Newspaper Page Text
VOL. VII—NO. 983.
SEE FOURTH PAGE, BOARD OF TRADE. Committee of Arbitration for month of April. EDWARD JENKIN9. WM SPKRRY, I A. L WEBB, W. F. JOY. I A. GROVF.RMAN. JR. anil Gnrniiterral fteoteto. BALTIMORE, May 6,1861. The Stock market continues quiet, and almost every thing on the list was lower to day. Railroad shares were particularly heavy. Baltimore and Ohio, which closed on Saturday at $43 bid, S4B a9ked, was offered to day a 1 S43X, but only S4O was bid, and for Northern Central only $9 was bid. City C's continue to be inquired for } and 9ales were made to day of $2,973 1875's at 83&82 X, these figures being a decline of 1 to IX per cent, on Sat urday's price; 1890*8 which Bold on Saturday at 88, cloßed at 85 bid, 88 a ked; 1886's left off at 84 bid, and 1875's at 82X bid, 83 asked. Some Maryland 6's were offered to day at 88 for 1870*3. and 90 for 1890's, but the best bid for them was 60. In Railroad bonds there was nothing done. For Baltimore and Ohio 1875's and 1880's CO was bid, and Northern Central 1885*s closed at 35 bid, 42X asked. For Canton Company only $8 was bid to-day, a decline of SIX on the price bid for it on Saturday,and the Mining stocks closed without sales at sl.lO bid, $1 40 asked for Spring field, and 50 cts bid, $1 asked for Gardner Hill. In New York to day North Carolina bonds advanced 1 percent; Tennessee bonds X; Missouri C's >j; Erie X; and Cleveland and Toledo X; but Virginia 6's declined X; New York Central V; Reading X ; Michigan Southern guaranteed X; and Rock Island $1 X SALES AT THE BALTIMORE STOCK BOARD. MONDAY. Mav 6, 1861. SIOOO Bait. 6's '75—83 SIOOO Bait. C's, '75—83 700 44 4 '75—83 273 44 44 75—82* PRICES AND BALKH OF STOCKS IN NEW YORK. BY TELEGRAPH. Through WILLIAM FISHER k SON, Stock and Bill Brokers. No. 22 South street. Ist Board 2<l Board. VirginiaC's 45J£ 00 Missouri C's 39 X 00 Tennessee bonds 47 00 North Carolina bonds 57 00 Canton Company, 9 00 Erie Railroad 21X 00 New York Central Railroad 72 00 Reading Railroad 31X 00 Panama Railroad 00 00 Cleveland and Toledo Railroad 24 00 Michigan Southern Railroad 13X 00 Harlem Railroad 00 00 Galena and Chicago 00 00 Michigan Southern, guaranteed 28, X (0 Rock Island Railroad 37X 00 steady. No quotations received for second Board. The New York Tribune of Monday morning says: The mercantile payments of the da}*, which have been very heavy, the maturities being probably as great as for any day in the current year, have been made, we are glad to be able to say, with great promptness, indicating that there is yet great vitality in the mercantile commu nity. Of 275 notes payable at banks, sent out by the run ner of one of our leading banks, 220 were promptly paid, and of the remainder the larger part were made up of country notes, sent for collecting, made rayafcle at banks where the makers kept no account. As this was looked upon as a day likely to be fatal to many mercantile houses, the above is a very gratifying result. From the Herald cf Monday, we extract the following : —Border slave State storks are kept steady by their scar" city. There are not enough on the market to supply the wants of the bears, who bid them up day after day. It is said on the Stock Exchange that the fears of a private supply of bonds from Tennessee or Virginia are ground less, as a very small addition to the stock now in the street would break the market down. Brokers are aware, we presume, that a party receiving stocks for sale from the Reb 1 Government, or from the Governments of the rebel Stat'-s. or from persons acting for either, is guilty of treason iT he executes the order and remits the money. The New York Express, of Saturday evening, says : Stocks close fairly steady, and there is no disposition shown to submit to further sacrifices. Stocks of Border State hesitating on the verge of secession are still sel ling at low rates, from which there can he no restoration until the lovalty of those States is placed beyond dispute. Railroad shares are held with confidence, under the as surance that all the Northern roads are to have full em ployment in moving grain to market, with a fair amount of Western bound goods and passengers. The money market is without essentia] change. Loans on call are to be had upon best collaterals at very low rates, and Stock bouses ai e paying off loans running at cheap rates from sheer inability to use money in their business. Paper, on the other hand, is hard to move, and very high rates do not tempt buyers. A good many buyers of paper who have long bad a passion for "gilt-edged'' have by recent extensions and suspensions been saddled with large amounts, and have a poor opinion of all kinds of names for the moment. Domestic exchanges and currency continue to im prove, and the latter can now be used at quite reasonable rates. The Chicago and Rock Island road earned the closing week of April, 1861 $21,303 | 1860 $21,667 Decrease $364 The whole month of April stands as follows: 1861 $85,233 | 1860 $83,848 Decrease $10,615 The Cleaveland and Toledo road earned in April. 1861 $89,690 | I*6o $75,f4l Increase $1,150 The New York Central Road shows, in April, a very handsome increase in its earnings. The earnings of the Illinois Central for April. 1861 $205,453.15 | 1360 $18.3,757.79 Gain ; $21,605 .36 The fallowing was yesterday's business at the Office of the Assistant Treasurer : Total Receipts $211,727 85 Total Payments 235.687.14 Total Balance $10,110,354.36 The receipts include $28,000 for Customs. The following is a comparative statement of the Imports of Foreign Dry Goods at the Port of New York for the week and since January Ist : For the. Week . 1859. 1860. 186' <9 thc,or* $935 A"* Thrown on the umiket.. 1,518,939 949,070 231,540 Since Jan. 1. Entered at the port $39,695,447 $39,5.38.834 $26,343,514 Thrown on the market 40,828,713 40,264.393 26,525,119 The Philadelphia Ledqer of Monday says: There was a moderate business in stocks on Saturday, the sales covering $47,500 of loans, and about 950 shares. Nearly all the loans sold were State o's, at the seeming ly low figure of 75. The proposed additional loan of three millions of dollars for war purposes, now pending in the Legislature, is no doubt the cause; and yet. if it was known that no more than three millions would he added to the present debt, that sum would not materially affect the price of the loan. It is the apprehension that further loans will he called for before the rebellion will be subdued that so much depresses State s's. We know that mme intelligent gentlemen think that the demon stration made by the North in defence of the Union will drive the rebels back to within the limits of the Cotton States, and that peace, on some satisfactory basis, will speedily follow. While we sincerely hope this may be so. we confess to many fears that there will he severe fighting, running through a tedious and harassing cam paign. BALTIMORE MARKETS. MONDAY, May f. COFFEE.—There has been some little inquiry for Coffee to day, and we note sales of 250 to 300 hags Rio at 13)4(5) 14 cts. We have no change to note in the rates for Coffee, and we still quote as follows, viz: Rio at 12(5)12)4 cts. for low grades, 13,aJi3i4 cts. for fair, 13)4 cts. for good, 13 If fail 4 cts. for jirime; Laguavra at 14(5)15 cts : and Java at 17/s'ui.lß cts. is no Coffee arriving, but the stock here is about 13.000 hags. FLOPR —The market for Flour continues quiet. There has, however, been some inquiry for it to-day, but so far as we have heard no sales iiave been made. Holders are still asking $5.50 per bbl. for Howard Street, Ohio and City Mills Super; but there are no buyers at this figure. Extra Flour is dull, but it is steady at our previous quo tations, viz: $6.50 for Ohio and Howard Street, and s6.so(<i 6.75 per bbl. for standard !City Mills. FAMILY FLOUR.—A further reduction of 50 cts. per bbl. has been ni.de to day in the rates for Family and high grade Extra Flour, and we quote Family at $8.50 for Welch's, and the leading brands of Baltimore, and Balti more high grade Extra at $8 per bbl. We still quote Ohio and Howard Street Family at $7(57 50 per bbl. RYE FLOUR AND CORN MEAL.—Rye Flour is held at $4 @4 25, and we quote Corn Meal at $3 per bbl, but there is little or nothing doing in either of these articles. GR IN.—Grain was in better supply to-day than it has been for some days past, the offerings at the Corn Ex change of the various descriptions amounting to about 15.0(50 bushels. Corn was in pretty good demand, and sales were made of ahout 1,000 bushels white at 58@62 cts., and son e 6,500 bushels yellow at from 56 to 60 cts. Only a part of the white Corn offered was sold, and for prime parcels 63 and 65 cts was asked. For Wheat the demand was limited. Some 1,500 to 2,000 bushels very common to medium white was sold at from 90 to 112 cts., but a small lot of prime white brought 150 cts. We quote red nominal at 115(5123 cts for fair to prime, white as ranging from 120 up to 150 cts. for fair to prime. For Oats there was some demand, and sales were reported of some 1,500 bushels Maryland at So'.a32cts. There was no Rye at market, and we can give no quotations for it. MOLASSES —We have no transactions to note to day in Molasses, hut we still quote as follows, viz: Cuba at 16(oH8 cts for new crop clayed; 19(5)22 cts. for do. Musco vadn; English Island at 18(al20 cts. for old; Porto Rico at 28(532 cts.. and New Orleans at 32(535 cts for new CTOD. PROVISIONS.—There is a demand for Provisions, and could shipments be made a large business would be done in them, were reported this morning part of which were made late on Saturday, of a lot of 100 hhds. Bacon at 8 and 10 cts., and of some 60 to 75 hhds. do. in lots at 8)4 and 10)4 cts. for Shoulders and Sides. There is no Bulk Meat selling but we quote it steady at 7 and 9 cts. for Shoulders and Sides, and 8)4(5)9 cts. for Hams. Bacon Hams are selling at 12(5)14 cts. Lard is held at9> 4 @lo cts. for Western in bbl?.. and tcs., and we quote Mess Pork nominal at $18(5)20, Prime do. at $14@15, Rump do. at $13(5)14. and at $12.50 for Baltimore No. 1, and sl6 per hbi. for do. Mess. RlCE.—There lias been quite an active movement within the last dav or two in R>ce. We have reported sales, part of which were made on Saturday, of 160 tierces at4)4(a(s4£ cts., 300 tierces at 5 cts..ami 60 tierces at 5)4 cts per lb. SEEDS.—There is nothing whatever doing in Grass Seed*, but we continue to quote Clover nominal at $4 50 @4.75, and Timothy at $2.50(5)2.75 per bushel. Flaxseed is still quoted at $1.25(5)1.35 per bushel, but there is none selling. SALT.—There is very little demand for Salt. Liver pool may be quoted at 80@S5 els. for Ground Alum, and 140 cts. tor Jeffrey & Darcy's, Marshall's, and lVorthington's fine, but cargoes would not bring near these figures, We quote Turks Island and St. Cbes Salt nominal at lfifa-16 cts. afloat, and 20fai25 cts. per bushel from store. IVe note the arrival here to day of 5,865 sacks Salt per ship "John Clark," from Liverpool. SUGARS.—Sugars continue to be inquired for, and we note sales to day of some 60 hhds. Cuba at $firstname.lastname@example.org. The general condition of the market is unchanged, and we still quote as follows, viz: at $4 62)4(<i!5 for refining grades Cuba and English Island; $5 12)4@5 75 for gro cery grades Cuba; $4.75 @5.25 for common'to fair Porto Rico and New Orleans: and $6 50(3.6 75 for good to prime do We note the arrival hereto-day or 196 hhds. Sugar from Porto Rico; 180 hhds., 230 boxes do , and 40 hhds. Melado from Cuba. WHlSKEY.—Whiskey continues very dull. We quote City and Ohio at 18@19 cts.. but we hear ot no sales, aud the quotations are altogether nominal. THE SOUTHERN MAIL. —A Washington correspon dent says that no order to stop the Southern mail service has as yet been issued, but will probably be as soon as hostilities will have commenced. The official Southern correspondence of the Department has almost entirely stopped. THE ELECTION IN WASHINGTON COCXTT. —At the special election held in Washington county on Sa turday last for a member of the House of Delegates, Mr. Frery was elected. Their was no opposition# A FORMIDABLE COMPANY.— The Grayson Dare Devils, says the Richmond Dispatch, number one hundred men, all six feet high, and unfailing rifle shots. The company consisted of one hundred and thirty five, but it is said their commander informed tbem that only one hundred would be allowed to come to Richmond, and to decide which of them should enjoy that desired privilege, they fired at a mark running, and the hundred who struck the target nearest to or exactly in the centre were ac coidinglv detailed, to the chagrin of the remainder, who were as confident as their comrades that they could send a ball at every crack through the vitals of an enemy. FROM HAVANA. —The steamer Cahawba arrived at New York on Friday. Her dates from Havana are to the 30th ult. Business was entirely sus pended owing to the accounts from the tTnited States. Sugar was lower, and no freights could be had in American bottoms, but high rates were paid for foreign vessels. The Cahawba broaght nearly one hundred passeDgers from New Orleans. The Charleston Courier says that an illustrated weekly paper will shortly be issued in that city under able auspices. The Courier says that the press will confer a favor by extending the notice. A prospectus will soon appear. LATEST NEWS. TELEGRAMS. LEGISLATIVE CAUCUS. FREDERICK, May 6.— A caucus of all the members of the Legislature was held in the Chamber of the House of Delegates this afternoon, with closed doors, in reference to our Federal relations. The caucus was addressed for one hour and a half by the Hon. 11. M. McLane, in relation to the details of the interview of the Commissioners lo Washing ton with the President and the Federal Cabinet. He said he thought it was the intention of the Cab inet to subjugate the seceding States by gradual approaches of troops, to sustain the Union in n of Virginia and Teunessee, especially; and by whose aid the Cabinet expected that the Secessionists of thoe States would be overcome without bloodshed. The District of Columbia and Maryland would be necessarily occupied, lo some extent, as a rendez vi us for troops and a depot for munitions of war. V arious inquiries were made ol the Commissioners wh-lher a regiment could not be marched through Baltimore with the assent of the State, to which the Commissioners did not feel authorized to reply affir matively. It was remarked incidentally bv Mr. McLane that the troops which were prevented from reaching Baltimore by the destruction of the bridges left Philadelphia without orders, and would have, been therefore intruders, which the government admitted gave a new aspect to the position they oc cupied with respect to the Maryland authorities. The main point of Mr. McLane's appeal to the Legislature, as I gather from outside reports, was that members should unite without reference to their partizan associations, and devote themselves exc!u,ive!y to the preservation of the peace and safety of Maryland in the present crisis. He said tiiat men who desired to confederate with the Southern States mav readily in this crisis unite with those who have insisted on maintaining the ex isting Union, because, whilst the State is occupied by the Federal troops, it would be physically im possible to relieve her from political association with the Federal Government. Honorable and true hearted men he said, will never consent to maintain the Union bv shedding the blood oi the Southern people and subjugating the Southern States. Therefore such men can never again support the administration of Mr. Lincoln, which has now abandoned the defensive policy of maintaining the Federal Capital, heretofore de clared in Mr. Seward's letter to Governor Hicks. Governor Hicks himself might sustain the Govern ment when it adhered to its defensive policy, but now that it has avowed a policy of subjugation, he will be bound, in honor, to occupy himself exclu sively with the protection of his own people. Mr. McLane read Mr. Seward's letter to Mr. Dayton, our Minister to France, dated May 4, the day of the Commissioners visit' to Washington, de claring the new war policy of the Government and acknowledging the radical change in it, and in this connection he argued to show how widely Gov ernor Hicks was now separated from the Adminis. j tration, if he remained true to his own professions. It was, said Mr. McLane, a great crisis in bis life, j and the Governor ought to thank God that he had ! lost the confidence of the Lincoln Administration, ! which he certainly had. Mr. McLane said he was quite responsible for the entire accuracy of this ] opinion, and added that Governor Hicks could not j recover that confidence without the loss of his own honor; and be trusted that the friends of Gov ernor Hicks would ponder well upon this view of the subject, and encourage the Governor to stand } by the true interests and true men of the State, | leaving the Administration only the ruffian and i venal portion of our population." Threatened Attack on Cairo. CAIRO, 111., May 4, 11 o'clock, P.M. —General Pilloiv, General "fCly, and three other prominent officers of the Confederate army, with a large number of the Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennessee troops, are at Memphis. Heavy guns are arriving there daily. Colonel Prentiss, the commanding officer at this point, has just received the following despatch from three prominent citizens of Cincin nati : "General Pillow has several steamers ready at Memphis. He meditates an immediate attack on Cairo." To which Colonel Prentiss replied: "Let him come. He will learn to dig a ditch on the right side. I am readv." From St. Louis to Cairo there is over twenty feet depth of water, and Cairo is much inconveni enced by water oozing through the levee. Threats are made by Secessionists to cut the levee and over- How the place. Such an act would cause an im mense loss of property and great loss of life. Every boat landiug at Cairo from Memphis has great numbers of passengers—every boat three hundred to four hundred. The following, from the Memphis liul/eiin, explains the reason : "The Giendale, which left here Wednesday eve ning, arrived at Cairo last night about 8 o'clock, with no less than two hundred abolitionists from this city on board, who have lived here for years, and sent away every dollar they made. 11 We were informed that all the way up to Hick man they kept very silent, but as soon as the boat came in sight of Illinois they commenced rejoicing that they could ti.en breathe freer and easier. Thev heaped curses on Memphis, and wished it sunk." Boats from New Orleans to St. Louis have raised the price of deck passage to s2s—former cabin j fare. The purpose is to prevent men from escaping north and to force them into the secession army. At last accounts the river was three miles wide at St. Paul, while the Minnesota was never so high in the memory of the oldest inhabitant. AtChas ka three thousand cords of wood had Hoated away, j and the town was entirely under water. Considerable numbers of troops are congregating j ... *4 ...... io, *uey oay, um | strong enough to attack. The Tennessee and Cum berland rivers, which ran through the heart of Tennessee, and through Western Kentuckv, empty ing into the Ohio 59 and 00 miles above Cairo, can float out a heavy flotilla for aiding the attack from the East. Furthrr from California—By Pony Express. Four KEARNEY, May 4. —The pony express passtd here this morning with the following advices : A bill has been introduced providing tor taking a new census of the State, under the direction of the State authorities—it being urged that anew and correct enumeration is required, before a just Legislative apportionment system can be matured. The settler difficulties in Santa Clara county con tinue, and it is alleged that 1,700 men are ready to take up arms to resist the enforcement of the de cree ejecting settlers from six leagues of land known as the Cheballo Ranch. Gov. Downey sent, some days ago, a messenger to remonstrate with the set tlers, and endeavor to perßuado them to restore or der, by a submission to the law, but nothing was effected. It isreported that the Governor pro posed calling on the military companies of San Francisco to assist in coercing the settlers, but nothing definite seems to have been determined on yet. Accounts from the interior, concerning the grow ing crops, are encouraging. The Old Colony House, corner of Sansame and Pave, San Francisco, was burned on the 11th. The loss is about 51,500. The Republican State Central Committee meets at Sacramento to-day to arrange for calling a State Convention to nominate candidates for Governor and Congress. The Fremont dam, Mariposa, isreported to be repaired, and all the quartz mills are again in ope ration. Accounts of Indian disturbances in Humboldt, and other northern counties are again becoming fre quent, and there seems to be an orgnized effort ma king to kill off the troublesome savages. The Humboldt Time*, of the 20tb, says that on Sunday, April 14th, Lieut. Collins, with 22 men, attacked a ranche of Indians, and in a brief but brisk fight, killed twenty and wounded three others. The next morning, an attack was made by Lieut. Collins on a large village, when five Indians were killed and three badly wounded. The number of warriors in this ranche was estimated at near 150, but they fled after the first charge, leaving the troops in possession. Washington Items. WASHINGTON, May 6—The proclamation issued by the Mayor of Washingten, requesting that drink ing establishments be closed at 9.30 each night, was by advice of our military authorities. On Satur day Senator Wilson suggested to bigh Executive officers the adoption of such a measure, in view of the fact that some ot the troops were evidently be coming demoralized by the free use of intoxicating liquors. Much alarm has existed in the neighboring city of Alexandria, a few days past, owing to reports that the Federal military contemplated taking early possession of it. Many persons have accordingly fled. The Virginia militia proceeded to Culpeper Court House. The First and Second New Jersey Regiments ar rived here early this morning. General Scott publishes another card begging correspondents to spare hiin. lie says be has no office within his gift, no power to accept individual volunteers nor corps of volunteers, no time to read applications for autographs, and cannot acknow ledge one letter in fifty. Travel Between the Capital and the North. WASHINGTON, May 6.—The Secretary of War, in order to accommodate the traveling public, has directed the opening of the military route between Washington and Philadelphia, byway of Annapo lis, to two daily trains—tinge from the North leaving Philadelphia at 10>< A. M., and 11 o'clock P. M. The President has appointed Lieut. Nicholson Adjutant and Inspector of the Marine corps, vice Taylor, resigned. The government has declined accepting more than one regiment of the three months' volunteers from Washington. They will, however, receive two regiments under the latest proclamation. Disturbance at Hnrrisburg. HARRISBURO, May s.—Almost a riot occurred here this alternoon, in consequence of the arrest of a soldier by a police officer, lor disorderly conduct. The officer used bis bil.y in making the arrest, when the comrades of the prisoner attempted a res cue. 'The soldiers made threats, and a large crowd soon assembled. The Mayor called out the Home Guard, with loaded muskets, when order was re stored. Three companies Irom Camp Curtin were marched in, and all the soldiers found in the city were escorted to the camp. Pennsylvania Legislature* HARRISBURO, May 6.— A bill has been introduced in the Legislature of this State, enacting that Sen ator Mason having been guilty of treason, no con veyance or transfer of bis property in Pennsylvania shall be acknowledged or recorded. whole amount of volunteers offered for ser vice in this State is 41,500. General Seott Renewing Ills Allegianee. WASHINGTON, May 6.—Lieutenaut-Ueneral Scott again, for the third time, voluntarily took the oath of allegiance to the Constitution and laws of the United States. His staff here followed hiß ex ample. Louisville for the Union. LOUISVILLE, May 6.—The vote in favor of the Union candidates to the Border State Convention was from six to eight thousand. The secession ticket was sometime since withdrawn. Steamer Ben Deford. BOSTON, May 6.—The steamer Ben Deford, for Baltimore, has been detained to have her cargo ex amined, at the order of the Collector, when she will then proceed to Baltimore. Sliip Ann E. Hooper. NEW YORK, May 6.—Arrived, ship Ann E. Hoop er, of Baltimore, from Liverpool. An affray occurred at Bogersville, Kentucky, last week, between two brothers named Cornelius and a man named Merahon. The latter killed Moses Cornelias with a stone, and wonndad the other brother. CITY INTELLIGENCE. The Condition of the City. The city yesterday was unusually quiet. The day was wet, and the rain ot times fell m torrents In the morning quite a number of persons gather ed on Baltimore street, between North and Holli day streets, to witness the ceremony of displaying the United States flag from the United States re cruiting rendezvous, above the office of the Pa triot. About ten o'clock it was run cut, but there were no demonstrations, either of approbati n or disapprobation, made by the crowd. Throughout the day quite a number of persons lingered in ihe vicinity, actuated more from a desire to know whether there were any enlistments made than from any other purpose. During the day between twenty and thirty were enlisted. About 6 o'clock in the evening the body were marched away, and it is supposed proceeded to Fort McHenry. The I enlistment is for three years. Camp Relay—.Arrest of Mr. Spencer. Air. Spencer, of the firm of Meredith k Co., was yesterday afternoon arretted by the military at the Relay House for expressing his political sentiments ! freely. He was taken to General Butler's head j qu irters for further examination. The troops number 2,200, and are in two camps i —one of tents on the lawn of the farm belonging to | the late William A. Talbott, Esq., and the other |of n>ud huts. Artillery ha 3 been planted on the heights on Mr. Woodside's tarrn, to command the Relay and the Washington road bridges, and four brass pieces have been placed on the intersection of the Washington and Ohio roads. General Butler's staff" is quartered with Mr. Thomas Donaldson.— The dwelling on the Talbott farm has been taken possession of and is entirely occupied. None of the private residences of the other neighbors have been interfered with. The grove at the Relay is being cut down for fire wood, and fences are being torn dwn for the same purpose. A train of ten cars loaded with provisions for Virginia, was seized, and eight of them detained. All baggage is stricly searched and overhauled without ceremony, and without the slightest cause. A large number of men from Baltimore are at the camp distributing liquor and provisions, and giving every information desired about the city. The Rumors in the City. Sunday and yesterday were days marvellous for their rumors. It was currently reported that Gen. Scott was in the city, and that his business here was to make arrangements for the immediate oc cupation of the city, and to this effect had leased the National Hotel and the Adams House, both now unoccupied, in whi~b to quarter troops. Of course this entire rumor was unfounded. There was also a rumor that the forces concentrated at the Relay House had taken up the line of march to this city, and on the route were devastating the country, which was groundless. F*ort Mcllenry—Reported Occupation of the Lazznnltu. Last evening the propeller Maryland and the Harriet Lane arrived at Fort Mcllenrv, and it is reported not only landed troops there, but also landed several hundred at the Lazzarctto. During the morning and early part of the afternoon there were no arrivals. No operations of interest were observable. REPORT OF THE PRISON ASSOCIATION. —The second annual report of the Prison Association has just been published. The total receipts for the year were $1,195, which, with the balance in the treas ury on the Ist of March, 1860, ($81.15,) made the resources for the year $1,276.15. This amount has been expended as follows: Cash paid for printing annual report $59.75 44 4 * printing, postage, books, &c. .. . 27.36 4 4 44 office rent and expenses 63.66 44 14 discharged convicts.... . 244 65 " 4 * jail prisoners' costs, Ac 43.20 44 44 travelling expenses of agents 57 75 44 44 agents'salary on account 749.98 Balance in the treasury 29.80 $1,276.15 There were confined in the City Jail from March Ist, 1800, to same date, 1801, about six thousand persons, of whom three-fourths were committed on the charge of drunkenness and breaches of the peace. Many of those committed on the charge of drunkenness are habitual boarders in the Institu tion. The agent reports that during the year he had released, by v ommitting Magistrates, Grand Juries, and the Court, 240 persons, of which num ber, 21 were sent out of the State, 0 to the House of Refuge, 8 bound out in the county, 7 sent to sea, and 8 to the Almshouse. During the year there were 107 persons released from the penitentiary bv expiration of sentence, and fifteen wre pardoned by the Governor. Of this number 39 lett the Slate, fourteen are in the State, but left the city; 10 returned to th-ir homes in the country, 30 remained in the city, 22 did not report themselves, and two of those discharged have been recommitted to prison. The Sunday school in the penitentiary is in a flourishing condition. There are 292 scholars, with 35 teachers,and the average attendance during the year was 225 scholars and 27 teachers. There are 2,149 volumes in the library, and during the year 0,814 were draw*n out by the prisoners. Many religious tracts arid papers were distributed. BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD. —The passenger trains for the West continue to pass over this road with some regularity, though every train is search ed upon passing the Relay House. The stock trains have been intercepted, but Mr. W. P. Smith, Master of Transportation, yesterday went to Wash ington, and it is anticipated that matters will be arranged so as to remove this obstruction. Trains were yesterday run to Annapolis Junction as here tofore, with the exception of a slight variation in the time. PARADE POSTPONED. —The May law parade of the volunteer soldiery of the city, which was to have • -I-.... ~ ***** - - upwu a wu- | sultation of the officers in command, postponed on account of the inclement condition of the weather. General Steuart has designated next Monday for the proposed parade, when no doubt quite an effect ive display will be made. PROCEEDINGS OP THE CITY COUNCIL. MONDAY, May G. FIRST BRANCH. —Present —The PRESIDENT, JOHN C. Iii.ACKITUIIN, Esq., and all the members. Mr. YEISLEY presented a petition from H. Abbott A Son and others, praying that the bridge over Harris' Creek be rebuilt; referred. Mr. NICHO LAS presented a petition from I). C. Conway and others, praying that the opening of Johns street be suspended for the present; referred. Mr. BOUL DEN presented a report from the Joint Standing Committee on Highways, with an ordinance ex planatory of the ordinance directing the opening of Warner street; laid on the table. MR. CHASE offered a resolution inquiring of the City Register whether the City Passenger Railway Company have paid into the city treasury the amount due for the quarter ending April Ist; adopted. Mr. DIXON called up the resolution authorizing the City Block Ferry Company to use the water front at the Cjty Block, Great Hughes street and West Falls avenue, for the purpose of running a ferry boat; laid on the table. Mr. BANDED gave notice that he would present an ordinance regulating the ap pointment of visitors to the jail. Adjourned. SECOND BRANCH. —Branch met. CHARLES J. BAKER, Esq., President, in the Chair, and all the members present.-——Mr. GEORGE, from the Com mittee on the Fire Department, reported a resolu tion to procure such additional apparatus for the police and fire alarm telegraph as may be ne ded in the prompt and efficient working of the same; adopted. A message was received from the First Branch communicating a report from the Committee on Claims, with a resolution directing the Comptroller to pay to C. S. Willett the sum of SIOS. for a chilled iron safe furnished to the City Collector's office; adopted. Also, from the Committee on the Fire Department, a report with a resolution allowing A. Burdett to erect a frame shed and bath-house on his premises, No. 3C4 West Lexington street; adopted. Adjourned. EXTRA SESSION OF THE PROVISIONAL CONGRESS OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES. MONTGOMERY, Ala., April 29. —Congress re-as sembled to-day, at noon, in compliance with the proclamation of President Davis convening an ex tra session. At twelve o'clock the President of Congress, the Hon. Howell Cobb, took the chair, and the Rev. Basil Manley offered a fervent invocation to the Throne of Grace. The President then called Congress to order, and stated that they bad been assembled at this time by a proclamation from the President. The first business in order was the call of the roll, and few names were called which were not re sponded to. The President stated that a quorum was present, and that Congress was now ready to transact bus iness. Messrs. Davis, Jones, Wigfall and Orr came for ward, took the oath, and subscribed to the Consti tution. Mr. T. R. R. Cobb, of Georgia, said that as a quorum was present, and the CoDgress had been convened by the proclamation of the President, he moved that a committee of three be appointed to wait on the President and inform him that Con gress was now ready to receive any communica tion from bim. The President appointed Messrs. T. R. R. Cobb, James Cbesnut, jr., and John Perkins, jr,that com mittee. The committee retired, and in a few min utes returned, and stated that the President would in a few minutes communicate in writing to Con gress. The President presented to Congress the annexed communication from a portion of the people of New Mexico. MESSILLA, March 18.1861. To the Hon JTovcell Cobb, President of the Congress of the. Confederate States of America: SIR— In pursuance of a resolution adopted at a Con vention of the citizens of that portion of New Mexico, known as Arizona, held at this place on the 16th inst , I have the honor herewith to transmit the enclosed pre amble and resolutions, unanimously adopted, with the hope and request that you will lay them before the Con gress of the Confederate States of America for their con sideration. Signed by the President and Secretarv. On motion of Jlr. Chesnut, the reading of the preamble and resolutions referred to was post poned for fhe present, and the communication was referred to the Committee on Territories. Mr. Ochiltree, of Texas, requested to present to Congress a communication from the Governor of the Territory of Arizona, transmitting a copy of the Provisional Constitution, with the request that it be presented to Congress. The communication was received and referred to the Territorial Com mittee. Mr. Josselyn, the President's Private Secretary, then appeared in the Hall, and stßted that he had a message from the President, with accompanying documents. Mr. Withers asked the question whether there was anything in the message that should prevent its being read in public session. Mr. Toombs replied that there was not. The message was then read. After the message was read (he President of Con gress asked what action should be taken with the accompanying documents? Mr. Toombs desired that they should not be read in public, and moved that Congress go into secret session. The motion prevailed, and Congress remained in secret session about an hour, when they adjourned until to-morrow. THE RAILROAD BATTERY. —The iron car built bv Baldwin A Co. for the Government and to be used on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, was taken to Broad and Prime streets, on Saturday. It is a very formidable looking object, the sides and top being of the best boiler iroD, warranted to resist rifle balls. One half of the car is furnished witb port-holes, so as to allow the use of a formidable cannon, which has been placed on a pivot table, at any point on the side or front of the car. It has numerous holes for look-outs, or for the use of men armed with rifles. With this battery in front of a locomotive, and a cannon loaded with punchings from boiler iron, death will be the portion of all offering enemies.—Philadel phia Ledger, May 6, BALTIMORE, TUESDAY, MAY 7, 1861. LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE CITY OF BALTIMORE. PROPOSED LINE OF STEAMERS TO NEW ORLEANS AND CHARLESTON. ITALIAN AFFAIRS. NEW YORK, May 6.—The steamer City of Balti more has arrived from Liverpool, with advices of the 24th ult. A prospectus had been issued by a Liverpool compauy of a line of steamers direct to New Or leans. Another company bad been formed to run a line of steamers to Charleston, and it was ru mored that the latter would start in July. A French iieet has been ordered and fitted out to convey French troops home from Syria. Prince Napoleon, at the instance of a Family Council, has abandoned bis intention of going to England to seek satisfaction from the Duke d'Au male. The Italian Chambers had agreed by a large ma jority to consider Garibaldi's project for arming the country. The Ministry voted for the resolu tion. The Independence Bthje states, decidedly, that negotiations between Paris and Turin, tor the opening of Rome to the Italians, appeared a favor able conclusion. Affairs at Warsaw remain unchanged. It is denied that Spain intends to reject the offer of the re-incorporation of St. Domingo. It is asserted that Hayti requests a Spanish pro tectorate. THE LATEST vr.t QUEENSTOWN. 11 is stated that the Pope is more than everre solved not to quit Home. It is reported that the Southern soldiers of the garrison of Mondin have protested against Cialdi ni's letter to Garibaldi, and that arrests have been made in consequence. TURIN, Thursday.—There has been a perfect re conciliation between Garibaldi, Count Cavour and General Ciaidini. GREAT BRITAIN. In the House of Commons on the 23d, Mr. n. Berkeley made his annual motion for leave to bring in a bill in favor of voting by ballot. It was re jected by a vote of yeas 154, nays 279. Mr. Ilun combe moved for the prodution of all the corre spondence relative to the seizure by the Turkish government of certain arms which were being conveyed to the East under the Sardinian (lag, and charged Lord John Russell in this matter with having violated the principles of non-intervention. Ministers opposed the production, and were sus tained by a majority of 86. " FRANCE. It is stated that the new treaty of commerce be tween France and Belgium was signed at Paris on the 21st ult. The Paris flour market was dull and lower, but wheat was without change. Trade in general con tinued dull throughout France. The bill for the abolition of the sliding scale in corn, with a view to protect the French mercan tile marine, proposes differential duties between srrain imported in French and foreign bottoms. The duty is 50 cents per 100 kilogrammes, in the one case, and 1 franc 50 centimes, in the other. The Bourse was firm on the 23d, at GB, 50. ITALY. It is stated that on the 21st ultimo, the day fol lowing the important debate in the Italian Cham bers relative to the army of Southern Italy, Gari baldi held a conference with his former superior officers, the majority of whom were in favor of accepting the policy of Count Cavour. I'he friends of Garibaldi were in hopes that he also would ad here to that policy. The Chamber of Deputies on the 22d agreed, by a large majority, to take into consideration the project of Gavibaldi in reference to arming the country. The Ministry voted for the resolution. Garibaldi was not present. The Turin Gazette publishes a letter from General Cialdini to Garibaldi, recalling the friendship and admiration he had always felt for him, but declar ing that his (Garibaldi's) last acts painfully affect ed him. Cialdini says: "I arrive at the secret idea of your party, which aims at rendering itseif mas ter of the army and the country, threatening us, if unsuccessful, with civil war." A letter from Garibaldi, in reply to the above, says: "Strong in my conscience as an Italian soldier and citizen, I will not descend to justify myself against these accusations, as by so doing I should fail in respect to the King and the army. I know nothing of the orders said to have been given by me to Col. Tripnla. I gave orders that the Italian sol diers of the Northern army should be received as brothers, although I knew that that army had come to put down the revolution, which, according to the words addressed by Signor Farini to Napoleon 111, was personified in me. "I believe in my quality deputy. I havestated to the Chamber a few of the wrongs which the Southern army has sustained at the hands of the Ministry. I believe I had the right to do so. The Italian army will find in its ranks one soldier more when it has to fight against the enemy of Italy. You are well aware of this. All that others may have said of me is a calumny. It is not true that, when on the Volturns, we were in a bad condition As far as 1 know, the Army has applauded the free and moderate words of the soldier's deputy, to whom the Italian honor has been an object of wor ship all his life. "If any one is offended at m" for speaking in my demanded ft>r my words. T desire the establish ment of a National Monarchy." The Turin Gazette publishes a letter from Gen. Sirton expressing regret on account of the publi cation of General Cialdini's letter, and giving some explanation in reference to the words which Sirton pronounced in Parliament, and which were alluded to by General Cialdini. In this letter Gen. Sirton also expreses his desire for concord, and says that Italy is personified in the Parliament and the King. The trial of those concerned in the late conspi racy in Naples, will shortly take place. The num ber of persons to be tried is 186. SPAIN. The Minister for Foreign Affairs had held anoth er conference with the Embassador of Hayti, who was said to have requested, in the name of his government, a Spanish protectorate over Hayti. POLAND. There is no news from Warsaw. At latest dates affairs remained in statu quo. TURKEY. The foreign consuls at Mostar, in pursuance of instructions from Constantinople, had summoned the Montenegrins and insurgents to raise the siege of Niksiki—that town being reduced to the last ex tremity. COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. LONPON MONEY MARKET.—The funds were inactive, but there was not the slightest fluctuation in Consols, which closed on the 23d at 91Jg@92 for money, and 92@ 92% for account. In the discount market, the best bills continued to be taken at 4,"4(5)4)4 percent. There was rather an increased demand for money on the 23d, and but few transactions below 4)6 per cent. The foreign Exchanges continued to fall. The Indian Government had bought £1,000,000 in sil ver, partly in the market but mainly from the Bank; hut its shipmentsto the East would probably be spread over 2 or 3 months. LIVERPOOL MARKETS, April 24—A. M Cotton : The sales on Monday and Tuesday have been 25,000 bales, in cluding 12,000 on speculation and for export. Messrs Jas. Hewitt & Co. report the market firm and active, and prices a shade higher under the Africa's news. They call Middling Orleans7%d. and Mobile7)6d. Trade at Manchester is firm, and yarns are in some cases called higher, but business is only on a mo derate scale, and the advance was not generally con ceded. BreadstufTs.—The weather keeps very fine for agricul tural operations. Messrs. Wakefield, Nash & Co., report flour very dull, and the turn easier; 28s.(qj30s. 6d. per bbl. Wheat steady and in fair demand at full rates; red lis. 3d fcl2s. 8d ; white 12s. 6d (a)l4s. 6d. Corn very slatk, and offered at 6d. per quarter decline without finding buyers. Mixed and yellow 355. 6d.@365.; white 365.ff1375. Richardson. Spence & Co. call wheat dull, and corn Is. per quarter cheaper, and very depressed. Provisions—Beef and Pork steady but without im provement in value. Bacon slow of sale, and long mid dles and Cumberland cut offered at 485.@495. Lard very slow at 535.@555. Tallow quiet and unchanged—s3s @ 56s for W. A. Cheese in fair demand at rather lower prices. Produce. —Rosin in better demand; common has ad vanced to ss. Spirits Turpentine steady at 31s. Sugar firm and in good demand. Coffee steady. Rice quiet sales of Carolina at 225. Ashes steady—Pots 31s 6d , Pearls 325.f0i325.6d. LONDON MARKETS. —Breadstuff's dull and drooping for interior wheats but steady for fine. Sugar firm at full prices. Coffee very firm. Teaquiet. Rice very flat and drooping. Taliow quiet—Y. C. 59s @'9s.6d. Spirits Turpentine—Buyers at 315.6 d. English Tin advanced £5 per ton. Linseed Oil 28s.3d.ict2Ss.6d. [ Washington Correspondence A r . V. Herald .l THE WAR BOLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT— HIGHLY' IMPORTANT MILITARY MOVE- M EN'l'S. WASHINGTON, May s.—The twenty days grace to the rebels have expired. Two regiments, with the Boston Flying Artillery, left Annapolis this morn ing by order of General Butler, and proceeded to the Relay House to hold that position. It is the junction of the Baltimore and Ohio, and Washing ton Railroads, and within eight miles of Baltimore. All the cars from Harper's Ferry must pass this point to reach Baltimore, so that all communica tion with that city is cutoff, as Genera! Keims, with his command advancing on the Northern Central Railroad from Harrisburg, controls that route, and the Government having stopped all communication byway of the Susquehanna, and General Butler, commanding a force that will be landed from a fleet in Baltimore harbor, controlling Ell communication with Baltimore by sea, com plete! v invests the city, and it must fall or be laid in asbes. Tbe Sixth Massachusetts regiment, so brutally treated by the mob in Baltimore, left their quar ters in the Capital this afternoon for Annapolis. This regiment will join the lorces under the imme diate command of General Butler against Balti more. Tbe first demonstration to be made in the vicin ity of Washington will be to throw out advance posts, a circuit of twenty miles, or thereabouts, around Washington, including Virginia and the city of Alexandria. This is necessary to secure the agricultural districts from which is derived a supply of fresh provisions for the Washington market, and which has been cut off by the impu dent interference of a secession picket guard star tioned at the long bridge, and which has existed for more than a week. The next move of the government will be to re possess the navy yard at Norfolk, and open and keep open the water communication thereto. At this point a formidable battle may take place if the people of Virginia will permit the troops of the seceded States to pollute her soil for the purpose of making war upon the federal government. In the meantime keep an ear to the ground and the thunder of federal guns will be heard at Fort Pickens and on the Mississippi. It is currently believed that another Presidential proclamation, announcing the intention of theGov erninent to repossess the federal property seized by the Southern rebels, and to deal summarily with all that will hereafter be found resisting its author ity, will appear to morrow. The present week will doubtlessly divulge the plans of the Government for the suppression of the Southern insurrection to a great extent. It will probably form one of the most eventful epochs of American history. That the scene of war will be shifted upon Virginia soil is settled, and that ac tion will be commenced simultaneously at several points is also certain. Lake Cbamplain is higher than it has been for ten years past. It is now Beven feet above low wa ter mark, and is over some of the wharves at Bur lington. The Passumpsic river has not been so high as now in ten years. Dami and bridges are in great danger. In Woodford two dams were swept away on Sunday, the 21t ult., and a bridge between Woodford and Glastonbury. GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF MARYLAND. SPECIAL SESSION. SENATE. FREDERICK, May 6.—The Commissioners appoint ed by the Legislature—lion. Robert M. McLane, Otho Scott and William J. Ross, E*qs., appeared in the Senate Chamber this morning and presented in person the following report: To the Honorable, the General Assembly of Maryland:— The undersigned Commissioners have the honor to re port to the General Assembly of Maryland, that they waited in person on the President of the United Sta.es, on the 4th inst., and presented to him a copy of the j< Lit resolutions adopted by your Honorable bodies on th id inst. They were received by the President with respect ful courtesy, and they made such representations as necessary to convey to him the sense of the General As sembly of Maryland, in relation to the occupition of the Capital of the State by the Federal troops, and the forci nle seizure of the property of the State and of private citizens in the Annapolis railroad and in the Washington branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. And, in this connection, his attention was called to the suspension of intercourse between Baltimore and Wash ington and of all parts of the State with Annapolis; and to the indignity put upon a State while still in the Fede rl luion, by such an interference with the private rights of its citizens, anf by such an occupation of its soil and ways of communication by the Federal Govern* ment. Full explanations were exchanged between the under signed an u Secretary of War and the Secretary of State—who were present and participated in the discus sion—as to the facts and circumst inces that rendered ne cessary the extraordinary incidents accompanying the passage of federal troops through Maryland en route to tile city of Washington, and especially in reference to those acts of the authorities of the city of Baltimore which arrested the progress of tire troops by the railroads lead ing from Pennsylvania aud Delaware into Maryland, and of the opposition to the landing of the troops subsequently at Annapolis, by the Governor of tire State; ar.d in con nection with this action of the authorities of the State, tlie hostile feeling manifested by tire people to ttie passage of these troops through Maryland was considered and treated with entire frankness by the undersigned, who, while acknowledging all the legal obligations of the State to the federal government, set forth fully the strength of sympathy felt by a large portion of our people for our Southern brethren in the present crisis. Although many of the incidents and circumstances referred to were re garded in different lights by the undersigned and the fed eral government, even to the extent of a difference of opinion as to some of the facts involved, yet, in regard to the genera! principle at issue, a concurrence of opinion was reached. The President concurred with the undersigned in the opinion that so long as Maryland had not taken, and was not about taking, a hostile attitude to the Federal Gov ernment, that theexclusive military occupation of her ways of communication and the seizure of the property of her citizens would he without justification; and what has been referred to in this connection, so far as it oc curred, was treated by the Government as an act of ne cessity and self-preservation. The undersigned did not feel themselves authorized to enter into any arrangements with the Federal Government to induce it to change its relation to the State of Maryland, considering it proper, under the circumstances, to leave the entire discretion ■and responsibility of the existing state of things to that Government, making such representations as they deemed proper to vindicate the moral and legal aspects cf the question, and especially insisting on its obligation to re lieve the State promptly from restraint and indignity, and to abstain from all action in the transportation of troops that can be regarded as intended for chastisement, or prompted by resentment. The undersigned are not able to indicate to what extent or to what degree the Executive discretion will he exercised in modifying the relations which now exist between the State of Maryland and the Federal Government, and in the particular mat ter of the commercial communications between the city of Baltimore and other parts of the country, brought to the attention of the General Assembly by the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore. But they feel authorized to express the opinion that some modification may be ex pected. The underigned feel painfully confident that a war is to be waged to reduce all the seceding States to allegiance to the Federal Government; and that the whole military power of the Federal Government will be exerted to accom plish that purpose, and though the expression of this opinion is not called for by the resolutions of your Honor able bodies, yet having had the opportunity to ascertain its entire accuracy, and because it will explain much of the military preparations and movements of troops through the State of Maryland, it is proper to bring it to your attention. Signed OTHO SCOTT, ROBERT M. MCI.ANE, MM. J. Ross. To the General Assembly of Maryland, Frederick, May 6th, IS6I. The report was referred to the Joint Committee on Federal Relations. The House was present by invitation, when the report of the Commissioners to Washington was received and read. Five thousand copies were or dered to be printed. The Senate then adjourned till 4 o'clock. EVENING SESSION. Mr. GOLDSBOROUOH, of Talbot county, presented the memorial of the Baltimore City Union Con vention, protesting against the passage of the mea sure known as the "Public Safety Bill." Mr. G. said the memorial had been handed him by the Bal timore Committee with the request that he would preaenf.it. He did so after notifying the Senator from Baltimore city, to whom it would seem that the duty of presentation would more appropriately belong. He moved its reference to the Committee on Federal Relations. Mr. YELLOTT seconded the motion, and said that he ijad heard read the proceedings of the Conven- whom the memorial had been adopted.— That embraced many of Baltimore's best citizens, and its recommendations were enti tled to great weight. If he could view the bill al luded to in the same light as the signers of the me morial, he would be as bitterly opposed tojit as they. Its true meaning and the objects contempla ted by its passage, were very different from those indicated by the memorialists. He bad never approved all the features of the bill, and had intended to have added material amendments before the final vote in the Senate. It had at his own suggestion been re-committed to the ''' —-jHree. and if anv bill on the subject was again reportea all miaie ---- - '• ,n such v..ni as would meet the approval of every Senator and disturb the nerves of no citizen of the State. He was offended that the Committee had charitably relieved him of the duty of presenting the memorial. The memorial was then referred. Mr. KIMMKL presented several petitions on the same subject. The PRESIDENT also presented a memorial from Frederick county, of the same character, all of which were referred as above. Mr. MILLS presented on Saturday a memorial from the citizens ot St. Mary's county against pre cipitate action in the present crisis, which was re ferred to the Committee on Federal Relations, who subsequently made a report recommending that said memorial be sent to the House of Delegates, which war adopted. The election for members of the proposed Sover eign Convention will probably be called for the same day as the Congressional election. The day for its assembling has not been fully considered. HOUSE OF DELEGATES. Petitions numerously signed against the Senate bill to appoint a Board of J'ublic Safety were pre sented by Mr. Ford from Baltimore county, Mr. Brown from Howard conntv, Mr. Xaill from Fred erick county, Mr. Bavless from Harford county, and Messrs. Stake and Brining from Washington county, all of which were" referred to the Joint Committee on Federal Relations. MR. LONG presented the petition of the Baltimore City Union Committee against the bill for a Board of Public Safety, etc., and communicated the reso lutions of a Union meeting heretofore published Mr. WALLIS, on behalf of tile Baltimore City De legation and the House generally, took exception totoat portion of the resolutions which ascribed to the majority of the House a disposition to accom plish indirectly, through the medium of a Commit tee of Safety, the purpose which, by an almost unanimous vote, the House had decided that they had no constitutional power to consummate. H • said thai the committee on Federal Relations had reported against the constitutional capacity of the Legislature to pass an ordinance of secession; and he had announced as the fixed purpose of those with whom he acted to do nothing which wc u'd take away the power of determining the future course of the State for the people to whom alone that power legitimately belongs. He thought that the personal character and in tegrity of the committee by whom that report was made, as well as that of the Baltimore delegation for whom he spoke, was above challenge by any gentleman of those who passed or presented the Union resolutions referred to; and he, therefore, thought that there was every ground to complain of the precipitate injustice which bad been done the House and the delegation from Baltimore, in assuming that they were engaged in doing exactly what they had openly repudiated. He was told ex plicitly that there was no difference of opinion between his delegation and the Union Convention in regard to the unconstitutionality of the bill against which the resolutions of the latter body were directed. The bill was introduced into the Senate without any knowledge or priority on the part of the Baltimore delegation, and could at no moment have commanded the support of one of their number, or that of the majority of this House. His delegation would have resisted its passage unanimously if it had been introduced into the House, believing it to be wholly at variance with the Constitution. They had so stated publicly and privately from the first moment they were made acquainted with its provisions. Aad he believed their remonstrance had been chiefly instrumental in procuring its recommitment in the Senate.— While, therefore, he acknowledged the lull right of his constituents to deal as they pleased with the actual conduct of their representatives, he pro tested in behalf of his delegation and the majority of the House, against being,held responsible for the action of it judged by the course of any body else, where they were willing to submit to public opinion in regard to their own acts but not the acts of other people. He spoke with entire respect to the Senate, whose action had, no doubt, been governed by the circumstances in the judgment of its members. But he repelled the injustice, for him self and his colleagues, of being held accountable for the judgment of others The petition was then referred. The bill to relieve the Mayor and Board of Police of Baltimore city, and all persons acting under their orders, from any prosecutions for certain acts done on and after the 19th of April, was amended so as to provide that no officer of any court should be paid any cost in any suits commenced against them, &c., and passed unanimously. The llouse then adjourned till to-morrow. RECEPTION AT THE W HITK HOUSE. —We are author ized to state that the estimable and popular lady of President Havis will give her first public recep tion at the White House to day (Tuesday), and that she will be pleased to receive her fiiends dur ing the hours of one and three o'clock, in the af ternoon. These receptions, we learn, will be con tinued on every succeeding Tuesday afternoon until further notice. This announcement will no doubt be very gratifying to the many friends of Mrs. Davis in this city, and they will eagerly avail themselves of the opportunity thus afforded of pay ing their respects. It is a fact worthy of note that while the Washington Capital is convulsed by the tumults which the mismanagement of the rulers there have brought upon them; while there social enjoyments are entirely suspended, and women and children are fleeing for their lives from the city, our own Capital at Montgomery is wholly undisturbed—the social amenities of life are con ducted as usual, and were it not for the presence of troops who are on their way to fight tbe battles of their country, no one would suspect from the out ward of our Capital that we are en gaged in war. The difference between the two Capitals in this respect is very striking.—Mont gomery Advertiser, April 30. ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY RE-ORGANIZED. —The Erie Railroad Company has been fully re-organized with Nathaniel Marsh as President, Samuel Marsh, Vice President, H. N. Otis, Secretary, and Tallman J. Waters, Treasurer. Two classes of shares are to be established, common and preferred—the for mer representing the old stock, and the latter the uusecured and judgment debt, amounting to eight millions, and an assessment of per cent, has been made upon the par value of both stocks, which will entirely re-establish the credit of the company. MR. RUSSELL'S SECO\D LETTER. WASHINGTON', April 1. From all I have seen and heard, my belief is that the Southern States have gone from the Union, if not for ever, at least for such time as will secure for their Government an absolute independence till it be terminated by war, or, if their opponents be right, bv the certain processes of internal decay, arising from inherent vices in their system, faulty organization, and want of population, vigor and wealth. That the causes which have led to their secession now agitate the Border States most pow erfully with a tendency to follow them, is not to be denied by those who watch the course of events, and, as these powerful neutrals oscillate to and fro under the pressure of contending parties and pas sions, the Government at Washington and the au thorities of the revolting States regard every mo tion with anxiety—the former fearful lest by word or deed they may repel them for ever; the latter more disposed by active demonstrations to deter mine the ultimate decision in their own favor, and to attach tbem permanently to the Slave States bv resolute declarations of principle. * * * The influence of England and of France on the destinies of the Republic is greater than any Amer ican patriot would like to admit. It must not be expected therefore that there will be any proof of excessive anxiety afforded by the leatiers'of either party in reference to the course which may be taken bv the European Governments in the present crisis; but it is not the less to be apprehended that an im mediate recognition of the confederated independ ence of the South, or of the doctrine of absolute in dividual sovereignty on the part of those States, may precipitate the hostile action which, in the event of absolute final separation, seems to be in evitable. To the North it would be a heavy blow and great discouragement, the consequences of which could only be averted by some very violent remedies. Separation without war is scarcely to be expected. * * * * * Without the means of enforcing an authority which many of its own adherents, and most of the neutral parties, denied to it, Mr. Lincoln's Admin istration finds itself called upon to propound a pol icy and to proceed to vigorous action. The dp mand is scarcely reasonable. The policy of such men suddenly lifted to the head of affairs, which they cannot attempt to guide, must be to wait and watch, and their action must be simnlv tentative, as they have no power to put forth, with moderate fcope of success, any aggressive force. Be satisfied of this—the United States Govern ment will give up no power or possession which it has at present got. By its voluntary act it will surrender nothing whatever. Mo matter what re ports may appear in tire papers, or in letters, dis trust them if they would lead you to believe that Mr. Lincoln is preparing either'to abandon what he has now, or to recover that which he has not. The United States Government is in an attitude of protest; it cannot strike an offensive blow. But if any attack is made upon it, the Government hopes that it will be strengthened by the indigna tion of the North and West to such an extent that it can not only repel the aggression, but possibly give a stimulus to a great reaction in its favor. On these principles Fort Sumter and Fort Pick ens are held. They are claimed as federal fortress es. The Stars and Stripes still float over them.— Whatever mav be said to the contrary, they will remain there till they are removed by the action of the Confederated States. The Commissioners of Mr. Jefferson Davis's government "have reason to say that if any attempt be made to throw reinforce ments into Fort Pickens, unless they receive pre vious notice of it. as promised, it will be a breach of good faith." From all I can learn, no intention of strengthening the fort is at present entertained, but it may be doubted if the attempt would not be marie should any favorable opportunity of doing so present itself. All "the movements of tToops," of which you will see accounts, are preparations against—not for—aggression. At most they amount to the march of a few companies and guns to vari ous forts, now all but undefended. Fort Wash ington, of which I shall have a few words to say hereafter, was till lately held bv a very inadequate force. As a member of the Cabinet said to me, "I could have taken it last week with a little whis key," that potent artillery being applied to the weak defences of the aged Irish artilleryman who constituted "the garrison." The "formidable military force concentrated in Washington," of which you mav read in the Amer ican journals, consists of about 700 men of all arms, so far as I can see, and four brass field-guns. There is a good deal of drumming, filing, marching, and music going on daily. I look on and see a small band in gay uniform, a small body of men in som bre uniforms, varying from 15 to 30, rank and file, armed, however, with excellent rifles, and a very large standard, pass by, and next day I read that such and such a company had a parade, and "at tracted much admiration by tneir efficient and sol dierly appearance and the manner in which," Ac. But these military companies have no intention of fighting for the Government. Their sympathies are quite determined. Formidable as they would be in skirmishing in the open country, they would be of comparatively little use against regular troops at the outset of the contest, as they have never learned to act to gether, and do not aspire to form even battalions. But their existence indicates the strong military tendencies of the people, and the danger of doing anything that might turn them against the Gov ernment. Mr. Lincoln has no power to make war against the South; the Congress alone could give it to him; and that is not likely to be given, because Congress will not he assembled before the usual time unless under the pressure of an imperious ne cessity. * * * * •* Whatever may be the result of all these diverse actions, the Great Republic is gone 1 The shape of the fragments is not yet determined any more than their fate. They may re-unite, but the coljgsjp.p, BW?lrani?„,T,:; c "p!atforJii? "Lifere 'were too many officers on board; perhaps the principles of construction were erroneous; the rigid cast iron old constitution guns burst violently when tried with new projectiles,—anyway, those who adhere with most devotion to the vessel, admit that it is parted right, amidships, and that its prestige has vanished. The more desperate of these would gladly see an enemy, or go out of their way to find one, in the hope of a common bond of union being discovered in a common animosity and danger. The naval preparations, of which you wilt hear a good deal, are intended to make good existing deficiencies and lo meet contingencies. At any other time the action of Spain in St. Domingo would create a cry for war. Now all the Federal Government can do is to demand and receive expla nations. In reply to Mr. Seward's inquiries, the Spanish Minister has possibly stated that the recent events in St. Domingo have been caused by the acts and threats of Hayti, which forced the Domin icans to call in the aid and claim the protection of Spain. There have been several attempts from time to time to induce France to assume the dominion of its former possession, and it is not unlikely that an excellent understanding exists between the Court ot Madrid and the Euiperor Napoleon in reference to the subject. The report that the Mexicans have made, or contemplate making, an attack on Texas, is scarcely worthy of credence. As to the Morrill tariff, I can only repeat what I have already said. It must be borne till results show that it cannot be persisted in. Then only will it be repealed or modified. The theory of the Gov ernment is, that the United States always takes far more from Kurope than it can pay for. "If the revenue is collected there is no ground for com plaint. The English and French manufacturer will be satisfied, as well as the Northern population. If the revenue is not collected, then the tariff must be repealed, and that will be done within the year if the mischief is serious." Birmingham, Wolver hampton and Manchester must make the best they can out of the doctrine. HOUSE STRUCK BY LlGHTXl.NO— Marvellous Escape of the Inmates. —The first thunder storm of the sea son visited this region on Tuesday night. About midnight the lightning struck a dwelling-house at Forrestdale, near Slatersville, occupied by the families of Danforth Crossman and A. Butts, the members of which were all in bed. Nearly the en tire north side of the house was torn off by the subtle elen.ent, while it played strange pranks withindoors. The bed on which two persons lay teas moved across the room and its casters melted! A bureau was smashed to pieces and a portion thrown upon the bed. Bed clothes and clothing were rent in twain, yet strange to say no person was seriously injured. A child was somewhat stunned. One of the ladies, in speaking of the event, said her first thought after the thunder clap was, "Jeff. Davis has come."—Woonsocket (H. 1.) Patriot. PRANKS OF THE NEW YORK ZOUAVF.S. —The New Y"ork Zouaves yesterday seemed to be making up for the lost time to them in coming from New York to this city, and amused themselves in playing va rious pranks, which, however amusing to them, were decidedly unpleasant, if not unprofitable, to the other parties. Restaurants, cigar stores, and hack and omnibus drivers were levied upon, and in settling, coolly told to charge it to Uncle Sam, "Jeff Davis," or some imaginary captain. One party entered a house and called for breakfast, and having swept the table and done some injury to the house, told the lady to call on the Colonel for dam ages, <fcc. It is probable these tricks will cease in a short time, as the officers are determined to ex pel from the regiment every man who does not be have himself becoming a soldier. In fact, we hear that ten rather incorrigible b'hoys have been promptly headed towards home by their officers.— Washington Star of Saturday. CAPTAIN DIKE. —We copied yesterday a state ment from the Lowell Courier, to the effect that Captain Dike, of the Stonehain Light Infantry,who was one of the soldiers injured by the Baltimore mob, "was robbed of SI,OOO during the affray, which had been contributed by the citizens ol Bos ton for his company." Captain Dike's father called upon us yesterday, and slated that his son, who is still in Baltimore, has been treated with the utmost kindness, that responsible merchants had taken charge of his effects and supplied his wants with filial kindness; that his son had no such sum as $1,003; that no contribution was made by "the cit izens of Boston," and that the whole story of rob bery and unkindness was a fabrication.— Boston Courier, May 4. LINCOLN'S BLOCKADE. —The blockade of our har bor includes every conceivable avenue of approach to it—from the broad-bosomed Chesapeake and its noble rivers, to the creeks and coves which form their tributaries. The James river boats have been stopped, and no steamer is permitted to run be tween Norfolk and Hampton. As this small potato blockade will have % to be maintained chiefly by means of small boats, some plan might be devised, we think, to way-lav and sink them. Such a des picable species of warfare is truly worthy of the great mind which now rules the destinies and de grades the historic fame of what were once tbe United States.— Norfolk Herald, May 3. Ax APT REPLY. —On Monday evening last, when jour streets were crowded with soldiery, and inspir iting martial music stirred all hearts, a lady chanced to pass along one of the principal thoroughlares, when a volunteer, who probably felt the "one touch of nature which makes the whole world kin," very politely saluted her by raising his hat, and remark ing—"Farewell, my good lady; I'm going ofl to fight for you;" to which she instantly and very composedlv replied, "And I intend remaining here to pray for you, sir."— Montgomery Advertiser, May 1. A grand military review took place in New Orleans on the 27th ult. Some 1,000 troops were in line. ___ Rifled cannon are beiog made at "Leeds founde rv" in New Orleans, and it will soon be able to turn out this superior artillery in quantity. Mr. Newman has resigned his po.-ition as Speaker of the Tennessee Senate, for tbe purpose of taking charge of a regiment of volunteers he had raised. Capt. J ones, of the sloop Isabella,reported to have been hung for attempting to provision the federal fleet at Fensacola, has turned up at New York. Dr. Cheever has been lecturing at Liverpool on the present American crisis. His audience was not very numerous. T iltrv ™' l V'* Planters' Advocate, May 1.) LARGE, AND ENTHUSIASTIC MEETING IN tine or ft, CALy ERT COUNTY. _ , ,■ ■ e " 1,,8t numerously attended meetings th S if"' county, took place on Tues tl l'or vJh 2' p . r . ince Frederick. On mo tion of Nathaniel Duke, Esq Dr. Jatne* A dies ley was called to the chair and Joseph Griffis ap pointed \ tee President, and James T Wall Sec retary. ' ' Col. Sollers then arose and addressed the meet ing, which, during the continuance of his remarks was wild with enthusiasm. He concluded bv offer ing the following resolutions, which were unani mously adopted, amid the patriotic cheers of the meeting : Resolved, That we have read with deep indignation the proclamation of one Abraham Lincoln, calling for 75,000 men from the different States to march upon and butcher our Southern brethren; that we regard this as a gross usurpation of authority, and the first step towards the establishment of a military despotism. Resolved, That by all the means In our power we will co-operate with other of our fellow-citizens of Maryland in the preventing the passage of Northern troops through our territory. Resolved, That whatever may have been our difference of opinion heretofore, and however anxious we have been for the preservation of the Union, since the blood of Mary landers has been shed by a hostile, invading foe. in the city of Baltimore, we, as one man, proclaim that Maryland ought to resume whatever authority she may have delegated to the General Government, and to unite her destiny with the Confederate States. 1 he meeting was then addressed bv Jesse J. DaJ rymple, D. It. Magruder, R. C. Mackall and James A. Bond. Lsqrs., in strains of fervid and patriotic eloquence, auiid the loud cheers and huzzas of the meeting. John I'arran, Esq., offered the following reso tion: Resolved, That the thanks or this meeting are tendered ! to the patriotic citizens of the city cf Baltimore for the noble attempt they made to stop the passage of Northern troops through that city. On moti m, it was ordered that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Exchange and Planter#' Advocate. The meeting then adjourned, with nine cheers for the Confederate States and Jefferson Davis. Subsequently the sum of six thousand dollars was raised upon the spot by the Commissioners' Court of the county, ami a committee appointed to pro ceed to Baltimore or Richmond to purchase arms for the citizens of the county. The committee, with the funds in their pockets, proceeded at once to execute their commission. JAMES A. CHESLEY, Pres't. JAMES T. WALL, Sec'y. [ From the London Times, April \ 7.] TIIE SYRIAN QUESTION. — A Mew View of the Causes of the Massacres. —W r e have already given our readers an outline of the earlier part of the "Correspondence relating to the Affairs of Sy ria. ' A further perusal of these papers will show that, the month of September, 1800, was the real turning point of this strange episode. It was on the 2d of that month that Lord Dufferin, preceding his brother Commissioners bv some days, arrived at Beyrout, and employed the interval pending their arrival in a personal visit to Damascus. Up to this time vague and exaggerated rumors as to the nature and extent of the outbreak had found general credence, and while a culpable lenitv was shown to the Turkish officers, under whose eyes the worst outrages were perpetrated, the idea of there being two sides to the story as between the Druses and Maronites themselves, had scarcely been enteitained. In the course of this month, however, our government becainepossessed of" more trustworthy information. * * * Lord Dufferin himself, in a recent and very important letter, dated February 24, 18GI, says: "When 1 first came to this country I was un der the impression of those natural sentiments of indignation which naturally animated every one who had beard of the horrible atrocities perpetra ted by the Druses on the Christians, and 1 fully expected that the investigation it was become uiy duty to pursue would only confirm my previous im pressions." * * * "I am now in a position to state, without fear of contradiction, that, however criminal may have been the excesses into which the Druses were subsequently betraved, the origi nal provocation came from the Christians." We are hound to add that, however unpopular such an opinion would have been last September, it is fully borneoofu f by the evidence contaiued in this vo lume. Wh a n blood had once been shed each sect appears to have vied with the other in sanguinary vindictivent.es, and the details now before us sug gest no doubt whatever as to the wholesale charac ter of the miseries inflicted, while they leave us in utter despair of providing a permanent remedy. DISCOMFORTS OF A NEW YORK BELLE. —The New York Express publishes the following: MADISON SQUARE. Dear Coz:— This horrid war that every body is talking about, has interfered so with society that I have scarcelv anything to tell you. Absolutely s many of the beaux have volunteered that we can't have any German. There's one of the consequences of civil war that I'm sure could never have been contemplated. I think if it were known, peace would be immediately proclaimed. You haven't any idea of our sufferings here. The girls have to talk to old beaux who were rejected by our grand mothers; we have to spend all our time at lint and bandage parties, and our fingers are sore with scraping old napkins. But i's all the rage. They say a company of Florence Nightingales is to be f rmed; each lady to carry a lamp; but I don't see any use in that, unless it is, like Diogenes, to look for a man. Oh! the desolation of the ball-rooms! But I suppose I shouldn't tell the enemy of our de privations. I haven't had a new bonnet since East er; Fa says all his Southern stock is good for noth ing, and he must be economical. Lucy Lovem is engaged; her intended proposed himself the dav couldn't refuse at such a time. I'm sure 1 should have accepted the whole company. At any rate I wish they'd have proposed. Ever 60 many mar riages have been hurried up by the wars. My cou sin, Matilda McFliuisey, was one of the brides, and wore star spangles all over her veil. The worst of it all is, we cannot get our strawber ries or peas from Savannah. What is to be done? Ma gives a dinner next week, and the idea of no green peas and absolutely no strawberries for des sert!! Don't you think you could smuggle some to us. It would'nt be giving aid and comfort to the enemy, would it? Surely food is not contra band of war, and really without our Southern ve getables and fruits, the dinner would be a failure. Oh dear, oh dear, no German, and no green peas ! What, a dreadful thing war is. Yours, my love, confidingly, FLORINDA M. Tun RIOT AMONG THIS SOLDIERS AT HARRIBBURG.— The Harrisburg Patriot and Union gives the fol lowing account of a fracas which took place in that city on Tuesday: *'lt appears that George Wilson, Thomas Ellison, John M'Entirc, Edward M'Cann and Sergeant Bryan, of the Biddle Guards, left Camp Curtin in search of deserters. Unfortunately they visited a number of places where liquor was soid, and im bibed rather freely. In Mulberry street they made an effort to enter a private house under the pre tence of searching for a deserter, and were only deterred by the firmness of the man, whose clothes were torn in the struggle. From thence they went to the tavern of Dr. M'Grannahan, where they be haved most outrageously, and among other freaks of fancy despoiled the Doctor's till of all the small change in it. They next brought up at Raymond's tavern, where their conduct became so bad that the police had to be sent for. Immediately on the arrival of the officers the soldiers became furious, and made an indiscriminate attack upon them, as well as all others, with their bayonets. One of them ran his bayonet through the maimed arm of Isaac Maguire, which also entered his side, making several bad though not dangerous wounds. M'Cann made a desperate assault upon Mr. Raymond, when the latter knocked him down with a chair, laying open his skull in a frightful manner. For a long time he was supposed to be killed. The inadequate police force were unable to cope with the armed soldiers, and their arrest had finally to be effected by a file of soldiers, WHO marched them to jail. Mo exasperated were the people who had congregated and witnessed the riot, which raged for nearly an hour, that the soldiers who made the arrest kept the populace from the prisoners at the point of the bayonet." FLAG ON THE CROSS OF TRINITY CHURCH.— On Thursday afternoon rn intense and painfnl anxiety was caused in the breasts of thousands of spectators on Broadway and Wall street, by the appearance of a man in the act of climbing Trinity church steeple. The intrepid individual emerged frntn.the topmost oriel window—from which a pole with the American flag on the end of it, has for some time been exhibited —and catching firm hold of the fret ted stone work, commenced slowly to ascend. As he mounted higher and higher, the diminishing diameter of the steeple made the task easier, and enabled him to quicken his steps. In a few minutes he had reached the foot of the cross, and, hanging to that firm object, was safe. At this point the repressed excitement of the eager watching throng below found vent in loud cheers, which the ventur ous climber acknowledged by waving his hat. The object of his hazar lous undertaking then became apparent, for he could be seen fastening a halyard to the foot of the cross, as a preparatory step for the raising of a flag to the highest artificial point in this city. The object of his exploit having been achieved, the climber groped his way down; and every observer felt a great deal better when he had reached the little oriel window and crawled in again.— N. Y. Journal of Commerce. PRACTISE ECONOMY. —There never was a time in our history when it was more necessary to practise economy than now. War enormously enhances the price of provisions and other necessaries, while it diminishes the means ot purchasing thein. In some kinds of business fortunes are being realized, liut, such is the general prostration of business, that the fa lures in New York since the 22d of April number over two hundred; and such is the quantity of protested paper thrown on the bauks, that they now refuse to accommodate. One of these, the day before yesterday, had $30,000 worth of paper protested, ileal estate is unsaleable, and rents are gone down, because people have not mo ney to pav. The holders of breadstuff's will keep them up, because they know that the war and the demand in England will enable them to command high prices. It is necessary, therefore, for all classes of citizens to practise economy; even for some who used to purchase three or tour coats in twelve months to wear one now for a whole year. Economy in these, the hardest of hard times, is a virtue of the first order, and no person ought to buy anything he can dispense with till the war is oyer. .Y. 1. Herald, April 4. THE CROPS. The reports of the crops, both North and South,-are of the most cheering character.— The Plaquemine (La). Gazette says that never be fore did the crops of cane, cotton and corn promise a more fruitful harvest. The Lawrenceville (Ga.) iVel re says that the wheat in that section is look ing well. Corn has been planted more extensively than usual. In Michigan there is a good prospect of as large a crop of wheat as last year, a greater breadth having been sown. Wheat looks well in Kentucky and Virginia. From the West our re ports are" all of a promising character. NARROW ESCAPE FHOM DROWNING OF GENERAL HOUSTON, OK TEXAS. —Late Texas news says: We understand that a sail-boat, in which Gen. Houston and Col. Morgan were proceeding fr-fm the residence of the latter to San Jacinto, capsized in thirty feet water, and both these gentlemen were in danger of drowning. Gen. Houston has very imperfect use of an arm and a leg, and Col. Morgan is totally blind. Mr. Kos Morgan hap pened to be just behind them in another boat, at the time of the accident, and rescued them. A Washington correspondent says : Mrs. Lincoln, with her customary thoughtfulnese, has decided to hold one or more levees, at which the military are to be invited particularly, and the public general ly. Mrs. Lincoln is going to New York next week, to remain at the Metropolitan hotel, that, line other ladies, she may indulge in the luxury of JJew York shopping. She will be absent but a few days. Edward G. Wilkins, of the New York Herald, died on Sunday morning, of pneumonia. PRICE TWO CENTS THK NEW YORK ANNIVERSARIES.—The New York Expre HH of Saturday says: The war will materially interfere with this year's anniversary meetings. Two of them are killed outright—viz., the Abolition and Woman's Right Societies—but still, enough are left to make the week an interesting on". American Seamen's Friend Society, Monday eve ning, May 6th. American and Foreign Christian Union, Tuesday morning. N. Y. Sunday School Union, Tuesday afternoon and evening. American Tract Society, Nassau street, Wednes day evening. American Tract Society, Boston, Wednesdav af ternoon. evening Can ome Missionary Society, Wednesday American Bible S >cietv, Thursday morning, nintr " * ate Colonization Society, Thursday eve rMi'nT'r" Te ™P Pencernce Union, at I)r. Cheever'a Church, Union Square, Thursday evening. American Board of Foreign Missions, Friday morning. J CAN THK SOUTH SUPPOKT T <Vovin !N M E NI?-Eli pbalet Case, in a communication to the Boston Post, fully answers this question, as follows: Now, there is nothing that puzzles the radical Republicans so much as the diiliculty the South will have in raising a revenue to carrv on their government. Did it ever occur to them that ten per cent, on this one article, of export duty, would raise on $250,000,000, $25,000,000, and that this would not exceed one cent per pound on the entire cotton crop? Then suppose the South should con clude to tax the products of the Northern States ten per c<*nt., and the hats and other imports from the free States east of the Alleghany innun M-ii.'™ F er CeDt ' , ' l ' 3 would yield at least $23,000,000 more. Then an import duty on all oth er imports from all other parts of the globe would make an income of $10,000,000 more-S6O 000,000, in all. The South is rich in all the resources that go to make the wealth and power of great nations: and can easily within its present territory support two hundred millions of people. A fiits IT Pawnor.—The present age is fertile in great enterprises. Men hesitate at nothing, and dare seeming impossibilities. Oae of the most im posing schemes of the day is in process of execu tion near Bombay, in India, under the auspices of British capitalists. It is a railway enterprise called the "Bhore Ghaut Incline," which in other words is an incline railway on the Ghaut moun tains, believed to be the greatest undertaking of its kind in the world. This incline is an enormous mass of masonry, crowded upon an unhealthy, desolate, nnd almost inaccessible mountain scarp. It is 3,156 feet high, and 15% miles in length. The number of laborers in constant employment upon the work is between 40.060 and 43,000, and the amount of contract work executed in a single month has exceeded $250,000. The enterprise is expected to exert a great influence in developing the resources of India. A (TOTE TRANSACTION THAT DIDN'T PAT.—J. A. Brown having cleared the schooner A. A. Handel with a cargo ol rice for I'once, Porto Rico, on Mon day, sent by the captain a letter no ifving two other vessels, the J. A. Brown and Harriet Gard ner, bound lor this port with cargoes from Cuba, and then oil the bar with pilots on board, not to enter, in consequence of which notification the vessels sailed for Boston. The facts of the case coming to the knowledge of Sheriff* 13. L. Cole, Mr. Brown was brought before Collector Boston, who, upon proof of his violation of the law, enforced the penalty provided for in such cases, of S4OO in each case, which amount, with ten per cent, dis count for bank bills, was promptly collected by M r . Cole. Mr. Brown was, we understand, afterwards waited on by a committee of citizens, who gave him till Saturday next to arrange his affairs aud leave the city. Right.— Savannah News, May 1. IMPORTANT RAILROAD COSVKNTION. —An important Railroad Convention, says the Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser, in which forty-three different companies were represented, assembled at the Exchange Ho tel yesterday. It agreed, we understand, to trans port the troops of the Confederate States at the rate of two cents per mile, and munitions and pro visions at halt the usual price. The mails a-e to be carried at $l5O per mile for the first grade service; SIOO for the second grade service; and SSO r or the third grade service. A commiltee was appointed to determine as to whether they will receive Con federate States bonds in payment for this service, and we are reliably informed that it will report fa vorably. REGIMENT OP FREE COLORED MEN. Governor Moore, we have heard, has authorized the organi zation of a regiment of free colored men. We have always relied upon the fidelity of the free colored men who were born in New Orleans—the descen dants of those who fought on the plains of Chalmette. And we expect that when the regiment is fullv or ganized, and, if the mean, false, dastardly black republicans of the North endeavor to make a hostile approach to New Orleans, our free colored regi ment will help to teach them, by a bloody lesson, tori, that they know their true from their false friends. We heard it said that Felix Ltbatut, E-q., an old, esteemed, and wealthy citizen, would be re quested to become colonel of the regiment. —New Orleans Delta, April 30. THE REACTIONARY CONSPIRACIES AT NAPLES.— Since the arrest of the leaders in the recent pots against the Government at Naples, the police have seized at. the house of a Swiss, who is supposed to be implicated, I,GOO rifles, 300 dagger*, 700 re volvers, and 150 uniforms, besides a great number of helmets. The Swiss declares that these things came ia way of business, but a jargg th ught to contradict the assertion. The Popola d*ltalia states that base coin was used in promot ing the objects of ttie conspirators, and that a large firm in Naples voluntarily gave up t the Govern ment a large quantity of this coin which it had re ceived from Rome. PLANT GRAIN AND GRASS. — In the Tennessee House on Friday last, Mr. Ewing, of Williamson county, offered the following joint resolution, which was adopted and ordered to De transmitted to the Sen ate: Resolved, by the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, That in view of the dearth of the past two years, and the probable extraordinary demand for cereal and forage, to supply the absolute wants of our State and at the entire South, that the agri culturists of the State be, and are hereby requested to devote the breadth of arable land in the State to the culture of grain and grass. THE CHEEVER CHURCH 1 ROUBLE. —An ex parte Council, called by the Abernetby part of Dr. Cbee ver's Church, to consider the latest batch of trou bles which have occurred in that perturbed institu tion, are now sitting in New York. The question involved in this case is a very important one lor the future of Congregationalism, viz: whether a ma jority have a right to excommunicate a minority from the fellowship of the church. The hearing will occupy two days at least. THE NEW ORLEANS MINT.— In regard to the re ported debasement of coin at the New Orleans mint, the New Orleans Crescent declares that "not one single new coin, of any kind or denomination whatever, has been issued from the mint at New Orleans since its seizure by the order of the Louisiana Convention, and we presume none will be issued until after the devices for anew set of coins, to compose the currency of the Confederate States, are ordered by the Montgomery Congress." SHOES. — According to the Shoe and Leather Re porter. 3 042 cases of boots and shoes were shipped from Boston during the past week by rail and sea to various places outside of New England. 1,140 cases were sent to the Western fates, 1,344 to the Middle States, 261 to the Southern States, 206 to the British Provinces, and 82 to Melbourne, Aus tralia. To the Confederate States there were no shipments. The Richmond Dispatch learns that the guns and munitions of war at the Norfolk Xavy Yard, except such as are necessary to the thorough de fence of that position, and of the neighboring cities and fortifications, have been removed and distribu ted to all such points in the line of defence as the interests of the South require. Lord Palraerston has granted out of the Queen's bounty fund £IOO to the two daughters of Mr. James De Foe, great grandson of the author of Robinson Crusoe. The family are poor; the father, a carpenter, died in 1857, at the age of eighty years, after a long and painful struggle with pov erty. Diptheria is not a new disease. Dr. Greenlow says it was known in the sixteenth century, the ser enteenth and eighteenth. It does not arise hom an)* known combination of physical causes. It ia communicable, but not highly contagious, and at tacks families. The National Intelligencer states that the Govern ment has established two daily lines of trains from Washington for Annapolis, Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and other points North. There are two trains each day. The management is entrusted by the Mecretarv of War to Mr. Thos. A. Scott. An old soldier, who has seen service, says : Do not wear cotton socks; your feet will be blistered by a six hours' march. Wear woollen socks, and if you can find the means to dip the soles in melted tallow before starting, your feet will not be blis tered at all. While thirteen appointments, foreign and domes tic, have been given to editors and attaches ol the New York Tribune , not a single man connected, HI editor or correspondent, with that paper has vol unteered to fight. The men who talk the loudest are not the men who fight. At the recenTTerm of the Circuit Court in Hamp shire countv, Virginia, Abraham J. Alger, indict ed or marrying his niece, was found guilty, and fined SSOO. Mrs. Barbarv Ann Alger, the wife < f said Alger, for marrying her uncle, was also tried and acquitted. A housekeeper in Manchester, England, com plains that the gas company there brought him in a bill for the consumption of seven hundred feet of gas, when, in fact, they had not even completed his couplings with the main. Queer people these gas companies. The Richmond Dispatch says: —Wehave nodoubt that the United States Government will make an attempt to regain this Yard. Troops will probably be concentrated there insufficient numbers to de fend it. It is stated that Major Anderson, who arrived in Washington city on Saturday from New York, was accompanied by a remittance of $4,000,000 in gold froui the Sub-treasury at New Yotk. Two of the Ohio State Seuators had a fracas at Columbus on Thursday last. A pistol was drawn but missed fire. The parties engaged are named Cummins and Cuppv. _ Letters announce the departure from I enaacola, for Virginia, of the Orleans Cadets, ( apt. Charles Druex; the Louisiana Guards, Major Uoddj and the Cbasseurs-a-l'ipd. ('apt. St. I'aul. Professor Lowe, the famous aeronaut, will make another ascension from Cincinnati in a few days, carrying with him a number of passengers. Re hopes to reach New York city before descending. The Richmond Examiner states as a singular fact that Virginia was the Bth State to join the Kedetal I Union, and she is now the Bth State to leave the same. The Richmond Whig of Saturday says : We beg to suggest to all Southern papers the propriety of omitting all mention of the movement of troops within our borders. A word to the wise! Hon. Asa Biggs, of North Carolina, forwarded his resignation as a District Judge of the Lni e States, to A. Lincoln, on the '-'3d ot Apri . Lieut. John N. Maffit, late of the O. S. Navy, tenders his services to North Caro Confederacy. The ranerslhn.ughout Virginia are pitching into the P gr P ocers and provision merchants for their extortionate charges.