Newspaper Page Text
VOL. VII —NO. 929.
SEE FOURTH PAGE. TIIK NEWS. 1'? the arrival of the pony express at Fort Kear ney, we have received California dates to the ICth ultimo. Eight or nine companies are endeavoring to have bills passed through the Legis lature authorizing street railroads in San Fran Cisco. The news of the passage, by the United States Senate, of the Pacific Railroad bill, was re ceived in California very joyfully. Saturday and yesterday were days of intense in terest in Congress, especially in the Senate, but not so much on account of the business done as because ol the acrimonious debates that occurred on the questions at issue, the Republican members speak ing plainly enough to indicate that they were still for coercion. The House ad journed on Saturday evening until this morning. The Senate was still in session when we went to press. In the Virginia Convention on Saturday, a reso lution was offered by Mr. Goode, of Bedford, and referred, declaring that the power of the Federal Government had been perverted, and as all the pro positions embodying the reasonable demands of the South are rejected by Congress, it is the duty of the Convention to adopt an ordinance to he sub mitted to a vote of the people, declaring that Virginia will reserve her rights' delegated to the federal Government, aril further declare that her connection with the same is dissolved. The report states that there is no present prospect of the Committee on Federal relations agreeing. In Norfolk, on Saturday night, considerable ex citement was occasioned by the rumor that an in surrectionary plot among the negroes had been dis covered. The leaders of the movement are sup posed to be white men. The military were ordered out, and quiet restored. On Saturday, the Southern Congress admitted the Texas delegates to full privileges on the floor. The Missouri Convention met at Jefferson citv, and adjourned to St. Louis, where it was organized on the Ist instant. The members qualified by tak ing an oath to support the Federal and State Con stitutions. The returns from the North Carolina election come in slowly. So far the majority against hold ing a convention is about eight thousand, but it is believed, however, that this may be overcome in the counties yet to hear from. We publish in full an interesting detail of Euro pean news by the Canada's mails. The time of the shipment of goods purchased at the North for the South, has been extended to the 15th inst. TIIIRTV-SIXTII t'O\Cm~SECOND SESSION SE.*YTE. WASHINGTON, March 2.—The Committee of Con ference on the disagreeing votes on the Indian ap propriation bill, made a report, which was read and agreed to. So the bill stands passed. A large number of memorials on the present crisis, . " ere presented and laid on the table. The Jour nal haying stated that the ilouse resolutions for amending the Constitution were read yesterday a first and second time, Mr. SUMNER, moved to amend by striking out "second time." After considerable discussion by Messrs. Douglas, Sum ner and Pugh, the Senate agreed to read the (Cor win) resolutions a second time—yeas 31, navs 5. I ending which, Mr. COLLAMER presented the credentials of Hon. J. Collatner, Senator elect from the 4th of March next, from Vermont. \\ hile the subject was under consideration the hour arrived for the consideration of the special order, being the resolutions of the Peace Confer ence. Mr. LANK, of Oregon, delivered a length v speech upon general topics, in reply to a speech (if Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, delivered some time since. During the progress of Mr. Lane's speech lie frequently gave way for motions, Ac. Mr. PEAUCE, from the Committee of Confer ence on the civic bill, reported sundry changes in the amendments to the civic bill, which were agreed to. A Committee of Conference on the Mount Vernon road bill was granted, and the Vice President was authorized to fill vacan cies in the Committee on Enrolled Dills. Mr. LANE resumed, and said that the Republican partv had determined that no slave State should come into the Union, and that no slave State sbould go out. They wanted those States to put slavery in the course of ultimate extinction. They wanted to keep those States to foot the bills, to pay the debts and rule over.—Mr. JOHNSON responded in a sharp speech, which was loudly applauded. ibe CHAlll said tiiat if the disorder was re peated the galleries would be cleared. Shortly after, a declaration ot warm devotion to the Union on the part of Mr. Johnson called forth another round of applause. The CHAIR ordered the galleries to be cleared. Several Senators ap pealed to the Chair to withdraw the order, as most ot the persons in the galleries were new comers. The CHAIR declined. Mr. DOUGLAS moved to suspend the order. Mr. BAYARD called for the yeas and navs. A con siderable discussion ensued as" to the par liamentary law upon the subject, which t: did in the withdrawal of the order of the presiding of ficer. Mr. JOHNSON resumed and responded to Mr. Lar.e with considerable pungency, in the course of which be exclaimed, "show me a seces sionist and I will show you a traitor," and in refer ence to Gen. Twiggs and those who have seized government property at the South he said—"lf I were President of the United States I would arrest them, and if found guilty of the charge I would hang them tool" The audience in the galleries here broke torth in loud and repeated cheering and waiving of hats and handkerchiefs, amid a few hisses. Mr. ANTHONY KENNEDY denounced the disorder in the gallery as degrading to ttie Senate, and demanded that they becieared. Mr. CRITENDEN seconded the motion, and the galle ies were cleared of all except the ladies and kept cleared for an hour. Mr. PUGH moved the changing of a word in the Corwin re solution, which was agreed to, and after wards re-considered and restored to its origi nal condition. Mr. PUGH then moved Mr. Crittenden's resolutions as a substitute for the Cor win resolution. On this a most acrimonious de bate, the most bitter of the session, ensued, in which Messrs. Chandler, Wigfall and others took part. Mr. CRITTENDEN finally, at 12 o'clock, took the floor, and commenced his closing speech, taking leave of the Senate closing bis public career. A motion was made to adjourn to seven o'clock on Sunday evening, in order to allow him to deliver his address, when there was a tacit un derstanding that the Senate would proceed to vote on the amendments and resolution without further debate. The motion was adopted and the Senate adjourned. EVENING SESSION. March 3.—The Senate met again this evening at 7 o'clock. There was an immense crowd in the galleries and on the floor. The doorways and halls leading to the Senate chamber were full of people also, and very many anxious to gain admittance, were obliged to go away. The noise was like that from an immense bee-hive. President j BRIGHT was in the chair and called the Senate to order. The Clerk read the 48th Rule, excluding persons not entitled to the privilege of the floor, from the same, when a dark stream of humanity poured out of the doors, till the floor was clt ar. There were loud cries in the gallery of "Stand hack," and great confusion ensued. Mr. SUMNER presented the memorial of Ave thousand citi zens of Massachusetts against any compromise whatever. He said that more were coming of the same character signed by 37,000 persons. The joint' resolutions from the House were taken up. Mr. CRITTENDEN presented the credentials of Hon. John C. Breckenridge, Senator elect from the State of Kentucky and proceeded to speak on the resolu tions. (Cries in the gallery "let me out.") He said be did not rise with any vain ambition. [There was here so much noise and confusion that the voice of Mr. C. could not be heard.] Mr. 'BRAGG moved that the galleries be cleared as it was impossible to transact business. He however with drew his motion for the present and Mr. CRIT TENDEN proceeded. He said there was nothing more lamentable than the great change in the . present condition of the United States. A few months ago we were a united and happy people. Now the Union was dismembered and the same spirit was making dangerous progress. [The noise and confusion in the galleries now became so much increased that it was quite im possible to hear, and President Bright directed the Sergeantat-Arins to clear the gallery, except of those persons who were seated ] Mr. LANE moved to take a recess until 7 o'clock to morrow morning, but withdrew it. The order to clear the galleries was executed slowly, scarcely any persons moving. Mr. DOUGLAS asked if the Sergeant-at Arms had been directed to clear the The PRESIDENT said he had. Mr. DOUGLAS asked why it was not done. He said he should move to clear the galleries entirely. He was not to be controlled by a mob. The crowd still remaining in the galleries, Mr. DOUG LAS said : If the Sergeant-at-Arms don't do his duty, I will move we elect another one, who will. 1 see him on the floor now, when lie ought to be in the gallery doing his duty. The PRESIDENT said the Sergeant at-Arms reported that it was im possible to clear tire galleries. Mr. DOUGLAS —Then 1 move we elect one who will not report that it is impossible to do his duty. Mr. D UG LAS moved to clear all the galleries. He said they were trying to get a vote on amendment? to the Constitution, but objeciions were made on the other side of the chamber, while the mob in the gallery the friends of those who object. Mr. KING called bim to order, and said he had no no right to reflect on the motives of others. Mr. DOUGLASsaid he was stating facts. The mo tion to clear the galleries was carried, but order was so much restored that the motion was with drawn. Mr. CMTIENDEX again proceeded. He said the country was in danger and measures were proposed to save it, but we sit here and do nothing presenting the spectacle to the countrv of being incompetent to devise a measure for the pub lic safely, and acknowledging to the world that we can do nothing. He paid a high compliment to the Senator from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Bigler,) for bis untiring zeal in the cause of the Union. He said that one of the great questions of a diffi culty wag the territorial question and he referred to the resolutions of Mr. Clay, which he said were intended to take the question out of Con gress. The question now is that the South having seen herself excluded from territory, to which they think they have as much right as other sections, demand further guaranties. But you deny it them. Their blood and their money helped to acquire it, but you say none of these questions have reached the point where they become of vital interest. It is a question, not a party, but of Union and country. He referred to New Mexico as a barren country, which he thought could not become a slave State. We are not here to legislate as to the sin or disad vantage of Blavery, bates to Constitutional rights and the South think they have as much right to carry it into the territories, by emigration, as you have any ot y OU r systems of laoor. Is that so great a .f a . U i? e com Plaint as to bring upon the country all the great evils of disunion? If we cannot agree, let us divide the territories. You go on one side, and we ""the other. We talk about our fath ers-and what d.d they do? lie then referred to the compromise of 1820 as an example, a D d said that all the territories belonged to the South. Now we have but one ppor territory, and all we asked was to let that remain as it is. You are coming into power and we ask you to give us some security that you will not abuse that power in that territory. He believed that all that was necessary to settle the Sreat mischief that is now going on, is to agree itt in tbia sterile territory, the state of things shall remain as it is— till when ? Gentlemen, say forsrer. But I ay till this territory shall THE DAILY EXCHANGE. have one hundred thousand inhabitants, when it will be admitted as a State, and then thev can dispose of the question as they please. This is ail that is asked. He said all, because, in respect to . fugitives, there is no difficulty. That is settled by > ri I nslltutioi >. In regard to the District of , Columbia, he argued that as it was ceded by Mary land, it would be an act of bad faith to abolish i slavery without the consent of Maryland.— asked if it was not worth something, I lf we could not bring back the States that have gone, to preserve those that have not gone. Ought that idea or dogma, not in the Constitution, but having its origin in the peculiar ideas of the people of a certain sec tion, to be an inseparable barrier to the measures proposed, and which are necessary to save the country. The propositions were offered bv him as a Senator of the United States, and not as a compromise of the North to the South, but as a measure for the benefit ot the whole country. The measure which he offered as a Senator, was for the equality of all. He would not offer a proposition unfair to either section. He trusted in God that neither his feelings nor his principles would allow him to attempt or permit anything unfair to either one section or the other. Senators say let us have no compromise—let us have blood first. Hut the Bible says, you should first be reconciled with your brother, before you lay your gift upon the altar. Yet, gentlemen will not give a straw for reconciliation. Hut it is our business to preserve the Union. If not, what will be the consequences? Who knows—he did not. lie would surmise that if injustice be done now, all may be lost. Yet the Union was worth bearing much for. Party excitement and passion will not last always, and if one Congress will do wrong, another may do right. But this cry of "no cotn- Pfomlse" was like the old cry of the llomans "val victis" —"woe to the conquered,"—ana now translated "no compromise." He claimed that the Constitution intenoed to leave the people of the States free to act as they pleased in regard to their domestic institutions, and contended that the numerous petitions received from all parts of the country were an evidence that the hearts of the people were right, and in favor of peace and recon ciliation with their brethren, and they are not wil ling to have their children go to war for a trifle and a dogma. We are one people, of the same blood and one family, and must compromise family troubles. He was for the Cnion, and not for seces sion, and would say to Kentucky, stand by the Cnion, until necessity forces you out, with constancy and fidelity. This is the best Govern ment in the world, notwithstanding its bad admin istration sometimes, and he would have Kentucky stand by the Union if rebellion swept oyer the whole land, like the last soldier of a brave band, till everything was gone, and then consider what next shall be done. This was his principle and his advice. He was about to part from friends here, and bad spoken in truth and solemness what he believed. He had hopes that something would have been done to pacify the country, and this resolu tion from the House,though nnts'ufficient,would still be a ray of sunshine, an opening which would warm bis hopes and keep them alive. He express ed great confidence in the integrity of the people, and appealed to the Senate to have a vote that something at least might be done which would be a step towards peace and harmony something to save the Union. He begged those who declared they would not amend the Constitu tion to reconsider and think how the condition of the country had been changed. Mr. TRUM BULL said this was not the "way to obtain com promise by talking of dogmas and usurpation. He was tired of hearing the talk of injustice and usur pation in The territories. Why not make an appeal to men with arms in their haDds against the gov ernment. He then referred to the trouble in the ter ■rit,°J™ ' ? nd . tlle *i rst attena Pt t< break up the Union in 183.,, then in 1852 another attempt to break up the Union, butaftera time peace was secured. Then in 1853 a proposition was made in the Senate which reopened the agitation, by what Mr. Benton called "a stump speech point in a bill " which raised the war in Kansas . ALI ' —I trnst we wili - Mr - TRUM BULL—I apprehend that the Senator will learn to morrow that we have got a government, and that is the beginning of maintaining the Union. Mr. WIGFALL—I hope we may. Mr. TRUM BULL continued, referring to 'the action of the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the .Yaw sending away the army and navy till we had oniv two vessels left. Secession would never have reached such a height if we had had a government, tie spoke against the compromise which had been offered. He was willing to take the Missouri Compromise, but those are nothing like that He contended that the effect of these compromise measures would be to declare slavery perpetual in NA M "' co - > we to do anything go back to the Missouri Compromise and stand there and restore peace to the country. In regard to the House resolutions, ho said all were agreed that Congress had not the right to interfere with sla very in the United States. He would not interfere but he never by a vote would make one slave; and the people of the great Northwest would never consent, by their act, to establish slavery anywhere. He did not think thai the Con stitution needed amendment. He would vote for a proposition recommended to the States proposition tor calling a Convention to consider the amend ments. But our Southern friends ask for some thing to stand on. The best work in the world to • stand on is the old Constitution, as framed by our fathers; and we should not suffer it to be trampled on or amended. States have been arming themselves and they tell us they will fiirht against the Government if anv attempt be made to , enforce the laws which thev call coercion. He could tell the senator Irom Texas that he was for enforcing ' the laws, but by this, be did not inean marching' an ' army to coerce a State, but he w anted to settle the question whether we had a government. Hot still, secession has not triumphed. If it' had I not have been for complicity with treason in the very cabinet of the Government, it would have been crushed long ago. The President has received Commissioners who, under any other Government i would have been hung for treason, and not till the 1 last moment, when forced to take sides, either to ' join the secessionists or let Major Anderson perish, that the President joined tlie Union and spoke feebly for the United States. But he had al lowed the secessionists to do as they pleased, until they had taken the forts of the Government to a great amount. Mr. WIG FALL asked if the succeeding administration would pursue the same peace policy, or wle-iher they would attempt to recapture the forts and property. Mr. TRUMBULL said that the Sena tor will find out his opinion before he got through, and trusted he would learn the opinions "of the incoming administration from the cast steps of the Capitol tomorrow. lf you will give the Government force enough' to enforce the laws he thought there would be an end to secession. Time would cure this thing. It has already done much. It has done much already iu Tennessee, and he thought the result there was due to the efforts of the distinguished Senator from that State. Let it be known tha? the people of the North are determined to maintain the union, and there wiil he Union men at the South. Let the Government have force enough, and let us have an honest Executive and let the South see that Government intends no en croachments upon its right and he did not believe that a gun would ever be fired. But donot talk about the Government making war when the seceded States have commenced war and have the effrontery to say to the United States, don't defend yourselves. Let us do as we please or else we will have war. He could not think that this great Government would break up in this way. He would call on his Southern brethren to pause and consider if the • Republican party had ever done them wrong. That party denied that they ever intended to do them wrong. Wait till they hear the inaugural of the President, which he trust would breathe a spirit of kindness towards the South as well as the North, and express the determination that no encroach ments shall be made on the rights of any one. Mr. Baker spoke at some leDgth, defending his own po sition in desiring to vote for the Peace Conference propositions. [The Senate was still in session at 1 o'clock A. M., at which time we were compelled to go to press.] > HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The President sent a message to the House, in compliance with a resolution heretofore adopted, as to the reasons which induced him to assemble so large a number of troops in Washington. He submits that the force is not so large as the resolu tion presupposes, its total amount being six hundred and fifty-three, exclusive of the marines, who are of course at the Navy Yard as their appropriate station. These troops were ordered here to act as a posse comitatus, in strict ac cordance to the civil authority, for the purpose of preser ving peace and order in Washington, should this become necessary, before or at the period of the Inauguration of the President elect. What was the duty of the President at the time the trocps were ordered to the city? Ought he to have waited before this precautionary measure was adopted until he could obtain proof that a secret conspiracy existed to seize the capital. In the language of the Select Committee, this was "in a time of high excitement, consequent upon re volutionary events transpiring all around us. The very air was filled with rumors, and individuals indulged in the most extravagant expressions of fears and threats." Under these circumstances, which the President says he need not detail, as they appear in the testimony of the Select Committee, he was convinced that he ought to act. The safety of the immense amount orpublic property in this cfty. and that of the archives of the Government, in which all the States, and especially the new States in which the public lands are situated, have a deep interest. The peace and order of the city itself and the security or the inauguration of the President elect were objects of such vast importance to the whole country that I could not hesitate to adopt precautionary and defensive meas ures. At the present moment, when all is quiet, it is dif ficult to realize of alarm which prevailed when the troops were first ordered to this city. This alarm in stantly subsided after the arrival ot the first company, and a feeling of comparative peace and security has since existed both in Washington and throughout the country. Had I refused to adopt this precautionary measure, and evil consequences, which many good men at the time ap prehended, had tolloved, I should never have forgiven myself. JAMES BUCHANAN. The SPEAKER also laid before the House a com munication from the same, relative to the seizure of the United States Mint at New Orleans; together with communications from the War, Navy and State Department?; all of which were laid on the table and ordered to be printed. The SPEAK ERaIso laid before the House the resignation of T. H. Ford, printer to the House of Representatives. Mr. SHERMAN presented to the House a report from the Committee of Conference on the dis agreeing vote upon the Senate amendmenisto the Indian appropriation bill; not accepted, and another committee ordered. Sir. SPINNER introduced a resolution instructing the Committee on Accounts to settle the accounts of the pages in the House of Representatives for the Thirty-Sixth Congress; which resolution was agreed to. Mr. lIASKIN reported, from the Committee on Public Printing, a resolution authorizing to be printed, for the use of Congress, several thousand copies of the report of the Select Committee on the abstraction el the Indian trust bonds, and other committees; agreed 1 he House then went into Committee of the Whole on the Post Office appropriation bill. The Senate amendment annuls the present serni weeklv mail route known as the "Butterfield Route" to California, which cost $600,000. The amendment was agreed to The bill, alter the consideration of other amendments, was reported to the House, and the bill was passed. On mo tion of Mr. Sherman, it was agreed that when the House take a recess, it be until Monday at ten o'clock. Mr. DAWES, from the Select Com mittee on the President's Message of the Bth of January, reported the following resolution : Resolved , That the Secretary, in accepting, without in quiry, the resignations of officers of the Navy who were in arras against the Federal Government, while tender ing the same, and of those who sought to resign, that they might be relieved from the lestraint imposed by their commissions, upon engaging in hostilities to the constitutional authorities of the nation, has committed a gross error, highly prejudicial to the discipline of the service, and injurious to the honor and efficiency of the service, for which he deserves the censure of the House. Mr. DAWES moved the previous question on the adoption of the resolution. Mr. BRANCH was opposed to the report as one of the Committee, and asked leave to address a few remarks to the House on the subject, Objection was made, and Mr. B. moved to Uv the bill on the table. Refused. The resolution was pass-d yeas 90, nays 62. Mr. PHELPS offered a i -solution comlpiment ary to the Speaker, Hon. Win. Pennington, for his faithful, courteous and impartial administration ot the duties imposed upon him while presiding officer of this House. The resolution was passed unanimously, with a few. exceptions. On motion of Mr. PHELPS, the House proceeded to consider private bills on the Speaker's table. After a number ot them was disposed of, the House ad journed to 10 o'clock on Monday morning. THE NATIONAL CRISIS. MISSOURI STATE t'OWEXTIOS. Sr. Louis, Fel^2B.—Despatches to the Democrat say the State Convention met at Jefferson City, eleven o'clock this morning. Judge Orr called the Convention to order. Judge Hamilton R. Gamble, of St. Louis was elected temporary Chairman, and J. L. Miner, of Cole, temporary Secretary. Committees on Credentials and Permanent Or" ganization were appointed, when, it being found that only seventy-h ve members were present, the Convention adjourned to ten o'clock to-morrow. After the permanent organization is effected, the Convention will probably adjourn to St. Louis, the Mercantile Library Hall being tendered for that purpose. The news of the adjournment of the Peace Con ference and the passage of Mr. Corwin's proposi tion produced a pleasant effect upon the members. Ex-Governor Sterling Price will probably be the permanent President. ST. LOUIS, Marcb^. —The State Convention has been organized permanently by the election of Sterling Price, President. The members qualified by taking an oath to sup port the Federal and State Constitutions, in accord" ance with a resolution previously adopted. The communication of the Georgia Commission ers was laid on the table. SOHTII CAROLINA ELECTION. THE STATE PROBABLY DONE AGAINST A CONVENTION. RICHMOND, March 2. —The following returns from North Carolina have been received: Wayne coun ty, for Convention 1,008 majority; Secession dele gates elected. Nash county elects Secessionists by 010 majority, and gives 80C majority for a Con vention. Wake county elects Unionists and gives 160 majority for a Convention, (all official). War ren county elects Secessionists and goes largely for Convention. Pearson county elects Unionists and j gives a large majority for Convention. North- i ampton county elects one Unionist and one Seces- ! sionist; also votes in favor of Convention. RALEIGH, March 2.—The mails and telegraph re port returns from thirty-seven counties, of which twenty-one are for compromise, thirteen for seces sion, and three divided. It is probable the State ha 3 gone against holding a Convention by a small majority. Manv Union counties give majorities for a Convention. WILMINGTON, March 2.— About twenty counties have been heard from, each giving large secession and convention majorities. The middle counties of the titate are largely in favor of the Union and against a convention. There is much doubt about the result in the State. It depends on the extreme east and the extreme west. RALEIGH, March 3.—Returns from 47 counties show the election of 48 Union and 25 secession dele gates. The majority against the convention is so tar about 8,000. Governor ltecd has been beaten in Rockingham county. The majority against the convention will be decreased and perhaps overcome. THE LINCOLN CABINET. FORMATION OF THE CABINET STILL INCOMPLETE—EX CITEMENT AMONG THE POLITICIANS. WASHINGTON, March 2.— The formation of the Cabinet excites, if possible, more interest than here tofore, their being no conclusion as to several of the gentlemen who have been prominently named in that connection. Their respective friends are still vigorously en gaged to secure their appointment. Mr. Lincoln was engaged until 2 o'clock this morning in hear ing what ardent politicians had to say on this sub ject. The rumors as to any misunderstanding between Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward are all fabulous. Mr. Cameron claims the Treasury Department, and his friends oppose the proposition of allowing Mr. Chase to overslaugh him. He has not consented to accept the War Department, and Chase demands the Treasury or nothing. LATER. WASHINGTON, March 3.—Hon. Gideon Wells has arrived, and all the other gentlemen named in con nection with Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet are in Washing ton, namely: Messrs. Seward, Chase, Bates, Smith, of Indiana, Cameron, of Pennsylvania, and Blair, of Maryland. The relative cast of positions, how ever, with regard to some of them is a mere matter of speculation. VIRGINIA CONVENTION. RICHMOND, March 2.— Mr. Goode, of Mecklen burg, finished his secession speech, after which Mr. Goode, of Bedford, offered the following: WHEREAS, The powers delegated hy Virginia to the Federal Government have been perverted to her injury and opposition; and whereas, the moderate and reasona ble demands known as the Crittenden propositions, with essential modifications, presented bv the General Assem bly as a final effort to restore the integrity of the Union, have been deliberately rejected by our Northern confed erates; therefore, Resolved, That every consideration of duty, interest honor and protection, requires that an ordinance be adopted bv the convention and submitted to the people, by which Virginia resume all the powers delegated by the Federal government, and declare her connection with the government to be dissolved. Referred. Mr. Fisher presented an anti-coercion resolution embodying a suggestion that government should early negotiate with the Southern Confederacy for the transfer ot'Forts Sumter and -Pickens to said Confederacy, and for an equitable division of the public property and public debt. Referred. There is no present prospect of the Committee on Federal Relations agreeing upon anything. PROCEEDINGS OP THE MONTGOMERY CONGRESS. POSTAL BILL OF TUE NEW CONFEDERACY— DISTRIBUTION OF TUE PUBLIC LANDS. In the Congress of the Confederate States, on the 25th ult., the Committee on Postal Affairs sub mitted a report, suggesting as the best means of providing for the sum of 51,060,595.83 —the excess of expenditure over the receipts of the Postal De partment of the six States composing the Confede racy, for theliscal year ending June 30, 1859—that the rate 3 of postage be increased to 5 cents on every single letter of half an ounce for any distance within the Confederate States not exceeding 500 miles, and double that for any distance exceeding 500 miles; to 2 cents on all drop-letters; and to the same sum on advertised letters, postage to be pre paid by stamps. Newspapers not excmding three ounces in weight, sent from the office of publica tion to bona lide subscribers, shall be charged with postage as follows, to wit: the postage on the regular numbers of a newspaper published weekly, within the State where published shall be ay. cents per quarter. Semi-weekly and tri-weekly papers to be ciiarged in proportion to the frequency of their issues. To subscribers beyond the States where the paper is published, the postage will be double the foregoing rates. On monthly periodi cals not exceeding iy ounces in weight, the pos tage to be three cents per quarter and double that rate to foreign subscribers. The publishers of newspapers or periodicals may send to each other from their respective offices of publication, free of postage, one copy of each publication. By this change the committee estimate an in crease of receipts approximating to 5578,874.53. They also recommend the adoption of the "star-bid system" in letting out mail contracts, the discon tinuance of numerous routes, the cost of which is greatly dispropnrtioned to their convenience, and the receipts of the Post Offices supplied by them; and the reduction of other routes from daily to tri weekly ones. The adoption of these suggestions will secure, according to the estimate of the com mittee, a saving of a sum equal to thedeficit already mentioned. The bill provides for the immediate procurement of postage stamps of the denomination of two, live and twenty cents. The report thus concludes : Your Committee are unable to suggest any plan until further arrangements shall have been made for the transmission of mail matter to and from other governments. They believe, however, that until postal treaties can be made, expedients aris ing from the necessities of the public will readily suggest themselves, which will, in a great measure, remedy the inconvenience. The wide spread ram ilications of the express companies would furnish valuable auxiliaries for communication beyond the Confederacy, the mail matter bearing the stamps of each Government through which it may pass by said express. Mr. Shorter, of Alabama, presented a resolution, which was referred, instructing the Committee on Public Linda to inquire into the present condition of the public lands lying within the limits of the Confederate States; and also into the expediency of disclaiming by the Confederate States, all title or right in the same, in favor of the States respec tively in which any public land may be Bituated. Mr. Rhett, of South Carolina, stated that the la bors of the Committee on the Permanent Constitu tion had very nearly been brought to a close. A portion of the permanent Constitution had been placed in the hands of the printer a few days ago, and he hoped by Wednesday morning next to be able to lay the whole of that Constitution before Congress. KHODB ISLAND LEGISLATUHK. PROVIDENCE, March I.—The House refused by a tie vote to L struct the Senators and request the Representatives in Congress to vote for the propo sition of the Peace Conference. LETTER FROM LIEUTENANT A. J. SI.EMMER TO HI BROTHER. February 20, IRGl.— Dear Brother—As a special messenger will leave here for Washington to-mor row 1 will ask him to carry some private letters, with his public ones, and let you know some little about Fort Pickens and the inhabitants thereof. I only wish it were not so much of a one-sided ar rangement, as we need letters down here more than you fortunate people up North can. The papers come through sometimes, but letters never. It quite surprises me to see my name figuring so ex tensively in the newspapers. I have simply done my duty; but 1 suppose the doing it, under such a pressure of opposition, makes it appear creditable. The troops are leaving the opposite shore, disgust ed at playing soldier, I suppose. They say there are only about three hundred remaining, and these are regulars, haying enlisted for one year. My messenger to the yard, this morning, said they were afraid we would attack them now. We could do so, and get possession again of everything in an hour, if we were only permitted to take such a course. I have now mounted nearly all the guns—that is, all that are really necessary to enable this work to be defended by a force of ifiye hundred men. We bave worked like horses to accomplish this, but great tbingß can be dooe by small means when one knows how. This small command has done more than Chase or Lomax could bave done with their two thousand men, and they kunw it. Having seen our guns go up so rapidly, tbey swear we bave bad reinforcements. In fact, the papers say, nothing els* could be expected—that we nave smuggled ia BALTIMORE, MONDAY. MARCH 4, 1861. men from the vessels. It is true we could have done so, and they be none the wiser; but not a man has been added to this command from them. In fact, so particular are we, that not even an officer has come ashore, with the exception ofCaptain Vog des, and he only once, when the vessels iirst came. These Southern papers arc publishing all sorts of false reports about me. One is that I was heard to say that if they had attacked the fort any time du ring the first fifteen days'! would have surrendered it without firing a gun. Of course this is not true. M v men stood at the guns every one of those days, and if they had come they would have learned the definition ofone kind of grape. The people on the opposite shore think we are in a much more defensible condition than when they first came. The moral effect of the guns on top is great. When the move was first made I worked most where they could not see me, and tbey thought but little was doing; but when my men were put to work on the barbette guns, and they saw them go up almost like magic, as they thought (they could scarcely move their own guns), they began to think troublous times were coming.— There are only, as I said before, about four hun dred men at the barracks, Fort Barrancas and old McCrea—only enough to garrison them. They are very much afraid that some fine morning they will find the ships in the harbor, with the intelligence to them that they can leave within two hours, unless they prefer to be food for powder. Colonel Chase and Captain Randolph are both in Montgomery, leaving Colonel Forney in command. He is a West Point graduate, and was engaged in putting up the batteries before that work was stopped. Colonel Chase was putting up a battery near the light-house, and mounting eight inch columbiads on it. This battery would have raked our front, so I wrote protesting against its continuance at pres ent, and also against the erection of all batteries bearing on the fort. Colonel Chase told the Secre tary of War that if he would not land the troops in the Brooklyn, he, on his part, would not attack the fort, and would immediately discontinue a! preparations for so doing. Of course this batterv building was violating the agreement; and they have admitted it by not going on. They thiDk I have no right to mount any more guns either, bat I lhat is all they know about it. There was no ar- I mistice on my side at all, except about the landing of the troops, and that was the Secretary's. 1 aui at perfect liberty to mount every gun in the fort if I choose, and to make each other defences as 1 can invent or copy. * * * * A. J. SLEMMEK, First Lieut. First Artillery, comdg. Fort Pickens. MATTERS IN CHARLESTON. We take the following from the Charleston pa pers of Thursday and Fridav : THE PRESIDENT. For many days past rumors have been rife to the eflect that Jefferson Davis, President of the Con federate States, was on his way to Charleston. Yesterday morning some color was given to these reports by the publication of a despatch, dated Montgomery, announcing the departure of the President for this city. It is scarcely necessary for us to say that, had such been the case, the readers of the Mercury would have been duly informed of the fact in our special despatches from Montgomery. President Davis is still in that city, and from present ap pearances is likely to remain there. We may add that General Dunovant was yester day summoned by telegraph to the seat of the Pro visional Government, to confer with the Secretarv ot War.— Mercury. THE FOREIGN SHIPPING IN TORT— ITS EFFECT O.N THE COTTON MARKET. Owing to the number of ships as well as scboon ers from foreign ports now at our wharves, the de mand fur cotton yesterday was quite brisk and heavy sales were effected. THE DIRECT LINE OF STEAM Sllir3. e learn that over $lOO,OOO were subscribed yesterday for the establishment of a direct line of steamers between Charleston and Liverpool. We hope in a few days to be able to announce the whole ot the stock taken up, and may this important en terprise, inaugurated so auspiciously,be successful ly carried out.— Courier. THE FLOATING BATTERV. The Charleston correspondent of the Providence •Journal gives the following description of the famous floating battery that was launch; d last Mondav : The floating battery, about which there is so much talk, and which is so inaccurately described in the Northern papers, is getting along very slowly, considering the time at which it was to have been finished. It has not the form of a wedge, as I first wrote you,-but looks more like a dry dock than anything I can liken it to. It is about one hundred feet long by twenty-five wide. Ihe frame is of pine timber, one foot in thickness. The bottom is flat. Into this timbers are framed, which go up on one side and on the ends perpen dicularly about fifteen feet, while on the other they have an outward inclination of fifty degrees, and are twenty-live feet long. On the upper end of these are framed short tim bers, at an opposite inclination of about thirty de grees, which present the appearance of rafters, but only extend out about ten feet, and are in tended as a protection for the men at the "-uns. The sides are timbers bolted together, after the manner of a man-of-war, and covered with four inch plank, and outside of that are to be bolted bars of railroad iron, laid two-deep, while on the inside is a double thickness of palmetto logs, and on the inside of these is to be placed a layer of cotton bales, thus making a solid wall of from five to six leet in thickness on the attacking side, while on the other side and ends it will not be anv stronger than is necessary to resist the eil'ect of the concussian in the firing of the guns. It will be partly filled with WBt ® r whicb it . is BU PP ose(i will destroy the effect of the bombs which fall into it; consequently there is a large opening left in the deck. It will mo it four guns, which are now lying aide of o±- pounders and one 44-pounder. They will be mount ed all on one side, it being the only one that is pro tected, the other side and ends having only a rail ing around them. In regard to its efficacy, opin ions differ, but among the soldiers it has the oppro brious epithet ot Slaughter Fen, and each company aro loartul they will he called uptiu to luau it. From the materials of which it is built, it must be extremely combustible, and heated shot will be very liable to set it on fire. Again, it will have to be moored and kept in exact position, for if it swings around, or its moorings are cut, as they might be by chain shot, it would be completely at the mercy of the fort, which might easily sweep the exposed deck by grape or canister shot. NOT IMPROBABLE. It was currently rumored upon the streets yester day, that Major Anderson and Lieutenants' Davis and Talbot, of the garrison of Fort Sumter, would, on the 4th instant, resign their commissions in the United States Army, and retire from the Fort. IMPORTANT TO MERCHANTS. GOODS FOR TIIK SOUTH TO BE ADMITTED FREE OF DUTY TILL MARCH 15. Merchants will see by the following despatch, re ceived by the President of the Adams Express Company, that goods for the Southern States pur chased in this city prior to the first of March and shipped before the fifteenth instant, will be admit sed at Southern ports free of duty—the time hav ing been extended: "AUGUSTA, Ga., Feb. 28, 1861. "To IF. 11. Vinsmore, President Adams Express Company: "The collectors at Charleston and Savannah will pass goods sent by- Adams Express Company, if each case is accompanied by an invoice of its con tents, with the affidavit of the seller attached, certi fying that they were bona fide purchases made previ ous to the first of March, and an aliidavit that they were put on board ship before the fifteenth of March. " Ihe seller's affidavit must particularly describe the number, mark, Ac., of the case or cases in which the invoiced goods are packed. Unless this requirement is carefully complied with we cannot forward goodsbeyond the port of entry. (Signed) "11. P. PLANT, "Southern Sup't of Adams Express Co." The New York Evening Post publishes the fol lowing : We have also received the following note from H. B. Cromwell & Co., the owners of the Savannah steamship line: "NEW YORK, March 1, 1861. '.'To the Editors of the Evening Post : "We have received the following telegrams from our agents, Messrs. Brigham, Baldwin & Co ,of Savannah. We believe the information contained in them to be entirely reliable, and ask the inser tion of them in your paper : " 'SAVANNAH, February 28.— A1l goods purchased before the first of March, and put on board before the fourteenth of March, will be free of duty here on arrival.' " 'SAVANNAH, February 27. —A1l goods shipped after this date to the fourteenth of March will be subject to duty unless accompanied by evidence that they have been purchased before the first of March. " 'Shippers are required to atach an oath and invoice to bill 3 of lading, giving date of sale, when their goods will go forward immediately.' "H. B. CROMWELL A Co." i From the New York Express of Saturday evening.] RESCUE OF AN ALLEGED FUGITIVE SLAVE. GREAT EXCITEMENT AMONG THE COLORED PEOPLE ON THE DOCK—THE FUGITIVE FLEES TO PARTS UN KNOWN. At balf-past three o'clock this (Saturday) after noon just as the steamer iorktown was about to depart for Norfolk, a close carriage was driven rapidly up the pier; and when opposite the gang plank of the vessel, two United States Deputy Mar shals left the vehicle, having in custody a negro, whom they alleged was a fugitive slave. One of the Marshals was about to drag the negro on board, when he grasped, with almost savage tenacity, the rails of the plank, clinging to it despite every effort to disengage his grasp. A large crowd soon gathered round the trio; and the negro, deeming he bad friends or sympathy among them begged them to rescue him, crying loudly and in piteous tones, "Oh, men, save mel Save me! I'm not him—save me!" Oflicer Armstrong, of the steamboat squad, on viewing the crowd, pressed forward, and caught hold of the negro, who had then relieved himself from the grasp of the Mar shal. The officer quickly asked if the Marshals had the necessary jegal documents to convey the fugitive away to Virginia; but the officers in charge of him seemed somewhat puzzled at the question, and after an instant's pause, replied that they had not the papers, but would go for them. One of the Marshals then went for the warrants, leaving the negro in charge or the companion of ficer. In the meantime the negro had become the centre of an excited crowd, who urged him to run, and completely protected him from the approach of the officer in charge. In an instaht afterwards, the negro led on by a large crowd, ran rapidly towards West street, pur sued by the officer, who failed after a vigorous chase in arresting him. The supposition is that he immediately, by the advice of his friends, made tracks for the Jersey shore, where another warrant would be required to capture hiin. There is said to be no doubt that be will take advantage of the recess, by proceeding to Canada. The United States Marshals allege that the ne gro's name was John Polhemue, and that he had escaped from the service of bis master, Mr. Jame son, who resides in Lnuisburg, Va. It is said that Polhemus confessed before the Marshals and his master, who is now in this city, that he was a fugitive, and that he offered to go back to the place from which he had escaped. After I'olhemns escaped, a large crowd of ne groes, longshoremen and others, gathered on the pier, the former of whom threatened to inflict sum mary punishment on the Marshals who had charge of the negro. The neighborhood of the pier, as we go to press, is greatly excitecL Greek coins have been founa in England, within • short period—supposed to have been brought tbere by the Romans. ARRANGENENTS FOR THE INAUGURATION' OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, MARCH 4, 1861: The doors of the Senate Chamber will be opened at 1 1 o'clock A. M., for the admission of Senators and others who, by the arrangements of the Com mittee are entitled to admission, as follows- Ex-Presidents and Vice Presidents; The Chief Justice and Associate Judges of the •supreme Court; The Diplomatic Corps, Heads of Departments, and Ex-Members of either branch of Congress, and Members of Congress elect; Officers of the Army and Navy, who, by name, nave received the thanks of Congress; Governors of States'and Territories of the Union, and Ex-Governors of States; assistant Secretaries °> Departments, and the Assistant Postmaster Gen eral; the Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and So licitor of the Treasury, Treasurer, Commissioner Judges. I he Mayors of Washington and Georgetown, and the reporters in the Senate; All of whom will be admitted at the north door of Capitol. Ihe families of the Diplomatic Corps will enter at the north door of the Capitol, and be conducted to the Diplomatic Gallery. Seats will be placed in" front of the Secretary's table for the President of the United States and the t resident elect, and on their left for the Committer ot Arrangements. The Chief Justice and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court will hare seats on the ri<*ht of the Chair. " JL b . e Diplomatic Corps will occupy seats on the right of the Chair, next to the Supreme Court.— /? Departments on the left of the Chair. Officers of the Army and Navy who, by name nave received the thanks of Congress; Governors of „r uf 8 . Territories of the Union, Ex-Governors ot States, Assistant Secretaries of Departments, and the Assistant Postmaster-General, Comptrol lers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor ot the Treas ury, treasurer, Commissioners, Judges, and the Mayors of Washing and Georgetown, will occupy seats on the right and left of ihe main entrance. Members of Congress and Members elect will en ter the Senate Chamber by the main entrance, "J™ occupy seats on the left of the Chair. Ihe galleries will be reserved for ladies, who will enter the Capitol from the terrace, by the princi pal western door of tho central buildinw and be conducted to the gallery of the Senate. 1 he Rotunda will be closed, and the pasa®es lead ing thereto kept clear. The other doors and entrances to the Capitol, ex cept those to be open under this arrangement, 'will be kept closed. * ' At 11 o clock the President and Presidentelect, accompanied by two members of the Committee of Arrangements, will proceed in a carriage to the north door ot the north wing of the Capitol, and entering there will proceed to the President's room, ii !r\ e -l e ? , resident elect will be accompanied to the Capitol by a member of the Committee of Ar rangements, and conducted into the Vice Presi dent s room, and afterwards into (he Senate Cham ber, where the oath of office will be administered to him by the Vice President. The Diplomatic Corps and the Justices of the •Supreme Court will enter the Senate Chamber a lew minutes before the President elect. The Senate will assemble at 12 o'clock. Ihe Senate being ready to receive them, the I resident and the President elect will be introduc ed nv the Committee of Arrangements to the seats prepared lor them in the Senate Chamber. A/ter a short pause, those assembled in the Sen ate Chamber will proceed to the platform on the central portico of tho Capitol in the following or der: " The Marshal of the District of Columbia; The Supreme Court of the United States; The Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate; The Committee of Arrangements; The President of the United States and the Pres ident elect, The Vice President and the Secretary of the Sen ate; The Members of the Senate; The Diplomatic Corps; Heads of Departments, Governors of States and territories; the Mayors of Washingtonand George town, and other persons who have been admitted into the Senate Chamber. On reaching the front portico the President elect wilt take the seat provided for him on the front of the platform. '1 he President and the Committee of Arrange ments will occupy a position in the rear of the 1 resident elect. Next in the rear of these the Chief Justice and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court will occupy the seats on the left, and the Vice-Presi dent, Secretary, and the Members of the Senate those r.n the right. The Diplomatic Corps will occupy the seats next in the rear of the Supreme Court. Heads of De partments, Governors and Ex-Governors of States and Territories, and Ex Members of the Senate Ex-Members and Members elect of the House of Representatives in the rear of the Members of tlie Senate. Such other persons as are included in the pre ceding arrangements will occupy the steps and the residue of the portico. All being in readiness the oath of office will be administered to the President elect by the Chief Justice; and on the conclusion of the President's address, the Members of the Senate, preceded bv the Vice President, Secretary, and Sergeant at- Artns, will return to the Senate Chamber, and the President, accompanied bv the Committee of Ar rangements, proceed to the President's House. The Sergeant-ac Arms of the Senate, with the Marshal oftbe District, are charged with the exe cution of these arrangements, and aided by the police of the Capital, will preserve order. All horses and carriages will be excluded from Ltlirt r.npttol aquare. Should the weather prove unfavorable, the cer emony of the Inauguration will take place in the Senate Chamber. SOLOMON FOOT, JAMES A. PEARCE, EDWARD D. BAKER, Committee of Arrangements. THE TEXAS suitiiENDEU. The San Antonio Ledger of the 13th inst. has the annexed statement: The Commissioners on .the part of the State made the demand this morning that the public property should be ties m General Government to the authori- After several hours spent in arranging details, the transfer was made by General Twiggs, whose conduct throughout has been frank,manly and honorable. ~ the corps of Rangers undr command of Major Ben McCullough, numbering 600 ,„en. and the different mili tary companies ot this city, there were not less than I 200 men under arms. ' McCullough's Ranging corps were choice men. A body of that numerical strength has rarely ever been grouped material same rapidity, or one composed of finer Although the streets and plazas have been crowded with armed men, not a drunken man was visible, and every thing was peaceable and quiet; indeed, everything passed off With great satisfaction, except by the fall of a doulde barreled shot gun, from a horse, amid a group of gentle men, which was discharged, wounding seven men and two horses. None of the gentlemen are dangerously wounded. n J The Ledger also publishes the following. T , , . , „ SATF ANTONIO. Feb. 18,1861. ""dersigned. Commissioners on the part of the State of Texas, fully empowered to exercise the authority undertaken by them, have formally and solemnly agreed with Brevet Major General David E.Twiggs, United ). Army, commanding the Department of Texas f th. S J"** °k ( the United States shall leave the soil' ? 1.2 ,r" ~ way nf tlie coast; that they shall take with them the arms of the respective corps, includ batter'v r f G ry °' artiUery at Fort ncan, and the battery of the same character at Fort Brown; and shall bt allowed the necessary means for regular andcomfort ?ortat?o°n VL ' I,rOV ' slons ' tents - &c, Kc , and trans- It is the desire of the commission that there shall be no infraction of this agreement on the part of the people of this State. It is their wish on the contrary that cverv facility shall be afforded the troops. They are our friends* Tticy have heretofore afforded to our people all the pro tection in their power. They have been our protectors and we owe them every consideration. The public property at the various posts, other than that above recited for the use of the troops, will be turned over to agents to be appointed by the commission, v, ho will give due and proper receipts for the whole to the officers of the army, whom they relieve in their custody of the public property. THOMAS J. DEVINF, P. N. LUCKETT, ' „ . . , , S. A. MAVERICK, Commissioners on behalf of Committee of Public Safety. HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF TEXAS ) , „ , SAN ANTONIO, Feb. 13,1861. '( (General Orders, No. 5.1 ' The State of Texas having demanded, through its com missioners, the delivery-of the military posts and public pioperty within the limits of this command, and the com mand'ng general desiring to avoid even the possibility of a collision between the Federal and State troops, the posts will be evacuated by their garrisons, and these will * u Pj a s so °n as the necessary preparations can be made, the line of march out of Texas, byway of the coast -marching out with their arms, (the light batteries with their guns,) clothing, camp and garrison equipage, quar termaster s stores, subsistence, medical, hospital stores ana such means of transportation of every kind as raav be necessary for an efficient and orderly movement of the troops, prepared for attack or defence against aggressions from anj'source. The troops will carry with them provisions as far as the coast. By order of BREVET MAJ. GEN. TWIGGS. HON. HENRY WINTER DAVIS.-A Marylander, now resident of New York city-, Las sent the following in reply to Mr. Davis, who, under frank, had sent him (D's) speech: NEW YORK, 229 Broadway,! Feb. 27tb, 1861. / SlR: —The receipt of a copy of your speech on Mr. Corwin's report, directed to me, and purport ing to have been franked by you, seems not only to justify, but require me to express in the most em phatic manner, mv entire dissent from all your views in regard to the questions which have result ed in a dissolution of the Union, and I am aston ished, as a native of Maryland, that a citizen of Maryland can be fouDd to so misrepresent what I be the true sentiments, not only of the State of Maryland, but bis immediate constituency. 1 can only comprehend the apparent position of that State from my former knowledge and my re cent information of the division of political parties there, and that lias forced upon my conviction the painful and mortifying conclusion that some of the old time Whigs, who, from their political positions, should have submitted those questions to the direct action of the people, have been influenced more by their antipathy to the Democratic party than their patriotism; or a more unworthy motive still, a cor rupt desire for place and party under a Northern sectional administration. Respectfully, A our old, but Whig, fellow citizen, DANIEL BOWLY. IMPORTANT DECISION AS TO TAKING FUGITIVE SLAVES. In Clark Co., Indiana, James Anondale, Win. Bangb, and Robt. Rector, were put on trial recently, charged with kidnapping a fugitive slave and taking him back to his master in Kentucky. On a motion to quash the indictment the counsel for the defence and State both admitted the law to be as declared in the case of Priggs vs. the Com monwealth of Pennsylvania. I. That the master has a right to pursue his slave into a free State and take him back to the State wtience be escaped, without nroving his claim to him under the Fugi tive Slave Law. 2. That the agent of the master had a right to pursue and take back the slave with out such trial. 3. That if a stranger should take a fugitive from slavery back to his master, and that master adopted the act of taking hiui back as his own act, then the person taking up the slave was not liable. This seemed to be the settled law on tie subject. The motion to quash having been overruled, the defendants were tried and acquitted —the jury not leaving tiie box. The testimonv did not show that any force or threats were used to get the negro to go to the State of Kentucky. Many of the Southern papers are advocating an extension of the terras of office-holders under the new Confederacy. It is urged that the President be elected for eight years or more, and Representa tives and all other officials for much longer terms than the Constitution of the United States pro vides for. EUROPE. •THE CANADA'S MAILS. Ihe London 'Ames of the 14th ultimo haa the following comments on THE FALL OF GAETA. * * All is now over. Francis 11. has done his best and his worst, and it has delayed and not changed the event. The siege of Gaeta has been a useless and senseless conflict. Every man who has fallen during these five weary months has been murdered for the vainest of reasons—to satis fy the point of honor. We in England saw this from the first, and the Prince who has more than any one else helped to prolong the struggle must have seen it also. Those who watched the affairs of Italy from a distance knew how impossible it was that the royal power, once overthrown in the Iwo Sicilies, could ever be rehabilitated by the successes of Gaeta. When at Palermo 18,000 Nea politan troops surrendered to 1,400 Garibaldians the government of the Bourbons crumbled to the ground in the eyes of Europe. Such an army it was justly thought must argue a political system and a ruler whom nothing could save. Ever since the same spectacle has been continually repeated! The army, the fleet, the civil departments, the Church, even a part of the royal family, deserted to or endeavored to make terms with the enemy. The Bourbons could never be restored, for there was nothing left through which they could rule.— Some priests in the couutry districts, with the peasantry they taught, were the only Bourbon partisans left in the kingdom. Had no foreign power interfered all would have been at peace in a few weeks. But the French Emperor thought fit to show his sympathy with the royal cause. We have been told by the Alonileur— and the statement has been repeated from the imperial lips—that Napo leon was actuated only by pity for one who at an early age had met with a great calamity, and that he desired only to insure the personal safety of I rancis and of his devoted Queen. But with all the respect for the Emperor's talents,we must take leave to say that if these were his only motives his conduct was singularly ill-judged. There can be no doubt that every man in Italy, Constitutionalist, Re publican, ultramontane or royalist, has interpreted the presence of Admiral Barbier de Tinan at Gaeta as a support to the cause of the Bourbon mon archy. As soon as it was known that the French were interfering, back came some of the European diplomatic corps who had previously abandoned the fallen King. The Pope op'enly thanked Napo leon for his pious resistance to revolution. In Na ples itsell signs ot a formidable Bourbon censpira cy soon appeared. There was everywhere a belief that the French wore, perhaps, about to reinstate the King, and the Chui chills, and Canbys of Southern Italy began to reflect that it would be as well to be on the win ning side. Hence treasonable movements began in the capital, headed by officers in the Neapolitan service, and summary arrests and punishment were necessarily resorted to by the authorities The in surrections in the Abruzzi were planned and carried out by the assistance of politicians high in office in the Papal States, ana the whole power of the Church in France was employed to confirm the Emperor in his supposed design of protecting the Bourbon sovereign. Francis himself was mainly encouraged to persist by the hope that the Emper or meant ultimately to save him. He is, indeed, to be excused; for, shut up in a fortress, he knew but little of what was going forward, and perhaps thought that there was a sincere and general wish for his restoration. The loss of life and the misery which have been caused by this long struggle will stain his reputation less than that of the monarch who permitted them, knowing them to be useless. THE AFFAIRS OF SAN JUAN ISLAND. In the House of Commons, on the 12th ult., Lord John Itussell, in reply to Mr. Mills, said : ''The honorable gentleman opposite (Mr. Mills t had asked whether the dispute respecting the rights ot Great Britain and America under the Ashburton treaty, had been adjusted. The disputes aid not arise under that treaty, but under the Oregon treaty. The claims had not been adjusted, but there had been an agreement for a temporary oc* cupation by General Scott of San Juan. A propo sition had been made by the British government to the American government, which being con ceived in a fair spirit, he trusted would be received by the latter; but America had recently been nat urally occupied with her own internal aflairs to such an extent as to preclude the possibility of the proposition receiving immediate consideration. When the answer was received he (Lord J. itussell) would take care that the house should bo informed of it. With regard to the last question, there had been no other correspondence but the demand by the American government for the delivering up of Anderson." THE SEASON' IN ENGLAND. The English season, like our own, would seem to be remarkably advanced. A correspondent of the London Times, writing from Somersetshire, says : "In our garden, the following flowers are in full bloom—viz : anemone, crocus, white and violet alyssum, snowdrop, primrose, red and blue hepati cas, aconites, periwinkle, polyanthus, forget-me not, wall-flower, ragged robin, double daisies, heartsease, aurinculas, violets, and pyrus japonica are in bud; rose bushes and honeysuckle in earlv leaf." WILL THE POPE REMOVE TIIE PAPAL SEAT TO JERU SALEM? A correspondent of the Liverpool Mercury, wri ting from Rome, states that French officers have latterly been very busy in obtaining information respecting Jerusalem and the state of things in that quarter. He adds that they had been taking measurements in several localities, particularly the ground that lies about the Mosque of Omar on Mount Moriah. From Jerusalem they had gone on to Hebron, Gaza and other points, for the like pur pose. It was also currently reported that a body ot French troops was shortly to come to Jerusa j lem, while another would be stationed at Jaffa, and a third on Mount Carmel. At Beyrout, he says, the French officers openly affirmed that their government had no intention of withdrawing the force sent out, but were about to employ them shortly on a new and very different errand to that lor which they ostensibly came.— The French were also actively employed in making from the Holy City to Damuscus, along which to be in course of development, points to the /eTc izing of Pio Nono's favorite plan of removing the scat of the Papacy to Jerusalem. SHAM SALES OF AMERICAN VESSELS. A writer in the London News notices the appli cations made to the Local Marine Board of Liver pool, by several American captains, to be allowed to pass the Board of Trade examination, in order to command their ships when under the British flag, which permission the Board could not with hold. He says "to grant a British certificate to a foreigner, because by a sham sale lie has put his ship under the British flag," is monstrous and sui cidal. lie adds, to grant free trade thus, is worse than murder. He urges that this course will ruin mercantile marine. COTTON CULTURE. Great activity is still manifested in the discus sion of this subject, the entire end of which is to urge the capitalists of Great Britain to establish in dependent fields for the cultivation of the trreat staple. TERRIFIC GALE ON THE COAST OF IRE LA NO. The most terriiic gale which, for its violence and fatal efleets, had been known for twenty years, took place on the eastern coast of Ireland, on February 9th and 10th. A great number of lives were saved by life-boats at various pojnts, ard while engaged in this noble service, Captain Boyd, of Her Majesty's ship Ajax, together with his boat's crew, were unhappily drowned. The papers teem with accounts of wrecks and preservations of lives. The English and Irish papers abound in harrow ing details of the disasters. "At Bray," wtys the Dublin Freeman'* Journal, "where the storm raged with no less fury, one of those heroic deeds which exalt human nature was performed by James Lacy. James Boden deserves aluiOEt equal commendation. A large brig went on shore, and the men clung to the rigging, while a frightful sea broke over the vessel. Boden succeed ed in casting a rope to the men, of whom four got ashore. Due remained on board, and he was be lieved to be too faint to make his escape. He showed no sigDs of animation, and was reported by his fellows to be in a sinking state. How was he to be rescued? No boat could venture out in such a sea, and the rope was unavailing. Lacy volun teered to work his way to the brig along the rope, and nearly perished in the attempt. He succeeded in reaching the ship—lashed the half-dead man to the rope, and with the aid of some of the fisherman of Bray, the last of the men was drawn to land through the raging surf. Along the Northern shore, as might have been expected, the scene was still more harrowing, it one terrible disaster could be surpassed in horror by another. From Ilowth to the mouth of the Boyne the coast is strewed with the fragments of wrecks. Several vessels, some of them of large tonnage, were driven ashore, and, of course, went to pieces. They attempted to beat off, but that dreadful northeaster forbade escape, and they broke up. The crews are mostly reported to have escaped, but one very sad occurrence, in which every man on board perished, took place in the forenoon on Saturday at Skerries. A large schoon er-rigged vessel struck on the rocks, and went down in deep water. Not a particle of her hull or rig ging could be discovered a few minutes after, and with the ship perished the crew to a man. MR. THOMPSON AT HOME. The lion. Jacob Thompson, late Secretary of the Interior, was welcomed to his home in Mississippi by a number of his neighbors and friends, to whom he made a brief speech. In the course of it he said that there wa3 "no serious difficulty" in the Cabi net until after the Presidential election,when there arose a discussion upon the rights and powers of the General and State Governments. On the right of a State to secede the Cabinet split at once, hut on the right of the General Government to coerce a State all agreed in the negative. Mr. Thompson held strongly to the right to secede, but kept his place in the hope, as he says, of preserving peace. He agreed with the President that it was his duty to enforce the laws and hold public property, but held that the army and navy could only be used as a j)oc to aid the civil authority, and as all the civil and executive officers in South Carolina had resigned, there could be no attempt to uphold the laws. He held also that forts in the seceding States could not be occupied as military posts with out endangering the peace of the country. He not only pressed this view of the subject, but insisted that the President had no right to reinforce the defences in Charleston harbor. The transfer of Major Anderson's command to Fort Sumter he re garded as an act of hostility towards South Caro lina; but when he found that troops had been sent by the Star of the West, he immediately waited upon the President to tender his resignation. He then further says: "As I was writing my resignation, I sent a dee patch to Judge Longstreet that the Star of the West was coming with reinforcements. The troops were thus put on their guard, and when the Star of the West arrived she received a warm welcome from booming cannon, and soon beat a retreat. I was rejoiced the vessel was not sunk, but I was still more rejoiced that the concealed trick, first con ceived by Gen. Scott, and adopted by Secretary Holt, but countermanded by the President when too late, proved a failure." EXECCTION OF NEGROES. —We understand, says the Murfreesboro' (N. C.) Citizen, that two of the negroes convicted of being concerned in the murder j[ Jlr ; W° n( lruft, in Northampton county, on the 31st of December last, were hung at Jackson, N. •!i°u baturd, y ' as '* ne 'be murderers, it will be remembered, was lynched by the excited inhabitants at the time of his arrest. These two, a man and a woman, have now paid the penalty for their crime, and the remainiug one concerned in the bloody tragedy, a boy about 14 years old, is to have a new trial. It is to be hoped that this terri ble example of swift retribution will have its de sired effect. TIII> n .JS or . re 'l"' n <ii!nce A'ew York Post ] THE BONAPARTE CASE—PROBABLE RE SULT. PARIS, freb. 12.—A singular and most discredita ble incident has occurred in the course of the Bonaparte-Patterson trial, in which an American citizen, bearing an honorable name, plated the disgraceful rc/e. A man by the name of Gould, as mentioned last week, describing himself as former Secretary to the American Legation at London, and as a son of the deceased .fudge Gould volun leered to write the Prince Napoleon a' letter espousing his of the question, and against the American family. This much of the incident mu>t have gone out to you by the last mail. In the interval between the two Fridays on which the case was up for hearing, it was ascertained by M. Ber ryer that Mr. Gould wrote his letter from the prison Mazas, in this city, where he was confined for forgery, that he had already been condemned by the Police Correctionnelle, in 1859, to one month's imprisonment, and that his letter to Prince Napo ,.n wa fi perhaps, a cover to a demand for the Prince's intercession in his favor before the tri bunals. ou may judge the effect of this discovery on the adverse party, for it will be recollected that the letter was introduced as an important piece of evi dence in their favor. The Prince Napoleon and his lawyer, Mr. Allon, wished Mr. Gould and his letter at the bottom of the sea. Of course his evidence was no longer in question, and M. Berryer, al though fairly entitled to make a a point of it against his adversary, had the magnanimity and the good taste to avoid adding so scandalous an in cident to the trial, and remained silent on the sub ject. He had printed, however, a letter explaining the matter, which was handed to the court and produced the necessary effect without beino brought forward in the printed proceedings. This case was closed on Friday last, by the plea of the State's Attorney, and the judgment of the Court will be given on Friday next. The speech of the State's Attorney was a very clear and com pact argument, and covered every point in the case. Of the dozen points of law, for example, he gave all but the twelfth one in favor of the Ameri can family, but this twelfth one overshadowed all the rest, and decided the case against the Patter sons. The question of the regularity of the mar riage, the good faith of Miss Patterson and her , li s !'- tho reco K n ition of Mr. Jerome Bonaparte, ot Baltimore, as a relative by the whole Bonaparte tannly, the right of the descendants of Miss Pat terson to the name of Bonaparte, and all the ma terial points up to the last one, were decided in fa vor of the Patterson family, by the Government Advocate. But this last one he concluded must decide the case in favor of the Prince Napoleon and the Princess Matbilde; and this resulted from the lh*g judged. In his opinion, the two family coun cils which sat upon the case in 1855 and 1859, were sovereign and final, and the present tribunal could not return upon their decision. Their decision was in accordance with that of the Attorney announced above—that is to say, that the marriage was contracted, legitimately and in good laith; that the issue thereof was entitled to the name of Bonaparte, because he was baptized and always known in all civil acts of his country bv that name; but that the tribunals of France had a right to and did subsequently annul the marriage, and that, therefore, the American family have no rights to the succession of the late Prince Jerome as lawful heirs thereto. This, we mav safely pre diet, will also be the decision of the Court on Fri day next, so that matters will stand as before—the Baltimore children will still boar the name of Bonaparte, in France or elsewhere, and they will not be reproached with illegitimacy; hut they will not, at the same time, be admitted to the succes sion of the Prince Jerome, nor to the rank of 1 nnees of the Imperial family. This strikes one, However,as a strange compounding of the law, and sounds much more like a decision manufactured tor a contingency than a regular operation of justice Uno other incident in connection with this Bona parte I atterson trial has excited some "remark •Tif'u att p, rson > "> coming to France, did not lu ing with her all the papers which sustained her case, tor tear they might be stolen. Some she left be hind; while those she brought she .had sewed into garments which never quitted her person. This indirect imputation upon tho honor of her oppo nents and the French police, excited a sentiment ol indignation which has found expression in va rious ways Keen her lawyer, M. Berryer, spoke of the apprehensions of his client as illusory and ill founded, while the defence made use of the fact to throw doubt upon the authenticity of the cei tili d duplicates presented to the court. Inn IRRCRNSSSIBLK CONFLICT IN NEW JEI-.SIY —lt will bo recollected, that Cs.pt. (iracie, of New lev scy, (the son or Archibald Gracie, of this city ) was a captain of a military company in Mobile, and was ordered bv the Governor of the .State to the protection of Fort Morgan, near Mobile, where as a soldier, he executed the orders of that State Capt. Gracie has been in Elizabeth, N.J for some days, on a visit to his wife and children, who reside there— but was about returning to Mobile On Wednesday night a rough crowd, the tools of Abolitionists, doubtless, gathered around his moMi er-in-'aw's dwelling (Mrs. Mayo), and hun-r Mr Gracie in effigy, firing Roman candles, and burn ing a tar barrel, with great noise and yells—not even however, much to the alarm of the women and children, and certainly not to the alarm of Mr. Gracie. Alter this demonstration, they returned in procession. A poster was put up during the niwht threatening Mr. Gracie with "tar and feathers" if he did not leave within twenty-four hours. It was the intention of Mr. G. to leave, but we hear he now intends to stay to give tliern an opportunity to c "J-y "at their threats. The judicious Republicans do not approve of such demonstrations, and Mr. Gracie has friends enough there to take care of all threatened, and to hang them on the trees, it they try tar and feathers. ~ e ®' nc -' re b' hope that no business necessity of r a ? t j?u?'" e ' ' Sou,|l > wi " hurry him off', till lie'has Jested this question in Elizabeth. If he were a I urk, j artar, Bedouin Arab, even, he has a right to the streets ot Elizabeth, ai.d to protection there; and if a (southern man is to he mobbed, for being a secessionist, we may as well begin to mob millions ot southerners, and so, Chinese-like, cut oil' our selves from all intercourse, business or otherwise, i be question is to be tested, and Captain Gracie is the man to test it. New Yorker born, educated here to obey the laty of bis State, but now living in Mobile, under State authority, not as volunteer, comfAnv he e w eCUte(l, as captain of a militia government fJLt lor guidance, and to that he renders obedience, lie may he right or he may be wrong, but that is not the question; the real question being, is a captain of a military company in Motile obeying the or o" S , of , hls ., ""'itary superior, to be mobbed in Elizabeth, N. J., therefor? if Elizabeth has not citizens enough to protect Captain Gracic, bv Mon day next, we can give a 50,000 posse from New York city, it needed, and so at once begin the "ir repressible conflict" here.—.V. }'. Express. [Mr. Gracie left New \ ork for the South on Sat urday morning.] the southern revolution MM " J TKAI)K OF northern cities When it was predicted that the Southern revo lution, now in mid career, would have a disastrous eflect on the trade of the North, the Republican journals ridiculed the idea. We are, nevertheless, beginning to realize the fact, and if, as it appears from the indicated policy of the incoming adminis tration, no terms are to be entered into with the seceding States, we are likely to go on for years suuering more and more from its influence. As an evidence ot the injurious results it has already produced, we need only point to the tailing off which has been occasioned by it in the business of our large hotels. To such an extent has it affected them that but few of them are paying their ex penses. In Philadelphia, the Girard House, one of the finest houses in the country, was compelled to close its doors the other day, and another large hotel in the same city is about to follow its ex ample. In New York, the Albemarle Hotel, - T . ears £ could not be bought for S2aU,OOO, has just been sold under the hammer by the Sheriff for $147,000. The large hotels at Sa*- ratoga, Newport and other fashionable watering places will, no doubt, wind up tho summer season in the same way, fur it is not to be expected that they will make their expenses when the city estab lishments are going to ruin. On Fifth avenue pro perty and real estate generally,the influence of the existing state of things will be equally disastrous. He will be a fortunate house or lot-owner who will realize fifty per cent, of last year's'valuation of his property, should the new administration attempt to carry out its projects of coercion against the South. The above we take from the New York lit,aid, of Saturday. The Express of Saturday evening says: I he number of Southerners registered at the Ho tels in the Express list this 28th A. M. for tho last week of January and February, '6O and 'Ol, re spectively, showing the great decrease as compar ed with last year: Last week of January. Last week of February T 1860 IS6! - IS6< >- 1881. Jan-23 9a 23 Feb. 22 114 34 J 8 25 23 Bi, 55 ® ]? 25 149 79 2B of la 26 112 57 2 99 29 27 155 54 2 8 50 31 28 149 58 48* 142 763 040 Decrease in Jan. 1861 from 1860, over 66 2 3 ner cent. Decrease in Feb. 1861 from 1860, over 50 per cent. , NOTE.— They are nearly all from the large cities South, and consequently buy mostly from impor ters and not from jobbers. The rush of trade this last week is attributable to the Southern Tariff and to that only. DISMISSAL OF GEM. TWIGGS.— By the following general order, issued by the War Department, it will be seen that David E. Twiggs, who held a generalship in the army of the United States, has been dismissed for treachery to theflag of his coun try. It is the only punishment that government has the power now to inflict: General Orders—No. S—WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJU TANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, Washington, March 1, 1861. The following order is published for the information of the army: WAR DEPARTMENT, March 1.1861. —By the direction of the President of the United States, it is ordered that Brigadier-Genera! David E. Twiggs be, and he is hereby,' dismissed from the Army of the United States for his treachery to the flag of his country in having surrender ed. on the 18th of February, 1861, on the demand of the authorities of Texas, the military post and other property of the United States in his department and under his charge. J. HOLT, Secretary of War. > By order of the Secretary of War. S COOPER, Adjutant-General. KING DAHOMEY AT HIS OLD WORK—S,OOO HUMAN BEINOS SACRIFICED. —Another of those horrible mas sacres, which are a disgrace to humanity, has re cently taken place at Dahomey. The West Afri can fferald publishes the statement from eye-wit nesses of the barbaric "custom" just perpetrated at Dahomey. From this fearful narrative we learn that the recent "grand custom" otßadahung, King of Dahomey, was one of the most revolting which had ever taken place. Several persons agree ID stating that the number of persons sliin on that occasion was estimated at 2,000, but another cor respondent gives the'number at 7,000. He says he was present by COD, pulsion, and that the blood swept past him like flood into a large reservoir. Another gentleman, referring to these inhuman butcheries, says : "1 assure you it made me quite sick, and at the same time 1 felt stunned, lhe poor wretches metdeath with perfect indiflerence." The Herald, which gave Government notice through its columns man v months since oi the inten tion of the King of Dahomey to.hold an unusual "grand custom," in remembrance of the death ot the late King, concludes the recital of the butche ries by stating that "Consul Foote _has come out with full powers to 'treat' with the King of Da homey as to the abolition of these sacrifices." A correspondent, who is well acquainted with Da homey, says : "The best way to 'treat' with the King is to 'squelch' him, deal fairly with the na tives, and let the custom die out." PRICE TWO CENTS. J PLAN* FOB TAKING FORTRESS MONROE.— In these *| exciting times when Forts, Arsenals, Navy Yards and other property baye been seized that formerly belonged to the Federal Union, the people of these two communities very naturally think how and at what cost could Fortress Monroe be taken; the thing has been openly discussed on the streets, neither party agreeing with the other in his or their plan. Som were for starving them out, some for piling the moat with defunct Virginians and clambering over their bodies through the port holes, and a variety ot other plans, none of which seemed feasible or practicable; but at last a mi.'hty mind has come to the rescue and the deed is to be did This genius proposes to construct a monster balloon to be loaded with any quantity of bombs, infernal machines and other devi'lish contrivances' ' to , be dropped within the fort to the suffocation ana destruction of the garrison, after which She victorious aeronautical force is to descend and open gates to the outside forces. The plan is an ex eot one, and with the genius of the inventor to n, , n" ,° U01 ? , Foint "ii't nowhere.-AV/bM- Day Book, March. 1. THE ffnr SENATE. "Occasional," the Washing ton correspondent of the Philadelphia Press, wri ting under date of Ist inst., says : It is significant to observe the tone of mo=t of the new members of the Senate, waiting to take their seats at tbe extra session of that body on the 4th of March, and of all who come he?e for the purpose of making application for the various offi ces in the gift of the new Administration. I have yet to meet one who does not take open ground in favor of an adjustment of our national troubles. I rominent among the newly-elected Senators, who avow their feelings in this direction, may be class ed Hon. Henry S. I.ane, of Indiana, the successor of !'r. bt rail am N\ Fitch, and Hon. Ira Harris, of \ew i> i"" 6330 "" of Wm. 11. Seward, both of ,™^" b,lcaDP ; also Hon. Mr. Xesmith. of Lane succ ßor of the illustrous General Joe TIIF. UNDISCOVERED PLOT.— The people are verv anxious just now to know the extent of the plot whereby Old Abe was to We such an exceedingly nice chance of being slaughtered. Nobodv has been able, as yet, to discover where, when, or how it was arranged, or in what manner it was to have been carried out. Some of the Republican papers begin to doubt it, and unless it is speedily revealed we shall expect to hear some ungentlemanly re marks about Old Abe's pluck. The Washington correspondent of the Boston Advertiser (Republi can) does not believe a word of it, and telegraphs to that j'ournal as follows: i-r'P°i?°i Crcdit the stories of a plot against his lite. He hastened hither to consult friends here, and to escape bores."—iV. Y. Journal of Commerce. WHISKERS.— A correspondent of the New i ork hvening f'ost thus discourses of and concern ing Mr. Lincoln's whiskers : ®b>ry is current which shows the improving effect of the whiskers. A visitor who had met him last summer at Willard's on Sunday ni°-ht was presented to tho Presidentelect and Not catching Mr. Lincoln's name, lie sat down to talk with Mrs. Lincoln. Bye and bye he began to talk about. Mr. Lincoln as if he were not present. '1 am the Mr. Lincoln you are speaking of,' inter rupted that gentleman. 'You are 1' exclaimed the stranger, 'Why, I didn't know you. What a handsome man your whiskers have made vou !' fhe way the President elect laughed showed how highly he enjoyed the mistake." JEROME BONAPARTE ANP THE REJECTED DCKB POM. —The tender of a dukedom—as mentioned in the proceedings of the Court at- the recent trial was made in the following note, by M. Fould: "To Monsieur Jerome Bonaparte, Baltimore: Sir—The Emperor lias ordered me to acquaint you with his desire that you take on your re turn to 1; ranee the title of Cuke de Sar'tenc. I need not insist upon the reasons which have en gaged his Majesty to adopt this means of ending the difficulties you are aware of. The Emperor's intention is that your son shall bear the title of Count de Sartenc. I shall wait your reply, to lay your decision before him. ' „ . , ' aD ?- Bir . &c-, FOULD. Paris, August 17, 185.)." THE SoVTEEEE POSTAL LAWS.— The Montgomery correspondent of the Charleston Courier says: The arrangements which arc proposed for the speedy and effectual transmission of mails are des fined to glean a richer harvest than the burden some method of Uncle Sam. The increase in rates of postage is made in order to produce a sufficient lund to defray the expensesof the Department and compensate lor tho trouble of management. I'con fess that the sudden rise in stainpts will he likely to cut off a good deal of communication, but it af fords a good chance for speculation. I propose to write all tny letters for the year before the law goes into operation. I'IIK NKW TARIFF AND rni: FINE ARTS. —The new tarifl' places a duty of ten per cent, upon pictures imported to he sold, painted by foreign artists. It has been sometimes supposed that the introduction of rare works of art not only served to educate out artists, but refined and cultivated the tastes of the public at large. However true this may be, the imposition ot tit is acl valorem duty will result in a complete prohibition of valuable works of art, anil the w.ll .Rom h., floo<tu.l with aheap copies or worse originals. The proceeds from the sale ot pictures forming the recent French and Belgian ex hibitions were not so profitable as to encourage a repetition—a tax oi ten per cent, at the custom house will surely prevent it.—-V. Y. I'ost. DEATH OF \ NOTED RACB HORSE. —"Mountain Maid," a racing mare well known to horse fanciers and sporting men of this city, died at Lancaster, I'a., this week. The pony in question had been repeatedly matched against Taconv, the celebrated rean trotter, and the latter was 'purchased last summer, by parties in Cambria county, to heat "Mountain Maid." The supposition is that aim was poisoned Her time was 'J.3O, and her owners refused Si,ooo for her hut a short time before her death. Their refusal was in consequence of a de sire on the part of some Philadelphians to hare her visit this city, when they said her owneis could realize $3,000 by putting her on the course.— I'liit. I'rea. A CASE lias lately been decided in the courts in Paris which has created considerable excitement. The heirs of an old lady,who died in 1858, brought an action to breaK her will, which gave all her property to a certain Abbe Bernard. Their suit in the Tirst place was rejected, but appealing to the imperial Court their appeal was sustained—the Court, after examining into the facts adduced, coming to the conclusion that the Abbe Bernard had abusively exercised the influence which, as confessor and friend, be had gained over the old lady to cause her to make the will, and according ly declared it null and void. CESSES or New JERSE Y— Eight Slaves Left. —The Secretary of State of New Jersey, on Tuesday, presented to the Legislature an abstract of the State census. The total population is C72,0'24. Of these 644,080 are whites, 24,030 free colored, and eight slaves. Of the slaves yet remaining in the State there are in Hunterdon county, three; in Middle- Bex, one; in Morris, one; in Passaic, two, and in Somerset, one. The largest county is Essex, con taining the city of Newark; population, 98,875. The next in population is Hudson, containing 62,- 717. The total population of the city of Trenton is 17,221, and of this number 027 are colored. SOUTHERN POSTAUK S R.\MPS. —We saw a letter from Florida this morning, on which was one of the new Southern postage stamps. The letter on which this stamp was placed was marked as paid, and caine through a3 a distributed letter from Savan nah. The Postmaster could not recognize it, and ordered the regular postage to be collected on it when delivered; it will therefore go among the un charged letters, and three cents will be due on it when it is called for. The Postmaster will write to the Department immediately to know if those post age stamps can be acknowledged.— Norfolk JJaii Hook, .Ma,-eh 2. OVERCROWDED DWKM.IXUS IS NEW YORK.—From the report of Mr. Halliday to the Sanitary Associ ation we glean these illustrative figures : New \ ork in 1850 contained 535,027 inhabitants in nineteen of its wards, divided into 112,833 families. For the accommodation of these there were 30,088 dwellings; averaging about three families to a dwelling. It was also found that while 24.4C5 of these dwellings shelter bnt 30 213 families, the re maining 13,623 houses have to cover 7G.G20 families —an average of nearly six families to each house. The Paris correspondent of the lndepenilaiic states that an interview has taken place within the last few days between the Emperor and the young Bonaparte, grandson of Prince Jerome by his lirst wife, Miss Patterson, and whose father is the plaintiff in the action which lias occupied so much public attention. This interview has led to the supposition that before the decision of the Court is pronounced, some friendly arrangemenfwill be ef fected. Din HAMAOBUMTTS EVER SECEDE? —Certainly she did. On the 2Gth of March, 1845, the Legislature of Massachusetts passed the following resolution : Resolved, That Mas achusetts hereby refuses to acknowledge the act of the government of the United States authorizing the admission of Texas as a legal act in any way binding her from using her utmost exertions in cooperation with other States, by every lawful and constitutional measure, to an nul its conditions and defeat its accomplishment. ' lie New Orleans /'rice Current gives the rcporl of the commerce of that port for February, com pared with that of 1860, as follows: The number . vossels in port in February was S3 ships, 20 barks 9 brigs, It schooners) total 126. For February 1860, ships 143, barks 41, brigs 11, schooners 32 total 229—a falling oft' of over forty per cent, foi one month of secession. There is to be secretly propagated at Rome a weekly journal advocating the unity and independ ence of Italy. This journal will have as its motto, "We wish to make of this eternal city, in which twenty-five centuries have deposited their monu ments of glory, the splendid capital of the new Italian kingdom."— Cavoi.r: Speech to the Natioiai Parliament, Oct. 11, 1860. The venerable John Johnson, of Ohio, who wa found dead in his room at the Clay House, Wash ington, some days since, was one of the companion of the famous Daniel Boone, and when the remain: of that celebrated pioneer were, a few years since, removed to a final resting place, the Legislature sent for Mr. Johnson to officiate as one of the pall bearers. ANOTHER PUDESUUAN FEAT.—M ickey 1 tee, the great pedestrian, lilt Jersey city on V cdnesday forenoon for a walk to the city of \> ash ington, intending to arrive thereon Sunday evening, in order to be present at the inauguration of the President on the following dar. Mickey, who is a Republican, was attired in a \\ ide-Awake cap and continental coat. The New York Times correspondent, who says he hasbeen "about Lincoln almost continually" for a period of two weeks, makes the following as tounding declaration . "I am satisfied that Mr. Lincoln is far above the ordinary standard of human capabilities." That is entirely satisfactory. The country is undoubtedly safe. The Democratic State Convention and the Union State Convention of Rhode Island, together with the conventions of both parties in both districts, have appointed committees to report Union candi dates to each and all the conventions, which will assemble again on the 6th of March. Prentice says: Mr. Lincoln has his hand shaken thousands of times a day, but his homeliness pre vents his being half-smothered with the kisses ot pretty women, as Mr. Clay used to be, and as we are in all our excursions. The third volume of AL 6 translation ol Shakspeare has just appeared. It contains Borneo and Juliet," "Timon of Athens," the "Two Gentle men of Verona," and "Midsummer Night's Dream. The Queenot Prussia, accompanied by the Prince and Princess of Prussia, will, it is stated, visit the Queen of England in the month of May.