OCR Interpretation

The daily exchange. (Baltimore, Md.) 1858-1861, September 09, 1858, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83009573/1858-09-09/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

VOL. II—NO. 171.
Committee of Arbitration for the month of September.
*ftoiict;irir anb (Commercial Bcbicto.
BALTIMORE, September 8,1858.
There still continues to be but a limited business done
in Stocks, the principal activity being in Northern Central
Railroad shares, which further declined to-day about #
dollar per share. The transactions included 1,000 shares,
opening at s22# buyer 30 days. $22 cash; but it afterwards
declined, the closing sales being at s2l# cash. This stock
left off at s2l# bid, s2l# asked, regular way. Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad was heavy, with sales of only 125 shares
at the Boaad at ssß# buyer 60 days, ssß# cash, leaving
off at SSB bid, ssß# asked, regular way. After the Board
there were sales of 100 shares, seller's option 30 days, at SSB
The only sale of Bank stock to day was 37 shares full paid
Commercial and Farmers' at S4O. In Canton there was
nothing doing, sl9# being bid. Baltimore City 6*s, 1890,
opened with sales of $1,742 at 99#', yesterday's rate, but
afterwards $1,212 of the same loan sold at 99#. Railroad
bonds are firm, $5,000 Baltimore and Ohiolßßs's selling at
58#, # higher than last sales, and $6,000 Northern Cen
tral 1885's at 67 7g. The total business of the day amount
ed to about $48,000.
There was an improved feeling at the New York Stock
Board to-day, with a slight advance in most of the fan
cies, the market closing steady. Erie advanced #; New
York Central #; Cleveland and Toledo #; Rock Island #,
and Michigan Southern #. Reading and Panama were
unchunged, and Canton sold at S2O.
The regular monthly meeting of the Board of Directors
of this Company was held this (Wednesday) morning,
when the revenue of the Road for the month of August
was shown to have been as follows:
Main Stem. N.W. Va. Wash. B'h. Total.
For passengerss63,6s4.oß $3,016.85 $31,413.57 $98,084.50
For freight... .252,323.26 11,539.53 9,341.31 273,204.10
Total $315,977.34 $14,556 38 $40,754.88 $371,288.60
Compared with the same month in 1857, these returns
show the following result:
Main Stem. N.W. Va. Wash. B'h. Total.
August, 1857.5409,>61 66 $38,496.52 $448 358.18
August, 1858. 315,977.34 $14,556.38 40,754.88 371,288 60
Decrease for August, 1858 $77,069 58 j
In the table of last year the receipts from the North I
Western Virginia Branch are included in those of the j
Main Stem. The above figures therefore show a decrease
in August of this year of $79,327.94 on the Main Stem, in
eluding the North Western Virginia Branch, and an in
crease of $2,258.36 on the Washington Branch, making the
total decrease $77,069.58. The increase over the receipts
of July, 1858, is $6,019.07.
The total revenue of the Company since October last,
the commencement of the present fiscal year, as compared
with the same period of the preceding fiscal year, exhibits
a decrease of about $491,000.
The transportation Eastwardly, into the city of Balti
more, on some of the principal staples, during the month
of August, has been as follows:
Bark 450 tons. Lumber 1,267 tons I
Coal 30,664 44 Lime 18 44
Fire Brick 90 44 Live stock, viz:
Firewood Hogs, 1,210 44
Flour 59,170#bb1s Sheep, 293 44
Grain,... 2,972 tons. Horses & Mules 137 44
Granite 432 44 horned cattle 695 44
Iron 35 4 44 Meal and Shorts. 235 tons.
Iron ore and Mag- Pork and Bacon.. 1,419 44
anese 640 44 Tobacco 3.032 hhds.
Lard and Butter. 173 44 Whiskey 9,239 bbls.
Leather 181 44 Miscellaneous.... 601 tons.
Cotton 233 bales Hay 21 44
Wool 2,744 44 Hemp 41 44
Flaxseed —casks Flour from Wash-
Soap Stone 144 tons, ington Branch.. 3,693bb15.
Lard Oil 16 44 j
Statement of Floating Debt and Available Means.
Amount of bills payable $254,680.27
Balance of interest uncalled for due Ist April
on Company's b< nds 4.000.00
State taxes due on bonds 10,073.65
State's one-fifth of the receipts from passengers
over the Washington Branch for the half year
ending 30th June last 34,019.00
Interest due Ist July on bonds of the North
western Virginia Railroad Company uncalled
for 1.260.00
Uncollected revenue, which is judged to he the
same as on the Ist inst., when it was $260,711.34
Ca-h on hand 25.913 56
City Stock on hand $1,068.46. say (5)99 perct.. 1,057.78
City Stock to he received, and for which appli
cation is made, $22,887.04 w/99 per ct 22.658,17
Bills receivable, due within 60 days 4,170.88
The hills payable on the 10th August, the date
of the last statement, amounted to 392,602.21
Same, at the present date 254,680.27
Showing a decrease of $137,921.94
Treasurer's Office, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com
jxiny, September 7th, 1858.
J.I. ATKINSON, Treasurer.
United States Treasury Notes4#' per cents, are quoted
in New York at # % per cent, premium.
The Exchanges at the Bank Clearing House to-day were
$15,609,858. 52, and the balances $863,979.93. Metropoli
tan certificates $3,000.
The business of the Sub-Treasury was as follows this
day :
Total receipts $108,172 05
—Of which from customs 64.000 00
Total payments 179,791 07
Balance 12,668,760 06
Messrs. Thompson Bros., Bankers, New York, quote
Land Warrants as follow*:
Buying. Selling.
40 acres 110 115
80 acres 90 93
120 acres 80 83
160 acres 91 94
Of the plethora of gold the London Daily News says :
Gold is even now flowing freely into the Bank; further
considerable supplies from Australia are considerably
overdue, one vessel having been no less than ninety-eight
days at sea with £104,000, another ninety-six days with
£134,000, and a third seventy-five days with the import
ant sum of £428,000; the Australian mail steamer is now
due at Suez with a large remittance, and with advices of
further consignments by sailing vessels: and specie is
still coming forward in moderate amounts from the United
States and Russia. Most important of all, the Continent? 1
exchanges have now risen to a point which has not been
reached since the crisis of last autumn, and which renders
it certain that nearly the whole of the imports will be at
once sent into the Bank of England.
The following is the last quotation for American securi
ties, in the London Times:
Illinois Central 6's. 1875 82 (a) 84
Do. 7's of 1875 82 (5l 84
Do. 7's, freeland, 1860 x c. 77 @ 79
Do. SIOO shares, S6O paid dis. 24 ui 22
Michigan Central 8'5,1860 85 (7/. 90
Do. of 1869 x c. 88 (a) 90
I)o. (sinking fund,) 1882 90 (<J; 92
Do. SIOO shares 55(a) 65
Michigan S. k N. Indiana 7's sink, fund,) 1885. 62 (a; 64
Do SIOO shares 23 (a) 25
New York Central 6*s (sink, fund,) ISB3 83 (ol 85
Do. 7's. convertible, 1864 93 (a: 95
Do. SIOO share* 7'. </ M
New York k Erie 3d mortgage 7*s, 1883 x c. 66 ui) 68
Do. (sink, fund.) 1875 33 @ 37
Do. bonds, convertible, 1862 30 (a) 35
Do. do. IS7I 30 (5j 35
Do. SIOO shares 16 un 18
Fenn. Central bonds, Ist mortgage con. 6's 89 (5) 91
Do 2d mortgage 6's, sterling 91 (a) 93
WEDNESDAY, September 8, 1858.
$17428a1t.6'5,01d '90..99#> lOOshs.N.C.RR. b5..21#
1212 " " '90..99#! 100" " 5 60af.10..21#
10008.&0.RR.bd5,'85..85# 100" " b60..21#
6000N.C.RR.bds, *85..67# ! 100 " " h2..21#
37shs.Com.&Far.Bk j 50shs.BiiO.RR. b60..58#
full paid..4o 50 " " b3..58#
lOOshs.N.C.RR. 1)30. .22# j 25" " ..58*
100 " " ..22 ! AFTER THE BOARD.
50" " b30..22 $4000B.&0 RRbds, '85..85#
100" " bGo..2l#i lOOshs.N.C.RR. ..21#
100 " " b2..21?a! 1005h5.8.&0.RR.530,.58
Prices and Sales of Stocks in .Vew York.
Through WM. FISHER & Sox, Stock and Bill Brokers,
Ist Board. 2d Board.
Virginia 6's 00 00
Missouri 6's 84# 00
Illinois bonds 91 00
Canton Company 20 00
Erie Railroad 18# 18#
New York Central Railroad..79# 79#
Reading Railroad 49# 49#
Panama Railroad 113 00
Cleveland & Toledo RF 34# 34#
Rock Island 72# 72#
Michigan Southern RR 24# 00
Cumberland Coal Co 00 00
Harlem 00 00
Hudson 00 00
LaCrosse & Milwaukee RR...00 00
Milwaukee & Miss 00 00
Market steady. Steady.
COFFEE.—There has been some inquiry to-day, but i
buyers and sellers are apart in their views, with much
firmness manifested on both sides. The sales to-day are
resales of yesterday's transactions, and amount to 500
bags good to choice Rio at ll(o)12 cents. We continue to
quote fair Rio at 10)*ft)10& good 11(2)11 J* cents,
and prime 11)* cents: Laguayra at 11)* 07i2 cents, and
Java at 15 jl6 cents. The stock of Rio is 23,000 hags; of
or other descriptions 1,500 bags.
!• LOUR —There was a fair inquiry on' Change to day,
nut transactions were limited by reason of buvers and
ni n . ot a ? ree *ng upon terms. The sales include 250 j
Fv-rra an<l bbls. Howard street cut '
and holders a£ of Wc3tern Su P<"""b"".
Ohio is held at *1 salts - Howard street and
ard o s.reet e do at a^® 5 l 2 4* *■
[r.enmg r atsß and° Extra" a? d
WU ° f 150 "bis. Bakimore
GRAIN'.—AII descriptions were in light receint to dav
except Oats, of which there were 0,000 hush, all Marvland
The market was inactive, with sales of new Maryland at
43 (£45 cts., and small sales of old Penn-ylvania at 52 cts
we quote new Pennsylvania at 43a.46 cts. There were
9,000 bush, of white and 3,000 bush, red Wheat offered.
Prime lots of white were scarce and in request at fully for
mer rates, viz: 140, 145 and 150 cts.; low and medium
grades were rather dull but the light supply enables sel
lers to sustain former quotations, viz: 115(2)120 cts. for com
mon, 130 2)135 cts for fair. Red Wheat brought full pri
ces, with sales of good samples at 133(2)135 cts.: we quote
common at 110(2)115 cts., and fair to good at 120(2)125 cts.
The offerings of Corn were 2,500 bush, white and 2,000
bush, yellow. White was inactive, but all sold at 82(2)
83 cts. Yellow was in very active demand, with a further
improvement of 2 to 3 cts per bush., sales making of infe
rior at 90 cts., fair to good at 94,' 96 cts., and a prime lot
of 400 buh. at 100 cts. weight. were no receipts of
Rye: we quote Maryland at 75 cts., and Pennsylvania at
85 2)86 cts.
MOLASSES.—The market is unchangid and very quiet.
We continue to quote Cuba Muscovado at 30(2)34 cents;
clayed do 29 qu3o cents; Porto Rico 34(2)41 cents; English
i?ilrU7?§w? entß - an<l ew orleans at 49(2)50 cents.
rKOY ISJiONS.—The market is still very inanimate, and
quotations are quite nominal. The sales to-day are only
] some 50 hhds. Bacon Shoulders and Sides at 7 a7# and 9
1 (a 9# cts. Bulk Meat is quoted at 6# cents for Shoulders,
8a 8# cents for Sides and 8# ■/ 8# cents for Hams. Pork
' remains unchanged at $17.50 for Mess, sls for Prime, and
I $13.50 for Rump Baltimore Mess Beef is selling at $16.50,
i and No. 1 do. at sl3. Lard is quiet at 11 #'// 12 cents.
RlCK.—There is no change to note. The market con
| tinues very dull at 3#(OJ3# cts.
j SALT.—Sales are making freely of Liverpool in lots at
• 75 cts. for Ground Alum from vessel; 125 cts. for Mar
; shad's, and 140cts. per sack for Ashton's Fine, from store.
Turk's Island is selling at 20(5)22 cts. per bushel.
SEEDS.—Of Cloversecd there was a good supply and
limited inquiry, with sales of 25bus. at $5 50 measure; we
quote it at $5 50u/ 5 62#. Timothy is in better request at
reduced prices. We note a sale to-day of 60 bus. prime at
$2.25. We quote Flaxseed at $1 <3O.
SUGARS.—There was more inquiry to-day, but the
market on the whole continues exceedingly flat. The
sales include 62 hhds. Cuba in lots at $7.50.5 8, and 10
hhds. Porto Rico at $8.25. We quote Cuba, English Is
land and Porto Rico for refining at $7.25 a 7.02#; Cuba
fair to good at $7.75(5 8 25; prime do. $8 50 o 8.75: Porto
Rico fair to good $K(0,8.50; prime do. $95,9.35, and New
Orleans at $7.756/ 9."
WHISKEY.—The market is firmer but unsettled, with
a good inquiry, and sales of 50 bbls. Ohio in lots at 26#
cents, at which figure most of the holders are firm; we
quote City at 25# cts.
The market was rather dull to-day, but though prices were
not lower, it was difficult to sell at our quotations. The
receipts have been large since Saturday, and there was no
export demand to-day. The sales were .about 900 brls. at
$4 85 // 5 for superfine, and $5 25 for extra, closing heavy.
The receipts since Saturday were 5.262 bbls.
WHISKEY —The demand was better, and the market
firmer. Sales of 1,000 bbls. at 21-5 21#, the latter rate for
PROVISIONS —The market continues quiet, and rather
inactive. The sales were 50 bbls. Mess Pork at sl6 25,
and 100 hhds. Bacon at 8# for Sides, and 6#c for Shoul-
ALEXANDRIA MARKET, September 7.—The offerings
on 'Change were light and the market quiet—very few
sales reported. Flour is nominally unchanged. The quali
ty of the Wheat offered was inferior, and some sales of very
poor white were made at 115 cts., do. red 112 cts., fair to
good red brought 123 cts.; quotations for good white are
the same as Monday's. The demand for Corn was not so
brisk, but prices remain unchanged. Rye and Oats quiet,
and no sales reported.
NEW YORK, September 8 Flour is heavy. Sales of
13,500 bbls. Ohio $5 50 nss 65. Wheat is heavy, sales of
10,000 bushels red 117 a 130 cts. Corn is depressed, sales
of 38,000 bushels white 810/83 cts. yellow 91(7/ 93 cts.
dugar is heavy .it a decline of #, sales at 7//B#.
Coffee is buoyant. Prices advanced #, sales of 2.6(H)
hags at 10(5)11 # cts. lor Rio. Pork is firm, mess $17.50,
prime $15.50. Lard is steady at 11# // 11 # cts. Whiskey
is steady at 24# cts. Turpentine Spirits closed firm at
48# cts. Rosin steady at $1.70// $1.75. Rice is firm.
NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 7. —Cotton—Prices are stiffer. but
quotations unchanged. Sales to day 1,000 bales. White
Corn is quoted at 65 cents.
CHICAGO, Sept 7.—Flour is very dull, hut prices have
advanced 25 cents. Wheat has a declining tendency.—
Corn active; sales at 60# cts. Oats quiet.
CINCINNATI, Sept. 7. —Flour dull and nominal. Wheat
dull. Whiskey unchanged; sales at 21 cts. Mess Pork
$16.25; Bulk Pork 5#(5)7# cts.
Rio DE JANEIRO— 2,3OO bbls. flour, 50 bbls. pork, 500
hams, 250 kegs lard, 95 casks rice, 325bbls rosin.
ST. JOHNS, N. F.—1.416 bbls. flour, 200 bbls. pork, 5
bbls., 50 half boxes, 20 quarter do., 10 third do. crackers,
5 box.*s cheese, 1 tierce rice, 15.000 staves.
HALIFAX, N. 5.—700 bbls. flour, 1,300 bus. corn, 700
bus wheat, 52 boxes tobacco.
Shipping Intelligence.
Schr. Resolution, Haughton, from North Carolina— i
wheat to Whedbee & Dickinson.
Steamer Joseph Whitney. Howes, —hours from Boston—
mdse. to 11. I). Mears. Reports off the Rappannock, a |
herra. brig—at anchor.
Steamship City of Norfolk, Parker, 60 hours from Sa
vannah—mdse. to T. 11. Belt, Jr. Reports off New Point,
a herm. brig—hound up.
Steamer Caledonia, Gager, before reported at quarantine,
from Charleston, to A. C. Hall.
Schr. White Joam, Milliken, from Providence, mdse., to
S. Phillips & Co.
Schr. Albert Field, Phillips, from New Bedford, bal
last, to S. Phillips & Co.
Bark Justice Story, Atkins, from Boston—mdse. to
Thos. R. Matthews & Son.
Schr. Hugh W. Fry, Wilson, from Corn Island—to Win.
Applegarth k Son; cocoanuts, &c. to Price k O'Neale.
Before reported at quarantine.
Schr. Samuel, Jones, from ; reported by schr. Ma
Steamship Westernport, Berry, New York—A. C. Hall.
Steamer Belviderc, Keene. Richmond—J. Brandt. Jr.
Bark Henrietta, Brown, Rio de Janeiro and a market—
Thos. Whitridge A* Co.
Bark Helen Maria, Nickerson, Portland—Thomas R.
Matthews k Son.
Brig Maria, Bailey, Boston—W. Rhoades& Son.
Schr. Mountaineer (Br.) Sterling, Halifax—James Cor
ner k Sons.
Schr. Oswego (Br.) Card, St. Johns, N. F.—R. & 11.
R. Tucker.
Schr. Ellen Goldshorough, Bunting, Richmond—W. Ap
plegarth A: Son.
Schr. Amylis, Hutchinson, Portland—Kirkland. Chase
k Co.
Brig. John P. Hooper, Clougli, Havana.
Schr. Harriet, Peters, Trinidad.
Ship South America, . Bordeaux, 17th inst.
Schr. Elizabeth, Latch urn. Newborn, N. C , Ist inst.
Schr. D. Piggott. Hall. Newborn, N'. 0.. 4th inst.
Brig S. Thurston, Laiupher, Boston, 6th inst.
Schr. Onward, Smith, Providence. 4th inst.
Bark Pursuit, Sandford, for New York, sailed from Ma
laga. 12th ult.
Brig Kentucky, Nichols, fin Richmond for Buenos
Ayres, with her cargo, was at Montevideo, July 12th.
Brig Hurricane Bird, Dubel, for Richmond, cleared at '
New York, 6th inst.
Schrs. Willow Harp. Jones, from Alexandria and Migni- j
onette. Woody, from Tappahannock, arrived at Providence :
4th inst.
Schr. Hannah Matilda, Butler, from Alexandria, arrived j
at Dighton, 3/1 inst.
Schr. Peter Mowell, Small, Boston, 6th inst.
Schr. W. L. Montague. Jr., Travers, New York,7th inst.
Schr. Baltimore, Sleight, New York. 6th inst.
Ships Hermann, Kuhlman, and Gotlnrp, Borgfel/lt, for
Baltimore, sailed from Bremerhaven, 17th ult.
Schr. Flying Scud, Coiumcan, for West Indies, cleared
at New York, 7th inst.
At Rio de Janeiro, July 20th, ships Northern Crown,
for Australia, pig.; Linda. Melcher, from Callao forCowes, I
for orders to sail in 3 days—put in for chronometer; barks j
Eastern Star, Voorhees, condemned, and to he sold 23d ;
Rainbow, Kerlin, from Baltimore via Pernambuco, just
arr'd ; brig Hesperus, Murgand, from Rio Grande, do., and i
others as before.
Ship F. W. Brunc, Landis, from Liverpool for Balti
more, was seen Ist inst.,lat. 40 48. long. 65.
Steamer William Jenkins, Hallett, hence at Boston, at
5 A. M., Sth inst.—Per tel.
Schr. Maryland, Doane, from Artigua, ISth ult., left a
schooner Indonging to Col/1 Spring. N. Y.. name not recol
lected, discharged; schr. Alma. (Br.) Snellgrove, from j
Baltimore, ha/1 discharged part of cargo, and sailed for
Nevis, with the remainder.
NEW YORK, September 7. Arr. steamships Alabama,
Savannah; Jas. A/lger, Charleston; Fulton, Havre; ships
A. Z. Liverpool; Humboldt, Hamburg; barks Keepler,
Androssan; Peter Demiil, Savannah; Ahnona , Liverpool;
brigs Gardena, Opporto; Mary E. Jones, Italy; schrs. Isaac
W. Hughes, Newbern; L. Reeves, Virginia: J. I). Kinsey.
Jacksonville; Nellie I) Richmond. CT/1. steamship
Edinburg, Glasgow; ships Wm. Rathbone, New Orleans;
J. Foster, Jr., Liverpool; D. Webster. London; barks J.
M. Brookman, New Orleans; Mercy Ellen, Buenos Ayres;
Brazio, Marseilles; Tidal Wave, Zanzibar; Atlantic; Bre
men; brigs Hidalgo, St. Mary's, Ga.; IlTrovotore. Cape
Town; schrs. Alethca. Havana: Flying Scud, West In
dies; Smithsonian, Savannah; Norfolk Packet, Apalaclii
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 7.—Arr. steamship State of
Georgia, Savannah; brig Judge Hathaway, Havana;
schrs. Vapor. Mobile; Clara Totvnsend, Virginia;
Young America, Port Deposite. Cl'd. bark White
Wing, Laguayra.
BOSTON*, September G.—Arr. brig Amerika. Rotterdam.
BOSTON*, Sept. 7.—Arr. ship Charmer, Liverpool; barks
La Reine, Marseilles; Jas. Brvant, Shields.
NORFOLK, Sept. 6.—Arr. schr. Hebe, Philadelphia.—
Cl'd ship Lydia, Liverpool.
WILMINGTON, September 4.—Cl'd schr. Lilly, New
C'HARLF.STON, September 4.—Arr. steamship Colum
hia. New York. Cl'd steamship J. Adger, New York; brig
Eldswold, Falmouth; schr. Geo. Mangham, Boston.
SAVANNAH, Sept. 4—Cl'd steamships Huntsviile,and
Alabama, New York, Suite of Georgia, Philadelphia; schr.
T. Holcomh. New York.
Two men were killed by the explosion of gas in a
coal pit about four miles from Pittsburgh, on the
Ist. The work bad been discontinued in the pit for
a few days, and the miners entering it with open
head lights, the gas exploded, killing them in
The commencement of the Lancaster county, Pa.,
Normal School took place on Wednesday and
Thursday last, at Millersville, and was attended
by a large number of strangers.
James Reid, of Fenwest county, Tenn., while at
tempting to execute a writ, was murdered by Champe
Fergusson. Mr. Floyd Evans was also severely
stabbed, and is not expected to live.
Vessels are arriving from the Bay of St. Law
rence. at the ports south of us, savs the Newbury -
port Hernld, with slim fares. They report plenty
ofmackerel, but difficult to catch.
The Hon. Beriah Brown has been nominated for
Congress at Racine, Wisconsin, to represent the
first district ot that State. Mr. B. was recently
editor of the Madison Argus.
Wm. E. Everett, Engineer of the cable expedi
tion, was received in Oswego, N. Y., by an im
mense concourse of citizens, and escorted to his
mother's residence by the military.
A boy named John Reed was killed in Carlisle,
Pa., on .Saturday, bv the explosion of a cask of
camphene, which had been set on tire by the upset
ting of a candle.
It has been determined by the New York and
Virginia Steamship Company to build another
steamer, to run in connection with the Roanoke and
Jamestown, between Norfolk and New York.
Bishop Janes was severely wounded in the face
at Indianapolis on Thursday by the discharge of a
shot gun in the hands of a careless boy. A surgeon
extracted the shot.
The coopers throughout the city of Albany had
a "strike" last week'. Result:—Each lost a week's
wages, and all return to work this week at the old
i prices.
On Saturday night last, five prisoners, all there
were in the Ashtabula (Ohio) jail, broke out and
! ? sca Pcd. They were not missed till Sunday morn
ing. J
np ? roc3 - 'ate the property of Mrs.
were on " . 1 ' of FaveU c county, Kentucky,
were emancipated in Cincinnati on Saturday. '
1 1!oston ' was crowded to over
| floin_, last Sunday, to bear Rev. Mr. Kalloch's
, opening sermon. u
The first military assemblage which has been held
in Vermont for fifteen years, took place in Brandon
last week. Lor. I- letcher reviewed the troops.
A number of colored men living in Boston who
petitioned for authority to organize a colored mili
tary company, have been allowed to withdraw their
HALIFAX, Sept. B.—The steamer Asia arrived here this
morning with Liverpool dates to the 28th ult.
The steamer Huiuuionia arrived out on the 27th. The
Persia arrived out on the 28th.
A prospectus has been issued in England for a telegraph
line to China and Australia Lord Palmerston has visited
the Emperor Napoleon. It is rumored that the French
Government has demanded explanations of England rela
tive to the bombardment of Jeddah.
There is a doubtful report that Naples has accepted the
conditions of the Western powers.
It is stated that 20.000,000 francs is the amount of the
Chinese indemnity to England and France.
LIVERPOOL, Aug. 27.—Cotton—sales of the week 65.000
bales. All qualities have advanced #, but there was less
buoyancy at the close.
The sales included 5,500 hales to speculators and 11,000
bales for export.
The sales of Friday were estimated at 7,000 bales. The
market closed quiet.
Fair. Middling.
New Orleans 7# 7#
Mobile 77 16 7
Upland 7# 61516
Stock of Cotton in port 648.000 bales including 567,000
STATE OF TRADF,. —Manchester advices are favorable
and prices have slightly advanced.
Breadstuff's are firm Flour is in better demand than
for some time past. Philadelphia and Baltimore 21*.0r
225; Ohio 225.'//245. 6/1. Wheat is quiet an/1 prices firm
for goo/l. lied Western, ss. [email protected] 3d.; Southern, 6s.ld.
(7/ 6-. 3/1.: white Western 65.(5j65. 4/1.; Southern white 6s.
9/1.:// 7s. 3/1. Corn is dull an/1 prices unchanged.
Provisions steady. Beef 2s. 6/1. // ss. Pork is quiet.
Bacon steady. Lard quiet at 605.(// 625.
PRODUCE. —Sugar is quiet hut firm. Coffee is firm.—
Rice is quiet but steady. Tea is slow of sale but prices
unaltered. Rosin is steady at 4s. 2/I.(a4s. 3d. Turpentine
Spirits is heavy at 375. 6d.(//395. on the spot, an/1 at 365.
6/1. to arrive.
LONDON MARKETS. —Sugar market generally closed
buoyant at [email protected] advance. Coffee closed firm and all
qualities slightly advanced. Spirits Turpentine steady
at 375.
MONEY MARKET. —Money has been abundant 2%<i3
per cent. American Stocks—Baring Brothers report the j
market generally inactive. U. S. 6's Bond's 1868, in good
demand at 105.
Bullion in the Bank of England has increased £210,000
Consols 96£(a96%.
LONDON*, Saturday.—Later advices from India and Chi
na have been received. The news from India is unimpor
tant. The China news is not so late as that received via
Russia, but the .allies were then on the eve of making a
treaty with China. Treaties with America and Russia
had been concluded. It is said that the Americans have
the privilege of making an annual visit to Pekin.
A Madrid dispatch sa3*s that a military expedition was
preparing for Havana.
Further riot* reported to have occurred in Camlia,
in which some Christian were killed.
Tlie Atlantic Cable.
NEW YORK, Sept. B.—Mr. Field says that a despatch
from Trinity Bay informs him that although the insula
tion of the Cable remains perfect, no message has been
received over it for several days. He does not know the
cause, but conjectures it is the change of the shore end at
When the Africa sailed it was known that the connection
of Mr. Whiteliouse with the Atlantic company would cease
about the Ist instant, and it would appear more probable
that the working ceased from some action of him or his
partizans. Mr. Thompson was to succeed Mr.Whitehouse,
and it is quite possible that the delay is caused by bis ex
periments which are regarded as perfectly childish by prac
tical telegraphers. It was also known that the company had
arranged with Mr. Hughes to place his instruments at
Valentin and Trinity Bay about the 20th or 25th inst
From the experiments made at Plymouth there is n<> rea
sonable doubt that the instrument will work reliably at
the rate of 300 words per hour.
Vermont Eh ( tions.
MOXTPELIER, Vt., Sept. 7.—The annual State election
took place to-day. Returns from sixty-two towns show
the election of fifty Republicans and eleven Democrats to
the Legislature—a Republican loss of one member.
Seventeen towns return the following vote for Hover- !
nor, viz: Hiland Hall, Republican, 3.553; Henry Keys, |
Democrat, 2,118. This vote is a Republican gain of 220 1
The returns thus far received indicate the election of the :
Republican State ticket by an increase of 3.000 majority j
The Congressional Ticket runs about equal with the
State ticket, all the Republican candidates being elected
by a large majority.
MOXTPELIER, Vt., Sept. B —Hall, Republican, for Gov
ernor has a majority exceeding 16.000 votes. One hundred
and eleven Republicans are elected to the House of Rep
resentatives from 131 towns.
Pennsylvnuia Polities.
II A RRISRI'RO, Sept. 7.—At the session of the Democratic
Conferees of the XVlth Congressional District, after the
fifty-sixth unsuccessful ballot, a resolution that, in no
event should the present Lecompton member (Ahi) receive
the nomination, was carried; the York and lVrry Con
ferees voting in its favor. The York Delegation have
gone home. The Conference meets to morrow, hut will
probably be unable to make a nomination.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept 7 —The friends of Mr. Xebingor,
the anti-Lecoinpton candidate for Congress from the Ist
District, met this evening in the Old School House on
Carpenter street, and the assemblage was so great thai the
floor gave way, falling seven feet. Nobody, fortunately,
was seriously injured.
American Hoard of Commissioners of Foreign
DETROIT, Sept.7.—The forty-ninth annual meeting of the T
American Board of Commissioners opened at 4 o'clock this ;
afternoon, in the First Presbyterian Church in this city. |
The Rev. Mark Hopkins, D. D., President of the Board was I
in the chair, and called upon the Rev. S. C. Aiken to lead ,
the devotional exercises. The house was filled at the |
commencement of the services. The Treasurer reported j
the receipts from all sources during the year at $33,400;
expenditures, $37,241; leaving, with the debt of the pre
vious year, a deficiency of $40,870. Two corporate mem- ,
hers and five missionaries have died during the year. 1
Nineteen new missionaries have gone out.
The Rev. George Shepard, I). 1)., preached the annual ;
sermon at P. M.
Prom Washington
"WASHINGTON, Sept. B.—The Government to-day con- !
eluded a treaty with the American Colonization Society, :
by which the latter agrees to subsist and instruct the cap- ,
tured Africans for one year after their arrival out, having 1
due regard to their health and comfort. For this service j
somewhat less than $50,000, which was the sum originally I
proposed by the Society, is to he paid.
Capt. Rich, of the Marines, has been detached from the J
frigate Sabine, and ordered to the Niagara.
Capt. Tansill has been ordered to the Sabine, and is to j
be senior Marine officer to the Paraguay expedition.
Missouri State Fair.
ST. LOUIS, Sept. 7. —The third annual fair of the St.
Louis Agricultural and Mechanical Associatiou was inau- j
gurated yesterday morning under the most favorable aus
pices. The different departments are very full, the me- I
chunical especially being much crowded, and altogether
the Fair is vastly superior to either of the preceding ones. '
The weather is clear and beautiful, and upwards of 25,000
people have been on the ground.
New York Political Conventions.
SYRACUSE, Sept. B.—The Republican State Convention
assembled here to-day. Hon. Ezra Graves was chosen
temporary chairman.
The American State Convention also met here to-day.
Daniel Ullnian was chosen permanent President. The at
tendance at both Conventions is large and there is great
Wilmington Municipal Election.
WILMINGTON, Del., Sept. 7.—The Democrats elected to
day Thomas Young, their candidate for Mayor, by eleven
majority The People's party have elected their candi
dates for Treasurer, Assessor and Aldermen, and each
party has elected three members of the Council, giving an
anti-Administration majority of three.
Movements of Mr. Everett..
OSWEGO. Sept. 7. —Doolittlc Hall was crowded with peo
ple to receive Mr. Everett. A congratulatory address was
delivered by Mayor Crocker, and replied to by Mr. Ever
ett. Speeches were made by the Hon. J. 11. Bond, Alber
tus Perry and others. After the adoption of a series of re
solutions and singing of an original hymn, the assembly
dispersed in great enthusiasm.
Tlie Departure of tlie Canada.
BOSTON, Sept. 7. —The mail* for Europe Jer steamship
Canada close at a. m. to-morrow, and the steamer will
leave about noon. Dispatches left at No. 21 Wall street
by 11 a. m., will be forwarded.
Yellow Fever at. New Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS, Sept 6—The deaths by yellow fever in
this city on Saturday were 89.
NEW ORLEANS. Sept. 7.— The deaths in this city yester
day by yellow fever were 100. The deaths for the week
have been 450.
Sentence of a Criminal.
BATH, Me., Sept. 7 —David Y. Dudley, tried for the
murder of Eliphalet Berry, was yesterday found guilty of
manslaughter, and sentenced to five years in the State
Cnliislia A Grow Renominated.
WAVERLEV, N. Y., Sept. 7. —The Hon. Galusha A. Grow
has been renominated unanimously in the XlVth Con
gressional District, Pennsylvania, for a fifth term in Con
Yellow Fever at Yew Orleans.
NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 6. —The deaths by yellow fever in
this city on Saturday were 89.
of this city are ahnut to contract with tlie firm of Reaney
k Xaeffe of Philadelphia, for a steam fire eniline, not to
exceed 6.000 lbs. in weight, and to cost about $4,000. They
design having an improvement consisting of a check of
some kind upon the engine, for the purpose of throwing a
small stream of water without letting off the steam, which
has been a very great difficulty with those already in use
in tliis city. Tliey have made every arrangement for its
reception, having collected a sufficient amount of money
to defray all expenses attending the purchase. They also
intend putting down a new plug in front of their engine
house on Paca near Fayette street. The different fire in
surance companies of this city have assisted to a consid
erable amount, for the purpose of getting tlie engine as
soon as possible. A committee consisting of the the fol
-1 lowing gentlemen have been appointed to attend to tlie
purchasing of the engine, viz: Charles 11. Shott. Esq.,
! President, Francis A. Jliller, Treasurer, and Leonard A.
I Hillen, Secretary.
FROM BOSTON.— The steamship Joseph Whitney. Capt.
Solomon Howes, arrived yesterday morning at 8 o'clock,
with the following state room passengers: Hon Mr.
Dean and daughter, of Conn: Mr. Reynolds ami wife of I ort
Deposit, Md.; Miss S. J. Foster, Miss C. Kelly, Miss Addie
M. Kelty, of New Hampshire: Dr. McKim. of Washington;
Lieut. Bryson, Lieut. Spicer, Mr. Dean, U. S Navy; Mr.
R. Bowers, Nova Scotia; Rev. Father Lyuch, Roxborough,
! Mass./Cornellus O'Hara, Mr. J. Marone3 r , Hugh Smith, Mr.
Flvnn* J. Buckley, Daniel B. Kennedy, Nicholas Morissey,
Wm. Dornan, Mr. E. Smith, Richard Donovan, students
for St. Charles' College, Md.; R. Stutson, Albany, X. \
T E. Belt. Mr. E. Steine, F. P. Jarvis, Master Lilly and
John H. Patrick, Baltimore. The Whitney also carried
75 United States seamen to the receiving ship, Pennsylva
nia, at Norfolk.
PAINFUL ACCIDENT.—ASA pic-nic party were returning
from I.inthicum's woods on the Anne Arundel shore a few
/lays since an accident of a painful nature occurre/l to two
of the young la/lies who were in the company. One of the
gentlemen, who ha/1 imbibed rather freely /luring the
/lay, became very disorderly when near the bridge lea/ling
to Ferry Bar, frightening two girls named Georgian./.
Gervick, an/1 Mary Barnes, who attempted to get out of the
omnibus in which they were ri/ling, by which they were
both very seriously injured. Miss Gervick fell on a stone,
which penetrated into her side, causing a deep wound, her
right arm, and also her hack were very much bruised.
Miss Barnes was cut very severely on her chin. A young
man named Robinson picked them up, and assisted in
conveying them to their respective homes, where surgi
cal assistance was procured. A young man who went
out in company with a woman, had his horse an/1 buggy
stolen while on the ground.
in it tee of the City Council to whom was referred the mat
ter of procuring a perfect system of Police and Fire Alarm |
Telegraph for the City of Baltimore, met last night at
the City Hall, for the purpose of examining the bids and j
various plans submitted for their consideration. The coin
inittee after a short session adjourned, to meet again this
evening. There are three proposals before the committee,
one from Messrs. Philips, Robinson and Gumbrill pro
posing to build and establish a proper Telegraph for the
sum of $33,000. and two bids from Henry J. Rogers, one
for $17,000 and the other for $14,000. to be constructed on
the plan of the signal telegraphs, adopted on the Railroad
lines of France.
TURNED UP. —The man in the employ of Mr. Mills, near
Govanstown, who disappeared so mysteriously a lew days
since, was found yesterday by Mr. Brown, a milkman, re
siding near Seeger's brewery on the Frederick road It
appears that be stopped on bis way into the city at several
drinking bouses and became intoxicated, and that he hired
himself and team to a gentleman near the city limits to
haul a load of furniture into the city. Nothing further
was heard of him until yesterday when Mr. Brown took
the horse and wagon in charge, having found it opposite
Mr. Seeger's brewery. The wagon and furniture were
considerably broken and the horse somewhat injured. The
driver was found lying on the sidewalk beastly drunk and |
considerably bruised.
FROM SAVANNAH. —The steamship "City of Norfolk,"
Capt. J. C. Parker, Jr., arrived at her wharf on Tuesday
night, in US hours from Savannah, with a fine freight and
the following stateroom passengers: Thomas S Kelly. Mo
bile: John Jenkins. Mrs. A. K. Weaver and three children,
of Baltimore; and nine steerage passengers. Captain Par
ker was, until recently, the first officer of the steamship
William Jenkins, of the Boston line, and is well known to
the traveling community as an affable gentleman and
good seaman. The stockholders of the Savannah steamship
line, have made a good selection in entrusting him with
the command of one of their favorite steamers.
was revived again yesterday afternoon in the First Branch
of the City Council, Mr Wood, from a committee of con
ference upon the disagreeing votes of the two Branches,
having reported the original ordinance, which provides
for the widening of the street, between Fayette and Balti
more, and its continuation through to Pratt street. An
effort was made to put the ordinance upon its immediate
passage, but it was finally tabled, and made the order of
the day for this afternoon.
FATAL RESULTS. —The colored woman in the employ of
Dr. John Galloway, residing near Texas, Baltimore coun
ty, who was so severely burned a few days since has died,
from the effects of the injuries received.
Mr. Nichols, from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the gentle
man who was injured by being caught between the cars,
near Bolton depot on Tuesday last, we learn, died about
nine o'clock on Tuesday night.
DISCHARGED. —The grand jury of the F. S. District
Court yesterday ordered the release from jail of the crew
of the bark Cochituate, who were arrested in this port in
June last, on the charge of mutiny, and have since been
confined in the above named institution.
HONORABLY DISCHARGED. — A man named Dull, who
was arrested a few days since on the charge of stealing
wood from John Ilackett, underwent an examination yes
terday at the office of Justice McKinley, which resulted in
his being honorably discharged.
APPOINTMENT. —Benjamin Boswell, formerly Sergeant
of Police, at the western district, hits been appointed Lieu
tenant, in place of Wm. W. Montague resigned.
Officer Miller.arrested Barney Shrine, charged with sel
ling liquor on the Sabbath. Justice Marrow held him to
bail to answer at Court.
Mary Campher and Josephine Lebrout, negresses, were
arrested yesterday by officers Grooms and Burkhead,
charged with stealing one lawn dress, three window cur
tains, and other articles, the property of Mary Winches
tor. They were committed to jail for trial before Court,
by Justice Wheat.
Capt. Wm. Stroebl was arrested yesterday by officer J.
Elliott, charged with assaulting a man named John Ford.
lle was held on security for his appearance before Court
by Justice Mearis.
CITY CIRCUIT COURT —Hon. Win. George Krebs,
Judge. The following business was disposed of in this
Court yesterday:
Richard M. Ray vs. Lavinia Ray. Decree passed di
vorcing the complainant from the defendant— a vinculo
The other Courts were all in session, but no business of
public interest t.anscted in either.
called at Towsontown yesterday, but no cases of import
ance disposed of. Adjourned to Friday, the 10th inst.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 8,1555.
FIRST BRANCH. —The branch met. and in the absence ]
of the President, Mr. BEALE was called to the chair. Pre- j
sent, all the members except Messrs. FORD and DYNES. j
Mr HARVKI presented a petition from Peter Frank,
asking that parties who have encroached upon Wagon j
alley, between Schroeder and Carlton streets, by con
structing their buildings beyond the line, be compelled to
remove the obstruction. Referred to the Committe on
A communication was received from the Mayor, return
ing, in accordance with a joint resolution of the two j
branches, the ordinance passed at the late session of the
council, for the closing of Diamond alley.
The vote by which the ordinance was passed, was, on
motion of Mr. WOOD, re-considered and the ordinance re
ferred to the Committee on Highways.
Mr. WOOD, from the Committee of Conference upon the
subject of the opening of Holliday street, reported an or- j
dinance providing for the widening of Holliday street, he- I
tween Fayette and Baltimore, and the extension of the j
street through to Pratt street.
Mr. WOOD was of the opinion that the Branch was pre- ,
pared to vote upon the subject, and moved that the rules I
be suspended, and the bill put upon its passage.
Mr. DUKEIIART protested against such hasty legislation. ;
He urged that it was too important a matter to be thus j
considered, or passed, in fact, as was proposed, without
consideration. He hoped the friends of the bill would not
urge a vote upon it to-day.
Messrs. STAY LOR and DRYDEN expressed similar views, |
while the motion to suspend the rules and put it upon its ;
passage was advocated by Messrs. WOOD and CUNNING
Mr. DUKEIIART moved that the bill be laid on the table,
and made the "order of the day" for Friday next. The
motion was lost by a tie vote, as follows:
YEAS —Messrs. Handel, Dukehart, Beale, Staylor, Dun
nock, Dryden, Glanville, Addison and Clark — 9.
N AYS— Messrs. Maddox, Bcacham, Talbott, Cunning
ham, llampson, Hamilton, Wood, McComas and Harvey
Mr. HARVEY moved that it be made the "order of the
dav" for this afternoon. The motion prevailed by a vote
of yeas 13; nays 5.
Mr. HARVEY, from the committee on Highways report
ed an ordinance for the opening of Lanvale street, Irom
Walsh to Fremont streets, which was read and laid on the
Mr. BEALE, offered a resolution directing the Water
Commissioner to report to the Council what progress had
been made in the ascertaining of the increase of hydrants,
the number of water takers, &c. It was adopted.
Mr. HARVEY called up the ordinance providing for the ;
opening of Preston street, between Pennsylvania avenue j
and Ch its worth street, to a width of fifty feet. It was j
read anil a loptcd.
Mr. BEACHAM called up the "order of the day," "An
ordinance for the more effectual lighting of the streets,
lanes and alleys of East Baltimore," which ordinance was
offered by him at the late session, and then tabled and
made "the order of the day," for yesterday. It provides
that the East Baltimore Gas Company have the privilege
of laying down main and branch pipes through the seve
ral streets of that section of the city.
The first section being read, Mr WOOD objected to its
further reading, upon the ground that it was a minority
report, and that the majority report, which provided for
the discharge of the committee having that subject in
charge, was first in order
The President ruled the majority report as in order, and
it was read.
Mr. BE.\cn.AM then offered the ordinance submitted by
him as a substitute, and it was read a first and by special
order a second time, when
Mr. DUKEHART moved that its further consideration he
postponed until Monday next, and that the East Balti
more Gas Company be requested to furnish the Council
with their act of incorporation.
This motion prevailed, and the bill was made the "order
of the day" for Monday afternoon next, at o'clock.
Mr. DUKEHART offered an ordinance supplementary to
| an ordinance regulating fire companies.
Mr. WOOD called up the ordinance providing for the ma
| terial to be used in the oil lamps of the city of Baltimore,
| and on his motion it was made the "order of the day" for
j f> o'clock this afternoon.
j Mr. ADDISON offered a resolution directing the City Com
i missioner to place gas lamps in front of the Methodist
i church, on Light street, and other places on Light street,
in the vicinity of West street. Referred to the City Com
i missioner.
j Mr. TALBOTT moved that a message be sent to the Second
I Branch, proposing that when the Council adjourn on Fri
; day, the 17th instant, it adjourn sine die.
Mr. CUNNINGHAM moved to make the time of the final
; adjournment, Friday, the 24th inst.
Mr. DUKEIIART advocated the proposed amendment, as
the report of the fire commission was to be considered, and
j he was of opinion that the committee having the report
in charge, would not be able topepare the necessary ordi
nance in time for its consideration before the latest time
proposed. He also took occasion to say that the Mechatii
cal Fire Company had already passed a resolution that they
1 would abide by the action of the council in the premises,
I whatever it might he.
! The motion to amend was adopted by a vote of yeas 14;
I nays 4: and the motion, as amended, passed.
The branch then adjourned.
! SECOND BRANCH —Branch met. Present, J. B. SEIPEN
j STRICKE a, Esq., President, and all the members.
Mr. KIRK called up the ordinance to aid the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad Company by a loan of five millions of
dollars to complete their road to the city of Wheeling,
to fund their debts, and especially to lay aseccnd track as
far as Piedmont, 218 miles from the city of Baltimore—
which was read a third time and passed.
Mr. HERRING presented a communication from Wm. R.
Jackson, inventor of the self-acting car brake, asking the
members of the council permission to exhibit the working
of the same, at this time particularly, as an application is
before the councils for the building of a passenger railway
through the city, and moved its reference to the Commit
tee on Highways,
I Mr. SULLIVAN thought everything was referred to the
I Committee on Highways, and moved it be referred to the
j Committee on Internal Improvements,
i Mr. KIRK said that as the brake had been applied to the
! Engine of the Mechanical Fire Company, it better be rc
■ furred to the Committee on Fire Companies. The commu
nication was referred to the Committee on Highways.
An ordinance was received from the First Branch rati
j fying the sale and division of the Alins House property
| between the Commissioners of the City and County, which
was parsed.
A resolution was received from the First Branch an
thorising the Mayor to have printed and bound a certain
number of the Revised Ordinances of the city and forward
them to the different city corporations in the United States.
■ Adopted.
An ordinance was received from the First Branch
! changing thetimeof receiving oysters in the city from the
I 15th of September to the Ist of September. Laid on the
j table.
A resolution to grade Battery Square, and plant trees
therein, and appropriating $750 for the purpose, was re
! ceived from the First Branch. Laid on the table
; Mr. Kirk offered a resolution requesting the City Comp
troller to inform the Branch what fire apparatus and en
gine property is owned or leased by the city. Passed.
The Branch then adjourned until this afternoon at 5
The U. S. Mail .steamship Fulton, Captain J. A.
Walton, arrived at New York on Tuesday, about
noon. Her news was received by telegraph from
Cape Uace, and published in Monday morning's EX
CHANGE. llelow we subjoin some extracts from late
English papers received by her concerning the At
lantic telegraph, and the libel suit against Walter
Savage Landor :
To the Editor of The London Timet.
SIR : The Directors having received the gracious
permission of the Queen to publish her Majesty's
telegraphic dispatch as transmitted through the
conductor of the Atlantic cable to his Excellency
the President of the United States, and the reply
ot his Excellency therto, as also received through
the cable, I beg to annex ollice copies thereof. The
President's message, with address, numbered 143
words as transmitted, and occupied two hours in
its passage through the cable, including several
"repeats" and corrections. I also attach copy of a
complimentary message from the Directors of the
Now York, Newfoundland and London Telegraph
Company, in reply to tin? inaugurating message
transmitted to thein from the Directors of the At
lantic Telegraph Company. Yours truly,
GEO. SAWARII, Secretary.
No. 22 Old Frond street, London , Aug. 23.
[Here follow the Queen's and President's Messages.]
[From Peter Cooper, President of the Xew York. New
foundland, and London Teleyrap'i Company, to the Di
rectors of the Allantic Telegraph Company, La don ]
NEW YORK, Aug. is.
The Directors of the New York, Newfoundland,
and London Telegraph Company desire to express
to the Directors of the Atlantic Telegraph Company
their joy and gratitude tor facilities and privileges
of coming into closer union and fellowship with
them and their fellowmen throughout the world. —
May the success tli.it lin.- crowned our Inborn xccur.
to the nations of the earth a perpetual bond of
peace and friendship.
f From The Times, Any. 24 ]
An interchange of courtesies between the city
dignitaries of New York and London was yesterday
commenced by the receipt of the following message,
which was promptly responded to by the Lord
Mayor of London :
No. 22 Old Broad st., London, Aug. 23. )
Received through the Atlantic Cable at Valen
tin, and thence to London bv the British ami Irish
Magnetic Telegraph, the following message, which
reached London at G P. M. on Sunday, the 22d of
August, 1858:
[Mayor Tiemann's and the Lord Mayor's dispatch
es arc printed here.]
[ From the Times, Any. 25.]
The following message was received this morn
"NEWFOUNDLAND, Aug. 25,12.53 A. M.,*)
Greenwich Time. j
"Verse [(?) 'Persia'] takes Europa's passengers
and mails.
"Great rejoicings everywhere were solemnized in
the United States on the success of the cable.
"Bonfires, lireworks, fenx de joie, speeches, balls,
"Mr. Eddy, tlie first and best telegrapher in the
States, died to-day.
"Pray give us some news for Newfoundland; they
are mad for news."
f From the London Times, August 23.]
We publish to-day the first fruits of the electric
communication which has been established between
the New and the Old World. The first message
sent was from the Queen of England to the Presi
dent of the United States; the second, the reply
from the other side. There is here far more than
a formal interchange of compliments between the
heads of two powerful communities. We fully be
lieve that the effect ofbringing the three Kingdoms
and the United States into instantaneous communi
cation with each other will be to render hostili
ties between the two nations almost impossible for
the future. Take as an example, the three last in
stances of difference between ourselves and our
Transatlantic cousins.
These have been —first, as to the right of visiting
vessels with the view of ascertaining their nation
ality: secondly, the question of the fisheries: and,
thirdly, that of the enlistments during the Russian
War. Now, it is not too niueh to say that the
most fiery politician in the States, who might have
been desirous of making a little political capital out
of these notable heads of quarrel, would have been
fairly checkmated if the English Government had
possessed the power of undeceiving the American
public before the sparks had been fanned into flame.
There ought not between two nations whose inter
ests are clearly identical to be any points of differ
ence which hom\>t Ministers on either side could
not adjust in a few hours by the help of the Atlan
tic Telegraph. It is also certain that one of the
first results of this electric post will be an enor
mous growth of the commercial relations between
the two countries.
Tradesmen are not generally anxious to blow the
wiu-t'housi'B and stores of their best customers off
the face of the earth. It is scarcely too much to
suppose that if the two great Anglo-Saxon States
remain firmly united—fused together, as they now
are, by this electric agency —he would he a hold
continental statesman who should venture to try
conclusions with them in a warlike way. United,
we are masters wherever there is salt water enough
to float a ship's boat. There can he no stronger
guaranty for the peace of the world. Wo fear, how
ever, that the President of the United States is
somewhat sanguine when he expects that other na
tions will respect our submarine lines of communi
cation in ease of war. The conclusion is a most de
sirable one, no doubt, and heartily shall we rejoice
if it can be attained, but it is to be feared that the
forbearance and philanthropy of other nations will
scarcelv extend so far. For the moment it must he
remembered that the cable is oslv extended between
two points of the British dominions, although the
first line is, of course, but the fruitful parent of ma
ny others. A minor, but still an important result,
of this new method of instantaneous communication
will be that the escape of malefactors from one side
to the other will become an impossibility.
A person guilty, let us say, of forgery or embez
zlement, would be safe as soon as be put himself on
board ship under the new system. Once there, he
would be fairly trapped, and find the officers of
justice waiting for him in the pilot-boat on the
other side. It is with great satisfaction that we
lay before our readers this day the messages of
the Queen of England and of the President of the
United States which have been thus exchanged in
stantaneously under the waters of the Atlantic.
Well may Mr. Buchanan write, "This is a triumph
more glorious, because far more useful to mankind,
than was ever won by conqueror on the field of bat
tle." May the triumph be as lasting as it is glo
rious, and bring forth fruit in the form of perpetual
amity and good will between the two great Anglo-
Saxon communities?
[ From the. London Times, Any. 25.]
What a strange and scandalous story it is that
we published yesterday about the old age of Walter
Savage Landor! He must be so old that one is
almost afraid to talk about his age. He has been
so famous a writer in his time that it would have
been pleasant to think of him, if still alive, as sur
rounded by troops of friends who were soothing the
last furlong of his long pilgrimage. He should have
out-lived the ill-will of others, and the animosities
of his own heart. It is with unfeigned reluctance
that we perform the duty which has been cast upon
us of saying a few words about the trial which took
place at Bristol on Monday last, in which Mr. Lan
dor was defendant. The result was that the old
man was to pay £I.OOO as damages, besides his lia
bility for costs. Who can read the report of the
proceedings without saying that it served him
| right? The old poet ian scarcely lay claim to im-
I punity on the ground of failing intellect.
It must be admitted that in their own nasty way
—and it is a verv nasty way—the verses of Lander's
old age are quite equal in point and vigor to the
golden produce of his prime. But it is such filthy
point—such dirty vigor! Take Jonathan Swift's
impurest productions, when he sat down for a reg
ular innings at dirt—take the obscenest off-scour
ings of Martial, when the Roman poet was wallow
ing in the very cesspool of the Muses, and you will
have an idea of the nature of Landor's recent litera
ry diversions. So far we have spoken of the old
man's offence as of one against decency and morali
ty. To describe it technically, according to the
form in which it was brought the other day before
the Court, we must, however, speak of it as the
publication of a libel; and a fouler libel than the
one brought home to him was never written bv
man What made the case worse was that he had
selected as the object of his attack a lady whose
only fault seems to have been that she had been for
many years on intimate terms with her unmanly
Mr. I.andor, as is sufficiently notorious, returned
to England many years ago weary of his Tuscan
expatriation. lie fixed himself ultimately at Ratli.
In that city he made the acquaintance of Mr. and
Mrs. Yeseombe. The lady was the plaintiff in the
recent action. Acquaintance ripened by degrees
into friendship, or at least into intimacy, and for
many years Landor and the Yescombes were in con
stant, almost daily, intercourse; indeed, it appeared
that Landor was in the habit of dining with them
about three times a week, in their family there re
sided for some time a young lady to whose name,
although it was mentioned at the trial, we have no
wish to give any additional publicitv. For some
cause unexplained it was judged right that she
should leave the Yescombes and be removed to
Cheltenham, and this it was which roused Mr.
Landor's anger, and led to the publication of
the libels. Omitting the dirt, here are a few
of the points charged against a ladv by Walter Sa
vage Landor: He said that she had been guilty of
perjury; that he had given her £ltf to pay for him,
and that she had stolen half the money; that she
had stolen £5 lit of a letter which he had given
her to put in the Post Office; that she had retained a
tradesman's receipt—had not given him the money,
but had availed herself of the receipt; that she had
stolen seven shillings from the counter of a trades
man's shop; that she had obtained £IOO from him
under false pretenses. Now, it was not pretended
by Mr. Landor's legal advisers that there was a
shadow of pretense for any of these charges. They
were the mere outpourings of a venomous and can
kered spirit. One would suppose that all this was
bad enough, but far more remains untold. A great
disturbance at Bath was the natural consequence of
such a quarrel between a man so famous as Mr.
Landor and a family so well known as the Yes
The upshot, however, for the moment was more
reasonable than might have been expected. Mr.
John Forster, the gentleman whose name is so well
and so favorably known in the literary world, went
down to Bath to see if he could not put an end to
I a dispute which, as he saw at a glance, could only '
1 bring shame and discredit upon Landor. Mr. Fors- j
i ter succeeded in obtaining the old poet's initials to j
an apology, in which he withdrew all the offensive I
i and libellous charges which he bad concocted and
circulated against Mrs. Yescombe, and added a
promise that they should not be repeated. This well
meant and judicious interference was not, however,
destined to be productive of any permanent effect.
No sooner was Mr. Forster's back turned than Mr.
Landor renewed his attacks, and this time with the
most cowardly weapon in the slanderer's armory.— ■
Walter Savage Landor, the poet, the man of letters,
i the gentleman, just tottering on the verge of the
| grave, actually condescended to have recourse to
I the expedient of anonymous letters, and these let
j ters contained such filth that one may well wonder j
j how tho ideas could occur to a human brain. — j
I Friendship and sound judgment could do no more
for him; Mr. Forster was reluctantly compelled to
| leave Landor to his fate, and to the disgrace which
j he bad so deservedly drawn down on bis own head.
Now, we must beg our readers to take this tilth
upon trust. It is not our intention to pander to the
prurient imagination of any dirty fellow by repro- j
during it here; but if any one has a curiosity upon j
the subject, we refer him to tin* report of the trial i
which appeared in our columns yesterday. Even
there we only gave what we were mimpelled to give;
but there was one of these anonymous letters which
j was so utterly and indescribably filthy, that the
counsel for the plaintiff declined to import it into
the case. Landor was saved, like the skunk, by the i
j very intensity of his own dirt. When the counsel :
j on iiis side was called upon, he could not say a word ■
! in the defense of the nasty old man, except that the
jury should consider his great age. When Landor
j was a young man, or even a man in middle life,
1 filth was the fashion.
| A wit and good fellow of the days of the Regency '
j would now be scouted out of decent society if he J
| made any effort to be amusing in his own peculiar
line. In such a school Landor had been brought up, j
and therefore it. was suggested that lie should be |
judged by the morality of a former day, rather than
by the rules of decent, behaviour which obtain in
our own time. Of course the Jury would not listen
for a moment in PUCII palliation as this. But still 1
I the counsel for the defense was obliged tosav some- 1
thing: and what could he say? It was more rea
sonable when this gentleman added that, in eonse- I
quencc of the recent decision in the great will case, ;
i there is an end of the discretion which barristers ;
used to exercise in former davs in what they sup
posed to be the interests of their clients.
Thus, notwithstanding his own feeling and a sig- :
niticant hint from the presiding Judge, be was !
obliged to go on. The obvious inference, and it |
was not a very favorable one for Mr. Landor, was '
that it was he himself who compelled the gentle- '
men who were acting as his counsel to take a course !
in direct opposition to their own feelings and judg
ment. The end was a verdict for £I,OOO damages
against Mr. Landor; but this is the lightest portion
of the result. How ineffable is the disgrace to a .
man of Mr. Landor's ability and reputation at the •
close of a long life to be mixed up with so disgrace- i
ful a transaction! A slanderer, and the slanderer i
of a lady—a writer of anonymous letters, and these
letters reeking with tho foulest odors of the dirtiest
stews—a violator of his pledged word—who is it
to whom these words must now be applied?
"Who would not weep if Atticus were he?"
Intelligence has been received of the accouch
ment of the Empress of Austria. Her Majesty has
been delivered of a son. The infant Prince and his
1 Imperial mother are both doing well. The Prince
has been baptized Rudolph Francis Charles Joseph, j
! and at the same moment named Colonel of the 19th j
| Regiment of Infantry.
By a decree of the 3d, the Universal Exhibition j
! of Industry, which was to have taken place at !
I Vienna in 1859, has been put off to a period which
! will be hereafter fixed.
j The Emperor and Empress of France returned to
St. Cloud, on Saturday evening. During the last
days of their journey their Majesties met with the
same enthusiastic reception as had greeted them in
passing through Normandy and Brittany. On the ■
Emperor's arrival at Relinks he was met by the '
I Bishop and no less than 800 Priests and about 100,-
j 000 people. The great gathering of tho Priests
j was, perhaps, intended to encourage the intention
I the Emperor is said to entertain of raising Rennes
! from a Bishopric to an Archbishopric,
j The Herald says: "It appears by the accounts of
! tho harvest in the different localities, that opera
; tions are proceeding satisfactorily, but late rains
have caused some little delay. No permanent in
! jury lias, however, been inflicted, and the yield of
the Wheat crop will prove favorable."
, The Moniteur contains the following: The Pleni- j
! potentiaries of France, Austria, Great Britain, j
j Prussia. Russia, Sardinia, and Turkey, assembled
at the Ministry of Foreign Alfairs to proceed to the
: signature of the convention relative to the oi gani
j zntion of the Principalities of Moldavia and Walla
j cliia. The exchange of the ratifications of the said
I Convention will take place at Paris in five weeks,
or sooner if possible. It is only after the acconi
i plisbment of this formality that the text of the
i Convention can be published.
j The correspondent to the Herald says another
conference was held at the Foreign office, when im- i
I portant business was transacted regarding the act
of the navigation of the Danube. The plenipoten
tiaries signed a protocol annulling all that lias been
i done by the special commission appointed under
the treaty of Paris to settle the question, and refer- '
ring the question to the various governments for
i settlement by the usual chann-ds of diplomacy,
j Some excitement has occurred in Catalonia, Spain,
I with reference to the discovery of two very rich
mines, one of gold and another of lead. A quintal i
of the lead ore is said to contain three ounces of I
j silver.
During the late military manoeuvres at the camp
of Neunkirchei), near Yionna, an incident took
place, the motives of which have not yet been
chared up. The Hungarian regiment, Don Miguel, '
fired ball cartridge on a German regiment drawn
up in front of it. killing three men and seriously
wounding eight others.
The following dispatch appeared in the Moni- '
Sr. PF.TEKsnriiG, Aug. 20.
The Trench Ambassador to the Mini-stir of Forciyn
A courier who left Tien-sing on the 27t1 Jane,
overland, has brought the news to Prince Gort
schakoff that a treaty has been concluded be
tween China and Russia, identical in its general
bases with those concluded between China and the
other Powers. The ports are open, the free exer
cise of the Christian religion allowed, the establish
ment ot Consuls admitted, as also the sending of j
diplomatic agents to IVkin, in case of necessity.— ;
France and England have, moreover, obtained a
j considerable pecuniary indemnity.
There is to be a grand Cable celebration in Paris I
in which the English and American residents will
| participate. It will be held at the Palais d'lndus
j trie, in the Champs Elysee.
i The Journal Havre, commenting on the propo- ,
| sed Telegraphic festival in Ireland, speculates:
"If the projected banquet in Ireland takes place
! at the terminus of the Atlantic Telegraph, and if
there were to be a similar festival simultaneously
from the other side of the Atlantic, either in New
foundland or on the American continent, it will be
i possible for a European feaster to toast an Aineri
! can banqueter seated at a table placed a thousand j
leagues from bis, and, thanks to two small cop
per wires passing under the table, he may
receive, as we may say, with the cup to his (
lip, a response to the sentiment. Only while
! they are dining in Europe they will he break- :
I fasting in America; and they will respond
' from New York at 2 o'clock P. M., to a toast drunk
1 at Killarney at six in the evening. Now, we ask,
what in the presence of such facts, is to become of
; those fundamental notions of time and space which
appear to be the essential base, the fundamental
| condition of human existence?
It is seriously stated that the Duke of Malakoff is
! about to be married, not to an English, but to a !
Spanish heiress. The lady's name is Dona Sofia Va
; lera; she is the sister of the Marquis dc la Paniega,
! a Spanish nobleman who lives in Paris, and is in
j some wav or other related to the Empress. It is
I even said that the departure for Spain of the Em
press' mother, the Countess de Montijo, is delayed
on account of this marriage.
It appears from a parliamentary return just issued j
i that in 1854 12 (tliipa, with VO2 officers nntl men i
were engaged in the suppression of the slave trade i
j on the west coast of Africa: in 1855. 12 ships, with
1,082 officers and men; in 1856, 13 ships, with 1,222
officers and men; in 1857, 15 ships, with 1,424 olli- j
cers and men. At the Cape of Good Hope, in 1854,
4 ships, with 475 officers and men; in 1855, 5 ships, j
: with 775 officers and men; 1856, 3 ships, with 760 offi
cers and men; and in 1857,3 ships with 610 officers and i
men. North America and West Indies in 1854, 11 j
ships, with 1.650 officers and men; 1855, 12 ships,
with 2,466 officers and men; 1856,14 ships, with
2,842 officers and men: and in .1857, 9 ships, with
3,363 officers and men; on the southeast coast of j
America, in 1854, 6 she s, with 541 officers and men;
1855, 6 ships, with 905 officers and men; 1*56, 7
! ships, with 1,335 officers and men. The total deaths
on the four stations were 48 in 1854, 52 in 1855. 116
j in 1856, and 141 in 1857. The numbers invalided
: were 136 in 1854, 192 in 1855, 201 in 1856, and 17!'
| in 1857. In slaves, for whom head-money was
paid, were 62 in 1854, none in 1855. 19 in 1856 and
j 381 in 1857. In none of the years was any liead
| money paid for dead slaves.
The Herald (Tuesday, Aug. 24) says: The demand for
| money is only moderate to-day at the Bank of Higland,
j but out of doors there was rather more active inquiry,
owing to the payment of the installment on the Indian
I Loan, and the increased absorption for trading purposes.
About £60.000 gold, principally American, which has
] been held over ly one of the large exporting firms, was
I taken to the Bank to-day, it not having been rc
j quired for shipment The £256,000 by the Essex,
j from Australia, has not yet been delivered, but will
probably he sent into the Bank to-morrow. Some
I further gold arrivals arc expected from St. Pe
tersburg. The Continental exchanges show great firm
j ness at all points, especially Paris. The suspension is
I announced ( r Messrs. Portilla. Schembri & To..—a house
! in the Mediterranean trad •, with connections at Malta.
Their liabilities are stated to exceed £150,000. The firm
! was held in good estimation. The railway between Ai\
j and Culon has be n completed, and a train ran between
, those termini on Monday, thus giving uninterrupted c mi
| inunication between the Lyons and Geneva line. There
will now be only ten hours' diligence between Paris and
Turin until the Mount Cenis Tunnel is completed. The I
; general business at the port of London during the past
j week has continued active.
; The number of ships reported inward was 282,inc!uding
! S3 with cargoes of corn, flour. Ac. The arrivals of sugar
; were also very large. The number of ships cleared out
ward was 116, including 14 in ballast. Of those on the
i berth loading outward, 64 arc for the Australian colonies,
; six for Vancouver's Island and two for San Francisco.
Tup. TEA TRADE. Aug. 23—The deliveries in London es
: timated for the week, were794.2*l lbs., which is ad-crease
of 65.067 lbs , compared with the previous statement.
1 The suspension of Duncan Gibb, ot Liverpool, is an
nounced. It is believed that the estate will pay 20s. in
j the pound.
The Turkish Ministry has held ft special meeting, to ex
amine the projects of Vely and Ahmee Pacha, relative to
I the affairs of Candia, , , j
I The plan for the regulation of the Exchanges has been 1
' adopted. A loan of £BOO,OOO, issued by government, has
j been taken up.
| The following is from the Times' City Article of Wed
nesday. Aug. 2a : The English Funds have again been
firm to day, have closed at a further improvement.
Consols opened at tin* last price of yesterday and almost
: immediately advanced to to %. from which there
was no reduction. The transactions of the day were not
important, hut the general appearance of the market
was very good, a further influx of gold to the Hank, and
the expectation of fresh arrivals, having contributed to
the feeling of confidence. The French three per cents ad
vanced if per cent; 69f. 95c. for money; 70f. sc. for the
' end of the mont**.
In American Securities there was a reduction in Illinois
Central and New York and F.ne. New York Central was
firm. Atlantic Telegraph [email protected]
LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET, Aug. 23.—There has been
; a good demand during the last two days, and the sales ex
reed 22.000 bales; 9.500 <>n speculation and for export
1 Prices partially l ß d. higher than on last Friday.
LIVERPOOL CORN MARKET. Aug. 23.—The market was
dull, at about the rates of last week.
24 —The weather proving fine, there was a dull market.
WHEAT sold at about Id. per bushel over the rates of Tues
| day last. FLOUR must he quoted fid. per bbl. dearer, but
the demand was less active. OATS unchanged. INDIAN
; CORN met with a very limited sale at the last quota-
I tions.
I fair demand: prices unaltered. Coffee firm. Rice firm.
Tea unchanged. Molasses—Limited business done at
former prices. Tallow steady at 4*s 9d. on the spot;
3d October to December. Saltpetre somewhat dearer.
oils—Linseed 335. 3d.(a 335. fid. V curt.; Fish Oils firm.
I Spirits Turpentine 3fis. fid. a4575. fid.; rough, 9s. 3d.m9s.
j fid. Vcwt. Metals—lron firm; Lead steady; Tin in fair
The Quarantine war begins to assume a serious
' aspect. On Tuesday last. Gov. King issued a proc
! ( Lunation, in which he solemnly declares that the
deliberate and wanton destruction on the nights of
4 the Ist and 2d of September, by a large mob of
J armed men, of the buildings, dwelling houses and
I hospitals at the Quarantine station, in the county
I of Richmond, the property of the people of this
State; the cruel and inhuman dragging forth of the
| sick and disabled patients from the hospitals; their
barbarous exposure without shelter throughout an
' iurlcinont NIGDIT, nntl tho gcnorul concurrence in,
1 and approval of, these violent acts by the people of
the county of Richmond, present a case which,
i standing alone in its enormity and violence, appeals
directly to the Chief Magistrate of the State to as
; sort and maintain the dignity of the State, and the
authority o! the laws so contemptuously defied and
trodden under foot. Desirous of maintaining the
\ supremacy of the laws, he denounces these acts of
J arson and outrage as crimes of the highest infamv;
J and for the purpose of bringing the people wf the
: county of Richmond to a just sense of the enormity
of the crimes they hare permitted to be perpetrated,
without any attempt on their part to interfere with
or punish tho well known, bold and principal actors
in these acts of arson and murder, he calls upon
the civil authorities and inhabitants of the county
to co-operate in restoring the outraged peace and
order of the Island, ami in bringing to condign
| punishment the actors and abettors in these scenes
of arson and murder. By reason of these acts and
proceedings referred to, and of the refusal of the
Sheriff of Richmond county to perform his duty,
, IN* declares the county of Richmond to be in a state
j of insurrection, and orders that a military force of
sufficient strength shall be detailed and stationed at
the Quarantine until the returning sense of the
people of Richmond county to their duties and ob
ligations as peaceful citizens shall render its pres
ence unnecessary, or until the Legislature shall
otherwise direct.
We take from the Ilcrald and Tribune the follow
j ing, as the latest accounts of Quarantine affairs.
I Nothing of a startling nature transpired at Qtiar-
J antine yesterday. The news of Governor King's
I proclamation did not reach the ground until late
in the afternoon. General Hall was present in the
afternoon, and consulted with the Health officer as
to the proper steps to be taken should any attempt
be made to renew the work of incendiarism. The
authorities were much alarmed at some threats
which had been made to burn down the temporary
hospitals now in course of erection, and expressed
J a strong desire that the Seventh regiment should
be on hand to protect the property. General Hall
stated that no order had yet been issued to call out
the military, but that it was very probable a re
quisition would be made upon Major General Sand
ford to day.
At noon the police on duty were relieved by a
fresh, and conveyed back to the city.
Edward Brady, an employer at Quarantine, has
been missing ever since the night of the first fire.
The special police force appointed by the Castle
ton Board of Health did not attempt to arrest any
I body leaving the Quarantine grounds. Persons
, Laving business within the enclosure made their
| egress and ingress with out. any difficulty. The
members of the Board of Health say that they ap
pointed these MEN merely to preserve the peace,
and that they gave the "specials" no orders to ar
rest persons found coming out of the Quarantine
I grounds.
The iron scow, about which SO much lias been
said and written, was anchored about one hundred
and fifty yards from the shore yesterday. A large
quantity of infected clothing was burned, and dur-
J ing the day the smoke from the scow was wafted
in the direction of New Brighton, much to the an
noyance of those residing in that locality, who Lave
the most lively dread of the scow and all pertain
: in £ to iL .
The rebels intend holding a public meeting some
! day this week, when they will give a free expres
sion of their opinion and feelings on Quarantine
! matters.
There was no decision in the matter of the habeas
corpus case of Thomas Garrett, as one of theassoci
i ate Judges whom Judge Davis wished to consult
had not arrived in time,
J The Quarantine troubles continued to elicit much
discussion on 'Change yesterday. The sentiments
I expressed continued to hoof the same exciting char
acter, in the main, as those previously reported. —
• The voice of condemnation of the acts of the mob
continued to be almost unanimous, while tin* one or
two persons who attempted to palliate the outrages
found themselves overpowered in numbers and sub-
I ject to the severe censure of those who surrounded
them. The declaration was general in favor of hav
ing the buildings re-er cted at the same spot. The
principal subscription paper in circulation for re
building THE bouses destroyed, had a long list of
| signatures of the most respectable business men.
Relative to the application of the Secretary
of the Navv for the removal of the Susquehanna
from Quarantine, Dr. Thompson reported that a
| case of yellow fever was taken from the frigate
yesterday afternoon, and that she is not in fit condi
tion to proceed to the Navy Yard.
It is asserted in the newspapers that the sick have
! improved very rapidly since their exposure to the
I open air.
The following letter to Captain Collinson gives
information of the whereabouts of the expedition
under Captain McClintock:
May 3, 1858, closed May 7. )
MY DEAR COLLINSON: —Our cruise hitherto has
been short and sharp—most lamentably short, in
deed. but, thank God, it is not at an end; the real
work is only now beginning. We have only got
to repeat the attempt this year which failed so sig
nally last year. Our progress was finally stopped
| in Melville Bay, Aug. 18, from which time up to
• the 25th of April we remained in the pack, drifting
, southward with it. While beset we have drifted
down from 75J4 north to G3|£ north: the whole
amount is 1,194 geographical iniles. You will un
derstand what disappointment and anxiety this
| ill-fortune entailed upon me. For a whole month
in Melville Bay our fate hung in the balance. The
season was very similar to 1848, when I was with
Sir J. Ross; the whole bay was crammed full of
light pack, and there was no land ice.
Having previously examined the edge of the mid
dle ice down as far as 72° 20' without any prospect
of success, there was but one course open tome —
j to enter the pack whenever a favorable opportuni
ty offered, and trust to boring through into the
north water. This is what Sir J. Ross did, and,
being on the same spot, and also on the same day.
and, moreover, a very favorable opportunity of long
leads opening out, 1 tried the same plan. We did
not succeed; a long run of southerly winds closed
the ice together so much that it did not open again.
Still I had the precedent of the North Star from
ivlu'oh t<> draw tin- hope of a drift through into the
| lKftrth water, and this, I think, we should have done
in time to save our season but for the grounding of
some bergs on a bank off Cape York, which it has
i been our lot to discover. We drifted up within 24
I miles of that cape, and subsequently far to the west
ward before commencing our southern march. But
all this you will see in my statement of proceedings
j and track chart which I have sent to Lady Frank-
I lin.
We are thoroughly efficient, but rather short
handed, and 1 am sorry to add that R. Scott (lead
ing stoker) died on the 4th of December.
We are in excellent health, and the ship unin
jured. She leaks a little, and we had to pump her
out all winter three times weekly.
Forty tons of coal remain on board, and we will
take in as much more at the Waigat. As for pro
visions, we have excellent in quality, of salt meat
17 months, preserved meat and pemuiicani 13
j months. AC. From this you will see how well pro
vided we are, and how easily we can complete our
selves for a third winter at Beechey Island.
With regard to uiy future plans, I see no reason
for departing from mv original scheme. If early
: into the west water, I will thoroughly sift the
Bond's Bay natives, so as to separate the history of
Belcher's abandoned ships from such knowledge as
they may possess respecting Franklin's ships.
I hope to look into Port Leopold before visiting
Bet ch \ "Island, as the former would be the place
to which wo would have to fall back. If the launch
is injured. 1 will take a boat from Beechey Island,
and leave her there soould I go down to Bellot
Strait, or at Cape Walker, should I succeed getting
i down Peel Strait.
Should I get down to the Magnetic Pole, I will
pass on the east side of King William's Land, com
municating with the natives, and into Fish River.
If 1 can manage to complete my work in Fish River
by ship, it would be an immense advantage to in
ter near the southwest angle of King Williams
Disco, M \Y 24.— For the early part of this season
R shall be among the whalers.* leisurely following
their motions; but, should they not persevere to
the north as long as I think desirable, I must then
judg-* for myself whether to persevere or return
south with them, and seek a southern passage. I
purpose sailing to-morrow morning. We shall long
remember the kindness of Mr. and Mrs. Olriek and
all here.
ours very sincerelv,
The Piedmont (Va.) Independent says: We learn
that there is a superabundance of mast on the red
oaks in this region, to make up the deficiency of
corn and other grains used for feeding andtattening
hogs, occasioned bv the severe drought throughout
i this region of country.

xml | txt