Newspaper Page Text
VOL Viri —NO. 1,079.
SES FOURTH PAGE. : > A KIJ "K \ 0 E. Cimvtittee of Arbitration far month of A-tautt. SAMUEL BEVAN. W.M PEVTUF.S, | Jos. C. YATES Q S BROWN, . J :; }.-ukf2 sift (Domattraal BALTIMORE. August 27,1861. I he business at the Stock Board to-day small, and the market was not as Arm in tone as on yesterday. Railroad shares remain very quiet, nothing whatever being done in them to-day. Northern Central was offer ed at |l4, a decline of % a dollar, hut only sl2 % wa? bid for it, and Bal icnore and Ohio was 4 to % lower, the market for it closing at $41% hid, s42* asked regular **. v Northern Central bonds dropped off to-day to 1 percent. A sale of SI,OOO 1885's was made at 44 %, and they c osed t44 hid, 45 asked. Nothing was done in Baltimore and Ohio bonds, hut they closed at 42 bid for 1802 s, (the extra dividend bonds,) 75 bid for 1867'5; and 67% bid, 69 asked for 18S5's. City 6*s continue in fair request. Bales w re made of $2,000 1890's at 81#, and subsequently some $2,300 do. were sold at SIX. They left oil however at 81 V hid, SIX- asked. A sale of SI,OOO Maryland 6's 1870 was made at 81 %, but there was no demand fur any of the other State stocks. There was no movement in Bank stocks, but they were generally steady at our previous quotations. In New York to-day Stocks generally were heavy. Virginia 6's declined 1 per cent.; Tennessees, %, Mis-j souris and North Carolinas X each, and Reading and New York Central if each Erie advanced and Trea sury notes sold at 97J, an advance of %. SALES AT THE BALTIMORE STOCK BOARD. TUESDAY-. August 27, 1861. SI,OOO Maryland 6's '7O 81 X 968 Baltimore 6's '9O 81 % 1.100 do. 6's '9O 81 if 1,8') > do. 6's '9O 81 if 483 do. 6's '9 > 81 if 1,000 Northern Central R. R. bonds, 'BS 45% PRIO&S AWD BALIS OP STOCKS IN NEW YOKE BY TELEGRAPH. Throuph WILLIAM FISHCR & SON, Stock and Bill Broktrt No. 22 South street. Ist Hoard 21 Board. Virginian's 51 Oft Missouri 6's.. 41% 41% Tennessee bonds 42% 00 North Carolina bonds .....54 00 Canton Company,. 9% 00 Erie Railroad 21% 24% New YorkOntral Railroad ....... 73% 73jf Reading Railroad... 35 34% Treasury notes 2 years 6 per cents.. 97% 00 steady, weak. The New York Herald rf this morning says: Stocks are vey dull; hut the market yesterday morn ing was flriu. The business in two year Treasury notes was active, and the price if better. The coupon 6's of ISSI also improved %. Mate stocks were irregular: Tennessees improved bat North Carolines declined 1 per cent, below the 'ast printed quotation-: on Saturday, and Missouri-* %. The only railroad stocks which were active weie New York Central, which rose and Rock Island, which rose % per cent. The latter is improving on tin increase in the receipts. The other shares were extremely dull and irregular in price. Toledo advanced % , Erie and Hudson declined as much; the Michigan Mliarcs were steady, and so was Pacific Mail. After the board a rumor reached the street that General Banks was falling hack on Baltimore, which checked business and caused the market to give way a trifle. At the second board everything was lower, and the advance of the morning was lost. There was a marked disinclination to buy stocks on seller's option; no one was willing, for instance, to buy Central at 72% seller sixty. The bank statement compares as follows with that of last Monday; Yet-k ending. Loans. Specie Circulation. Deposits. August 17. $108,717.434 49.733,990 8.521,4 6 92.046.308 August 24. 137,663.938 47.117,451 8,489,814 118,456 307 Increase. 28,84*5,504 Decrease. 2,614.509 31,712 ' As n-as expected, the above statement reflects the re cent gi vernment negotiation. On the 19th of August the New York city banks credited the government with $35.000.i 00. and entered in their loans $35,000,000 of 7 3 10 per cent. Treasury notes, which are to he delivered before the loth of September. On account of the loan the banks paid over in g.WI to Lite Sub-Treasurer $3,500,000 on that d y and the day following It is these Important opera tions which have caused the changes we see in the above statement None of the demand Treasury notes have yet made their appearance in Wall street. The Bank Note Company are. however, striking them off rapidly; thev send to day to Washington s4oo,ooo—fives, teiis and twenties—making $1,100,100 in less than a week. The money market continues quiet; brokers are borrowing on call at 4a5 percent., and the best paper goes at 5. Foreign exchange is quiet. Baokers a>k 107#fa)107£ for their sterling, and s*ll occasional bills at 17 mer cantile names range from 106# al7#, according to quality. Francs are sold by the hankers at o.'27#'a; i 5 32#; commercial bills are offered at 525 and below. * v " 1 The Cincinnati Gazette of Saturday says: "F.xcbange is growing scarcer, uot from any improve ment in demand, but owing to meagre receipts As a | cons.quei re prices arc stiffening, and buying rates may be called # higher: hut as yet no change has been made in selling prices, which remain at - 4 premium. There is a moderate demand for gold at 40//.50 premium." The money market is without change. There is a fair and increasing supply of currency, and good paper meets a ready sale at Kwi 12 per cent Treasury notes arc hea vier, and the only sales heard of to day were at 97. The offerings, however, were light Our merchants now in many cases take these notes in payment for goods at par. A leading provision house offered to sell pork and bacon at current rates, taking the notes at their face. At St. Louis, on the 22d inst , business was quiet and dull. Kxchange was held at 8 per rent, premium for Missouri funds, and gold was scarce at 9 At Chicago. *n the same day, there was less demand fn r currency, while j gold was in good request at #fqi# per cent premium. ' Kxchange was in more inquiry and the market was a shade firmer, with sales at the various banks ami bankers' offices at #(q% per cent, premium, and on the street at par. The weekly statement of the Philadelphia banks made up yesu-rdfu . present* the following aggregates, as com pared with those of the previous week : .A uk 19 Aug 26. Capital stock sll .Rio.oao sll .hi \ ,030 loans 24,011.084 27.457,117 1nc. 3,446,083 Specie ? fi.7ffi.l2o 6.487.587 Dec. 278.533 Due from other bks. 1.134,425 1,133 045 Dec. 1380 Due to other banks. 2,886.426 2,988.213 Inc. 101,787 Deposits 15.8:15 838 18.217 914 1nc.2,88*2,076 Circulation 2,076,837 2,046,614 Dec. 30,243 The Ledger says: The subscription to the new government loan by our city banks, it w ill be seen, has caused a very considerable in crease of their h an column, ami also to their deposits, without any material loss of coin. They have no doubt advanced the ten percent, called for by th® Secretary of the Trea-ury, which on the five millions is $500,000, and yet the loss of specie is little more than half this sum. Though the circulation shows an average decrease of $30,000, the smaller banks already feel the advantage of a growing co fickuce in business circles in an increased amount of bills of the smaller denominations in circula tion. The Boston Doily Advertiser of the 2fith says: The mi nsy mat ket presents a more cheerful aspect. In some localities the demand has slightly increased, while the supply continues ample, with a steady increase, and j raes are unchanged. The foreign exchange market is I dull at 107 for tlie best drawn bills. Business shows more animation in some sections. In the domestic cotton goods department ttie movement has been quickened by the advance in most descriptions of fabric and prices are still upward. B A LTI MO K K M A KK K FS. TUESDAY, August 27. I COFFEE —Coffee continues quiet, the only sale we have heard of to-day one of 100 bas Rio sit j cts. The market a though qulet'is however very firm in j tone, and holders are generally quite indifferent about selling We quote as follows, viz: Rio at 14<f els. for fair to good, and 15 cts for prime: Lagua.vru at 10 a-16 cts ; and Java at 19 a'2o cts. per lb. The stock here is about 14.000 haits. FLOCK —The market for Flour continues quiet There has however been some little movement in it to day, sales beinjr reported on 'Change of 150 bbls Howard Street, and 100 bids Ohio Super at $5, 15) bbls. Ohio Extra at $5.50, and 200 bbls Howard Street Family at $0 per bbl. Triere was also some inquiry fur City" Mills Flour, but nothing was done in it so far as we could learn. Howard Street ar.d Ohio Super closes steady at $5, and we quote City Mills do. at $5 for standard, and $5 25(<i5.6f- per bbl. for fancy brands. Extra Flour is uncharted in price, and we still quote as follows, viz: Ohio at $5 25 for/dd; $5 37 kj' <i 5.50 for new; Howard Street at $5 50; and stand ard shipping brands Baltimore City Mills at $0 25(2)6 50 per bbl* FAMILY FLOUR. —Baltimore ground Family is still sell ing by the dray load to the trade at $7.50, and Baltimore high grade Extra at $7 per bbl. KYR FLOUR AND CORN MEAL.— Pye Flour may be quoted at $3 50(53 75, and we' quote Corn Meal at $2.90 for Brandj-wine, and $3 per bbl for Baltimore. GRAIN.—The receipt* of Grain this morning were li.ht as compared with those of yesterday, the offerings at the Corn Exchange of all descriptions amounting to le*s than 20,000 bushels. Wheat was in fair request, and steady at about yes erday's figures. There were some lfi.ooo bushels received, most of which was sold at 100:5) 106 cts. for ordinary to fir rd, 1"7 5112 cts. for good to prime do , 100 rtilll) cts for common and mtdiuin white. 115@120 cts. for fair do., 125(CL127 cts. for good do., antl 1300135ct5. for prime and choice do. Of Corn there ceipt were light, only a few hundred bushels being at market. Yellow sold as on yesterday at 45(5)47 cts , and white ranged at from 63 to 56 cts. per bushel One or two small lots of Rye sold to day at 47 cts f)r Maryland, and .64 cts for Pennsylvania, a d we note sales of some 1.800 bushels Maryland Oats at 28(5)31 cts., these figures being an advance. MOLASSES.—'There is nothing doing in Molasses, but the stock here of all descriptions is light, and the market is very firm in tone. We quote as follows, viz: Cuba at 18(a20 cts. for clayed, and 24(5)28 cts. for lfoscnvado; Porto Rico at 32(c£3G cts., and New Orleans at 38(5)49 cts. per gallon. PROVISIONS.—The Provision market continues very quiet, and we hear to day of no sales worth noting. We have however no change to note in its general condition, and we still quote as follows, viz: Bacon at s*i ct*. for Shoulders. 7(a734 cts for Sides, cts. for Hams; Bulk Meat at4J| cts. for Shoulders. 6(5 6Jf cts. for Sides. 6J? (5)7 cts. for Hams; Lard at B %(aj9 cts. for Western Leaf in barrels and tierces, llfcnll# cts or refined; Mess Pork at sls: Priniedo. at $10.50(5)11; Rump do. at $10(5)10.25; and Beef at sl2 50 for Baltimore packed No. 1: sl6 for do. Mess; and sl4(u.l4J£ per barrel for repacked Western Mesa. RICE.—We continue to quote Rice firm at 6/£'a-7 cts. per lb. for good to prime, but there are no sales making. The stock here is very nearly exhausted. SUGARS —Sugars continue quite firm with a decided ly upward tendency. We notice a sale to day of 650 boxes clayed Cuba for refining on private terras, but there has been no movement in Muscovado Sugars so far a* we have heard. The stock of Sugars here is now quite light, and holders are generally quite indifferent about selling. We quote as follows, viz; Cuba at $6.50(5)7 for refining, and $7 26(5)7 75 for grocery grades; and Porto Rico and New Orleans at $7(5)7.50 for common to fair; and $7.75(5) 8.25 for good fair to prime. SALT. Salt is tirrn with an upward tendency. Liver pool is now selling at 110 cts. for Oronnd Alum, and 160 ets. per sack for Marshall's, Worthington's, and Jeffrey & Ilarcy's fine, and we quote Turks Island at -C! I 'io cts. per hushel from store WHlSKEY.—Whiskey is dull. The stock here is how ever light, and Ohio may be quoted at 18(Sll8X cts., the latter figure being asked for it by some parties. There is no City offering. A NOTE ON SCDDEN DEATHS.—The sodden death of Lord Campbell, which shocked the nation, and brought grief to a wide circle, suggests a piece of counsel, on which it may be profitable to lay a little stress. The fatal incident which closed the career of this noble lawyer, like those in the cases . of the late Duke of Bedford and the Duke of Wei ling'.on, indicates the advisibility of never permit ting any aged or feeble person to sleep in a room alone, and without immediate and constant person al attendance. It is in the act of rising from bed, or suddenly assuming the erect position, or perhaps during some slight bodily exertioo, that the unex pec'ed moment of faintness or of collapse, of seizure or of sudden physical distress, occurs. The dead body is found stretched upon the floor, sometimes hours after life has been extinct. A guess is made as to what may have happened, and how long life has fled. The relatives are commonly comforted by the assurance that this is the inevitable stroke.— But to keener and more judicial minds thequestion will arise whether this is absolutely true—whether immediate and instant help might not have been of some avail—whether the failing heart might not have re-animated, the impetus or the vicious direction of the circulation modified, so as to give effectual relief to the overweighted brain, the limbs warmed, and perhaps the life strengthened These speculations carried to the furthest poiDt might be painful in individual cases, and in them not at all profitable. But the manner of death of many nota ble persons shows that the watchful and continuous attendance of the aged during the night season is too often ignored. This is commonly due to a false pride of strength, and wilful blindness to the sud den decrees of fate; but then it is the part of near relatives to overpower these feelings, and to set aside these scruples, in the presence of the leesooi which experience has taught.— Zoneei. LATEST NEWS. FEBIEAL TELEGRAMS. Accuracy not Vouched for. LATEST FROM WASHINGTON. Instruction* to C ollector* nf Customs. WASHINGTON, Aug. 27. —The Secretary of the Treasury has just issued a circular of instructions to Collectors and other officers of the Cus tom 0 , calling their attention to tho act of Congress further to provide for the collection of duties on imports and for other purposes, approved ou the 13th of July last; and to the proc'anation of the President of the United States of the 16th of Au gust, made in pursuance thereof, both of which are annexed. In view of this act, and of the proclamation, the Secretary directs and instruct* tho officers of the customs to U9e all vigilance in preventing commer cial intercourse with the inhabitants of the States in insurrection, excepting in the special cases in which it may be allowed by license and permit, as therein set forth. The instructions of the 2d ol May, and of tho Pith of July last, heretofore in force, will bo regarded as superseded by the more comprehensive provi sions of the act and proclamation. The Collectors and o'her officers of the customs will report ail seizures made under the proclamation to the proper I)istrict Attorney for such proceedings as the law and the tacts may justify in each case; and thev will also, as soon as practicable, and as frequently afterwards as may be convenient, report their views in relation to the commercial intercourse contemplated and the permit proper to be granted or withheld, in the forms accompanying the weekly returns required by the circular of the sth ot August last, to be made to the Treasury Depart ment Collectors and other officers of the customs will be careful to state what permits are asked fr the shipment of goods, by whom aeked,and the grounds on which the applications are based. The Secretary especially directs the attention of Collectors and other officers to the fifth and subse quent sections of the act commonly known as the force bill. Commodore Porter. The Navy Department is sati-fi d with the abun dant proof which Commander Porter has presented in refutation of the charge against his loyalty, his own affidavit showing the alleged secession letter to his son to be a forgery. military Order* nod Appointment*. WASHING ION, Aug. 27. —The following officers have been ordered to duty as the Staff of General Robert Anderson. They are to report at Cincin nati on th.* 30th inst.:—Captain Greene, Assistant Adjutant General; Captain Hancock, Assistant Quartermaster; Captain Symonds, Commissary of Subsistence; Captain Prime, Corps of Engineers; First Lieutenant Michler, of the Topographical Engineers: Surgeon Cuyler, Medical Staff. Major Woodruff, of the Corps of Engineers, is ordered to report immediately to General Dix to relieve Captain Prime. Orders have been issued to attach the 2d regi ment Eire Zouaves of New York, to Gun. Sickl V j brigade. The selection of a Colonel is left to its own officers. It is understood that at the request of (Jen. , McClellan, to-day th-i President has directed a com mission to issue to Brigadier General SiPkles, thus 1 jonferring upon him that rank. I tie following named officers have been appointed in Major-General Hunter's staff: Captain Fry, A?- j listant Adjutant-General; Captain J. W. Turner, ! Commissar? of Subsistence, and Captain Shaffer j fthe Volunteers, Lieutenant Edward Smith of the I 15th Infantry, and Lieutenant Stockton of the 4th : cavalry, as aids-de camp. Fast Kcrexv-Propeller* for (lie Navy. A hoard appointed for that purpose, have just :ompleted the examination of the proposals for, md drawings of, fast screw-p-opeller steamers, in inswer to an invitation of the Navy Department 0 some sixteen or eighteen ship builders and con structors of marine engines. The invitation was n consequence of the representations of many per ops that much faster vessels than those in the navy ; night thus be obtained. Such steamers were re [uired to move at the rate of fourteen miles an tour. Of those ship-builders and engine-construe- j ors, only two parties responded to this require ocnfc, and even what they proposed was not satis actory to the board. Prc*ilcn(inl Appointment*. The President to-day appointed M j >r Barry, of i he United States Army, Brigadier-General of 1 Volunteers; Lieutenant-Colonel John F. Reynolds, | Jnited States Army, Brigadier-General; Thomas . Gaut, aid to General McClellan, with the rank ( Colonel; Joseph Kirklandar.d Arthur McClellan, ivJs to General McClellan, with the rank of Cap- ! ains. There are no First Lieutenants to be ap- ! ointed, and the Second must be by promotion. ; lit 1110 red Arrest of AY. \v Corcoran, (he Banker. It is currently reported that W. W. Corcoran has j ieen arrested for treason by the Provost. Marshal; ! is has been supposed to be a warm friend of the confederate cause, and to have had caucuses at his j louse, where traitors would meet and compare i otes and congratulate themselves upon the sue- ! esses of their friends. He ha now, if his arrest 1 1 correct, been checked in his career. Army Dlattrrs. Several hundred army wagons have arrived here ; rom Harper's Ferry, with the camp equipage of : he three months' men under General Patterson. , reneral Banks' headquarters are now at Poolesville, | wenty miles above, and his entire supplies arecar ipd hv neprroea hv the wav. of Rockville. The. N csturn railroad is svfTrin Federal possession. i'nptnln Tonsil!. Captain Tansill, the resiirm d officer ol Marines, who has been sent to Fort Lafavette, has always, previous to his arrest, been much esteemed here, ilis wife is a daughter of Major Bender, Chief Clerk of the Ordnance Department. The Captain only arrived iu Boston on Thursday last Irom the Brazil station. Sickness Among tlic Troops Typhoid (ever has appeared in the government hospitals, and nearly all the sick and wounded soldiers have been attacked by the disease. Four hundred army ambulances have arrived here. FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Correspondence of the Associated Press. FORTRESS MONROE, August '2! —The steamer Philadelphia has arrived from Washington with CM) mutineers belonging to the regiments there, arid sentenced to two vears imprisonment at the Tortngas. They have been sent temporarily to the Hip Raps. A flag of truce arrived from Norfolk this morn ing with three ladies and a number of prisoners captured bv the Confederate privateers. As the object of sending the flag of truce at this time was deemed to be rather inquisitive, General Wool de cided to detain the flag until late to morrow. It is high time that an end should be put to this constant intrusion of the enemy to obtain informa tion. Whenever they think ay important move ment is on foot here, they are sure to be on hand with a flag of truce. The steamer Ben Deford or S. R. Spaulding, loaded with troops, came some distance up the Roads, and then proceeded to Washington. The steamer Connecticut has arrived with 350 sailors, of whom one hundred are intended for the Potomac fleet, and the remainder for our coast and gulf squadrons. She also has a cargo of ice and provisions She will carry the 159 mutineers just from Washington to the Tortugas. Captain Davis has been made Provost Marshal of the entire Department of Virginia. He yesterday arrested the crew of the schooner Chirgarora,from New York. General Wool has sent them to the Rip Ilaps. Seven spies have recently been dis covered here, ard placed in confinement. The much talked of expedition from Old Point ' has sailed, under command of General Butler. It consisted of the frigates Minnesota.and Wabash, the sloop-of-war Pawnee, gunboats Monticello and Harriet Lane, steamers Adelaide and George Pea bod v f propellers Fanny and Adriatic, with a large number of schooners, barges, etc. The Quaker City will follow in a few hours. The vessels car ried one hundred guns and about 4,000 men. Several powerful gunboats remain at Old Point and Newport News. Colonels Max Weber and Hawkins take part in the expedition. From Louisville— Di*coiif iiiuniice of file Southern Letter Express. LOUISVILLE, August 20 —The Adams' Express Company having discontinued the sending of let ters to the South, those now received aud arriving from the North will be returned to the senders A flag was presented to-day at camp "Joe Holt," to Gen. Rosseau's brigade, entitled the "Louisville Legion," by the citizens of Louisville. There was an immense concourse in attendance. The Memphis Appeal says it is informed that 1 General Lee bad c mpMely surrounded General Rosencrans in Western Virginia, and would proba bly capture him. The Knoxviilc Reyintcr says; "Congressman Nel son is so scared that he won't answer, and he will have to visit Richmond again before getting all right." The Atlanta Confederacy insists that landlords must reduce their rents, as business is stagnant, and property largely depreciated. The Richmond Jjenpateh says that Kanawha Valley is worth a military expedition on p.ccount of its salt alone. The Mobile Reyinter of the 23d strongly urges that the South should not let the bonds of the new Confederacy sink below par in aDy part of the Southern Confederacy, and asks tbe Mobile mer chants to take them at par as a duty. The Richmond correspondent of tbe Memphis Appeal says that French agents were in that city buying tobacco, and that this fact is significant of the future purposes of the French Government. Rosseau's Brigade, which had been ordered to repair to St. Louis, has received a counter order, and will remain at camp Joe Holt for the present. From Gen Bnnks* Column. HVATTSTOWN, August 26.—A general court mar- | tiai for this division has been organized, of which Col. Biddle of the Ist Pennsylvania Rifles, is j President, and Major Majelton of the 2d Pennsyl- j vania Reserve, is Judge Advocate. It is not i known that any officers of high rank are to be ar raigned. A telegraph line from Washington to this point was completed on Saturday. The work has com menced at Tenailytown on Tuesday last, and run a distance of about thirty miles in a little over four days. The surgeon of Colonel Geary's regiment on Sat urday took his sick to the general depot at Fred erick It is stated that Col. Gearv anticipated an attack from the Confederates. The surgeon re ported that he heard heavy firing near Poolesville supposed to have been between General Stone's ad vance guard and some of Johnston's force. He fell in with General Stone, who, with a full battery and the Tammany regiment, started for the scene of action. The mail messenger from Poo'.esville also reported having heard firing in the same di rection, and believed that a tight was going on near Edwards' Ferry; but up to this present writing, your correspondent has been unable to glean any further particulars of the affair. Tlte Privateer Jeff. Davis— The British Brig Ann L.oveft Boarded. BOSTON, August 26.—Captain De Wolfe, of the British brig Ann Lovett, which arrived at Yar mouth, N. s.j on the 19th instant, reports that on the Uth instant, in lat. 29 45, long. 67, his vessel waa boarded by the privateer Jeff. Davis, and re leased after a brief examination of her papers. The officer in charge of the boarding party gave his name aB B. 11. Stuart. 4 Privateer off the Coast of Massachusetts. BOSTON, August 27.-The schooner Agricola, of Ellsworth, Maine, arrived here to-day, and reports that twenty miles northeast of Cape Ann she was overhauled by the privateer sehooner Freely, of Charleston, but her oargo not suiting tba privateers ,r ' howeTer ' to be "p° rt - LATEST FROM MISSOURI I KANSAS CITY, MO., AUGUST 26. —On Friday, the j 23; l irist., the sum of $143,000 in cold, belonging to 1 the Mechanic and Union Hanks of this place, was 1 seized by order of Major R. T. Van Horn, com manding the Reserve Corps of Home Guards. Some excitement was created here on Saturday by a skirmish which took place between twenty i mounted Confederates on the north bend of the i river, and the ferry guard on the south bank, aided i by a sir pounder. Several shots were exchanged, ! but nobody hurt. Affairs in Missouri. ST. Loins, Aug. 27. —General L'ope has informs* ! tion from northeast Missouri that Martin Green, instead of threatening to attack Jvirksville and other points, as heretofore reported, is fast moving ' towards the Missouri river. General Ilurlhurt is pursuing the enemy from Kirksvllle, and Colonel Moore from Athens. Genera! Green's force is estimated at 1,200. He is supposed to be now in the lower part of Monroo county, moving south ward, and will probably attempt to cross the river to Boone county. Tliis will rid northeast Missouri ; of his presence, and restore quiet to that, portion of tho State. F,\|)lo.iiuti of Percussion Primers. PITTSBURG, Aug. 27. —A box of percussi n pri j mors for cannon, adtircssed to Gen. Fremont, at St. Louis, arrived here to-day on Adams' Express i car, and from some unascertained cause exploded and seriously injured an employee of the railroad 1 company and another inan. Noone was killed as ; at first reported- The explosion caused some ex citement and gave rise to a rumor of an infernal machine. Another Hewspaprr in Trouble. PITTSBURG, August 26. —The United States Dis trict Attorney, R. !>. Carnahan, Esq , has notified the edi'or of the German Bepublikaner, L. W. Ktelkenbeck, Esq., through the Marshal of this District, that the tone of his paper is decidedly inimical to the Government, and if not changed mav subject him to legal prosecution. Arrests nt Sew Yorlc . NEW- YORK, August 27. J. A. Murhaso, a well known slave dealer, has been arrested here to-day and held to bail. Samuel J. Anderson, a native of Virginia, and a sympathizer with the South, has also been arrest ed here. A Secessionist Receives Notice to Quit. SCRANTON, L'a., August 26.— William llalsey, hailing frnm Ithica, was compelled to leave the town to-day, or accept the alternative of being rode out on a rail, lie b-d endeavored to induce parties to take the New York Day Book. FROM CALIFORNIA 11V PONY EXPRESS. ST. JOSEPH, MO., August 26 —The Pony Express has been abandoned between St. Joseph and a sta tion one hundred and ten miles west. Letters will be ' btiged to go by stage from here to reach the Pony Express at that starting point. DOTES STATION OF THF. PACIFIC TELEGRAPH COM PANY, 95 miles west ol Fort Kearney.—The Cali fornia Pony Express pass -d here at one o'clock this afternoon with the following intelligence: The fifteen hundred men trom California to serye on the plains are rapidly organizing. Nine com panies of infantry are already reported to Gen. Sumner, and fifteen hundred cavalry are nearly all ace-pted. These troops are evidently being organized to a much better basis than many other volunteers re cruited for the war. As regards the qualifications ' of officers, the physical and moral standing of the men, and the equipment of the eavalrv with Gov ernment horses, saddles, and bridles have already been provided for through Gen. Sumner, who has assumed the responsibility. The entire force will be provided with the well made and substantial clothing that the regular troops are entitled to. There hare been a large number of rumors afloat in reference to the movements of Gen. A. S. John son, late in comma- d of the I'acilie Division, but the San Francisco Morning Chronicle pronounces them all untrue. It seems that Johnson started from Los Angelos with a company ostensibly for the destination of Texas. After the party let Los Angelos, a disagreement occurred and they divided. Gen. Johnson returned to this city, and took passage for tho Fast on the steamer: and a portion of the original party, under command of a resident of Los Angelos and a well known citizen of this place, proceedeifinto Mexico. The reports that General Johnson had arrived in Virginia, and that he had accepted the command of the late Gen. Garnett, are inoorrec'.. Our in formant is 1 f the most reliable character. The ship Speedwell brings Honolulu papers of July 22d, five days later. The news is unimport ant. Sierra Nevada dates are to the 7th of August. On the 6th the steamer Caribbee blew up above the rapids on Frazier river, and the captain and six men were killed, while many of the passengers are icit.-ing. The Ore/on papers state that the emigration from Northern California to the Nez I'erces mines con tinues. The news is still favorable from that min ing district. The Indians will not permit the min ers to occupy some of tho land, and trouble is feared to result. SAN FRANCISCO MARKETS. The markets are about the same as when last re ported. In the jobbing trade there is a reasonable demand from the country. There appears to be a greater firmness in the provision market generally, with sales to some extent at hardening prices. Candles are firmer. GI T V INTEL LIGENGE. THE FORTIFICATIONS AT BALITMORK —ln the Wash ington correspondence of the Philadelphia Inquirer .... ULL-I '"j ■ '*"—■* 'I .AM. AN,, S'i, tba> the Government had issued orders for the fortification of Federal llill, in Baltimore Colonel Bremerton, of the corps of TopogranhW hngtneers, was here last week, and left dav with the.,| ans for the work 1,1 ,ts cene™' appearance, the , or k will resemble Fort Ilunvon, at the other end ol RoDg Bridge. It will en close the greater part uv the hill. The angles of the bastions are so arranged A,t the guns mount ed on them can rake, bv an enfilading fire, all the streets by which the hiil can be approacnod. The bastions themselves will be of double the usual thickness. Th" parapets will be sodded, and n the outer side have rather more than the usual slope. The guns used in mounting the batteries will be of heavy calibre, and mostly of short range, no rifled cannon having yet been ordered. There will also be some light howitzers. It will be one of the most complete fortifications in the North. SHOOTING AFFRAT. —About eleven o'clock on Monday night an affray occurred on Centre Market space, in which a young man named Joseph Sash was severely wounded by a pistol shot. Sash, in company with two friends, had been in a drinking saloon, which they left and walked a few steps, when they met a party of men, among whom was John Shan y and Fountain Morgan. An alterca tion ensued, when a pistol was fired, and the ball struck Sash on the right elbow, glanced, and en tered bis body above the hip, infiictiag quite a se vere wound. He was taken to No 1 Hook and Ladder House,where Dr. Houck dressed the wound. As soon as the vice-police heard of the affair they went in search of Morgan, who, it was said, fired the shot, and succeeded in arresting him. He was taken to the Central police station, where he was detained until vesterday morning, when Justice Hiss committed him to jail lor an examination. FIRES. —A persistent effort was made on Monday night, by an incendiary, to burn the untenanted dwelling No. 353 Pennsylvania Avenue, owned by H. E White. About one o'clock fire was discover ed under th stairway on the first floor, but upon the Fire Department being called out, it was sup pressed. In a short time afterwards, anotheralarm was sounded, caused by the discovery of lire in the same house, and before the flames could be sub dued, the back building and a portion of the front one were destroyed. The flames also communica ted to the adjoining dwelling, No. 351, owned by Henry Knell, and occupied by Mr. Philip Miller, which was slightly damaged. Dwelling No. 355, owned by H. \V„ Drakeley; also received slight injury. The loss in each case is covered by insur ance. FAIR OF THE MARYLAND INSTITUTE. —The unsettled condition ot national affairs will not interfere with the annual exhibition of the Maryland Institute. The Committee on Exhibition have determined to open the hall on the 30th of September for the re ception of goods intended for the Fourteenth Annual Exhibition, and the Fair will be open for visitors on the evening of the 7th of October. There is no doubt that the exhibition will be of an attractive character, and in every respect equal, if not supe rior, to any that have preceded it. Contributors should bar this in mind, and make preparations accordingly. MOVEMENTS OF TROOPS. —The only movement, of troops yesterday was tbe passage through the city of the Lincoln Cavalry, from New York, number ing 500 men. A portion ot this regiment had al ready gone to Washington. About forty marines passed through here yester day from Washington, en route for Portsmouth, New Hampshire. A NEW FEATURE IN MILITARY DRILL. —The 4th Pennsylvania regiment, stationed at General Stew art's place on the Frederick road, have introduced a new feature in their drill. Everv morning they practice running, the course extending from their camp to the toll gate. The object of this practice can only be surmised. CHARGE OF STEALING. —A negro man named Alexander Smith was yesterday arrested upon the charge of stealing an overcoat, a shirt, and two one dollar bank notes, the property of George Smith, 72 Vine 6treet. He was committed to await the action of the Grand Jury. EXAMINATION POSTPONED.— Jacob C. Brown, who was arrested on Saturday last upon the charge of I supplying the Confederate army with a number of tents, was to Lave been examined yesterday, but was postponed until Thursday. DISCHARGED —A further examination of the case of Mr. Philip S wimp, charged with furnishing arms and ammunition to the Confederates, took place yesterday morning, before United States Commis sioner Ridgeley, and resulted in bis discharge. ARRIVAL OF bark Union, Cap tain Schutte, from Bremen, arrived in port yeater 1 day. She brings 107 passengers, all in good health. LAW INTELLIGENCE. BALTIMORE COUNTIT COURT—JUDOS PRICE TOIVSONTOIVN, August 27—The Court was occu pied to-day in hearing the arguments of counsel in the case of the State of Maryland vs. A. Bingan Jarrett and Sprigg llarwood, a bill for an injunc tion to arrest their proceedings as Comptroller and Treasurer of the State. Thos. S. Alexander for the State, and Ex Governor Pratt, Otho Scott and henry W. Archer for defendants. Not concluded. John Uhring, surviving partner of the late firm of John C. Rau A Co., vs. Francis Radoux and James H. Craven, judgment by confession in favor of plaintiffs for $154 02. Adjourned for the day. ARREST OF AX ALLEGED RECRrrrixo OFFICER FOR THE CONFEDERATE ARMV.—Yesterday afternoon Captain Quinn, who is recruiting in Harlem for the Tammany regiment, caused the arrest of a person whom he charged with being an agent of .Jeff. Davis, selected for the purpose of recruiting for the Southern army. The prisoner is youDg, and of rather prepossessing features, lie gives his name as Albert Bruen. He was taken by a police man before Marshal Murray, who asked for the proof against him; and Captain Quinn replied be would have to proceed in quest of it. The prisoner was then remanded to the police headquarters.— N. Y. World. The Druse Sheikhs who have been so long in prison in Beyrout have, with two exceptions, been banished for life from Syria; the Turkish man-of war in which they were'embarked has left Beyrout. These chiefs are eleven in number, and are to be taken, some to Trapoli, en the coast of Barbary, some to Tunis, and others to soma of the islands in the sEgean. BALTIMORE. WEDNEDAY, AUGUST 28, 1861. NEWS VIA WASHINGTON. From the Washington Star of yesterday even inp we clip the following facts and rumors : M-ssrs. Jonathan Rmck and Frederick C. Crow i ley, of Baltimore, hare effected an engagemcn with the General Government to furnish one thou sand horses. MRS. BEItRBrT AT THE CITY IIAM,. Mrs. Berrett, wifo of the ex-Mayor of Washing ; ton, was in the Mayor's office, at the Citv Hal! | yesterday evening about the time the Councils met j and stated to some acquaintances tuat the search a: ; her husband's house for papers had been goi through with, and she was now expecting them t' search the oliiee, and she wished to reclaim from the officers any of her husband's private papers which might be found. THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE. The oath of allegiance and.to support th" Con stitution and the Government of the United States, was administered to the Attorney General of the J United States, and to the clerks and messengers jn 1 his office, on Friday last, by Mr. Justice Callan. J AN ENGLISH BARONET IN THE UNITED STATES SERVICE. | Sir John Murray, of Kngland, has been appoint j erl an Assistant Adjutant General of volunteers in the army of the United States. He is a young I gentleman of great military experience for his age, and of great wealth, we hear. ARRIVAL OF SEAMEN AT THE NAVY YARD—DF.rAKJCRF OF THE YANKEE. This morning, the steamer Ben Detord, Captain | Hallet, arrived at the Navy Yard fiom Boston, with 340 seamen. The seamer immediately dis charged her load, and expected to leave lor Balti more this evening. She reports all quiet along the river and at Old Point. Two or three of the large United States steamers left Fortress Monroe, going in a southerly direction, as the Ben Dcford passed. The Live Yankee is about ready for service, and join the flotilla this evening, when she wih again become flag ship of the Potomac fleet. She carries two 32-pounders, one 24 pound boat howit zer, and one rifled cannon. She was taking on her coal and water this morning, having been dis charged from the ways. Her chief engineer, Mr. Sanderson, has been removed, but it is alleged thn' his removal was the result of misrepresentation, and that be will so in be reinstated. Several mas ter's mates have beer ordered to the Yankee, and go down witn her to day. Plank sheathing, filled with sand, are to be put around the pilot house for the protection of the pilot, whose position is very much exposed, especially to musket shots from the river shores. The schooner A. Middleton, of Providence, R. L, Captain Sipple, arrived last night with 251 tons of ice for the 2nd Rhode Island regiment and the hos pital'. She also brought a number of packages for the regiment. The huge eleven-inch Dahlgren (pivot) gun brought from New York was being hoisted on board the Pensacoia this morning. From Correspondence of the Star. MOVEMENTS OF THE ENEMY. LEWENSVILLE, Ya., August 27.—The enemy has occupied Bailey's Cross Roads in considerable force and are entrenching. Farmers are not allowed to come through to Washington now, and the board ers at Mr. Bailey's have been scattered in conse quence of this occupation by the secession force. Colonel Sherman is in command of the enemy at Bailey's Cross Roads. Secessionists hereabouts profess to expect lively times soon in this neighborhood. SKIRMISH OVER THE RIVER. CHAIN BRIDGF, August 27.—Five of our men, while out scouting about three miles above here, yesterday, were in a cornfield, and to their dismay discovered that ab ;ut thirty Confederate cavalry were "circulating around the edges" of said field. Thinking the case was desperate, they fired into the largest group and killed one, who was seen to fall, and seem to have wounded two others. They did not stop to investigate, however, but scamper ed off in one direction, while the cavalry, just as much frightened, dashed off in the other. AFFAIRS OVER THE RIVER. FORT ALBANY, Aug. 27.—\Ye hear that our most advanced intrenchmeut in the direction of Bailey's Cross Roads was taken possession of by "Secesh" night before last. The work was intended for a two gun battery, and was unlioisbed. The Federai regiment stationed there was drawn in a dav or two ago, for some reason the work was left, and the secessionists, aware of the fact, no doubt, drove in our pickets and took possession. THE OATH ANIi THE CORPORATION ATTORNEY. The opinion of Mr. J. M. Carlisle, the Corporation Attorney, o n which ex-Mayor lierret based his re fusal to take any oath as an ex-oj/icio member of tho Board ot Police Commisioners, pronounces that— The Mayor ot Washington is connected with tbe Police Board not in respect to his person or individuality, but in respect of the office which he holds. It is, by the express terms of the statute cx-officio that, bo is entitled to vote in the Board. It is only because be is Mayor that he has such title, and it is only by ceasing to be .Mayor tbat he can lose it. Of ibe Mayor the charter says (soc. 2d): "lie shall, ex-officio, have and exercise all the powers, authority, and jurisdiction of a justice of the peace far the county of Washington within said county." The same provision is found in the charter of 1812. But it has never occurred to any one that before the Mayor could exercise the powers of a justice of the peace he was required toqualifv himself as such by oath or otherwise. This being true, it follows that no oath whatever ought to be taken bv the Mayor in addition to his official oath as Mavo"r. Secondly, ffie nalh of allegiance prescribed by the act of August 6tb, 1 SGI, has no application Whatever to the members of this Board of Police and certainly not to the Mayor of Washington, as .entitled to bp a member of it. Tne opinion gives at length the reasop J af : t r*QPkm certain persons in the civil service of the United States," can surely have no appii- i cation to the Mayor of Washington: and in that connection concludes that the Mayor is not in any an executive officer or employe of either of the Departments, "or a person connected there with" in the sense of the statute in question. The summing up of the whole case is that for the Mayor to take any oath whatever would be a de- I pasture from the true intent and meaning of the act of Congress creating the board. THK APPROPRIATIONS OF CONGRESS. Miscellaneous document Xo. 24 of tho House ol Representatives has just been printed. In states in detail the appropriations made during the first session of the Thirty-seventh Congress, the offices created and the emeries thereof, and the offices the salaries of which hate been increased within tbe same period, and tho amount of such increase. It is an official statement prepared under the direc tion of the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House of Representatives. A recapitulation of the totals show that there was appreciated for civil and miscellaneous purposes, $1.37* 873.90; for tho army, arms and fortifications, 5207,V)1.397.80; for the naval service, $56,385,086.29. The L.atlie.s ? Jail. Speaking of the feminine "rebels" of Waahrng ton, among whom it includes the wives of ex-men*, members of Congress, of ex-clerks in the Depart ments, the wives-and relatives of officers and sol diers in both the Federal and Confederate armies, boarding-house keepers, ladies of wealth and refine ment, ladies in the humbler walks of iife, and fe male servants of all grades, the Washington corres pondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says: The impropriety as well as inconvenience of pla cing these female prisoners in the common jail, or in the prison at the capito), was at once seen. It was determined, therefore, to secure some suitable building and appropriate it for this purpose. Ac cordingly, the large house at the corner of and Fourteenth streets was selected and rented on Saturday for this ptirpose. The prem sea consist of the mansion itself, sulficientlv spacious to con tain comfortably all the ladies who will be arrested, and an extensive lawn and flower garden, in which they will be allowed to walk. The whole is Eur rounded by a high brick wall, which will at once prevent their escape, and secure them from the im pertinent observation of the curious. The three ladies already arrested are confined here, and it is understood that they will have the society of three more before to-night. The lemale members of the family of Mayor Ber rett and of Mr. Phillips are all under strict sur veillance, military guards being stationed in both houses. From, the Bo ton Traveller. THE MURDERERS OF THE BARK CZARINA. On the night of July 30, some time during the middle watch (from twelve to four), Crotter was seen By a boy at the wheel go down into the cap tain's cabin. It afterwards appeared that he had murdered the captain with an axe as he was sleep ing in his birth. lie then got some of the captain's clothes and took his money, went on the deck at 4 A. M., and murdered the second mate, Mr. Cammett, of Bos ton, probably with the same weapon. During the day the crew, finding Crotter was a desperate and reckless murderer, consulted to gether and agreed to kill him. (Jiving a pledge each to each, to stand by the other, they coin tnenced the attack on the next day, July 31. Crotter, however, was not in the humor to submit, and as the crew came around he produced a pair of revolvers loaded with ball. The attack and de fence which followed was of the most desperate character. The carpenter, who made a pass at Crotter, was shot and thrown overboard by hitn. The boy at the wheel threw the carpenter a rope, which he caught, but Crotter, upon perceiving it, cut it, and the carpenter soon after sunk. Another man then approached, who was shot at by Crotter, but at the moment the former jumped up suddenly, and the ball lodged in the shoulder of a Hus.-ian passenger, Mr. Alexander Treskefsky. At this time one of the crew, who had an adze in his hand for self-defence, struck Crotter a severe blow in the shoulder, which somewhat cowed the murderer. It soon appeared that this wound was mortal, and ho was placed in a boat on deck, where, after several hours of horrible raving, he died. Crotter, after killing the captain, destroyed all the papers. The murderer, Crotter, was an Irishman, and doubtless this was not his first crime upon the high seas. He had been on the coast of California, and he often bragged of the murders he had committed among the Chinamen there. His design probably was to take the vessel close to the shore at some appropriate place, set it on fire and abandon it.— With this view he bad loaded a boat on deck with the captain's valuables and other property. Cnors IN TEXAS AND LOUISIANA.—A gentleman, who has just, returned to the North from Texas, by the way of New Orleans, savs the corn, grass, wheat and cotton crops of Texas appear very excellent better than for many previous years. He also rep resents the sugar crop of Louisiana as very pro mising.— Chicatjo Post. BAIL REDUCED. —Douglass, the alleged Secession ist, who was arrested last week on oath of Adjutant Hein, was originally held in $5,000 to answer. On Saturday last, the prisoner being taken before Judge Ludlow, on a writ of habeas corpus, the bail was reduced to s3,ooo.— Phila. Inquirer, Aug, 28. Brigbam bas thrown off his allegiance to Lincoln's Government, and declared the indepen dence of the territory. The Mormons are arming in every direction to maintain their independence at all hazards. MAIIKSWOMEN. —The ladies of Henderson, Rusk county, have formed a company of sixty-five strong, who practice target shooting every week and are excellent markswomen. A Bimilar com pany exists in Waco.— Texas paper . The following vessels have been purchased in New York for the Navy Department, and will im mediately be sent to the different ship yards to be altered for guns : Ship Shepherd Knapp, schooner Racer, soboooer Sarah Bruin, sohooner C. P. Wil liams, schooner Sophronia, schooner 0. H, Lee. OUR, SOUTHERN ESTAFETTE. From a late Richmond IV'/i/g we ga'lier the fol :>wing items: t A Correspondent writing from Bayou Sara, thu Npresses with animation a Southern notion of thi jossibilities of the war: Thank (rod! our people can wago a war up to he hilt in the defence of our alters and firesides— 'ro aria et facia. On this score, we stand an un divided power at the sacrifice of much blood; after jlhich, all other sacrifices being consequently log |al and determined. They are foolish who say *s will not resist, tho wagers of this unholy . ar to the death—then they are indeed dementou ' 'ho assert that we will not hold back from for ign markets and destroy, il necessary, the pro ucts of our country; ayc, that we will cease to iiltivate the great staples, until peace is made and ur independence is acknowledged. ' We inay lack a sufficiency of the modern weap ps of warfare for a big war—for tho uprising f the people in mass—but wo will forge pikes and owie knives (tho Roman sword) and jve can at ch the latter to double-barrel guns, with which ur men on horse and foot will hang on the rear and anks of the invaders, whether in the mountains r valleys, the raviaes or the stvamps. Let the osts of the invaders exceed in number and c.par lon those of Xerxes, and they will melt away, l an invasion of our land, like the mists before le sun. Who doubts it? fie knows not of Mara- Sou and Salamis, nor the history of countries 'hose people determined to be free. * * * As said before, embargo must be opposed to lockade; and even when the latter is raised, the rmer must be maintained intact against every ation that refuses recognition of our national xistence. This is believed to be the universal t-ntiment of our people, or, at least, of the great puss who, at all hazards and at any sacrifice, are otormined upon resistance until the invader is irivon hack, and peace prevails within our bor n The \Vhi<j thus speaks of \ New Artillery Company. j McClellan says, artillery is to decide the war. In fie tr'nla thathavi been made bv our hoys, they ;ave shown that they can handle the big guns as fell as the little ones. We are glad to see that a (ill has been made for a new company in this citv, (id that its ranks have been nearly filled up Only (me half a-do7.cn are wanted to complete the re hired number. The gentlemen engaged in get jng up this company have all seen service, and arc Itill'ul cannoniers. ! Tho game journal thus comments on A Question of Title. ! Since the Lincolu Government has converted j.ort La Fayette into a State prison, the Xcw York jipery are raising the question, whether the Gov j'nment has not thereby torfeited its title to the | rt. The land was granted by the State for the lile purpose of defending the city, and when no linger used for that purpose, to revert. It is con- Imded that its being used as a prison amounts to a jrrfeiture. On the same principle it has forfeited jll the property it holds. ! It amuses itself with "skeleton regiments." Trepidation at the North. 1 If the telegraph is reliable, there is something erv like a panic at the Xorth, though we are as lired that military men are not alarmed ! An im jiense number of skeleton regiments are reported 1 route for Washington. These are regiments ith "dead heads," and draw full pay. We also learn from the Whir/ something about The fortifications of Richmoiitl. The fortifications erected around the city are of Je most complete and formidable character, and, 1 connection with the "masked batteries" and lines at various points, would render the march of hostile army hitherward an undertaking of great cril. One iu a hundred might survive to depict He "wiping out'' which these extensive works rould certainly accomplish. A few bastions are et unfinished, and up m these a force of several undred men are now engaged. Riclimoitcl-niaile Hut tons. The Whig tells us tbey have before themaspe iraen of military buttons, made in that citv, at. Mr. .A. Myers' factory. It is designed for the North Ip.rolfna troops, being emblazoned with the coat of rms of that State. Mr. Myers will soon com lence the manufacture of the Virginia military uttons. It has lately been reported, as coming from Mr. luaseil, of the London Times, that the Confederates 'ould soon be suffering from a scarcity of salt.— he Whig assures us they have an ATYHixlance nf Salt. F rom recent developments, there is likelv to be lenty of salt within the limits of the Confederacy, >r all the uses of our people. Arkansas has salt •rings, aud in the rear ot Corpus Christi, in the aguna Madre, some thousands of millions of bush- are deposited, being the process of natural raporation, and rqual in quality to Turk's Island tit. Any quantity can be delivered in Corpus ay, at the rate of ten cents per bushel. From tirpus Bay there is inland navigation to within t-enty miles of the Brazos river, RO that no block nte of Lincoln could interrupt the supply from this sarce. l'he Whi'j overlooks the fact that there is a geater abundance of salt much nearer home. Vir gaia produced in 1857, 3,500,000 buthels. A con sierable portion of this came from the Kanawha ad was shipped from that river to the Ohio. The bdance came from Key's Works, Washington caintv. The quantity produced waa not so large a that on the Kanawha, on account of the difficul ty and exp< ,nl >° of transportation. Since then the Kjdt icnncsseo . '••wn completed nod a f ranch nexhaustible, and there will be no difficulty in orocufing 1,000,00b bushels per annum in that •■ icinity alonp. The consumption in France is esti mated at 21J j pounds per head. In Great Britain !5 pounds per head, allowing 28 pounds per head for Southern consumption, 1,000,000 bushels would provide for 8,000,000 inhabitants.. We prc urae however there will be little difficulty in get ing largo supplies for sotuo time to come direct from Turk's Island, by the channels now open. The Examiner thus advises the tobacco growers o hold back their crops: Tlte Drniaurl for Tobacco, Tobacco still commands lino prices, but, there being no outlet for the article, the warehouses have become crowded with it to their utmost capacity. We, at the instance of the inspectors of our largest warehouses, would advise all planters who can pos sibly do so, to hold on to their crops. In the nature of things the blockade can last but a little while longer; and tho moment the threats of the Lincoln g v ernment are defied by the great I nations of Europe, tobacco will go up to greatly higher prices even -than the present. The crop planted this seasou has been small, and this fact be ing well known, will produce, both in Europe and t here at home, great competition for the commodity. From the Examiner we also cull the following: Military Appointments. In Executive session of Congress the following army appointments have been confirmed: P O. Herbert, of Louisiana, to a Brigadier Generalship; John A. Jones, of Georgia, and Hugh McLeod, of Texas, to be Majors; and Charles Stringfellow, ol Virginia, to be As.-istant Adjutant General, with the rank of Captain. Mr. Jere B. Clemens, of Alabama, has been ap pointed to the Confederate States Marehalship of the District of Tennessee. Tho States under the prestnt Provisional Government constitute eingie judicial districts. The Weather. Unlike the close temperature of the past two weeks, the weather yesterday, owing to a great fall ot rain on the previous night, was breezy and delightful, and if it so continues, must prove of vast benefit in its effects on our wounded soldiers. The Marylautt Volunteers. Messrs. W. Carvel Hall and William Carrere are forming a company of Marylanders for immediate active service in the Confederate army. They are rapidly recruiting at the Maryland Headquarters, in the Military Hall, on Main street, Richmond. Their men are to be subsisted from the time of enlistment. THE DAILY NEWS AT STONIMOTOS, CONN.—A Stdniogton correspondent of the Norwich Bulletin says: "An incident has occurred recently, at which most of oar citizens are greatly indignant. They bad, in effect, suppress d the circulation of that notorious sheet, the N. Y. Daily Newt, by giving notice a few davs previously to the news agent that the thing would be tolerated no longer. But to the astonishment of all, and to the indignation of the traveling public, so far as can be learned, the railroad depot in the borough has been made a expository of that journal, by order of the Presi dent of the Stonington lioad. A notice is now hnnginsrin the depot to the effect that copies of the Daily Newt are to be had at the ticket office, and the secessionists actually obtain there about thirty-five copies of the paper every day.. There is not that number of subscribers, however, a por tion of the lot being for gratuitous distribution. The ticket-master, on being remonstrated with, states tbat bo is directed in tho matter by the Presi dent. The matter will undoubtedly bo taken in hand shortly^" THE PRIZE BRIHANTINE SOLFERINO. —In tlio U.S. Prize Commissioners' Court at New Yoik, on Mon day, the examination iuto the circumstances ot the seizure of tha prize brigantinc Solferino was brought to a conclusion. From the evidence adduced before the court, it appeared that the vessel and cargo were owned by citizens of Rio Janeiro and Baltimore. The vessel sailed from Rio Janeiro, and the captain was in structed that in case of troubles existing in the United States he should at once proceed to Hamp ton Roads and await for orders. While waiting thus the vessel was seized. There being no proof that the vessel intended to run the blockade, and sho being owned in part by foreign and in part by loyal citizens, the Commissioners decided to discharge her. Mr. Woodford for the United States; Messrs. Up ton, Barney and Booth for the captors. According to the Annuaire the average numbtrof suicides each yeur in France is 8,899, of whom only 842 are females. It is in April, May, June, and July, that they are most frequent, and the age of the greatest number of persons com mitting them is from 40 to 80. Of the total, 2,833 are accomplished bv strangulation or drowning, 271 by suffocation with the fumes of charcoal, 305 by firearms, 153 by sharp instruments, 110 by leap ing from high places, 93 by poison, and the rest by different means. The Tortugas is a bleak and barren sand key in the Gulf of Mexico, about one hundred miles south west from Cape Sable. It is-cbeerless and uncom fortable, decidedly one of the most uncomfortable points to which the Government is obliged to send its insubordinates. The mutineers banished to Tor tugas do not go as soldiers, but as unarmed labor ers, and will be compelled to work upon fortifica tions, much as penitentiary convicts do in quarries and sandbanks. Jeff. Thompson, being told that flecker had of fered a reward for bis head, replied: "Sorry I can not return the compliment, for I would not have his as a gift." A small volume, a correspondence between Vol taire and the Duchess of Baxe Gotha, has just ap peared in Paris. Besides his letters, the volume contains several articles not printed till now. A Madame Horiot, the wife of the Duo D'Auma le's valet, baß been fined 25 francß for bringing ten copiea of the Due's pamphlet into France in a pot marked "preservea. SIGNS OF THE TII&ES. Special Correspondence of the Daily Exchange. ltKVt LSION OK KKK.I.tNt; IN PENNSYL VANIA. Seizure of Democratic Organs--Part y Separa tion ami Secession among the Troops--Tlc Democrats Itchclliug--Angry Excitement. NOBRISTOWN, PA., Aug. 2f>, 1861. • DEAR SIR: —A great excitement exists in differ ent parks of Pennsylvania just now, and you need not be surprised to hear of stirriug scenes before many days. What would you think if the State should pattern after Missouri? And yet I have heard Republicans and Democrats freely suggest the idea. Hitherto Democrats have furnished the majority, if not two-thirds, of the volunteers.— Tbey now refuse, and the consequence is that sol diers are hard to get. Oliicers are plenty, but men ar scarce. Tho reason is that Republican journals have taken high ground in denouncing Democrats as disunionists, until many good Union men have almost been driven into the secession idea. But the great operating cause now is the action of the authorities at Washington in attempting to drive Democrats into the Republican ranks, under the cry of "no party." This will not be submitted to, and in every county whero the Democrats strike for the old Democratic doctrine, the edict has gone forth from Washington that Democratic organs must be "confiscated." Several papers, 1 understand, have already been suzd by the Mar shal. The Easton .Sentinel was mobbed and destroyed on Monday last, and the result in old Northampton is a terrible state of bad feeling. The Jejferaonian, West Chaster, was also destroy ed by a secretly organized mob at midnight on the same day. On the next day I passed through, 01 rather into the village, and the excitement ran very high. This is a State camping-ground, and parts ot two companies organi/.ing to make up a regiment were almost broken up by the attack on the Jeffri'soninn office. Out of about 150 to 170, one Li. utenaut and fifty men withdrew their names, declaring that ifsach was to be thu order, thu Re publicans might light their own battles. The feel ing rati so high that an immense patrol, armed with rifles and muskets, has been kept up to pre vent au attack upt.n the borough, while depositors have withdrawn their names from the bank.— Since,] understand, the Marshal has closed the ollic* of the Jefferannian, though tho materials were destroyed. This has increased the excitement through the county to a high fever. If this goes on, you may take it for granted that Uncle Sam can get no more Democratic soldiers, or in fact any kind, for they will be needed at hnrne. This is blind policy. The Administration had better not rain mischief in Pennsylvania. The Democrats there are Union men to a man, hut many—very many—are anxious lor a restoration of peace on any terms that will secure Union and honor to the nation. ' Yours, &c , I. W. We call the attention of our readers to the fol lowing able remarks from the New York Daily A'ctra of Monday, on the insensate policy ot gagging the free press of the North. It is an appeal to reason which even the prevailing unreason must be reckless to reject: The Probable Result of Suppressing the Peaee Press. To affirm that the Peace Press has created a Peace party in tho North, is simply to stale the converse ot the truth; the power of the I'eace Press grown from the power of the party that sup ports it. That party will exist, with nil its ele ments of strength, alter its natural mouthpieces flhal! have been utterly silenced by the adminis trative power. When its legitimate chaunels of inter-cooiraunication shall have been "Jammed, liko tho dull canal, with locks and chains," the waters will rise and grow turbulent, seeking every where some vent through which to burst from their confinement. When men, accustomed and entitled to free thought and the free expression of thought, find themselves under a ban, stripped of their privi leges like outlaws, and marked for suspicion and pub lic execration, like a colony of lepers,the ties of affini ty among them will be strengthened, and secret sympathy will make secret combination. The fire that blazes in lull view, confined within the bars of a grate, is harmless; but the coals that burn in hid den places may start a general conflagration. The strength of the party that oppose the war policy is acknowledged by the Administration in the very act of the suppression of Peace journals. While those journals served as a vent through which the effervescence of excitement might escape, there was no danger of aught except straightforward remonstrance and bold, open criticism; but when the heavy hanf is set upon the safety-7alve, there is no knowing when an explosion may occur. The statesman is but a shallow judge of human nature,and but an imperfect digestor of the history of the past, who imagines that persecution will cancel contrariety of opinion, or that enforced reti cence will check the propagation of a creed. I f the doctrine bo false, it will make converts oui of oppo sition more readily than out of tolerance. Ifetter let it "bud, ripen, flaunt" in the day, end burst to fruit—"the Dead Sea's fruit of ashes " If it be true, it will thrive and ga'ber proselytes in spite of the ban of churches, courts or rulers. There is fascination in forbidden fruit; and where the legal sources of information are sealed up, the thirst for knowledge will but be excited, and tho ingenuity of man will find or make an aperture through which tho interdicted waters may he reached. When our thousands of subscribers mis their daily intellectual food, they will sympathize with us, and against the power by which their custom ary supplies are interrupted. Where they were before but listeners and disciples, they will he come apostles. For every word once published in the face of day, two will be spoken in secret, with engenders, reaeo ucmonsrfknbfls'Wlff ftH ttWGS throughout tbo North, aud collisions will be fre quent. Like troops without a leader, tho Poaco party, deprived of the vehicles which brought them good counsel and lessons ot moderation and forbearance, will be tempted to overstep the bound aries of law and order, as the mobs of the War party have already done. Dimly, but not far away in the distance, we see n cloud that threatens danger, which, we would avert but cannot, for we are manacled. When it bursts, should turbulence, riot and conflict be scattered over tbe North—should blood be shed on other than Southern soil—let our words, heretofore, now, and hereafter, while speech is allowed us, bear us wit ness that wa have counseled, do counsel anil will counsel, more of the spirit ot conciliation every where, and less of that harshness, opionativeness, and implacability which irritate without convinc ing, and provoke without subduing. Again we conjure the friends of the Peace party to abstain from all action that may not have the fullest sanction of the law. While wo would not have them resign one privilege of nn American citizen, yet we would not have them strain tbe law a hair's breadth to support their dearest rights. Leave the destruction of private ptropertv, tbe tar ring and feathering, the violence, the mobbing, the trampling upon tbe Uonstitution, the breaking up of peaceable gatherings, tbe threats, the denuncia tions, and the outrages, to the partisans of the Ad ministration. To speak one's honest convictions freely and boldly, but always with decency, and with respect for the opinions of others, is not il legal; and we have sufficient faith in the strength aud determination ot the Peace party to believe that even without a representative press, they can make headway against usurpation and fanaticism, and redeem their country from anarchy and ruin, without violating one principle of propriety, equity, morality, or law. Tlic Blood of (lie Martyrs tlie Seed of the Church. Under this head the St. Joseph's Gazette, of the 19th inst., demonstrates the effect of the rampant despotism of Lincoln's representatives in Missouri: When Frank Blair, Lyon A Co., began three moDths ago to take care of the Union interests of this State, they found a staunch Union majority iu the State, who had just elected a Union Convention by many thousands. Their system of preserving the Union was the commission of spoliation, outrages and persecution, by means of armed soldiery upon all persons of op posing sentiments towards whom malice should point the finger of hate. The expression of private opinionhvas gagged—public presses were suppressed —men chased from their homes and through tbe country, captured like wild beasts, and ag> neral riign of terror spread through the State by bands of hireling soldiery from neighboring States, against whom Missouri had never offended, that drove tbe thousands to Jackson's army, and who have just avenged themselves by the destruction of Lyon and his army. Outrages upon Missouri have proved Dragons Teeth, springing up into armed men for the destruction of Federal armies. Every free press yet suppressed, has, like Samp son, caused more destruction to its eneuiijs in iis death than during its whole life. Tbe suppression of every press yet has been worth a regiment of armed men to tho cause of its friends. Half the men now in arms in Missouri against the Federal authorities, were Union men six months ago.— Then who are the real disunionists? Are they not those who drive Union men to join tbe secession army. From the. Boston Daily Advertiser. Fishermen vs. Privateers While our Gloucester fishermen are becoming impatient, as we lately showed, others ia the same business, through JE. W. Hinman, ot New York, have applied directly to the administration for em ployment against the privateers. They ask simply tor the offer of a bounty tor tho capture of priva teers under such conditions as the government pre fers. We aro unable to see any objections to this plan. Tho men are out of employment, and are just the men for the service;-they have two thousand ves sels e various sizes, hut all small—many of them last, light and just the thing for chasing privateers among the shoals and inlets of the Southern coast. Armed with one rifled gun each and with plenty of small arms, a fleet of these little craft manned by the sturdy fishermen would givo a good account of itself. Half a dozen of them would encircle the Sumter in a net from which she wonld never escape, whilo single-handed they would not hesitate to cope with the Jefl". Davis, or wi h privateers of the class of the Savannah and Petrel, taken or destroyed by our fleet. Offer these stoat fellows a lair bounty, give them a good chanco in their own vessels, and tho roll of captures by privateers which now in cludes sixty-nme vessels valued at $1,500,000, will end here. From the .Veto l'ork Hernbl. Which is Worse I Those journals that have recently been visited with a mob, and others of which the Governoient has attempted to prevent their circulation by seizing copies in Philadelphia, are harmless as doves ootnparcd to the Tribune and Times, engaged as they are in hounding the Federal Government into adopting tbe policy and inscribing upon the banner of tbe armies the emancipation of slavery. The aid and comfort given by the so-called peace organs to tbe Confederates is but a drop in tha bucket compared with the incendiary appeals of tbe agitating press, and the sooner the Administra tion puts a stop to their incendiary appeals the earlier will it receive the united and undivided support of the North. From the M. V. Herald. The New York News Defending Hself. The proprietors of the Daily Hews, fearing an attack upon (heir establishment, yesterday applied to the Police Superintendent for protection. A force of 400 police was held in reserve in the lower stations, but up till 1 o'clock yesterday morning their services had not been called into requisition. It was reported that forty men armed with revolv ers, were retained by the proprietors of the News, to meet any emergency. Transferred (o Fort Lafayette. Daniel C. Lowber, who was arrested at Crestline, Ohio, by Detective King, of this city, charged with being a bearer of despatches from England to Jeff. Davis, was yesterday removed from the quarters he has occupied for a few days at the Central Po lice office, and placed with the other State prisoners in Fort Uafayette. The charge was in accordance with directions Irom the Department of State to tho Police Superintendent, l.owber is said to bo a native o( this city, but for many years past ho has lived at New Orleans.—.V. Y. Times, A Foreign Rebel ( Frnm the Xew York Tribune. 1 he I ourrinr tins l-fais dais, which, by some act-i dent, was nmitted by the Grand Jury in its recent presentment, not only defends its colleagues in trca s n, but threatens the (inyernment with bloody and dangerous liots as tho penalty for attempting to restrain the organs of Jeff. lavia among tho North ern press. "The controversy," it exclaims, "is fa tally destined to seek another issue.—that of public manifestations followed hv bloody conflicts and consequences often incalculable." Frnm the Louisville Ctnrier, August 24. Dissensions Among Union Troops. The St. Louis papers of Thursday are received, from which we glean a few more statements and reports of the late battle, though it is very ovident that facts are suppressed. For instance, look at the official report of Hiegel's brigade. It is concise enough, but. no one can even guess at its numerical strength, whether said brigade consisted of two, three, four, or five regiments. It will also be seen that the Colonel of the Kansas regiment calls the Colonel of the lowa regiment a'l sorts of hard names, making it very evident from what ap pears in the Union papers of the bickerings of the Union troops, that disunion and anarchy prevails. 'ihe reports are laken from the St. Louis Repub lican. That paper says there are 30,000 Federal troqis in and around St. Louis, but does not say one word about the vandalism and reign of terror existing in the . tihurbs, not a word of protest against driving citizens with their families from their homes, and converting city and country resi dences into barracks for Lincoln soldiers. The Republican like the Democrat, is a convenient tool. Have wr a Bourbon Among I s, From the Cor of the. X. F. World. Americans now begin to understand more clearly, perhaps to view more leniently, the means by which old-world "governments arc compelled to maintain their existence. European dynasties are always exposed to dangers of rebellion—or revola tion—and all rulers, whether just or unjust, when thus threatened, must resort to the most secret agencies and the sternest measures, or yield the baton of power. The liberal and democratic gov ernment of this republic, now for the first time se riously endangered, finds itself no exception to transatlantic experience. It is at last compelled, by tile growth of secret and atrocious conspiracy, to avail itself, in a just cause and for good ends, of the adroit police system which hr.s for centuries been so misused in other and less favored lands. * a * * * The Cabiuet have determined that the power and presence of government shall he felt; that, for a time, the little finger of our police shall be thicker than the loin of the Austrian or Neapolitan* Xo ope shall talk or act treason with impunity. The highest ofi'-nder shall be the first to fall. In pur suance of th is course a detective si/stem has been late ly in operation, embracing all the concomitants of male nud JcmnJc espionage, patrician anil plebeian, which made that of the Hapehnrgs and Jlonrbons so effective. We are compelled to adapt the methods of tyrants to the ends of justice and liberty. Frcm the Louisville Courier. Hearty Disgust. Were ever a great people so befooled and tricked out ol their liberties before ? What if the Govern ment ot J. Davis & Co. he the worse tyranny that ever alllicted a down-trodden people, is that any reason why the Government ot A. Lincoln & Co. should crush out, by military violence, tho freedom ot speech and of the press? Whatever may be said of the authorities of tho Confederate States, they have not yet reached this towering height of despotism. WAR JJEMS. MR. SAMUEL. KAKIX TAKEN TO FORT LA FA VF.TTE. From the l'hiladelpbia Ledger ol yesterday we gather the following report of an examination of this prisoner before tho U. B. Commissioner: Before U. S. Commissioner Heazlitt, yesterday, a hearing was had in the case of Samuel Eakin, arrested on the charge of being an agent for the Confederate States. Deputy Marshal Sharkey testified to tho arrest of the accused, which took place in Long's restaurant; searched the prisoner, and found a pocket book on him, which contained some silver coin and papers of different descrip tions. Among the papers was an order on George B. Bloat for live pounds ot omnry, for the Confede rate States, signed hy a Captain of Ordnance. Witness aocompaniod Marshal Milward to the resi dence of the accused, in Palmer street, where his trunk was searched. In it was found a bag con taining SI,OOO in gold, some telegraph wire, and a number of papers. Among tho papers was one of the following effect: KSOXVILI.K, Tcnn., 186!. I hereby certify that I passed over the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, on the 10th of July, 186J, to order ol Major-General R. 1.. Ander son, at, expense of the Confederate States. SAHUKI. EAKIN. At thevnd of the paper is the following:— "Voucher tor transportation of men." There is not anything in the body of the note to show the number of men passed over ihe road. Tho witness said that while Eakin was in the Marshal's office lie was asked where he resided. Ho first said he had no permanent residence; after wards that he resided in Palmer street. William Vansyclo testified that ho is now a resi dent, of Philadelphia, but that he resided in Rich mond in the spring and up to the 9th of Jul v. He went there to work in the Union Sewing Machine Factory, of which George B. Sloat was made su perintendent; met Eakin there when ho went on, but did not. seo him when he came arvav. When chines had been almost suspended", and the aTtera tion of guns from (imt to percussion locks, for the Confederate States, was going on; also the manu facture of telegraph instruments for tho army. A man named De Bow was making an infernal ma chine in the same building. Eakin's business was that of an electrotyper. The arms he said Mr. Sloat was altering were to be done at a certain time, and if completed within tho specified time others were to be handed over for a similar pur pose. The defendant was at this period asked bv the Commissioner if be had been informed that be was entitled to have counsel. Ho replied that be bad not been told anything about it He did not, however, desire counsel, as it would not, in his opinion, make any difference. D. K. Walker was now examined in reference to the telegraph wire found at the residence of Kakin. He testified that it is of the kind used for "receiving magnets," being very line and covered; the coarser ktnd is used for "local magnets." A letter dated .July 26tb, 1861, from George B. Sloat to certain parties in this city, asking' fhein to come to Richmond, and promising them work and protection if they did so, mentioned that Kakin was in Richmond at that time. A. B. Campbell testified that be met the accused in this city, and bad a conversation with him. He said he had been working South, and was going thero again. The testimony here closed. An order having been received prior to the hearing, from the War Department, for the removal of Kakin to Fort Lafayette, he was taken on in the afternoon bv the Marshal, in company wtih the German Reno, brought from Reading. From, thr Portland (Mr.) ddvrrtisrr. Awiit.d 24 V iti iti-.li Vessel Confiscated in i'nrtland Vesterdav morning, by order of the collector, the schooner William Arthur, of Liverpool, was seized ic our harbor, by United States Marshal Clark, on suspicion of an intention to run the blockade, hav ing on board a cargo to be used foj- insurrectionarv purposes The vessel cleared at the custom house on the 21st, with a cargo of 96 bbls. and 50 kits of mackerel, 100 boxes of codfish, 200 boxes tierring, GO grindstones, and a lot of matches. After she let t the wbarf the boarding nflicer, Captain ,7'>bn .Sar gent, ran down to her with one of Captain Willard's 6teamtugs, and when off the breakwater ran along side and threw chain grapnels on board, and brought her to. The captain boarded her and t >ok peacea ble possession, no : esistance being oflered. Captain Sargent bad on board the tug a detachment of Cap tain Staple's Home Guatd, ready for service had anv resistance been attempted; but, as none was offered, the men were not called on deck. Tno schooner was brought up to Custom House wharf, and her sails at once stripped off and taken ashore. The William Arthur was built at Brookbaven, N. in 184G, is 191 tons burthen, and a very fast sailer. She was owned in this citr, and known heretofore as the Sarah Ann Roe. On the Bth of August she was sold to John Douglass Mirrielees and J. R. Blossom <fc Co., of Wilmington, N. C . and put under the British flag, the British consul giving her a provisional British register. The ves sel's papers were issued from the consul's office in the name of Mirrielees alone, as owner, he claiming to be a British subject, although lately a re ident of Wilmington. Her crew consisted of nine men all told. The original cook deserted her, and on Thursday a new one—a colored man—was shipped in his place. The United States District Attorney has placed a libel against the vessel in the United States District Court, Judge Ware, and a hearing is appointed for the first Tuesday of September, at Wiscassett. The United States marshal now has possession of the vessel. Tbe captain and crow were taken before Judge Ware iu tbe afternoon. Ttie captain aud mate cave bonds for their appearance to-day, and the remain der, failing to tind bail, were committed. Military Icalousy Rife in Missouri. A correspondent of tbe Philadelphia Led'jer, writing from Fremont's camp, says : "1 am sorry to find a considerable degree of military jealousv pervading tbe army in Missouri, and especially the oflicial ranks. The larger share of this feeling is apparent on the part of some of the American officers towards those of foreign birth. It happens to he the case that General Fre mont's preparations in Europe, to serve tbe cause of his country, consisted partly in the enlistment of a considerable number of officers of Prussian and French extraction, who are now in St. Louis, and arc being assigned to various positions of respon sible command. This fact is made the subject of camplaint by some BUJO do not consider that the very large in the Missouri army renders the employment of officers of their own race peculiarly and, especially, when those officers are experienced, practical artillerists, or have led columns to battle in an European war, the test of capacity should bo the only one applied. It is estimated that one-fifth-df* the white population of Missouri are of German descent, and it is a per tineut question, where would Missouri be now, if it had not been for the Germans of St. Louis? Colonel IfeAbna, a Bavarian officer, who com manded a regiment under General Garibaldi, in the Italian war, and is now organizing a regiment to be called the Fremont Guard, would certainly ap pear to be as competent as our militia Ma jors and Captains, to be put at the head of a thousand men on the battle field." Running the Blockade. We take the following from the correspondence of the New York Times, from the blockading fleet off Charleston : M ii this should occasion surprise, what will VOIR leaders think told that on the Oth instant a the blockade? She was first seen toward the coast, en our starboard expending much valuable time in glasses, hoisting signals and examining signal books, tho Vandalia was" finally ordered in pursuit, but having only a quarter wind, you may judge the result. After tbe steamer bad made good her retreat, the Semi nole made chase. Hardly had the excitement ot this event subsided, when another steamer, em boldened bv tho success of the former, attemp ec the same exploit; but pursuit in this instance coul i not be avoided, and, finding herself well headed tt from the entrance of the harbor,.he put back with redoubled speed. She was vigorously pursued by the BIOOD and gun boat, our crew watching eagerly until they were out of view. They have since re turned, with no trophies appended. PRICK TWO CENTS. Pay or Volunteers Hon. Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana, in his paper, the South Bend Register, explains the recent alter ations of the laiv in relation to the pay of volun teers, and some oiher matters of interest: "This raises tho pay of the volunteers and regulars from SI I up to sl3 per month. Tbre is, in addition, an allowance for clothing of $3.50 per month, or $43 per year, which, if not expended, is paid in cash to the soldier; and, at the end of the war, 8100 bounty in cash. Xo bounty land law has yet passed, but it is <| uite certain that one will be passed for the sol diers lor the war, securing to each one of them a home. Xo law passed giving a bounty of S3O to the three months' soldiers who re-enlist for the war. Another law passed, requiring all enlist ments for the regular army, from July 1, 1861, to December 31, 1862, to be for three years, instead of live, and regulars to receive the same pav and bounty as volunteers. Alter January 1, 1883, en listments of regulars are to be for five years, as heretofore. From Cor. of Xeu> York Timet. Die War in .Missouri— Confederate Force Thrratmlng'AthciM. .. OKi i;, 'owa, August 26.—A private of Col. Moore s Regiment arrived here from Athens, Mo., last night. lie states that Col. Greea was approaching that place with a force vari ously estimated at from fifteen hundred to three thousand. The Union pickets which were sixt-en miles out, are driven in. Col. Moore has nine hun dred men and four cannon. Three hundred men left here to reinforce him. Gen. Hurlbutis report ed to be behind Green with six hundred Union troop?. From (.'or. of Wow York Tim**. .Sciziirt of Goltl—Skirmish. KANSAS CITY, All 4*. 2G.—On Friday, the 23d inst., 514,300 in £old belonging to the Mechanics' and Union Bank-* were seized by Major Horn, command in£ tho Reserve c -rps of Homo Guards. FIVE DAYS LATER FRQYI EUROPE. Arrival of Stoamor Hibernian AT PAItTIIEIt FOIST. FARTHER POINT, August 26.— The steamship Hi bernian, from Liverpool at 4 o'clock on the after noon of tho 15th, via Londonderry on the 16th instant, arrived off this point at 3]/, o'clock this afternoon. The dates per the Hibernian are five days later than those per the Canadian at Boston. The steamship Glasgow, from New Vork, arrived at Queenstown at 9 o'clock on the morning of tbs lath instant. The st am.-hip Great Eastern, from Quebec, ar rived oil Holyhead on the lath inst. The steamship New York, from New York, ar rived at Sntilhampt: n on the lG;h. The ship Suffolk had arrived at Plymouth front Melbourne, with gold valued at £42,000, and 215 passengers. The fill of the Minister of Finance was expected. The India. China, ad ovarian 1 mail had heart received. News generally anticipated. The correspondent of the London Times at Hong Kong says the United States ship Hartford, bearing the llag of Flag Ollicer Stribling, is in ibe harbor, having returned from the North, that officer Lndy organized the expedition up the River Yangtse, and made an arrangement with the Nankin rebels for the protection of American property, as ho combines diplomatic with naval functions since tha departure of Mr. Ward. Ilia direct intercourse with Talbnigs has attracted some attention. The steamers Saginaw and Dacotah were also at Hong Kong. Tha frigate John Adams was at Saratur. The British Minister had, to some extent, relaxed his prohibitions to visit I'ekin. The Imperialists and Rebels continued their struggle with varying results. The lirst teas brought down from Hankow, hava reach ' i Shanghae. The rates of new teas at Foo-Chow continued ex treme, and the relative inferiority of the present to the previous cop is confirmed. Imports were without improvement. Freights from Hong Kong to New York slo''? sl2. Exchange has declined to 4@6L,'. Exchange at Shanghae, If" I. The total exports of tea to America shows a de crease of over 5,000,000 pounds this year. Calcutta letters say the cotton question was the great topic of the day there, and every effort was being made to encourage its increased production. The Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal had recom mended the establishment of Government factories for buying, cleaning, <tc., on Chillagong Hills, but the Governor-General preferred leaving such mat ters to private enterprise, aided by land grauts, Ac. Freights were firm The resolution of the British Government rela tive to privateers was expected to materially re move objections to shipping by American vessels. Melbourne advices are unimportant. The Legis lature had been dissolved in consequence of want of confidence in the ministry. The yield of gold showed a slight falling oil, al though the shipments for the hall year about equall ed that of the saute time last year. The markets are depressed but generally un changed. A gentleman has reached England furnished with the necessary funds to send out eleven English cricketers to play in Australia. It is reported that Gen. Delia Marmora will en ter the Cabinet as Minister of War. Cardinal Andre, President of the Congregation of the Index, has resigned. GREAT BRITAIN. At a general meeting of the Galway Steamship I Company, the report of the directors was adopt •d. and it wss iisilved to issue stock, increasing [ tno nominal capital from JL.OUU,UDU to xi,uou,ooo sterling. The Austrian Archduke Maximilian, on visiting Southampton relative to the projected Austrian Steamship Company, made a speech, in which he predicted closer sympathies, commercially ana po litically, between England and Austria. Mr. Roebuck also made a speech, extolling tha constitutional efforts of the Emperor of Austria. The weather in England bad again bee me un settled, and there was considerable rain in ssrna parts. The weather has been showery in London during the whole of the morning, but out of forty etatione rain fell only at two. FRANCE. The Emperor marie a speech at the inauguration of the new Boulevard at I'aris, hut it was confined to local topic. Raw lead is admitted free into France, provided the articles manufactured from it are exported. The Monitevr announces that on account of the National for the Emperor has eilhcr remitted or commuted the punishment of the 1,233 orisoners. AUSTRIA. j JThe dissolution of the Diet was regarded as al lnrist cei tain, as it was ri ported the Cabinet Coun cil demanded it, and also that an Imperial mani festo to this etlvct would be addressed to the people of the Austrian Empire. TURKEY. Omar Pasha has been ordered to act against Montenegro. -BRAZIL. Rio datrs to Ilia 25th of July have reached L is bnn. C flee was quoted at 5G 100@5S 100 for good firsts. The shipments the last mail are 54.000 bags; stock in port, 11,000 bags. Exchang' . 25Ji*. THE "CITY OF WASHINGTON'S" NEWS. The special agents ot the Cotton-Supply Associ ation bad reached Egypt, and were to have aa in terview with the Viceroy on the subject of cotton cultivation. The weather in England had been hot, and t'no harvest in Euglacd was making great progress. Rain, however, was falling when the steamer left Liverpool. FRANCE. The harvest in France was progressing satisfac torily. but the wheat crop would be deficient. The Paris Bourse is buoyant at GSf. GOc. for the Rentes. There are again indications of a solution of the Roman question. It is reported that a mixed Italian and French garrison will soon occupy Rome. ITALY. Baron Ricasoli, in a diplomatic circular, expres ses belief that Europe will soon be persuaded of the right of ltalv to the possession of the entire territory. GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. Disturbances had broken out at St. Übes, and troops from Portugal have been sent to put them down. There was a revival of the troubles at Warsaw— affairs were threatening. The Bombav mail of Jul 12 has been received. The Calcutta mails of July 8, Shanghae, June 19, and Melbourne, June 25, have been telegraphed, and are due in England on the 15th inst. The news is unimportant. Heavy rains wrre taking place all OTer India, and there were complaints of damage to the indigo, rice, sugar crops, Ac. COMMERCIAL IXTELLIf?F.N'CE. LIVERPOOL, August 15. —Cotton—Sales of four days, 26,000 hales, including 5.500 to speculators and expor ters. Tin- market closed quiet and unchanged; quota tions same as per Canada. STATE or TRADE. —The advices from Manchester indi cate an inactive market, but no change in prices. Breadstuff's. —Wakefield. Nash & Co , and Richardson, Spence ft Co., report: Flour dull and declined fid. for American, which is reported at 245.@275. 6.1. Wheat has a declining tendency, and prices are l@2d. lower; red Western Ms. 3d.'/ills.: red Southern lis glls fid.; ivhi'e Western lis : white Southern 13s aUSs fid Corn fiat; mixed and yellow 295. 6d.(c£3os. 6d.; white 31s. a.) 335. Gd. Provisions —The sam? authorities report: Beef quiet and steady; Pork heavy, but quotations unaltered; Bacon quiet and unchanged; Lard very dull and tending down ward, quoted 48(q)50a ; Tallow declining Produce.—Rosin steady at 7s. for common. Spirits Turpentine dull and tending downward, sales st 455. fid. Ashesquiet at 30s 6d. for Pots. Sugarquiet, butsteady. Rice steady. Coffee inactive. , , I ONDOS MARKETS —Breadstuffs tending downward - Sugar steady. Coffee firm. Tea steady. Rice firm. Tal low ttat at 4fia. American Securities.—lllinois Central Shares, 39'q,3S.t<t' discount; ErieShares.24(u)24 a; New York Central Shares, 691f.70. LATEST—VIA IOX DON PERRY. LIVERPOOL, Aug. 16.— Cotton.—Tin- Brokers' Circular reports the sales of the week at 46,000 bales, including 55,000 to speculators and 8.500 to exporters. The market experienced a decline of Jd. on the 14th. there being quite a panic, but closed quiet but steady on the 15th. The sales of Friday (to-day) are estimated at 10.000 hales, including 3,000 to speculators and exporters. The mar kets closed firmer, and prices are unchanged, as compared with those of Friday last. Tho authorized quotations Fair Orleans. 9 Yd. I Middling Orleans Stj'd. Fair Mobile fifid. Middling Mobile SHd. Fair Uplands ,'...3% d. | Middling Uplands..B 5-16 d. The total stock in port is estimated at 944,000 bales, of which 679,000 bales are American. Breadstuff* have a declining tendency, principally for the finer qualities. Provisions are dull and drooping. t LONDON, Aug. 16, —The Bank of England has reduced the rate of interest to 48,' per cent. nrw The Bullion in the Rank had increased i.287,000. Consols closed at 90V f' >r mon®.* B " d ac ?,,! nt ' — Illinois Central shares 3-h discount; EHe shares 14* LONDON MONEY MARK".-* J" LDS are firm and tend -1 rpi , iiirpDlU t filHrkft IS t HIHT• 1 lIC Drll IC oMand on r ...I -diicjai 1U minimum from sto 4 . I ivERPOot MARKETS. Aug. lfi.-At the Corn market t • was a small attendance; Wheat was in moderate rie -1 e . without change in value; Flour steady at late rates; Oats quiet; Oatmeal dull; Indian Cum unchanged; Beaua "'HONDOV MARKETS, Aug. 16 —Corn.—The supplies ar* large. The weather is wet English and Foreign Wheat are firm at Monday's rate; floating cargoes are held above buyer's ideas. Flour moves off steadily. Indian Corn in favor of sellers, caused by worse accounts from Ire land about the potato crop. Barley firm and cargoes o* passage are more sought after. Rye is wanted for Belgi um. Peas are unaltered in value. Oats firm. PENETRATING POWER OF A BALL.—Th§ power ot penetration which a ball possesses is proportional to the square of its velocity; hence when the object of firing is merely to penetrate, the greatest velo city should always be given.