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PORTLAND DAILY PRESS.
VOL. 1. PORTLAND, ME., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1802. NO. 3. PORTLAND DAILY PRESS, JOHN T. OILMAN, I JOSEPH B. HAT.T., I Editors. It published at No. 81} EXCHANGE STREET, In FOX BLOCK, by FOSTER, GILMAN End BALL, Under the Arm name of N. A. FOSTER A CO. T erme: The Portland Daily Press b published every morning, (Sundays excepted), at #6,00 per year in ad vance. Rates of Advertieins: Transient Advertisements, #1.00 per square, for three insertions or less; exceeding three, and not more than one week, #1.26 per square; 76 cents per week after. One square every other day one week, VI .00; 60 cents per week after. Exhibitions, ke„ under head of Amusements, #2.00 per equate per week. Sfecial Notices, #1.60 per square for first week, IliO per week after. Busins* Notices, in reading columns, 12 cents per Hne for one insertion. No charge lets than fifty cents. Legal Notices at usual rates. Advertisements inserted in the Maine State Press (whieh has a large circulation in every part of the State) for 88 cents per square in addition to the above rate* for each insertion. Transient advertisements must bo paid for In ad vance. t# All communications intended for the paper should be directed to the “Editor* qf the Pre**“ and those of a business character to the Publithrr*. ty The Portland Daily and Maine State Pee** Office, in Fox Block, No. 82} Exchange 8treet, b open at all hours during the day and eve ning, from 7 o'clock in tbo morning to 9 in the evening. EF~ Job Printing of every description executed with dbpatcb; and all business pertaining to the of fice or paper promptly transacted on application as above. [For the Press.] “The Constitution ns it is, and the Union as it was.” There is a party now-a-days actually insist ing upon “the Constitution as it is, and the Union as it was.” In Maine this party is rep resented by the Argus. We shall show that since the commencement of the present war this representative of that party has been op posed to the Constitution as it is; that, it has rebuked Republicans because they arc in fa vor of the Constitution as it is; and that fail ing to change the Constitution, and insert in it provisions for the extension and perpetuation of the slaveholding aristocracy, it has urged a dissolution of the Union. What can we think of the. honesty or sincerity of such a party, or it# organ ? a “V MWWIO wuilUbllLCU MIC HU I IV VI StTTOl* ■ion in South Carolina, the next day after the election of President in November, I860.— The ordinance of secession was adopted in that State, on the 20th of December, 1860. The slaveholders of that State immediately com menced preparation for the war by raising men and money, and actually began the war, and under the direction of the Governor seized public property. On the 0th of January, 1861, the traitors at Charleston tired upon the “Star of the West,” an unarmed vessel sent out with supplies for Miyor Anderson. The war was then ftiily inaugurated. Seven States had se ceded and the Southern Confederacy had been formed before the 1st of March. A plan was concocted among the traitors to waylay Mr. Lincoln on his way to Washington, and assas sinate him in Baltimore. War had then been commenced in the Beven seceding States, and public property seized, and also in North Carolina, which had not then seceded. Here were the. tacts. Now let us see how the Argus stood. Let us see how it stood as to the Constitution and the Union. John Sherman, of Ohio, had said in Congress: “ If we cannot agree let us tight.” John J. Perry bad said: “So long as the seces sionists resist the laws of the country, my voice is for war.” On the 25th of January, 1861, four weeks after the traitors commenced the war in South Carolina, the Argus quoted these two sentences and said: “How boyish that sounds: how weak and contemptible.” It then suggests a dissolution of the Union, an<> quotes the language of Abram to Lot:— “And then was strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle, and the herdmen of Ix>t's cattle — And Abram said anto Lot, Lrt thrrr br no itritr, l pray thrr brttrrm mr and thrr, and between’ my herdmeu and thy herdmen, for m br brethrrn. fs not the whole land befon thee? Separate thyself, 1 pray thee, from me. If thou wilt take the left band, 1 will go the right; or, if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left." The Argus proceeds to comment:— “Perhaps this way of settling a quarrel in a rude age may not be considered of much sccmint bv tlic relined and Christian statesmen of the Republican party and their followers; yet, at the risk of incur ring tlieir disapprobation and unfavorable criticism, we modestly submit that the mode of adjusting dis putes proposed by Abram is more worthy of a states man, Christ'an and patriot, than that proposed by Messrs. Sherman and Perry." South Carolina had undertaken to secede, was then resisting the laws, had fired upon the “Star of the West,” and was waging dead ly war upon the nation. Mr. Perry declared that so long as the secessionists resisted the laws by the red hand of war, he would oppose them by force; by a war in defence of the laws. Hereupon the Argus objects, suggests a sepa ration, and quotes the language of Abram to —'' WWW W.v ••• y MIC VUHflimr Mon <t* it in t In what article does the Argus find any authority in the national government to allow insurrectionists to triumph, to over throw the power of the United .Slates, or to consent to a division of the Union ? How could the AiTgus be in favor of the old Union, seeing it proposed to surrender to traitors, give up that Union,and consent to a division ? In the Advertiser appeared the following:— ‘The Republican* are ready to iteelare their pn*i t on and make it distinctly understood by every mmi who baa the rapacity and will to understand' plain Knalish. Wc betievo in the Constitution under which we live Just as it is, trithnut alteration vr amendment In commenting on this, on the 6th of April, 1861, the Argus said:— ”Thi* him been the position of the Abolition lead ers from the first. This has been the position of Wade, of Wilson, of Hale, all the way along. They are opposed to all amendments of the Constitu tion.'r * * • ‘ There is no mistaking the moaning of this proposition; there is no mistaking its political significance. It is opposed to all conc4‘M'ioiis, to all compromises, to all guarantee* that will satisfy the border States.” • • • “Doc* anybody need to ask, ‘What is to be the inevitable cousequence of this policy?’ 8ix weeks would not elapse before every slave State would be out of the Union, and President Lincoln would either be a fugitive from Washington, or would have bis headquarter* in the midst of a foreign country. It has been only the hope that the free States would accord those reasonable guarantees demanded by those border State* that has thus long kept them In the Union.” The Argus is no prophet. More than a year ha* elapsed; no change has been made in the Coastitution; yet four of the Slave States have not seceded. In April, 1861, the Advertiser declared in favor of the Constitution as it is. The Argus called Wade, Wilson and Hale, distinguished Republicans, “abolition leaders,” and admitted that they were in favor of the Constitution as it stood, that such bail been their position all the way along, that they were opposed to all amendments of the Constitution. The Argus complained of them on that ground; and urged that unless new gu&rrantees in favor of slavery were put into the Constitution, all of the Slave States would go out of the Union, and that President Lincoln would be driven from Washington and become an exile. Was the Argus then in favor of the Constitution as it stands ? During the months of January and Febru ary, 1801, a political liody met at Washington, over which John Tyler, the traitor, presided, called the Peace Congress. They submitted propositions of compromise to Congress, in volving a change of the Constitution in favor of the slave-holding aristocracy. John J. Crifc ttenden submitted another scheme involving a change of the Constitution in favor of the slave-holders. Various other schemes of com promise were proposed in Congress, every one of them involving a change of the Constitu tion against the principles of freedom, and in favor of the aristocracy of slave-holders. Was the Argus then in favor of the Consti tution as it stands? No! No! No! It was in favor of the changes in the Constitution, in fiivor of the slave-holders’compromise propos ed by Mr. Crittenden. Many times did it urge that scheme of iniquity in (avor of the aristoc racy in opposition to the people. Failing in that, it was still opposed to the Constitution ns it stood and in favor of any scheme that was proposed for changing the Constitution to ben efit the slave-holders at the expense of the people. When the President made his call for 75,000 men to maintain the laws and suppress the rebellion, the Argus was opposed to it.— The editor said on the next day: "It i, sickening to think of the prospect that bris tles all over with horrors. We have been opposed to tliis policy from the beginning. Wc do not, wc can not believe in it nowr.” Instead of vigorous efforts to suppress the Insurrection of traitors, who had driven Miy. Anderson and his comrades out of Fort Sum ter, the Argus was desirous of a truce and consultation with them. If the Northern peo ple would not consent to make such changes in the Constitution, as the slave-holders de manded, then that paper was In favor of a dis solution of the Union. Here is its language on the 16th of April, 1801: “A suspension of hostile movements may doubtless be obtained on both sides until the people can be di rectly consulted. And if it shall then appear as the result, that they will not agree to terms upon which free and slave states can live together in peace, then let a peaceful separation be arranged.” After the slave-holders commenced the pre sent war, the Argus repeatedly urged upon the Northern people, during the year 1801, that they should consent to make such changes in the Constitution as the slave-holders demand m urc xiviuivru would noi consent to do that, it constantly avowed tliat the Union could not be restored, and Its desire to agree ujion terms for a peaceful separation. Such is the paper, and such the party it rep resents, that now raise the cry of “The Consti tution as it is, and the Union as it was.” The Argus is stopped. For more titan thirty years within my recollection, it lias favored all those measures tliat have encouraged the slave holders to commence this war. and so far as I am able to judge, during all that time it has been opposed to the Constitution as it is. J. C. W. U----- —. [From our regular Correspondent.] Letter from the Backwoods ol Maine, No. 1, trom Kineo to Katahdn. Dear Press:—After a fatiguing ride of sixty miles, from Bangor to Moosehead, one hardly feels in the humor of appreciating scen ery however tine it may lie. And yet the beauty of the Lake, as it breaks ujion the sight, and the charming village on its southern shore, never (ail to refresh the tired tourist and give promise of approaching rest. The village of Greenville would be called by the Gazetteers “a small collection of houses at the foot of the lake, the inhabitants support ing themselves principally by traffic in the winter and autumn with the lumbermen; in the summer months by entertaining and guid ing visitors. There arc in the place two hotels and one half, two or three stores, a small church, as well as one steamlsiat which docs go, and two which do not.” But as it is not my purpose to supply material for any Gazet teer now published or projected,It will be per haps better to turn at once from statistics to the notabilities of the town, chief among whom stands the veteran Indian guide,'Louis Annance. He is a venerable old man who still liears up well under the burden of many years of hard work, for like others of his race he will sooner break than bend. A graduate of Dartmouth College, he studied Divinity for a year or two, in order to become a minister among his tribe; but as he says, “they and I gave it up because I had too much Indian in me and too little priest!” And as he found ready employment in his capacity of guide, lie gave up all thoughts of becoming a pastor and has lived at the foot of Moosehead ever since. The failing strength of Louis has prevented j him, for a couple years, from taking an active part in the labors on the lake, but last summer he was induced to act as guide to an English nobleman, who was desirous of [Kissing through Northern Maine. I remember having seen, last Almost-in a deserted cabin on Enisle Inina the names of tins party who had passed the night in the house three weeks before. The names of Viscount Milton and his surgeon and guides were written in charcoal on one of the highest beams, while underneath was a char coal sketch of the canoes, which had evidently liecn made by Louis. Our party, determined not to lie outshone by even a nobleman and his suite, recorded our names in another part of the dwelling, even more conspicuously.— But how ephemeral is fame! Tills Spring I passed along the same lwnk of the Lake and looked in vain for that which was to be our enduring monument. The old shanty had been burned to the ground some time before, and only a few half-melted liottles and a tin can remained to indicate that it had ever been anything more than an alioriginal aliodc. A single remark more about the English Lord will end this digression. Louis says, and Louis came pretty near Incoming a priest you know1, that Viscount Milton was desirous of going in a canoe over the swift Allegash rapids.— Louis demurred, but to no purpose. And, as i a very natural consequence, in alsiut five mln j utes more the aforesaid Viscount might have | been seen wading towards tin* short1 in alaiut | four feet of strong amt swift water. To go back for a moment to Louis A nuance. That summer visitor who passes through Greenville and forgets to sec him, will lose much pleasure, for Louis is quite coramunitatlve and agreeably so. But when you go down the west road to his little house, please hike a tolerably large stick unless you have a winning way with big dogs. < )ld Ellis is well-known to your readers al ready flow llie charming communications of Thoreau. The carefulness of Old Ellis and his Munchausen-like narrations, ensure him many (Nitrons during the summer. Bowley, Hume, the Messrs. Barrows, are all good men, but as our letters were to commence from Mt. Kinco, In the centre of the lake, it is highly important for us to drop, fqr the present, the subject of guides, and find our way to the Mountain.— This involves the use of a nice little steamer, Fairy' of the Lake, and leads us to speak of her captain, who Is also landlord of the Eveleth House. Capt. Robinson is a small-sized man, with quick black eyes, and an easy, but ever present care for his guests. You remember the old proverb, about its requiring an exceed ingly capable man to conduct a house of pub lic entertainment (may be I have n't hit just the phraseology, but no matter). Capt. R. is just the man. He is of French extraction, if we can judge by his aceent, and by his having so many pleasant French ways of making a per son comfortable and at home. And he is just so on board the boat, a little side-wheel steam er of five feet draught. While the Fairy is being swung into the roads, let me have a single word with those who are patient enough to read these letters. Coming from the wood land camps, as these lines will,* they will be more like unconnected threads than like a woven web; but to those who have seen the little leisure of woods life, I need offer no apol ogy for such an unfinished fabric. To those who are not very conversant with life in the woods, I can only say, that if these threads shall lead them through new and pleasant places, I shall be well satisfied. As we round towards the north, we have brought before us a rough shaggy pile of hills, known here as Squaw Mountain. One of the eminences quite overtops the rest, but ever to the very summit we can sec an unbroken spruce and pine forest, indicating that the mountain is massive rather than high. It seems to me that an artist could not pass the deep cove on the east side of the mountain, without desiring to transfer the beauty to canvass. There is, if I may say so, a perfect example of that point, on the aesthetic scale, l>etween beauty and sub limity. The other elevations in the immediate vicinity are much lower; and, although they all contribute to the general beautiful effect, no hill on the west side is particularly worthy of mention. On the other hand, we have In the distance two mountains quite striking in tlicir appearance. They arc called the Spences Mountains, and overhang Spence's Bay. We got the finest view of these as we pass the strait between the two larger islands, and, from this point, the higher (>eak is very much like Chocorua, though not so much broken, while the other resembles Mount Kearsage, near Fryeburg. There are one. or two farms along the shores of the lake, ond at one of these we stopped long enough for some cattle to be driven on lsiard a scow which we had in tow. A very laughable scene ensued. Of course the oxen were disposed to hold liack, being somewhat in fear of being sea-sick, or else thinking with that sainted lady that" the water wasn't half as safe even as an island.” Planks were laid down anil a little straw thrown on them, but no, the oxen saw through that too caaily. Then one very ingenious and benovotmtsIndividual sug gested leading them <m by bag, ami to show his good nature he put the plan in practice himself. He held out a handful of hay to one ox and then the other, till at last one of the creatures without any perceptible effect made a sudden grab at his fingers, which caused him to step liack so quickly that he nearly fell into the water. He retired. Various expedients were resorted to, until three or four strong men actually pushed the oxen over the gang way-plank into the scow. I believe everybody hist their patience at the delay, except those who laughed, and Captain Robinson. He mere ly said: " It is very good that we did not stop all (Lay and take more oxens." After tills de lay we were all glad to have a fine view of the strange central mountain of the lake. Mount Kineo. Truly it is a very singular eminence, with its long crown and suddenly descending front. At this point we can see not only the commencement of our tour, but its probable terminus, also. For in the smoky haze of the East we can catch a glimpse of the snow-white peak of Mount Katahdin, which we hope to reach after our roundaliout journey. May it be a pleasant one, this, from Kineo to Katah din.' G. Correspondence from the Canp. Fwtor of the Portland Press.—En closed you will find some extracts from a pri vate letter just received from one of the officers of the Second Maine Battery. The letter was not designed for publication, but I think it will be interesting to your readers generally. X. Manassas Junction, June 20, 1802. Dear-:—I am lying upon the ground writing upon the top of an old stove, which I have fitted up for a writing desk. What to tell you or how to commence I scarcely know. I could write all day and then not inform yon of all our lottery has been through since I wrote you at Fredericksburg, where we were expecting orders to move in the direction of Richmond. The bridges across the Rappahannock were finished and a month ago we were all ready to start. The defeat of Gen. Banks reached our army, and immediately we were ordered to Al exandria to be ready to defend the Capitol. It was Sabbath morning as we commenced our march for Washington. I preached to the men in the afternoon. While on our way, having marched two days an orderly met us bringing dispatches from headquarters to march to Manassas Junction. We arrived here the Thursday following and rested one day. We were obliged to leave Ilcnry Lovell at Manassas. He was very un well. He bore up nobly and was anxious to go with us and take his chance with the bat tery in the time of danger, but he could proceed no further. We had a hard time on the road. We slept in the fields and by the roadside. Our clothes were often drenched by the falling rain. It was a forced march—and early and late we were on the road. When we arrived at Manas sas we received orders to march to Front Roy al. We started early Friday morning, crossed the mountains and entered Front Royal at two o’clock the Sunday following. Our men were fairly lieatcn out,fatigued and fairly exhausted. Some fell off their horses crossing the moun tains. We had as much as we coulddotokeep our men awake to drive our horses which took our guns to Front Royal. Often I found my self going to sleep on my horse. I tried to get a place to sleep at Front Royal. I could find none; it rained in torrents and I crept under a wagon, and soon was as soundly asleep as if I had been in a goo 1 bed at Portland. At day light I was up and looking after the men anil horses anil trying to find something for them to eat. I thought we should have one day’s rest at least, before we proceeded any further. It was Sunday—the sun was shining beautiful ly, and I thought of my friends in Maine, but there was no Sunday for us at Front Royal. I was intending to hold a prayer meeting in the woods near the camp of the first Maine Cavalry, but about 9 o’clock the sound of guns at a distance aroused the Camp; soon they be came more distinct and frequent. We listened attentively and a heavy cannon ailing was heard. The report came that Gen eral Shields was attacking Jackson. We were ordered to harness and be ready to move. Soon the whole army was in motion. Troops poured into Front Royal in every di rection : wherever we looked we saw columns of troops moving down the sides of the moun tains; they came like the soldiers of Napoleon crossing the Alps. They crossed the Shenan doah and pressed on to the conflict. The sol diers arc excited and eager to fight. Order lies are seen galloping in every direction. At noon we hear the enemy is flying, he is retreat ing to Strasburgh. The chief of Artillery came galloping to our division for two sections of the Second Maine Battery to pursue Jackson to Strasburg. The Cavalry of Bayard's brigade was in the advance; we must overtake it, to act in concert. The right section commanded bymysclf,and the left by Lieut. Fessenden were selected, the whole commanded by Captain Hall. We wait ed for nothing but put our horses into a run wc left for Strasburg. We found smoking waggons on the route burned by the enemy in his retreat. We overtook two companies of Infantry, called the “Bucktails,” who were to support our battery. We passed them and at 4 o’clock we came up to General Bayards brigade near Strasburg—they were (ailing back the enemy were too strong for them. One tiling we were certain of, fall lock and we lose our guns; the goads were bad and up hill. We could not retreat; better fight and lose them if overpowered than to lose them on the retreat. We made up our minds if we were beaten and our guns captured togo with them; not a man should desert his post. The enemy fired shell at us, we planted our guns iu battery and waited for daylight. The next morning we crossed the Shenandoah again and entered Strasburg, the enemy fled Indore us. We pass ed a battery when it was reported the night before the enemy had planted thirty guns. Gal loping tiirough Strasburg one of the guns lie (•ainn H'walilorl on nnnonnt thn L-i»r» an axletree; one wheel eame off ami the gun laid useless in the road. There was no time to mend it even if we hail the means which we had not. X was want ed in the front; heavy cannonading was heard not far in our advance. X never had been taught how to leave my gun in an enemy’s country; toordermy men to tear down a fence, disconnect the front, wheels of a threshing ma chine and lush ray gun on by means of the tongue, was but the work of a moment Hur rying to the front the army of General Fremont was seen approaching ; they had entered Strasburg in another direction. The Muinc boys cheered, and Fremont's men cheered, and the pursuit was kept up. We met a large number of prisoners taken from the rear guard of Jackson’s army—they were sent to Straslmrg. We saw the dead, l»th friend and foe lying together by the road side. At night we encamped near Woodstock, and early the next morning, we left again and pursued Jackson to Mount Jackson; here he burned the bridge and prevented our army from crossing. The river being swollen on ac count of the rain we could not lay the bridge successfully until the second day. Two sec tions of our battery crossed the bridge before any other artillery—we led the advance. Gen eral Fremont's chief of artillery paid us a great compliment—if we were in the rear of any of the batteries in Fremont’s army, he halted them and we were called to the front. At fourteen hundred yards we knocked the carbine out of the hands of a scout and took the coat off of another. The Chief of Artillery clapped his hands and said it was a splendid shot. We gained the reputation of being good artillerymen in the army ofGen. Fremont. We were frequently brought into battery in pres ence of the General. Our horses now com menced to give out, run at full speed for sev eral days, bare-footed, many of them, without grain subsisting upon a scanty supply of grass, they commenced to exhibit the marks of hard usage. Near Harrisonburg we had a skirmish and, it is reported, Gen. Ashby fell. I talked with many of Jackson's men, who were taken prisoners and they all reported the death of Ashby. The people in the valley of the Shen andoah, all felt sad when they heard the news; he was considered one of Jackson’s best of ficers. At Harrisonburg we rested all day, and on Sunday morning we commenced the pursuit again. At Cross Keys the enemy made a stand—the battle commenced at 11 o'clock, and was kept up furiously until 4 or 5 o'clock, when the left wing of our army retired a short distance. Cannonading was kept up until dark, and both armies slept on the Held of bat tle. The next morning we formed and pur sued the enemy who (led in the direction of I’ort Republic leaving his dead unburied. We saw the effect of our Are in the woods; trees were scattered in every direction; the dead lay along the road, both rebel and Fede ral soldier slept Uislastsleep and died unnotieed and alone. My heart was moved within me. I realized that every man I saw had some fond friend who eared for him and who perhaps is even now anxiously waiting his return. I said, God grant this unhappy contest be brought to a speedy close. We halted for a few moments near a church which stood in the woods. That church was tilled with dead and dying soldiers; they were suAering terribly, legs lay about, cannon ball and shell had done their work; it looked like war. I had seen such sights be fore in tlie Crimea but I turned away deeply aA'ccted. We had no time for sympathy or pity—the enemy were near the bridge—Gen. Shields was at Port Republic. We said he will destroy the bridge and Jackson and his entire unny are ours. As we approached Port Re public, to our astonishment and indignation, the bridge was there. The cry went up "where in Shields “where Is McDowell “why is that bridge then', why was it not destroyed?" No one answered and Jackson was safe, he crossed and destroyed tlie bridge. We cannon aded the bridge and destroyed many of his men but our whole pursuit was useless now.— Some one had blundered, it is not for me to say who played the fool or traitor; in the words of Tennyson describing the charge of tlie light brigade at Ilalahara, “some one had blundered." The friends of those killed at Crow Keys should demand an enquiry. With out provisions, our horses falling by the way side, our men lining the ambulances and strag gling in the woods and failing exhausted by the hardships and privations of that long march, compiled us to retire to Mount Jack son to wait for the supply train. We fell back and rested for two days. Last Sunday the or der came for Gen. Bayard's brigade to march to Front Royal. We arrived there Tuesday momingj-tbere we joined the other section of our battery which was left in charge of Lieut. Perry. The boys were glad to see us, also Major Tillson who was not present with us.— We expected at least one day’s rest but before we reach the camp we were ordered to Manas sas. We are now here; our guns came by rail and our horses are crossing the mountains, we expect them to-morrow. We are waiting for our horsee and then we leave. We do not know where we are going; some thing we are going to Richmond to join General McClellan, but it is useless to speculate, everything in war is “mighty imsartiu.” S. P. PROSPECTUS or THE PORTLAND DAILY PRESS: EDITED BT JOHN T. GILMAN, recently of the Bath Times, and JOSEPH B. HALL, of the Aroostook Herald. The Fortlaxd Daily Press in intended to be an enterprising, vigorous and lire Daily Morning Paper, containing the latest and ftiUest news by mail ' and telegraph. THE MAINE STATE PRESS Is a* large, well-filled, carefully edited, and neatly printed weekly paper, intended specially for general circulation throughout the State. Both of the' above named papers will labor to inculcate, in no dictatorial spirit, sound political prin ciples and to promote the material interests of the State, and of the City of Portland as *l» interests twine with, aud are inseparable from, those of the State. Politically, the Press will give an earnest, cordial, and generous support to the administration of Abra ham Lixcolx, who in little more than one year, has ; iudellibly impressed himself upon the nation’s heart as an incorruptible ’patriot, an inflexible Chief Mag J istrate, and an honest man; the ability of whose ad ministration is most signally exhibited, not Jonly in the matchless operations of our army and navy, but in the unparalleled fact that, in the midst of this gigantic rebellion/ our Government securities are wiling at a premium. It will zealously labor to ox -- “v |DU, inasmuch as political organizations have become a necessity in carrying into effect great principles of political economy, and inasmuch as ,thc Republican party which, iu the brief chapter of its history already written, has successfully refuted the allegation of its enemies that its designs and tendencies were sec tional, and triumphantly .vindicated its claim to a just and liberal Nationality, lias remained steadfast in its devotion to the Union while other organizations have so generally become infected with a disloyal spirit, and inasmuch as it is the only party which at present seems competent to conserve the great prin I ciples underlying all free Governments, the Press will cordially sustain the organization of that party not with a design to foster a mere partizau spirit, but i in the full coniciousness that it embodies the true principles upon which our government rests, and af fords the only available means of accomplishing such results as a lofty patriotism imperatively demands. It will neither seek nor endorse any compromises with men in rebellion against the laws of the land, but will inculcate loyalty to the great central idea of ail true democracy—that the majority must govern. Upon the exciting question of Domestic Slavery, it may be proper to say. that while the Press will sanc tion no interference with the constitutional or legal rights of loyal men, it will neither ‘apologize for an evil which constitutes the foulest blot upon our national character, nor attempt to resist the tide of events that seems destined to sweep from existence an institution which is the greatest anomaly in a free government. The emancipation of slavery in the federal Capital, the co-operation of the Federal with the loyal State governments, to secure gradual eman cipation, as proposed by President Lincoln, and all other constitutional measures looking to a peaceful removal of our greatest "moral, political and social evil," will find iu the Press a generous and hearty support. While thus distinctly anuounciug the general course proposed for the Press, aud inteuding that, alike iu war aud in peace—in our country’s peril aud in its triumph, it shall speak with uo uncertain voice, we do not lose sight of the fret that true men have hon estly differed, and that, coming by different routes they now find themselves travelling parallel roads; and. instead of seeking to widen the differences be tween those who arc required by a common patriot ism to act in concert, the Press will labor hopefully to encourage unity of purpose and harmony of act ion among all loyal men. Aside from its political department, the I*ress will be earnestly devoted to the advancement of the best interests of the city and State. Its Local Depart ment will in no case be neglected. Particular atten tion will be given to the Commercial and Maritime interests. It will be the aim of its conductors to make it an indispensable institution of the State, and a ge nial and welcome visitor in every work-shop, count ing-house, and family circle. The Editors, not un known to tbe people of Maine, will give their undivi ded energies to the work before them, and labor to make such a paper as the city of Portland, the State of Maine, and the exigencies of the times demand one that shall be true to the popular instincts. The Portland Daily Press is printed with en tirely new type, on a sheet as large as that of any daily in Maine, and issued every morning, (Sur days excepted,) at $5 per annum. Subscriptions for loss than six months, 50 cents per month. Tint M u\k Static Pimchr lirim ni'allr nrintixl and well tilled with the news of the week, and orig inal and selected Political. Agricultural, Literary and Miscellaneous reading, making it specially adapted to the Family Circle, will be issued weekly, at #1.60 per year, idvariably in advance. To any person sending the names of jire nnr subacriber*, cash in advance, an extra copy will be sent gratis. X. A. Fobtkr. ) J. T. G ilm an, J X. A. Fobtkr k Co., Publishers. J. 11. Hall. ) Portland. May 19, 1862. The undersigned cordially approve the enterprise projected in the foregoing Prospectus, aud earnestly commend the new paper to the hearty support of the People of Maine. May, 1862. LEON ARD AXDREW8, SAMl'EL E. SPRING, NELSON DING LEY, Jr., R. S. STEVENS, Republican N. A. FAR WELL. S. P. STRICKLAND, State EUGENE HALE, R. B. FULLER, Committee. C. II. B. WOODBURY, T. HARMON. E. WOODBURY, BENJ. KINGSBURY. Jr . 1 C LEMENT PHINNEY, Cumberland Co. DANIEL ELLIOT, LUKE BROWN, Rep. Com. O. G. COOK, EDWARD L. PICKARI), JOHN T. HULL, CHABELS H. OSGOOD, HENRY L. PAINE, HENRY P. LORD, Republican JAMES DOUGHTY, OHEN RING, City Committoof WILLIAM GRAY. JOHN M. STEVENS, Portland. AUG. F. GERLSH, FRANCIS E. PRAY, WM. II. PLUMMER. rr*It may not be improper to say by way of ex planation, that the foregoing Prospectus was issued originally upon short notice, and without giving time to hear from all the members of the State Committee —a inajoritg of whom have kindly conmieuded the new enterprise to the people of the State. This fact sufficiently explains why other names—held in equal esteem—are uot appended to the foregoing common datiou. JU)TELS._ PREBLE H0U8E, - • PORTLAND, ME. Sltaated aa C'aagvaaa, eraser «f Preble Streets. ' THIS ia the largeat Hotel in the State, pns ftontiiiff all the modern improvenMata, and j_1 flrat class In every appointment. TEEMS MODERATE. FOR BOARD BY WEEK OR DAY. CHAS. H. ADAMS, Proprietor. JeS8—3iu SAGADAHOCK HOUSE, Alfred Carr, • ' Proprietor, BATH, MAINE. ; THE City of Bath la one of the healthieat localities on the coast of Maine—delightftil 1 It situated on the Kennebec, twelve mile. i from the aea. and afford, one of the moat Invittug retreat, from the dust and turmoil of oar large cities. The Saoadahock. la one of .ic flneat, moat spa cion,. and beat appointed Hotels in the State, located within three minute, walk of the Depot, Steanitmat Landing, Boat office, Custom House, fee., being di rectly in the business centre of the City. Ternas Madtrata by Ibe Week .r Day. Bath, Jnne 23,1862. dtf AMERICAN HOUSE, Bo*to», Mam., 18 the largest and beat arranged Hotel in the New England State,; Is centrally loca ted, and easy of acceas from all the route, of tvel. It contains the modern improve •uta, and every convenience for the com fort and accommodation of the travelling public. The sleeping room, arc large and well ventilated; the suit, of room, are well arranged, and completely furnished tor families and Urge travelling parties, and the house will continue to be kept aa a lint claaa Hotel in every respect. LEWIS RICE, Proprietor. Boston, January, 1862. d'mis BATH HOTEL, ft By C. M. PLUMMER. JMM 3S0. Wash i Soros St., Bath. %*Terms 81 per day. Stable connected with house. Bath, June 23,1832. dtf DIBIGO EATIHG HOUSE~ No. 7 MILK STREET, - - - PORTLAND, ME. JOHN ROBINSON, Proprietor. Every Delicacy or the Season Served np at all hours. TURTLE SOUP, TUESDAY AND FRIDAY. BROOK TROUT a.4 .11 kinds .r CAME Served to order. TINE APPLE LEMONADE. STRAWBERRY LEMONADE. Z9~ Frog* Served to Order. •«• Meals to Reui'LAB Hoakukus at Reduced Rates. Open every Sunday from 8 to 1, and from 2 to & o'clock. Je28cdtf Crockery Ware, China, — AND GLASS WARE, AT LOW PRICES. PLATED WARE, Castors, Spoons, Forks, Card and Cake Baskets, Table Cutlery, IVORY, HORN, EBONY AND COCOA HANDLED KNIVES. KEROSENE OIL AND FLUID. M UNION STREET, S. B. WAITE. Je23—6weod BLANK ACCOUNT BOOKS! Manufactured and for Sale by BAILEY A NOYES, 86 AND 88 EXCHANGE STREET, PORTLAND. Journals, Ledger*. Invoice, Sale*, Memorandum, Cash, Record, Dockets, Letter*, Masonic and Church Collector* Book*. We make to order everv kind of Blank Book used by ltauks. Insurance and Railroad Companies. Ho tels, Steamboats, Factories and Counting Houses. STATIONERY. Letter, note, Cap and Record papers. Envelope*— white and buff, Gold Fens, Steel Fens. fee., ke. Ev ery article at lowest rate*. Wa Blty for Cash and Sell Cheap. BAILEY St XOVES, 66 and 68 Exchange Street. Fort'and, June 23.1862. dtf EDWARD P. BANKS, 72 EXCHANGE STREET, lor Cato* I mm aid tut ftffirf, Portland, Iain, DEALER IX CHRONOMETERS, WATCHES, —AND— SILVER SFOOK8 AND FORKS. CUPS, BITTER KNIVES, THIMBLES, NAPKIN RINGS, SPECTACLES AMD EYE-GLASSES, PLATED TEA SETS, CASTORS, AND CAKE BASKETS, BUTTER KNIVES, k SPOONS. Shell anti Horn Combs, Fans, Canes, Accordcons, Wallets, Card Cases, Table and Pocket Cutlery; Teeth, Hair, aud Shaving Brushes; Farina Cologne, Lubin's Extracts; CLOCKS. Ouadrants. Spy Glasses, Barometers, Surveyors’ and Mariners’ Compasses, Gunter’s Scales, Dividers, Parallel Rules, l*rotfactors. Drawing Instruments, Land Chains, Thermometers, Linen Trovers, Opera Glasses. Charts, Bowditch’s Navigator. Blunt’s Coast Pilot. Nautical Almauacs, Sumner's Method, Ship Master’s Assistant, Sheet Anchor. Seamen's Friend or Manual, Ship Master’s Guide, Expeditious Measurer, for Freight, Ac., Ac. Watches a ad Jewelry Repaired* CHRONOMETERS, REPAIRED AND RATED CyTiroe determined by transit. Portland. Juue 23, 1*51. d2tawA wtf PORTLAND Mutual Fire Insurance Company. THIS Company continue to insure property on terms as lavurable as those of any reliable com pany. All policies npon which six premiums have been paid, arc renewed auuually free of premium to the policy holder. Those desiring insurance will do well to call and ascertain the terms before insuring elsewhere. Otter 109 Middle Street* CHARLES HOLDEN, Fre&kknt. Edward ShAw, Srcrttary. June 23. c©«13m Book, Card & Fancy Printing, NEATLY EXKCLTEU AT THE OFFICE OF THE PRESS. RAILROADS. KENNEBEC AND PORTLAND R. R. SVMXKJI HUIOUITT Commenced April 14/4,1MB. □HBBSJ l^**ei**er trains will have daily, (Sun ayi exc-pted) as follows; Augu.ia lor Rath, Portland and Boston.at 11.14 A M.. connecting at Brunswick with the Androscoggin Railroad for Lewiston, Livermore Falls, Wilton and Farmington. le ave Portland for Bath and Angnata at 1.04 P. M connecting at Brunswick with the Androscoggin trains for stations on that road; and at Angnata with the Some net A Kennebec Railroad for W alert die, Kendall’s Mill, and Skowhegan, and at Kendall> Mills with the Penobscot A Kennebec Rond for Pitts Held. Newport and Bangor; arriving same sight. Momla, Morning and Saturday Arming Tra*u. On Monday trains leave Angnata at 6AO A. M.. and Hath mt 6.30 A. M., for Portlaad. connoctiic with the «■« A. M train for Lowell and Boeton. * Leave Portland on Saturday., at 4.14 P. M., on ar rival of train from Boston, for Bath and Angnata. STAG! COlUCTtOHI. Stage, leave Bath daily (Sunday, excepted) at 3.04 P. M., on arrival of train from Portland and Boston for Wiscaaact, Damariscotta, WaMoboru', Rockland and Thomaston. Stages leave Angnata daily (8aadsy> excepted), Ibr Belfast, on arrival of train from Portland and Bos ton. Tickets add in Beaton for all the stations on the Kennebec A Portland, Androscoggin, and Somerset A Kennebec Roads. Freight trains ran daily between Angnata and Port land. B. H. CUSHMAN, Manager and Superintendent. Angnata, April, 1842. Jane22dtf ANDROSCOGGIN RAILROAD. unn iiumxnT. 3HHC On and alter Moxdat, Mar 4. 1MB. 9E!9H,r>l11' will leave Portland for Lewiston and Farmington via Brnnswick. at 1 P. M. Leave Farmington for Lewiston, Bath and Port land. vim Bvansvrick. at 4.14 A. M. Leave Lewiston for Bath and Portland via Bruna wick at 11 44 A. M. Freight trains dally between Portland and Lewis ton. st a ox conxncTtoxn. Stays leaven Strickland's Ferry Tovarian. Thurs day. and Saturdays, for Livermore, Canton, Pern and Dixfleld; returning opposite dnvs. Stage leave. North Jay /or Fast Dixfleld, Dixfleld, end Weld, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays; returning opposite days. Stage leaves Farmington for New Vineyard, New Portland and Kfngfleld. on Wednesdays and Satur day., returning on Mondays and Fridays. Stages leave Farmington daily, for Strong, Aron and Phillips. " Passengers for this route will take the ears at the Portland, Saco A Portsmouth, or Kennebec A Port land Depots, In Portland. 8. W. EATON. Rapt. Farmington Mav 6, 1882. JanefSdif _STEAMBOATS. Portland and New York Itfrn The splendid and feat Steamahtp OHM A PEAKE,” Captain 8id»«t '•'kowill, will until farther notice ran me follow. : Irown. Wharf. Portland, every WEDNE8 DAY, at 4 1*. M., and lenve Pier 9 North River, New York, every 8ATI RDA Y. at a o'clock, P. X. Thi» vessel is fitted op with flneaccommodation, far passengers, making this the moet speedy, salt- and comfortable route for travellers between New York mid Maine. Passage (6,00, Including Fare and State Rooms. Hoods forwarded by this line to and from Montreal, Our bee, Bangor, Both, Augusta, Easrport and St. John. Shippers are requested to send their freight to the steamer before S 1*. M., on the day that she leaves Portland. For freight or passage applv to . EMERY fc FOX. Brown's Wharf, Portland. H. B C ROMWELL fc CO., No. M West Street, New York. June 23, IMS. dtf liverpooTpaokets, Patting from Liverpool for Boston twine n month. Steerage Pamage. WO. Abo. Agent for New York and Liverpool Steamship*. sailing from New York every Saturday, and from Liverpool every Wed nee day, and calling at gueeustown, Ireland Cafcta Pamage. *76. 3d Claw. *30. Sight Bill* of Exchange, for XI Sterling and np wajd, payable at any Bank in Great Britain or lra laud constantly for aale. For Pamage Certificate*. Steamer Tickets, Drafts, or for farther information, Address, GEO. WARREN, 9* State Street. Boston, Mam. MONTREAL, OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO’S Weekly Mail Line. ON E of the following flrst-clam, power ful Steamer*: HIBERNIAN, NORTH AMERICAN. NORWEGIAN, JURA, BOHEMIAN. ANGLO SAXON, NO VA St uff!AM—will tail from guebee every Satur day morning, for Liverpool, via isondonderrv. Passenger* leave Portland per Grand Trunk Trains with United States mails, every Friday, at 1 15 P. M.. connecting with Steamer- at guebee every Saturday morning. Passage to Liverpool. Londonderry or Glasgow: Third Clam, *3D. First Clam. *67 to *83—according to accommodation.—which includes ticket! on Grand Trunk Railway. Prepaid andretnrn tickets issued at reduced rates. Excursion tickets to the World's Fair, ont and back. *130. Apply to Kdmonstone, Allan k Co., Montreal, or to J. L, FARMER, No. 10 EXCHANGE ST., PORTLAND. June 23, 18A2. dtf Courage Invalids ! CLEMS' SUMMER CURE —AND— Howes’ Cough Pills, By the concurrent testimony of many suflhrers, the fact has been established, that for the care of DIARRIKEA OR DYSENTERY In persons of all ages, no medicine has ever come to the knowledge of the public, that so effectually does it work and at the same time leaves the bowels in an active, healthy condition, as CLEM’S SUMMER CURE. That for Children Cutting Teeth. If troubled with Dtarrhera or any irregularities of the bowels, all oth er remedies are insignificant, as compared with CLEM S SUMMER CURE. That tor Children troubled with Canker in mouth or stomach, or mothers suffering from nursing sore mouth, a safe and speedy cure is effected by the use of CLEM’S SUMMER CURE. That for Coughs. Hoarseness and Bronchial affect ion*. there is no remedy extant that so universally alloids relief as HOWES’ COUGH FILLS. That for a Tightneaa or Wheezing in the Cheat. Fains in the side, or a long standing Hack, the beat remedy is HOWE’S COUGH FILLS. That as an expectorant and ameliorating agent in cases of Phthisic, Whooping Cough, and Coni rased Consumption, the public have alremly rendered their united verdict in favor of HOWES’ COUGH PILLS. CLEM’S SUMMER CURE is a pleasant, agreeable decoction of Roots and Barks, and contains not a particle of OriCM on Drug of any #6rt. It always docs good, aud never dot's harm. “ BT THKIR WORKS VI SHALL KNOW THEM.” G. C. Goodwin k Co.. Boston. General Agents tor New England. H. H. Hav. Portland, aud B. F. Bradbury. Baugor, lieneral Agents for Maiue. |y*S«ld by Druggists aud Merchants generally. HOWES it CO., Prwprletnra, isw6mnol BKLrAlT, M fl ALBERT WEBB A C©„ - PXALKM IK Corn, Flour and Grain, HEAD OF MERRILL'S WHARF, isamereial Street,* ■ Pertlaad, Mo. je23tf TENEMENTS WANTED. WANTED—Convenient teuements for the M accommodation of two small families, la respectable localities, aud within tea min ute*’ walk of the Post Office. Rent not to exceed from fflfiO to 175 per annum. Address Box 12, Post Office, or apply at the Count ing Room of the Daily Press, Fox Block. Portland, June 23. distf