin over the left brow of Cooper, and lodged in the wall of the room. •jF " lnpris^'l ' Exprett details a most horrible ac cident to Mr. Owen McXultv, an employee of the lennsylvania Railroad Company, on Tuesday last. He was walking along on the railroad, on his way home, and when near Chandler's Station, in Sads biirv township, about three miles west of Coates ville, he was run against by the night line down, which threw him across the track, and the wheels of the train passed over his body, cutting it literal ly in two, the upper part of which was carried a number of yards on the cow-catcher. On Thursday morning last Capt. X. F. Steel and Lafayette Brandon, neighbors, residing near Provi dence church in Iredell county, X. C., went out to hunt turkeys, but not in company, nor was one aware of the other being in the woods. Brandon concealed himself in some bushes, and mistaking Cant, steel, who was also concealed hard by and calling the game, hred, shooting him through tin body and killing him instantly. Capt. Steel leaves a wile and several children. Mr. 8011, a farmer in Madison, X. J., on Fridav last, ® s ked two of his workmen to drink some cider, w Inch he said he had purchased at auction. With out examining the bottle, the men drank and both soon became sick and diod in a few hours. The stuff which they drank was a poisonous mixture prepared as a liniment with which to cure rheuma tism. Mrs. Townler, the wife of one of the men, became much excited when she heard of the affair, and fell dead, from heart disease.