OCR Interpretation


The daily exchange. (Baltimore, Md.) 1858-1861, August 27, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83009573/1861-08-27/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

VOL Vlff —NO. 1,078.
SEE FOffRTH PAGE.
i-i 4 4 liU OF FtiADE.
Ocmmitte* of Arbitration, for n.onth of An oust,
SAMUKF, BEVAX.
WM DEVRIES, I JOS. C. YATES
O. S. UKOWX. | 1M '
Ti-uisq anil temerctsl SU&uft.
BALTIMORE, August 26,1861.
Mocks were quiet again to day, but the reeling: in the
market was rather firmer than on-Saturda.v. Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad wa* much stronger. Xo sales were
made, but it closed at (42 bid, an advance of (1, and s4.';
asked regular way. Northern Central was offered again
Rtsl4J£, but no bid was made for it. For Loans there
was some demand, and Bales were made of (2,600 Balti
more City 6's 1880 at 814,', SI,OOO Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad 1875 bonds at 70, and (1,000 Northern Central
1885 bonds at 45. City o's closed at 80 bid for 1875'5; 81
bid, 81H asked for 1890's; and Railroad bonds left off at
42 bid. 42 V asked for Baltimore and hio 1862'5; 70 bid,
7 ,v ask- d ror do. 1875'5; 65 bid, 70 asked fordo. 1885's;
4o bid, 46 asked for Northern Central 1885's; and 60 bid
for Northwestern Virgini t second, and endorsed third
mortgage. In State stocks there was nothing whatever
done, and the inquiry for them was very limited. For
Maryland 1670's SO was bid, and 81 \ asked, bu. no bid
was made for any of the others. For Bank stocks there
was some little inquiry, and sales were made of 7 shares
Citizens' at (6&, and 3 shares Western at (15.
In New York to-day North Carolina 6's fell off again 1
per cent; Missouri 6's declined Erie \\ New York
Central %: and Reading V; but Tennessee 6's advanced
iei cent.; ami \ irginia 6's sold at the same price as on
Saturday. Treasury notes continue to improve,and they
sold to day at 871 i( an advance of ,4.
SALES AT THE BALTIMORE STOCK BOARD
, MOWDAT . August 2d. 1861.
$2,000 Baltimore 6's '9O m jz
1.000 B. A: O. K R. bonds '75 70
1,000 Northern Central K. R. bonds, 'BS .45
7 shares Citizens' Bank fli
-3 shares Western Bank "ir
PRICK.- AND BALKH UK STOCKS IN NKW YORK
BY TELEGRAPH.
Through WILLIAM FISHIR & SON, Stock and Bill Brokers
No. 22 Bouth street.
Suarrt '*(l Hoard.
Virginia 6 s „ 0
" ,S3f ' un *' 4M 41 \
Tennessee bonds
•North Carolina bonds ....... 54J$ 00
Cftoton Company,
Krie Kail road 24 3b 24
New York Ceatra! Railroad 74 T\x
Reading Railroad .* 35 *
Treasury notes 2 years 6 per cents.7 *97 \ 00
The following are the official tables of the trade'of the
port of New ork for the week anil since January 1 :
IMPORTS.
For the week. 1858 iB6O. isfi],
~ Koode... .... $3 245,128 $3,480,782 $1,062,034
General merchandise. 2,605,45>9 3.449,462 1,038,246
T 'tal for week sf.9. r 0.617 6.846,244 1,100280
lr. viously reported. 166,694,394 151 907,524 87 938.993
Since January 1 4172 645.011 153.753,768 90,039 273
EXPORTS OF PRODUCE AND MERCHANDISE.
„ . , . I SS 9- 1860. 1861.
Total for the week... $1,188,887 1,745.141 1,696 819
Previously reported.. 40,451,457 54,826,815 80,019,454
Since January 1 s4l 050.344 56,572,056 81,716^273
EXPORTS OF SPECIE.
~ ~ , 1859 1860. 1861.
For the week $1 864 031 1.646.000 1 200
Previously repotted.. 43,838,179 32,611,797 3.154,900
Since January 1 $45,702,210 34,257 J97 1^56060
i he Herald says:
There is a decided revival in several branches of trade
which have latterly been in a stagnant condition. The
dry goods dealers are selling moderately to the country,
ami a large proportion of their sales are for cash or on
short time. Some of the jobbers feel so hopeful that they
aie >ua mg their fall paper. The demand for army cloth
Stal led seme of the New England mills which stopped
some mouths since; and the demand for sh es for the
army has had the like effect on some shoe factories which
closed their doers when they were deprived of the South
ern market Our supplies of all kinds of foreign goods
arc running low, and we notice that our importations for
the week which ended yesterday-tliough only one third
or the usual average at this season—were in excess of
pink' st f m '' a . S l f T We "'; s The Pf'dic will looir to the
Dank statement to he made up to-morrow for some trace
ot the recent negotiation with government. The last
statement showed nothing on the subject.
n,e money market is generally called mors active than
i u brokers report more facility in placing money at
..(afi per cent Still money is left with established houses
at 4 per cent , and there is no difficulty in meeting flrst
clas* short acceptances at 5 Second class paper and sin
gle nainps are scarce, and the rates very variable Some
-V iA Dg y K ° odß J obberß are buying their own fall paper
at it per cent, and speculators continue to purchase
names not generally popular, at all kinds of rales, from
' '"'''"7 " nt - a The tours,- Of the money roar
public loans "' lEain<ler of lhe y eal ' wi " he governed by
Foreign exchange is rather firmer than it was a week
-'oV r rSi4,k U J%' a >X f °r their sterling bill? and
o- i J francs Mel can tile hills of the best grade are
offered at for sterling and 5 tor francs
BALTIMORE MA KKKTS.
.v.ec—C- ,r MONDAT. AllgllSt 26
;,.,n ™ area R a ' n Without transactions to note
in I-oil ft*, lhe market however continues verv ti-ni in
tone, and holders are generally r,uite indifferent about
selling IV e quote as follows, viz: Rio at 14(5-14 Jt cts
for fair to good, and 15 cts for prime; I.sguayra at T6ffll6
cts ; and Java at 19<20 cts. per lb. The stock here includ
ing the cargo received a day or two since is about 14 000
hags.
FLOUR.—There have been no transactions today in
tiour so far as we have heard, and the market tor it 'mav
be quoted dull and heavy Holders however still ask #*s
Howard Street and Ohio So per, and we quote
• i "! l 'V, l before at $4 57* (515 for standard, and 1
si -V-> 50 per hhl. for fancy brands. Extra Flour is
unchanged in price, and we still quote as follows, viz;
Ohio at $5.25 for old; $5.37 Jil'i-5.60 for new; Howard Street
*t $5 50; unci standard shipping brands Baltimore City
■Mills at $6 [email protected] 50 per hhl.
FAMILY F'LOUR.— Baltimore ground Family is still sell
ing Ly the dray load to the trade at $7.50, and Baltimore
high grade Extra at $7. but Howard Street Family can
readily bought at $6-5.6.25 per 4.4.1,
. RAND CohN .MEAL. —Rye Flourmay be quoted
at $->.-> 11,0.0 10, and we quote Corn Meal ai $2 90 for
Brandy wine, and $3 per bbl. tor Baltimore.
CrtAl V.-Wheat was in good supply this morning,
some 12,000 bushels red, and about 20,000 bushels white
being at market. Red sold at 100(5,106 cts. for medium
to fair. 110(qjU3cts tor good to prime, the latter figure
being for a lot or 1 4uo bushels very superior, and white
at looiajibo cts. for common, l] 3 a) 120 cts. tor medium to
fair, 125 ,1130 cts. for good, and 133>i. 135 cts. for prime,
hut the market was dull, and both descriptions closed
hen\ y. Com was also dull and heavy. There were aboti t
3,600 bushels at market, but only a part of it was sold
W bite ranged at from 52 to 56 cts., and yellow sold at 4'
fa 47 cts per bushel. Of Rye there were l.Mlo bushels
Maryland offered, all of which was sold at 48(5.49 cts. per
l'ti.-hel . these figures being a decline of Ito 2 cts. Oats
i-inwi'i" arriving freely, and to-day there wire about
12,000 bushels at market. There was however 11 good de
niand lur them anil most of the receipts were sold at from
van'la ° C ' S ' f ° r Maryland ' and 33 @ 34 cts. for Pennsyl-
MoLASSES.—There is nothing doing in Molasses, hut
the Stock here of all descriptions is light, and the market
is very firm in tone. We quote as- follows, viz- Cuba at
V-it ."C'S. for clayed, and 24 5.26 cts. tor Muscovado;
I orto Khv, at 32(536 cts., and New Orleans at 38(5)40 cts
p-r gallon.
PROVISIONS —The Provision market continues very
quiet, and we hear to-day of no sales worth noting. We
have however uo change to note in its general condition,
and we still quote as follows, vis: liacnn at 5* cts. for
Shoulders. 7,.0.7* cts for Sides, 8;o)U cts. for Hams; Bulk-
Meat at 45; cts. for Shoulders. 6W6* cts. for Sides, 6*
(u. i cts. for Hams; l.ard at SX<A,9 cts. for Western I.ea'f
? 5?: re '". ,H,d ''erces. Hfo.fl* cts or refined: Mess Pork
at sls; Pntuedn at slo.so(<f 11; Rump do. at Slot,, 10.25'
and Beef at sl2 50 for Baltimore packed No. 1; $lO for do'
rf,v4- per barrel for repacked Western Mess.
1. V e continue to quote Rice firm at 6* <£7 cts
per 11) .or good to prime, but there are no sales making.
I he stock here is very nearly exhausted.
SLHARS. There has been no movement to-day in
Sugars. There are however hut few offering, and the
mai ket for them is firm with a decidedly upward tendency.
V. e quote as follows, viz: Cuba at $6.50®7 for refining
and $7.25f0)7 75 fin- grocery grades; and Porto Rico and
-sew Orleans at [email protected] for common to fair; and $7.75(4
5.25 for good fair to prime. We note the receipt here to-
R , ic' per Schr ' AliCe Mowe ' of 210 hhds - Suur from Porto
REPINED SUGARS.— The Sugar refiners have to-day ad
vanced the rates for hard crushed Sugars * of a cent per
lb , hut the rates tor soft crushed are unehanoed. The
following are the quotations of Messrs. F. W? Brune ,k
Sons, agents of the Maryland Sugar Refining Co.. viz:
R, PRICES FOR TWENTY OB MORE PACKAGES.
Double Refined Cut Loaf ink" c ts n er lh
Double Refined Small Loaf ..toj/ ' '
Double Refined Large I.oaf .7...".*.*10 "
Double He fined Crushed, Powdered and
Granulated U
Extra Fine Powdered u
A , Crushed
Circle A..Crushed, Powdered & Granulated 9ft 44
SOFT CRUSHED.
White Sugar-A 9 cts . per lb
do. do. B gt *.
Yellow do. C.....
SALT. Salt is firm with an upward tendency. Liver
pool is now selling at 110 cts. for Ground Alum, and 160
cts. per sack for Marshall's. Worthington's, and Jeffrey &
Darcy's fine, and we quote Turks Island at 25(430 cts
per bushel from store.
WHISKEY.—We have reported to-day sales of 220
bbls. Ohio Whiskey at 18 cts., which is a decline. There
a-e no sales of City Whiskey making but we quote it
IfUiDi c'B. per gallon
from the Rew York Albion.
A FALL IN THE ALPS—A FRENCH BARO
NESS KILLED.
On Saturday, in company with a young English
man, 1 started from the little inn of Schwarenbacb,
for the Gemini pass, having sent back our horses to
Kandereteg, where we slept the preceding night.
The morning was very cloudy and disagreeable,
and there was very little prospect of pleasure from
tlie trip; but we were not disposed to grumble, be
cause up to this time we had been particularly fa
vored with fine weather at every point—in fact we
1 ad enjoyed days as clear and cloudless as we were
accustomed to in America.
About one hour from our starting point (distan
ces here, as you are aware, are known as in the
Last by hours and not by miles), on a steep and
narrow turn in the precipitous downward path, the
mule which carried an unfortunate French ladv
stumbled on the near fore leg, throwiog her clean
out of toe saddle; and as there was no parapet wail
or railing, the poor creature made no use of the
reins, she pitched right over the precipice. Before
her distracted husband, who was riding immediate
ly behind her, could dismount, ber lifeless and
mangled form had rested some 150 feet beneath,
having passed over the first ledge below us on
which the zigzagged path was traced, and been
stopped by chance on the second. The whole ter
rible ailair was the work, lam quite sure, of less
than half a minute!
In great afflictions we have reason sometimes to
be tbanktul for slight mitigating circumstances;
and thus it was 1 felt grateful that the poor hus
band, when he descended, was unable to see his
poor wile's face, mangled as it must have been. It
eecmc-d as though fate spared him that additional
shock; tor the body— and head particularly—was
rapped tip in the shrubs and bushes as by a care
u and. The ieet alone indicated the presence of
a corpse. r
J."' 1 ! 10 describe the agony and de- '
spatr of tbe unfortunate gentleman. All efforts to
sooth htm were vatn. He was apparently a mau of
six and twenty years—a Baron .
WATER FOR THE FoUT—Geo. Dix, after proving
the impracticability of obtaining a sufficient son
p.y of water for his garrison at Fort Mcllenrv
either by digging or boring, lias resolved to reme
dy the want by the introduction of a supply from
the main pipe of the city. Tbe distance to the
fort is 1A miles, and the survey and measurement
has been commenced preparatory to laying the
pipes.— Cor. N. Y. Tribune.
Gold is represented as now being used, by a
newly invented process, to increase the tenacity of
iron. A small quantity is introduced and diffused
throughout the mass of steel or iron during the
operation of puddling, and the process is to be ap
plied to the manufacture of artillery, ships' plates,
anchor cables, Ac.
Sulphate of salt, or of soda, mixed in small
quantities with the starch in which summer dresses
or ladies' skirts are "done up," on the authority of
Dr. Odling, of Guy's Hospital, London, will make
them absolutely incou-bustible.
Paring tbe last year, England forwarded to India
234,710 tons of railroad material, of tbe aggregate
value of $10,461,003.
THE DAILY EXCHANGE
— _______
,| LATEST NEWS.
FEDERAL
TELEGRAMS.
Accuracy not Vouched for.
FROM WJ SHTXGTOiY
Successor of Mayor Berrett.
WASHINGTON, August 26.—Richard VYallach,
was this afternoon elected Mavor of Wash
ington by the City Council to supply the vacancy
occasioned by Mayor Herrett's arrest." He was forth
with installed.
Naval and Military \ flairs.
Ihe Navy Department has a prompt method of
dealing with disloyalists, in addition to similar
cases recently mentioned.
A. D WhartoD, a Midshipman on bard the Sern-j
mole, tendered his resignation, but he was dis- i
missed the service and sent to Fort Lafayette.
Several soldiers, claiming to be Rrltish subjects, j
and so represented through Lord Lyons, have been
discharged from the army.
The Academy of Arts erected by Mr. Corcoran, j
is now occupied by the Government for military j
purposes. Possession was taken to day.
If is needless to crowd the Secretary of War by
further applications for military appointments, as j
there are no vacancies, excepting such as have been i
reserved for meritorious non-commis.-ioned officers !
and privates.
Wasliiiiglon Items.
W ASHINGTON, Aug. 26.—Commander Porter, who
wag recently deprived of his command of the sloop
of war Bt. Mary's, on suspicion of disloyalty to the
Government, voluntarily returned to Washington,
and to-day, it is understood, presented to the Navy
Department an elaborate document with proofs in
refutation of the charges, showing that forgerv has
been resorted to for the purpose of injuring and
dishonoring him.
All the large craft, schooners and sloops, small
row-boats and skill's on the Potomac river, have
been taken possession of by Government authority.
'I his may be a matter of precaution between the
Maryland and Virginia shores.
The State Department has been officially informed
that the Mexican Government has proclaimed the
port of loula, in the State of Chiapas, on the
Pacific coast, a port of entry which is opened to
foreigu and coastwise commerce.
Mr. Russell** Denial.
rr WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.
In the Editor of the New York Tribune:
Slß— There is no truth in the statement that Mr.
Russell applied to General Porter for a pass, and
was refused flatly and round. Mr. Russell holds a
pass from General Scott, as well as a pass signed
by General Porter. \V. u. RUSSELL.
Acquittal of Col. McCuiin.
\\ ASHINGTON, August 26. —Colonel McCunn has
been honorably acquitted of the charges preferred
against him at the recent court-martial in Alexan
dria. The scene in his regiment on the announce
ment of this fact was of the most enthusiastic des
cription.
LATEST FROM MISSOURI.
Proclamation of Governor (Bogus) Gamble.
JEFFERSON CITY, August 25.—The following pro
c.amation has been issued :
Ihe power of the civil authorities being insuffi
cient to protect the lives and propertv of the citi
zens of the State, I, Hamilton R. Gamble, Governor
of the >tate of Missouri, do hereby call into the ac
tive service of the State 42 000 men, of the miliiia
of the State, and assign 6,000 as the quota for each
military district, which is the same as a Congres
smnai district. The force thus called into service
wi be, as far as possible, a volunteer force, and
will consist of 10,000 cavalry and 32,000 infantrv.
If the number volunteering exceed the requisi
tion, the excess will be held a* a reserve corps. If
there should be a deficiency, it uiav become neces
sary to resort to a draft. The Adjutant General
will issue to the Division Inspectors of the several
military districts the orders necessary to carry this I
requisition into effect. The force called out will be
for six months, unless peace in the Slate shall be
sooner restored. Arms will be furnished as rapid
ly as they can be had.
Given under my hand and the seal of the State
at Jetterson City, this 24th day ot August, in the
year 1861.
BY the Governor, H. R. GAMBLE.
M. OLIVER, Secretary of State-
ROLLA, Mo., Aug. 24.— Lieut. Col. Albert, of the
J hira .Missouri, and eight or ten other officers who
have oven prisoners at Spriogfield, arrived here
this morning. They were released on parole, sub
ject, however, to such arrangement as may have
been entered into between the Confederates and the
united States.
there are a great many contradictory reports as
to the present and future movements of the enemy
but their real purpose can only be conjectured.—
1 hey seem now to be more anxious to obtain sub
fi.-tcrce than to make oflensive movements for anv
other purpose.
The Wounded at Springfield.
>i. Louis, August 25.—The correspondent ofthe
Democrat publishes the following letter:
HFMRLD, August 17.—Gene al Rains issued
an order soon after his arrival to seize all the me
dicine and hospital stores in the Federal hospital,
thus depriving about 400 of our wounded troops of
medical treatment. A part of the medicines were
subsequently restored by order of General Price.
With a few exceptions our sick and wounded are
doing well and will be able to return to their
homes in a fen- days. All our wounded could not
be brought oft the field iD consequence of the scar
city of wagons, but they were treated where they
JEFFERSON CITY, MO. —George R.Smith, of Pettis
county, has been appointed Adjutant-General of the
State, and John Howe, Police Commissioner for St.
Louis.
Later.
I HONFON, Mo., August 26 —Report? received here
to-day give intoruiation that Gen. Hardee's forces
are withdrawing from Greenville towards Heave's
rerry, where they are fortifying slightly; also to
Peyton's station, nearer the Arkansas line. This
seems to confirm previous reports that the Eastern
division of the Confederates are hastening to join
Gen. Pillow. A strong body of Gen. Thompson's
forces are represented to have occupied Benton,
eight miles back of Commerce, where they are '
throwing up fortifications.
ARhIVAi. OF THE CANADIAN.
FURTHER FROM EUROPE,
THE LONDON PRESS ON AMERICAN AFFAIRS
TIIKKATKMNG ASPECT OK APFAIKS IX
POLAND.
FARTHER POINT, August 26. —The steamer Cana
dian, from Liverpool on the 17th, has passed here
on lie! way to Quebec.
The weather in England has again been unsettled,
and there was considerable rain in some part 3 of
the country.
The marriage contract between the Princess
Alice and the Prince Leopold of Hesse was signed
at Osborne on the 14th.
The London Time*' city article Again expatiates
on the financial difficulties accumulating against the
American Government, and says tbe most earnest
wish of the friends of America, must be that the
difficulties now existing, may accumulate with
sufficient rapidity, to bring North and South to
reason.
FRANCE.
I* roin France there are vague reports of a grow
ing coolness between France and Austria, bearing
an ominous resemblance to that which preceded the
war.
I'rince Metternich had taken leave of the Empe
ror Napoleon, and the latter bad gone to Chalons
camp. General Fanti had also left i'aris and was
en route to Chalons camp.
The Moniteur officially confirms the appointment
of M. Benedetti as Minister to Itaiv.
RUSSIA.
The Independence Beige says the first act of tbe
new Russian Ministry will'be the recognition of
the Kingdom ofltaly.
AUSTRIA.
The Emperor received the address of the Hun
£aran Diet on the 14th and replied to it by a
speech in general terms. The dissolution of the
Diet was regarded as almost certain.
POLAND.
Important popular demonstrations occurred at
Lulin on the 12th. 'lhe military commander how
ever, by his energetic action, suppressed a conflict
without any more serious consequences than that a
certain number of persons were wounded
ENGLAND.
The following is a copy of the news sent out by
lhe steamer City of Washington, which sailed on -
tbe 14th, whose arrival is anticipated by the Ca
nadian.
"The English papers are dailv engrossed with
the American question.
Ihe London Globe denies, by authority, the
statement that Admiral Milne has reported that
the blockade of the Southern ports is ineffective;
and says, no general report on the subject has been
officially received."
lhe London Times, in an editorial, shows the
financial difficulties which the Washington Govern
ment will have to encounter. The Times also pub
lishes another letter from Mr. Russell, which gives
a discouraging view of affairs for the North.
The King of Sweden has arrived in England on
a visit to the Queen.
Catherine Hayes is dead.
The special agents of the Cotton Supply Associa
tion had reached Egypt, and were to have an in
terview with the Viceroy, on the subject of cotton
cultivation. .
SWITZERLAND.
Another controversy has sprung up between
j France and Switzerland, relative to the arrest of a
French subject on disputed territory.
ITALY.
1 rtnee Chege has been appointed Papal Nuncio
to Paris.
mini I shin eaP °' itan reac '' oßar y movements are di
cnl!- 6 p ". 3 '^ na of Austria toward Hungary is be
coming daily more alarming.
a fa ouse °l the Hungarian Diet have
adopted by acclamation Deak's address.
COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE
LIVERPOOL, August i6.—The sai.> • XIV*
week amount to 46,000 hales, at a decline of tTto id
Flour has declined 6d ; Wheat 1(426.; Corn iaV? *Frm
Visions generally closed dull. Beef quiet. Fork steady
Consols closed at 9t)*@9o*. steady.
Attempt to take Ex-Governor Thomas
Prisoner.
GRAFTON, T a., August 24—Last evening while
ex-Governor Thomas was addressing a crowd in
front of a hotel at Cumberland, some secessionists
raised a disturbance which resulted in their being
driven home and the destruction of tbe Alleganian
office, a secession newspaper. This morning the
train bound West, which had ex-Governor Thomas
aboard, when about eight miles this side of Cum
bcrtand, came suddenly on several cross-ties thrown
across the track, and at the same times number of
armed men were seen rapidly descending a neigh-
/ ,r ' n K hi". The engineer increased the speed of
e locomotive and succeeded in throwing the ties
u le ., ac k with but little damage to the engine.
; "I™' I"outs 1 "outs then lired into the train, it is
PP e ,.,. ? mi . st ake, but without doiDg any dam
e* (}nmn TR gn ° f the secessionists was to take
ex-Governor Thomas prisoner.
Safety of the Su„ lu<l . Ktll _
RtVEBE DU LECF, August ye rp. . - „
erful, for Quebec, has arrived w7 T h h< ; 8b ' P P ? W "
of the steamer Etna's passengers
the Etna broke her cranTXtt on the EE 0 -" B ,"'*/ 1
and was boarded by tbe Powerful on the n'tSVa
la*. 49 114S long. fc' 53'. The ship w
ord.r but her machinery completely
she bad put back to Queeustown under laiu '
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
' • WHOM FOKTItKSS MONROK.
FORTRESS MONROE, AIIV. 25* —The formidable
1 preparations for the naval expedition from Old
I Point are about completed. Notwithstanding tu
: mors, its destination is kept a profound secret.
Lieutenant Crosby returned last night from his
1 expedition to the Eastern Shore of Virginia. He
j went up Tangier Sound and brought back a prize
1 schooner
| Gen. Wool has spent part of the day at Newport
| News. Brigadier General Phelps will probably
I remain in commantl of that post.
The Confederates will hereafter find it verv dif
ficult to communicate with Fortress Monroe by
means of spit s. Xo person is allowed to visit Camp
-Hamilton without a special pass from the com
manding General or the Provost Marshal.
A slight difficulty uccured yesterday between
one of the released Confederates and a volunteer
officer. The Confederate Captain refused the
latter a light for his cigar, on the ground that he
did not con-ider our volunteer officers gentleman.
His defenceless position alone saved him from pun
ishment for the insult
T he Honduras steamer "Esoler," from New York
auti intended to run between Truxillo and Havana,
hvs put into the Roads for a harbor.
K\< iieiiif lit at Louisville. Kjr.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., August 24. —Considerable ex- '
citement pervaded the city this afternoon by the
parade of a regiment of Roseau's Kentucky volun
teers from Indiana, which the secessionists charac
teristically denounced as an invasion of the neu
trality of Kentucky. The object is said to have
been the reception of a flag.
Eighty men, acting as Surveyor Colton's posse
comifatus, went from here this morning to Rolling
Fork, and took six wagon loads of contraband
goods, which were brought back to Louisville.
This evening an accident occurred on the Leban
on branch of the Xashville road, from the loosen
ing of a rail, by which four of five persons were
injured.
Capt. Phillie, with a company of one hundred
men, came up from Camp Roone to-day to Hud
donsville in search of arms coming down for
Unionists, but not finding any on the down freight
train, they returned.
Arrest of n \cplit*av of <*eiicrnl .Johnston.
PHILADELPHIA, August 25.— William 8. John
ston, a nephew of the Confederate General of that
name, was arrested at the depot in this city, after
purchasing a ticket for Louisville. His trunk con
tailed a number of letters for the South, one of
which speaks of the prisoner as <4 an officer in the
Confederate army."
Stw York Bank Statement.
New N OKK, Aug. 20.—The weekly statement of
the New \ ork Hanks show an increase in loans of
$28,840,504; a decrease in specie of $2,014,509; a
decrease in circulation of $31,712, and au increase
in deposits ot $20,409,999. The largest changes
are the remit of government negotiations.
■ nited States Sloop-of-war Vnmlnlia.
PHILADELPHIA, August 20.—The Uuited States
sloop-of-war Vandalia was spoken on the 15th off
Port lioyal.
OUR SOUTHERN ESTAFETTE.
LETTER PROM A STRONG UNION M AN IN
MISSOURI.
The Popular Effect of the Buttle near Spring,
held—The Secession Sentiment Increasing.
We are permitted, through the kindness of a
merchant in this city, to make the folio wing extract
from a letter just received by him from a friend in
Missouri:—Eos. Ex.
GLASGOW, MO., August 20, 18G1.
The Federal forces were badly whipped and cut
to pieces at Springfield, and thousands are now
flocking to Jackson's and McCulloch'a armies.
We are having awful times in Missouri. Seces
sion would ruin us, but take the vote to day and Min
fo uri woultl i/o out by a large majority.
Had our Governor—Provisional Governor Gam
ble—done right, we would have had peace. Both
he and the Government have done wrong. They
ought not to have lout that Springfield battle.
Union men are very scarce here. The action of the
Convention toill never be unstained. It has drawn all
the sympathy to Jackson's side. His bitter enemies
that were, are now his best friends. The State
forces under McCulioch and Price will be very largo
in a few days.
We are all ruined. Truly your friend,
We are again indebted to a friend for copies of
late Richmond papers, from which we clip the fol
lowing interesting items:
SOUTH Elm FINANCES.
The Richmond Enquirer of Wednesday last con
tains a copy of tho act passed by the Confederate
States authorizing the issue of treasury notes and
bonds, and providing a war tax for their redemp
tion.
SECTION 1, Authorizes the issue of treasury notes
payable to bearer, at the expiration of six months
alter the ratification of a treaty of peace between
the Confederate States and the United States. The
notes are not to be ot a less denomination than live
dollars, to be re-issuable at pleasure, to be received
in payment of all public dues,except the export dutv
on cotton, and the whole issue outstanding at one
time, including the amount issued under" forme-
Acts, are not to exceed one hundred millions of
dollars.
Sec. 2. provides that for the purpose of fundin"
the said notes, or for '.he purpose of purchasing
snecie or military stores, etc., bonds may be issued
payable not more than iw.oiy y.... .oer ante, to
the amount nfone hundred millions of dollars, and
bearing an interest of eight per cent, per annum.
This amount includes the thirty millions already
authorized to be issued. Tim bonds are not to be
issued in less amounts than SIOO, except when tbe
subscription is lor a less amount, whentbey may be
issued as low as SSO.
Sec. 3 provides that holders of treasury notes mav
at any time exchange them for bonds.
Sec. 4. Provides that, for the special purpose of
paying the principal and interest of the public
debt, and of supporting the (Government, a war tax
shall be assessed and levied of fifty cents upon each
one hundred dollars in value of the following prop
erty in the Confederate States, namely: Real es
tate of all kinds; slaves; merchandise; bank stocks;
railroad and other corporation stocks; money at
interest, or invested by individuals, in tbe purchase
of bills, notes and other securities for money, ex
cept the bonds of the Confederate States of Ameri
ca, and cash on band, or on deposit in bank or
elsewhere; cattle, horses and mules; gold watches,
gold aua silver plate; pianos and pleasure carria
ges: Provided, however that when the taxable
property, herein above enumerated, of any head of
a family is of value less than five hundred dollars,
such taxable property shall be exempt from taxa
tion under this act. It provides further that the
property of colleges, schools and religious associa
tions, shall be exempt.
The remaining sections, provide for .the collec
tion of the tax.
A considerable amount ot these bonds, we learn
have already been sold. They are also issued to
citizens in exchange for cotton, tobacco, cereals or
merchandise,—and are being subscribed for in this
manner freely. The last quotations ranged from
par to two per cent, premium.
From Shephardstown Cor. Richmond Despatch. Aug. 24
A Skirmish at Harper's Ferry.
*** * * ' *
A gentleman from the "seat of war" has just
brought us the cheerful intelligence from Harper's
Ferry that Capt. Ashby, with about 200 cavalry,
had a little skirmish yesterdav (Sunday) at that
romantic and noted spot. Ge'n. Batiks has been,
for some time occupying the Ferrv, and holding
the citizens in terrorem. Capt. Ashby lighted utp
expectedly on them vesterday, and made them
"take water;" drove them out of the State, killing
two and wounding several, the gallant Captain on
ly losing one horse, which was shot from under
him. Thanks to our brave soldiers, Jefferson
couuty is at last rid of the "varmints." Not tbe
sole of nn invader's foot now presses her sacred
soil, and if a small force is kept along the river, we
will never be again troubled with them.
Since these Massachusetts menials have been
stationed opposite our town, quite a number of
our citizens have been in constant dread and alarm.
M any of them are afraid to stay at home with their
families at night. Our venerable and efficient
Captain Splash, who acted as Commissary for our
"brave boys," when stationed here, has been me
naced, and he is compelled every night, from mo
tives of personal safety, to seek refuge in the coun
try with his various friends. This is, indeed, hard,
and should be remedied as soon as possible.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is open, and
seems to be doing a "laDd-ofiice business," trans
porting provisions to the Federal capital.
Yesterday two deserters from Banks' column
made their appearance in town, looking horribly
bad, almost destitute of clothing, and "said thev
"wanted to go home " Some of the citizens rigged
them up and sent them to Martinsburg, where a
body of Confederate troops are stationed.
From JVI rfolk Cor. Richmond Dispatch, Aug. 24.
NORFOLK, Va., August 22. —Notwithstanding the
information relative to the foreign arrival mention
ed in my last seemed entirely reliable, it has proved
to be incorrect. The Spanish Consul having re
ceived intelligence Tuesday night that the Spanish
Government steamer Petronella had arrived, went
down yesterday morning with the Spanish flag,
and a bountiful supply of good things for the offi
cers of the ship, belonging, as he supposed, to the
Government which he represents. On arriving in
the Roads, he was informed that no Spanish vessel
had been there for some time. A Dutch war
steamer, however, came in the Roads Tuesday,
and after exchanging salutes and learning the dif
ficulties between the North and the South she left
quickly and without further ceremony. I cannot
ascertain her name, whence she came from, or her
destination.
A flag of truce went down to Fort Monroe yes
terday, and despatches were exchanged between
officers of the two hostile Governments.
A large merchant ship is reported ashore inside
of Cape Henry, name, &c., not ascertained. The
report may not be correct.
Experiments made with the new piece of ord
nance, rifled at our Navy Yard, show a range of
over four miles. These powerlul guns will be
further tested, and it is hoped they will be found
■equally as effectual as expected. GALERIUS.
From the Dispatch. August 24
Indian Affairs on the Western Frontier.
The latest information received as to the result
tiff the mission of the Confederate Commissioner,
iion. Albert G. Pike, to the Indian nations on the
western frontier, we find in a letter published in
the Fort Smith Herald of the 10th.
Notwithstanding a heavy outside influence, a
treaty advantageous to both parties was made with
the rulers of the Creek nation. Before entering
upon the consideration of the treaty, it was voted
by a unanimous vote of the Council to go with the
South, treaty or no treaty. The principal men
have been true as steel to the South from the be
ginning of the negotiation, and the nation ratified
their treaty by a unanimous vote in Council, every
town being represented. Their regiment will be
reaoy in a few days, and probably a half dozen
companies more.
About sixty of the Reaorye Camanches, (Pondah
Ross,) Wichitas, Kicbais, etc., have had a talk with
the Commissioner. He expects to effect a treaty
with the wild Camanches, who are coming into
Wichita Agency to meet him for that purpose, (as
also the Kiowas,) and to settle them all upon re
serves. As soon as the Seminole treaty is signed,
Commissioner Pike, with superintendent Rector,
Agent Deeper, Win. Quisenbury, the secretary of
the Commissioner, and the others of the party, ac
companied by a delegation of the Creeks and Semi
noles, and a strong escort of Indian troops, will go
to 'he Wichita Agency to meet the Reserve Indians
and wild tribes. There is little doubt that at least
5,000 Camanches will be present.
The standard of the commissioner is a aignifl.
BALTIMORE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1861.
; cwt (-nc. In its blue field are tbe eleven white star
'■D a circle, and inside that circle the commission
er has plac d lour small red stars, forming the fntii
extremities of a passion cross, lor the four nations
( the Chock taws, Chickisaws,Creeks,and Seminoles
I in token that these Christian tribes of* red men art
| cncircb'ilby our protection, and are with us and n
u<. When, if ever, we deein it lit to treat with tin
Cherokees, a fifth red star will form lite centre oi
the cross, The commissioner will not again seek tr
treat with Mr. Ross, nor with the Chitrokees, while
he remains in power; but the government will not
desert or leave unprotected tbe friends of the
fciouth among the Cherokees.
Indian Warriors —Rager for the Fray.
train the Hon. C. W. Adams, of this county,
who arrived at h 111 1 a few days since from the
northern part of this State, we learn that on last
Monday week thirteen hundred Indian warriors-
Southern allies—crossed the Arkansas river near
Fort. Smith en route for McCulloch's camp. These
Indians were armed with rille, butcher knife and
tomahawk, and had their faces painted, one half
red and the other black.
We also learn that a regiment of mounted
likewise crossed the Arkansas at or near
lort Smith for the same destination.— JJelana
Shield, 10( A.
The Right Spirit.
The Directors of the Richmond (Baptist) College
recently held a meeting, and passed a resolution
giving the College during the war to a committee
of Louisiana gentlemen, to bo nsed by them as a
hospital for the sick and wounded soldiers ol the
Confederate States Armv. The committee pro
ceeded immediately to have the College buildings
fitted up for the use intended, and the work is now
going on. It will be remembered that for several
months past the grounds and College buildings
have been in useby the soldiers of our armv, they
having been relinquished on the first intimation
that they might be made useful in furthering the
great cause in which we are all engaged.
Off for the Seat of War.
The 14th regiment, North Carolina State troops,
left this city on Thursday, for the seat of war.
I'riorto their embarking, the men were addressed
at the request of their officers, by Hons. A W.
\ enable and W. S. Ashe, who pledged themselves
that the wives and little ones of the soldiers should
be tenderly cared lor in their absence.
- Sugar Prospects.
The New Orleans True Leila sav3 the prospects
are unusually favorable lor a heavy crop of sugar
this season. From every portion of the sugar
growing region the same welc.,me reports are daily
received; and should no tempest or premature and
nipping frost intervene, it is safe to predict a larger
harvest than has ever heretofore been gathered in
Louisiana.
Hon. P. C. J. Weston, of Georgetown, S. C., has
raised and equipped, at his own expense, a rifle
company of 113 men, to serve during the war.
The Enquirer of the 24th copies the following
from the Warrenton (Fauquier) "h'larj of *9(5:"
The Fauquier ISlnck llor.se.
This troop has nut been removed from their
camp, near Manassas, as we reported last week.
We were misinformed as to their movements. They
are still stationed about three quarters of a mile
from Manassas, and the peaks of their snowy tents
may be seen from tbe Junction.
Too much cannot be said in praise of this gal
lant company. In the late Bull Run battle they
took a most active part in pursuing the enemy,
and labored from the evening ot the 21st uuti!
sunrise the next morning in breaking the block
ade ot Cub Run, that was formed by the retreat
ing teamsters and artillerymen, besides making
several charges on the enemy and taking many
prisoners.
Led by their valiant Captain, the leanhoe of '6l,
this brave company are winning laurels to grace
their brows through all coming time. Enduring
hardships cheerfully, and battling unflinchingly
(or their dearest rights of home and country, old
\ lrgima may well be proud of such sons—true sons
to a true mother! — Many a maiden's heart throbs
with pride, and tears of joy bedew their eyes when
hearing of the exploits of this little hand,'and they
may rest assured their prayers ascend for special
blessings and protection over the '-Black Horse."
the Blockade.
T lie Savannah Republican says:
The schooner Adaline, Capt. Smith, from Nassau,
Li' successfully ran the blockade at Fernandina
on Thursday last. The schooner was chased and
hred at several times by the vessel blockading the
port. The cruiser also lowered her boats and went
in pursuit of the schooner, which they thought had
run on a shoal; but a sudden squall coming up,
compelled them to return to their vessel, to better
secure their own safety. The Adaline, however,
continued on her course, and arrived satelv in Fer
nandina on Thursday. The cargo of the" Adaline
consists ot coffee, cigßrs, fruit, Ac , and is worth
between forty and fifty thousand dollars. The
Adaline also brought as passengers, J. A. G. Gerrr,
and several other officers who had resigned from
the United States Navy. They arrived here Sat
urday by the Gulf Road, and left the same day for
Richmond, to tender their services to the Confeder
ate Government. This is the second time the Ada
.iue has encountered the blockading squadron,
passing it successfully both times. >Ve set Captain
Smith down as a trump.
The Enquirer has the following :
The female servants of Huntsrille, Alabama, have
determined to send a pair ot socks to each member
of the iluntsville Guards, as their offering to pro
vide tor the comfort of their young masters.
It also informs its readers tnat a corresponded*
notifies it of the arrival in one of the Southern
ports (the name of which it withholds) ot two
cargoes of sugar, salt and molasses.
And the Savannah Republican, of the 19th, says :
The last of the cargo of sugar of the prize brig
John Welsh, left here on Saturday last bv steam
lor Charleston.
FRKKDOM OF THE PRESS.
Extracts from a letter written by William Cob
bett to the Prince Regent, dated State Pi isoD, New
gate, January 30, 1812:
Sut:—ln looking back to the real causes of the
miseries which alllict this country and of the great
er miseries with which it appears to be threatened,
your Royal Highness will, I am persuaded, tind
that one of the most efficient has been theprostitu
tion of the press. It is, on all hands, acknowledged
that the press is the most powerful engine that can
be brought to operate upon public opinion, and
upon the direction of public alfairs; and, therefore,
when used to a bad end, the mischief it produces
must necessarily bo great. If left free , it is im
possible that it can, upon the whole, produce harm;
because, from a free press free discussion will flow;
and where discussion is free, truth will always pre
vail; but where the press is in that state in'which
a man dares not freely publish his thoughts respect
ing public men and public affairs, if those thoughts
be hostile to men in power, the press must of ne
cessity be an evil; because, while it is thus restrain
ed on that side, there will never be wanting slaves
to use it in behalf of those who have the distribu
tion of the public money. Thus the public mind
receives a wrong bias, and measures are approved
of, which, in the end, prove destructive, and which
would never have met with approbation had ereri/
man been free to communicate his thou"hts to the
public.
Where there is no Preen at all, or, which is the
same thing as to politics, where there is a Liceneer,
or person appointed by the government to sanction
writings previous to tbeir publication, the press
does no good, to be sure, but neither docs it anv
ba-m; for the public, well knowing the source of
what they read, (and very little they will read,)
sutler it to have no effect upon their minds. They
read a licensed newspaper as they would hear the
charge of an accuser, who should tell them before
hand that the accused party was not to be suffered
to make any defence. But where thepress is called
free, and yet where be who writes with effect
against men in power, or against public measures,
is liable to be punished with greater severity than
the major part of felons, the press must be an
engine of incalculable mischief; because the notion
of freedom of the Preee is still entertained by tho
greater part of readers, while there exists this
terrific restraint on him who would write stroDg
ly, and, perhaps, effectually, against public met.
and public measures, if it were not for the fear I
of almost certain ruin.
Thus the press becomes a deceiver of the people;
it becomes prostituted to the most pernicious pur- |
poses. Few men of real talent will condescend to I
write with a bridle in their months; the periodical
press tails, for the far greater part, into the bands
of needy adventurers, who are ever ready to sell
their columns to the highest bidder; Falseshood
stalks forth and ranges uncontrolled, while Truth
dares not show her face; and, if she appears at ail,
it is under so thick a covering, in so crawling an
attitude, and with so many apologies to power,
that she always disgraces Iter character, and not
unf'requently injures her cause.
Hence we may trace all the severe blows which
our country has suffered, and which have, at last,
reduced'us to a state which every man contemplates f
with a greater or less degree of apprehension. At
the outset of the American war, Mr. Horne Tooke,
who wrote against the project of taxing America
by force of arms, vvhile she was unrepresented in
J'arliament, was harrassed witb State prosecutions,
and was pent up in a jail, while Br. Johnson, who
wrote in defence of the project, and in wham ve
nality and pride contended for the predominance,
was caressed and pensioned. Tffe ration, by the
means of a press thus managed, were made to ap
prove of the measures against America; they were
made to expect tho contest to be of short duration,
and the success to be complete. They were induc
ed to give their approbation to the sending of
German troop?, Brunswickers and Hessian merce- t
naries, to make war upon the fellow-subjects, the
brethren of Englishmen. If we look back to that
day, we shall see the periodical press urging the
nation on to the war, and promising a speedy and
succesful termination of it. The Americans were ,!
represented as a poor, contemptible enemy; as rag
amuffins, without arms and without commanders;
'"destitute," as one writer asserted, "of money,
ot arms, of ammuniiion, of commanders, and, if
they had all these, they had not courage to apply
them to their defence." Thus were the people of r
England induced to give their approbation to the
measures of the ministry at the outset; and, by 1
similar means, were they inveigled into a contin- .
uation of that approbation from one campaign to 1
another, and were only to be undeceived bv the a
capture of whole armies of English troops by those v .
whom.they had been taught to despise.
To the same cause may, in great part, be attri
buted the war against the republicans in France, ;C
a war which has laid low so many sovereign princes,
rooted out so many dynasties, "and which, howev
er it may terminate, has already occasioned more
misery in England than she ever before experiene- r
ed. If there had been no Press in England at the
commencement of the French revolution, the peo
ple of England would have formed their judgment
upon what they xaw, and what they felt; or, if 1
men had been, on both sides of the question, free I
to publish their thoughts, the people, hearing all
that could be said for, as well as against, the cause
of France, would have come to a decision warrant
ed by truth and reason. But while those who
wrote against the republicans of Fiance, and urg
ed the nation on to a war against them, were at
perfect liberty to make use of what statements or
argujnents tbev chose for that purpuse, those who
wrote on the other side were compelled to smother
the best part of what they might have urged, that
is to say, they could not write with effect; or, if
they did, they exposed themselves to ruin, and,
i perhaps, to premature death; for there are not
ti many bodies able (o endure seutences of long im
y prisonment, without receiving injuries that are sel
o dom overcome. ******
s But, sir, amongst all the instances in which this
s- prostituted press has abused the public ear, I know
I, of DO one where it has worked with more zeal, or
■, more apparent effect, than with regard to the pre
if sent dispute with, the American States. The grounds
of complaint on the part of America have been
i- seduouslv kept out of sight; her remonstrances,
o against what no one can deny to be a violation of
is her rights, have been constantly represented as
9t demands made upon us to give up some of our
rights; ber people have been repreiented as being
1. on our side, and against tbeir government; and,
.an of all, when this prostituted press can no lon
| g-r disguise the fact that the Americans are pro
C.Vil'Y • y lVnr "tainsf U-, it represents the Amer
I ican legislature as well as the President as actim
under the mliuence of France; as beinw insti u
I menls in the liaDds of Bonaparte. And by thest
. means it has drawn the public along, from stage
to stage, in an approbation of the measures, which
1 n ' ,; v brought us to the eve of anew war, in ad
ition to that which wo find sufficiently burden
some and calamitous, and to which there is no
| lnan "i h{) pretends to see -the prospect of a ter
. mmation.
NKVV.S VIA WASHINGTON.
i'rom the Washington Star of yesterday even
ing we clip the following facts and rumors :
. ALARMS.
I ~,ee u - °' clock A - M - on Monday, a country
! I'iHo r ,n . to one of lhe camps on the Virginia
approach V lt' " nfi " !> a'; ad a report slle e in t.' the
i force Tl e iL, . U L 6 "" r arrn 7 "n considerable
• Ihe troops there were very general! v turned
out and prepared to r< ceive the enemy, and informa
! Mhr"C Pt '- V 9ent t ° ' ed iuar-.crs, resulTng
summoning of all officers to their
d"atel7 withVh 81 ,rCh '' ° r Cl ' e " here Dot
mately with their respective commands.
tvagons In 1 "./ 7 ! "'f tr#inof * hundrpd ,d two
Ikij, with tents (that had never been
unbaled) reached Washington, from the column of
Mj r-General Banks. Their ip]iearance on IVnn
t'hi^"" 1 ar . e ,", ue P' lve rise I" stories representing
"'S 1 • "ring in full and hasty rm
forward d 'V'"? 1 -"""' f h is, there had been
which bad K ' PU '"I ,|UB
" n 7°A b T Ufed ' Rnd were accord:
•ngly fo-warded by bim to this tioint.
A detachment of the Hturgis Kifl., s (that came to
the capital as the body-guard of Gen. McOlellan)
' w [' re yesterday dispatched (being a
recc \i *:"• Porter 8 Frovost Guard) to Fnrt-
Vorlr7o,h° e ' L" of the '""tineers of the New
presenf-o'nTim^pßaps 6 f " r ,he
somethi„f?r artUre fr . o,n - thß t-'" ard - ,ln a.'e created
IranM, a S ™ !atlon in tbat vicinity, and the I
imf ressinn was drawn at once by the wonder-I
TTtI ' General McClellan was about to take I
tachment rdi " C t,IC
AItItESTS.
It is said that i)r. Manning, a resident of the
county of \V ashington, (on the south side of the
Eastern Branch,) has been arrested by order of the
ar Department. The ch&rg against him is of
complicity with those in Washington who have
been supplying Richmond and Manassas with in
formation concerning military matters in Wash
lujrton.
We learn that J. \\ . Mankin?, of Georgetown,
was arrested on Saturday for disloyalty; and Mr.
• . rmies, a merchant ot that city, on Sunday, on
the same charge.
T , THK OATH OF ALLEOrANCE.
J he oath of allegiance was to be administered to
the hired men in the Quartermaster's Department
yesterday. It is rumored that quite a number will
refuse to take it, particularly the Baltiinoreans,
amongst whom are some who it is suspected took
par in the 19th of April riot. There is noquestion,
the A/or says, of the disloyalty of many of the em
p loves.
All persons drawing "pensions from the United
htates are hereafter to be required to take the oath
l 1 * | e " lanc ® *° th® United States enacted bv the
late law ot Congress. Orders to that effect were
duly forwarded yesterday to all the United States
pension Rgents.
r, REDUCTION OF SALARIES.
. n last, owing to the groat reduc-
the income of the bureau, the Commission
er oi I atonts made a general reduction of the sal
aries and pay ( ,f a || those in his bureau holding
office directly from him. Thus he changed all the
principal examiners nt $2,500 per annum to assist
ant examiners at SI,BOO p ar annum; all the assist
an examiners at SI,BOO per annum to second as
sistant examiners at SI,GOO per annum; and all the
second assistant examiners at SI,GOO per annum to
temporary clerks at $1,400 per annum: and reduc
cooo co P 1 P® n3atio d of all the clerks of the bureau
S2OO each.
A CONFEDERATE MOVEMENT.
It is no longer to be doubted, savs the Star, that
the gradual concentration of troops in and about
Leesburg, grows out of the withdrawal of almost
the entire force of Beauregard and Johnston from
points higher up the river. In all, the force at
Leesburg on Thursday last was probably in the
neighborhood of 12,0n0 Strong. The movement of
the column of Gen. Banks, down to the mouth of
S.onocaey, seems to have b-en the natural result of
this change in the position of the opposing force.
FROM THE NAVY YARD—DEPARTURE OF MUTINEERS—
ARRIVAL OF GUN-BOATS, AC.
Gn Sunday night the steamer Philadelphia went
down to Old Point, with about 175 mutineers Irom
the New York 13th, 21st and 79th, and the Maine
4d regiments, lhese mqn are ordered to the Dry
lortugas, and will probably be shipped at Old
I oint for that place, though many are of the opin
ion that they will be engaged for'a time on the Rip
Raps. Some forty of the New York 79th were
sent off" yard ' but ""'J fifteen or twenty were
Ihe propellers Tigress, Forrest, and Pusey, are
taking on 1. pound rilled boat howitzers, and get
ting ready for service • with great dispatch. The
rorresfc expects to go down yesterday,together with
six cutters, each armed as the propellers. Other
cutters are also fitting out in the same style.
Saturday evening the propeller E. H. Herbert,
Gapt. Charles L. Ilardv, came up to the yard, hav
ing been chartered for the same purpose as the
other propellers.
Last Saturday evening the Baltimore, Philadel
phia, Tigress, Leslie and Forrest went down to
Alexandria,where they innde a clean sweep of the
JuyfnMre
Yard, whose waters now bear a fleet not insignifi
cant in however diminutive the vessels.
Several owners of the craft were besieging the
officers yesterday f,r their boats, but without
success.
Reside several sheds recently erected for the
convenience of the increased force in the ordnance
department, lour fine buildings are being put up
as rapidly as posssble. Three frame buildings are
being erected on and near the site of the building
b own up not long since. The foundations are
already laid, and ready for the frame.
East Thursday, the'gunboats Union, Philadel
phia and Ice boat, engaged the Aquia Creek bat
tcnesabout half an hour. On our side "nobody
OPENING LETTERS.
Rev. John M. Green, chaplain of the 10th Penn
sylvama regiment, (Col. McCalvert.) was arrested
on Saturday by detectives Allen and Bustier at. the
instance of hr. C'lephane, the city postmaster. The
reverend gentlemen acted it seems as postmaster of
the regiment, and is charged with opening letters
and abstracting money belonging to member* of
the regiment acd other persons. He had the con
fidence and respect ot the entire regiment, and they
were astounded at his arrest. He is a minister of
seven years standing, and has a wife and two child
. ren at his home in Pennsylvania. He was, after
examination before Justice Bonn, committed to jail
lor a farther examination.
The officer, it seems, in following the clue to ob
tain evidence sufficient to justify Mr. Green's ar
rest, permitted him to get his mail Saturday at the
a-E'ngton nflic , then followed and arreste I him
on the Tennallyfown road from Georgetown. He
was placed m custody of officer Busher, while Post
master Ch-phane and officer Allen proceeded to the
camp of the regiment near Tennallvtown, and made
a search of the trunks of the pris'oner. The pri
soner denied having any letters ou his person, but
upon being searched some were found directed to
other regiments than the 10th. Some also direct
ed LO other regiments were found in his mail bao--
camp" °P ened were found in bis trunks at the
He was drought to Washington and carried to
the county jail, he waiving an examination until he
could obtain connsel; but Justice Bonn, the ex
amining magistrate, requiring evidence sufficient to
commit. Postmaster Clephane testified that the
mails ot the lOth Pennsylvania regiment were reg
n arly given to the prisoner; the mail being missed
Mr. Green was watched, and some envelopes of
letters were found in a privy.in Georgetown, where
.the prisoner had been on his way to the camp of
bis regiment. Home of them were directed to other
Regiments. 1 here is an amount of money missing—
now much is not ascertained.
On Sunday Major II C. Cooper, of the cavalry
regiment commanded by Colonel Young, was ar
rested by officer Westerfield on a warrant charg
u".? a u'° r witb "P e °'=e tb e letters of Cspt.
Hall, h. Colby and others of that regiment, and ap
peared at 3 o'clock before Justice Bunn. The
P™. eculln S witness, with his counsel, Mr. S. S.
IV imams, had previously appeared, but the witness
was absent when the accused came. Col. Young
appeared as counsel for Major Cooper. The latter
.declared his readiness for trial then; he agreed to
fset it for Monday at 3 o'clock P. M., and gave se
curitv tor bid appearance.
THE CAUSE OE THE ALARM— A SHOT FIBBD INTO COL.
KERRIGAN'S CAMP.
ALEXANDRIA COUNTY, Va., Aug. 26.—The alarm j
ot y tstei day, that caused a verv general and in- |
staut turnout of nearly all the troops on this side, I
troves to have arisen from an attack of about 1511 I
, , enem Y with two field pieces, upon one of I
he Union picket-guard squads. The enemy proba- I
)!y were not aware of being so close to our lines, i
ts tbey retired in great haste back towards Vienna. 1
ibey wounded a Union captain in the leg and I
OOK htm and two of his men prisoners. One other I
"'rut ° WaS esca P ed a Dd gave the I
On the night before last they (theenemy) threw I
six pound shot into the camp of Col. Kerrigan
ithout, however, doing any damage. Our im
ression htre is, that these seeming impudent ap
proaches were to cover the real retirement of the
orces they have bad recently in this vicinity.
SHOOTING AT PICKETS.
BLADENSBURG, Aid , Aug. 2G. —For some nights
ist enorts have been made by concealed wie
reants to murder pickets of the Union troops in
as vicinity. 1 bus, four have been shot at in four
ghls. Somebody is trying to get hanged.
BAILEY'S CROSS ROADS, Alexandria county
Aug. 26. 1 hear that two members of a Mas
acbusetts regiment were killed (shot) last night
V- 2?°!?* cket duty on the Loudoun and Ifainp-
Jiire Railroad, about a mile from Bailey's Cross
Roads, towards Alexandria. 1 have not yet learn
ed their names, and have barely time to notify vou
jy this opportunity, of their murder.
BALTIMORE.
It seems to be understood that a large camp of
nstruction will soon be formed in the immediate
, ricinity of Baltimore.
; A i? EARFUL SLIDE. —A tourist on Mont Blanc
i l B slipped, fell on his back, and then over.
> le slid down 1,500 feet at an angle of 45 degrees
I y measurement, at a velocity of not less than 60
j 11 les an hour, over Irozen enow covered by little
t-as ot ice-like hail, and being brought up at acre
) asse by the collected snow in his clothes; this,
" *'.ls t0 !, e arran l-' ( 'ment ol biß dreßs at the tim^
t the accident, his trowsera being dons, no doubt
r ved bun, by tying his legs together. Br. Met
o lie was sent for to St. Gervais late that night,
r d arrived there at 6A. M. tho following morning,
t 3 found Mr. 11., a young gentleman of 19, in a
if tte of collapse, wrapped in cold wet sheets, which
I, re at once removed, and restoratives given until
,t Iction set in. Sensible; no alteration of the
i- (til; face looking like that of a man four or five
I- Vs in the water, covered with blood, much swol
-5 skin off the right, side of the nose and face;
is Lhead abraded; haDds burnt black on the backs,
w alien, the fingers as if the ends were ground
If d-n on a coarse grindstone; nails all right; arms
b. "I elbows clear front wounds, but bruised from
Is tier the left arm to the ankle; the side scratched
■n ld "p r y direction, as if with a sharp curry-comb,
s, tbight aide not marked BO high; the calf of each
>f le>n the outside is fairly burnt black and dead,
as bt of the calf unhurt; nates burnt off by the
ir fcion, and sides of the thighs the same, these
ig pis being red or white. Strange to sav, the man
d, lieoovering.— „V. y. Tribune.
SIGNS OF THE TIMES.
York All,lon
War and Its liiriitc-nis.
RKOK.'rriNr, SLACKENINO ~1, -TIIE I'll:,: ZOUAVES,
lhe affair at Dull Dun has not giyen a fillip to
th< recruiting sergeant's trade: neither has it in
® r ® 4s ? dthe ontrol of officers over their men, if we
Uonin"^ 6 0t u . nlro 'l ult *cts of insubordina
tion m the organ,zed ranks, on which we are not
we all ude 'hpea ': T " - Stance onfy may
as ' r '" r f" nt r' a ,nuch nct ' ded '"son
earned The ? "V " N, L <' rHh ° b "' nrc "
earned. /Ac tan,on H .VV,r York Fire Zouurcs
tohose *>i)>criority their French namesakes, or to
' r W ' ,rld < ' ""• Acres,/ to doubt—hare
chmo.r. nf m Encamped at the
Battery ground ot this city, a few nights aori, they
broke guard almost in a body, declining to be
coopeo up in such quarters. A few such regimen s
would disorganize any army. *
MA. LINCOLN'S NON-INTBRCOURSE PROCLAMATION—A j
HWRKPING CONFISCATION,
i V >aturda y last appeared the President's Pro
clamatinn against commercial intercourse with the
" n T ncio K tlle forfeiture of goods
found mtrannitu, and decreeing the summary for
feiture of vessels belonging in whole or in l r t to
citizens or t„„, s „f those States, which may
be found at sea or in any part of the United States
fifteen days alter date of this warning. This it
thoLwh with"-, '■ * * ery swee P' n e confiscation,
though neither itsjustice or expediency would con
cern us, were it n-.t l.kely that dilliulty taay ensue
in executing one portion of it, through the Infinite
ramifications of commerce Suppose lor instance
■*n rfif? h ," ÜBe 10 ? w orleanf! . c a British firm
in Charleston, owning a ship that is registered at'
one of those ports but is now lying in this harbor
is such si vessel, so owned, liable to nlf-hand sei
zure and tenure? We can scarcely credit it. If
such parties owned a share only, a still nicer ques
ion,l'.'fw w S °n rt, q Q of intona
tion,! law. \\ e know that toreign residents in any
Incnn v V ™ USt - en Suffer P r,|it 'cal and personal
inconveniences, in troublous times and during war
cspeciaUy: but U strikes that inasmuch as the
aid not ' e sl,uth "ners as "rebels"
and not as belligerents, he cannot by a stroke
if the pen mHict the penalties ol' treason upon
innocent and unconvicted foreigners residing in
what he still terms a part of the Republic under
his control.
THt NEW PASSPOKT SYSTEM.
Monday brought out another decree, by which
one of the effete systems of Europe, universally
denounced by Britons and Americans, is installed
here in lull play. Passports—shall we smile or
sigh in writing it '—passports will here-after be
requisite for all persons entering or leaving by sea
C mt ed States of America ! At a time ivheu
the more civil, ze d portions of the world are grad
ually adopting unfettered interchange of cam
moaities and unrestricted personal intercourse, the
model Republic relapses into Morrill tariffs an 1
registered licenses to enter and leave its territories.
THE PRISONERS AT PORT LAFAYETTE.
~-tir r. LS t ? u _JP icion °f treasonable intercourse
with the (/on.ederate States are not rare; and in
some cases there can be no doubt that thev are
justifiable, but what puzzles the on-looker is the
treatment doled out to the captives. .Ihitati;
mutandis when wo read of such private individuals
being consigned, bv order of the Secretary of State,
to Fort Lafayette, in the Bay of New York, and
there held indefinitely unexamined, with no prospect
of enforced relief bv means of the writ of habeas
co//n—we involuntarily picture to ourselves a new
and mild edition ot the lettres de cachet that you
wot of, and a Bastile humanized in accordance
with our fashions of to day.
THE KEAIt OF FREE SrEF.CH.
t \u- 'V' 5 t0 be '"RTked as one of the peculiarities
of this disastrous period that the great public of
these Northern htates, so prone on all occasions to
speak its mind, t.o organize, to discus*, to vote
y/"•<■< .!•>} "IC to content it,elf with passim, ,tric
hires upon isolated points, rind to eh,int.- as it u-cre
alike from the contemplation as from the consideration
of the broad features of the task it has in hand. Vet
where be the grand assemblages in Union
bquare now? W here be your Ward Beechers and
your lavorite orators? Where the eheerin"
voices that ought to gladden an Administra"
'"" m u p ! r, '°,? 9 9tr ?\ t3 ' ,h " Administration be
manfully battling with difficulties; where the ex
pression of wonder and remonstrance, if it lie
thought incapable or sluggish or guilty of stretch
mg prerogative into despotism? There is some
thing to us absolutely unaccountable in the apathy
that prevails. We in our insular home are said to
be a sluggish and apathetic people. Oocs any one,
uecerthcless, belt ere that ire could quietly sec rir'il oar
derastatiny and diridinr, our country, or find our
Jreeaom of jtergonal movement subjected to the will of
a niftyiitrate, without every county, every city, every
town, eery hamlet, conrr.ninr, a popular nssetnblaqe ?
IV ay, even the capitalists appear to hare become timid
and afraid to hear their awn tonynes.
*>' ,r t-'onatltntioual Rights and Liberties,
the Cincinnati Enquirer, commenting upon the
recent presentment of .New York papers by the
Grand Jury, remarks thus:
"There is scarcely a Republican paper in the land
that did not, during the Mexican war of 1846, occu
py precisely the same position that the New York
journals alluded to do now. A large majority of
the Republican leaders, including President Lin
coln himself, were opposed to that war, and went
much further against it than any body has in the
present instance ! Shall they also be indicted and
subject to a condign punishment for a past offence?"
1 esl the fanatics who are now endeavoring to
8 and PPresa free speech, free press, and free
dom, are the very ones who have for years past
bawled themselves hoarse daily in defence of these
rights. * * 3 * *
lbe thinking: portion of the community aro be
ginning to sec that, their constitutional liberties,
their constitutional rights are b- ing trampled upon
wore: and that there is great danger of
en unug wrcwieu rioiuiuem auogetner. ine
people in the country towns are already moving
in!*„i!! n h ar L ra a Resumption of power must be
sternly checked, or our great Republic will he re
f .'- , lnto chaos; and American liberty will be
buried m a grave, which can only be unsealed ex
cept by the blood of thousands of our ciiizeDs.—
vridf/e/tort farmer , Auy, 24.
A BEIJUEL TO THE ABOVE—DESPATCH TO THE N. Y.
TRIBUNE.
BRIDGEPORT, August 3, P. M.-TBE secession
■armer office has just been gutted by the volun
teers in presence of 3,000 to 5,000 citizens. The
windows were smashed, the type all thrown into
tne streets, and the presses destroyed.
P. T. I!AUNT-M.
From 'he Syracuse Courier
"A Preadier sucli as Paul."
'ew days since, newspaper reports brought
having occurred
partus in Ljons, V Y and alleged members of
the congregation worshipping in Grace Enicnnal
Church at that place, of which Rev. Sidney Wilbur
was then pastor. The difficulty arose in tf,U wise
the ™ ln® bomb:lrd ment of Fort Sumter'
he pastor ot Grace Church was asked to raise a
Hag upon the church. Rev. Mr. Wilbur quietly
demurred,, saying that if any Hag should float Iron,
the church edihce, let ,t be the Banner of the Cross,
men "?' r,h " nd K "" d fellowship to all
men, ant. further suggesting that if anv guarantee
of hu loyalty and fidelity to the Union and the
(IT h UU M , vrere . wanted, he was willing that a
Hag should be raised from the Rectory, but pro
-1,0 llm,, °' d and uncalled for
display from the sacred edifice, devoted to the
worship of Almighty God, and not the Princes ard
otentates of the land. This was reasonable and
ufA 0 of C 'i Ut ,n - tbe , )Jlack Republic and Abolition
town of Lyons, m Wayne county, it was voted by
the pious fanatics as the rankest kind of treason.
I 'i R e f >ubl ' ( 'an press of that place
Ir rT in u- mak .' Dp " terribl - ad " whout the matter,
?h.J ? K U respectable class of Episcopalians
d R ev " ry,v r h " reelae - with 'heir usual stereo
typed phrase of traitors, rebels and secessionists.
lw\P aP wM. u be ? n Particularly severe upon
noon h R . i r * aC d " n,,t besitat " to pour forth
upori his head the most scathing billingsgate that
can be invented by those editors with whom such
argurnems ts the,r stock in trade at the present
■ ue : Hew. Mr. Wilbur has tendered his resigna
tion to the vestry, accompanying it with a letter of
explanation, which places him in the light of a
meek Christian and the true and refined gentle
man. The Lyons Democratic I'rc*9 of la=t w#pk
contains the letter of resignation sent by Rev. Mr.
\V ilbur to the \ estry, tendering his resignation,
and from the editor's introductory remarks we ex
tract as follows:
"With reference to the implied charge of dis
loyalty preferred against Mr. W., we will state
that upon several different occasions expressed the
warmest sympathy for the Union, and as corrobo
rative evidence of his oft expressed opinions, or at
least ot his associations aod antecedents, (which
latter show somewhat the character ot the blood
which flows in his veins,) it may not be amiss to
mention that he has a brother-in-law, Capt. ilenrv
Douglas, U. S. A., now in Gen. ilunter's Brigade,
who took an active part in the disastrous bat Jo of
Bull's Run—an uncle, J. H. Mar tind ale, Brigadier
General in the Federal Army, and another uncle
Br. Frank Martindale, Surgeon U. S. N."
In reference to another statement made in a cer
tain Rochester paper, he frankly acknowledges
(and he wishes his acknowledgment of this charge
to be made as public as his denial of the other)
he did, on that last day of the mob, say in effect,
that the flag should not be put up again on the'
church, except the perpetrators of the sacrilege
marched over his dead body. But he confesses he
was hasty in thin one thing, and was sorry as soon
as he said it. Nevertheless, when to his astonish
ment, (for he had not thought Lyons capable of
such proceedings,) the mob assembled and the key
was demanded of bira, accompanied by the threat
that if he did not immediately deliver it up they
would tear down the church door, (we give the
exact words,) he, to save the church from that,
grosser desecration, delivered it to the man, and
not from any lear of personal violence, lor that he
did not at all anticipate. To conclude, we regard
Lyons as in disgrace; God help us!
In his letter to the vestry, resigning his connec
tion with the church, Mr. Wilbur says :
But before my country I love mv God; before mv
country's flag I love my Savior's church; and I
never wiil cease to protest against using bis con
secrated Temples for any other purposelhsn that
for which tbey have been set apart, viz: Divine
worship. If the houses of God need any banner to
fling to the breeze from their towers, let that one
for their protection be, the Banner of the Cross,
with the time-honored motto '•in hoc signo vince"
thereupon inscribed.
In what noble contrast does this faithful minister
ot the Gospel stand to the "Rifle" Beechers, Cliee
vers, Fultons, and others of their abolition school,
who from their pulpits through tbeir preachings
substitute bullets for the Bible, and the scalping
knife for the Cross !
Prom the Boston Courier, Aug. 25.
XVHot are We Coming To !
As our readers learned bv the telegraphic
snatches of yesterday, the United States-Marshal
in Philadelphia seized all the copies of the New
York Daily Sews which arrived there, as well
those intended to be sold in Philadelphia, as those
destined for ulterior points at the South and West.
The Marshal also took possession of the otlice of
the Christian Observer, iu constquenco of a late vir
ulent article on "the unholy war." The Marshal,
it is to be presumed, acted under instructions from
the Government. Ifso, we must say, we are sorry
to see our Government in this respect imitating
some of the most objectionable proceedings of des
potism. Of the kfdur memorable ordinances
which cost Charles X. bis throne, the first and most
important was that which suspended the liberty
of the press, aod directed that no print or journal
should be published without authorization. Are
we coming to this? Is every journal which incurs
the displeasure of the Government to be suppressed?
Besides that such a course is in contravention of the
most elementary principles of civil liberty, it is amis
take in policy By persecuting a newspaper, you
pay it a compliment; you make it a martyr, you give
an importance to its views which nothing else could
give* t urthermore, it is really a confession of toeak m
*** Whrn ~ the Government worth that
""tun a /w/ier cannonade.
„iT. e „? re ' Dtl 'K oan, > anil justly indignant, at th
l'nrriich ft .P" rl,on °f the Knglieb press.and of tli
' K U pu JIIC towards u just now; are we ffoini
svmnalhl 'h '"K CUiW the ". nd "euro Ire"!
fir h V Hhou ' lrl - l '" w "lc regard we Lav,
Vh h',r°r (l ' lncible " "f Anglican liberty on
ee7 d u. t,lfi ' ,reM - carefully pro.
teeted in that country, and the security of the per
son from unlawful violence, alike spring? We art
lighting not m#relv for the Union, but for the (Ton
stitut.on and the Laws; if to keep the first we must
sacrifice the last two, the question may well arise
of what value will the Union then be to us, if
any relic of its existence will then remain.
Arrest of Southern Ladies.
Arresting ladies of prominent social position has
suddenly become the order of the day in Washing
ton, and the Provost Marshal's brusque fellows dis
cbarge tbe duty with loyal alacrity. Besides Mrs.
Phillips.and Mrs. Greenhow, whose summary seiz
ure has already been mentioned, Mrs. ex-Senator
Gwin, of California, is now added to the list. She
"i '? K j D her Possession concealed
maps and plans ot the fortifications in front of
I*. ! a 'L"i wbic h we are expected to be
lieve were intended for the tent of Beauregard.—
to ', ~at ,he ,artie '° ar,> merely confined
to their houses, alter the style of "detaining" arch
bishops 10 Italj-, while a guard is stationed at their
doors to arrest any of their friends who may call.
It behooves the ladies of Washington— at least the
more refined—to mutate the example of their cap
tors and be circumspect. .Vo prudence could he i
E3!:r h * n l " at ™ hieh - Pcercnted for j
From the A 'lo York Tribune , August 2")
JllHt SO.
things are continually occurring in this world
which mortify our nineteenth century pride, make
duhmuj our civilization, and refute our arrogance.
' ' • r l " s!a "f, (> ' would haTO believed that from
Hradf h A u U hla7, r - v ' t,al! Quiver City of New
HDltrrif v'~i Clty in whicb attempt to
capture a fugitive slave was sure to breed a riot—a
citv in which black men are treated nearly like
human beings, and are admitted quite freely to
religious and educational privileges—who would
'ail? , ri- 1 "! h a*' ,V ° m lh ' 3 ° lty a slaTe S,1 'P "as
la'ely dispatched to the Afiican coast, there re-
Cuba H M ,?bt " f ' iviDfr ~,iscrv'v ' carried
' üba, and sc-ld it at a pood price.
It really Strikes one, in spite of the solemnity or
the subject, as not a little ludicrous, it is like
opening a gaming hell in the basement of a church
It gives one a cold shudder, just as it does to hear
a deacon treating himself to a trifle of profane lan
guage; or to learn that some pillar of society has
theV o,h Ct 2 raanu,ac 'ure of base coin for
the bauth American market.
The Kxriton.c iU near Bridgeport, Conn.
,la *> the name of "peace," was
r* IT at s,epney, ten miles .north of Bridgeport,
Conn., on Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock. Accord
ing to previous announcement, a meetim- was to
have been addressed by Kills 1! Schnable, a bro
ken-doivn politician ol Pennsylvania: also by ex
lostmaster Goodsell, of Bridgeport, and one Bel
den, a lawyer lrom Newton, Conn . but before one
had time to open his mouth a procession of can is
£KS appeared, containing one hundred of the lirt
citizens o Bridgeport and twenty-five of the re
turned volunteers. In less than tortv seconds tho
Bog was trailing in the oust, and in twenty seconds
moron -was torn in five hundred pieces.' Several
pistols and one gun were taken from the secession
ists, who drew but dared not lire them.
A Union meeting was then organized, oT which
h.lias lll,we, Jr., was appointed President, and P.
i. narnuin Secretary.
fy""! i 1" f-'Oldell Times, AHnutt'.Ull.
MR. VALLANDItJHAM IN ENGLAND.
At such a tune the voice of counsel may as well
he hushed, for it will never be listened to. Tho
criticisms of party may as well be abstained from,
lor they will seem mere inopportune carping. Yet
it is not without intorest to study the conduct of
isolated individuals or stubborn minorities at such
ih'f'i- a " ' t'. H ® , ' n . c " sb wh'RS, who supported
. French .lepublic, with all its errors and crimes,
against the utiHnimous and angry voice of Kin",
nobility and people, and who could not be moved
to enthusiasm even by the victories of Nelson and
Wellington, were certainly often absurd and sple
netic enough, but posterity has recognized that a
vein ot truth ran through their criticisms. So at
the present time, though the cause of peace and
amicable separation is advocated at Washington by
only two or three politicians, and has littltTchance
o! making way with either Ilouse, yet the speeches
which are addressed to hostile audiences or empty
benelies by the few that take the unpopular side are
worth reading, if it be only that we may learn what
arguments suggest themselves to the politicians
Who are traditionally opposed to President Kin
coin's party. The most remarkable of the=e was
certainly one made by Mr. Vallandigiuui, of Ohio
about a month ago. It was a philippic against the
executive usurpation" effected by President Lin
coln, ant* with much of that tumid and grotesque
eloquence which distinguishes the Western orators
"exposes the violations of the Constitution of
which the President's opponents say lie has been
guilty. Ihe ciiiel interest of this production is that
it indicates what will he the foym that the popular
censure will take should the Republican Cabinet,
which has begun the war, not succeed in bringing
it to a prosperous conclusion. Should President
Davis and General Beauregard hold their position,
should tho people ol the South continue to resist
both arms and entreaties, should cotton he as pow
er! ul as \ ice-President Stephens believes, and
force the world to interfere for the salvation of
those that produce it, we may expect a storm of
popular rage to bo directed against the statesmen
Who will then be pointed out as the authors of all
•Jla c\ it. 7 he Cnrthdf/initin spirit which comic/mis
the uunnreenn/td general in already ~l„i„l,, dominant
among the Northern people, and nhauld fre.ulent
, ' " ot tntpunitg 1,,/ nuccenn, there trill he no
douhlhundred* to charge him i nith violation* of the
uic which passed without a murmur at the time then
mere commuted Technically, it seems to us that
Mr. VaUaruiigbam is in the right when he declares
that the I residant did in April what ho had no
right to do except with the consent of Congress.
Ihe I resident, it is said, has not, by the Constitu
tion, authority to employ military force as Mr
Lincoln employed it prior to the meetiu" nf Con
gress on the 4th of July. But this high mime and
miademeanor, though the speaker returns to it more
than once, is not the first, or, indeed, the chief Unit
alleged against him. The Democratic party, by
the mouth of its more extreme orators, wishes to
make it appear that the Republicans have, for their
own party purposes, plunged the Union in-war,and
made a return of the seceded States impossible,
though knowing, argues the speaker, that "this
revolution began forty years ago in the vehement,
persistent, offensive and unprovoked agitation of
the slavery question in the North and West," he
yet, on the 4th of March last, declared that the
platform of the Republican party, the author of
this agitation, was "a law unto him," by which he
meant to be governed in his administration. What
were ins sentiments towards tho South may he
gathered from the fact that "he himself and his
J rime Minister, the Secretary of State, declared
th ee years ago. and have maintained ever since,
.at there was an "irrepressible contlicf between
the two sections of this Union; that the Union
could not endure part slave and part free- and that
the whole power and inllueDCe of the federal <-oy.
eminent must hencelorth be exerted to circum
scribe and hem in slavery within its existing limits."
i'his Charge is, in tact, that President Lincoln arid
his party, alter having irritated, if not injured, the
South for years, and proclaimed their belief that
the two could not dwell together under the same
federation, had fulfilled their own prophecy by
plunging the Union into a war for the purpose of
subverting the institutions of the South, or limit
ing its rights over the common territories.
From thr London Tones. Aiu/uif 10.
'UIL "TIMES" o.V THE BULLRUN ROUT.
The people of the Northern States of America
are behaving after their defeat in a manner which
is somewhat unaccountable. They do not seem
at all inclined to lessen its importance. They do
not aflect to conceal that tliov have been totally
and disgracefully defeated, that their opinions of
their own merits and of their enemies' deficiencies
wero unfounded, and that, instead of a short and
brilliant campaign, they must either prepare for
a desperate war or give up the scheme of subjugat
ing the South. And yet this national calamity
and this grievous diame do not seem to aflect them
as they would aflect an European community.
They even take a pleasure in the sensation caused
by their unparalleled defeat. Excitement is to all
classes a necessary daily dram, and, if they have
it, it matters not whether it is bought by success or
misfortune. Then the people have so little realized
the meaning of war, and they have such confidence
in their own energy and fortunes, 1n their faculty
of what they call coming "right side up'wards/'
that as a community they are no more depressed
bv % total rout than they would be in their indivi
dual capacities by a pecuniary loss. A singular
trait in human character is exhibited by their
open acknowledgment to all the world <>f "defeat,
coupled with "enthusiastic reception" which they
are giving to whole regiments of volunteers who,
on pretence of their time being up, are marching
homeward on the morrow of a great defeat, and on
the eve of an expected advance of the Southern
army. The more aristocratic New York volun
teers had returned home long before the battle at
Bull Run, and now regiments from almost every
Slate are hastening back to their respective dis
tricts, to he received with the loudest plaudits of
their friends. The 1-lth Ohio, on returning to To
ledo, "experienced a very cordial reception." It
was mentioned that, after a few week's furlough,
they would be ready to re-enlist—those few weeks,
for all that they know, being destined to decide the
fate ot the Union forever. But the most extraordi
nary case is that of General Patterson's army.
The General, according to his own account, was in
front of General Johnston, who had 40,000 men.
"Sly force is less than 20,000 men. Nineteen regi'-
ments, whose term of service was up, or would be
within a week, all. refused to stay an hair orcr
their time, with the exception tof four, five regi
ments have gone home, two mure go to-dav, and
three more to-morrow. To avoid being cut oil'with
the remainder, 1 fell bank and occupied this place."
This is, we think, one of the most astounding
incidents in the history of war. It entirely
agrees with the statement given by our special
correspondent, that while the cannon of Beaure
gard were thundering in their ears, a regiment
of volunteers passed him on their way borne, their
three months' term of service being complete.
If such a thing had happened to one corps, it might
have been set down to the bad counsels of one or
more discontented spirits, or to the injudicious con
duct of some commanding officers. But here it in
evident that the whole volunteer army of the North
ern Stales in worthless us a military organization.
It is useless to comment on the behaviour of men
who, pretending to rush to arms for the salvation
of their country, make oti in thousands when the
enemy cumea in sight, and leave their general to
take care of himself. This is certainly carrying to
its further limit that right of secession which thev
flew to arms to punish. In any other country such
conduct would he looked upon as the extreme of
baoeuess. But the Americans do not visit it as '
such, and they, perhaps, have an instinctive sense
of the justice of the case. They leel how hollow
has been so much of the indignation expressed by
their party—h 'w much the campaign against the
t>outu is aeh am, entered into in obedience to a
'sensation policy, and differing widely from the
earnest and steady resolve which animates men
who art lighting fot objects really dear to them.
If England or France were invading the Northern
I States, no one can believe that a whole American
army would evaporate because three calendar
months were up; nor, to bring matters nearer
home, can we imagine that the Southerners will
take the rail homeward while New \ ork rowdies
and Boston Abolitionists are desolating the villages
of Virginia.
hi all ayes success in tear has inclined to the
party which is fighting for an existence , and is
consequently steeled to a sterner resolve. There
is a want of this earnestness to be noticed in the
conduct of the Northerners. They take things
easy to a degree which astonishes an Englishman
PRICE TWO CKN I's. '
' who recollects tlio frenzy which followed the e *
misfortunes of our army at the end of 18">4 ti
' r, v 6t ? rv of tbe bat,le of ' Bull's "un is given bv
the .Northern papers, of course with many
r '' )ns > hut we are bound to say, with entire candor
Ihe completeness of the defeat, the courage ot the
enemy, and the panic of their own army are not
extenuated or denied in any way. There is, of
course, the usual tendency to lav the blame on tbe
commanders, and to save the pelt-lore of the army
at the expense of its chiefs. Hut, making alio wi
nces for this, it is probable not ouhi that the lead
ersl teerc •"compete,,,, but the man of the troops felt
t 'y-'r" I ' rom tbe first there seems to hare
oeen little purpose in anything that was done. The
ance began before dawn, and one writer says
that even at that hour there seemed a lack of unity
and direct purpose among tbe officers, which sorne
'"a<e to ° erident to the troops not to af
inir of th S F ,Mt - and den,Hanor - At the rery open
sound 8 plain to all that real aD(I
hand t hlr P e n ? Was aba "<i"ned. <>n the other
"— d < d b ->
WAR ITEMS,
Special Despatch to the louisi'M' Courier
KEVTKKV l\V IDED!
Oross Outrage.
em'l U h CAH '.w UKUst22 -~ Tbe u "boat Conestoga
came here this morning with two hundred and
li ty men, captured the steamer W. B. Terry, and
OOK her to Cairo. esterday one thousand Lin
en n troops came to Blandrille, Kentucky, captured
two citizens of that place, and took them to Cairo
s prisoners.
From the Pari* Correspondence, of the X. T. Tribune
Tlic Itlnckiulr lhtllicr.
i am afraid our paper blockade of the Southern
ports is not retarding Louis Napoleon's diplomatic
movement toward Richmond. There threatens to
be mischief coming out of that blockade, as the
prirateer came out from it. Blunt-spoken English
Admiral Milne and plain speaking John Bull are
like to receive our first anathemas for denying its
practical existence. When iheir first violence is
over, I guess we shall find that, they might as well
have been addressed to l'rance, who acts and will
in concert with Englapd in the matter Of
course DO serious difficulty can came of it if we do
acti e ve mW? Tert ' )Ur ' dio Mercba °tmen into an
active military marine lor blockading purposes
laud U wnf a fn'.h ,s . c " Dcci7ab| 6 that France and Engl
waivestricFo ln . est of their own commerce,
f f resid C r "- DBtr , UCt l° n 01 tl,e 10086 law <' na tions
Custom wS' n cboose t0 establish a floating
port irZ Ce /r rCf,nd ,h9re "fore a Southern
ffilly puc^' " Qt moßt d " cid *<%, 1 respect-
n_ c. . a Ptaln in Contempt,
On Saturday, in the Philadelphia Qnarter Ses
sions a captain in Colonel Chantry's regiment was
made to understand that a writ of haheZ cn Zul
directed to htm meant something more than mre
waste paper. The writ had been regularly served
of his o n,n e wh n Pr ' H! " Cn in °" Urt tho body of "no
, 13wl)0 represented to be under aire
?.is parent, SViD The eDliStC ; d - ' Vitll '' Ut " ,H onsentVf
writ , 5 captain promised to obey the
writ. On Saturday neither the hoy nor the can
tain were present. An attachment'was imrnedU
ome"r e w- V ' r U - d,,,w ' and in a "hort tfme
Ui oilier was forthcoming. H a stated that his
nr iul-O?, 8 ! nOW ,0 /. V ' ,shin !f ton . *nd he could not
" th ) ' . and he excused himself by saying
th although he had promised to produce the bov*
>Ol when the Company was ordered away, he wis
r,V B ? u ! ma ? tl . f av iK been detailed for special
to/on thsM- 6 U , to!d biln that " was hisdutj
h " subordinates obeyed the writ, and as
temot of (' , C h ?) d h . im t0 bail for con-
S !i iJ ! a ur "'l I'riday was given to
produce the lad in question. K
T1 „ ii For ,llc "'ooUa.lc
10" Government has purchased the harks Wn.
..Anderson and Llhan Allen for blockading pur
poses, at a cost of $35,000.
How THE Scsii'Eu MAY BE CAuoiir.— Lß the au
thonties at W ashiugton are really anxious to cap
ture the troublesome and audacious privateer
Suinter, they can do so by imuiediat ly sending a
strong-armed steamer t„ Truxillo. Wehave trust
ortliy information that a vessel with a car™ of
Truxiim d,apatebed ,r "[" this port last week for
irux.l o, to .nee the privateer at a certain time,
dtalt' iT," V' ' ! !St ' onr comes so
direct as to leave no ~uestion whatever of its cor
rectness. Ihe Vessel, of course, was not cleared
for Truxillo, hut for a neighboring port. We in
vite the special attention of our naval authorities
to this matter. TV. Y. 7 ribune t Any. 25.
Prom the Philadelphia Xnvj-Yard.
the U. 8. sloop-of-war 'l'uscarnra was launched
at the Philadelphia Navy 3 ard on Saturday after
noon, in the presence ot some five hundred persons.
She is said to he one of' the seven new sloops pro
vided for by act of Congress.
A handsome new propeller, which was purchased
torthe U vernmont at Wilmington last week, is
now at the Navy Yard, undergoing the necessary
alterations tor the service in which she is to be en
gaged. Sne is small, and of light draft.
The U.S. steam frigate Susquehanna, comman
der Chauncey, left the Navy Yard on Saturday
afternoon, and steamed to Fort Mifflin, to take in
Powder. As soon as that is done, she will proceed
to the t,ult. Jhe Susquehanna carries fifteen
b men guns.
The steamer Flag, Commander Sartori, is to be
taken from the Dry Dock and hurried South with
despatch._ Ihe gunboat Albatross, which brought
on the prnyiNers found on the Enchantress, is also
days' 1 tb vessels will leave in a few
Ihe building of the two sloops of war at the
Navy i ard, and the three gunboats by ship-build
ers in different parts of the city, has given em
ployment to a large number of men. The number
ol workmen has been increased in Kensington in
consequence of an order tor the building of a num
ber ot surt and whale boat 3.
Recruiting in New York.
1 Cr ,?,! tlDg lort,le Army here is still exceedingly
.nil lb f re about eighteen men enlisted for
all the old regular regiments last week at the offices
IrrivLYf 61 * r o°? d ' and „ ,n r ,r llir ec detachments
arrived from Buffalo and Rochester. ThenewU'th
regiment has from 150 to 175 soldier? all told at
us headquarters in Fort Hamilton. The difficulty
oi augmenting their number was found to be o
reat, that an additional office had to be opened
for recruiting in this city on Thursday last. " In
deed, 1 IS said that the Broadway establishment
Tr ',S et fonr men during the past si-; days—
lY. I. I mien. J
Notional Detective Police.
Government is considering the propriety of or
ganizing a National Detective Police force. New
5 ork, St. Louis, Chicago, and other cities were
represented in the conference. The plan is to have
agents distributed through the country, forming a
network ot surveillance, through whose meshes
secret traitors will find it hard to escape. The de
tective force in \\ ashington is largely increased by
recruits from New York and Philadelphia. The re
sults arc c'ail v becoming apparent.—Cor. Nee- York
Tribune.
Cost of Tianspoi tiiijr Troops.
The cost of transporting a regiment with all its
aopurtenances, horses, wagons and baggage, from
Boston to Washington, is about slo,ooo—certainly
not an extravagant price.
Tlic Bible Not Coi.trabou.l.
It affords us pleasure to say that the notice in a
nr,-E, umber lrot ? an exol iance paper, implying
that l.ihles cannot be sent to the Seceding States, is
a mistake. The Bible is not contraband. The
managers of the American Bible Society, at their
last meeting, made an appropriation of Testaments
for soldiers in the Confederate arm v.— Christian
Observer.
The C IH'W Kstnt; .
•Judge Ludlow, of I'hiladelphia, on Saturday,
made an order) in accordance with the prayer of
Mrs. Chew, in regard to the transfer of the funds
of the estate to dames M. Mason, in V irginia, to
be used in the interest of the Confederates. The
order, in effect, ties up the estate until the next
Orphans' Court day, in September, when an an
swer can he presented by Mr. .Mason and the case
argued.
Correspondence of the Daily Erchan ye.
Commencement of Hie County Court—Ail
joiiriiment for one Week—Two Thousand
Dollars Kcwartl Offered for Hie Apprehen
sion of the Party who Fired the Conrt-
I louse.
TOWSONTOWX, August 26.
At 10 o'clock this morning the August term of
the Court was called, Judge Price on the bench, and
all the officers present. Before the Court was
properly opened, the members of the bar besieged
Mr. Stewart, the. Clerk, with all manner of inte
rogatories in regard to the recent fire; whether
the papers in this or that case were consumed,
preserved, or whether the term could be held or
not.
The Sheriff, Francis I. Wheeler, Esq., after
making the alfidavit required by law, returned his
list of jurors, and the Clerk drew the names of the
following gentlemen as Grand Jurors, viz: Joseph
G. Dance, foreman; George Merryman, Thomas I).
Ci.ckey of Thomas, Washington Stevenson, John
Richards, Win. li. Petticord, Michael Crowther,
Abraham Jessop, Win. Heaton, Charles 11. Chew,
Samuel Pickering. William Slater, Joshua M.
Bosley, Talbot Taylor, Josiah Watkins, Jr.,
Theodoric Kemp, "Jr., William 11. Kohler,
Michael M. Armaeost, P. G. Gosnell, Adolphus C.
Scbaefler, Lewis Vogle, John Hale and James
Wainwright.
The remaining twentv-tive were retained as petit
jurors, viz: Thomas G. Uutledge, George A. Smith,
James Hall, Edward M. Uawson, Stephen Parish,
Lester Clark, John Cross, Thomas Worthington,
llcnry C. Burnett, David W. Cornthwait, Thomas
Fortune, Edward S. Myers, Alexander Duncan,
Burlington Carlisle, Henry Berry man, J. Z. Offutt,
Caleb Hosball, Jacob Schaeffer, John Swan, John
D. C. Duncan, Andrew A. Darker, Robert Cross,
John B. Hutchins, Levi Curtis, and Richard Nelson.
Alter the Grand Jury was sworn, the Court stated
that he hoped they would use extraordinary dili
gence in trying to ferret dut the party who fired
the Record ottice on Saturday, with the view of
bringing him or them to speedy justice.
The Court remarked that from the condition of
the dockets and papers, as represented bv the Clerk,
the Court could not proceed with the business at
present. Besides, Mr. Carman, the Clerk, desired
the services of Mr. Stewart, his chief clerk, in the
office, in order to arrange the fragment papers
and prepare the several dockets. After a consulta
tion with the members of the bar andthe Clerk, the
Court postponed the call of the civil, original, and
trial dockets until to morrow two weeks, the 10th
of September next.
The magistrates' appeals will, under rule of the
Court, be called on Monday next, and on Wednes
day following, the 4th of September, the criminal
removed cases from Baltimore city will be called
for trial. By this date the Clerk will be able to
have things partially in shape.
The Grand Jury, however, are not discharged,
and will remain in session from day to day; also
the Court, but little or nothing will be done until
Monday next.
The County Commissioners met to-day and off
ered a reward of two thousand dollars for ap
prehension and conviction of the party or parties
who fired the Court house.
By the following we see that the Minister to Brazil
appreciates the maxim that "the longest way round
may be the shortest way home."
Col. James Watson Webb has taken Paris on his
way to Brazil, which is very much like takiog
Richmond byway of Albany. OHr readers can pic
ture the happiness of the Colonel at being received
at St. Clond privately by the Emperor, and receiv
ing a portrait of Majesty.—M Y. Tribune.
It is stated that Mrs. Sue A. Carter Poster, of
Murfreesboro', N. C., the wile of, Charles Henry
Foster, has applied for a divorce, on the ground
that her husband is an abolitionist.

xml | txt