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The daily exchange. [volume] (Baltimore, Md.) 1858-1861, December 02, 1858, Image 1

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VOL. I I—NO. -242.
BOAiiD OF TRADE.
Committee of Arbitration for "i- month of November.
J JAMES GETTY,
A Fl'l LER CRAVE. | J AS. F. PEXDERGAST,
W- T. RAVI'S fKKKT, | ACGUSTCS C. i'RACHT,
jflcmctanr aith Cammcrtol Sclera.
BALTIMORE, December 1, 1858.
There "was considerable activity at the Board to
day in Railroad shares, but for both Baltimore and
Ohio, and Northern Central the market was weaker,
and in the latter stock there was a heavy decline,
the sales showing a falling off in it since the close yes
terday of SI !v per share. It is supposed that one of
the parties who have been contending for the control
of this road has retired from the contest, and also
from the market, and that the stock has dropped off
in consequence. The sales of Northern Central to
day add up 1,400 shares at from $23 down to $22
regular way, and $23 down to $22% buyer's option
60 days. The market for it closed at $22 bid, $2234
asked regular way. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
fell off to-day half a dollar per share. There is no
speculative movement going on in this stock, and
there is but little demand for it except lor delivery
on contracts made some time since. There were
500 shares sold to-day at $56*%'56% cash, and $56%
<§> so% buyer's option 00 days, and it left oft'at $56%
bid, $50% asked regular way. There was nothing
done in Railroad bonds, but they were generally
steady at previous rates. There was some inquiry
for city o's, and we note sales of $1,0001875's at 97,
and $2,150 lS9o's at 99, 99%(j?99%, closing at 99%.
Bank stocks are quiet but firm.
At New York to-day stocks were generally better.
Missouri o's advanced %, Erie Railroad New
York Central do. %, and Galena and Chicago do.
%. Reading, and Cleveland and Toledo sold at the
same figures as on yesterday. The market closed
firm at the second board.
The New York Tribune of to-day says :
The supply of money is undiminished, and discount
rates art- quite as easy as heretofore reported. We have
now had nearly a year of almost unexampled abundance
with scarcely an interruption, and the prospects look fa
vorable for a continuance of t'ie surfeit for months to
conic. The remarkable absence of speculative excitement
during such a long spell of monetary ease is hardly par
alleleil in our financial history, and it ma}' be that we
are destined to return to the former condition of business,
without Hl iy of those feverish movements which generally
accompany the restoration of confidence or an easy money
market.
The Foreign Exchange market is firmer, with a limited
business. The advices from the South report a scarcity
of bills,and on the strength of this bankers are not dis
posed to sell at previous quotations. Sterling is quoted at
from 109#//109# for bankers'bills, and at 108,[email protected]#
for commercial signatures. Francs, 5.1735' 5.15.
Wo annex a comparative statement of the exports
(exclusive of specie) from New York to foreign
ports lor the week, and since Van. 1:
1856. 1857. 1858.
Total for the week. . $2,073,060 $1,238,89$ $715,520
Previously reported 71,632.305 67,379.698 53,294.889
Since January 1. $73,705,365 $68,618,596 $54,010,409
Messrs. Thompson Brothers, New York, quote \
Land Warrants as follows:
Buying. I Selling.
40 acre $1 05 | 40 acre $1 10 '
80 a: re 0 83 I 80 acre 0 86 !
120 acre 076 (120 acre 079
160 acre 0 83 | ICO acre 0 80
The Boston Courier , Nov. 30th. says.
The prospects of the Boot and Shoe trade are thought to |
be improving, and the spring business is expected to open
early in the season, with a good demand from all sections
of the country. A New York Shoe and Leather circu- I
lar says:
4 There never was a better feeling in the Boot, Shoe and \
leather trade than at present, in every department. Leath- !
cr having advanced some 2*7.2# cts. per lb. with large
sales, creates a good feeling with the dealers. The manu
facturers of Boots and Shoes buy very freely, with the ex
pectation of an advance upon Boots and Shoes, and an in
creased demand for spring sales, which will be fully re
alized, as stocks on hand, both with manufacturers and
wholesale dealers were very small. The South and North
will require large supplies in the spring, as they have but
very small stocks on hand.
The Hallowell Gazette learns that some of the enter
prising capitali.stsof that city are contemplating a revival
wf the shipbuilding interest at that point at an early day. i
We hear a similar report in relation to Damariscotta.— •
The same business will be lively in this city next spring. |
The start in freights has visibly shortened the faces of our j
whole population.— Hath Times:.
An application will be made at the coming session of the I
New Jersey Legislature for a Bank at I'lainfield. w : th a j
capital of SIOO,OOO with the privilege of increasing it to j
$200,000.
Petitions are in circulation in lowa praying the Gover
nor to call an extra session of the Legislature to pass some
sort of stay appraisement and redemption law. The State
Democrat says :
We supposed that not a single person with ordinary
faculties for observation and reflection had been through
a financial crisis, who did not come out of it thoroughly
convinced that all kinds of stay and appraisement laws
only served to aggravate the evil they were designed to
relieve.
Relief laws, as they are very improperly called, are a
western invention. They never were ami they never will
he tolerated in a well regulated commercial community.
They are the incarnation of mottocracy —of the power of
the stronger to arrest the regular execution of the laws to
suit their own interest or convenience. They are utterly
destructive of all trade nnd commerce. A resort to them
by any State invariably destroys the crc.lit of the citizens.
RAILROADS—A railroad connection has been opened
between Columbus ami Memphis, byway of the Mobile and
Qhio Railroad, connecting with the Memphis and Charles
ton, and passengers were arriving at Memphis by that
route in 13 hours from Cairo. The time from St. Louis to
Cairo, by railroad, is 7 hours, which added to the 13 to
Memphis, bring St. Louis and Memphis within 20 hours,
and Cincinnati and Memphis, via Sandoval and Cairo,
within GO hours of each other.
It is stated that the rails have been laid upon nine miles
of the Pittsburg and Erie Road. Another mile will he laid
litis fall. It is in contemplation to have this line in run
ning or/tor as far as West Greenville, early in the spring.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD.— The Auditor informs
the editor of the Springfield Democrat that an action has
been commenced against the Illinois Central Railroad
Company, for the amount of their taxes due the State.
The charter requires the Company to pay a bonus, which,
with their taxes, shall not be 'ess than f per cent. If it
: hall be less they must make up the deficit, if more,
they lose it.
The application in the United States Court for the sale
of the Cincinnati, Wilmington and Zanesville Railroad
has been disposed of for the present, by a postponement
until April next. In the meantime, the Company expect
10 he able to pay the interest due on the bonds.
The Cincinnati Gazette of Monday says:
There is now. for the first time within the last year, an
excellent field in the West for the issues of Eastern Banks.
Western institutions are fully expanded in this respect.
Most of them are up to the limits prescribed by their char
ters, and in several cases they have, within the last lew
days, been compelled to pay coin. This is an extraordi
nary feature, but as favorable as it is unusual, showing,
as it does, a heavy movement of produce to market, ami
an extensive distribution of funds among the farming
classes. The country bank balances in this city have been
drawn down closely, and in many cases overdrawn, so
great has been the interior demand for currency. Bank
notes are not returned for redemption, for the reason that
the supply of Exchange front other sources is in excess of
the demand, and city hankers have fully as much offered
at their counters as they are able to manage, at par and )$
discount. Gold is a drug. Dealers would be glad to
exchange it for currency at 1-5, or even )$ premium,
while they purchase it reluctantly at par. This activity
in the currency market is not the result of inflation, as
wasthe case previous to the great panic of 1857. There
are no bubbles afloat, unless it shall turn out that the pork
trade are building too extensively upon short crop specu
lations: but, however this may bo, the farmers are dispos
ing of their hogs upon most favorable terms—cash and
high prices. There is no credit asked or obtained of pro
ducers tins year, ami whatever turn matters may take
with dealers, trade generally will lc largely benefitted
by the distribution of the proceeds of the hog crop. Tltere
are no land speculations; no moon-shine railroad schemes;
no over trading; no stock gambling; nor any other
gambling in business, unless it may be in pork. The bank
expansion, therefore, is legitimate, t'ne movements to
which it is attributable being based entirely upon the pro
ducts of the country. The pork trade can carry their own
load, even if it should prove a heavy one, so that other
branches of business are in no danger of being dragged
into a crisis in consequence of losses that bog buyers are
in danger of sustaining. In rates of interest there is no
change. The regular houses charge [email protected] per cent., con
fining operations to regular customers.
The following is a statement of the coinage of the
United States Mint at Philadelphia during the
month of November:
Pieces. Value.
Gold 28.838 $304,135
Silver 3.080.000 550.000
Cents 2.500,000 25,000
Total 5.608,838 $879,135
The New York Evening Pout of Tuesday says:
An important and, at present, unaccountable error in
t'ne liquidation and renewal of the State debt of California
js advised by the last Cajifornia steamer. The 1 Hippie
voted that the entire debt, which was supposed to not ex
ceed $3,900,000, should be converted into new bonds, bear
ing seven per cent., to be issued to the holders of the old
bonds or certificates of debt. The law required that these
should be presented there before Ist January, 1859, or else
be debarred from the benefit of the conversion. It now
appears that during the few days previous to the sailing
of the last steamer hither, about $40,000 old bonds from
the States were presented, of which only $6,000 were re
ceived, the supply of new bonds that were prepared being
exhausted.
From the amount known to he in the hands of parties in
this city and on the way, the deficiency will reach at
least $75,000, though it is presumed that this will be
swelled before the expiration of the time to $200,000 or
$300,000, and some think to $500,000. This, however, is
mere conjecture. The heavy estimates are based 011 the
assumption that the back interest, running from July,
1857. has not been correctly calculated; the amount of
local indebtedness, such as the Comptroller's warrants or
other "just or legal claims against the State, accrued
prior to January Ist, 1347," as specified in the act, has
been underrated, or that an error in book-keeping or
fraud has occurred.
The deficiency will fall chiefly upon Europe and the
United States, as all local indebtedness lias doubtless long
ago been settle/1. This should not bv any means deter
the remaining holders here from sending their bonds or
scrip by the last opportunity, the steamer of thesth prox
imo. Although the Legislature may not have power to
adjust the difficulty, yet there is little doubt but what ev
ery dollar will he cared for. There may be more or less
delay, and it will be prudent for every creditor to make
known his claims according to law, so that he may le re
cognized in any subsequent action.
THE CLINTON BANK, of Westernport, Allegany county,
Md.. was organize/1 on the 24th ult., by the election of
Patrick Hamill, Henry Miller. Thomas G. Williams, M.
Lewis and H. E. Barrett Directors, ar.d Thomas C. Wil
liams. President an/1 11. E. Barrett, Cashier.
The Piedmont Independent says :
No one at all acquainted with the wants of our mining
region will question for a moment but that there is a capi
tal opening here for a new hank.
SALES AT THE BALTIMORE STOCK BOARD.
WEDNESDAY, December 1, 1853.
sloooßalt.6's. '75..97 250 shs.N.C.RR. 160..22)$
395 14 44 '90.. 99 50 44 " 1)3..22)$
250 44 44 '90.. 99 V 190 u 44 ..23J$
1500 44 44 '9O. .99)$ 100 l J 44 1)60.. 22j$
3 sh. Bank of Bait 104 75 * 4 4 * "22
3 44 Un 8k.0fM<!..76& 50 44 8.&0.RR. -56*
100 44 N C.RR. 1)60..23 200 44 44 -59)$
20 0 44 * 4 ..23 7ft 44 44 1)2..56)$
100 44 44 ..23 7 $ 25 44 44 bGO. .567$
100 44 44 ..22*, 50 44 44 b10..56)$
100 44 44 b2O. .22* 75 44 44 560af.30. .56)$
100 44 4i . .22)$ 25 4 f 44 560af.40..56>$
100 44 44 12. .22)$ 25 44 44 IGS. .56)$
Prices and sales of Stocks in New York.
BY TELEGRAPH.
Through WM. FISHER & SON, Stock and Bill Brokers.
No. 22 SOUTH STREET.
Ist Boar/1. 2d Board.
A' irginia 90 96*
M issouri 6's 90 90)$
Illinois bonds 99 00
Canton Company 99 00
E'ie Railroad 17% 18
York Central Rai1r0ad....83% 83%
Reading Railroad 51 61%
Panama Railroad W 00
Cleveland & Toledo R. R 31% 31%
Rock Island 00 00
Michigan Southern R.'r'.'.. 21% 00
Cnmberland Coal 00 00
" a , rlcm - 00 00
t.alena & Chicago 00 72%
La Crosse & Milwaukie 3% 00
Miiwaukie & Miss 00 00
Market steady. firm.
BALTIMORE MARKETS.
cnirirrir .■ W EDNESDAT, December 1.
mkct for ITfs vcrv fl n rm nUe f " rUk ae ™ n< E nd the
market lor itis tery firm. A lot of 2.700 bags Rio the
balance of the cargo of the "Winifred," w& fold to day at
A-., s
I cts. round, and we note also sai*s of 100 1 t_ r $ Kio at
1 II,V <1 11 Ji c., 50 bag* Laguavra at 12 V c.. and of 50 bae
| Java <n private terms. Kio Coffeecloses verj* firm at II
j - 11/Si'e. for fair to pood, 11N al2c.. fr prime,
J do. at 11 %(giV2)4 cts.. and Java do. at 1 I 1 15 cts. per lb.
i The stock of Coffee of all descriptions to-day is only about
' 8,000 bags, against a stock of 07.000 bags at tliccorn spond
ing period last year.
Fi.OUll.—There was some movement this morning in
Extra Flour, but for Super there was comparatively lit
tie inquiry. We heard on "Change of :ib*x f 1.003
Ohio Extra at $5.37/£, and of 500 bbls. choice Ho.
at $5.50 per bbl.. but at the close there were sellers of r u
lar brands Ohio Extra at $5.37/$ per bbl. Howard Street
Extra may b • quoted at $5 50 // 5.75, and regular ? hipping
brands City Mills do. at [email protected]# per bbl. The uiilj sal
• •I" Super Flour reports was one of 400 bbl .go d City
>! iI Is at $5 per bbl There was but little inquiry for citin r
Howard Street or Ohio Super. The former variety is still
held liimly at $5.12# per bbl., but the latter may b • quo
ted (lull at this figure, Hyp Flour is -1 ill quoted at $4.-
4 25 per bbl.. and Buckwheat do. is selling at from $2 t
$3 per 100 lbs., the latter being the price for Matthew's
premium. Corn Meal is steady at.< 350 for Pennsylvania,
f..- B litiraore, and $ 1.25 per bbl. for Brandy ine.
FAMILY FLOUR. —Family Flour is selling at $7.50 f r
the IV.tap-co, Silver Spring, and Reservoir brands, <7 f r
old Dominion, and $7.75 per bbl. ft>r Welch's. The Patau
co. Silver Spring, and Reservoir brands of Extra Flour
arc selling at $0.50 per bbl.
GRAlN.—drain was in moderately active demand this
morning, and the market for nearly all varieties wa
quite linn. The receipts were fair, although not heavy.
The offerings included some 13.000 bushels Wheat, 10.000
bushels Corn, 3,600 bushels Oats, and 300 bushels K.ve.
Red Wheat was a shade lower, but white do. was stead v
at yesterday's figures. Reds sold at 115<i 120 cts. for ?Wd
to prime and whites at 122(o)125 cts. for medium, 130
132 cts. for fair. 135 r/140 cts. for good to prime, and at
from 140 to 153 cts. for fancy lots. Most of the Corn offer
ed to-day was new. and the market for it was firmer
Ww whit j sold at 52 cts. for inferior. 5S <i 62 cts. sr goo<l
to prime, and new yellow at 66'//68 cts. for good t>
prime. A lot of 000 bushels good old yellow sold at 77
els Oats sold at from 42 to 47 cts. for Virginia, Mary
laud, and Pennsylvania, and a lot of very prime Mur\
land brought 55 cts. There was nothing done in Rye.
but we quote it as before at 70 V 72 cts, for Maryland, and
82 a S"> cts. for Pennsylvania.
HUGS.—Hogs continue in good supply, some 2,000 to
3.000 head being in the pens at the scales to day. The
demand was fair both from butchers and packers, and
prices were pretty well sustained. We heard of sales of
some 1.500 head to packers at $6.75(iq6.57Ji for medium,
and $7 for prime, and of some small lots of picked Hogs
to butchers at $7 25 per 100 lbs. net.
MOLASSES.—There is but little inquiry for Molasses,
and no sales have been made to-day so far a- we have
heard. We quote new crop New Orleans at 40 ct<..
old crop Cuba at 23'0;23ct5., do. English Island at 26//2S
cts.. and do. Porto Rico at 280/ 32 cts.
PROVISIONS.—There is some speculative inquiry Tor
Provisions but the demand for consumption is limited.—
We note sales to day of .50,000 lbs. Hulk Shoulders and
Sides to arrive at O.s and 8X cts.. and also of 100 bids.
Butchers' I. aid on the spot at ct'.. and of 50 bids
City Leaf do. at 11 cts.. which is an advance of V of a
cent per lb. We hear of no transactions in barrelled
Pork. New city packed Mess is offered we learn at sl7,
and some soft Mess is offering at $10.75 per hid. We
quote Prime Pork at $14(ctT4.50 per bbl. Bacon is quiet
but firm. Me note sal s within the last dayortwoof
some 50 hhds. at 7 li' cts. for Shoulders, and hi,, h A hAt
cts. for Sides. Beef is dull but unchanged in price.—
Lard is in demand, and we quote it firm at cts. for
Butchers', and 11 cts. for City and Western Leaf. Butter
and Cheese arc selling slowly at previous rates.
RlCE.—Rice is very dull, but we have no change to
note in the rates, and we still quote it as ranging from
:fY to 3% cts. for ordinary to prime. There is a heavy
stock here.
SUGARS.—There is a pretty good inquiry for Sugars,
and the market for all descriptions continues firm. Wc
note sales to-day of 10 hhds. good fair Cuba Sugar at $7.50,
and of a cargo of 194 hhds. Bemerara do. for refining, the
terms for which were kept private. We notice that a
cargo of 200 hhds. Porto Rico Sugar ex "Nebraska" i -
advertised for auction on Friday next by Messrs. Lem
mon .v Brogdcn. Sugars may be quoted as closing firm
at $6.50j76.87>i for refining grades Cuba, Porto Rico, and
English Island. $7.2.V0 S for grocers' styles Cuba, $7.50 n
8.50 for fair to prime Porto Rico, and forfait*
to prime new crop New Orleans.
•TOOK OF STICAR IN RALTIMORE.
Dec. Ist. 1858. Dee. Ist, 1857.
Cuba ~...1,451 hhds. Cuba fifOhhds
Porto Rico 305 " l'orto Kico 734 "
English island.. 704 " English 151and...1,335
Total 2,461 hhds. - Total 2,759 hltds.
Melado* none. Mehtdo 392 hhds.
Boxes 5,051 Boxes 1,403
STOCK OF SUGAR IN NEW YORK.
Dec. Ist, 1858. !l)ec. Ist. 1557.
Cuba 12.154 hbds. Cuba 14,320 lthds.
FbrtoKico 2.079 44 Porto Rico 3,700 44
English Island.. 344 41 St. Croix 200 44
New Orleans... 355 44 IXew Orleans... none
Total 14,932 hhds. Total 18.340 hhds
Melado 80S 44 <Melad< 8 182 •
Boxes 24.281 Boxes 15.318
Bags. ........ 7,000 Bags 7.500
SALT.—Liverpool Salt is firm, and prices have rather an
upward tendency. It is however still selling at s: cts.
for Ground Alum, 120 cts. for Marshall's ami Jeffrey &
Barcy's fine, and 140 cts. per sack for Ashton's do. Turks
Island Salt is dull. We quote it at 15 cts. afloat, and 18.,/)
20 cts. per bushel from store.
S EDS.—There was less inquiry for Grass Seeds this
morning, and the market was hardly as firm as on yester
day. There was a sale reported of 50 bushels fair Clover
seed at $5.50, but we quote good to prime lots at SS.O2JS
@5.75 per bushel. Timothy seed is selling at s2ij/2.12)$
for good to prime, and we quote Flaxseed at sl.3sui 1.40
per bushel.
\\ HlSKEY. —Whiskey is still in good demand, nnd the
market for it is firm. We have reported to-day sales
50 bbls. Country Whiskey at 25 cts.. 1(H) bbls. Pennsyl
vania do. at 25)$ cts.. ami of 200 bbK Ohio do. at 26 cts.
City Whiskey may be quoted at [email protected])$ cts.
We publish below the monthly circular of Messrs. G. P.
Thompson & Co., brokers in Sugar and Molasses:
MONTHLY SUGAR AND MOLASSES ST -ITEMEXT
y, yj Hr I
oc 55 ** Z' 3 3 -.3- n* ®?- <
I O ic 5. • > or> '• ix *** o
• ■ • • .' . yy -J \:J. - • C< j® X*
• 7c~ t St i©J Ug
::::::::: • £ S r ©I * I r
: v.l •Si U III??
-e||. sr |sS4pfcjSjil^r
SUGAR.— There lias been a better demand for Sugar this
month, and the business would have been larger, hut for
the firmness of holders, a considerable part of our stock
being held out of the market for higher rates; the demand
has been principally for refining, though the Grocers are
bare of stocks, and an advance of * to % cts. has been
realized on Muscovado.
Our first receipts of the Louisiana crop. 110 hhds. ex
"Evelina Rutter." from New Orleans, was sold by auction
to-day at [email protected], averaging $8.21, the quality fair to
fully fair: later advices from this State report a very gene
ral frost, followed by warm rainy weather, which had in
jured the cane, and the estimates of the crop are now re
duced to 300.000 hhds.
The sales of the month foot up 1058 hhds. Cuba at 6*@
8 cts.; 712 hltds. Porto Rico at 6*@B* cts. 410 hhds. Eng
lish Island at 6* @7)s cts.; 110 hhds. Louisiana at [email protected]
8.55; 530 boxes clayed at 6)[email protected])s cts.; 4.760 bags Pernam
buco at 7(atßjs cts., and 245 cases, 170 bags, and 44 bbls.
Baitia at 6* cts.
The market closes firm: we quote Cuba and English Isl
and at 6*@6J4>css. for refining grades, [email protected] cts. for gro
cers* styles; Pora> Rico [email protected]* cts. for common to fair,
7*@B* cts. for fully fair to prime: Louisiana nominal;
Brazil 6*@7* cts. for browns, [email protected])$ cts. for whites.
Boxes 7 to 9, 6* @6* cts.; 10 to 12. [email protected] cts.; 13 to 15,
7*@B* cts.; 16 to 18. B)[email protected] cts.
MOLASSES —Has been more in demand, and the market
steady, though the Mies are unimportant, 825 bbls. New
Orleans lias been received, 200 bbls. of which has been
j sold in lots, principally at 42)$ cts. We quote Cuba clay
led [email protected] cts. Muscovado [email protected] cts.; Porto Rico [email protected]
cts.; English Island [email protected] cts!. New Orleans 40®.42 cts.
S. P. THOMPSON & Co.,
Baltimore, Nov. 30tli. 1858. Brokers.
DOMESTIC MARKETS.
CINCINNATI MARKET.—Nov. 27.— FLOUR.— The de
mand is moderate from the local trade, and there is also
some taken for export. The sales comprise 400 bids: 011
its merits tit $4.20, and 800 do. extra at [email protected] The re
ceipts the last 24 hours were 1.200.
WHISKEY. —The demand continues active, and prices
have further advanced; sales of 2,500 bbls. at 23c.. inclu
ding 500 bbls four mouths old at 23* c., and 275 do. from
wagons at 23)$ c.
HOGS. —The market was less excited to-day, hut was
nevertheless firm, at extreme rates. .The receipts are
large, hut the great hulk of them had bene already bought
to arrive, so that the number in the market was small. We
have no change to notice in prices. The sales amounted
to 1,810 head, at prices varying from $0 37)$ to $0.75. —
Heavy hogs were held formerly at $7.
PROVISIONS. —The transactions were 400 barrels Mess
Pork, at $17:300 barrels head lard at 10. and 50 tierces
prime do. at 10 A. . and 7.000 pieces green meats, at 5 a 5 4 fm*
shoulders, and 7*(a;Bc. for hains—chiefly the outside
rates. Nothing was done in bulk meats, but holders of
them were firm at 6*®.Bj$ t and, in many cases, asked
higher rates.
HOGS.—The Cincinnati Gazette of Monday says: In the
Hog market there was less excitement than on Friday,
but prices were very firmly sustained, and, on the whole,
a shade higher than at any previous time this season.
The receipts were large, but this had no effect, except so
far as it may have prevented a further upward move
ment of the sweeping character to which the trade has
been subject lately. A large proportion of the ltogs now
arriving are being delivered on contracts, so that the of
ferings are not at all in proportion to the arrivals or the
number in the pens. The sales were at prices ranging
from $6.25 for light, to $6.75 for heavy. At close, well
fatted 200 lbs. hogs were not to be had below $0 65(7/ 0 75;
and Late in the afternoon negotiations were pending at $7
for extra lots. The receipts during the 24 hours ending at
110011 were 15.000. This swells the receipts for the week,
so far, to 50.000 head, and for the season, up to noon, Sat
urday to 152,331.
The Louisville Courier of Monday says:
The receipts of hogs are not only heavy, but more than
double that of any previous year at the same period. If
they continue to come forward in the same ratio, the
packing around the falls will reach 300,000 head in two
weeks more, and the season close nearly a month earlier
than ever before. The hogs for slaughter "have leen
counted," and the packers set down the result at a little
less than 300.000. Be that as it may, the high prices
wnich now prevail are likely to force ever)* available hog
to the slaughter, and we would not he surprised if it ex
ceeded The prevailing quotation for heavy
hogs is $0 50 net. and we <lo not hear of any pressing 011
the market by which itmny be inferred that they are en
gaged or taken on arrival.
The actual number of ltogs slaughtered around the falls
this season to date is 115.760, with 27.402 head left over in
the pens last night, making the total receipts ihu< fr
143.222 against 14,875 at the same period last year and
60.000 the year previous. The weather has been highly
favorable for killing until yesterday and the day previous,
which was rather warm, and hut about half work was
done. The total receipts up to last night were 143,222
hogs, while the receipts at Cincinnati up to Saturday*
night were only 140.331. so that we are ahead of that place
some 3.000 hogs. The receipts by railroads during the
past 48 hours, together with the previous receipts, are
110,863.
The Louisville Journal estimates the packing around
the Falls this season at 280.000 head. The number packed
last season was 244.U00. The number of hogs packed at
Chicago from the Ist to the 26th inst.. was CO,OOO, of
which 25.000 were cut during the last week.
WILMINGTON MARKET, Nov. 30.— 'TURPENTINE. —
Sales yesterday of 763 bbls. at $2.90 for Virgin and Yel
low dip, and $1.75 for hard, per 2SO lbs. No sales to-day.
SPIRITS. —No transactions that we hear of
ROSlN*. —Sales yesterday of 700 lbls. No. 2 at [email protected]
per bbl., as in quality. Nothing doing in other grades.
TAR. —Sales yesterday of 50 bbls. at $2.25 per bbl.
MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH.
NEW YORK. Dec. I.—Cotton is unchanged in price, and
the sales to-day amount to 2.000 bales. Flour is firm,
with sales of 12.500 barrels at [email protected] for State, and
[email protected] 50 for Ohio. Wheat.—The market has been
heavy to-day; the sab s amounting to 16.000 bushels at 106
@llß for white, and [email protected] for red. Corn has also been
heavy with sales of 36.000 bushels at. [email protected] cts. for new
white. Pork —The market closed buoyant at [email protected]
17.65 for old Mess, and [email protected] for new Mess; prime
sold at $13.75. Lard close/1 buoyant at 10*@11. Whis
key closed steady. Pugar closed' buoy ant at 6)s (a~% for
Cuba. Molasses continues firm at 40®41 for New Orleans.
Turpentine Spirits closed firm at [email protected]
CINCINNATI, L'ec. I. Whi-key has deciiu- d # !e ,
with sales at 22//22#. Hogs are firm- r. and 1-ss . xciu -
ment owing to increased receipts. The sales to-day
amount t 4.700 head. The total packed this season thus
far is 166,000 head. :i- ain>i 95.000 at the same lime last
season. I'ork.—The market is unchang d for Western
Mess. Bulk Pork.—Hold-; s ask an advance, which buyers
decline to give. Lard is steady at 10# 11.
Niw ORLEANS, NOV. 30. —Sales of c it ton to day 14,500
i bales, and for the past three day 526.500 Receipts fur
three days 27.000 bales. Reei ipts ah -ad of last year 118.
000 bal.-s. Exchange on London 107# ./" 1' s;* < n .Ww
York. 0' day-. I#>i 2: sight bills #' • I per cent, discount.
Flour $5.
CINCINNATI. NOV. 30.—Hogs nr active and the market
buoyant and . xcite/l—sa! -; of 20,0<HJ at £6.25.a,7. inclu
ding 10,000 for January delivery. Mess Pork—3J3oo bbls.
S iat si7 for pre en: and future delivery. Lard 11/
11 'a cts. "150,000 lb-*, bulk in.-at -AH at 7k V : -V cts.—
W1 ket 23 cts. Flour firm.
Cnp Aii", Nov. 30.—Flour active. Wheat firm at 60 cts.
Corn dull. Oats quiet.
SAVANNAH. Nov. 29. —Cotton—sales to-day 1.600 bales,
at an advan.ee of * cent. The market closed unset
tU d and exclti d.
FM! <>RTS AT BALTIMORE.
FOREIGN.
Rt ENOS AVRES— Hark John C. Unmet.
16.167 dry hides, F. W. Brum- & Sons; 1 box mdze.,
WarfU Id.
COASTWISE.
S A v A x N A ii — Sl< 'ammerer.
59casks rice. Jim. Williams .v Son; 50 do. do.. 72 bales
cotton, A. C. Seiiaefer; 19 do. do.. Win. Ki nn dv: 2 do. do.
Spenc 4 c Reid; 21 do. do..A. F. Seevers; 46 do. do., A.
Murdoch: 50 do. do., 15 holts duck. W. K. Hooper A: C.\;
12 bbl-. liquor. J. Hazlett V Co.: 1 bale domestics. Wood
ward. Baldwin & Co.; 2 bbls. lieeswax, 18 sacks fruit,
Poultni ;. A: Moale; 51 do. do., 4 do. ginsi-ng, 5 do. flax
.• -d. 6 do. fi-athers. Wil-on V Burns: 1 box mdze.. J. F.
I'iekrell Co.: 1 do. do.. T. 11. Belt, jr.; 1 do. do., 11. F.
Allierti & Co.; 14 pkgs. do., order.
EXPORTS FROM BALTIMORE.
SPAXMI MAIN via Kingston. Jamaica.— 639 bbls. (lour,
250 do. m* al. 1 hif. do. do.. 26 do. do. rice, 1 do. do. bp-ad,
2 bids, bisenit, 30 tins do., ho cans do., 30 do. cracker.- . 30
tins do.. 2 boxes do., 5 bbls. ln-*f. 2 lilf. do. do.. 36 tins do.,
1 bbl. tongue--. I keg do., 36 tins mutton. 2 pieces bacon. 4
tierces do., 82 kegs butter, 201 do. lard. 1 hhd. tobacco. 40
bales do., 90 lilt*, do. do.. 24 boxes do., 13 cases do.. 4 kegs
do., 4 kit ; mackerel, 9 boxes sardines, 16 tins oysters, 4S
d->. -aim..n. 1 cheese, 3 qr. ea-ks vinegar, 2 do. do. wine.
10 bids, brandy. 1 case prunes, 26 boxes raisins. 24 drums
tigs, 1 bbl. almonds, 1 cask currants, 2 bbls. nuts, 1 box
citron, 30 hlf bids, salt, 1 cask oil. 408 yards drill. 500
gunny bag-. 1 bill, trees, 2 cases yedow metal sheets, 2
kegs do. do. nails. 20 do. zinc. 3 pkgs. sheathing paper. 2
anchors, 2 chain cables, 1 foresail. 10 kegs white lead. 20
do. paint. 10 do. red oxide iron. 1 water cooler, 20 bbls.
pitch. 60 do. tar. 30 box- s soap. 1 pkg. India ruhin r coats,
2 lamp-'. Ac ,25 hex. lire erackt rs. 2 do. Ptarcft 1 bbl. 1-
cohol, 6 counter scales. 2 eases matches. 5 nests boxes, 10
do. trunks. I ease cassia, 6 boxes axes, 700 stakes, 12.00
shingles, 4.125 feet lumber.
DLMERARA.— 426 bbls. flour. 52 bbls. corn meal, 400
bushels corn. 10 half tierces vice, 10 bbls. beef. 10 quarter
bid . do., 10 boxes cheese. 110 boxes candles, 10puncheons
011 in al. 10 bbls. tar. 12 chairs. 1 cooking stove.
KINGSTON, JA.—9OO bbls. flour. 100 half bbls. do., 124
bbls. corn meal, 620 boxes candles. 12 quarter bbls. beef,
2 dozen cans oysters, 5 cases cider. 12 boxes cheese, 20
bags rice, 2 dozen chairs, 30 kegs butter, 60 bbls. crackers.
20 bbls. bread, 10 bbls. onions, 5 bbls. potatoes, 7.000 feet
lumber.
WEST INI>IES.—79S bbls. Hour. 50 do. corn meal, 30
puncheons oil do., 50 bbls. bread. 100 bushels corn, 40 do.
pease. 25 bills, beef, 4 tierces hams, 100 kegs lard, 100
tins do., 10 bbls. vinegar. 2 lihds. tobacco, 10 kegs tallow, i
10 bags do., 3.000 feet lumber.
Shipping Intelligence.
PORT OF BALTIMORE. DEC. I.
ARRIVED.
Steamer John S. Shriver, Dennis, from Philadelphia— ,
md.se. to J. A. Shriver.
Steamer Fanny Cadwallader, Colmary. from New York
—mdse. to J. A. Shriver.
Brig Phelie A. Paige, Lewis, from Portland—heading,
&c., to J. W. O'Brien.
Sclir. A. J. Tlorton. El well, from Gloucester, Mass.— '
stone for Fort Carroll. (Arr. 30th.) Experienced severe !
weather. 14 miles S. E. of Cape Henry, picked up a
small lap-streak boat, .also saw a large quantity of j.ine
finishing stuff adrift.
Sclir. Delniont.Ginn, from Bucksport—stone for Fort !
Carroll. (Arr. 30th.)
CLEARED.
Schr. Julia Newell. Parsons, Boston—Kelsey k Gray. I
Sclir. Globe, Mitchell. Boston—Kclscy A Gray.
Schr. Citizen. York. New Bedford—Heslen & Rogers. |
Steamer Patapsco, Lay field, Charleston—A. C. Hall.
Steamer Thomas Swann, Ramsay, New York—A. C. i
Hall.
Steamer Belvidere, Kcenc. Richmond—J. Brandt, Jr.
Bark Winifred. Munson. Richmond—master.
Brig Lady of the Lake. (Br.) Newton. West Indies—J. '
C. Yates k Co.
Schr. Lizzie Russell, Todd, Spanish Main,via Kingston.
Jam —Pearce & Gray.
Schr. Reindeer, Stevenson, Wilmington. X. o.—Pun
nock & Woatherly.
Bark Hadlcv, Kent, Boston—T. Whitridge & Co.
SAILED.
Ship Duishnrg, (Prus.) Wiegmann, Rotterdam, in tow
of st -rimtng Kliance.
Bark Winifred, Mnnson, Richmond, in tow of steamer
Btdvidere.
Brig I.ns Amigos. (Br.) I.awson. Kingston, .In.
Schr Lizzie Russell, Todd, Kingston, Jam., in tow of.
Fairy Queen.
ARRIVALS FROM BALTIMORE.
Steamship Pnrkcrsburg, Powell, New York, 30th nil.
Ship Northern I'.agh*. McKennon, New York, 29th ult.
Ship Johanna Wilhelmine, Thiernan, Bremen, 14th ult. ,
Bark Columbia, Lemcke, Bremen, 14th ult.
Brig W. H. Bruno, Knight. Richmond, 2t)th ult.
Brig A. P. Fluker, Partridge. Kingston, Ja.. fith ult
Brig Ahhottsford, Cooper. Kingston. Ja., 6th ult.
Brig Altevela, Gilkey, Barhadoes, 7th ult.
Brig Clarence, Stubbs, Burbmloes, 30th ult.
Schr. Peter Newell, Butler, Havana. 19lh ult.
1 : . S. C. S. schr. Agasiz, Nes. New Wet, 21st ult.
Schr. S. Nelson I!• 11. Paddock, Providence, 27th ult.
Schr. I>. L. St urges. Norris, Fall River. 26th ult.
CLEARANCES FOR BALTIMORE.
Steamship Commerce, Gager, Savannah. 27th ult.
Schr. Win. Severe. Brooks. Richmond, 29th ult.
f Corresjtondoncc of the Exchange. Reading Rooms.]
OLD POINT. NOV. GO.
Barks Tangier, J fall, from Copiapo, Chili; Gustav,
(Urem.) Nioiiaber, from Bremen; brigs Claudia. (Br.) '
westerly gale; the entire passage, left in Salt Cay, bark
Herman, f Harpswell, Wood, to Nov. GO, for , and
brig Lucy lley wood, to sail Nov. 4th. for ; brigs
l.omsa, ;'eague, from Bangor. /rra>-li-v, Sarg- nt. ,
15 days from Scdgwich. Me., with stone for Fort Carroll,
has encountered bad weather, but received no damage,
and another (herm.) unknown, all for Baltimore, came in
the capes today. A light ship from Philadelphia, for
James river; bark Roebuck. Chase, from New York, for
City Point, and several other square rigged vessels tin
known are off the capes, bound in. Wind N. K.
MEMORANDA.
Steamer Win. Jenkins, Hallett, hence at Boston, at 12
p. m. 29th ult.—Per tel.
Ship Ann E Hooper, Hooper, hence for Liverpool, got ;
under weigh about 9 a in., yesterday morning, from
Swan Point.and proceeded down the bay.
Ships Jas. Cheston, Bryant, and Crusader, Eaton, for
Baltimore, loading, were atCaidera, sth inst.
Ship Henry ITarbeck, True, from Alexandria, arrived at 1
Manila, Sept. 18th.
Bark Isabella C. Jones, Woodburn, for Tongoy, to load ;
ore for Baltimore, at $lO per ton, was at Valparaiso, Oct.
15th.
Brig Echo, Fisher, from Barbadoes, arrived at St.
Thomas, Pih ult.
Brig Orlando, Johnson, repairing, was at St. Thomas, |
16th ult.
Brigs Orlando, Johnson, for Trinidad, sailed fm St.
Thomas, 4th ult.; Santa Clara, Ellingwood, for Turks Is- !
land, do. 10th, to load fur Baltimore; schr. Sarah L. Hills,
Conery, for Baltimore, do. 10th.
Schr. Nancy J. Brayton, Rogers, for Baltimore, sailed
fm Fall River, 27th ult.
EASTERN PORTS.
NEW YORK. November 30.—Arr. steamships Hammo- '
nia. Hamburg: Florida, Savannah; ships Plymouth Rock,
London; St. Peter and Free Trader, New Orleans; harks
Teresa, Cuidad; William, Malaga; Cienfuegos, Cienfue
gos; brig Geruster.-v Amsterdam; schrs Effort, Charles
ion; Ocean Wave, Washington. N. C.: Sheet Anchor.
Richmond. Cl'd ship Wm. Frotliington. Havre; bark
Azclia, St. Croix.
Also arr. ships Vulture. Cadiz; Plymouth Rock, Lon
don.
PHILADELPHIA, November GO.—Arr. bark A. A. Die
bert, Anguilla; schrs. E. L 11. Wales, Wilmington, N. C.;
Northumberland, Frekeri.cksburg; Octoraro, Port De
posit. Cl'd Julia Smith, Wilmington, N. C.; D. B.
Barnard. Trinidad; George Fales, Savannah; Electric,
Richmond.
BOSTON, November 29. Arr. ship Gentoo, Tome;
barks Cannda, Calcutta; Suliote, Minatitlan; Avola.
Charleston; Island City, Galveston. CPd. ship Belle
Creole, Charleston; hark William & Jane, New Orleans;
brigs Temes, Charleston; Little Mills. Trinidad.
November 29.—Noon.—Arr. bark J. M. Brookman,
New Orleans: brig Santiago, Aux Cayes. CPd brig
Monticcllo, Port an Prince.
November 30.—Arr. harks W. B. Dean, Glasgow: Tropic
Bird. Surinam; brigs Titania, Bonaire; R. W. Packer, Cape
H&ytien.
SOUTHERN PORTS.
NORFOLK, November 29, —Arr. brig Marsala. Boston;
schrs. A.Chase. S. P. Howes, and A. Steel. Harwich: C.
T. Ford. D. B. Martin and Ann k E. Baker. Philadelphia;
Lavinia Jane. Mary Tice,Three Brothers and E. lleadly.
New York; Good speed, Norwich. CPd. schr. W. Putnam,
Plymouth, Mass.
RICHMOND, November 29.—Arr. schrs. Clairmonnt
and Gallege. Now York; Louis, Boston. Cl'd schr. Ben
Yandiver, Philadelphia.
WILMINGTON, November 27.—Arr. schr. Ann E.
Glover, New York. CPd schr. John Shaw, St. Domingo.
CHARLESTON, November2B.—Arr. schr. T. D. Wag
ner, Boston.
November 29.—Arr. bark Eliza, Liverpool.
SAVANNAH, November27.—Arr. ships Compromise,
Lucy Thompson and Kate Field, New York; schr. John
M. Holmes, New York. Cl'd steamship Montgomery,
New York; ship Agnes. Liverpool; brig Tridelen,
Boston; schrs. Plandome. New York; R. L. Fay. Phila
delphia.
November 29.—Arr. ship Tapscott, New York.
MOBILE, November 28.—Arr. ship Windsor Forest,
London.
NEW ORLEANS, November 39.—Arr. (per tel.) ships
Jno. Patten, Hull; Rappahannock, Liverpool; Confidence
and B. Sprague, New York.
MOVEMENT OF OCEAN STEAMERS
FROM THE UNITED STATES.
NAMES. LEAVES. FOR. DATE.
Canada Boston Liverpool Dec. 1
Bavaria New York Hamburg Dec. l
Prince Albert New York ....Galway Dec.- 2
City of Baltimore.New York....Liverpool Dec. 4
Washington New York....San Juan. Nic....l>ec. 6
Illinois New York....Aspinwall Dec. 6
Africa New York....Liverpool Dec. S
A rago New York.... Havre, kc Dec. 11
Europa Boston Liverpool Dec. 15
llammonia New York....Hamburg Dec. 15
City of Washington New York.. .Liverpool Dee. 16
Weser New York.... Bremen Dec. IS
Persia New York.... Li verpool Dec. 22
Kdinburg New York....Glasgow Dec. 22
Arabia New York.... Liverpool Dec. 29
FROM EUROPE.
Weser Bremen New York Vov. 20
City of Washington Liverpool.. ..New York Nov. 24
Persia Liverpool New York Nov. 27
Ariel Southampton..New York Dec. 1
New York Bremen New York Dec. 4
Arabia Liverpool New York Dec. 4
Bremen Bremen New York Dec. 18
North American..Liverpool Quebec Dec. 2
Glasgow Glasgow New York Dec. 22
A few days since a foot traveller presented him
self at the house of a Mr. Rohrer, near Lexington,
Kv., represented himself as the agent for a medi
cal work, and obtained permission to remain over
night. Early next morning Mr. Rohrer was startled
bv cries of his guest for assistance. The negroes
said he had been persuading them to steal their
master's horses and run oil" to Ohio. They were
handling him rather roughly He denied this
statement; said he would go whence he came, and
begged his entertainer to go part of the road with
him as protection.
On Sunday morning last the dwelling house of
Mr. Bentley, situated on the side of a blutt' near
Coleraine Turnpike, near Cincinnati, fell down the
hank some twelve or fifteen feet. Jione of the in
mates were seriously injured, although they were
piled up against the ceiling and walls with the fur
niture, stoics, rubbish, Ac. One of the children
was dashed through a window and cut somewhat by
the glass. One hundred dollars will repair all
damages.
According to the Assessors' returns the taxable
property in the city of Philadelphia amounts to
$1511,000,000 real estate, and $2,007,009 personal
property, making an aggregate of $155,697,CG9. —
This is an increase over last year of about three
millions of dollars. The number of taxables this
year is set down at 103,850, a decrease of 3,120
since 1858, found in tlie manufacturing wards.
The State of Texas has granted forty-four char
ters to railroad companies, of which seventeen have
been forfeited, leaving twenty-seven charters stifl
in force. Of these, eleven are in progress of con
struction, with an aggregate length when comple
ted of 2,223 miles.
Two slaves have been taken from a Mrs. Faith, o'
Louisville, Kentucky, upon the afiidavit of the
Deputy Chiet of the Police, because of her cruelty.
BALTIMORE, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1858.
LATEST NEWS.
TELEGRAMS
RECE VEO AT THE OFFICE OF "THE DAILY EXCHANGE,"
Later fiom tCmisas—Territorial Mass Con
VCL.IIIU!
I Sr. LOCKS, NOV. lit).—Leavenworth dates to the
2Gth inst., per 1. S. Express to Hoonville, furnish
I advices from Kansas.
A territorial Mass Convention of the conservative
element assembled at Leavenworth on the 2.Tl!i, for ;
I the purpose of organizing an opposition to the Re
publican:'. The attendance was numerous, though
! only six counties were represented. A thorough
j reunion and reorganization of the democracy was i
j advocated and hotly debated, a strong minority |
characterizing such action as premature.
A series of resolutions petitioning Congress for i
liberal land grants for public improvements, de
nouncing the Republican party, and in favor of the
j exclusion office negroes from the future State of
j Kansas: declaring the slave question a dead issue;
I advocating the opening of the Indian reserves to
! settlers, and a modification of the pre-emption laws, j
| were finally adopted, with a preamble, determining
I upon an immediate organization of the democ
racy.
| The session was prolonged to a late hour, and was
( rather turbulent. Both wings of the party were
Well represented, and the discussion maintained
with vigor. Able speeches were made on both
sides. The convention did not limit itself with re
gard to candidates for the next Presidency, though
strong Douglas tendencies prevailed. The conven
tion has adjourned Hineilii .
California Govciuiiciit Claims -Important He
visions,
WASHINGTON, Dec. I.—Government, lias received
from California full official accounts ol the judicial
proceedings in the Limatour and Alincdan land
eases, which have been decided in favor of the
United States. The former claim is located in the 1
vicinity of San Francisco, and with improvements'
is supposed to cover forty millions of dollars' worth j
of property, while from the Almedan mines it is !
stated that eight millionsof dollars' worth of quick- j
silver were taken during six years.
_ The present Attorney General of the United j
States, witli the view of bringing these long pend
ing eases to a close, employed Mr. Stautor, of Pitts- ]
burg, to prosecute them. In the course of the trials i
most stupendous frauds were exposed. The signa
tures of Bocenegra and other distinguished Mexi
cans were obtained to apparently genuine titles, but
the documents were ante-dated as necessary to con
summate the ingeniously contrived deception. Al
though much skill was shown in the forged seals
the cheat was successfully established.
Eminent jurists consider these the most remarka
ble cases on record, involving titles to land, while j
the extent of the forgery, all things considered, is j
unprecedented.
I.aer from Utah anil the Gold Mines.
Sr. Eons, Nov. ;10. —The Utah mail has arrived, j
but brings nothing from Salt Lake. The severe |
weather had seriously retarded the trains. Those :
of Russell & Waddell would get through.
Three inen have arrived from the Kansas gold j
mines having in their possession about SSOO worth j
of gold dust, obtained while prospecting, last sum- |
mer. Thcv give a most satisfactory statement of
the richness and extent of the gold deposits. It is j
reported that there have been discoveries of the ex- |
istence of platina by the Kaw Indians, who refuse'
to divulge its location. The deposits are believed I
to exist 0:1 the Smoky Hill fork of the Kansas river, |
being in the direct route from Leavenworth to ]
Pike's Peak mines.
A number of persons squatted on the 25 th inst. on j
the military reserve, adjoining Leavenworth. Lurn- i
bor and other obstructions were placed on the j
ground, but were promptly removed by the Quar- j
terinastor, Captain Van Vleit.
Later from Santa Pe—Battles with the In- j
titans—Movements of Hie Hostile Indians, j
Sr. Loots, Dee. I.—The Santa I'e mail of the Sth 1
of November has arrived. News had reached Santa
Fe of the battle b twecn Lieut. Beale's party of j
surveyors and the Camaiiche Indians, but no par-1
ticulars had been received.
Nothing of importance had been received from
the Navajoe country, except a report that the Nava
joes had attacked tort Defiance, with a loss of 00 j
warriors. This is probably an exaggerated report j
of the skirmish previously reported.
The California mail left Santa Fe for Stockton on
the 25t!i of October, in charge of If men. Fears)
were entertained by the returning mail party that
the route may be cut oil" by hostile Indians.
Reduction of the Brazilian Tariff mi Flour
WASHINGTON, Dec. I.—Through the efforts of the
State Department for a melioration of the duty 011
flour in Brazil, an imperial decree has been issued
reducing it .20 per centum bclntv the former tariff.
This is considered an important concession from the
fact that there has been heretofore a large balance I
against the United States on account of the exten
sive importation of Coffee. It is now supposed that j
our exports of Hour to Brazil will very considera-i
bly diminish the drain from this country of specie, ;
which it is represented has, through an arrange-|
ment of trade, been directed into British channels.
Patent Otfirc Researches.
■WASHINGTON*, Dec. I. —The Commissioner of I'a- '
tents has taken measures to obtain specimens and ;
cuttings of the grapes, tigs and olives, ot'the Crimea. J
Also, to procure detailed information in reference 1
to the drying of figs, raisins and Dante currants,!
and the manufacture of olive oil and wine. The |
business will be entrusted to a competent agent.
Later tVom Mexico.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. I.—We have dates from :
Tampieo to the 22d of November. General Garza 1
loft the city of Mexico on the 21st for parts mi- j
known. The Spanish fleet demanded a restoration !
of the forced loan to Spanish subjects within a day
afterwards. \ compromise was effected subject to
tile approval of Concha no.i Juarez.
Special Congressional Election.
REAIIINO, l'a., Dec. I. —The special election held J
in the Berks district of this State, to fill the vacan-1
cy in liie present Congress, occasioned by the re- !
signation of J. Glancev denes, lias doubtless re-j
suited in the election of Mr. Keim, the anti Demo
cratic candidate, as the returns as far as received
show a Democratic loss of one hundred and seventy |
on the October election.
Rise in tlie Western Rivers.
I'LTTBIIIT.G, Nov. 20.—The late rains have raised j
the Alleghany and Monongahela, and there are near ;
ton feet ot water in the channel, and still rising.— '
Steamboats are plenty and freight low to all points 1
011 the Ohio, and goods forwarded will he sent 011
without delay.
Conviction of tile .Junior Mutineers.
BOSTON, NOV. 20.—1n the Junior mutiny case, the J
jury returned a verdict this morning as follows : ;
That Plummet* is guilty of murder, and Cartha,
Stanley and Herbert, are severally guilty of man- j
slaughter. The prisoners were remanded for sen
tence.
Survey of the South Pintte.
WASHINGTON, Dec. I. —Lieut. Warren, who made
the explorations and surveys, has prepared a map
of the South Platte and West of the Missouri coun
try, including the gold regions, which will soon he
printed.
Claims ot the United States 011 Costa it fen.
WASHINGTON, Dec. I.—Advices from official
sources express an earnest disposition to enter into
arrangements for the settlement of claims of the
United States against that Republic.
Boston Municipal Election.
BOSTON, NOV. 30. —The Republicans in conven
tion, last night, nominated Moses Kimball, for
Mayor.
Departure of General Pnez.
NEW A'ORK, Dec. I. —General Paez leaves to-mor
row, and a large military escort has been ordered
out to accompany liim to the steamer Caledonia.
The Ohio River.
PARKERSBURG, Va., Dec. I. —There are ten feet
water in the Ohio river at this point. Boats are
plenty, and rates low.
Snow nt Montreal.
MONTREAL, NOV. 30.—1t is snowing heavily in
this vicinity.
[NOTE. —The above comprise all the telegrams received
by the agent of tlie Associated Press in this city. The
following are from the New York papers of yesterday.]
Boston Affairs.
BOSTON, NOV. 30. —t'apt. Dobson, arrested on
suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade as
master of tlie bark Isla de Cuba, was further ex
amined to-day before United States Commissioner
Dexter, and discharged. The only witness exam
ined was Mr. Smalley, a passenger in the bark
from Faval to St. Michael's, who testilied thatCapt.
Dobson had several times told liim of his suspicions
of the illegality of the voyage, and stating also that
he should not remain with the vessel.
The trial of Conrad EmraeU, third mate: Geo. E.
Austin, carpenter, and Augustus Harmon v, sea
man, of tlie whale ship Cortes, of New Bedford,
charged with burning that vessel in March last,
near the island of Madagascar, was commenced to
day before Judges Clifford and Sprague, of United
States Circuit Court.
Buffalo Slews.
BUFFALO, Nov. 30.—Robert Devereaux, Charles
Burns, and Alexander R. Allen, have been indicted
by the Grand Jury for robbing the banking ollice
of Brown & Keep, of nine thousand dollars, some
weeks since. Alien was clerk in the ollice at the
time the robbery took place.
The extensive broom factory of Bent A Bcston,
at Williamsville, was destroyed by lire at an early
hour this morning. Loss about 810.000.
A few hour? later the large brewery of Frederick
Alhreclit, 011 Batavia street, this city, with its
contents of beer and barley, was burned. Loss
SIO,OOO.
Tlie Long Island Railroad.
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 30. —The stockholders of the
Long Island Railroad voted yesterday to change
the terminus of their route from Atlantic street,
Brooklyn, to Hunter's I'oint, provided it can be
effected on the terms named by the Board of Direc
tors, viz : the issue by the Ito'ad of 8275,000 worth
of seven per cent, bonds, and the receipt of $62,000
in cash from the parties benefitted in Brooklvn.
Tlie Steamer ivnte Urislice.
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Nov. 30. —The steamer Kate
Frisbee, which sunk on Sunday last, was pumped
out and arrived here yesterday.
The Memphis and Little Rock Railroad is now
open to Madison.
COUEIE'S ANTECEDENTS. —' The Leavenworth (Kan
sas) Journal of the 22(1 says: Peter Corrie, the
batcher, who murdered oflicer Rigdon in Baltimore
on the sth inst.., lived in Kansas city last winter, as
a rowdy, bully, and agent for a den of Cyprians.
He was arrested there on a charge of stealing,
house-breaking and disturbing the peace. He was
held to bail on all three charges, but made his es
cape and came to Leavenworth, where he worked
at his old trade, a butcher. From here he went to
Baltimore, where he committed the deed for which
he is now imprisoned.
The New York Tribune states that the new Sena
tors from Indiana will probably be Henry S. Lane
(Republican) and John W. Davis (Anti-Lecomp
ton Democrat.)
A despatch to the Philadelphia Ledger says that
the damage to the Panama Railroad by the recent
severe storm on the Isthmus will not exceed SSOO.
The Nashville (Tenn.) llanner makes an earnest
appeal in behalf of Senator John Bell, as the
Opposition candidate for the next Presidency.
Frank Cozad, Aaron Iloman. and John Blanchet,
of Blancliester, Clinton county, Ohio, have been
arrested for passing counterfeit gold dollars.
Geo. Litzford and James Ambrose escaped from
Huntingdon, Pa., hail, on Friday night, by means
of a false key.
CIT i' INTELL
ACCIDENTS.— Miss Millerson Vcazy, residing at
No. OS Columbia street, was seriously burned on
Tuesday night about the liands and arms in en
deavoring to extinguish a fire which had been com
municated to some clothing in her room through
tie• carelessness of a servant. It appears that the
girl after lighting a lamp in the young lady's room
threw the burning match carelessly upon the floor,
by which means some bundles of cotton lying near
a quantity of clothing were ignited. Miss Veazy
jumped from iter bed and in attempting to subdue
the flames, which Hart by this time increased consid
erably, was so badly burned on both hands ami arms,
as probably to render thqm useless for life. Mr. Man
ly, her grandfather, came to her assistance and suc
ceeded in extinguishing the fire before further in
jury had been done. The services of I)r. Hoffman
were obtaiued and her injuries attended to.
As a young man named Siegrist, engaged in the
milk business and residing on the York Toad, was
was taking a loaded pistol from his pocket a few
days since, the hammer of the weapon caught in
his clothing and discharged the weapon, the eon
tents passing through his left hand. He was taken
to the office of Dr. Ilieldman, on the corner of
I'carl and Saratoga streets, where his wound was
properly cared for.
All accident of a serious nature occurred a few
dayssiuce at the residence of Mr. William King, in
Raltimore county, a few miles from the citv. It ap
pears that Mr. King had placed a loaded gun in
one of the bedrooms, and during his absence from
the house, two of the children discovered it and
after amusing themselves with it for some time, the
eldest succeeded in raising the hammer and point-:
ing the gun toward his brother Frank, a little hoy '
about 8 years of age, the weapon was discharged
and the contents took effect in the thigh of the boy
Frank, inllicting a horrible wound. Professor A.
R. Smith, of this citv, was sent for and did all in
in Ids power to alleviate the pains of the little siti-
I'AIII STKAM FIKE DEPARTMENT.— In the First
Rraneh of the City Council, yesterday afternoon,
Mr. Reale, from the joint special committee to
whom the matter had been referred, introduced an
ordinance for tiie organization of a Paid Steam
Fire Department for the city of Raltimore. The
bill reported by Mr. Reale embraces all the features
(with hut little variation) which were embodied in
the minority report, presented to the last Citv
Council by Henry Spilinan, Esq., and which it is
said coincide with the views as expressed bv his
Honor tiie Mayor in his Message vetoing the previ
ous bill, which was reported by Mr. Dukchart.
POLICE AND FIKE ALARM TELEGRAPH. —The Second
11 ranoli of the City Council yesterday passed the
resolution authorizing the Mayor, Register, and
City Comptroller to contract with Messrs. Came
wt 11, Phillips, Robinson A Browning, for the erec
tion of a Police and Fire Alarm Telegraph for the
the city of Baltimore, provided the cost does not
exceed the sum of thirty-three thousand dollars.
Similar resolutions had previously passed the First
Branch, and, doubtless, this necessary auxiliary to
the municipal government will in a few months be
in operation in our city.
BOLD ROBBERY.- —Tiie furniture warehouse of Mr.
11. A. L. Bevans, No. 3 North High street, was en
tered by thieves during the temporary absence of
the proprietor, about 7 o'clock on Tuesday evening,
and robbed of two rocking chairs and a large look
ing glass, valued at $45. No trace of the robbers
ltas vet been discovered.
APPOINTMENT. —Mr. William H. Herbert was yes
terday appointed Fire Agent by the Associated
Fireman's Insurance Company, in place of Mr.
Henrv Patterson, deceased. Mr. H. has been an
active member of the Pioneer Hook and Ladder
Company, for several years past.
DIED ABROAD. -Captain Thomas Woodlev Broth
erton, who was formerly a well-known magistrate
in this city, died at St. Andrews, California, a short
time since, in the (Kith year of his age. Captain
H. had sailed out of this port for many years.
CONDITION OF JAMES I'KYOR. —Up to a late hour
last night James l'ryor was in a very critical con
dition. The attending physician hail succeeded in
stopping the flow of blood, lie was conscious and
is certain that Thomas Hoffman tired the pistol.
51 Ait p.iA GELic EX s i s. —D uri ng the preceding mon tli
of November the Clerk of the Court of Common
I'leas issued 175 marriage licenses, being an in
crease of 12 over the number issued in October.
POl. ICE INTELLIGENCE.
Yesterday morning Lew is Carl, P.ichard Harris, John
Siiter. Thomas Hoffman, Charles Loreilay. Lucius O'Brien
and dames Enis, were arraigned before the Mayor on the
charge of being concerned in the shooting of James l'ryor
on Tuesday evening at the public house of John Hebner,
No. 2 Central avenue.
Thomas (!. Thompson, sworn.—Met Ilicliard Harris, Da
vid Houck and James Morgan at the corner of Baltimore
and I lolliday streets about 4 o'clock, Tuesday afternoon;
Houck said there had been a difficulty at the ball the night
previous, and that they bad been treated badly; Harris
said that l'ryor had shook his fist in his face, and that he
was going light him; saw Pr.vor in the evening and told
him what Harris had said; Fryor said he was satisfied;
met the party coming down Fayette street, near Canal
strict: asked them if they were looking for l'ryor, and
they replied "yes."' and they also inquired where they
could find him; told them he was at Hehner's house, and
witness went around with theni and told l'ryor that Har
ris wanted to see liiin; Pr.vor went to the door when the
party entered; recognize Harris, Car!. Sutcr and O'Brien
as being in the room; Harris told l'ryor that he had chok
ed him the night previous; l'ryor said he had not; Harris
then drew back to strike Pryor. when Pryor stepped away;
just then a pistol was filed and l'ryor staggered towards
the counter and fell; the party then runaway; do not re
cognize Enis or Loveday as being with the party.
Benj. Howe, sworn.—Was sitting in the bar-room with
Pryor; witness saw the party come into the room; recog
nised David Houck and Harris as a part of the party who
wen-at the door, Harris said that Pryor li.ad struck him
at the ball; Harris shook his fist in* Pryor's face, and
counter and fell to the floor; there was some of the party
on the outside; don't know how many; Pryor did not use
any violent language towards Harris.
Richard Pryor, sworn.—ls a brother of James l'ryor;
after the shooting, my brother stated to me that Harris
asked him about striking him (Harris) at the hall, and
then aimed a blow at him: and then Thos. Hoffman drew
a pistol from under his shawl and shot him; his brother
told him that Houck. Suter and another person was with
Harris and Hoffman: brother is in a very low condition.
Several of the police testified to arresting the parties.
The Mayor committed John Suter, Lewis Carl, Lucius
O'Brien. Thomas Hofiman and Richard Harris for Court,
refusing bail. Chas. Loveday and James Enis were held
for a further examination on Friday morning next. Yes
terday detective officer Bishop arrested Francis Conway,
charged with being implicated in the shooting. He was
taken before the Mayor who committed him for Court.
Houck has not yet been arrested.
Emily Carmine was arrested yesterday by officer Hales,
charged with stealing a basket, the property of Mr.
Diggs, living on Baltimore >treet between Light and
Charles streets. Committed for Court by Justice
Means.
Larav Riley was arrested yesterday by officer Thomas,
charged with assaulting and beating Frederick Schedle.
Justice Mearis committed him for Court.
Charles Brown, after evading the police for some time,
was arrested yesterday by officer Handy, on the charge of
cutting with a knife with intent to kill John Class, at
Seeger s brewery, on the Frederick road, in July last. He
was held to bail in the sum of S3OO for a further hearing
by Justice Elisor.
James Taylor and William Everett were arrested yes
terday by officer Shanks, charged with stealing a turkey,
the property of Susan Williams. Justice Boyd held them
to bail for a further hearing.
Scrgt. Lumhreson and officers Watson and Read yes
terday brought before Justice Boyd John Lewis and Mi
cliael Farland, charged with entering the house of Mr. H.
Humphries, on the corner of Camden and Sharp streets,
and behaving in a riotous manner, also with beiny drunk
and making use of abusive language to Mr. Humphries.
They were committed to jail for Court.
Thos. Bear was arrested on yesterday, by officer Barnes,
charged with assaulting and beating Alexander Myers.
Justice Audoun held him to bail for Court.
JNQ UES TS.
Casiinir Schmitt, bar keeper, at Reben Hall, on Fayette
street near Harrison, committed suicide about half past
7 o'clock last evening. He was missed from the room,
and a servant boy discovered him in an out house, hang
ing by a twine string. When cut down he was dead.
Coroner Sparklin held an inquest, and a verdict was ren
dered of "death by bis own hands.'' Schmitt was a Ger
man, about thirty-two years of age, unmarried, and had
been employed at Reben Hall about four weeks. He was
a holier man, and bad given no evidence of a disordered
mind. The body was removed to the Middle district po
lice station.
AMUSEMENTS.
KOLLIDAY STREET THEATRE. —Mrs. Julia Dean Hayne
appears to-night In the much admired play of Adrietinc,
the Actress. The fine stock company also appear in the
laughable farce of the Eton liny. Mrs. Hayne takes a
benefit on to morrow evening, when she will sustain the
characters of Bianea in the tragedy of Fazio , and Con
stance in the beautiful comedy of The Lore Chose.
FRONT STREET CIRCUS. —There was quite a large audi
ence at the Front street Circus last night to witness the
riding of the accomplished equestrienne. Miss Sallie Stick -
ncy. She appears again this evening together with the
Arabs. Mr. Wm. B. Donaldson, the favorite Ethiopian
clown, will make his first appearance this evening.
BY THE HAM MON IA.
The Hanunonia at New York from Bremen,
brings news one day later.
Hon. Frederick Bruce, the new English Minister
to China, is a brother of Lord Elgin, and was his
secretary during his embassy.
Mr. Bruce was attached to the late Lord Ash
burton's special mission to Washington in 1842,
was Colonial Secretary in Hong Kong from 1841
t< 1840, was appointed Consul General in China in
1847, Charge d' Alfa ires in Bolivia in 1848, at Mon
tevideo in 1851, and Consul General in Egypt in
185.3.
The Ereuse says the Papal Government will not
permit journalists to visit Rome on the occasion of
the opening of the Civita Yecchia Railway, which
event is to take place in December.
The Moniteur publishes the following report to
the Emperor from Prince Napoleon, proposing the
admission of Jews into the Councils-General of Al
geria.
"SIRE: Your Majesty's decree appointing the
members of the Councils-General of Algeria has left
a few places unfilled in each of those Councils. It
was necessary, in fact, to reserve the means of ma
king new nominations according to the interests
and wants which might not have been sufficiently
represented. Those which 1 have now the honor to
submit to your Majesty's approval, are chiefly with
the object of admitting the Israelite element into
the composition of the Councils-General. The Jew
ish native population of Algeria is very considera
ble, and will show its gratitude for this mark of in
terest and confidence, and in presence of the various
forms of worship practiced in Algeria, it is useful
and advisable to show by an act of your government
that freedom of confession is absolute and complete
before our laws.
Accept, Sire, the homage of the deep and re
spectful attachment of your Majesty's very de
voted cousin, the Prince, charged with the Minis
try of Algeria anu the Colonies.
NAPOLEON (JEUOME.)
This report is followed by an Imperial decree,
dated from Couipiegne, Nov. 14,1838, granting the re
quest, and appointing various Jews to seats in the
Councils-General.
The Clare Journal publishes the following notice
posted on the walls and streets of Ennis, Ireland, as
an evidence that ribandism is again coming into the
ascendant:
"Take notice, that any person giving out mock
ground or requiring more than £4 an acre for it, I
swear by the contents of this notice that the sun
won't set, when he will meet his death by Molly
Maguire or one of her children."
The King of Naples has quitted Gaeta, with the
Royal family, to take up his residence at Cascrta.
A proposed new route to Lake Superior is by
railroad from Milwaukie to Menasha, thence to
Green Bay by boat, from Green Bay to the head of
Little Bay do Xoquet by steamer, thence to Grand
Island and Carp River by stage, the roads from the
two latter places uniting in one 27 miles north of
Little Bay de Noquet, making the distance from
that place to Grand Island 42 miles, and to Carp
River 52 miles. By this route passengers can com
fortably go through from Milwaukie to Lake Supe
rior in 3(1 hours. Conlideut expectations are
entertained that this route will be opened in the
spring.
I'KOF. COPJ'EE'S LECTURE.
On Tuesday evening Professor Henry Coppee,
of Philadelphia, delivered the first lecture of the
course at the Maryland Institute, before a large
j audience. Mr. Sanirston, Chairman of the Lecture
Committee, introduced Prof. Coppee, who com
menced by stating; his subject to be "The Historic
| Parallels of the Mexican Conquests." He said, the
great problem of the triumph of mind over matter
was involved in the subject of the lecture, and the
close examination of the conquests of Cortex and
(■en. Scott would afford another grand demonstra
tion of the complete subjection of nature to the will
of man. It is the destiny of mind to overcome ail
physical difficulties, and the triumphs of the age of
Cortex were the first evidences of the awakening of
the powers and energies which have reached such
fullness in our day. Wonderful progress in inven
tion immediately preceded the first conquest. The
invention of the printing-press, gunpowder, and the
mariner's compass were the fruits of that day. With
those auxiliaries Columbus had discovered a conti
nent. Rut it was not his greatest renown that he had
made this discovery. His glory consists more in the
fact that he removed the incubus of superstition
which shackled the mind of that period, and bv so
doing advanced the great causes of religion and civil
ization. Columbus was the Luther of civilization.
Discoveries run in cycles. The great energies of
mind at times, have, for years and years, remained
latent. Apparently recruiting their strength to
burst fortli in greater splendor and more enduring
triumphs. This is an age of discovery and science.
New worlds are found in the map of the heavens,
and the lightning is made a chained servant. The
elements are converted into appliances and conveni
ences, and all nature is made to pay tribute to man.
The iifteentli century did much for the advancement
of science, but the nineteenth has done more and
will still do more.
The lecturer remarked that he lmd made this pre
face for the purpose of calling attention to the par
allels of the period of the two conquests. That of
Cortez lives in the pages of history. One of our
own brilliant countrymen has painted with a mas
ter pen the panorama of that eventful and glorious
contest. The historv of the last lives, as yet, in
mustv documents anil fragments of literature". Rut
it has a history which is written in the hem t. Mauv
of those who are here to-night have a deep remem
brance of it. Some by actual participation, and
others who sent forth a son or brother, husband or
father, to return with imperishable renown, or die
amid the scenes of its glory ami triumph. Its his
tory lives in the fame ol'tlie heroic living, and tiie
brave and lamented dead. He next referred to the
outfit of Cortez, and the manner in which lie
reached Mexico. On the 2!st of April, 1519, Cor
tez landed on the point where Vera Cruz now
stands. Clad in complete steel—li is armor bur
nished, and with the cross, and the llag of Spain in
his hand, he sprang upon the beach, and consecra
ted the soil to the faith of the cross and his sove
reign. His little band of 500 men was at his side,
dressed in all their richness, and full of enthusiasm.
The natives look on the debarkation with wonder
and superstitions awe. Soon the bravest of the
swarthy crowd step forward and how in humlde
subjection to the supposed God. Cortez scarcely
perceives the homage. His mind is busied in con
templating anticipated glories. Visions of gold
float before his mind's eye. Scenes of future tri
umphs are passing in rapid succession before him.
Not only does he think of victories for the crown,
but. also for the cross.
Ho then referred to the American conquest, com
pared the condition of the two fleets, and spoke of
il>e changed aspect of the landing place. In ima
gination he painted the scene of debarkation. The
boats, as they left the vessels crowded with Un
intelligent and enthusiastic Northmen—the rivalry
of the oarsmen as they pulled for the beach,
each soldier anxious that his foot may
be the first to press the soil, and
each standard bearer longing to be the tirst
to unfold the stars and stripes, where, 228
years before, the flag of Spain and the banner of
the Crusades were planted by Cortex and his band.
Here was a parallel in the landing of the conquer
ors. Cortex, after landing, laid the foundation of a
city, intended as a retreat in case he met with dis
aster; and Scott determined to besiege the city of
Vera Crux, so that, in the event of misfortune, he I
would have a place of safety for his command, j
Cortex, to silence a rebellious feeling among his |
followers, and to prevent their return to Cuba, !
stranded his vessels. Scott, as soon as he had I
landed his men and munitions of war, dismissed his j
fleel. Each conqueror felt the same emotions, and
each had determined to be satisfied with nothing
short of the glories which would attend the taking
of the city of the Monteznmas. The main road
which was taken by the last hero, was the same
which the first pursued. The same fertile fields,
beautiful plateaus, extensive plains, and sparkling
lakes, greeted the eyes of the two armies on their
march. The lecturer gave an eloquent descrip- j
tion of the country, and also referred to (ho 1
phut of operations of Scott—his refusing to
listen to tlie Hotspurs of the army, in their
desires for an immediate attack on Vera Cruz, j
And he pronounced the taking of that
city the solitary instance in our history where the !
science antl tactics of war were brought to hear \
in a besiegement. He also paid a glowing compli- j
nu-nt to Scott. Ho pronounced the parallel of the 1
inarch of the two armies precisely similar, until
they reached the valley of I'ucbla. At this citv
both the armies stopped, and both in the same 1
month (August) of the year, i'ucbla was to the
race of people in Mexico, at the time of the first
conquest, what Mecca is to the Inlidcl of the East,
or Jerusalem is to the Christian world, it was the
holy city—the consecrated spot where magnificent
temples reared their splendors to the sky, and |
where costly idols and golden images, were daily
worshipped. The holiest of shrines and the sancti
fied olaees id their fervent r l -'jo-lon were there.— {
(■surrounding the city were the volcanoes, \\ uo
their snow-capped summits, which were looked
upon by the natives as the unapproachable abodes j
of Cod. lie here related several incidents which j
took place, stating that one of Cortez' command I
reached the summit of a volcano, entered the crater
and brought forth brimstone, to make powder for |
the use of the army. Several persons of Scott's |
army ascended the same volcano. From the city 1
of I'uebla. the roads taken by the two
armies differed slightly, hut the command
ers of both were pressing for the same goal. After
days of toil the spires of the sought for city
greeted their eves. Its beautiful surroundings—
the lakes—bright expanses of silver set with emer
ald gems—the graceful plains, and all the adorn
ments of the magnificent city lay before them. The
Spaniards entered the city, hut were driven out by
the natives for violating their rights—ruining their
temples—desecrating their sanctuaries,and destroy
ing their idols. Hut the Spaniards were not to be i
dismayed or conquered. The bloody memorable at
tack on the city took place. Cortez with his band
of Spaniards and his native allies pressed into the
city. Street after street was gained, until the main
temple, in which was the saeriticial stone, deeply
colored with human blood, was reached. Here the 1
great struggle took place. At the cry of religion I
the passions grew fiercer, and the wildest phrenzy
tilled the breasts of the soldiery. In imagination,
the lecturer could see the mailed warriors, broad
sword in hand, cutting down the natives as they
protected their altars, their palaces and thcit
homes. The hour of triumph arrived —the sacred
fire was blown out, and the most treasured idols
were dashed to pieces. There was no spot too sa
cred for the Spaniard's foot. All the holy places
were desecrated. Here the first conquest ended.
The lecturer then recurred to the march of Scott
and the attack upon the city. The religion of the
people was not only undisturbed, but the power of
the conqueror was used to protect them in their
rites. The places of worship were not desecrated
by a soldiery thirsting for wealth and wild
with religions excitement, hut were respected
as temples erected to the Most High. No
images were torn from their altars and broken
into pieces. All the means of worship—all the rites
of religion, were respected and guaranteed by the
conquering hero. The American flag had Won
honor in every clime during the seventy past !
years. Hut it had no triumph to be compared to |
this. All tin- enormities which usually follow as
the inseparable concomitants of war, were not to
be found in this triumph. A city which, under its
native rulers, was a seat of anarchy, became in
three days, under the administration <if a conquer- j
ing chieftain, the abode of safety. Here ended the
second conquest. The lecturer tiien referred to the !
condition of tlie people of Mexico in the days of j
Cortez. and remarked: Cortez found the people re
ligiously superstitious, ruled by a wily priesthood,
and impoverished by an indolent soldiery. Monte
zuma was both priest and soldier. The same
powers that ruled it over 1100 years ago still usurp
the rights of government and violate the rights of I
the people. The priest and the soldier are still the i
curse of Mexico. The conquest of Mexico by
Cortez was followed by the subjugation id' j
Peru. (I old flooded Europe. The Spanish people
started for the new world with minds tilled with
golden visions. They could imagine nothing whicii
they did not believe Ei Dorado could furnish.
The fabled stream whose waters were to give im
mortal youth, was sought for. The mechanic arts
awoke from their lethargy, and commerce unfolded
her wings. Ship-building received an impetus, and
enterprise carried thousands to the strange lands
beyond the sea. The acquisition of California fol
lowed the late conquest of Mexico. The discovery
of gold there created almost as great an excitement
among the people of this age, as the fabulous story
of the wealth of Mexico and Peru did in tiie days
of Cortez and I'izarro. Men flocked to tile golden
shores, indulging in dreams of unimagined wealth;
youth and age braved the dangers attending emi
gration. ami thought not of disaster or death while
journeying to the land where the precious
metal reflected the rays of the sun, as it lay
upon the plain. And, even now, with all the
lessons of experience before them, the cry is "West
ward." The Western coast of this country is now
being peopled by the same influences which peopled
the Western coast of Peru alter the conquest. All
classes of business were aroused into unknown ac
tivity. Commerce increased in a ratio never he
fore equalled. The different branches of industry
put forth new energies, and every pursuit felt the
revivifying influence of this influx of gold. The in
crease of tle precious metal was so great that it de
preciated in value. These were results similar to
those which followed the conquest of Cortez. Hut
the moral problem involved in these conquests is
greater than all others. The conquerors carried
the Christian religion with them, and the designs of
tin- Croat Creator are being fast fulfilled. The star
of Bethlehem is the grand centre around which the
moral universe revolves, and having risen in the
East it is gradually progressing West, and will con
tinue to do so until it reaches the land of its origin,
when all the world will exclaim, the "Lord Hod
Omnipotent reigneth." Let us rejoice that with
the acquisition of California, while cupidity has
sought for gold, enterprize lias travelled every
path,and commerce has whitened every sea with
its canvass. The mighty energies of a great people
have been aroused, and avenues of wealth have been
opened in every direction. The lecturer then re
ferred to the individual character of the two con
querors. Cortez must not be judged by the standard
of to-day. We must consider the customs of the
times in which he lived. Judged by our standard his
greatness would depart. Judged fiy the standard of
his day, he stands forth the foremost man. If lie was
cruel, he lived at a period when cruelty to advance
the church was a part of religion. If lie tore down
idols, broke images, and destroyed altars, it was to
erect in their stead images of the Virgin, the cruci
fix and the baptismal font. Ho was a crusader
fighting for the Cross, as well as for the Crown.—
Looked at as a military man, ho was a great com
mander. lie exhibited all the essential qualities of
a chieftain, from the fitting out of his expedition to
the close of his glorious career. The lecturer then
referred to Scott—his sagacity, his energy, and his
great military character. Spolce of the handful of men
with which lie accomplished those mighty deeds of
valor which subjected a populous nation to his will;
of the humanity which characterized his march;
his protection of the rights of the conquered peo
ple—of his tine administrative abilities, and
mentioned as evidence of the truth of his remark,
| the factof Ids taking the chaotic elements of the
j Mexican capital, and founding a stable government.
I The future historian will tell in eloquent language of
lixs Ability and hishumanitv. History holds a wizard's
wand and in her mirror she shows the scenes of the
past; hut she i< also a monitor, and we should take
warning from her teachings. At the time of the
lirst conquest, Spain was in the zenith of her power.
The valor of her sons had rescued their country
; from the Moors, and covered her arms with military
glory. Industry and wealth abounded throughout
the State, and the nation was respected ami feared
abroad. The gold which Hooded the country with
the conquest brought with it indolence and suninc
ness. The vigor of the State departed. One after
j another of her colonies spurned her control and
achieved their freedom. And now she stands a
: warning to nations who prefer the insatiate thirst
lor gold to the practice of the more stable pursuits
of commerce. Her glory has departed, and she
now exists by sufferance, too weak and insignificant
to awaken any other feeling than that of pity. —
1 Our country is now to the nations of the earth \\ hat
| Spain was then—the Minerva of States, encumbered
i by no swaddling bands, but armed to the teeth,
| ready and able to protect her rights. He would
| indulge in no gloomy forebodings. Let the exam
ples of the past be a warning for the future. Let
| not the thirst for gold blight the fair prospects bc
i fore us—so full of promise—so brilliant with antici
! pation. Let not her end be like that of Spain. Let
j her sons be true to themselves, and all that the fu
ture promises will he fulfilled. Her career will be
one ot magnificence and brilliant beyond all former
precedent.
BAYARD TAYLOR'S LECTURE.
Mr. Bayard Taylor lectured before the Mercan
tile Library Association on Tuesday evening last at
the I niversalist Church, on Calvert street, taking
for his subject a description of "Moscow" and its
people.
He commenced by citing an Arab legend of a
wonderful city built in the desert, whose domes
were of beaten gold, and which, though
destroyed in a burst of divine wrath, is still said to
loom up, in the far distance, in all its mysterious
beauty before the eyes of the traveler, though no
one has ever been permitted to traverse its won
drous courts, or to penetrate its gates. After trav
eling for one hundred milesovera monotonous coun
try, all the central part of which io a land of
marshes, the appearance of the city of Moscow is
like enchantment. From the Boresina to the Dnei
per, all is terrible monotony. When your endu
rance is exhausted, when you begin to believe there
is nothing but birch and lir, those forests of north
ern birch which, though beautiful in the fall, in
summer are of a cold silvery green; when there is
nothing around you that announces your approach
to the old Russian capital, you mount the brow of
a hill, behind you is a crescent of dense forests, at
your feet a small river, and before you—Moscow,
with its hundreds cf gilded domes, sparkling like
stars, and Hashing in your face. It comes upon you
like a dream, with its sudden burst of colors and its
wondrous beauty. Whence comes, you ask, all this
wilderness of grass green roofs, whence all those gil
ded and silvered domes? It can be no city of trade, it
must have been built by the genii while the lamp
was yet in Aladdin's hand. From the hill referred
to the army of Bonaparte once beheld it and shouted
"Moscow! All this is yours," said Napoleon; but in
the sequel all the plunder that reached Paris would
not have made a porter's load. The Russian statement
of the destruction of Moscow must not be taken too
literally. Many ofthc curious residences of the old
Bovards and hundreds of fantastic churches were
destroyed, but much remained unconsumed, and
Moscow is still a type of the far-reaching Rus
sian Empire. One best understands a people bv
visiting their large cities. To know Paris is to know
the French; London symbolizes the English;
Boston New England, and although the lecturer
would not say that New York fairly represented
American nationality, even there might be found
many of its more salient features. Moscow is pre
eminently the index to Russia. Its interest as a
city is almost wholly historical or national. Since
the building of St. Petersburg, Moscow has lost its
advantage as a capital, but it si ill remains the Holv
City of Russia. Its fibres of commerce branch
eastward. The race that founded it came from the
East. Its religion—that of the Greek Church—
came from Constantinople, and on every one of the
thousand domes glitters the southern Crescent.- -
Madame do Stacl, with her fondness for striking
phrases, exclaimed, on beholding Moscow : " Be
hold the Tartar Rome!" Its Oriental character is
as strongly marked as Constantinople. It is, never
theless, the strangest compound imaginable. In
Moscow, Europe and Asia is jumbled together. It
called up reminiscences of every place the lecturer
had ever seen. There were temples resembling
those of Lucknow—French m/es —Chinese tca-sliops
—lager-beer cellars—in short, every nation in
the world found a representative in Moscow. —
No city in the world is so picturesque and
fantastic as Moscow. It stands alone—occupying
an immense area, and every where around it is a
belt of thick forest. Its circumference is from
twenty-five to thirty miles, and confuses the ordi
nary ideas of distance. Close at hand with the
people of Moscow means, not unfreqm ntl v, a mile
off", and near neighbors an hour's walk. A traveler
easily loses in his way in Moscow, for the character
of oven the new portion of the city is labyrinthine.
The sites of the old city b dug rebuilt upon, the
streets seem laid out like some of the earlier ones
in New York which were said to have followed the
cattle tracks. Moscow is full of marvellous sur
prises, from its immense extent and the irregularity
of its construction. You step from a of
palaces suddenly into a country place, 4
thence into a thronged market —pas- rows
of a modern character, and find yourself ir
tor v.. • vv ia.>— tcr o. vi.rt
still preserved. Red is the favorite coh
Russian serfs. Green occupies the second
in taste. Many of the domes of the chur<
dark blue or green, studded with stars
The houses of the nobles and of the *
classes are chiefly of brick and stucco—whnc main
of the humble tenements are of wood. The only
tools used by the Russian carpenter arc the adze
and saw, and the skill with which he uses
those simple tools is perfectly surprising. His
work is squared with great accuracy, yet all the
smaller lengths are measured by the eye. Peter
the Great excelled in evervthing he undertook,
with one exception, in which every serf is a profi
cient—he never succeeded in making a pair of Rus
sian hoots.
The Cathedral of St. Rasil is the culmination of
the grotesque and the fantastical. When first
seen the gazer is in doubt whether it is a church or
a pavilion, or a strange collection of architectural
toys. All the colors of ihe rainbow are there.
There is no such bewildering structure in the
world. It is not beautiful, but its profusion of col
ors saves it from being accounted uglv. Its chief
characteristic is its immense collection of towers,
of every imaginable shape and pattern. Each
tower encloses a chapel devoted to the wor
ship of a particular Saint. These chapels
resemble tombs. The whole building might be called
the apotheosis of tombs. The love of glaring colors
among the Russians is an instinct for the warmer
zones from whence they came. Moscow glitters in
tropical fires and colors. Mr. Taylor next proceed
ed to give an elaborate and picturesque description
of the Kremlin, which occupies the most central
point in the city. It has now become a sort of na
tional altar. On the hill of the Kremlin was lirst
planted that mighty tree whose branches over
shadow two continents. The Russians are eminent
ly a religious people. The shrine most in repute is
that of the Virgin known as the Iberian Mother.
The orthodox color of the Saviour and his mother
is a dark brown. The Emperor Nicholas sought to
have them painted light colored, but met with so
much opposition from Priests and devotees that ho
abandoned the idea. The Russian peasants could
not conceive the possibility that the Virgin and her
child should have been of their own color. Mar
vellous stories are told of a picture of St. Nicholas
—to whose miraculous interposition it is alleged
that the safety of the Kremlin from the as
saults of the Tartars and the French is wholly due.
Mr. Taylor spoke of the profound religious devo
tion of those who are attached to the Greek Church.
The serf would sooner die than violate his religious
observances. Every house in Moscow has its
shrine with a lamp burning before it, and every
room its devotional picture. The four great fasts
are kept with painful strictness. On Easter day
the five thousand bells of Moscow ring out in joy
ous clangor. All who meet, whether high horn or
lowly, noble or serf, salute each other with a kiss,
accompanied by the words, "Christ is risen." All the
members of the household kiss each other, even the
ladies their porters, their coachmen, and all the
intermediate domestics down to the boot-black. The
Emperor kisses the sentinel at his gate. In the
church there is a perfect democratic equality ob
served — ladies, officers, old women, shop-keepers,
crown peasants and serfs, all kneel together before
the shrine of the Iberian mother. In the course of
an hour's ramble through Moscow, representa
tive specimens of every nationality may be
met. There is the broad, good humored face,
of the Russian serf. Next conies a lady with the
smallest of bodies secreted in a perfect expanse of
crinoline, and attended by a man servant, for it is
not regarded as proper or decorous to walk the
streets of Moscow alone. Next a Circassian officer
with his blue eyes and a form as perfect as that of
Apollo. Then follows the Tartar with his swarthy
face and keen eyes. To him succeeds the Russian
nurse with her curiously expanded crimson head
dress and her two distinct waists, one just below
the arm pits and the other a little lower down.—
Following her, two priests with flowing hair and
beards, and caps resembling inverted tea kettles. —
And passing these vou meet with (.'ossacks of the |
t'kraine. The difference observable between the i
noble and the serf, strikes one, at the first glance,as |
an actual difference in race, but upon a closer in- >
spection their Tartar origin is still visible, though i
the type has been improved and ameliorated, and j
the harsher lines softened by the influences of a
higher social condition. The Hussian peasant still :
preserves the Tartar features—the broad nose, the |
large mouth, uniform color of hair, and athletic
proportions. The Russian peasant women are the j
ugliest on the face of the earth; but all the lower j
classes are admirable specimens of great physical i
vigor. It is stated that the rigour of the climate
kills off all but those of the hardiest constitutions,
and statistics prove that the annual number of
deaths exceeds that of births, the increase of popu
lation being derived only from the acquisition of
new territory. The Russian serf exemplifies the
Platonic mystery of two bodies and one soul. He is
a perfect machine and all his faculties belong to his
master—only in his religious convictions does he j
show himself an independent being. In all else he
does but reflect the thoughts, wishes, affections and j
passions of his master. Vou must not jest with j
him. Though good humored he is grave and earn
est. You must not say to him, even carelessly, "De
metrius, 1 do not like such or such a person. 1
wish he was dead," for the probability is that you
would wake the next morning to tind yourself ac
' cessorv to a murder. Mr. Taylor next gave a
graphic description of the markets and bazaars of
Moscow. In one of the latter, the variety of arti
cles was so groat that after wandering through it
: for an hour endeavoring to discover any sort of
goods which were not to be obtained, the'onlv two
j things he could not see were a coal scuttle
! and an oyster knife. Social life in Moscow is ex
! ceedingly gay and animated. In summer time the
groves and gardens are thronged with the citizens
; and their families, who take with them their tea
! urns for the purpose of enjoying their favorite bev
erage. In winter it is equally gay within doors.
Ihe people of all classes are exceedingly hospita
ble. French is the language usually spoken in
fashionable society, but English and German are
also spoken with great purity and grammatical
accuracy. The reforms inaugurated by the Em
peror Alexander have given very general satisfac
tion. "ll this will only last," was the expression
, frequently repeated. The amount, of venality
among Russian oilicials was extraordinarily great,
j There were forty officers, including two generals,
PRICE TWO CENTS
■ imprisoned in Moscow, charged with appropriating
to their own uses eighty millions of dollars during
the Crimean war. They confess to having taken
i forty millions. In instituting an examination into
the monthly accounts of the expenses incurred at
tlie Palace, the Emperor Alexander was surprised
to find a charge periodically made for thirty-seven
pouuds of goose-grease. His curiosity was excited.
< What could the goose-grease be for? Hie same
| item was traced hack every month for ten years—
i for twenty years—for thirty years; at thirty-two
years previous they reached the fountain head ol
all the grease, and it. was then discovered that
! while the present Emperor was a child he took a
cold in the head, for which the physician prescribed
J the application of goose grease to the bridge of the
| infantile nose. The steward bought thi-tv-seven
: pounds of it. and every month since that time the
j charge had been added to the account of the house
hold expenses of the palace.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE CITY COUNCIL.
EXTRA SESSION.
WEDNESDAY, DOC. 1.1858.
FIRST BRANCH.— Present—Mr. JOHN T. FORD, President
I and al! the members.
Mr. HYNES presented a petition of Thos. Bains, asking
I the privilege of manufacturing soap and candle* on
! Eastern avenue. Referred to the Joint Standing Commit
tee on Health.
Mr. MACE presented a petition from Tims. Matthews to
enlarge a small frame shed on hi- premises. Referred
l to the Joint Standing Committee on Fire Companies.
Mr. HAMILTON presented a petition of Solomon J. Cann
j in reference to sewers. Referred to the Committee on
! Highways.
Mr. MACE presented a resolution asking the City Com
mi-sinner for an estimate as to what amount of money
will he required to improve the condition and ventilate
the cells at the different police stations.
A imssag£was received from the Second Branch non
concurring with the resolution of the First Branch in
reference to a suitable testimonial to officer John Cook.
A resolution was received from the Second Branch ap
propriating $2,500 for the Board of ll alth. Rules sus
p aided and the resolution adopted.
Mr. TALBOTT presented the report of the Joint Standing
Committee on Water, in reference to placing three Ore
plugs at the Fell's Point market. Adopted.
Mr. Moon called up the ordinance in regard tt the grad
ing if North avenue, which was read and p:-sed.
Mr. BAIN called up the preamble and resolutions direct
ing the City IHrectors in the Bait imore and Ohio Railroad
I to use their exertions to have all machinery. &c . needed
by the road, manufactured in this city and State. —
Adopted.
Mr. BAIN called up the resolution in reference to placing
lamps in certain localities. Referred to the City Com mis
Mr. BAIN called up the resolution in reference to the
placing of Are plugs in certain localities. Adopted.
Mr. R \ NDO i.I'll stated that the appropriation for putting
in fire plugs is exhausted, and that is the reason the water
engineer has not placed the plugs in the localities asked
for.
Mr. NEWMAN called up the resolution in reference to
the appointment of a physician to attend the different
police stations to render medical attendance to persons
who may be conveyed there.and attend on and conduct
all post-mortem examinations which may be required by
Hie Coroners of the city, and that for such services they
shall receive SIOO. Laid on the table.
Mr. BEALE called up the resolution in reference to the
city printing. Adopted. This resolution provides that
all printing for the different departments of the City Gov
eminent, Public Schools, &c., shall be done by the city
printer.
Mr. TALBOTT called up the ordinance appointing A
messenger to the Mayor, who shall also act as janitor of
the City Hall. Adopted.
Mr. CUNNINGHAM called up the ordinance amendatory
of an ordinance in reference to nuisances in the city
This ordinance refers to the erection of steam engines, al
lowing persons to erect them without a special grant from
the Council.
Mr. WOOD and Mr. BE ALE, opposed the adoption, and
Mr. CUNNINGHAM advocated it. Defeated.
The Branch concurred in a resolution of the Second
Branch allowing Wm, 11. Trott to erect a mortar in front
of his store on Broadway.
Mr. BEALE, of the Joint Special Committee to consider
the message of the Mayor returning an ordinance creating
a fire department for the city, r-ported an ordinance
which recommends the adoption of the paid -ystem. and
also the institution of steam fire engines, which was read
and ordered to he printed.
On motion of Mr. BEALE one hundred extra copies were
ordered.
On motion the Branch adjourned.
In yesterday's report of the debate between Mr. Hynes
and Mr. Newman, the name of Mr. Wood was substituted
for that of Mr. Newman,
j SECOND BRANCH —Branch met pursuant to adjourn
[ merit. Present— WlLLlAM MCPHAIL, Esq., President,
and all the members.
An ordinance entitled "An ordinance to establish a Po
lice system for the City of Baltimore" was received from
the First Branch. Read and ordered to be printed.
Also, a resolution authorizing the City Comptroller to
dispose of two hundred copies of the Revised Ordinances at
$3 per copy. Read a second time and adopted.
Also a resolution directing the City Commissioner to
place gas lamps on such streets,within the limits of direct
taxation, as the gas mains are laid in. Which was read
a second time and adopted.
The resolution to pay Lewis Towdzer the sum of $7.00
for work done on the yawl boat Thomas Swann, was taken
up and adopted.
The resolution granting permission to G. K. Tyler &
Co. to construct a frame building on their premises at
Canton, and erect steam engines therein for the purpose of
a st am saw-mill, was taken up and passed.
An ordinance directing the Port Warden to return all
bills for private work done by the City dredging machines
to the Comptroller for collection, was taken up and
passed.
The resolution authorizing the Mayor. Register and
Comptroller to contract with Me- rs. Gamewll and others
for the erection of a Police ami Fire Alarm Telegraph was
taken up.
Mr. CATHCART offered a substitution for the original re
solution offered by him. essentially the same, except that
it places the construction of the telegraph nnderthedi
rection of a joint special committee of the City Council, to
be appointed by the Mayor.
Mr. COLTON objected to hasty action on this subject, and
moved to refer the subject to the t 'oniraittee on )• ire Com
panics.
The motion was not agreed to by the following vote:
Yeas —Messrs. President, Van Nostrand, Colton. Kill
cott and Sewall—s.
Nays—Messrs. Cathcart, Cook, Taylor, Mussulman and
McComa.s—s.
Mr. MCPHAIL (Mr. MCCOMAS in the chair) said this mat
ter of referring to the Committee on Fire Companies, was
I .fftinif nour anil nv.r nrain tlif Same gTOlind and iJavillg
I lowing vote:
Yoas—Messrs President, Van Nostrand, Cathcart, Cook,
j Taylor, Mussulman and McComas—7.
j Nays—Messrs. Colton, Kllicott and Sewall—3.
The resolution directing the City Commissioner to place
flag stones on certain parts of Madison and Monument
[ streets, was then taken up and passed.
Mr. SEWALL offered a resolution proposing that when
the Branch adjourn on next Monday afternoon it adjourn
sin*, die.
The resolution was agreed to by the following vote:
Yeas—Msssrs. Van Nostrand, Colton, Ellicott, Mussel
man and Sewall—s.
Nays—Messrs. President, Cathcart, Taylor and Mc-
Comas—l.
The Branch then adjourned until this afternoon at 5
o'clock.
LA w INTELLIGENCE.
CIRCUIT COURT OF BALTIMORECITY. —Hon. Wm. George
Krebs, Judge. The following business occupied the
Court yesterday:
Charles W. Davis vs. Maria A. Davis. Application for
divorce a vinculo matrimonii. Partridge for complainant.
Henrietta R. Glenn, Ac., Executors of John Glenn, de
ceased. vs. A. B. Davis and others. Exception by com
plainant lo the report of the Commissioners dividing the
real and personal estate of William Wilkins, deceased.
Not concluded.
S. T. Wnllis for exceptant: Wm. Schley and T. S. Alex
i ander for Davis and others.
UNITED STATES CIRCUIT CO CUT. —The Hon. Judge Giles.
Nothing done in this Court yesterday. The Court ad
journed until next Saturday.
SUPERIOR COURT —Hon. Z. Collins Lee, Judge. The
Court was engaged in the following business yesterday :
Caleb S. Maltby vs. Thomas Smith. An action of re
plevin. to recover a cargo of oysters. Before reported.—
Jury out. J. 11. B. Latrobe for plaintiff. Whitney &:
Thomas Win. H. Travers, and Coleman Yellott for de
fendant.
Assignment for to-day 383 to 405.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. —Hon. William L. Marshall,
Judge. The Court was engaged in the following cases
yesterday:
Thomas S. Williams rs. Joshua <. Sapp—an appeal from
Justice Myers. An action to recover for goods furnished
to the wife of Williams, the appellant. The evidence ad
duced was that Mrs. Williams was obliged by force of ill
treatment of the appellant to abandon his home and take
refuge among her relatives, and that th<-claim is for the
necessaries of life allbi-ded her while thus helplessly situ
ated. Before reported. Judgment affirmed and verdict
for appellee for $44.
Thompson, Wood & Block rs. Kphraim Y Forney. An
action on an open account. Verdict for plaintiff for
$104.15.. _________
SOUTH AMERICA.
An arrival at Xew York brings files of Buenos
Avres ilates to October oth.
The Argentine Congress hail adjourned at Para
na, without passsing anv measure of great import
ance except the law oi differential duties.
At Montevideo, the people were engaged in the
celebration of national festivals. President Pereira
had erected a pyramid in the great Plaza to the
memory of the thirty-three Generals of the Revo
lution; and among them appeared the name of Gen.
i'reire, one of the officers butchered at Quinteros
by order of this very Pereira.
" We see nothing in the papers to indicate that Lo
pe-/. is makiag hostile preparations to receive the
American expedition, and not a syllable to confirm
the rumor which reached here via England (credit
ed to the London A'eics,) that Lopez was strength
ening the lower portion of the Paraguay river, near
theTrcs Boeas. The following paragraph relatiug
to the expedition, appeared in the course of an ar
ticle in the Onlrn of Oct. 3d :
"What have forty-seven years of submission and
death-like silence given to the Paraguayans 9 Flog
gings, robberies, banishments and" death. What
have seventeen years of weakness produced for
Brazil in her yet unsettled questions with the dic
tator of Paraguay ? Only humilations and insults
to the imperial ministers. Put is at
hand when the illustrious Cabinet of Washington
will teach the world how to treat with crafty
rogues. The agent of the great nation will go to
to Asuncion with his head erect. lie will hunt out.
in his lair the cowardly Mandarin of the Celestial
Empire of America, to lav his reclamations before
him. The Mandarin will bow his neck before the
American, and will hand over, without delay, the
fruit of the sweat of the poor people, which the
Mandarin has stoic during seventeen years, lie
will give all the satisfaction asked for, and will sol
emnize his reproachful defeat with the salute of
cannon and the clangor of the joy-hells. * *
"It is not only in building railroads that the
Yankees excel. They are also adepts in taming
fractious beasts. Karev is a son of the American
Union."
The National publishes a notice from the Ameri
can Consul to citizens of the United States of Amer
ica. who have claims against the government of tho
Slate of Buenos Ayres, to present the same, with
the vouchers at the Consulate, without delay.
A letter to the Pcnwiyhanian from Valparaiso
says :
The articles recently published in the London
Timet, favoring the acquisition of Cuba by the
United States, are denounced in very severe terms
by the press of this country.
The Paraguay question is also freely discussed.
I The Mrrcurio denounces the conduct of the govern
ment of Paraguay, and declares that ignorance of
international law- on the part of its rulers has with
in the last year involved it in quarrel with the
United States, Brazil, the Argentine Republic, and
Buenos Ayres. Go the other hand, the Ferroe
a government paper, piinted at Santiago, lavors
Paraguay, anil assails the United States. In this
article reference is made to the claim,
the adjustment of which our Minister, Governor
Bigler, is now urging in strong terms.
The writer calls upon the South American Re
publics and States to imif. and prepare to rent* the
i aggressions of the United States. Ihe writer, in
i the plentitude of his merev, however, is willing to
have hostile preparations deferred until after the ar
I rival of the next mail from the L nited States, un
der the impression that President Buchanan may
j change his policy.
i The 20th anniversary of the Philadelphia Bible
j Societv, hold on Tuesday evening at Concert Hall,
J was addressed by Dr. J. G, Morris, of this city.

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