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Baltimore commercial journal, and Lyford's price-current. [volume] (Baltimore, Md) 1840-1849, November 18, 1848, Image 3

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It A I.TIM R K:
SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 18,1848.
LATEST DATES—FROM
LI VERI'OOLj Oct. 29. IIAVHE, Oct. 25.
Letter Slieet Friers Current.
A Review of the Baltimore Market, for the week
ending last evening, printed on fine paper and adapted
to correspondence, can be had at the Printing office
of this paper, N. W. corner of Baltimore and Holli
day streets, (up stairs,) to-day by 8 o'clock, at 6]
cts. single, or 5 cts. each, for 5 or more copies.
REVIEW OF THE
BALTIMORE MARKET,
(AND INCIDENTS CONNECTED THE HE WITH,)
For the Week ending last evening.
REMARKS.—The business of (he week lias been
on a most limited scale, and we have no improve
ment either in the demand or price of any article of
Produce to report.
AMERICAN DRY GOODS.—The market is in
active generally, except a country trade which is
still continued to a moderate extent by jobbers.
Some considerable shipments have been makiug to
the Pacific of Cotton Fabrics, generally Drills.
BEESWAX.—We are not advised of any transac
tions since our lust week's report.
BREAD—Is in moderately fair request, for ex
port, and prices remain steady at quotations.
CANDLES.—We haveno new feature to note in
any descriptions, the demand for Sperm and Adaman
tine is only moderate.
COFFEE.—The transactions have been quite
limited for lack of a stock; the private sales of Rio
not exceeding about 500 hags at 6, ! .n6£ cts., 6 mos.,
leaving only about 800 bags in first and second hands.
By auction on Thursday, 3000 bags Lagnayra, green
and white, sold at the extremes of 3J and averag
ing about bk cts. per lb., 6 mos.
COPPER.—The sales include some 8a 10,000 lbs.
Old at 15a1 cts. per lb., cash.
COTTON.—We note sales of 256 bales Upland at
6i cts. per lb.; 90 do. Mobile, 65'; and 85 do. Texas,
6j, all 608 mos.
FEATHERS.—There is an improved demand for
City and Country use, and considerable sales in lots
of 100 to 500 lbs., have been made at 32a33a35 cts.
cash, per lb for fair to prime quality.
FISH. —Mackerel in good supply are selling freely
at $3.75 for No. 3, Halifax inspection, and $3.87'
for Boston; No. 2, $6.25; and No. 1, $8.25. The
receipts of Dry Codfish have also been very fair, and
small sales are making at something under our quo
tations.
FLOUR AND MEAL.—The market has not
been active for Howard street Flour, during any pe
riod of the week, but it improved I2J cts. at the be
ginning of it, and continued to maintain the advance,
until and during Wednesday, some 31100 brls. selling
at $5,121, taken for exportation. On Thursday the
market was heavy, with free sellers at $5.12, but
no buyers over $5. Yesterday sales were made at
$5,121. A lot of 500 brls. Harper's Ferry bland
sold on Wednesday at $5,121. The market for City
Mills closed last week at $5,121, and this has been
the rate generally since, except probably for about
()00a700 iirls. which brought $5.18 J. The sales
have amounted to some 10,000 brls., a portion of
which to be delivered. The supply of Rye Flour
is light, and holders are enabled to obtain $4.25 per
brl. About 1500 brls. Corn Meal have been taken
for export, at $3 per brl. Country, and $3,121 for
City Mills. Inspected this week;
Corn Meal, l,boß brls., 100 hf brls—
Rye Flour, 111 brls.—
Howard street Flour,. .12,377 brls., 266 hf. brls.
City Mills ditto, .. 7,191 " 460 "
Family ditto,.... 998 "
20,666 brls. 726 hf. brls
Forming a total of 20,992 brls. of Wheat Flour. Ex
ported within the same time to foreign ports 2,745
Iflrls- of Flour, and 1,535 do. Indian tVleal—of the
Flour 100 brls. were to England.
GRAIN.—The supply of Wheat has been only
moderate, and prices of red have advanced 3a4 cts.
since the close of last week. The ruling rates yes
terday, which exhibited a slight improvement, were
I.osa's 1.10 for good to prime, and 90 cts. a $1.04 for
ordinary to fair. White has sold at 1.10a51.15 for
Penua., and 1.16a$ 1.25 for qualities suitable for
Family Flour. We note the sale of a small cargo of
Maryland Rye at 63 cts. Corn is in fair supply, and
has remained pretty steady in price during the week,
the closing rates for new white, 52a53 cts., and old
55a56; new yellow, 5455, and old 60a62. Oats are
selling at 25u29 cts., according to quality. Exported
to foreign ports, 1544 bushels of Com.
HEMP.—The market continues quiet, with a very
short supply of any denomination.
HlDES.—There has nothing been done since our
last report except the sale of about 1700 La Plata at
9£ cts. per lb., usual time.
HOPS.—There have been further small sales of
new Eastern at 12 cts. per lb. for first sort.
INDIGO.—We have no private transactions to re
report. By auction on Thursday, of 70 scroons Ca
raccas offered, 30 sold at 7Saß2'cls. per lb., 6 mos.,
t lie residne withdrawn.
IRON.—The market continues inactive, and with
out any new feature to note.
MOLASSES.—We are not advised of any transac
tions except the following by auction, which com
prised 161 brls. New Orleans at 15a23j, and 20 do.
Sugar House, of 200 offered, at 17j"22j cts. per gal
lon, 4 mos.
NAILS—III good demand continue to command
quoted prices.
NAVAL STORES.—The market is devoid of ac
tivity at this season, and prices remain pretty steady
at quotations.
OlLS.—Linseed has declined to 58 cts., at which
small sales have been made. No change in other
descriptions.
PLASTER PARIS.—The sales have been to the
extent of all that has arrived at 2.25a $2.50, the for
mer quotations.
PROVISIONS.—The demand has been generally
slack, the stock having become so materially redu
ced that holders have very little of any description
remaining to do business with.
Beqf. —The stock is quite light; very little, if any,
old is on hand, and the supply ol new as yet is small.
We note sales of new city-packed Mess, mostly to
fill orders, at sl2; No. 1 at 10.50a511, chiefly for
stores; and Prime, 7.50a58 per brl., cash and 4 mos.
l'ork. —The market is completely bare of Mess,
and the supply of any other descriptions is not heavy.
Small sales Itave been made of Prime at $9 on time
adding interest.
Dacon.-- The firmness with which Shoulders were
held, as noticed in our last, still continues, and few
if any good can be had under 5.; cts., which has been
the current rate of the week, although 5' has been
accepted for an article not so good; we understand,
however, a smalt supply is in transit, and will soon
be in market, which has been offered at 5' cts., be- ,
fore arrival. Sides have been selling at 5, 6J, sj|, !
and at close 5i cts. is asked. Hants remain much as
lust reported,"7 jaS, for shipping qualities, and 9alo
cts. for extra-cured for Family use.
I.ard. —Prices are lower, and some 400a500 pkgs.
have sold at 7 j cts. for inferior in brls., 8 for No. 1
iu brls. and trcs., 8i for do. in kegs, besides 100 pails
Refined at 9-2 cts. per lb., cash.
Butter. —Western remains at lOall cts. per lb.,
in kegs, with limited operations. Glades has sold
more freely, in lots of 26 to 50 kegs, at 13a14 cts. in
running lots, and 15 for choice dairies.
Cheese. — Western is steady at 7a 7cts. for good to
prime lots, and Eastern Ba9alo for fair to good and
prime shipping qualities.
RlCE.—There have been further moderate sales
at 3.621a53.75 per 100 lbs , the last week's quoted ;
prices. The stock in market is small.
SEEDS.—Clover is dull, and the best lots have
been offered at $4 per bushel. Timothy is quiet.
For Flax, buyers offer $1.15, and sellers ask $1.25.
SPICES —There have been sales of about 800 bags j
Jamaica Pimento ut 5 and 6 cts. per lb., short price, |
taken for export, the former for cash, the latter 6 !
mos. By auction on Thursday, 110 bags sold at?, 1 /* 1
7A cts, per lb. 6 mos.
SPlßlTS.—Northern Rum is selling at 28a30 cts.
per gallon, the latter for Boston brands. The mar
ket lor Whiskey is not so brisk, and last week's
prices are hardly supported: we quote hhds. 23a23.*, j
and brls. 21a24* cts. ner gallon. By auction: sales
of 16 qr. csks. French Brandy, Napoleon brand, at
I.loa $ 1.13 per gallon; 4 do. Cannon do. 1.22a #1.28; 1
2 hf. do. A. Seigncitee, 1.16a51.19; 2oct do. $1.25; J
1 qr. csk. Cognac, $1.32; 5 hf. pipes Otard. Dupuy |
& Co. I 65a51.92; 7 qr. csks. do. 1.59a51.70 and .
1.87a51.91; 1 hf. pipe do. $1.65; and 7 pipes Gin,
Stork brand, 91a93 cts. j
SUGARS.—The market continues depressed and
prices rule low. The private sales have been unim- |
portant; and the public comprise 239 hhds. Porto Rico
at 3.70a51.40; of 172 do. do. offered, 55 sold ut
3.70a$ I.9o—(balance withdrawn); 29 brL. do. at
$3.85; and 62 do. Loaf, 7.62J057.75 per 100 lbs.,
all 4 mos.
TOBACCO.—There lias been less activity mani- |
festrd in the market this week for all descriptions;
and in those of Maryland the better sorts only com- |
prising some 200 hhds. have been sold, taken at 5 to ,
$7, including a very few hhds. new Ground Leaf at
$3 for inferior to #7 per 100 lbs., the latter for
good quality. The lower grades of crop are held for
an advance, factors not feeling disposed hereafter to
submit to so low rates as have recently characterised
the market, particularly in the face of the well
known fact that the present year's crop will be a
very short one, although the quality will be good.
The demand for Ohio has been quite limited, but the
few sales making have been at about former rates for
similar sorts. The inspections comprise 329 hhds.
Maryland, 402 do. Ohio, 6 do. Kentucky and 7 do.
Missouri—total, 744 hhds. The amount exported for
the week was 658 hhds. of which 028 were to Am
sterdam, and 20 to England; making the amount of
Maryland and Ohio leaf to European ports since Jan.
Ist to 16th inst., as follows:
This week This year.
To Bremen, hhds. 9,870
" Rotterdam, 11 8,627
" Amsterdam, " 629 3,092
" Bordeaux, " 669
" Havre " 2,997
" Marseilles, " 1,255
" England, " 20 127
Stock on hand, 16th inst., 29,552 hhds.
WOOL.—Holders are firmer, and sonic want an
advance on the late current rates, but we do not hear
of any transactions of moment.
FREIGHTS. —A ship is loading Provisions for
London at 355. per ton; and Flour for Liverpool is
going on board at 25.6 d., and Grain at B*d. To
bacco for Breman in Bremen ships at 15s. perhhd.
Vessels for the West Indies are in better request at
80 cts. for dry brls., and coastwise rates have im
proved a fraction. We quote as follow:
To Boston—Coal, $2; Flour 20 cts.; Corn,67cts.
" Ports in Maine, Flour 27a30 cts d0.7a8 "
" New York, Coal $ 1.50 do. sas* ••
" Providence, Flour 20a25 cts d0.6a7
WESTERN TRANSPORTATION.—The navi
gation of the Pcnnsyluania Canal was closed last
Saturday, and all communication with Pittsburgh by
the way of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad
and Canal is now over for the season. The rates of
Freight on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad will
advance to their winter range the first of next month;
and already there is an improvement of 25 cts. per
100 lbs. by wagons from Cumberland to the Ohio
river—say, $1.25 to Pittsburgh by steamer from
Brownsville, and $1.50 to Wheeling.
BEEF CATTLE.—The offerings at the drove
yards last Monday were not so large as they were
either of the previous two or three weeks, but the
prices obtained show a slight improvement. Of the
1400 head brought forward, packers and butchers
took 1150; and except 50 which were left on drovers'
hands, the residue (200) were driven Eastwardly.
Prices ranged from 2 to $3.25, gross, equivalent to
1a56.25 per 100 lbs net. The market for Live
Hogs remains pretty steady at 4.75a55.25 for inferior
to prime, but suiters are actively engaged in packing,
the number for the English market having materially
increased.
EXCHANGE.—Transactions have been quite li
mited in all descriptions of Foreign, and we have no
change to note, but continue last week's quotations,
as follow:
Bills on London JEstcrl'g 60days,8 a 9 pcrct. prom
Hamburg a
Bremen 78*a 78?
Holland 40 a 40*
Sight Bills on Boston paral-10 per ct. prera.
New York Cityparal-10 do. do.
Philadelphia .'.paral-10 do. do.
Richmond, Va. ...1 alj do. dis.
Charleston, S. C. l'.a— do. do.
Mobile U2 do. do.
New Orleans, ... Ila 2 do. do.
— Louisville . . Ua2 do. do.
St. Louis 1 \al do. do.
Cincinnati, 1 ia2 do. do.
Treasury Notes, 6 per cents I02?al()3^
Mexican Dollars... —a * per ct. prem.
Spanish do. Ic2 do. do.
American Gold para— do. do.
Doubloons, Royal ....16 al6 10
Do. Patriot 15 55 a 15 66
DOMESTIC MARKETS.
At Boston: Flour in steady demand at 5.37'.a $5.75
for Western and Genesee brands, and Southern 5.50a
$5.62*. Yellow Corn plenty and dull at 69a70 cts.
Pork more firm in price.
At New York: Coffee only in moderate demand
without alteration iu price. Flour dull at 5.31 ja
$'5.50 for Western and Genesee, and 5.50a5'5.56]
for Southern. Corn Meal steady at 3.25a $3.37 i,
and Rye Flour at the latter. Wheat without change
iu price, and prime qualities in fair demand. The
extremes of Corn 69 and 74 cts. for white and yel
low. Provisions without improvement, and prices
of Pork less firm. Sales of Whiskey at 23a24 cts.
At Philadelphia: Flour continued iu limited de
mand, at 5.31 [a $'5.37*. Rye Flour, $3,874; and
Corn Meal s'3 per brl. A fair demand existed for
Wheat at 1.06a51.13 for red, and 1 15a51.20 for
white. Corn steady at 6Sa7O cts. for yellow. Pro
visions looking down. Whiskey 23a24 cts. in hhds.
and brls.
i Our last Saturday's Publication was not out at as
seasonable an hour as usual, and at the same time a
small portion of the impression was not as good as
previously, and as we expect it will be hereafter.
Our Printer has provided himself with a new power
Press, complete in every respect for all other print
ing, but it will not throw off the inside form of the
Journal at night, although it did the outside in a first
rate manner in the day. For a "stranger" to look
at its operations, wc should not much wonder if he
supposed the "thing of life" a thinking as well as an
active body; but the circumstance of its not working
at night is almost enough to stagger the belief of an
acquaintance that Messrs. ADAMS & Co. have con
structed it upon the principle of its rigidly carrying
out the **ten hour system."
! Close of Canal Navigation —See our Review of
the Market under head of Western Transportation.
Steam Packet Communication with Charleston.—
We understand that the keel of one of the steam
ships, intended for the line of Packets between this
port and Charleston, has been laid on the ways from
which the George Brown was launched last Satur
day, notice of which will be seen in another place
in this paper.
EXPORTS TO GREAT BRITAIN, &c.
To London —By brig SALINE, SULLIVAN, which
was cleared on Tuesday last—Bacon 575 boxes,
Beef 400 trcs, Lard 151 kegs and 50 pails, Flour 100
brls, Tobacco 20 hhds.
Launches. —The fine shin George Brown, built for
the firm of Alex. Brown & Sons, was launched on
Saturday afternoon, from the yard of the Messrs.
Robb. A fine ship of 700 tons, called the Jane Hen
derson, belonging to J. Henderson & Co., was launch
ed on Tuesday morning from the yard of Messrs.
Goodwin & Richardson.
NEW YORK IMPORTATIONS.
We Icarn from the Tribune , that the imports of
last week show a considerable advance on the same
week of last year, there having been a large simulta
neous arrival of foreign vessels. The aggregate
amount is about 60 per cent, larger than October,
1847.
IMPORTS.
1846. 1847. 1848.
Free Goods, 230,996 79,537 51,784
Dutiable Goods,.. .674,748 853,753 1,420,478
Total Mdzc... $905,734 932,295 1,472,262
Specie 14,466 12,806 11,942
Cash received 116,970 234,449 349,763
The above figures do not include the amount ware
housed, which, of Dry Goods alone, amounted to
$ 152,000.
The business of the Custom House in Dry Goods
during the week was as annexed:
Entered for Withd'n from
Manufactures of Imported. Warehousing. Warehouse.
Wool 45,864 51,593 6,447
Cotton 48,133 48,017 5,710
Silk 161,407 28,345 6,384
Flax 47,397 11,294 6,396
Miscellaneous. .63,414 18,660 11,<91
Total 366,205 152,909 35,828 ,
The Dry Goods Reporter has the following re
marks on our Dry Goods market;
"A small advance is perceptible in some desenp
tions of goods. We may particularize Cloths, of
which lots have been sold at $1.875, which were
freely offered at $1.62£ two weeks previous to elec
tion .
The market is still suffering from the over-impor
tation of Cloths and Stuff Goods, although some styles
WEEKLY COMMERCIAL, iOVRKAL.
j even of these articles can be found which are desira
j hie, among which we may mention Blue and Wool
Black Cloths. Of the former we have no stock in
market, and there is a large inquiry; while for the
; latter we can say they arc quick at fair prices. Stuff
Goods are plenty at a reduction of 33£ percent, on
fancy styles. Plain Paramattas are quick at remu
' nerating prices. Long and Square Woolen Shawls
are still iu demand, although the late arrivals have
caused some reduction to be made in prices.
11l Domestics exporters have been remarkably
quiet, the shipments having reached but 146 bales.
The arrival from Europe brings us intelligence of a
still farther decline in the price of Cotton. This will
! have a corresponding effect upon this side, and enable
our manufacturers to purchase their raw material at
less price. It is also agreed among many of our
largest manufacturers to reduce the rate of wages 25
per cent. This, with the reduction of the staple,
will enable them to produce at less rates than even
the present unprecedentedly low prices.
Woolens are dull except in the article of coarse
goods and Shawls, which remain in good request.
The quantity of South American Wool now laying
in the various Atlantic ports is large, but a decided
ly firmer tone is perceptible among dealers in the
domestic staple, and there appears some indication of
1 an advance.
In Prints the trade may he said to be oyer, al
though there is still something doing with jobbers
who do "near home trade." Stocks are however,
accumulating, but the production of Fall style will
soon cease, and all hands In? turned on to Spring
goods. We have no doubt that the experience of
; former "years will admonish our printers of the neces
i sity of paying particular attention to patterns, as
they may be sure that 110 pains will be spared by the
British manufacturer to produce novel designs.
TOBACCO FOR FRANCE.
The French Consul at Richmond has made the fol
lowing publication, which we copy for the benefit of
the Tobacco Trade:
RICHMOND, Nov. loth, 1849.
Under directions from the Administrator General
of Tobacco in France, notice is hereby given to the
commercial community thaton the 29thday of Decem
ber, 1849, at 1 o'clock, P. M., at the Ministers des
Finances, in public session, scaled proposals will be
received, and an adjudication will be made to the
lowest bidders for the supply of the national manu
factories of France, to wit:
Ist. For 2,400,000 kilogrammes of Virginia Leaf
Tobacco of the crop of 1949, in accordance to four
specified qualities.
2d. For 2,400,000 kilogrammes of Maryland Leaf
Tobacco of the crop of 1849, in accordance to four
specified qualities.
3d. For 1,000,000 kilogrammes of Kentucky Leaf
Tobacco of the crop of 1949, in accordance to four
I specified qualities.
• 4th. 500,000 kilogrammes of Hungary Leaf Tobacco
of the crop of 1949, of which one-half "Debretzin"
and one-half "Szcghedin," each in accordance to
three specified qualities.
sth. For 500,000 kilogrammes of Macedonia Loaf
Tobacco of the crop of 1949, in accordance to three
specified qualities.
6th. For 200,000 kilogrammes of Greek Leaf To
bacco of the crop of 1949, iu accordance to one
specified quality.
7th. For 100,000 kilogrammes of Havana Leaf To
bacco of the crop of 1948, in accordance to one
specified quality.
Separate proposals will be required for each of
these seven classifications, to be ottered at the open
ing of the session on the above mentioned day.
N B.—The "Cahiors des charges" will bo deli
vered to those interested, on application at the Chan
cellcric of this Consulate.
OUR FOREIGN MAILS.
Wc are rejoiced to leafn that our able and in
defatigable Minster at St. James, Mr. Bancroft, has
succeeded in arranging with the British Government
the basis for ail adjustment of our postal difficulties
with that country. The terms, we understand, arc
satisfactory to our Governmeiitf and will he 110 doubt
approved by the public on both sides of the Atlantic.
The basis or preliminaries only are arranged. The
details remain to be adjusted by the negotiators. In
this stage of the case, particulars cannot very well be
obtained. We understand, however, that a uniform
rate of postage is agreed upon, to be charged only by
the Government conveying the letter with a small
port postage to each country—the whole not to ex
ceed the present English rate of one shilling sterl
ing—and that the inland postage for conveyance in
England or the United States shall be according to
the rates fixed by the laws of either country, which
we know is one penny uniform in England, and five
or ten cents here, according to distance.
Beside our monthly steamboat line to Southampton
in England, and Bremen in Germany—a distance of
3000 miles —another has been recently put into oper
ation from Charleston to Havana, in the Island of
Cuba—distance 900 miles. It is to run semi-monthly,
and we learn that the service is performed iu admira
ble style by the beautiful steamer Isabel. Already
the first steamer of the Pacific line, the California,
has departed to take her station on her distant route;
and, doubling Cape Horn, she is expected to reach
Panama iu the latter part of December. Mr. George
Law, wc learn, will dispatch the steamer Falcon
from New York, on the Ist of December,to Chagres,
by the way of Havana; and the mail reaching Cha
gres is to go by an overland dispatch, under charge
of Wm. H. Aspinwall, Esq. of New York, to Panama,
iu time to connect with the California. Mr. Aspin
wall is proprietor of the Pacific line from Panama,
by San Francisco, to Astoria in Oregon. These two
lines from New York to Chagres, and thence to
Astoria, extend, as wc are informed at the Post Of
fice Department, over a distance 0f7,500 miles. The
service will be performed once a month. The dis
tance from New York to Chagres has been stated in
the public prints at 1,700 miles. This is an evident
error. There is a difference between the two places
of 31° 30*. ami allowing for the deflexion in going
into the Gulf of Mexico and the Yucatan Channel,
that distance may be safely estimated to be at least
2,860 miles.
We are told that our American traveler Stephens
is connected with the Pacific as well as the Bremen
line. The spirit of enterprise succeeds that of ad
venture and discovery. May it prove to be equally
successful with our distinguished countryman, and
enable him as highly to gratify and serve the pub
lic.— Washington Union.
The best Drove of Cottle in the World. —lsaac
Funk, Esq., of McLean county, in this State, brought
to this city, a few days ago, a drove of twelve hun
dred head of cattle, which were bought, slaughtered
and packed by Messrs. Wadsworth, Dyer & Cliapiu,
and which averaged 677 pounds per head. And they
were grass fed cattle, too—none of them stall fed.
We doubt whether there was ever so large a drove
of grass fed cattle driven to any market that would
average so high. Mr. Funk received nearly $30,000
for the drove, which he tcfok to McLean county. The
beef was cured and packed in Mr. Dyer's best meth
od, and will be sent east to contribute still further to
the high reputation of Chicago beef.— Chicago Detn.
TURKEY.—SMYRNA FRUIT TRADE.
Arrivals of Figs in Smyrna to 6th October in ;
1946. 1947. 1848.
Camels loads, 15,298 13,773 5,957
Shipments to Great Britain to same date in
1846. 1847. 1949.
Drums, 293,390 256,939 106,674
Boxes, 5,309 16,998 14,051
First cost in Smyrna, before picking, on 6th Octo
ber, in piastres per kintal:
For common. For Eleme.
184 35a 40 alio
184 65a 100 140a 150
184 140a170 220a225
Doubtful if 1000 loads of this year's crop of Figs
are yet to arrive, in which case the crop will be only
about 7000 loads; in 1846 it was 20, 000 loads.
About 45,000 drums Figs and Sultanas are now in
port and shipped iu the vessels loading.
Total shipments to Great Britain in—
-1845. 1846. 1847.
Figs c/ntm5.424,592 371.902 305,600
Figs 6.r#.5,76f 6,240 19,0<0
Shipments of Sultanas to 6th October in—
-1846. 1847. 1848.
Drums 41,336 21,685 17,878
Total shipment Sultanas to Great Britain in this
j*car:
1545. 1846. 1847.
Drums 41,525 85,000 23,000
Crop this year much under last year.
Pittsburgh and Isle Royale Mining Company.—
11. H. McCullough, Agent.—The location of this
Company is situated at Todd's Harbor, on the north
side of Isle Royale. The shaft sunk is about 20 feet
deep, with a sheet of native copper running length
wise entering across the shaft, measuring from two
to three inches in thickness, and enlarging as it goes
down. The force now employed consists of 3or 10
hands who will, wc learn, be continued during the
winter.— Lake Superior News.
Shipment qf Copper. —The propeller Manhattan
Capt. McFayden, left yesterday with the following
cargo of copper shipped by Col. McKnight, for the
Cliff Mine Company:
180 masses native copper, ..261,879 lbs.
104 barrles stamped ore, 56,606 ••
1 117 •• mineral, 63,309 "
making 391,693 lbs.—besides some 4 masses of native
copper weighing 2,000 lbs. belonging to the Pitts
burgh and Isle Royale Company.— lbid.
IMPORTATIONS AT BALTIMORE.
FOREIGN.
Savanna-la-Mar,(Jum.) —Brig St. Andrew.
Pimento 1174 bags I trc 7 brls, old iron b tons, old
copper 2 do, hides 7, oranges 48 brls, Spence &
Reid.
St. Thomas and Rum Key—Bark Francis Partridge.
Brandy I bx, F W Brune & Sous; cigars t do, J
F Strohin & Co; bay water 10 do, sail 8000 bushels,
N Rogers & Co.
Harbour Grace, (N. /*'.) Sell. Sussex.
Salmon 50 brls, codfish 300 csks 12 qtls, caplin 23
brls, rnd/.e 3 do 25 kegs, R & II R Tucker; salmon
41 kids, herrings *3 brls, C II Ross.
Windsor, (N. S.)—Br. brig Ready Rhino.
Plaster 270 tons, W Rbo ads & Son.
COASTWISE.
Boston—Bark Pioneer.
Domestics 100 pkgs, Wyman, Appleton & Co;
Lemons 60 bxs, cordage 40 coils, codfish 60 drums,
mdzc 300 pkgs, sundry persons.
Boston—Brig Elisha Donne.
Domestics 20 trusses, Wyman, Appleton & Co;
saltpetre 20 bags, C F Pitt; mdze 109 pkgs, hides
10 bales, hops 11 do, plaster 58 tons, order.
Boston—Brig Benjamin Franklin.
Dye woods 55 brls, herrings 150 bxs, mackerel 100
brls, saltpetre 25 bags, rnd/.e 200 pkgs, sundry per
sons; plaster 40 tons, master.
New York—Sch. Plato.
Snuff 2 brls, mdze 10 do, Martin & Vallctte; 87 j
pkgs, Butts, Pickrell & Co; 6 cases, A Schumacher
& Co; spikes 100 kegs, E Pratt & llro; horse hides
120, mdze 214 pkgs, order; 500 do, Rose, Merrill
& Co.
New York—Sch. Emily Johnson.
Cheese 397 bx, S Hurlhut; brandy 2 hf pipes, L
Thomson & Co; molasses 10 hhds 15 trcs 20 brls,
W ithingtou & Eastman; tobacco 141 bales 12 cases, .
liquor 10 qr csks 10 hf pipes, mdze 317 pkgs, order, j
New York—Sell. Mai ia.
Cheese 233 bxs, S Hurlhut; 97 do, |F II Jcnks;
sheet zinc 2 eases, E Pratt &. Bro; brandy 4 qrcsks,
L Thomson & Co; nails 5 kegs, G Small; soap 60
bxs, brandy 1 pipe 2 hf do, gin I pipe, mackerel '23
brls 10 hf do, mdze 12 cases 5 bales, Butts, Pickrell
& Co; 15 bxs, Barnum & Co; brimstone 20,000 kilo,
hides 100, vinegar 100 brls, mdze 217 pkgs, order.
Philadelphia—Sch. Catharine Martha.
TobaCco 21 hhds, mdzc 210 pkgs, marble 221 ps,
J W Brown and others.
Ph iladelph ia—Sch. RainboW.
Tobacco 21 hhds, J Heflld & Co; copper ore 14
brls, coffee 100 bags, mdze 110 pkgs, order.
Norfolk—Sch. John Emory.
Hides 130, W Jenkins & Sons; wine 50 qr and 40
oct csks, Dallam &. Carroll; staves 32,000, order.
Mobile-Sch. M. F. Lutterloh.
Cotton 100 bales, A Fisher; 100 do, J L Berry.
MARINE LIST.
RALTIMORE Arrivrd j
JVoi>. 11,12. Hain. brig Hcuri tta.Tagonbrock.Boston |
Brig Tremont, SprouF, Bangor J
Sch. Independence, Knight, Newbury port
Elizabeth, King, .... Plymouth, Mass.
Catharine Martha, Daahiclda, Philadelphia
John Emory, Sutton ... .Norfolk !
Canal boat V. Gardner, and another, Snsque. valley
iVoe.l3.Br.brig Ready Rhino,Frizzel,Windsor,N.B. |
Brig St. Andrew, Cromwell, Savanua-la-Mar, Jam. !
Br. sell. Times, Hudson, Nassau !
Sell. Governor, Vennard, Portsmouth, N. 11.
Plato, Hammond, New York ;
Emily Johnson, Johnson, ditto
Mary F. Lutterloh, Somcrs, ....Mobile!
Canal boat James Girvin, and another, Susq. valley j
Nov. 14. Bark Maryland, Davis, Boston |
Brig Benj. Franklin, Flinn, ditto j
Sch. Sussex, Rust, .. Harbour Grace, N. F.
Nov. 15. Brig Nancy, Davis, New York j
Sch. Maria, Dissosway, ....ditto
Sloop Swan, Haydcn, Philadclpia
Jane Amanda, Steelman ditto
Canal boat Belli. May, and four others, Sus. valley
Nov. 16, Bark Gen. YVool, Hartsgravc, Boston
Br. brig Brooklyn. Mitchell, Havana
Sch. J. E. Ridgcway, Lanfair Arecibo, P. R.
Amelia, Smith, - New York
Alfred Exal, Colder ditto
Rainbow, Emmersoii, Philadelphia
Nov. 10. Br. brig Belle, Bell, . Trinidad Island
Nov. 11. Brig Fayettcvillc, Coffin, St. Thomas,La
guayra, &c. I
Brig L. & YV. Armstrong, Thompson, Port-au-Prince
Br."sell. Victoria, Fisher Abaco
Carle ton, Currv, ditto
Sell. Sarah Ann Roe, Gillett, New Y'ork
Ruth, Johnson, Norfolk and Richmond
Henry. Reed, Charleston
S. E. Vinson, Robinson, ditto
Nov. 14. Bark Sylph, Ryder, Boston
Brig Saline, Sullivan, London
Henrietta, Thurston Boston
Carolina, Hubbard, Wilmington, N.C. J
Sch. Sophia, (new) Jarvis, Bahia, &c.
jVon.ls.Bik George & Ilenrv.Pescud,'Valparaiso,&c. \
Brig Kate Pendcrgast, Evans, Mayaguvz !
Sch. Alice, Seaman New Y'ork J
Connecticut. Elwood, .ditto !
Meridian, Fields, Philadelphia |
Nov. 16. Bark Leda, Rnark New Orleans j
Br. sch. May Flower, Forster, ....Bermuda
Soh R. IL Miles, Garner, ... Rappahannock River |
Nov. 17. Sch. George R. M'Gill, (new) Hall, VY r . |
Coast of Africa !
ST. JOHN'S, N. F. B- Arrived
Oct. 24. Sch. Exporter, Carleton Baltimore !
EAST MACIJIAS, Me. Sailed ■
jVbp. 6. Brig Whig. YVhippcy, Rio Janeiro I
BANGOR, Me. : Arrived
Nov. 4. Sch. Cadet, Rich, Baltimore [
Sch. Memphis. Sncll, ■ ■ ditto <
Nov. 7. Brig Meridian, Rich ditto
TIIOM ASTON, Me. Arrived
Nov. 7. Sch. Jos. Hewett, Grant Norfolk j
BATH, Mo. Cleared J
Nov. 2. Brig Cushnoc, Dickman, Baltimore j
PORTLAND. Me. '
Nov. 8. Brig Sterling, Pike, Norfolk {
SALEM. Mass. -Atrived j
Nov. 7. Sch. Adeline, Jayne, Bahonnre j
jVon. 11. Sch, Maria Theresa, Smalley,. Baltimore
BOSTON, Mass.— j
Notl. 8. Bark Lawrence, Howes, Baltimore j
Brig Ocean, Ryder, *'j tto
Dover, Hallett ditto
Rufus Soulc, Dillingham, ditto |
J. Nickerson, Nickerson, ditto j
Nov. 9. Ship George Hallett, Sear Calcutta |
Bark James Smith, Bullard, .. Buenos Ayres
Nov. 11. Bark Ida. Hallett Baltimore
j\ T oe. 12. Bark Mary Adams, Lucas, Calcutta
Hark Elvira, Nickerson, Baltimore
Nov. 13. Dan. sch. Freya, Giesing, . .Buenos Ayrcs
Woe. 14. Bark Mohawk, Lord,. Rio Janeiro
Brig Samuel, Blinn, Bnh^more
Nov. 10. Ship Amitv, Parsons East Indies 1
Nov. 11. Bark Union, Kendrick, Baltimore j
Brig Rodolph, Kent j
Lewis Bruce, Chase, Norfolk |
Nov. 13. Ship Marion, Sampson, Baltimore j
HOLMES HOLE, Mass. Arrivetl
Nov. 9. Brig Tclos, Lamphrr Baltimore
Sch. DOn Nicholns. York, ditto
NEW BEDFORD, Mass. Arrived
Nov. 9. Sch. YY'm. Brown, Hunt Baltimore
Sch. Josiah Sturgis, Allen Norfolk
FALL RIVER, Mass. Arrived !
Nov. 9. Sch. Richard Borden, Bearsc, ...Baltimore !
Seh. Vesper, Staples Norfolk
PROVIDENCE. R. I. Arrived
Nov. 7. Sell. Emily B. Soulier, M'Keuzi#, Baltimore
Nov. 9. Sch. Union, Bangs ditto
Nov. 10. Soh. Mary, Howland ditto
Nov. 11. Seh. A. Nickerson, Cornell, Norfolk
Sch. Tarquin, Gallacar, ditto
NEW YORK vfrrit'ea
Nov. 8. Br. steamer America, Lcitch, .. Liverpool j
Brig Antarcs, Howe Buenos Ayres ;
Sch. Pampero, Treadwcll, Norfolk
New Regains, Davis Baltimore [
- Miranda. Parsons ditto
Susan Orlean, Brown, ditto
Sarah E. Merrill, Strong ditto
Mary Mankiii. Latourcttc ditto
Roe, Avery, ditto
Nov. 9. Rr. hark Mysore, Arnet,London via Norfolk I
Nov. 10. Bark Helen M. Fielder. Willis, Malaga
Nov. 11, 12. Ship Columbia, Furbor, Liverpool
Ship Virginia, Johnson, Valparaiso, &c. j
Brig Dracut. Small Rio Janeiro
jVon. 13. Ship St. Deniu, Howe, .. .. Havre
Nov. 9. Ship Hendrik Hudson, Pratt London
Bark Wenhain, Wyle Baltimore
Ella Frances, Ilslcy, i
Nov. 10. Ship Bavaria, Anthony, Havre j
Nov. 11. Ship J. R. Skiddy, Luce Liverpool |
1 Soh. Ann D., Norfolk
1 Volant, Paine, ...
i Amphibious, Plum. .ditto
Nov. 13. Sch. Bergen, Cole, • • Baltimore
Nov. 14. Ship F. Forrester, Swcctlin, San Francisco
Brig Niagara, Harding Norfolk
Sch. lowa, Ilowell, Baltimore
I Scguinc, Swaine, <1 i tto
i PHILADELPHIA, Pa. Arrived
! Nov. 9 Bi. bark Mary Ann Henry, Touzean, Lon
donderry
Bark Lyra, Remington, Havana
Nov. 13. Ship J. P. Harvvard, Andros,. Liverpool
Br. sch. Eh-anor, Groves, .... - Limerick
Nov. 11. Bark Paez, Wilkins, Laguayra & Porto
Cabcllo
.Voe. 1"> Ship Alrxandrr, Sanford
Nov. 9. Brie Ducamin, Lock hart West Indies
1 Nov. 10. Ship Macedonia, Snow, . . . Liverpool
. Nov. 11. Ship VVm. Penn, Michaels, . . ... ditto
Brig Nauvoo, Holmes, May ague/
| Br. sch. Port Spain, Eldridge, .. . . Ragged I-land
Nov. 14. Br. hark Albion, Turner Galway
Nov. 15. Ship Thomas Wattson, Thomas, Barbadocs
j Bark Louisa, McFarlane, ... Havana
Brig Lemuel Peters, Mayo, St. Jago, ('§ba
! Sch. Elliott, Cook, Trinidad, (hiha
1 NORFOLK, Va. Arrived
Nov. 10. Sch. Water Witch, Baker, Halifax, N. S.
Nov. 13. Sch. Lydia, Stevens, Boston
j Sch. Rainbow, Rogers, ditto
' Win. P. Burton, Ellis, New Haven
j Nov. 14. Sch. John Adams, Sparks, . Provincotown
Nov. 14. Brig G. W. Kendall, Reid, St. Croi*
IS* HAMPTON ROADS Inward
Nov. Id. Br. hark Velocc, Campbell, ... Liverpool
Br. bark Lady Constable, Maon, ditto
.—.— Outward
Nov. 14. Ship Rob Roy, Drutnmortd, Janus River.
for Liverpool ■
WILMINGTON, N. C..—- Arrived
I Nov. 5. Srh. Corinthian, Smith, Baltimore ,
CHARLESTON, S. C. Arrived \
Nov. 6. Sch. Southerner, Travers, Baltimore j
: Nov. 9. Sch Newton, Smith, ditto j
Cleared
\ Nov. 6. Brig Adelaide, Rice, Baltimore j
NEW ORLEANS, La. Arrived !
Nov, 1. Bark Bachelor, Page, Norfolk
Nov. 3. Bark Kirkwood, Martin, Baltimore
! Nov. 14. Sch. H. A. Barling, Ilaynic, ditto
DISASTERS, &c.
! The Norfolk Herald, under date of 10th instant,
! says—Capt. Samuel Pedrick, Underwriters' Agent,
I writes from Currituck Beach yesterday morning, that ;
i "tile brig Massachusetts, of Bojton, Capt. Oilman, ;
ashore there, has gone to pieces. Cargo partly j
saved. h No further particulars.
YORK AND CUMBERLAND RAILROAD. \
The following report, which was submitted to the ;
President and Directors of the Baltimore and Sus- !
I qtichauna Railroad Company, by .Messrs. Yvllolt,
Mugraw and Ponder, was accepted by that Company
jon the 17th June, 1347. It is now republished b.-
I cause it is an able and well written document, ami
calculated to exhibit the advantages of the road be
tween York and Harrisburg by the nearest and most
direct route. This republication is now made by the
direction of the President and Directors ol the York
and Cumberland Railroad Company.—-r lmerican.
R E PORT,
j The a committee appointed bv the
' Board of Directors of the Baltimore and Susquehanna .
Railroad Company, tqion the subject of a railroad ;
connection between York and Harn*biirg, by means
i of the charter granted by the Legislature of Penn
! sylvauia to the Y r ork and Cumberland Railroad Com
pany, bt g leave to submit to the board the following
J report:
! The committee left Baltimore on the second day of
June, accompanied by Isaac R. Trimble, Esq., the
former engineer of the company, who had been in
| vitcd to accompany them. From that day to the sth,
they were engaged in visiting York, Harrisburg and
Middletown, for the purpose of making a recoimoifl
! sance of the intermediate country, and of obtaining
! information as to the feasibility and probable cost of
: the proposed road. They found the best feelings :
upon the subject existing on the part of lljc citizens
| of the various towns they visited, and an earnest de-
I sire to lend their efforts towards the immediate pro
! secution of the undertaking. Assurances were given
1 by many that stock would he liberally subscribed
| for. Nothing like a feeling of state jealousy teemed j
I to exist, but all appeared anxious lor the proposed
railroad connection with Baltimore—very properly
J considering that it would he productive of equal ad- '
vantages to Pennsylvania and to Maryland. It would
■ more fully devclope the agricultural and mineral re
[ sources of the former, by affording a market in the
latter, lliereby adding to ike commerce and wealth
of both.
The act to incorporate the York and Cumberland I
Railroad Company was passed by the Legislature of
Pennsylvania in the month of April, 184b. By said I
act the company are empowered to construct "a rail
road from the lorough of Y'ork to unite with the
Cumberland Valley Railroad, at some point between
Mcchanicsburg and the Susquehanna river." The '
capital stock of the company is limited to 60,i00
| shares of #*2s each, the person subscribing for the
I same to pay at the time one dollar on each >h re
:taken. When 3000 shares shall have been taken,
i and the fact duly certified to the Governor of Peiiu
-1 sylvauia, he shall, "by letters, patent, under his
I hand and the seal of the commonwealth, create and
J erect the subscribers, together with those who may
! afterwards subscribe, in a body politic and corporate,
j in deed and in law, by the name, style and title of
l the York ami Cumberland Railroad Company, ami
I by that name to have perpetual succession," &c. It
I is further provided, that, "if the said company do
not complete the said work, so as to bring it into use,
within five years after the passage of this act, then
i this charter shall become null and void." For fur
ther details the board arc respectfully referred to
the charter itself,
j Though the road to be constructed under this cliar
-1 ter will be within the limit 9 of the State of Penn
sylvania,yet it is our own State that is most interested
in its completion. By this means, her large invest- :
1 nient, and that of the city of Baltimore, in the Balti- '
more and Susquehanna railroad, may soon be made
| profitable; while the vast amount of trade which
would he attracted to our city, would add a new and
| important item to the sources of her commercial
I prosperity. Though many enterprising citiz lis of
' Pennsylvania are ready to embark their capital in
j the undertaking, yet they naturally look to Balti- ,
I more for the first movement and principal aid. They
j look especially to this company—as the party most
' immediately interested—to take the lead, by pro- ■
| posing some definite and concerted action upon the
subject. The question then presents itself, shall the j
j work now be started or shall the charter heretofore
granted be suffered to expire by its own limitation?
I Before answering this question, the committee pio
! pose to consider—
I. COST OF CONSTRUCTING THE ROAD.
This, according to the estimate of the able engi- •
! neer, Mr. Trimble, would be about £500,0U0.
1 The committee themselves made u careful okser- |
vation of two of the routes which have been prr
i posed, viz:—One from Y'ork down tbeCodorus creek
to its month, thence up the Susquehanna river, along,
or near, its bunks, to the Cumberland Valley Rail- j
road, at the bridge opposite Harrisburg. The other
route would leave the Codorus ahaut a mile I) low
York, and, running in a northern direction, strike |
the Susquehanna at Y'ork Haven, about five miles j
above the mouth of the Codorus. Neither of these !
routes would exceed twenty-nine miles in length; •
and by far the greater portion of both, lying along
the banks of the Susquehanna, is remarkably fr e
from difficulties, presenting one of the easiest and
cheapest rail routes in tlaw country.
The object of the committee being, not to decide j
which would be the best location for the road, but
only to ascertain that at least one practicable roitfe |
existed, they did not examine others to which their
attention was invited. It is proper, however, to '
state that the opinion is entertained by some of the !
citizens of York county, that a favorable route for
the road may be found by running from York north
westwardly, through or near Lcwisburg, and inter- •
sooting the Cumberland Valley Railroad some four or
five miles west of the Susquehanna. Before the
road is finally located, all the country over which
[ the charter authorizes it to be constructed, should, of
course, be carefully examined, and that route select
-1 cd which, Under all circumstance? offers the greatest
j advantages.
For further information upon this branch of the
subject we refer the board to the communication of
! Mr. Trimble, presented with this report.
11. TIIE PROBANLE AMOUNT OF THE BUSINESS
OF THE ROAD.
At whatever point the road from York may unite
with the Cumberland Valley Railroad, the counec
| tion between York and Harrisburg will he complete*
1 inasmuch as the Cumberland Valley Railroad unites
with the Harrisburg and Lancaster Railroad, near
the canal basin at Harrisburg. Baltimore would thus
have a continuous and most desirable connection with
all the principal lines of the Pennsylvania improve
ments. The Cumberland Valley and the Franklin
Railroads extend from Hagerstown, in Maryland, to
j Harrisburg, a distance of upwards of seventy miles.
: f through the Cumberland Valley, one of the most
> populous and fertile regions of America. Some idea
>* may lie formed of the value of the annual products
. of this valley from the statistics furnished by the
, census of 1640. The following table shows the ag
gregate of some of the principal products and inanu
! facturcs for that year, of the six counties of Bedford,
, Franklin, Cumberland, Dauphin, York and Adams;
f and also the whole amount of the same products and
manufactures, for that year, of the State of Mary
land: Six Counties of Pa. Maryland.
Wheat, bu5he15,2,428,512 3,345,7*3
Rye,.. do. 1,413,872... * 723,577
Oats, do 3,139,401 3,534.211
Corn, do. 2,95*, 104 8,233,086
Distilled and ferni'ted
Liquors, gallons, 1,013,697 866,2*3
For the products of these six connties—nearly equal
to those ui our entire Slut *—Baltimore is the nearest
and natural market. Large quantities are now sent
, from some of these counties by wagons to YCTk,
thence to be sent by railroad to Baltimore; but far
the greater proportion, attracted by superior facili
ties of communication, is carried to Philadelphia.
By constructing the proposed road, we would bring
the rich granaries ot this region within a few hours
travel of Baltimore, and might reasonably expect to
secure almost the whole of this trade.
The committee have been furnished with a state
ment of the business of the Cumberland Valley Kail
road, by which it apiu-ars the transportation over
that road for the year 1*46, amounted to 45,453,990
lbs., and lor five mouths of the year 1*47,t0 32,2*7,-
• 15* lbs.
Besides thw Cumberland Valley Railroad,the Penn
; eylvania Canal would also meet us at llarrisburg.
I his immense work, vxteuding through the heart of
• Pennsylvania,connects the waters of the sus<pj<?hanua
1 with those of the Ohio and Lake Eric. Its length,
(including the Portage Railroad of 36 anilas,) from
llarrisburg to Pittsburg, is 284 5 mildv, and from Boa
. ver to Lake Erie, 136 iniles— total, 420£ miles. But,
besides the main line, branches of this canal have
been extended into various sections of the State.
| One of those extends from Duncan's Island, at the
mouth of the Juniata, up the Susquehanna to North
| umbcrland, a distance of 39 miles. At this {loint,
! two other branches start; one running with the North
' Branch of the Susquehanna, 73 miles to Lack wan -
I nock—the other with the West Branch, 72 miles to
i Duustown. The latti r branch of the canal is met at
Williamsport by a railroad, the greater portion of
which is finished, extending from Elmira iuN. York-
Klmira connects by canal with the most important
lines of improvements of that State; and a railroad,
of hut 30 miles in length, is wanting to connect Wil
liamsport with the great N. York and Erie Railroad,
i now in progress ol7x>u*truction These various branch
j es of the canal pK-.rce the counties of Dauphin, Perry,
Juniata, Union, Columbia, Northumberland, Luzerne,
r Bradford and Lycoming—abounding iu lumber, iron
I and grain, and containing some of the most extensive
and valuable coal fields 111 the world.
Between York and Harrhburg, 011 the cast bank
of the Susquehanna, is Middletown, the greatest
lumber, market perhaps in the country* The follow
ing estimate of the number of feet brought down the
river annually to this point, has been furnished by a
| gentleman ot York, who has given considerable at
! tention to the subject:
Hoards— 300,000,000 feet, board nicas urc, $3,009",001)
Timb 1 —159,990,00U do, do. 1,^00,000
TiUal Value of annual trade, •.... $'4,500,000
Both of the routes for the Vork and Cumberland
Railroad, which wer~* examined by tin- committee*
pass up the river immediately opposite this place,
and could be connected with it by a bridge of OIK?
j utile in length. The privib ges of bridging the river
J at this point was not granted in the pr*.v>ent charter,
but no doubt could be hereafter obtained. Besides
serving to bring tlirs valuable trade upon the rail
road, a bridge here would be of great advantage to
the neighboring country; and, as a toll bridge, woukl
nearly pay the interest upon the cost of its construe -
| t.on.
It will be found by reference to the census statis
tics of 1840, that two-thirds of the iron manufactured
in Pennsylvania, is made iu the counties west of the
Susquehanna. Should the proposed road be uiade,
Baltimore will be the most convenient market for
this trade, and cannot fail to receive a large propor
: Lion of it.
But the source from whjch this road would ulti
mately realize its largest profits, is the coal trade.
In the upper part of Dauphin county, and near the
Susquehanna river, are the Lyken's valley, Berry's
Mountain, Bear Valley, and Stoncy Creek coal basins
; —the three first anthracite, the last bituminous. The
| coal of this region in quality has 110 superior. In
quantity it is inexhaustible. The report of an in
telligent committee, who hail visited these basins,
made to the legislature of Pennsylvania iu 1839,
estimates that Bear Valley basin alone contains
658.240,000 tons—while some have estimated its dr
' posites as high as 4,000,000.000 of tons! If the York
and Cumberland Railroad be made to llarrisburg,
the day will not be distant when it will be extended
| into the heart of these conl basiii9. From Harris
burg lo Dauphin Town, or Port Lyon, at the iuoutli
' of Stoncy Creek Valley is eight miles; from thence
to the bituminous coal beds of Stonev Creek Valley,
is thirteen miles. Frcm Dauphin Town lo ilie an
thracite coal beds at Berry's mountain is a distance
of 29 miles. The whole distance from Baltimore to
the bituminous coal basin of Stoney Creek would be
only 108 miles; to the anthracite coal fields of Ber
ry's mountain 124 miles—the former a shorter route
than that of the Schuylkill coal sent to
by the Reading Railroad. Coal could be delivered
by this route in Baltimore much cheaper than it CIP
be supplied by any existing or proposed route from
any fields yet discovered. Canal and railroad con*-
ncctions already exist between llarrisburg and these
coal basins, and considerable quantities have been
brought into the market. But the completion of the
Y'ork and Cumberland road would give a new impe
tus to this trade, by affording it a short r and cheaper
avenue to the waters of the Chesapeake.
We have thus far been considv ring ihe probable
business of the York and Cumberland Railroad, if
dependent solely upon the trade of Pennsylvania.
But another great enterprise has b en commenced,
which when completed, must injure to this road an
amount of business that will inak • it one of the most
profitable railroads in the Union. The Charter for
the Pennsylvania Central Road, to extend from Har
risburg to Pittsburg, was grant, d in February, 1*46.
The importance of this road lo the trade of Phila
delphia has called forth the most zealous < /Torts of
her citizens to hasten its completion. Three mil
lions of stock, or nuarly hull the amount required,
have already been faken; and sections of the road
arc about to be put under contract.
The length l the road from llarrisburg to Pitts
burgh will be 228 miles, and its estimated cost is
something over $7,000,000, or about $31,000 per
( mile. Philadelphia has already a railroad eonnec
! tion with llarrisburg by a route of 1U6.1 miles. By
I finishing the Central road, she will have a continuous
railroad connection witli the waters of the Ohio at
Pittsburg, by a route of 334 j miles. Can it be
doubted that this connection will speedily be made?
Some have asserted that nature lias raised insur
mountable barriers across the route of the Central
Road. The difficulties have been much exaggerated.
From the reports of intelligent engineers, it appears,
that by making two tunnels of no extraordinary
length, the mountains may be passed, and the whole
; road constructed, so that the maximum grade would
never be more than 45 feet to the mile.
| We have stated the estimated cost of the work,
and the amount of stock already subscribed; can the
balance of the stock be taken? The committee hava
been assured that it will be; and they see 110 reason
| to doubt it. The distance from Cumberland to Pitts
burg by the Southern or Savage river route of the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, (whjch seems now to
be settled upon) is 178 miles, and the estimated cost
$4,383,070. The distance from llarrisburg to Pitts
burg by the Central Road is 22* miles, and the esti
mated cost $7,000,000; a difference of only 50 miles
of distance, and $2,616,030 of expense in thu two
undertakings. If wc compare the population and
wealth of the two States, it would seem that the ex
tension from llarrisburg is a much easier undertaking
: for Pennsylvania, than that from Cumberland is for
Maryland. If Baltimore extends her road lo Pitts
burp, who can doubt for a moment, that Philadelphia
will then (if she should delay until then) p*l forth
• her utinost energies to effect the completion ofi her
Central road? (.an it be hoped that she will look on
with calm indifference while a rival cifcy snatches
away the rich treasures of the West—-the galjtn
fleece which she herself had already spent so much
toil and treasure to secure? It may !># said that
Philadelphia has already a canal coiufuuiiicalioii with
Pittsburg which has cost an immeute outlay—and
that ohp will not be willing to expend millions more
in making a railroad to the same point. Let it be
remembered that the march of improvement is on
ward with daily increasing speed Time is nmv em
phatically regarded as money. Merchants from dis
tant cities buy and sell by telegraph! The eanal
• boat drawn by the sluggish mule can no longer sac-
I ceasfully compete with the lightning iperd of the
j steam-drivep car. The daily increasing passenger
! travel from the populous West would alone indue*
Philadelphia to undertake the construction of the
Central road. Should Baltimore extend her road 10
Pittsburg, the necessity for hastening the completion
of the Central road would be increased.
When the Central road is finished, the passenger
travel between Baltimore and the West byway of
the York and Cumberland Railgoad, would Certainly
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