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The daily exchange. (Baltimore, Md.) 1858-1861, September 02, 1861, Image 1

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VOL VIII---NO. 1,083.
SSS FOURTH PAGS.
LATEST NEWS
FEDERAL
TELEGRAM?.
Accuracy not Voueheil for.
A FEDERAL VICTORY.
Capture of V^ort4 Clark oml liattcra*. nnd 7.'10
Prisoner*—Fifteen Confederal. H Killed and
Thirty \\ ouude.d.
FORTH ESS M • ►JiiioK, August 31. —The steamer Ade
laide, has returned from the ixp ditior, and brings
news of a brilliant victory at Hatteras Inlet by
General Butler and Commodore S'ringham. The
General returned on board the Adelaide and pro
ceeded at once on board of her to Washington via
Annapolis, to arrange for supplies and reinforce
ments fir further operations in North Carolina.
The expedition reached its destination on Tues
day . Forts Clark ar.d Hatteras w-re bombarded
on Wednesday, and on Friday at 11 A M. the (Ton
federates unconditionally surrendered. We have
seven hundred and thirty p: isoners, among whom
are ComUJ -dore Barron. Colonel Martin of North
Carolina, Mijor R Snowd-n Andrews, (formerly
of Bal-im re,) of the Confederate Array, and other
distinghithed officers.
No one wan if jured on our side. Fifteen of the
Confederates \v re killed and thirty wounded.
We have captured thirty heavy guns and one
tb->usand stand of arms and their equipment*, and
three prizes, one of which is a ctrgo fit cotton loaded
to run the blockade. Also two light boats and a
large amount of provisions a* d c ffee, two forts,
and a large number of valuable books and pipers,
showing the designs of the Confederates
It is regarded as a most important in d successful
movement and is the occasion of great rei icing at
Old Point.
ANNAPOLIS, Sept. I.—Gn. Butler has left fifteen
wounded Confederate prisoners at Annapolis in
charge of Col. Morse, commandant at that station.
They hrve been placed in the hospital at the Navil
Academy where they are beirg well cared for.
The following are the articles of capitulation
agreed upon between Commodore Slringham and
Gen. Butler, on the Federal side, an<' Commodore
Barron, Colonel Martin, acd M jir Andrews, for
the Confederates. It will be particularly observed
that "the officers and men are to receive the treat
ment due to prisoners of war."
It is stipulated and agreed between the con
tracting parties that the forces under command of
said Barron, Martin and Andrei*?, and all muni
tions of war, arms, men and property under the
command of said Barron, Martin and Andrews, be
unconditionally snriendered to the Government of
the United States, in terms of full capitulation.
And it is stipulated and agreed by the contracting
parties, on the part or the said United States Gov
ernment, that 'he officer* and men fthad receive, the
treatment due to jtrisoncra of war.
In witness whereof, tve, the said Stringhatn and
Butler, (in behalf of the United .States, and the
said B irron, Martin and Andrews, representing
the forces,at Hatteras Inlet, hereunto interchange
ably set our hands, this twenty-ninth day of I
August, A. D. 1861, and of the independei ce of
the United States the eighty-ti th year.
[Signed.] S H STRINGHAM,
Flag-Officer Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
81-ttj. F. BUTLKK,
Major-General United States Arm?, Commanding.
S BARRON,
Flag-ollicer Confederate States Navy, C i mmanding
Naval Forces Virginia and North Carolina.
WM. F. MARTIN,
Colonel Seventh Regiment Infantry, North Caro
lina Volunteers.
W L. G. ANDREWS,
Major Commanding Forts Hatteras and Clark.
UNITED STATES CHARTERED STEAMER ADELAIDE, ]
August 31, 1861. J
To Hon. Gideon IFe'fca, Secretary of the Savy :
Sir —l have to report that the expedition to Cape
Hatteras Inlet has resulted in a signal victory over
the Rebels. The capture of two forts, 25 cannon,
1,000 stand of arms, 715 prisoners, amongst whom
are Cap'ain Samuel Barron, Lieutenant Sharps,
and l)r. Wyatt M. Brown, all late of the United
States Navy, and Major Andrews and other officers
late of the United States Array.
The amount of loss on their side is not exactly j
known. Five are ascertained to have been buried, j
and eleven wounded are on bard thss vessel. Many j
were carried away. Lieut. Murdougb, late oi the j
United States Navy, is among the number, with the !
loss of an arm. We met with no casualty of any I
cons-quence whatever. The surrender was uncoti- '
ditional. For ail particulars 1 beg to refer to the i
reports of Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham and
Major (Lneral Benjamin F. Butler.
Although the Adelaide and George Peabody
were chartered for other especial service, yet to j
further important operations 1 consented to take
the troops on board from Newport New? and Fort
ress Monroe—nine hundred men, with arms, provi- I
sions and munitions of war—and landed part of j
them, about three hundred, amidst a heavv surf, !
until the boat? filled and became unmanageable.— j
The men-of war hauled in and commenced a heavy J
cannonade at a quarter past 10, A. M., on the2Bth, j
and kept it uo at intervals all day and re-eomuien- j
cing on the 29th, at quarter past 8, with increased |
effect. The enemy's reinforcements endeavoring j
to land—a thousand or fifteen hundred men—they :
were driven back, and at 11.30 they displayed a i
tiag • 1 truce and were forced to surrender at dis- i
cretion.
Ou the appearance of the white flag I steamed j
into the inlet and laid behind the fort, ready to I
throw the remaining troops ashore, either in case ;
of a commencement or Cessation of hostilities The
George Peabody, Lieutenant Lowry, did the same.
At th? surrender we officiated in the ceremonies, 1
after which the prisoners were brought to this ves
sel, and next day, the 30th instant, placed them on
board the Minnesota, which vessel sailed at 2 30 j
P. M. for New York, and we left for Annap- j
uli?, with Major-Ueneral Butler, United States
Armv, and the wounded prisoners I hope my en- !
deavors in the case may meet your full approba- '•
tion, and beg to recommend to your consideration 1
the conduct of Lieutenant-Commanding It B.
Jo wry, associated with me in this work, and placed
in charge of the Geotgu Peabody; of Dr. William ;
M KiDg, United States Navy, who volunteered for 1
the expedition. I have also riceived valuable as
sistance from my coips of pilots, and from Dr. U. i
Stillwagen and James Forsyth, who acted in the
place of junior officers.
1 am, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
[Signed] H. C. STILLWAGEN, Commander. I
UNITED STATES CHARTERED STEAMER ADELAIDE,)
August 31, 1861. J
SIR : —ln obedience to your order I have the !
honor herewith to furnisb'you a complete list of j
the wounded prisoners taken at the surrender of
Fort Hatteras.
The whole number is thirteen, and eleven of these j
were transferred to this steamer by the order of j
Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham. The two remain- i
ing men w ere found to be too seriously injured to j
permit of their being moved, and were consequent- j
iy left in the Fort in charge of a medical officer.
From tiie information which I have received ;
from a creditable source, I have formed the opinion j
that many jut the wounded, and perhaps all the i
killed, were rent on board the Confederate steamers j
in the Sound, prior to the capitulation. Only two I
killed were found, ami these were discovered in the '
out-houses of Fort Clark the day of the evacuation
of that work.
I understand from Surgeon Wyatt and Mr.
Brown, furuierlv of the United States Navy, and
at prei-ent holding a commission in the army of the
Confederate States, and in charge of the medical
department of Forts Hatteras and Clark, that ex-
Lieutenant Murdnugb, of the United States Navy,
was very badl t injured, a fragment of shell striking
his forearm and making a compound fracture of
both bones
This gentleman escaped from Hatteras, prior to
the surrender, in the privateer Winslow.
Willoughhy Davis, age 22, native of North Caro
lina—Jonesboro' Guards—wound iu instep, not se
rious.
William K. Clark, age 17, of North Carolina —
Tar Ran Hoys—wound in thigh.
James A Coony, age 23, native of North Caro
lina—Tar Run B >js—wound in shoulder; quite se
rious—doing well.
W G. Andrews, of the Hamilton Guards—lace
rated wound in left ankle—sprious.
Matthias Tannager, age 23, of the North Caro
lina Defenders—wound in breast—doing well.
Logan Mills, age 18, native of North Carolina.—
Lenoir Braves—slight flesh wound of leg.
Wi'son J Forbes, age 27. native of North Caro
lina—J .neshorough Guaids—lacerated wound.
Hnrv Hines, a native of North Carolina,
age 25 Lenoir Braves—seriously lacerated wound
in left side.
Ashley Reels, age 25, a native of North Caroli
na— Hamilton Guards, —lacerated wound left side.
John Mills age 18, native of North Carolina—Tar
Run Boys—wound in arm produced by a fragment
of shell.
?.lr. Gillett Rogerson, native of North Carolina
—Roanoke Guards—contusion of right loot, consid
erable swelling but no fracture.
Francis Mooring, age 51, a native of North Car
olina—Lenoir Braves —right half of forehead
with a portion of anterior lobe of brain carried
away bv a piece of shell. Wound mortal.
John Mooring, aged 18, a nativo of North Caro
lina—Tar River bors—compound and comminuted
fracture of the left arm, and compound fracture of
the lett tbigh. Weuud mortal.
The above named men were placed under my
care alter the surrender of Fort Hatteras on the
afternoon of the 29ih inst. The injuries were caus
ed by fragments of shells during the bombardment
of the Fort, which not only lacerated, but in many,
jf not all the cases, burned the soft parts.
I am very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed,) WM. M KING,
Assistant Surgeon.
To Commander H. S. Stillwagen, United States
Navy, commanding steamer Adelaide, on special
service.
General Butler, accompanied by Commander
Stillwagen and others connected with the military
and naval forces, arrived here early this morning
in a special train from Annapolis.
The news of the brilliant exploit nn the North
Carolina coaßt, soon spread through the city, and
occasioned undoubted joy among all loyal people.
The Government, of course, was promptly in
formed of the gladsome news. The returned
officers, in company with several members of the
Cabinet, visited the President between ten and
eleven o'clock.
The result of the expedition, is claimed to be tbe
possession of tbe entire North Carolina coast.
Another Account of the Expedition | 0 '
terns Inlet.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 1 —The Navy Department,
by able and experienced officers, has carefully stud
ied the whole fine of our coast, with a view to ma
king tbe best use of such force as it could secure.
The expedition to Hatteras Inlet was planned be
fore the meeting of Congre-s, and when that body
placed the necessary funds at the disposal of the
Department, active preparations were made.
As the co operation of the War Department was
necessary, other preliminaries requiring time were
indispensable, so that it was not until Monday tbe
26tb ult , that the expedition sailed. The success
is perfect and every anticipation of the Department
is realized.
Among the papers captured was a press copy of
a letter from the late American Consul at Rio,
Robert G. Scott, giving a list of all the vessels
leaving or to leave that port during a month, with
a full description of tbeir cargoes and destination.
By this information tbe rebel privateers knew just
wben and where to look for tbe yeuals and lix
named in tbe list were captured.
Tbe report of the Engineer in Chief of the Con
federates WM alio among tbe paperi found. It
states that, all the good guns at Norfolk are expen- |
dd. Also the whole amount of fua-s. Some
hand-made percussion caps were found and it was
ascertained that the copper had been stripped from
one of their prizes—the bark Linwood—to furnish
mate? ial for the manufacture of these caps. They
were of tolerable good quality.
Among the guns captured, wa? one large ten
inch Columbiad from the Tredegar works, Rich
mond, which had not been mounted.
Our vessels took three prizes—one brig, the Hen
ry C. Rodgers, of New York, and two light boats
belonging to the United States, hut in the employ
ment of the Confederates, with miscellaneous car
goes.
A gentl- man connected with the expedition re
ports that, the Frderal forces wer • landed and
drawn up in ine on the beach, whwn it was found
that I here were 31ft men under Col. Max Webber,
of the New York 20th regiment. At this time the
wind raised a litt'e, and it Was found impossible to
land more troops. Rickets were immediately
posted, under command of Lieut. Loder of the
regulars.
A scouting party tinder Lieutenant Colonel W eiss
and Lieutenant Creigel, proceeded up the beach,
capturing one brass field piece and a horse. The
force then advanced to Fort Clark, which had been
evacuated, but they were compelled to retire again,
owing to the shells fired from the fieQt falling there
in, and they marched back to the place of landing,
where they bivouacked for the night.
Early next morning they again returned and the
fleet commenced bombarding the second fort called
fort Hatteras, which soon alter displayed the white
flag, and the fort was entered bv Captain Nixon,
of the Uuion Coast Guard, Lieut. Criegel, of Gen.
butler's staff, and Hergeant Daivoge. They were
conducted to the tent of Commodore Barren, the
commander of the Confederate forces.
Alter some preparatory*and common-placa re
marks, the Commodore placed iu the hands of
Lieut. Criegel the following proposition, which he
immediately carried to General Butler.
memorandum.
Hag Officer Samuel Barron, C. S. Navy, offers
to surrender Fort Hatteras with all the arms and
ammunitions of war. The officers to be allowed to
go out with side arms, and the men without arms,
to retire. (Signed) S. BARRON,
Commanding Naval Defences of
Virginia and North Carolina.
FORT HATTERAS, August 29,1801.
General ISutbr's Reply.
The following reply of General Butler wa? des
patched by Captain Crosby, U. S. N., and Lieut.
Creigel:
Memorandum. —Benjamin F. Butler, MBj or Gen
eral Commanding United States army, in reply to
the communication of Samuel Barron, command
ing forces at Fort Hatteras, cannot admit the terms
pn.posed. The terms offered are these:
Full capitulation the officer* and men to he treat
ed a* prisoners of irar —no other terms admissabla.
Commanding officers to meet on board liag-fahip
Minnesota to arrange details.
On the reception of this the Commodore called a
Council of War of his Field Officers and accepted
the terms offered. When they proceeded to the
flag ship to arrange the details.
The prisoners were then put on board the flag
ship Minnesota and the fort taken possession of.
The stars and stripes were hoisted from the fort by
Capt. Ously, of the U. S. N., and Lieut. Criegel.
amid the cheers of the troops and the booming of
the cannon lately in the possession of the enemy,
llrport of Major-General Hutler to Major.
General Wool.
The following is the report made by General
Butler :
U. S. FLAG SHIP MINNESOTA,)
August 30tb, 1861. j
GENERAL : —Agreeable to your orders 1 embarked
on the transport steamers Adelaide and George
Peabody. 500 of the 20th Regiment New York vol
unteers, Col. Weber commanding; 220 of the 9th
Regiment New York v lunteers, Col. Hawkins
Commanding; 100 of the Union Coast Guard Capt.
Nixon, commanding; 60 of the 2d [J. S. Artillery,
Lieut. Lamed commanding, as a force to operate in
conjunction with the fleet under command of Flag
Officer Stringham against the rebel force at Hat
teras Inlet.
He left Fortress Monroe on Monday the 25th inst,
at 1 o'clock, P. M. The last ship of our fleet ar
rived off Hatltras Inlet about 4 o'clock on Tuesday
afternoon. Such preparations as wore possible for
the landing were made in the evening and at day
light next morning, dispositions were made for an
attack on the forts by the fleet and for the .lfwding
of the troops. Owing to the previous prevalence
of Southwest gales a heavy surf was breaking on
the beach.
Every effort was made to land the troops, and
after about 315 were landed, including marines
from the fleet and the regulars, birth of the gun
boats on which we depended, were swamped in the
surf, and both the flat-boats stove; and a brave at
tempt being made by Lieutenant Crosby, United
Htate3 Army, serving with the Army as Post Cap
tain, at Fortress Monroe, who had volunteered to
come down with the steam tug Fanny, belonging
to the Army, to land in a boat front the war steamer
Pawnee, resulted on the beaching of the boat so
that she could not be got off.
It was impracticable to land more troops because
of the rising wind and sea. Fortunatelv a twelve
pound rifled boat-gun, loaned us by the Flag Ship,
and a twelve-pound howitzer, were landed, the last
Elightly damaged.
Cur landing was completely covered hy the
shells of the Monticello and the Harriet Lane.
1 was on board the Harriet Lane directing the
disembarkation of the troops by means of signal,
and was about landing with them at the time the
boats were stove. We were induced to desist from
further attempts at landing troops, by the rising
of the wind, and because, in the meantime, the
fleet had opened fire on th? nearest fort, which
was finally silenced and its flag Etruck. No tiring
had been opened upon our troops from the other
fort, and its flag was also struck.
Supposing this to be a signal of surrender, Col.
Webber advanced his troops already landed upon
the beach. The Harriet Lane, Captain Faunce, by
my direction, tried to cross the bar, to get, into
the smooth water of the inlet, when a tire was
opened upon the Monticello, which had proceeded
in aflvance of us, from the other fort. Several
shots struck her, but without causing anv injury,
as lam informed. So well convinced were both
the officers of the Navy and of the Army, that tho
forts had surrendered at this time, that the frigate
Susquehanna had towed the frigate Cumberland to
an oiling. The fire was then reopened, as there
was no signal from either, upon both forts.
In the meantime a few men from the Coast Guard
had advanced up the beach, with Lieut. Criegcl,
(who was acting as volunteer aid, and whose gal
lantry and services I wish to commend,) and took
possession of the smaller fort, which was found to
have been abandoned by the enemy, and raised the
American flag thereoD.
It had become necessary, owing to the threaten
ing appearance of the weather, that all the ships
should make an offing, which was done with re
luctance, trom necessity, thus leaving the troops
on the shore, part of tbein in possession of the
small forts, about 700 yards from the larger one,
and the rest bivouacked on the beach, near the
place of landing, about two miles north of the
forts.
Early the next morning, the Harriet Lane ran in
shore lor the purpose of covering any attack upon
the troops. At the same time, a large steamer was
observed coming down the Sound, inside the land,
with reinforcements tor the enemy, but she was
prevented from landing them by Capt. Johnson, of
the Coast Guard, who had placed the two guns
from the ship and the six-pounder taken from the
enemy, in a small saod battery, and opened fire
upon the Confederate steamer.
At 8 o'clock the fleet opened fire again, the flag
ship being anchored as near as the water permit
ted, and the other ships coming gallantly into ac
tion. It was evident after a few experiments that
one shot fell short. An increased length of fnse
was telegraphed, and firing was commenced with
shells of 15 seconds fuse.
I had sent Wm. Fisk, acting Aid-de-Camp, for the
purpose of gaining intelligence of the movements
of the troops and of the enemy. 1 then went with
the Fanny for the purpose of effecting a landing of
the remainder of the troops, when a white flag was
run up from the fort. I then went in the Fanny over
the bar into the inlet. At the same time the troops
under Col. Weber marched up the beach and a sig-
Dal was made from the flag ship to cease firing.
As the steamer Fanny rounded in over the bar
the rebel steamer Winslow went up the channel,
having a large number of sec-ssion troops on board
which she had not landed. He threw a shot from
the Fanny but she proved to be out of range.
1 then sent Lieut Ciosoy on shore to demand the
meaning of the white flag. The boat soon return
ed, bringing Lieut. Criegel, with the following
written communication from Samuel Barrop, late
captain in the United States Navy.
[Here follows the memorandum from Captain
Barron, as given above.]
Mr. Criegel also brought a verbal communica
tion from Com. Barron, stating that he had in the
fort 615 men, and a thousand nioie within an hour's
call, but that lie was anxious to spare the effusion
of blood. To both tbejvritten and verbal commu
nications I made the reply which follows and sent
it by Lieut. Crosby. [Here follows the memoran
dum of General Butler in reply, alßo given above ]
After waiting three-quarters of an hour Lieut.
Crosby returned bringing-with him Com. Barren
Major Andrews and Col. Martin of tbo rebel forces.
Upon being received on board the tug Fanny they
informed me that they had accepted the terms pro
posed in my memorandum and had come to sur
render themselves and their command as prisoners
of war.
I informed them that as the expedition was a
combined one of the Army and Navy, the surrender
must be made on board the flag ship to Flag Officer
Stringham as well as myself. We then went on
board the Minnesota for that purpose.
On arriving there, the following articles of ca
pitulation were aigned, which I hope will meet
your approval.
[Here lollows the terms of capitulation, which
will be found above.]
I then landtd and took a formal surrender of
the forts, with all the men and munitions of war,
inspected the troops to see that the arms had beeu
properly surrendered, marched them out and em
barked tbein on board the Adelaide, and marched
my own troops into the fort and raised our flag
upon it, amid the cheers of our men and a salute
of thirteen guns, which had been shotted by the
enemy.
The embarkation of the wounded, which was
conducted with great care and tenderness from a
temporary wharf erected for the purpose, took so
long that night came on so dark that it was impos
sible for the pilots to take the Adelaide over the
bar, thereby causing delay. I may mention in this
connection, that the Adelaide, in carrying in the
troops, at tfje moment my terms of "capitulation
were undtr consideration by the enemy, had
grounded upon the bar, but by active and judi
cious exertions of Commander Stillwagen, after
some delay, was got off.
At the same time the Harriet Lane in attempting
to cross the bar had grounded and remained fast.
This to me was a moment of the greatest anxiety.
By these accounts a valuable ship-of-war and a
transport steamer, with a large portion of my
troops were within tbe power of the enemy.
I bad demanded the strongest terms, which he
was considering. He might refuse, and seeing our
disadvantage, renew the action; hut I determined
to abate not a tittle of what I believed to be duo to
the dignity of tbe Government—not even to give
an official title to the officer in command of the
rebels. Besides, my tug was in the Inlet, and at
least I could carry on the engagement with my two
rifled six pounders, well supported with Sawyer's
shells.
Upon taking possession of Fort Hatteras I found
it mounted ten guns with four yet unmounted, and
one large 10 inch Columbiad all ready for mount
iog.
I append the official muster roll of Col. Martin
furnished by bim, of the officers and men captured
by us.
lhe position of the fort is an exceedingly strong
one, nearly surrounded on all sides by water, and
only to be approached by a march of five hundred
yards circulating over a long neck of land within
balr musket range, and over a causeway a few feet
only in width, and which was commanded by two
32 poundr-rs loaded with grape and canister which .
we expended in our salute.
it had a bomb-proof, capable of sheltering three
or four hundred men. The parapet is nearly of
octagon form, enclosing about two-thirds of an
acre of ground well covered with sufficient traverses
and ramparts, and parapets upon which our shells
had made but li'tie impression. Th * larger work
nearer this lulet, was known as Foit Jlattera-.
Fort Ciark, which was about 700 yards northerly, j
is a square redout numbering live guns and two six- j
pounders.
The enemy had spiked these guns, but in a very j
imperfect manner. Upon abandoning the fori the :
day before, I had all the troops on shore at the
time of the surrender of the forts, but re-embark- j
ed the regulars and the marines. Finding it im- 1
possible, without a delay of the fleet, which could
not be justified under the state of facts at Fortress
Monroe, and owing to the threatening appearance
of the weather, I disembarked the provisions, rail
ing, with the provisions captured, about live days' ;
rations for the use of the troops.
On consultation with ling officer Rtringham and
Commander Stiilwagen, I determined to leave the j
troops and hold the fort because of the strength of j
the fortifications, its importance, and because if
again in possession of the enemy with a sufficient
armament, the very great difficulty of its capture,
until I could get sorae further instructions from
the Government.
Commodore Htringham directed the steamers
Monticello and Pawnee to remain inside, and these,
with the men in the forts, are sufficient to hold the
position against any force which is liknlv, or in
deed possible, to be sent against it. The import
ance of the point cannot be overrated. When the
channel is marked out any vessel may carry fifteen
feet of water over it with ease. Once inside, there
is a safe harbor and anchorage in all weathers.
Fr in here the whole coast of Virginia and North
Carolina from Norfolk to Cape Look Out, is within
our reach by light draught vessels which cannot
possibly live at sea during the winter months.—
From it offensive operations ma} be made upon the
whole coast of North Carolina to Bogus Inlet ex
tending many miles in to Washington and Beau
fort.
In the language of the Chief Engineer of the re
bels, Col. Thompson, in an official report, "It is
the k'y of the Albemarle." In my judgment it ia
a station second in importance only to Fortress
Monroe on the coast. As a depot for coasting and
supplies for the blockading squadron it is invalua
ble. As a .harbor tor our coasting trade or an
inlet from the winter storm, or from pirates, it is
of the utmost importance. By holding it, Hatteras
light may again send forth its cheering ray to the
storm bea*en mariner of which the worse than van
dalism of the rebels deprived him. It has but one
draw back, a want of good water, but that a con
denser, like the one in operation at Fortress Mon
roe, at a cost of a few hundred dollars, will relievo.
I append to this report a tabular statement of the
prizes which have been taken into the Inlet within
a few days, compiled with official documents cap
tured with the Fort.
I add hereto an official report of the Chief En
gineer of the coast defences of Ihe rebels. Please
find also appended a statement of the arms and mu
nitions of war captured with the Fort, as nearly as
thev can he ascertained.
While all have done well, 1 desire to speak in
terms of especial commendation of the steadiness
and cool courage of Col, Max Weber who rye were
obliged to leave in command of a detachment of
300 men on a strange coast, without camp
equipage or potsihiii'y of aid in face of
an enemy six hundred strong, on a dark and
stortnv night; of Lieutenant Weiss who con
ducted a reconnoisancs of twenty men; of the
daring and prompt efficiency of Capt. Nixon, of the
Coast Guard, who, with his men, occupied Fort
Ciark during the first night, although dismantled
and in the face of an enemy of unknown numbers.
I desire to commend to your notic ■ Captain Jus
tin, of the New York ninth, who was left in com
mand of a detachment of his regiment when the
unfortunate accident to the Harriet Lane prevent
ed Colonel Hawkins from landing.
Permit me to speak also of the efficiency of the
regulars, under Lieut. Lamed, who worked zeal
ously in aiding to land their comrades of the vol
unteers, overwhelmed amid the rolling surf.
1 desire especially to malte acknowledgements to
Messers. Creigel and Dunvage volunteer aids who
planted the American flag upon Fort Clark on the
second morning to indicate to the fleet its surren
der and to prevent the further wasting of shells
upon it, a service of great danger from the fire of
their own friends.
I make honorable mention of young Fiske, who,
risking his life among the breakers, being thrown
on shore to carry my orders to the troops landed,
and to apprize them of the movement and inten
tions of the fleet. Also, my thanks for the valuable
aid of Capt. Haggerty, who was employed in visit
ing the prizes in the harbor, while we were agree
ing upon trie terms of capitulation.
Of theservice-s to the country of thegentlemen of
| the Navy proper 1 may not speak, for one ought
! not to speak when lie has no right to censure, and
they will be appropriately mentioned iu the re
| port of Com. Stringham.
(Signed,) B. F. BUTLER.
[ANOTHER DE.sr.tTCH —SPECIAL.]
IMPORT .NT WAR NEWS FROM COAST
OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Tite Federal Fleet Attacking Two Sand Bat
teries—Tlieir Capturing Six Hundred Pri
soners, &c.
The steamer Louisiana, Capt. Cannon, from Old
Point, arrived Sunday, A. M., and brings the fol,
I lowing important advices from the Federal flpet,
| which sailed from Old Point on Monday last. The
j steamer Adelaide had returned from the fleet and
proceeded to Annapolis on Saturday, having on
board Major General Butler and fourteen wounded
! Confederate prisoners, bound to Washington. Wo
| understand that the eutire fleet, consisting of five
war vessels, surrounded and eDgaged two sand bat
teries on the beach, at the mouth of Hatteras Inlet,
and after considerable firing on both sides, a shell
from the frigate Minnesota, caused the explosion of
the Confederates' magazine, when the entire body,
said to number six hundred, were forced to surren
der, from loss of ammunition and no means of re
treat. Included among those taken prisoners, was
Com. Barron. They were all sent to New York.
Tbo Federal loss is not reported, but the steamer
Harriet Lane either grounded or sunk, and will, it
is supposed, prove a total loss. Her guns were
thrown overboard, but still slio would not float.
The fleet remained off natteras, and the Adelaide
will immediately return with water for the squad
ron. The total number of men engaged in this ex
pedition is said to be about 4,500. The sand bat
teries captured are in a perfectly barren shore, up
wards of eighty miles lrom the nearest habitable
part of North Carolina.
[From several gentlemen who came up in the
Louisiana, wo learn that the Confederates bail but
two or three guns. The statement that thirty guns
were taken, is exaggerated. It should be observed
that while the Federal despatch claims 730 prison
ers, the official report of Commodore Stringham
makes the number 615. Mr. Snowden Anc.rews, of
Maryland, was not there. He is in command of a
company of light artillery, and when last heard
frem was at Richmond. Instead of "forts" we
have sand batteries; and while there is "nobody
hurt" on the Federal side, we gather from the
Government despatches that the bombardment was
kept up the greater part of two days, when the
magazine of the Confederates exploded. For once
we have a pretty clear statement of numbers—
-4,500 on the Federal side, without the fleet, aDd
about 700 on the otner. The Harriet Lane is lost,
her guns being first thrown overboard.]
Still Another Account.
We have received a despatch from Louisville,
purporting to come from Richmond, byway of the
Nashville Union office, which gives the number of
Confederates in the batteries at 300, and the Federa'
guns at 100.
By Washington Mail Train.
From Washington, by the Washington train, last
evening, information is received of an attack upon
Arlington Heights yesterday morning, by the Con
federates, which resulted in their being repulsed.
The number engaged was not stated, nor were any
particulars given as to the loss on either side. It
is not known whether it was a serious attempt to
carry the Heights, or whether it was merely a feint
to draw the Federal troops out of their entrench
ments.
An Appeal f om the Secretary of the
Treasury.
WASHINGTON, September I. Secretary Chase has
just issued the following patriotic appeal to the
citizens of the United States, in behalf of the Na
tional Loan :
Your National Government, compelled by a
guil v conspiracy, culminating in causeless insur
rection, is engaged in war for the security of Lib
erty, for the Supremacy of Law, for the defence of
Union, and for tho maintenance of Popular Institu
tions. For means to defray the necessary expenses
of this war, your Congress has directed that an Ap
peal be made to vou, by opening a subscription to a
National Loan of One Hundred and Fifty Millions
of Dollars.
Already tho enlightened and patriotic capitalists
of the great cities of New York, Boston and Phila
delphia have manifested their clear sense both of
duty and interest, by the subscription of fifty mil
lions of dollars.
The Act ot Congress under which this subscrip
tion was received wisely provides, however, that
the advantages as well as tire pntriotic satisfaction
of participation in this loan shall be offered, not to
the capitalists of the great cities only, but to tbe
people of the whole country.
In order to secure a substantial reward for their j
public spirit to those whose patriotism prompts |
them, in tbis honr of trial, to place their means at |
the disposal of the Government, Congress has di
rected that an interest of seven and three-tenths
per centum be paid on the several amounts sub
scrib d; an interest not liable to State taxation, ;
but constituting for tho subscribers a revenuo, not ;
only certain in receipt, but greater in amount than j
can be expected from anv ordinary investment.
And, in order to afford to all citizens equal op
portunities of participation in these advantages,
Congress has further directad that subscriptions be
received for sums as small as fifty dollars, as well
as for larger amounts; ard that,'should the sub
scriptions exceed the whole sum desired, the smal
ler be preferred in the distribution.
Each subscriber, on payment of his subscription,
will be entitled to receive Treasury notes of equal
amount iu such denominations aR be may prefer,
whether of fifty, one bundrtd, five hundred, one
thousand, or five thousand dollars.
The interest, at 7 3-10 per annum will be, on the
notes of liftv dollars, one cent; on one hundred dol
lars, two cents; on five hundred dollars, ten cents;
on one thousand dollars, twenty cent-; and on five
thousand dollars, one dollar each day.
All Treasury notes issued will bear date on the
19th of August, 1861, and will carry interest from
that date. Each note will have coupons attached,
expressing the several amounts of semi-annual in
terest, which coupons may he detached from the
note and presented tor payment separately.
Each subscriber may pay the whole amount sub
scribed at the time of subscription, or, if he prefers
to do so, may pay one-tenth at that time and one
third every twentieth day thereafter. At each
payment the accrued interest on the amount from
the 19th of August to the day of payment must,
also be paid, and the amounts of interest thus paid
will be reimbursed in the payment ol tho first cou
pon.
In order to secure beyond peradventure the
punctual payment of interest and the gradnal re
duction of the principal, Congress has provided by
law for an annual revenue amply sufficient not only
for these purposes, but for the prompt payment of
all demands on account of ordinary expenditures.
BALTIMORE. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1861.
It will h" seen at a glano, that no:. onlr ia the
while property of the country pledg.il for the inte
rest and fioai reimbursement of this loan, but that
an adequate specific proportion of the annual pro
duction is art apart, by taxation, lor the redemp
tion of this pledge. Prompt payment, beyond con
tingency, ia thus ensured.
Nor can this taxation be thought great, when
comoa-ed with the magnitude of the objects of the
contest, or with the amount of property and pro
duction.
The objects are Union, popular government, per
manent peace, security at home, respect abroad;
all imperiled by unprovoked rebellion. The intel
ligence of the people comprehends at once their
magnitude. They rise above party. They belong
to no Administration f'hey concern the whole
country, during all time, under every administra
tion, and in every relation, foreign or domestic.
And the moans for the attainment of these great
objects can be readily supplied from the property
and production of the country. The real and per
sonal values in the United States reach the vast
aggregate of sixteen thousand millions of dollars;
and in the States noiv loyal to the Union this ag
gregate is eleven thousand millions.
The yearly surplus earnings of the loyal people
are estimated, bv intelligent persons conversant
with such investigations, at more than four bun
dred millions of dollars; while the well-considered
judgments of military men of the highest rank and
repute, warrant a confident expectation that the
war, prosecuted with energy, courage and skill,
may be brought to a termination belore the close
of the next spring; in which event the enst, bevn d
the revenue, will hardly exceed the amount of the
two hundred and fifty millions loan authorized by
Congress. With due economv in all branches of
the public service, the total expenditures for all ob
jects, military, naval and civil, in this year of war,
need not exceed the ordinary expenditures oi
Great Britain or France in years of peace.
And is it unreasonable to hope that the auspicious
result of peace may be hastened by the reflections
of the citizens of the States in insurreclion ? That
Ihev will review their action; weigh tbeirown wel
fare; consider the disposition of the people of the
whole country to recognise all their constitutional
rights and to aliow them their full share in the
benefits of" the common Government, and renew
their allegiance to the Union, which, in an evil
hour, they have been tempted to throw off? Will
they not reflect that the war into which the Gov
ernment of the Union has been constrained, is not
a war for their subjugation, hut a war for National
existence, and that an auspicious result to the Unisn
will benefit as largely the States in insurrection as
the States which have remained loyal?
However this may be, the dutv of the National
Government, as the constitutionally constituted
agent of the people, admits of no question. The
war, made necessary bv insurrection, and re-lne
tantly accepted by the Government, must be pros
ecuted with all possible vigor until the restoration
of the just authority of the Union shall insure per
manent peace.
The same good Providence which conducted our
fathers through the difficulties and dangers which
beset the formation of the Union, ha 3 graciously
strengthened our hands for the work of its preser
vation.
The crops of the year are ample. Granaries and
barns arc everywhere full. The capitalists of the
country come cheerfully forward to sustain the
credit of the Government. Already, also, even in
advance of this appeal, men of all occupations seek
to share the honors and the advantages of the loan.
Never, except because of the temporary depression
caused by the rebellion and the derangement of
business occasioned by it, were the people of the
Unit d .States in a better condition to sustain a
great contest than now.
Under these favoring circumstances and for these
grand objects, I shall, in pursuance of the act of
Congress cause books of subscription to be opened
as speedily as practicable in the several cities end
principal towns of the United States, in order that
all citizens who desire to subscribe to the lean may
hare ihe opportunity of doing so. Meanwhile
those who prefer that course may remit any sum
which they may wish to invest in the loan to the
Treasurer of the United States at Washington, or
to either of the Assistant 'Treasurers at Boston,
New York, Philadelphia or St. Louis, or to the De
pository at Cincinnati, whose certificates will enti
tle ihe holders to Treasury notes on the terms al
ready stated The patriotism of the people, it is
not to ba doubted, will promptly respond to the
liberal wisdom of their representatives.
S. P. CHASE,
..Secretary of the Treasury.
FROM MISSOURI.
Proclamation of Ornernl Fremont—Martini
I.niv Proclaimed ttirougliont tire Stale of
Missouri—lltgoreus Measures Adopted.
Sr. Louts, August 31 —'i he following proclama
tion was issued this morning by General Fremont:
HEADQUARTERS WESTERN DEPARTMENT,")
Sr. Lours, August 30. j
Circumstances, in my judgment, of sufficient ur
gency, render it necessary tlia' the Commanding
JJeneral of this Department should assume the ad
ministrative powers of the State. Its disorganized
condition—the helplessness of the civil authority—
the total insecurity of life, and the devastation of
property by bands of murderers and marauders,
who infest nearly every county in the State, and
avail themselves of the public miefottunes and the
security of a hostile force to gratify private and
neighborhood vengeance, and who /fnrf on enemy
whenever they find plunder, finally demand the se
verest measures to repre3 the daily increasing
crimes and outrages which are driving off tire in
habitants and ruining the State. In this condition
the public safety and the success of our arms re- ]
quire unity of purpose without let or hindrance to ]
the prompt administration of affairs.
In order, therefore, to suppress diso'dors and j
maintain as far n* is now practicable the puolic :
peace, and to give security and protection to the
persons and property ofloyal citizens, I do horrby
extend and declare established martial, lam
throughout the State of Missouri.
The lines of tho army of occupation in this State
are for the present declared to extend from Leaven
worth, byway of the posts of Jefferson city, Ilolla
and Ironton to Cape Girardeau on the Mississippi
river. All persons who shall be taken with arms in
their hands within these lines shall be tried by
court-martial and if found guilty will be shot.
The property, real and personal, of all persons
in the Scale of Missouri, who shall take up arms
against the United .States, or who shall be directly
proven to have taken active part with their ene
mies in the field, is declared to be confiscated to the
public use, and their staves, it they have any, are
hereby declared freemen.
ST. Lours, August 31.—Tbe Provost Marshal lias
issued peremptory orders forbidding any person
passing beyond the limits of the county, without a
special permit. Railroad, steamboat, lerrv and
other agents, are prohibited from tolling tickets to
any one not holding a pass from the Marshal. This
order is aimed especially to reach parties leaving
the city for tbe purpose of communicating informa
tion to the enemy.
,$100,01)0 Seized by the Secessionists.
FAYETTE, August 29.—Apprehensions being felt
that ilie branch of the State Bank at this place
would be robbed, the cashier yesterday sent the
specie, amounting t.o about SIOO,OOO. to the Allen
depot, on the Northern Missouri Railroad, for
transportation to St. Louis.
On reaching Allen depot, the money was sei/.sd
bv a party of secessionists, beaded by Capt. Poiu
dexter, and carried oft'.
Whether it will be recovered or not is unde
termined, some saying that Poindexter has been in
duced to relurn it to the bank, while others assert
that he will attempt to cross tbe Missouri river,
and carry it to General Price's army in the South
west.
Affairs in Aiissouri.
ST. LOOIS, August 31.—The correspondent of the
St. Louis Democrat furni.-hes the following Perns :
Parties from Springfield report that a skirmish
had taken plaee in Vernon county, east of Fort
Scott, between Col. Montgomery, of tbe Kansas
lorces, and the Confederate troops under General
Raits. Reinforcements had been sent to General
Rains from Springfield.
Six thousand Confederates were said to be en
camped at Pond Spring, and another encampment
of over 5,000 men was at a soring south of the Fay
etteville road. Gen. Mcßride, with 1,000 men,
passed through Dade county last week in a north
west direction, and 1,000 men were at Dry Lead.
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
FROM PORTRESS MONROE.
FORTRESS MONROE, August 30 —The gun-boat
Iroquois returned from the blockading squadron
off Savannah last evening. She reports having
heard heavy cannonading when oft' Hatteras Inlet,
and also spoke a brig which had mot tbe Federal
fleet We have no other intelligence of the expe
dition.
One of the secession prisoners retained for some
davs at Old Point boastfully expressed the opinion
that the Federal fleet would all be blown up by
submarine batteries wbicb Lieut. Maury has placed,
according to his account, in Hatteras and other
assailable points on the Carolina coast.
Since the quarrel between the Alabama and Vir
ginia secession troops at Yorktown, which result
ed in killing eight, men, the Virginia regiments
tiave been transferred to Norfolk. The Alabamians,
it appears, accused the Virginians of Cowardice
This morning a small secession tug-boat, mount
ed with a rifled cannon, run out from Norfolk to
within two miles and a half of Newport News and
fired twenty three shells at the United States
frigate Savannah, three of which took effect, one
damaging her mainmast. No person was injured
however. The tug was in range of but two of the
Savannah's guns and the Sawver rifled cannon on
shore. When they were brought down to bear
upon her she ran down toward Old Point and fired
two shells, one of which exploded near the Semi
nole, and the other close to the Rip Raps. The
fire wasquicklv returned, whereupon she retreated
behind Sewell's Point.
Interesting from Louisville.
LOUISVILLE, August 30.—Ex-President Pierce
arrived here to-day from the Northwest.
The Frankfort Commonwealth says the Commis
sioners from Gov. Magoffin, recently returned from
Washington, have delivered sealed packages to
the Governor, and it is understood that tbe Presi
dent expresses a willingness to await tbe action of
the Kentucky Legislature, which has just been
chosen from the people, and i 3 disposed to accord
with their wishes.
Ex-Minister Preston, in addressing an assemblage
at a pic nic party at Lexington, Kv., favored neu
trality and peace for Kentucky; but he did not be
lieve she could preserve either, and if not, was of
opinion that the sooner she went with the South
the better.
It is reported that Hobleitzer, formerly an ex
press agent, who was arrested at Eiizibethtown
yesterday, was taken on the ears towards Camp
Boone to-day, and jumped from them while iu mo
tion and ran to the woods. Several shots were
fired at him, bnt he escaped unharmed.
Sidney Johnson was at Mesills, on the 3d inst.,
at the head of five hundred Texans, and in pursuit
of Col. Moore.
From Gen. Kosecraiis' Column—The Affair
at Cross Lanes.
CINCINNATI, August 31.—A special despatch to
the Cincinnati Gazette, from Clarksburg, Va., says
that the official advices show that ihe affair at Cross
Lanes was a mere skirmish —Col. Tyler, with one
division of his regiment, was surprised by a strong
Confederate fores and fell back under orders.
Tbe enemy had got between him and his other
division. Both divisions escaped with a loss of
fifteen reported killed.
A picket skirmish occurred ten miles below
Huttonsville yeßterdav. The Confederates re
treated with a loss of five killed. One Federal
soldier was also killed.
Reception of Ihe Remains of Gen. Lyon a!
Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, August 31.—The remains of Gen.
Lyon passed through this city at 8 o'clock this
morning, escorted by tbe military to the Trenton
Railroad depot. There waa a large and Imposing
| turnout, and tbe flag* throughout the city were
I placed at half-mait in respect to the dead.
[ Mail Correspondence of the Associated Pre-- ]
From the Upper Potomac
PLEASANT HILL, I
Montgomery County, Aug. 31. j
Advices from Martinsburg to-dav, stat ■ that the
lion, Edmund J. I'endleton, of Berkley county,
Va , had been captured by the Confederates. Mr.
I'endleton was one if tho moat prominent Union
men in that county.
Everything 13 reported quid along the Potomac,
between the mouths of the Senaca and Monocacy
rivers this morning.
Grnud Lodge of the United States, I. O. O. K.
Put LAmtLPHiA, August 31 —A meeting of the
oflicers of the Grand Lodge, Grand Encampment of
Pennsylvania, Order of Odd Fellows, was held yes
terday, when it was res dved that the Grand Re
presentatives be directed to attend the session of
the Grand I, idge of the United States at Baltimore,
on the 16th of September.
Fire at Bishop Hill, Illinois.
CHICAGO, August 31.—A lire occurred yesterday
at Bishop Hill, in this State, which destroyed sev
eral Corn houses and their machinery with a large
amount of broom corn together with several tbou
sand feet of lumbar belonging to tho Bishop Hill
colony. Loss s3ooo—no insurance.
Tour of Frinec Napoleon.
MILWAUKEE, August 31.—Prince Napoleon and
suite arrived here from Lake Superior last night
and took tho nine o'clock train for I'rairie Du
Chian this morning. The distinguished party were
all in fine spirits.
Eartlignnkc nt, Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI, Aug 31.—A. severe shock nf earth
quake was feltin this city and vicinity at 5 o'clock
this morning, arousing people from their sleep.
IMPORTANT DOCUMENT.
The IVelson Arrest—Hie Treatment by the
Confederates—A Litter to the President
Davis' Reply—Nelson Advises the Union
Men to Submit.
The Knoxville IFI.iV/, of the 21th, contains the
promised address of lion. Thomas A. R. Nelson to
the people of East Tennessee. It occupies two
columns of tho Whig. After staling the causes
which led to his flight, Ihe mode of his arrest, the
reasons for his Unionism, with which the reader is
already familiar, he says :
While on the way to Richmond, 1 had some con
versation with a portion ol the Tennessee delega
tion to the Southern Congress, and during my stay
there was visited by various members of Congress
and other public men connected with the Southern
Con'ederary. The intense solicitude which was
expressed, especially by the most prominent and
distinguished of the original secessionists, who,
without any request on uiy part, volunteered their
kind offices, wiih generous liberality, in regard to
the conciliation of the people of East Tennessee,
and ihe unusual kindness and consideration with
which I was treated as a prisoner, convinced me
that I was in error in supposing that the military
power would be exerted for any other purpose than
that of retaining the railroad and of aggressive
acts on our part.
Acting under this changed conviction, believing
that, it I .were retained as a prisoner, or punished
with death, under any strained construction of the
treason laws, my friends in East Tennessee would
in either event retaliate by arresting public men of
the opposite party here; that this would lead to
counter arrests, and that the horrors of civil war
would immediately exist among us, 1 felt that it
was duo to you and to myself that 1 should obtain
my release as soon as possible, on the best terms i
could effect without dishonor; and, after various in
formal propositions and consultations, I finally
addressed to President Davis the following
letter :
RicnMoxn, Aug. 12.
To His Excellency defi. .Davis, President of the Con'
federate States :
Sir : I have been arrested, and, as I learned
since my arrival in this city, upon the charge of
treason, but whether against the State of Tennt'S
see or the Confederate States, lam not, advised. I
am conscious of nonet, either against the State or
the Confederacy, that will support or sustain such
an accusation.
I am sincerely anxious to preserve the peace and
quiet of East Tennessee, the section of the State in
which I reside, as best promotive of the peace and
interest of the entire State. 1 ask to be discharged
from a vexatious prosecution that I may return
home peacefully, to follow my private interests and
pursuits, assuring your Excellency that I will not.
either directly or indirectly, hv counsel, advice or
action, encourage, aid or assist the United States
Government to invade or attain success in the pre
sent struggle with the Confederate States, nor will
I counsel or advise others to thwart or cripple the
Confederate States in the pending contest with the
United States, nor wiii I do so by my own acts.
In view of the increased majority in the election
which has just taken place in Tennessee. I shall feel
it my duty, as a citiz out that State, to submit to
her iate action, and .shall religiously abstain from
any further words or acts of condemnation or op
position to her govs'Dinent.
The parties arrested with me, with the exception
ot my son, who acted by my command, were mere
guides, and conductors through the mountain
passes, on uiy way to my place of destination, and
whatever view may be taken of my own course,
they are innocent; in no way responsible legally or
morally, and have committed no offence against
the laws of the Con .ederacy or the State of Tenn
essee; and I ask that they also be discharged from
custody by your Excellency,
Very respectfully, '
Your obedient servant,
THOMAS A. R. NELSON.
To which the following answer was returned
rtn aMoeo, A off 13.
Sir : I have received your letter of the 12th
instant, in which you asked to be discharged Irom
arrest and prosecution, and make promise that you
will, "as a citizen of Tennessee, submit to her late
action and religiously abstain from any further
words or acts of condemnation whatever or oppo
sition to her government."
Tfte desire of this Government being to maintain
the independence it has asserted by the united
feeling and action of all its citizens, it has been, its
policy not to f ncer into questions of differences of
political opinions heretofore existing.
I am, therefore, pleased to he spared theneeessity
of inquiring whether the accusation against you
be well fi ur.ded or not, vexatious or not, and to
rest content with ycur submission as a loval citizen
of your State, to her recent action in adhering to
this Confederacy and adopting its permanent Con
stitution by an increased majority. I have ordered
your discharge and that of your companions from
custody.
I am, Ac., JEFFERSON DAVIS.
To Thomas A. It. Nelsou, Esq.
Since my return borne, 1 am thoroughly satisfied
that my friends would have risked the action I
dreaded; ana, upon the most mature reflection, am
content with my own course iu the premises. But
whether it was right or wrong, wise, or unwise, 1
feel bound, as an honorable man, to act up to the
spirit and letter of the obligation I assumed. I
shall offer no plea of duress; because neither the
S-'Uthern Confederacy nor any other earthly power
could have compelled me to make an agreement
that mv judgment and conscience did not approve
in the situ itioa in which i was placed.
No terms of conditions, expressed or implied,
public or private, attended my release other than
those plainly expressed in the two above quoted;
hut I have I bought it due to our past relations and
the painful solicitude many of you have felt in
my behalf, that I should thus briefly address you.
While I did not promise allegiance or active sup
port to the Southern Confederacy, and will not ad
vise ynn to assume any obligations contrary to
convictions of duty. 1 feel perfectly free to sav that
the failure of the Government of the United States
for four long monihs to sustain us in our position;
its apparent inability to do so, since the battle of
Manassas, within-any reasonable time; the deliber
ate action of our State in the August election;
the assurances of public men that no test oaths or
drafting measures will be adopted or required; the
mutual hatred which has grown up between tho
antagonist sections of the Union, and the recent
confiscation laws which have been either adopted
or proposed on both sides, as well as other causes,
have painfully impressed my mind with the belief
that, unless some wonderful and improbable change
is effected, our beloved Union is gone forever, and
it is our policy and duty to submit to a result
whieb, however we may deplore it, seems inev
itable.
Aware that my advice as well as my motives
may be liable to misconstruction, I would still most
respectfully recommend to my friends the pro
priety of abstaining from all lurther opposition or
resistance to the Confederate authorities, or the
action of our own State, and should this be doue,
although I have no authority to speak for them. I
am satisfied that no military power will be exerted
among us, except such as may be indispensably
necessary to retain military possession of East
Tennessee. And to those of our citizens who have
gone beyond the limits of the State, either through
tear or purpose of arming themselves to resist a
Course of acrion which is disavowed io General
Polk's letter, I think I can safely say, without ar
rogance, that from the course which was adopted
towards me, they would risk nothing by returning
to the State and submitting to a result which they
have in vain endeavored to prevent.
THOMAS A. R. NELSON.
KNOXVILLE, Aug. 17.
GIOANTIC TREES IN VAN DIEMAN'S LAND.—Last
week I weot to see two of the largest trees in the
world,if not the largest that haye eyer been mca
sured. They were both on a tributary riii to the
Northwest Bay river, at tho back of Mount Wel
lington, and are what are here called Swamp
Gums. One was growing, the other prostrate; the
latter measured to the first branch 220 feet; from
thence to where the top was broken off and de
cayed, sixty-four feet, or 284 feet in all; so that
with the top it must have been considerably beyond
300 feet. It is 30 feet in diameter at the base, and
12 at 220, or the first branch. We estimated it to
weigh, wiih the branches, 446 tons! The standing
giantis still growing vigorously, without theeliglit
est symptom of decay, and looks like a large church
tower among tbe puny sassafras trees. It measures,
at three feet from the ground, 102 feet in circum
ference; at the ground, 130 feet! We had no
means of ascertaining its height, (which, however,
must be CDOI IUOUS,) irom tbe density of tho forest.
I measured another not, forty yards from it, and at
three lent it was sixty feet, round; and at 130 fees
where tho first branch began, we judged it to be 40
feet; this was a noble column indeed, and sound as
a nut. lam sure that within a mile there are at
least 100 growing trras 40 feet in circumference.—
letter from Rev. T. Dicing, in the Botanical Gazette.
THE KENTUCKY COMMISSIONERS.—It is reported
that a despatch has been received in this city an
nouncing the result of the interview between Mr.
Lincoln and the Commissioners sent by GOT. Ma
goffin to Washington. It is stated that the Presi
dent has determined to shape his policy, so far as
regards Kentucky, agreeably to the wishes of the
Union members of the Legislature and tbe Union
delegation in Congress.
We regard the reply or the President to the
Commissioners—if it shall uiove as reported—as by
no means satisfactory—as a trick of tbe Union par
ty to gain time, so that by an act of tho Legisla
ture the Lincoln encampments in the State can be
increased and legalized, and the State Guard dis
banded; and when this sh all be done, there will he
no difficulty in marching Lincoln soldiers into the
State, and re-enacting hero the same scenes which
have transpired in Maryland and Missouri.— Louis,
ville Courier.
The sentiment of the people of Ohio is so much
divided at present on the war policy of the Ad
ministration that a Union Convention has been
called to meet on Thursday, September sth, at Co
lumbus.
Patriok Henry Donegan, an officer of tbe United
States government, attached to tbe coast survey,
was arrested in New Orleans on the 22d inst. by
order of Gen. Twiggs, as a spy.
WAR HEMS,
Operation* of li<* Navy Dcpa?fine lit.
From a statement contained in the New York
Evening Post we gather that since the war began
the Secretary of the Navy has purchased 78 ves
sels, Jind chartered 10; eight steam sloops are
building:, *23 gunboats are in various stages of pro-
GROPS, and 35 vessels are fitting out. All the ships
of tne Xavv on foreign service have been called
home, and 80 captures have been made.
Fifty-nine vessels are now attached to tho Atlan
tic and Gulf squadrons, 25 are on actual duty with
the Fotomac iquadron, and 12 ships-of-war are ex
pected to arrive, as follows:
Hartford, John Adams, Dacotah, Saginaw, Con
stellation, San Jacinto, Portsmouth, Mohican, Mys
tic, Sumter, Relief, Release.
We Append a list of the steam sloops now build
ing:
Name. Yard where building.
Tuscarera Philadelphia Navy Yard.
Juniata Philadelphia Navy Yard.
Oneida Now York Navy Yard
Adirondack ....New York Navy Yard.
Wacliusett Boston Navy Yard.
Housetonic Boston Navy Yard.
Kearsarge Portsmouth Navy Yard .
ossl pee Portsmouth Navy Yard
T ie following is a list of the chartered vessels,
with the prices paid:
Propeller Monticello SB,OOO per month.
Propeller Mount Vernon 8,000 " "
Propeller Pawn 7,000 " "
Propeller Daylight 8 000 " "
Propeller Union 7,000 " "
Tug Pembroke _ ti
Tug Edwin Forrest 25 " day
Tug Tigress .... .35 " >•
Tug Hebart 40 " "
Tug l'uscy 30 " •>
A general recapitulation shows the following
state of fact?:
Vessels captured ... 80
Vessels purchased ... 78
Vessels chartered 10
Steam sloops building 8
Gunboats building 2
Vessels fitting out 35
Naval vessels on the way home 12
Vessels on embargo duty K4
Vessels on the Feoiflc coast 8
Guns of blockading fleet on duty 097
Men of blockading fle t 9.212
Prices paid for purchased vessels $3,524 572.
From the ACID Fork Evening Post. Aug. 29.
For Malainoms or a Market.
A day or two ago the Evening Pont called atten
tion to the fact that the first applications for clear
ances to Matamoras, Mexico, made at the custom
house fur three years past, have been within a
week; and also that the convenient town of Browns
ville, Tsxa, s little distance Horn Matamoras, on
the other side of the Rio Grande, 1= quite as good
a port as Matamoras, with the known advantage of
being" nearer tbo Gulf, and the probable one of
being the port tor which the shipments are in
tended.
A reference to our shipping list to-day wili show
that the illiam K. Kfbbe, whose name is familiar
in connection with the recent, history of the slave
trade, has just cleared for Matamnras. She sailed
to-day under the British flag, with a cargo valued
at from twenty to thirty thousand dollars, and con
sisting of clothing, flour, provisions, coffee, poia
-toes, and a general liet of articles which may be
netded in Matamoras, but which are actually want
ed in the seceded States.
The Port Survevor and the Naval Officer have
been watching the Kibbe for a week past, and, as
in the case of all suspected vessels, have refused to
clear her without special instructions from the
Treasury Department at Washington. The special
instructions have been received, allowing the Kibbe
to clear, and she has done so. It is not improbable
that the Treasury Department has thus authorized
the shipment of a valuable cargo of provisions and
clothing, w iiich is intended to afford at least 530,000
worth of aid and comfort to the Confederates.
While the provision, trade between this port and
the British provinces and some of the West India
islands is usually active, and larger shipments aro
making to those places than ever were known
bofore, the proper officers and their subordinates in
the Custom House are exercising the utmost vigi
lance to eee that these shipments are for a legiti
mate purpose. In every case of suspicion the vessel
applying for a clearance has been detained till a
statement of the matter could be sent to Washing
ton and explicit instructions respecting her clearing
could be received.
Of course there is no such thing now as the ship
ment of arms and munitions from this port; but aid
and comtort to the Confederates in the way of
clothing and provisions are afforded almost dailv,
and cargor?, by direction of the Treasury Depart
ment, are Cleared for ports where their re-shipment
to the seceded States is easy and certain. We
would suggest that tbo larger dealers in flour and
provisions, whose position prevents the suspicion of
their willingness to engage in an unlawful trade,
should uuito with the Naval Officer and Surveyor
in suppressing the shipments ol provisions by sua
pccted vessels. The class of merchants referred to
know whether or not the shipments aru made in a
legitimate manner, and can supply the Treasury
Department with such evidence, in some cases, as
ought to prevent the transmission of special in
structions to clear the vessels.
The register at the British Consulate in this city
shows that within a fortnight a large number of
vessels have changed hands Irym American to Bri
tish owners. Almost ait of these vessels engage at
once iu ihe provision transportation business, and
sail for St. Johns, Halifax, Nova Scotir, and the
West India Island.'. To day about eighteen hun
dred barrels ot flour, besides meal, pork and beef
cleared lor Now lirnnswiek, and an-.tlier Inrgo
cargo of provisions cleared for Turks Island, all in
British vessels- Our colonial friends are in danger
of being overfed this season.
Wnsliingtoii Items.
About fifty soldiers and suspicious characters are
gathered up daily at tho military guard-house near
Pennsylvania avenue. Among the recent captures
is a spy from Kentucky, who pretends that he is a
deaf mute.
A piace has been discovered in the city of George
town, kept by a secessionist, where runaway sol
diers are afforded facilities for exchanging their
uniforms for citizens' clothes. Several soldiers
have escaped in this way.
A sharp fellow in one of the camps has been en
gaged for some time in forging passes and selling
them at 25 cts. each, lie did a good business be
fore he was detected.
The Lake Ports.
The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a cir
cu ar to the Collectors of the lake ports, command
ing them to discontinue the practice of granting
clearances to vessels after their departure, and
sending them by mail to their masters, so that they
may receive them on their arrival at their place of
destination. The collectors are to conform to the
Kith and 17th sections of the Coasting Act of 1703.
From the New York Tier aid.
JVoil licrii Slave Trader*—'The Mnrshnla and
I lie Slave Trade.
It will be remembered that the United States
Marshals of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachu
setts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Vork, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland
being all those whose districts embrace porta of en
try in the loyal .States—met at New York for the
purpose of consulting together to devise more ef
fectual measures lor the suppression of the African
slave trade. The scheme adopted by them will
necessarily not be made public, but it is understood
to lie such as will, in a verv short time, put a com
plete extinguisher upon thisnelarious and inhuman
traflic—at least, so far as the citizens of our own
country are concerned. The most complete system
has been instituted, and if it is carried out properly,
it will not be long before some important arrests
will bo made Men worth their hundreds of thou
sands of dollars in the Northern cities are to dav
secretly aiding and 00-operaling with notorious
characters engaged in the slave traflic.
[From.the New York Herald I
General RragK on tin- Health of his Troops.
HEADQUARTERS BARRANCAS, Aug. 16, 1861.
It any army in the field has ever been better sup
plied with all that is necessary lor health and com
fort than this one, history does not record the fact.
For the sick we have a hospital unsurpassed in the
world for its luxurious comforts and splendid ap
pointments. It is supplied, without regard to ex
pense, with everything that can contribute to the
health or comfort of the patients, and is attended
By a lull corps of the finest physicians the country
can afford. Liviog in close proximity to this hos
pital, I see hourly what is going on; receive daily
a written report from the chief physician, and on
every Sunday pass through every "ward, converse
with every patient, ascertain every want, and, if
practicable, gratify them. That 'there may be
some cses ot suffering unrelieved I am prepared to
believe; many men have a prejudice against going
into a hospital, and some have come into this one
too low to admit of any benefit. This is against my
most positive orders, and is an evil 1 cannot cor
rect. Their own officers are to blame for allow
ing it.
la tbe good work of charity I have been greatly
assisted by the good people of Alabama living near
the railroad. They have supplied u= largely with
poultry, eggs, butter, vegetables and other hospital
storps, in great abundance.
Our greatest want has been proper attendants.
Cooks and nurses we find it almost impossible to se
cure in our ranks, but all has been done that could
be, and even in that we are improving daily. A
number of good Sisters of Charity have obeyed my
summons, and come over from New Orleans and
Mobile to supply these deficiencies.
The charge ol sick men not being allowed to leave
to recover their health is utterly untrue. .Not an
application has ever been refused where the medical
officers recommended it. BRAXTON BRA nr..
From the Hew Haven Palladium. Avgust. 30.
Seizure of Contraband Gunpowder.
The United States Marshal and the Collector of
this port seized, this forenoon, tbirty-five kegs ol
gunpowder, in bt>xp, which had been smuggled on
boaid the English ship Naples, as dry goods. The
whole cargo is supposed to be liable. The captain
and owners of the ship—which was chartered by
other parties in New York—are supposed to be in
nocent.
From the Cincinnati Gazette, August 20th.
Later from Western Virginia.
We learn Irmn tbe officers of tbe steamer Fannie
Mcßurnie, which arrived last evening from the
Big Sandy, that a fight took place between six com
panies ol Virginia volunteers under Gen. Zeigle,
and an equal number of Confederates, who were
encamped near Wayne Court House, ym Monday
afternoon, in which the Confederates' were com
pletely dispersed with the loss of four or five killed
and fifteen taken prisoners. Gen. Zeigle was still
pursuing them.
From the Hew York Tribune.
The Havana Steamers.
Tbe steamship Columbia, which sails to-day for
Havana, will take out a permanent guard of twenty
marines, supplied by tbe Federal Government, at
the instance of the owners, Messrs. Spofford &
Tileston, who will provide thein with subsistence
'and comfortable quarters, to guard against priva
teers. Tbe armament of the Columbia consists of
two 12-pound rifled cannon, each weighing 900
pounds, and taking in '24-pound shot, and the
patent conical shell; one brass 6-pounder, rifled,
carrying 12 pound shot, and two iron 3-pnunders.
The steamer Marion, of the same line, is to be
armed in like manner.
From the Hew York Evening Post, Aug. 31.
Another Arrest.
Yesterday afternoon officer Irving, of the Twen
tieth precinct, arrested Richard S. Freeman, re
cently from Georgia, who was on his way to New I
Hampshire on a matter of business. Ho had been
observed making inquiries about a machine for tbe
cutting of shoe-pegs.
Freeman had jnst learned that the article of which
he was in quest WSB to be found in Keene, New
Hampshire, and had mndo his arrangements for
repairing thither at once.
The prisoner was conducted to the Centaal Po
lice office, where he was examined by Superin
tendent Kennedy. He wae in possession of a larger
f=nin of money than is usually carried by Southern
traveller*, and Mr. Kennedy ,£rvp this branch of
•be matter, ? usual, his special atfentiou. Al
though Freiinaa had ostensibly come for one ma
chine, he had the order for two, besides orders for
leather and other at tides.
The Cut It of Allegiance In Chicago.
At the session of the Common Council of Chica
go, Tuesday evening, the following ordinance was
pasg-'d, by which all suspected persons are re
quired to take the oath of allegiance or leave the
city:
AN ORDINANCE < ONCKRNINO DISLOYAL CITIZENS.
Rc it Ordained by the Common Council of the Citu
of Chicago: ' J
1. That any citizen of the United States who is
now or may hereafter become an inhabitant of thin
city, who is not ready to take the oath of allegi
ance to the Government of the United States, be
and is hereby requested to leave the city immedi
ately, and that Hie Citizen's Union Defence Com
mittee be requested to investigate and ascertain
with regard to the views of any su ; pected indivi
dual, and'reqaest that they shall take such oath,
and, in case of refusal, to publish the names of such
persons in the daily papers of the city, and report
the same to this Council at its first meeting after
such f.ict is ascertained.
2. That said committee lie requested to make the
necessary arrangements for the administration of
such oaths with some qualified officer, so that there
shall be no expense incurred by the person PO re
quired to prove his loyalty. :
Apropos of the above, the Chicago Tribune says
"There are more Secessionists in Chicago than
people generally suspect. It is well ascertained
that a lodge of the Knights of the Golden Circle
was formed in this city last spring, and still exists,
holding stated secret meetings.
"J he virtual suppression of the New York News,
a violently treasonable sheet, brought to the
fact, that rOO copies per day were sent to this city.
About half of the number found subscribers in Chi
cago, and the remainder in the towns and villages
of the purrounding country. Those who patroniz
ed this sheet in preference to the other dailies of
.New \ ork, did so because its Secession sentiments
reflected their own.
From the X. V. Herald, August 31.
A €W York Programme for Ihe Confrcl-
Under the whip nnd spur of necessity to do
something, the Confederates are pushing forward
erecting defensive works immediately in our (root'
hanging away with their artillery at all the houses'
within our lines that are in reach of their missiles,
merely for the purpose of distracting attention
from the movement of a heavy column towards the
Upper Potomac, with a view of crossing over into
Maryland at some point just below the Point of
Rocks. They expect to find fewer of our troops in
that direction than at any other location, and to he
enabled to throw into Maryland a sullicient. force
to lorm a nucleus for its secessionists, and inaugu
rate a civil war there.
It is estimated, bv men entitled to know, that,
there arc seventy-five thousand of the Confederate
army between Harper's Kerry and Edward's Kerry,
awaiting an opportunity to fores a crossing in'o
Maryland, and willing to take the chances there of
an insurrection o| the malcontents, that will enable
them to transfer the conflict to that. State, and to
place V ashiogton between two Confederate ar
m ies.
lu the meantime hundreds of Maryland secession
ists are-gathering upon the Eastern shore, lor the
purpose of carrying out the programme indicated
several days ago, of cutting off direct communica
tion between Philadelphia and Baltimore, simulta
neously with the passagel the Confederates across
the Potomac. Under various excuses, numbers of
men havo procured transportation across the bay
in small boats, lor the purpose of joining this ex
pedition. At the li.tie'town of Batten,ln Talbot
county, these arrivals have amounted to us many
a3 fifty per day.
The Confederates are in such a condition that
they are compelled either to attempt to advance or
to retire from the Potomac. The resources of this
region are exhausted, and they cannot much longer
subsist their immense force on the Virginia side of
the Potomac. Tbey must either avail themselves
of the riches of the splendid agricultural district of
Western Maryland, or laii back at last upeo the
Rappahannock. Their desperation will make live
ly times along the Potomac in a tew days, and per
haps in a few hours.
From Special Despatch to New York Tribune, A"/. 31.
Firing at a Balloon.
Mr. I,owe, the Aeronaut, yesterday made a re
connoissanee with bis balloon. He saw about one
thousand of the enemy at work at the place men
tioned, miles beyond Bali's Cross Roads. The
Confederates fired at the balloon with shells and
rifle cannon shots, but without doing any barm to
the machine or its occupant.
From the. New Fork Herald.
Army Couriers.
The business of army couriers or messengers is
a responsible and dangerous one, and none but.
men of tried integrity ami loyaltv should be em
ployed in the service. They are entitled to com
pensation accordingly. It is stated the Confede
rates pay high sums to persons engaged in this
service in their armies; but the quality of the
money does not accompany the statement that !ur
nishes the amount ot pay. The Confederates pay
their spies from SIOO to SI,OOO, according to the
value of tho information thev procure and trans
mit; and there is a -'right smart chance" of people
in the South, and nodoubt in the North,who would
risk their necks lor a prize of a thousand dollars.—
A brace ot birds of this sort were caught on Sugar
Loaf Mountain to-day, taking observations of move
ments below. They were caged.
From the N. Y. Evening Post.
A Letter from Ex-Governor '1 liomaK. of
Maryland.
Kx Governor Thorn aB, of Maryland, gives the
following account of the attempt or the Maryland
secessionists upon his life, previously reported:
"OtJItIiERLAXD, August 2-t, 1861.
"DEAR SIR: —AS an incident ot to-day may be
misrepresented, 1 wiil communicate to you the pre
cise facts ot the case. I left here this morning at
half-past six, for my home, in the railroad train.
Ten miles trora this place the cow-catcher of tho
engine ran against a pile of eight railroad ties,
which had been carefully placed across the track.
Fortunately six of the ties were scattered right and
left of the road, and the train continued to run for
about five hundred yards, when it was stopped by
the resistance to its progress produced by the two
remaining ties, which were so situated that one end
rested on the engine and tho ctbor ploughed along
the road. As soon as tho care halted, the engineer
and fireman leaped off, and soon removed the two
ties, while the baggage master tvas out to see what
bad occurred to arrest our progress. All this hap
pened in almost aa instant, and before I had paid
much attention to.what was occurring.
"At that moment the baggage master exclaimed,
'there is aa armed man on the road behind us.'
This caused the thought to flash across my mind
that this accident had been contrived, and Vcalled
the conductor to the platform on which i stood,
and directed him to nut the cars in motion by pull
ing the bell-rope. The conductor seemed at a loss
to know how to act, hut obeyed my directions, and
as soon as the train began to move wo were fired
upon by a crowd of more than one hundred armed
men, who had appeared upon the road out ot the
bushes near the spot where the ties hRj been placed
on the road. We all escaped uninjured, although
twenty or were fired before we were
out of reach. 1 here were no persons on the train
as passengers but an old black man, two aged
white men and myself. This whole nefarious affair
was, I have no doubt, contrived against my jibertv,
if not my life, by spies resident in this place, who
notified their allies in Virginia that I was to pass
on the railroad this morning. And nothing saved
me but that coolness and presence of mind which
prompted me, under Providence, to see and guard
against the danger prompt as olectricity. * ; *
"Yours respectfully,
"FRANCIS THOMAS."
Mr Arnold Harris.
Wo find the following in the Washington Star
of the 31st ult.
Two letters from Harris are published in Ibo New
Orleans Picayune of Aug. 21st. which mark him a
traitor of tha first water. Writing from here,
April 27th, he says:
"The South must strain every nerve, or there is
great danger that those Northern rascals will win
tbeir game."
Wriling from his present place of confinement
Aug, 11, he says:
"My family, I believe, is still in Kentucky,
though I have not heatd Irom them for a month
or more. I wrote Mrs. M. to go to Nashville, or
some place in- the Confederacy, so as to preserve
her citizenship, as all our interests are there ex
cept Washington, and I sm praying that the war
will not cease nr til that also belongs to the South.
"Since we have some persons have
charged that 1 am a for the United
States. It is entirely false. I have not one
cent's interest, in any contract. i have re
fused many offers of place and profit in the North
ern Government, so entirely do 1 despise it; and
though, while in Washington, I had to act as a
neutral, yet my whole heart, as all mv Iriend-t and
many northern men know, was wi h the South.—
'Tis therefore a queer thing that I hould be in a
Southern jail."
From the New York Times.
No more Passes.
The State Department will not issue passes to
anybody permitting tb*m to pass from tho loyal
into the Confederate States. Since the passage
through Louisville was stopped, the demand for
passes has been very large. Most of the applicants
are women who have been living at the North,
upon means furniehed them from the South, and in
many cases they assign as a reason for returning
South that they can no InngdF be furnished with
funds to defray their expenses. There were three
such applicants recently. The new rule was, how
ever, rigidly enforced.
From the. Manchester Cor. N. Y. Tribune.
Cotton for England.
Within the last week ships laden with cotton
have reached Liverpool, having run the blockade.
It is positively known that men and money arrived
in this country by late steamers to purchase light,
quick sailing craft, that can cress the Atlantic,
steal into creeks and rivers, get off' again wi'h a
few bales of cotton, and all this to convince Bng
land and France that the blockade is not effectual,
and that it cannot be enforced.
THIS RHINOCEROS' FRIEND.—The rhinoceros'best
friend, and the rhinoceros hunter's most tiresome
enemy, is a little bird, tho Buphaga Alricane, vu -
garly known as the rhinoceros bird. It constantly
attends on the huge beast, feeding on the ticks that
infest its bide, the bird's long claws and elastic tail
enabling it to hold fast to whatever p rtion of the
animal it fancies. If it rendered the rhinoceros no
better service than ridding him of these biting
pests, it would deeervo his gratitute; but in addi
tion, it does him the favor of warning him of the
approach of the hunter. With its ears as busy as
its beak, the little sentinel delects danger afar off,
and at once shoots up into the air, uttering a sharp
and peculiar note, which the rhinoceros is not slow
to understand and take advantage of, he doesn't
wait to make inquiry, but makes off at once. Gum
ming asserts that when the rhinoceros is asleep,
and the Buphaga fails to wake him with its voice,
it will peck the inside of his ears, and otherwise
exert itself to rouse its thick headed Iriend.— Wild
Sports of the World , for A uguit.
THE UNPUBLISHED WORKS OF ROUSSEAU.—Home
hitherto unpublished writings of J. J.Rousseau's
are about to be given to the world. It is well
known that Rousseau left numerous manuscripts in
the bands ot his friend the Protestant clergyman,
Moulton, whose name occurs more than one in tho
"Confessions." It is from these manuscripts, now
in the possession of the grandson of the gentleman
just named, that the selection about to be publish
ed has been made. It includes a correspondence iff
Rousseau with M. Moulton and the Genevese Coin
det; a Project of a Constitution for Corsica; Letters
on.Virtue and Happiness; a Treatiso on the Sphere;
a Fragment on Revelation; a Fragment on Lan-
STuagen; two novels; a portrait ot KUUSSPAU, by
himself; and a collection of aphorisms—a sufficient
ly varied and inviting list ot contents.— European
Timer.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
SIGNS OF THE TIMES.
l)ffcn.c for Cincinnati.
The Cincinnati Enquirer has Ibe following, by
which it will be Been that the Cincionatians begin
to think that the war is advancing on them:
It will be Been by the report of the proceedings
in Council last night, whieh will be found more
than usually interesting, that measures for placing
the city in a position to resist, invasion were unani
mously adopted, and a committee will start to con
fer witii the Governor this tn irning. General Mc-
Clellan is also to he consulted, and there appears to
be an earnestness iu the movement which promises
speedy action.
From (he Ph 'htdclpltia ledger.
f)eteii<:ea for Philadelphia.
\Y hilo we may entertain unb >uuded confidence
in Ihe gallant m-n and their gifted generals who
guard the line of the Potomac, wo must boar in
mind that whatever disasters we have experienced
thus far have arisen from over-confidence, and that
J. rt ts a possibility „t further disasters, against
e rcBU tso which j. is simply pruderce to guard
nurse ves In the preen, t. toper of Baltimore and
Maryland, it is () uite probable that a serions re
verse to cur arms on the I'otomsc would transfer
the seat of war to this side of Baltimore. The re
bels hare shown us their expectations ar.d inten
tions by extending their military system, bv act of
the Richmond Congress, over not only Maryland
but over Delaware—and Delaware's northern
boundary is hut a few miles below Chester. In this
view ol the matter, Philadelphia becomes a Iron
tier city, .;n<l is to be strengthened as such. Yet
what has be< n d me to meet a contingency which
the chances oT war may ar. any moment bring upon
us.' Our Home Guard and Reserve Brigade are
but a nucleus of partially trained soldiers, and
though our teeming population would be ready to
pour forth manfully, they would avail but little in
the open fieid. It is only behind defences that our
numbers could bo made available, and those de
fences should be provided.
From the. ,V Y. Tribune.
"Vcv, spnper Changes in New York
It is understood that too X-.w York II or/ti and
1 ourier and Enquirer, was sold cut a few days ago,
machinery, stock, good will, and all, to Mr. John
R. Ford, one of the principal stockholders, tor
$30,000. Out of this sum, Mr Ford is to pay all
the debts incurred by the establishment since the
Ist. of Julv last, and the $17,000 mortgage on )he
press, held bv Mr. ifoe. As the World paid SIOO -
c 000 ( in stock; for the Courier and Enquire) a few
T weeks since, .Mr. Ford baa evidently obtained a
™ r s*' n ' 1h expenses of the World are said to be
. I.M 0 a week in excels of the receipts, the old
'ONrter advertisements being by the year, and paid
l ".r.ir' advance, pn yi. g a iotfl. instead of a source
of income to the 11 odd concern. The experiment
or publishing a daily religious newspaper, has cost
the proprietors $200,000 in cash, and their journal
the very s.'pht, reputation for piety which it estab
lishcd at the start.
he • Jo ""■> Commerce. will probably announce
this: morning the rem ernent of Mr. Hallock, his
hair of the paper having been purchased by Mr. D.
M Stone, trie commercial editor, and Mr. Wm. C.
Prime, the "W" correspondent of the Journal The
other half is still owned by the heirs of Mr. David
Half. Hereafter, the Journal will be independent
in politics, patriotic in sentiment, and a first-class
medium of the commercial community. Its circu
lation through the mails, under the n*w regime,
wiil be unimpeded, and many of its old friends and
patrons have already returned and promised it their
support.
From, the Cincinnati Gatcite.
I r.st-ratv Grumbliitg.
Sine ? our band is in, we will also remark that
after the Manasnas disaster every member of the
Cabinet should haw held his office on'v till bis suc
cessor was appointed His resignation should at
once have been placed nt the service of the Presi
dent. Ihe diassti r too great, the disgrace too
eternal, and the responsibility too direct to be
shuffled off with the imbecile consolation that de
teat may be better than victory. This would have
enabled the President to have formed a Cabinet
that would have revived the hopes of the country,
and then defeat might have been turned to gooff.—-
This would not have placed, the responsibility on
those members of the Cabinet, who opposed the
fatal policy, f-.r Ho ir reapp intm -s,t bv the Pru
dent would have indorsed and viodicat d their pre
vious course.
From the Syracuse Courier.
Reason, High*, ami Vigilance.
Any man win deMrcs to perpetuate for bimseif
his constitutional rights and privileges must see
that it is due, not to Southern traitors and inte
rests, but to all true and loyal men, to the rights
of the loyal North, to his own freedom and to the
liberties of his posterity, to rebuke each and all of
these violations of constitutional right, each ami nil
of these assumptions of unwarranted aLd arbitrary
power.
Let men then remeuih ,r that "eternal vigilance
is the price of libes, v!" L t them awake from
their dreams of neces: 'ty, from their fatal slumber
of security and contidenc •. L- them remember
that the vxercise of ilkyai, Uuconstitutionai, un
warranted power in tyranny—a tyranny which will
ever be resisted, not by mobs or illegal ac's, but by
the lawlul and oonsHiuti foil action of a free press
and a Iree ballot! For as Ion;; rt s u free press and a
free ballot remain to a frr • p. - p :. lawless remedies
can only be inexcusable and aggravate disorder
and anarchy. Are we not now living under a
higher law than the C o s'itu:i,m? or are not those
rights and privilep f y hich v. t - over :>w-Fed by
the American citizen, bi inpr gradually hut deter
minedly taken away, and perhaps lost to them for
ever? Let every American citizen, without regard
to past party difference:;, watch, and judge, and
delend!
From the Dr'rcit. Free Press.
Bmaiitipafion or DciVnt
It seems to us too clear for argument, it is like
spending time to prove a self-evident propositi*n,
that any attempt to make this we.i .-n i. sue between
emancipating four millions of slaves in the fib utb,
or defeat and recognition of the .Southern Confed
eracy, is but another no-do of announcing 'hat we
must submit to the latter alternative YV look,
therefore, upon a I such papers as the New York
Independent, the National Anti-Slavery Standard,
the Liberator and their Associates, wherever situa
ted, as tar mure dangerous to the Government than
any secession paper in existence. They assail the
Constitution in a point which it vulnerable, is
death; they trample on the Constitution and laws
with delight; they laugh to scorn every principle
which patriots bold sacred and inviolate.
It was this clement which gave the extreme bit
terness to the late Presidential cimtist and roused
up the passions of men to the noint of madness; it
was this element which pointed the finger of hatred
to the South and held them upas objects of derision
to the world; it was this element wtiich laughed at
all our fears and declared that the South would
not dare to raise the standard of rebellion; it was
this element which treated the war when once
commenced with such levity that the world was
deceived as to its character and its importance.
* * * * % :t
weakens us :u Maryland; it paralyzes us in
Virginia; it gives strength to our foes in Kentucky
and Missouri; and at Washington it is uncessing in
itspartizan at attacks, and ostracises men for opin
ions'sake, who would lay down their lives in a mo
ment to save the country from the perils which now
surround us.
From the Acre York Herald.
The Trcnson of Peace.
in the recent suppression from the pressure ef
popular violence, public opinion and official in
tervention, of various so-called peace meetings and
peace preaching newspapers in various places Irom
Maine to Maryland, we can understand, to some
extent, the overwhelming public sentiment of the
loyal States in favor of the vigorous prosecution of
this war. With the enemy in sight of our capital,
in lore-;, and boasting and insolent, in consequence
of our late disaster at Manassas, every loyal man
in the country knows full well that this is not the
timo for peace organs or peace meetings, but for
war organs, war meetings, and the most active
preparations for war.
Hence the white feather movement in the North,
evidently started under a systematic arrangement,
and through the medium of supplies of moncv
from the Confederate camp, will not he tolerated
at this crisis ot life or death to our Government.
Secession journals and secession public meetings, in
the disguises of democracy, peace and Union, have
thus been summarily "squelched" in Maine, New
Hampshire, Connecticut, Ohio and elsewhere. The
latest examples in this work c-f pulling d, wn the
white feather occurred at Middletown, N. New
town, L. I , and Woodbury, Conn., in the suppres
sion of these spurn us peace meetings, and in the
substitution of rousing Union war meetings. J'ub
iic opinion was so visibly made manifest in these
cases, that we suspect it will be some time before
our secession peace-makers attempt again to raise
the white feather in New Jersey, Connecticut or
on Long Island.
from Hi*. London "John Bull.' 1
Tlai- Conflict i America.
The great battle at Manassas Junction is likely
to be a memorable event in Transatlantic chroni
cles, although it rather belongs t" the comic than
to the tragic side of history. While, however, it
i„ difficult to restrain one's appreciation of the
ridiculous at reading the account of the panic
stricken and screaming mob which Mr. Russell
encountered in the pell meli flight for Washington,
we are bound to remark that this was an army of
civilians. A? to the results t f the battle, we Can
only rejoice that the Norihtt nc-rs, engaged as they
seem to us to be, in a war of aggressive conquest,
have so signally miscarried HI tha very outset of
their invasion. It w ineumtx t on them, before
they drew the swo-d against men of their own
race and speaking their - wn language (Fucit as it
is), to show distinctly that those men were tot en
titled by the terms of the Constitution to do a- they
had done. So far are th v from being able to do
this, that wherever the dncumeD's ct the (' institu
tion have spoken at all, tbev tend to show that
each State ie still a Sovereign State, and as such
entitled to withdraw from the Federation when
ever it shall think that the understanding on which
that Federation wag founded has not been duly
kept in view. But evert had the Cone itution been
explicit'y in favor of the Sts.tes which clsim to
coerce tiie others, so fratricidal a war would still
nt have been justifiable unites the Northern States
were prepared to show that they possess the means
of retaining their conquest when effected. But
they can only hold the South by the creation of a
great military caste which, if it were called into
existence, would soon bold the North too, after a
fashion quite inconsistent with their present insti
tutions. The North, however, hare little chat ce
of endangering their freedom and easiness by the
creation of such a military caste. Certainly they
have not as yet gone the right way to do it. It is
plain that the tailors and drapers of New York and
Boston are no match for the Texan rangers, and
the "brown foresters from the banks of the Missis
sippi," such as Mr. Dickens encountered on board
a steamboat, and whom he remarked to b an ob
ject of deference even in those days. Finding mat
ters to stand thus, let us hope that President Lin
coln and his advisers will make a virtue of necessi
ty; that the belligerents will sheath their swords
and set tbeir newspapers to abuse each other. \\ a
know what American journals can do in that ntld.
From the. Y>W Tori: Evening Cost.
V Call for the s.,,>iwslo or .mother Jour-
A taroe number of French citizens have signed a
petition addressed to the United States District
Attorney, asking for the suppression of the Cburur
ties K'ati /"'its newspaper, on th e grounds that tha
iournal repeats daily every possible calumny
against the North and instils false ideas respecting
the Union. The United States Grand Jury will be
in session next week and will undoubtedly have the
matter under consideration.
From Cor. N. r. Evening Post.
Correspondent* Crossing thr Potomac.
All the regular correspondents of loyal newspa
pers are now granted passes to cross the Potomac,
the temporary restrictions having been removed.
GONE SOUTH.—The Rev. A. T. Spauldinj;, pastor
of the Berean Baptist Church, 24th M ard, Phila
delphia, has resigned for the purpose, it is said of go*
ing to the South,

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