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TERMS, TWO DOLLAR8 J'ER YEAR.
NEW SERIES. VOL. 18. NO. 52. xfor 5 at "THE WORLD Id (JOVERNKD TOO MUCH ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS IN ADVANCE. PARIS, MAINE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 18(58. OLD SERIES, VOLUME :35. NO. 10. Kbf (Prforù îltmotnit, ri'LBieiiKit κνκητ Moutio, b* r. K. Hll AW, Κ <111 ο r nn ·Ι I' ri> prl wtor . Tk-Klf 4 .— Γ wo ItvlUit i-f ι r»/ , ι l»f |«ltaf Ud flftj (>■«». If («1)1 ι· tilum*. •Γ S. M I'MUrnftll A (V, IO «t«U Π·μ»ο·, nd 1.'.* NfMa !t*« Y Ml, ·βΊ S. R >Um, Cowt Mil» 1, Battn, an «alhortir^l i|mii < JOtf PRIΝΤΙΝΟ. Of rrrry Dncriptum, F.rmitnî. Pro/rs.fi on a/ Curds, <fr. LAW PARTNERSHIP. SHAW St Κ IMBU.L, Attorary* hi Counsellor* at Law. P\RI* III LI.. M U*K. rr Will «tlrn.l lo rjtara i» lUnkrapU1;, ml r>i*«»M ·ιι<1 IWmn'i I'Uima, i«J pracin:· i"> ail lb* ©«πι ι· lb· Hl4l>. » ». Mtw. « ■. ■■■■ALL. htfit. J « «· I. IMS. C. W. HOWARD, ATTORNEY k COUNSELLOR AT LAW, RI'iroRD POUT. NK. I \ ΆΙΤ Κ \ Nl"K ι· «ho n*«t Fir·, Li(r • nd A(ri>l«ut ( V>)*n>r« O. W. BLANC1IAKD, tttornry and Councilor at Law, RiinroRi) pout, xr, **·»« f >f prw«rl*( Γ»η·Ιοη·, Arrawmf μ*τ ·ο4 RomI; Ο υ. Β1Μ1ΚΚ .literne)' and Councilor at Law, HUCKFIELD, OXFORD ΓΟ.. VIK. «UfAima |»?m I > pn»rt in Oi· fomi ·η » OoMfi#0. Α'*η, tr» tmm Irtiai Jtnvà Jrnn 3, if MflKXlB FOSTER, JR. Councilor and luornry at Law nETiiKL lAine. Γ»η«'»«« Rojnttfiioi! tttci p»? prvaptl; »uaa4· •4 t· «elWrtM O. R. HAI.Ij, M. D.. Physician and Surgeon, Ul< KKIKLU. XK. •ct-tf a. C. A.MIHKWS, Conn*«ellor and Attorney at Law, HUCKFIKLD. ihnmn Co..*·*, Will prart lam la osfurd. Cae !>·»!·*! aixt A air»· •oogjiu C .<·»«»· SA Ν Ut; il S Ο Ν Si BK AUJK, ATTORNEYS AND COI N>KLLORS, Ami Γ Claim Ajrut», MtKtt Λ V . MK. C. C. Ûiaoïitvi, 11. M. Hiarci. C. fc. JûVANS. M. !>., PHÏSNUN AND M RUKON, NORWtY VILI.KiK. ME. I>r K. will tlw ptflUnlir •tlrattoe tu Ί !»--*· »« vf Lh« Kf, t«] la -urrslli" tu *11 U· fur··. n»*f il» I mI OS.·. Dr. W. B. Lapham, w/£L ATTF.Sn Tf» THF. fracticf. of MKVlCI.\t: Λ .Vf) SUHOF.UY. AT BK V ANT'S HIND. M Κ. Rails··· »rwni| 11 τ J to aa<] cfc»f|»ι km •Mtil'· I>R. Ci. i\ JOMvS, DENTIST, MOKWtY VII.I.JUiF. MK. î*»th In«rrti4 oa Itolil, si. v»f of \ «k»»ll»d K«b Urr J. Λ. MORTON, M D , Physician and Surgeon, BETHEL. (tik' t ι« Κ W--<*i Γ ι k ; U*e 4*nr* « f'trk-Si BOLS Τ Ε Κ ά. RICHARDSON, Ctanorllir«* λ \ftornej*«»t L>* Dountio*. Usi'k P*y & Pension·, Il 1 X M F. I. I» , « »*f .id ' -maty, Me. \V « W. Boliti· K. It Hit μ » κ ■··«>» J. Ρ SWASEY, Councilor and iliorary at Law, CANTON, MK. Wtu yr·*· ■*+ I· · *»Ί A*4r> *+e- gf, α Po··tW* VIRGIN St UPTON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. At ih* '·ι§.«· ι·· ■>· ) · · t » ·μ * ·'■"· A Ktof, Ν MIN \ Y VIII \<. Γ Ο» ni i|t> ι in ·« » Γ ι·ι»·Λ ih» Ρ Ιίι» CnWU r*rt.' »H' iirr» (·'ollfn i..im tli rUrni· <il " ildirrt an I lb· ir \\nrt M >-·».»·< I Im Ν) I , ■ ·· H^r· I .'<· ι, l>rc in J l.il· I moiiv» m ls<i I .ι»,·· ·ι II ■ in ι I rte· W « W.Vi*·!·. V , A..j «, I·*· j CHARLJbS A. HfcRSEY, HOl'TH i'AH/H. VA\ Mannfarttirfr «»Γ ('oliT Jrwrlrjr. /.•4<<i«r · (» I,\firf, I'r tr'. Imr ) -, I/» trdtr. A good aMort i»ent of Com Jewelry, All km.!· .»i >il»rr ml I'lalid W»rr. Premium μ ml loi I.ul4 A kll»rr < ·>Ι η l'«<t<rnUr at .«·>«··..«ι |-»nl ο I ;r.«f'»»f. NtW DRUG STOKE! A J) Τ*~ι Γ,Ηηχ. Druggist &, Apcthccary, BI'CKFIRLI·. MK I' HM'Uo· ι |ir»· npti ·■« ..nr.fully Μ·ΜαχΙιι1 WA.. rift atl'B.fed to m· tf POETRY. THE SNOW BIRD. He «lu In Wlntrr'· iIni, tad live now li roan J hW lr««. Ho· be c«rrt pot for the fold. Γ or tbe rh«- rf.ll kttri tlilaka the .now at fair t part A a the Summer'· χrr··ri and gold. «»· U» branch»· bnre an I brvwn, >lth their er> <tâll f r * crown. Kill III» tittle WlnlM bird In Ik* ι Lark an· I cloail; dan, llflilrnl u| the lonrljr »»>· W it h hi· eoaatant chwlnf word. To bla mi μ ι on h· i· tree, (igd haa work for hi· to <iu. With hi· little ring to chewr ; la hU aawt life-· ιίημίτ aprecb, leaaona hltfh asd (lad to InwK la U»· dark da; a of the year <»h ! bta IHtl heart U atroB(. aad b« Mfrr think· It wrung, TW la him thl· W»t ta given, Νr» rr »n»k· btrdatbat >la| la Ui· Summer or th« Spring tudararaUi a «una» bra'ra. hlwlia leather »nt, wit·'a IraMa of content, > all «plrlta that are aad. And h la aon« with rtrbeat freight, com*· to all the «•aetata, DlddiOl aorrow'a anlf tx- (lad. Woald*t thou eho.xe fhjr Unie or wajrt doe· tbe lit· tW po»t mr, liial haa ordered U»r »e for thee ; Where thy Hf· ran pralae hint beet, he ha· the» —on ly real. And hû purpose thott ahall aee. Yr anmad whoae life the i»n* Itctb heavily an<l low, Takaa le«a»t> Ihwi the bird A· (!«l blreth rou a day, atrlre to char· the |lwnn awar. Whether II«U··»»! or anheard. tind bath »tng»»«. many a one, that >mn pralae Him ta the au il, A· the happy cherubim ; Bat I think the ·..·»· thejr raiae, wbo are toiler· la dark 'til, Are η aweetrr aoag to Him. Mot by outer toy and «weetne··, ditoa He )al|* of lite a oompletetaee·. Hut b* «nrer te«t of worth. It nay be tfr ||trt tbi graor of bearea'a blgheat klao>. To llw lowest ot the earth — Hour· at Home, >1 I S Γ Κ ι. ι. Λ Ν V. The Eartiiqi'aKb αγ Saxta Cm»* Th.· Η·>. klan 1 Democrat pu'»U«hes an i-xirict froru a private letter, fr « η ι ι > 8 · ;r »( the Unit··! State* ittamtr »ί lagahela to a g**nt!cni.sn in tbat ci» .·, giving « description of rb« terrible earth | · » t* tt the («Un I of Santt Cru* TV leri T o> «: Ο ι the M in day evening following. «bile quietly di.« ciw*uij affair· in lb·» «vu I room, the ship b»-gan fo tremble like the λ<(>··η leaf, the l(laue«on th·· lahlo Jtaivl about, and all of m iu»hi;i] on deck, btruh-'ileJ. where we f.»un I the sailors panic stricken. Tbe horrible rumbling sound, like tti ιίtli thun der. oontinue i seven minute·, And oar p>>or •hip. quivering like a poor buman being, •eemed to tmbibe terror frnni ua. The «pire of a churvh in town, cruw>led dow:i an 1 •cveral «mail Mon· building· toon followed, while ibe wbul.j itland, at far a· 'be eye could reach. waved up and down liko a troubled aea. Γ be shock erased and officer· all tien brva:bed a si^li of relief. We went below, got onr hat·, an·! started on deck again, when aery of terror from the Muter attrac ted our notice. He pointed to the «bure, and w) there beheld a sight which no one who ha· ever witnessed will forget- The island see mod to be r.»ing bodily into the air, but the fact w41 that the ocean wu re· coding with frigbtfal rapi lity. The «bip sank grad tally d.iwn until h«»r keel rested on the bottom of the bar W« w»a, U«.l il>« water· a· they left us, won lering in ailent awe what the next scene in this teriiic dm· nia wu to be We had not long to wait, for when tbe ocean ba>l gone half a mile astern of us, it started back upon us with eq tal velocity, breasted by a solid wall of water, w!;.»»e »now white -rest towered high above our mainmast. We expected to be engulfed, %nd all gave one parting look at the shore a« we cluug to the sbr »udj. Bat our nob! «hip rose like a cork, a· tbe wave· struck hec, an I on «lie dashed to the short· like a frightened deer. The ocean outran us an I sweeping „τ··ι the town drowns l uaanr f th«- old in I young, who could uot get of! tu t>me to tbe bille. llo'j*es Ter·· swept i«i) like so inarty chip·, au I cattle, horses and hu inn being· were borne out to sea by the water, which now began to recede a^aui Our sltij» cruised through the main •trvet of the I jwii and as «he went out with the «ça.· » rie<| awa» many houses which th · oiterbadnot injured. We were left a^ii'i on tlie botkm of the bay. but thin tin··, broadside to the see, and the vessel was inly save l from c«pslxing by the in· rom ig wave, whi !i l'i^hl n a< we w "e laiUng an I t'lahid us high up in town again The water a; un re ce I · a· I we w-rc left on Μ·« Hf 111 f--et Ιτο·η the edge ol ttie hay, half caj>< /· I, and wrecked. Four ol our *a . ir· j i.ope | iv 1 b . at to »ave them •ι ίη·«, but were swallowed u · be lofe ο if •yes KiXToittaL Hi tias —An *1 bang* traly «ays It is a mistake to think editorial work rhietl· original composition. Πιιι is hut a « η all pan of it and lb-re sr» a do«en g-·»·! »nt#ri where there 1 one go · I editor; hut th·· writing alone 1 enough <0 overbear a man. Aim >st ever ν cultivated man has time· when n« wool·, like tbe opportunity of p'iblic expression wKtcb lb- tiew«|iapcr alf'ir Is. 11J it would he then ea«v f >r him to write, and to writs vigorously ; it )· even probable that mini reader· could write better than some editor· l»»»t a· it is cert a n tbst the t»est conversa tional anility wh* b di·> i-.se· public que· tioo· would greatly improve publm journal if it could Se transferred U» their column·. Hut reiteration tells. It is ft very f\*r mut ter to write ft newsptper article, »ay you? Not quite so easy ft* you imagine if you bave ever tried ; but grant that it i· not very hard. There is an old pnzile about ft man who made a rule to lift hi< call ««very day. which he could easily do, and so he went on until it bad become a bullocb. Tit* Vi'LOiRiTT or Lorn Tai kixo ax η Lauiiittxa —I «ee io jour excellent paper a lit.l* paragraph on good manner·, in whi<h «pitting and lounging are described a· proof* of a semi barbarou* «tale of aoci ety. and I must beg leave to notice another peculiarity of our state of civilization. I allude to loud talking and acreeetiing laugh - 1er. This is »<> peculiar to American* that they aie known by it in Europe, and ft» well· br\sd people tb-re never tolctate it. even in the most social circle·, it is considered a mark of ill-breeding belonging only to the lowest class. Aside from this conventional protest against it. there is a regular objection to it. in (be injury it doe* to the vooal organ·. Talking through an evening, at tho top of the voice, is very painful an 1 fatiguing, and yet tho nuiit! made by the whole company is so great that no one can bo beard who speak* low. or in a natural tone. Many tin oats are mide sore and many bead* are made to acbe by tin* unneceisary noiso, an I person* subject to bronchitis are obliged to avoid it entirely. in ail European society thu voices are kepi lower than u«uil in large parti··*, an I a general bu u prevail*, in which each person m beird by tltn« he »llf «··«. I he Ion Inc»» A a«ri 411* i* verjr m trkc<J. and pr.»d 1 *>» di*gu«t and indignai ion when it oreak* the still.ie** of picture galleries and oilier public p'a -oi, srht-re nothing but whis|ters are c»jr t LisjJ Wise-i a loud voice is hetrj from an American traveller, every pne is startled an I took· around to see whence it c-jiiwi, and the com nciiti on tbi* broach of good manners are very severe. I onco introduced some vety refine I and cultivated A aenaam to a gentleman in f«ondoti. who could have <1 >ne much for their amusement and procured their a Imift· • ion to many private galleries of ptiniings sculpture ; but aiuit one eapjrionce of their vociferaliug.in a puilic exhibition, he would not again expose hiinielfio th i pain and the • ham·* they caused him lie wrote to me to excuse himself for not having done more for my fr^eu h. by saying tnat tbeir loud talking m i le them not presentable in re lined society and not bearable' in pub'ic places He added that be had made ft din ner paily for thom of Americans, only ami tbey laughed and talked so loud that be was afraid the police would come in and seo what th·- row wa*. —[Correspondent of the Liberal Christian. Tub Live M is —Th» Live Min ia like a Utile |>ig. be is weaned young and begin» tew root airly. Ito *12 the pepper sa ta uv creation—all •pioe ur the world. A man who kin draw Ν'ι·» Or lean» mi lasse» in the mon'h of January. thru a fiaff· inch auger hole, ami *ing " Home, swuet home!" while the molasse· iz running, may he strictly honest, but he aint suddeu enough (or this climate. The Live Man is full of bizzinets as the conductor of a street kar—he iz often like a hornet, very bizzy, but about what the Pi kens only knows. He lights up like a cotton faktory, and haint got enny more time tew spare than a • ko'dhur baz Saturday afteinooni. Il>· iz like a decoy duck. always abuv wa ter. an I live· 19 months during each year. II· ie bke a runaway horse, he gels the whole ov the road II· trot* when be walks, and lies down at night only bckause everyboddy else her. If»· is ih·· American p»*t, per feck t mvi teiy tew foreigner· , but liai dun inure (w h charcoal) to work ouï the rreafnes· ov thi< r untrv than enny other man in it. He i/ jt»»t a* necessary a/ the grease on •n axletree. lie .1 n't alwu· die ritch, but »!wus die· bixzy, and meets death a good deal a* *n ο «ter du/, without enny fuss (lob Bill ing·. Maitr a Bkoi>mjc«»—Those who are continually ibtnkmg what n heat to do, sel· dot» do anything. Die '*»*·» I 'liar siv«d, ' the first mile traveled are something low ard amassing a fortune and to completing .a j »<jrncy ; they show earnestne*· of por|K>se, How many a poor, idle erring ouliast i· no» ι raw ing through lif·· in a «late of wre< liedn· »i. who might have held up bis had ar» I prospered; if inatead of putliog 1 off l> s rr« >liitf'<ns of amendment and indus tn . h< had only ma le a beginning [Chan· nmg. j-^· Γη·-· la*" rieorge \V Kendall, of the New Orleans Pnayune, in his last letter to one of his old associate». »av· : 'Poyoti know, Bullitt, th at in all my life I never wnt to school ten months;" adding, "the lift le- I ever l-arned wa« from running • afimtt people who bad enjoyed wore ad· ι vanta*»·," GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE < onclatk'U ) •τ&τκ rniHON. The State Prison lui· been conducted upon the «am» poller which bu lor irvent jretn b«*n looked upon with command tfion. It •ppfin, however, that it· ν -nings for th* past rear have not equalled it· expense· l>v κιιββ $7000- The reason· for ibis are more or*le·· directly on account ot the crowded •tat» of the prison, and will more particu larly appear in the report of the Warden and Inspector·. I am «till of the opinion that the affair· ot the prison are hunettljr and judiciously managed. I have had oc casion to «unseat that the discipline in the several grades of officers bo more systemat ic and harmonious. It is important for an institution where the authority must be ab solute, that the officers render mutual sup port. and while due subordination is insist <■•1 on, authority should be inspected from higher to lower, as well Irom lower to high er. ll is creditable however to tbc man agement of the prison, that in the confusion ol tearing down and rebudding, no uioru serious disturbance has occurred. The de ficit above referred fo, together with the sum needed to complète the extension, will amount to sotue $*J0,U0U. wh.ch must be re garde·! as an indi*p«nsibl« pi υ vision (or the neoessities of the piisun. The number ot pardons during th« past λ ear has not be-n so ereat as formerly, chiefly beca'ise it ha· been thought that pariions should be based upon cither new evidence -ince con riction. mitigating cireuinsta ices unknown to the court, indisputable proof of thorough reformation, tr some peculiar hardship in the < nse which the law could not take int ι account. The dignity of law .» houlii not be mockcd, and the sentenceof the court should not be lightly set aside. The presumption is tint sei teoce sha'· be executed. and ap plicants for pardon should bear in mind that the bur ten of proof is u|ion them to show why it should be granted and not upon Ih«: Kxecutivrt to «haw why it should not. The *mht ol |wM»timi must not b-· denied, trnt partions soon t >o often to b·· drin.tnded. a.i if th«: Governor and Council »ere liofratd nig "onvicts o| their rights, or iullicti· g up ο·ι ι hem some grievous ivrong f> y -ir-fi nin,? to interrupt the due ooarse of 'aw. In l ·ϊ» connection I am constrained t«> r« ier ag<tin to the uusatisfaciorv relations ot the Uw and the pr.vtice in the matter ofctpital pun ishment. X >thing can be more plain thin the lsw contemplates the death penalty as the extreinu of puni·hineut. *lt declares even ttie method, and require-· the judg·- to pt inounce the awlul sememe. but leaves a weak place in providing for its execution by which a Governor, if so di«posed, can shirk a pain'ul duly. It begins a tragedy and ends a farce I am not prcpaied to stv whether public sentiment demands a change in the law, but I ileem it proper to inform you that I shall consider it my duty to dispose ol cases under sentence ot death which comes before me for actum, and shall cither see that the law is duly executed, or shall interpose the Execution prerogative of commuting the sentence to imprisonment lor lilt». The greater part of the Report of the At torney General is devoted to comments up on the operation of the Liquor Laws, with recommendations for i<n|>ortant modifies lions in them. This is a subject of grave consequence, and will demand your caliu and caret ul consideration INTERNAI.. Agreeably to .in order of the Legislature plan* and specification· hav«ï been invited •or ibe improvement of the capitol. Those have been furnished and will >e laid helore von, The elaborate plan* submitted by Bryant and Roger*, who ha%e remodeled the Stat·· House* of New Hampshire and Massachusetts, suggest a very convenient arid beauiiiul rearrangement of otir interior and Extend to some changes for (he outside Other parties also have plans in prepara tion. whx'h will h·· submitted. 1 h vp not deemed it advisable to recom· mend anr alteration at present which would involve a great outlay of nionev. At all events I should extremely regret to see any change entered upon which would disturb the Iront of our present building, which 1 regard as one of the (meat and most no· posing in the country. The rep >rt of the Hydrographie Survey will, I judge, show striking if not complete results The Survey proper has, as a gen eral thine, been dispensed with, as so many ol our towns voluntarily sent in full and accurate reports of their powers, and while this was in hand it was deemed inexpedi ent to enter upon survevs that might be found superfluous There are several im portant place· still to bo heard from, and this Report cannot therefore l»e taken as by any means a complete exhibition of the water power ol the "itatn. It is a sufficient ly remarkable (a t thai already IJ"; water pow-rs reported, from 211 to SÛ,UU» bot se power <·* Ιι, miking an aggregate of aiiout 4'N),OQO horae power, and cjitl fo l >e woilting lof* of of»r 5,ΉΙ,0(Ιβ able bod ied men. This will t>e m -rm exactly *et firth in thj lU^irt Iron» which, incomplete a· it must he, I anti ipite a ι exposition of tli»· r source* of this Stale for manufactur ing purposes, »ueh as ι jnnnt f<·it to strike our own eit'tens with •erprisei, and attract attention and Wlvestment from abroad. Not biting srni the Rrpor ol ihu (.'eniuisnKMi I λ h unable to indt vite whether i would be advisable to extend it an<· further at près «•nt I'ti· rapacity and ol euntrol o! our great water tmsint, 1 under»! and. re main id to be ascertained. This is an ιιη p-irtant element in <omptiting the availabil ity of onr water power If this Report doe· sut prove to be ex wtly in form or complètent-·* a opt»J for popula· distribution. I w«»ul i su^gttt (a« the bulk ol nppropi lation for this survey ιι not drawn) that the able Secretary of the lli«ar I of ( oraaiistioner· be antborixed (o r«· vise and pot it in proper form for distribu tion in this country and in Europe. We must spar· no pain· in preparing the way f-.r the spe-dy utilization of our une jualleH fa il ιι·-· for manufacturing, and m ist make our action w> day a cord with the tnauif.-si destiny of Maine as a grvat s«*at of tb>: In dustt lal art·. I had occasion in my last M«!«sago to re f«r to tk« obstructions new forming in tb< bed of the Penobscot River. I r»cret to ι >t* the wfuion «till rxi<u, and 1 dtw the waiter of ao |(r«at importance thai 1 muai again urge it upon your attention l.est there should be any doubt in roar mind »» to the occasion for thin solicitude I have procured by favor of General (reoige Thorn ot tbe L*. S Kngineers. to «bom the Stal«s is utucb indebted for his deep interest and valuable co operation in measuring which look to iia advantage. a copv of a re cent survey of the Penobscot, by Mr. Sul livan, which I shall lay before you at an early day. From ibis it appears that a bed ol obstructions from slabs, edgings and saw dust extends train Crosby's Narrows to Bangor, a distance of some three and a half miles, covering an area of about 820 actes, and of an average d»p'h of ten feet, being in some localities more than 18 feet deep, forming an entangled mass of more than 5,· ΟΟΟ,υΟΟ cubic yard·. Γ be Report proceed· : "From all these examinations it has been ascertained that the river, instead of having as lormerlv, a wide, clear, and unoostructed channel of ibree fathom* in depth at low water all The way up to Bangor, lias now a narraw, toituous and uncertain channel with but eight or nine feet at lowest water." The restoration ol the old river bed would cost millions, and ia not to be thought of. but a passable channel coold be maoe at a coat estimated at from jÛUO.IH·".) lo $ό0'>, ON), according to the depth These ob struct ions are still accumulating, and it η edt no ar<>!i>n'Mit Iroin me to show that w«· cannot aff ird to clo»e the Penobscot riv· er and make Π iigor in inland city I can not but regard it as iny duty to urge upon you to put a slop, bv suitable legislation, to (he |>ro<-e*s ol ti liog up the river, and then we shall t>e in a condition to ap[>eal to Congre·»» to clear tho channel It is easier lor us to remove the cause than the con«e q'ien<*es. and unless ws do so it will be idle to expect tn« General Government to re ti de r us any aid. ll is proper to refer lo the happy résulta of ihe littéral spirit of the State. toward* the proposition f'»r the publication of the early documentary history of Maine Under this en'Ourageincn» the Historical Sonety «·οιη iuii.1.(tied Κ ;v 1 )r. Woods to eu'niun the puoli·- archive# ol Kui(!aiid. ί»ριοι and Venice for original manuscript r«*(or Is pertaining to the discovery and r«rlv ότ ι- ιρνιοη of this ρ irtion ot thu N>-w World To facilitate this desirable work the com missi mi of the State was also given to l)r. Woods, an 1 be has met with every courtesy arid co oj»eration on the put of the custod ians ol these archives. Under these favor able circumstances a large amount of valoa· bin material has l»ecn brought to light. This will be embraced in a volume illustrat ing the progress ol dis -overy prior lo the year 1G00. and culminating in ihe oc upa lion of this ground under the first cbirter of Maine in 16θ*> which was the tlawn oi coI onizalion an·! civilization in North Ameri ca. Tbe editing of the work falls to able hands and it is easy to foiesee that rbis vol· umc will be a more imjiortant contribution to our early bistoiy tba i ;has hitherto ap peared. The appropriation lor subscription to this volume has not heen expended the past year and I respectfully recommend that it be renewed, as the volume will undoubt· e II) appear in tbe course ol the ensuing year 1 ho constitution guarantees to every citizen speed) justice. It is worthy of in· quiry wbclher this pledge has been faith fully kept—whether in *ora« intltneei the administration of justice bas not been so impeded a» to amount tu a practical denial of it. It u our duty to give thii subject the attention it demands The rapid increase of wealth in Portland and the neighboring towns has long tended to accumulate bus iness in the Supreme Court of that county. The docket oi that court in Cumber.and now contains yiearfy '2* *10 ac«ion«. in nearlv all of which thn defendants have hied spoc locations of iJefrnce and a^u entitled to trial. The great hardship of this marrer is that defences msde only for delay shelter themselves behind actions which are really for trial where they lie in safety, their bollowness not upowt] until reached in 'regular course of business With this ao cumulai ion no action can be reacbed un 1er at lea«t two year*, and adding the delay for exceptions heard only once a year the average delay is three vears It ia easy to see that the course of justice is impeded h«'re. and it seems that the time has come for the red res* of this •■yil by the establish ment of a civil court for Cumberland coun ty intei me liate between the Municipal and the Supreme Judicial courts. I would therefore respectfully recommend to your « arelul '-on«id -ration the bill proposed by a com-nitte© o* the Cumberland liar and unatum<>>isly ad n»ted at a full meeting oi thil body It is believed that thecieaiion ol such a court, wnli us limite I sinldiire, an I a lar^«»H-oiicurr»ni jurisdiction. its fre (pent term- for jury truls and it· prnvis ions fur th- speen» h--ar in? of liw questions, w ml·I afford a pr >mpt and effectual remedy lor the present evil. It is well known that a respectable party of citizens of this **la'o joined in 'He <|i.«as trous enterprise known a- the '.Jeff ι f olonv ' The most distressing accounts of their con dition rea· b···! me during the la«t summer with anxious appeals f»i the interference of tlie S'aie on t!j. ir b'-liaif. As h >wev»-r they were Iwv m I our jurisdiction and revdi, ' nnn· Its'riv ad lres«ed a »·ο·ηοι·ιηΐ· rat ira ο t*i·· H»·» \V-n. II Setrarl, ν ere. tarv ot S'ate, asking the ai i uf thn Urm ril Goienim-mt, in res---iing these unfortunate people from th»*ir distresses. This r-qiest wis most ktnrlly and promptly met on the p«rt of the government, and aftei somn rorr sp«->nd mre the Secretary informe·! me that he lia I provided for the return to Ihii country ol su<b of these unhappy colonist ι ■ s were so diejmsed. In the m-an time the •iiff •'ings of thu colonists promp'"d on' Ponsnl at Constantinople, Hon. Jr>hn H (roodenow.lo take aetion (or their relief upon bis own responsibility, and m a great part at his own eipense. He visi'ed the Colony and conducted forty·'wo of tbem to Alexandria, Kg) ot. where Mr. Hale, Consul (of the I'nited States, arranged for their further conveyen<-e hum·· In a despatch Irotn Hon. Kdward J Morns, U. S Mir»· ι kistar to Turkey. Mr, (ioodeuow'a services —m in tbe initier are mentioned with (r«M( ip proliwiixi. Tb« Gib commissioners bave y ivn much attention to their investigations in i»nn« tiiw with mu lar agenta of neighboring Slates They deem il. Ι unicn'tmi, en tirljr prac\Kaiii« to restoro the li«b to oar abundant wat*»** which fana 'iljr atf »r.| —«I no (mall item in tW« nrodu 'tin reso inxs of th« Suw Tn· n^hcrw· on tlm eoist also are an iinport.Htt uiierest, ant sh »uld b« properly pnilectpl Τtea complaint it •till made that tbe m · hamcal operations lor the porduction o!fi«b oil have bean leckless, and tbe «laughter thna occasioned lia· cauwd a dearth of «util and even of large fi»b along our a ores Thtre is some doubt about tbe farfa and their causea, but it may be that the matter deaerves your attention. ΙΗΠΤίΧΟ. The depression in ao important a brandi, of our industry aa ship-building baa reached a point where we must have relief, or aban don an interest which baa been our pride and atav Not onlpr do we ace our ab>p· yarda idle and maritime towns stagnating, but the shipbuilder· who are among our moat intelligent aod valuable citizen· are driven from the State to ee«.k employment elaeivbere. Tbr losa ia one we can ill afford to bear. The State that haa for year· fur· nished a third part of the tonnage of the United Stated uiav well demand to be heard in tne Congre·· of the Nation, and there are few subjects inuru worthy of altcntioa tb.tn lb* restoration of the commercial in terests of tbe country. Ma<ne me ana to t* fraternal, conciliatory and generous. Prompt in her loyalty to the Union, she ia still willing to deny herself something lor each of the peculiar interesta of her aiatar States Hut abc does not believe that they will deliberately permet in a polio which ninsi destroy her main reliance, cripple her industry, a>id degrade heç from her appro priate station. The country cannot afford lo abandon the aea and leave to foreign ships even our own extensive cotnm-ree. 1 am aware thai it is not in the power of Cungteas to lift tbe whole burden from our shipping. Ii will t-tke time to change the rurrenf nl frode. and wo most »rdl he sub· ject to the law» of aupplv and demand. Other places also winch exempt iheir tonnage from local luxation will still have some ad vantage of us. W·■ cannot h ιμβ lor the old prosperity; we only ink to be relieved from no uneips.il a burden, and that, ao f*r a» legislation can effeot it tbe chances may be restored to u« of a fair compel uiou in the commerce of the world AOU1CVLTUKR. Agriculture ia an interest in this S.a'e too important to be ovt-rlookhl Τ icre ia r.o lack ol industry in thi» department hot I •till doubt wb«uher our agriculturiata liave thai cour*···· and enierpriae which our fa* ciiitiea call for We are content with »end irirr t,av and cattle and potato*·· out of the State. Tue great S'aple of life we bring in, an I isoin a distance, and no at exaggerated price·. We turn to our neighbor· on the north ani weU, and even atretch our hand· Ό California, for grain. It ia painful to •e<· heavy trains toiling dava an<l night· long to carry Hour into ·ο fine a wti.-at counliv a· our Aro >stook. bringing it very likely, from N· w York or Huston, and tak ing it almost back wljun· it i'4'iim from; and the farin-r pay· for the round about jonenoy it ha* made. bill· which amount to more than the intrinsic value of t>e grain. when he could raiae joat as good at Ira own do jr. It ia uaeleaa to wait for great manufactur ing enterpriae· ιο d»*vrlop<· this indoatrv bv creating larger demand. Bre.id wi'l alwat*· b« in (iemand With our population, now [irobably upwaida ot G.~>< i.1MJ. we nead at rut a« many bairela of (l>mr yearly, which at $15 the nvfrairi· price for th«- liai year— amount» to $'.) 7">H Out). Thia ia nearly all imported end probably no one article of exjj.jrt rqiulj thia in ν,ι!·ιιΐ. Ilere certainly ι s suffi >·ίι( licmm I. 'Γ fie onfv rj'imtion ia can wheat be profitably raised in Maine. The aoil and climate art» no bar In the Province· north and eaut ol ue gieat atten tion ia paid to wh'-at raising, and with good results. Wheie it h*· been skillfull* tried in our own State there has been no failure. Th·· intelligent farmer know* that he must iiiw on dry ground ur undeidrained, ·ο aa to get the aeed in early and avoid the midge ; that he must pulverize clayey «oil· so that they will ahsoi b and hold the nitroge ι or ammonia upon which the cereal· depend ; and that the wheat abotild be followed by crops like clovur, turnips or pea·, which do uot dissipate ammonia, and those cropa be kept upon the farm and returned to the aoil as dressing. It haa b*en proposed t » offer a bounty on the raising of wlteat in tin· State ior the next three year·. Whether that i· done or not. thn intelligent farmer who devote· himself to lb a will find a boon· ty in hi· immediate returns With oar 70,· tj'O farm* an average of four ace* would caaily produce at I·"» bu«hel· to the acre·, epwards of Ι,ΟΟΟ,ΟΟ·» hothela ol wheat a year, and this experiment ia worthy of lx>ing tried, it wtll be u*ele«a to hope that evt η with the ii'creaaed fai-iliiie* ior traos|H>rta tion whi'-n we anticipate. brealaiufT< will begreitlj lowei m p»i'*e Τ tie rapid in rrea»e of uianuf rturea in the math an I w> si will t«nd in mcietae a b >me consu np lion, «ο ι Sat loss t»re ><isi nfT < will b.· offered in « «stern mark·· · and ih i« th-· pri-ea will be k· pt up Kve»» it it IV»·re not at our nearr,· <a to the gr»-a' irkef w mhlgtee our farmer* the prwii>°«l advantage of nea rtf the «hole additional value whi« h th»· coat of long trau«p»»rreiion <OM|>el·. F-w «ubj«< ta are of more imp »rtan< e to our tanners how ever thry may now be nrejudi ed or di·· conraged hi working blindij an I by mam fores, rai'ier 'ban u i«leratandin<ly and skill· fuily. r.ier* ia a tactics in peaoe a< well aa war. The recent examination of the new land· of Aroostook hy the S -i-r^'ary nf the Board of Agriculture lia· convinced hnn of Iho great agi «cultural capacities ofthit iMtin. The present agitationa which affeet the eo n m unit ν must before long awO»«de. and a larger portion of oar peopl" than now mu«t aettle down to steady industry. It will l«e well to have it more widely understood what an admirable fi«*ld the·*· new land· afford * [f.iaatlaa»4 am «U Pa«· .