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VOL VIII---NO. 1,083.
SSS FOURTH PAGS. LATEST NEWS FEDERAL TELEGRAM?. Accuracy not Voueheil for. A FEDERAL VICTORY. Capture of V^ort4 Clark oml liattcra*. nnd 7.'10 Prisoner*—Fifteen Confederal. H Killed and Thirty \\ ouude.d. FORTH ESS M • ►JiiioK, August 31. —The steamer Ade laide, has returned from the ixp ditior, and brings news of a brilliant victory at Hatteras Inlet by General Butler and Commodore S'ringham. The General returned on board the Adelaide and pro ceeded at once on board of her to Washington via Annapolis, to arrange for supplies and reinforce ments fir further operations in North Carolina. The expedition reached its destination on Tues day . Forts Clark ar.d Hatteras w-re bombarded on Wednesday, and on Friday at 11 A M. the (Ton federates unconditionally surrendered. We have seven hundred and thirty p: isoners, among whom are ComUJ -dore Barron. Colonel Martin of North Carolina, Mijor R Snowd-n Andrews, (formerly of Bal-im re,) of the Confederate Array, and other distinghithed officers. No one wan if jured on our side. Fifteen of the Confederates \v re killed and thirty wounded. We have captured thirty heavy guns and one tb->usand stand of arms and their equipment*, and three prizes, one of which is a ctrgo fit cotton loaded to run the blockade. Also two light boats and a large amount of provisions a* d c ffee, two forts, and a large number of valuable books and pipers, showing the designs of the Confederates It is regarded as a most important in d successful movement and is the occasion of great rei icing at Old Point. ANNAPOLIS, Sept. I.—Gn. Butler has left fifteen wounded Confederate prisoners at Annapolis in charge of Col. Morse, commandant at that station. They hrve been placed in the hospital at the Navil Academy where they are beirg well cared for. The following are the articles of capitulation agreed upon between Commodore Slringham and Gen. Butler, on the Federal side, an<' Commodore Barron, Colonel Martin, acd M jir Andrews, for the Confederates. It will be particularly observed that "the officers and men are to receive the treat ment due to prisoners of war." It is stipulated and agreed between the con tracting parties that the forces under command of said Barron, Martin and Andrei*?, and all muni tions of war, arms, men and property under the command of said Barron, Martin and Andrews, be unconditionally snriendered to the Government of the United States, in terms of full capitulation. And it is stipulated and agreed by the contracting parties, on the part or the said United States Gov ernment, that 'he officer* and men fthad receive, the treatment due to jtrisoncra of war. In witness whereof, tve, the said Stringhatn and Butler, (in behalf of the United .States, and the said B irron, Martin and Andrews, representing the forces,at Hatteras Inlet, hereunto interchange ably set our hands, this twenty-ninth day of I August, A. D. 1861, and of the independei ce of the United States the eighty-ti th year. [Signed.] S H STRINGHAM, Flag-Officer Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 81-ttj. F. BUTLKK, Major-General United States Arm?, Commanding. S BARRON, Flag-ollicer Confederate States Navy, C i mmanding Naval Forces Virginia and North Carolina. WM. F. MARTIN, Colonel Seventh Regiment Infantry, North Caro lina Volunteers. W L. G. ANDREWS, Major Commanding Forts Hatteras and Clark. UNITED STATES CHARTERED STEAMER ADELAIDE, ] August 31, 1861. J To Hon. Gideon IFe'fca, Secretary of the Savy : Sir —l have to report that the expedition to Cape Hatteras Inlet has resulted in a signal victory over the Rebels. The capture of two forts, 25 cannon, 1,000 stand of arms, 715 prisoners, amongst whom are Cap'ain Samuel Barron, Lieutenant Sharps, and l)r. Wyatt M. Brown, all late of the United States Navy, and Major Andrews and other officers late of the United States Array. The amount of loss on their side is not exactly j known. Five are ascertained to have been buried, j and eleven wounded are on bard thss vessel. Many j were carried away. Lieut. Murdougb, late oi the j United States Navy, is among the number, with the ! loss of an arm. We met with no casualty of any I cons-quence whatever. The surrender was uncoti- ' ditional. For ail particulars 1 beg to refer to the i reports of Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham and Major (Lneral Benjamin F. Butler. Although the Adelaide and George Peabody were chartered for other especial service, yet to j further important operations 1 consented to take the troops on board from Newport New? and Fort ress Monroe—nine hundred men, with arms, provi- I sions and munitions of war—and landed part of j them, about three hundred, amidst a heavv surf, ! until the boat? filled and became unmanageable.— j The men-of war hauled in and commenced a heavy J cannonade at a quarter past 10, A. M., on the2Bth, j and kept it uo at intervals all day and re-eomuien- j cing on the 29th, at quarter past 8, with increased | effect. The enemy's reinforcements endeavoring j to land—a thousand or fifteen hundred men—they : were driven back, and at 11.30 they displayed a i tiag • 1 truce and were forced to surrender at dis- i cretion. Ou the appearance of the white flag I steamed j into the inlet and laid behind the fort, ready to I throw the remaining troops ashore, either in case ; of a commencement or Cessation of hostilities The George Peabody, Lieutenant Lowry, did the same. At th? surrender we officiated in the ceremonies, 1 after which the prisoners were brought to this ves sel, and next day, the 30th instant, placed them on board the Minnesota, which vessel sailed at 2 30 j P. M. for New York, and we left for Annap- j uli?, with Major-Ueneral Butler, United States Armv, and the wounded prisoners I hope my en- ! deavors in the case may meet your full approba- '• tion, and beg to recommend to your consideration 1 the conduct of Lieutenant-Commanding It B. Jo wry, associated with me in this work, and placed in charge of the Geotgu Peabody; of Dr. William ; M KiDg, United States Navy, who volunteered for 1 the expedition. I have also riceived valuable as sistance from my coips of pilots, and from Dr. U. i Stillwagen and James Forsyth, who acted in the place of junior officers. 1 am, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, [Signed] H. C. STILLWAGEN, Commander. I UNITED STATES CHARTERED STEAMER ADELAIDE,) August 31, 1861. J SIR : —ln obedience to your order I have the ! honor herewith to furnisb'you a complete list of j the wounded prisoners taken at the surrender of Fort Hatteras. The whole number is thirteen, and eleven of these j were transferred to this steamer by the order of j Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham. The two remain- i ing men w ere found to be too seriously injured to j permit of their being moved, and were consequent- j iy left in the Fort in charge of a medical officer. From tiie information which I have received ; from a creditable source, I have formed the opinion j that many jut the wounded, and perhaps all the i killed, were rent on board the Confederate steamers j in the Sound, prior to the capitulation. Only two I killed were found, ami these were discovered in the ' out-houses of Fort Clark the day of the evacuation of that work. I understand from Surgeon Wyatt and Mr. Brown, furuierlv of the United States Navy, and at prei-ent holding a commission in the army of the Confederate States, and in charge of the medical department of Forts Hatteras and Clark, that ex- Lieutenant Murdnugb, of the United States Navy, was very badl t injured, a fragment of shell striking his forearm and making a compound fracture of both bones This gentleman escaped from Hatteras, prior to the surrender, in the privateer Winslow. Willoughhy Davis, age 22, native of North Caro lina—Jonesboro' Guards—wound iu instep, not se rious. William K. Clark, age 17, of North Carolina — Tar Ran Hoys—wound in thigh. James A Coony, age 23, native of North Caro lina—Tar Run B >js—wound in shoulder; quite se rious—doing well. W G. Andrews, of the Hamilton Guards—lace rated wound in left ankle—sprious. Matthias Tannager, age 23, of the North Caro lina Defenders—wound in breast—doing well. Logan Mills, age 18, native of North Carolina.— Lenoir Braves—slight flesh wound of leg. Wi'son J Forbes, age 27. native of North Caro lina—J .neshorough Guaids—lacerated wound. Hnrv Hines, a native of North Carolina, age 25 Lenoir Braves—seriously lacerated wound in left side. Ashley Reels, age 25, a native of North Caroli na— Hamilton Guards, —lacerated wound left side. John Mills age 18, native of North Carolina—Tar Run Boys—wound in arm produced by a fragment of shell. ?.lr. Gillett Rogerson, native of North Carolina —Roanoke Guards—contusion of right loot, consid erable swelling but no fracture. Francis Mooring, age 51, a native of North Car olina—Lenoir Braves —right half of forehead with a portion of anterior lobe of brain carried away bv a piece of shell. Wound mortal. John Mooring, aged 18, a nativo of North Caro lina—Tar River bors—compound and comminuted fracture of the left arm, and compound fracture of the lett tbigh. Weuud mortal. The above named men were placed under my care alter the surrender of Fort Hatteras on the afternoon of the 29ih inst. The injuries were caus ed by fragments of shells during the bombardment of the Fort, which not only lacerated, but in many, jf not all the cases, burned the soft parts. I am very respectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed,) WM. M KING, Assistant Surgeon. To Commander H. S. Stillwagen, United States Navy, commanding steamer Adelaide, on special service. General Butler, accompanied by Commander Stillwagen and others connected with the military and naval forces, arrived here early this morning in a special train from Annapolis. The news of the brilliant exploit nn the North Carolina coaßt, soon spread through the city, and occasioned undoubted joy among all loyal people. The Government, of course, was promptly in formed of the gladsome news. The returned officers, in company with several members of the Cabinet, visited the President between ten and eleven o'clock. The result of the expedition, is claimed to be tbe possession of tbe entire North Carolina coast. Another Account of the Expedition | 0 ' terns Inlet. WASHINGTON, Sept. 1 —The Navy Department, by able and experienced officers, has carefully stud ied the whole fine of our coast, with a view to ma king tbe best use of such force as it could secure. The expedition to Hatteras Inlet was planned be fore the meeting of Congre-s, and when that body placed the necessary funds at the disposal of the Department, active preparations were made. As the co operation of the War Department was necessary, other preliminaries requiring time were indispensable, so that it was not until Monday tbe 26tb ult , that the expedition sailed. The success is perfect and every anticipation of the Department is realized. Among the papers captured was a press copy of a letter from the late American Consul at Rio, Robert G. Scott, giving a list of all the vessels leaving or to leave that port during a month, with a full description of tbeir cargoes and destination. By this information tbe rebel privateers knew just wben and where to look for tbe yeuals and lix named in tbe list were captured. Tbe report of the Engineer in Chief of the Con federates WM alio among tbe paperi found. It states that, all the good guns at Norfolk are expen- | dd. Also the whole amount of fua-s. Some hand-made percussion caps were found and it was ascertained that the copper had been stripped from one of their prizes—the bark Linwood—to furnish mate? ial for the manufacture of these caps. They were of tolerable good quality. Among the guns captured, wa? one large ten inch Columbiad from the Tredegar works, Rich mond, which had not been mounted. Our vessels took three prizes—one brig, the Hen ry C. Rodgers, of New York, and two light boats belonging to the United States, hut in the employ ment of the Confederates, with miscellaneous car goes. A gentl- man connected with the expedition re ports that, the Frderal forces wer • landed and drawn up in ine on the beach, whwn it was found that I here were 31ft men under Col. Max Webber, of the New York 20th regiment. At this time the wind raised a litt'e, and it Was found impossible to land more troops. Rickets were immediately posted, under command of Lieut. Loder of the regulars. A scouting party tinder Lieutenant Colonel W eiss and Lieutenant Creigel, proceeded up the beach, capturing one brass field piece and a horse. The force then advanced to Fort Clark, which had been evacuated, but they were compelled to retire again, owing to the shells fired from the fieQt falling there in, and they marched back to the place of landing, where they bivouacked for the night. Early next morning they again returned and the fleet commenced bombarding the second fort called fort Hatteras, which soon alter displayed the white flag, and the fort was entered bv Captain Nixon, of the Uuion Coast Guard, Lieut. Criegel, of Gen. butler's staff, and Hergeant Daivoge. They were conducted to the tent of Commodore Barren, the commander of the Confederate forces. Alter some preparatory*and common-placa re marks, the Commodore placed iu the hands of Lieut. Criegel the following proposition, which he immediately carried to General Butler. memorandum. Hag Officer Samuel Barron, C. S. Navy, offers to surrender Fort Hatteras with all the arms and ammunitions of war. The officers to be allowed to go out with side arms, and the men without arms, to retire. (Signed) S. BARRON, Commanding Naval Defences of Virginia and North Carolina. FORT HATTERAS, August 29,1801. General ISutbr's Reply. The following reply of General Butler wa? des patched by Captain Crosby, U. S. N., and Lieut. Creigel: Memorandum. —Benjamin F. Butler, MBj or Gen eral Commanding United States army, in reply to the communication of Samuel Barron, command ing forces at Fort Hatteras, cannot admit the terms pn.posed. The terms offered are these: Full capitulation the officer* and men to he treat ed a* prisoners of irar —no other terms admissabla. Commanding officers to meet on board liag-fahip Minnesota to arrange details. On the reception of this the Commodore called a Council of War of his Field Officers and accepted the terms offered. When they proceeded to the flag ship to arrange the details. The prisoners were then put on board the flag ship Minnesota and the fort taken possession of. The stars and stripes were hoisted from the fort by Capt. Ously, of the U. S. N., and Lieut. Criegel. amid the cheers of the troops and the booming of the cannon lately in the possession of the enemy, llrport of Major-General Hutler to Major. General Wool. The following is the report made by General Butler : U. S. FLAG SHIP MINNESOTA,) August 30tb, 1861. j GENERAL : —Agreeable to your orders 1 embarked on the transport steamers Adelaide and George Peabody. 500 of the 20th Regiment New York vol unteers, Col. Weber commanding; 220 of the 9th Regiment New York v lunteers, Col. Hawkins Commanding; 100 of the Union Coast Guard Capt. Nixon, commanding; 60 of the 2d [J. S. Artillery, Lieut. Lamed commanding, as a force to operate in conjunction with the fleet under command of Flag Officer Stringham against the rebel force at Hat teras Inlet. He left Fortress Monroe on Monday the 25th inst, at 1 o'clock, P. M. The last ship of our fleet ar rived off Hatltras Inlet about 4 o'clock on Tuesday afternoon. Such preparations as wore possible for the landing were made in the evening and at day light next morning, dispositions were made for an attack on the forts by the fleet and for the .lfwding of the troops. Owing to the previous prevalence of Southwest gales a heavy surf was breaking on the beach. Every effort was made to land the troops, and after about 315 were landed, including marines from the fleet and the regulars, birth of the gun boats on which we depended, were swamped in the surf, and both the flat-boats stove; and a brave at tempt being made by Lieutenant Crosby, United Htate3 Army, serving with the Army as Post Cap tain, at Fortress Monroe, who had volunteered to come down with the steam tug Fanny, belonging to the Army, to land in a boat front the war steamer Pawnee, resulted on the beaching of the boat so that she could not be got off. It was impracticable to land more troops because of the rising wind and sea. Fortunatelv a twelve pound rifled boat-gun, loaned us by the Flag Ship, and a twelve-pound howitzer, were landed, the last Elightly damaged. Cur landing was completely covered hy the shells of the Monticello and the Harriet Lane. 1 was on board the Harriet Lane directing the disembarkation of the troops by means of signal, and was about landing with them at the time the boats were stove. We were induced to desist from further attempts at landing troops, by the rising of the wind, and because, in the meantime, the fleet had opened fire on th? nearest fort, which was finally silenced and its flag Etruck. No tiring had been opened upon our troops from the other fort, and its flag was also struck. Supposing this to be a signal of surrender, Col. Webber advanced his troops already landed upon the beach. The Harriet Lane, Captain Faunce, by my direction, tried to cross the bar, to get, into the smooth water of the inlet, when a tire was opened upon the Monticello, which had proceeded in aflvance of us, from the other fort. Several shots struck her, but without causing anv injury, as lam informed. So well convinced were both the officers of the Navy and of the Army, that tho forts had surrendered at this time, that the frigate Susquehanna had towed the frigate Cumberland to an oiling. The fire was then reopened, as there was no signal from either, upon both forts. In the meantime a few men from the Coast Guard had advanced up the beach, with Lieut. Criegcl, (who was acting as volunteer aid, and whose gal lantry and services I wish to commend,) and took possession of the smaller fort, which was found to have been abandoned by the enemy, and raised the American flag thereoD. It had become necessary, owing to the threaten ing appearance of the weather, that all the ships should make an offing, which was done with re luctance, trom necessity, thus leaving the troops on the shore, part of tbein in possession of the small forts, about 700 yards from the larger one, and the rest bivouacked on the beach, near the place of landing, about two miles north of the forts. Early the next morning, the Harriet Lane ran in shore lor the purpose of covering any attack upon the troops. At the same time, a large steamer was observed coming down the Sound, inside the land, with reinforcements tor the enemy, but she was prevented from landing them by Capt. Johnson, of the Coast Guard, who had placed the two guns from the ship and the six-pounder taken from the enemy, in a small saod battery, and opened fire upon the Confederate steamer. At 8 o'clock the fleet opened fire again, the flag ship being anchored as near as the water permit ted, and the other ships coming gallantly into ac tion. It was evident after a few experiments that one shot fell short. An increased length of fnse was telegraphed, and firing was commenced with shells of 15 seconds fuse. I had sent Wm. Fisk, acting Aid-de-Camp, for the purpose of gaining intelligence of the movements of the troops and of the enemy. 1 then went with the Fanny for the purpose of effecting a landing of the remainder of the troops, when a white flag was run up from the fort. I then went in the Fanny over the bar into the inlet. At the same time the troops under Col. Weber marched up the beach and a sig- Dal was made from the flag ship to cease firing. As the steamer Fanny rounded in over the bar the rebel steamer Winslow went up the channel, having a large number of sec-ssion troops on board which she had not landed. He threw a shot from the Fanny but she proved to be out of range. 1 then sent Lieut Ciosoy on shore to demand the meaning of the white flag. The boat soon return ed, bringing Lieut. Criegel, with the following written communication from Samuel Barrop, late captain in the United States Navy. [Here follows the memorandum from Captain Barron, as given above.] Mr. Criegel also brought a verbal communica tion from Com. Barron, stating that he had in the fort 615 men, and a thousand nioie within an hour's call, but that lie was anxious to spare the effusion of blood. To both tbejvritten and verbal commu nications I made the reply which follows and sent it by Lieut. Crosby. [Here follows the memoran dum of General Butler in reply, alßo given above ] After waiting three-quarters of an hour Lieut. Crosby returned bringing-with him Com. Barren Major Andrews and Col. Martin of tbo rebel forces. Upon being received on board the tug Fanny they informed me that they had accepted the terms pro posed in my memorandum and had come to sur render themselves and their command as prisoners of war. I informed them that as the expedition was a combined one of the Army and Navy, the surrender must be made on board the flag ship to Flag Officer Stringham as well as myself. We then went on board the Minnesota for that purpose. On arriving there, the following articles of ca pitulation were aigned, which I hope will meet your approval. [Here lollows the terms of capitulation, which will be found above.] I then landtd and took a formal surrender of the forts, with all the men and munitions of war, inspected the troops to see that the arms had beeu properly surrendered, marched them out and em barked tbein on board the Adelaide, and marched my own troops into the fort and raised our flag upon it, amid the cheers of our men and a salute of thirteen guns, which had been shotted by the enemy. The embarkation of the wounded, which was conducted with great care and tenderness from a temporary wharf erected for the purpose, took so long that night came on so dark that it was impos sible for the pilots to take the Adelaide over the bar, thereby causing delay. I may mention in this connection, that the Adelaide, in carrying in the troops, at tfje moment my terms of "capitulation were undtr consideration by the enemy, had grounded upon the bar, but by active and judi cious exertions of Commander Stillwagen, after some delay, was got off. At the same time the Harriet Lane in attempting to cross the bar had grounded and remained fast. This to me was a moment of the greatest anxiety. By these accounts a valuable ship-of-war and a transport steamer, with a large portion of my troops were within tbe power of the enemy. I bad demanded the strongest terms, which he was considering. He might refuse, and seeing our disadvantage, renew the action; hut I determined to abate not a tittle of what I believed to be duo to the dignity of tbe Government—not even to give an official title to the officer in command of the rebels. Besides, my tug was in the Inlet, and at least I could carry on the engagement with my two rifled six pounders, well supported with Sawyer's shells. Upon taking possession of Fort Hatteras I found it mounted ten guns with four yet unmounted, and one large 10 inch Columbiad all ready for mount iog. I append the official muster roll of Col. Martin furnished by bim, of the officers and men captured by us. lhe position of the fort is an exceedingly strong one, nearly surrounded on all sides by water, and only to be approached by a march of five hundred yards circulating over a long neck of land within balr musket range, and over a causeway a few feet only in width, and which was commanded by two 32 poundr-rs loaded with grape and canister which . we expended in our salute. it had a bomb-proof, capable of sheltering three or four hundred men. The parapet is nearly of octagon form, enclosing about two-thirds of an acre of ground well covered with sufficient traverses and ramparts, and parapets upon which our shells had made but li'tie impression. Th * larger work nearer this lulet, was known as Foit Jlattera-. Fort Ciark, which was about 700 yards northerly, j is a square redout numbering live guns and two six- j pounders. The enemy had spiked these guns, but in a very j imperfect manner. Upon abandoning the fori the : day before, I had all the troops on shore at the time of the surrender of the forts, but re-embark- j ed the regulars and the marines. Finding it im- 1 possible, without a delay of the fleet, which could not be justified under the state of facts at Fortress Monroe, and owing to the threatening appearance of the weather, I disembarked the provisions, rail ing, with the provisions captured, about live days' ; rations for the use of the troops. On consultation with ling officer Rtringham and Commander Stiilwagen, I determined to leave the j troops and hold the fort because of the strength of j the fortifications, its importance, and because if again in possession of the enemy with a sufficient armament, the very great difficulty of its capture, until I could get sorae further instructions from the Government. Commodore Htringham directed the steamers Monticello and Pawnee to remain inside, and these, with the men in the forts, are sufficient to hold the position against any force which is liknlv, or in deed possible, to be sent against it. The import ance of the point cannot be overrated. When the channel is marked out any vessel may carry fifteen feet of water over it with ease. Once inside, there is a safe harbor and anchorage in all weathers. Fr in here the whole coast of Virginia and North Carolina from Norfolk to Cape Look Out, is within our reach by light draught vessels which cannot possibly live at sea during the winter months.— From it offensive operations ma} be made upon the whole coast of North Carolina to Bogus Inlet ex tending many miles in to Washington and Beau fort. In the language of the Chief Engineer of the re bels, Col. Thompson, in an official report, "It is the k'y of the Albemarle." In my judgment it ia a station second in importance only to Fortress Monroe on the coast. As a depot for coasting and supplies for the blockading squadron it is invalua ble. As a .harbor tor our coasting trade or an inlet from the winter storm, or from pirates, it is of the utmost importance. By holding it, Hatteras light may again send forth its cheering ray to the storm bea*en mariner of which the worse than van dalism of the rebels deprived him. It has but one draw back, a want of good water, but that a con denser, like the one in operation at Fortress Mon roe, at a cost of a few hundred dollars, will relievo. I append to this report a tabular statement of the prizes which have been taken into the Inlet within a few days, compiled with official documents cap tured with the Fort. I add hereto an official report of the Chief En gineer of the coast defences of Ihe rebels. Please find also appended a statement of the arms and mu nitions of war captured with the Fort, as nearly as thev can he ascertained. While all have done well, 1 desire to speak in terms of especial commendation of the steadiness and cool courage of Col, Max Weber who rye were obliged to leave in command of a detachment of 300 men on a strange coast, without camp equipage or potsihiii'y of aid in face of an enemy six hundred strong, on a dark and stortnv night; of Lieutenant Weiss who con ducted a reconnoisancs of twenty men; of the daring and prompt efficiency of Capt. Nixon, of the Coast Guard, who, with his men, occupied Fort Ciark during the first night, although dismantled and in the face of an enemy of unknown numbers. I desire to commend to your notic ■ Captain Jus tin, of the New York ninth, who was left in com mand of a detachment of his regiment when the unfortunate accident to the Harriet Lane prevent ed Colonel Hawkins from landing. Permit me to speak also of the efficiency of the regulars, under Lieut. Lamed, who worked zeal ously in aiding to land their comrades of the vol unteers, overwhelmed amid the rolling surf. 1 desire especially to malte acknowledgements to Messers. Creigel and Dunvage volunteer aids who planted the American flag upon Fort Clark on the second morning to indicate to the fleet its surren der and to prevent the further wasting of shells upon it, a service of great danger from the fire of their own friends. I make honorable mention of young Fiske, who, risking his life among the breakers, being thrown on shore to carry my orders to the troops landed, and to apprize them of the movement and inten tions of the fleet. Also, my thanks for the valuable aid of Capt. Haggerty, who was employed in visit ing the prizes in the harbor, while we were agree ing upon trie terms of capitulation. Of theservice-s to the country of thegentlemen of | the Navy proper 1 may not speak, for one ought ! not to speak when lie has no right to censure, and they will be appropriately mentioned iu the re | port of Com. Stringham. (Signed,) B. F. BUTLER. [ANOTHER DE.sr.tTCH —SPECIAL.] IMPORT .NT WAR NEWS FROM COAST OF NORTH CAROLINA. Tite Federal Fleet Attacking Two Sand Bat teries—Tlieir Capturing Six Hundred Pri soners, &c. The steamer Louisiana, Capt. Cannon, from Old Point, arrived Sunday, A. M., and brings the fol, I lowing important advices from the Federal flpet, | which sailed from Old Point on Monday last. The j steamer Adelaide had returned from the fleet and proceeded to Annapolis on Saturday, having on board Major General Butler and fourteen wounded ! Confederate prisoners, bound to Washington. Wo | understand that the eutire fleet, consisting of five war vessels, surrounded and eDgaged two sand bat teries on the beach, at the mouth of Hatteras Inlet, and after considerable firing on both sides, a shell from the frigate Minnesota, caused the explosion of the Confederates' magazine, when the entire body, said to number six hundred, were forced to surren der, from loss of ammunition and no means of re treat. Included among those taken prisoners, was Com. Barron. They were all sent to New York. Tbo Federal loss is not reported, but the steamer Harriet Lane either grounded or sunk, and will, it is supposed, prove a total loss. Her guns were thrown overboard, but still slio would not float. The fleet remained off natteras, and the Adelaide will immediately return with water for the squad ron. The total number of men engaged in this ex pedition is said to be about 4,500. The sand bat teries captured are in a perfectly barren shore, up wards of eighty miles lrom the nearest habitable part of North Carolina. [From several gentlemen who came up in the Louisiana, wo learn that the Confederates bail but two or three guns. The statement that thirty guns were taken, is exaggerated. It should be observed that while the Federal despatch claims 730 prison ers, the official report of Commodore Stringham makes the number 615. Mr. Snowden Anc.rews, of Maryland, was not there. He is in command of a company of light artillery, and when last heard frem was at Richmond. Instead of "forts" we have sand batteries; and while there is "nobody hurt" on the Federal side, we gather from the Government despatches that the bombardment was kept up the greater part of two days, when the magazine of the Confederates exploded. For once we have a pretty clear statement of numbers— -4,500 on the Federal side, without the fleet, aDd about 700 on the otner. The Harriet Lane is lost, her guns being first thrown overboard.] Still Another Account. We have received a despatch from Louisville, purporting to come from Richmond, byway of the Nashville Union office, which gives the number of Confederates in the batteries at 300, and the Federa' guns at 100. By Washington Mail Train. From Washington, by the Washington train, last evening, information is received of an attack upon Arlington Heights yesterday morning, by the Con federates, which resulted in their being repulsed. The number engaged was not stated, nor were any particulars given as to the loss on either side. It is not known whether it was a serious attempt to carry the Heights, or whether it was merely a feint to draw the Federal troops out of their entrench ments. An Appeal f om the Secretary of the Treasury. WASHINGTON, September I. Secretary Chase has just issued the following patriotic appeal to the citizens of the United States, in behalf of the Na tional Loan : Your National Government, compelled by a guil v conspiracy, culminating in causeless insur rection, is engaged in war for the security of Lib erty, for the Supremacy of Law, for the defence of Union, and for tho maintenance of Popular Institu tions. For means to defray the necessary expenses of this war, your Congress has directed that an Ap peal be made to vou, by opening a subscription to a National Loan of One Hundred and Fifty Millions of Dollars. Already tho enlightened and patriotic capitalists of the great cities of New York, Boston and Phila delphia have manifested their clear sense both of duty and interest, by the subscription of fifty mil lions of dollars. The Act ot Congress under which this subscrip tion was received wisely provides, however, that the advantages as well as tire pntriotic satisfaction of participation in this loan shall be offered, not to the capitalists of the great cities only, but to tbe people of the whole country. In order to secure a substantial reward for their j public spirit to those whose patriotism prompts | them, in tbis honr of trial, to place their means at | the disposal of the Government, Congress has di rected that an interest of seven and three-tenths per centum be paid on the several amounts sub scrib d; an interest not liable to State taxation, ; but constituting for tho subscribers a revenuo, not ; only certain in receipt, but greater in amount than j can be expected from anv ordinary investment. And, in order to afford to all citizens equal op portunities of participation in these advantages, Congress has further directad that subscriptions be received for sums as small as fifty dollars, as well as for larger amounts; ard that,'should the sub scriptions exceed the whole sum desired, the smal ler be preferred in the distribution. Each subscriber, on payment of his subscription, will be entitled to receive Treasury notes of equal amount iu such denominations aR be may prefer, whether of fifty, one bundrtd, five hundred, one thousand, or five thousand dollars. The interest, at 7 3-10 per annum will be, on the notes of liftv dollars, one cent; on one hundred dol lars, two cents; on five hundred dollars, ten cents; on one thousand dollars, twenty cent-; and on five thousand dollars, one dollar each day. All Treasury notes issued will bear date on the 19th of August, 1861, and will carry interest from that date. Each note will have coupons attached, expressing the several amounts of semi-annual in terest, which coupons may he detached from the note and presented tor payment separately. Each subscriber may pay the whole amount sub scribed at the time of subscription, or, if he prefers to do so, may pay one-tenth at that time and one third every twentieth day thereafter. At each payment the accrued interest on the amount from the 19th of August to the day of payment must, also be paid, and the amounts of interest thus paid will be reimbursed in the payment ol tho first cou pon. In order to secure beyond peradventure the punctual payment of interest and the gradnal re duction of the principal, Congress has provided by law for an annual revenue amply sufficient not only for these purposes, but for the prompt payment of all demands on account of ordinary expenditures. BALTIMORE. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1861. It will h" seen at a glano, that no:. onlr ia the while property of the country pledg.il for the inte rest and fioai reimbursement of this loan, but that an adequate specific proportion of the annual pro duction is art apart, by taxation, lor the redemp tion of this pledge. Prompt payment, beyond con tingency, ia thus ensured. Nor can this taxation be thought great, when comoa-ed with the magnitude of the objects of the contest, or with the amount of property and pro duction. The objects are Union, popular government, per manent peace, security at home, respect abroad; all imperiled by unprovoked rebellion. The intel ligence of the people comprehends at once their magnitude. They rise above party. They belong to no Administration f'hey concern the whole country, during all time, under every administra tion, and in every relation, foreign or domestic. And the moans for the attainment of these great objects can be readily supplied from the property and production of the country. The real and per sonal values in the United States reach the vast aggregate of sixteen thousand millions of dollars; and in the States noiv loyal to the Union this ag gregate is eleven thousand millions. The yearly surplus earnings of the loyal people are estimated, bv intelligent persons conversant with such investigations, at more than four bun dred millions of dollars; while the well-considered judgments of military men of the highest rank and repute, warrant a confident expectation that the war, prosecuted with energy, courage and skill, may be brought to a termination belore the close of the next spring; in which event the enst, bevn d the revenue, will hardly exceed the amount of the two hundred and fifty millions loan authorized by Congress. With due economv in all branches of the public service, the total expenditures for all ob jects, military, naval and civil, in this year of war, need not exceed the ordinary expenditures oi Great Britain or France in years of peace. And is it unreasonable to hope that the auspicious result of peace may be hastened by the reflections of the citizens of the States in insurreclion ? That Ihev will review their action; weigh tbeirown wel fare; consider the disposition of the people of the whole country to recognise all their constitutional rights and to aliow them their full share in the benefits of" the common Government, and renew their allegiance to the Union, which, in an evil hour, they have been tempted to throw off? Will they not reflect that the war into which the Gov ernment of the Union has been constrained, is not a war for their subjugation, hut a war for National existence, and that an auspicious result to the Unisn will benefit as largely the States in insurrection as the States which have remained loyal? However this may be, the dutv of the National Government, as the constitutionally constituted agent of the people, admits of no question. The war, made necessary bv insurrection, and re-lne tantly accepted by the Government, must be pros ecuted with all possible vigor until the restoration of the just authority of the Union shall insure per manent peace. The same good Providence which conducted our fathers through the difficulties and dangers which beset the formation of the Union, ha 3 graciously strengthened our hands for the work of its preser vation. The crops of the year are ample. Granaries and barns arc everywhere full. The capitalists of the country come cheerfully forward to sustain the credit of the Government. Already, also, even in advance of this appeal, men of all occupations seek to share the honors and the advantages of the loan. Never, except because of the temporary depression caused by the rebellion and the derangement of business occasioned by it, were the people of the Unit d .States in a better condition to sustain a great contest than now. Under these favoring circumstances and for these grand objects, I shall, in pursuance of the act of Congress cause books of subscription to be opened as speedily as practicable in the several cities end principal towns of the United States, in order that all citizens who desire to subscribe to the lean may hare ihe opportunity of doing so. Meanwhile those who prefer that course may remit any sum which they may wish to invest in the loan to the Treasurer of the United States at Washington, or to either of the Assistant 'Treasurers at Boston, New York, Philadelphia or St. Louis, or to the De pository at Cincinnati, whose certificates will enti tle ihe holders to Treasury notes on the terms al ready stated The patriotism of the people, it is not to ba doubted, will promptly respond to the liberal wisdom of their representatives. S. P. CHASE, ..Secretary of the Treasury. FROM MISSOURI. Proclamation of Ornernl Fremont—Martini I.niv Proclaimed ttirougliont tire Stale of Missouri—lltgoreus Measures Adopted. Sr. Louts, August 31 —'i he following proclama tion was issued this morning by General Fremont: HEADQUARTERS WESTERN DEPARTMENT,") Sr. Lours, August 30. j Circumstances, in my judgment, of sufficient ur gency, render it necessary tlia' the Commanding JJeneral of this Department should assume the ad ministrative powers of the State. Its disorganized condition—the helplessness of the civil authority— the total insecurity of life, and the devastation of property by bands of murderers and marauders, who infest nearly every county in the State, and avail themselves of the public miefottunes and the security of a hostile force to gratify private and neighborhood vengeance, and who /fnrf on enemy whenever they find plunder, finally demand the se verest measures to repre3 the daily increasing crimes and outrages which are driving off tire in habitants and ruining the State. In this condition the public safety and the success of our arms re- ] quire unity of purpose without let or hindrance to ] the prompt administration of affairs. In order, therefore, to suppress diso'dors and j maintain as far n* is now practicable the puolic : peace, and to give security and protection to the persons and property ofloyal citizens, I do horrby extend and declare established martial, lam throughout the State of Missouri. The lines of tho army of occupation in this State are for the present declared to extend from Leaven worth, byway of the posts of Jefferson city, Ilolla and Ironton to Cape Girardeau on the Mississippi river. All persons who shall be taken with arms in their hands within these lines shall be tried by court-martial and if found guilty will be shot. The property, real and personal, of all persons in the Scale of Missouri, who shall take up arms against the United .States, or who shall be directly proven to have taken active part with their ene mies in the field, is declared to be confiscated to the public use, and their staves, it they have any, are hereby declared freemen. ST. Lours, August 31.—Tbe Provost Marshal lias issued peremptory orders forbidding any person passing beyond the limits of the county, without a special permit. Railroad, steamboat, lerrv and other agents, are prohibited from tolling tickets to any one not holding a pass from the Marshal. This order is aimed especially to reach parties leaving the city for tbe purpose of communicating informa tion to the enemy. ,$100,01)0 Seized by the Secessionists. FAYETTE, August 29.—Apprehensions being felt that ilie branch of the State Bank at this place would be robbed, the cashier yesterday sent the specie, amounting t.o about SIOO,OOO. to the Allen depot, on the Northern Missouri Railroad, for transportation to St. Louis. On reaching Allen depot, the money was sei/.sd bv a party of secessionists, beaded by Capt. Poiu dexter, and carried oft'. Whether it will be recovered or not is unde termined, some saying that Poindexter has been in duced to relurn it to the bank, while others assert that he will attempt to cross tbe Missouri river, and carry it to General Price's army in the South west. Affairs in Aiissouri. ST. LOOIS, August 31.—The correspondent of the St. Louis Democrat furni.-hes the following Perns : Parties from Springfield report that a skirmish had taken plaee in Vernon county, east of Fort Scott, between Col. Montgomery, of tbe Kansas lorces, and the Confederate troops under General Raits. Reinforcements had been sent to General Rains from Springfield. Six thousand Confederates were said to be en camped at Pond Spring, and another encampment of over 5,000 men was at a soring south of the Fay etteville road. Gen. Mcßride, with 1,000 men, passed through Dade county last week in a north west direction, and 1,000 men were at Dry Lead. Correspondence of the Associated Press. FROM PORTRESS MONROE. FORTRESS MONROE, August 30 —The gun-boat Iroquois returned from the blockading squadron off Savannah last evening. She reports having heard heavy cannonading when oft' Hatteras Inlet, and also spoke a brig which had mot tbe Federal fleet We have no other intelligence of the expe dition. One of the secession prisoners retained for some davs at Old Point boastfully expressed the opinion that the Federal fleet would all be blown up by submarine batteries wbicb Lieut. Maury has placed, according to his account, in Hatteras and other assailable points on the Carolina coast. Since the quarrel between the Alabama and Vir ginia secession troops at Yorktown, which result ed in killing eight, men, the Virginia regiments tiave been transferred to Norfolk. The Alabamians, it appears, accused the Virginians of Cowardice This morning a small secession tug-boat, mount ed with a rifled cannon, run out from Norfolk to within two miles and a half of Newport News and fired twenty three shells at the United States frigate Savannah, three of which took effect, one damaging her mainmast. No person was injured however. The tug was in range of but two of the Savannah's guns and the Sawver rifled cannon on shore. When they were brought down to bear upon her she ran down toward Old Point and fired two shells, one of which exploded near the Semi nole, and the other close to the Rip Raps. The fire wasquicklv returned, whereupon she retreated behind Sewell's Point. Interesting from Louisville. LOUISVILLE, August 30.—Ex-President Pierce arrived here to-day from the Northwest. The Frankfort Commonwealth says the Commis sioners from Gov. Magoffin, recently returned from Washington, have delivered sealed packages to the Governor, and it is understood that tbe Presi dent expresses a willingness to await tbe action of the Kentucky Legislature, which has just been chosen from the people, and i 3 disposed to accord with their wishes. Ex-Minister Preston, in addressing an assemblage at a pic nic party at Lexington, Kv., favored neu trality and peace for Kentucky; but he did not be lieve she could preserve either, and if not, was of opinion that the sooner she went with the South the better. It is reported that Hobleitzer, formerly an ex press agent, who was arrested at Eiizibethtown yesterday, was taken on the ears towards Camp Boone to-day, and jumped from them while iu mo tion and ran to the woods. Several shots were fired at him, bnt he escaped unharmed. Sidney Johnson was at Mesills, on the 3d inst., at the head of five hundred Texans, and in pursuit of Col. Moore. From Gen. Kosecraiis' Column—The Affair at Cross Lanes. CINCINNATI, August 31.—A special despatch to the Cincinnati Gazette, from Clarksburg, Va., says that the official advices show that ihe affair at Cross Lanes was a mere skirmish —Col. Tyler, with one division of his regiment, was surprised by a strong Confederate fores and fell back under orders. Tbe enemy had got between him and his other division. Both divisions escaped with a loss of fifteen reported killed. A picket skirmish occurred ten miles below Huttonsville yeßterdav. The Confederates re treated with a loss of five killed. One Federal soldier was also killed. Reception of Ihe Remains of Gen. Lyon a! Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA, August 31.—The remains of Gen. Lyon passed through this city at 8 o'clock this morning, escorted by tbe military to the Trenton Railroad depot. There waa a large and Imposing | turnout, and tbe flag* throughout the city were I placed at half-mait in respect to the dead. [ Mail Correspondence of the Associated Pre-- ] From the Upper Potomac PLEASANT HILL, I Montgomery County, Aug. 31. j Advices from Martinsburg to-dav, stat ■ that the lion, Edmund J. I'endleton, of Berkley county, Va , had been captured by the Confederates. Mr. I'endleton was one if tho moat prominent Union men in that county. Everything 13 reported quid along the Potomac, between the mouths of the Senaca and Monocacy rivers this morning. Grnud Lodge of the United States, I. O. O. K. Put LAmtLPHiA, August 31 —A meeting of the oflicers of the Grand Lodge, Grand Encampment of Pennsylvania, Order of Odd Fellows, was held yes terday, when it was res dved that the Grand Re presentatives be directed to attend the session of the Grand I, idge of the United States at Baltimore, on the 16th of September. Fire at Bishop Hill, Illinois. CHICAGO, August 31.—A lire occurred yesterday at Bishop Hill, in this State, which destroyed sev eral Corn houses and their machinery with a large amount of broom corn together with several tbou sand feet of lumbar belonging to tho Bishop Hill colony. Loss s3ooo—no insurance. Tour of Frinec Napoleon. MILWAUKEE, August 31.—Prince Napoleon and suite arrived here from Lake Superior last night and took tho nine o'clock train for I'rairie Du Chian this morning. The distinguished party were all in fine spirits. Eartlignnkc nt, Cincinnati. CINCINNATI, Aug 31.—A. severe shock nf earth quake was feltin this city and vicinity at 5 o'clock this morning, arousing people from their sleep. IMPORTANT DOCUMENT. The IVelson Arrest—Hie Treatment by the Confederates—A Litter to the President Davis' Reply—Nelson Advises the Union Men to Submit. The Knoxville IFI.iV/, of the 21th, contains the promised address of lion. Thomas A. R. Nelson to the people of East Tennessee. It occupies two columns of tho Whig. After staling the causes which led to his flight, Ihe mode of his arrest, the reasons for his Unionism, with which the reader is already familiar, he says : While on the way to Richmond, 1 had some con versation with a portion ol the Tennessee delega tion to the Southern Congress, and during my stay there was visited by various members of Congress and other public men connected with the Southern Con'ederary. The intense solicitude which was expressed, especially by the most prominent and distinguished of the original secessionists, who, without any request on uiy part, volunteered their kind offices, wiih generous liberality, in regard to the conciliation of the people of East Tennessee, and ihe unusual kindness and consideration with which I was treated as a prisoner, convinced me that I was in error in supposing that the military power would be exerted for any other purpose than that of retaining the railroad and of aggressive acts on our part. Acting under this changed conviction, believing that, it I .were retained as a prisoner, or punished with death, under any strained construction of the treason laws, my friends in East Tennessee would in either event retaliate by arresting public men of the opposite party here; that this would lead to counter arrests, and that the horrors of civil war would immediately exist among us, 1 felt that it was duo to you and to myself that 1 should obtain my release as soon as possible, on the best terms i could effect without dishonor; and, after various in formal propositions and consultations, I finally addressed to President Davis the following letter : RicnMoxn, Aug. 12. To His Excellency defi. .Davis, President of the Con' federate States : Sir : I have been arrested, and, as I learned since my arrival in this city, upon the charge of treason, but whether against the State of Tennt'S see or the Confederate States, lam not, advised. I am conscious of nonet, either against the State or the Confederacy, that will support or sustain such an accusation. I am sincerely anxious to preserve the peace and quiet of East Tennessee, the section of the State in which I reside, as best promotive of the peace and interest of the entire State. 1 ask to be discharged from a vexatious prosecution that I may return home peacefully, to follow my private interests and pursuits, assuring your Excellency that I will not. either directly or indirectly, hv counsel, advice or action, encourage, aid or assist the United States Government to invade or attain success in the pre sent struggle with the Confederate States, nor will I counsel or advise others to thwart or cripple the Confederate States in the pending contest with the United States, nor wiii I do so by my own acts. In view of the increased majority in the election which has just taken place in Tennessee. I shall feel it my duty, as a citiz out that State, to submit to her iate action, and .shall religiously abstain from any further words or acts of condemnation or op position to her govs'Dinent. The parties arrested with me, with the exception ot my son, who acted by my command, were mere guides, and conductors through the mountain passes, on uiy way to my place of destination, and whatever view may be taken of my own course, they are innocent; in no way responsible legally or morally, and have committed no offence against the laws of the Con .ederacy or the State of Tenn essee; and I ask that they also be discharged from custody by your Excellency, Very respectfully, ' Your obedient servant, THOMAS A. R. NELSON. To which the following answer was returned rtn aMoeo, A off 13. Sir : I have received your letter of the 12th instant, in which you asked to be discharged Irom arrest and prosecution, and make promise that you will, "as a citizen of Tennessee, submit to her late action and religiously abstain from any further words or acts of condemnation whatever or oppo sition to her government." Tfte desire of this Government being to maintain the independence it has asserted by the united feeling and action of all its citizens, it has been, its policy not to f ncer into questions of differences of political opinions heretofore existing. I am, therefore, pleased to he spared theneeessity of inquiring whether the accusation against you be well fi ur.ded or not, vexatious or not, and to rest content with ycur submission as a loval citizen of your State, to her recent action in adhering to this Confederacy and adopting its permanent Con stitution by an increased majority. I have ordered your discharge and that of your companions from custody. I am, Ac., JEFFERSON DAVIS. To Thomas A. It. Nelsou, Esq. Since my return borne, 1 am thoroughly satisfied that my friends would have risked the action I dreaded; ana, upon the most mature reflection, am content with my own course iu the premises. But whether it was right or wrong, wise, or unwise, 1 feel bound, as an honorable man, to act up to the spirit and letter of the obligation I assumed. I shall offer no plea of duress; because neither the S-'Uthern Confederacy nor any other earthly power could have compelled me to make an agreement that mv judgment and conscience did not approve in the situ itioa in which i was placed. No terms of conditions, expressed or implied, public or private, attended my release other than those plainly expressed in the two above quoted; hut I have I bought it due to our past relations and the painful solicitude many of you have felt in my behalf, that I should thus briefly address you. While I did not promise allegiance or active sup port to the Southern Confederacy, and will not ad vise ynn to assume any obligations contrary to convictions of duty. 1 feel perfectly free to sav that the failure of the Government of the United States for four long monihs to sustain us in our position; its apparent inability to do so, since the battle of Manassas, within-any reasonable time; the deliber ate action of our State in the August election; the assurances of public men that no test oaths or drafting measures will be adopted or required; the mutual hatred which has grown up between tho antagonist sections of the Union, and the recent confiscation laws which have been either adopted or proposed on both sides, as well as other causes, have painfully impressed my mind with the belief that, unless some wonderful and improbable change is effected, our beloved Union is gone forever, and it is our policy and duty to submit to a result whieb, however we may deplore it, seems inev itable. Aware that my advice as well as my motives may be liable to misconstruction, I would still most respectfully recommend to my friends the pro priety of abstaining from all lurther opposition or resistance to the Confederate authorities, or the action of our own State, and should this be doue, although I have no authority to speak for them. I am satisfied that no military power will be exerted among us, except such as may be indispensably necessary to retain military possession of East Tennessee. And to those of our citizens who have gone beyond the limits of the State, either through tear or purpose of arming themselves to resist a Course of acrion which is disavowed io General Polk's letter, I think I can safely say, without ar rogance, that from the course which was adopted towards me, they would risk nothing by returning to the State and submitting to a result which they have in vain endeavored to prevent. THOMAS A. R. NELSON. KNOXVILLE, Aug. 17. GIOANTIC TREES IN VAN DIEMAN'S LAND.—Last week I weot to see two of the largest trees in the world,if not the largest that haye eyer been mca sured. They were both on a tributary riii to the Northwest Bay river, at tho back of Mount Wel lington, and are what are here called Swamp Gums. One was growing, the other prostrate; the latter measured to the first branch 220 feet; from thence to where the top was broken off and de cayed, sixty-four feet, or 284 feet in all; so that with the top it must have been considerably beyond 300 feet. It is 30 feet in diameter at the base, and 12 at 220, or the first branch. We estimated it to weigh, wiih the branches, 446 tons! The standing giantis still growing vigorously, without theeliglit est symptom of decay, and looks like a large church tower among tbe puny sassafras trees. It measures, at three feet from the ground, 102 feet in circum ference; at the ground, 130 feet! We had no means of ascertaining its height, (which, however, must be CDOI IUOUS,) irom tbe density of tho forest. I measured another not, forty yards from it, and at three lent it was sixty feet, round; and at 130 fees where tho first branch began, we judged it to be 40 feet; this was a noble column indeed, and sound as a nut. lam sure that within a mile there are at least 100 growing trras 40 feet in circumference.— letter from Rev. T. Dicing, in the Botanical Gazette. THE KENTUCKY COMMISSIONERS.—It is reported that a despatch has been received in this city an nouncing the result of the interview between Mr. Lincoln and the Commissioners sent by GOT. Ma goffin to Washington. It is stated that the Presi dent has determined to shape his policy, so far as regards Kentucky, agreeably to the wishes of the Union members of the Legislature and tbe Union delegation in Congress. We regard the reply or the President to the Commissioners—if it shall uiove as reported—as by no means satisfactory—as a trick of tbe Union par ty to gain time, so that by an act of tho Legisla ture the Lincoln encampments in the State can be increased and legalized, and the State Guard dis banded; and when this sh all be done, there will he no difficulty in marching Lincoln soldiers into the State, and re-enacting hero the same scenes which have transpired in Maryland and Missouri.— Louis, ville Courier. The sentiment of the people of Ohio is so much divided at present on the war policy of the Ad ministration that a Union Convention has been called to meet on Thursday, September sth, at Co lumbus. Patriok Henry Donegan, an officer of tbe United States government, attached to tbe coast survey, was arrested in New Orleans on the 22d inst. by order of Gen. Twiggs, as a spy. WAR HEMS, Operation* of li<* Navy Dcpa?fine lit. From a statement contained in the New York Evening Post we gather that since the war began the Secretary of the Navy has purchased 78 ves sels, Jind chartered 10; eight steam sloops are building:, *23 gunboats are in various stages of pro- GROPS, and 35 vessels are fitting out. All the ships of tne Xavv on foreign service have been called home, and 80 captures have been made. Fifty-nine vessels are now attached to tho Atlan tic and Gulf squadrons, 25 are on actual duty with the Fotomac iquadron, and 12 ships-of-war are ex pected to arrive, as follows: Hartford, John Adams, Dacotah, Saginaw, Con stellation, San Jacinto, Portsmouth, Mohican, Mys tic, Sumter, Relief, Release. We Append a list of the steam sloops now build ing: Name. Yard where building. Tuscarera Philadelphia Navy Yard. Juniata Philadelphia Navy Yard. Oneida Now York Navy Yard Adirondack ....New York Navy Yard. Wacliusett Boston Navy Yard. Housetonic Boston Navy Yard. Kearsarge Portsmouth Navy Yard . ossl pee Portsmouth Navy Yard T ie following is a list of the chartered vessels, with the prices paid: Propeller Monticello SB,OOO per month. Propeller Mount Vernon 8,000 " " Propeller Pawn 7,000 " " Propeller Daylight 8 000 " " Propeller Union 7,000 " " Tug Pembroke _ ti Tug Edwin Forrest 25 " day Tug Tigress .... .35 " >• Tug Hebart 40 " " Tug l'uscy 30 " •> A general recapitulation shows the following state of fact?: Vessels captured ... 80 Vessels purchased ... 78 Vessels chartered 10 Steam sloops building 8 Gunboats building 2 Vessels fitting out 35 Naval vessels on the way home 12 Vessels on embargo duty K4 Vessels on the Feoiflc coast 8 Guns of blockading fleet on duty 097 Men of blockading fle t 9.212 Prices paid for purchased vessels $3,524 572. From the ACID Fork Evening Post. Aug. 29. For Malainoms or a Market. A day or two ago the Evening Pont called atten tion to the fact that the first applications for clear ances to Matamoras, Mexico, made at the custom house fur three years past, have been within a week; and also that the convenient town of Browns ville, Tsxa, s little distance Horn Matamoras, on the other side of the Rio Grande, 1= quite as good a port as Matamoras, with the known advantage of being" nearer tbo Gulf, and the probable one of being the port tor which the shipments are in tended. A reference to our shipping list to-day wili show that the illiam K. Kfbbe, whose name is familiar in connection with the recent, history of the slave trade, has just cleared for Matamnras. She sailed to-day under the British flag, with a cargo valued at from twenty to thirty thousand dollars, and con sisting of clothing, flour, provisions, coffee, poia -toes, and a general liet of articles which may be netded in Matamoras, but which are actually want ed in the seceded States. The Port Survevor and the Naval Officer have been watching the Kibbe for a week past, and, as in the case of all suspected vessels, have refused to clear her without special instructions from the Treasury Department at Washington. The special instructions have been received, allowing the Kibbe to clear, and she has done so. It is not improbable that the Treasury Department has thus authorized the shipment of a valuable cargo of provisions and clothing, w iiich is intended to afford at least 530,000 worth of aid and comfort to the Confederates. While the provision, trade between this port and the British provinces and some of the West India islands is usually active, and larger shipments aro making to those places than ever were known bofore, the proper officers and their subordinates in the Custom House are exercising the utmost vigi lance to eee that these shipments are for a legiti mate purpose. In every case of suspicion the vessel applying for a clearance has been detained till a statement of the matter could be sent to Washing ton and explicit instructions respecting her clearing could be received. Of course there is no such thing now as the ship ment of arms and munitions from this port; but aid and comtort to the Confederates in the way of clothing and provisions are afforded almost dailv, and cargor?, by direction of the Treasury Depart ment, are Cleared for ports where their re-shipment to the seceded States is easy and certain. We would suggest that tbo larger dealers in flour and provisions, whose position prevents the suspicion of their willingness to engage in an unlawful trade, should uuito with the Naval Officer and Surveyor in suppressing the shipments ol provisions by sua pccted vessels. The class of merchants referred to know whether or not the shipments aru made in a legitimate manner, and can supply the Treasury Department with such evidence, in some cases, as ought to prevent the transmission of special in structions to clear the vessels. The register at the British Consulate in this city shows that within a fortnight a large number of vessels have changed hands Irym American to Bri tish owners. Almost ait of these vessels engage at once iu ihe provision transportation business, and sail for St. Johns, Halifax, Nova Scotir, and the West India Island.'. To day about eighteen hun dred barrels ot flour, besides meal, pork and beef cleared lor Now lirnnswiek, and an-.tlier Inrgo cargo of provisions cleared for Turks Island, all in British vessels- Our colonial friends are in danger of being overfed this season. Wnsliingtoii Items. About fifty soldiers and suspicious characters are gathered up daily at tho military guard-house near Pennsylvania avenue. Among the recent captures is a spy from Kentucky, who pretends that he is a deaf mute. A piace has been discovered in the city of George town, kept by a secessionist, where runaway sol diers are afforded facilities for exchanging their uniforms for citizens' clothes. Several soldiers have escaped in this way. A sharp fellow in one of the camps has been en gaged for some time in forging passes and selling them at 25 cts. each, lie did a good business be fore he was detected. The Lake Ports. The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a cir cu ar to the Collectors of the lake ports, command ing them to discontinue the practice of granting clearances to vessels after their departure, and sending them by mail to their masters, so that they may receive them on their arrival at their place of destination. The collectors are to conform to the Kith and 17th sections of the Coasting Act of 1703. From the New York Tier aid. JVoil licrii Slave Trader*—'The Mnrshnla and I lie Slave Trade. It will be remembered that the United States Marshals of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachu setts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Vork, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland being all those whose districts embrace porta of en try in the loyal .States—met at New York for the purpose of consulting together to devise more ef fectual measures lor the suppression of the African slave trade. The scheme adopted by them will necessarily not be made public, but it is understood to lie such as will, in a verv short time, put a com plete extinguisher upon thisnelarious and inhuman traflic—at least, so far as the citizens of our own country are concerned. The most complete system has been instituted, and if it is carried out properly, it will not be long before some important arrests will bo made Men worth their hundreds of thou sands of dollars in the Northern cities are to dav secretly aiding and 00-operaling with notorious characters engaged in the slave traflic. [From.the New York Herald I General RragK on tin- Health of his Troops. HEADQUARTERS BARRANCAS, Aug. 16, 1861. It any army in the field has ever been better sup plied with all that is necessary lor health and com fort than this one, history does not record the fact. For the sick we have a hospital unsurpassed in the world for its luxurious comforts and splendid ap pointments. It is supplied, without regard to ex pense, with everything that can contribute to the health or comfort of the patients, and is attended By a lull corps of the finest physicians the country can afford. Liviog in close proximity to this hos pital, I see hourly what is going on; receive daily a written report from the chief physician, and on every Sunday pass through every "ward, converse with every patient, ascertain every want, and, if practicable, gratify them. That 'there may be some cses ot suffering unrelieved I am prepared to believe; many men have a prejudice against going into a hospital, and some have come into this one too low to admit of any benefit. This is against my most positive orders, and is an evil 1 cannot cor rect. Their own officers are to blame for allow ing it. la tbe good work of charity I have been greatly assisted by the good people of Alabama living near the railroad. They have supplied u= largely with poultry, eggs, butter, vegetables and other hospital storps, in great abundance. Our greatest want has been proper attendants. Cooks and nurses we find it almost impossible to se cure in our ranks, but all has been done that could be, and even in that we are improving daily. A number of good Sisters of Charity have obeyed my summons, and come over from New Orleans and Mobile to supply these deficiencies. The charge ol sick men not being allowed to leave to recover their health is utterly untrue. .Not an application has ever been refused where the medical officers recommended it. BRAXTON BRA nr.. From the Hew Haven Palladium. Avgust. 30. Seizure of Contraband Gunpowder. The United States Marshal and the Collector of this port seized, this forenoon, tbirty-five kegs ol gunpowder, in bt>xp, which had been smuggled on boaid the English ship Naples, as dry goods. The whole cargo is supposed to be liable. The captain and owners of the ship—which was chartered by other parties in New York—are supposed to be in nocent. From the Cincinnati Gazette, August 20th. Later from Western Virginia. We learn Irmn tbe officers of tbe steamer Fannie Mcßurnie, which arrived last evening from the Big Sandy, that a fight took place between six com panies ol Virginia volunteers under Gen. Zeigle, and an equal number of Confederates, who were encamped near Wayne Court House, ym Monday afternoon, in which the Confederates' were com pletely dispersed with the loss of four or five killed and fifteen taken prisoners. Gen. Zeigle was still pursuing them. From the Hew York Tribune. The Havana Steamers. Tbe steamship Columbia, which sails to-day for Havana, will take out a permanent guard of twenty marines, supplied by tbe Federal Government, at the instance of the owners, Messrs. Spofford & Tileston, who will provide thein with subsistence 'and comfortable quarters, to guard against priva teers. Tbe armament of the Columbia consists of two 12-pound rifled cannon, each weighing 900 pounds, and taking in '24-pound shot, and the patent conical shell; one brass 6-pounder, rifled, carrying 12 pound shot, and two iron 3-pnunders. The steamer Marion, of the same line, is to be armed in like manner. From the Hew York Evening Post, Aug. 31. Another Arrest. Yesterday afternoon officer Irving, of the Twen tieth precinct, arrested Richard S. Freeman, re cently from Georgia, who was on his way to New I Hampshire on a matter of business. Ho had been observed making inquiries about a machine for tbe cutting of shoe-pegs. Freeman had jnst learned that the article of which he was in quest WSB to be found in Keene, New Hampshire, and had mndo his arrangements for repairing thither at once. The prisoner was conducted to the Centaal Po lice office, where he was examined by Superin tendent Kennedy. He wae in possession of a larger f=nin of money than is usually carried by Southern traveller*, and Mr. Kennedy ,£rvp this branch of •be matter, ? usual, his special atfentiou. Al though Freiinaa had ostensibly come for one ma chine, he had the order for two, besides orders for leather and other at tides. The Cut It of Allegiance In Chicago. At the session of the Common Council of Chica go, Tuesday evening, the following ordinance was pasg-'d, by which all suspected persons are re quired to take the oath of allegiance or leave the city: AN ORDINANCE < ONCKRNINO DISLOYAL CITIZENS. Rc it Ordained by the Common Council of the Citu of Chicago: ' J 1. That any citizen of the United States who is now or may hereafter become an inhabitant of thin city, who is not ready to take the oath of allegi ance to the Government of the United States, be and is hereby requested to leave the city immedi ately, and that Hie Citizen's Union Defence Com mittee be requested to investigate and ascertain with regard to the views of any su ; pected indivi dual, and'reqaest that they shall take such oath, and, in case of refusal, to publish the names of such persons in the daily papers of the city, and report the same to this Council at its first meeting after such f.ict is ascertained. 2. That said committee lie requested to make the necessary arrangements for the administration of such oaths with some qualified officer, so that there shall be no expense incurred by the person PO re quired to prove his loyalty. : Apropos of the above, the Chicago Tribune says "There are more Secessionists in Chicago than people generally suspect. It is well ascertained that a lodge of the Knights of the Golden Circle was formed in this city last spring, and still exists, holding stated secret meetings. "J he virtual suppression of the New York News, a violently treasonable sheet, brought to the fact, that rOO copies per day were sent to this city. About half of the number found subscribers in Chi cago, and the remainder in the towns and villages of the purrounding country. Those who patroniz ed this sheet in preference to the other dailies of .New \ ork, did so because its Secession sentiments reflected their own. From the X. V. Herald, August 31. A €W York Programme for Ihe Confrcl- Under the whip nnd spur of necessity to do something, the Confederates are pushing forward erecting defensive works immediately in our (root' hanging away with their artillery at all the houses' within our lines that are in reach of their missiles, merely for the purpose of distracting attention from the movement of a heavy column towards the Upper Potomac, with a view of crossing over into Maryland at some point just below the Point of Rocks. They expect to find fewer of our troops in that direction than at any other location, and to he enabled to throw into Maryland a sullicient. force to lorm a nucleus for its secessionists, and inaugu rate a civil war there. It is estimated, bv men entitled to know, that, there arc seventy-five thousand of the Confederate army between Harper's Kerry and Edward's Kerry, awaiting an opportunity to fores a crossing in'o Maryland, and willing to take the chances there of an insurrection o| the malcontents, that will enable them to transfer the conflict to that. State, and to place V ashiogton between two Confederate ar m ies. lu the meantime hundreds of Maryland secession ists are-gathering upon the Eastern shore, lor the purpose of carrying out the programme indicated several days ago, of cutting off direct communica tion between Philadelphia and Baltimore, simulta neously with the passagel the Confederates across the Potomac. Under various excuses, numbers of men havo procured transportation across the bay in small boats, lor the purpose of joining this ex pedition. At the li.tie'town of Batten,ln Talbot county, these arrivals have amounted to us many a3 fifty per day. The Confederates are in such a condition that they are compelled either to attempt to advance or to retire from the Potomac. The resources of this region are exhausted, and they cannot much longer subsist their immense force on the Virginia side of the Potomac. Tbey must either avail themselves of the riches of the splendid agricultural district of Western Maryland, or laii back at last upeo the Rappahannock. Their desperation will make live ly times along the Potomac in a tew days, and per haps in a few hours. From Special Despatch to New York Tribune, A"/. 31. Firing at a Balloon. Mr. I,owe, the Aeronaut, yesterday made a re connoissanee with bis balloon. He saw about one thousand of the enemy at work at the place men tioned, miles beyond Bali's Cross Roads. The Confederates fired at the balloon with shells and rifle cannon shots, but without doing any barm to the machine or its occupant. From the. New Fork Herald. Army Couriers. The business of army couriers or messengers is a responsible and dangerous one, and none but. men of tried integrity ami loyaltv should be em ployed in the service. They are entitled to com pensation accordingly. It is stated the Confede rates pay high sums to persons engaged in this service in their armies; but the quality of the money does not accompany the statement that !ur nishes the amount ot pay. The Confederates pay their spies from SIOO to SI,OOO, according to the value of tho information thev procure and trans mit; and there is a -'right smart chance" of people in the South, and nodoubt in the North,who would risk their necks lor a prize of a thousand dollars.— A brace ot birds of this sort were caught on Sugar Loaf Mountain to-day, taking observations of move ments below. They were caged. From the N. Y. Evening Post. A Letter from Ex-Governor '1 liomaK. of Maryland. Kx Governor Thorn aB, of Maryland, gives the following account of the attempt or the Maryland secessionists upon his life, previously reported: "OtJItIiERLAXD, August 2-t, 1861. "DEAR SIR: —AS an incident ot to-day may be misrepresented, 1 wiil communicate to you the pre cise facts ot the case. I left here this morning at half-past six, for my home, in the railroad train. Ten miles trora this place the cow-catcher of tho engine ran against a pile of eight railroad ties, which had been carefully placed across the track. Fortunately six of the ties were scattered right and left of the road, and the train continued to run for about five hundred yards, when it was stopped by the resistance to its progress produced by the two remaining ties, which were so situated that one end rested on the engine and tho ctbor ploughed along the road. As soon as tho care halted, the engineer and fireman leaped off, and soon removed the two ties, while the baggage master tvas out to see what bad occurred to arrest our progress. All this hap pened in almost aa instant, and before I had paid much attention to.what was occurring. "At that moment the baggage master exclaimed, 'there is aa armed man on the road behind us.' This caused the thought to flash across my mind that this accident had been contrived, and Vcalled the conductor to the platform on which i stood, and directed him to nut the cars in motion by pull ing the bell-rope. The conductor seemed at a loss to know how to act, hut obeyed my directions, and as soon as the train began to move wo were fired upon by a crowd of more than one hundred armed men, who had appeared upon the road out ot the bushes near the spot where the ties hRj been placed on the road. We all escaped uninjured, although twenty or were fired before we were out of reach. 1 here were no persons on the train as passengers but an old black man, two aged white men and myself. This whole nefarious affair was, I have no doubt, contrived against my jibertv, if not my life, by spies resident in this place, who notified their allies in Virginia that I was to pass on the railroad this morning. And nothing saved me but that coolness and presence of mind which prompted me, under Providence, to see and guard against the danger prompt as olectricity. * ; * "Yours respectfully, "FRANCIS THOMAS." Mr Arnold Harris. Wo find the following in the Washington Star of the 31st ult. Two letters from Harris are published in Ibo New Orleans Picayune of Aug. 21st. which mark him a traitor of tha first water. Writing from here, April 27th, he says: "The South must strain every nerve, or there is great danger that those Northern rascals will win tbeir game." Wriling from his present place of confinement Aug, 11, he says: "My family, I believe, is still in Kentucky, though I have not heatd Irom them for a month or more. I wrote Mrs. M. to go to Nashville, or some place in- the Confederacy, so as to preserve her citizenship, as all our interests are there ex cept Washington, and I sm praying that the war will not cease nr til that also belongs to the South. "Since we have some persons have charged that 1 am a for the United States. It is entirely false. I have not one cent's interest, in any contract. i have re fused many offers of place and profit in the North ern Government, so entirely do 1 despise it; and though, while in Washington, I had to act as a neutral, yet my whole heart, as all mv Iriend-t and many northern men know, was wi h the South.— 'Tis therefore a queer thing that I hould be in a Southern jail." From the New York Times. No more Passes. The State Department will not issue passes to anybody permitting tb*m to pass from tho loyal into the Confederate States. Since the passage through Louisville was stopped, the demand for passes has been very large. Most of the applicants are women who have been living at the North, upon means furniehed them from the South, and in many cases they assign as a reason for returning South that they can no InngdF be furnished with funds to defray their expenses. There were three such applicants recently. The new rule was, how ever, rigidly enforced. From the. Manchester Cor. N. Y. Tribune. Cotton for England. Within the last week ships laden with cotton have reached Liverpool, having run the blockade. It is positively known that men and money arrived in this country by late steamers to purchase light, quick sailing craft, that can cress the Atlantic, steal into creeks and rivers, get off' again wi'h a few bales of cotton, and all this to convince Bng land and France that the blockade is not effectual, and that it cannot be enforced. THIS RHINOCEROS' FRIEND.—The rhinoceros'best friend, and the rhinoceros hunter's most tiresome enemy, is a little bird, tho Buphaga Alricane, vu - garly known as the rhinoceros bird. It constantly attends on the huge beast, feeding on the ticks that infest its bide, the bird's long claws and elastic tail enabling it to hold fast to whatever p rtion of the animal it fancies. If it rendered the rhinoceros no better service than ridding him of these biting pests, it would deeervo his gratitute; but in addi tion, it does him the favor of warning him of the approach of the hunter. With its ears as busy as its beak, the little sentinel delects danger afar off, and at once shoots up into the air, uttering a sharp and peculiar note, which the rhinoceros is not slow to understand and take advantage of, he doesn't wait to make inquiry, but makes off at once. Gum ming asserts that when the rhinoceros is asleep, and the Buphaga fails to wake him with its voice, it will peck the inside of his ears, and otherwise exert itself to rouse its thick headed Iriend.— Wild Sports of the World , for A uguit. THE UNPUBLISHED WORKS OF ROUSSEAU.—Home hitherto unpublished writings of J. J.Rousseau's are about to be given to the world. It is well known that Rousseau left numerous manuscripts in the bands ot his friend the Protestant clergyman, Moulton, whose name occurs more than one in tho "Confessions." It is from these manuscripts, now in the possession of the grandson of the gentleman just named, that the selection about to be publish ed has been made. It includes a correspondence iff Rousseau with M. Moulton and the Genevese Coin det; a Project of a Constitution for Corsica; Letters on.Virtue and Happiness; a Treatiso on the Sphere; a Fragment on Revelation; a Fragment on Lan- STuagen; two novels; a portrait ot KUUSSPAU, by himself; and a collection of aphorisms—a sufficient ly varied and inviting list ot contents.— European Timer. PRICE TWO CENTS. SIGNS OF THE TIMES. l)ffcn.c for Cincinnati. The Cincinnati Enquirer has Ibe following, by which it will be Been that the Cincionatians begin to think that the war is advancing on them: It will be Been by the report of the proceedings in Council last night, whieh will be found more than usually interesting, that measures for placing the city in a position to resist, invasion were unani mously adopted, and a committee will start to con fer witii the Governor this tn irning. General Mc- Clellan is also to he consulted, and there appears to be an earnestness iu the movement which promises speedy action. From (he Ph 'htdclpltia ledger. f)eteii<:ea for Philadelphia. \Y hilo we may entertain unb >uuded confidence in Ihe gallant m-n and their gifted generals who guard the line of the Potomac, wo must boar in mind that whatever disasters we have experienced thus far have arisen from over-confidence, and that J. rt ts a possibility „t further disasters, against e rcBU tso which j. is simply pruderce to guard nurse ves In the preen, t. toper of Baltimore and Maryland, it is () uite probable that a serions re verse to cur arms on the I'otomsc would transfer the seat of war to this side of Baltimore. The re bels hare shown us their expectations ar.d inten tions by extending their military system, bv act of the Richmond Congress, over not only Maryland but over Delaware—and Delaware's northern boundary is hut a few miles below Chester. In this view ol the matter, Philadelphia becomes a Iron tier city, .;n<l is to be strengthened as such. Yet what has be< n d me to meet a contingency which the chances oT war may ar. any moment bring upon us.' Our Home Guard and Reserve Brigade are but a nucleus of partially trained soldiers, and though our teeming population would be ready to pour forth manfully, they would avail but little in the open fieid. It is only behind defences that our numbers could bo made available, and those de fences should be provided. From the. ,V Y. Tribune. "Vcv, spnper Changes in New York It is understood that too X-.w York II or/ti and 1 ourier and Enquirer, was sold cut a few days ago, machinery, stock, good will, and all, to Mr. John R. Ford, one of the principal stockholders, tor $30,000. Out of this sum, Mr Ford is to pay all the debts incurred by the establishment since the Ist. of Julv last, and the $17,000 mortgage on )he press, held bv Mr. ifoe. As the World paid SIOO - c 000 ( in stock; for the Courier and Enquire) a few T weeks since, .Mr. Ford baa evidently obtained a ™ r s*' n ' 1h expenses of the World are said to be . I.M 0 a week in excels of the receipts, the old 'ONrter advertisements being by the year, and paid l ".r.ir' advance, pn yi. g a iotfl. instead of a source of income to the 11 odd concern. The experiment or publishing a daily religious newspaper, has cost the proprietors $200,000 in cash, and their journal the very s.'pht, reputation for piety which it estab lishcd at the start. he • Jo ""■> Commerce. will probably announce this: morning the rem ernent of Mr. Hallock, his hair of the paper having been purchased by Mr. D. M Stone, trie commercial editor, and Mr. Wm. C. Prime, the "W" correspondent of the Journal The other half is still owned by the heirs of Mr. David Half. Hereafter, the Journal will be independent in politics, patriotic in sentiment, and a first-class medium of the commercial community. Its circu lation through the mails, under the n*w regime, wiil be unimpeded, and many of its old friends and patrons have already returned and promised it their support. From, the Cincinnati Gatcite. I r.st-ratv Grumbliitg. Sine ? our band is in, we will also remark that after the Manasnas disaster every member of the Cabinet should haw held his office on'v till bis suc cessor was appointed His resignation should at once have been placed nt the service of the Presi dent. Ihe diassti r too great, the disgrace too eternal, and the responsibility too direct to be shuffled off with the imbecile consolation that de teat may be better than victory. This would have enabled the President to have formed a Cabinet that would have revived the hopes of the country, and then defeat might have been turned to gooff.—- This would not have placed, the responsibility on those members of the Cabinet, who opposed the fatal policy, f-.r Ho ir reapp intm -s,t bv the Pru dent would have indorsed and viodicat d their pre vious course. From the Syracuse Courier. Reason, High*, ami Vigilance. Any man win deMrcs to perpetuate for bimseif his constitutional rights and privileges must see that it is due, not to Southern traitors and inte rests, but to all true and loyal men, to the rights of the loyal North, to his own freedom and to the liberties of his posterity, to rebuke each and all of these violations of constitutional right, each ami nil of these assumptions of unwarranted aLd arbitrary power. Let men then remeuih ,r that "eternal vigilance is the price of libes, v!" L t them awake from their dreams of neces: 'ty, from their fatal slumber of security and contidenc •. L- them remember that the vxercise of ilkyai, Uuconstitutionai, un warranted power in tyranny—a tyranny which will ever be resisted, not by mobs or illegal ac's, but by the lawlul and oonsHiuti foil action of a free press and a Iree ballot! For as Ion;; rt s u free press and a free ballot remain to a frr • p. - p :. lawless remedies can only be inexcusable and aggravate disorder and anarchy. Are we not now living under a higher law than the C o s'itu:i,m? or are not those rights and privilep f y hich v. t - over :>w-Fed by the American citizen, bi inpr gradually hut deter minedly taken away, and perhaps lost to them for ever? Let every American citizen, without regard to past party difference:;, watch, and judge, and delend! From the Dr'rcit. Free Press. Bmaiitipafion or DciVnt It seems to us too clear for argument, it is like spending time to prove a self-evident propositi*n, that any attempt to make this we.i .-n i. sue between emancipating four millions of slaves in the fib utb, or defeat and recognition of the .Southern Confed eracy, is but another no-do of announcing 'hat we must submit to the latter alternative YV look, therefore, upon a I such papers as the New York Independent, the National Anti-Slavery Standard, the Liberator and their Associates, wherever situa ted, as tar mure dangerous to the Government than any secession paper in existence. They assail the Constitution in a point which it vulnerable, is death; they trample on the Constitution and laws with delight; they laugh to scorn every principle which patriots bold sacred and inviolate. It was this clement which gave the extreme bit terness to the late Presidential cimtist and roused up the passions of men to the noint of madness; it was this element which pointed the finger of hatred to the South and held them upas objects of derision to the world; it was this element wtiich laughed at all our fears and declared that the South would not dare to raise the standard of rebellion; it was this element which treated the war when once commenced with such levity that the world was deceived as to its character and its importance. * * * * % :t weakens us :u Maryland; it paralyzes us in Virginia; it gives strength to our foes in Kentucky and Missouri; and at Washington it is uncessing in itspartizan at attacks, and ostracises men for opin ions'sake, who would lay down their lives in a mo ment to save the country from the perils which now surround us. From the Acre York Herald. The Trcnson of Peace. in the recent suppression from the pressure ef popular violence, public opinion and official in tervention, of various so-called peace meetings and peace preaching newspapers in various places Irom Maine to Maryland, we can understand, to some extent, the overwhelming public sentiment of the loyal States in favor of the vigorous prosecution of this war. With the enemy in sight of our capital, in lore-;, and boasting and insolent, in consequence of our late disaster at Manassas, every loyal man in the country knows full well that this is not the timo for peace organs or peace meetings, but for war organs, war meetings, and the most active preparations for war. Hence the white feather movement in the North, evidently started under a systematic arrangement, and through the medium of supplies of moncv from the Confederate camp, will not he tolerated at this crisis ot life or death to our Government. Secession journals and secession public meetings, in the disguises of democracy, peace and Union, have thus been summarily "squelched" in Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Ohio and elsewhere. The latest examples in this work c-f pulling d, wn the white feather occurred at Middletown, N. New town, L. I , and Woodbury, Conn., in the suppres sion of these spurn us peace meetings, and in the substitution of rousing Union war meetings. J'ub iic opinion was so visibly made manifest in these cases, that we suspect it will be some time before our secession peace-makers attempt again to raise the white feather in New Jersey, Connecticut or on Long Island. from Hi*. London "John Bull.' 1 Tlai- Conflict i America. The great battle at Manassas Junction is likely to be a memorable event in Transatlantic chroni cles, although it rather belongs t" the comic than to the tragic side of history. While, however, it i„ difficult to restrain one's appreciation of the ridiculous at reading the account of the panic stricken and screaming mob which Mr. Russell encountered in the pell meli flight for Washington, we are bound to remark that this was an army of civilians. A? to the results t f the battle, we Can only rejoice that the Norihtt nc-rs, engaged as they seem to us to be, in a war of aggressive conquest, have so signally miscarried HI tha very outset of their invasion. It w ineumtx t on them, before they drew the swo-d against men of their own race and speaking their - wn language (Fucit as it is), to show distinctly that those men were tot en titled by the terms of the Constitution to do a- they had done. So far are th v from being able to do this, that wherever the dncumeD's ct the (' institu tion have spoken at all, tbev tend to show that each State ie still a Sovereign State, and as such entitled to withdraw from the Federation when ever it shall think that the understanding on which that Federation wag founded has not been duly kept in view. But evert had the Cone itution been explicit'y in favor of the Sts.tes which clsim to coerce tiie others, so fratricidal a war would still nt have been justifiable unites the Northern States were prepared to show that they possess the means of retaining their conquest when effected. But they can only hold the South by the creation of a great military caste which, if it were called into existence, would soon bold the North too, after a fashion quite inconsistent with their present insti tutions. The North, however, hare little chat ce of endangering their freedom and easiness by the creation of such a military caste. Certainly they have not as yet gone the right way to do it. It is plain that the tailors and drapers of New York and Boston are no match for the Texan rangers, and the "brown foresters from the banks of the Missis sippi," such as Mr. Dickens encountered on board a steamboat, and whom he remarked to b an ob ject of deference even in those days. Finding mat ters to stand thus, let us hope that President Lin coln and his advisers will make a virtue of necessi ty; that the belligerents will sheath their swords and set tbeir newspapers to abuse each other. \\ a know what American journals can do in that ntld. From the. Y>W Tori: Evening Cost. V Call for the s.,,>iwslo or .mother Jour- A taroe number of French citizens have signed a petition addressed to the United States District Attorney, asking for the suppression of the Cburur ties K'ati /"'its newspaper, on th e grounds that tha iournal repeats daily every possible calumny against the North and instils false ideas respecting the Union. The United States Grand Jury will be in session next week and will undoubtedly have the matter under consideration. From Cor. N. r. Evening Post. Correspondent* Crossing thr Potomac. All the regular correspondents of loyal newspa pers are now granted passes to cross the Potomac, the temporary restrictions having been removed. GONE SOUTH.—The Rev. A. T. Spauldinj;, pastor of the Berean Baptist Church, 24th M ard, Phila delphia, has resigned for the purpose, it is said of go* ing to the South,