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IRELAND—STATE PRISONERS. At the present moment the following notice of the early life and career of the State Prisoners may not, perhaps!', he uninteresting: . Mr. C. GAVAN PUFFY IS the son of a farmer in the County of Monaghan. The first prominent posi tion he occupied was that of a writer on the Dublin JlJoniing Register, a Repeal publication, new ex tinct He subsequently proceeded to Belfast to edit and otherwise manage a journal known as the Bel fast Vindicator. Mr. Duffy, while in this position, supported the Whigs. In 1 842 Mr. Dully, whose name had obtained some degree of notoriety, estab lished the Nut inn newspaper. -Mr. Duffy is a Ro man Catholic. He is not more than 32 yours ol age. Mr. MEAGHER is son of Mr. Thomas Meagher, M. P. for Waterford Citv—a merchant and Alder man of that place, who has amassed considerable wealth by trading with America. Ihe young gen ii man, now about 2b y ars of age, possesses some property independent of hss father, with whom, as well as with his brother, he has always been at va riance, so far as politics are concerned. He, also, is a Roman Catholic. According to his own statement, he was induced to embark in the cause of Repeal by O'Conni Ji's many warlike appeals to the youih of Ireland. Mr. DOHENY, who. in point of years, is something more than a Voting Irelander, is, according to his own account, of humble origin. He cannot bo less than 45 years of age. He is a barrister. For many years he followed the occupation of schoolmaster, lie is a Roman Catholic. Mr. DILLON is a barrister, and took a gold medal and other honors in Trinity College, Dublin. He was formerly a writer on the Dublin Morning Re gister. Mr. Dillon, who is a very young man, is son to an extensive corn merchant in the County of Mayo. He is a Roman Catholic. Mr. O'GORMA.V, jr., is son to an extensive wool en draper in Dublin, and is a Roman Catholic. Mr. MARTIN is understood to be a gentleman of in dependence, but whether small or large is not gene rally known. He was the lirst Northern Protestant who joined the Confederates, and has latterly ren dered himself conspicuous by being editor ct the Felon newspaper. Mr. O'DOHERTY, of the Tribune, lately tried, is a medical student. He is a native of the South of Ireland, and a Roman Catholic. [Since the above was prepared wc have the fol lowing by the arrival of the steamer \\ ashirigton at New York: John Martin, late editor of the Irish Felon news paper, has been found guilty, and was sentenced on the Ibth ult., to ten years 'transportation in a penal colony. Thirteen persons charged with treason, under the sedition act, including Messrs. Mears, Meany, Brcnnen, O'Higgins and Taafe, have been shipped at Kingston, on board a government steamer, which sailed either lor Fort George, in Scotland, or Carrick Fergus Prison. Dublin and its vicinity were entirely quiet on the 10th, and no fears were enter tained of an outbreak.] The State Prisoners—Manorial of the Clergy c\f 'Dunn to the Queen. The following Memorial is now in course of signa ture: u'j'o Her .Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, &e. 3tc. "May it please your Majesty: Wc, the Roman Catholic Clergy of the Dioccsa of Tuam, in Ireland, respectfully approach your Most Gracious Ma jesty with the expressions of our unbounded attach ment to the person of your Majesty, and of eternal , loyalty to the throne of these realms, which is occu pied with so much dignity by your Most Gracious Majesty, humbly praying your Majesty's benevolent attention to the seem s now acting in this p rtion of your Maj sty's dominion. 44 We beg to assure your Majesty that we do not yield to any class or portion of your Majesty's sub jects, in sincere and conscientious loyalty to your throne, and devoted attachment to your Most Gra cious Majesty's royal person. 44 We have witnessed with pain the proceedings of a few inexperienced young men, for months past. We disagreed with them on principle. We de nounced them as the enemies ol order, religion and country. Vet we now feel commiseration lor their folly as intensely as we felt indignant when we be held them carried away by the impetuosity of their ardent, but erroneous aspirations fur liberty. IV e trust that it is unnecessary lor us lo assure your Ma jesty that in the trying period of the last lew years of unexampled distress and destitution, when death stared us in every shape—starvation, hunger, and it' concomitant typhus fever; yet we braved ail, and never ceased to exhort our llncks to resignation to the Divine will and to strict obedience to the laws of the land. We then confidently hope that your most gracious Majesty will be pleased to take into your merciful consideration the unfortunate situation of Mr. Smith O'Brien and the other unreflecting persons who have foolishly so embarked in the late lamentable outbreak; thereby proving to the world tlieir utter insanity. "The prerogative of mercy is the brightest diadem in your .Majesty's glorious crown. We, the loyal and faithful Roman Catholic clergy of Tuam, appeal to that noble attribute on behalf ot'the deluded VV in. Smith O'Brien, and his deluded misguided associates, and beg to assure your Majesty, that the exercise of mercy on this occasion toward these unfortunate cul prits, will secure to your Majesty and throne more of pure and true loyally thau the shedding of the blood of thousands. 44 Rest assured, the heart of Ireland is sound and true toward your Gracious Majesty—hence we im plore, we entreat, nay, we most humbly beg— 4 no blood,' and as ministers of religion, whose sacred duty it is to inculcate peace and good will among men, we still farther beg to assure your Maj sty that the concession of the prayer of this our petition shall be an additional stimulant to us to uphold the laws, ami to secure, even at the sacrifice of our lives, the stability of that throne which is so happily occupied by your Most Gracious Majesty; and your memorial ists shall ever pray, &cc. tic. ENGLAND.—WEATHER AND CROPS. [London Shipping Gazette, August 18] At length some improvement has taken place in the weather. After a very heavy fall of rain on Monday, the wind veered round to the eastward, and though the sky has been overcast and we have had but little suushinc, the absence of rain for some days must be regarded as fortunate in the position of agricultural affairs. A very large proportion of the crops in the southern parts of the kingdom has been cut several days, and having been exposed to the heavy showers the quality has suffered greatly; m many instances the corn has b gun to sprout in the ear, and wherever this has occurred a few more wet days would have proved destructive to the quality and mealing: properties of the grain. The standing crops have escaped better, but, en the whole, the prospects for the harvest are far from encouraging, and it is nearly certain that the yield of wheat will fall short of an average, in regard to potatoes the reports are likewise, wc are s ,rry to say, very un favorable; the disease is decidedly spreading, and has attacked the late sorts more generally than the early varieties; hence a scarcity of this useful root, will, in all probability, be experienced later in the year. Meanwhile the apprehension felt as to any portion of the apparently sound potatoes keeping, j- the cause of the markets being at present glutted with the ar ticle. So large have the supplies been in many parts of the country as to occasion the price to be depress ed lower than at any other period lor years past, the natural consequence of which is that the poorer classes are consuming potatoes iusteud ol bread; hence the demand for flour has greatly fall -n off, and so long as the former article lasts, the d< maud for flour is likely to be comparatively small. This cir cumstance is the principal cause of the comparative absence of excitement in the wheat trade, and is a powerful check to speculation. If the present weather should continue, no mate rial rise in the value of wheat would, we think, take place, for though, as already remarked, wc much fear that the produce will he inferior, both in quan tity and quality,to that of average seasons, there arc several causes in operation tending to act against a rise. The losses sustained last \ ear by all parties engaged in the corn trad.- swept away a considerable amount of the capital pr \ i >u-!v employed in this branch of business, and *t.ll driers others from en tering into grain specula!ion-. The mili* r- as a body have all along acted, and continue to an with ex treme caution; and whilst wc have as has been the , case for a long time pa t—only a hand 10-moufh tie- i matul, the supplies are lik !y to h adequate to the j wants of the trade. It i* beside* pretty certain that farmers who are stiil large holders of old wheat will, so soon as the harvest shull have been com pleted, deliver freely, for that they look with appre- | tension to the effect of the total removal of the duty - in February cannot be questioned. W-• are there- : fore of opinion that, unless we should unfortunately | have a return of bad weather, quotations of wheat will not get up much, notwithstanding the damage already done. . At Mark-lane on Monday there was certainly less life in the trade than might have been expected. Though the show of wheat by land carriage samples I from the home counties was moderate, and the morn ing excessively wet, buyers acted on the reverse, j and for more than an hour after the opening of the market scarcely a sale was made. Later ini the-day • a large purchase was made for—report said Irish j account, and the millers took the remainder at prices I Is. to 3s. per quarter above those current on that day sen'uight. The improvement which has taken place in the weather h .s checked any further advance, but both on Wednesday and this morning full terms were insisted on. The arrivals of foreign wheat have been large, and but few country buyers having visit ed our market, neither free nor bonded samples have met with much attention, and the rise in price has not exceeded Is. to 2s. per quarter since last Monday week. The millers advanced the top price of flour to 50s. per sack on Monday, n hich has tended to ch ek the sale, and the transactions have since been restricted. Notwithstanding the arrival of upwards of 14,140 quarters of baric) , from abroad, this grain has been held firmly, and its previous value has been well supported. The immense supply of foreign oats has had less effect on the market than might have been expected. On Monday fine corn was actually some what dearer, and the decline since submitted to, has been only sd. per quarter. Beans have brought lull prices, and white boiling peas have risen Is. to 2s. per quarter. The demand for Indian corn has re vived,"owing to the increasingly unfavorable accounts relative to potatoes from Ireland, and several cargoes to arrive have been placed at high rates. V 15 EI U N M\ls k E l'S. LONDON, Friday, 18th August, IM'V We have had a dull week in the Produce Markets, to which a continuance of unsettled weather has main ly contributed; but the accounts of the harvest from different parts of the country continue to be so various, that the advance in prices of Breadslufl's has been in a measure checked, and comparatively little specu lation has taken place in Corn. In politics we have little to add to our last advices, and we have no later dales from India. Money continues easy, but there has been more demand of late, and the rales of dis count lend slightly upward. The Corn Trade has experienced a good deal of excitement. On Monday it rained heavily, and ail advance of about 3s. per quarter w as established on English Wheat, and about 2s. on Foreign, both bond ed and free, the millers raising the top price of Flour to 50s. per sack. Bur leu was also Is. dearer, with . an improved demand for Indian Corn. On Wednes day the demand for all kinds of Grain was more g-n- ; cral, at the full prices of Monday , while Indian V <r;i j was quoted 2s. dearer. To-day the weather has been j very fine, and indeed looks more settled, but the market was extremely firm, and fully 10,001) qrs. In dian Corn changed hands at 355. per or. for Ibraila floating, cost, freight, and insurance. r l he duties ih.s J week are Bs. per qr for Wheat, 4s. 9~d. per brl for F1 ur; Barley, Beans, Peas, and Rye, 3s. per qr. We add the duty-paid price of the day, at which sales could have been made. American Produce still eou tiit us extreim ly scarce, and our quotations must be considered as given relatively; l . 8. Red Wheat 475.<7015.; Wnife OOS.LOGS. per Imperial quarter. I*. S. Flour 29>.a305. per barrel, superfine, best j brands; l : . S. Flour 255.u275. do. inferior and sour. ; U. S. Indian Corn 32s 3 ls. pvr 4M) lbs. U. S In- , diav Corn J[ra! 15s. per barrel. Tobacco.—Then* i- little doing on the spot, but as usual in "the absence of arrivals, there are several in- ! qui lies for c n:>• -s afloat. Terpentine. Spirits in demand at 345. 6d. for ' Ann rican, and 3;>>. for Briti h. AMERICAN STOCKS.—We have nochange to notice J in the quotations of last we. k: the demand, except for Foreign account, contiuu s limited. Correspondence of i.yfnrri's Trice Current. LIVERPOOL, evening of Aug. 18, IS4B. Money Mjrkct. —Consols closed yesterday at 85] to o, for money, and 86, for account. Exchequer Bills, 31s. t 355. Pr mium. Bacon. —Tin* import of the week is 1,336 boxes; ( the sales about 1,100, at previous prices, with a firin market. Bark, Quercitron. —30 hhds. first Philadelphia, j soi 1 at os. bd. to 9s. Beef.*- Wll h usual demand and no import, the stock is now insignificant. Bttstr .x. —lO barrels fair American sold at £6 per cwt. Butter, Grease.—34 casks Continental tarred, brought 555. per cwt. Cheese. —l,ooo to 1,500 boxes sold, this week, at ! 20. to 495., and one dairy of 16 boxes brought 535. ! OJ. per cwt. Corn, fyc. —With a continuance of very unfavor able weather, an improved amount of business was passing at our Corn market, on Tuesday, and the de cline on Corn and Meal, noted in our last, was re covered; yesterday, the same cause, added to more alarming reports as to the condition of the Potato ' crop. led to a decided speculative movement, and pri ces closed at an advance of fid. to 3d. per bushel on Wheat, 3s. to 3s. Gd. per barrel on Flour, ss. to 6s. per quarter on Corn, and Is. per barrel on Corn Meal,—upon our last quotations. At our market, this morning, in consequence of the weather proving very fine, buyers seemed disposed to operate more cautiously, and only a moderate amount of business was transacted,—the market, however, closing firm ly, at the advance noted. Subsequently, the rain again descends heavily. Cotton. —The import of the week is 7,310 bales, the sales 28,440 upon a moderate demand. All de- ; scriptious of American Cotton are in good supply, but not being pressed for sale, prices have scarcely fluc tuated. Present storks 571,850 bales against 332,200 at same date last year. Hams , in dry salt, have sold at 295. 6d. to 345. fid. and Shoulders have been in good d. maud at 265. for fair quality in dry salt, up to 295. and 30s. for fine. l.ord. —The sales of the week are reported at over 250 tons at full prices, with a fair demand and firm market. 12 tierces of bladdcrcd sold at 545. to 565. fid. Oils. —A small parcel of American Lard Oil, of inferior quality, sold at £35 per ton. Pork. —At low prices, —325. per barrel and up ward,—a demand has been created for Pork, holders • being free sellers; and more of the article has been moved this \v :ek, than for some time past. Rice in active demand, with a tendency to advanc ed rates. Rosin. —2,ooo barrels Common Amber, sold at 2s. 9d. to 2s. I"<J , with 4s. for Transparent. Tallow. —'l he market is steady, without any change in value. 'Purpentir.e. —lo tons fair Ameriean Spirits, brought 355. per cwt. STITT, DAY & CO. EAtru-t from Brown, Shipley &. Cn's Circular. LIVBBPOOL, Aug. 18, 1848. Weather for a week past rather ntir- tiled, such as to retard harvest operations, without being suppo-t d as yet l i have done any material injury to tbe grain crops; but the accounts of the failure in the potato crop have become much more serious and alaimiug from many parts of Great Britain as well as In land, the disease bearing a strong resemblance to that of, 1840 at same p ri d, arid which naturally give rise to apprclx iiMons of similar disastrous results—though of course the extent ol the failure cannot be fully d. - velopcd for some tune, ami may now magnified. Quotations tor Cotton unchanged, say fair l.'pland L, lair .Mobile 4], and fair Orleans mid. 3 4 </3 H , and ord. 33 d. Demand languid throughout the week, and superabundantly supplied; perhaps less so to-day than previously. Sales 2?,4 1U hales, of which 3''so for export, and 5i)U on spec, ami of Am. 7060 L'p iund 3,a4.; 11,31U Oilcans 3us', with 10 at 6i; 31<0 Ala. and .Mobile 3 fc a4; and 260 S. I. 7 v l3d. per lb. Stock in this port 581,000 against 381,6"0 last season; of Am about 43b,00U, being an increase of 140,000 bales. We have a speculative demand for Indian Corn and a further important advance in price, quotations now being 35u385. per qr., and some parcels to ar rive disposed of at 35a3bs. bd. Corn Meal 17a175. bd. Pr brl. Flour duty paid, 32a335., and sour 30s. per brl. Am. Wheat 7s. 3d.aßs. lOd. per 70 lbs.; prime white would bring 9s. Duty on w heat now Bs. per quarter, and on flour 4s. rer brl. The supply of grain into the different markets from the English farmers has been unusually large the last fortnight. Turpentine goes off steadily at 7s. 6d., and 100 brls. extra prime quality brought Bs. (id. per cwt. 200 ) brls. Am. Ro*in sold this week at 2s. 9d.a2s. lOd. per cwt. American Provitions. —Sale 16th opened with a fair demand for Lard, at about bd. to Is. per cwt. over former prices, which, holders being unwilling to ac c pt, led to the withdrawal of about one ball the quantity offered. Sales about 600 brls. at 425. bd.a 435. per cwt. Sales since Tuesday considerable, at very full rates. Sak sby auction only about 200 bxs., but, by private, about 1000 boxes taken, including a parcel from ship, at 28a345. 6d. per cwt.; stocks in importers hands now mo -b reduced. Hams in fair ; request, and have brought 3ia34s. 6d. per cwt. For Shoulder", which have been very scarce, an advance of 1 to 2s. obtaiued, prices now 21a30f. per cwt. The Cheese hitherto brought forward having been in very bad condition, prices have run irregularly. On Tuesday about 1200 boxes sold for 20a235. fid. for in- i ferior; 275. od.a36s. for ord.; 41a 19*. for fine, and 58s. fid. for a small lot of extra line. Beef steady. Considerable sales of Pork at 34a. per brl. for low prime mess, with 495. for a parcel of good, and 335. 1 bd. for old prime. Freight* generally full the past week, and rather lower rates accepted to New York. Notwithstaml- i ing the increasing scarcity of shipping, few Bristol channel cargoes have been engaged at 225. 6d.a255. per ton. In passengers no alteration to notice. For ! H 13 E K LV COM MEBCIAL JOURNAL. New York, dead weight 10s. to 12a. 6d. per ton; fine goods los ; hardware Ids. fid. to 155.; earthen ware as. Boston—dead weight ids. fid.alfis.; fine goods 205.; hardware dOs.; earthenware os. New Orleans—Dead weight Ids. fid. to 155.; fine goods 205.; hardware 15s. to 205.; earthenware Bs. CONTINENTAL MARKETS HAVRE, Aug. 10.—Co/ton—Since the last steamer, ■ sales active, and a further advance of lu2f. realized on U. S. Sales of he week bSOO bales, on the basis of 56f. for N. O. mid., and fi9f. for lair. Our prices have again an upward tendency, as no shipments I roui 17. S. are coming forward. AMSTERDAM, Aug 11.— Coffee —In anticipation of the Sept. sales, no transactions of any moment; at present ord. Java connot be hail below 177 c.; Brazil worth Is!fi',e.; stuck of Java Ist Aug. in all Dutch ports, 950,000 hags*. Hugo)' —Sales Havauna at d li'.il 31 r. Refiners have advanced their price; but only small lots meet with buyers. Very little doing in Tobacco. The next sale of Banca Tin is announced for 291h Aug , 45,000 slabs here, and 40,000 at Rot terdam. Tier continues in favor; Car. 14jal41fl. ASTWEit P , Aug. 12 Coffee — Demand very limit ed; 2200 bags Brazil and 1300 St. Dont. changed bauds, iormer at I9J, and the latter at 2d;ddjc. Sugar firm without being active; holders not anxious to real ize; about 1200 bxs. Havanna sold at 13;U14|; arri vals about 4400 boxes Havanna. Rice— Rumors about lite potato crop having in some parts of Germany suf fered materially front the disease, keep the article I in a favorable position, and it is expected that prices : will be higher; 350 les. Car. sold at 1 41 H. Spices— ' Dull, without any business. Dyewoodt— loo tons St. Dom. sold at 2;tl ; 125 Tobacco B'tl. ! HAMBURG, Aug. 11.— Coffee— Prices arc is. high er, and sales very extensive, comprising 11,000 bags Brazil at 2 7 16./3',5.; 2000 Laguayra at 3J04; 2000 bags St. Dont good at 3a3S. Cotton— Quiet: D and DD assorted N". O. fetched 4j*s. Sugar - Firm, and j salt s of the week 400 clt Buliia, 11,(119; 1800 boxes i vellow Havana, 12ioi3| per 100 lbs. Rice —On ac count of the reduced stock of Carolina, holders arc asking higher prices, which ill all probability, they will obtain. Spices —Pimento worth 4}s.; a few hun dred bags Pepper sold at *2, a'2 I ,s. , | DOMESTIC MARKETS. BOSTON—week preceding Sept. 2. CoJTce —The demand has been active and full pri -1 ces obtained The sales for the week comprise l about 3690 bags St. Domingo, part for export, at o\ : cts. for common, to 5.£ for prime; 1000 Java at 8 to ' 94 cts. for cargo and best Government; 500 Sumatra, 6) cts.; 150 Rio at 6 cts. per lb., 6 IIIOS. The mar ket closes with more firmness. Fish —Dry are be j coming more plenty. Salt sof 500 qtls. siuall Cod, St 183; large, 2.12'.a#2.25 per qt!., cash. Mackerel come HI pretty freely, and are declining. Sales by ; fareß of No. I at 9a5'9.*25; No. *2, 6 '#6.25; and No. 3, #3.50 per brl., cash. Flour —The market has been steady through the week, and the advices from England, received to-day by the steamer Niagara, ; lias caused more firmness on the part of holders, but no advance in prices has taken place. Sales of Gen esee, fair brands, #5.874; Ohio and Michigan, #5.75; ! Ohio round hoop, #5.25; St. Louis, 5.50a#*5.62] per ; brl., cash, lu Southern there is nothing doing for I want of a supply. The market firm for all kinds. Grain —The market has been rather bare of Cora until within the last day or two, when several car | goes arrived. The safes have been at 65 cts. for I v llow flat, 61 cts. for mixed, and 60 cts. for white ! per bushel, cash. The steamer's news has had the effect of making our market linn, but no advance in prices has been realized. By auction, 1000 sacks Western yellow Corn, 634a644 cts.; 700 do. mixed 1 good, 63 cts.; 501) do. whfte, poor, 54a56 cts.; 1500 I sucks Indiana Oats, 31 cts. p. r bush., cash. Hemp— Sales of 100 bales Manila at 8 cts. Small sales of j American dew-rotted at #135, cash, for sonic very j good quality. Hides —There is more enquiry this week, and several parcels have been disposed of— -2500 Rio Grande Cow, selected, 9 cts., cash; 2000 green salted Montevideo, 5 cts.; 2300 African, and -90 Buenos Ay res, on private terms; 1100 St. Nicho las Goat Skins, 35 cts., 6 IIIOS. Lead —There is very little rem dning in first hands. From 6to 8000 pigs to arrive from New York, have been sold at #4.19 ! per 100 lbs., cash. Leather —ls in better demand, j and prices improving. Molasses —Sales of 300 hhds. ! Cuba sweet, in lots, at 20a21 cts. per gallon, 6 mos., | which is an advance. A 'aval Stores—A dec : ded im- j proveraunt has taken place in Spirits Turpentine. | There is but little Soul hern in first hands, and it is held at 42 cts.; 50 hrls., to arrive, sold at 40 cts., cash. Tar is also firmer. There is but little Rosin in market, and it is in demand; 400 hrls. Southern ! sold at #1 for common. The market is more firm for all kinds of Naval Stores, and prices have an upward tendency. Oil —The market for Linseed is b iter, and American sells readily at 56 cts. per gal lon, cash, and 57 cts., 4 mos. Lard Oil has also un proved in consequence of the advance in Lard. Con siderable sales have been made at 60a(>2 cts., and it is now held at 62. Provisions —There have been no heavy operations, but a good steady demand for home trade at firm prices. Sales of Mess Pork at #' 12, cash, and # 12.50, 4 **os. Lard, in hrls. and trcs., at 8.!, cts., and kegs 9]9J cts. per lb., 4 mos. Salt pel re— Sales iof 190 bags prime at 6j cts.; 200com. at s£cts. per lb., (i mos. There is very little prime in market. Spices —Sales of Cloves at 20 cts. No. 1 Nutmegs, #1.15; 259 bags Pepper,s*ns4 cts.; Ginger, 54 cts. per lb., 6 mos.—now held at 6 cts. Sugar —The market has b i n quite active this week, with large sales, and | sellers have realized £ai ct. per lb. advance on the good qualities of Box. Upwards of 4000 boxes have been disposed of, mostly to the trade, at sja6- cts. for fair to prime Yellows; some Whites at 7] cts. B tt> r pi ices have also been realised on Muscova dottt. 100 hhds. low gr.ide Cuba brought cts.; '250 fair to good, 4alJ cts.; 50 do. 44 cts., 6 mos. ( White Sugars are plenty, without any improvement in prices.— Daily Adv. New York —3 days preceding Sept. 2. I shhes — Are in fair request, Pot $5,372 an< * P' r l $5.87?. Candle* —Sales of Adamantine at 26 cts., ! and Sperm at 30u31. Coffee —Continues in moderate demand, Itru7.il selling at and Laguayra s}a6 | els. Cutlon —Prices are fully supported, and there i> a little better business doing, advices from France 1 b -ing encouraging. The sales of the week are 7350 j hales, the extremes for Upl. and Flor. sga7}, and j for Mob. and N. Orl. ssa3j cts. for ord. to good fair, j firti g and Dyes —Cantor Oil has advanced, No. 1 I having sold at 1.70 /$ 1.75 per gal., 6 mos. Flour I and Meal —The light receipts of Western caused an improvement in Flour of 6] cts. before the arrival J of the Niagara; and subsequently a further advance of 1 2-,u20 cts. took place, mostly on the lower grades, but transactions were not large, common and mixed s- I ling at pure One see fi 12ja $6.31 *. Closing rates for Southern 5.62 : ,a $5.75, the latter lor Mrjndy win . Rye Flour, 3.75a $3.S7£; and Corn .Meal $3 50 fjr a small lot at close. Fruit —Hunch Raiiris have advanced to 1.75a51.80 per bx. drain After the r ceipt of the Niagara's news the mar ket was much excited, and prices considerably ad vanced, whit? Genesee Wheat from 1 20a sl/24 to 1.27ri $ 1.30; good Ohio, sl.lO, and common South ern sl.lß per bushel. Northern Rye 72a72} cts. Corn has sold freely, including Southern yellow at 6"?a70; white, 65a69; and mixed 62a65 cts. Gxuino —Sales of 50 tons Patagonia at $40,6 mos. Hemp— Without particular change. Hides —Sales of IMi Buenos Ayrcs, cts., 6 mos.; and 1000 Rio Grande cts., less 5 per cent, for cash. Indigo —Manila has been more enquired for, and about 300 cases have sold on private terms. Dead —Considerable sales of Missouri Pig at 4.19a54.25, cash. Leather —Sole continues in brisk demand and prices have advanced. Molasses —The common grades are firm er. Naval Stores —Holders refuse 40 cts. for Spirits Turpentine. Oils —Linseed, with a light stock, has again advanced, Araer. 58a59 cts., cash. Olive in csks. commands 1.0">a$1.10. Provisions —Ohio Pork in good demand, with Mess a little higher, and Prime a little lower, the former 11.37.'a $ 11.50, and the latter 8.87£a $9. Lard has further advanced, the sales previous to the arrival of the Niagara were Hj n>il rts for brls., and 9J for kegs. Spirits—Domes tic Whiskey is in fair request, and at the close, a slight improvement was obtained; sales at 23£a23<> ris. tor Ohio, and 21, cash, for State Prison. Sugars —The sales include 450 hlids. New Orleans at 3}a4} and 5 ct*.; 15>Cuba. 4}a4'; 250 Porto Rico, 4a5J; and 3000 bxs. Brown Havana, part to go out of the | market, 4}as£, 4 mos. The stock Ist consisted of J 7CWI hlids. New Orleans, 100 Texas, 4251 Cuba, 2179 Porto Rico, 260 St. Croix—-together 1-1,723 hhds. and ; 6694 boxes Brown Havana, against same time last i year, 15.030 hhds. and 7 171 bxs.— Ship.fy Com. List. Philadelphia —week preceding Sept. 2. Coffee —About 3000 bags Rio and Laguayra sold on the wharf, on private terms. Flour and Meal— There has been an increased demand for Flour for shipment, and the stock being nearly exhausted, prices are 25 cts. higher. We note sales of common to good brands at 5.!2}a55.37} early in the week, and since at $5.50 for common standard brands. Rye Flour is scarce, with sales at $3.87* per brl. Corn Meal steady, with sale of 2000 brls. Henna, at $2.75. Grain —Prices of Southern red Wheat have further improved, and we note sales of inferior to prime at 95 cts. to $ 1.12, and white at I.loas I. 12} per bush. Rye 70a72 cts. Corn has been in good demand, and prices are 6 cts. higher at the close—sales of Pcnna. and Southern yellow, at bftabH cts. early in the week, and to-day at 60a62 cts. Oats have been in mode rate request at 29a31 cts. for Southern, and 33a35 for Penna. Lead—About 1400 pigs sold at 4] cts.,cash, j Molasses—A cargo of 250 hhds , trcs. and hrls. Trin- : idud sold on private terius, and an invoice of 50 hhds. i Cienfuegos at 244 cts., 4 mos. Oils —The demand for Linseed is still quite limited at 60a61 cts. Pro- ] inflow#—Western Pork continues dull, with small ! sales of Mess at 1 la# 11.50, and Prime at #9 per brl. The stock of good Bacon is much reduced, and prices are very firm; sales of Western Hums at s! ? a 94 cts.; Sides, 61a5j; and Shoulders 4ias cts. Lard is" steady at 8a34 cts., with small sales. Spirits— Whiskey has been in limited request, hhds. at 24a j 21';, and brls. at 214a2d cts. Sugar—The supplies ' of "Cuba have again been large, and about 800 hhds. have changed hands at 3}a44; '2OO Porto Rico, 4.ja5, | and 1000 boxes Havana and Matan/.as at for brown and yellow, and lull- cts. for white, all 4 mos. Wool —The demand is still limited, aud prices are unchanged.— lnquirer. CHARLESTON—S days preceding Sept. 1. Cotton —Has gradually declined until it is /-a] ct. lower, and about 1750 bales have sold at 5]a64 cts., the extremes; and the slock remaining on hand is 9058 bales. We have heard some complaints re cently from Alabama of excessive rains, and the op- 1 pearaucc of the worm, but the loss, if any, will , hardly be felt in the aggregate supply of the coming j year. It must be borne in mind, however, that we are only on the very throshhold of the season, and the plant is yet subject to many vicissitudes; but should the seasou prove propitious, the crop of 1848 ; aud 1849 is destined to be large. Rice— The receipts j have been 892 trcs., nearly all of which have been sold at 3.25a#3.50 per 100 lbs. Corn —'The report of the sales would be no criterion of the condition of the market. Flour —Small sales of Baltimore at #6. Freights —No alteration in rates.— Cour. ADAMS At CD'S UXPRBfS OFFICE, j 162 Baltimore-St., Browns' Building. SPRING SCI IH P 54 HOURS TO PHILADELPHIA!! 12 do do NEW YORK!! rffIUIIO PHILADELPHIA, WILMINGTON W AND BALTIMORE RAIL ROAD having exp dit-d their Mail Trains, we shall hereafter be able 10 deliv r Goods in Philadelphia in 5 hours, and | from 12 to 24 hours in advance of all other convey ances. PHILADELPHIA. NEW YORK, BOSTON AND I UK EAST TWICE A DAY. We are prepared to receive and forward Specie, i Bank Notes, Parcel* and Packages,ofevery descrip- j tin. to the above Cities in less lime and at less ex- j pense, than by any other Line. Siuall Packages for Philadelphia and New York left at our office previous to Sj o'clock, A. IM., will be delivered in Philadelphia the same evening, and in New York next morning. The Public will bear in mind that our Great East ern Express accompanied by Special Messenger, l- aves daily at 74 o'clock, P. M. Heavy Packages, Cases, &c by this Line will he delivered in Plula delphiu th tii'Xt morning at an early hour. WILMINGTON, (DEL). —We have establish ed a Branch Office at Wilmington. Del., and forward Packages or Parcels by every Railroad Train run ning to or through that City. W A S 111 NG T O N , GEORGETOWN AND ALEXANDRIA.— We forward all descriptions of Packages t * the above Cities by the Mail Trains, j Small Parcels will be forwarded by the 9 o'clock I v, orniug Li e. Heavy Parcels, &c., left at our Of- j fice before 44 o'clock, P. M. will be delivered in' Washington the sain • evening, if required, or at an early hour next morning. RICHMOND AM) PETERSBURG.-We run the only Express to these Cities, and will deliver Goods on the most reasonable terms. Express leaves daily at 34 o'clock. P. M. CUSTOM HOUSE BUSINESS.—We are pre pari (I to enter and pay duties 011 Goods arriving in Philadelphia, New York <>r Boston, and will forward them to any part of the United States, via Express or sl w Line as d >ired. BILLS, NOTES, DRAFTS, &c., will be col lected in every City in ihe Union where there is an Express coiiuecion. attention will be given to Shipping Specie, by the Packets and Steamers. Packages addressed to Points where we do not run an Express, will he forwarded by the best con veyances. Our responsibility ceases when we have obtained their receipts. Our Wagons will call in any part of the City for Goods intended fur our Expresses, free of additional charge. A LVI N ADA MS, ) Proprietors of the Line W. B. DINSMORE, J from Philad. to Boston. E. S. SANFORI), ) Pro'tors of Line from S. M. SHOEMAKER, 5 Philad. to Petersburg. oct 16— tf THE MUTUtL I.VSUU Y-VCE COM IW .W OF IIALTI MOKE. OFFICE NO. 16 SOUTH STREET. INSURANCE on Life from SIOO to SIO,OOO at the usual safe rates. I All the profits divided among the Insured. A wife can Insure the Life of her husband, free from the claims of Creditors. | Joint Insurances on the Livcsof husband and wife, I so that whenever either shall die, the survivor will receive the benefits. Endowments for children, by which parents can secure a sum of money for their children, payable at any future age. j Creditors who depend upon the continuance of the lives of their Debtors for payment, can secure their , debts at this office. Insurance on Life is one of the surest means by which a young man can improve his credit. | The provisions of this Company are such as to ; render the most ample security to the members; and ; the Investments uie on such a principle that the long er a member continues insured, the more valuable j ! his policy becomes c-ifher as an available security to i raise in nev during Life, or to his heirs at death. j j An arrangement has been entered into with the! ' oldest and most wealthy mutual Company in Ameri- : ' ca. f >r sharing h -aw risks. THOS. M. A BRETT, President. I JOHN A. THOMPSON. Secretary. Ch i nee I lorn. JOHN S. GITTINGS and W. G. HARRISON. 1 Medical Board. J. R. W. D (IN BAR, cor. of Hanover and Lom- ; bird streets. ' G O. M. ROBERTS, M. D., 125 Hanover st. For informal ion on any branch of the business, re fer to the printed paniohlets of ihe Company, or to THOS B. ADA iMS, Actuary, jy 29 tf No. lb South street. HA LTI!YIOR E ANI) SUSQUEHANNA. RAIL ROAD. .gangs jgauaa. THE PASSENGER TRAINS Leave Baltimore at 9 A. IM. and 3 P. M. • Arrive at II A. M. aud 6* P. M. ! Leave York at 5 A.M. and 3" P. M Arrive at 12} P. M. and S P. M. Leave York for Columbia at I* P. M. and 8 A.M. Leave Columbia for York at 8 A. M. and 2 P. M. The 9 A. M. Train runs daily. The 4 P. M. Train daily except Sunday. FARE. Fare to York $1.60 Wrightsville. $2.00 Columbia $2.12} Way points in proportion. PITTSBURGH, GETTYSBURG AND HARRfSBURG. Through tickets to PiUburgh via Stage to Harrisburg $9 Or via Lancaster by Railroad 10 Through tickets to Harrisburg or Gettysburg. .3 In connection with the afternoon train at 4 o'clock, a II >rse Car is run to Green Spring & O wings' Mill, arriving at the Mills at 5J P M. Returning, leaves Owings' Mills at 7 A. M. W AI. S. BID W NING, Superintendent. Cr> Picket Office, 63 North street. jan Itf MARINE AND FIRE INSURANCE. riIHE MUTUA L FIRE AND MARINE H INSURANCE COMPANY, at their Office, corner of GAY and LOM HA RD-STS., will insure Marine and Inland Navigation risks—and against fire on Dwellings, Warehouses and their contents. By the Charter of this Company, insurers with it, share in the unnuat profits. DIRECTORS. William W, Spence. John D. Early, C'l. O'D •miell, Richard Norris, William Loney, John K. Randall, Ilenry Winter. ED HOND DIDIRR, Prcst. H. A. Didicr, Sec'y. au 28 tf PILOT SAIL DUCK. IIE subscribers, agents for the sale of PILOT SAIL DUCK, have now on hand and will be constantly supplied with an assortment of numbers from 2 to 10, of that SUPERIOR ARTICLE, which they offer to the trade on PLEASING TERMS. Ap|Hy to S. PHILLIPS & CO. j'tne 5 ly 91 Rowly's Whsrf. TO OWNERS AND MASTERS OF VESSELS. IN order to facilitate and improve tlie mode of Communication at Sea, by Sliipa of War with each other, and with vessels of the Revenue, Marine and Mevfhaut service, the Signals patented by the undersigned have been adopted by the Government as the standard code of the United States: The following are the advantages to be derived from their Me, viz: # "Vessels meeting at sea in any part of the world, if provided with ne Flags and Signal Books, may as long as they are in sight of each other, without altering their course, communicate any intelligence, either their names, from what port they sailed, what passage they have had, what vessels they left in port, or that preceded thein; particulars relative to vessels they have fallen in with, if in want of stores, provisions, assistance, or information; their latitude and longitude; casualties or any observations they have made during their voyage." ...... . ... . r.u • It is highly important to owners that their vessels be provided with these Signals in the erent ot thci being under convoy of Government, or in company of other vessels. Testimonials from officers of the Navy, Revenue, Marine, &c., in favor of the system, can be had free of charge at our office, where we are prepared to furnish Signals and give any information in regard to the business. ROGERS & lILAC K, je 12 ly ' Merchants' Exchange. From the Semaphonc Signal Book, page 18, of Instructions. 1572 Qucs. — Where are you bound? 11,470 — Ant. —Rio Janeiro. (See page 49.) (See paee *291.) PICKLES, JELLIES, PRESERVES, ALC. rjlllE subscriber would respectfully announce to ! JL the public tli.it lie has on ii and a large stock and i general assortment of PICKLES and PRESERVES, | which he can sell, wholusuh-or retail, fifty percent. lower than they can be purchased any where in the | United Slates. Shipping Merchants, Agents and Contractors will find it advantageous to examine the stock before ; purchasing elsewhere. His stock comprises in part viz: PICKLES. | Cucumbers,in gallon,hlf gl.and qt. jars.lO.O'M) ol''each Alix'd Pickles do do do 15.000 do Peaches, do do do 10,000 do Beans, do do do 3,000 do j Onions, do do do 3,"00 do ('antelope Mangoes, do do 10,000 do Pepper do do 5,000 do Cauliflowers, do 1,000 do Red Cabbage, do 1,000 do Yellow Pickles, do 2,000 do Tomatoes, do 5.0 0 do Cherries, do 1,000 do English Walnuts, (2 years old,)do 6,000 do PRESERVES. Strawberries, in quart and pint jars, 1,000 of each, i English Walnuts, do 1,500 Gages, do 1.500 ! Peaches, do 1,000 ! Pears. do 1,500 Quinces, do 800 Citrons, do 1,000 Limes, do 800 Raspberries, do 500 do Apricots, do 3*'o BRANDY FRUITS. Peaches, in half gallon & quart jars, 700 of each | Pears, do do 800 I English Walnuts, do 600 Gages, do 700 Raspberries, do 600 Cherries, do 600 ApucoU, do 400 JELLIES. Quince, in pint and half pint jars, 700 of each. Apple, do do do 600 Currant, do do do 600 SYRUPS. Raspberry Vinegar, in claret bottles, 10,000 Lemon, do do 8,001) ALSO —A superior article of Tomato, Walnut and Mushroom CATSUPS; \fr.can a d American PEP PER SA UCE; French Mustard and prepared Horse radish. Families and dealers can also be supplied fby the ; hundred) with Cucumber Pickles, finely spiced and i in vinegar; a superior article of Saurkrmit, and Cider Vinegar, at WILLIAM RODMAN'S Pickling House and Vinegar Depot, | oc 16 ly No. 46 and 48 S. Howard street. CHEAP PLAIN AND FANCY (27<©18 iPiEHKOTnrfco OFFICE No. 117. BALTIMORE STREET, 2 doors W. of South. FBI HE subscriber is in every way prepared toex -M. ecute Job Printing with great despatch and elegance,—and has on hand a full supply of fine and common papers for Bill-Heads, Circulars, Rills of Lading, Rank Checks, &c. —He has considerably re duced t he scale of prices on RILL HEADS, RILLS OF LADING, CARDS, HANI) RILLS, CIRCULARS, FREIGHT RILLS, LABELS for Shopkeepers, Manufacturers, Druggists, fyc. Where large quantities are required his prices are very low, as he runs them off by means of a Napier Cylinder Press. The orders of hisfriends areparticularly solicited, who will please give him a call and judge for them selves. He has also on hand BLANK BOOKSof his own manufacture; and will make to order at the shortest notice—which he warrants equal to the be-t MI the city—together with a full supply of STATION ARY, &c. JOS. ROBINSON, Printer, june 5 Bookseller & Stationer, 117 Baltimore *t. NATIONAL LOAN FJUND LIFE AS SURANCE SOCIETY OF LONDON. " A Savings Dank for the benefit of the Widow and Orphan. (EMPOWERED BV ACT OF PARLIAMENT.) CA PITA L £500,000 STERLING, OR #2,500,000, Besides a Reserve Fund (from surplus premiums) of about #185,000, ( Partof the Capital is invested in the United States.) T. LAMIE MURRAY, ESQ. George street, Hanover, Square, Chairman of the Court of Directors in London. UNITED STATES BOARD OF LOCAL DIRECTORS. ( Chief Office for America , 74 Wallst., N. V.) Jacob Harvey, Chairman, I Samuel S. Rowland, John J. Palmer, Gorham 11. Worth, Jonathan Goohue, | Samuel M. Fox, James Doorman, I Wm. Van Hook, George Barclay, | C. Edward Habicht. EDW'D T. RICH A RDSON, General Accountant. Pamphlets, Blank Forms, Tables of Rates, Lists of Agents, &c. &c., obtained at the Chief Office, 74 Wall street, or from either of the Agents, through out the United States, and British North American Colonies. J. LEANDER STARR, General Agent For the United States and B.N. A. Colonics. Pamphlets,explanatory of Life Insurance, and the peculiar system of this institution, blank forms of application, &c., obtained at the Agent's office, 6 German street. U.S. LOCAL DIRECTORS, AT BALTIMORE: Jonathan Meredith, Esq., Chairman. < Sam*l Hoffman, Esq., J. //. AT Culloh Esq., M. D. AGENTS: DONALD M'ILVAIN. 6 German street. THOMAS H. WILLLIAMS. jy 31 LY J. & G. RICH.STEIN, STEAM SUGAR REFINERS. Corner of EastLombard,Concordand Hawk streets june 5 BALTIMORE. R. SINCLAIR, JR. & CO. AGRICULTURAL MACHINE AND PLOW MANUFACTURERS, NURSERY AND SEEDSMEN, No. 62 Light street, OR>PLOWS,&c. FOR THE COLONIES AND SOUTHERN PORTS, DETACHED AND PACK ED IN SMALL COMPASS FOR SHIPMENT, je 12 | MANUFACTURED AND LEAF TO BACCO. SEGA IIS, ALC. CHARLES I). I>EFORD AL CO. TOBACCO COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 6| South Gay street, n AVE on hand and offer for sale, on the most liberal terms, the following: MANUFACTURED TOBACCO fI mill PACKAGES, comprising a lull as- W sortment of all grades and sizes great variety of popular and well established brands, all muiiufacttiied expres-ly for this maiket, and receiv ed direct from the most celebrated manufacturer* in Virginia: constantly receiving additions to the above stock. LEA F TOBACCO. 700 Bale*, consisting of Havana, Vara, St Jago, St. Domingo, Ignaiii, IMvnrie, Porto Riro, and Ken tucky, ol fir-t quality and flavor,selected with great care. Also, Spanish Seed in cases— Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, and Virginia, in hhrls.—a full sup ply alwav s on hand,suitable for Segar manufacturers or export. SEGA RS. 500 000 HAVANA and PRINCIPE, presenting an excellent stock of choice and medium SEGA RS, of the mod favorite brands. 2iMl,t'oi> AMERICAN SEGARS, Half Spanish, part packed, 3 M cases, an article for South Ameri can trade. Also, SNUFFS, Smoking and New York Fine Cut TOBACCO, Havana and Principe pa per. Havana Has*, Virginia Tobacco Steins Tobacco Knives. Calabria Liquorice, Negro Pipe*, &c., &e. June 5 REMOVED. j f H E subscriber being compelled to move from .■ Gav Street, has located l.imselfat the CORNER OF SOUTH STREKTAND EXCHANGE PLACE, under J. B. Egerton's Lottery Office, where he is ready and willing to supply his old friend ly custom ers, and all others wishing to use the best of KOK EIG.\ DOMESTIC MALT LIQUORS. He keeps constantly on hand. Guinea*, Sons' & Co'* DUBLIN DOUBLEBKOWN STOUT, LONDON BROWN STOUT, SCOTCH ALE, and POUGH KEEPSIE, ALBANY and other ALES; also AME RICAN PORTER, and BROWN STOUT; and New Ark and other CIDERS. From ail experience of some thirty years in the Bottling and Brewing business, it i* unnecessary to say, that he can prepare for any Foreign market or home consumption, Malt Liquors or Cider, as well as other people. Shipper* or masters of Vessel* may he assured that his Liquors will keep good in any climate. ap 1 tf THOMAS WALSH. BALTIMORE COMPANY. BAKE-HOUSE. O'DONNELL'S WHARF. Sale* Rooms, No 40, Pratt street, near Frederick-st. Manufact lire* for exportation and consumption: PILOT AND NAVY BREAD, SODA, LEMON AND WINE BISCUIT, SUGAR AND WATER CRACKERS. A ISO HAND MADE WATER CRACKERS. SUPPLIED WITH STOREB. Bv giving early orders. Bread will be prepared and packed to stand the longest voyage*, jy 10 W. H. REATTY. flpßp JOSEPH TAYLOR <fc SON. GROCERY, COMMISSION AND FORWARD ING MERCHANTS, Corner of Eutuw and German streets. BALTIMORE: / IOODS consigned to their care or left at their X n I), pot, will he fowarded daily, via Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road and Wagons, to the West. I he loeatiou of their house in this place and of t heir Agent* in Cumberland,being 011 the Rail Road, enables them to receive and forward Goods by this route with but little handling or expense. ShipprrMtrerequested toseud their billsoflading, or receipt, 011 shipment of goods Produce consigned to them for sale will receive particular attention. June 5 tf f IHIE SUBSCRIBER having taken the 0 Bakery on McElderry's wharf, and Store No. 108 Pratt street, recently occupied hy Mr. Peter Keri.au, intend* manufacturing PILOT ami NAVY BREA ', SUGAR, SODA and WATER CRACK ERS, &c., and hopes that by strict attention to busi ness to merit a share of public patronage. ROBERT HOOPER IN RETIRING fiom the above busiues* I would respectfully a*k for Mr. Hooper the pa tronage of my friend* and the public generally. PETER KERNAN. Baltimore, July 19, 1847. jy 3| J. M'CULLOGH J. M'KEEHAN. C. D. CULBEBTSOH JOHN M'CULLOGH AL CO. COMMISSION AND PRODUCE MERCHANTS. No. 93 and 95 Bowly's Wharf, BALTIMORE, MD. REFERENCES Messrs. Henry Rieman & Sons,^ " Wilson & Hopkins, > Baltimore, Md. " Reynold* & Smith, ) '* Groesbeck & Co. } " Evans & Swift, > Cincinatti, O. •' Jno. Swasay & Co. 5 '* T. T. &W. Butcher, Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. R. Galway, ) Messrs. Burbridge, Wilson & Co. > Pittsburgh, Pa. " Myers, Ilunter & Co. } Mr. D. B. Ilill ) . Messrs. Finny, Lee & Co. y Louie, Mo. June 5 I vr BALTIMORE WEEKLY COMMERCIAL JOURNAL AND LYFORD'S PRICE-CURRENT, Is published every Saturday Morning, at the N. W corner of Baltimore and Holliday streets, up stairs, entrance on Baltimore street, BY W. G. L YFORD, Editor and Proprietor. TERMS. Five Dollars per annum, ) Payable in Two dollars andfifty cents, for six mos., $ advance. Twelve and a half cent*, for a single sheet. A failure to notify the Editor to discontinue pre vious to, or at the end of a subscriber's year, will be considered a* a new engagement for anoihcr year. Advertisements of a square, (sixteen piinted lines or a less number constituting it,) will be iuterted three weeks for a dollar. For a longer period .upon such term* as may be agreed. PRINTED BY JAMES YOUNG. BOOK AND JOB PRINTER N. W. corner qf Baltimore and Holliday-ete. Where every description of Book and Job Printing is neatly and expeditiously executed.