VOL. VII—NO. 983.
SEE FOURTH PAGE,
BOARD OF TRADE.
Committee of Arbitration for month of April.
WM SPKRRY, I A. L WEBB,
W. F. JOY. I A. GROVF.RMAN. JR.
anil Gnrniiterral fteoteto.
BALTIMORE, May 6,1861.
The Stock market continues quiet, and almost every
thing on the list was lower to day. Railroad shares were
particularly heavy. Baltimore and Ohio, which closed
on Saturday at $43 bid, S4B a9ked, was offered to day a 1
S43X, but only S4O was bid, and for Northern Central
only $9 was bid. City C's continue to be inquired for }
and 9ales were made to day of $2,973 1875's at 83&82 X,
these figures being a decline of 1 to IX per cent, on Sat
urday's price; 1890*8 which Bold on Saturday at 88, cloßed
at 85 bid, 88 a ked; 1886's left off at 84 bid, and 1875's at
82X bid, 83 asked. Some Maryland 6's were offered to
day at 88 for 1870*3. and 90 for 1890's, but the best bid for
them was 60. In Railroad bonds there was nothing done.
For Baltimore and Ohio 1875's and 1880's CO was bid, and
Northern Central 1885*s closed at 35 bid, 42X asked. For
Canton Company only $8 was bid to-day, a decline of SIX
on the price bid for it on Saturday,and the Mining stocks
closed without sales at sl.lO bid, $1 40 asked for Spring
field, and 50 cts bid, $1 asked for Gardner Hill.
In New York to day North Carolina bonds advanced 1
percent; Tennessee bonds X; Missouri C's >j; Erie X;
and Cleveland and Toledo X; but Virginia 6's declined
X; New York Central V; Reading X ; Michigan Southern
guaranteed X; and Rock Island $1 X
SALES AT THE BALTIMORE STOCK BOARD.
MONDAY. Mav 6, 1861.
SIOOO Bait. 6's '75—83 SIOOO Bait. C's, '75—83
700 44 4 '75—83 273 44 44 75—82*
PRICES AND BALKH OF STOCKS IN NEW YORK.
Through WILLIAM FISHER k SON, Stock and Bill Brokers.
No. 22 South street.
Ist Board 2<l Board.
VirginiaC's 45J£ 00
Missouri C's 39 X 00
Tennessee bonds 47 00
North Carolina bonds 57 00
Canton Company, 9 00
Erie Railroad 21X 00
New York Central Railroad 72 00
Reading Railroad 31X 00
Panama Railroad 00 00
Cleveland and Toledo Railroad 24 00
Michigan Southern Railroad 13X 00
Harlem Railroad 00 00
Galena and Chicago 00 00
Michigan Southern, guaranteed 28, X (0
Rock Island Railroad 37X 00
No quotations received for second Board.
The New York Tribune of Monday morning says:
The mercantile payments of the da}*, which have been
very heavy, the maturities being probably as great as for
any day in the current year, have been made, we are
glad to be able to say, with great promptness, indicating
that there is yet great vitality in the mercantile commu
nity. Of 275 notes payable at banks, sent out by the run
ner of one of our leading banks, 220 were promptly paid,
and of the remainder the larger part were made up of
country notes, sent for collecting, made rayafcle at banks
where the makers kept no account. As this was looked
upon as a day likely to be fatal to many mercantile
houses, the above is a very gratifying result.
From the Herald cf Monday, we extract the following :
—Border slave State storks are kept steady by their scar"
city. There are not enough on the market to supply the
wants of the bears, who bid them up day after day. It
is said on the Stock Exchange that the fears of a private
supply of bonds from Tennessee or Virginia are ground
less, as a very small addition to the stock now in the
street would break the market down. Brokers are aware,
we presume, that a party receiving stocks for sale from
the Reb 1 Government, or from the Governments of the
rebel Stat'-s. or from persons acting for either, is guilty of
treason iT he executes the order and remits the money.
The New York Express, of Saturday evening, says :
Stocks close fairly steady, and there is no disposition
shown to submit to further sacrifices. Stocks of Border
State hesitating on the verge of secession are still sel
ling at low rates, from which there can he no restoration
until the lovalty of those States is placed beyond dispute.
Railroad shares are held with confidence, under the as
surance that all the Northern roads are to have full em
ployment in moving grain to market, with a fair amount
of Western bound goods and passengers. The money
market is without essentia] change. Loans on call are to
be had upon best collaterals at very low rates, and Stock
bouses ai e paying off loans running at cheap rates from
sheer inability to use money in their business. Paper,
on the other hand, is hard to move, and very high rates
do not tempt buyers. A good many buyers of paper who
have long bad a passion for "gilt-edged'' have by recent
extensions and suspensions been saddled with large
amounts, and have a poor opinion of all kinds of names
for the moment.
Domestic exchanges and currency continue to im
prove, and the latter can now be used at quite reasonable
The Chicago and Rock Island road earned the closing
week of April,
1861 $21,303 | 1860 $21,667
The whole month of April stands as follows:
1861 $85,233 | 1860 $83,848
The Cleaveland and Toledo road earned in April.
1861 $89,690 | I*6o $75,f4l
The New York Central Road shows, in April, a very
handsome increase in its earnings.
The earnings of the Illinois Central for April.
1861 $205,453.15 | 1360 $18.3,757.79
Gain ; $21,605 .36
The fallowing was yesterday's business at the Office of
the Assistant Treasurer :
Total Receipts $211,727 85
Total Payments 235.687.14
Total Balance $10,110,354.36
The receipts include $28,000 for Customs.
The following is a comparative statement of the Imports
of Foreign Dry Goods at the Port of New York for the
week and since January Ist :
For the. Week . 1859. 1860. 186'
<9 thc,or* $935 A"*
Thrown on the umiket.. 1,518,939 949,070 231,540
Since Jan. 1.
Entered at the port $39,695,447 $39,5.38.834 $26,343,514
Thrown on the market 40,828,713 40,264.393 26,525,119
The Philadelphia Ledqer of Monday says:
There was a moderate business in stocks on Saturday,
the sales covering $47,500 of loans, and about 950 shares.
Nearly all the loans sold were State o's, at the seeming
ly low figure of 75. The proposed additional loan of
three millions of dollars for war purposes, now pending
in the Legislature, is no doubt the cause; and yet. if it
was known that no more than three millions would he
added to the present debt, that sum would not materially
affect the price of the loan. It is the apprehension that
further loans will he called for before the rebellion will
be subdued that so much depresses State s's. We know
that mme intelligent gentlemen think that the demon
stration made by the North in defence of the Union will
drive the rebels back to within the limits of the Cotton
States, and that peace, on some satisfactory basis, will
speedily follow. While we sincerely hope this may be
so. we confess to many fears that there will he severe
fighting, running through a tedious and harassing cam
MONDAY, May f.
COFFEE.—There has been some little inquiry for Coffee
to day, and we note sales of 250 to 300 hags Rio at 13)4(5)
14 cts. We have no change to note in the rates for Coffee,
and we still quote as follows, viz: Rio at 12(5)12)4 cts. for
low grades, 13,aJi3i4 cts. for fair, 13)4 cts. for good, 13 If
fail 4 cts. for jirime; Laguavra at 14(5)15 cts : and Java at
17/s'ui.lß cts. is no Coffee arriving, but the stock
here is about 13.000 hags.
FLOPR —The market for Flour continues quiet. There
has, however, been some inquiry for it to-day, but so far
as we have heard no sales iiave been made. Holders are
still asking $5.50 per bbl. for Howard Street, Ohio and
City Mills Super; but there are no buyers at this figure.
Extra Flour is dull, but it is steady at our previous quo
tations, viz: $6.50 for Ohio and Howard Street, and s6.so(<i
6.75 per bbl. for standard !City Mills.
FAMILY FLOUR.—A further reduction of 50 cts. per bbl.
has been ni.de to day in the rates for Family and high
grade Extra Flour, and we quote Family at $8.50 for
Welch's, and the leading brands of Baltimore, and Balti
more high grade Extra at $8 per bbl. We still quote
Ohio and Howard Street Family at $7(57 50 per bbl.
RYE FLOUR AND CORN MEAL.—Rye Flour is held at $4
@4 25, and we quote Corn Meal at $3 per bbl, but there
is little or nothing doing in either of these articles.
GR IN.—Grain was in better supply to-day than it
has been for some days past, the offerings at the Corn Ex
change of the various descriptions amounting to about
15.0(50 bushels. Corn was in pretty good demand, and
sales were made of ahout 1,000 bushels white at [email protected]
cts., and son e 6,500 bushels yellow at from 56 to 60 cts.
Only a part of the white Corn offered was sold, and for
prime parcels 63 and 65 cts was asked. For Wheat the
demand was limited. Some 1,500 to 2,000 bushels very
common to medium white was sold at from 90 to 112 cts.,
but a small lot of prime white brought 150 cts. We quote
red nominal at 115(5123 cts for fair to prime, white
as ranging from 120 up to 150 cts. for fair to prime. For
Oats there was some demand, and sales were reported of
some 1,500 bushels Maryland at So'.a32cts. There was
no Rye at market, and we can give no quotations for it.
MOLASSES —We have no transactions to note to day
in Molasses, hut we still quote as follows, viz: Cuba at
16(oH8 cts for new crop clayed; 19(5)22 cts. for do. Musco
vadn; English Island at 18(al20 cts. for old; Porto Rico at
28(532 cts.. and New Orleans at 32(535 cts for new CTOD.
PROVISIONS.—There is a demand for Provisions, and
could shipments be made a large business would be done
in them, were reported this morning part of which
were made late on Saturday, of a lot of 100 hhds. Bacon
at 8 and 10 cts., and of some 60 to 75 hhds. do. in lots at
8)4 and 10)4 cts. for Shoulders and Sides. There is no
Bulk Meat selling but we quote it steady at 7 and 9 cts.
for Shoulders and Sides, and 8)4(5)9 cts. for Hams. Bacon
Hams are selling at 12(5)14 cts. Lard is held at9> 4 @lo
cts. for Western in bbl?.. and tcs., and we quote Mess Pork
nominal at $18(5)20, Prime do. at [email protected], Rump do. at
$13(5)14. and at $12.50 for Baltimore No. 1, and sl6
per hbi. for do. Mess.
RlCE.—There lias been quite an active movement
within the last dav or two in R>ce. We have reported
sales, part of which were made on Saturday, of 160 tierces
at4)4(a(s4£ cts., 300 tierces at 5 cts..ami 60 tierces at 5)4
cts per lb.
SEEDS.—There is nothing whatever doing in Grass
Seed*, but we continue to quote Clover nominal at $4 50
@4.75, and Timothy at $2.50(5)2.75 per bushel. Flaxseed
is still quoted at $1.25(5)1.35 per bushel, but there is none
SALT.—There is very little demand for Salt. Liver
pool may be quoted at [email protected] els. for Ground Alum,
and 140 cts. tor Jeffrey & Darcy's, Marshall's, and
lVorthington's fine, but cargoes would not bring near
these figures, We quote Turks Island and St. Cbes Salt
nominal at lfifa-16 cts. afloat, and 20fai25 cts. per bushel
from store. IVe note the arrival here to day of 5,865
sacks Salt per ship "John Clark," from Liverpool.
SUGARS.—Sugars continue to be inquired for, and we
note sales to day of some 60 hhds. Cuba at [email protected]
The general condition of the market is unchanged, and
we still quote as follows, viz: at $4 62)4(<i!5 for refining
grades Cuba and English Island; $5 12)[email protected] 75 for gro
cery grades Cuba; $4.75 @5.25 for common'to fair Porto
Rico and New Orleans: and $6 50(3.6 75 for good to prime
do We note the arrival hereto-day or 196 hhds. Sugar
from Porto Rico; 180 hhds., 230 boxes do , and 40 hhds.
Melado from Cuba.
WHlSKEY.—Whiskey continues very dull. We quote
City and Ohio at [email protected] cts.. but we hear ot no sales, aud
the quotations are altogether nominal.
THE SOUTHERN MAIL. —A Washington correspon
dent says that no order to stop the Southern mail
service has as yet been issued, but will probably be
as soon as hostilities will have commenced. The
official Southern correspondence of the Department
has almost entirely stopped.
THE ELECTION IN WASHINGTON COCXTT. —At the
special election held in Washington county on Sa
turday last for a member of the House of Delegates,
Mr. Frery was elected. Their was no opposition#
A FORMIDABLE COMPANY.— The Grayson Dare
Devils, says the Richmond Dispatch, number one
hundred men, all six feet high, and unfailing rifle
shots. The company consisted of one hundred and
thirty five, but it is said their commander informed
tbem that only one hundred would be allowed to
come to Richmond, and to decide which of them
should enjoy that desired privilege, they fired at a
mark running, and the hundred who struck the
target nearest to or exactly in the centre were ac
coidinglv detailed, to the chagrin of the remainder,
who were as confident as their comrades that they
could send a ball at every crack through the vitals
of an enemy.
FROM HAVANA. —The steamer Cahawba arrived
at New York on Friday. Her dates from Havana
are to the 30th ult. Business was entirely sus
pended owing to the accounts from the tTnited
States. Sugar was lower, and no freights could be
had in American bottoms, but high rates were paid
for foreign vessels. The Cahawba broaght nearly
one hundred passeDgers from New Orleans.
The Charleston Courier says that an illustrated
weekly paper will shortly be issued in that city
under able auspices. The Courier says that the
press will confer a favor by extending the notice.
A prospectus will soon appear.
FREDERICK, May 6.— A caucus of all the members
of the Legislature was held in the Chamber of the
House of Delegates this afternoon, with closed
doors, in reference to our Federal relations. The
caucus was addressed for one hour and a half by
the Hon. 11. M. McLane, in relation to the details
of the interview of the Commissioners lo Washing
ton with the President and the Federal Cabinet.
He said he thought it was the intention of the Cab
inet to subjugate the seceding States by gradual
approaches of troops, to sustain the Union in n of
Virginia and Teunessee, especially; and by whose
aid the Cabinet expected that the Secessionists of
thoe States would be overcome without bloodshed.
The District of Columbia and Maryland would be
necessarily occupied, lo some extent, as a rendez
vi us for troops and a depot for munitions of war.
V arious inquiries were made ol the Commissioners
wh-lher a regiment could not be marched through
Baltimore with the assent of the State, to which the
Commissioners did not feel authorized to reply affir
matively. It was remarked incidentally bv Mr.
McLane that the troops which were prevented from
reaching Baltimore by the destruction of the bridges
left Philadelphia without orders, and would have,
been therefore intruders, which the government
admitted gave a new aspect to the position they oc
cupied with respect to the Maryland authorities.
The main point of Mr. McLane's appeal to the
Legislature, as I gather from outside reports, was
that members should unite without reference to
their partizan associations, and devote themselves
exc!u,ive!y to the preservation of the peace and
safety of Maryland in the present crisis. He said
tiiat men who desired to confederate with the
Southern States mav readily in this crisis unite
with those who have insisted on maintaining the ex
isting Union, because, whilst the State is occupied
by the Federal troops, it would be physically im
possible to relieve her from political association
with the Federal Government.
Honorable and true hearted men he said, will
never consent to maintain the Union bv shedding
the blood oi the Southern people and subjugating
the Southern States. Therefore such men can never
again support the administration of Mr. Lincoln,
which has now abandoned the defensive policy of
maintaining the Federal Capital, heretofore de
clared in Mr. Seward's letter to Governor Hicks.
Governor Hicks himself might sustain the Govern
ment when it adhered to its defensive policy, but
now that it has avowed a policy of subjugation, he
will be bound, in honor, to occupy himself exclu
sively with the protection of his own people.
Mr. McLane read Mr. Seward's letter to Mr.
Dayton, our Minister to France, dated May 4, the
day of the Commissioners visit' to Washington, de
claring the new war policy of the Government and
acknowledging the radical change in it, and in
this connection he argued to show how widely Gov
ernor Hicks was now separated from the Adminis. j
tration, if he remained true to his own professions.
It was, said Mr. McLane, a great crisis in bis life, j
and the Governor ought to thank God that he had !
lost the confidence of the Lincoln Administration, !
which he certainly had. Mr. McLane said he was
quite responsible for the entire accuracy of this ]
opinion, and added that Governor Hicks could not j
recover that confidence without the loss of his
own honor; and be trusted that the friends of Gov
ernor Hicks would ponder well upon this view of
the subject, and encourage the Governor to stand }
by the true interests and true men of the State, |
leaving the Administration only the ruffian and i
venal portion of our population."
Threatened Attack on Cairo.
CAIRO, 111., May 4, 11 o'clock, P.M. —General
Pilloiv, General "fCly, and three other prominent
officers of the Confederate army, with a large
number of the Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennessee
troops, are at Memphis. Heavy guns are arriving
there daily. Colonel Prentiss, the commanding
officer at this point, has just received the following
despatch from three prominent citizens of Cincin
nati : "General Pillow has several steamers ready
at Memphis. He meditates an immediate attack on
Cairo." To which Colonel Prentiss replied: "Let
him come. He will learn to dig a ditch on the
right side. I am readv."
From St. Louis to Cairo there is over twenty
feet depth of water, and Cairo is much inconveni
enced by water oozing through the levee. Threats
are made by Secessionists to cut the levee and over-
How the place. Such an act would cause an im
mense loss of property and great loss of life.
Every boat landiug at Cairo from Memphis has
great numbers of passengers—every boat three
hundred to four hundred. The following, from the
Memphis liul/eiin, explains the reason :
"The Giendale, which left here Wednesday eve
ning, arrived at Cairo last night about 8 o'clock,
with no less than two hundred abolitionists from
this city on board, who have lived here for years,
and sent away every dollar they made.
11 We were informed that all the way up to Hick
man they kept very silent, but as soon as the boat
came in sight of Illinois they commenced rejoicing
that they could ti.en breathe freer and easier.
Thev heaped curses on Memphis, and wished it
Boats from New Orleans to St. Louis have raised
the price of deck passage to s2s—former cabin j
fare. The purpose is to prevent men from escaping
north and to force them into the secession army.
At last accounts the river was three miles wide
at St. Paul, while the Minnesota was never so high
in the memory of the oldest inhabitant. AtChas
ka three thousand cords of wood had Hoated away, j
and the town was entirely under water.
Considerable numbers of troops are congregating j
... *4 ...... io, *uey oay, um |
strong enough to attack. The Tennessee and Cum
berland rivers, which ran through the heart of
Tennessee, and through Western Kentuckv, empty
ing into the Ohio 59 and 00 miles above Cairo, can
float out a heavy flotilla for aiding the attack from
Furthrr from California—By Pony Express.
Four KEARNEY, May 4. —The pony express passtd
here this morning with the following advices :
A bill has been introduced providing tor taking
a new census of the State, under the direction of
the State authorities—it being urged that anew
and correct enumeration is required, before a just
Legislative apportionment system can be matured.
The settler difficulties in Santa Clara county con
tinue, and it is alleged that 1,700 men are ready to
take up arms to resist the enforcement of the de
cree ejecting settlers from six leagues of land known
as the Cheballo Ranch. Gov. Downey sent, some
days ago, a messenger to remonstrate with the set
tlers, and endeavor to perßuado them to restore or
der, by a submission to the law, but nothing was
effected. It isreported that the Governor pro
posed calling on the military companies of San
Francisco to assist in coercing the settlers, but
nothing definite seems to have been determined on
Accounts from the interior, concerning the grow
ing crops, are encouraging.
The Old Colony House, corner of Sansame and
Pave, San Francisco, was burned on the 11th. The
loss is about 51,500.
The Republican State Central Committee meets
at Sacramento to-day to arrange for calling a State
Convention to nominate candidates for Governor
The Fremont dam, Mariposa, isreported to be
repaired, and all the quartz mills are again in ope
Accounts of Indian disturbances in Humboldt, and
other northern counties are again becoming fre
quent, and there seems to be an orgnized effort ma
king to kill off the troublesome savages.
The Humboldt Time*, of the 20tb, says that on
Sunday, April 14th, Lieut. Collins, with 22 men,
attacked a ranche of Indians, and in a brief but
brisk fight, killed twenty and wounded three others.
The next morning, an attack was made by Lieut.
Collins on a large village, when five Indians were
killed and three badly wounded. The number of
warriors in this ranche was estimated at near 150,
but they fled after the first charge, leaving the
troops in possession.
WASHINGTON, May 6—The proclamation issued
by the Mayor of Washingten, requesting that drink
ing establishments be closed at 9.30 each night, was
by advice of our military authorities. On Satur
day Senator Wilson suggested to bigh Executive
officers the adoption of such a measure, in view of
the fact that some ot the troops were evidently be
coming demoralized by the free use of intoxicating
Much alarm has existed in the neighboring city
of Alexandria, a few days past, owing to reports
that the Federal military contemplated taking early
possession of it. Many persons have accordingly
The Virginia militia proceeded to Culpeper
The First and Second New Jersey Regiments ar
rived here early this morning.
General Scott publishes another card begging
correspondents to spare hiin. lie says be has no
office within his gift, no power to accept individual
volunteers nor corps of volunteers, no time to read
applications for autographs, and cannot acknow
ledge one letter in fifty.
Travel Between the Capital and the North.
WASHINGTON, May 6.—The Secretary of War, in
order to accommodate the traveling public, has
directed the opening of the military route between
Washington and Philadelphia, byway of Annapo
lis, to two daily trains—tinge from the North
leaving Philadelphia at 10>< A. M., and 11 o'clock
The President has appointed Lieut. Nicholson
Adjutant and Inspector of the Marine corps, vice
The government has declined accepting more
than one regiment of the three months' volunteers
from Washington. They will, however, receive
two regiments under the latest proclamation.
Disturbance at Hnrrisburg.
HARRISBURO, May s.—Almost a riot occurred
here this alternoon, in consequence of the arrest of
a soldier by a police officer, lor disorderly conduct.
The officer used bis bil.y in making the arrest,
when the comrades of the prisoner attempted a res
cue. 'The soldiers made threats, and a large crowd
soon assembled. The Mayor called out the Home
Guard, with loaded muskets, when order was re
stored. Three companies Irom Camp Curtin were
marched in, and all the soldiers found in the city
were escorted to the camp.
HARRISBURO, May 6.— A bill has been introduced
in the Legislature of this State, enacting that Sen
ator Mason having been guilty of treason, no con
veyance or transfer of bis property in Pennsylvania
shall be acknowledged or recorded.
whole amount of volunteers offered for ser
vice in this State is 41,500.
General Seott Renewing Ills Allegianee.
WASHINGTON, May 6.—Lieutenaut-Ueneral Scott
again, for the third time, voluntarily took the
oath of allegiance to the Constitution and laws of
the United States. His staff here followed hiß ex
Louisville for the Union.
LOUISVILLE, May 6.—The vote in favor of the
Union candidates to the Border State Convention
was from six to eight thousand. The secession
ticket was sometime since withdrawn.
Steamer Ben Deford.
BOSTON, May 6.—The steamer Ben Deford, for
Baltimore, has been detained to have her cargo ex
amined, at the order of the Collector, when she
will then proceed to Baltimore.
Sliip Ann E. Hooper.
NEW YORK, May 6.—Arrived, ship Ann E. Hoop
er, of Baltimore, from Liverpool.
An affray occurred at Bogersville, Kentucky, last
week, between two brothers named Cornelius and
a man named Merahon. The latter killed Moses
Cornelias with a stone, and wonndad the other
The Condition of the City.
The city yesterday was unusually quiet. The
day was wet, and the rain ot times fell m torrents
In the morning quite a number of persons gather
ed on Baltimore street, between North and Holli
day streets, to witness the ceremony of displaying
the United States flag from the United States re
cruiting rendezvous, above the office of the Pa
triot. About ten o'clock it was run cut, but there
were no demonstrations, either of approbati n or
disapprobation, made by the crowd. Throughout
the day quite a number of persons lingered in ihe
vicinity, actuated more from a desire to know
whether there were any enlistments made than
from any other purpose. During the day between
twenty and thirty were enlisted. About 6 o'clock
in the evening the body were marched away, and
it is supposed proceeded to Fort McHenry. The
I enlistment is for three years.
Camp Relay—.Arrest of Mr. Spencer.
Air. Spencer, of the firm of Meredith k Co., was
yesterday afternoon arretted by the military at the
Relay House for expressing his political sentiments
! freely. He was taken to General Butler's head
j qu irters for further examination.
The troops number 2,200, and are in two camps
i —one of tents on the lawn of the farm belonging to
| the late William A. Talbott, Esq., and the other
|of n>ud huts. Artillery ha 3 been planted on the
heights on Mr. Woodside's tarrn, to command the
Relay and the Washington road bridges, and four
brass pieces have been placed on the intersection of
the Washington and Ohio roads. General Butler's
staff" is quartered with Mr. Thomas Donaldson.—
The dwelling on the Talbott farm has been taken
possession of and is entirely occupied. None of the
private residences of the other neighbors have been
interfered with. The grove at the Relay is being
cut down for fire wood, and fences are being torn
dwn for the same purpose. A train of ten cars loaded
with provisions for Virginia, was seized, and eight
of them detained. All baggage is stricly searched
and overhauled without ceremony, and without the
A large number of men from Baltimore are at
the camp distributing liquor and provisions, and
giving every information desired about the city.
The Rumors in the City.
Sunday and yesterday were days marvellous for
their rumors. It was currently reported that Gen.
Scott was in the city, and that his business here
was to make arrangements for the immediate oc
cupation of the city, and to this effect had leased
the National Hotel and the Adams House, both now
unoccupied, in whi~b to quarter troops. Of course
this entire rumor was unfounded. There was also
a rumor that the forces concentrated at the Relay
House had taken up the line of march to this city,
and on the route were devastating the country,
which was groundless.
F*ort Mcllenry—Reported Occupation of the
Last evening the propeller Maryland and the
Harriet Lane arrived at Fort Mcllenrv, and it is
reported not only landed troops there, but also
landed several hundred at the Lazzarctto. During
the morning and early part of the afternoon there
were no arrivals. No operations of interest were
REPORT OF THE PRISON ASSOCIATION. —The second
annual report of the Prison Association has just
been published. The total receipts for the year
were $1,195, which, with the balance in the treas
ury on the Ist of March, 1860, ($81.15,) made the
resources for the year $1,276.15. This amount has
been expended as follows:
Cash paid for printing annual report $59.75
44 4 * printing, postage, books, &c. .. . 27.36
4 4 44 office rent and expenses 63.66
44 14 discharged convicts.... . 244 65
" 4 * jail prisoners' costs, Ac 43.20
44 44 travelling expenses of agents 57 75
44 44 agents'salary on account 749.98
Balance in the treasury 29.80
There were confined in the City Jail from March
Ist, 1800, to same date, 1801, about six thousand
persons, of whom three-fourths were committed on
the charge of drunkenness and breaches of the
peace. Many of those committed on the charge of
drunkenness are habitual boarders in the Institu
tion. The agent reports that during the year he
had released, by v ommitting Magistrates, Grand
Juries, and the Court, 240 persons, of which num
ber, 21 were sent out of the State, 0 to the House of
Refuge, 8 bound out in the county, 7 sent to sea,
and 8 to the Almshouse.
During the year there were 107 persons released
from the penitentiary bv expiration of sentence,
and fifteen wre pardoned by the Governor. Of
this number 39 lett the Slate, fourteen are in the
State, but left the city; 10 returned to th-ir homes
in the country, 30 remained in the city, 22 did not
report themselves, and two of those discharged
have been recommitted to prison.
The Sunday school in the penitentiary is in a
flourishing condition. There are 292 scholars,
with 35 teachers,and the average attendance during
the year was 225 scholars and 27 teachers. There
are 2,149 volumes in the library, and during the
year 0,814 were draw*n out by the prisoners. Many
religious tracts arid papers were distributed.
BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD. —The passenger
trains for the West continue to pass over this road
with some regularity, though every train is search
ed upon passing the Relay House. The stock
trains have been intercepted, but Mr. W. P. Smith,
Master of Transportation, yesterday went to Wash
ington, and it is anticipated that matters will be
arranged so as to remove this obstruction. Trains
were yesterday run to Annapolis Junction as here
tofore, with the exception of a slight variation in
PARADE POSTPONED. —The May law parade of the
volunteer soldiery of the city, which was to have
• -I-.... ~ ***** - - upwu a wu- |
sultation of the officers in command, postponed on
account of the inclement condition of the weather.
General Steuart has designated next Monday for
the proposed parade, when no doubt quite an effect
ive display will be made.
PROCEEDINGS OP THE CITY COUNCIL.
MONDAY, May G.
FIRST BRANCH. —Present —The PRESIDENT, JOHN
C. Iii.ACKITUIIN, Esq., and all the members.
Mr. YEISLEY presented a petition from H. Abbott
A Son and others, praying that the bridge over
Harris' Creek be rebuilt; referred. Mr. NICHO
LAS presented a petition from I). C. Conway and
others, praying that the opening of Johns street be
suspended for the present; referred. Mr. BOUL
DEN presented a report from the Joint Standing
Committee on Highways, with an ordinance ex
planatory of the ordinance directing the opening
of Warner street; laid on the table. MR. CHASE
offered a resolution inquiring of the City Register
whether the City Passenger Railway Company
have paid into the city treasury the amount due
for the quarter ending April Ist; adopted. Mr.
DIXON called up the resolution authorizing the City
Block Ferry Company to use the water front at the
Cjty Block, Great Hughes street and West Falls
avenue, for the purpose of running a ferry boat;
laid on the table. Mr. BANDED gave notice that
he would present an ordinance regulating the ap
pointment of visitors to the jail. Adjourned.
SECOND BRANCH. —Branch met. CHARLES J.
BAKER, Esq., President, in the Chair, and all the
members present.-——Mr. GEORGE, from the Com
mittee on the Fire Department, reported a resolu
tion to procure such additional apparatus for the
police and fire alarm telegraph as may be ne ded
in the prompt and efficient working of the same;
adopted. A message was received from the
First Branch communicating a report from the
Committee on Claims, with a resolution directing
the Comptroller to pay to C. S. Willett the sum
of SIOS. for a chilled iron safe furnished to the
City Collector's office; adopted. Also, from the
Committee on the Fire Department, a report with
a resolution allowing A. Burdett to erect a frame
shed and bath-house on his premises, No. 3C4 West
Lexington street; adopted. Adjourned.
EXTRA SESSION OF THE PROVISIONAL
CONGRESS OF THE CONFEDERATE
MONTGOMERY, Ala., April 29. —Congress re-as
sembled to-day, at noon, in compliance with the
proclamation of President Davis convening an ex
At twelve o'clock the President of Congress, the
Hon. Howell Cobb, took the chair, and the Rev.
Basil Manley offered a fervent invocation to the
Throne of Grace.
The President then called Congress to order, and
stated that they bad been assembled at this time by
a proclamation from the President.
The first business in order was the call of the
roll, and few names were called which were not re
The President stated that a quorum was present,
and that Congress was now ready to transact bus
Messrs. Davis, Jones, Wigfall and Orr came for
ward, took the oath, and subscribed to the Consti
Mr. T. R. R. Cobb, of Georgia, said that as a
quorum was present, and the CoDgress had been
convened by the proclamation of the President, he
moved that a committee of three be appointed to
wait on the President and inform him that Con
gress was now ready to receive any communica
tion from bim.
The President appointed Messrs. T. R. R. Cobb,
James Cbesnut, jr., and John Perkins, jr,that com
mittee. The committee retired, and in a few min
utes returned, and stated that the President would
in a few minutes communicate in writing to Con
The President presented to Congress the annexed
communication from a portion of the people of New
MESSILLA, March 18.1861.
To the Hon JTovcell Cobb, President of the Congress of
the. Confederate States of America:
SIR— In pursuance of a resolution adopted at a Con
vention of the citizens of that portion of New Mexico,
known as Arizona, held at this place on the 16th inst ,
I have the honor herewith to transmit the enclosed pre
amble and resolutions, unanimously adopted, with the
hope and request that you will lay them before the Con
gress of the Confederate States of America for their con
Signed by the President and Secretarv.
On motion of Jlr. Chesnut, the reading of the
preamble and resolutions referred to was post
poned for fhe present, and the communication was
referred to the Committee on Territories.
Mr. Ochiltree, of Texas, requested to present to
Congress a communication from the Governor of
the Territory of Arizona, transmitting a copy of
the Provisional Constitution, with the request that
it be presented to Congress. The communication
was received and referred to the Territorial Com
Mr. Josselyn, the President's Private Secretary,
then appeared in the Hall, and stßted that he had
a message from the President, with accompanying
Mr. Withers asked the question whether there
was anything in the message that should prevent
its being read in public session.
Mr. Toombs replied that there was not.
The message was then read.
After the message was read (he President of Con
gress asked what action should be taken with the
Mr. Toombs desired that they should not be read
in public, and moved that Congress go into secret
The motion prevailed, and Congress remained in
secret session about an hour, when they adjourned
THE RAILROAD BATTERY. —The iron car built bv
Baldwin A Co. for the Government and to be used
on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore
Railroad, was taken to Broad and Prime streets, on
Saturday. It is a very formidable looking object,
the sides and top being of the best boiler iroD,
warranted to resist rifle balls. One half of the car
is furnished witb port-holes, so as to allow the use
of a formidable cannon, which has been placed on
a pivot table, at any point on the side or front of
the car. It has numerous holes for look-outs, or
for the use of men armed with rifles. With this
battery in front of a locomotive, and a cannon
loaded with punchings from boiler iron, death will
be the portion of all offering enemies.—Philadel
phia Ledger, May 6,
BALTIMORE, TUESDAY, MAY 7, 1861.
LATER FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE CITY OF BALTIMORE.
PROPOSED LINE OF STEAMERS TO
NEW ORLEANS AND CHARLESTON.
NEW YORK, May 6.—The steamer City of Balti
more has arrived from Liverpool, with advices of
the 24th ult.
A prospectus had been issued by a Liverpool
compauy of a line of steamers direct to New Or
leans. Another company bad been formed to run
a line of steamers to Charleston, and it was ru
mored that the latter would start in July.
A French iieet has been ordered and fitted out to
convey French troops home from Syria.
Prince Napoleon, at the instance of a Family
Council, has abandoned bis intention of going to
England to seek satisfaction from the Duke d'Au
The Italian Chambers had agreed by a large ma
jority to consider Garibaldi's project for arming
the country. The Ministry voted for the resolu
The Independence Bthje states, decidedly, that
negotiations between Paris and Turin, tor the
opening of Rome to the Italians, appeared a favor
Affairs at Warsaw remain unchanged.
It is denied that Spain intends to reject the offer
of the re-incorporation of St. Domingo.
It is asserted that Hayti requests a Spanish pro
THE LATEST vr.t QUEENSTOWN.
11 is stated that the Pope is more than everre
solved not to quit Home.
It is reported that the Southern soldiers of the
garrison of Mondin have protested against Cialdi
ni's letter to Garibaldi, and that arrests have been
made in consequence.
TURIN, Thursday.—There has been a perfect re
conciliation between Garibaldi, Count Cavour and
In the House of Commons on the 23d, Mr. n.
Berkeley made his annual motion for leave to bring
in a bill in favor of voting by ballot. It was re
jected by a vote of yeas 154, nays 279. Mr. Ilun
combe moved for the prodution of all the corre
spondence relative to the seizure by the Turkish
government of certain arms which were being
conveyed to the East under the Sardinian (lag, and
charged Lord John Russell in this matter with
having violated the principles of non-intervention.
Ministers opposed the production, and were sus
tained by a majority of 86.
It is stated that the new treaty of commerce be
tween France and Belgium was signed at Paris on
the 21st ult.
The Paris flour market was dull and lower, but
wheat was without change. Trade in general con
tinued dull throughout France.
The bill for the abolition of the sliding scale in
corn, with a view to protect the French mercan
tile marine, proposes differential duties between
srrain imported in French and foreign bottoms.
The duty is 50 cents per 100 kilogrammes, in the
one case, and 1 franc 50 centimes, in the other.
The Bourse was firm on the 23d, at GB, 50.
It is stated that on the 21st ultimo, the day fol
lowing the important debate in the Italian Cham
bers relative to the army of Southern Italy, Gari
baldi held a conference with his former superior
officers, the majority of whom were in favor of
accepting the policy of Count Cavour. I'he friends
of Garibaldi were in hopes that he also would ad
here to that policy. The Chamber of Deputies on
the 22d agreed, by a large majority, to take into
consideration the project of Gavibaldi in reference
to arming the country. The Ministry voted for
the resolution. Garibaldi was not present.
The Turin Gazette publishes a letter from General
Cialdini to Garibaldi, recalling the friendship and
admiration he had always felt for him, but declar
ing that his (Garibaldi's) last acts painfully affect
ed him. Cialdini says: "I arrive at the secret idea
of your party, which aims at rendering itseif mas
ter of the army and the country, threatening us, if
unsuccessful, with civil war."
A letter from Garibaldi, in reply to the above,
"Strong in my conscience as an Italian soldier
and citizen, I will not descend to justify myself
against these accusations, as by so doing I should
fail in respect to the King and the army. I know
nothing of the orders said to have been given by me
to Col. Tripnla. I gave orders that the Italian sol
diers of the Northern army should be received as
brothers, although I knew that that army had come
to put down the revolution, which, according to
the words addressed by Signor Farini to Napoleon
111, was personified in me.
"I believe in my quality deputy. I havestated
to the Chamber a few of the wrongs which the
Southern army has sustained at the hands of the
Ministry. I believe I had the right to do so. The
Italian army will find in its ranks one soldier more
when it has to fight against the enemy of Italy.
You are well aware of this. All that others may
have said of me is a calumny. It is not true that,
when on the Volturns, we were in a bad condition
As far as 1 know, the Army has applauded the free
and moderate words of the soldier's deputy, to
whom the Italian honor has been an object of wor
ship all his life.
"If any one is offended at m" for speaking in my
demanded ft>r my words. T desire the establish
ment of a National Monarchy."
The Turin Gazette publishes a letter from Gen.
Sirton expressing regret on account of the publi
cation of General Cialdini's letter, and giving
some explanation in reference to the words which
Sirton pronounced in Parliament, and which were
alluded to by General Cialdini. In this letter Gen.
Sirton also expreses his desire for concord, and
says that Italy is personified in the Parliament
and the King.
The trial of those concerned in the late conspi
racy in Naples, will shortly take place. The num
ber of persons to be tried is 186.
The Minister for Foreign Affairs had held anoth
er conference with the Embassador of Hayti, who
was said to have requested, in the name of his
government, a Spanish protectorate over Hayti.
There is no news from Warsaw. At latest dates
affairs remained in statu quo.
The foreign consuls at Mostar, in pursuance of
instructions from Constantinople, had summoned
the Montenegrins and insurgents to raise the siege
of Niksiki—that town being reduced to the last ex
LONPON MONEY MARKET.—The funds were inactive,
but there was not the slightest fluctuation in Consols,
which closed on the 23d at [email protected] for money, and [email protected]
92% for account.
In the discount market, the best bills continued to be
taken at 4,"4(5)4)4 percent. There was rather an increased
demand for money on the 23d, and but few transactions
below 4)6 per cent. The foreign Exchanges continued to
The Indian Government had bought £1,000,000 in sil
ver, partly in the market but mainly from the Bank; hut
its shipmentsto the East would probably be spread over 2
or 3 months.
LIVERPOOL MARKETS, April 24—A. M Cotton : The
sales on Monday and Tuesday have been 25,000 bales, in
cluding 12,000 on speculation and for export. Messrs
Jas. Hewitt & Co. report the market firm and active, and
prices a shade higher under the Africa's news. They call
Middling Orleans7%d. and Mobile7)6d.
Trade at Manchester is firm, and yarns are in some
cases called higher, but business is only on a mo
derate scale, and the advance was not generally con
BreadstufTs.—The weather keeps very fine for agricul
tural operations. Messrs. Wakefield, Nash & Co., report
flour very dull, and the turn easier; 28s.(qj30s. 6d. per
bbl. Wheat steady and in fair demand at full rates; red
lis. 3d fcl2s. 8d ; white 12s. 6d (a)l4s. 6d. Corn very
slatk, and offered at 6d. per quarter decline without
finding buyers. Mixed and yellow 355. [email protected]; white
Richardson. Spence & Co. call wheat dull, and corn Is.
per quarter cheaper, and very depressed.
Provisions—Beef and Pork steady but without im
provement in value. Bacon slow of sale, and long mid
dles and Cumberland cut offered at [email protected] Lard very
slow at [email protected] Tallow quiet and unchanged—s3s @
56s for W. A. Cheese in fair demand at rather lower
Produce. —Rosin in better demand; common has ad
vanced to ss. Spirits Turpentine steady at 31s. Sugar
firm and in good demand. Coffee steady. Rice quiet
sales of Carolina at 225. Ashes steady—Pots 31s 6d ,
LONDON MARKETS. —Breadstuff's dull and drooping for
interior wheats but steady for fine. Sugar firm at full
prices. Coffee very firm. Teaquiet. Rice very flat and
drooping. Taliow quiet—Y. C. 59s @'9s.6d. Spirits
Turpentine—Buyers at 315.6 d. English Tin advanced £5
per ton. Linseed Oil 28s.3d.ict2Ss.6d.
[ Washington Correspondence A r . V. Herald .l
THE WAR BOLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT—
HIGHLY' IMPORTANT MILITARY MOVE-
WASHINGTON, May s.—The twenty days grace to
the rebels have expired. Two regiments, with the
Boston Flying Artillery, left Annapolis this morn
ing by order of General Butler, and proceeded to
the Relay House to hold that position. It is the
junction of the Baltimore and Ohio, and Washing
ton Railroads, and within eight miles of Baltimore.
All the cars from Harper's Ferry must pass this
point to reach Baltimore, so that all communica
tion with that city is cutoff, as Genera! Keims,
with his command advancing on the Northern
Central Railroad from Harrisburg, controls that
route, and the Government having stopped all
communication byway of the Susquehanna, and
General Butler, commanding a force that will be
landed from a fleet in Baltimore harbor, controlling
Ell communication with Baltimore by sea, com
plete! v invests the city, and it must fall or be laid
Tbe Sixth Massachusetts regiment, so brutally
treated by the mob in Baltimore, left their quar
ters in the Capital this afternoon for Annapolis.
This regiment will join the lorces under the imme
diate command of General Butler against Balti
Tbe first demonstration to be made in the vicin
ity of Washington will be to throw out advance
posts, a circuit of twenty miles, or thereabouts,
around Washington, including Virginia and the
city of Alexandria. This is necessary to secure
the agricultural districts from which is derived a
supply of fresh provisions for the Washington
market, and which has been cut off by the impu
dent interference of a secession picket guard star
tioned at the long bridge, and which has existed
for more than a week.
The next move of the government will be to re
possess the navy yard at Norfolk, and open and
keep open the water communication thereto. At
this point a formidable battle may take place if the
people of Virginia will permit the troops of the
seceded States to pollute her soil for the purpose
of making war upon the federal government.
In the meantime keep an ear to the ground
and the thunder of federal guns will be heard at
Fort Pickens and on the Mississippi.
It is currently believed that another Presidential
proclamation, announcing the intention of theGov
erninent to repossess the federal property seized by
the Southern rebels, and to deal summarily with
all that will hereafter be found resisting its author
ity, will appear to morrow.
The present week will doubtlessly divulge the
plans of the Government for the suppression of the
Southern insurrection to a great extent. It will
probably form one of the most eventful epochs of
American history. That the scene of war will be
shifted upon Virginia soil is settled, and that ac
tion will be commenced simultaneously at several
points is also certain.
Lake Cbamplain is higher than it has been for
ten years past. It is now Beven feet above low wa
ter mark, and is over some of the wharves at Bur
lington. The Passumpsic river has not been so
high as now in ten years. Dami and bridges are
in great danger. In Woodford two dams were
swept away on Sunday, the 21t ult., and a bridge
between Woodford and Glastonbury.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF MARYLAND.
FREDERICK, May 6.—The Commissioners appoint
ed by the Legislature—lion. Robert M. McLane,
Otho Scott and William J. Ross, E*qs., appeared
in the Senate Chamber this morning and presented
in person the following report:
To the Honorable, the General Assembly of Maryland:—
The undersigned Commissioners have the honor to re
port to the General Assembly of Maryland, that they
waited in person on the President of the United Sta.es,
on the 4th inst., and presented to him a copy of the j< Lit
resolutions adopted by your Honorable bodies on th id
inst. They were received by the President with respect
ful courtesy, and they made such representations as
necessary to convey to him the sense of the General As
sembly of Maryland, in relation to the occupition of the
Capital of the State by the Federal troops, and the forci
nle seizure of the property of the State and of private
citizens in the Annapolis railroad and in the Washington
branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company.
And, in this connection, his attention was called to the
suspension of intercourse between Baltimore and Wash
ington and of all parts of the State with Annapolis; and
to the indignity put upon a State while still in the Fede
rl luion, by such an interference with the private
rights of its citizens, anf by such an occupation of its
soil and ways of communication by the Federal Govern*
Full explanations were exchanged between the under
signed an u Secretary of War and the Secretary of
State—who were present and participated in the discus
sion—as to the facts and circumst inces that rendered ne
cessary the extraordinary incidents accompanying the
passage of federal troops through Maryland en route to
tile city of Washington, and especially in reference to
those acts of the authorities of the city of Baltimore which
arrested the progress of tire troops by the railroads lead
ing from Pennsylvania aud Delaware into Maryland, and
of the opposition to the landing of the troops subsequently
at Annapolis, by the Governor of tire State; ar.d in con
nection with this action of the authorities of the State,
tlie hostile feeling manifested by tire people to ttie passage
of these troops through Maryland was considered and
treated with entire frankness by the undersigned, who,
while acknowledging all the legal obligations of the State
to the federal government, set forth fully the strength of
sympathy felt by a large portion of our people for our
Southern brethren in the present crisis. Although many
of the incidents and circumstances referred to were re
garded in different lights by the undersigned and the fed
eral government, even to the extent of a difference of
opinion as to some of the facts involved, yet, in regard to
the genera! principle at issue, a concurrence of opinion
The President concurred with the undersigned in the
opinion that so long as Maryland had not taken, and was
not about taking, a hostile attitude to the Federal Gov
ernment, that theexclusive military occupation of her
ways of communication and the seizure of the property
of her citizens would he without justification; and what
has been referred to in this connection, so far as it oc
curred, was treated by the Government as an act of ne
cessity and self-preservation. The undersigned did not
feel themselves authorized to enter into any arrangements
with the Federal Government to induce it to change its
relation to the State of Maryland, considering it proper,
under the circumstances, to leave the entire discretion
■and responsibility of the existing state of things to that
Government, making such representations as they deemed
proper to vindicate the moral and legal aspects cf the
question, and especially insisting on its obligation to re
lieve the State promptly from restraint and indignity,
and to abstain from all action in the transportation of
troops that can be regarded as intended for chastisement,
or prompted by resentment. The undersigned are not
able to indicate to what extent or to what degree the
Executive discretion will he exercised in modifying the
relations which now exist between the State of Maryland
and the Federal Government, and in the particular mat
ter of the commercial communications between the city
of Baltimore and other parts of the country, brought to
the attention of the General Assembly by the Mayor and
City Council of Baltimore. But they feel authorized to
express the opinion that some modification may be ex
The underigned feel painfully confident that a war is
to be waged to reduce all the seceding States to allegiance
to the Federal Government; and that the whole military
power of the Federal Government will be exerted to accom
plish that purpose, and though the expression of this
opinion is not called for by the resolutions of your Honor
able bodies, yet having had the opportunity to ascertain
its entire accuracy, and because it will explain much of
the military preparations and movements of troops
through the State of Maryland, it is proper to bring it to
Signed OTHO SCOTT,
ROBERT M. MCI.ANE,
MM. J. Ross.
To the General Assembly of Maryland, Frederick, May
The report was referred to the Joint Committee
on Federal Relations.
The House was present by invitation, when the
report of the Commissioners to Washington was
received and read. Five thousand copies were or
dered to be printed.
The Senate then adjourned till 4 o'clock.
Mr. GOLDSBOROUOH, of Talbot county, presented
the memorial of the Baltimore City Union Con
vention, protesting against the passage of the mea
sure known as the "Public Safety Bill." Mr. G.
said the memorial had been handed him by the Bal
timore Committee with the request that he would
preaenf.it. He did so after notifying the Senator
from Baltimore city, to whom it would seem that
the duty of presentation would more appropriately
belong. He moved its reference to the Committee
on Federal Relations.
Mr. YELLOTT seconded the motion, and said that
he ijad heard read the proceedings of the Conven-
whom the memorial had been adopted.—
That embraced many of Baltimore's
best citizens, and its recommendations were enti
tled to great weight. If he could view the bill al
luded to in the same light as the signers of the me
morial, he would be as bitterly opposed tojit as
they. Its true meaning and the objects contempla
ted by its passage, were very different from those
indicated by the memorialists.
He bad never approved all the features of the
bill, and had intended to have added material
amendments before the final vote in the Senate. It
had at his own suggestion been re-committed to the
''' —-jHree. and if anv bill on the subject was again
reportea all miaie ---- - '• ,n
such v..ni as would meet the approval of every
Senator and disturb the nerves of no citizen of the
State. He was offended that the Committee had
charitably relieved him of the duty of presenting
The memorial was then referred.
Mr. KIMMKL presented several petitions on the
The PRESIDENT also presented a memorial from
Frederick county, of the same character, all of
which were referred as above.
Mr. MILLS presented on Saturday a memorial
from the citizens ot St. Mary's county against pre
cipitate action in the present crisis, which was re
ferred to the Committee on Federal Relations, who
subsequently made a report recommending that
said memorial be sent to the House of Delegates,
which war adopted.
The election for members of the proposed Sover
eign Convention will probably be called for the
same day as the Congressional election. The day
for its assembling has not been fully considered.
HOUSE OF DELEGATES.
Petitions numerously signed against the Senate
bill to appoint a Board of J'ublic Safety were pre
sented by Mr. Ford from Baltimore county, Mr.
Brown from Howard conntv, Mr. Xaill from Fred
erick county, Mr. Bavless from Harford county,
and Messrs. Stake and Brining from Washington
county, all of which were" referred to the Joint
Committee on Federal Relations.
MR. LONG presented the petition of the Baltimore
City Union Committee against the bill for a Board
of Public Safety, etc., and communicated the reso
lutions of a Union meeting heretofore published
Mr. WALLIS, on behalf of tile Baltimore City De
legation and the House generally, took exception
totoat portion of the resolutions which ascribed to
the majority of the House a disposition to accom
plish indirectly, through the medium of a Commit
tee of Safety, the purpose which, by an almost
unanimous vote, the House had decided that they
had no constitutional power to consummate. H •
said thai the committee on Federal Relations had
reported against the constitutional capacity of the
Legislature to pass an ordinance of secession; and
he had announced as the fixed purpose of those
with whom he acted to do nothing which wc u'd
take away the power of determining the future
course of the State for the people to whom alone
that power legitimately belongs.
He thought that the personal character and in
tegrity of the committee by whom that report was
made, as well as that of the Baltimore delegation
for whom he spoke, was above challenge by any
gentleman of those who passed or presented the
Union resolutions referred to; and he, therefore,
thought that there was every ground to complain
of the precipitate injustice which bad been done
the House and the delegation from Baltimore, in
assuming that they were engaged in doing exactly
what they had openly repudiated. He was told ex
plicitly that there was no difference of opinion
between his delegation and the Union Convention
in regard to the unconstitutionality of the bill
against which the resolutions of the latter body
were directed. The bill was introduced into the
Senate without any knowledge or priority on the
part of the Baltimore delegation, and could at no
moment have commanded the support of one of
their number, or that of the majority of this
His delegation would have resisted its passage
unanimously if it had been introduced into the
House, believing it to be wholly at variance with
the Constitution. They had so stated publicly and
privately from the first moment they were made
acquainted with its provisions. Aad he believed
their remonstrance had been chiefly instrumental
in procuring its recommitment in the Senate.—
While, therefore, he acknowledged the lull right
of his constituents to deal as they pleased with the
actual conduct of their representatives, he pro
tested in behalf of his delegation and the majority
of the House, against being,held responsible for the
action of it judged by the course of any body else,
where they were willing to submit to public
opinion in regard to their own acts but not the
acts of other people. He spoke with entire respect
to the Senate, whose action had, no doubt, been
governed by the circumstances in the judgment of
its members. But he repelled the injustice, for him
self and his colleagues, of being held accountable
for the judgment of others
The petition was then referred.
The bill to relieve the Mayor and Board of Police
of Baltimore city, and all persons acting under
their orders, from any prosecutions for certain acts
done on and after the 19th of April, was amended
so as to provide that no officer of any court should
be paid any cost in any suits commenced against
them, &c., and passed unanimously.
The llouse then adjourned till to-morrow.
RECEPTION AT THE W HITK HOUSE. —We are author
ized to state that the estimable and popular lady of
President Havis will give her first public recep
tion at the White House to day (Tuesday), and
that she will be pleased to receive her fiiends dur
ing the hours of one and three o'clock, in the af
ternoon. These receptions, we learn, will be con
tinued on every succeeding Tuesday afternoon until
further notice. This announcement will no doubt
be very gratifying to the many friends of Mrs.
Davis in this city, and they will eagerly avail
themselves of the opportunity thus afforded of pay
ing their respects. It is a fact worthy of note that
while the Washington Capital is convulsed by the
tumults which the mismanagement of the rulers
there have brought upon them; while there social
enjoyments are entirely suspended, and women
and children are fleeing for their lives from the
city, our own Capital at Montgomery is wholly
undisturbed—the social amenities of life are con
ducted as usual, and were it not for the presence of
troops who are on their way to fight tbe battles of
their country, no one would suspect from the out
ward of our Capital that we are en
gaged in war. The difference between the two
Capitals in this respect is very striking.—Mont
gomery Advertiser, April 30.
ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY RE-ORGANIZED. —The
Erie Railroad Company has been fully re-organized
with Nathaniel Marsh as President, Samuel Marsh,
Vice President, H. N. Otis, Secretary, and Tallman
J. Waters, Treasurer. Two classes of shares are
to be established, common and preferred—the for
mer representing the old stock, and the latter the
uusecured and judgment debt, amounting to eight
millions, and an assessment of per cent, has
been made upon the par value of both stocks,
which will entirely re-establish the credit of the
MR. RUSSELL'S SECO\D LETTER.
WASHINGTON', April 1.
From all I have seen and heard, my belief is that
the Southern States have gone from the Union,
if not for ever, at least for such time as will secure
for their Government an absolute independence till
it be terminated by war, or, if their opponents be
right, bv the certain processes of internal decay,
arising from inherent vices in their system, faulty
organization, and want of population, vigor and
wealth. That the causes which have led to their
secession now agitate the Border States most pow
erfully with a tendency to follow them, is not to be
denied by those who watch the course of events,
and, as these powerful neutrals oscillate to and fro
under the pressure of contending parties and pas
sions, the Government at Washington and the au
thorities of the revolting States regard every mo
tion with anxiety—the former fearful lest by word
or deed they may repel them for ever; the latter
more disposed by active demonstrations to deter
mine the ultimate decision in their own favor, and
to attach tbem permanently to the Slave States bv
resolute declarations of principle. * * *
The influence of England and of France on the
destinies of the Republic is greater than any Amer
ican patriot would like to admit. It must not be
expected therefore that there will be any proof of
excessive anxiety afforded by the leatiers'of either
party in reference to the course which may be taken
bv the European Governments in the present crisis;
but it is not the less to be apprehended that an im
mediate recognition of the confederated independ
ence of the South, or of the doctrine of absolute in
dividual sovereignty on the part of those States,
may precipitate the hostile action which, in the
event of absolute final separation, seems to be in
evitable. To the North it would be a heavy blow
and great discouragement, the consequences of
which could only be averted by some very violent
remedies. Separation without war is scarcely to
be expected. * * * * *
Without the means of enforcing an authority
which many of its own adherents, and most of the
neutral parties, denied to it, Mr. Lincoln's Admin
istration finds itself called upon to propound a pol
icy and to proceed to vigorous action. The dp
mand is scarcely reasonable. The policy of such
men suddenly lifted to the head of affairs, which
they cannot attempt to guide, must be to wait and
watch, and their action must be simnlv tentative,
as they have no power to put forth, with moderate
fcope of success, any aggressive force.
Be satisfied of this—the United States Govern
ment will give up no power or possession which it
has at present got. By its voluntary act it will
surrender nothing whatever. Mo matter what re
ports may appear in tire papers, or in letters, dis
trust them if they would lead you to believe that
Mr. Lincoln is preparing either'to abandon what
he has now, or to recover that which he has not.
The United States Government is in an attitude
of protest; it cannot strike an offensive blow. But
if any attack is made upon it, the Government
hopes that it will be strengthened by the indigna
tion of the North and West to such an extent that
it can not only repel the aggression, but possibly
give a stimulus to a great reaction in its favor.
On these principles Fort Sumter and Fort Pick
ens are held. They are claimed as federal fortress
es. The Stars and Stripes still float over them.—
Whatever mav be said to the contrary, they will
remain there till they are removed by the action of
the Confederated States. The Commissioners of
Mr. Jefferson Davis's government "have reason to
say that if any attempt be made to throw reinforce
ments into Fort Pickens, unless they receive pre
vious notice of it. as promised, it will be a breach of
good faith." From all I can learn, no intention of
strengthening the fort is at present entertained,
but it may be doubted if the attempt would not be
marie should any favorable opportunity of doing so
present itself. All "the movements of tToops," of
which you will see accounts, are preparations
against—not for—aggression. At most they amount
to the march of a few companies and guns to vari
ous forts, now all but undefended. Fort Wash
ington, of which I shall have a few words to say
hereafter, was till lately held bv a very inadequate
force. As a member of the Cabinet said to me, "I
could have taken it last week with a little whis
key," that potent artillery being applied to the
weak defences of the aged Irish artilleryman who
constituted "the garrison."
The "formidable military force concentrated in
Washington," of which you mav read in the Amer
ican journals, consists of about 700 men of all arms,
so far as I can see, and four brass field-guns. There
is a good deal of drumming, filing, marching, and
music going on daily. I look on and see a small
band in gay uniform, a small body of men in som
bre uniforms, varying from 15 to 30, rank and file,
armed, however, with excellent rifles, and a very
large standard, pass by, and next day I read that
such and such a company had a parade, and "at
tracted much admiration by tneir efficient and sol
dierly appearance and the manner in which," Ac.
But these military companies have no intention of
fighting for the Government. Their sympathies are
Formidable as they would be in skirmishing in
the open country, they would be of comparatively
little use against regular troops at the outset of
the contest, as they have never learned to act to
gether, and do not aspire to form even battalions.
But their existence indicates the strong military
tendencies of the people, and the danger of doing
anything that might turn them against the Gov
ernment. Mr. Lincoln has no power to make war
against the South; the Congress alone could give it
to him; and that is not likely to be given, because
Congress will not he assembled before the usual
time unless under the pressure of an imperious ne
cessity. * * * * •*
Whatever may be the result of all these diverse
actions, the Great Republic is gone 1 The shape of
the fragments is not yet determined any more than
their fate. They may re-unite, but the coljgsjp.p,
BW?lrani?„,T,:; c "p!atforJii? "Lifere 'were too
many officers on board; perhaps the principles of
construction were erroneous; the rigid cast iron
old constitution guns burst violently when tried
with new projectiles,—anyway, those who adhere
with most devotion to the vessel, admit that it is
parted right, amidships, and that its prestige has
vanished. The more desperate of these would
gladly see an enemy, or go out of their way to find
one, in the hope of a common bond of union being
discovered in a common animosity and danger.
The naval preparations, of which you wilt hear
a good deal, are intended to make good existing
deficiencies and lo meet contingencies. At any
other time the action of Spain in St. Domingo
would create a cry for war. Now all the Federal
Government can do is to demand and receive expla
nations. In reply to Mr. Seward's inquiries, the
Spanish Minister has possibly stated that the recent
events in St. Domingo have been caused by the
acts and threats of Hayti, which forced the Domin
icans to call in the aid and claim the protection of
There have been several attempts from time to
time to induce France to assume the dominion of
its former possession, and it is not unlikely that an
excellent understanding exists between the Court
ot Madrid and the Euiperor Napoleon in reference
to the subject. The report that the Mexicans have
made, or contemplate making, an attack on Texas,
is scarcely worthy of credence.
As to the Morrill tariff, I can only repeat what I
have already said. It must be borne till results
show that it cannot be persisted in. Then only will
it be repealed or modified. The theory of the Gov
ernment is, that the United States always takes far
more from Kurope than it can pay for. "If the
revenue is collected there is no ground for com
plaint. The English and French manufacturer will
be satisfied, as well as the Northern population. If
the revenue is not collected, then the tariff must be
repealed, and that will be done within the year if
the mischief is serious." Birmingham, Wolver
hampton and Manchester must make the best they
can out of the doctrine.
HOUSE STRUCK BY LlGHTXl.NO— Marvellous Escape
of the Inmates. —The first thunder storm of the sea
son visited this region on Tuesday night. About
midnight the lightning struck a dwelling-house at
Forrestdale, near Slatersville, occupied by the
families of Danforth Crossman and A. Butts, the
members of which were all in bed. Nearly the en
tire north side of the house was torn off by the
subtle elen.ent, while it played strange pranks
withindoors. The bed on which two persons lay
teas moved across the room and its casters melted!
A bureau was smashed to pieces and a portion
thrown upon the bed. Bed clothes and clothing
were rent in twain, yet strange to say no person
was seriously injured. A child was somewhat
stunned. One of the ladies, in speaking of the
event, said her first thought after the thunder clap
was, "Jeff. Davis has come."—Woonsocket (H. 1.)
PRANKS OF THE NEW YORK ZOUAVF.S. —The New
Y"ork Zouaves yesterday seemed to be making up
for the lost time to them in coming from New York
to this city, and amused themselves in playing va
rious pranks, which, however amusing to them,
were decidedly unpleasant, if not unprofitable, to
the other parties. Restaurants, cigar stores, and
hack and omnibus drivers were levied upon, and in
settling, coolly told to charge it to Uncle Sam,
"Jeff Davis," or some imaginary captain. One
party entered a house and called for breakfast, and
having swept the table and done some injury to the
house, told the lady to call on the Colonel for dam
ages, <fcc. It is probable these tricks will cease in
a short time, as the officers are determined to ex
pel from the regiment every man who does not be
have himself becoming a soldier. In fact, we hear
that ten rather incorrigible b'hoys have been
promptly headed towards home by their officers.—
Washington Star of Saturday.
CAPTAIN DIKE. —We copied yesterday a state
ment from the Lowell Courier, to the effect that
Captain Dike, of the Stonehain Light Infantry,who
was one of the soldiers injured by the Baltimore
mob, "was robbed of SI,OOO during the affray,
which had been contributed by the citizens ol Bos
ton for his company." Captain Dike's father called
upon us yesterday, and slated that his son, who is
still in Baltimore, has been treated with the utmost
kindness, that responsible merchants had taken
charge of his effects and supplied his wants with
filial kindness; that his son had no such sum as
$1,003; that no contribution was made by "the cit
izens of Boston," and that the whole story of rob
bery and unkindness was a fabrication.— Boston
Courier, May 4.
LINCOLN'S BLOCKADE. —The blockade of our har
bor includes every conceivable avenue of approach
to it—from the broad-bosomed Chesapeake and its
noble rivers, to the creeks and coves which form
their tributaries. The James river boats have been
stopped, and no steamer is permitted to run be
tween Norfolk and Hampton. As this small potato
blockade will have % to be maintained chiefly by
means of small boats, some plan might be devised,
we think, to way-lav and sink them. Such a des
picable species of warfare is truly worthy of the
great mind which now rules the destinies and de
grades the historic fame of what were once tbe
United States.— Norfolk Herald, May 3.
Ax APT REPLY. —On Monday evening last, when
jour streets were crowded with soldiery, and inspir
iting martial music stirred all hearts, a lady chanced
to pass along one of the principal thoroughlares,
when a volunteer, who probably felt the "one touch
of nature which makes the whole world kin," very
politely saluted her by raising his hat, and remark
ing—"Farewell, my good lady; I'm going ofl to
fight for you;" to which she instantly and very
composedlv replied, "And I intend remaining here
to pray for you, sir."— Montgomery Advertiser,
A grand military review took place in New
Orleans on the 27th ult. Some 1,000 troops were
in line. ___
Rifled cannon are beiog made at "Leeds founde
rv" in New Orleans, and it will soon be able to
turn out this superior artillery in quantity.
Mr. Newman has resigned his po.-ition as Speaker
of the Tennessee Senate, for tbe purpose of taking
charge of a regiment of volunteers he had raised.
Capt. J ones, of the sloop Isabella,reported to have
been hung for attempting to provision the federal
fleet at Fensacola, has turned up at New York.
Dr. Cheever has been lecturing at Liverpool on
the present American crisis. His audience was not
T iltrv ™' l V'* Planters' Advocate, May 1.)
LARGE, AND ENTHUSIASTIC MEETING IN
tine or ft, CALy ERT COUNTY.
_ , ,■ ■ e " 1,,8t numerously attended meetings
th S if"' county, took place on Tues
tl l'or vJh 2' p . r . ince Frederick. On mo
tion of Nathaniel Duke, Esq Dr. Jatne* A dies
ley was called to the chair and Joseph Griffis ap
pointed \ tee President, and James T Wall Sec
retary. ' '
Col. Sollers then arose and addressed the meet
ing, which, during the continuance of his remarks
was wild with enthusiasm. He concluded bv offer
ing the following resolutions, which were unani
mously adopted, amid the patriotic cheers of the
Resolved, That we have read with deep indignation
the proclamation of one Abraham Lincoln, calling for
75,000 men from the different States to march upon and
butcher our Southern brethren; that we regard this as a
gross usurpation of authority, and the first step towards
the establishment of a military despotism.
Resolved, That by all the means In our power we will
co-operate with other of our fellow-citizens of Maryland
in the preventing the passage of Northern troops through
Resolved, That whatever may have been our difference
of opinion heretofore, and however anxious we have been
for the preservation of the Union, since the blood of
Mary landers has been shed by a hostile, invading foe. in
the city of Baltimore, we, as one man, proclaim that
Maryland ought to resume whatever authority she may
have delegated to the General Government, and to unite
her destiny with the Confederate States.
1 he meeting was then addressed bv Jesse J. DaJ
rymple, D. It. Magruder, R. C. Mackall and James
A. Bond. Lsqrs., in strains of fervid and patriotic
eloquence, auiid the loud cheers and huzzas of the
John I'arran, Esq., offered the following reso
Resolved, That the thanks or this meeting are tendered !
to the patriotic citizens of the city cf Baltimore for the
noble attempt they made to stop the passage of Northern
troops through that city.
On moti m, it was ordered that the proceedings
of this meeting be published in the Exchange and
Planter#' Advocate. The meeting then adjourned,
with nine cheers for the Confederate States and
Subsequently the sum of six thousand dollars was
raised upon the spot by the Commissioners' Court
of the county, ami a committee appointed to pro
ceed to Baltimore or Richmond to purchase arms
for the citizens of the county. The committee,
with the funds in their pockets, proceeded at once
to execute their commission.
JAMES A. CHESLEY, Pres't.
JAMES T. WALL, Sec'y.
[ From the London Times, April \ 7.]
TIIE SYRIAN QUESTION. — A Mew View of the
Causes of the Massacres. —W r e have already given
our readers an outline of the earlier part of the
"Correspondence relating to the Affairs of Sy
ria. ' A further perusal of these papers will show
that, the month of September, 1800, was the real
turning point of this strange episode. It was on
the 2d of that month that Lord Dufferin, preceding
his brother Commissioners bv some days, arrived
at Beyrout, and employed the interval pending
their arrival in a personal visit to Damascus. Up
to this time vague and exaggerated rumors as to
the nature and extent of the outbreak had found
general credence, and while a culpable lenitv was
shown to the Turkish officers, under whose eyes
the worst outrages were perpetrated, the idea of
there being two sides to the story as between the
Druses and Maronites themselves, had scarcely
been enteitained. In the course of this month,
however, our government becainepossessed of" more
* * * Lord Dufferin himself, in a recent and
very important letter, dated February 24, 18GI,
says: "When 1 first came to this country I was un
der the impression of those natural sentiments of
indignation which naturally animated every one
who had beard of the horrible atrocities perpetra
ted by the Druses on the Christians, and 1 fully
expected that the investigation it was become uiy
duty to pursue would only confirm my previous im
pressions." * * * "I am now in a position to
state, without fear of contradiction, that, however
criminal may have been the excesses into which
the Druses were subsequently betraved, the origi
nal provocation came from the Christians." We
are hound to add that, however unpopular such an
opinion would have been last September, it is fully
borneoofu f by the evidence contaiued in this vo
lume. Wh a n blood had once been shed each sect
appears to have vied with the other in sanguinary
vindictivent.es, and the details now before us sug
gest no doubt whatever as to the wholesale charac
ter of the miseries inflicted, while they leave us
in utter despair of providing a permanent remedy.
DISCOMFORTS OF A NEW YORK BELLE. —The New
York Express publishes the following:
Dear Coz:— This horrid war that every body is
talking about, has interfered so with society that I
have scarcelv anything to tell you. Absolutely s
many of the beaux have volunteered that we can't
have any German. There's one of the consequences
of civil war that I'm sure could never have been
contemplated. I think if it were known, peace
would be immediately proclaimed. You haven't
any idea of our sufferings here. The girls have to
talk to old beaux who were rejected by our grand
mothers; we have to spend all our time at lint and
bandage parties, and our fingers are sore with
scraping old napkins. But i's all the rage. They
say a company of Florence Nightingales is to be
f rmed; each lady to carry a lamp; but I don't see
any use in that, unless it is, like Diogenes, to look
for a man. Oh! the desolation of the ball-rooms!
But I suppose I shouldn't tell the enemy of our de
privations. I haven't had a new bonnet since East
er; Fa says all his Southern stock is good for noth
ing, and he must be economical. Lucy Lovem is
engaged; her intended proposed himself the dav
couldn't refuse at such a time. I'm sure 1 should
have accepted the whole company. At any rate I
wish they'd have proposed. Ever 60 many mar
riages have been hurried up by the wars. My cou
sin, Matilda McFliuisey, was one of the brides, and
wore star spangles all over her veil.
The worst of it all is, we cannot get our strawber
ries or peas from Savannah. What is to be done?
Ma gives a dinner next week, and the idea of no
green peas and absolutely no strawberries for des
sert!! Don't you think you could smuggle some
to us. It would'nt be giving aid and comfort to
the enemy, would it? Surely food is not contra
band of war, and really without our Southern ve
getables and fruits, the dinner would be a failure.
Oh dear, oh dear, no German, and no green peas !
What, a dreadful thing war is.
Yours, my love, confidingly, FLORINDA M.
Tun RIOT AMONG THIS SOLDIERS AT HARRIBBURG.—
The Harrisburg Patriot and Union gives the fol
lowing account of a fracas which took place in that
city on Tuesday:
*'lt appears that George Wilson, Thomas Ellison,
John M'Entirc, Edward M'Cann and Sergeant
Bryan, of the Biddle Guards, left Camp Curtin in
search of deserters. Unfortunately they visited a
number of places where liquor was soid, and im
bibed rather freely. In Mulberry street they made
an effort to enter a private house under the pre
tence of searching for a deserter, and were only
deterred by the firmness of the man, whose clothes
were torn in the struggle. From thence they went
to the tavern of Dr. M'Grannahan, where they be
haved most outrageously, and among other freaks
of fancy despoiled the Doctor's till of all the small
change in it. They next brought up at Raymond's
tavern, where their conduct became so bad that
the police had to be sent for. Immediately on the
arrival of the officers the soldiers became furious,
and made an indiscriminate attack upon them, as
well as all others, with their bayonets. One of
them ran his bayonet through the maimed arm of
Isaac Maguire, which also entered his side, making
several bad though not dangerous wounds. M'Cann
made a desperate assault upon Mr. Raymond, when
the latter knocked him down with a chair, laying
open his skull in a frightful manner. For a long
time he was supposed to be killed. The inadequate
police force were unable to cope with the armed
soldiers, and their arrest had finally to be effected
by a file of soldiers, WHO marched them to jail. Mo
exasperated were the people who had congregated
and witnessed the riot, which raged for nearly an
hour, that the soldiers who made the arrest kept
the populace from the prisoners at the point of the
FLAG ON THE CROSS OF TRINITY CHURCH.— On
Thursday afternoon rn intense and painfnl anxiety
was caused in the breasts of thousands of spectators
on Broadway and Wall street, by the appearance
of a man in the act of climbing Trinity church
steeple. The intrepid individual emerged frntn.the
topmost oriel window—from which a pole with the
American flag on the end of it, has for some time
been exhibited —and catching firm hold of the fret
ted stone work, commenced slowly to ascend. As
he mounted higher and higher, the diminishing
diameter of the steeple made the task easier, and
enabled him to quicken his steps. In a few minutes
he had reached the foot of the cross, and, hanging
to that firm object, was safe. At this point the
repressed excitement of the eager watching throng
below found vent in loud cheers, which the ventur
ous climber acknowledged by waving his hat. The
object of his hazar lous undertaking then became
apparent, for he could be seen fastening a halyard
to the foot of the cross, as a preparatory step for
the raising of a flag to the highest artificial point
in this city. The object of his exploit having been
achieved, the climber groped his way down; and
every observer felt a great deal better when he had
reached the little oriel window and crawled in
again.— N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
PRACTISE ECONOMY. —There never was a time in
our history when it was more necessary to practise
economy than now. War enormously enhances the
price of provisions and other necessaries, while it
diminishes the means ot purchasing thein. In
some kinds of business fortunes are being realized,
liut, such is the general prostration of business,
that the fa lures in New York since the 22d of
April number over two hundred; and such is the
quantity of protested paper thrown on the bauks,
that they now refuse to accommodate. One of
these, the day before yesterday, had $30,000 worth
of paper protested, ileal estate is unsaleable, and
rents are gone down, because people have not mo
ney to pav. The holders of breadstuff's will keep
them up, because they know that the war and the
demand in England will enable them to command
high prices. It is necessary, therefore, for all
classes of citizens to practise economy; even for
some who used to purchase three or tour coats in
twelve months to wear one now for a whole year.
Economy in these, the hardest of hard times, is a
virtue of the first order, and no person ought to
buy anything he can dispense with till the war is
oyer. .Y. 1. Herald, April 4.
THE CROPS. The reports of the crops, both North
and South,-are of the most cheering character.—
The Plaquemine (La). Gazette says that never be
fore did the crops of cane, cotton and corn promise
a more fruitful harvest. The Lawrenceville (Ga.)
iVel re says that the wheat in that section is look
ing well. Corn has been planted more extensively
than usual. In Michigan there is a good prospect
of as large a crop of wheat as last year, a greater
breadth having been sown. Wheat looks well in
Kentucky and Virginia. From the West our re
ports are" all of a promising character.
NARROW ESCAPE FHOM DROWNING OF GENERAL
HOUSTON, OK TEXAS. —Late Texas news says:
We understand that a sail-boat, in which Gen.
Houston and Col. Morgan were proceeding fr-fm
the residence of the latter to San Jacinto, capsized
in thirty feet water, and both these gentlemen
were in danger of drowning. Gen. Houston has
very imperfect use of an arm and a leg, and Col.
Morgan is totally blind. Mr. Kos Morgan hap
pened to be just behind them in another boat, at
the time of the accident, and rescued them.
A Washington correspondent says : Mrs. Lincoln,
with her customary thoughtfulnese, has decided to
hold one or more levees, at which the military are
to be invited particularly, and the public general
ly. Mrs. Lincoln is going to New York next week,
to remain at the Metropolitan hotel, that, line
other ladies, she may indulge in the luxury of JJew
York shopping. She will be absent but a few
Edward G. Wilkins, of the New York Herald,
died on Sunday morning, of pneumonia.
PRICE TWO CENTS
THK NEW YORK ANNIVERSARIES.—The New York
Expre HH of Saturday says:
The war will materially interfere with this year's
anniversary meetings. Two of them are killed
outright—viz., the Abolition and Woman's Right
Societies—but still, enough are left to make the
week an interesting on".
American Seamen's Friend Society, Monday eve
ning, May 6th.
American and Foreign Christian Union, Tuesday
N. Y. Sunday School Union, Tuesday afternoon
American Tract Society, Nassau street, Wednes
American Tract Society, Boston, Wednesdav af
evening Can ome Missionary Society, Wednesday
American Bible S >cietv, Thursday morning,
nintr " * ate Colonization Society, Thursday eve
rMi'nT'r" Te ™P Pencernce Union, at I)r. Cheever'a
Church, Union Square, Thursday evening.
American Board of Foreign Missions, Friday
CAN THK SOUTH SUPPOKT T <Vovin !N M E NI?-Eli
pbalet Case, in a communication to the Boston
Post, fully answers this question, as follows:
Now, there is nothing that puzzles the radical
Republicans so much as the diiliculty the South
will have in raising a revenue to carrv on their
government. Did it ever occur to them that ten
per cent, on this one article, of export duty, would
raise on $250,000,000, $25,000,000, and that this
would not exceed one cent per pound on the entire
cotton crop? Then suppose the South should con
clude to tax the products of the Northern States
ten per c<*nt., and the hats and other imports
from the free States east of the Alleghany innun
M-ii.'™ F er CeDt ' , ' l ' 3 would yield at least
$23,000,000 more. Then an import duty on all oth
er imports from all other parts of the globe would
make an income of $10,000,000 more-S6O 000,000,
in all. The South is rich in all the resources that
go to make the wealth and power of great nations:
and can easily within its present territory support
two hundred millions of people.
A fiits IT Pawnor.—The present age is fertile
in great enterprises. Men hesitate at nothing, and
dare seeming impossibilities. Oae of the most im
posing schemes of the day is in process of execu
tion near Bombay, in India, under the auspices of
British capitalists. It is a railway enterprise
called the "Bhore Ghaut Incline," which in other
words is an incline railway on the Ghaut moun
tains, believed to be the greatest undertaking of its
kind in the world. This incline is an enormous
mass of masonry, crowded upon an unhealthy,
desolate, nnd almost inaccessible mountain scarp.
It is 3,156 feet high, and 15% miles in length. The
number of laborers in constant employment upon
the work is between 40.060 and 43,000, and the
amount of contract work executed in a single
month has exceeded $250,000. The enterprise is
expected to exert a great influence in developing
the resources of India.
A (TOTE TRANSACTION THAT DIDN'T PAT.—J. A.
Brown having cleared the schooner A. A. Handel
with a cargo ol rice for I'once, Porto Rico, on Mon
day, sent by the captain a letter no ifving two
other vessels, the J. A. Brown and Harriet Gard
ner, bound lor this port with cargoes from Cuba,
and then oil the bar with pilots on board, not to
enter, in consequence of which notification the
vessels sailed for Boston. The facts of the case
coming to the knowledge of Sheriff* 13. L. Cole, Mr.
Brown was brought before Collector Boston, who,
upon proof of his violation of the law, enforced
the penalty provided for in such cases, of S4OO in
each case, which amount, with ten per cent, dis
count for bank bills, was promptly collected by M r .
Cole. Mr. Brown was, we understand, afterwards
waited on by a committee of citizens, who gave
him till Saturday next to arrange his affairs aud
leave the city. Right.— Savannah News, May 1.
IMPORTANT RAILROAD COSVKNTION. —An important
Railroad Convention, says the Montgomery (Ala.)
Advertiser, in which forty-three different companies
were represented, assembled at the Exchange Ho
tel yesterday. It agreed, we understand, to trans
port the troops of the Confederate States at the
rate of two cents per mile, and munitions and pro
visions at halt the usual price. The mails a-e to be
carried at $l5O per mile for the first grade service;
SIOO for the second grade service; and SSO r or the
third grade service. A commiltee was appointed
to determine as to whether they will receive Con
federate States bonds in payment for this service,
and we are reliably informed that it will report fa
REGIMENT OP FREE COLORED MEN. Governor
Moore, we have heard, has authorized the organi
zation of a regiment of free colored men. We have
always relied upon the fidelity of the free colored
men who were born in New Orleans—the descen
dants of those who fought on the plains of Chalmette.
And we expect that when the regiment is fullv or
ganized, and, if the mean, false, dastardly black
republicans of the North endeavor to make a hostile
approach to New Orleans, our free colored regi
ment will help to teach them, by a bloody lesson,
tori, that they know their true from their false
friends. We heard it said that Felix Ltbatut, E-q.,
an old, esteemed, and wealthy citizen, would be re
quested to become colonel of the regiment. —New
Orleans Delta, April 30.
THE REACTIONARY CONSPIRACIES AT NAPLES.—
Since the arrest of the leaders in the recent pots
against the Government at Naples, the police have
seized at. the house of a Swiss, who is supposed to
be implicated, I,GOO rifles, 300 dagger*, 700 re
volvers, and 150 uniforms, besides a great number
of helmets. The Swiss declares that these things
came ia way of business, but a jargg
th ught to contradict the assertion. The Popola
d*ltalia states that base coin was used in promot
ing the objects of ttie conspirators, and that a large
firm in Naples voluntarily gave up t the Govern
ment a large quantity of this coin which it had re
ceived from Rome.
PLANT GRAIN AND GRASS. — In the Tennessee House
on Friday last, Mr. Ewing, of Williamson county,
offered the following joint resolution, which was
adopted and ordered to De transmitted to the Sen
Resolved, by the General Assembly of the State of
Tennessee, That in view of the dearth of the past
two years, and the probable extraordinary demand
for cereal and forage, to supply the absolute wants
of our State and at the entire South, that the agri
culturists of the State be, and are hereby requested
to devote the breadth of arable land in the State to
the culture of grain and grass.
THE CHEEVER CHURCH 1 ROUBLE. —An ex parte
Council, called by the Abernetby part of Dr. Cbee
ver's Church, to consider the latest batch of trou
bles which have occurred in that perturbed institu
tion, are now sitting in New York. The question
involved in this case is a very important one lor the
future of Congregationalism, viz: whether a ma
jority have a right to excommunicate a minority
from the fellowship of the church. The hearing
will occupy two days at least.
THE NEW ORLEANS MINT.— In regard to the re
ported debasement of coin at the New Orleans
mint, the New Orleans Crescent declares that "not
one single new coin, of any kind or denomination
whatever, has been issued from the mint at New
Orleans since its seizure by the order of the Louisiana
Convention, and we presume none will be issued
until after the devices for anew set of coins, to
compose the currency of the Confederate States,
are ordered by the Montgomery Congress."
SHOES. — According to the Shoe and Leather Re
porter. 3 042 cases of boots and shoes were shipped
from Boston during the past week by rail and sea
to various places outside of New England. 1,140
cases were sent to the Western fates, 1,344 to the
Middle States, 261 to the Southern States, 206 to
the British Provinces, and 82 to Melbourne, Aus
tralia. To the Confederate States there were no
The Richmond Dispatch learns that the guns
and munitions of war at the Norfolk Xavy Yard,
except such as are necessary to the thorough de
fence of that position, and of the neighboring cities
and fortifications, have been removed and distribu
ted to all such points in the line of defence as the
interests of the South require.
Lord Palraerston has granted out of the Queen's
bounty fund £IOO to the two daughters of Mr.
James De Foe, great grandson of the author of
Robinson Crusoe. The family are poor; the father,
a carpenter, died in 1857, at the age of eighty
years, after a long and painful struggle with pov
Diptheria is not a new disease. Dr. Greenlow
says it was known in the sixteenth century, the ser
enteenth and eighteenth. It does not arise hom
an)* known combination of physical causes. It ia
communicable, but not highly contagious, and at
The National Intelligencer states that the Govern
ment has established two daily lines of trains from
Washington for Annapolis, Philadelphia, New
York, Boston, and other points North. There are
two trains each day. The management is entrusted
by the Mecretarv of War to Mr. Thos. A. Scott.
An old soldier, who has seen service, says : Do
not wear cotton socks; your feet will be blistered
by a six hours' march. Wear woollen socks, and
if you can find the means to dip the soles in melted
tallow before starting, your feet will not be blis
tered at all.
While thirteen appointments, foreign and domes
tic, have been given to editors and attaches ol the
New York Tribune , not a single man connected, HI
editor or correspondent, with that paper has vol
unteered to fight. The men who talk the loudest
are not the men who fight.
At the recenTTerm of the Circuit Court in Hamp
shire countv, Virginia, Abraham J. Alger, indict
ed or marrying his niece, was found guilty, and
fined SSOO. Mrs. Barbarv Ann Alger, the wife < f
said Alger, for marrying her uncle, was also tried
A housekeeper in Manchester, England, com
plains that the gas company there brought him in
a bill for the consumption of seven hundred feet of
gas, when, in fact, they had not even completed his
couplings with the main. Queer people these gas
The Richmond Dispatch says: —Wehave nodoubt
that the United States Government will make an
attempt to regain this Yard. Troops will probably
be concentrated there insufficient numbers to de
It is stated that Major Anderson, who arrived in
Washington city on Saturday from New York, was
accompanied by a remittance of $4,000,000 in gold
froui the Sub-treasury at New Yotk.
Two of the Ohio State Seuators had a fracas at
Columbus on Thursday last. A pistol was drawn
but missed fire. The parties engaged are named
Cummins and Cuppv. _
Letters announce the departure from I enaacola,
for Virginia, of the Orleans Cadets, ( apt. Charles
Druex; the Louisiana Guards, Major Uoddj and the
Cbasseurs-a-l'ipd. ('apt. St. I'aul.
Professor Lowe, the famous aeronaut, will make
another ascension from Cincinnati in a few days,
carrying with him a number of passengers. Re
hopes to reach New York city before descending.
The Richmond Examiner states as a singular fact
that Virginia was the Bth State to join the Kedetal
I Union, and she is now the Bth State to leave the
The Richmond Whig of Saturday says : We beg
to suggest to all Southern papers the propriety of
omitting all mention of the movement of troops
within our borders. A word to the wise!
Hon. Asa Biggs, of North Carolina, forwarded
his resignation as a District Judge of the Lni e
States, to A. Lincoln, on the '-'3d ot Apri .
Lieut. John N. Maffit, late of the O. S. Navy,
tenders his services to North Caro
The ranerslhn.ughout Virginia are pitching
into the P gr P ocers and provision merchants for their
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