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Oxford Democrat. [volume] (Paris, Me.) 1833-1933, December 26, 1893, Image 1

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The Oxford Democrat.
\ Of.UME 61.
Attorney A Couneelor,
*:it»rtlrC« I»r*« Mon.
nt«K( » ■* -rKABN»,
> Attorney* A Counselors,
ftOKWAV. • MAW*.
H j§, Pp•rr* iH S.
s«lt(K* * MW,
Attorney® at Law,
11 tw** ' ll'^ tteryC. Pert.
, ,IM1IK k iiolt.
Attorney A Counselor,
»' M»l« *«r»M
j,»||X - IHBLOW,
Attorney at Law,
I» r tvrrii.
Attorney at Law,
V» Hk» k <oUwdo— > .
I* n rnmu.
r..,,,. •««.».w«fCMy. MCiMim
mltfl «<»00»UBT. A.M., M.Ik.
Physician A Sargaon,
or r ik »t "iwiUtmiIwh
u» l>r» Itn »l wwta, NrtiMJ.
/«» HUB r. JON Kit,
pu * l»AM\
i-uw, Aiw r\*~, iM-i 11-rJ
t I ,i.-. iVlluM-1 »*UW« »»l IWW U*M
Sf^. ,.„n ArtHcUl Cnn »*l
25R Work ft Kl.Mr w4 ru *»"
I «W. .tadr
»i. If »
Smith A Machinist,
milTII rARI*. • MAIN*.
Mix »«t«r»r «»f «w»l —fM—J?_g
rw »1H work. •f**4 MfliMff W'L
r \J .llr« «n.l «lr1IU «mmW
Civil Enginssr and 8urT«yor,
Urk i«,
Viltu, Maim
(pari,. ai.Mll... to Uw r*»n*l»« of okl tlftM.
Ulr ,t. . lurnUW-t ax I •olkll
I.r »tr« for •»« brt*M»ftl»« «P I
n»i ... t>r**n*. NnriWIfc * e*»U |»r |
*"■ W. J. WNKILBB,
mMik l*»rU. M«.
M J.- »«•»
'til >*»• "I
•t ll»»4 *»!•
•Kvii It «mH|
l«« wh*f* TWtt
»U I 'I'M
ll«fhr<« l*nc«>W
<kt»H •<•*>«««< u
Ui • !• mm • *
(•I W>t MM
KING & CO. **»• • Ck.rth SI. «H»f«a, Jl. I.
C.L. Hathaway's,
Recommend it.
H. R. WARl».
UrilaMI, . • • Malaa.
If tkt * ••••» Viikiii CV. **
*•'* *h>ill> na vtoa twl nOmMNlkl
liHrltMHat Mrwart Rnx ) Ca«fcrfrlfl».
* '• , u-r.1 ..»!» |*411 of KM MMwa, l»l
»>'. Jy.|ikfrirrl«|f fur •<*•! or fur taakjr
K- t»to. I».
Awly l»«.».i»R«R tTLSIfKR.
feMrtb f»iU. M*Im
Farwell'i Linen Marker
For Indelibly Marking Linen.
tfkwtalMlXiM, I laltlal. t Mtl« lak.
1 f. - l »»'! M ittoak l»nh la a
Wal 1«1 villi full illrwit—» 3m rrala
»«rk, \ f..r turn. ««t up arlabaaJ *« yoara
AtfvM. «Mk<l.
Masai*|urr*l i>«h I,* rRRl> I. MRWKI.L.
Nthal. Mr k*».| |4r. for ISt fca«a rtUWw,
mtr a«j 'mm at RaLbtr Matapa.
UU |>a|wr
Ml.. Kill*. 'air ..f llt<la r«rh. Maaa., wtakra
W lifura lha la- W. «f Nwatfc Parta awl »h tally
Ual >la I. |iit|«i«<I |u <l« lHaaa aa>l Cluak aat
to* at u lliah H, *«-uifc Carta. Ma. A Oan of
I"' i air..nag* avttctla<i. Your* wttk raeyact,
C. A. Kill"
An lal*IU«»a« T«>ua* woataa »f an toaa lhaa
(•tin, •> Mmal (trlla vrlial* fUUIr. Wa^ea,
tor»a lullara \*r waak. A«Mraaa,
Brtkal. Malaa.
if T«, «Mt tb« bwt rol'XTAIN rix la Ito
mi mi uk kimliMMM uil Mad M.
•*». Tw« IMton. to MUuWI- TTPK
W*iTE* AUKSCY.» UrkMf* r<*%
**»'. *»1 ;n win tacatva by rHaia wall
• RAfll) WHITES foaatoln rw. wMHi to aa
n^liUuMlly jt iinHii 1 a»I |f la aay way aa
Mtofcctofy «• Will MM* (felly HrhU|l or
w« r«a mH y«a »a«l in toaail to
y«a, rvganltoM af Uoabto ac UfMM to
TV i-uMUtor* al Uto paper will toll yoa
W» mv rattabto. Tto raptor |»rtoa al Um
toauKM. Wa mU Uto otor to latrwlao*
<b*Ha*aU, lacfctoatolly, to fla<l Ml If advar
' •!»« *•;»- MatowlHttor yaa waat a roana
Dr. G. L. Buck's,
South PaHt, Main*,
"among the farmers.
Hiriki> vita now."
Cnmifu Imi — ptMUni vtIhIuiI toftn
to MUrtM. AdUrvss »U
M*iot iwtkk w. llum It. llAM
ttKural fcllM Otlwil UtnwrM,
r»fi. m«.
Next »i*k, m( Fuwruft, ixrun tit*
auuu«l m*-«-tiug of th« M»iu« State
(•range, one u! il»e wo<t important In
lla history, Iimium1 on ««jf haml IhfW
are Indications of the Important*" an I
for greater activity. TWa It
lti« inr when iIm bod) uf oltlcera
ar« io I* elevttd, a in I th"«t nun *u<i
• uiucn be pla<t>i at CIm* front who cau
and will lead, l« au imperative duty.
They mutt Maud a« the exponent* of
Grange principles. They must arouse
tb« public to the worth of the order, to
It* luprraw adaptability to tb«* nwdi of
IihUv. 'I1wlir4R(i' cannot live on It*
history. (treat a* baa been the record.
Ita only claim to recognition next year
will be'the absolute proof glveo that It
I* uf service In 1WI In helping solve
vexrd problem*, promoting a higher
education, stimulating a better life ami
uniting neighborhood* In fraternal
bonds. It ha* done thl* In the p**t, I*
doing It to-day, and will do It to-morrow
and orit year. Ilecause of the advanced
work demanded, the t-oininit session
•houkl be one of ui«ture deliberation,
where wUe coun*el* should prevail.
The demand* uitou the uiembera for
earueat service looking toward* the solu
tlon of the great educatloual problem,
with apeclal reference to fltitew* for
actual aervlce In life, muit be recog
nised, a* also the necessity for sound,
cooserative action upon the temperance
question, the tax uuestlon, and the many
phase* attending the agricultural prob
lem. W'l«, aound, aggressive work alone
can lead to beoeflclal reaulta. What the
order need* to-day Is leaderahlp, meti
who will pu*h Investigations, champion
method*, and protect the rank and (lie
while stimulating to greater activity.
The Grange la a nece««ity to the Indi
vidual farmer, and to bring each one to
recognise and appreciate the good re»
resulting from roeinher*hlp U the work
of the hour. It will not come «o long as
the selfl«h thought of Ituanclal gain I*
given prominence. This come* when,
through education better methods are
appltol In dallv practice. The essential
work of the Grange of the future la to
promote a truer, better life, hnwder
views, more Intensive rather than ex
tensive method*, and that spirit of i<o
operation through which the member*
may become ma*ter* of the situation.
The State (i range opeu« tin* door ami In
dicates the Hue of work, aud right here
Is where so much Is to be accomplished
next »eek. There never was a time
uhen the order had a deeper hold upon
the public thought than In these clo«lng
hours of the year IWJCI, never an hour
• hen Its worth was more signally recog
nised and appreciated.
We look to the coming gathering from
hundreds of farm home*, to aound the
note of advance and set tlie forces
marching at a qult-ker step up the hill of
progre**.—Maine Farmer.
At thla hour o( going to preaa we arr
unable to give k full re|n»rt of the dairy
tmetlng which commeuced In Foicroft
yesterday. The addresses not being
written, uo formal abstract could be pre
pared lu advance. Koicroft It the ceu
treof oo« of the moat successful dairy
Interests In Maine. Several year* ago
the creamery came under the manage
ment of Mr. K. C. NkhoN, and from
that time It haa bwo muirkabljr pros
lirrou*. Outgrowing the lliulta of I In
old building Mr. X'k-hols, when he erect*
ed his commodious farm home erected
a No a uew factory and here the business
haa rapidly lucrea*ed. It ia located In
one of the moat fertile aectlooa of the
atate, the farmers lielng recognised
students of agrk-ulture, and thua the In
dustry has not ouly been well maintained
but grown steadily. In the vk'lnltr are
three or four successful plant* all doiug
■ good business, maklug an exception
ally flue quality of butter and rapidly
adding to the wraith of the farina along
the lincataqula valley. While It may
aeem somewhat out of the way fur dairy
men In other sections, yet Foxcroft N a
ceutre of sufficient magnitude to warrant
the holding of I hi*, the leading meetlug
of the year. In Piscataquis <ounty.
More than thN. the memberof the board,
Hon. A. W. (iilinan, N one of the moat
active uien In the county, one who never
Icta go an opportunity to aid a home In
Uu«trr or to forward the Interval* of hN
county, and with him are the people of
the couutr. It Is very much to Ite
d«»uhted whether there U a county lu the
sUte w here for business enterprise and
progressive eo-operat ion there N a
stronger sentiment and greater unan
imity thau here. For IIk-w rratou* the
Ntard did well to locate the State Dairy
Meetlug at Koicroft thla year.
Tuesday waa preparation day when
the churus and butter machinery, the
separator and milk tester were all heiug
put In place, when the i-rmm waa to tie
looked after for churnlug, and all the
preliminaries attended to. The atorm
and cold weather doubtless kept many
at home yet the attendance has lieen
good. That the meeting will be of last
ing bene lit to the farmers of the state,
and especially of Piscataquis County,
there can be no questlou. l>Ncu*slon«
of farm topics are always fruitful wheu
leadlug facts are kept to tl* front.—
First Id butter, ltr>t In uillk »u«l first
In tlHfM", the Jrr»ey vii» ct>m«*« h<>iu<*
from th« Columbian dairy tests th«
crowned quera of th* dJlry world.
That slw would be victorious In th*
butter tests was Keuerallr expected.
That she would lead In milk, unlet*
quality InMead of quantity was con
ildcml, wu not coooeded. By aur
|mmIu( her competitors In the cheese
te«ts •)>«• has doubtless surprised the
majority of dalryiueu, although her
loost Intimate frk-nds for several years
have been claiming that tlie heat butter
cow la also the beat cheea* cow.
Dairymen cannot but admire the great
sagacity of the breeders who selected
out of the thousand* of cows, the herd
of Jerseys that competed «ucceaafully In
•II the Columbian teste. It la one thing
to aelect • herd of Jerseys to make a
high butter record, but It Is quite an>
other thing to (elect one to make the
highest records all around—In cheese
mid ndllk as well as batter. When the
drat teat wu coocluded and the results
published, dairymen saw that the rec
ords were not extraordinary at all. In
deed, It looked Terr much like i horse
race where the winner trots jnst fast
enough to get under the wire first, so as
to keep his speed record down. But
when all the Ctolurabltn tests were con
cluded, the judgment of the breeders
, who selected cows that could do good
| work In all the tests Is fully apparent.
There in la the 1'sited SUtM 8,000,000
farm*, upoo which thirty million* of
person* llw. That the fanning
people constitute no* fir from oo»
half of the entire popalatloo of the
country. Aocordlaf to fact* recently
fathered, three-fourth* of the farm* of
the coootiy are owned free of all In
cumbrance. The aversf* mortgage on
the re*t repreeenta only one-third of the
valne of th« farm* eocumbeml.
If yon do not ralee wheat yoa will hay
Hoar; bat If yoa do not rnlne grain for
jour antioaU, they ara too Uhely to go
wUhoat It.
Idlenee* Ui vice that lead* toecg
Mtlag and feather-palling, preventing
that condition which promotee egg pro
WOOU twf I1ftvi| ••
they depend apoa the wood growing on
the farm.
1 Imvo been requested by some of
your reader* (o write on the above
topic, and do so the more gladly bocause
It u a queatlou that 1 have studio J for
s«.u»" yw*rs, and on which 1 hope to be
able to oflor sonu) suggestions which
iuj\ be helpful to mauy.
1 here comes a time lu the life of moil
farmers wlicu they feel llut they need
relief froiu il.e hird labor aud care of
the fatm, and thU I* ofteu still more
true of the farmer's wife who has been
obliged to board the farm help. ThU U
a i»u« problem, ou the right solutlou
of Mbit hllw com I on aud prosperity of
the future largely depend. lu maoy
cases that have come uuder my notice,
the farmer rented his farm and moved
to towu, aud the result ha* rarely beeu
satisfactory. The habits of a lifetime
are not easily thrown off, end It Is too
great a change from the care of the farm,
livestock, garden and fruit, to a life lu
town with nothlug to look after. Some
of them kill time by loallngatthe stores
but the majority go out to the farm near*
ly every dav, and If It Is some miles
away this becomes a Inirden. I have
seen old men who owned farms four or
live miles out of town, going out to
their farms dav after day, In rain, soow
and cold, getting up to eat sn early
breakfast and getting back to eat a late
•upper. If he lets the farm for money
rent, snd gives up the care of It, he soon
finds the fences, buildings and fsrm get
ting out of repslr, and In tnsny cases
his tenant will abuse the farm by allow
Ing the cattle to trample the meadow*
and pasture during the soft weather of
spring. Then living In town, where one
has not thefsrm-gsrden and truck-patch,
the poultry-yard snd dairy, to fuml«h
the luxurles*of life and help pay the
•tore bills, means a large addition to ex
penses, as well as a decreased Income,
and toere are few farmers who can
cheerfully accept the situation when this
state of affairs confronts them.
A wl*e course to pursue In most esses
Is for the fanner to stay on hit farm and
control the rotation,' and crops to be
grown, but either rent to a neighbor who
lives near enough to attend to the work,
or to put up a tenement house on the
farm and have the man who cultivate*
the land live In It and take charge of the
farm aud live-stock. In making the
change to tenant farming, one must
make up hi* mind to accept a reduced
income, aud be willing to deal falrlr by
a tenant aud treat him with llberalltv,
«nd when a truant Is found who will do
his work well, «ud look after the Inter
eats of the farm, the longer he can be
kept the better. By remaining on the
farm aud renting by iMds, and usually
for grain reut, It will be easier to keep
coutrol of the farm, and to maintain fer
tility, than If you are away from It.
You can give up all the Held work and
look after the garden and poultry, and
greatly lighten the labor of yourself and
wife. You should keep a good driving
horse, and you and your wife take fre
quent rides together, and have an ar
rangement with your tenant by which
he can take care of your cow and other
animals when you wish to leave home
for a day or more. Have a written con
tract drawn up between yourself and
tenant. In which you specify Just what
he Is to do aud what privileges he Is to
have. There should be no loop-hole*
left, or chance* for misunderstandings,
but all expressed plainly In writing, and
each one furnished a copy, with the
understanding that all differences are to
be settle*I bv the article. A fair under*
•taudlng to begin with, and this reduced
to writing, will go far towards prevent
ing ml«uuderstandlngs aud trouble In
the future.
lu making such a change In one's
plan*, it must not be expected that every
thing will move along without ajar.
There are trials Incident to every life
and calling, and we can never hope to
escape them, but It seems to me that
every farmer earns relief from hard
work and care In Ids old age, and that Id
most case* he will find It more certaluly
bv remaining on the farm ami giving the
work to a tenant, than by leaving the
farm and trylug towu life.—Cor. Coun
try Gentleman.
A Xllnuesota firm dealing In woo],
hide*, Hc.( In It* November circular
give* Its customers the following timely
"On accouut of tlie excessively low
price*,a good many of our customer*
have been discussing the sheep Industry.
The present prkta of wool, compared
w llh similar grade* of foreign are as
low, except the liner grade*; therefore,
If a free wool bill I* passed, a* seems
likely, wool cannot decline any more ex
cept the*e finer grade*. If wool I* put
on the frw list, there I* no reason why
you should not write your representa
tive* and aenator* In rongress often
after December 5th, to ln*Ut that wool*
en* be put on the free list a* well; be
cause the prevent administration was
elected to furnish lower-priced woolens
to the toillug classes. Now It the time
to go Into the slieep lu<lustry, twotuse
sheep ran be bought at the 'ground-floor'
prices, and at such price* they will still
par a large per cent of profit at present
prices of mutton and wool, beside* the
good they do the land. Do not get dis
couraged' and go out of the sheep bn«l
ne**; there I* a better time In the future
tor the sheep grower, even though he
haa to wait two or three year*, and he
can Increase his flock* rapidly lu tin
mean time, with pro|ter care."
Free wool will place the Anierlcm
wool grower In cl<we competition with
the Australian and South American, who
have the cheapen pasturage In the
The American grain grower Is just as
much Interested In the future of the
wool Industry In this country as tlie
wool grower. An Immeuse acreage of
arable land W now used for sheep past
urage. As the wool Industry declines,
more ami more of this laud will be turn
ed to the production of grain, with the
direct effect of cheapening prlcea. The
grain grower, the cattle raiser, the dalrr
man, who assists In destroying til«
neighbors' wool Industry, I* Inviting a
dangerous competitor Inte hit own field.
The cumulative testimony of ex
perience, experiment aud ob«erv«tlon
■II point to theoue conclusion that breed
U atrouger than feed, aays the Jersey
Bulletin. Although breed and feed an
both essential factor* In any large do*
gree of auccesa, breed la much the more
potent factor. A Shorthorn cow can
never be fed Into anything resembling a
Jeraey lo form or butter-making powers,
neither can a Jeraey be fed Into a Short
born. Scientist* Insist almo«t unani
mously that tat cannot be fed Into milk
that la to >ay, that the fat per cent of a
given cow's milk cannot be Intreiaed by
any kind of feeding, but all agree that
gradually cows may be bred up, genera*
tlon by generation, to an Increased rich
ness In tnelr milk.
Improved breeding Is the only royal
road to permanent Improvement. This
being so the higher plane we start from
the shorter distance we have to travel to
get to the top,
The Wwteru AfrlculturUt Mrs: "If
temmwbohiw bona* to sell would
put tbem la food order, irn well fat
tened, ther would Mil bettor; then cur
ry up stock tod clean, trla off the atuf•
g y hair on the left, and they will eel I
•till bettor. We Me to many thin,
roufh-looklaf home aold that should
have been la better condition, and the
buyer* would pay mom (or then.
A profitable specialty la the live stock
bmtoMi, and one that la not overdone,
la the breedlaf of hlfb-claae dairy oow*
for dually use.
Lit Ike baahM frow until too kaow
A Transferred Identity.
|Ctopjrr1nhi, KM. by AmrrteM Press Awih
The evening of Colonel Marchmont's
return wm uiven over to the ball of
which mention has already been made.
Portia waa a picture in her white satin
gown, the lac*s of which were caofht
here and there with clnaters of scarlet
verbena*. Wheu she was dressed and
stood intently regarding herself in the
mirror, she sighed heavily.
"Why do you sigh, PortiaT I asked as
I ninned the last knot of flowers in the
folds of her gown.
"Those red blossoms," she answered
dreamily. "I have a curious fancy aboot
them. Prudence. Do yon know that
they look like drops of bloodr Then
catching my reproving expression she
laughed gayly, caught up her scarlet fan
and hastened to join ber husband in the
drawing room.
I watched Colonel Marchmont curi
ously to see what effect his wife's beauty
had upon him, bat he regarded her as
coldly as ever. I began to be fnrionn
with this aalm, nelf contained man, who
showed so plainly hia utter indifference
to the beat it if nl woman he posaesaed.
He had taken her white cloak from
her and thrown it over hia arm aa he
itood waiting while ahe buttoned her
gloves. Suddenly be apoke:
"Did I write you that I met Maurioe
in Atlanta?" he asked.
I waa standing near Portia, indeed
ha<l juat atretched out my banda to as
aiat her with the troubleaome glove. I
law her shiver aa if a cold wind had
Itrurk acroae her white shoulders.
"Yea," ahe aaid in a low roice.
"And that he ia coming here next
week to May a few daya with usf Colo
nel Marcbmont coutinued.
"Yes," ahe breathed rather than apoke.
Her husband looked iutently at her
through uai rowing eyelids.
"Well, I must aay that you do not
show much interest in the rouain wbc
waa like a brother to yon and whom
you hare net aeen since you were boy
and girl together. Now, Mam ice could
not end hia catechiaiu about you. Uow
you looK, Ore**. Iu.k aif, uct Wtlv ij
tiona h*> wits continuully aaklii't. 1 told
him his legal training hud eviJt-ully 0 -
come second lialsm*, for Ik k- j>t un* ot
the witneMi Htaud lotuluiilly, \ott Ui Jsl
know, Miaa Mason, that MiiKriiv li.iy
mond ia my wife's only living rvlulivu.
He was born and brought r.;« ou her fis
ther's phiutation, und (lie two wen lii:c
brother and sister."
"Ob, year 1 said, "I used often, Portia,
to hear you speak of your brother
Portia turned a white, hnnted face to
ward me. Her lips moved as if she
Were about to speak, butnoaound issued
from them.
"Let me see," said her husband as he
carelessly threw her clouk om her
shoulders, "it must be 13 years since
you saw him. How much you will have
to talk over!"
The grceniah light of excitement hsd
died from Portia's face, and aa she took
her husband's arm she looked so wan,
haggard snd old 1 wss temped to beg
her to stop at home. Really she ap
peared too ill to go.
But the carriage was at the stepa.
Colouel Marcbmont handed her in, fol
lowed. abut the door, and they were
driven rapidly away.
For a long time 1 cat upon the plaxxa
thinking over the little acene I had wit
nessed. From the terror and diamay
which had ao suddenly crept in Portla'a
face wheu her cousin's name waa men
tioned I did not doubt that the newa of
hia coming had been the unwelcome an
nouncement in her huaband'a letter
which bad occasioned ao much alarm.
And why? What poaaible danger could
thia relative bring her? On the contrary,
why did ahe not welcome hia advent aa
a relief to the monotony of her life? It
was not jKisaible she was in love with
this cousin? No, no. If ever a woman
loved her husband, it was Portia Marcb
My musings were interrupted by lit
tle Daphne, who had been allowed to
sit up and watch her mother's toilet for
tho ball. She ran toward me, scream
ing in pretended fright, from her nurse
Sophie, wbo wit bed to put bertobed,
I took her in my ariua and kiaaed her.
"Good night, darling."
"Don't want to go to bed," she an
nounced in shrill, childish treble;
"wants to sit up with you."
"Law* uow, Miaa Daphne, come on,"
urged Sophie.
"No, no," cried the child; "no. won't
go to bed til1 Auiitio Prudence takes me
for a walk."
"A we. Ik tiow nt 9 o'clockT I said.
"This in no tiuio to tnke a walk."
"Yes," cried Daphne, dancing and
clappiu? her bauds, "yea, you and Ho»
pliie and me—down to the arbor and
back. Tl»en I'll Im good and go to bed."
I conld not rwist the child'a pleading
and told Sophie we wonld go for a abort
turn in the gsnlea.
• Only an far aa the arbor and back," I
•'Yea, yea," laughed the delighted
\7o threw oa our light wrap* andaet
ont. TLo uxMtn was full aud tent down
a flood of light, turning every leaf and
twig und branch into shimmering direr.
The fimitlltt were splashing softly, and
the birds faintly twittered in their neata.
It wan a sceneof enchantment—a verita
ble midsummer night's dream.
"No wonder the child hated to go to
bed," I aaid to Bophie as the little one
went danciug down the walk before us.
"Laws, yew, miss," responded Sophie,
'Mat pore chile did tease powahful
We came to tbe arbor, and entering it
aat down for a momeut.
I can see it all now as I write. The
arbor orerhnni with dangling, perfume
laden boneysncklee; the little girl caper*
Ing about, ber black eyes flashing in the
moonlight; Sophie's ebon face, white
apron and snowy cap, and eren the lit
tle wooden doll which Daphne had
lugged along,' stating that Dolly must
walk too.
Suddenly ont of tbe moonlight coma a
faoe a face which peered in through the
hooeytnckles at ns with sinister eyes.
Long white straggling hair fell around
It, and the toothless gums mouthed in ft
bloodcurdling and evil grin.
I aaw ft first, then Sophia, then the
child. .
▲ scream broke the stillness of the
night It was Bophie who threw bar
apron orer ber bead and shrieked in ter
Daphaa did not acream, but buriad bar
bead In my lap.
"Who ara your I demanded.
Thai* *m do imwar. Tha hldaooa
CM* iMMNi There wu m rattle In
the ahraboary and a aoond of hastily
withdrawing atop*. Tha lntrodar had
I matched Dapha* up la my anaa, aad
followed by tha taoanlnf, gaapfof So
phia harried to th* boaaa. Thar* waa
ipaadlly a group of frlfhtaoad aarranta
aaoat ic« to vboa^ with WNhifttttii^
fog and many groans, bophie related the
I wont to tbennrMrj with Daphne
and did nut lee re ber until she wu
aound aelrep. Than, with mj nerree
■till conjdtlmhljr shaken. I went down
to the pUr-xa. Tncn, the old white headed
hntler, waa itand inf near the dining
room window, and npon teeing me came
Suddenly out of the moonlight cam* a
"Sorry you go*, snch » scab, mint," k*
■old, "an da little lady too. Dat** too
bad. But dat fool Hop hie—wot she want
to tell all de niggalis fob? Be all obata
do plantation beta' midnight, an ebery
ni^'puh on de plaoe '11 be moh seabed
dan eber."
"8cared of what, Tomr I asked.
"Waal," aaid be, scratching hU woolly
bead, "I shouldn't ought fer to my any
thin, for nnffln rile* missus mob, but I'll
depend upon you aaylu nnffln, miss"
"Go on," I Mid hastily.
"Waal, miss," hia voice sunk toa whis
fier, "wat you saw in de arboh waa a
voodoo from Dead Man'a swamp."
I shivered involuntarily. "NonsenM!"
I cried.
"Yes, miss, 'deed it wu. An dey la
uyin now down in de kitchen dat it waa
ftftah little missy's heart."
"Tom, I'm Mluuned of you," I said m
I went in the hall, took my candle and
prepared to go up stairs.
Tom followed and said mysteriously,
"Please, miss, don't let missus know
nnffln 'bout wat happened tonight."
"Ill think about it, Tom," I answered
MI slowly went up the stairs.
It was a M-iiuua question with me
whether I should (peak of the startling
experience of the evening. At first I de
cided to hold niy peace. The excitement
wonld toon pass, and Portia and her hua
band wonld be none the wiser.
But I reflected that they might catch
a whisper from the tattling negroes and
demand the story of the occurrenoe.
Then they wonld blauie me for not bar
ing told them. 1 decided that it wonld
be better to tell the father and mother
at the first opportunity.
Breakfast next morning was late. 1
roae at an early hour, but chose to wait
and eat with Portia and the colonel.
After they liad come down and I had re
ceived a glowing description of the rerels
of the night before, aa quietly and briefly
as possible I told of the fright we had re
ceived in the arbor.
"The most awful face I ever saw," 1
was saying when Portia's glass fell frotn
her hand and shivered on the table. I
thought she was going to faint and sprang
to her assistance.
"No. no," she said weakly, "it is noth
ing —never mind—only the alarm oue
would naturally feel.H
"She does love her child, after all," 1
•aid exultantly to myself.
Aa for the colonel—he swore roundly.
"That devilish old hagf he cried,
bringing his shapely brown fist down on
the table, "I'll have her chained up. She
•han't go round my plantation frighten
ing people out of their senses."
"Oh, you know who it was then?" 1
eagerly cried.
"Yes, from your description it could
have been no other than old Jezebel, a
nigger at least 100 years old. Bhe be
longed to my father. Bhe has never had
her freedom, but carrirson aa if she had.
Bhe won't atayou the plantation—has
built herself a wretched little hut off in
the swamp and Uvea there, doing God
Portia'i 0|<im fell from Ker haiul.
knows what—maturing incantations,
weaving spells, gathering herb* and
brewing witches' broth, I reckon. The
niggers are u afraid of her aa they are
of the evil one. They won't errn pro
nounce her name if they can avoid it,
and aa for venturing in the aw amp, why,
Miaa Prudenoe, all theoreraeera in Geor
gia couldn't drive any of my people
there. And yet I have beard in many
quartern of darkies who go there at dead
of night for unholy ofgiea. The popu
lar tradition la that It la a meeting place
for voodooa. I believe HI break up that
neat HI tell you what I will do. When
Maurice cornea, aotne night HI take Jake
and one or two atout niggers, and well
go over there and Me what'* going on.
Aa for old Jeaebel, I'll burn her alive if
abe touches a hair of Daphne'a head."
During the colonel'a long speech Por
tia'a eyea biased with defiance and anger.
Once or twioe ahe seemed on the point of
ipeaklng, but bit her lipa aa if to re
Itrain the impetuoua speech that trem
bled behind them. Bat when her hus
band spoke of visiting the swamp with
her conain the abeolute terror which
frose her features waj awful to see. She
half staggered to her feet
"No, Jermyn, nor* aha cried wildlv.
"Do not go In the swamp! Keep away
from it, I bag. I Implore you I Don't go
near them. They will tear out your
"Tsar out my heart!" cried the colo
nel contemptuously. 4Td Ilka to aoe
one of that crew tear any part of my
anatomy. Silly girl, your terror of the
voodooa is aomething I cannot compre
hend. Did you ever hear anything so
ridiculous, lUss Prudenoe? But it Is
always so. I can't mention the swamp or
repeat the rumors of what is supposed to
& on there but my wife stridghtway
■ to groaning and shivering. "Por
tia, you used to have more sense."
Though Colonel Marchmout did not
apeak unkindly, his impatience with his
frlghteoed wife was scarcely veiled. He
roee, put on his hat and stalked moodily
out or thehooaa.
Later, whsn Daphne ran about the
grounda, she waa clueely followed by
Jake, one of the brawny ovsrsssrs, and
Hitfffir-Muflkmi WttkBopM*
they formed quite an imposing guard of
Portia shut henwlf op In her rooms,
and 1 did col eee bar again untei «rso*
lng. Colonel Marchmoat spent the daj
going abont the plantation siamlnlng
the quarters and consulting with his
It was jnst at sunset that, coming
along one of ths winding garden paths,
I saw ihe colonel through a row of
shrubby on my right He was walk*
ing slowly, his head bent in reflection,
his haui's behind him. Unoonsciously
he was talking aloud. I caught a snatch
or two of his conversation with himself
as be came on.
"How I bate berP be was saying.
"How I loatho her I Suffer! Good God,
did ever a inan suffer so?" Then sud
denly he raised his arms and cried out
in tones of bitter anguish:
"Oh, Portia! Oh, my wife—my wifeP
I drew back, startled and amazed.
After bis despairing outburst Colonel
Marchmont resumed hia walk, bead
bent and hands clasped behind him.
I watched bim pass ont of gigbt at a
turn of tbe shrubbery.
"Well," I mid aloud to myself, "that
certainly la about the most astonishing
feature yet of this remarkable business.
In ono instant the colonel declares with
an emphasis which leares little doubt of
hia earuestuess that hehateaand loathes
Portia, and in the next criea out to her
in aocenta imploring enough to melt a
heart of stone. My private opinion is
that the entire Marchmont family is
At dinner that erening I particularly
remarked Portia's beauty. Never hsd
she been so radiant. Her eyes glittered
as if she bad been drinking champagne,
and ber cheeks glowed like rosea. 1
could not krpp my eyes from her fasci
nating face and grew more and more in
censed at the cold, silent man who re
garded ber so indifferently.
After we had gone into the drawing
room I bethought uih of a book in which
I was greatly interested, and excusing
myself went into the library to find it.
Returning a few minutes later, I was tbe
forced witness of n most painful scene.
Tbe door between the rooms was open,
and as I approached I saw Portia steal
up behind her husband with a look of
longing on her face. The colonel was in
tent upon his newspaper and did not
perceive her until ahe put both white
arms about his throat and tenderly laid
her cheek upou his head.
He sprang from his chair as if a ser
pent had stnng him. Turning, he con
fronted her with an swful face, white,
•tern, contemptuous.
"How dare yon?" he said in a low
voice, vibraut with hatred.
"Oh, Jermyn, forgive met Love m»
after all I am your wife," begged Portia.
"Yes, I hare not forgotten that intol
erable fact," replied Colonel Marchmont,
with studied coldness. Then be hurried
from tbe room.
She only Inuyhol tn oriel not 1/and uhirltJ
fatler Hum ever.
Portia came flying toward me like a
whirlwind. Her eye# blazed. With one
clinched Kami she atrack at her heart.
"Prudence," aha cried, "ha will kill me.
Dut first"
Bhe broke off and bnrat into demoni
acal laughter. Then, calming a bit, aha
continued: "No, I will not tell you, you
aoft little niouie. what I will do. Jer
myn Marchmont ahall know one day
what he haa accomplished tonight"
"Portia, what ia it?" I aaked. "What
ia thia mystery which anrrounda you"
Inatantly I aaw that look of cunning
apring to her face.
"Mystery P ahe repeated almoat gayly.
"AbsurdI There ia no uiyatery. My
huaband haa aimply wearied of me.
Nothing rery tnyaterioua atmut that, ia
there?" and aeizing me around the waiat
ahe waltsed me up and down the hall.
Ai •octn m I cooltl riiaenyag* mjrarlf
from her embrace I stepped back. Dut
Portia went ou dancing. She looked a
rentable Moenad aa ahe whirled and
wared her white arma and toaaed back
her diahoveled hair. Hhe wan the moat
graceful creature Imaginable, but at the
aame time there waa aoinething both
grotesque and frightful about the wild
dance in which ahe indulged. Her face
grew wicked, her poeturea audacious.
All I could think of waa La Carmagnole
or the mad tarantella of one writhing
in a death agony.
"For hearen'a sake, Portia, atop!" 1
cried at but
Hhe only laughed mockingly and
whirled faater than erer.
The door at the upper end of the ball
opened suddenly, and her huaband ap
peared. The look of diaguat that cross
ed hla face sobered her. She atopped in
confusion and began nerrously twisting
up her hair and arranging her draperiea.
"Really, Portia," Colonel Marchmont
said disdainfully, "1 cannot admire your
method of entertaining Miaa Prudence.
Tour dance ia more suitable to the or
giee of Dead Man'a swamp than to a
gentleman'a house."
It waa a brutal speech, and it told.
Portia a tared gloomily after ber huaband
as he went oat upon the piazza, and
then, turning to me, said In au under
"You heard what he aaid? Well, ainoo
heeends me to the swamp, I'll go. I
hare work there, Prudrr.ce."
"What do you mean?" I cried aa ahe
fled up the stairs. Dut ahe made no an
■war. Only her taunting laughter floated
down. I beard ber slam the door of her
room and knew that in all probability
we should not aee ber again that eren
in«. aa it waa the custom to take her
nightly leare in some such unoeremo
nlous fashion.
Nor did Cblonel Marchmont return. 1
md an bonr or ao, thru want to my
room. I beard hia beary tread later a*
be went to hia apartments, then rilencr
iBttled down orer the great boose.
I did not feel like sleeping. Some
strange influence opprteeed me. Attimee
I waa conscious of a premonition of Im
pending trouble. Something waa surely
about to happen. What waa it?
It was neatly midnight when 1 dis
tinctly beard a distant door open and
skat While I stood intently listening
I heard eoft footateps gliding along the
corridor, and an object brushed against
my door. JUUx*igb I had not disrobed.
I had pot oat the lights in my room, fur
wuon now i was ueroutly uiauuui, as
they would hare been visible to any one
prowling ontaide la the halL
"Is It a WtvlaiT I asked myself, "or
a belated Mirsntr With *very n*rv*
quivering like a violin string I listened.
Ill* footnteps went toward th# stairway
—yes—down it Then I beard the grant
hall floor aoftly open and cloaa.
I opened injr window aud stepped oat
upon the balcony. I followed it to the
corner of the boose, whence I conl.l
command a view of the hall door, broad
portico and garden.
▲ figure waa flitting down the wind
ing path. I knew the graceful, sinuous
gait. It waa Portia.
"Why, where can she be going at thu
hour of niffbtr I said. Then suddenly
her words of tb* evening returned: "He
has sent me to th* swamp, and 1*11 go.
for I bar* work there, Prudence."
I haatened back to my rooiu. threw a 1
shawl over mjr shoulders, unlocked mjr
door, stol* down th* dark hall and stair- I
way and out into th* garden. Follow-1
lng the path I had seen Portia taking, 11
soon dUrorsred I waa going toward the
The moon, which had been partially
obecured by a maaa of drifting clouds,
now emerged and sent a flood of mellow
light dowu upon the broad path before
me. I
Suddenly I aaw Portia. 8b* waa stand*
ing with her back toward m*, as Axed
and motionlesa as a granite figure. One
hand waa extended toward the moon. 1
saw something sparkling in her clinched
fingers. It waa a knifel
For fully 10 minutes she stood there in
the same position absolutely as rigid as
marble. Suddenly her arm relaxed and
fell by her side. Then she moved on. I
I waa presently aware that w* were in
that corner of the grounds where the '
cloaed gate was located. When we caiuo 1
to it, I saw Portia stoop and take some*
thing from her pocket. Then she ton*
away th* long green vines and thrust
this object into the keyhole. I heard the
creaking of a lock and then of rnsty
hinges. The mysterious gate slowly
opened. Portia vanished. I heard the
key click on the oppoait* aid*. 1 was
Ob, to b* alone!
To ••cap* from tl.r work, the play,
Th* talking *rrr> da> {
To wrap* from all I bar* done
A ad all that remain* In tins
To aaeapa-rM, *vcn front j-n«.
Mr only fori, and In1
Alon* and fr**.
Could I only eland
Between gray moor and gray »ky.
Wltci-f ih« wind* and lit* plover* cry,
And no tnan U at hand.
And feel ihe free wind Idow
Ob my rain wet face, and know
I am frac- not >nnr». Hit mv own—
Kr**, and alone.
For th* *oft llr*llgbt
And lb« liom« of >oiir heart, my dMT,
Th«y hurt, being always her*.
1 want to stand upright.
And tn cool in> eye* In th* air.
And to dm how my back can bear
Rurd«na-to try, to know.
To learn, to grow.
I am only you!
1 am your*, part of you, your wife!
And I bar* no other life.
I cannot think, cannot do;
I cannot breath*, cannot mv;
There la "ua," but th*r* I* not "m*"
And worat, al your kl*a I grow
Contented au.
—N*w Vork Tribune
II Took • H,BM| t. UMld* Wkl«k Mm IU
Um4 WMM.
The misfortnne of having • "double"
who so closely reretnbled Thomas Mc
Cobb that his own wife could not tell
one from the other resulted iu auch a
furore in the United Presbyterian con*
gregatlon that husband and wife wrm
both dismissed. The right of a tnan to
wed the sister of his deceased wife whs
also a feature of the case.
McCobb and William Clyde of the
Bhenango United Presbyterian congre
gation looked so lunch alike that the
tession, the presbytery and finally the
•vnod itself had trouble orer it. They
were both members of the Hhenangu
congregation. Thomaa McCobb had
three pretty cousins in Philadelphia and
admired them all. He Wame engaged
to the eldest. When she rejected him,
the second sympathised end married
him. In the course of time she died.
Her younger sister, ha ring in the mean
time become rich by a fortunate invest
ment iu oil lands, had been living with
the McCobbe for several years and con
tinued with Thomas McCobb and hii
parents and the childreu. By and by
Newton Fletcher happened to be over
in Oreenville one day when a justice uf
the peace pointed to Thomas McCobb on
the street and said:
"I married that man an hour ago to
Mias Blauk," naming the youngest of the
three sisters.
Newton Fletcher catne home, ai.d the
news soon spread among the congrega
tion that Thomaa McCobb had marrb-<t
his deceased wife's sister contrary to the
tules of the church. The session of el
ders took it up. Thomaa denied it and
■aid it must have been William Clyde.
The justice of the peace waa confronted
by all concerned in the presence of the
"That's the man I married," he laid,
pointing to William Clyde. William de
nied it.
"Then it must be that other one.'*
Thomaa denied it too,
"That'a the woman, anyhow, and that'
the bonnet she had on. She must know
whom I married Iter to."
The woman looked from Thomas to
William and back again and stood mute.
8he didn't seem to know which waa the
The case waa appealed from the see
■ion to the presbytery, and when they
were all ready to try it somebody had
stolen the records out of one of the pews.
When they finally did decide it. it was
taken to the synod on appeel. Then it
waa decided that McCobb waa the hue
band, aud lie and the wife were both dis
missed from the church—Jamestown
(Pa.) Dispatch in Pittsburg Dispatch.
Tall Il»u ti th« ThMl«r.
8aid a bright yo ting ltd? who attend*
frequently strictly first class theaters:
"I always remote my bat or bonnet in
the theater if it la of proportion* to in
terfere at all with the view of those sit
ting behind me. 1 certainly think there
is great need of reform in this nutter of
bssdgear at the playhouses. The mana
gers should formulate another rule and
strictly enforos it—that bin bonnets and
hats be left at home or retuorrd at the
amusement bonsss. Other rules are
rigidly carried into effect at the theater*,
and than is no reason why another and
one of the moat important of all should
not find a place among them and be aa
carefully observed.
"The other eraning I leaned forward
and asked a lady sitting in front of roe
if she would not remote her headgear,
ae it interfered seriously with my tiew
of the stage. She gate roe a look that
wae principally one of amaaemeut
When she had partially reootered from
bee astonishment, she said that her hair
was not arranged in a way permitting
the remote! of the article. Of eouree
that Is something to be borne in mind by
ladies who are inclined to fa toe thie new
departure at the amusement places."—
QlgmH •
New NtlMa *f Ceelreet*4
Willi Um OM-rtakiM'i Dmtm m U Um
W|l>f»r>lwO»iiln 1> laain la>
4matrr fiilihwl,
(SpscUl Onrraepoadeee*.)
Borrow, Dec. SI.—There are torn* 10,•
000 carriage making establishments, biff
and little, in the ooontrr, employing
thousands of workmen. Millions of dol
lar* in manufactured work are produced
•rrry year. This la tbe rraaon carriage*
are ao plenty for those who can afford to
own tbem.
Tbe different kindaof carriages are be
wildering In number, and every season
aeee aome new trape upon the market aa
well aa improved designs in tbe atandard
line*. Faahion baa now designated the
proper kind of vehicle for eacb special
use. Tbe family carriage shall be a
brougham. Tbe madaui shall ride in
thia when ahopping or in pleasant
weather ahall use her victoria, while lite
loop phaeton is for her use when oat for
a drive and desiring to handle the reins.
For a gentleman a narrow, open buggy
or stanhope topbuggy is the proper thing,
and a six, eight or ten paaeenger break
when be wanta to take a party of frienda
out Tbe young people have their four
paaeenger fancy traps for a drive in com
pany, but for one or two the fancy t,wo 1
wheelers and odd shajied vehicles must
be used.
CtfTi«|N Lm| An
In early time* the carriage factories
wm little wayside PUiitliiM and one
room carpenter nhoj*. wlitre tbe Iron
work wan nil hainmensl out by the mint b,
and the body, wheels, thills aud head
were sawed, planed and fitted by the car
penter. Then the painter and upholster
er took it in hand, each at hi* respective
place of buslne-*, completing the vehicle
in jierhape months of labor. After the
chaise was finished, if not an ordered
job, it was hauled to market and sought
a not easily found purchaser if the price
was as high as $100. That amount of
money in the days of our great-grandf*
thers was almost a fortune.
Workmen in thoae days considered *
day's work to be from snnrise to sunset
in summer, and in winter tbey were ex
pected to work until 0 o'clock four even
ings In the week. But they had work
every day In the year if tbey wished it.
For this labor apprentices—for the car*
riage maker employed one helper, and
he waa an apprentice—received board,
$23 and three months' schooling the first
year, $30 and two montha' schooling the
second, and so increasing |3 per year for
four yean.
Now, eight or teu hours is the day's
limit for workmen, and they receive all
the way from |3 to $3.50 j«cr day or more,
but a large part of the more laborious
work is done by machine*. The wood
work of the gear and wheels is hickory,
and it is sawed from tin* rough planks
and planed, shaped and smoothed by
machinery. The frame of the liody is of
ths same wood, and it is mortised, ten
oned, punctured with Hcrewhole* and
made ready to lie milted and held in
place by glue and screws. The (lanels
of the body are unwed ont by a bsnd
saw from wide, half inch boards of ths
greenish colored, knotless white wood,
and the body maker fits and fs*t<us
these in place and smooths the joiuts
with saudpaper.
MmU by M*rhl»*rjr.
In • separate department of the great
factory, where all parts are now mad*
simultaneously, tbe desiguing draft*
man ia busy with big »hret« of i«i»r
working out new idea*. which every year
•bow finer results and approach nearer
the ideal of the future in the admirable
perfection of the present.
In the wheel shop the machine* and
workmen turn the hubs and »i>okes and
bore the holes in the rims aud IiuIm,
driving them all together ill a perfect
wheel to be rimmed with iron, and a
steel tube is driven in the Imb for the
axle to rest upon.
In the smith dei*rtment the ponder
ous trip hammer and clanging anvils
•haps tit* glowing iron, ami ilutkjr fortna
move among the white, wooden, skeleton
carriages, fitting aud fasteuing the iron
to tha wood, welding the ailes, hammer
lng out the connections and the dash
frames, fastening the springs and bolting
all strongly together. At last it is all
filed smooth to be ready for the paint.
To a room redolent with the odors of
Ceylon and the pitch woods of the Car*
olinas the carriage goes to receive the
pretty colors and glossy varnish.
Tha paintiug Is one of the most impor
tant processes of mannfscture, as it de
pends greatly upon how this is done
whether it suits the public taste. The
graceful outlines are covered with har
monising color and decoiated with fine
lines in an artistic manner, and overall is
ipread the transparent varnish that scin
tillates and flashes at every movement.
The carriage receives a half doseu differ
ent coats of paint, besides the fiual coats
of varnish. At last, in a room papered
and mads dust proof, where the temper
ature is constantly kept at about 00 de
grees, tha last coat of varnish is flowed
an and dries in a mirrorlike surface.
Then tha lob is ready for the upholster
ing and triauning department.
On long, .low benches the bides of
Isatbvr and web* of cloth are spread,
cut and fashioned by skillful fingers.
Gicking sewing machines make accom
paniment to the rat-tat of the tack ham
mer and swish of tearingcloth. Leath
er, broadcloth, silk, satin and morooco
are used. Tha back and sides of the
■sat are first cushioned and made spring
with spiral wirs springs behind the
squabs. The leather is stitched on the
dasher, and tha wood bows that give
form to tha top are put in phco. This
is callrd "setting tha head," and ia a
very delicate job. It takes a skillful
hand to get it level and true. The bows
are held at tha lower end by iron sock
ets, turning on an arm or goose neck.
Tke riihklRf iMtkM.
Of OOUTSS different itjlM have differ*
eat trimming*, bat all bow tops are
trimmed much the mid*. Or or tb« cor*
Mn of tbe bows a long cashioa of carted
hair it tacked to bold the leather uat
plump. Thea tbe woolea cloth or bead
lining la tacked to tbe inside of tbe bow.
The leather is cat for tb« top In fuar
pieoee ud stitched together, ss Is also
tbe bach and side carUlne. After tbe
lamps *re pat on it U ready for ship
ment end Is Uken sport. If to be sent
orated, by removing the wheels, shafts
end top, end pecked In s small com pass.
If It Is to be ssat oa a platform oar It Is
merely covered with a cloth.
From the wholesale maanfsetnms
th* p to tbe salesrooms sf the dealsrt,
and are arranged in tastj group* a poo
the floors, and price* amounting to 20 or
S8 per cent advance on the wholesaler*'
prices are put on tbem.
The arerage price* for the closed
broughams are $900 or $400. Victorias
are $230 to $.130; stanhope buggies ars
$200 to $900. Other top bugirlcs ars all
the way from $lt9 to $9U0. Traps range
from $129 to $400. Of course the prices
ran np to $2,000 or $9,000 for fine coaches.
n« o** ojfLT.
The industry la Ulatnbuted all <«v»t
the country, bat New York atate, the
New England atatea ami the wcat have
the largest number of factories. Through
the aouth the manufactories are MiiaHer,
and in the far west and*on the Pacific
coaat the induatry ia leaa iui|«>rtant.
The moat prominent places of manufac*
tnr# are New Haven, Aincsbury, Mom.;
Cincinnati, Chicago, Buffalo and N«-w
The trade la represented by half n due
en journal*, and voluminous catalogues
are laaned by the manufacturer* to ad
▼ertiae their work. The American car
riage haa become famoua and leads the
world in beauty aud count ruction.
O. P. Hmitii.
H*w • TmI» r«r Harmon) Is
Gaining Ground.
(XftUI Curr>«|n«ilMwv.)
Cleveland, Dw, 31.—Whatever may
be tbe cause, it is a fact that tin* love of
color on tbe part of American* is steadi
ly gaining ground. In no way is this
change of tbe national taste more plainly
observable than In tbe painting of tbo
buildings. Forty years ago red ami yel
low houses were often seen in country
districts, but by tbe beginning of the
civil war few of them were left, and es
pecially among the well to do white lie
came tbe dominant paint.
In the suburbs of tbe cities it was tho
same, while public and busiuesa build
ings and pretentions residences wen* ut
most all of gray or brown stone or brick
of a dull, red color. Often the brick wm
painted a somber tint, and sometimes
white. Bright coloring was practically
not thought of in buildings, and when
it began to be introduced was frowned
upon from all directions as evidence of
extremely bad taste. Now the wliito
house is so extremely rare as to excite
surprise, and year by year the coloring of
all sorts of buildings is becoming gayer
and morn diversified.
The moat modest house builder of to
day devotes much time to the <i»nstdera*
tion and selection of the paint lie shall
use on his residence, and more tliau one
contractor of my acquaintance who
makes the erection of moderate priced
bouses m specialty employs constantly a
man of recognized artistic ta«te to lay
out a color scheme for single house* and
group*. One of these men, with whom
I had a conversation today, displayed
good knowledge of values and contrasts
and explained very logically why he had
painted two house* built on the same
plan quite differently. One was sur
rounded by trees and shrubbery, and the
other was in a street closelv built np
and in proximity on eac1* side to houses
of red brick. The colors chosen in ea< h
case were such as would haruionixe with
tbe environment.
It is difficult to locate all tbe ivus<hi*
for this change. The |ieopIea of warm
countries have always shown greater
fondness for color in building as well
as iu clothing and decoration than
thoae of cold lands. English buildings
are soiulier, while the structures of
southern Eunqie almnnd in hrivht col
ors. It is held by a certain meteorolog
ical authority that the average tetn|>era
ture of this country bus risen one degree
iu the |iast 40 ) ears.
The same authority holds that this
change, stylish though it be, is produc
ing vast modification* of our usages,
tastes and manners. Possibly it has
tome bearing u|s>u tbe point in ques
tion. The large Influx of Kuro|teau blood
may also have souiethiug to do with it.
The gradual lightening of the national
character, the increased attention to
amusement«, the greater general culturv,
all are conteui|iorary with the change In
'ie coloring of tlie buildings, and quite
f-oliably all are resultant from the same
tauses. C. B. Bollix
V»w Iht f«k» Kool «Mi.» Numbs* May R«
(il*»N IntlMHll).
One-third memory, otir-lhird practice
and one-third trirk—that i* the secret of
moat of the rapid calculator* who figure
before the public. Thcr» an* very few
calculation* of which there ia not a short
way to the aolution. but |ierhap* noneof
them ia ao easy and at the *anie time so
surprising to t!io ordinary miud a* the
Inatantuneouarxtraction of the cube root.
This ia a feat which ha* gained great
ipplauae for ita performer* from the
ilaya of llntchlna, "the lightning calcu
lator." till now. Tlie extreme rapidity
with which it ia worked and the diftU-ul
ty of the aolution by the ordinary meth
od* render it one of the moat taklug of
Before explaining the methoil of per*
forming this extraction of the cube root
It may be well for the l>enefit of those
readers who liare forgotten some of their
•arty school knowledge to explain what
a cube root ia. Multiply a number by
itaelf and the product by the original
nnmber, and the result ia a cnlie. Thus:
0 z 9 — 81 (the square of 9); Hi % 0 — 729
(the cube of 9). Then 9 ia the cube mot
of 7*9.
Now for the method. First you ob
tain from ono of the audience an exact
cube of not more than aix places of fig
urea, though with moderate practice the
latter condition need not be Insisted on.
Hay the cube given ia 140,900, of which
tha root ia 52. You know the culm of
the unita by heart, thus:
Thseahsof lis 1
Tbs cubs of > Is •
Ths rabs of 1 Is 17
Tha cabs of 4 Is M
Tbs rubs of lis. I»
Tbs rabs of • U. 2IS
Ths rubs of T Is. 3tt
Tbs rabs of • Is US
Tbs rubs of t Is. TJ»
Now, as tha thousands in lite cube
given exceed 199 and are less than 910,
the tens In the reply must be S. For the
aecoud figure, or unita, a curious trick
cornea in. Tha cube* of 1,4, S, 0 and 9
end In the aame figures; the cuhe of 9 ia
§l the cube of S enda in 7, and reversely
the cube of 0 ends in 9 and the cube of
Bo when the questioner aaya 140,000
(here you aay to yourself 00) 900, you aay
001 loud on the Instant, 33.
Take another, 99,904. The thouaaoda
exceed 97: therefore tha root ia thirty
something. Tha last figure is 4s there
fore tha root U 94.—London Tit-Pita.
A food sewing machine ia aurs mi to
to the work of 19

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