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The daily exchange. (Baltimore, Md.) 1858-1861, July 10, 1861, Image 1

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VOL VII —NO. 1,037.
SEE FOURTH PAGE.
LATEST NEWS.
FEDERAL
TELEGRAMS.
r Correspondence of the Associated Press. 1
FROM THE I PPKII POTOMAC
Johnston** Force—Southerners Arrested.
M ARTISSUUKO, Sunday, duly 7.—Two deserters
escaped yesterday from General Johnston's com
mand, which has been moved forward to within
e yen miles of this point from Hunker's Hill. The
enemy's camp nt. Big Springs, three miles from
it re, Consists only of Colonel Stuart's cavalry re
giment. It is this regiment which, fr nn its supe
i lor knowledge of the tonography of the country,
keeps our quarters in constant alarm, and captures
our pickets. Those deserters were members of the
Berkeley County Border Guards, and estimate
General Johnston's force nt 15,000, with twenty-two
cannon, including eight six pounders, four twelve
pounders and one ten-inch howitzer.
Some men sent out on Friday in consequence of
a report that a number of rebels killed at Haines
vi 11 - were utiburied, have returned, and report that
a number of tlose men, not less than seven and
probably as high as ten, have been buiied by the
farmers living in that neighborhood. Reports of
others found and buried, making a total of
twentv-seven, are in circulation—but this is doubt
ful. Though the ollicers of Gen. Patterson's staff*
estimate the loss of the enemy at sixty in killed anil
wounded and missing in that action, I have no suffi
cient evidence to show that it exceeded uiy former
estimate of twenty-five.
The deserters say fhat they knew of large num
bers of others who desire to leave the Confederate
service, both in their own company and others.
One of them, a very intelligent man, declares that
a soldier who was badly wounded in the affair at
Gainesville declared to his officer that he had not
fired his gun during the engagement.
John Rutberfrl, color hearer in Company I), in
Colonel Allan's Virginia 2d Infantry, was arrested
h re this morning by Captain McMullin, on the
charge of being a spy. Second Lieutenant Beam
and private Marion, of McMuliin's Rangers,
searched his house and found his sash, parade and
fatigue cap, two plumes, a flint-lock musket, and a
splendid silver-mounted double barreled fowling
piece. He has a son in the Confederate army.
A man named Schwartz was arrested yesterday
and is still held in custody. The allegation against
hi in U that he is a very violent secessionist, and
thmi. he has, as coal agent of the Southern Confed
eracy, been, without any color of right, selling tbe
coal of the Ballimore and Ohio Railroad at this
point to private individuals.
Great enthusiasm was excited anioDg the troops
composing this column on hearing the news of
Geneial McClellan's reported success at Buckhan
non and Laurel Hill over Wise's column. (Jon
tra>ts are violently nude with our own dilatory
action in every group of men and soldiers For
ward is the only word now issuing from men and
subordinate officers.
I have heard of no more outrages upon private
property.
Col. Patterson's Pennsylvania Volunteers, the 2d
New Hampshire, Ist Pennsylvania and 15th New
York regiments are at Willi&msport, advancing to
reinfo: c us.
Col. Stone was at Harper's Ferry yesterday with
a part of his command. One of the batteries con
nect! d with his column is also on its way hither.
These additions to our force here will give us
twenty-one regiments of volunteers, and 12,000
men. inclusive of leguiar cavalry and artillery and
detached corps—a total available force upon our
front, of not over 10,000 men. Intimations from
headquarters say that the column in its full
strength will be twenty thousand available men for
batih*. There will have to be at least four th uj|
sand at Hagerstnwn, Wiiliamsport and here, as
guards to the camp and stents. Its total strength
is, then, to be twenty-four thousand. You may
look lor a forward movement from here iumv next
despatches.
A hen Gen. Johnston discovers these heavy rein
f"icements he will retreat beyond question to
Winchester. f designate that as tbe point of the
first great battle, as I hare ever done since coming
upon this Hue.
RATER.
Increase of foafi-ih mtc Forces— Had Time
for Federal Pickets.
SUNDAY, G o'clock, P. M—l learn from head
quarters that positive information has been re
ceived that. Johnston has been reinforced from Ma
nassas Junction. They brought an additional
piece of cannon with them. Its calibre is not
known. The number of regiments constituting the
reinforcement was five.
'1 he 15th regiment captured three men and five
horses at or near the Winchester turnpike. This
was very gratifying to a regiment which has lost
so many of its men. Tbe 16th lost two of its pick
ets whilst in sea* ch of water this morning. This
makes a loss of four men within two days by their
venturing away from their posts contrary to order.
Ihe only wonder is that more are not taken, as j
their immediate o/licers do not control them in this I
particular.
FROM FORTRESS AIOVIIOE.
f Corre.fjtondence of the Associated Press*]
FORTH ESS MONROE, July 8. Commodore Fetid er
grast has gone Southward with the Roanoke. The
Cumberland and the gun-boat Day light sail to-mor
rVw - t*' £ W R1 probably become the fi*p
fjuwKer Guy wa*S W\!)jfY6 n
this morning, to pa ticipate in a contemplated at
tack on Sewell's Point.
Including the frigates and gun boats, there was
this morning in Hampton Roads a force of two
hundred guns and tlir<*e thousand five hundred
men. It was hoped that a demonstration would
be made against some of the adjacent batteries, but
nothing ol the kind took place.
Colonel Duryea is Acting Brigadier-General. A
movtiiicnt of his regiment to Fox Hill, about five
miles distant, was contemplated, butha6 beeu aban
doned.
Last night two men deserted from the Confed
erates. They belonged to the gun boat Frnzer,
which guards James river from Richmond to the
vicinity i f Newport-News. Whilst she was at an
chor last night the men escaped with her vawl and
Jong-boat, and were this morning picked up by the
Monticello. A small boat pursued them from the
shore, but withdrew on the appearance of the Mon
ticello. The men belong—one to NewYotk,and
the other to Baltimore. They report that they
were impressed into the Confederate service, and
say that there are only about 2,000 ( ! ) troops in
Richmond at this time, and about the same number
posted below n the James river.
FROM WESTER\ VIRGINIA.
Movements of Gen. McClellnn's Column.
liucKHANM N, July 9—lt is stated that Colonel
Tvler succeeded iu throwing one company into
Glenviilr? la.-t night, with provisions for the nine
companies of the 17th and 19th Ohio regiments,
who were represented by a previous des
patch as being besieged there by a superior
force of Confederates. He was only waiting the
arrival of the 10th regiment, which left here last
night for that point, to begin the attack on Colonel
Wise's conm and.
General McCleilan left Middle Ford Bridge early
this morning, with the evidrnt design of reaching
a point twenty two miles east of here, where the
Si cessiciiists are represented as in large numbers,
and strongly entrenched.
FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July 9—P. M —Within the last
twenty-four honrs the 4th and s'h Maine regiments
and the 29th New York regiment have passed into
V irgicia.
The steamer Pocahontas has actively cruis
ing f"r the past week in the neighborhood of Aquia
Creek and Mat hiss' Point. At the former place u
Saturday she approached to within about one
thousand yards of the secession steamer Geo. Page,
which lay far up the cretk, and fired thirteen shell
into her, taking her smoke-stack as the target. —
Those on board were in great commotion, showing
that the shot from the Pocahontas were not inef
fectual. While engaged in this duty, the Poca
hontas was fired at from the upper secession bat?
tery, but sustained no damage.
The 33d New York regiment, from Ontario
county, arrived here this evening.
The disaffected soldiers of the Ist German New
Yoik Rifle regiment, who yesterday were placed
in jil lor refusing the arms allotted to tbeiii by
the Government, have repented of their folly, and
are now willing to render obedience.
The rebelling Garibaldiaos are still under ar
rest.
The bill introduced bv Mr. Stevens from the
c mmittee on \\ avs and Means, 10-day, proposes a
loan of $250,000,000.
William B. Rochester, of Auburn, and Henry
Porter Andrews, of New York, have been appoin
ted additional paymasters in the army.
From Alexandria,
ALEXANDRIA, July 9.—The first passenger train
on the Or ange and Alexandria Railroad made a
trip to Cameron's Run this morning with Company
A of the Z 'uavis, and Company 1 of the Michigan
]sl regiment. Cameron's Run is about four miles
nut and is the farthest point on the road to which
our pickets at present extend.
Advaatt of Troops to Cumberland.
HARRISBCKO, July B.— At the request of Gen.
Scott, the two regiments of Pennsylvania Reserve
Volunteers under Colonel Charles" J. Btddle and
Colonel Simmons, marched yesterday from Bedford
to Cumberland, Maryland, w here they are to join
a portion of General McClellan's army.
Tornadoes in tlir Northwest.
CHICAGO, July B —A violent tornado, accompa
nied by rain, passed over Freeport, in this State,
this afternoon, doing much damage.- The freight
h< use of the Illinois Central road was unrooted,
the machine sbop of the Racine and Mississippi
road demolished, the bridges over the Preatonica
and at Yellow Creek, near the citv, were blown
down. It also unroofed several at Rockford. A
thunder storm prevailed here all the afternooD,
preventing the working of the telegraph wires.
We are, therefore, unable to obtain further parti
culars.
USHKOSH, Wis., July B. —A destructive tornado
swept over this city at 2 o'clock this morning, un
rooting houses in every direction, blowing down
trees, doing immense damage to the large flouring
mills of Green & Powers, unrooted and demolished
the store of Bigger Hill, etc. The steamer Shaw
an 'W, at her dock, was made a complete wreck.
The steamer Berlin City has her smoke stacks and
upper works carried awav and otherwise damaged.
Houses in all parts of the city were lifted up and
carried several feet, and even in some cases entirely
demolished
The wind was accompanied by a violent hail
storm. The lightning was terrific, striking in seve
ral places. No loss of lile yet reported.
Fatal Accident—Two Members of tlie Rhode
Islnud I.lirht Battery Killed by the Explo
sion of Cartridges.
WASHINGTON, July 9 —As the right section of the
Second Rhode Island Light Battery was drilling on
the ground near the encampment of the Mozart
regiment of New York, early this morning, the
cartridges in the limber chest of the second piece
exploded, killing Corporal N. T. Morse, Jr., and
private William E. Brown, seriously wounding
private E R. Freeman, and slightly wounding
private Richard Tbornley, and Edwin E. Weeks.
The remains of the dead will be sent to Provi
dence this alternoon. The cause of the ignition of
the powder is unknown. A report prevails that it
was in consequence of the explosion of a shell, but
this is disproved by an examination made by sev
eral gentlemen acquainted with pyrotechnics, no
fragments being found. Their theory is that the
explosion was caused bv the agency of friction
matchea either thrown into the limber chest by
■ome enemy, or dropped into or new it through
carelessness.
Arrival of tho North Britain,
FURTHER FROM EUROPE.
j QUEBEC, July 9.— The steamer North Biiton, via
| Father Point, has arrived, with Liverpool advices
j of the 28th u t.
I Political news is unimportant.
The North Briton tias 2SG passengers and $250,-
000 in specie.
The French Senate has passed a bill establishing
i postal service with America.
Napoleon's recognition of Italy is withheld for
I approval.
Tbe Pope's health is worse.
COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE.
Cotton is firm, with an advancing tendency; sales of
I SO,OOO bales, including 17.01)0 bales to speculators. New
I Orleans Fair BXd., Middling Bd.; Mobile Fair
j Middling 7\ d. Stock 1,100,000, including 834,000 bales
I American Cotton.
The weather is favorable for the crops, Bread stuffs
• closefl quiet but steady Provisions are dull.
I.ON DON, Friday, June 28.—Consols closed at 89%. Bul
lion in the Bank has increased £49,000.
| Further from California—By Pony Express,
j FORT KEARNEY, July 7.—A storm, last night,
' prevented the transmission of the entire California
despatch by the Pony Express. The following is
th*? conclusion:
SAN FRANCISCO, June 25. —1t is represented that
Senators Baker. Latham and McDougal will urge
the acceptance of Templetoo's regiment, for the
purpose of guarding the overland mail route.
A destructive fire occurred at Cottonwood, Syck
egao county, on Thursday, consuming tbe entire
business portion of the town. The loss is about
$40,000.
The grain harvest has commenced in all parts of
the State, and the crop was never liner. There is
probably an eighth more land under cultivation this
year than ever before, and the proportion of wheat
over other crops is also greater.
The Los Angelos Star, of the 22d of Juno, con
tains the following items from the southern portion
of the State ar.d the adjacent territories:
Jose Mattco Moreno, tbe present acting Gov
ernor of Lower California, was arrested at San
Diego on tbe 19th of June, by the United States
Deputy Marshal, on a charge of" violating the neu
trality law of the United States during the late
difficulties in California between Don Feiiciano and
Parsea, and Don Juan Mendoza.
By information obtained from the Express rider
from the Colorado, it is learned that that portion
of the mail stock used on the line on the other side
of El Paso, is on the road to Los Angelos, and may
he expected here in five or six days. The Express
tnan left Fort Yuma on the 16th, at which time the
stock had arrived on the other side.
McNeese and Giddings' party had been discovered
murdered, and the bodies horribly mangled. Mr.
Giddings was a brother of the mail contractor.
By the breaking up of the post at Tejoxi, in addi
tion to other Government property, we have also
the herds of camels now here, which have been at
Tejon for some years.
On Wednesday morning, Company B, First Dra
goons, from Fort Tt-jon, with the hand of the regi j
menr, under command of Capt. Davidson, had ar
rived in Los Angelos. They marched into camp at
once, making three eompaniesencuinDed here.
The news from the Sandwich Islands is received
up to May 20th—ten days later—but it is quite un
important.
Additional l>y (lie Gnat Eastern.
QUEBEC, July 8. —The Great Eastern is command
ed by Captain Kennedy, late of the Etna. The
number of her officers has been reduced to one-halt.
She was navigated across without the slightest
difficulty, and lies at anchor opposite this city.—
She was exactly eight days out from the time the
Liverpool pilot left her till the Canadian pilot
boarded her, during which she had only thirty
hours of clear weather. She made Cipe Race in
six days from Liverpool, but the weather was too
thick to communicate with that point. She nearly
ran into the Arabia in a fog, on the 2d, and would
have done so had she carried a bowsprit. The
same day she saw several icebergs. There were
two births on board during the pissage, by the
wives of the soldiers, several of whom were found
concealed on board. The weather was moderate
and the sea smooth throughout the passage.
The ship will not be ready for inspection for a
week, and will probably remain here for a month.
Indian Firht in Minnesota.
CHICAGO, July B —The St. Paul Pioneer of the
2d instant, gives the particulars fa fight between
a party of Cbippewas and Sioux, on the 10th of
June. It appears that the Sioux arrived at St.
Joseph, on the Pembina river, for the purpose of
returning some stolen horses, when they were fired
on by a party of Cbippewas encamped in the vici
nity. The Sioux iminediatelv returned the fire.
Six of the Cbippewas, three Sioux and two Assiui
boines were killed. The Sioux finally escaped,
leaving behind them forty horses. Although the
half-breeds at St. Joseph retrained from taking
part in the fight, thev are apprehensive of an at
tack from a body of Sioux now encamped at Devil's
Lake.
Steamer Burnt.
OMAHA, July J). —The steamer Chippewa, laden
with Government freight and stores for the Ameri
can Fur Company, was destroyed by fire on the 23d
'of June, 150 miles above Yellow Stone River. The
passengers and crew escaped to the shore. The
powder on board exploded soon after, entirely de
stroying the boat.
Election of Virginia I'. S. Scnntars.
WHEELING, July 9 —Air. Carlife was elee'ed to
the Unit d States Senate for the long term, and
W. T. Wilby, of Alrnongahela for, the-short term.
ne" neW ta;e government is now tully under
CURIOUS PROCESS IN BOOKBINDING. —An interesting
process in ornamental bookbinding has been recent
ly patented by Mr Charles Tuckett, Jun., son of.
Mr Tuckett, bookbinder to her Maiesty, and like
wise to the British Museum. This is a method by
which various colored designs are produced on the
sides and backs of books, according to taste and
pattern, bv mea-.s of numerous acids, alkalies, salts,
mineral and neutral, and their compounds, acting
in such a manner as to cause a permanent change
of color on the foundation leather. That is to say,
the volumes being first bound in leather of a uni
form color, as red, olive, blue or green, any other
color or colors may be superadded at will by the
new process, and with little or no fear of time ope
rating any change in them. Some beautiful speci
mens of bookbinding of this kind have been exhibit
ed by Mr. Tuckett at the Society of Arts, and we
have seen many others in his own possession, which
viewed eithe r mechanically or artistically, convince
us that the discovery is one of rare merit. The mo
rocco bindings, we must say, are far superior to
those in calf, the changes of color in the former be
ing of a more decided hue than in the calf, affording
another evidence, if such were needed, of the supe
riority of morocco to calf under all ci; camstances of
bookbinding. Connoisseurs are. of course, aware
of many curious and valuable examples of book
binding in various colors, dati g hack : far as the
sixteenth century, which were produced eiiher by
painting the added colors with oil, or by inlaying
portions of leather of the various required hues.
But both of these methods are objectionable; the
on* from the danger and almost certainty of the
added colors chipping off in process of use, and the
other from the various inlaid pieces becoming loose
at the points of juncture. London Athenceum,
TASTE IN TUNlS. —Obesity is considered quite in
dir-pensable to beauty among the Mohammedans—
so much so that the young woman whose features
may approximate the most to the ideal type, and
vet should fail in this important sine qua non,
would find it very difficult indeed to secure a hus
band. The Israelites ol Tuuis have adopted in
great part the manners of the Musselmans; and on
the subject of fatness especially they appear to be
even more tractable. When a young Jewess is
about to be married it is customary to fatten her
during the forty days which, from the time of the
engagement, must always precede the great day
of the nuptials. She is confined in a dark cool
chamber, never allowed to go out of it, compelled
to drink a great deal, and to sleep as much as pos
sible; but her mother awakes her invariably at
midnight, that she tuav partake of the most fat
tening substances, and is thus stuffed to repletion,
in a manner somewhat like that employed on a
fowl when intended for the market. If, at the
close of the forty days, her b trothed finds her
still jfune, the parents continue the sameregiinen
for fifteen days more, even at the risk of killing
her.
The Arabs affirm that plumpness acquired in this
way always remains. All women there wear large
gold or silver rings on their limbs; if the fiancee
is to espouse a widower or one divorced, the rings
which belong to the first wife are banded over to
her, and then the dietetics necessary to enable her
to acquire the capacity of the bracelets is resorted
to assiduously. The operation is not always the
most facile; for it often happens that a meagre wo
man succeeds another of a totally different consti
tution. M. Ducaut, a French servant, asserts that
certain ladies, in order to gaiu that stout
ness so much desired, go so far as to eat dogs
—said to be an infallible means to attain it; while
others live almost exclusively on sesame, the oil
plant. Ac., sleep twenty-three hours out of the
twenty-tour, and by dint of care and especially by
I indolence, they finally triumph over the most re
! bellious nature.
The following list of hard-to-be-pronnuncd
names is added to the dipl uiatic directory by tho
arrival in France of the Siamese embassy : I'hay
asipbipbat, Ist ambassador;Fbaranaivai, 2d;Phran
ar< ug, 3d; Phoxai, son of the 2d; Lamaudie,
apostolic missionary interpreter. Attaches :
Louangiinmnntri, Naisapvixai, Louangxapsnurin,
Kbounmahasit, Khoutisombai, Muncbankphichit,
Naivat, Nauem, Naisowboun, Khonnchoncheutale.
Suite: Naihout, Khouraxascmbai, Jlunnarapakdi,
Naiyou, Nainet, Monthanong, Naipia, Munchin
darak, Mnnhaunaruug, Naithim, Naioiem, N'aidet,
Mimphakdisatra, Naisoun.
Cuors IN MISSOURI. —The farmers in this region
are now nearly through with the wheat harvest,
which has been the most abundant yield known loi
vears in Missouri. There was a larger breadth of
land than usual sown in wheat in this State.—
The same remarks will apply to Illinois. The
harvests of the other grain crops, and of the hay
crop, were never better. The farmers have a good
chat,ce to give their corn a thorough cultivation,
end the fields give the same promise ol abundance
that the wheat fields have realized. The hemp
and tobat co crops are flourishing; the root and all
the vegetable crops are equally so. while fruit trees
of every kind are beariag profusely. Very few of
the years bring such uuiversal plenty "as the
preseDt.
EXCESS OF WOMEN IN ENGLAND.—The excess of the
fair sex in Eng'and amounts to the alarmingly
large total of 544,021; but this disproportion be
tween the sexes is not universal, the rougher sec
tion of humanity being in a majority in Derby
shire, Durham, Essex, Herefordshire, Kent, Hamp
shire, Staffordshire and Westmoreland. In Mid
dlesex there are 165,389, and in Lancashire 86,100
more women than men. and the agricultural coun
ties also reflect the continuous drain of emigration
upon their adult male population.
THE CAPE COD CANAL.—The Committee on the
Cape Cod Canal, alter examining several routes,
conclude to adopt the one west of Sagamore Hill
in West Sandwich, running near IlerriDg Pond,
Indian Village, thereby avoiding the deep, muddy
marshes. The deepest cut through the route is
City four feet seven inches. The canal will be
about 7J4 mites long. The width will be 150 feet,
all atoned.
TUB WOOL TRADE IN AI ICHIGAN.—At Gall Prai
rie, Kalamazoo coun'y, Mr. Thomas Hubbard, of
Boston, has been buying lor the Middlesex Com
pany of Lowell. He has taken 45,000 lbs , all verv
tine and in good condition, at an average of 29
ceDts. The total amount marketed at Kalamazoo
last year, was 186,054 lbs —so that but about one
tentb of the clip in the vicinity has been brought
to market as yet.
Tbeatate of the Pope'i health la more precarious,
I end much uneasiness ii manifested by the car
dinal! on that aooonnc.
[Special Correspondence of the Daily Exchange )
WASHINGTON, July 9, 1861.
I Humor is current here that some of the recent
arrests in Maryland have been made at the instance
of Gov. Hicks. The case of Mr. Tiljrhinan, notv
at Fort Mcllenrv, is mentioned as one, in which the
wishes of Gov. H. furnish the whole ground for de
tention. Ido not vouch for the truth of the re
port, but it comes from good authority, and i 3 cor
roborated by facts within the knowledge of well
informed parties here in reference to the under
standing which exists between Gov. H. and tbe Ad
ministration.
It is also said that every regiment in the army is
expected to goat least five times over the Northern
Central Railroad, in which the Secretary of War
has so large an interest. This sounds like a jest,
but the accounts of the movements of troops within
the month past seem to be very much in accord
ance with it.
(H it WASHINGTON LETTER.
WASHINGTON, July 9, IS6I.
A flag of truce is now in the city from Genera!
Beauregard. It seeks an exchange of prisoners
and protests against cruel out!ages perpetrated by
Federal soldiers upon private and unarmed citizens
of Virginia. Genera! McDowell, ol the Federal
forces, accompanies the flag and will leave with it
to-night or to-morrow for Falls Church.
Gen McDowell was with Gen. Scott two hours
last night. He recommends that no attack be made
with less than 50,000 men, and that they be divided
into three columns. Scott believes that the entire
success of the war depends on the first important
engagement, and while a forward movement is
going on in the rear guard of the army the re
serve corps and sappers and miners are engaged in
erecting earthworks in the immediate neighbor
hood of the citv. These fortifications now extend
from Alexandria to Georgetown. There is every
reason to believe that Gen. McDowell has received
his orders to march with the main body of his col
umn (39,000) for Manassas; so that we may expect
to hear nt a grand pitched battle pr< bably on Mon
day next. Owing to reinforcements sent to Gen.
Johnston, the real strength of Beauregard's army
at the Junction is not known.
There is yet no cessation in the rdvance of the
troops from this cby. One Massachusetts regiment
left for Alexandria this morning at six o'ciocK, and
two others (New York) are under marching orders,
and expected to leave to-day also. Ki> ce last
Monday (July Ist) there have passed into Virginia
34 200 troops, with all their baggage, equipments
and entrenching tools.
Seventy-one members of the 25th regiment New
York volunteers were sent to jail yesterday for
revolting. They were ordered to repair to the
United States arsenal, and there exchange their
Eotield rifles for the ordinary musket. The mem
bers above stated relused to comply with the order,
when the colonel of the regiment, finding the dis
content becomitig general, ordered their arrest.
'1 he Federalists at and near Falls Church are con
stantiv stealing horses, negroes, poul ry, and what
ever else they can get their hands upon. "It's in
the blood and must come out."
One of the Rhode Gland soldiers yesterday drew
his revolver and deliberately kiiled a fioe uorse be
longing to Messrs. Kirkland & Dowling, valued at
$350. The soldiers afterwards threatened to shoot
the driver if he uttered a word. Five more of the
Zouaves have been arrested for participating in the
fir-' riot on Saturday last.
The time of many of the D. C. volunteers expires
this week. 1 doubt whether a single regiment can
be re-enlisted for three years. They don't like to
livo rn what they term "salt hoss" (bacon).
At the expiration of the time of the National
Guards regiment, Col. Lyle, now in your city,
which will be in two weeks, a Zouave corps will be
organized among those who intend to stay for
three years. The major portion of the Guards
will, however, return to their homes in Philadel
phia.
The measles are raging with violence in the U.
S. Government, hospital in this city. This fact is
studiously kept quiet bv the officials.
All the clerks in every department have been
placed under an injuncti >n to give no information on
anv subject pertaining to the army and navy, their
movements, numbers and supplies, without permis
sion of the chief clerk of the head of the bureau.
Hereafter all applicants for information will be
excluded from the departments, excepting mem
bers of Congress or other officials.
Mr. Breckinridge, who, by the customs and cour
tesies of the Senate, is a member of the Committee
on Military Affairs, has had his name stricken from
the list of members of that committee by the pres
ent Republican monopoly.
Expected Advance—Revolt of the (iaiibahli
Guards.
JULY 9, P. M.
The general expectation among military circles
here is that at the close of the present week a simul
taneous movement will be made on Wise in Western
Virginia, upon Johnston and upon Beauregard.—
Immense preparations have been made for opera
tions against the latter, and Washington and the
whole line of railroad from Baltimore h -re are
crowded with trains containing munitions of war,
horses, cattle, Ac.
A portion of the Garibaldi regiment revolted to
day, and forced its way across the bridge into
Washington, where, after they had baited, thev
were surrounded by United States regulars, to
whom they surrendered. They were lodged in jail.
The unpopularity of their Colonel and Lieutenant
the sauie regiment refusCti tO'aCcept all hie* guns in
stead of rifles, and were also lodged in jail.
Commodore Craven, of the Potomac flotilla, is
here to-day.
Capt Thomas Taylor, nephew of the late Presi
dent Taylor, bore the flag of truce which was sent
in here yesterday.
The Ist and 2d Maine regiments go to Virginia.
Gov. Hicks had a private interview with Messrs.
Lincoln and Cameron to-dav. SPECIAL.
THE BRITISH TROOPS FOR CANADA,
LORD PALMEILSTON'S DEFENCE OF THE REINFORCEMENT.
In the House of Commons, on Die 24th of June,
Sir J. Ferguson called attention to the recent aug
mentation of the military forces in Canada. He
expressed a hope that the present unhappy disputes
in the United States had nothing to do with in
fluencing the decision of the government in this
respect. The House of Commons had wisely deci
ded not to enter into any discussion on the state
of affairs in America; but the course adopted by
the government would have the effect of putting
an end to that feeling of neutrality which such a
decision had created. The manner in which the
troops had been, or were about to be, despatched
was likely to cause increased importance to be at
tached to such a step. The troops were to be sent
off in hot haste, iu the largest and fastest vessel at
the disposal of the government, and not in the or
dinarv un*de, by transports or vessels of war. It
would be known all over Europe that the govern
ment of this country had thought it necessary to
send out troops by the Great Eastern, and the
movement would appear to posess more of the
character of an expedition than an ordinary relief
of troops. A step so decided and so conspicuous
ought not to be taken unless there was some great
object to be obtained, or some great danger to be
guarded against in Canada. (Hear,hear.) It was not
bv force of arms, still less by s< small a force as
this, that we could expect to retain the loyalty of
that country. The ties of kindred, the conscious
ness ofself government, the public growth of free
institutions of this country transplanted to a kindly
soil—all these gave assurances of the loyalty of
Canada. (Hear, hear.) He could not believe there
could be any expectation on the part of the govern
ment of an attack from the United States upon
Canada. It might be that rash partisans might
make an impression upon America against Canada,
but surely there were militia in Canada sufficient for
the present, at least, to render efficient service.
Lord Palmerston, in reply, said: 1 concur in all
those assertions. Undoubtedly we have no reason
to suppose that the Northern States of America
would commit such an act of folly as to add anoth
er contest to that in which they are at present en
gaged. Her Majesty's government have professed,
in the most solemn manner, their determination to
abstain from taking any part in the contest now
going on between the Northern and Southern
States. We rely on the people of Canada, on the
loyalty of all the*races there—a loyalty manifested
in the mst striking manner during the visit of the
Prince of Wales—and, therefore, none of these are
the occasions for sending out a large lorce. But it
is the ordinary practice of all governments, in all
parts of the world, when war breaks out, to
strengthen in some degree the military force in
that pai t'of the territory which is proximate and
near. This is a laudable precaution, the neglect ol
which would be blaweable on our parts, and that
we have not gone beyond that ordinary degree of
precaution is proved by the manner in which the
honorable and gallant officer designated this force
as A small one. For a military man to talk of three
thousand men as being a large force, as be did in
another part of his speech, was an exaggeration
which I should not have expected from an officer
of the honorable and gallant member's experience'.
I have heard on former occasions complaints made
that troops are sent out in insufficient transports,
anil that they have been detained long on the pas
sage, and that therefore the government were
blameahle. But the complaint of the honorable
and gallant member is, that we are sending them
out in one of the fastest vessels, and with perfect
comfort, and without any of the inconveniences
that are the result of going in small and numerous
vessels, and, therefore, we have abridged the time
of passage as much as we possibly could, to enable
them to arrive at their destination with the least
possible inconvenience. I really should have
thought, that a military officer would have given us
credit instead of censure under such circumstances.
1 have only to say that what we have done indi
cates no intention of our taking any part whatever
in the war between those whom I may call our re
latives in the United States. We have no suspicion
whatever of the undoubted and true loyalty ot her
Maj sty's subjects in the North American provinces.
We send out the troops merely for this precaution
ary movement in a country bordering on the dis
turbances of a neighboring one; and we trust that
when they get there they will manifest that loyalty
for which the gallant and honorable member gives
them credit.
LAW INTELLIGENCE.
- CRIMINAL COURT.—Junoa EOND.
State vs. William Haske, indicted for keeping a
gambling house and lor allowing gambling upon
his premises. Verdict not guilty. State vs.
John Smith, colored, indicted for stealing one pair
of pantaloons. Verdict ot guilty. Staters Ann
Isaacs, colored, indicted for stealing twelve yards
ot calico. Tried before the Court. Adjudged
guilty State vs William Jones, indicted, to
gether with Samuel Ballard, both colored, for
stealing 150 lb. i.t iron, valued at $4 ljP, the prop
erty of 11. It. Uazlehui-st. Tried before the Out,
and adjudged guilty. Ballard's case was submitted
upon the same evidence and he was also convicted.
Stat# vs. John B. Wheat, a Justice of the
Peace, indicted for malfeasance in office. Tried
before the Court and acquitted. John Baskets,
indicted lor rioting on the 10th of April, gave bail
in the snm of SSOO to answer Frederick Schaef
fer, indicted for assaulting with intent to kill Wm,
F. Gnode, gave bail in the sum of SSOO to answer.
The stets entered in the cases against Rachael
and Samuel Adams for assault and battery, were
strickeh out, and the cases fixed for trial on Sat
urday, the 26th inst. The Court then adjourned
till Saturday morning next, at 10 o'clock.
There was nothing of interest done in the other
Courts. .
Hurst, who was so dreadfully beaten in the late
fight for the ohampionsbip of England, is getting
on favorably.
Street rallwaya are to be tried in Copenhagen.
BALTIMORE. WEDNESDAY, JULY 10,
CITY INTELLIGENCE
TO THE PEOPLE OF BALTIMORE.
HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT UV ANNAPOLIS )
July 10, 1861 /
By virtue of authority vested in me as command
ing officer of this Department, I have appointed,
and do herebv appoint, George R. Dodge, Esq ,
Baltimore, Marshal of Police, vice Colonel John
R. Kenley, who, being relieved of this service, at
his own request, now assumes command of the Ist
I Regiment of Maryland volunteers un the
j Potomac, in the State of Maryland. I have made
j this appointment at the suggestion and upon the
| advice of very many influential and honorable citi
zens of Baltimore, representing its different sec
tions, parties and interests.
Ar.d in order that public opinion shall have
proper influence, and the civil authority due
weight in all municipal affairs, it is my desire and
expectation that the Marshal will receive sugges
tion, advice, and direction from them and other
loval citizens, as from all other departments of the
government of the city, and in all respects to ad
minister every department of the Police Law in
full freedom for the peace and prosperity of the
city, and the honor and perpetuity of the United
States. M. P. BANKS,
Major General Commanding
of the Department of Annapolis.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF ANNAPOLIS,)
FORT MCHKNWY, July 10, 1861 J
Special Order, No. 1. —The regiments now sta
tioned near the centre of the city of Baltimore
will break up their camps at 3 o'clock P. M. to-day,
and resume the positions heretofore occupied by
ihem in the suburban portions of the city, viz:
The 19th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, Col.
JLysle, near Fort Mcllenrv.
The 18th regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, Col.
Lewis, Federal Hill.
Tbe 22d regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, Col.
Morehead, Mount Clare Station.
The 20th regiment New York volunteers, Col.
Pratt, Patterson Park.
Tho 13th regiment New York volunteers, Col.
Smith, on West Baltimore street.
The Bth regiment Massachusetts volunteers, Col.
Hinks, on Baltimore street.
Toe battery of Light Artillery, Massachusetts
volunteers, Major Cook, Mount Clare Station.
11. When re-"Stabli c hed in quarters the command
ing officers will not allow the men of their respec
tive commands to visit the city without permission
obtained lor that purpose from the commanding
officers of the company and regiment to which they
are .attached. When such permission is granted
it will be for good cause, au i those who receive it
will be required to leave their arms in camp, to
avoid controversy or collision with the citizens,
and to carefully observe and obey tbe laws and or
dinances of the city.
No soldier who violates the rule should be permit
ted to enjoy the same privilege a second time.
Any soldier who violates the ordinances established
for the government of the city, will be punished by
tlie civil tribunals according to the laws of the
State. The Commanding General enjoins upon all
officers in command, in addition to the military in
structions of the officers and men required of them,
especial attention to tbe "73d paragraph of the Army
Regulations, viz:
u All commanders ruglit to encourage useful oc
cupations and manly exercises, and diversions
among their men, and to repress dissipation and
immorality."
By order, of Major-Genrral BANKS,
ROBERT WILLIAMS, Ass't. Adj. General.
PASSAGE OF MORE FEDERAL TROOPS.—During last
Monday night a batterv*of light artillery belong
ing to the Ninth New York regiment, consisting of
six field pieces, passed through from Washington,
destined lor General Patterson's command at Mar
tinshurg.
A detachment oF regulars passed through yester
day morning to Washington. They came byway
of Philadelphia, and are classified as follows:
Company A, First Cavalry—Lieutenants McCor
mick and Wilson.
Company E, First Cavalry—Captain A. V. Col
burn, Lieutenant L'Hommedi".
Company K, of Second Dragoons, the whole
mustering 260 men, uuder the command of Captain
F. C. Armstrong.
These troops are from Fort Leavenworth, Kan
sas, are ail in good health, and left that post on the
3d instant. They are accompanied by their horses,
numbering 264.
Company G, of the First Artillery, regular army,
under the command of Captain Seymour, also pass
ed through. This command was originally from
Fort .Sumter.
The three companies of cavalry occupied twenty
three cars, fourteen of which were tilled with
horses, four with baggage and live by the officers
and men. The rernaiuder, consisting of 141 men,
were a part of General Harney's command.
The Thirty-third New York regiment, under
command of Colonel R. F. Taylor, arrived, came
over the Northern Central Railway yesterday
morning, and immediately proceeded to the Wash
ington depot, but were detained some time in con
sequence of some misunderstanding in the arrange
ments ordered for their transportation. The budy
numbered 829 men. rank and tile.
AN ARMED EXPEDITION SENT DOWN THE RAY.—
Provost Marshal Kenley yesterdav morning or
dered the seizure of the steamer Chester, Captain
Young, (just as she was firing up for her usual trip
to Chestertown,) for the purpose of sending an
armed expedition down the Chesapeake Bay to cap
ture a schooner that was supposed to be lying near
Fait haven. The reasons for this movement are
given as follows : Information had been received I
I>v the Provost Marshal to the effect that Mr. ;
Richard Thomas, who w# arrested on Monday last, |
which had been left off the mouth of the Potomac-, 1
in charge of a crew, who awaited the return of Mr.
Thomas to Baltimore. Mr. Thomas is said to hold
a Colonefs commission in the Confederate army,
and is alleged to have bpen th hero of the St.
Nicholas adventure. The Chester was run down to
the Fort, where an armament of two twenty-four
pounders, an artillery company, and a posse of
vice policeman, were placed on board. About 7
o'clock she steamed down the bay. Orders were
given to stop any steamers that might have started
from Baltimore at an earlier hour, so as to pre
clude the possibility of the object of the expedi
tion being made known. The result of the ex
pedition is not yet known.
We learn that the prisoner alluded to as Mr.
Thomas holds a commission in the Confederate
army under the title of Colonel Ztrvona He is
retained in the guard-house, and is not held as a
prisoner of war, but for piracy and treason.
We presume that bis case will be dealt with care
fully, inasmuch as any failure to recognize his
military character, in his trial or punishment,
would of course be followed by retaliation on the
part of the Confederate government.
SIEZURE OF STEAMERS. —Bv order of Gen Banks,
the steamers Mary Washington and George W.
Weeins, both owned and commanded by the Weetns
Brothers, were yesterday morning t-tken possession
of. These vessels have be*-n plying between Balti
more and the ports of the Patuxent River, aud they
were said to be seized in consequence of the suspi
cion that a number of persons who are supposed to
have subsequently entered Virginia and joined the
Confederate army, ha 1 taken passage on them at
various times The United States government au
thoritiee have heretofore endeavored to charter
these boats, but the proprietors were unwilling to
e nter iuto an arrangement with them.
A BRAVE DEPUTY MARSHAL.—Another daring
feat was yesterday put into execution by one of
Marshal Bonitant's deputies. As the individual
was passing the residence of Mr. Kloman, No 34
North Charles street, he espied a son of Mr. Klo
man, about seven years of age, with a Confederate
States flag (made of paper.) The boy was sitting
on a table, with his sister, ten years old, at a back
window. The Deputy Marshal went into the
hou£, took the fl-ig from the boy and seized him by
the neck, when the brother of the boy interposed
and rescued him from the hands of the ruflian.—
The officer of the United states Government then
triumphantly marched off* with his trophy.
THE HEAT AND STORM.—The weather yester
day, up to four o'clock P. M., was in per
fect keeping with the two days which pre
ceded it. If anything, the heat was more in
tense. The thermometer marked as high as
93 degrees in the shade, which is the highest
point reached this season. About, four o'clock
P. M, a thunder storm came up, and the rain com
menced falling in tremendous torrents. It contin
ued to fall up to eight o'clock, and was at times
so exceedingly heavy as to create serious apprehen
sion of damage.
Loss BY FIRE IN THE CITY.—Thu9 far, this year,
the city has been greatlv exempted from destruc
tive tires. The books of Col. Boyd, the Fire Inspec
tor, Bhow the estimate of loss, from the Ist of Jau
uary to the Ist of July, to be 819,973.03. For the
same period, last year, the loss was §112,485.12,
showing a difference in favor of this year of
892,512.09.
PAID OFF— Guard //oune Filled with Soldier*. —
The portion of the regiment stationed at the Cus
torn House was paid oil' yesterday, and the conse
quence was that many of the command got on a
sprdfc. At 11 o'clock last night the guard-house
was filled with soldiers, whose disorderly disposi
tion could not be controlled by the commanding
officers.
THE UNITED STATES FLAG STRUCK HY LIGHT
NING. — During the storm yesterday afternoon, the
United States flap, which lias been flying from the
top of the Custom House, southeast corner of
Gay and Lombard streets, was Btruck by lightning
and completely consumed. It was a small flag
which had been hoisted on the 4th of July.
APPOINTMENT IIY GEN BANKS.— Yesterday Briga
dier-General Banks undertook to appoint George
It. Dodge, Esq , Marshal of Police, instead of Col.
John 11. Kenly, who recently assumed to hold that
position. Gen. Banks also issues orders directing
the military who have for some days been located
in the city to return to their respective camps.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE MAYOR. —Yesterday Mayor
Brown sent to the Council, for confirmation, the
name of Prof. William E Aiken as Inspector of
Gas, and Frederick W. King as Inspector of Gas
Meters Both appointments were confirmed.
DID NOT FIND THE STEAMER. —The steamer Ches
ter, which left yesterday morning to capture the
schooner at the mouth of the Potomac, returned
last nieht, at balf-past ten o'clock, not being suc
cessful in her enterprise, the schooner haying left.
PEDDLING WITHODT LICENSE —A man named
Joseph Thompson was arrested on Saturday,
charged with peddling without a license. Justice
Hiss fined him 525 and costs, and committed him
to jail in default of payment.
THE CANNON. —The statement that the cannon
have been removed from the city is incorrect.
Tbey still remain at Monument Square and Ex
change Place.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE CITY COUNCIL. '
Special Session.
FIRST BRANCH. —Present—John C. Blackburn,
Esq., President, and all ihe members.—Mr. BOUL
DIN presented a petition from Zenus Barnum and
others, remonstrating against the collection oi
taxes for the widening of Fayette street, between
Holliday and Calvert streets; referred. A com
munication was received from the Health Commis
sioner calling attention to different alleys through
out the cily. A message was received from his
Honor the Mayor, giving his approval to certain
ordinances and resolutions. The PRESIDENT an
nounced a sealed communication from the Mavor,
and the Branches went into convention,afrer which
the Branch adjourned, without transacting any
business, until live o'clock this afternoon.
SECOND BRANCH.— In pursuance of adjournment
the Branch met yesterday morning at 10 o'clock.
CHARLES J. BAKER. Esq., President, in the chair,
and all the members present A committee
from the First Branch appeared and invited the
membera of this Branch into convention, which in
vitation was aocepted. In a short time the mem
bers returned. The Branch then adjourned to
meet thia afternoen at 5 o'clock.
TIIIMVM CiKVGRKSS-SPECIAL SESSION.
SENATE.
WASHINGTON, July 9. —MR. TUN ETCK presented
the petition ot the Mayor and Collector of I'crth
Arobny, anfi various citizens of New Jersey. a>k-
i'K 'hat in case the Naval Academy be permanent
ly removed from Annapolis the same shonld
be located at Pert!) Amb y.
Mr. TEN LVCK in a few brief remarks presented
the advantages and facilities of Pe(*th Ambov for
the Naval School. Tbe petition being lengthy,
the document was not read.
Objections were made by Senators to refer arty bill
not pertinent to the business for which Congress
was called together.
Mr. FKSSENDEN suggested that all petitions not
necessarily connected with war matters be laid on
the table, and he made a motion to that effect.—
Tile motion was carried.
Mr. KING presented the petition of the Military
Board ot New Y'ork to remit all duties nn arms.
Mr. FESSENDKN reported back frr.ra the Committee
on Finance a bill to refund and remit duties on arms
imported tor the use of the State. The bill was
read and is as follows:
"It is hereby resolved that the Secretary of Treas
ury be, and is hereby instructed to remit all duties
up n arms imported by States, until Ist January
next, and refund all duties that have been already
paid since May Ist ult. Provided that the Secre
tary of the Treasury shall be satisfied that all such
arms are imported in good faith towards the Uni
ted States and are intended only f..r the use of the
troops in employment of the United States Govern
ment." The bill was passed.
Mr. HALE offered a resolution that Dewitt C.
Clark be appointed clerk of the Senate in the place
of Mr. Nicholson, resigned. Passed.
Mr. WILSON reported back the hill to increase
the dd regiments to the same number as the new.
Mr. TRUMBULL announced the death of Hon.
Stephen A. Douglas, Senator from Illinois. He re
ferred to t lie early history of Mr. Douglas and his
political lire. He spoke of bis power of attaching j
friends to himself, and the universal mourning
which came from- the hearts of the people at his
death. He was a marked man in every position.
He entered the Senate w hen our great men, Clay.
Benton and Calhoun, were in their prime, and
prnted himself no weak competitor. One of his
distinguished characteristics was an unconquerable
will. He knew 110 such word as fail.
He referred to his bold, magnanimous stand for
the Union as the crowning act of his life. But, cut
oil' in the zenith of his fame, his memory shall last
a-long as constitutional liberty and free government
exists.
Mr. TRUMBULL offered the customary resolutions
of respect and moved the Senate adjourn.
Mr. MCDOUOAL followed, seconding the resolu
tions and speaking in high terms ot the public and
private character of Mr. Douglas.
Mr. COLLAMEK said that Mr. Douglas was a native
of Vermont, and she claimed the right to utter a
few wolds at this time.
Mr Douglas' career was a fine evidence of the j
excellence of our institutions. Through his whole
career of nearly twenty years, he had secured tbe |
affections of the great mass of the Democratic |
party, and held their hearts in his hand.
Messrs. Nesmirh of Oregon, Browning of Illinois, j
and Anthony of Rhode Island, all joined in lauding j
the many good qualities of the distinguished states- |
man. At the conclusion of Mr. Anthony's remarks, j
tbe Senate adj urned, in accordance with the clause j
incorporated in the resolutions offered by Mr. [
Trumbull.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. STEVENS, of Pa., reported trom the Commit- j
tee on Ways and Means a hill to authorize ana- I
tional loan, and asked that it be made the special i
order of the dav for to morrow (Wednesday.)
Mr. VALLANDIGHAM rose to a point of order. He !
contended that, under the rules, the bill, not being
an appropriation bill, cou d not now be considered. '
The CH.UK sustained the point of order.
The bill was then referred to the Committee of
the Whole on the State of the Union.
Mr. STEVENS also reported a bill appropriating
the sum of $6,000,000 tor the payment of the three
months' volunteers up to June 30th.
Mr. BURNETT, of Kentucky, said lie was confident j
the bill would pass this House, and therefore should j
not object to its introduction at this time, hut be 1
was opposed to the entire war policv of the Admin- j
istration, and made the explanation in justice to |
himself.
Mr. STEVENS then gave notice of his intention to
call the bill up to-morrow.
Mr. WASHBBRNE, from the Committee on Com
merce, reported a hill further to provide for the
collection of duties on imports, and asked that it j
be relerred back to that committee. He also re
ported trom the same committee a bill authorizing
the Secretary of the Treasury to remit the fines
and penalties incurred in certain cases, and one
regulating the compensation of Government Sur
veyors of the Customs —all of which were re-re
ferred, by request, to the committee from whom
reported.
On motion of Mr. SHEFFIELD, the Committee on I
Commerce was instructed to inquire whether any, j
and what, further legislation is necessary to secure j
the forfeiture and condemnation of piratical ves-els j
seized by the authority of tlie United States, with j
leave to rep rt by bill or otherwise.
On motion of Mr. CVx it was resolved that the j
President of the United States, if compatible with |
the public service, communicate to this House any j
correspondence which our Government has had j
with toe Government of Spain with reference to
the incorporation of the Dominican territory with ;
the Spanish Monarchy; and what protest, if any,
our Government has made against the insolent and j
aggressive conduct of the Spanish Government.
Several resolutions were offered and excluded !
yesterday adopted. 4 "" Kwd uuon the resolution
Mr. LOVEJOY, of Illinois, offered as a resolution
the first of the series of resolutions yesterday offered
by him and rejected by the House, declaring it to
be u oo part of the duty of soldiers of the United
States to capture or return fugitive slaves," and de
manded the previous question upon this resolution.
Mr. MALLORY, of Kentucky, movea to lay the re
solution on the table.
Mr. STRATTON, of New Jersey, raised the point
of order that the resolution was excluded under the
ruie of the House yester day adopted.
This point of order was overruled, whereupon
Mr. STKATION appealed from the decision of the
Chair.
The decision of the Chair being sustained, the
question was taken upon the inption to table and
negatived - ayes 66. nays 80.
Mr. CARLILE, of Virginia, appealed to Mr. Love
joy to withdraw the call for the previous question
until he could offer an ameuduieQt to his resolution,
promising to renew it.
Mr. LOVEJOY declined acceding to the request,
when Mr. Carlile excitedly demanded the ayes aud
nays upon the demand fur the previous question.
He was determined, he said, to see whether this
resolution was to be forced upon this House by
such a process.
The call for the previous question was sustained
by a vote of 75 aves to 65 nays, and the question
then recurring upon ttie adoption of the resolution,
it was decided affirmatively. Ayes 92, nays 55.
A message was received from the Senate an
nouncing the death of Senator Stephen A. Doug
las, in a series of resolutions eulogistic of his abil
ities and worth, and that the Senate had adjourn
ed out of respect to his memory. ,
Mr. RICHARDSON, of Illinois, submitted a series
of resolutions similar in purport, which lie pre
faced by remarks highly complimentary of
the intellectual greatness and private
worth of the deceased Senator, whom
he ranked prominent among the most popular and
gifted of American etatesuieu. Mr. Douglas was
the architect of his own fame, and that lame shed
lustre upon the country's history. He was a man
of remarkable moral firmness, and once convinced
or the path duty should lead him to tread, DO con
siderations of personal interest or of ambition
could swerve him from that line of duty
His devotion to the Uni n and the Constitution
was the controlling sentiment of his political life,
and prayers for their perpetuation mingled with
his latest breath. Mr. Richardson was much af
fected, and his remarks were barely audible in the
Reporters' Gallery.
Mr. MCCLKRNAXD, from Illinois, followed in a
similar strain, and added that Illinois would for
ever cherish the memory of her illustrious son.
Mr. JOHN J. CRITTENDEN, of Kentucky, spoke of
Mr. Douglas as a patriot, who was ever ready to
secrifice his personal ends to serve his coantry. —
He knew no one now living so wfcll deserving the
title of statesman as the Senator who bad-gone from
among us, and whose death at this crisis wa3 felt to
be a national loss. He held the life and the exer
tions ofStephen A. Douglas to be worthy of imita
tion.
Messrs. C<>x, of Ohio, Diven, of New York, Ar
nold, of Illinois, Wickliffe, of Kentucky, and
Fouke and Law, of Indiana, also eulogized the
memory of the deceased statesman.
At the conclusion of these speeches, the House,
in accordance with the resolutions submitted by
Mr. Richardson, adjourned.
THE COMET.—Professor Kingston, of the Magnet
ic Observatory, Toronto, is of opinion that the
comet is an entire stranger. Professor Mitchell, of
the Dudley Observatory, declares it impossible yet
to know if it has appeared before. Lalande, Clair
ant, and Madame Lepante were engaged lor six
months, from morning till night, in calculating the
effects of planetary perturbation? on the time of
the arrival of Halley's comet in 1758, a fact which
speaks for itself. The comet now appears smaller.
In forty-eight hours it has traveled nearly ten de
grees. Front Cambridge Observatory we learn that
it crossed the earth's orbit but a day or two in ad
vance of us. Now it is more than twenty-five mil
lions of miles awav, and rapidly increasing the dis
tance. We may mention that it is claimed to have
been fi'St observed in that city, April 4, by Mr.
Albert E. Thatcher.
RUSSIA'S ONE THOUSANDTH ANNIVERSARY. —Next j
year is the thousandth anniversary of the founda
tion of the Russian empire. They intend to cele- j
brate the occasion with one of their grand national |
religious festivals. The spectacle at St. Petersburg j
and Moscow w ill probably be very magnificent: and
the recent manumission of the serfs will give it pe- '
cuiiar significance.
SERIOUS ACCIDENT TO P. T. BARNUM. —On the 3d
instant, while in the act of arresting a horse that j
had become suddenly frightened at the blowing of
a loc motive whistle, Mr. Barnum was thrown vi- j
olently upon It it* right shoulder, crushing the cap j
bone. His injury, thoueh severe, it is thought
will not prove fatal — N Y. Tribune.
MARRIED VS. SINGLE.—A base ball match at
St. Louis between married and single members
selected irom the various clubs of the city, resulted
in the defeat of the single men. Scores for the
married 55; for the bachelors 32.
The bark li. E. Shearing, captured as a prize by
the U. S. corvette Brooklyn, oft" the mouth of the
Mississippi, was released by Judge Allen, at Key
West, on tbe 27th of June, there Dot being suffi
cient evidence to condemn ber.
The steamship Champion, from New York for
California, the first instant, returned on Monday
evening, baviog broken her piston rod on the 4th,
thus disabling and compelling her to put back for
repairs.
Alger is making a bronze twelve-pounder at his
foundry in South Boston, for the Sawyer projectile,
and it" will have a trial in a few days by Cobb's
Artillery.
Captain Travis, tbe great pistol shot, who offer
ed to perform William Tell's feat with a pistol, is
at present engaged in giving lessons in the use of
that weapon to the ladies of Vicksburg, Miss.
Tbe Trieste Gazelle says that M. Kossuth has
taken a villa on the Lake of Cemo, and that he
has purchased at Trieste portable presses, with
which he intends to continue the manufacture of
notes.
The late Count" de Cavour was born in 1810.
The beautiful Pauline Borghese, sister of Napoleon
1., was bis god-mother.
861.
THE GREAT FIRE IN LNJVDOV.
Commencement of the Conflagration—Scene
at bond oil Bridge and Too ley Street—lm
mense Stores of Cotton and other Merchan
dise Lost.
FIRST APPEARANCE OF THE FLAMES.
( From the London Utar, June 24.)
The metropolis, on Saturday evening, was vis
ited by one ot the most terrific conflagrations that
has probably occurred since the great fire in 1666
Certainly, for the amount of property destroyed,
nothing like it has b en experienced the last half
century, the loss being estimated at £2 000,000
The scene of this catastrophe was on the water
side portion of Toolev street, nearest London
Bridge—a locality which has been singularly un
fortunate during the last twenty five years—some
of the largest fires having occurred there. The out
break took place in I tie extensive range of prem
ises known as Cotton's wharf and bonded ware
houses, belonging to Messrs. Scovell. They had an
extensive river frontage, and the whole space on the
laud side, extending to Tooley street, was cov
ered with eight or nine massive brick ware
houses, six stories in height, some of which were
formerly used as ordnance (government) stores,
the whole occupying, as we were informed, about
three acres. These buildings were filled with mer
chandise of every description There were some
thousands of chests of tea and silk stored in the
upper floors, whiie in the lower one there was an
immense stock of Russian tallow, various oils,
of cotton, hops and grain. Every portion ot
the entire establishment might be faid to have '
been loaded with goods, and of the whole of this ;
very valuable property, said to be valued at up
wards of a million, not a vrstige remains but the
bare walls and an immense chasm of fire, which at
dusk last evening lighted up the Pool and tbe east
end of the city. To be added to this very serious
loss is the destruction of the whole of the western
range of Alderman Humphrey's warehouse, flank
ing the new dock, known as Hay's wharf, the
burning of four warehouses and quay, comprising
Chamberlain's wharf, adjacent to St. Olave's i
church, besides many other buildinge in Tooley |
street.
! The saddest Hps of ail, however, was the deplor
' able accident which bepd Mr. .lames Braidwood,
1 Director of the London Fire Brigade, who, it will
| be seen bv the subjoined details, perished at an ear
! ly stage of the fire.
Mr. Braid wood surveyed the course of the fire
: with his usual cool and practical eye, and posted his
men where the best command c mid be had over the
scene of destruction. About half-past seven
I o'clock he entered the gateway leading to the
whart nearest St. Oiave's chu'ch, and proceeded
, down the avenue, where four ot his men were sup
| porting and directing two branches from the float
j trig engine. By this time the warehouse in which
j the fire commenced was gutted; but the enormous
j stock ot tallow which had been stored in the lower
| floor caused the flames to rise to a considerable
j height, and, if anything, raged more luriousl}'
when water was scattered over them. The adja
cent building also contained a large quantity of cot
ton and oil, which ran down the loop-holes in a
stream to the vaults as the warehouses ignited.—
At intervals there were ioud reports, as if from the
explosion of carbon or barrels of oil; but at the
time it did not excite any particular alarm, as the
firemen had been assured that those warehouses
contained no explosive material, such as saltpetre,
although there was a large stock of it in another
part of the wharf.
A terrific explosion suddenly occurred, and in an
instant it was seen that the whole frontage of the
second warehouse was coming down, falling out
wards into the avenue. Mr. Henderson, foreman of
the southern district of the biigade, who was stand
ing within a few paces of Mr. Braid wood, shouted
for them "all to run." The men dropped their
branched. Two, with Mr. Henderson,escaped by
the great gateway, and the other men ran in the
opposite direction on to the wharf, where they
jumped into the river. Mr. liraidwood made an
effort to follow Mr. Henderson, but it was onlv mo
mentarily, for he was struck down bv the upper
part ot the wall and buried beneath some tons of
brickwork. His death must have been instanta
neous. Several of bis men would have rushed to
extricate him, and indeed some did, hopeless as the
task was, but another explosion happening caused
the weu to fly io great terror.
A TKKRIFIC NIOIIT SCENE.
Towards 10 o'clock the aspect of the conflagra
tion had become quite appalling, and terror and
dismay seized upon all. The continual explosions
of the saltpetre destroyed all the windows of the
surrounding warehouses on both sides of Cotton's
wharf, as also shattering the loop-hole doors of the
various floors. By this means the great ware
houses of Mr. Ald'-rman Humphrey, forming the
western division of Hay's wharf and dock, nine sto
ries in height, and extending inland some hundreds
of feet, ignited, together with a large leather
warehouse in llog lane, adjoining the land side en
trance to the wharf. On the St. Oiave's church
side of Cotton's wharf the fire w as making as rapid j
racages, having penetrated the four exten
sive warehouses comprising Chamberlain's 1
wharf, besides many houses and other build- !
iegs in a line with Tooley street. That j
they must share a similar fate as that of Cot- j
ton's wharf was evident; and what rendered mat- '
ters worse, the firemen were comparatively
powerless. The two powerful steam floating en
gines were compelled to be hauled away in conse
quence of the flaming matter which poured over |
the wharf walls and covered the surface of the j
river the whole length of the burning warehouses; |
as it wag they had lost a Urge quantity of hose by j
the walls being blown down. The two steam land j
engines built for the brigade by Shand <fc Mason
were working vigorously in Tooley street, but the
overpowering heat prevent d the men approaching
the river near enough to be of any practical ser
vice. Indeed the duty was fraught with great
danger, and they were very properlv called off.
The wh'de of the carriage way of Tooley street
in all directions from* Vfll WUI n&lF*Lft' wed
was that it would by some misfortune be brought
into contact with turpentine and yet ignited.
By eleven o clock the whole of the ab-ve men
tioned warehouses at Hay's wharf and Chamber
lain's wharf were gutted. It then became evident
that the.fie would not progress any further west
ward towards London Bridge. There was a slight
break between Chamberlain's wharf and St. Oiave's
church, although at one time there was every like
lihood of the tacred edifice being destroyed. Hay's
wharf now became the centre of operations. A
wide dock separated the two divisions of ware
houses, although they were connected by a flank
warehouse on the land side. Mr. Alderman Hum
phrey and Mr. Huutphrev, Jr., collecting all the j
available strength of auxiliaries, made strenu-'us
efforts to stav the tire from laying hold of the east- |
em range of buildings. In the dock lav two ships i
—the Stockton steamer, which was to have sailed i
in the course of Satu day evening, and the Araeri- |
can ship Pentucket. It was low water. It was |
impossible to extricate them, and the rigging hav- !
ing taken fire it was supoosed that they either j
would be burned or crushed by the walls of the gut
ted warehouse which threatened to fall. Several
engines were brought to play in all directions, and
after two hours' incessant labor the fire was con
quered and stopped at this point. Eventually both
ships were towed out of the dock into the river.
SECOND OUTBREAK OF THE FLAMES.
Owing to the many floating policies upon the
property stored in the different warehouses, and
the owners living at such long distances, it is, as
yet, impossible to find out the losses the respective
persons have sustained. Messrs. Scovell's wharf,
alone, at least those portions destroyed, consisted
of seventeen tremendous warehouses, similar in
construction and size to the London Docks, and
contained a similar description of goods, the most i
explosive and daugerons being saltpetre, sulphur j
and oils. In some of tbe other warehouses were ;
hemp, jute, rice and spices, such as mace (a very j
inflammable article), pimento, of which there was
over twenty tons, innumerable barrels of ginger,
over 1,000 tons of rice, and a vast amount of artists'
and other colors; but to tell tbe exact amount of
Russia tallow and oils in the various buildings is at
present impossible.
One immense warehouse, four floors high, was
stocked in every part with colonial produce, worth
£IOO,OOO. The seeds of various kinds in another
warehouse adjoining are stated to be worth £l*o,-
000. Gums, shellac, arabic, dragon, gambouge,
and cochineal were stored, which it is stated were
worth £IBO,OOO. This building bad fire proof iron
doors, and tbe property mi ht have been saved had
the doors been closed, but, unfortunately, they
were left open. The warehouses on the other side
of the premises were also divided by doable iron
doors, bat as in the case of the other building thev
were left fully open, and when tbe flam s caught
the spices, especially the mace, it burnt like gas,
the oil that rau from it, as the top part of lh- cases
was on, flew along the flooring like streams of run
ning gas.
Every one who had anything to do with the
wharf then became convinced that all they could
possibly do would be of no avail in saving the pro
perty, unless they could manage to close the iron
doors, but that they could not do, owing to the fury
with which the flames rolled out of the windows
and loopholes, with terrific violence andsgrandeur.
The warehouses near Chamberlain's wharf con
tained stock in trade of nearly half a million in
value, consisting of glue, jute, varnish, paints,
colors, white and pig lead, oils, tallows, gums, Sic.,
and other articles of drysaltery. There were like
wise in the premises soft soap (in Scotch casks),
rosin, sugars, teas, coffee and an immense cargo of
black and white pepper, the latter said to be worth
£5,000. Tliis proved to be of great inconvenience,
and caused much pain to the firemen, for as the
condiment became ignited and the water fell upon
if, the spice entered their eyes, and greatly injured
their power of seeing.
[ From the London Times, June 26 1
The huge pile of ruins caused by this fearful
disaster continues as unapproachable as ever. Even
with all the assistance aflorded by the late heavy
rains, and the continuous streams of water which
are poured on them on all parts Irom the mains by
night and day, the neat they give off is so iniense
that it is impossible to penerate beyond a few yards
inside the blackened walls from the land side.
Nothing dare approach them from the river. In
the centre several large cellars of oil and tallow
are blazing 8s furiously as ever. The glare of
these' flames, which are unseen during the day,
shines out as brightly as before with nightfall,
when, of course, the alarm is spread that the tire
has again started on a fresh career of destruction.
There is, however, we are happy to say, not the
least danger now of much additional loss. All the
ruins on the outskirts (except, as we have said,
those next the river) are not only cold, but well
saturated with water. The burning cellars in the
centre, which cannot be leached, mus' burn them
selves out, and from what is known of their con
tents, a long time must elapse before this takes
place if they are left to themselves.
The chiefs of the Fire Brigade, however, are of
opinion that in a day or two more they will be able
to gel the hose sufficiently forward to reach even
these centres of fire; and, if so, we may soon hope
to see the last embers of this tremendous conflagra
tion extinguished. The cellar lull of tallow, be
neath the warehouse which leans so fearfully over
the spot where Mr. Braidwood's body was discov
ered has almost burnt itself away. Since Monday
evening the hose of three engines has been pouriDg
in streams at one end, and driving the great mass
of tire it contain* out at the other, in the centre of
the ruins, where it is impotent for further mischief.
So great has been the quantity of water poured in
here that the vaults have been almost flooded, and
an immense quantity of the melted tallow floated
completely out. The body of flame at this spot is
now so much reduced that the firemen have been
enabled to advance lar enough to reach wilh water
the walls at the end of the vault, through the aper-
I tures of which the mass of flame has b-en pouring
since Saturdav afternoon, and which are therefore
almost white with heat.
Tremendous clouds of steam are thrown off here
as the jets of the hose fall upon the brickwork
Unfortunately, however, this side of the warehouse
is as much out of the perpendicular as the front,
and is certain tp become still more so as the mass
of brickwork contracts in cooling, so that even
when the fire is entirely extinguisned, the immi
nent danger will prevent the spot being used as a
base of operations for penetrating further towards
Ihe centre, where the great vault* still boil and
name unchecked. Adjoining the cellar which has
thus been partialis extinguished is another, stored
entirely with lard and bacon. This has never been
on fire, though, to judge from the hot jets of steam
that have been lading from the loopholes since
Sunday, the contents must have been as effectually
overdone as if the flames had actually found their
way in.
PROPERTY DESTROYED.
It has been ascertained that the following goods
were recently lying at Cotton's wharf, most of
which are destroyed by th* fire : Sugar. 878 tons;
coffee, 420 tons; cocoa. 313 bag.*; rice, 4.487 tons:
pepper, 241 tons; ginger, 30 casks, 757 cases and
162 bags; cassia, 167 packages; cassia buds, 12
packages; nutmegs, 20 packages; mace, 9 packages;
doves, 684 packages; sago, 785 tonF; sago flour,
88 tons; cochineal, 490 bags; lac dye, 1.938 pack
ages; saltpetre, 484 tons; jute, 1.150 tons; India
c.tton, 17,764 bales; cardamons, 15 package.-; cutch,
85 tons; galls. 23 packages; gums. 763 packages;
gutta percba, 27 tons; hemp, I 202 ton-; oil, 214
tons; castor oil, 427 cases; safll over, 167 bales;
senna, 87 bales; shellac, 63 packages; gambier, 311
| tons; and tallow, 8,800 casks.
At Hay's wharf, which is partially destroyed, it
is known that 16,000 bags of Mauritius sugar were
lying.
EFFECTS ON* THE LONDON MARKET.
The loss of ihe large quantity of goods by the fire
at Cotton's wharf had not much effect upon the
markets in Mincing lane yesterday. Sago, how
ever, has advanced considerably, and holders will
not sell unless at a rise of about 20 per cent, on
former quotations.
A VOICE FROM THE PAN HANDLE.
Judge Thompson issued, on the 4th of July last,
a circular to the people of Northwest Virginia and
the Senate of the United States, from which we
extract the following :
The present usurped and tyrannical despotism
in Northwestern Virginia has declared my office
of Judge of the 20th Judicial Circuit, vacant; and
this, notwithstanding 1 have at all times, in season
and out of season, on the bench, and in public dis
| courses, preserved, protected and defended the
| Constitution of the United States as the supreme
iaw of the land; not withstanding I was the first j
man in Northwestern Virginia to take ground for
the determined support of the Union; notwith
standing that for this, my firm and constant sup
port of the Union, the Convention at Richmond
have instituted an inquiry looking to my removal
from the same office, because of this, my loyalty to
the Union; notwithstanding I have in every act
and sentiment, publicly or privately done or ex
pressed, maintained the supremacy of the Consti
tution of the United States and the perpetuity of
the Union in its moral integrity, as the great re
presentative of national republicanism in the world;
notwithstanding 1 have maintained all this by my
solemn acts of office declaring Ihe doctrines of se
cession lawle.-s and unconstitutional; notwithstand
ing 1 have thus declared the ordinance of secession
passed by the Convention of Virginia, and all its
acts, laws and other proceeding* intended or used
to carry such ordinance into effect, void, as being
against the Constitution of the Union, and inimical
to its integrity; notwithstanding I have ia my sol
emn official acts declared the officers and soldiers
ot the United States, who are on the soil of Vir
ginia, for the protection of national property and
to execute the laws of the Union, to be here in the
peace of the commonwealth and under the protec
tion of its laws.
Notwithstanding all these, this usurped and law
less faction in the State which now sets itself above
the regular Constitution of the Mate, pre
scribes to me an oath above the Constitution, and
seeks to impose on in ■ an ex post facto qualification
unknown to the Censtiturion. * * * *
They know that it is no corruption on my part,
for 1 have only to take the little test-oath furni hed
by Couthon and my present office is secure to me
beyond a peradventure.
They all know, some of them have said to me,
that. I am wanted for their Supreme Court, if I
will take the gentle and fraternal oath of Couthon.
They know that whatever of danger, distrust and
surveillance is to be encountered, comes here in
pursuing an independent course, and that subser
vience will avoid all this. Whatever of property
and wife and children, and all 1 hold dear on this
earth is in their jurisdiction, and for myself, before
heaven, I defy and denounce their tyranny* and
usurpation and their Couthon test-oath, grimed
and beslavered as it is with the orgies and the deep
curses of the French Anarchy. I denounce their
tyranny and usurpation
Because it is unconstitutional in its origin, pro
ceedings and ends. It violates the spirit of the
Constitution of the United States in this, that open
what they affirm and-1 know is intended to be by
man)* of them, it is the inaugurating movement of
a new .State, without the prerequisite required
by the 3d section of the Constitution of the United
States.
It violates the spirit of the Constitution of the
United States on the part of the Administration,
because it is an interference in the internal admin
istration of affairs of the State, beyond the protec
tion of its loyal and obedient citizens; it is protect
ing th#m in the violttion of the Constitution of the
State; in taking from the people, lawlessly, the
right to elect their Governor and Lieutenant-Gov
ernor; in the appointment of an irresponsible Ex
ecutive Council of State or Revolutionary Direct -
ry unknown to the Constitution and the laws; in
sustaining a fragment of a Legislature without
any constitutional quorum in legislating for an en
tire people; in protecting and enforcing the laws
of a legislature which does not in a legal and con
stitutional manner embrace one-twentieth of the
conbtitutionaiiv appointed and apportioned legisla
tive jurisdiction ot the Commonwealth; in supply
ing vacancies, even to this poor fragment of au
thority, hv modes of election unknown to the laws
and the Constitution, and otherwise in calling t< -
of a legislafufeV&y* arisTawlesV u'nprecedenteS
and revolutionary. * * * * *
Will you, Senators of the United States, who are
not already in complicity with this affair, justify
this flagrant usurpation; this lawless invasion of
public liberties; this unconstitutional overthrow of
all constitutions; this foul interposition of an ad
ministration in the a flairs of an internal govern
ment of the State, for purposes beyond those recog
nized by the spirit and the compromises of the sa
cred instrument under which you act, and which in
a great measure has been brought about by that |
state policy at Washington, which says "we wi I
not violate the Utter of the Constitution, but if you
want our protection you must violate your own ;
Constitution and laws, and principles of public lib- |
ertv, and the voice of legal majorities, constitution
ally expre*j.ed," upon which is based all of republi
canism which is guaranteed by our forms of gov
ernment, and the express stipulations of the very
instrument which, I fear, is made the pretext of
civil war and fraternal slaughter; and when .yu,
the people of Western Virginia, have done this,
you are sold to ua tor all purposes which may be
demanded of you.
To vou, the solemn judges of the Constitution
and the laws, I appeal to maintain the integrity of
conscience and to leave your final protect, when
the occati >n shall come, on that page of your rec
ords on which is written your protest against the
desp tic repeal of the habeas corpus, that last refuge
of liberty against tyranny.
To you, the people whom I haye served faithfu'-
ly, and how well your own vote in honest judgment
of two to one over my competitor, only a short
time since, would authorize me to say, to you I
appeal to become calm and considerate and ask
\ ourselves whither these things tend? Where are
they to end? ******
1 oppose their proceedings because they are,
from root to branch, unconstitutional, unit-arrant
able and unnecessary. Because in what th-v have
done, they and the administration at Washington
have violated Ihe spirit of the Constitution of the
United States; because in nothing that they have
done have they conformed to the Constitution of the
Slate which they say they intended onlv to reor
ganize; and because they have organized so as to
give high offices to men, who under other cirettin
stances could never have reached to more than the
venal and cort upt dribs of party compensation, and
who would have deemed themselves favored with
the offal. * * _ * * * *
1 refuse to touch the taint and grime of this test
oath, also, because the oligarchy at Wheeling is,
in the main, composed of the drippings and leav
ings of that old party, to whose very heart the
offices of the republic had become a corrupt, a de
grading and a constant desire in their life pursuit
of them through all forms of party and all changes
of name, and all bargains aLd corruptions in the
combinations of disappointed and greedy place
hunters to that last act ot infamy and disloyalty tB
integrity and worth, the trade and sale of body
and soul to abolitionism and the instauration of
negro equality on the soil of Virginia, that this is
so, and that the usurped, lawless and unconstitu
tional rule at Wheeling was the suggestion of
northern venalitv, northern fanaticism, northern
policy and northern avarice, I veriiv believe, and
for the reasons given and for others; the argument
upon which it is based is the fallacious and incon
sequential production of the Slcjor Italgetty of
Massachusetts politics, the man who has ever had
an argument and a coat for that Presidential candi
date who was most likely to succeed.
Because the money of the North lias been ten
dered to these men, and the Minie muskets of Mas
sachusetts have be. u received at Wheeling.
Because 1 know that the plan sugg sted by
Iloadlr, of Massachusetts, endorsed by Sumner, of
the Senate, and placed in the hands of Postmaster-
Ceneral Blair, was forward,d to Wheeling to a
well-Known agent of the Government, and has
constituted the staple of the argument on which
these most wrongful proceedings have been insti
tuted and consummated, in the violation of consti
tutions, in the overthrow of well settled forms of
proceeding, and in the initiation of despotic
powers.
These things, men of Western Virginia, ntav,
perhaps, have your present concurrence; but be
lieve one who has fifty-five years of practical ex
perience and knowledge of the human heart and
human affairß, and pause while I tell you that there
is a fearful day in the future unless you get back
to ancient tortus of proceeding, and to the love of
that order which'grows out of obedience to law
and to that obedience which is an enlightened
regard for private conscience and public interests,
based, as Mr. Van Winkle says, on the constitution
al integers of society. .
The sacrifice which I have made in behalf of
constitutional Ireedom entitles me, whether it will
protect mo or not in doing so, to speak treely in its
behalf. GEO - W. THOMPSON.
SECESSION OF INDIAN NATIONS. —The Galveston
New* of the 25ih of June has the following intelli
gence from the Indian nations:
Mr. J. A. Echols. Secretary of the Commission
ers sent bv the Texas Convention to the Indian na
tion, returned recently. He informs us that the
Chickasaw Legislature passed an act of secession
by a unanimous vote a out the Ist instant. A con
vention was to be held by the Choctaws about the
14th instant for the same purpose, and there is no
doubt that nation has also Beceded. The Creek na
tion had a convention about the 12th May,but they
sat with closed doors, and their action is not there
tore certainly known, but as delegates to the
Southern Confederacy ware immediately sent, no
doubt is entertained that an act of secession was
passed.
Mr. Echols has brought to Austin the treaties
that have been executed bv Commissioners on the
part ot Texas and the Chickasaw nation, with tire
wild tribes west of the civilized Indians, inclu tog
the Texas Reserves. The Kickapoos, the *
wares, the Keechies, 4c., bind tbemse ves
operate with the Southern Confederacy i
sent war with the Lincoln Govern men
The women in amon "the
all secessionists, an<niu WMlilnß , (in and George
permanent res eji9t i„g government and sym-
U 7h' with'jeff re freely expressed leelings.
a well known Senator, though not the
representative of slave or■ seces.ton State, makes
her house the rendezvous of rebels.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
WAR MOVEMENTS.
The Telegraph and the Government—
Oilic al.
Henceforward the teiegraph Til! convey no des
patches concerning the operations of trie Army not
permitted by the Commanding General.
Winfield Scott.
Department ok War, July 8, 1861.
The above order is confirmed.
Simon Cameron. Secretary of War*
Washington National Intelligencer.
The Pittslmrg Arsenal.
There are altogether s<.ie four bund ed hands
employed, tin* monthly rii-burs ements to whom
exceed SIOO,OOO Of these, ab ut two hundred are
employed in manufacturing equipments for tin* ser
vice. horse equipments, ihey turn out neatly
'our hundred a month. Eich equipment c n-ists
of a saddle, bridle, halter, wteriT K bridle, spurs
and straps, currv-c.imb, hnrae brush, picket pin,
lariat, rnpe-girth, sumnglH, stinups, Willi h.Hids,
sweat-leathers, . crupper, saddlebags and caibino
socket, with other extras not provided fur in the
service, but usually supplied nevertheless. Five
thousand infantry equipments per month are man
ufactured. Each of these comprises a cartridge
box, waist belt, bayonet scabbard, cap-pouch and
j gun sling. Sixty thousand Enfi-ld and musket
cartridges are now turned out per dav, and ar
rangements are now in progress through which
this, next week, will be increased to eighty thou
sand. As fast as the cartridges are made tli • y are
boxed, or put up in barrels ami shipped for the use
of the army at Washington.
Gen. Jackson wlfli 10.000 Moil.
We copy the following from the Missouri State
Journal of Thursday:
A private letter addressed to a gentleman in
this city, from Hickory Hill, Cole county. Mo.,
dated .July 1, 1861, save: ''We arrived here last
Thursday afternoon, alt well, and find the country
almost deserted of men, they having gone off with
Governor Jackson towards Arkansas. We have
news from them, up to last Wednesday night. —
They were then getting along finely, and had
hb >ut 16,000 men with them, all in first-rate spirits.
McCuilough had communicated with them, and
.had arms ready for them when they should reach
him. People here are much encouraged.
The Blockade n Paper One.
The following note, published in the X w York
papers, will explain itself:
U. S. S. S. Minnesota, )
Hampton Roads, June 29. 1801. f
Charle* Denni *, Est/ , Vice Cretident Atlantic Mu
tual Insurance Company, New York:
Sir:— l beg leave to suggest to the Company th t
if they will iustruct vessels with whom they are in
communication coming from the West Indies and
the Gulf of Mexico, to keep on the outer edge of
the Gulf stream, I think they would run much less
risk of capture.
I have no doubt vessels armed, especially steam
ers, run out for a dav or so, perhaps nor crossing
tlie Gulf, yet are able to pick up vessels on the
inner edge of the stream, as was the case with the
rebel schooner "Savannah," and more recently the
•"'Lady Davis." Very respectJu'lv,
S. 11. Strinuham,
Flag-Officer Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
Kveru it i og for the llcgnlar Army.
II is now becoming evident that the eleven new
regiments ordered tor the United States regular
array cannot be raised in any seasonable time by
the usual recruiting system. The number of ac
cepted men at all the rendezvous opened thus far
and for each regiment there are fur or five, and
often more, offices—does not exceed 140 persons,
and at this rate if w uld require nearly half a year
to organize the 19,000 soldiers required. There is
an impressiou that ultimately the idea of these per
manent regiments will be abandoned. The regular
artnv, if these were added to it, wuld consist of
little less than 40,000 soldiers.— New York World.
More Naval iteslgnations.
The following officers of the steamer Richmond,
lately arrived at New York, have sent their resig
nations to the Navy Department:
John D. Sims, Captain of Marines, Virginia; F.
I). Sbeppard, Lieutenant, North Carolina; M. i\
Chiistian, Assistant Surgeon, Virginia; James H.
Warner, Chief Engineer, Virginia; .lauies \V. Al
exander, Master, North Carolina; Janus L.Tay
lor, Midshipman, Virginia; Virginias Freeman,
First Assistant Engineer, Virginia; B. S Herring,
Second Assistant Engineer, North Carolina; Henry
Pagan, Third Assistant Engineer. Florida.
The names of these officers have been stricken
front the navy roll.
The Northern Porta to he put upon a War
Footing.
The Champlain Citizen learns that Fort Mont
gomery, at Rouse's Point, is to be placed on a war
footing at once, and that active preparations t
that end are in progress. The government proba
bly thinks it well, in view of the ' precautionary"
increase of British torces in Canada, to take some
precautionary measures for the protection of toe
frontier.
The Camp at Cairo.
There are five thousand Illinois troops at Cairo,
two regiments more at Bud's Point, on the Mis
souri shore opposite, and a few companies on the
\v*Rt bank of the Ohio, just above Cairo. S' me
two hundre d and titty are said to be in the hospi
tal.
SIGNS OP TH3 TIMES.
Mass Meeting of the T'iieiiiployel in Phila
delphia.
A mass meeting of the unemployed citizens of the
Fifteenth ward was held or> Hh-ndar evening at
Twentv-eecond and Calhuvhill streets, having in
view the petitioning of City Councils 'r providing
them with employ in en t. About 250 persons were
present.
inr luuuwitig li„ „,i r.oiliitjui), aiming
otlirrs, were p-.-sefl:
WngHKAf, lii the present crisi.* of nitinnal af
fair-, the regular channels of traile ai d business
have been suddenly checked, llius ihrinving out <■ I
employ merit those who h retofure have had to de
pend upon daily labor for the support ot their fami
lies; and whereas, it is evident that some time imi-t
elapse before tile usual business anu tnanuractui ir-g
trade of our eit v w ill resume their accustomed pros
peritv; therefore,
lienolved, That in a c r i.-is so great .is the present,
it is ill duty of Government to ex end to the me
chanical and laboring interests of the community
such aid and help as may be necessary or their
welfare, which cannot be otherwise obtained.
The Starving Poor in New York.
In the Board ol Council men, on M'-rday, Mr.
Stevenson adv<ca ed the adoption of Mr. Orion's
resolution*. He said there was absolute want in
the 18th ward, ar.d many of the families of the vol
unteers who went t<> maintain the hon< r of the
American flag were in a state of statvation. It
was notorious that the Common Cour cil never de
sign- d that SS00,00() shou-d he yiv-n to • qu p ri
inents, and $200,000 for families. The understand
ing was that, there was to be an equal disburse
ment —one half lor the families and the "tin r b-.lf
for the equipment of regiments. The Uni ■ n I>e
fence Corn in it tee had seen fit to take their <wn
course. They had been governed in their acti< 11
bv interested parties, and a few* army contractors
had been led while families of volunteers were left
to sutler.
Sentiment in lowa.
The following resolution, am mg others, adopted
unanimously at Kooxville, will give some idea of
the tone of the meeting •
That in the administration of our government
during the last three month-, under Ah .ham Lin
coln, we behold our beloved country distracted at
home and disgraced abroad; foreign commerce
paralyzed; domestic trade annihilated; .ur coasts
blockaded; our majestic rivers shut up; railroads
seized and broken; the Constitution trampled under
foot; the laws suspended; courts and judges power
less; citizens imprisoned without warrant or re
dress; Legislatures overawed by the bayonet;
State* invaded and dismembered; business pi OF
trated; markets destroyed; banks collapsed; ch b;s
repudiated; credit, both public and private, lan
guishing; and, in a word, a sanguinary war raging
over one-bait the Union, which, if continued, must
inevitably drain the nation of its blood and treas
ure, demoralize the American people, and sweep
away every vestige ol constitutional freedom.
Itefusnl to Allow Negroes to Vote in Con
ner tie ut.
Last year the Connecticut Legislature voted by a
large majority, to amend the State Constitution, so
as to allow* negroes to vote. This amendment had
to go over to the present session, and it adopted by
a two-thirds vote, was to go to the people for their
approval or rejection; but the vote this year is as
strongly adverse as it was last year favorable to
the project—being 44 yeas to 120 nays.
New Hampshire Sentiment.
The Democracy of New Hampshire are loval to
their country; but they will defend and maintain
the freedom of thought, speech, and the pres*, at
all hazards—at the point of the bayonet, if need be.
Tbey desire peace at home, but they will defend
their birthright of individual libcit at any sac i
fice, if assailed from any quarter. The soil of the
Granite State is not the land on which despotic
power, whether of the mob or monarch, cau live
and flourish.— Democratic Standard.
Rents in Philadelphia.
We understand that a reduction ot from li r te?n
to twenty per cent, has been made in the rents of
property owned by the Girard Estate.
THE JAMES SHELL A FAILURE LR will be remem
bered that it was claimed for this shot ihat as soon
as it struck any substance it w* uld expl de, and
thus scatter destruction on every side I-roui the
experiments of yesterday, it was perfectly • bvious
that the shell would not explode unless tie cap on
the shell is touched. Two-thiids ol the shit tired
bounded into the water, and the cap b. ing tipper
most, the shell did not explode. To make this
species of shot effective it will be Hrst nec ssary
t. guarantee that the shell will strike upon a cer
tain portion, as otherwise it is worthless.—Cur. A,
Y. Express. __
TN THE SUPERIOR COI LT FOR BALTI
-1 MO*<E CITY.—K'I*KVA ZJGI.EK vs. C NRaD '/.Hi
i.n.K —The <n j-ct of thi" suit t* nun a pee divo-cicg
lie said com pla cant vinculo matrimonii f r ni iliedcu
daut. The bi.l s'aies that it. he year o 185.1 he said Ho
sen* was united in the bonds I luii-iin n.v to the sdd
Conrad, who tias com tied tne crime of dul ery Mid Ins
deserteu her rti.d has'eft tie ate It is < hereupon a.'ju
and orrie eith s 2 1 July. IVI lint the C ill . i Ml by
•-ausiin? at- py of this order to >- insert eu m s. in n ws| .
per publ shed in h- .iy of B .Itimore, one oh sutces
sive week beio.e tie-3d ti rt y ol vuxust. i£6l next t" i- \ e
notice to the said ab ent de endaut of ih • object RI d su
fiance ol this h 11, auu ua=n hiui to appear i>. hisc urt in
pers ri or by soli, uor o • r brfo eh- 3 I da\ o* .\ \ •
180 lto answer th** premises and show o use i' ny he has,
way a deoiee cu. ht no: to be passed as p v. ed.
•K. i* SaX lO;('■T k -
True copy—Tcs : GEO. K. SANGSi* X.
iyp-lawtw _L r
THIS IS TO GIVE NOTH K, That the subsc-ri-
A bet has obtained front the
more cit.y, letters ot adjunwir* fit ■" having
PI K late of said city. u ,o exl.it it
claims against tliesatd et|t' rat e . :,i,, C ril*r, on
tile same, ti.e thes
or before the26ti. day of a n i. en efit of id estate.
wise by law. s . lH i estate are requested to luake
All | ersons indebted to m ham , , his22( l day
immediate payment. t " ve " u HIIWAK |, |. It'Nvl l„
of June. IrtSl. A 'nm isirat- r
it 24 lwl
wmTIOE TO CREDITORS.—Notice is hereby
N aivn.l.at THOMAS* Kl' I.S.f RroS ,f the ~t of
iLtti ...re. h * ex -cul d aconve'. UM-e f ail his pn.peiiy
f!...'u:idi r iei ed as rruatee. for the benefit of hi cr*d-
Th* 1 deed bars date the S.h !•<>• o June 1 til, and
auic'tg otheT p"vis or-s e.ieHtes h prcftih'iio • in tav.n f
tlmse cntlitors who >h ill wi liiti n n tv days from t n* date
thereof, rignify th* i absent to irs terms and execute a re
iesseo' their cairns iniavorof the grartir 1 lie deed is
of record in the Die. k's l ffice o* th Supeiior Cuut ant
the r 1-ase to te s'goed by c edi ors may be fouml at tue
Counting room of the undersigned.
J,-. IMVT-El .1 AMI'S ILOIH-I S. INN
AST STEEL BELLS. # . TH R . ~
J M. KKITH..IK.. 4 -.'.v. A£ot. =5 eclebratvd klls,
treet, tiavr in store a sample.of t" h , ? ua i aDli . M
m ade oy Nayl.r, Vtcker. 4 L t ;. n [.„r of clturch oraui
wbich tbr. v rwpectfnlly as* the a , ( lhruuK t, oat tt .
tattons, fire Bell, supplied at short no •
Southern and w esiern - . , h . to 41.000 lbs Pnce* * e
tloe. yarying TWJ. ' 'and lesl tha^H
•hSh "atooiUitioo" BHs. Circular, can be had on apgU
eation.

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