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Baltimore commercial journal, and Lyford's price-current. (Baltimore, Md) 1840-1849, September 15, 1849, Image 1

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AN]) LYFOE ])' S PRICE-CURREN T.
AGRICULTURE MANUFACTURES —NAVIGATION]
VOL. XII. No. 15.]
BALTIMORE
WEEKLY COMMERCIAL JOURNAL
AND LYFORD'S PRICE-CIHIIIENT,
Is published every Saturday Morning, at No. 117
Baltimore street, near South,
BY W. G. LYrORD,
Editor and Proprietor.
TERMS.
Fine Dollars per annum, I Payable in
TLDO Dollars and fifty cents for six mos. J advance.
Twelve and a half cents, for a single sheet.
A failure to notify the Editor to discontinue pre
vious to, or at the end of a subscriber's year, will be
considered as a new engagement for another year.
Advertisements of a square, (sixteen printed lines
or a less number constituting it,) will be inserted
three weeks for a dollar. For a longer period, upon
such terms as may be agreed.
PRINTED BY JOS. ROBINSON,
BO O K AN I) JO H 1111I 1 11 IN T E It,
No. 117 BALTIMORE STREET.
A L M \ N A C
For the week, commencing on Sunday,
SEPTEMBER 16, 1849.
MOON —New, 16th, at lOh. 32m. M.
DAY. J Sun I Sun I Days'-' I .Moon
A]o. Wk. j rises. sets. I length, Iri.&fscts.
16 Sun sh. 52m. Gh. Bm. 12h. f6rn sets.
17 Mon. 5 53 6 7 jl2 14 653
18 Tues. 5 54 6 G !12 12 7 25
19 Wed. 5 55 6 4 12 8 7 58
20 Thurs. 5 57 6 3 jl2 6 8 32
21 Frid. 5 58 0 2 12 4 9 8
22 Sat. j 5 59 6 1 12 2 I 9 47
POST OFFICE.—MAILS
Are conveyed by Hail lload Cars and Stages daily.
CLOSE: DOE:
East'n,dai.,ex. Sun. BA.M. 7P.M... .5A A.M. &31.M.-
Sunday, 7 P. M 11 P. M
Great Southern, daily,.. ..5 A. M Bp. M.
Washington,daily, 5 &.BA.M., 4 p. .M...8A A.M.&SP.M
Western, daily, 6 A. M ..6A P. M.
Winchester, Va. ex. Sun.. .6 A. M OA p. M.
York, Pa. Route,ex. Sun. BA. M... ; 6£ p. M.
Annapolis, Md. ex. Sun...B A. M HA A. M.
Norfolk, daily, ex. Sunday, at 3 p. M.
due daily, ex. Monday, at 8 A. M.
Delaware, E. Shore of Va.)
Somertet Sc Worowter ( , n
counties, Md., Sunday, f
Tuesday and Thursday J
Up. counties of E. Shore, 1
Md., Monday, Wednes- BA. M 3p. M.
day and Saturday, i
Upper Marlboro' Route, i
Monday, Wednesday and \ 4 p. M 8 A. M.
Friday, S
Port Tobacco Route, Tues- ) 4 4
days and Thursdays,.... £ i BA. M.
A ml on Sundays at SA.M. )
Westminster Route, daily ) g p M M
except Sunday, (j
Bel-Air daily, ex. Sun 8 A. M 2 p. M.
RATES OF POSTAGE.
Letters composed of one or more pieces of paper,
hut not exceeding half an ounce in weight, sent any
distance not exceeding 300 miles 5 cents.
Any distance over 300 miles 10 cents.
On every additional half ounce, (after the first
ounce) the charge is double, and two additional
charges for each succeeding ounce, or fraction of an
ounce , beyond the first ounce.
Letters dropped in the Post Office for delivery in
the same place, 2 cents each.
Letters advertised are charged 2 cents each, be
sides regular postage, or if advertised in 2 papers, 4
cents.
Circulars , handbills, and advertisements, printed
or lithographed, on paper, not larger than quarto post
or single cap, folded and directed, but unsealed. 3
cents per sheet, any distance, postage to be prepaid ;
when sealed, same as letters.
Circulars on sheets larger than cap, are rated as
pamphlets.
On Pamphlets y magazines, periodicals, and every
other kind of printed or other matter, (except news
papers, circulars, handbills, and advertisements,) un
connected with any manuscript communication,
weighing one ounce or less, 2A cents per copy, for
any distance. For every additional ounce, 1 cent
Any fractional excess exceeding half an ounce, to be
charged as an ounce ; an excess less than half an
oz. to be disregarded.
Newspapers , (when sent by the editors or pub
lishers thereof,) if they do not exceed 1900 superti
cial inches, for any distance in the State where pub
lished 1 cent ; for any distance exceeding 100 miles,
out of the State where published, lA ct. A news
paper exceeding 1900 inches to be rated as a pamph
let.
Newspapers irregularly sent, that is, to a sub
scriber, the person sending must prepay the above,
rates for each paper.
When th article to be mailed is a circular, pam- j
phlet, or newspaper, it should be so enveloped as to
be open at 6ne end—otherwise, it will be charged as
a letter.
OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION.
American .Mail Steamers to Bremen, touching at
Southampton. —The following are t he rates of Post- j
age prescribed by the act of the 3d of March, 1845, ,
for mailable matter sent by this line from New York '
to Europe :
Upon all letters and packages not exceeding half an j
ounce in weight 24c. j
For all letters and packages over half an
ounce and under one ounce 48c. |
For every additional half ounce Inc. .
For every letter, newspaper, pamphlet,
and price current 3c. j
The act of Congress also requires, that the United
States postage will be charged in addition to the j
above upon all mailable matter sent through the I
mails of the United States to New York, from
whence the ship sails for Bremen. All mailable
matter addressed to England, Ireland or Scotland,
will he left at the British post-office in Cowers or
Southampton ; and all for l 1 ranee, the Netherlands,
Belgium, Italy, Spain, anil Portugal, and Africa,
will he sent to Havre, in France; and a separate
hag will be made up for Hamburg and delivered at
Bremen Haven.
Havana .Mails. —A line is established between
Charleston and Havana, the steamers touching at J
Savannah and Key West, the postage of which is j
from the port of departure to Havana 12A cts. on a
single letter not exceeding half an ounce in weight, j
with an additional 12A cts. for each additional half i
ounce, or fractional excess of half an ounce, to be
prepaid, and the inland postage to the point of de
parture to be paid in addition thereto. Postage on
each Newspaper to Havana 3 cts., also to be pre
paid as on letters.
J\tailß to the. Pacific. —For a single letter, not ex
ceeding half an ounce in weight—from New York,
to Chagres, 2(1 cts. ; to Panama, 3(1 cts. ; and to
California and Oregon 40 cts. —postage to be pre
paid as well as the inland postage to New York.
Newspapers, 3 cts. each, postage also to he prepaid.
BRITISH POSTAGE ARRANGEMENTS.
7> tters posted or charged in the United States
will he rated at a half ounce to the single letter,
over a half and not exceeding an ounce- as a double
letter, over an ounce and not exceeding an ounce
and a half as a treble letter, and so on, each half
ounce or fractional excess constituting a rate.
The single rates to be charged on each letter
posted in the United States addressed to any place
in Great Britain or Ireland is 24 cents, the double
rate 48 cents, the triple rate 72 cents, and so on, ae- I
cording to the United States scale of progression in j
weight.
Said postages on letters going to any place in
Great Britain or Ireland may be prepaid, if the
whole amount is tendered at the office in the
United States, where mailed, at the option of the l
sender.
I Mwspapcrs may be mailed at any office in the
United States to any place in the United Kingdom !
on the prepayment of 2 cents, and may, on receipt '
I from any place in Great Britain or Ireland be de- j
I livered at any office in the United States on pay
ment of 2 cents. Note.—Each Government is to
charge 2 cents on each newspaper. These arc to be
sent in hands or covers, open at the sides or ends,
and to contain no manuscript whatever.
On each Pamphlet to be sent to any place in the
United Kingdom, and on each Pamphlet received
therefrom, there is to be prepaid in the first place,
and charged and collected in the second, one cent
for each ounce in weight, or a fractional excess of an
ounce.—These are to be sent in bands or covers,
open at the ends, or sides, so as readily to he examin
ed, and to contain no manuscript whatever.
On Letters addressed to any place in British N.
America, not to be conveyed by sea, there shall he
charged a postage equal to the United States post
age and the Province postage combined.
On Letters to be sent to any foreign country or
British possession, and mailed for that purpose to i
any post office in the island of Great Britain, there
must be prepaid, if sent by a British packet, 5 cents
the single rate, and if by an American packet 21 j
cents—to be doubled, tripled, Stc., according to j
weight.
TRAVELING FACILITIES,
Willi Distances ami Fare from Kaltiinorc.
AT BALTIMORE,
For Philadelphia and New York.
About 100 miles, $3 —About 200 miles, 7 a §B. I
Cars leave. I Are due.
Daily, at 8 p. M. | Daily, at S] P. M.
Daily, exc. Sun..9 A. M. Daily, exc. Sun. 2A P.M.
I and 5 4 A.M.
For York and Columbia, Pa.
58 miles, £1.50 —70 miles, £2.12A.
Cars leave.
Daily, at 9 M. Daily, exc. Sun. 11 A. M. !
Daily, exc. Sun.. 4 p. M. | and 6A P. M.
For Washington City.
40 miles, £l.B0 —(no round trip tickets issued.)
Daily, at 6 A. M., and 5 I Daily, BA. M. 7A p. M. j
and 11A P. M.
For Cumberland, &c.
178 miles, £7 —Wheeling, £11 —Pittsburg, £lO. :
Daily, at 74 A. M. and 4 I Daily, at 3 A. M. and 6
p. M. I P. M.
For Ellicott's Mills and Frederick.
15 miles, 50 cts.—62 miles, £2.50.
Daily, 7J A. M. I Daily, ••. .6 p. M.
Daily,exc. Sun..4 P.M. | Daily,exc Sun. 10 A.M.
Harper's Ferry and Winchester, V.
81 miles. 111 miles.
Cars leave daily, 7\ A. M. | Daily, 6 p. M.
For Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va.
ISO miles, £5.
A steamboat leaves. I Is due.
Daily, ex. Sunday, at 4 Daily, ex. Monday, at 7
P.M. I A.M.
AT PHILADELPHIA,
For New York.
Cars or a steamer leave
Daily, at 7 and 9A. M., and 4A p. M.
For Baltimore.
Daily, cxc. Sunday, at..Bs A. M. and 2IF alop. M.
On Sunday, 2jj and 10 p. M.
AT NEW YORK,
For Boston.
Cars or steamers leave
Daily, exc. Sun., at 7.4 A. M. and 6 p. M.
For Philadelphia.
Daily, exc. Sun., 7 and 9 A. M., and 4A p. M. \
NEW YORK POST OFFICE.
The Mail for Boston, via New Haven, closes daily, I
excepting Sundays, at 5A A. M.
The steamboat Mail for Boston, via Stonington and
Providence, closes daily, exc. Sunday, at 3 A p. M. j
The Great Southern Mail, including the Mail also
for the Western States, closes daily at 7A A M.; j
and, except on Sunday, at 3 p. M., on which latter I
day at lA P. M.
FOREIGN STEAM OTHER PACKETS,
(Days of sailing.)
THE OCEAN STEAMERS.
CSN'ARD LlNK.— Sails for America weekly. |
Caledonia,.. .Lciteh,... .For Boston, Aug. IS
Niagara,... .llyrie, For New York,.. " 25 j
Europa,• ••. Lott, For Boston, Sept. 1
Cambria, .. .Shannon, . .For New York,... " 8]
America,.... Harrison, .. For Boston, <c 15
i Hibernia,..• .Stone, For New York,.. " 22
j Canada, ....Judkins,.. .For Boston, " 29
CUNARD LINK.— For Liverpool weekly.
Hibernia,....Stone, From Boston, ....Aug. 29
! Canada, Judkins,...From New York, Sept. 5
| Caledonia,... Leitch,.... From 805t0n,.... " 12
Niagara,....Ryrie, From New York,. " 19
Europa, Lott, From 805t0n,.... " 26
! Cambria,.... Shannon, ..From New York,.. Oct. 3
j America,.... Harrison, .. From 805t0n,.... " 10
I Hibernia,.. ..Stone, From New York, " 17
Canada, Judkins, ...From 805t0n,.... " 24
New York and Bremen Steamers.
! To leave New York, To leave Bremen,
I Washington, ...Sept. 20 I Hermann, Sept. 15
Hermann, Oct. 20 | Washington,. .. .Oct. 15
New York and Havre Packets.
To leave New York, To leave Havre,
Bavaria, July 10 Admiral, June G
. Oneida, " 20 St. Denis, " 1G
Argo, Aug. 1 Splendid, " 2G
| Admiral, " 10 New York, July 6i
j St. Denis, " 20 St. Nicholas, July 1G 1
Splendid, Sept. 1 Duchesse d'Orleans, "2G
New York, " 10 Zurich, Aug. G
St. Nicolas,..•• " 20 Baltimore,...•• " 16
New York and Liverpool Packets. i
To leave New York, To leave. Liverpool. j
Garrick, June 26 Liverpool, June G
Cambridge, July 1 Siddons, " 11!
' New W0r1d,.... " G Columbia, " 16 i
j West Point,.... u 11 Patrick Henry,. " 21
| Fidelia, " 16 Waterloo " 2G
J Hottingcur,.... " 21 New York, July 1
Roscius " 2G Queen of the West " G
Isaac Wright, ..Aug. 1 Sheridan, " 11
Ashburt-on " 6 Montezuma, ... " 1G
Constellation,.. " II Henry Clay.... " 21
Yorkshire, " 16 John R. Skiddy, " 2G
Liverpool, " 21 Oxford, Aug. 1
Siddons, " 2G Constitution,... " 6
Columbia, Sept. 1 Garrick, " 11
Patrick Henry,. " 6 Cambridge, " 16
Water 100,...!.. " 11 New. World, .... " 21
NAM SON CAR INN,
(LATE T. PALMKK & CO.)
Nos. 138 ,Y 140 Baltimore street, Baltimore,
IMPORTKR OP
French and English Hardware, Plated Ware, Ja
panned Ware, Cutlery, Tongs and Shovel, Fenders, ,
Lamps, Lustres, French and German Looking-Glass \
Plates,
AND MANUFACTURER OF
LOOKING-GLASS, PORTRAIT K PICTURE
FRAMES, CORNICES AND EVERY DES
CRIPTION OF GILT WORK.
A supply of which always on hand, and made TO order
jy 97 tf WHOLESALE it RETAIL.
BALTIMORE—AND IL.R INTERESTS.
BALTIMORE, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 15, 1849
STRAITS OF MAGELLAN.
The following letter, from the peri of a California
adventurer who made the passage in April last in a
vessel fron New York, is copied from the Journal
of Commerce:
I Sixty days of pleasant sailing, the last three
j weeks of fighting, with pamperos and heavy gales
I excepted, found us in sight of the castellated height
I of Cape Virgins, the eastern entrance to the far
famed Straits of Magalhaen.
These are classic waters. Through this narrow
cut in the laud, scarcely three hundred miles in all
its tortuous course, bold Fernando de Magalhaen
steered, and despite of unfitness of vessels and
treachery of officers, accomplished that wherein
Columbus failed, and opened a new highway to the
Indies. For many years afterwards, this was sup
posed to he the only channel for ships, and many
were the rich argosies that passed here with the
fruits of sunnier climes: many too,
" Which struck where the white and fleecy waves
Looked soft as carded wool,
But the cruel rocks, they gored their sides,
Like the horns of a hungry bull."
Then Cape Horn was found to terminate the Ameri
can Continent, and few vessels, except those of siin
-1 plest rig and smallest size, have since dared to at
tempt a passage from east to west through Ma
gal haen's Straits.
You will best understand the peculiar nature of
! this corner of the earth, by following us from Cape
Virgins to Cape Pillar.
The first day was spent in painfully beating up
to the first anchorage in Possession Bay, against
violent gusts of wind, which lifted the tops from
those deep green furrows, and drenched us with
showers of inexpressible saltness. We anchored
with our consort, the Sea Witch of Mystic, the
J pilot-boat Anonyina, seventy-two days from Boston,
| and the clipper Eclipse, eighty days from Baltimore.
I —Though thousands of miles from home, at a dis
i tance where the distinction between States should
I be lost, and all viewed as a single nation, 1 was
! never more forcibly struck with sectional peculiari
j ties, than when contrasting the slow drawling re
| ply of the Baltimorean, with the hearty shout of
; the Bostonian, and the bluff*, independent hail of
| the Yankee smackman. The little fleet which had
! thus gathered in a single day, determined to sail in
: company, through the Straits, anil it may safely be
j said that four swifter vessels were never yet seen to
| get her in these waters.
At the second trial we succeeded in passing the
I first and second Narrows. These are each about
| ten miles in length, and nearly two in width, the
, tide running through them full ten or twelve
; miles an hour. By seizing it at the favorable time,
no danger need be apprehended, except from the
I heavy ripplings in which many vessels have been
, lost. In three days we had passed the first of the
i three great divisions which nature has marked in
the Straits.—The region of sand hills and granite
cliffs yields to one which appears almost delightful
in comparison with what precedes and follows it.
Here the coast suddenly tends southward, and the
Strait expands into a broad sheet of water, thirty
miles in width and three hundred fathoms in depth.
The hills are thickly clothed with trees to t he water's
edge, and were it not for the humid climate and
boggy soil, man could gain his livelihood from the
earth. As it is, the Chilian colonies of convicts at
Sandy Point and Port Famine, are supported from
( home. Rain fell every day while we were there,
and in a continual flood for a full third of the time.
In this kind of experience we can fully equal even
our brother hunters for gold who trudged across to
Panama.
Port Famine, the capital of semi-civilization in
this quarter of the globe, consists of a few houses,
inclosing a wooden fort, in which lie unmounted two
| honey-combed twelve-pounders and a brass field
' piece, tightly spiked! Buenos Ay res also claims
! this country, and Chili thus arms herself against
1 her rival in imbecility. There is a rickety apology
for a fence—a stout cat might paw it down—running
around thirty or forty cells in four large styes, be
; tween which are gutters for streets, little stone
! islands for a sidewalk and eighteen inches of mud
for a pavement. 1 thought of New York! In each
of these six-by-eight boxes, windowlcss and chim
neyless, exists a family of convicts. About seventy
from the fleet went ashore one evening, and saw
j a fandango. In Spain the dance may be graceful.—
j Here, no wonder that wretches pay one dollar a
I pound for soap, and make a good bargain at that!
I Most vessels stop here needlessly for wood and
water. Both can be procured as well, if not better,
I in most harbors farther on, and time spent here is
i lost; for there is always a fair wind in this portion
i of the Straits, and many days must be spent at an
! chor before the Pacific is reached. Yet the water
|at Port Famine cannot be surpassed. Men of ex
■ pcrience say that months at sea do not alter its
taste.
At San Nicholas' Bay we saw a fair specimen of
the Patagonians. This is that singular race of men
which have so inexplicably lost half their stature in
the last two hundred years! Magalhaen affirmed
J them to be nearly twelve feet high, Cordova and !
; Sarmiento at least nine, Anson about eight, and our
own school geography, full seven. In truth, they
measure about six feet, and are very strongly built.
Whether time tears down tallness from men or from
fables, is a point for conjecture. These Horse In
dians, as they are commonly called, from their
equestrian life, are friendly and very stupid.—The
Tierra del Fucgian, or Canoe Indians, arc of the or
dinary height, magpies in tongue, baboons in coun
tenance, and imps in treachery. Many conflicts
have taken place between them and sealing vessels.
They are best seen at a distance,
j At Capo Howard the main channel turns sharply
to the north-west. Here end the first two sections
of the Straits, and all plain sailing. The whole
body of water is here divided into a thousand little
channels to the Pacific, of which the best known
are the Cockbum, Barbara, Gabriel and Main Chan
nels.—The labyrinth of islands and sounds is so
perfect, that a good chart is indispensable. Unfor
tunate indeed is the vessel in Crooked Reach, which
has saved an unlucky sixpence in not providing seve
ral stout anchors and tlie best of cables, at home i
or at the half-supplied depot in Port Famine,
i Here the navigation assumes a new character. — ,
Nine days in ten, gales of westerly wind prevail,
and beat fiercely upon the adventurous vessel which j
dares to struggle with their power. Rain falls
several times each day, and when that fails, showers
of thick snow or stinging hail supply its place.
| There is a certain singular gust of wind very preva
lent here, which the sailors have termed " woolie- ■
; waws." When a vessel is caught at night out of |
j the harbor by rain, snow, hail, gales, thick darkness j
j and wooliewaws, there will he little sleep on board.
We were twice trapped in this manner, and always >
afterwards saved time and labor by seeking a harbor
at three o'clock in the afternoon.
Strangely enough, the temperature of these high j
latitudes is equable, and not very cold. The ther- :
momctcr ranges from 4(1 to 50 degrees Fuhr., through- j
out the year. Decreased strength of winds alone
marks the winter season.
In one day we sailed from San Nicholas' Bav to
Borja Bay; leaving the region of thick verdure, pass
ing grim Mount Sarmiento, seven thousand feet |
above us, and struggling through a narrow island
spotted ribbon of water, with gigantic walls of
granite overshadowing us from their immoveable |
resting places. Cordova said that the mountain
west of Cape Quod gave this portion of the Straits
"most horrible appearance." They do indeed seem
very desolate ana uninviting, almost all terminating
in sharply serrated peaks, or slightly rounding knobs
! of bare granite, but there is a savage grandeur, a j
■ wild glory, upon their lofty summits, which far ex
cels tlie smiles of the softest landscapes.
At Borja Bay we found the brig Saltillo, which
had sailed from Boston some time last year, and had
already spent five Sundays in the Straits. We also
received New York papers to February 17th, from
the steamer Panama. She reported several vessels
at the entrance of the Straits, and among them the
| well-known New York pilot boat, Win. G. Hack
staff, which sailed one day before us. At Swallow
Harbor lay the Yclasco, of Groton, and lowa, of
j Sag-harbor. Thus our licet was increased to six
schooners.
Both harbors are most secure and picturesque, '
j locked in, as they are, by lofty mountains. Right j
, at the bottom of each, a magnificent cascade rustles |
down the sides of a broad, brown mountain,
u \N itb the foamy sheaf of fountains, falling through !
the painted air."
Few things can be more lovely than these harbors, |
| inclosed by bare cliffs, like gems set in granite.—
j The weary sailor who looks for no beauty, can never
j deny their comfort. The only objection to them
1 from the terrible wooliewaws that rush from the
j surrounding heights without a second's warning,and
p <unce upon the waters, gathering them into a nar- !
j row but boiling circle of foam, then skurry around, j
tail-shaped in every direction, and with resistless 1
! Jury. " These woolies are queer things!" exclaimed
our skipper. "See how they tie the water all up
|in a little heap, and then throw it every which-w ay!"
I Even at anchor, the whole fleet rolls down in abject
submission before them. Once, the Anonyma's
j clinker boat was torn from her stern, whirled over j
in the air, and sunk in a single second. It is fortu
; nate that they last little longer.
It was only by very painful beating that we pass
-1 ed English Reach, Crooked Reach, Long Reach,
I and Sea Reach. The gale was diversified only with
wooliewaws, the rain with snow and hail. Kome
; times we are sailing along in rare sunshine, when a
j wooliewaw whirls a storm of sharp diamond hail
! into our face, or a column of spray-beads to the very
i truck; forces our little craft down into the water,
1 till a rustling flood swashes along her decks, then
! moves leeward in a brown and distinct whirlwind, !
till it hides one end of a lustrous rainbow, whose '
other extremity is splendidly defined against some
rough mountain. Meanwhile the glorious sunlight I
l is over all. From Fort Famine to the harbor of j
I Mercy, near ('ape Pillar, they continually increased '
iin fury. The day before we* left this latter harbor,
there was a grand display of their impotent rage.
Our passage consumed twenty days, thirteen of
j wiiieh found us closely shut up in harbors. We I
overtook and passed square-rigged vessels which had I
been weeks in the Straits, unwilling to return and j
unable to proceed. Few square-riggers can hope for |
I a short passage; the difficulties in managing them in
j a channel, barely ainile wide in some places, are too
! & etiL
The passage from the Atlantic is thus mostly con
: fined to small vessels. From the Pacific, passages
! are often made by ships in two or three days, and
1 the only wonder is why more do not save the dis
tance around Cape Horn. There are scarcely any
j dangers which are not visible, so bold is the coast
j and deep the soundings throughout the Strait.
Few portions of the earth can surpass this, so !
wonderful in the grandeur of its scenery. Here let '
the painter come, the poet, too, —all who love nature
in her wildest moods, and can discern a mystic love- i
lincss behind her frowns. Only the monomaniac j
! gold-hunter views it with an indifferent eye.
We have left the Straits of Magalhaen. Cape I
: Pillar grows dim; Westminster Hall towers faintly ■
afar; the sea-beaten Evangelists begin to loom in the j
1 evening sky, and Cape Victory, like a grim old war- j
| der, watches our departure in silence. On one side '
• of us is the mighty group of Tierra del Fuego; on j
j the other begins an immense continent, whose other j
j extremity is near the North Pole. Before us lies I
the great Pacific.
j FOREIGN MARKETS.
(PER STEAMER .NIAGARA.)
Correspondence of I.yford's Price Current.
LIVERPOOL, Friday Evening, Aug. 24, 1849.
JMoney Market. —Closing prices in London to
' day are—Consols 921 to 92|| for money, 921 t°
for time. Exchequer Bills 42 to 455. Premium.
Bacon. —The business has been limited to about
9 K) boxes, at a slight reduction on ordinary qualities,
but fine are becoming scarce, and holders are firm.
Hams also have been dull of sale, at lower rates.
Shoulders in very little request, and some parcels
have been re-shipped to New York.
| Beef. —The week has passed without any thing of
I importance; sales progressing slowly at the quota- ;
tions, and stocks gradually decreasing.
Butter —At a further decline, more business lias :
been done.
Cheese. —We are still without any fine; ordinary '
and inferior descriptions continue dull of sale.
Corn , <S*c. —The business of the week has been !
marked by great dullness, sales being merely of a
retail character, and but for the light stocks of real- j
ly good stuffs, a more decided decline in prices would '
have resulted. Much of the recently arrived West- i
ern Canal Flour is of miserable quality—scarcely
available even for sizing purposes, and is quite a drug.
Good Wheat is scarce. From Ireland the demand
for Corn is very limited, their direct imports being
liberal, and Potatoes cheap. There are still some
' reports of disease in the latter root, but not of an j
alarming character. Prime White Corn commands ;
extreme price from its scarcity. Our market to-day )
closed languidly, the weather having been fine for
harvest.
Cotton. —The import this week is 5,102 bales;
Sales, GG,9SO; and present stock 622,900, against
578,600 at same period last year. To-dav, the mar
ket is steady, and sales 7,000 bales. Speculators
have this week taken 32,090 bales, and Export 6,480 I
bales. It will be seen that the sales of the week !
are large, and in the early part of it an advance of |
J,d. was obtained, partly owing to the advices re- j
ceived on Monday per " Europa;" but the demand j
having fallen off' the last day or two, this advance
was lost.
Lard. —An active enquiry has led to an advance
of Is. to Is. Gd. V cwt., and about 1500 tons have i
been sold during the week. Holders show no symp
toms of giving way, and offer sparingly.
Pork. —Notwithstanding the low prices accept ed
for Western, the demand has been very trivial; and
heavy stocks still remaining on hand, buyers operate
j only in anticipation of a further decline.
if ice. —At full priees, there is a moderate request
I for Rice.
JOSEPH STITT K Co.
1 See Liverpool Prices Current on inside.
LIVERPOOL, Aug. 24, 1849.
; Cotton. —The quotations for Cotton to-day, are
sjjd. for fair Upland and fair Mobile, s£d. for fair
; Orleans, and 5P,@ 5Ad. for middling qualities, which
I are Id. above our last quotations, with the excep
j tion of fair Mobile; but the market closes with less
animation than in the early part of the week. The
J sales amount to 66,980 bales, of which 32,(XX) are to
, speculators, and 6500 for export, showing that the.
consumers have bought on a comparatively inode
j rate scale. Trade at Manchester is not so active
as it has been, the advanced prices having checked
| the export demand for Goods and Yarns. The
American descriptions sold consist of 9800 Upland
, at [email protected] ; 901X1 Alabama and Mobile at
29,550 Orleans at 4 1100 Sea Island at
8(IF 18d. lb. The import for the same time is
j only 5100 bales; and the stock in this port is now
estimated at 624,000 bales, of which about 472,000
is American .
I Com, SfC. —The harvest is now progressing under
favorable circumstances, and much of the Grain is
already secured in the early "districts, so that com
paratively little doubt remains of an abundant pro- 1
duct. Flour is again rather lower, and parcels of
good sound Western Canal selling at 235. 6d.(FF 245. J
Prime Baltimore and Ohio, 245. 6d.(® 255.; and un- 1
inspected and heated, 18s. 6d.(FL '2os. I'* brl. The ,
market dull and heavy for all descriptions. The
spread of disease hitherto in the Potato Crop ap
pears to be partial, and not to a serious extent; but
there is a moderate demand for Indian Corn at
1 255. [email protected] Gd. V qr., except for unmixed pure
J White, which is scarce and selling at 285.(® 285. Gd.
BROWN, SHIPLEY U Co.
LIVERPOOL, August 24, 1849.
Money is more abundant, and a considerable
amount of Bullion has been received from abroad. !
Although extension of trade has increased the dc
| mand for discounts, there appears no prospect of any |
| advance in the rates, and many suppose that the '
j Bank will reduce its minimum below 3 1 ;V cent.
| after the harvest has been secured. Consols have
! fluctuated during the week, and after touching 92A,
! and rallying to 93', on receipt of more hopeful ae
| counts from the Continent, have again receded to
92].
1 Cotton. —The Market opened very firmly, and
upon the " Europa's" arrival, on the 20th, a large
business was done, prices again improving £ to ]d.
'Y lb. The accounts from Manchester have, how
! ever, had a discouraging effect, and the advance has
, not been fully maintained, although we dose nearly
| -d. higher than last week. About 10,000 bales
j have changed hands each day, and as many as 15,000
on the 20th, half of which were on Trade account.
The Import is trifling, and will be light for two
months to come. The Stock is reduced 30.000 hales,
and is fast getting out of the hands of Importers,
while Speculation is favored by the present cheap- |
I ness of money.
CI over seed has attracted the attention of Specu- '
lators, and the best assortments have risen 3s. V
cwt.
Yours respectfully,
GIBBS, BRIGHT &. Co.
P. S.—SATURDAY, August 25th, 11A. M.— Cotton : j
i The demand opens without much animation. On
the 16th, 114 bales were entered for Havre, which
is a new feature in the market.
MANCHESTER. —Owing to the arrival of Indian
news, which speaks of a decline in the value of
j .Manufactured Goods, the Market has been flat; but
! the continued advance in the raw material will not
allow prices at all to give way. Should the For
j eign Exports prove to be more than sulTi-ient, and
j no demand arise before the conclusion of the Home
Trade, we shall soon see an accumulation of stock,
but do not anticipate any very material reduction in
prices. G., B. S*. Co.
Extract from ffaring's Circular.
LONDON, Friday, Aug.* 24. |
A steady demand has prevailed this week for
; most descriptions of Colonial and Foreign Produce,
I and deliveries for home use are proceeding very satis
! factorilv. In the export trade no increased activity j
' has hitherto manifested itself, but the impression is
! pretty general that before the season closes large I
wants will have to be supplied, which renders hold- I
ers of Produce extremely firin. With continued fine
weather, harvest operations are proceeding rapidly,
I and all accounts concur in representing the crops as
most promising. Money, though in more general
I demand, continues abundant.
Coffee. —The public sales this week, comprising
| 28(1 casks, 3,100 bags Plantation, and 4,800 bags
Native Ceylon, have gone off* briskly, and again at
j rather higher prices—1,200 bags Rio at auction to
! day bought in. Privately, 2,509 bags Native Cey
lon have been sold at 365. Gd .'a 375., 609 bags Bt. ;
I Domingo at 345. Gd., and 1,000 bags Costa Rica from |
[email protected] 6d., which establishes an advance of Is.
In all the Continental markets priees are tending
| upward, with every promise of a highly favorable
I result for the approaching sales of the Dutch Trad
ing Society.
1 The Com trade remains depressed.—On Monday
' we had the first supply of New English JYheat,
I about 800 quarters, which realized full prices; but
I Old, and all descriptions of Foreign, were difficult j
jof sale at former rates. Flour may be quoted from
20(£245. V brl. Spring Corn in moderate supply,
I and firmly held. Indian Corn i* offering at 265. i
for Galatz, and 255. for Ibraila, without finding buy
ers.
Iron is in more general demand, and the principal
makers being full of orders, will not take contracts
unless at an advance. To-day we quote the market
, firm at >£s ss. for Bars of ordinary size and common
Rails, free on board in Wales. At Glasgow not
much variation has occurred in Pig iron, which i* ,
quoted 455. for mixed numbers, and 475. for Gart- (
sherrie No. 1.
Sugar —The trade have taken about 3,000 hhds.
and 20,000 bags this week, at about former prices,
j but tlie market to-day was quiet. In Foreign de-
I scriptions, 2,600 boxes fine yellow Havana have been
sold floating at 235.(0 235. Gd., 1,200 boxes brown at
j 205., and 2,872 boxes damaged white, and 1,609 ,
! boxes damaged yellow Havana, at auction, at com- !
: paratively low prices. The advices from the Con-
I tinent report little activity; holders, however, gene
| rally display great firmness. At St. Petersburg
1,100 boxes good ord. old white Havana have been
j sold at Ro. 284, an d 200 boxes good at Ro. 29]. j
Tobacco continues firm, but the transactions this !
j week have been entirely of a retail character, at,
: however, extreme rates.
! American Stocks —Continue in limited request,
with sellers at the following quotations: United
States 5 cents, 92 0 93: United States Sixes, 107
{0108; Massachusetts Sterling, 104 a 105; Maryland
Sterling, [email protected]; Pennsylvania Fives, [email protected]; New
York Fives, 96 0 97; New York City Fives, 93;
j Ohio Sixes, 101 l :> 1 cent.
CONTIN ENT AI, M AIIK KTS.
AMSTERDAM. — Coffee: Market quiet; of good or
! dinarv Java 2000 bags sold at c 24A. Cotton is in
demand at higher prices. Sugar: Very little has i
been done.—Rice is in good demand.
HAMBURG. — Coffee —Our market continues firm.
The following art the salts of the week: 2200 hags
| Laguayra at s 4 to 5; 1500 Rio at s 3* to 4; and
! 500,000 lbs. P. Rico at s 4] to SA.
j ANTWERP. — Coffee: Prices are rather higher,
sales of 3000 bapi Rio at e2O to 23A, 4000 St. Do- j
j mingo c 24A to 25; 3700 Laguayra, e23 to 31. Cot- j
i ton continues in demand. 500 bales Mobile were done
'atc29 to 29A, prices are on the rise. Sugar: Mar- j
ket quiet. Tlie stock of Havana consists of nearly
; 50,(XX) boxes, against 14,090 boxes in 1848. Rice:
No inquiry for Carolina.
DOMESTIC MARKETS.
BOSTON —week preceding Sept. 8.
Coffee —Sales have been quite limited in conse
quence of light stocks. We notice sales of 400 bags
Rio from second hands at 73 cts.; 200 St. Domingo
good 7(0 7s > Java BA(O9A cts. P ,"o, 6mos. Fish
—The market is better supplied with Mackerel, and
prices have declined. No. 1 have been selling at
11.50, down to £10.50; No. 2 at 6.50, and No. 3 at
£3.50; some Nova Scotia No. 3 at 2.57A P* brl, cash,
in bond. Flour —There has been a moderate de
mand through the week at 5.62& for Ohio and Mi
chigan; 5.75(0 £5.87A for Genesee good common
brands, cash. Not much doing in Southern there
being very little in market. New Flour is very
scarce but it is beginning to come in more freely.—
Grain —There is a better supply of Corn in market,
aiul the article is not brisk. Sales are making of
goml Southern yellow at 67 068 cts., white 61(062
cts. Hemp —Manila is held at 11A cts. 'P* lb., and
best Russia at £2lO P 1 ton, but we do not hear of any
sales, except a lot of Russia outshot at £195 P 1 ton,
G mos. American is also very quiet. Hides —Sales
of 7500 Buenos Ayres dry at 11 cts. V lb., 6 mos.,
mostly for a Southern market. Holders of South j
American are asking 11A cts. Leiul —2o(H) pigs to
arrive have been sold at £4.62A, and 1000 <>u the '
spot at the same price, cash. Molasses —Distilling i
qualities are sought after, and there is a decided im
' provement in prices. Sales of 200 hhds. tart, to ar
rive, at 20 cts., and a small parcel here, reported at
! 20£ cts. V gallon, 6 ms. JS\tval Stores —We have
1 no material change to notice in the market for
j Spirits Turpentine since our last. Sales of about
100 brls. at 36 cts.. cash, and 38 cts. V gallon, 6 ms.
Oil —Linseed continues to improve. 5000 gallons
American have been sold at 68 cts. P* gallon, cash,
now held at 70 cts.; small saLes of English at 70 cts.,
cash. Sperm and Whale continue in good demand
lat full prices. Provisions —There has been a fair j
business doing through the week, without any change ]
[COMMERCE —TRADE STATISTICS
[Whole Number 588.
lin prices. Spiers —Cassia is very scarce and now
held at *24 cts., some small parcels, in mats, have
| been sold at [email protected] ets.j Pepper at 6 cts. V ft, 6 ms.
Sugar —There has been rattier more demand this
j week and we hear of sales of 230 hhds. Cuba Musco
; vado at 4i{@ 5 cts.; 300 boxes prime yellow at 74 cts.:
4to 300 boxes of fair to good, at cts. ft., 6
! ms.— Daily Adv.
NEW YORK—3 days preceding Sept. 8.
Ashes —Pot steady at "56.73, and Pearl advanced
to $6,434. Candles —Sperm sell freely at 35, and
Adamantine at 2S cts. Coffee —Is still in good de
mand from the trade, with sales of 3000 bags Brazil
at [email protected] cts., 2000 Java on landing at 0, and 350
Laguayra, 7.4 cts., usual time. Copper—Ameri
i can Yellow Metal has been reduced to 17A cts., 6
mos. Cotton —Considerable sales since the arrival
I of the Niagara's advices, at a price which could not
! previously have been realized, but we do not alter
our quotations. Flour and Meal —Western Flour
has come forward freely, and .as there is little other
| than City and Eastern demand, the market is heavy
and prices cannot be quoted over 5.314®55,564,
and 5.62A for Baltimore new. Rye Flour dull, and
Corn Meal depressed. drain —Wheat is lower,
j handsome Virginia selling at "5! .14, and other quali
ties at 88 cts. Corn is inactive, the closing rates
[email protected],the former for Southern yellow. Hemp
! —Sales of 50 bales dew-rotted American at $167-50
! V ton, 6 mos. Hides —Sale of 5531 Rio Grande at
ill cts.,6 mos. Dead —Continues to sell at $4.50
011 time, adding interest. Molasses —Is in good de
mand from the trade and prices are well supported.
Naval Stores —Spirits Turpentine has sold in lots
at 36® 37 cts., cash. Oils— Sales of American
Linseed at [email protected] cts., cash, in csks. and brls.
Provisions —Ohio Pork dull, Mess having sold at
[email protected] $10.50, and Prime $8.75. Lard in fair
demand, but at rather lower rates, brls. 6£@6J cts.
for good to prime. Spices—' There is more inquiry,
and prices of most descriptions have an upwaid
tendency. The sales include 11,750 mats cassia at
18 cents, in bond; Pimento, in lots, 15, cash; Race
Ginger, 5® 54; Cassia, 23; 100 bags Pepper, 6; and
22 brls. No. 1 Nutmegs, [email protected], 6 mos. l)o
--| mestic Whiskey has again been sold to the extent
I of 650 brls. at [email protected]/A cts., and 400 Ohio, yesterday,
on private terms; the market has lost its buoyancy,
and prices are in favor of buyers. Sugars—Musco
vado have continued in good demand from the trade,
without further change in prices. The sales con
sist of 1000 hhds. Cuba at [email protected]{ cts.; 400 Porto
Rico, [email protected]; 700 New Orleans, [email protected], 4 mos.
Sumac —Sales have been made of [email protected] 300 bags Pa
lermo at S6O, 6 mos. Tallow —There is an active
demand, and with light receipts, prices have an up
ward tendency. 30,000 ft*. prime sold at S cts.,
cash, and some small lots a fraction higher. Teas
—The public sale yesterday of Teas V Cbanning,
; Valparaiso, See., went off with great spirit, at an
improvement of two cents on low grade Young Hy
son and one cent on Hyson Skin and Blacks; for
other descriptions full prices were realized, and the
market generally i 3 very tirin, with an unusually
large business at private sale.— Ship. Com. List.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 8.
! Bark —The supplies of Quercitron continue very
light, and it is taken on arrival: sales of No. 1 at
3i .50 a >32.50 1" ton, closing at the latter rate, which
is a further advance. Coffee —There is a fair de
mand, and prices are fully sustained: sales of 1200
bag* Laguayra on terms not made public, and 1000
Rio and Laguayra at [email protected] cts. v* ft. Flour and
Meal —The demand for Flour continues limited,
and sales for fresh ground at $5.12A, including one
lot at a trifle less. Rye Flour is scarce, small sales
at $3.25. The market is nearly bare of Corn Meal;
sales, $3 25 '1? brl. The quantity of Flour and
1 Meal inspected during the two weeks ending 6th
j inst. was as follows: Wheat Flour, brls. 20,910; do.,
; hf. brls. 406; Rye Flour, brls. 1,433; Corn Meal,
5,175; do., hf. brls. 958. Grain —The receipts of
Wheat have been moderate, and, with a fair de
mand, prices are nearly stationary: sales of South
ern and Penna. red at 1.04,5 $1.06, but principally
at 1.05, and white at [email protected] Rye—[email protected]
I cts. bushel. The supplies of Corn are light, and
I prices have slightly advanced; sales of Penna. and
Southern yellow at 65 (a 66 cts. 56 lb*., and white
at 60 cts. Hides —An import of 3400 Laguayra
has arrived, which were previously sold on terms
not made public. Iron —The market continues ex
cessively dull, and prices of Pig Metal are barely
supported: sales of about 100 tons No. 2 Anthracite
at S2O, and 125 tons Scotch Pig, in lots, at $21.50
b" ton, 6 mos. Molasses —The receipts continue
light, and, with a moderate demand, prices are fully
maintained: a sale of New Orleans at 27 cts. on
time. Oil —Linseed is scarce, and held firmly at
72®73 cts. in csks. and brls. Provisions —The de
-1 mand for Pork continues limited, and prices are
barely supported; sales of Mess, at [email protected]
brl., cash and 011 time: Prime is held at $9.50.
! Seeds —Clover is in good demand, but the supplies
arc very light; sales of 1000 bushels good and prime
free at 4 (a $4.50 6 1 fts. Timothy is more inquir
ed after, and several lots of good and prime quali
ty at
Spirits —Whiskey is scarce, and prices have advanc
ed; sales of 4® 500 brls. at 27Ad28 cts.—closing
I firm at the latter rate —hhds. come in slowly, and
1 command the same price*. Sugar —The activity
I noticed in the market at the close of last week still
continues, and prices are fully sustained: sales of
j Cuba and Porto Rico at 44 (a 5A cts.; New Orleans
43®34; 5®600 bxs. Havana brown and white
; at [email protected], and some white Brazil at OA® 7 cts.
j V ft., all on the usual credit. IVool— There is
j a fair demand; and, the receipts being light and the
stocks on hand much reduced, prices are fully sus-
I tained: sales at 28 to 39A cts. V Ib. for common and
i full blood.— lm 7.
WM. & 11. SI'KIM,
HAVE constantly on hand, and oiler for sale on
liberal terms, the following articles, viz:
I SHEATHING COPPER, u fall assortment, from
j 14 to 36 oz. Also, Copper and Composition Nails,
j YELLI)W METAL IEATHING, MUNTZ"
PATENT ENGLISH SHEATHING METAL—the well
known reputation of this article, and its superiority
to any other manufactured, entitles it to preference;
a constant supply received direct from England.
ZINC —•• Mosselman's" Sheet Zinc.—We are
now receiving direct from the manufacturers in Bel
gium, a full assortment of this superior article.
COPPER INGOTS.—Refined Copper, Ingots of
best quality, manufactured by the Baltimore and
j Cuba Smelting and Mining Company. jy 22
PATENT HAMMERED SHIP AND
BOAT SPIKES.
MADE BY THE ALBANY IRON AND
NAIL WORKS, TROY, N. Y., of superior
quality. Also, RAIL ROAD SPIKES of all de
scriptions, and BOILER RIVETS, a large supply
constantly on hand for sale at manufacturers' prices,
by E. PRATT &. BROTHER,
je 12 27 <V 29 South Charles street.
ffIADNTON YELLOW METAL
M. SH E A Till N G .—The increased de
mand for this article has induced the manufacturers
to erect extensive additional works, and are now pre
pared, in conjunction with Mr. Wm. H. Muntz,
(son of G. F. Muntz, Esq., of Birmingham, Eng
land,) to offer YELLOW METAL SHEATHING
—which they confidently recommend, unsurpassed
even by the celebrated Muntz, English make.
Several suits on vessels belonging to this port that
have been on about two years (and at Boston, New
Bedford, &c. a longer time) have given general satis,
faction, the price being about three cents less than
copper, and the old exchanged for new, at a differ
ence of six cents, offers great inducements for its
general use.
This article can only be had in Baltimore at manu.
facturers' prices, of the undersigned agents.
Also, a large Stock of BRAZIKRS' COPPER, COPPER
BOLTS, COPPER and COMPOSITION SHEATHING NAILS,
constantly on hand—for sale by
E. PRATT BROTHER,
j e ly 27 and 29 South Charles st.

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